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Full text of "Opera, ex recensione Immanuelis Bekkeri; accedunt indices Sylburgiani"

ARISTOTELTH 
O P E R A 



EX RECENSIONE 



IMMANUELIS BEKKERI. 



ACCEDUNT 



INDICES SYLBURGIANI. 



TOMUS I. 



OXONII, 

S.DEMICO. 



E TYTOGRAPHEO ACADEMICO. ^ V)/» \l\ 

MDCCCXXXVII. . ^ / \V \ 



Vv 



dS90 



li 



ARISTOTELIS 



ORG ANON 



EX RECENSIONE 



IMMANUELIS BEKKERI. 



OXONII, 

E TYPOGRAPHEO ACADEMICO. 

MDCCCXXXVII. 



INDEX CODICUM. 



A. Codex Urbinas 35. C. Coislinianus 330. 

B. Marcianus 2or. D. Coislinianus 170. 



KATHrOPIAI. 



VyMQNYMA Xeyerat wv ovofJLa juovov koivov^ 6 Se Kara 
Tovvofjia ^\6yo9 rrjg ovorlag erepog, oiov ^cpov o re avOpw- 
TTO? Kal To yeypajuLimevov. Tovrwv yap ovojuia /ulovov koivov, 2 
6 Se Kara Tovvofxa \6y09 Trjg ovcria^ eTepo^' ^av yap 
T19 aTToSiSw Ti ecTTiv avTCov CKaTepw t6 ^(p(p eivat, ^Stov 
cKaTcpov \6yov aTroScocret. ^vvcovvima Se \eyeTat wv t6 re 3 
ovojuia Koivov Kal 6 KaTa Tovvo/uia \0y09 t^9 ovcriag 6 auro?, 
olov ^(pov o Te avOpcoTTog Kai 6 /3ou?. "^O •yajO avSpcoiro^ KotA 
6 /3ov9 Kotvcp ov6iut,aTt TTpocrayopeveTat ^(pov, Ka). 6 \6y09 ^Se 
Trjg ovcria^ 6 auro?* eav yap cnroStSM Tt9 tov CKaTcpov 
\6yov, Tt ecTTtv ^avTcov eKaTepcp t6 ^o5ft) elvat, tov auroi/ 
\6yov airoSoocret. TLapcovvfjia Se \eyeTat ocra airo Ttvog Sta- 5 
(pepovTa Tri TTTCocret Trjv KaTo, Tovvofxa Trpocnjyoptav e-^et, 
oiov OLTro T^? ypafJLfiaTtKrj^ 6 ypafifiaTtKo^ Ka\ airo Trj^ av- 
Spetag 6 avSpeio^. 

Twv \eyofJLeva)v Ta fiev KaTa crvfiTr^oKrjv \eyeTat, tci S^ 2, 
avev crvfJL7r\oK^9. Ta fJLev ovv KaTct crvfJL7r\oKt]V otov avOpcoirog 
Tpeyet, avOpco7ro9 vtKa' tcl S* avev crvfJLir^OKrjg otov avOpco^jro?, 
^ov9, Tpe-^et, vtKa. 

Tcov ovTcov TOL fjL€v KaO^ vTTOKetfievov Ttv^^s \eyeTat, ev viro- 2 
KetfJL€v(p Se ovSevt ecTTtv, oiov avOpco7ro9 KaO^ v^roKetfievov fiev 



Codices Organi A.B.C, et C. ubi deficit, D. » xit. Karrjyoplai nep). 
TUivbtKa yeviKcoTaTcov yevav C. " Xoyos post ovcrias ponit C. ^ eav B. 
^ bf om. A.C. ^ €Karepci avTfov C. 

VOL. I. B 



2 KATHrOPfAI. Categ. 

Xeyerai tov tivo9 avOpwTrov, iv vTroKeijULevw Se ovSevi cctti' 
Ta Se ev vTroKeijULevo) juLev ecrTi, Ka& viroKeiiULevov Se ovSevo9 
XeyeTai (ei/ vTroKei/ULevM Se Xeyco, o ev tlvl /uLtj o)? fxepo? 
virap-^^ov aSvvaTOv X^P^^^ eivaL tov ev w eoTLv), olov ^rj t\<s 
ypaiuL/ULaTiKri ev VTroKeLjULevo) jULev ia-Ti Trj 'vj^i'^^' '^^^^ viroKei- 
/uLcvov S* ovSevog XeyeTai, Kal to tI XevKov ev viroKeLjULevw 
pev T(p (T(io/ULaTL ecTTiv (aTrai/ yo,p ^w/xa ev (rcojULaTi), KaO* 
viroKeiiuLevov Se ovSevog XeyeTai' tcl Se Ka& viroKeLfxevov tc 
XeyeTaL Kal ev VTroKeL/uLev^p ecrTLV, oiov ^ eTTLcrTi^iULr] ev vtto- 
K€iiuLev(p fjLev ecTTL tJ T^y^^ "-"^' vTTOKeiiuLevov Se XeyeTaL t?? 
ypajUL/uLaTLKtjg' Ta Se ovt ev viroKeLfxevco ecTT^v ovTe KaO* vtto- 
KeL/uLevov ^tlvo^ XeyeTaL, oiov 6 tJ? avOpcoTro^ Ka\ 6 Th zxtto?* 
ovSev yap tmv tolovtcov ovTe ev viroKeL/Jievcp cctt^v ovTe KaO^ 

^vTTOKeL/ievov XeycTaL, *^A.7rXu>9 Se tol aTO/ia Koiev apLO/iw KaT 
ovSevo^ ^VTTOKeL/jLevov XeyeTai, ev viroKeL/JLevco Se evLa ovSev 
^KcoXvei ehaL' v/ yap tl9 ypa/i/JLaTLKrj tcov ev v7roKeL/iev(p ^/lev 
ecTTL, ^Ka& vTTOKeL/ievov Se ovSevo^ XeyeTaL. 

^'OTav cTepov Ka& cTepov KaTtjyoprJTaL 009 Ka& viroKeL- 
/levov, ocra KaTO, tov KaTrjyopov/JLcvov XeyeTaL, iravTa Ka\ 
KaTOL Tov vTTOKeL/ievov prjOr/creTaL, ^oiov avOpcoiro^ ^KaTa tov 
Tivo^ avOpcoirov KaTtjyopeiTaL, to Se ^wov /caTa tou avOpco- 
TTOV ovKOvv KOi KaTOL Tov TLV09 CLvOpcoTrov ° KaTrjyoprjO^- 
creTaL to ^(pov' 6 yap tl^ avOpcoTTog Ka\ avOpcoirog ecrTL Ka\ 
^(pov. 

2 Tcov cTepoyevcov Ka\ /JLtj vtt aXXrjXa TeTay/ievoov CTCpai 
Tft) e^SeL Ka\ al SLa(popai, oiov ^(pov Ka\ eTrLcrrrj/irj^' (^(pov 
fjLcv yap ^ SLa(f>opa\ to Te Tre^ov kol to Slirovv Ka\ ^to irTrj- 
vov Ka\ To evvSpov, eirLCTTrj/jirj^ Se ovSe/JLia tovtcov ov yap 

sSLaCpepeL eTTLCTTrj/irj eTrL<TTrj/j.rj9 tw Si7rov9 eivai. Tcov SeyevTr^ 

^ f) ris B. S rivos om. B.C. ^ xmoKfijiivov jih Xfyerai C. 

^ KcoKvei avToiv eivai C. ^ fi€V Otn. B. et pr. A. ^ koB' — Xeycrai oni. 
pr. B. ^ olov 6 avBptonos^r. C. ^ Kara om. C. o To^aov Karrjyoprj- 
BrjccTai C. P 8ia<f>opa\ oiov rd B.C. Q rd Tf Trrrjvbv Ka\ m^ov Ka\ t6 

hiTTovv Ka\ evvBpov A, rd tc ttttjvov Ka\ nf^ov Ka\ t6 tvvbpov Ka\ t6 binovv C. 



2,3,4,5- KATHrOPIAL 3 

a\\t]\a yevcov ov^ev K(io\v€t, tcl^ avrag Sia(popa9 eivar ra yap 
eiravw twv vir* avTa yevwv KaTrjyopeiTai, wcrTe ocrai tov ku- 
Tijyopoviuevov Siaipopal elcri, TOcravTai Kal tov vTroKei/uievov 
ecrovTai. 

Twv KaTa jULrjSeimiav (TViUL7r\oKr]v ^eyofjievwv eKacrTOv jjtol 
ovcriav crrjjULaLvei rj ttoctov rj ttolov »7 ttjOo? tl fj ttov r] Trore fj 
KeicrOaL rj e^eiv rj ttolclv rj iracryeLV. ^'E(TTi Se ovcrla luev w^z 
Tvirw elirelv oiov avOpwTro^, 'iirTrog' irocrov Se oiov Slirrj-^, 
Tplirrj-^' iroLOv Se ^olov \evK6v, ypafJLjULaTiKOv' Trpog tl Se 
oiov SLir^acriov, ^rjjULLorv, /uiei^ov' irov Se oiov ^ev AvKeiw, ev 
ayopa' Trore ^e olov ^e-^Oeg, irepvcTLV' KeicrOaL Se oiov avd- 
KciTaL, KaOrjTaL' eyeLV Se olov viroSeSeTai, wir\icrTaL' irOLetv 
Se olov ^TefJLveL, KaieL' iracT-yeLv Se olov ^Te/uLveTaL, KaleTai. 
^^KacTTOv Se Twv eiprjimevwv avTO fiev Ka& avTO ev ovSefiia 3 
KaTacpdcreL \eyeTaL rj dirocpacreL, Trj Se irpo9 d\\rj\a tov- 
Twv crvfjLir\oKri KaTa(j)acrL9 rj dirdcpacrL? ylveTaL. ^'Airacra ydp 4 
SoKel KaTa(pacrL9 KaL airo(pacrL9 rjTOL d\rjOrjg rj yp-evSrj^ elvac 
Twv ySe KaTa firjSefxiav crvfiir\oKrjv \eyofxevwv ovSev ovtc 
d\rj0€9 ovT€ yjr^^^^^ ecTTLV, olov dvOpwiro^, ^\€Vk6v, TpeyeL, 

VLKa 

(jvcTLa Se ecTTiv rj KvpiwTaTa re Kai irpwTwg Ka\ fia- 
\LCTTa \eyofievrj, fj firjTe KaO^ viroKeLfievov tlvo9 \eyeTaL 
fkrjT ev viroK€Lfkevw tlvl ccttlv, oIov 6 t/9 dvOpwirog rj 6 tU 
1iriro9. AevTepai Se ovcTiai \eyovTaL, ev 0I9 eiSecrLv ai irpw-2 
TW9 ovcTiaL \ey6fjL€vaL virap-^ovcTi, TavTa Te Ka\ Ta twv 
eiSwv TOVTWv yevrj, olov 6 tI? dvOpwirog ev e^lSeL fxev virdp- 
y€L Tw dvOp(joir(p, yevo<s Se tov e^iSov^ ecTTf to ^wov Sev- 
Tepai ovv avTaL \eyovTaL ovariaL, olov o Te dv0pwiro9 Kai 
To ^wov. ^avepov Se e/c twv eiprjfievwv otl twv kuO^ viro-i 
K€Lfi€vov \eyofievwv dvayKaiov Ka\ TOvvofjLa Ka\ tov \6yov 
KaTrjyopelcrOaL tov viroKeLfJLevov, olov ^o dv0pwiro9 KaO^ viro- 

^ oXov om. pr. A. ^ rjfiicrv om. pr. B. * ev ayopa iv XvKclco B.C. 
^ X^fs C. V codices re^vfiv KaUiv. ^^ T€fiV€a0ai KaU(r3ai B.C. 

y KUTa firj^efxiav Sc C. ^ XfVKOi C. * 6 om. C. 

B 2 



4 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

KeiiJiivov ^Xeyerai tov tivo^ avOpwTrov, ^Ka\ KaTtjyopeiTal ye 
Tovvo/ma' tov yap avOpooTrov tov tlvos av6pu>7rov KaTtjyoptj- 

4crei9. KaJ 6 \6y09 Se 6 ^tov avOpcoTrov /cara tov Tivog av- 
OpwTTOV KaTfjyoprjOjia-eTaL' 6 yap tl9 avOpoo7ro9 Ka\ avOpay- 
irog ecTTL ^Kai ^(pov, ^'Qcttc Kai Tovvofjia Kal 6 \6yo9 /cara tov 

S VTTOKeLjULevov KaTrjyoptjO^creTaL, Twi/ S^ ev VTroKeLimevw ovtwv 
€7rl fJLev TU)V ir\eL(TT(jdv ovt€ TOvvojuLa 0V& 6 \6y09 KaTijyo- 
peiTai Tov VTTOKeLjULevov' etr* evicov Se TOvvo/ULa jj-ev ovSev kw- 
\v€i KaTfiyopela-OaL ^iroTe tov viroKeLjjLevov, tov Se \6yov aSv- 
vaTOv, oJov TO \evKOv ev VTroKei/jLevq) ov tw crwjJLaTL KaTij- 
yopeiTaL tov vTroKeiiuLevov (\evKov yap a-coiuLa Xe^yeraf), o 
^e \6y09 6 Tov \evKov ovSeiroTe Acara a-coiuLaTog KaTrjyopr]- 

sO^aeTai. Ta S^ aXXa TravTa 'i^tol Kaff inroKeLiievoov \eyeTaL 
Twv TrpcoTcov ovcLcov I7 iv V7roKeLfJL€vai9 avTah eoTiv, Tovto 
Se (fyavepov €k tcov KaO^ cKaa-Ta 7rpo-)(€ipLl^ofJL€vcov, olov ^to 
^wov KaTCL Tov avOpco7rov KaTtjyopeLTaL' ovkovv Kal /cara tov 
Tivog avOpco7rov ^KaTrjyoptjOi^areTaL to l^wov ei yap KaTO. fuj- 

7 Sevog Twv tlvwv avOpw7rwv, ovSe /cara avOpw7rov 6\w9, TLa- 
\lv t6 yjpwfjia ev a-wjuLaTi' ovkovv kol ev tlv\ a-wfiaTL' ei yap 

SfJLr] €v TLvl Tcov KaO^ cKaa-Ta, ovSe ev orwfJLaTL oXo)?. ^'Ocrre Ta 
aWa TravTa rJTOL KaO^ v7roK€ifjL€vwv ^^eyeTai twv TrpwTWV ov- 
a-iwv r} ev vTTOKeLfievaL^ avTalg ea-Tiv, M^ ova^wv ovv twv Trpw- 
Twv ova-Lwv aSvvaTOv twv aWwv Ti ^ eivaL. 

9 Twv Se SevTepwv ova-Lwv fidWov ova-la to €iSo9 tov 
yevov9' eyy Lov yap Ttjg 7rpwTr]g ovarla^ ea-Tiv, ^^avyap a7ro- 
SiSw Tt9 Trjv 7rpwTijv ova-lav tl earTL, yvwpifiwTepov /ca) ol- 
Kei^Tcpov a7roSwar€L to etSo^ a7roSLSov9 tjTrep to yevo9, oiov 
Tov TLva avOpw7rov a7roSiSov9 yvwpLfJLWTcpov av ^a^roSoirj av- 



^ Xeyerctt] fiev XtytTai C. *^ koI om, pr. C. ^ tov] KaTo. tov B.C. 
« Koi C^v om. pr. B.C. f TTore om. B. S /cara tov dpOpddrrov t6 

^(oov C. ^ KaTT]yopr)6^a-€Tai t6 (aov om. C. ^ Xc-yerat post ouo-to)i' 

ponit C. ^ post €ivai A.B.C. addunthaec: ndvTa yap ra SXXa fJToi. Ka6' 
v7roK€ip.fva>v tovtcov XfytTai 7 eV VTroKeifievaLS avTals cariv, "Qare /xij ovaa>v 
t5)V TrpcDToaV ovaioiv ddvvaTov tS>v SkXav rt flvai. ^ dTroboiij Tis av' 

Bpamov C. 



5. KATHrOPIAI. 5 

OpoDTTOv ™'i ^^0»^ aTroSiSous' TO lULev yap ^Siov iixaWov rov 

TlVO^ avOpcOTTOV, TO Sc KOLVOTepOV. Ka( TO t\ SevSpOV OLTToSl- 10 

Sovg ^yvcopiim.coTepov airoSooG-ei SevSpov airoSLSov^s ri (pvTOv. 
**^'Eti al TTpcoTaL ovoriaL Sia to tol9 aXXoL^ airaa-LV vTroKeL- 
crOaL Kal iravTa Ta aWa KaTa tovtcov KaTrjyopeicrOaL rj ev 
PauTttf? eivai Slcl tovto fxakL(TTa ova-laL XeyovTaL. ^'QsSeii 
ye ai TTpcoTaL ova-laL irpog tol aWa iravTa e^ova-LV, ovtco 
Kal To elSog TTpog to yevo9 e^ef viroKeLTaL ^yap to eiSog 
Tft) yeveL' to. ixev yap yevrj KaTo, tcov elScov KaTrjyopeiTaL, 
TOL Se e^lSri ^KaTO, tcov yevcov ovk avTLarTpeCpeL. ^'Qa-Te Ka\ ck 12 
TOVTCov TO elSo9 Tov yevovg fjiaWov ovaLa. Avtoov Se tcov eL- 
Scov oaa p.y] ea^TL yevrj, ovSev /ulolWov eTepov eTepov ova^ia 
ea-TLV' ovSev yap oiKeiOTepov airoScoaeLg KaTa tov tlvo9 av- 
OpcoTTOv, Tov avOpcoTTOv aTToSLSovg rj KaTa Tov TLV09 "nrirov 
Tov 'Linrov. ^Qa-avTcog Se Ka\ tcov TrpcoTCOv ovaLcov ovSev /uidX-ii 
\ov eTepov eTepov ova-la ea-TiV ^ovSev yap /ULaWov 6 t\9 av- 
Opcoirog ovala rj 6 Tf? ^ovg. 

EfVoTft)? Se juLeTOL Tag TrpcoTag ova-lag juLova tcov clWcov 14 
Ta e^Sr] Ka\ tol yevrj ' SevTepai ova-lai XeyovTai' jULOva yap 
SrjXoL Trjv TTpcoTrjv ova-lav tcov KaTJjyopovjULevcov. Tov yap 15 
TLva avOpcoTTOv eav olttoSlSw tl9 tl ea-TL, to /ulcv elSog rj to 
yevog aTroSiSovg oiKelcog aTroScoa-ei Ka\ yvcopi/ULcoTepov ttol^- 
o-eL avOpcoirov J7 ^^01/ airoSLSovg' tcov S^ aWcov o tl dv 
dwoSLSw TL9, dWoTpLCog ea^TaL dTroSeScoKcog, olov XevKov rj 
^TpeyeL rj otlovv tcov tolovtcov diroSLSovg. ^'QcrTe eLKOTcog ^^tcov 
aWcov TavTa jULova ova-iaL XeyovTaL. ^'Eti ai irpcoTaL ova-iai 16 
Sia TO T0t9 aWoL9 airaa-Lv '^viroKela-OaL KvpLcoTaTa ovarlai 
XeyovTaL. ^Qg Se ye ai TrpcoTaL ova-lai irrpog Ta dWa iravTa 
eyova-iv, ovToo ^tcl e'iSri kol Ta yevrj tcov TrpcoTcov ova-Lcov irpog 
Ta XoLird irdvTa eyeL' KaTo. tovtcov ^yap iravTa Ta \017ra 

""' aTToSiSovy tj ^5)ov C. ^ ypa>pifxa>Tcpov Kal olKeiorepov d7ro8u>cr€i C. 

o ert 8e ai C. P Tavrais B.C. Q ydp ircos to C. ^ KaTci om. C. 

8 ovde fortasse A. * '^P^X^'' ^^- ^ TavTa fxova todv aXkcov C. 

^ post VTroKelaOai editi Koi to, aXXa rrdvra Kara rovroiv Karrjyopela-dai ^ ev 
avrals dvai. ^^ ra yevrj Koi ra eiSrj C. ^ yap airavra C. 



6 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

^7 KartjyopeiTai. Tof ydp Tiva avOpojTrov ipeh ypa/miuLaTiKOv' 
ovKovv Kal avOpwTTOv Kal ^wov ypa/j.]naTiK6v epeh. ^^Qcrav- 
Tft)? ^e Kal eirl tcov aWow. 

18 J^oivov 06 Acara Tracrr]^ ovcriag to imr] ev viroKeiiULevtp eivai. 
*^H fji€v yap TTpcoTr] ovarla ovtc ev vTroKeijLievM ecTTiv ovtc 
KaO^ VTTOKeiimevov XeyeTai' twv Se SevTepcov ovciwv (pavepov 

19 li/.ev Kal ovT0i)9 otl ^ovk eicrlv ev VTTOKeijUievip. *^0 yap avOpa)7ro9 
KaO^ vTTOKeijULevov fxev tov Ttvog avOpcoTrov XeyeTai, ev vttokci- 
/uLevo) Se ovK earTiV ov yap ev tw tlv\ avOpcoircp o avOpcoiro^ 
ecTTLV. *^ QtravTco^ Se Kal to Z(pov KaO^ vTTOKeiiuievov fjiev XeyeTai 
Tov Tivog avOpcoTTOV, ovK ecTTL Se TO 'C^wov ev tw tlv\ av~ 

20 OpcoTTO). ^ hjTL Se Tcov ev vTTOKeiiJ.evcp ovTCov TO lULcv ovoixa ovSev 
KCoXvcL KaTijyopeicrOai iroTe tov vTroKeiimevov, tov Se \6yov 

2iaSvvaTOV. Tcov Se SevTepcov ovaricov KCLTrjyopeiTaL Ka\ 6 \6y09 
KaTOL Tov VTroKeLjJievov Ka\ Tovvofxa' tov yap tov avOpcoirov 
\6yov KaTOL Tov TIV09 avOpcoTTOv KaTr]yop^creL9, Ka\ tov tou 

22 ^(pov cocravTC09' ^Qcttc ovk av e"ir] ^ ovcrla tcov ev viroKeLfievLp. 
OvK 'lSlov Se TOVTO ^Trj^ ovcria9, aWa Ka\ ^ S^acpopa twv ]ULrj 

23 iv v7roKeLiJ.evcp ccttlv. To yap Tre^ov Ka\ to Slttovv KaO^ viro- 
KCLiULevov fJLev \eyeTaL tov avOpcoTrov, ev vTTOKeifievcp Se ovk 
ecTTLV' ov yap ev tm avOpcoircp ecTT\ ^to Slttovv 37 to Trel^^v. 

24KaJ o \6y09 Se KaTr]yopeLTaL 6 Trjg SLa<popa9, KaO^ ov av 
\€yr]TaL rj S^acpopa, otov el t6 Tre^oi/ ^KaTO. tov avOpcoTTOv 
\eyeTaL, Ka\ 6 \6y09 6 tov Tre^ou KaTr^yopr^OrjcreTaL tov 

z^avOpcoiroV Tre^oi/ •yajO ccttlv ^o avOpooiro^s. Mi; TapaTTeTco Se 
tlfJLoi^ Ta fiepr] tcov ovcricov o)? ev virOKeLfJievoL^ ovTa T019 o\oi9, 
fjL^ TTOTe cLvayKacrOcofiev ovk ovcrta9 avTa (paarKciv eivaL' ov 
yap ovTco Ta ev viroKeifJLevtp e\ey€TO Ta o)? fJLept] virap-^ovTa 

eV TLVl. 

26 *^YirapyeL Se Tah ovcrlai^ Ka\ Tah SLacpopah t6 iravra 
crvvoovvfjLco9 ^cltt' avTwv \eyea-OaL. Ilao-af yap al ^air avToov 

y ovK fla\v'] ovBefiia corr. C. ^ j^g om. B.C. « ro Sinovp 

tVrti/ C. ^ Tov post Kara om. B. c 6 om. C. ^ tJ^r'] ra dn C. 

^ aTTO TOVT(OU B.C. 



5. KATHrOPIAI. 7 

Karrjyoplai rjTOi Kara tcov aTOiJLbov KaTrjyopovvTai tj /cara 
Twv eiSoov. ""Atto imev yap TrJ9 TrpooTtjg ov(Tla<s ovSeiila eo-rt^; 
KaTriyopla' KaT ovSevo9 yap viroKeiixevov XeyeTai' tcov Se 
SevTepcov ovg-icov to jULev elSo? KaTa tov aTOjmov KaTtjyo- 
peiTai, t6 Se yevo9 Kal /cara tov e^Sovg Kal /cara tov aTOfxov. 
^QcravTCog Se Kal al ^Siacpopai «rara twv eiScov Kal KaTa tcSi/^S 
aTOjuLcov KaTrjyopovvTai. KaJ tov Xoyov Se eiriSe-^ovTai al 
TTpcoTai ov(Tiai Tov Tcov eiScov Kal tov tcov yevcov, Ka\ to 
€iSo9 Se Tov Tov yevov9' ocra yap /cara tov KaTrjyopovfxevov 
XeyeTai, ^iravTa Ka\ /cara tov VTroKeijUievov prjQrja-eTaL. ^Q<s-ig 
avTCOS Se Kal tov tcov Siacpopcov \6yov einSeyeTaL ^tol e"iSrj 
Ka\ TCL aTOjuLa. ^vvcovvfJia Se ^ye rjv wv Ka\ TovvojiMa kolvov 
Ka\ 6 \6yo9 6 avT69, cocTe iravTa Ta airo toov ovctlcov Ka\ Ta 
cltto tcov Siacpopwv crvvcovviULCog \eyeTaL. 

Ilacra Se ova-la SoKec T6Se tl crrjfjLaLveLV. ""ETTf iiev ovv rcoi/ 30 
TTpcoTCov ovcTLcov avaixcpLcrPrjTrjTOV Ka\ a\rj0e9 earTLV otl T^Se 
TL crrjiiaLveL' oltoijlov yap Ka\ ev apLOiJLcp to Srj\oviJLev6v ecTTLV' 
^CTTf ^e Tcov SevTepcov ovctlcov (paiveTaL fJLev 6ijlolco9 tw cryrj- 
IxaTL Trjg Trpocrrjyopiag T^Se tl crrjiiaiveiv, OTav eiirrj avOpco- 
irov rj 'Opov, ov iirjv aXrjOeg ye, aWa fiaWov ttol^v tl crrj- 
ixaivei' ov yap ev ccttl to viroKeliJLevov cocTirep rj irpcoTrj ovcTLa, 
aXXa KaTO, ttoWcov 6 avOpcoTrog ^\eyeTai Ka\ to ^(fov. Oi);^ 31 
aTrXft)? ^e ttol^v tl crrjfjLaLveL, cocTirep to \evK6v. OvSev yap 
aWo cTrjiJLalvei to \evK6v aXX' rj ttol^v. To ^^Se elSog Ka\ t6 
yevo9 7rep\ ovcriav t6 ttol^v a(popLl^eL' iroLav yap TLva ovcTiav 
(TrjiJLaLveL. ""ETrt '7r\eLOV Se tw yevei rj tw elSeL t6v a(po- 
picTii6v TTOieiTaL' 6 yap ^woi/ eiTrcjov €7r\ Tr^eiov ^irepL^afjL^a- 
veL rj 6 Tov avOpcoTTOv. 

^YirapyeL Se Tah ovcriaLg Ka\ t6 fJLrjSev avTatg evavTLOv 7,2 

CLvaL. Trj yap irpcoTrj ovctlcx tl av e'irj evavTiov, olov tw 

TLv\ avOp(joircp ^rj tm tlv\ ^ftw J ovSev ^yap ecTTtv evavTwv. 

^ 8ia<f)opa\ Kttl Kara C. S Trdvra oni. B. ^ ra rt eXdrj B. 

i yeom. A. ^ enlde tcov] tcop 8e B. ^ XtycTai om. C. ™ de 

ytvos Ka\ t6 ci8os C. ^ napaXafi^dvet A. ^ fj t6 C^ov pr. C. 

P ydp om. pr. C. 

B4 



8 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

ZsOvSi ye T(x> avOpcoTTW rj tw ^ww ovSev ecTTiv evavTiov. Ovk 
^Siov Se ^TOVTO ^Tt]9 ov(TLa9, ^aWa Ka\ ew aWwv iroWcov, oiov 
CTrl Tov TToarov' tw yap SiTn^-^^ei ^rj TpLirrjyei ovSev earTLV evav- 
Tiov, ovSe ^ye tols SeKa, ovSe twv tolovtcov ovSevi, ei ixrj ti9 
t6 ttoXv T(p oXLya) (paLtj evavTLOv elvai rj t6 ixeya tw fMiKpcp. 
Toov Se a(poopL(riui€vcov ttoctcov ovSev ovSevl evavTiov ecTTLv. 

34 AoKel Se rj ovcTLa /uir] eiTLSeyerrQaL to imaXXov Ka\ t6 
^TTov. A.eyco Se oJ^ otl ovcria ovcria^ ovk ccttl luaXXov ^ovcrla 
Ka\ rJTTOv ovarla (tovto ijlcv yap elptjTai otl ecTTLv), aX\' otl 
€Ka<rTr] ovcTLa tovO^ oirep cctlv, ov XeyeTaL iiaXXov Kal ^ttov, 

isOiov el ea-TLv ^avTrj rj ovala avOpco7ro9, ovk '^ecrTaL ijloXXov 
Kal rJTTOv avOpcoTTog, ovTe avT^g eavTOv ovTe eTepog ere- 
pov ov yap ea-TLV eTepo9 eTepov iidXXov avOpcoiro?, warirep to 
XevKov cTepov eTepov ixdXXov yearTL ^ Kal ^ttov XevKOv, ^Kal 

S^KaXov cTepov cTepov ijluXXov KaX6v Kal ^ttov XeyeTaL. KaJ 
avTO Se avTOv ixdXXov Kai ^ttov XeyeTaL, olov t6 arcoiia 
XevKOV bv ixdXXov XevKov elvaL XeyeTai vvv rf TrpoTepov, koi 

31 Oepiiov ov iJidXXov Oepixov Kal ^ttov XeyeTai, *^H Se ye ovcrla 
ovSev iidXXov Kai rJTTOv XeyeTaL' ovSe ^ydp avOpcoTTOS /xa\- 
Xov vvv dvOpco7ro9 ^rj irpoTepov XeyeTaL, ovSe ^ye tcov dXXcov 
^ ovSev, oara ea-Tlv ovcrlaL. ^'Qa-Te ovk dv cTTLSe-^OLTO ^ ovcrla 

TO IxdXXoV ^Ka\ rJTTOV. 

38 MdXf(7Ta ^e 'lSlov Trjg ovcrLag ^ SoKel elvaL t6 TavT^v Kai 
ev dpLOiiw ov Tcov evavTLCov elvai SeKTLKOv, oiov eir^ iiev tcov 
dXXcov ovK av eyoL tl9 ^t6 tolovto irpoeveyKelv, daa ixri 
^ el(TLv ovariai, o ev dpLOiiw ov twv evavTLCOv Scktlkov earriv, 
olov t6 -^coixa, ecTTLV ev Ka\ TavTOv tw dpLOiiw, ovk 
* ea-TaL XevK^v Ka\ ixeXav, "^ ovS* ri avTrj 7rpd^L9 Ka\ iiia tw 

({ TovTO post oxxrias ponunt B.C. ^ Ttjs om. A. ^ oKka yap *cai 
A.B.C. ^ fj Ta TpnrrixiL C, om. B. ^ yt om. A.B. V ovfria 

Kai riTTOV om.C. ^ avTr) C. * cori C. Y cWtv ante fTepov 

ponit C. 2 Kai ^TTOv om. B.C. ^ Ka\ KaXov — Xfyfrai om. C. 

•^ yap 6 avOpanos C. ^ XeyeTai ^ Trporepov C. ^ ye om. C. 

c ovdev A. ^Acai t6 rjTTov C. ? 8oKel ante iSioi/ ponit C. ^to toiovto 
om. C. et pr. B. ^ eVr«/ ova-a C. ^ Ta om. C. 1 ea-Ti C. ™ ovff C. 



5. KATHrOPlAI. 9 

apLO/uLw ovK GCTTaL (pavKi} Ka\ cnrovSaLa' oxravTa)? Se kol eirl 
Tcov aWwv, ^ oa-a /U?} ela-iv ovarlaL. ""H Se ye ova-la ev Acar39 
TavTOv apLOimcp ov ° SeKTiKov toov evavTLWv ea-Tiv, oiov 6 rJ? 
avOpWTTog, €19 Kal 6 avT09 oov, OTe fjLev \evK09 6t6 Se /xeXa? 
ylveTaL, Kal Oepnib^ Kal ^v^^pog, Kal P (pavXog kol arirovSalo^. 
^ EttJ ^e Twv aWcov ovSevb^ (palveTaL Tb tolovtov, el ^ /ul^ tl9 
evla-TaLTO Tbv Xoyov Kal Trjv So^av (pda^Kwv tcov ^ivavTLcov 
elvaL SeKTLKa, *^0 yap avT09 X6yo9 ^ aXrjOrjg Kal "^evSr^^^o 
* etvaL SoKei, oiov el aXr]0r]9 e^lrj 6 Xoyog " to KaOrja-Oal TLva, 
avaaTOLVTO^ ainrov ^ 6 auro? ovto^ X6yo<s "^evSrj^ ea-Tai, 
""Oo-auTOt)? ^e Ka\ ein. Trjg S6^r]9' el yap tl9 aXrjOcog So^a^OL 
To KaO^a-Oal TLva, avaarTavTO? avTOv ^^evSoog So^aaeL, Trjv 
avTrjv e^cov 7rep\ avTOv S6^av, Et Se tl9 Ka\ tovto irapa-A^ 
Se^OLTO, aXXa tw ye Tp^rrrw SLa(pepeL, Ta /uLev yap eir^ 
Tcov ovcrLCov avTOL /ULeTa/SaXXovTa SeKTLKa tcov evavTLOOv ea-TL' 
^v-^bv yap e/c OepjuLov ^yev6juLevov ^ /uLeTelBaXev (ijXXolcoTaL 
yap) Ka\ /uLeXav €k XevKov Ka\ a-irovSalov €k (pavXov. ""Qo-- 
avTW9 Se Ka\ eTrt twv aXXwv eKaa^TOv ^ avTwv /ULeTa^oXrjv 
Seyojjievov twv evavTiwv ^ Scktlk^v ecTTLV. "^ O ^e X6yo9 Ka\ 42 
^ S6^a avTCL fJLev aKivrjTa iravTri iravTW^ SLafieveL, tov Se 
irpayiJLaT09 KLVov/ULevov ^ to evavTLOv irep\ avTa ylveTaL' 6 
/JLev yap X6yo9 SiafJLeveL 6 auTO? to KaOrja-Oal TLva, tov Se 
7rpay/ULaT09 KivrjOevTO^ otc fJLev aXrj0rj9 OTe Se ■v|/-eu^i9 Xeye- 
TaL. ^Qa-avTW9 Se Ka\ 67r\ t^? S6^rj9. ^'Qa-Te tw Tp^irw yeAS 
'lSlov dv e'irj TrJ9 ova-ia9 to KaTO. Trjv ^eavTrj^ fJL€Ta^oXrjv SeKTL- 
Krjv Twv evavTiwv elvai. Et ^^e tl9 Ka\ TavTa TrapaSiypiTO, 
Tbv X6yov Ka\ Trjv S6t^av SeKTLKo, twv evavTLWv elwtf, ovk 
^ eoTTLv aXrj0e9 tovto. *^0 yap X6yo9 Ka\ rj S6^a ov tw avTO. 
SeyeaOal tl TWi^ evavTiwv elvai SeKTLKa XeyeTai, aXXa tw 

^ ofrat A. o BcKTiKf) C. P cj^avXos re yiverai Koi C. ^ txrj 

&pa Tis ivia-TaTai C. ^ ivavTiwv] toiovt<ov A.B. ^ aKrj6r]s re Ka\ C. 

t boKfl eivai C. " t6 om. C. ^ 6 avTos ^evdrjs \6yos Zarai C. 

^ y\t€vbos C. ^ yivofievov C. Y jieTf^aWev C. ^ avTO C. 

^ cVtI deKTLKov C. ^ Ta ivavTia C. c avTijs C. ^ Srj A.B. et 

pr. C. e post fWti/ in C. litura est litterarum duarum. 



lo KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

^'Trepl erepov ^ti ro xct0o9 ^yeyevrja-Oai. To) yap t6 TrpayiuLa 
eivai rj /ULT} eivai, tovtw Ka\ 6 X6yo9 aXrjOrjg rj yp^euSr]^ elvai 
XeyeTai, ov tu> ^avTog Scktlko^ etvai tcov evavTiwv. *'A'7rXftJ9 
yap ovOev vtt ovSevo9 ^ ovtc ^o \6y09 KiveiTai ovTe »7 S6^a, 
wcTTe ovK av e^rj SeKTiKa tu>v evavTiwv fxrjSevos ev avT0i9 yivo- 
45 /xei/ou TraOov^. ^l^ Se ye ova-la tw avTtt ra evavTia Seyea-Oai, 
TOVTCp SeKTLKrj Tcov evavTicov elvai XeyeTai' v6(tov yap Ka\ 
vyleiav Se-)^eTat, Ka\ XevK^TrjTa Kal jULeXavtaV Ka\ eKaaTov 
Twv TOtovTCOv avTrj Se-^o/ULevrj tcov evavTioov etvat SeKTtKrj Xe- 
yeTai. ^'Qoire tSiov av ova-ta^ e^trj to tuvtov koi ev aptO/uLcp 
ov SeKTtKov elvat tcov evavTtcov /cara Trjv ^ eavTrj^ /JLeTaPoXrjv . 
Wept fJLev ovv ovartag Toa-avTa etprja-Oco. 
5 , Tov Se iroa-ov to julcv ea-Ti Sicopia-juLevov, t6 Se cn/i/e^e?, Ka\ 
TO /uLev €K Oea-tv e-^6vTC0v irpo9 aXXrjXa tcov ev avT0i9 /uLOptcov 
a-vvea-TYjKe, ^ t6 Se^ ovk e^ eyovTcov Oeartv. ^'Ecrt ^e Stcopt- 
c/mevov /uLev otov aptOjUL^g ^ Ka\ X6yo9, o-we^e? ^e ^ oiov ypafx- 
ixrj, eirtcjyaveia, a-cojuLa, cti Se •wapa TavTa yj)6vo^ Ka\ totto^s. 

^Ilcov /mev yap tov aptOjULov jULoptcov ovSetg ea-Tt Kotv6^ opo^, 
7rp69 6v a-vvaiTTeL Ta jUL^pta avTOV, oiov Ta irevTe et ea-Tt tcov 
SeKa /ui6ptov, 7r|0O9 " ovSeva KOtvov opov avvairTet tol TrevTC 
Ka\ TOL irevTe, aXXa Stwpta-Tat' Ka\ Ta Tpta ye Ka\ to. eiTTa 
irp^g ovSeva Kotv6v opov a-vvaiTTet' ovS^ oXco9 av e-^ot9 eir 
aptOjuLOV KOLVOv opov Xa^etv tcov juLoptcov, aXX Paet Stcopta-Tat' 

3W(7Te o /ULev aptO/ULO^ tcov Stcopta-/Jievcov ea-Tiv. ^Qa-airrco^ Se 
Ka\ 6 X6yo9 Tcov SicopLa-/uLevcov earTLV. ^Otl /ulcv yap ttoo-oV 
ea-TLV 6 Xoyog, (pavep6v' KaTa/uLeTpeiTaL yap crvXXafirj ^/3pa- 
^e/a Ka\ /uLaKpa. \eyco Se avT^v t6v /uLeTa ipcovrjg X6yov 
ytyv6/uLevov. Ilp6s ovSeva yap K0tv6v opov avTOv to. /x6pta 
a-vvaTTTei' ov yap ea-Ti Kotvog 6po9 Trpo^ ov ai arvXXa^a\ 

^a-vvaiTTOva^iv, aXX' eKaaTrj Sicopia-TaL avTrj KaO^ avTtjv. ^H 

d rh post rt om. A. « yivccrdai C. ^ avra bcKTiKa A.C. et 

COrr. B. S ov8e A. ^6 om. A. » tavrov B, avrrjs C. k ra C. 

^ e^ oiiK B.C. ™ Kai 6 \6yos C. " olov om. A.B. ^ ovbeva yap 

Koivov B. et pr. C. P dei om. A. ^l jiaKpa Ka\ /3pa;(eja C. 



S,6. KATHrOPlAI. II 

Se ypajunjLr] ^orwe^»!? icrTiV ea-Ti yap Xa^eiv koivov Spov ttjOop 
ov Ta /uLOpia avT^9 crvvaTrTei, a-TiyiuLi^v, Ka\ TrJ9 eincpavela^ 
ypafjLiiirjv' TOL yap tou eirnreSov /uLopia irpo^ Tiva koivov opov 
(rvvdTTTei. ''QcravTcog Se Kal eirl tov crcoiuLaTog e^ot? dv \a~ 
fielv Koivbv opov, ypajUL/uLrjv ^ e7ri(paveiav, irpos ^ a Ta tov 
GrcoiuLaT09 fJLOpia crvvdirTei. ^'Eo-rf ^e Ka\ 6 yjpovo? Ka\ 6 
TOTTO? Twv TOiovTwV 6 yap vvv y^povo? crvvaTTTei ^irpog tov 
TrapeXrjXvOoTa Ka\ tov /uLeWovTa. TLaXiv 6 TOTro^ twv crvv- 5 
ey^wv ecrrl' Toirov yap Tiva ra tov crco/ULaTO^ juLopia KaTeyei, 
a irpos Tiva kolvov opov crvvairTeL' ovkovv Ka\ ra tov Toirov 
lULopLa, a KaTeyeL cKacTTOV twv tov o-cofJLaTog juLoplcov, ttjOO? 
Tov avTOv bpov crvvairTeL irpog ov Kai ra tov crco/uLaTO? /uLopLa. 
^Qcrre " cvve-^r]^ av e^ir] Ka\ 6 TOirog' Trpo^ ydp eva kolvov 
opov avTOv ra /uLopLa ^crvvaTrTeL. 

^'Ert ySe Ta /ULev e/c Oea-LV e^ovTCOV Trpog dXXrjXa tcov ev6 
avToh /uLopicov crvvecTTr/Ke, ra ^e ^ovk e^ e^ovTcov OecrLV, oiov 
ra /ULev Trjg ypa/UL/uLrjg /uLopLa OecrLV ^eyeL irpog dWrjXa' e/ca- 
(TTOv ydp avTcov KeiTai irov, Ka\ e^OLg dv SLaXa^elv Ka\ 
diroSovvaL " oirov eKacrTOv KeLTai ev tw eirLTreScp Ka\ Trpdg 
irolov /uLopLOv Tcov XoLiroov o-vvairTeL. ^QcravToog Se Ka\ ra tov 7 
cTrLTreSov /uLopLa OecrLV eyeL TLva' o/ULolcog ydp dv diroSoOeLi] 
cKacTTOv ov KeiTai, Ka\ irola crvvairTeL irpdg dWrjXa. Ka\ ra 
Tov (TTepeov Se cocravTCog, Kai xa tov TOirov. ^EttJ ^e ye tov 
dpLOjULOv ovK dv eyoL Tig CTrLSei^aL cog ra /ULopLa avTOv OecLV 
TLvd e^€L irpog dWr/Xa rj KeiTal irov, r/ irOLa ye irpog dX- 
XiyXa crvvdirTeL tcov /ULoplcov. OvSe Td tov -^ovov VTro/ULevei 8 
'yajO ovSev tcov tov "^ovov /ULOplcoV o Se /ULrj ccttlv VTro/mevov, 
Trcog dv tovto Oea-LV ^ TLvd eyoL ', dXXd /ulclXXov Ta^LV TLvd 
e1.7roLg dv eyeiv tw to /ulcv irpoTepov elvaL tov yjpovov to S^ 
vcTTepov. Kaf €7r\ tov dpLO/uLOv Se wa-avTcog Ttv to ev irpOTepov 
dpLO/uLeia-OaL tcov Svo Ka\ ra Svo tcov TpLcov' Ka\ ovtco Ta^iv 



"* (Tvvex^s C. ^ ov C * Trpos re tov B.C. " avvexes C. 

^ o-vvdTTTei Ta /lopia C. 7 8e Ka\ to. C. ^ e^ ovk C. ^ e;^oi A.B. 

^ O^ B.C. C ?;^06 Tivd C. 



12 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

9Tiva av ^yoi, Oecriv Se ov iravv Xa^oig av. Kat 6 Xo*yo9 ^e 
wcravTCos' ovSev yap vTroixeveL twv /mopieov avTOv, aXX' e^pt]- 
Tai Te Ka\ ovk ecTiv ctl tovto \a/3eiv, coarTe ovk av €'ijj 
6€(ri9 Twv /ULopioyv avTOv, e^lye imrjSev vTrofieveL. Ta /JLev ovv ck 
OecTLV e-^ovTCov tcov fjLoplcov crvv€<TTi]Ke, ra ^e ^ovk e^ eyovTWV 

QeCTLV. 

lo J^vpicog Se irocra raura />toVa XeyeTaL tcl elprjij.eva, tol Se 
aWa iravTa KaTa crvim^e^rjKog* ei9 TOVTa yap airo^XeTrovTe^ 
KOL TaXXa irocra Xeyo/ULeVi olov ttoXv to XevKov XeycTaL tm 
Ttjv €7rL(paveLav iroWrjv elvaL, Ka\ ^ Trpa^Lg /uiaKpa tw ye tov 
yjpovov TToXvv elvaL, Ka\ ^ KivrjarL^ ttoXX»;. Ov yap KaO^ avTO 

iieKacTTOv TOVTcov TTOCTOv XcyeTaL. Olov eav clttoSlSw tl^ Trocrrj 
TL9 rj Trpa^ig ecTTL, tw yjpovcp opLel, ^ evLavcTLalav rj ovtco ircog 
CLTToSLSovg. Kat TO XevKov irocTOv tl airoSLSovg Trj ewLipaveLa 
opLel' ocrr] yap av rj CTTLCpaveLa ^, toctovtov Ka\ to Xcvkov 
^ (prjcTeLev av elvaL. ^^QcrTe juLova ^Kvpico? Ka\ KaO^ avTo. irocTa 
XeycTaL tgl eiprjfjieva, tcov Se aWcov ^ovSev KaO^ avTO, aXX' 
^el apa, ^KaTO, av/iilBelBrjKo^. 

*2 ^''EiTi Tw TTOCTW ovSev €(TTLV cvavTiov. ^EttJ /xej/ •yajO TCOV 
a(f)copLCT/uLevcov (pavepov otl ovSev ccttlv evavTiov, oiov tw Sltt^- 
■^ei rj TpLirrjyeL rj Trj €irL(paveLa rj tcov tolovtcov tlvl' ovSev 
yap eoTTiv ^avTOi? evavTLOV, et /uLrj ^apa to iroKv tco oALytp 

Ji(paLtj TL9 eivaL evavTiov rj ^ to iJ-eya tw /uLLKpw. Tovtcov Se 
ovSev ecTTL ttoctov aXXa tcov ttoo? tl' ovSev yap avTO KaO 
avTO /ULeya XeyeTaL rj jULiKpov, aXXa tw irpo^s cTepov ava(pe- 
pecrOaL, olov opo9 jj-ev /uLLKpov Xeyerai, Key)(j309 Se /uLeyaXrj 
T(p Trjv fJLcv Tcov ojuLoyevcov ^fxelXpva eivai, to Se eXaTTOv tcov 
ofjLoyevcov. Ovkovv Trpo^ eTepov rj ava(popa, exe/ e^Lye KaO^ 
avTO fiLKpov rj fjLeya eXeyeTO, ovk av iroTe to fiev opog fJLi- 

14 Kpbv iXeyero, rj Se Key-^o? fieyaXrj. UaXLV ev fJLcv Trj Kcofirj 

d i^ ovK C. ^ €Viav<Tiaia A. ^ (f)r)a-eii B. et pr. C, (})rj(r€i COIT. C. 
S Kvpias noa-a KaB* avra B.C. ^ ov8ev avro Ka3* B. * et] codices fj. 

^ KaTO. om. A. ^ avTwv A.B.C. >" apa om. B.C. " Tov jityav 

pr. B. o jifiCa>v pr. B, jid^ov corr. B, ^flCov pr. C, /ictC» corr. C. 



6. KATHrOPIAI. 13 

cj)afjLev TToXXou? avOpdoirov^ ehai, iv ^ AOi^vai^ Se oXlyov^ ttoX- 
\a7r\acrlov9 avTCov ovTa^, Kai iv /mev rj} oiKia ttoXXou?, ev oe 
tQ) OeaTpo) oXlyov? ttoXXw TrXeiovg ovTag. ^'Ert to imev SlTrrj-^v 15 
Kal TOLTrrj-^v Kal eKacTTOv twv toiovtcov ttoctov (TtjfJLaivei, to 
^e juieya ^ jUiiKpov ov crrjiuLaivei iroaov ciXXa ^iaXXoj^ ttjOo? tl' 
wpos yap cTepov OeoypeiTai to jiieya P/cal to ^iKpov. ^'Qa-Te 
(j)avep6v OTL TavTa tcov irp6<s tl ea-Tiv, ^'Ert eav re TtOJJ Tt? 16 
TavTa irocra etvaL edv Te /urj TiOrj, ovk earTLV avTOL? evavTLOv 
ovSev' o yap /jni ecTTLV avTO AcaO' avTO Xa^elv aXXa Trpog 
cTepov ^ava(pepeTaL, ttw? av (pairj tl9 tovtlo tl evavTiov ; eTL 
Se ei ecTTaL t6 jmeya Kai t6 juLiKpov evavTia, (jv/i^iia-eTaL to 
auTO a/xa Ta evavTLa eiTLSe^ecrOaL Ka\ avTa eavT0i9 eivaL 
evavTia. ^vjuL^aLveL ydp iroTe ajuLa t6 aivTO /Lieya Te Kal ^t-i? 

KpOV ^ CLVaL' €<TTL yCLp TTjOO? /ULeV TOVTO JULlKpOV, TTjOO? eTepOV 

Se t6 avT^ TovTO juLeya. ^Qa-Te to avTO Ka] iJ.eya KaL fiiKpov 
KaTOL t6v avT^v yjpovov elvaL crvfx^aLveL' wa-Te afia Ta evavTLa 
eTriSe-^^ea-OaL. ■" AXX' ovSev SoKei afxa tcl evavTia eirLSe-^^ea-OaL, 18 
oTov eirl Trj9 ova-iag' SeKTLKrj fxev twv evavTLWV SoKel elvai, 
aXX' ovTL ye afi.a voa-el Kal vyLalvei. ""AXX' ovSe \evK6v Kal 
jULeXav ea-Tlv afia. "* AXX' ovSe twv aXkwv ovSev ecTTiv 6 afi.a Ta 
evavTia eTrt^e^eraf. KaJ auTa S^ ^ eavToU crvfjL/SaiveL evavTLa 19 
eivai. Ei ydp ecrTL t6 fjLeya tw fiLKpw evavTLOv, to S^ avTO 
ecTTLV * afJLa fjLeya Kal fJLLKpov, " avTO eavTW eirj av evavTiov. 
"" AXXa Twv dSvvdTCOv ecrTh avTO eavTw eival ^ tl evavTiov. 20 
OvK ea-TLV apa t6 fJLcya tw fJLLKpw evavTLOv, ovSe to ttoXv tw 
oXLyw. ^'Qa-Te ei Kal fxrj tcov wpog tl TavTa tl9 epel aXXa 
Tov TrocTOv, ovSev evavTiov e^eL. 

MaXfCTTa Se rj evavTLOTrjg tov irocrov irep\ tov towov 21 
SoKei virap-^eLV. To yap avco tw KaTW evavTiov TiOeacrL, Trjv 
irp^g t6 fiecTOV -^copav KdTCO \ey0vTe9 Slcl ^ t6 irXeLcrTrjv tw 
fjLecTW SLdcTTaa-LV irpog tol irepaTa tov Koa-fjLov eivai. ''Eo//cao-t 22 

P Koi t6 om. pr. C. ^ dvacj^epovra pr. C, dvacjie^ovTai pr. B. 

^ elvai om. B. s avToli B. * ajxa'\ ajia Kai B. " nuro] Ka\ 

avT6 B. V ri om. B.C. w ^6] ttjv pr. A. 



y 



14 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

Se Ka\ Tov Twv aWwv ^evavTioov opiafjiov cctto tovtwv eTri- 
(fyepeiv Ta yap TrXeia-TOv aXXijXwi/ SiecTTijKOTa twv ev tw 
avTW yevei evavTta opliovTai. 

23 OJ SoKel Se TO TToarov eiriSe-^ecrOai t6 yuaXXoi/ ^^01 ^ttov, 
otov t6 SiTTtj^^v' ov yap eaTiv cTcpov eTepov jULaWov Slirrjyy. 
OvS^ eTTi Tov apiOnjLOv, oiov To. Tpia Twv irevTe ovSev jULaWov 
^ To. Tpia, ovSe To. ^ irevTe twv Tpiwv. ^ OvSe yjpovo^ eTepo9 

24 eTepov /ULaW.ov -^povo^s ehai Xeyerai. OvS^ eirl twv eiprjiuLevwv 
oXo)? ovSev69 t6 /ulolWov Kal t6 ^ttov XeyeTai. ^Qcrre Kal 
TO TTOcrov ovK eTTLSe^eTai t6 /uluWov Ka\ t6 tjTTOV. 

25 ^'ISiov Se juLaXia-Ta tov iroaov t6 'la-ov re Ka\ aviaov \e- 
yeaSai. ^lEiKaa-TOv yap tcov eiptj/uLevcov ^iroa-wv ^a-ov Te Ka\ 
aviarov XeyeTai, oiov a-wjuLa Kal ^a-ov Ka\ avia-ov XeyeTai, Ka\ 
^•)(j)6vo9 Ka\ 'ia-o9 Kal ^ av 10-09. *'QaravTW9 Se Kal eTrl twv aX- 

26Xft)j/ Twv pijOevTwv cKaa-TOv 'icrov re Kal avicrov \eyeTai. Ilwv 
oe KoLirwv ocra ^ /ULtj ea-Ti Trocra, ov iravv av co^^aL ^ icra re Kai 
avicra XeyecrOaL, oiov rj SLa0ecri9 ov iravv 1.a-ri re Ka\ avioro9 
XeyeTaL, aWa /uLaWov ojULola, Ka\ to XevKov la-ov re Ka\ avL- 
crov ov ^iravv, aXX* ojulolov. ^QcrTe tov irocrov ixakLcrTa av 
eir] ISlov to Lcrov T€ Ka\ avLaov XeyearOaL. 

7 TIpo^ TL Se TOL TOLavTa \eyeTai, ocra avTO. airep ea-Tiv 

€Tepwv elvaL \eyeTaL, r] ottwctovv a\\w9 7rpo9 cTepov, olov to 
/uLel^ov TOvO^ OTTep ecTT^v cTepov \eyeTaL' ^ tlv69 yap \eyeTai 
/nei^ov' Ka\ To SL7r\acrLov tovO^ oirep ecrT^v cTepov \eyeTaL' 
TIV69 yap SLTT^da-LOv \eyeTaL. ^Qa-avTW^ Se Ka\ oaa aWa 
TOLavTa. *'EcrTf ^e Ka\ tol TOiavTa TftJi/ ttjOO? ti oIov e^t?, Sid- 
2 0ea-L9, alaOrja-L^, eiTLcrTrj/uLri, 0ea-L9. UavTa yap Ta eiprj/uieva 
avTa airep ea-T\v CTepwv elvai \eyeTaL Ka\ ovk aWo tl' rj 
yap et^L9 TLV09 €^L9 \eyeTaL Ka\ r/ eirLcrTrjiJLr/ tlvo9 eTria-T^/ULrj 
Ka\ fj 0€cri9 TLV69 Oea-L^, Ka\ to. dWa Se wa-avTW9. Tlpo^ tl 

^ (vavriov pr. A. Y Ka\ ro ^ttov B.C. ^ 7-^] Trevrf j; B, om. C. 

^ nevTe'] rpia B. ^ ovSc] ov8e ye B. ^ ttoo-coi/] 7ro(ra>v Ka\ A.C. 

^ Xpovos] dpid/ios B.C. ^ avia-os] tiviaos Xtyerat, Ka\ xpovos Ka\ laos 

Ka\ avtaos B.C. ^ ^117 eVri] cWtJ/ ov C. S taov rt Ka\ avia-ov A.B.C. 

^ Trdw] Trdvv Xeycrat C. ^ rtvos] /xfi^ov Tivos A.B. 



6,7. KATHrOPIAI. *I5 

ovp ecTTlv oara avTa airep co-tIv eTepoov eivat Xeyerai, rj otto)- 
(Tovv aWm TTjOo? cTcpov, olov opo9 fJ.eya XiyeTai irpos ere- 
pov TTpos Ti yap jULeya \eyeTai to opo9' Kal to bjULOiov tivI 
o/uioiov XeyeTai, Ka\ Ta aXXa Se to. TOiavTa wa-avTm Trpos tl 
XeyeTai. ^^'Ert ^e Ka\ t] avaKXia-ig Kal t] o-Tdcrig Kal rj KaOe-S 
Spa Oeceig Tiveg, rj Se 6e(ri9 tcov ttjOO? ti. To ^e ^avaKelarOai 
tj ea-Tavai rj KaOrja-Qai avTO. /ULev ovk eia-\ Oeareig, Trapcovvimm 
Se ctTTO TU)v elpriiJLevodv Oea-ecov XeyeTai. 

iirapyei ce Kai evavTiOTrj? ev T019 irpo^ ti, olov ^^^apeTr]4 
KaKia evavTLOV, CKaTepov ov tcov irpos tl, Ka\ eirLO-TrjiJLr) a- 
yvola. OJ Traa-L Se tol9 Trpog tl virap-^eL to evavTiov tw yap 
SnrXaa-iw ovSev ea-TLV evavTiov, ovSe tm TpLirXaa-Lw, ovSe tcov 



AoKCL Se Ka\ TO lULaXXov Ka\ to ^ttov eTTLSe^earOaL tcl 5 
'Trpo? TL' o/uioiov yap Ka\ avo/uLOLOv lULaXXov Ka\ ^ttov Xeye- 
TaL, Ka\ 'larov Ka\ avia-ov /uLaXXov Ka\ rJTTOv XeyeTaL, cKaTepov 
avTcov TTjOO? TL oV TO Tc yap oiuLOLOv TLv\ oiuLOLOv XeyeTai 
KOi TO ° avofJLOLOv TLv\ avofJiOLOv. Oi5 irdvTa Se P tol irp6<s ti 
eTriSe-^eTaL t6 /ulolXXov ^ Ka\ ^ttov t6 ydp SLirXda-LOV ^ ov 
XeyeTaL fidXXov Kai ^ttov SLirXaa-Lov, ovSe tcov tolovtcov 
ovSev. 

TldvTa Se Tct Trpog tl 7rp69 dvTLO^TpeipovTa XeyeTaL, oiov 6 
6 SovXo9 SeariroTOv SovXo^ XeyeTaL Ka\ 6 Sea^rroTrjg SovXov 
Sea-TTOTrjg, Ka\ t6 SLirXda-LOv ^^iuLia-eog SLirXdarLOv Ka\ t6 i^ij.lo^v 
SLirXaa-LOV rj/uLLa-v, Ka\ t6 iJ,eL^ov eXdTTOvog lULel^ov kol t6 
eXaTTOv fJLeL^ovog eXaTTOv. ^ QaavTco^ Se Ka\ ein twv dXXcov, 7 
TrXrjv Trj TTTWcret evloTC SLola^eL KaTa Trjv Xe^LV, otov rj eiri- 
(jTr]fxr\ €7rLC(Tr)TOV XeyeTaL eirLa-Tr]iJ.ri Ka\ to eiTLarTriTOV eiTL- 
a-T^/jrj ewLaTrjTOv, Ka\ r] aia-Orja-L^s aiaOrjTOv a'ia-0r]a-L9 Ka\ to 
aia-0r]T6v aia-Orja-eL aia-OrjTOv. Ov fJLrjv aXX' eviOTe ov So^eL 8 

^ (crTi B. 1 dvaK€Kkt(rdai corr. A. ™ dpcTirj KaKia C. *^ ovbiVi\ 

Tivi C. ^ dvofxoiov Tiv\ dvofjioiov'^ avicrov tlv\ avicrov B, dvofioiov tiv\ 

dvofioiov Ka\ To aviaov tlv\ avicrov C. P ra npos ti om. A. ^ Ka\ t6 

rJTTov C. ^* ovK emdexfTai t6 fxdWov Ka\ (t6 C.) ^ttov, ov8e A.C. 

^ r}p.i(T€a>s B.C. 



r6 KATHrOPIAI. Catbg. 

avTKrrpecpeiv, eav fJLt} oikclw^ ttjOo? 6 Xcyerai aTroSoO^, aWa 
SiajULapTrj 6 a7roStSov9, olov to irTepov eav aTroSoOrj 6pvi0o9^ 
govK avTicTTpecpei 6pvi9 irTepov. Ov yap oiKeim to TrpwTov 
awoSeSoTai nrTepov 6pvL0o9' ov yap rj 6pvL9, TavTtj to irTe- 
pbv ^avTov XeyeTai, aW J irTepiATOv ea-Ti' ttoWcov yap Ka\ 

ioclWmv TTTepa ecTLV, a ovk eiarlv "ojOi/fOe?. ^QarTe eav aTroSoOrj 
oiKei(t)9, Ka\ avTLaTpe(peL, oiov to WTepov irTepwTOV iTTepov 

ii/caf TO TrTepooTOV TTTepw iTTepWTOv. 'Ei//oTe Se Kal ovoimaTO- 
iroieiv la^co^ avayKaiov, eav jULrj Kei/uLevov ^ ovo/uLa irpo^ o oiKeiw^ 
av aTToSoOeir], otov to irrjSaXLOv ^tov ttXolov eav airoSoOrj, 
ovK oiKela r] airoSoa^t^ yiveTai' ov yap ^ irXoiov, TavTrj 
avTOv TO 7rr]Sa\L0v XeyeTaL' ea-TL yap irXola wv ovk ea-Ti 
7rr]SdXia.' Aib ovk avTiaTpeipeL' t6 yap ttXolov ov XeyeTai 
TrrjSaXiov irXoiov. ^AXX' iVo)? oiKeiOTepa av ^ aTToSoa^i? etrj, 
€1 ovTW irws airoSoOeLrj, to TrrjSaXLOV TnjSaXLWTOV TrrjSdXLOV, 

12 r] oirwaovv dWw9' ovoima ^ydp ov KeiTaL. Kat dvTLaTpecpei 
ye, edv oiKeLwg diroSoOrj' to ydp TrrjSaXLWTOv irriSaXlw yrrj- 
SaXiwTOv. *^Qa-avTW9 Se kol e7r\ twv dXXwv, oiov rj KefpaXrj 
oiKeLOTepw^ dv dTrdSoOeir] KeCpaXwTOv % ^(pov diroSLSoiuLevrj' 
ov ydp rj 'C^wov, KecpaXrjv ey^eL' TToXXd ydp twv ^wwv Kecpa- 

13X^1^ ovK e^eL. OvTW Se paaTa dv law^ tl^ ^Xa^oL oh ^rj 
KeiTaL ovofxaTa, el diro twv TrpwTWv Kal T019 Trpdg ^ avTd 
dvTia-Tpecpova-i TtOeirj Ta ovoiULaTa, wa-irep eiri twv TrpoeLprj- 
/ULevwv diro tov irTepov to iTTepWTOV Ka\ dTrd tov TrrjSaXiov 

14TO irrjSaXiWTOv. YVdvTa ovv Td Trpo^ Ti, edv irep oiKeiw9 
aTroSLSwTaL, irpog dvTia^pecpovTa Xeyerai, hre^ eav ye Trpd^ 
To Tv^v diroSLSwTai Ka\ fxrj Trpdg avTO o XeyeTai, ovk dv- 

iSTLaTpecpeL. A^eyw Se oti ovSe twv 6iULoXoyov/jLevw9 ttjOO? 
dvTLaTpecpovTa XeyoiuLevwv, Ka\ ovoiULaTwv avTOL9 KeLfj-evwv, 
ovSev dvTLaTpecpei, edv irpo^ tl twv aviuL/Se^rjKOTWv dTroSiSw- 
Tai Ka\ juLrj Trpog avTO o XeycTai, oiov 6 SovXo^ edv /ULrj Se- 
a-iroTOv aTroSoOrj aXX' dvOpunrov tj SiTroSog rj otovovv twv 

* avT^i COrr. A. ^ opviBos A. '^ rov oiri. B. ^ yap avTov 

ov C. X Xajipdvoi B. y avTo] a pr. B. 



7. KATHrOPIAI. 17 

TOiovTCov, ovK avTicrTp€(f)€i' ov yap oiKcia ti aTroSoarh ecrTiv. 
^^Ert ^' eav /uiiv tl oiKeiu)^ aTroSeSoiuLevov ^^ ttjOo? 6 Xeyerai^i^ 
iravTOOv 'Trepiaipovim.evwv twv aWwv ocra G-vix^e^fiKOTa ecrTi, 
KaTaXeiTTOiULevov Se /ulovov tovtov 7rpo9 6 aweSoOrj oiKeloyg, ael 
irpo^ avTO prjOi^a-eTai, olov 6 Sov\o9 eav Trpog SecnroTrjv Xe- 
y^Tai, TrepiaipoviLievcov tcov aWcov ^ airavToov ocra crvjuLJSe^r]- 
KOTa ecTTl Tw SeaTTOTrj, oJov to SIttoSi eivai Kal to eTricrTrjiuLrig 
SeKTiKw Kal ^ t6 avOpcoircp, KaTaXeiTrojmevov Se fxovov tov Se- 
cTTroTrjv elvai, ael 6 SovXos ttjOo? avTO prjOrjcrerai' 6 yap SovXog 
SecriroTov Sov\o9 ^Xeyerai. ""Eai/ Se ye juirj oiKeico9 aTroSoOrj irpog ^l 
o iroTe \eyeTai, Trepiaipov/ui.evcov jULev tcov aXXcov, KaToXeiTrojuLe- 
vov Se fJLOvov Tov irpo^ o aireSoOrj, ov prjOrjcreTaL 7rpo9 avTO. 
^ ATroSeSocrOco yap 6 SovXo^ avOpcoirov Ka\ to irTepov opviOog, 
Kal irepiriprjcrOco tov avOpcoirov to ^ SecriroTrjv avTOV elvai' ov 
yap cTi ^o SovXo9 Trpos avOpcoTrov prjOrjcreTai' /uirj yap ovto9 
SecriroTOv ovSe SovXog icrTiv. *^QcravTC09 ^ kol tov opviOog 
'jrepLrjprjcrOco to irTepcoTcp elvac ov yap ctl ecTTaL ^to irTepov 
Tcov irpog TL' fJLrj yap ovTog " TrTepcoTov ovSe irT^pov ecrTai 
TLVog. ^'QcTTe Sei /ulcv airoSLSovaL irpo^ o iroTe oiKelco^ Xe- 18 
yeraL. Kai/ /Jiev ovojULa ^ KeljULevov, pcxSla rj airoSocri? ylveraL' 
/ULrj 6vT09 Se avayKaiov 1crco9 SvojULaTOiroLeiv. Qvtco Se ctTroSL- 
SofJiivcov (jyavepov otl TravTa tol Trpog tl irpo? avTLcrTpicpovTa 
^ XiyeTaL. 

AoKei Se TCL Trpog tl ajuLa Trj (pvcreL elvaL, Ka\ cTrl jmev tcov 19 
TrXeiG-Tcov aXrjOi^ ^ ecrTLV. ^'Ajuia yap SLirXacnov re ecrTL Ka\ 
rjfjLLcrv, Ka\ rjjJLLcreo^ 6vto9 SLirXacrLOv ecrTL' Ka\ SecriroTOv 6vto9 
SovXog icTTL, Ka\ SovXov 6vto9 SecriroTrjg ecrTLv' ojULoicog Se 
T0VT0L9 Ka\ Ta aXXa. Ka^ crvvavaLpei Se TavTa aXXrjXa' 20 
^t^ yap 6vTog SLirXacrlov ovk ccttlv rj/uLLcrv, Ka\ rjjjLLcreog /ULrj 
6vT09 ovK ecTTL SLirXoLcrLOV' cocravTco9 Se Ka\ cttJ tcov aXXcov 

2 ecT/ C. ^ cnrdvTmv om. C. ^ rw dv6pi>TTa pr. A.C. ^ prjdrjcrcTai 
B.C. d Sea-TTOTrji avTwi B. ^ 6 Om. A. f Koi] Be Ka\ B.C. 

S t6 corr. A. ^ TrrepwToit avToii B, TTTepayTov C. ' prjOrjaeTai, B. 

^ fOTiP, fTT €via>v be ovk dXrjOes C. 

VOL. I. C 



I 



i8 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

o(ra TOiavra. Ovk eirl iravrwv Se twv irpo^ ti aXriOh Sokci 
To a/uLa Trj (pv(T€i elvai' to yap eirLCTTrjTov irpoTepov av 
So^eie TfJ9 eiTLCTTrjiJLrig elvaL. ^Q^ yap eTrJ to ttoXv irpovirap- 
■^ovTODV Twv Trpay/uLaToov Tag eirLcrTiiiuLa^ Xa/uL/Savo/ULev ett 
oXiyoov yap av rj e7r' ovSevo^ *iSoi tl9 av ajuLa tw eiTLCTTriTw 

21 TTjv eTTLo-Ti^iULrjv yLvoiUL€vr]v. ^'Exf TO jULev €7ri(rTr}TOV civaLpeOev 
(TVvavaLpei Tr]v eTr LcrT^fJLrjv, rj Se eirL^TTrjiiri to eir L^TTrjTOv ov 
(TvvavaLpeL e7rL(rTrjT0v '" iiev yap fxrj ovto9 ovk " eo-TLv €7ri- 
(TTrjfxrj (ovSevb? ° yap ecTTai eTTKTT^iirj), eTrKrTrjlirj^ Se fJLrj 
ova-rjg ovSev KcoXveL eTricrTrjTbv elvaL, P otov kol 6 tov kvkXov 
TeTpaycovLcriJLog e'iy€ c^ttlv eTria-TrjTOV, eirLcrTrjixrj fjLev avTOv 

22 ovK ecTLV ovceTrco, H avTO? '^ oe eirLCTTrjTOv ecrTiv. rjTt C^wou 
IJLev avaLpe0evTO9 ovk earTaL eirKTTrjiJirj, tcov S^ ewicTrjTWv 
TToXXa evSe-^eTai eivai. "^O/x-o/ft)? Se tovtol^ Ka\ ra eTrl t^9 
alcr6rj(T€()09 '^X^t' To yap alcTOrjTbv irpoTepov Trj9 alcrOrjcTeoo^ 

23 SoKel etvai. To ijlcv yap aicrOrjTbv avaLpeOev (TvvavaLpei Trjv 
a1.(T0rj(Tiv, rj Se a1(T0rj(Ti9 TO aicrOrjTbv ov (TvvavaLpei. Ai yap 
ai(TOrj(T€L^ irepl (Toofia Kai iv orooiJiaTL el(Tiv, ai(T0rjTOv Se avaipe- 
0evTO9 ^avaipeLTai kol to (Tooiia {toov yap ^ aicrOrjToov Tb crooixa), 
crooiJLaT09 Se iJLrj 6vto9 " avaLpeiTai kol rj aiG-OrjcTLg, oocrTe (tvv- 

24avaLpeL to al(TOrjTbv Trjv a"L(TOrj(TLV. "^H Se ye a"cr0rj(TL9 to 
aicrOrjTbv ov (Tvvavaipei' ^mov yap avaipeOevTog ai(T0rjcrL9 iiev 
^ avaLpeiTaL, al(TOrjTbv Se ^ €(TTaL, oiov (Tooiia, OepiJLOv, yXvKv, 

25 irLKpov, Kai TaWa iravTa o(Ta €(tt]v ^ atcrOrjTa. ^'^tl rj ijlcv 
€LL(T0rjcrL9 aiia T(a aL^rOrjTLKw ylveTai' aiia yap ^tw ^wco 
yiveTai Kal a"(r0r](Ti9' Tb Se ye al^TOrjTOv icTTi Ka\ irpb tov 
^ ^^ov 37 a"(TOrj(riv ^ etvai' irvp yap Ka\ vSoop Ka) tcl TOiavTa, 
e^ oov Ka\ TO ^(pov ^ (TvvlarTaTai, €(ttl Ka\ irpb tov ^woi/ oXw? 



1 av post Tts om. B. "» fiev om. B.C. » forat A.C. 

o yap €Ti ea-rai B. P olov ti Ka\ C. Q avro B. ^ Se] fit 

t6 C. ^ dvTfiprjTai B. * ala-6r}Ta)v Koi to B.C. ^ dvfjipijTai B. 

^ dvrjiprjTai B, dvaipe^rat aladrjTov Se ov corr. C. y ea-Tiv C. 

z aladrjrd om. C. a rat ^^(o] Canov Te B. ^ foJoj/ i^ om. B. 

c flvai ante fj ponit C. ^ (rvvi<rraT<u t^ al(r$r)T6v coti pr. B. 



7. KATHrOPlAI. 19 

elvai r] alcOrjcriv, wcrTe Trporepov av TtJ9 atcrOiicrecog to alcrOt]'' 
Tov elvai S6^€iev. 

^'Ep^et ^e airoplav TroTepov ovSejULLa oxxrla twv irpo^s tl 26 
XeyeTaL, Kadairep SoKei, rj tovto evSe-^eTaL /cara TLva9 toov 
SevTepodv ova-iwv. ""ETrf juLev yap twv TrpcoTWv ovarLwv aXrjOe? 
ecTTiv' ovT€ yap tcl 6\a ovt€ tol /uLeptj irpo^ tl XeyeraL. ""O 
*yap TL9 avOpcoirog ov XeyeTaL TLVog tl9 avOpco7ro9, ovSe 6 tJ? 
fiov9 TLVog TL9 ^ovs. ^ Q(ravTCt}S Se Kal tcl fxeprj' rj yap tl<s i^j 
^eJjO 01) Xeyerat tlvos ti<s xe\p aXXa tlvos X^^P^ '^"^ ^ '^^^ 
KecpaXtj ov XeyeTaL tlvos tls Ke(pa\r] aWa tlvos Ke(pa\i^. 
^QcravTcos Se Kal eir), tcov SevTepcov ovotlcov, eirl ye tcov TrXe/- 28 
(TTcov, oiov 6 avOpcoiros ov \eyeTat tlvo9 avOpcoiros, ovSe 6 
/Bovs TLVos ^ovs, ovSe t6 ^v\ov tlvo^ ^v\ov, aXXa TIV09 
KTrjiJLa \eyeTaL. ^EttJ iulcv ovv tcov tolovtcov (pavepov otl 29 
ovK ecTTL Tcov TTjOO? TL' ctt' evLcov Se Tcov SevTepcov ovcTLcov e^et 
aiJi(pL(TPr]Trj(Tiv, ^ olov rj Ke(pa\ri tlvos \eyeTaL Ke(pa\r] Kal ^ 
^efjO TLvos \6yeTai X^^/^ '^^^ eKacrTOv toov tolovtcov, cocTTe 
TavTa Tcov irpos tl So^eLev av eivaL. Et fxev ovv iKavcos 6 5° 
Tcov irpos TL opLO-jULos cLTroScSoTaL, r] Twv Travv -^a^eircov 1; 
Tcov aSvvcLTCov ccttI to Set^aL cos ovSefJLLa ovcrla tcov irpos tl 
\eyeTaL' el Se jULr] iKavm, aXX' ecrrt ra irpos tl ois to elvai 
TOVTOV ecTTL ^Tft) irpos TL ircos eyeLV, 'i(r(os av prjOelr] tl wpos 
avTOi. ^O Se irpOTepos opLCTfJLO^ irapaKO^ovOei fxev iracTL TOig 
Trpos TL, ov fjLr]v S TavTov ye ccttl " tw Trpos tl avTOis elvai 
*TO auTa aTrejO e(TTLV eTepoov AeyecTuaL. JJi/c oe tovtcov ct]\ov3^ 

€(TTLV OTL €aV TL9 eiS^ TL COpLO-fieVCOS TCOV irpOS Tl, KOLKeLVO TTjOO? 

o \eyeTai oopLcrfievcog e^LCTerai. ^avepov fiev ovv Kal e^ avTcov 
ecTTLV. Ei 'yajO olSe tl9 toSc tl otl ccttl toov irpos tl, ccttl 
Se t6 elvaL tols irpo^s tl TavT^v ^ tu> irpos t/ iroos eyeLV, kol- 
Keivo olSe irp6s o tovto ircos eyeL' el yap ovk olSev o\co9 
TTp^s 6 TOVTO Troos e^^^CL, ovS^ €L irpos TL TTCOS €"^€1 €icr€Tat. 
Kat €7rl Tcov KaO* eKacTTa Se Sr]\ov t6 tolovtov, olov toSc TL32 

® olov ci 17 C. f To)] t6 & ravro B, tovto C. et corr. A, 

^ t6 B.C. et corr. A. i ra pr. C. ^ ra] t6 A. 

c 2 



20 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

^ €1 olSe a(pwpi(riUi€V(ii)9 otl ecrri SnrXacrioi^, koi otov SiTrXdcrioi/ 
ecTiu evOu^ acpMpicr/uievwg oiSev ei yap /ULrjSevo^ twv acjxopi- 
a^juLevoov oiSev avTO SiTrXacriov, ovS^ ei SiirXaanov ecTiv o\w9 

33 0iS€V, ^Q(ravT(i09 Se Kal ToSe ti el oiSev otl koWlov €(jtl, 
Ka\ OTOV koXKlov ^ ccttlv ev0v9 a(p(jopi(riuLevoi)9 avayKaiov ei- 
SevaL Slcl TavTa. Ovk aopi(rT(a9 Se eiVerat otl tovto €(m 
"^^eipovoi k(xWlov' vTToXtjy^LS yap to ^tolovto yivcTaL, ovk 
eTrKrriiuitj' ov yap ctl aKpi^co9 cl^rcTaL otl ecrrf yelpovo<i 

3^KaXKL0v, Ef yap ovtoo^ cTvyev, ovSev €(rTL \elpov avTOv. 
^'Qcrre (pavepov otl avayKaiov ecTTLv, ° o ^ dv eiSrj tl^ twv 
TTjOO? TL a(p()0pi(rjuiev(j09, KOLKeivo irpo^ o XeyeTaL acpcopLcriULevco? 
^ eiSevai. H^rjv Se ye Ke(paXi]v Kal Tt]V yfLpoL kcli cKaoTOV 
Twv TOLOVTCov, 'tt €i(rLv ovcTLai, avTO /ULev OTTep cg-tIv COpL- 

35 (riuL€vco9 ecTTLV eiSevai, irpo^ o Se XeyeTaL, ovk avayKaiov. T/i/09 
yap avTfi rj KeCpaXt] 37 Tivog rj ^(eip, ovk ecrTLv elSevaL copL- 
(r/ULevco?» ^'Q(rT€ ovk av e^tj TavTa tcov irpo^ tl. Et ^e ^ti/ 
€(rTi TavTa tcov Trpog tl, akriOeg av elrj XeyeLv otl ovSefXLa 
ovcrla Tcov Trpo^ tl €(rTLv. ^'lcrco9 Se ^aXeTroi/ VTrep tcov tolov- 
Toov (r(poSpco9 a7ro(paLve(rOai /uLt] 7roX\(XKL9 ^ €7rearKejUL/uLevov' to 
fJLevTOL SLr]7ropr]K€vaL e(p^ €K(xcrTOV avTcov ovK (x-^rjcrTOV ecrTLV. 
8 TVoLOTtiTa Se \eyco KaO^ ^v TroLol TLve? elvaL XeyovTaL. 

^'EcTt ^e ^ TTOiOTtjg Tcov TrXeova-^co? Xeyo/uLevcov. *^Ei/ /ULev ovv 
elSo^ TroioTtjTO^ €^l9 Kal SL(x0e(rL9 \eyeaOco(rav. Aia(pep€L Se 
e^L9 ^mOecrcft)? tm 7ro\v * ■^(povLcoTepov elvai Kal /uLovLiuLcoTepov. 
^ToLavTaL Se cu re eTrLo^rjiuLaL koi ai aperai' rj re yap €7ri- 
(rT^/uLtj SoK€i Tcov irapaiJLOVLfjLOOv elvai Ka\ Sv(rKiv^Tcov, " iav Kal 
IUL€Tpico9 TL9 €7ri(rTii/JLt]v ^a^t], eav 7rep /ULrj /uL€ya\r] /uLeTa/3o\rj 
yevrjTaL V7ro voa^ov rj aWov tlvo9 tolovtov cocravTco9 Se kol 
rj aperrj, olov rj SLKaLoavvtj kol rj (rcocppoavvrj Ka\ eKacrrov tcov 
3TOIOVTC0V, ovK €VKivrjTOv SoK€i clvai ovS' €V /ji€T(x /3 o\ov. Aia- 



1 6t] fi Tis C. ^ (CTTiv d<l)a>pi<rfi€va>s Koi B.C. ^ toiovtov C. 

o o] oTi B. P eav A.B. ^ ftSeVat] dvayKoiov eldevai A.B.C. 

^ ai B. * e7r€(TKfiMfi€va>v pr. C. * fxovi]jL<i)T(pov Ka\ xpoviatTfpov 

fivai C. " cav KaX] idv rc B, iav A. 



8. KATHrOPIAI. 21 

66(r€i9 Se Xeyovrai a icmv evKivrjra Kal rayy jULera^aWovTa, 
oiov OepiuLOTrig Ka\ KaTay^v^ig Kal vocrog Kal vyieia koI ocra 
aWa TOiavTa' SiaKeiTai jiiev ydp tto)? ^ KaTa TavTag 6 av- 
OpooTTog, Tayy Se /xera/^aXXei e/c OepfJLOv ■^v)(po9 ^ yevofMevog 
KOi eK Tov vyialveiv eh to vocreiv, axravTm Se Kai €7r£ tcov 
aXXcoVi ei ixtj tl<; Ka\ avToov tovtwv ^ Tvyy^dvoi Sia •^(jpovov 
TrXrjOog tjSr} Trecpvcricoiuievi] Kal dviaT09 rj Travv Sva-KivrjTog oucra, 
fiv dv Ti9 'laroos e^iv rjSrj ^ Trpocayopevoi. ^avepov Se otl 4 
TavTa ^ovXovTaL e^ei? \eyeLV, d ecrrt iroXv^ovLooTepa KaL 
Sva-KLvrjTOTepa' tov9 ^ ydp toov eTrLa-TrjiULoov juirj Travv KaTe- 
yovTag aXX' evKLvriT0v<5 ^ ovTag ov (pacLV e^iv e^eLV, KaiTOi 
SLdKeLVTal ^ ye Trw? KaTa Trjv eTrio-Ti^iULrjv rj ^eipov t] ^eXTiov. 
^'Qa-Te SiaipepeL e^i9 SLaOea-eoog ^ tm Trjv jmev evKivrjTOV eivaL,5 
Tr]v Se TToXv^ovLooTepav re kol Sva-KLvrjTOTepav. EtVf Se ai 
/Uiev e^eL9 Kal SiaOea-eL^, al Se SLaOea-eL^ ovk e^ dvdyKrjg e^eL£' 
OL lULev ydp e^eL? e-^ovTeg kol SiaKeLVTaL ' ye Troog ^ KaT avTag, 
OL Se SLaKeLjULevoL ov TrdvTOog Kal e^LV eyovanv. 

^'ErejOOJ/ <^e yevo<5 TroLOTrjTog /caO' o TrvKTiKovg rj Spo/uLiKOvg^ 
r] vyLeLvov9 r] voa-ooSeL<s \eyojULev, kol dirXoog ocra /cara SvvajuLLV 
(pva-LKr]v r] dSvvajULLav ^ XeyeTaL. Ov ydp * T(p SLaKeltjOal ^ ye 
rrru)<s eKaa-TOv toov tolovtoov ^ ttolov \eyeTai, aXXa tw SvvajuLiv 
e-^eLV <pva-iKr]v r] dSvvajULLav tov iroLrja-al tl paSloog r] /uLrjSev 
™ irda-^eLV, oiov ttvktlkoi r] Spo/ULiKol ov tw SLaKela-Oal 7roo9 
" XeyovTaL dXXd tw Svva/uLiv ej^eLV ® (pva-LKr]v tov TroLrjaaL 
TL P paSloo?, vyieLvol ^ Se XeyovTaL tw Svva/uLLV eycLv (pv- 
<TLKr]v Tov jULrjSev irda-^eLV viro toov tv^ovtoov fKxSloog, voa-ooSeL9 
Se ^Tw dSvvajULiav e^^CLV (pva-LKrjv tov ^ fjLrjSev 7raa"^eLV ^ paSloog 

^VTTO TOOV TVyOVTWV. ^^O/ULOLOO^ Sc T0VT0L9 Ka\ TO a^KXrjpOV 1 

^ KaravTas B. Y yivofievos 13 . ^ Tvyxavei C. ^ Trpocrayo- 

pevcrei A, Trpoa-ayopeva-oi B. ^ yap to. tcjv rc. C. <^ ovTas om. C. 

^ ye om. C. 6 ro fiev — to 8e 7ro\vxpovi(OTep6v re Koi dvo-KivrjTOTepov 

B.C. f ye om. C. S KaTO. TavTas B.C. ^ XeyovTai C. 

i ro A. ^ ye om. C. ^ ttoiov om. B.C. "* iraOelv C. 

^ XeyovTai ante ov ponunt B.C. o (j)va-iKfjV om. C. P paidiais 

rj prjhev nda-xfiv vy. B. U he] re B. r rw] hia t6 A. « prjSev 

nda-xfiv corr. C. * prtStws om. C. ^ vn6 twv TvxovToiv om. B. 

^ 3 



aa KATHrOPlAI. Categ. 

Koi TO fJiaXaKOV e^ei' t6 juiep yap crKXrjpov Xiyerai Tftj Svva- 
IJ.iv €-^eiv Tov /ULt] paSLOog SiaLpeiaOai, ^ to Se /maXaKOv y tm 
aSvva/uLiav e-)^eiv tov avTOv tovtov, 
^ 8 TpiTOv Se yevo^ TroiOTtjTO^ iraOrjTtKai TroiOTtjTeg Ka\ iraOrj, 
*'E(7Ti ^e Ta TOiaSe olov y\vKVTij9 ^ Te Kat iriKpoTij^ ^ Ka\ 
cTTpv^pvoTrjg Kal •wavTa to, tovtoi<s avyyevrj, eri ^ Se 0ep/j,6' 
9T>;9 KOi y^v^OTij^ Ka\ XevKOTrjg Ka] /uLeXavLa, ^Otl /mev ovv 
^ avTai TTOioTrjTe^ eiarL, (pavepov to. yap SeSeyimeva ^ avTa 
TTOLa ^XeyeTai KaT avTa^, oiov t6 imeXi tw yXvKurrjTa Se- 
Se-yOaL ^ yXvKv XeyeTaL Kal to crwjULa XevK^v tw XevKOTfjTa 

io SeSe-^OaL' wcravTO)? Se Kai ewl tcov aXXcov ^eyeL. YVaOrjTLKa\ 
Se TTOLOTrjTeg XeyovTaL ov tw avTO. tcl SeSey/j.eva Ta? itolo- 
TrjTa9 ireirovOevaL tl' ovtc yap to /ueXt tw ireirovOevaL ti 

II Xe^yerat yXvKv^ ovtc twv aXXwv twv tolovtcov '^ovSev, "^Oyuo/ft)? 
^e T0VT0L9 KOL rj OepjULOTrj^ kol rj ^^v^OTrjg 7raOrjTiKa\ iroLO- 
TrjTcg XeyovTaL ov tw avTo. tol SeSey/xeva ireirovOevaL tl, tlo 
Se KttTCL Ta9 alcrOrjcreL^ eKacTTrjv twv eiprj/xevcov ttoloti^tcov 
iraOovg elvaL TroLrjTLKrjv iraOrjTiKa^ iroLOTrjTeg XeyovTai' rj ^Te 
yap yXvKVTrj9 iraOo^ tl KaTo. Trjv yevcrLV e/jL7roLei Ka\ rj Oep- 

12 /uiOTrjg KaTCt Trjv d(f)^v. ""O/xo/ft)? Se Ka\ ai oXXaL. AevKOTrjg 
Se Ka\ /xeXavia Ka\ al oXXaL -^OLa^ ov tov avTOV Tpoirov 
T019 eiprj/jLevoi9 iraOrjTLKa\ iroLOTrjTe^ XeyovTaL, aXXa Tft) 

i^^airra? aTro TrdOovg ^ yeyovevai. ^Otl /jlcv ovv yivoVTai 
Slo. 7raOo9 7roXXa\ /leTa^oXai yjpco/xdTCOv, SrjXov aicr-)(yv0e\9 
yap TL9 epvOpog eyeveTo Ka\ (f^oprjOe^^ coyjp^^ Ka\ cKacTTOv 

TCOV TOLOVTCOV WCTTC Ka\ el T19 (pVCTei TCOV TOIOVTCOV Tl TTaOcOV 

ireirovOev ck tlvcov (pvcrLKwv orvfjLTrToo/iaTwv, Trjv o/iolav yjpOLav 
eiKog ecTTLV ey^eLV avTOV rJTL9 yap vvv ev tw aicr^^vvOrjvaL Sid- 
Oecri^ Twv 7rep\ to crco/xa eyeveTO, Ka\ KaTa (pvcrLKrjv crvcrTacriv 
rj avTrj yevoiT ™ av, cocrTe (pvcrei Kai Trjv ^(poiav o/iOLav yi- 

X To] t6 B. y rw] t6 A.B. z re om. C. » alteram 

Koi om. C. ^ 5f] 8f Koi C. ^ avTai iraB7]TiKa\ TToiOTrjTcs C 

" avTa om. B. et pr. A. ^ Xeyoi/rat KaTci TavTas C. ^ Xeyerai 

yXvKv C. P excL om. C. ^ ovde A. * t( om. C. 

^ malim avral. 1 yeyev^a-Bai C. "^ av 8i,d6f<ris a<TT( C. 



8. KATHrOPIAI. CJ3 

yv€(rOai. ^'0<ra jjiev ovv twv toiovtcov crviuLTrTWiuLaTOOv airo 14 
TLvoov TraOwv ^va-KLvrjTwv Ka). TrapajULovLiuLcov Trjv ap-^rjv cWtjcpe, 
^ 7raOr]TiKai TroiOTrjTes XiyovTai. En-e yap ev Trj /cara 
ipv<TLV arv(TTa<jeL wyjpOTrj^s 27 lULeXavla ^ yeyevrjTai, TroLOTrjTe^ 
XeyovTai (ttolo] yap KaTa TavTag XeyoiuLcOa), eWe cLa vocrov 
jULaKpav rj Slcl KavjJLa to P airro tovto crv/uL/3e^r]Kev (joyjpOTri<s rj 
fjLeXavla, Kal lur] pciSLOog airoKaOLcrTavTai ri Kal Slol ^lov Trapa- 
jULevovari, TTOiOTrjTeg Kal ^ avTal XeyovTai' oiulolcos yap ttoloI 
KaTOL TavTa^ XeyofjLeOa. ^'0(ra Se aTro fxxSl^ag SLaXvojj,ev(jov 15 
Kal Tayv airoKaOL(TTaiJi.ev(jov yiveraL, iraOrj ^ XeyeTai, ^ ttolo- 
TrjTeg Se ov' ov yap XeyovTai ttolol Tive9 /cara ^Taura?. 
OvTe yap 6 epvOpLwv Slol to alcr-^vvOrjvaL epvOpla? XeyeTai, 
ovT€ 6 (iyjpioov Slol to (po^rjOrjvai ooyjpla^, aXXa "yuaXXoj/ 
ireirovOevaL tl. ^^Qcrre iraOrj luev tol TOiavTa ^Xeyerai, iroL-^d 
OTrjTe^ Se ov. ^^Oimoicog Se tovtol^ Ka\ /cara Trjv ^^X^^ '^^" 
OrjTLKal TTOLOTrjTeg Kal iraOrj ^Xeyerai. y^Ocra 'yajO ev t^ 17 
"^ yeveorei ^ evOvg cltto tlvoov iraOoov ^ SvdKLvrjTvov ^ yeyevrjTaL, 
woiOTrjTeg ^XeyovTaL, olov rj tc juLaviKrj eK(TTa(ri9 Kai rj opyrj 
Ka\ TOL TOLavTa' TTOfOf •yajO /caTa TavTag XeyovTaL, opyiXoL 
T€ Ka\ fjiavLKOL. ^OiuLOLCog Se Ka\ ^ocrai €KcrTa(T€i9 lULrj (pvcTLKal, 18 
aXX' aTTO TLV()OV aXXcov (TVfJLirTCoiJ.aTCov yeyevrjvTai Svcra7ra.X~ 
XaKTOL 37 Ka\ ^ oXcos aKivrjTOL, iroLOTrjTeg Ka\ Ta TOLavTa' 
TTOiot ^yap KaTOL TavTag ^XeyovTai. ^'0(Ta Se ^ airo Tayy-i^ 
aTTOKaOiG-TaiuLevcov yiveTaL, iraOrj XeyeTaL, olov el XvTTOvfAevog 
^TL9 opyLXcoTepog^ ecTTLV' ^ ovSe yap XeycTaL opylXog 6 ev 
Tot) TOLOVT^i) TrdOeL opyiXooTepog wv, aXXa ^ imaXXov Trejrov- 

" TraSrjTiKoi om. B. ° yevrjraL, ttoiottjs XtycTai C P aiiTO 

ToijTo'\ ToiovTov C. Q avTai C. ^ XeyovTai A. ^ iroioTrjTes 

de ov om. B. et pr. A. * TavTa C. ^ fiaWov ra> ireTrovBevai 

A.B.C. ^ XeyovTai C. Y o(ra] ocra jxev B, oaa re C. ^ yeprjo-ei B. 
^ €v6vs om. A.C. ^ 8v(rKivrjTa)V om. B.C. ^ yeyevr]VTai C. 

^ XeyovTai Koi avTai olov C. ^ oaai] oa^ai. aXXat C. ^ aXXa)? B. 

g yap] yap Ka\ C. ^ XeyovTai opytKoi tc koi fiaviKoi. "Oaa B. ^ dno 
pai8ia>s Kal Taxv C. ^ tis om. B. ^ cVrti/] yevrjTai C. ^ ovfie] 

oif C. " paWov r<a neirovOevai C. 

c4 



H KATHrOPlAl. Categ. 

Oevai Ti. *'Qa-T€ TrdOrj /mev ^Xeyerai tcl TOiavTa, TrotOTJ/Te? 

20 TeVa^TOi/ ^e yevog TroiOTtjTO^ a-^^rj/uLa, Te Ka\ rj irepi €Ka- 
CTTOv virap-^^ova-a /ULopcpii, ctl Se Trpog tovtoi9 evOvTrig Kat 
KajuiTrvXoTrjg, Ka\ e'i tl tovtol9 o/jlolov ea-TLV. KaO' cKaa-TOv 
yap TOVTcov ttolov tl Xe^yerat* to yap Tplycovov rj TeTpd- 
ycovov eivaL ttolov tl XeycTaL, Kal t6 evOv P ^ ^ KaixirvKov. 

21 Kaf KaTOL Trjv /ULopcprjv Se cKaaTOv ttolov ^ tl XeycTaL. To 
^e fJLavov Kai to ttvkvov Kal to Tpa^y Kal to Xeiov So^eie /ulcv 
dv iroLOv ^TL arjiuLaiveLV, eoLKe Se dXXoTpLa tol TOLaxrra eivai 
Trjg Trepl t6 ttol^v SiaLpeaeco^' OeaLv ydp ^ /jidXXov TLva (pal- 

22 veraL tcov juLoplcov " cKdTepov SrjXovv. Hvkv6v juiev ^ ydp tm 
Ttt jULOpLa a-vveyyvg eivaL dXXi^XoLg, /uLavdv Se toj SLearTuvai 
arr* dXX-^Xcov Ka\ Xeiov /ULev tw ctt' evOelag tto)? Ta juLopLa 
Kela-OaL, Tpa-)(y Se tw t6 /ulcv virepe^^eLv t6 Se eXXelireLV. 

23 ^'I(7ft)9 jJLev ovv Ka\ dXXo9 ^ dv tl9 (paveirj Tpdiro^ TTOLOTtj- 
T09, aXX' ot ye juLaXia-Ta Xeyo/uLevoL a-yeSov ^ovtol eia-LV. 

24 ITofo'T»;T€9 imev ovv eia\v al eiprj/uLevaL, iroLa Se Ta ^ KaTa 
TavTa<s TrapcovvfjLco^ XeyoiuLeva rj oircoaovv dXXco9 dir avTcov. 

^S^^ir\ jjLev ovv tcov TrXeiaTCOv Ka\ a")(€S6v eyr^ irdvTcov irapcovv- 
IULC09 XeyeTai, otov dird TiJ9 XevKOTrjTO? ^ XevKd^ kol axo Trjg 
ypa/UL/uLaTLKrjg ypa/jL/uLaTLK^g Ka\ dird Trjg SLKaLoa-vvrjg SiKaLog, 

z^co<TavTC09 oe KaL ewL tcov aAAcov. Jcjtt evLcov oe OLa to /J.rj 
KeiaOaL Tai9 iroLOTrjaiv 6v6/JLaTa ovk evSe^^eTaL Trapcovv/ULcog 
ttTr' avTWV XeyeaOaL ^olov Spo/jLLK09 rj TrvKTiKog 6 KaTa Svva- 
/ULLV (pva^iKrjv Xey6/JL€V09 a7r' ovSe/ULLas 7roi6TrjT09 Trapcovv/ULcog 
XeyeTaL' ov ydp KeiTai 6v6/iaTa Taig Svvd/ieaL KaO^ a? ovtol 
TTO/ot XeyovTaL, coairep ^^Taf? eirLa-Trj/jLaL^ KaO^ d<s itvktlko^ rj 
iraXaLaTpLKOi /caTa SidOeaLV XeyovTaL' irvKTLKrj ydp ^ Xeye- 

o \iyovTat C. V rj'] rj koi C Q Kajiirvkov fivai Ka\ A.B. 

r Ti om. C. 8 Tt om. A. * /xaXXoi/ om. C. ^ eKaa-Tov C. 

^ yap XeyfTai tw C. Y av tis om. C. ^ too-ovtoi B.C. * kot 

avTas C. ^ XfVKoy] 6 XevKbs C. qui et mox o ypafifuiTiKos et o 

SiKatos. ^ olov 6 dpopiKos 7 o tt. C. ^ ratr] koI toIs C. 

^ enKrrfjfiri XtyfTai. C. 



8. KATHrOPIAI. 25 

rai eTTKnriiJir} kol 7raXaL(TTpiKtj, ttoioI -^' cltto tovtwv irapoo- 
vvjULcog OL ^ SLaK€LiuL€V0L XeyovTaL. ''Ei//oT€ ^e Ka\ ovofxaTO^ ^l 
K€LiuLevov ov XcyeTaL TrapcovviuLco^ to kot avTrjv ttolov ^ Xeyo- 
jULevov, otov airo TrJ9 apeTt]9 6 (T7rovSaL09' tm yap apeTtjv 
e-)(€Lv cnrovSaLog XeyeTaL, aXX' ov TrapcovvjULco? airo Trjg apeTrjg, 
OvK eirl TToXXcov Se to tolovtov €<ttlv, TloLa ^tolvvv Xe^y^-zS 
TaL *Ta TrapoovviuLcog oltto tcov elprjiJLevoov iroLOTrjTCOv XeyoiuLeva 
1] OTTcocrovv aXXcog air avTcov. 

^Yirap-^eL Se kol evavTLOTrjg KaTO, to ttolov, olov SLKaLOtrvvrj zg 
aSLKLCL evavTLOv Ka\ XevKOTrjg lULeXavla kol TaXXa ^^e oo(ravTC09, 
KaL Ta ^ KaT "* avTag iroLa Aeyofxeva, oiov to aoLKOv to) 01- 
KaL(p Ka\ TO XevKov tm fJLeXavL. Ovk €7rl iravToov Se to ^tol-3° 
ovTO' T(p yap irvppcp rj coyjpco rj Tal<s TOLavTaig ^OLaig ^ ovSev 
ivavTLOv TTOLOig ovcTiv. ^'Et* P ^e, eav tcov ivavTLcov OaTepov 
^ TTOLOv, Kal t6 Xolttov ecTTaL iroLov. T^ovTO Se ^SrjXov Trpo-s^ 
"^^eLpL^oiievLp Ta? aXXag KaTrjyoplag, otov el ccttlv rj SLKaiocrvvrj 
Trj clSlklcl evavTLOv, ttolov Se rj SLKaiocrvvrj, iroiov apa Ka\ rj 
aSLKia' ovSeiuLLa yap tcov aXXoov KaTrjyopLcov icpapiuLocreL Trj 
clSlkl(x' ^ ovT€ yap to ttoctov ovt€ to irpog tl ovTe ^ irov 

^ OvO^ 0X009 ^TL TOOV TOLOVTOOV OvScV, aXX' '^rj TTOLOV. ^Qo-av- 

TC09 Se Kai eTTt toov aXXcov tcov KaTo, to ttolov ivavTioov. 

""ETTf^e^^eTat ^^e t6 julolXXov kol t6 rjTTOv tcl irOLtx. Aef-sa 
k6v yap lULaXXov ^Ka\ tjttov eTepov cTepov XeyeTai, koi ^Si- 
KaLOv ^ eTcpov eTepov iulclXXov. KaJ ^ ai^TO ^e ^ iiriSo^Tiv 
XafJL^aveL' XevK^v yap 6v ^ ctl ivSe^eraL XevKOTepov yeve- 
(TOaL. Oi) TTCcin-a Se, aXXa tol irXeicTTa. ^LKaLO(Tvvrj yap 33 
SiKaL0(Tvvrj9 ei ^XeyeTai jULaXXov ^ kol rjTTOV, cniropricreiev av 

^ didOecriv exovres C. S XeySfievov om. C. ^ Toiwv'\ ovv C, 

i Trapatvviidas ra A.B. ^ §€ om. C. 1 KaTa Tavras B. ^ avras 

de Xeyofieva iroid C. ^ toiovtov C. ^ ovbev i(TTLV ivavTiov C. 

P 8e om. C. Q hrjkov eK rSiV KaB* cKaa-Ta Trpox- C. ' oxjtc yap] olov 

ovTe C, ovTe B. ^ ttoO] t6 ttov C. * ovS' A.B. ^ ti om. C. 

^ ^] j} ro C. y 8e] 8e Ka\ B.C. ^ ^01 rJTTOv om. B. ^ 8iKai6Tepov A. 
^ eTepov erepov p,aX\ov~\ p,aXX.ov eTepov eTepov XeyeTai B, eTepov eTepov Xe- 
yeTai p.aK\ov Kal rjTTOv C. c ravra C. ^ eTTLTaaiv C. ® evdexfTai 

eTi C. ^ \eyoiTO B. ? Ka\ rjTTOV om. B. et pr. A. 



26 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

Ti9' ojULOicof Se Kal cTrl tmv aWwv SiaOeceayv. ^'Ei/fot yap 
SiaiuLdna-PrjTOva-i irepi tcov tolovtwV ^ SiKaiocrvv)]i/ /xei/ yap 
SiKai0(rvpr}9 ov iravv * (f^aarl Seiv \eyeo-Oai /uLaWov Ka\ ^ttov, 
ovSe vyleiav vyieiag, rJTTOv ixevTOi e-^eiv cTepov cTepov ^ vyl- 
eiav, Ka\ SiKaioa-vvrjv cTepov eTcpov, wa-avTm Se Kai ypajui.' 
ZAfJiaTiKrjv Kal Ta9 aWag Sia0ea-ei<5. ""AXX' ovv tol ye /cara 
Taura? XeyojULeva avaiUL(pia'/3rjTiiT(j09 eTTiSe-^^eTai to /uLaWov 
Koi ^ To ^TTOV ypajuLjuLaTiKWTepo^ yap cTcpog erepov Xeye- 
Tai Kal " vyieivoTepo? Ka\ SiKaiOTepo^, koi €7rJ twv aWoov 

35 wa-avTCO?. Tplywvov Se koi TeTpdycovov ov SoKei to ° yitaX- 
\ov eTTiSey^ea-OaL, ovSe twv aWwv a")(r]iuLdTWV ovSev. Td /uLev 
ydp eTTLSe-^oimeva tov tov TpLywvov \6yov P»/ tov tov kvk\ov 
TrdvO^ o/uLOLwg Tplywva rj kvk\ol ela-l, twv Se /ULrj eiTLSeyo/ievwv 
ovSev ^/uidWov eTepov erepov prjOrja-eTaL' ovSev ydp jndWov 
TO TeTpdywvov tov eTepoixrjKOvg kvk\o9 ea-TLV' ovSeTepov yap 

36 €7r LSeveTaL tov tov kvk\ov \6yov. "^AttXw? oe, eav /iir] eirL- 
Se^rfraL d/ULCpdTepa tov tov TrpOKeLjULevov \oyov, ov prjOrja-eraL 
TO cTepov Tov erepov fxdWov. Ov iravTa ovv ^ra iroLa eiTL- 
SeyeTaL to jULaWov Ka\ to rJTTOv. 

37 Tft)i/ /JLev ovv eiprjimevwv ovSev 'ISlov TTOiOTrjTog, o/ULOLa Se 
^ Koi dvojULOLa KaTd /uLOvag ra? TroLOTrjTag \eyeTaL' o/iolov 
yap eTepov ^ eTepw ovk ecrTL KaT aWo ovoev rj Kau o ttolov 
ea-TLV. ^'QaTe 'ISiov dv etrj ^ Trjg TroLOTrjTO? to ojulolov ^ Ka\ 
dvojULOLOV \eyeaOaL /car' avTi^v. 

38 Ov Sei Se TapdTTeaOaL, fxri tl<s hfJ^dg ^ (pwri virep TTOLOTtj- 
T09 Trjv irpoOea-Lv iroLrjaafJLevovg TroWa twv irpog tl avyKa- 
TapLOfJLeia-OaL' Ta? ydp e^eL^ '^ Ka\ ^mOeVezy twi/ ttjOo? tl 
etvaL * e^eyofiev. ^■^(eSdv ydp e7r/ ° iravTwv twv tolovtwv 

^ diKaioarvvr) B. ^ (f)aa\ fjiaXKov Ka\ rjTTov Xcyeadai C. ^ vyi- 

fiav-fTepov^ vyieidv <\>a(Ti Ka\ 8iKaLoa-vvT)v ^ttov cTepov eTepov e^eiv C. 
1 ypafip.aTiKrjv ypapp,aTiKr)s Ka\ C. ^ alterum t6 om. B. ^ 8iKai6- 

Tepos Ka\ vyieivoTepos C. ° fioKXov Ka\ t6 ^ttov eVtS. C. P 17 roi/] 

Koi t6v C. ^ paXXov ante pr)$r)a-eTai C. ^ enibexfTai Ta noia C. 

* Acai] ^ C. * ovK ea-Tiv eTepov eTepa C. ^ Tr)s om. C. ^ KaX\ 

rj C y (f)r)a-ei B. ^ Ka\ Tas d. C. ^ eKeyop.ev ante eivai ponit 

Bj om. pr. C. ^ naaSiv Totv toiovtkov 7roioTr)Ta)v to. yevr) tcov npos C. 



9. KATHrOPIAI. 27 

ra yevtj Trpog ri Xeyerai, toov Se KaO' ^eKaa-ra ovSev, ^H39 
^ jUiev 'yap eTria-TiiiuLr], yevo9 ovcra, avTO birep e(TTiv eTepov 
XeyeTaL (rivo? yap eiria-TriiJiri XeyeTat), tcov Se KaO^ e/cao-ra 
ovSev avTO oirep ea-Tlv cTepov XeycTai, oiov ^ ypaiAfxaTiKrj ov 
XeyeTai tlvo9 ypa/uLiuLaTiKr] ovS^ ^ /ULOva-LKrj tivo9 fxovarLKi^. 
^AXX' ^ ei apa, KaTO. to yevo9 kol avTaL twv irpo^ tl Xe-40 
yovTaL, olov rj ypajULjULaTLKrj XeyeTaL tlvo9 eTTio-TjJ/x»;, ov tlvo9 
ypafxiJLaTLKri, Ka\ rj /uLova-LKrj tlvo^ eirLa-Trnirj ^XeyeraL, ov 
TLV09 /ULOva-LKrj. ^'Qa-T€ al KaO^ e/cacTa ovk ela-L tcov ttjOO? tl. 
Aeyo/uLeOa Se ttoloI TaL9 KaO' eKaa-Ta' TavTa9 yap Ka\ e-xp-A^ 
jULeV eirLa-TriiJ.ove9 yap Xeyo/ULeOa tco eyeLv tcov Ka& cKaa-Ta 
eiTLa^TriiJiwv ^tlvol. ^'0(rTe avTaL av Ka\ TroLOTrjTe^ e'ir]a-av, al 
KaO^ eKaa-Ta, KaO^ a9 iroTe Ka\ itolo^ XeyofxeOa' avTaL Se ovk 
€icr\ Twv 7roo9 tl. ^'IEitl el Tvyy^avoL to avTO irpo^ tl Ka\ 
TTOLOV ^ ^v, ovSev aTOirov ev afx(j)OTepoL9 * T019 yevearLv avTO 
KaTapLOfJLeia-OaL. 

"^lSiTriSe^yeTaL Se Ka\ to iroLeiv Ka\ to iraaryeLV evavTLOTrjTa C 
Ka\ To fjLciWov Ka\ to rJTTOV TO yap OepjuLalveLv tw ^v-^^clv 
evavTLOv Ka\ to OepfJLalvea-OaL tw yjrv-)^ea-OaL Ka\ to rjSea-Oai 
tS> \v7reia-0aL, coa-Te eTTLSe-^eraL evavTLOTrjTa. Ka^ t6 ^juLaX-2 
\ov Se Kai rJTTOV OepfialveLV yap ixdWov Ka\ rJTTOV earTL, 
Ka\ OepiAalvea-OaL jULaWov Ka\ ^rJTTOv. ^^iTLSe^eTaL ovv to 
lULaWov Ka\ To rJTTOv TO TTOLeLV KttL TO TTaa-^^eLv. 

^Yirep fJLev ovv tovtcov Toa-avTa XeyeTaL' e^iprjTai Se Ka\ 3 
vTrep Tov KciaOaL ev T019 irpo9 tl, otl TrapcovviuLco^ airo tcov 
Oearecov XeyeTai. ^Yirep Se tcov Xolttcov, tov Te ttotc Ka\ tov 
TTOv Ka\ Tov eycLV, Slol to TTpocjyavrj eivaL ovSev virep avTcov 
aXXo XeyeTaL rj oVa ev ap-^^rj eppeOrj, otl to e-)(€LV /ULev a-rj- 
fiaiveL To VTToSeSea-OaL, t6 coTrXla-OaL, t6 Se irov oiov ev Ay- 
KeiM, Ka\ TCL aXXa Se ocra vTrep avTcov eppeOrj. 



c eKaarrov C. d ^c^ om. A. ^ ^ZJ jj corr. A.C. ^ Xeyerat 

om. C. S Tivds C. ^ ov om. A.B. ^ avTo to^is yevca-iv C. 

k fiaWov Ka\ To ^ttov C. ^ ^ttov, Kai Xvirela-Bai fxaXkov Ka\ ^tov. 

'Ett. C. 



2S KATHrOPIAl. Categ. 

lO ""YTreiO /UL€V ouv twv irporeQevruiv ycvwv iKava ra elprifxeva' 
TrepL Se rcov avriKetfJievoyv, iroa-ayfi^ e^ojOev avriKeicrOai, prj- 
reov, Aeyerai Se erepov erepw avriKeio-Oai rerpa-^^wg, t] cog 
ra Trpog ri, rj 009 ra evavrla, t] cog crreprja-ig Kal e^tg, tj m9 
2Kara(pa(TL9 Ka\ aTTOcpaa-i?, ^AvriKeirai Se cKaa-rov rwv roi^ 
ovrcov cog rvTTM elirelv co<s /mev ra irpog ri, otov rb SiirXda-iov 
Tft) ^fxia-ei, ft)? Se ra evavrta, olov rb Ka^bv ru> ayaOw, co9 Se 
™Ta Kara a-reprjaiv Kal e^iv, ^ otov rvcpXorrjg Ka\ 6y^i9, cog 
Se Kardipaatg koi a7r6(paat9, otov KdOrjrat — ov KdOrjrat. 

3 ^'Oa-a fiev ovv C09 ra irpog rt avriKetrat, avrd airep ear\ 
rcov avrtKetf/.evcov °\eyerat rj owcoa-ovv dX\co9 Trpbg avrd, oiov 
ro StTfXaa-tov, P avrb oirep eartv, erepov StwXdaiov Xeyerat' 
rtvog yap StTrXaa-tov. Kal ^ eirta-riiiuirj Se rS> eTriarrjrw o)? 
Ttt 7rpo9 Ti avriKetrat, Ka\ Xeyerat ^ye rj eirtarrjij.ri avrb 
birep eo-Tf rov eirtarrjrov. Ka^ rb eirtarrjrbv Se avrb oirep 
ea-rt ^ irpog dvrtKeiiULevov \eyerat, rrjv eTrtar^jmrjv' rb ydp 
eirtcrrrirov rtv\ \eyerat eirtarrjrov, rrj eirtarrjijLr], 

4 ^'0(Ta ovv dvriKetrat cog rd irpog ri, avrd airep ear^v ^ere- 
pcov \eyerat rj oTrcoaSrj^wore irpbg a\\rj\a \eyerat. Ta <^e 
C09 ra evavrta, avrd ixev direp ear\v ovSaficog irpbg d\\r}\a 
\eyerat, evavrta ixevrot d\\rj\cov \eyerat' ovre ydp rb 
ayaOov rov kukov \eyerat dyaOov, d\X evavrtov, ovre rb 
\evKov rov iJLe\avo9 \evK6v, aXX' evavrtov. ^'Qare Sta(pe- 

5 povcrtv avrai al dvrtOeaeig d\\r]\cov. ^'Oaa Se rcov evavrtcov 
rotavra eartv coare ev 019 ire^pvKe ylvea-Oat ri cov Kartjyopei- 
rat avayKaiov avrcov Oarepov virap^etv, rovrcov ovSev iartv 

6dvd iieaov. *'Qv Se ye iirj dvayKaiov Odrepov virdpyeiv, rov- 
rcov eari rt dva iieaov iravroog, oiov v6ao9 koi vyteta ev crco- 
liart ^(pov ire(pvKe ytveaOat, Ka\ dvayKaidv ye Odrepov virdp- 
yetv Tft) rov X^uiov crcoiiart, rj v6aov rj vyietav. Kat Treptrrbv 

™ ra om. C. >* oXov] a>s A.B.C. o Xtyovrai C. P avTo] 

Tov fjfxia-coi avrb C. 1 -ye] 8e A.B. ^ npos t6 avT. B.C. ^ inter 

(Tepcov et XeyeTai B. locum relinquit litteris 4 aut 5. idem in margine 
habet tS)v dvTiK€ip,ev(ov. 



lo. KATHrOPIAI. 29 

^e Kai apriov apLOjUiov KaTrjyopetTai, koi avayKaiov ye OcLTe- 
pov Tcp apiO/uLM vTrap^eiv, rj TrepiTTOV rj apTiov. Kat ov/c7 
ea-Ti ye tovtcov ovSev ava /uLecrov, ovTe vocrov Kal vyieia^ ovt€ 
irepLTTOv Ka\ apTtov. "^'Qv Se ye /uLrj avayKaiov OoLTepov VTrap- 
^€fi/, TOVTWv ecTTL TL oLva fjLeorov, OLOv fxeXav Ka\ XevKov ^ ev 
adiiiaTL TrecpvKe ylvearOaL, Ka\ ovk avayKaiov ye OaTepov av- 
Twv VTrdp-^eLv tw crcofJLaTL' ov yap irdv rjTOL XevKov rj jULeXav 
ccTTiv. KaJ (pavXov Se kol crirovSalov KaTrjyopeiTaL fxev Ka\ 
KaT avOpcoTTOv Ka\ KaTO, aXXwj/ TroWccv, ovk avayKalov Se 
OaTepov avTwv virap-^eLv eKelvoLS wv av KaTrjyoprJTaL' ov yap 
irdvTa i^TOL (pavXa rj crirovSald ecTTLV. Kaf ecTTL ye tl tov-S 
Tcov ava /uLecrov, otov tov /uLev \evKOv " Ka\ /ULeXavog to (paLov 
Koi TO (jdyjpov Ka\ ocra aXXa -^wiuLaTa, tov Se (pavXov Kai 
GnrovSaiov to ovTe (pavXov ovTe crirovSaiov. ^Ett' evloov iuLev9 
ovv ovo/ULaTa KeiTaL T019 ava /ULecrov, olov XevKOv Ka\ /ULeXavo^ 
To (paLov KOL TO wy^pov Ka\ ocra aXXa y^pwfJLaTa' eir evloov Se 
ovofJLaTL fiev ovk eviropov to dvd fiecrov aTToSovvaL, Trj S^ cKa- 
Tepov Twv aKpcov diro^pdcreL to dvd fiecrov opl^eTaL, oiov to 
ovTe dyaOdv ovTe KaKov Ka\ ovtc SUaLOv ovTe olSlkov. 

^JTeprjaL^ Se Ka\ e^L9 XeyeTaL fJLev 7rep\ TavTov tl, oiov rj 10 
o^L^ Ka\ r] TVCpXoTr/q irep^ 6(j)0aXfi6v' Ka06Xov Se elireLV, ev 
^ w ^ r] e^ig 7re(pVKe ylvecrOaL, irepL tovto XeyeTaL cKaTepov 
avTcov. ^l^cTTeprjcrOai Se TOTe Xeyofxev eKacTTOV tcov t^? 
€^eco9 ScKTLKWv, OTav ev (£) ire(pvK€v virdp-^eLV Ka\ OTe we^pVKev 
€-)(€LV firjSafxcog VTrdp-^rj. ^coSdv T€ ydp XeyofJLev ov to fJLrj ji 
eyov 6S6vTa9, Ka\ TV(pXdv ov to fxr/ eyov o^lv, dXXd to 
fir} e-^ov OT€ 7re(pvKev e-^^eLv' TLvd ydp ck yeveTrjg ovt€ o^^lv 
e^ef ovT€ 6S6vTa9, aXX' ov XeyeTai ovTe vcoSd ovt€ Tv(pXd. 
10 Se ecrTeprjcrOaL Ka\ to ^ Trjv e^iv e-^eLV ovk ccttl crTepricTL^ \z 
Ka\ €^19. '^E^f? fJL€v ydp ecTTiv rj o^^Lg, crTeprjcng Se rj Tv(pX6- 

T>79 TO Oe €^€LV TrjV O^LV OVK eCTTLV oyj/-L9, OVOe TO TV(p\0V 

eivaL TV(p\6Tr]9. ^rreprjcTL^ ydp tl9 rj TV(p\6Tr]9 €ctt\v, to Se 13 
t cV Tw (rcifiari C. ^ Koi rov fxekavos C. ^ w] c5t av A.B. 



30 KATHrOPIAl. Categ. 

TVCpXov eivai ecTeprjcrOai, ov crTeprjarii ecrTiv. ^'Krt ei rjv t] 
TVCpXoTrjg TavTov tw TV(p\ov eivai, KaTrjyopeiTO av afxcpo- 
Tcpa /cara tov avTOv' aXka TV(p\o9 /nev keyeTai 6 avOpcoTro^, 
TvcpXoTrjg Se ovSajULoog XeyeTai 6 avOpooTrog. ^ AvTiKeicrOai Se 
Kal TavTa SoKei, t6 ea-Teprja-Oai Kal to Trjv e^iv eyeiv, o)? 
o-Teprjcri^ Kai €^i9' 6 yap Tpoiro? Trjg avTiOea-eoog 6 auro?* 
ft)? yap rj TvcpXoTr]^ Trj o^ei avTiKeiTai, ovtco Kal to TV(p\ov 
eivai TU) o^Lv e^eiv avTiKeiTai. 

14 OvK ecTTi Se ovSe to vtto Trjv aTTOCpaa-iv Ka\ KaTaCpaartv 
airocpaa-ig Ka] KaTa(paa-i9' rj /uLev yap KaTa(pacrL<s \6y09 co-tI 
KaTa(paTLK09 Ka\ ^ a7r6(paa-L9 \6y09 OLTro^paTLK^g, twv Se viro 

i5T^j/ KaTa(pa(TLV ^ Ka\ air^^pacTLV ovSev ecrrt \6yo<s. A^eyeTaL 
Se Kal TavTa avTLKelcrOaL a\\rj\oL9 o)? KaTa(paa-L9 kol air6- 
(paa-L9' Koi yap eirl tovtcov 6 Tp^iro^ Trjg avTLOearecog 6 airro?. 
^'Qs yap TTore ^ KaTa(paa-L9 ttjOOS" Trjv a7r6(paa-LV avTiKeLTaL, 
oiov t6 KaOrjTaL tw ov KaOrjTaL, ovtco Kal to v(p^ eKaTepov 
'wpayiJ.a avTLKeLTaL, to KaOrjcrOaL T(p fJir] KaO^a-Oai. 

16 ^'Otl Se r} a-Teprja-Lg ^ kol rj e^i? ovk avTiKeLTai 009 tcl Trpog 
TL, (pavep6v' ov yap \eyeTaL airro oirep ea-T^ tov avTLKei- 
fjLevov. '^H yap o^^l^ ovk ea-Ti Tv(p\6TrjTO<5 6^l<5, ovS^ a\\co<s 

1 -j ovSajuL(io9 TTjOO? ai^TO \eyeTaL. ^QaravTCog Se ovSe rj TV(p\6Tr]g 
\eyoLT av Tv(p\6Tr]g o\f/"ea)?, aXXa aTcprja-Lg /xei/ o\f/-eft)9 ^ 
TV(p\6Tr]9 \eyeTaL, TV(p\6Tr]g Se o^ecog ov ° \eyeTaL. ^'ETt 
Ta TTjOO? TL iravTa irpo<s avTL(TTpe(povTa \eyeTaL, coarTe Ka) 
rj TV(p\6Tr]9 e'iirep rjv Tcov Trp6<s Ti, avTe(TTpe(pev av KOLKeivo 
TT^o? o \eyeTai. ""AXX' ovk avTi<rTpe(p€i' ov yap \eyeTat 
r] o"v|/'f9 TV(p\6Tr]T09 0\f/'t9. 

18 ^'Otl Se ovS^ 0)? TOL evavTia avTiKeiTaL tcl KaTO, (TTeprjcrLV 
Ka\ e^Lv \ey6iJieva, e/c TcovSe Sr]\ov. Tcov /uev yap evavTLCov, 
wv imrjSev ccttlv a»/a /uLecrov, avayKaiov, ev <S Tre(pvKe ylvecrOat 
rj wv KaTrjyopeiTai, OaTepov avTcov virapyetv aet' tovtccv 
yap ovSev ^v ava juLecrov, wv OaTepov ^ ^v avayKaiov tw Se^ 

2 Acat] ^ C. ^ 8e Koi f) C ^ Xc-yfrat ovS* uyjns TV<f)\6rr)Tos. €Ti 

rc. C. ^ dpayKoiop ^p C. 



lO. KATHrOPIAI. 31 

KTtKw virdpj^eiv, otov eir\ vocrov koi vyieiag Koi irepLTTOv kol 
apTLOV. '^Qv Se ecTTi tl ava /meG-ov, ovSeTroTe avayKr} iravTi 19 
VTrdp-^^eiv OdTepoV ovTe ydp XevKOv rj /uieXav dvayKrj irdv 
etvai To SeKTiKov, ovTe ^ OepfAov ovTe "^v^^jyov tovtcov yap 
dvd /iietTOV TL ovSev KuiXveL virdpyeLV. ^'Ert ^e Ka\ tovtcov »71/20 
TL dvd /ULecrov, wv imr] dvayKaiov ® OaTepov virapyeLv rjv tm 
SeKTLKcp, ei ixrj oh (pvtreL to ev virapyeL, olov tw 7rvp\ to 
Oep/Jiw etvai Ka\ t^ X^^ovl to XevKrj. ''ETrf ^e tovtcov d(poo-2i 
pLo-jULevcog dvayKaiov OaTepov virapyeLV., Ka\ ov^ diroTepov 
eTV^eV ov ydp evSexeTaL to irvp ^vyjpdv elvat ovSe Tr}v 
ytova /uLeXaLvav. ^'QcTTe 7ravT\ /mev ovk dvayKrj tw SeKTLKM 22 
OaTepov avTcov vTrapx^LV, dWd /ulovov otg (pvcreL to ev virap- 
-^et, Ka\ TOVTOL^ d(pcopi(TiuLevco9 to ev Ka\ ov-^ diroTepov ctv- 
^ev. ""Exf ^e T^9 (JTeprjcrews Ka\ Trjg e^ecog ovSeTepov tcov 2^ 
€Lpt]iuLevcov d\r]0e9' ^ ovSe ydp de\ tw SeKTLKw dvayKaiov Oa- 
Tepov avTcov vTrdpyeLV to ydp ixrjirco TrecpvKog oyj/^iv eyeLV 
ovT€ Tv(p\dv ovTe d^^Lv expv XeycTaL, coaTe ovk dv e^lrj raura 
Tcov TOLOVTcov evavTLcov wv ovSev ecTLv dva /uLecrov. "* AXX' ovS^ 24 
wv TL ecTTLV dva fJiecrov' dvayKaiov yap ^ iroTe iravT\ t<S Se- 
KTLKW OaTepov avTcov virdpx^LV OTav yap rjSj] 7re(pvK09 ^ 
^ d^LV eyeLV^ totc ri TVCpXdv ^ ^ o^lv e^pv prjOrjcreTaL, Ka\ 
TOVTCov ovK d(pcopLariuL€vco9 OaTepov, aXX' diroTepov eVy^ej/* 
ov yap ^ avayKaiov »7 Tv(p\ov »7 * ^X^^ o^^lv '" eLvaL, aKK 
diroTepov eTvyev. ""EttJ " ^e tcov evavTLCOv, wv ecTTt ^ Tt dvd2$ 
jULeo-ov, ovSeiroTe dvayKaiov rjv iravT^ OaTepov virapxetv, aXXa 

TICTL, Ka\ T0VT0L9 d(pC0pL(riUL€VC09 TO 6V. ^^0(7T€ Srj\ov OTL KaT^ 

ovSeTepov tcov Tpdircov co9 Ta evavTia dvTiKeLTat Ta KaTa 
(TTeprjcrtv KOt e^tv dvTtKeifxeva. 

^'Et^ eiri jULcv tcov evavTtcov, P VTrdpxpvTog tov SeKTtKOv, 26 
SvvaTov €t9 d\\r]\a iuL€Tal3o\>jv yivecrOaL, ei fxrj tlvl (pvcreL to 

d yjrvxpov ovt€ Oepfiov C. ^ ^v Bdrcpov vivdpxn.v C. ^ ovre B.C. 

g TTOTe om. B. et pr. C. ^ fX^*" «V'*^ ^- ^ ^X^^ ^^'■^ ^* 

^ dvayKaicoi corr. C. ^ o^^iv exov C. ™ elvai] prjdrjcreTai corr. C. 

n 5«] St ye B. o Tt om. A.B, P ovTOs B. 



32 KATHrOPIAl. Categ. 

ei/ ^V7rap)(€i, oiov Ttp Trvpi ^ to ^ OepjULw ^ eivar Ka\ yap t6 
vyiaivov SvvaTOv voa-rjcraL Ka\ t6 \€vk6v /uLeXav yeveo-Oai Ka\ 
t6 yjrv)(p6v Oep/ULov, Ka\ ck a-irovSalov ye (pavXov Ka\ ck <pav- 

27X0U (TTTOvSaiov SvvaT^v yevecrOat. *^0 yap (pav\o9 et9 /3e\- 
T10V9 StaTpt^ag ayoimevo^ Kai \6yov9 Kav /uLtKpov ye ^ti 

28e7riSoir] ek t6 /3e\Tt(iov elvai. ^^Eai/ ^e aTra^ Kav /uLtKpav 
€7rtSo<Tiv \al3i], y (pavep6v OTt rj reXeft)? av /JL€Ta/3a\oL tj Trdvv 
TroWijv eirtSocTtv \a^OL' "^ ae\ yap evKivrjTOTepog Trpo? aperrjv 
ytvcTai, Kav rjvTLVOvv eTrlSoa-LV ^ ei\r](p(ji)9 e^ ^PX^^ ?> woTe 

29 Ka\ TrXe/o) efVo? eTrtSoatv avT^v \aiUL^dveiv. KaJ tovto ^ aef 
ytvo/uLevov reXe/w? e/? Trjv evavTtav e^tv airoKaOicrTrja-tv, ^ eoLv 
wep fJLrj ^6v(p e^etpyrjTat. ^lEt7r\ Se ^ ye r^? e^ecog Ka\ Trjg 

2,0 a-TeprjcretJdg aSvvaTOv eh a\\r{\a iuLeTa/3o\r]v yeveaOat. ^Atto 
/xej/ «yajO r^? e^ew? ^eTrf Trjv a-Teprjcrtv ylveTat jjL€Ta^o\r], 
aTTO ^e T^9 a-TepT^a-ecog eTri Tr]v et^tv aSvvaTOv. Ot/re ydp 
^Tv(p\69 y€v6iuLev69 rt? TraXfi/ S ai/e/3Xe\|/'ej/, ovTe (pa\aKp69 
wv 'jra\LV KOjuL^Trjg eyeveTO, ovt€ v(ioSo9 (jov 6S6vTa9 ecpvcrev. 

31 ^'Oa-a Se o)? KaTd(paa-L9 Ka\ aTT^cpaa-L^ dvTiKetTat, (pavep6v 
OTi KaT ovSeva tcov eipijjULevcov ^Tp^ircov dvTiKetTat' e7r\ ^ydp 
/uLovcov TOVTCOv dvayKaiov de\ to /ulcv d\r}0e9 t6 Se "^evSo? 

^20.VT(Jov eivat. Ot/re y(xp eTrt twv evavTicov dvayKaiov de\ 
^ OaTepov d\rj0€9 etvat OaTepov Se ypevSog, ovt€ €7r\ twv 

^3 irp69 TL, ovT€ eTTf Trjg e^eft)? Ka\ ^ Trjg (TTepi^a^ecog. Oiov rj 
vyieta Ka\ rj v6(to<5 evavTLa, Ka\ ovScTep^v ye ^ ovtc d^rjOeg 
ovT€ >|/-et'^09 €(TTLV. ^ QcTavTCog Se Ka\ t6 SLTr\aaLOV Ka\ t6 
^/JLLO-v o)? Ta Trp69 tl dvTLKeiTttL, Koi ovK ea-TLV avTcov ovSe- 

^^Tepov ovT€ d\rj0€9 ovtc yj^€vSo9. OvSe ye ra KaTa (TTeprja-iv 



q xmapxfL corr. in ei B. ^ ro om. B.C. s ^ep^^y B. * (haC\ 
VTTapxftv C. ^ TOt C. ^ cav 8e] aXvf yap rc. A. Y (f>av€p6p 

i(TTiv oTi C. 2 atei B. ^ e^ ^PX^^ tt\r)(f)(os C. ^ dcl om. C. 

c av C. ^ ye om. A. ® yivcTai eVt (rTcpr)(nv C. ^ tls Tv(f)\6s 

yevopevos C. S dve^Xc^ev et prjTi ye OeiaL dvvdpei A, dvf^Xeyjrev et prj 

Tivi Beia dvvdpei C, qui rc. supra e^rjyrjTov. ^ Tpdnov A. ^ povoiv 

yap C. ^ BaTepov jiev akrjOes C. ' alterum r^r om. C. ™ prius 

oiJre om. C. 



II. KATHrOPIAI. 33 

Koi e^iv, otoi/ " ^ 0^19 Kai 1) TVCpXoTf]?. ^^OXft)? ^e twv KaTo, 
fjLtjSeiulav (TviJinTXoKrjv XeyoiJLevodv ovSev ovTe aXtjOh ovtc \J/-e?7- 
S69 ecTTiV iravTa Se to, elprjimeva avev (rviuLTrXoKrjg XeyeTai. 
Ov fxrjv aWa fJLakKTTa av So^eie to ^ toiovto (TViuLlSaLveiv eTrf 35 
Twv KaTa (TVfxifKoKvjv evavTioov Xeyoimevcov' t6 yap vyiaiveiv 
P^coKpaTrjv Tft) vocreiv ^coKpaTrjv evavTiov ecrTiv. ^AXX' ow 
eTTf TOVTCOV civayKaiov ael OcxTepov fjiev ^ aXriOe^ OaTepov Se 
^^revSog elvai. '"'Ovto^ iulcv yap ^coKpaTOvg ecTTai to luev aXrj-sG 
Oeg t6 Se y^evSog, iulj] ovto? Se afJLCpOTepa '^evSri' ovTe yap 
t6 vo(Teiv ^coKpcxTrjv ovtc to vyialveiv €(tt}v aXrjOh avTOV lULrj 
OVT09 oXo)? Tov ^coKpCLTOV^T^ ""ETrt ^e T^? (TTepr](Teoo<s Kal t^9 37 
e^ecos lULrj ovTog ^We oXcog ovSeTepov aXrjOeg, ovto^ ^Te ovk 
aei OoLTepov a\rjOe<s ^ OaTepov Se ^wSos' t6 yap o^lv eyeiv 
^coKpaTrjv T(p TV(p\6v elvai ^coKpaTrjv avTLKeiTai cog crTeprjcrig 
Kal €^L9, Kal OVT09 ^Te ovk avayKalov OaTepov a\riOe<s elvaL rj 
ylrevSog (^OTe yap tJLrjTrco irecpVKev ex^Lv, aiucpoTepa ylrevSrj^, fxrj 
OVT09 T€ oXo)? Tov ^coKp(XTOV9, Kal ovTco '^evSrj aiuLCJ^oTepa, 
Kai t6 "^ o^lv eyeiv Ka\ t6 Tv(p\6v avT^v eivai. ^EttJ ^e *ye38 
T^? KaTacpacrecog Kal Trjg airocpacrecog ael, eav Te ^ eav Te firj 
rj, t6 eTepov ecrTai '^evSog kol t6 eTepov aXrjOeg. To yap 39 

VOCreiV ^COKpCXTrjV Kal t6 lULrj V0(T€LV ^ ^coKpaTrjv, ovTog T€ 

avTOv cj)av€p6v otl t6 eTepov avTcov a\rjOeg ^ »7 ylrevSog, Ka\ 
fjirj ovTog 6/uLOLcog' t6 fxev yap vo(T€lv lULr} ovTog "^evSog, t6 Se 
jJLrj vocreiv a^rjOeg. ^'Q(TTe eTrJ fxovcov tovtcov *lSlov av e'irj to 40 
ael 0(XT€pov avTcov aXrjOeg rj y^evSog eivai, ocra wg KaTacpacTLg 
Ka\ airocpacTLg avTLKeiTaL, 

^lEivavTLOv Se €(ttlv e^ avay Krjg ayaOw juLev KaKov' tovto Se 11 
Srj\ov Trj KaO^ eKaoTTOv eiraycoy^, otov vyLem '^v6(to9 Ka\ ^av- 
opeLci ceLALa, ofjLOLcog oe Kai eiTL tcov aAAcov. Iva/cft) oe OTe fxev 



" rj TV(f)\()Tr]^ Koi Syjns C. ^ toiovtov C. P cT(OKparrj B. et hic 

et postea. ^ eti/at post uKrjOk C. ^ tc] jih B. s r€~\ 8e A.B. 

t dciTcpov post d(\ om. B. OaTepov 8c yfAevSos om. A. ^ Te'] codices 

ye. ^*^' oyjnv avTov ex^'^^ ^- ^ 2a>KpdTr]V om. C. Y ij H, t6 8e 

cTepov C, om. A. 2 voaos Kal Tr) diKaiovvvrj ddiKia Koi C. '^ dvdpui C. 

VOL. I. D 



34 KATHrOPTAl. Categ. 

^ ayaOov evavrlov, ore Se KaKov Ttj yap evSela KaKw ovti ^ 
VTrep^oXt] evavTiov KaKov ^ 6v' o/moim Se Ka) r/ /uiea-OTr]^ evav- 
Tia eKaTepo), ovcra ayaOov. ^Ett' oXlycov ^' av to toiovtov 
'tSoi Ti9, eirl Se tcov irXeiarTwv ael tw kukw to ayaOov evav- 
TLOv ea-Tiv. 

2 ^'Erf " CTTf Tcov evavTicov ovk ® avayKaiov, eav OaTepov ^, 
Koi t6 XoiTTOv eivai. ^Yy laLvovTCOv /uLev yap aTrdvTcov vyleia 
fiev ecTTaL, v6(ro9 Se ov' ojulolco^ Se Kal XevKcov ovtcov airdvTcov 

z\evK6Tr}<i imev ecTTaL, /iieXavia Se ov. ^'Erf el to ^coKpdTtjv 
vyialveLV ^tm ^coKpdTrjv vocreiv evavTiov earTL, /irj evSe-^eTaL Se 
a/uLa afxcpoTepa tu> avTip VTrdp-^eLv, ovk dv evSe-^OLTO tov 
CTepov Tcov evavTLcov 6vto9 Kal to Xolttov ^ elvai' 6vto9 yap 
Tov ^coKpaTrjv vyLaiveLV ovk dv eirj to vocretv ^coKpatrrjv. 

4 £Ar]Aov oe OTL KaL irepL " TavTOv rj eLceL r/ yeveL irecpvKe 
yLveaOaL Ta evavTia. Nocro? juev yap Ka) vyleLa ev o-JoiJiaTL 
X^opov ' irecpvKe ylvecrOaL, XevK^Trjg Se Kal jULeXavia aTrXo)? ev 
a-cofJLaTL, SLKaLoa-vvr} Se Ka\ aSLKia ev "^VXV ^^Opcoirov. 

5 ^^ AvayKrj Se irdvTa tol evavTia ri ev Tw avTw yevei eivai rj 
ev TOig €vavTiOL9 yevecTLv, rj avTo. yevrj efvai. AevKOv /uLev yap 
Ka\ fjLeXav ev tm avTco yeveL {yj)coiJLa yap avTcov to yevog), 
SLKaLoavvrj Se Ka] aSLKLa ev TOig €vavTiOL9 yevea-iv (rov jULev 
yap apeTrj, tov Se KaKia t6 'yeVo?)* aya06v Se kol KaKov ovk 
ecTTLV ev yev€L, a\X avTa Tvy^^veL yevrj tlvcov 6vTa. 

I^ JJpoTepov cTepov cTepov XeyeTaL reTjOa^w?, irpcoTOv /uLev 
* KaL KvpLcoTaTa " KaTa yoovov, Katf o TrpeapvTepov eTepov 
cTcpov Kal TraXaL^Tepov XeyeTat' tm yap t6v yjp6vov TrXelco 
^elvaL Koi TTpea-j^vTepov kol iraXai^Tepov XeyeTai. AevTepov 
Se t6 /JLr] avTLO-Tpecpov /cara Tr]v tov eivaL aKoXovOrjaLV, oiov 
t6 ev Tcov " Svo irp^TepoV Svoiv jLiev yap ^ 6vtcov aKoXovOeL 
evOvg t6 ev elvaL, ev^g Se 6vTog ovk dvayKaiov Svo eivai, wa^Te 

^ ivavTLov ayaBov C c g^ (,m, (J^ d fVi om. C. ^ dvayKalov 

((TTiv eav C. ^ t6 A. S flvai] virdpxfiv C. ^ t6 avTo C. 

i 7rf(f>VK€ yivecrdai om. B.C. ^ dvayKoiov fie diravTa C. ^ Ka\ om. A. 

™ KttTit] KaTCl TOV B.C. "^Vfll/ A.B. ^ OVTOtV C. 



12,13. KATHrOPIAI. 35 

ovK avTta-Tpicjyei aTro tov et/09 ^ aKoXovOrja-i? tov eipai to 
XoiTTOV. TipOTepov Se SoKct TO TOtovTOv elvai, a(j) ov lui] av- 
Tt<TTpe(p€t rj Tov elvat aKo\ov0t]crt9' 

T^ptTOv Se KaTOL ^Ttva Ta^tv ^to TrpoTcpov XeyeTat, KaOd-z 
irep eirl tcov eirta-Trnj.wv Ka\ tcov \6ycov. ^'Ei/ re yap Tat'S 
aTToSetKTiKai^ eirta-TrjiJLat^ virap-^et to irpoTepov Ka\ to vaTepov 
Trj Ta^et (rct yap <jTOf^eia irpOTepa tu>v Staypa/iiimdTCi)v tPj 
Td^ei, Ka\ CTrJ Trjg ypaju/uiaTtKrjg to. a-TOf^ela irpoTepa twv 
a-vWalSwv^, eirt re twv Xoycov oixotco^' to ydp Trpootjuitov Trj? 
Strjyya-eco? TrpOTepov Trj Td^ei ea-Ttv. 

^'Et^ irapd Ta etprj/uLeva to /3e\Ttov koi to TtjULtcoTepov 4 
TTpoTepov efvat Trj (pva-et SoKei. ^icoOaa-t Se Ka\ ot 7ro\\o\ 
T0V9 evTtjULOTepovg Kai jULaWov ayaircofjievovs vir avTcov irpo- 
Tepov^ (bacTKetv ^irap* avT0i9 eivat. ^EcrTf /xei/ Srj Ka\ ayeSov 
d\\oTptcoTaT09 Tcov Tpdircov ovto^. 

O/ imev ovv ^eydjULevot TpoTroi tov irpOTepov a")(eSdv Tocrov- 5 
TOt eia-tv. Ad^ete S^ ^ dv irapd tov<s €ipr]jULevov9 Ka\ cTepog 
^eivai irpOTepov Tpdiro^' tcov yap dvTta-Tp€(p6vTcov /caTa Trjv 
Tov eivat aKo\ovOr]artv to aWtov oircoa^ovv OaTepco tov eivat 
irp^Tepov eiK^TCo^s Trj (pva^ei \6yotT dv. ^OTt S^ ea-Tt Ttvd 6 
TOtavTa, Sr]\ov' to ydp eivat dvOpcoirov dvTt(TTpe(pet Ka^d 
Tr]v Tov etvat dKo\ovOr]a-tv irpd^ tov d\r]Orj irepl avTOv \6yov. 
Ef ydp ecTTtv dvOpco7ro<s, d\r]0r]9 6 \6yo9 (S \eyoiuLev OTt 
eoTTtv dv0pcoiro9. Ka^ dvTta-Tpe(pet ye' ei ydp d\r]Or]<s 6 
\0y09 w \eyoiJL€V OTt earTtv dvOpcoiro<s, earTtv dvOpcoTro^. 
^'EcrTf ^e o jULev ^ d\r]Or]g \6y09 ovSa/uim a'iTtog tov elvat 7 
To TrpdyjuLa, to /uLevTot irpdyixa cpatveTat ircog a'iTtov tov 
eivat a\r]Ot] tov \6yov' tm yap eivat to irpdyiULa t] fxt] 
d\r]Or]<S \6y09 rj y^evSrjg \eyeTat. ^'Qa-TC /caTa irevTe Tp6- 
Trovg irpOTepov cTcpov CTcpov \eyeTat. 

^ AjLia Se \eyeTai dxXa)? fxev koi KvptcoTaTa, wv rj yeveaig J7 
caTtv ev T(p avTto ^oi/o)* ovSeTcpov yap irp^Tepov ovSe vcTTe- 

P Tiva\ Tf)U pr A. q t6 om. B.C. ^ Tvap amols (ivai om. C. 

* av ris napa C. ^ elvat rov npOTepov C. ^ dX»;^i)j om. C. 

D 2 



36 KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 

pov ecTTiv avTcov. ^'A/uLa Se KaTo, tov yjpovov TavTa XeyeTai. 

2 ^v(T€i Se ajULa, ocra avTiaTpecpei niev /cara Ttjv tov eivai olko- 
\ov6ri(riv, jUifjSaiULwg Se ahiov OaTepov OaTepw tov eival ecmv, 
ofov eirl Tov SiTrXacrlov koi tov ^ ^fJLicreo^' avTKTTpecpei ^ /ulcv 
yap TavTa (j SiTrXacriov yap 6vto9 ea-T^v rj/uLia-v Ka\ ^^/uLicreog 
6vT09 SiTrXdcriov edTLv), ovSeTepov Se ovSerepw a*iTLOv tov 
eival ecTTLV, 

3 KaJ To, €K Tov avTOv Se yevovg avTLSiriptjiuLeva aWi^XoLg 
aima Trj (pvareL XeyeTaL. ^^ AvTLSirjpyjcrOai Se XeyeTai aXX»;- 

\019 TCL KaTCL TiJV aVTr]V SLalpeCTLV, olov TO ITTrjVOV TM TTe^w 

Kal Tw evvSpcp' TavTa yap aWrjXoL^ ^ avTLSirjptjTaL ck tov 
avTOv ^yevov^' to yap ^(fov SLaLpeiTai ek TavTa, el9 re to 
TTTrjvbv KOi t6 Trel^ov Ka\ t6 evvSpov, Ka\ ovSev ye tovtwv 
TTpOTepov rj vcTTepov ecTTLV, aXX' a/xa r^ (pvcreL Ta TOiavTa 
SoKei elvaL. ALaLpeOelrj S^ av Kal eKacTTOv ^tcov tolovtmv €i9 
elSrj 'TraXLV, olov t6 Tre^oi/ kol t6 ^ irTrjv6v Ka\ t6 evvSpov. 

4^'E(rTaf ovv KctKelva ajuLa Trj (pv<rei, o(ra eK tov avTOv yevov? 
KaTa Trjv avTrjv CLaLpecrLV ea-Tiv. la oe yevrj ^twv eiowv aei 
irpoTepa' ov yap avTLo-Tpecpei /caTa Trjv tov eivaL aKoXov- 
Orja-LV, olov evvSpov jULev 6vto9 ea-TL ^(pov, ^cpou Se 6vto9 ovk 
avdyKrj evvSpov elvai, 

S ^'AjuLa ovv Trj (pva-ei XeyeraL, oa-a dvTia-TpecpeL juLev KaTa 
Trjv Tov elvaL aKoXovOrjarLV, jULrjSajULw^ Se a'iTL0v t6 cTepov tm 
€Tep(p Tov elvai ecTTL, Ka) Tct ck tov ^ avTOv yevovs dvTiSLrjprj- 
juLeva aXXiJXof?* aTrXwg Se ^ a/uLa, cov rj yevea-i9 ev tw avTw 
■^6v(£>. 
14 }^Lvrjcre(]d9 Se ea-Tiv elSrj e^, yevea-i9, (pOopd, av^rja-i^, jULeico- 
cn9, aXXoiWf?, ^^ KaTa tottov jULeTa^oXi^. 

2 A/ jULcv ovv aXXai KLVi^a-eL^ (pavepov otl cTepai aXXi/Xcoiv 
eia-iV ov ydp ea-TLV rj yevecrL^ (pOopd ovSe ^ ye rj av^rja-L9 

w Tjfila-eas pr. A.B. ^ jxev om. A.C. Y dmXacriov jiev yap A.B.C. 
z rjfxitreai pr. B. * dvribiaipflcrOai C. ^ dvridiaipelTai C. ^ ytvovs 
ovra t6 B.C. ^ tS)v toiovtcdvI^ tovtcov C. ^ nTrjvov Ka\ t6 Tre^oj/ B. 

f aei Ta>v fldS>v C. S avTov 8e ytvovs C. ^^ dfxa XeycTai av C. • 17] 
Koi 17 C. *^ ye om. B. 



14. KATHrOPIAT. 37 

jiieloocng ovSe rj Kara toitov ^ /uLera^oX^, wa-avTayg Se koI al 
aWai' eTrl Se Trjg aWoiwa-eoog e-^ei Tiva airoplav, fxr] iroTe 
ava^yKalov rj to aWoiovfjLevov KaTa Tiva twv Xoittmv Kiv^creoov 
aWoiovcrOai. Tovto Se ovk aXtjOeg eaTC cr^^^eSov yap KaTa$ 
iravTa to, TraOrj tj ra irXelcrTa aWoiovcrOai o-v/uL^elSrjKev rjixlv 
^ovSe/uLia? Tcov aWcov Kiv^areoov ^koivoovovctiv' ovtc yap av^e- 
crOai avayKaiov to KaTO. TraOo^ KivovfJievov ovTe /uLeiovcrOai, 
wcravT009 Se Kal eTri toov aWoov, (joct& eTepa dv e'irj irapa Tag 
aWas Kivrjcreig r] aWoLoocrig' el yap rjv ^ avTri, eSei ^ to 
aWoLOv/Jievov evOvg koi av^ecrOai t] (jieLOvcrOaL ^ TLva toov 
aWoov oLKoXovOelv KLv^creoov' aW ovk avayKr]. ^QcravToog Se4 
Koi t6 av^avo/uLevov tj Tiva aWr]v KLvrjcnv KLVOv/uLevov oWolov- 
crOaL eSeL' aW ccttl tlvcl av^avo/uLeva d ovk P oWoLOVTaL, 
oTov To TeTpcxyoovov yvoojULOvog irepLTeOevTog rjv^rjTaL lULev, 
aWoiOTepov Se ovSev yeyevrjTaL' oocravToos Se kol eTrl toov 
aWoov Toov TOLOVTOov. ^'QctO^ eTepaL dv e'ir]crav al KivtjcreLg 
aW^Xoov. 

^'EcTTt Se dirXoog /ULev ^KLvrjcreL tjpejULLa ^evavTia, Talg Se KaO^ S 
eKacTTa al KaO^ e/cacra, yevecreL jULev <pOopd, av^iicreL Se juLeloO' 
cri9, T^ Se KaTa tottov ixeTa^oXrj r] KaTa tottov i^penla. 
MaXfcrra S^ eoLKev dvTLKelcrOaL ^ r] irpog tov evavTLOV Toirov 
IJLeTa^oXr], olov Trj KaTOoOev r] dvoo, Trj Se dvooOev r] KaTOO. 
Trj Se Xoiir^ Twv diroSoOeLcrwv KLV^ceoov ov pdSiov aTroSovvai 6 
Ti iroTe ecrTLv evavTLOv, eoiKe Se * ovSev elvaL avTrj evavTLOv, el 
lirj TL9 KOL eirL TavTrjg Trjv KaTa to iroLOV rjpeiilav dvTLTLOelrj 
rj Trjv ek to evavTLOv tov iroLov ixeTapoX^v, KaOairep Ka\ eirl 
Trjg KaTa Toirov iJLeTa/SoXrjg Trjv /cara TOTrov ^peixlav rj Trjv 
€L9 Tov evavTLOv TOirov iiera^oXrjv' ecrTL yap rj dWoloocTLg 
IJLeTaPoXij /cara to iroLOv. ^'QcrTe ^ dvTLKeicreTaL Trj Acara to 7 
iroLov KLvrjcreL rj Ka^d to iroLOv rjpeiila rj rj eig to evavTiov tov 

1 post fiera^oXf] vetus interpres dXXoicoo-ts. ™ ov8ejji,id pr. C 

^ Koivaivova-rjs fortasse A. o top C. P dXKoiovvTai C. ^ Kivrjcris 

A.B.C. r ivavTiov B. s ^J ^cu fj A.B. * ov8e elvai ti avTfj C. 

^ dvTiKeiTai A.C. 

»3 



3« KATHrOPIAI. Categ. 15. 

TTOiov /uL€Ta/3o\^, otov To \evKov yivea-Oai tw /xeAai/ 'ylve- 
aOai' aWoiovTai yap e/9 ra evavTia tov ttolov /uLeTa/SoXtji 

yiV0/UL€V>j9. 

15 To Se e-^eiv /cara TrXetovag Tpoirov^ XeyeTai. ^H yap m 
e^iv Ka). SidOeariv tj aXXriv tlvo. TroioTrjTa' XeyoiueOa yap Ka\ 
eTTia-T^luLrjv TLva e-^eiv kol apeTrjv. ^^H o)? ttoo-ov, oIov o Tvy- 
)(avei TL9 eyodv /ULeyeOo^' XeyeTaL yap TpLTrrj-^v jueyeOo^ €-)(€lv 
rj TCTpaTrrjy^v. ^JrL o)? ra Trep] t6 crwiuLa, olov i/uLaTiov rj ^t- 
2Twva. ^^H w9 ev /ULOpiu), otov ev X^^P*^ SaKTv\LOV. ^^H O)? /uLcpo^, 
oiov \^^poL rj TToSa. H o)? ev ayyelw, otov 6 jULeSL/ULvo^ tov^ 
irvpov^ rj To Kepa/ULLOV tov olvov oivov yap ey^eiv to Kepa/uLiov 
\eyeTaL, Kal 6 /ulcSl/ulvo? irvpovg' TavT ovv irdvTa e-^eLV \e~ 
ycTai 0)9 ev ayyeiw. ^^H 0)9 KTtj/uLa' e^eiv yap oiKiav ^ rj 
ay pov \ey6/uLe0a. 

3 Aeyo/uLeOa Se Kal yvvaiKa e-^eiv Ka\ ^ rj yvvrj dvSpa' eoiKC 
Se a\\oTpLWTaT09 6 vvv prjOe]^ Tpoiro^ tov eyeLV' ovSev ydp 
dWo Tw ^e-)(eL yvvaiKa o-rj/uLaLvo/uLev rj otl a-vvoLKel. 

4 ^ I(Ta)9 o dj/ Ka\ dWoi tlv€9 ^ (paveirja-av tov e-^eiv TpoiroL' 
01 Se eiwOoTeg \eyea-OaL a-y^eSdv airavTe? KaTrjpiO/ULrjvrai. 

^ jy] Koi C. ^ Tj om. C. y €X€iv codices. z (ftaveUu corr. C. 



nEPI EPMHNEIAS. 



XJ.PQTON Sei OiarOai rl ovo/xa Ka\ rl p^l^a, eireira rl 
€(TTiv a7r6(ba(Ti9 Kal KaTacpacri^ Kal a7ro(pavori9 Kal Xoyo^. 

^'Eo-Tf imev ouv to. ev Trj (pcovrj Twv iv Ttj "^fX? TraOtjjuidTCcv 2 
<Tvix^o\a, Ka\ TOL ypaCpOjULeva tcov ev Trj (pwvrj. K.a\ wcnrep 
ovSe ypdiuiiuLaTa Tracri tol aiJra, ^ ovSe cpcoval al avTal' wv 
jULevTOL '^raura arjfjLeia TrpcoTCog, raura 7ra(Ti iraOrjiJLaTa Trjg 
^v)(rj9, Kal (Sv TavTa o/uLOiconAaTa, irpayfAaTa rjSrj rauTa. 
Hepi /ULev ovv tovtcov e'ipr]Tai ev T019 Trepl y^X^^' ^^^V^ yccp s 
TTpayiuLaTeLa?. ^'EcrTt S\ w(Tirep ev Trj ^v-^rj 6t€ /ULev vdrjjULa 
avev Tov oXrjOeveLV rj yp^evSea-Oai, OTe Se rjSrj w avayKrj tovtcov 
virdpyeLv OdTcpov, ovtco Ka\ ev Trj cpcovrj' irep\ yap crvvOecTLv 
Ka\ SLalpecTiv ecTTL to ^ ^evSo? Ka\ to aXrjOeg. Ta julcv ovv 4 
ovdjULaTa avTO, Ka\ to. prnxaTa eoLKe tw avev (TvvOecreco? Ka\ 
SLaLpe(Teco9 voi^fxaTL, otov to avOpcoTTog rj to XevKOv, oTav jULtj 
TrpocTTeOrj tl' ovtc yap xp-ey^o? ovTe aXijOeg ttco. ^rjjULeiov S^ 
ecTT^ TovSe' Ka\ ydp 6 TpayeXacpog crrjfj.aiveL jULev tl, ovttco Se 
dXrjOh rj y^evSo9, edv jULrj to eivai rj /uLrj eivaL TrpocrTeOrj, rj 
aTrXm rj KaTa y^ovov. 

^'OvojULa juLev ovv ccttl (pcovrj arj/uLavTLKrj KciTa cTvvOrjKrjv dvev 2, 
yjpovov, rj^s ^ fxrjSev fiepog e<TT\ crrjfiavTLKOv Ke^^copLCTfJLevov' ev 
ydp Tw KaXXtTTTTO? to 'L7r7ro9 ovSev avTO KaO^ eavTo crrjfjLalvei, 
oocTTrep ev tw Xoyw ^ tw /caXo? fTTTro?. Ov fjLrjv ovS^ co(T7rep 2 
iv T019 ctTrXor? ovofjLacTLv, ovt(jo<s e^et Ka\ iv tol9 CTVfjL7re7r\e- 
yfi€voL9' iv iKeivoL9 ft-ev yap to fiipog ^ovSafJLcog (rrjfiavTLKov, iv 
Se TOVT019 iSovXeTaL fj^iv, aXX' ovSevog Ke^copLcrfjiivov, oiov iv 

''■ ovfie] (WTtos ovbf C ^ crrjixela Tavra C. c >|/-fGSdy tc Ka\ B.C. 

^ fiijOiv C. 6 t6 pr. C. ^ ovdafi6i)i €(TTi crrjjjLavTiKov C. 

D4 



40 nEPI EPMHNE1A2. De Interp. 

Tto €7raKTpoK€Xr]g ro KcXrj^ ovSei/ ^ crt]/uLaiv€i KaO^ eavro. To 
Se KaTu. (TVi/OrjKrji/, oti (pv<T€L TOdv opo/uidTwv ovSiv ea-Tiv, aXX' 
OTav yevi^Tai crviui^oXov, eTrel SrjXovcrl ye tl Ka\ ol aypdim- 
/uLaTOL ylr6(poL, oJov OrjpLwv, cov ovSev icrTiv ovo/uLa. 

3 To S' ovK avOpcoTTog ovk ovoima. Ov /mrjv ovSe ^ Keirai 
ovojma o tl Sel KaXeiv avTO' ovTe ydp Xoyo'? ovTe dirdcpacrh 

eCTTLV. ^AXX' eCTTOO dvOjULa ddpLCTTOV, ^OTL OJULOLCOg €(j> OTOVOVV 

virdpyeL Ka\ ovTog Kal n^rj dvTo^. To <^e ^lXmvo? rj ^lXcovi 
Kal ^ dcra TOLavTa, ovk ovdjuLaTa dXXd ^ iTTcocreL^s ovdfjLaTO?. 

4Ao«yo9 Se ecTTLv avTov tu /ulcv dXXa /cara ra avra* otl Se 
fAera tov €cttlv rj rjv rj ecTTaL ovk dXrjOeveL rj y^evSeraL, to Se 
ovo/ULa aei' olov ^lAcovo? '" ecrrfi/ rj ovk ecrTiV ovdev yap ttco 
ovT€ dXrjOev€L ovt€ y^evSeTaL. 
3 "^Piy/xa <^e €(ttl to TrpocrcrrjiuLaivov ^dvov, ov /ULepo? ovSev 
crrjfxaLveL ywph, Ka\ ecTTLV del tmv KaO^ cTepov Xeyo/uLevcov 
crrjfxeiov. Keyw S' otl Trpocra-rj/uLaivei '^(pdvov, olov vyleLa julcv 
dvo/ULa, To Se vyLalveL prj/uLa' irpocTcrrjiJLaLveL ydp to vvv virdp- 
yeiv. KaJ " de\ tcov KaO^ erepov Xeyo/ULevoov crrjjuLeidv €<ttlv, 
otov Tcov KaO^ vTroKeijULevov rj ev ^ vTroKeLjuLevw. 

2 To ^e ou^ vyLaiveL Ka\ to ov KdjuLveL ov prj/uLa Xeyco' irpocr- 
crrj/uLalveL /ulcv yap "^jpdvov kol aeJ /cara Tivog virdp-^eL, Trj Se 
SLa(popa dvo/uLa ov KelraL' aXX' ecTTOo ddpLCTTov prj/uLa, otl 

36/ULOL009 ecp^ OTOvovv virapyeL, Ka\ dvT09 Ka\ /urj dvTO^. ^0/ulolco9 
Se ^ KOL TO vylavev rj to vyLavel ov pij/uLa, dXXd tttcoctl^ prj- 
/uLaTO^' SLacpepeL Se tov prjij.aTO<s, otl to /ulcv tov irapdvTa 
Trpocrarrj/uLaiveL ^dvov, Ta Se to irepL^. 

4 Airra fjiev ovv Ka& eavrd Xeyd/uLcva Tct pi^/ULaTa dvd/ULaTa 
icTTt Koi crrj/uLalveL tl (^.cTTrjcTL ydp 6 Xeycov Trjv ^ SLavoiav, 
Ka\ 6 dKOV(Ta<s ^pe/ULrjcrev), dXX ei ecTTLV rj /uLrj, ovTrco crrj/uLaivei' 
ovSe ^ ydp to eivaL rj /uLrj eivaL (rrj/uLeidv €(ttl tov 7rpay/uLaT09, 

S (rr/fxaivei kuQ^ iavTo om. B.C. ^ Kelrai yf ouo/ia C. * ort — jir) 

'6vTos om. A.B. ^ o(Ta dXKa Toiavra C. ^ TTTaxris A. "* ((rrtv 

eaTiv rj A. " iaTiv ante aft C. o vTroKdjJievtp] vnoKcifxeva ovtcov C. 

P Ka\ t6 vyiavfl Ka\ t6 vylavev C. <1 Tr}v Sidvoiav 6 Xeycov C. ^ yap 

om. C. 



^—^. nEPI EPMHNEIA2. 41 

ovd eav ro ov eiTrrjg avro KaU eavro \\nAov. Avro (xev yap 
ovSev ecTTi, 7rpO(Tcrt]iULaLvei Se crvvOearlv Tiva, ^v avev twv crvy' 
Kei/ULevcov ovk ecTTi vorjcrai. 

A6yo9 Se ecTTi <po)vr] a-rjjULavTiK}] ^ KaTa crvvO^Krjv, ^? twv 4 
juiepcev TL G-rjjuLavTLKOv ecrTL Ke^^^copKTiULevov, cog (paa-ig, aXX' ou^ 
m KaTa(pacrL<s ^ n a7r6(pa(Ti9. Aeyco Se, otov avOpMTTog crri- 
lULalveL ^ lULev tl, aXX' ou^ otl eorTiv rj ovk ecrTiV aXX' ecTTaL 
KaTacpaarig rj air6(pacrL9, eav tl TrpocrTeOfj. "^AXX' ^ ov-^l tov^ 
avOpcoTTOv crv\Xa/3rj /uLLa. OvSe yap ev tm jiivg to v9 crrj^av- 
tik6v, aWa cpcovr] ecTTL vvv iul6vov. '^'Eiv Se tol^ SlitXois crj" 
jULalveL fj-ev, aXX' ov KaO' ^avT^, ^0)? TrpoelprjTaL. 

^'EcTTi ^e Xo^yo? a7ra9 lULev crrjiuLavTLK^s, ov^ co9 opyavov Se, 3 
aXX' cog '^ TTpoelprjTaL, /cara crvvOriKrjv. ^AirocpavTLKog Se ov 
7ra9, aXX' ev w to aXrjOeveLV rj y^evSecrOaL virapyeL. Ovk ev 4 
aVao-i Se virapyeL, otov f] ev-^ X6yo9 ixev, aXX' ovTe aXrjOrjg 
ovTe yp^evSi^g. O/ lULev ovv clXXol acpelcrOcocrav' prjTopLKrjg yap 
^ TroLrjTLKrjg oiKCLOTepa rj cTKe-^^rLg' 6 Se airocpavTLKog Trjg vvv 
Oecoplag. 

^'Eo-Tf ^e eh irpcoTog Xo'709 airocpavTLKog KaTacpaorL?, eLTa 5 
air6(pacTL<s' ol S^ aXXoL TravTeg crvvSecTiJLCp eh. ^ AvayKrj Se 
iravTa X6yov airocpavTLKov €k prjiJLaTog eivaL 5; iTTcocrecog pr]- 
imaTog' Ka\ yap 6 tov avOpwirov Xoyo9, eav fjir} to €(ttlv rj 
rjv r] ecTTai ? tl ^ tolovtov TrpocrTeOrj, ovttco X6yog aTTOCpav- 
TLK69. Alotl ^^ Srj ev t/ ecrTLv aXX' ov iroXXa to ^woi/ ireXov 2 
Siirovv' ov yap Srj tw cTvveyyvg elprjcrOaL eh ecTTaL. ^'Eo-Tt 
^e aXXrjg irpayjj.aTelag tovto eLirelv. ^'Eo-Ti <^e eh X6yo<s 
ciTrocpavTiKOS rj 6 ev SrjXwv rj 6 CTVvSecrixw eh, TroXXof ^e ol 
TToXAa Kai jULrj ev rj ^ ol acTvvceroL. lo fjiev ovv ovoina "»?3 
prjixa (pacTLS ecTTW ii6vov, eTreLSr] ovk eorTLv elirelv ovtw Srj- 
XovvTa TL Trj (pwvrj wcTTe airo^paLvecrOai, 17 epwTwvT^s tlvos. 



s fcara (Tvv6f]Kr}v om. B.C. * rj d7r6cfia(ris om. B.C. ^ /xev om. 

A.B. w 01»;^ r) corr. A. * eavro C. y (aanep eiprjTai C 

2 (oo-TTfp etprjrai B.C. » toiovto B. ^^ 8i C. et fortasse B. ^ ol 
om. C. ^ fj t6 pTJfxa C. 



42 nEPI EPMHNEIA2. De Ixtkrp. 

4^ ixr]^ aXX' avTov irpoaipovfxevov. ^oxjtwv Se rj fx\v ctTrX^ 
€(tt\v ^ a7r6<pav(Ti9, oiov t\ KaTa tivo9 ^ t\ airo tivo9, ^ ce 

S€K TOVToov crvyKeiiuievrj olov X6yo9 ti9 liSr] crvvQeTO^. ^'Eo-rf 
^e ^^ ctTrX^ S aTT^cpava-i^ (pcovr] crrjiuLavTiKrj ir€p\ tov virapyeLV 
Ti r} imrj vTrap^eiv, W9 ot yj)6voL SLrjprjvTai. 

6 Kara^acrf? Se ecTTLV a7r6<pavG-L9 tlvo^ /cara tlvo^. "^Atto- 
^cpacrig Se ^ ecrTiv a7r6(pav(TL9 tlvo^ aTTO tlvo^. ^ETret Se ecTTL 

Ka\ To virapyov airocpaLvecrQaL w? ixrj virap-^ov Ka\ to lULrj 
virapyov W9 virap-^ov Ka\ to virap-yov o)? virapyov Ka\ to imrj 
virap-^ov o)? fjirj vTrapyov, Ka\ 7rep\ Tovg eKT09 Se tov vvv 
^ XPOJ/ou? wcrauTO)?, a7rav dv evSe-^oiTO Ka\ o KaTeCpjjcre tl9 

3 a7ro<prj(raL Ka\ o a7re<pij(Te ^tl9 KaTacprjcraL. ^'QcrTe SrjXov 
OTi Tracrrj KaTacpacreL ecrT^v a7r6(pacrL9 avTLKeiiuLevrj Ka\ 7racrrj 
a7ro(pacreL KaTa(pacrL9. KaJ ecTTW avTLCpacTL^ tovto, KaTa- 

^(pacTi9 Ka\ a7r6(pa(Ti9 ai avTLKeiimevaL. Aeyco Se avTLKelcrOaL 

TrjV TOV aVTOV ^ KaTOL TOV aVTOV, jJLrj O/ULCOVVIULCOg Se, Ka\ 0(Ta 

aXXa Tcov toiovtci)v irpocrSLopLXpiJieQa ^Trpo? Ta9 (T0(pLcrTiKa9 
ej^o^Xjyo-ei?. 

7 ^ETreJ S^ €(tt\ tcl fJLev Ka06\ov twv 7rpayiuLaTC0v tol Se KaO^ 
cKacrTOv (Xe^yo) ^e Ka06\ov iulcv o eTTf 7r\€L6vcov 7r€(pvK€ KaTrj- 
yopeicrOaL, KaO^ eKacrTOv Se o jxrj, oiov avOpco7ro9 iJ-ev tcov 
Ka06\ov, KaXX/a? ^e tcov KaO^ eKacrTOvy avayKrj Se a7ro- 
(palvecTOaL o)? v^rap-yeL tl rj lurj 6t€ imev tcov Ka06\ov tlvl, 

2 0Te ^e Tcov KaO^ eKa(TTOv. ^Eai/ jjiev ovv Ka06\ov a7ro(paLvrj- 
Tai eTTf Tov Ka06\ov otl V7rap^eL " tl rj firj, ecrovTai evavTiai 
°at V a7ro(pav(T€i9. Aey^a Se €7r\ tov Ka06\ov a7ro(palv€(T0ai 
Ka06\ov, otov Tra? avOpco7ro9 \€vk69, ovSe^^ avOpcoTTog XeuAco?. 

3 ^'Otuv Se eTTf Tcov Ka06\ov iulcv, fxrj Ka06\ov Se, avTai iulcv ovk 
€1(t\v evavTiai, to, iul€vtol Srj\oviuL€va ecrTLv CLvai evavTia Trore. 

4 Aeyco Se t6 /u^ Ka06\ov a7ro(paiv€(T0ai €7ri tcov Ka06\ov, 
olov €(TTi \€Vk69 avOpco7ro9<, ovK e(TTL \evK09 avOpco7ro9' Ka06- 

e d7r6(j)a(ris C ^ ^] "7 H-^v B. S d7r6(f)aais C. *^ (oriv om. C. 

i Xpovov B.C. ^ Tis alterum om. B.C. ^ Kara ra tov C. »n npos 
om. pr. C. " Ti om. pr. C. " ai om. B.C. P d7r6(l)ava-iv B.C. 



6,7- nEPI EPMHNEIA2. 43 

Xov yap OVT09 Tov avOpcoiro? ov-^ wg KaOoXov Ke-^tjTai Trj 
airocpapa-eL' to yap irag ov to KaOoXov crrjiuLalpei aXX' oti 
KaOoXov. ""ETTf Se tov KaTrjyopovjULevov KaOoXov KaTtjyopeiv 5 
^To KaOoXov ovK etjTiv aXrjOeg' ovSe/uLia yap KaTd(pa(Tig 
^ aXrjOr]? ecrTai, ev rj tov KaTrjyopovjuevov KaOoXov to KaOo- 
Xov KaTrjyopeiTai, olov ecTt irdg avOpcoTrog Trdv ^(f)Ov. ""Ai/-^ 
TiKeiarOai /uLev ovv KaTacpacriv dirocpdcrei Xeyw dvTKpaTLKcog 
Trjv TO KaOoXov crrjiuLaivovG-av ^ tm avTM otl ov KaOoXov, oiov 
7rd<s dvOpwTTog XevKog — ov irdg dvOpooirog XevKog, ovSeh dv- 
Opco7ro9 XevKog — ^ ecrTL tl9 dvOpcoirog XevKog' evavTLOog Se Trjv 
Tov KaOoXov KaTacpaarLv Ka\ Tr}v tov KaOoXov dirocpaa-Lv, otov 
^Tra? dvOpcoTrog XevKog — ovSeh dvOpcoirog XevKO?, Trdg dvOpco- 
7ro9 SLKaio9 — ovSeh dvOp(joiro<s SlKaLog. Alo raJra? jmev ov^7 
oiov re dina dXrjOeig elvaL, ra? ^e dvTLKeLjULevag ^ avTal<s ev- 
Se-^eTal ^iroTe eTrl tov avTov ydjULa dXrjOcLg eivai, oiov ov Trdg 
dvOpcoTrog XevKog Kal ecTTL tl9 dvOpcoirog XevKog. ^'Ocrai /j-ev^ 
ovv dvTL(pacreLg tcov KaOoXov eicTL KaOoXov, dvayKrj Trjv ere- 
pav dXrjOrj elvaL rj ylrevSr}, Kal ocraL eirl tcov KaO^ eKacTa, otov 
ecTTi ^coKpdTrjg XevKog — ovk ecTTL ^coKpdTrjg XevKog' oorai Se 
iirl Tcov KaOoXov /uLev, /ULr} KaOoXov Se, ovk del r) jULev dXrjOrjg rj 
Se >\revSr]g. ^'AjuLa ydp dXijOeg ecTTLV elireiv otl eorTiv dvOpco-9 
7ro9 XevKog Kal otl ovk ecrTLV dvOpcoirog XevKog, Ka\ ecrTLV 
dvOpcoTTog KaXog Ka\ ovk eaTLv dvOpcoirog KaXog. Ei ydp 
aicr-)^dg, Ka\ ov KaXog' Ka\ el ylveTal tl, Ka\ ovk ecrTLV. 
Ao^eie S^ dv et^alcpvrjg dTOirov eivaL S^d to (palvecrOaL crrj- 10 
jULaiveLV TO ovk ecTTLV dvOpwirog XevKog d/ULa Ka\ otl ovSe^g dv- 
Opooirog XevKog' to Se ovtc TavTov crrjiuLaivei ovO^ d/JLa e^ 
dvayKrjg. 

^avepov Se otl Ka\ /x/a dirdcpacrLg lULidg KaTacpdcrecog ^ecrTi' 11 
TO yap avTO Sei aTrocp^a-aL Trjv dirdipaarLv OTrep KaTeCpijaev ri 



H t6 antc prius Ka66\ov B, unte KaTrjyopdv C. *' aXrjOris om. H. 

s T(a avTKO OTi\ TTJ TO li. t caTi, om. C. ^ nas a. X. ovb. a. X. 

om. B.C. ^"^ TavTais C. * Trore om. B. Y a/Lia oKrjdels fii/at] 
d\T}d€V€ip C, om. B. z ^cTTai pr C, om. B. 



44 nEPI EPMHNEIA2. De Interp. 

KaTacpaari^, Kal airo rov avTov, rj tcov KaO' eKaa-Ta tivo^ 37 
aTTo Toov KaOoXov Tivo?, ^ rj 609 KaOoXov ^' 37 0)9 jULrj KaOoXov. 

12 \ey(jt) Se oiov ecTL ^coKpaTtj^ XevKog — ovk €(ttl ^ooKpaTtj^ 
XevKos. ^Ecti/ ^e aXXo tl t] ctTr' aWov to ^ avTO, ov-^ t] av~ 
TLKeLjxevr\ aW etrraL €KeLV)]9 erepa. Trj Se Trag avOpiairo^ 
XevKog rj ov Tra? avOpoo7ro9 XevKog, Trj Se r)? uv0p(O7ro9 XevKog 
ri ovSe\<s avOpcoTTO^ XevKog' Trj Se ecTTLV avOpWTTog XevKO^ ^ ovk 
ecTTLV avOpcoTTog XevKog. 

^3 ^'Otl /mev ovv ^ /ULia KaTa(pa(reL /ULia airo^pacTL^ avTLKeiTai 
avTi(paTLKC09, Ka). TLve<s elcriv avTaL, e'ipi]TaL' Kal otl at evav- 
TiaL aWaL, Kal TLveg eitTLv avTai, eiprjTaL' Ka\ otl ov iraaa 
aXrjOrjs r] y^evSrjg avTLipacLg, Kai Slol tl, Kal iroTe aXrjOrjg ^ 
yjrevS^g. 
8 M/a Se ecTTL KaTa(pa(TL9 Kal airocpacTL^ h ev KaO^ evog cnj' 
fiaLvovcra, rj KaOoXov ovto9 KaOoXov tj /uLrj 6juloloo9, otov irag 
av0pwiro<5 XevKog ccttlv — ovk ccttl Trd? avOpoo7ro9 XevK09, ccttlv 
avOpoo7ro9 XevKog — ovk ccttlv avOpco7ro9 XevKog, ovSeh avOpoo7ro9 
XevKog — ecTTL TLg avOpooTrog XevKog, el to XevKov ev crrjiuLaiveL. 

^ rjL oe ^cvoiv ev ovojuLa KeiTai, e^ oov jULrj ecTTLV ev, ov /uLLa Kara- 
cpacTLg ^ ovSe aTrocpacTLg ^ /uLLa, oTov e'i TLg ^ OeiTO ovofJLa i/uLd- 

TIOV tTTTTft) Ka\ avOpOO^TM, TO eCTTLV LfJLaTLOV XevKOv, avTtj ov 

jULia KaTOLCpacTLg ^ ovSe airocpacrLg lULia. OvSev yap SLacpepeL 

TovTO ei7reiv ^ tj ccttlv itttto? Kai avOpoo7rog XevKog. Tovto 

Se ovSev SLacpepeL tov el^reiv ccttlv '/ttxo? * XevKog Kai ecmv 

3 avOpoo7rog XevKog. E/ ovv avTai TroXXa cTrjiuLalvovcri Kai elcTl 

TToXXaL, SrjXoV OTL Kal rj 7rpC0TtJ t]TOL TToXXa rj OvSeV CTtJ'- 

/ULaLvei' ov yap ecTTLV '"o T\g avOpoo7rog iTTTro?. ^'Qcrre ovS* 
ev TavTaig avayKrj Ttjv julcv aXrjOtj Ttjv Se "^evSrj civai avTi- 

(paCTLV. 

^ ^ETTf /ULev ovv Twv ovToov Ka\ yevo/uLevoov avdyKrj Ttjv /cara- 

^ fj antC cos KaO. om. corr. B. ^ i} cby jxr) KaOoKov oni. C. c avTO 
fxr) imo Tov avTov ovp( C. *^ fiia KaTd<f)aai5 fiia cinoipdcret B.C. ^ dvdv B. 
f oufic cm6<f)aa-is om. B. S jiia om. B.C. h ${1^0 corr. in ft B. 

j oijTf A. ^ ri]r] oTi li.C. ^ XfVKOs post iLTrnos om. C. ^ o om. B.C. 



8,9- nEPI EPMHNEIA2. 45 

(pacriv r] Tr]v a7r6(pacrip aXrjOtj r] yp-evSrj elvai, koi eTrl imev tcov 
KaOoXov ft)? KaOoXov ael Trjv imev aXrjOrj Trjv Se y^evSrj etvai, 
Koi eTTf Twv KaO^ eKacTTa, wcrirep e'ipr]Tai, eTrJ Se tcov KaOoXov 
jULr] KaOoXov ^ Xe^^^OevTcov ovk avayKr]' eiprjTai Se Ka\ irepc 
TOVTOov. ""ETTf ^e Twv KaO^ eKaa-Ta Kai /uLeXXovTCOV 01)^2 
o/ULolcog. Ei yap iraa-a KaTaipacrig ^ Kal airofpacrig aXrjOr]? rj 
ylrevSi]9, Kai airav avdyKr] virdp-^eiv t] lULrj virdp-^eLV, cocrre el 6 
fjLev (piicrei ecrea-Oal ti 6 Se ^ /uLr] (p^arei to avTo tovto, S^Xov 
OTi dvayKi] dXr]Oeveiv tov eTepov avTcov, ei Tracra KaTacpaarig 
^Kal ^aTrocpaa-ig dXr]0r]9 rj y^evSi^?. ^'A/ULCpo) ydp ov-^ VTrdp^ei^ 
a/uLa eTrl T019 TOiovTOig. Et ydp dXr]0e9 elirelv oti XevKov 1/ 
^ OTi ov XevKOV ea-Tiv, dvayKrj eivai XevKOv t] ov XevKov, Kat ei 
ecTTL XevKov r] ov XevKov, dXrjOh ^v (pavai r] dirocpavaL' Ka\ 
el /ULr] vTrdp^eL, \{/"eJ^eTaf, Ka\ ei "^evSeTaL, ov-^ virdpyeL, wcrTe 
dvayKr] ^r] Trjv KaTa(paa-LV r] Trjv dTTOCpaarLV dXrjOrj elvaL f] 
yp-evSrj. OvSev dpa ovTe earTLV ovTe ylveTaL ovTe diro Ti^^>;9 4 
ovU oiTOTep eTV^ev, ovce ea-TaL rj ovk ea-TaL, aAA e^ avayKt]^ 
airavTa Ka\ ou^ oiroTep' eTvyev. ^^H ydp 6 (pd<s ^ dXrjOevcrei r] 
6 diro^pag. "^O/ao/to? «yajO dv eylveTO r] ovk eylveTO' to •yao 
OTTOTep eTvyev ovoev jULaAAov ovTCog r] ixr] OVT009 e^ei r] e^et. 
^'ETt et ecTTf XevKov vvv, dXijOh rjv eLTreiv irpoTepov oti ecTTai 5 
XevKOv, cocTTe de\ dXr]0e9 rjv eiTreLV otlovv tcov yevojmevcov otl 
^ ea-TLV r] ea-TaL. tjL ae aei aArjUe^ rjv eLireLV otl ea-TLV r] eaTaL, 
ou^ olov Te TOVTO /uLr] elvaL ovSe /ULr/ ea-ea-Oai. ^O Se /ULr/ olov tc 
/uLtj yevecrOaL, dSvvaTOV jULrj yevecrOai' o Se dSvvaTOv /uLtj yevearOaL, 
dvdyKrj yevea-Oai. ^' KiravTa ovv Ta ecrofxeva dvayKalov yeve-d 
oruaL. KJvdev apa oiroTep eTv^ev ovde airo Tv^rj? ^ ecTTaL' ei 
ydp dird Tv-)(rj^, ovk e^ dvdyKrjg. ''AXAa /uLrjv ovS' cog ovSe- 
Tepov ye dXrjOe<s evSe^eraL XeyeLv, oiov otl ovTe ea-Tai ovtc 
ovK ecTTai. WpcoTOv /ULev ydp ova-rjg Trjg KaTacpdarecog y^evSovg 7 

^ \i]({)6€VTci>v A. o KaX] »7 B.C. V fifj ^rjaiji A. 1 /cat] 17 C, 

om. B. ^ aTTo^l^aaii om. B. ^ ^^^ om. A. * priiis f) om. B. 

V dXrjBevei B. ^ ^o-tiu q om. A.B. et corr. C. x ^crTat dXX' e^ 

(IvdyKTjs CLTravTa' ei A. 



46 nEPI EPMHNETA2. De Interp. 

r] airocpaa-i^ ovk aXrjOi^?, Ka\ Tavrrj^ "yevSov^ ovarjg Trjv /cara- 
cpaciv (TVjuLpaii/€t /mr] akrjQrj elvai, KaJ ttjOO? tovtoi<s^ el aXij' 
0e9 eiireiv otl Xcvkov Ka\ fJLcya, Set a/uL(pw virapyeLV. E/ <^e 
y virap^eL eh avpLOv, vwap^eL ek avpLov. Et ^e jm^Te ecrTai 
/ui^Te /ULr] ^ecrrai ^ avpiov, ovk dv elri to oiroTep' eTV^ev, olov 
vavixa-^La' SeoL yap dv /uL^Te yevetrOaL vavjuLa^^Lav avpLOv /uli^tc 
/uLrj yevecrOai. 

8 Ta jULev Sr] (TViii/3aLvovTa UTOTra TavTa Kai TOLavTa cTepa, 
eLTrep Tracrtj^ KaTaipaaecDg Kal OLTrocpaa-eco^ rj eTrl twv KaOoXov 
^ Xeyo/uLevcov wg KaOoKov r] eTr\ tu>v KaO^ ^ cKaarTOv dvdyKr] 
Toov dvTiKei/ULevcov elvaL Trjv /ULev dXrjOrj Ttjv Se ^evSrj, /mrjSev 
Se OTTOTep cTV^ev elvaL ev toU yLyvofievoL^, dWd irdvTa 
eivaL Ka\ ylyvecrOaL e^ dvdyKrjg. ^'Q<TTe ovTe /^ovXevearOai 
Seoi av ovT€ irpayiJ.aTevecrOaL, w? edv julcv toS\ iroLrja-ooiJiev, 

9ea-TaL toSl, edv Se lULtj toSl, ovk ea^Tai toSl. OvSev ydp kco- 
Xvei Ka\ eh /JLvpLOcrTOV €to9 tov /lev cpavaL tovto ea-ecrOaL tov 
Se iirj (pavai, cocrTe e^ dvayKrj<5 ea-earOai ovroTepovovv ^ avToov 
dXtjOh rjv elirelv Tore. ''AXXa ixrjv ^ ovSe tovto SiaCpepeL, el 
Tiv€9 elirov Trjv dvTiCpacrLV rj iirj eliroV SrjXov ydp otl ovtco? 
€)(€i TOL TrpayiiaTa, Kav iirj 6 iiev KaTacpi^crrj tl 6 Se diro- 
cprjcrrj ^ ovSe yap Sid to S KaTacpaOrjvaL rj dirocpaOrjvaL ecrTai 
rj ovK ea-TaL, ovS^ ei9 iivpLOcrTov eT09 iJLaWov rj ev diroa-coovv 

lo^ypovw. ^ QcTTe el ev diravTL "^tw yjpovw ovtco9 ei^^ev cocTTe to 
€Tepov dXrjOevearOai, dvayKalov rjv tovto yevecrOaL, Ka\ cKa- 
cTTOv Tcov yevoiievcov de\ ovTcog ely^^ev wa^Tc e^ dvdyKrjg yeve- 
crOai. ^'O re yap d\rj0co9 elirc ti9 otl ecTTai, ou^ oiov re iivj 
yevecrOai' Ka\ to yLvoixevov dXrjOeg ^v eiTreiv de\ otl ecrTai. 

ti lEti Srj TavTa dSvvaTa — opcoiiev yap otl ccttlv cip-^rj tcov 
eaoiJLevcov Ka\ dird tov /SovXevea-Oai kol diro tov irpdt^aL tl, 
Ka\ oTi oXft)? ecTTiv ev tol9 ixrj aeJ evepyovcTL t6 SvvaTOv eivaL 



y vndp^fiv A.B. 2 eorat ds avpiov C. * avpiov om. B.C. 

^ Xfyopevatv post ois Ka66\ov C. ^ (Kaara C. ^ avTOV C. ® ovbfv 
fortasse pr. A. ^ ou C. ? KaTat^avOrjvai »} dno(f)av$fjvai A.B.C. 

^ T(o om. A.B. 



9. nEPI EPMHNETA2. 47 

Kal fjit] ojuLOico^' €v oh aiuL(p(o evSe-^^^erai, Ka\ to elvai Kal to jur] 
eivai, wcTTe Kal to yeveaSai Kai to /x^ yevea-Oai, KaJ TroXXa 12 
^juiiv StjXd ecTTiv oi/TO)? e-^ovTa, otov oti tovtI to limdTiov Sv- 
vaTOv ecTTL SiaTfJLrjOrjvat Kal ov SiaTjULijOycreTai, aXX' ejULTrpo- 
aOev KaTaTpilSiicreTai, ^O/ulolco? Se Ka\ to /ULrj SLaTjULrjOrjvai 
SvvaToV ov yap ^ dv virrjpye to ejULTrpocrOev avTO KaTaTpL- 
fi^vaL, e^iye jULrj SvvaTOV rjv to ^ jULrj SLaTjULrjOrjvai. ^'Qcrre Ka\ 13 
ctt), twv aWwv yevearecDV, oa-ai /cara Svva/uLiv XeyovTaL Trjv 
TOLavTrjv, ^avepov apa otl ou^ airavTa e^ avayKr]^ ovt^ 
ea-Tiv ovT€ ylveTaL, aXkd Ta ixev oiroTep^ eTV^e, Kal ovSev 
/ULaWov rj KaTd(j)aa-i9 rj rj diro^paa-LS dXrjOrj^, Td Se /uLaXXov 
lULev KOL o)? eTTf TO TToXv OdTepov, ov juLrjv d\X evSe^eraL yeve- 
cOaL Ka\ OdTepov, OdTcpov Se iJLrj, 

To jjiev ovv elvaL to bv OTav ri, Ka\ to fJLrj bv jULrj eivaL OTav 14 
fjLrf rj, dvdyKrj' ov /uLrjv ovTe to bv dirav dvayKr] eivai ovTe to 
fjLrj ov jULrj etvaL. Ov ydp TavTov eaTL to ov dirav eivaL e^ 
dvdyKr]<5 oTe ccttl, kol to aTrXo)? eivaL e^ dvayKrj^, ^0/ulolo)9 
Se Ka\ CTrJ tov fxr] OVT09. Kat eir\ t^9 dvTL(j)da-ea)9 6 avTO^ 
\6y09, lEitvaL jULev rj juLr} eivai dirav dvayKrj, Ka\ ea-ecrOal ye 
t] ixt]' ov jUievTOi SLeXovTa ye elirelv OaTcpov dvayKaiov, A^eyoo 15 
^e otov dvdyKrj jmev ea-ea-OaL vavfj-a^^Lav avpiov rj /uLrj ea-eaOaL, 
ov ™ fJLevTOL ecrea-Oal ye avpLov " vavfJiayLav dvayKaiov ovSe juir] 
yeveaOaL' yevea-OaL fievTOL r} fjLrj yevea-Oai dvayKalov, ^'Qctt 
€7re\ 6fiOLC09 ° 01 \6yoi d\r]0ei9 wcrirep Ta irpayfJLaTa, Srj\ov 
OTL P ocra OVTC09 eyeL axrre oiroTep* ^Tvye Ka\ TavavTia evSe- 
•^ea-Oai, ^ dvdyKrj ofiotcog e^efi/ Ka\ Trjv dvTicpaarLV, ^'Oirep 
avfJL^alveL eir^ tol^s fJ^h de\ ova-LV ^rjfxr] de\ firj ovotlv, T^ovt(x)v 16 
•yajO dvayKr] fxev OaTepov fJLopLOV Trj^ dvTL(pacr€C09 d\r]0e9 etvat 
r] ^ \j^evoo9, ov fjLevTOL Tod€ r] Tooe aAA ^ oiroTep eTvye, Kai 
fJLaWov fJLev d\r]Or] Trjv eTepav, ov fievTOi rjSrj d\r]Orj rj yfrevS^. 



^ av om. pr. A. ^ alterum nf) corr. A. ™ ye post fxfvroi C. 

" dvayKalov vavfia\iav C. ^ ol Xoyoi 6/xoi<uy C. P onoaa C. 

1 o/xoias dvayKT] C. ^' tj fir) df\ ixrj ovaiv om. A. ^ yJAfvdei A. 

* OTTOTfpOV li. 



48 nEPI EPMHNEIAS. De Interp. 

^*'QcrTe SfjXov ori ovk civayKr] Trdcrrjg Karac^da-ews Ka\ diro- 
cj)d(T€a)<f TftJi/ dvTiK€iiuL6PCov Tr]v /UL€V dXrjQrj Tr]v Se yp^evSfj ctvai' 
ov yap wairep eiTL twv ovtwv, ovTm eyei Ka\ ein. tcov /uLrj 
ovTO)v ^ /uLev SvvaTCov Se eivat f] jULrj elvai, aXX' wa-irep e'ipr]Tai. 
lO ""ETrel ^e e(TTL tl KaTa tlvo9 rj KaTd(paG-i9 <Tr]iuLaLvov(ra, 
TOVTO ce ecTTLV * r] ovofia r] TO avcovviuLov, €V ce oei eivai KaL 
KaO^ evog to ev Trj KaTacpdcreL (^ t6 Se ovojULa e'ipr]TaL Ka). to 
dvcovvfJLOv TrpoTepov to ydp ovk dvOpcoTrog ovo/uLa /xei/ ov 
\eyco aW aopL(TTOv ovofxa' ev yap ircog arrj/ULaLveL Kal to 
dopLtTTOV cocTTTep Kal To ou^ vyLaiveL ov prjjua dW dopLCTTOv 
prjjULa), ecTTaL Tracra KaTa(pa(Ti9 Kal dirocpacTL^ r] e^ ovoiuLaTog 

2 Kal p^jULaTog r] e^ doplcrTOV Svo/ULaTOQ Ka\ prjiJLaTog. ^'Ai/eu ^e 
prjjjLaTog ovSe/ULia KaTd(pa(TL9 ovSe dir6(pacrL9' to ydp ccttlv r] 
€(TTaL r] rjv r] ylveraL, r] oVa dWa TOLavTa, prj/uLaTa e/c tcov 
KeLjULevcov ecTTL' 7rpO(T(Tr]iuLaLV€L ydp ^ovov. ^'QcrTe TrpcoTrj 
ecTTaL KaTa(pa(Ti9 Ka\ dirocpacrig to ccttlv avOpcoirog — ovk 
ecTTiv avOpcoTTO^i eiTa ecTTtv ovk dvOpcoTTog — ovk ecrTiv ovk dv- 
OpcoTTog, TraXLv ecTTL Tra? dvOpcoTTog — ovk €(ttl 7ra9 dvOpcoirog, 

■iecTTL Tra? ovk dvOpcoirog — ovk ccttl Tra? ovk dvOpcoirog. KaJ 
€Xf Tcov €KTO<s Se yjpovcov 6 avTO<s \6yo9. ^OTav Se to €(tti 
TpiTOv 7rpo(TKaTr]yopr]Tai, rjSr] SL-)(wg XeyovTai ai dvTiOecTeig. 
Aeyco Se otov ecTTL SiKaLog dvOpcoTTog' t6 ecTTi TptTOv (prjiM 
cTvyKelcrOaL ovoiuLa rj prjfjLa ev Tr} KaTacpdcTei. ^'QcTTe Sid tovto 
TCTTapa ecTTaL TavTa, cov Tct lULev Svo irpdg Tr]v KaTacpacTLV 
KOi dwdcpacTLv e^et Ka^d t6 cttol-^^ovv cog at crTeprjCT€Lg, Ta Se 
Svo ov. A.eyco S^ otl t6 ccttlv § tw SiKaLLp irpocTKeLcreTaL S 
TW ov SLKaltc, wcTTe Ka\ rj dnro^pacrLg. TeTTapa ovv ecTTCti. 

4 '' Noou/xej/ ^e t6 X^yoiuLevov €k tcov VTroyeypaiuLiuLevcov. ^'Ecrrt 
SiKaLog dvOpcoTTog' dir6(pacTL<s tovtov, ovk ccttl SiKaiog dvOpco- 
TTog. ^'^(TTiv ov SiKaiog dvOpcoTTog' TOVTOv aTr6<pacTL<i, ovk 
ecTTLV ov SiKaLog dvOpcoTTog. To ^ajO ecrTiv evTavOa Ka\ to 

V y^evb?} elvai (ocrre A. ^ ^eV om. C. et pr. A.B. ^ t) ante 

^vofia om. C. y To d€ — Ka\ to\ editi plerique ri fie — Ka\ tI. z vo(o- 

]l€V C. 



lo. nEPI EPMHNE1A2. 49 

ovK eoTTL Toj SiKaitp ^irpocTKeLcreTai Ka\ tw ov CLKaia). lavTa 
/uLev ovv, wairep ev tol9 ^ AvaXvTiKOL^ XeyeTai, ovtm TeTaKTai, 
^OfjLolm Se e-)(€L KOLV KaOoXov tov 6v6jUiaT09 fi ^ KaTa<pacrL9,5 
OLOv 7ra9 €(ttIv av6pomo9 SLKaLO^- "* A7r6<paa-L9 tovtov, ov Trdg 
ecT^v avOpco7ro9 SlKaiog. Ila? eaTlv av0p(jcnro9 ov SiKaio? — ov 
Tra? ecrrlv avOpwirog ov SLKaiog. TIXt]v ov-^ oniolm ra? KaTa 
SLOLfxeTpov evSeyeraL ^ crvvaXrjOeveLv' evSe-^^cTai Se iroTe. Av-6 
Tai jULev ovv Svo ^ avTLKeivTai, aXKaL Se " Svo Trpo^ to ovk av- 
0po37ro9 009 v7roKeiiuLev6v tl ^ 7r pocrTeOev' ecrTL SiKaL09 ovk av- 

0pC07rO9 OVK eCTTL SLKaL09 OVK av0p(j07rO9, eCTTLV ov SUaLO^ OVK 

avOp(Jt)7ro9 — ovK ecrTLV ov SlKaio^ ovk avOpo)7ro9. TlXeLOvg Se 
TOVTOov ovK ecTOVTaL avTLOe(TeLg. Aurat ^e X^l^^^ eKelvcov av-1 
Ta\ /caO' eaura? ecrovTaL, cb? 6v6iuLaTL tw ovk avOpco^rog ^-^pco- 
/uLevaL. ""E^' oarcov Se to ecTTL /uLrj '^ dpjUL^TTeL, oTov €7r\ tov 
* vyialveL kol /SaSl^ei, eTr^ tovtoov to avTO Troiel ovtoo tlOc- 
fjLevov od<s dv el to ecTTL 7rpo(Trj7rT€TO, oiov vyialveL Trdg dv- 
Opoo7rog — ov-^ vyLalveL Trdg dvOpoo7ro?, vyLalvei Tra? ovk dvOpoo- 
TTO? — 01)-^ vyLalveL Tra? ovk dvOpoo7rog. Ov ydp ccttl to 01)8 
7ra9 dvOpooTTog Xcktcov, aX\a to ov, Trjv d7r6(pa(TLv, ^ rw dv- 
Opco7ro9 TrpocrOereov. To 'yajO Tra? ov to KaOdXov crrjiJiaLvei, 
akX OTL Ka06\ov. ArjXov Se e/c TOvSe, vyLalvcL dvOpoo7ro9 — 
ovy^ vyLalvei dvOpoo7ro9, vyLalveL ovk dvOpco7ro9 — ov-^ vyLaivei 
ovK dvOpco7ro9. TavTa yap eKelvoov S^acpepeL tS> /uLrj KaOdXov 
^ elvaL. ^'QcTTe to Tra? "^ rj ovSeh ovSev dWo 7rpo(Tcrr]/uLaLveL rj 9 
OTL Ka06\ov Tov 6v6iuLaT09 rj KarafpacrLv r] d^rdcpacTLv. Ta ^e 
dWa ra avTa Sel 7rpo(TTiO€vaL. 

HiTrei oe evavTLa a7ro(pacrL9 e(TTi Trj aTrav ecrTi (^wov cl- 10 
KaLOv rj G-r]jULaLvov(Ta OTi ovSev ecrTi 'Cfiov SUaLov, avTai fJLcv 
(pavepov OTL ovSe^roTC ecrovTai ovtc d\r]0€L9 a/ULa ovTe e7r\ 
Tov avTOv, ai Se dvTiKel/uLevaL TavTaL9 e^TOVTal iroTe, olov ov 

a irpoa-KeicTfTaL ante ravTa C. ^ a-vvaKrjBeveo-Bai B. ^ dpTiKeiTai B. 
d 8vo om. A. 6 Trpoo-Tedev corr. A.B, irpoo-TeOiVTos C. ^ eorti/ — 

avdpoiTTos om. C. S Trpoo-xpoifJievaL B. ^ e<Papp.6TT€t A. ^ vyiaiveiv 
Koi ^adi^eiv C. *^ ra> dvBpmrrco C. ^ elvai om. B.C. ^ fj firjdels 

B, »7 t6 p,r]8e\s C. 

VOL. I. B 



50 nEPI EPMHNEIA2. De Interp. 

iiTrav ^(pov SiKaiov Kal €<tti ti X>VOv SiKaiov. ^ AkoXovOouo-i Se 
avTai, Trj /JL€V Tra? avOpa^iro^ ov SiKaio? ecTTiv rj ovS€t<; ecTTiv 
avOpwjTO^ SiKato^, Trj Se ccttl Ttg avOpwiro^ StKaio? ^ avTtKct- 
fievtj oTi ov Tra? avOpooirog ^ ea-Tiv ov StKato9' avdyKrj yap 

i^ieival Ttva. ^avepov Se ° Kal otl €7r\ /ULev toov KaO^ ^ cKacTTOv, 
€1 aXrjOh epWTrjOevTa a7ro(pt](Tai, otl Kal KaTaipijarat aXrjOeg' 

'3 ofov apd ye ^coKpaTrjg cro(p69 ', ov. ^coKpaTrj^ dpa ov crocpog. 
^EttJ Se Twv KaOoXov ovk dXrjOrj^ ^ OfJLOiOi)? XeyojUievi], dXrjOrj^ 
Se ri dirocpacTi^i otov apa ye Trdg dvOpcoTrog crocpo^', ov. JJdg 
dpa dvOpcjOTTog ov cT0(p6<s' tovto ydp -^evSois. ^ AXXd to ov 
TTct? dpa dvOpoo7ro9 cTOCpdg dXrjOeg' avTrj Se ecTTtv rj dvTtKei- 



/mevr], eKetvrj Se rj evavTia. 



14 At Se KaTd ra ddptcTTa dvTiKetimevaL ovofxaTa Ka\ pi^jULaTa, 
oiov eirl Tov jULrj dvOpooTTog Ka\ /uLtj StKaio9, oocnrep aTrocpdcTetg 
dvev ovdjULaTog koi prjfjLaTO^ ^ S6c,etav dv etvat. Ovk etcTi Se' 
dei ydp dXrjOevetv dvdyKrj rj yjrevSecTOaL Tr]V dTrdcpacrLV, 6 S^ 
eliroov ovK dvOpoo7ro9 ovSev /xdXXov tov ^ ei7r6vT09 dvOpooirog 
aXXa Kai ^ttov rjXrjOevKe tl r] eyjrevcTTai, edv /UL^Tt TrpocTTeOfj. 

15 ^rj/uLatvet Se to ccttl irdg ovk dvOpoo7ro9 SUato^ ovSejULia eKetvoov 
TavTOv, ovSe r] dvTtKet/uLevr] Tainrr] rj ovk ecTTt Tra? ovk dvOpui- 
7ro9 SiKato9' To Se 7rd<s ov SiKato9 ovk dv0p(j07ro9 T(p ovSeh Si- 
Kai09 ovK dvOpoo7ro9 TavTov crrjjuLatvet. 

16 M.eTaTtOeiUL€va Se Td ovdjULaTa koi ra prjiJLaTa TavTOV (Tri- 
jULatvet, otov ecTTt XevK09 dvOpoo7ro<s, ccttlv dvOpoo7ro9 XeuACo?. 
Ef ydp /uLr] tovt6 ccttl, tov avTOv TrXeiovg ecrovTaL a^rocpa- 
CTeL9. ""AXX' eSeSetKTO oTt /jLia /JLtd^. Toi/ /JLev yap ccttl Xev- 
Kog dvOpoo7ro9 d7r6(pacTi9 to ovk €Cttl XevKog av0poo7ro9' tov 
Se ecTTiv dvOpoo7T09 XevK6<s, el /JLr/ r/ avTrj ccttl TJj ecTTi XevKO^ 
dvOpoo7ro9, ecTTaL d^rdcpacTL^ rJTOL to ovk ecTTLV ovk dvOpoo7ro9 

i7Xev/co9 17 To ovK ecmv ^ dvOpoo7ro9 XevKdg. ""AXX* ^ erepa /lev 
ecTTLV d7r6(pacri9 tov ccttlv ovk dvOpoo7ro9 XevKog, r] erepa Se 
Tov ecTTL XevKog dvOpoo7ro9, oocTTe ecrovTaL Svo /Aid^. *'Otl /jlcv 

^ ea-rlv ante avBpcoTTOs C. " Kal om. C. P €KaoTa B. R 86^€i€V 
A.B.C. ^ flnovTOs om. B.C. ^ \(vk6s av6pa>7ros A. 



II. nEPI EPMHNEIA2. 51 

ovi/ /uLeraTiOeiuievov tov opojiiaTog Kal tov p^/uLaTog rj ai^T^ •y^'- 
veraL KaTacpacrig Ka\ a7r6(pa<ri9, SrjXov, 

To ^e €J^ KaTa ttoWwv 37 TroXXa KaO^ €P09 KaTa(pavai tj II 
aTTOCpavai, eav jULrj ev tl ^ to €K toov 'ttoXXwv SrjXovjuLevov, ovk 
€(TTL KaTd(pa(TL9 jULLa ovSe a7r6(pa<TL9. A.iyco Se ev ovk eav 
ovojuLa ^ev ^ KeL/ULevov, /ULt] ^ Se ev tl e^ eKeivcov, oiov 6 avOpa)- 
7ro9 fVo)? ecTTl Koi ^wov Kal Slirovv Kal rjjuLepov, aWa Kal ev 
TL yiveTaL ck tovtcoV €k Se tov \evKOv kol tov avOpcoirov 
KaL Tov pacileLV ov^ ev. 11(TT€ ovt eav ev tl KaTa tovtcov 2 
KaTa(p^(Tr] tl9 juLLa KaTa(pa(TL<s, aWa (pcovrj fxev jULia KaTa- 
(pa(TeL9 Se TroWal, ovTe eav KaO^ evog TavTa, aXX' ojuoicog 
TToWaL. Ei ovv r) epcoTr](TL9 rj SLaXeKTLKrj a7roKpL(Tecog ccttlv 
aLTr}(TL<s, ri Trjg irpoTaarecog rj OaTepov /ULopiov Trjg avTL(pacreco9, 
rj Se irp^Ta^TLg avTL(pa(Teco9 ^jULiag /UL^pLOv, ovk av e^lrj a7r6KpL(TL9 
jULLa 7rp6s TavTa' ovSe yap rj €pcoTr](Ti9 juiia, ovS^ eav rj aXrj- 
O.rjg. ^'IprjTaL Se ev TO19 To7rLKoh 7repl avTcov. ^' A/xa Se SrjXov 3 
OTi ovSe To TL ecTTLV €pcoTrj(TL9 e(TTL SLa\eKTLKrj' Sel yap SeS6- 
crOai €K Trjg epcoTrj^Tecog eXe^TOai o^r^Tepov /SovXeTaL Trjg olvtl- 
(paa-eco9 /uL^pLOv a7r ocprjvao-OaL. ""AXXa Sel tov epcoTcovTa 7r pocT- 
SiopLcrai 7r6Tepov T^Se c^ttIv 6 avOpcoTTog rj ov tovto. 

^l^Trei Se tol jULev KaTrjyopeiTaL (TvvTLOejULeva, C09 ev to 7rav /^ 
KaTrjy^prjfjLa tcov X^^P^^^ KaTrjyopov/ULevcov, to. S^ ov, tl9 rj S^a- 
(popa ; KaTa yap tov avOpco7rov aXrjOh el^reiv Ka\ xcoplg 
X^wov Ka\ XCiop'-^ Sl^tovv, Ka\ TavTa o)? ev, Ka\ avOpcoTTOv Ka\ 
\€vk6v, Ka\ TavO^ cog ev. ""AXX' ov-^l, ei crKVTevg kol aya06g, 
Ka\ cTKVTevg aya06g. Et yap, otl cKaTepov aXrjOeg, elvaL Sel 
Koi TO cTvvaiuLCpco, -TroXXa Ka\ aroTra ecTTai. Kara ^yajO tov s 
avOpcoTTOv Ka\ to avOpco7ro9 aXrjOh Ka\ to \€vk6v, co(tt€ Ka\ 
To a7rav. Tla\LV el to \€Vk6v aOro, Ka\ t6 a^rav, w(TTe e(TTaL 
avOpco7ro9 \evK09 \evK6g, Ka\ tovto eig a^reLpov. Ka^ 7ra\iv 
IJ.ov(TLK09 \€Vk69 /BaSl^cov Ka\ TavTa 7ro\\aKL9 ^re^r^eyjuLeva 
^€19 cLTreLpov. ^'Et£ ei 6 ^coKpaTrjg ^coKpaTrjg Ka\ avOpco7rog, 

* iv ante rj om. C. ^ fxias ea-rl ixopiop C. "^ els aneipov om. 

B.C. 

K 2 



5^ nEPl EPMHNEIA2. De Interp. 

Kai ^^(OKpdrtjg ^coKpdrrjg avOpwiro^s. KaJ el avOptairo^ Ka\ 
SiTrovg, Ka) y ai/0p(j07ro9 avOpwiro^ SiTrov^. 

6 ^'Oti fJLev ovv €L Tt? dirXm (piicret Ta9 aviuLTrXoKag ylvecrdai, 
TToXXa (rv/iL/3aiv€L XeyeLv aroTra, SrjXov otto)? Se Oereov, Xe- 
yo^ev vvv. lcov Srj KaTtjyopovjUievcov, Kal e<^' oh KaTtjyopei- 
aOai crvjUiPaiveL, oVa jmev XeyeTai KaTcc (rv/uL^el3r]K09 ^ KaTo, 
Tov avTOv rj OaTepov /cara OaTepov, raura ovk ecTTaL ev, olov 
avOpco7ro<f XevKog c^ttl Ka\ juLov^riKO?, aXX' ou^ ev to Xcvkov 

7 Ka\ TO jULOvcriKov' (rvjULJSelSriKOTa ydp ajUL<pco rw avTw. OvS^ ei 
TO XevKov [JLOva-LKov dXtjOh eiTreiv, ofJLcog ovk ^e^rrai to jULov^ri- 
Kov XevKov ev tl' /cara crv/UL^ePrjKO^ yap to iulov^tlkov XevKOv, 

COCTTe OVK eCTTaL TO ^XeVKOV /ULOV^TLKOV eV TL. AlO OvS^ ^O (TKV' 

Tev9 ctTrXw? a*ya0o9, aXXa ^woi/ Slttovv ov ydp /cara crvjUL- 
S^e^rjKog. *'ETt ovS^ ocra evvirdpyeL ev tw eTepco. Alo ovt€ 
TO XevKov 7roWaKL9 ovt€ 6 ^ dvOpcoTTO? dvOpcoiro<s X^(f)dv €cttlv 
rj SlttovV evvirdpyeL ydp ev tw dvOpco7r(p to ^(pov Ka\ to Sl- 
TTOvv, ^AXrjOh Se ecTTLv elirelv KaTa tov TLvdg Ka\ aTrXcog, 
OLov Tov TLva dvOpooTTov dvOpco7rov rj Tov TLva XevKOv avOpco- 
TTOv ^ dvOpco7rov XevKOV ovk de^ Se, aXX' OTav fxev ev T(p 
^ 7r pocrKeLiuL€V(i) Tcov dvTiK€LiJL€vcov TL evv^Tap'^)] w €7reTaL aVTL' 
(pacTL^, ovK aXijOeg aXXa y^evSo^, otov ^ tov TeOvecoTa dvOpco- 
9 7rov dvOpco7rov ei^reiv, OTav Se jULrj evvTrdpy^rj, dXrjOi^. ^^H OTav 
IUL€V €vv7rap-)(^rj, de\ ovk aXrjOe^, OTav Se jULrj evv7rap-)(rj, ovk aei 
dXrjOe^, (jO(r7r€p^'OjULtjp69 e(TTi tl, oIov ^roLrjTrj^. ^A^' ovv Kai 
ecTTiv, rj ov ', /caTa cTviJL^e^rjKd^ ydp KaTtjyopeLTai ^tov 
^Ojjirjpov To ecTTiV ^' oTi ydp 7roLrjTrj<i ecmv, aXX' ov KaO^ 
lo avTO, KaTrjyopeiTaL ^ /caTa TOv^OiJ.rjpov to €(ttlv. ^'Qg-T€ ev 
6(TaL9 KaTrjyopLaL9 jutjTe evavTioTrjg evecTTiv, eav XoyoL avT 
ovojULaTcov XeycovTaL, kol KaO^ eavTa KaTrjyoprJTaL Ka\ juLrj KaTa 
cTviJ.^e^rjK6<s, €7r\ tovtcov to t\ Ka\ d^rXwg dXrjOh ecTTaL eL^relv. 

^ alterum "S.oaKpa.Trjs om. A.B. y alterum avBpanos om. A.B. et 

Corr. C. 2 €a-Ti C. * Xcvkop Koi p.ova^iKov B. "6 om. C. 

c alterum avOpaynos om. B. '^ avdpamov Ka\ Xcvkov C. ^ TrpoKfi- 

pev(o pr. C. ^ Tov om. pr. C. S tov] Kara tov C. ^ oti — t6 

iCTTiv om. pr. C. * Kora om. margo C. 



12. nEPI EPMHNE1A2. 53 

o oe />t)7 oj/, OTf Oo^ao-Toj/, Of/c aXrjve^ enreiv ov ri co^a 
yap ^avTOv ovk ea-riv otl ea-Tiv^ aXX' otl ovk ecTTiv. 

±ovTO)v Se ^LddpLCTfxevodv crKeTTTeov OTTft)? e^^ova-LV ai airo- 1 2 
(pa(TeL9 KOL KaTa<pdareL9 irpog oXXi^Xag ai tov SvvaTov eivai 
KOi /jLrj SvvaTOv Kal evSe^^o/mevov Kal /uLrj evSe-^ojuLevov, Ka\ irepl 
Tov aSvvoLTOv T6 Ka\ avayKalov' eyeL yap airopiag Tivdg* 
Ei yap Tcov aviiiirXeKoiULevcov avTUL aX\^\aL9 avTLKCLVTaL av-'^ 
TLCpda-eL?, oa-aL KaTo, to elvai Kal fxri eivai TaTTOVTaL, oTov 
Tov elvaL avOpcoTrov a7r6(paa-L? to /ULr] elvai avOpcoTrov, ov t6 
elvaL lULrj avOpcoirov, Kal tov elvaL XevKov avOpMirov to /ul^ etvai 
XevKov avOpcoTTOv, aXX' ov to eivaL jULrj \evKov avOpwTrov. Et 3 
yap KaTOL TravTog rj /caTct^acrf? rj rj a7r6(paa-L9, t6 t,^\ov ea-Tai 
a.\i]0e9 elirelv elvaL /ULrj \evK6v avOpwirov. Et *^e tovto ovtco?, 
KaL oa'0L<5 TO eivaL /ULrj irpocrTLOeTaL, to avTO iroLrja^eL to dvT\ 
Tov elvaL \ey6iuLevov, ofov tov dvOpcoTrog /SaSi^ei ov t6 ovk 
dvOpcoTTog /BaSl^eL aTro^ao-f? eorTaL, dWd t6 ov /3aSL^eL dv- 
OpcoTTog' ovSev ydp S^acpepeL eLirelv dvOpooirov /BaSi^eLV ^ 
dvOpcoTTOv /BaSl^ovTa etvai. ^'Qa-Te el ovTCog TravTayov, Ka\4 
Tov SvvaT^v elvai diroipaa^ig ea-Tai t6 SvvaT^v lULtj elvai, aXX' 
ov t6 jULrj SvvaT^v elvaL. AoKei Se t6 auTO Svvaa-Oai Ka\ elvai 
Ka\ /ULrj eivaL' Trdv ydp t6 SvvaT^v TejULvearOai rj /BaSl^eiv kol 
fjLrj ^aSll^eLv Ka\ jULrj Tejxvea-OaL SvvaTov. A.6yo<s Se, otl diravS 
t6 ovtco SvvaT^v ovk de\ evepyel, coa-TC VTrdp^ei avTw Ka\ rj 
dirocpaa-L^' SvvaTai ydp Ka\ fxrj /BaSl^eLv t6 (3aSLa-TLK6v Ka\ 
jULrj opdarOaL t6 opaTdv. "^ AXXa liurjv dSvvaTOv /caTa toi; avTov 
d\rjOeveorOaL Ta? dvTLKeLjuLevag (paa-eLg' ovk dpa tov SvvaT^v 
eivai dir6(paa-L9 ea-TL t6 SvvaT^v fJLrj elvai. ^vfjL^aiveL ydp e/c6 
TOVTCov rj To avTO (pavaL Ka\ diro(pavaL djuLa kol KaTa tov 
avTOv, rj fjLrj KaTa t6 eivai Ka\ juLrj eivaL Ta Trpoa-TLOejULeva yl- 
vea-OaL (paa-eL9 Ka\ diro(paa-ei9. Ei ovv eKelvo dSvvaTOv, tovt 
av eLrj aLpeTov. rjo-TLV apa airo(paa-L9 Tov ovvaTov ^^eivaL to 
firj SvvaT^v elvai. ''O S^ auro? \6y09 Ka\ irep\ tov evSe)(6fjL€vov 1 

^ avTov €(TTiv ov\ oTi B. ^ 8f) C ^ clvai, dXX' ovx)- rn dvvarov 

fxfj eivai. 'O C. 

E 3 



54 nEPl EPMHNEIAS. De Inteep. 

eii/ai' Ka\ yap tovtov aTrocpaa-ig to juLtj ev^e^^ojjLevov efvai. 
Ka« eirl tcov aWcov Se oimoiOTpoTrci)^, olov avayKaiov re Kal 
aSvvaTOV. TiveTai yap wcnrep eir* cKelvwv t6 etvai koi to 
/jLtj eivai 7rpocr6e<TeL9, Ta o UTro/ce/yuera Trpdy/ULaTa t6 fxev 
\evK6v TO ^' av6po)7ro£, ovtcos evTav6a t6 /iiev etvai ^ Kai jULrj 
etvai 0)9 ® VTTOKeliuLevov ylverai, t6 Se Svvaar6aL Ka\ t6 evSey^e- 
(r6aL irpocr^ecrei^ Siopl^ovcrai, cocrirep e7r' eKelvoov t6 elvaL ^kol 
IJLfj elvaL, t6 a\r]6€S Kal t6 ylrevSog, ojULOicog avTaL eirl tov 
SeivaL SvvaT^v Kal elvaL ov SvvaTOv. Tov Se SvvaTov fxrj eivai 
cLTTOipacrig ^ ov t6 ov SvvaT^v elvai, aXXa t6 ov SvvaT^v ^ /uLtj 
elvai, ^Kal tov Svvot^v elvaL ov ^t6 SvvaT^v /uLr] elvaL, aXXa 
t6 fJLr} SvvaT^v elvaL. Al6 kol aKo\ov6eLV dv ^ So^eLav aXX?}- 
\aL9 ^al Tov SvvaT^v elvai Kal SvvaT^v /ULr] eivaL' t6 ydp 
auTO SvvaT^v elvaL Kal /jly} elvaL' ov yap dvTL(pacrei9 a\\ri\wv 
al ToiavTaL, ^t6 SvvaT^v elvaL Ka\ SvvaT^v ixri elvai. ""AXXa 
t6 SvvaT^v elvaL Ka\ jULr] SvvaT^v elvaL ovSeiroTe eTrJ tov avTOv 

gdiuLa d\r]6evovTaL' ^dvTLKeLVTaL ydp. OvSe ye t6 SvvaT^v [jLrj 
elvaL KOL ov SvvaT^v fJLrj elvaL ovSeiroTe djULa eTrl tov avTOv 
d\r]6evovTaL. ''OjuLOioy^ Se Kai tov dvayKalov elvai diroipaa-Lg 
ov t6 dvayKaiov jULr] elvaL, aXXa to ixrj dvayKaiov eivaL' tov 

10 Se dvayKaiov lULrj elvaL t6 lULrj dvayKaiov lULrj elvaL. Kat tov 
dSvvaTov eivaL ov t6 dSvvaTOv ixrj eivaL, aXXa to lULrj aSvvaTOv 
elvaL' Tov Se dSvvaTOv jULrj elvai t6 ovk dSvvaTOv jul^ eivai. 
KaJ Ka66\ov Se, wa"7rep e^prjTaL, t6 fJLev elvai Ka\ firj elvai Sel 
TL^evaL 0)9 Ta viroKeiiJ.eva, KaTacpaa-LV Se Ka\ dirocpacrLV TavTa 
TTOiovvTa TTjOO? To elvaL Ka\ fJLrj elvaL a-vvTaTTeLv. Kal TavTa9 
o'iecr6aL yjprj elvai Tct? dvTiK€Lfi€va9 (j)dar€L9, SvvaT6v'—'0v Svva- 
ToV, evSeyofxevov — ovk evSe^6fji.evov, dSvvarov — ovk aSvvaTOV, 
dvayKaiov — ovk dvayKaiov, d\r]6€9 — ovk a\rj6e9' 

3 Ka) ^al dKo\ov6jicreL9 Se Ka^d \6yov ylvovTaL ovtco TL6e- 

" KoX t6 ]if} C. o vnoKfifJLeva C. P /cot t6 fif] 0. ^ oi) t6 — 

dWa om. B.C. r fifi elvai] fif) elvai, dXX' ovx^i t6 ov BvvaTOV elvai C. 

'^ Ka\ Tov — fxf} bvvaT6v tlvai om. B.C. *■ ro] t6 ov A. "^ 86^ft€V 

xV.H. w cii — fifj elvai om. A.B. ^ t6 — fif) elvai om. B.C. y dvri- 
KfiTui C. z al om. C. 



13. nEPl EPMHNEIA2. S5 

fxevoi^' Tw /ULev yap ^ SvvaTou eivai to evSeyea-Qai elvai, Kal 
TOVTO cKelvcp avTi<TTpe<pei, Kal to /uLt] aSvvaTOV eivai Kai to 
jULfj avayKaiov elvai' tw Se ^ SvvaTOv fJLrj etvai Kal "ei/^e^o- 
fxevov /ULr} etvai to jULr] avayKalov lULtj elvai Ka\ to ovk aSvvaTOV 
jULt] elvai, T(p Se jULr] SvvaTOV elvai koi /j.r] ^evSe-^oiJLevov eivai to 
CLvayKaiov jULrj etvai koI to aSvvaTOv etvat, tw Se iJ.rj ^SvvaTOV 
fxri etvai Ka\ /uLtj ^ evSey^o/uLevov jULt] etvai to avayKaiov elvai Kai 
TO aSvvaTOv /uLr] etvai. QeoypeLO-Oco Se eK Trjg VTToypacprjg 6)9 2 
Xeyofxev. 

^SvvaTov etvai ov SvvaTov etvai 

evSe-^^o/uLevov etvai ovk evSeypfJLevov elvat 

ovK aSvvaTOV etvat aSvvaTov eivat 



ovK avayKaiov eivat avayKaiov /uLt] etvai 

^vvaTov jULrj eivai 



SvvaTOV tJLh etvat ov SvvaTOV fxr] eivat 



evSeyofxevov firj eivat ovk evSeyofievov firj eivat 

ovK aSvvaTOv fxrj etvat aSvvaTOV fxrj eivat 

ovK avayKaiov fJLrj etvat avayKaiov eivat 
To fiev ovv aSvvaTOv KOt ovk aSvvaTOv T(S evSe-)(OfJLev(p Ka\3 
SvvaTw Ka\ ovK evSeyofxevw Ka\ firj SvvaTw aKoXovOei fxev ai/- 
TicpaTiKwg, avTecTTpafJLfJLevm Se' tw fiev yap ^ SvvaTOV eivat ^ 
a7r6(pa<ri9 tov olSvvoltov SaKoXovOei, Trj Se airocpacret rj KaTa- 
cba(Tt9' T(p yap ov ^ SvvaTov etvai to aSvvaTOv etvat' Aca- 
T(x(j)a(Tt9 yap to aSvvaTOv etvat, to S^ ovk aSvvaTOv ^ eivai 
a7r6(pa(Tt9. To S^ avayKatov ttw?, OTTTeov. ^avepov Srj oTt4 
ov-^ oi/Tft)? ^X^h aXX' ai evavTiat eirovTat' at S^ avTtcpacreig 
yjMpU. Ov yap e(TTiv a7r6(pa(Tt9 tov avayKrj fxrj eivat to ovk 
avayKr] etvat' evSe-^eTat yap aXrjOeve^rOat €7rf tov ovtov afx- 
(poTepag' to yap avayKaiov fxrj eivat ovk avayKatov eivat. 
A.'iTtov Se Tov fxr] cLKoXovOeiv ^TO avayKatov ofxotcog T0195 

a Svvara A.B.C. ^ eVSfXOj^eVo) A.B.C. c tvvarov pr. C: corr. 

cum A.B. bvvara. d evbexo^ievcoi A.B. e hsec ut nunc sunt, 

recentior manus in margine A.B.C. disposuit : antiqua eodem te- 
nore dwarov dvai, ivbexofievov ehai — ov< avayKalov nfj elvai, ov dvvarov 
elvaL, ovK €v8. — dvayKa2ov eivai. ^ dvvara A.B.C. S aKoXovBel 

om. B.C. b 8vvaTa A.B.C. ^ alterum elvat om. B.C. ^ ^6 

dvayKatov om. B. et pr. C. 

K4 



S6 nEPI EPMHNE1A2. Di: Interp. 

€Tepoi9, OTi €i/avTim To aSvvaTou tc5 avayKaiaj aTroSlSoTai, 
To avTO SuvdjUL€i/ov. Et yap aSvvaTov elvai, avayKaiov tovto 
^ ovK etvai aWa jULrj etvar el Se aSvvaTOV /uirj etvai, tovto 
avayKtj eivar tocrTe el CKeiva o/ULoicog tw SvvaTw Ka\ fxri, 
TavTa e^ evavTia^, eire] ov crrjiuLaiveL ye Tavrov to re aydy^ 
Kalov Kai TO dSvvaTOv, dW wcTirep e^lprjTai, dvTea-TpafjL- 

6/uL€vm- ^^H dSvvaTOV ovto)9 Keta-Oai Tag tov dvayKalov dvTi- 
(pacreig ; to /uLev yap dvay^alov etvai Svvutov etvar ei ydp 
firj, r] a7r6(pa(ri9 dKoXovdrjaer dvayKrj ydp ^37 (pdvai rj dTro- 
(pavar (xxtt el fxr] SvvaTov elvai, dSvvaTov etvar dSvvaTOv 

1 apa eivai to dvayKaiov eivai, oirep aToirov, ""AXXct [xrjv tw 
ye SvvaTOv eivai to ovk dSvvaTOv etvai dKoXovOei, tovtm Se 
To juirj avayKalov eivar ^cTTe crv/uL^aLveL to dvayKaiov etvai 
fxrj dvayKalov eivai, oirep aTOTrov. ^AXXa iJ.rjv ovSe to dvay- 
Kaiov eivai dKoXovOei tw ^SvvaTov etvai, ovSe to dvayKaiov 
fJLrj eivar tw fxev ydp dfjL<pco evSe-^eTai orvfi/3aiV€iv, tovtwv S^ 

SoiroTepov dv d\rjOe<s ^, ovkctl ecTTai eKeiva dXrjOrj. *'Ayua ydp 
SvvaTOv eivai kol firj eivar el S^ ^ dvdyKrj etvaL rj firj etvai, ovk 
ecTTaL SvvaTov dfjL<poo. A.eLireTai tolvvv to ovk dvayKaiov firj 
eivaL dKoXovOeiv tm SvvaTOv etvcu. Tovto ydp aXrjOeg Ka\ 

gKaTd Tov dvayKalov eivai. Kat ydp avTrj ylveTaL dvTL(pacrL<s 
Trj eirofJievrj tm ov ^ SvvaTOv eivar €K€lvu> ydp dKoXovOel to 
dSvvaTOV etvai kol dvayKaiov firj etvaL, ov rj dird^acTLfi to ovk 
dvayKalov p.rj etvaL. ^ A.ko\ovOov(tl ^t€ dpa Kai auTai al dv- 
TL(j)acTeL9 KaTa tov eiprjfievov TpoTrov, Kal ovSev dSvvaTOV 
(TVfx^aLveL TLOefJLevcov OVTC09. 

10 "" A.iroprjcT€L€ S^ dv tl9 ei tw dvayKalov etvaL to SvvaTov 
eivai eireTaL. Et Te ydp fJLrj eireraL, rj dvTi(pa(ri9 dKo\ou- 
OrjcTeL, TO fJLrj SuvaTOv eivar kol ei tl9 ^ TavTrjv fxrj (prjcreLev 
eivaL dvTL(pacTLV, dvayKrj \eyeiv ^ to SvvaTov firj eivar direp 

11 dfKpco ylrevSrj KaTa tov dvayKalov ^ etvaL. ^AXXa fjLrjv TraX»/ 

^ ovxi B.C. ™ ^ antc cjxivai om. C. " Bvvarai A.B. " dvdyio] 
fj flvai C. P dvvaToyi A.B. ^ re om. C. et COrr. A. ^ ]if] 

TavTTjv C. ^ post To (leletum aliquid B. * ilvai <bot6 tw dvay- 

Kulov eivai to dvvaTov eiTfTai. 'AXXa C. 



13- nEPI EPMHNEIAS. ^y 

To avTO ^eivai SoKei SvvaTOv TefivecrOaL Kal fxrj TejULvea-OaL Kal 
eivaL Kal jULr] eivaL, wcTTe ecTTaL to avayKalov eivaL evSej^o/uLevov 
/JLV} etvaL' TovTO Se yjrevSog, ^avepov Srj otl ov irav to Svva- 
Tov rj eivaL rj /SaSl^eLV Koi tol avTLKel/ULeva SvvaTai, aW ecrTLV 
€(p^ cov ovK a\ij0e9, irpwTOv jULev eTrl twv jULtj /cara \6yov Svva- 
TU)v, otov t6 TTvp Oep/ULavTiKov Kai e^ei SvvajULLV aXoyov. A/12 
lULev ovv jULeTOL \6yov Svva/uL€L9 al avTa\ 7r\eLovcov Kal tcov evav- 
TLCov, ai S^ aXoyoL ov irdcrai, aXX' cocTTrep e^prjTaL, to irvp ov 
SvvaTov Oep/uLalveLV Kal (nri, ovS* o(ra aWa evepyei aei. ^'Et/fa 
/uLevTOL ^ SvvaTaL Kal twv /cara ra? a\6yov9 Svvafxei^ a/ULa tcl 
avTLKeLjULeva Se^acrOaL. ^AXXa tovto julcv tovtov yapLV eLprj-x^ 
TaL, OTi ov Tracra Svva/uLLg toov avTiKeLiuLevcov, ovS^ o<raL \eyov- 
TaL KaTOL To avTO etSog. ^'Ej/tat ^e Svva/uLeLg ofjLcovvjULOL elcTLv. 
To •yajO SvvaTov ou^ aTrXo)? \eyeTaL, aWa to /uLev otl oXrj- 
Oeg 0)9 ^ evepyela ^ov, otov SvvaTov fiaSl^eLv otl fiaSl^eL, Kal 
oXft)? SvvaTOv etvaL otl '^Srj €(jtl /car' evepyeLav o \eyeTaL 
eivaL SvvaT^v, to Se otl evepyrjcreLev av, otov SvvaTOv etvaL 
paSiCeLV OTL ^aSla-eLev av. Kai avTrj jULev ewi T019 KLvrjTol^ 14 
€(tt\ jul6vol9 rj SvvajULLS, eKelvrj Se Kai eTrl tol9 aKLvrjTOL^. ^'AjuLCpco 
S'e a\rj0€9 elirelv to jULrj aSvvaTOv etvaL /SaSl^eLv rj etvaL, Kal to 
fiaSl^ov '^Srj ^Ka\ evepyovv Ka\ ^to /SaSLCTLK^v. To juLev ovv 15 
ovTco SvvaTov ovK a\rj0e9 KaTa tov avayKalov aTrXw? elirelv, 
OaTepov Se aXrjOeg. ^'QaTC CTref tm ev jULepeL to Ka06\ov eire- 
Tai, Tw e^ avayKrjg ovtl eireraL to SvvacrOaL etvaL, ov ^/ULevTOi 
Trdv. Kaf €(TTL Srj ap'^ ^crcog t6 avayKalov Ka\ /uLrj avayKalov 
iravTcov rj eivaL rj juLrj eivaL, Ka\ TaWa cog tovtols dKo\ovOovvTa 
eTria-KOTreiv Sei. 

^avepov Srj e/c tcov eiprjjULevcov otl t6 e^ dvayKrj^ ov KaT 16 
evepyeLav ea-TLv, cocrTe el irp^Tepa to, ^diSLa, Ka\ rj evepyeLa 
Svvafi€co9 irpoTepa. Kat Ta fxev dvev Svva/ULeco^ evepyeiai 
eLCTLv, oiov ai TrpcoTaL ovcriaL, tol Se jULeTa SvvajULeco^, a Trj fiev 

c boKti elvuL C. d ^vpavTai A.B. ^ (vepycia C. ^ ov om. 

C. et pr. A. g Ka\ To ivepyovv B. ^ to om. corr. A. ^ ficWot 
To nav corr. A. ^ l^ia ^j. Q 



58 nEPI EPMHNEIA2. De Tnteep. 

(puarei nrpoTepa rw Se yjpovoii vcrrepa, rct ^e ovSeTrore evep- 
yeial ela-LV aWa Svva/ULei? /ulovov. 
14 Horepov Se evavrla earrlv rj Karacpaa-LS Trj cnrocpdareL t] rj 
KaTa(pa(rL9 t^ KaTacpacreif Kal 6 Xoyog tm Xoycp 6 Xe^yo)!/ 
OTL 7ra9 avOpcoTTog SUaLO^ T(p ovSeh avOpooTro^ SiKaL09i ^ 37 t6 
Tra? avOpcoTTO? SUaLog tw ira^ avOpooiro^ aSLKog, olov cctti 
KaXX/a? SLKaLO<; — ovk ecrTL KaXX/a? SlKaios — KaXX/a? olSlko^ 
ecTTL' TTOTepa Sr] evavTLa tovtcov ', el yap tol /nev ev Trj (pcov^ 
oLKoXovOei T019 ev Trj SLavola, eKei Se evavTia So^a rj tov evav- 
Tiov, oiov OTL 7ra9 avOpcoTTO^ SlKaiog Trj irag avOpcoirog aSiK09, 
Ka\ eTTf Toov ev Trj (poovrj Karacpacrecov avayKtj ojulolco^ eyeLV. 

'^rjL oe fjLrj eKei rj tov evavTLOV coi^a evavTLa e<TTLV^ ^^ovde rj /ca- 
Ta(pa(rL9 Ttj KaTaCpacrcL ecrTaL evavTia, aXX rj eiprj/ULevrj axo- 
Cpa<ri9. ^'QcrTe o-KeTTTeov Trola So^a " aXrjOt]? y^evSei ° So^tj 
evavTLa, iroTepov rj Trjg cLTTOCpacrecog rj ij to evavTiov eivaL 

3 ^o^a^ouora. A.eyco Se coSe. ^'E(7Ti Tf? So^a aXrjOtjg tov 
ayaOov otl ayaOov, aWrj Se otl ovk ayaOov ^evSrj^, erepa 
Se OTL KaKov. TLoTepa Stj tovtcov evavTLa rrj oXrjOeL', Ka\ el 
ecTTL lULLa, KaO^ oiroTepav rj evavTia ; to /ULev Srj tovtco olecrOaL 
Ta<5 evavTia? So^ag copicrOaL, tS tcov evavTicov eivaL, '>^evSo<5' 
Tov yap ayaOov otl ayaOov kol tov KaKov otl KaKov rj airrrj 
/crw? KaL aArjUrjg y ecrraL, eLTe TrAeLOv^ eLTe /ULLa ecrTLV. ihvav- 
TLa Se TavTa. ""AXX' ov tm evavTLCOv eivaL evavTia, aWa 

4luLaWov Tw evavTLCo?. Et <^^ e(rTL juLev tov ayaOov otl ecrr^v 
ayaOov So^a, aWtj S^ otl ovk ayaOov, ecrTL Se aWo tl o ovy^ 
virdp^^eL ovS^ otov re virdp^aL, tcov /ULev Stj aWcov ovSe/JLiav 
t76Teov, ovT€ ocrai virap-^eiv to /ULrj virap-^ov doc^ai^ovcriv ovu 
ocraL /uLtj vTrap-)(€LV to virdpyov (aireLpOL ydp d/ULCpoTepai, Ka\ 
oa-aL virapj^eLV So^dl^ova-i to /uitj virapyov Ka\ oa-aL /ULtj virdp- 

5 -^^eiv TO vTvdpyov), aXX' ej^ ocraL^ ecrriv rj dirdTrj. AvTaL Se 
eicriv e^ cov ai yevecreL?. ^E/c tcov dvTLKei/ULevcov Se al yevecreL^, 
(joa-Te Ka\ al dirdTaL. Et ovv to dyaOov Ka\ dyaOov KaL ov 

^rj orb pr. C. m ^^^g^ C. » V^fvd^f aX»;^€t corr. B. o ho^ii C. 
P ftrrat om. C. 



14. nEPI EFMHNEIAS. 59 

KQKov ecTi, Koi TO juLev KaO^ eavTO to Se /cara crvjUL^elSrjKo? 
(a-vjUL^e/BrjKe yap avTw ov KaKw etvai), fjidWov Se eKacrTov 
aXrj6r]9 r} KaO^ ^eavTO, Kal ^evSi^^, e^iirep Ka\ aXriOi^g. ''H iuLev6 
ovv oTi ovK ay aOov to ayaOov tov KaO^ ^eavTO virap-^ovTO? 
■v|/'6u^?;?, ^ ^e Tov otl KaKov tov /cara (rvjUL/SelSrjKOS' ^'QcTTe 
jULciWov av e'ir] yjrevSrjg tov ayaOov rj Trjg aTrocpaa-eco? ^ ^ tov 
evavTLOV So^a. Aie^^evarTai Se /ULaXiarTa irepl cKaa-TOv 6 Trjv 7 
evavTiav e-^oov So^aV tol yap evavTia twv ifKela-TOv Siatpe- 
povTwv TTepl t6 ^avTO. Et ovv evavTia /uLev tovtcov rj eTepa, 
evavTicoTepa Se rj Trjg * avTKpaa-ecog, SrjXov otl avTrj av elri 
evavTLa. "^H Se tov otl KaKov to ayaOov a-vjULfreTrXeyiuLevr] 8 
earTL' Kal yap otl ovk ayaOov avayKrj 'la-co^ v7ro\a/uL/3aveiv 
Tov avTOv. hiTL oe, ^et KaL eiTL tcov aWcov ojulolco^ ceL e-^eLV, 
Kal TavTrj av So^eLe koXco? eiprja-OaL' rj yap iravTayov to Trjg 
avTL^pdarecog rj ovSajuLOv. ^^Ocrof9 ^e juli^ ea-TLV evavTia, Trepl 9 
TOVTCov ea-TL jULev ■y^evStjg rj Trj aXrjOei avTLKeLjuLevr], otov 6 tov 
avOpcoirov ovk avOpooirov oiojULevog SLe^^eva-TaL. Ei ovv aurat 
evavTLaL, Kal al oWaL al t^? avTLCpaa-ecog. ^'Eri ojULolcog e^et 10 
^ Tov dyaOov otl dyaOov Ka\ rj tov /uLrj dyaOov otl ovk dya- 
Oov, Kal TTjOO? TavTaig rj tov dyaOov otl ovk dyaOov Ka\ ^ 
Tov luLrj dyaOov otl dyaOov. T^ ovv tov fjLrj dyaOov otl ovk • * 
ayavov aArjUei ova-r} cot^ri tl9 av eiri rj evavTia , ov yap crj rj 
Xeyova-a otl KaKoV dfxa yap dv iroTe e^lij dXrjOrjg, ovSeiroTe 
Se dXrjOrj? dXrjOel evavTLa' earTL ydp tl ^ jULrj dyaOdv KaKov, 
coa-Te evSe-^eTaL ajuLa dXrjOeig eivaL. OvS^ av rj otl ov KaKov 
dXriOrig ydp kol avTr]. ^'AfjLa ydp Kai TavTa av e^lrj. A.eLire- 12 
TaL ovv Tri Tov fjLrj dyaOov ^otl ovk dyaOdv evavTia rj tov fJLrj 
dyaOov otl dyaOoV yylrevSrjg ydp avTrj. ^'Qa-Te Ka\ rj tov 
ayaOov otl ovk dyaOov Trj tov dyaOov otl dyaOov. ^avepdv 
Se OTL ovSev SLola-eL ovS^ av KaOoXov TLOcofxev Triv KaTacbaaLV 
rj yap KaOoXov dirocpaa-Lg evavTia ea-TaL, oiov Trj So^rj Trj 

q avTo C. ^ aVTO C. ^ avTo yevos. Ei C. * dTrocf^dcrcois C. 

^ €1 om. pr. C. '^ fxf) dyaOov corr. B. '^ otl — 6Vt dya66v rc. A. 

supra lituram. y dXrjdrjs A, dXrjOrjs ylf€v8r)s B. 



6o nEPI EPMHNEIA2. De Interp. 14. 

So^al^ova-rj ori 7rav o av ^ ayaOov ayaOov ia-riv ^^ ori ovSev 
^Stwv ayaOwv ayaOov. ^TL yap tov ayaOov otl ayaOov, ei 
KaOoXov To ayaOov, rj avTrj ea-Ti * t^ otl ^oav^ ay aOov 
So^a^ova")] OTL ayaOov tovto Se ovSev Siacpepei tov otl irdv 
^4o av § dyaOov dyaOov ea-TLV. *^Oiulolco9 ^ Se Kal cttI tov /mri 
ayauov. lla-Te eLirep eiTL coi^tjg ovtco9 ^X^^' ^^^' ^^ ^* ^^ '^^ 
(pwvrj KaTacpda^eig kol diro(pacreL9 a-viu/BoXa twv ev Trj '^^xf^'> 
StjXov OTL Kal KaTacpaa-eL evavTLa ixev dTrocpaa-L^ rj 'Jrepl tov 
avTOv KaOoXov, oiov ^Ttj otl irdv dyaOov dyaOov 37 otl Tra? 
dvOpcoTTO^ dyaOo? rj otl ovSev rj ovSel^, ^dvTL(paTLK(Jo9 Se ^otl 
15»? ov irdv rj ov Tra?. ^avepov Se otl Ka\ ^dXrjOrj dXrjOei ovk 
ivSexeraL evavTiav efvaL ovTe So^av ovtc diroipaa-LV. ^^vav- 
TLaL /mev yap al irepl ra dvTLKeLjUieva, irepL raura ^e evSe^eTaL 
dXrjOeveLV tov avTOV d/ULa Se ovk evSeyeTo^L ra evavTia virdp- 
yeLV T(p avTw, 

z fj — ort ayaQov om. A. ^ Trji, Trav otl A. et pr. B. ^ o om. C. 

c 5e om. A. d TTj om. B.C. et pr. A. ^ dvTicjiavTiKcos A. ^ oti 
Tj — TTay] f) ov irav kcu f) ov nas C. S aXrjdfl aXijBrj C. 



ANAATTIKHN nPOTEPXlN A, 



OTl 



XXPl^TON eiTreiv irepi r/ kol rlvog ea-rlu rj a-Ke^ig, 
irepl airoSei^iv Kal e7r Km^iuLtj^ aTroSeiKTiKrj^' eiTa Siopla-ai t/ 
ea-Ti irpoTaa-ig Kal tI opo9 Kal tl a-vWoyia-fAO?, Kal iroio^ 
Te\eio9 Kal Troiog areX?}?, /wera ^e TavTa tl to ev o\w elvai 
t] /ULrj elvai ToSe TwSe, kol t/ \eyoiuLev to KaTa iravTO^ r} /uLrj-' 
Sevo9 KaTr/yopeia-QaL. 

II/OOTact? ixev ovv ea-T\ \6y09 KaTa(paTiK09 rj a7ro(paTiK09 2 
TIV09 KaTO. TLV09. OvTog Se rj Ka06\ov rj ev /uLepei rj aSi6pL' 
a-T09. A-eyo) Se Ka66\ov /ULev to TravTl rj /uLrjSevl vTrap-^eiv, ev 
fjLepei Se t6 tlvI rj /ULrj tivI fj jULrj TravT^ virap-^eiv, aSL^pLorTOv 
Se TO virap^^eLv rj /uLr} virapyeLv avev tov KaOo\ov, rj KaTa 
lULepo?, olov TO Tcov evavTicov eivaL Trjv avTrjv eTTLa-T^/iirjv rj to 
Tt]v rjSovrjv /ULt] elvaL aya06v. ALacpepeL Se rj aTToSeLKTLKrj 3 
7rp6Taa-L9 Trjg SLa\eKTLKrjg, otl rj /uLev airoSeLKTLKrj X^\|/"i9 Oa- 
Tepov fjLopLOV Trjg avTicpaa^ecog ea-TLV (ov yap epoyra aXXa 
\aiuL/3aveL 6 aTroSeLKvvoov^, rj Se SLa\eKTLKrj epwrrja-L^ olvtl- 
(baa^ewg eaTLv. OvSev Se SLola-eL irpog to yeveaOai tov eKa' 
Tepov a-vWoyLa-jUL^V Ka\ yap 6 air oSeLKvvoov kol 6 epooTcov 
avWoyl^eTaL \a^cov tl KaTa tlvo9 virapyeLV rj [xrj virap^^eLv. 
^'Qa-Te ecTTaL a-vWoyLo^iKrj /uLev 7rp6Taa-L9 aTrXft)? KaTa(j)aa-i9 4 
^ rj a7r6<paa-L9 TIV09 KaTa tlvo9 tov eiprjjULevov Tp67rov, a7ro- 
SeLKTLKrj Se, eav a\rj0r]9 rj Ka\ Sia tcov e^ ^.p^^ijg VTToOea-ecov 
eL\r]fjL/j.evrj, SLa\eKTLKrj Se 7rvvOavofJLevo) fiev epcoTrja-19 avTLCpa- 
aecog, a-vWoyL^^ofJLevca Se \r]y^L9 tov (paLvofjLevov kol €vS6^ov, 
KaOa^rep ev T0I9 To7riKOi9 e^lprjTaL. T/ fjLev ovv eo-Tf 7rp6-$ 
Taa-L9, Ka) tl SLa(pepeL a-vWoyia^TLKrj Kal a^roSeLKTLKrj Ka\ 

h fj dnocf^aa-is om. pr. C. 



62 ANAATTIKI2N nPOTEP12N A. Anal. Pr. I. 

SiaXeKTiKi^, Si^ CLKpi/Bclai imev ev Toh eTro/uLevoig ptjQiia-eTai, 
Trpo^ Se Trjv Trapovcrav ■^(peiav iKavoog ^/uliv Sicopla-Ooo tol vvv. 
^'Opov Se KoXco ei9 ov SiaXveTaL rj TrpoTaa-ig, otov t6 re KaTrj- 
yopovfJLevov Kal to KaO^ ov KaTrjyopeiTai, rj Trpoa-TiOefJievov rj 

tSiaipoviuLevov Tov elvai ^ Ka\ ixrj elvai. ^vWoyia^/uLog Se ea-Ti 
X6yo9 ev (p TeOevTCOv tlvoov eTep6v ^rt ^toov KeijULevoov e^ avay- 
Krjg a-vjuL/Balvei tw TavTa elvai. A^eyoo Se rw TavTa elvai 
^ t6 Sia TavTa a-v/uL/3aiveiv, ° to Se Sia TavTa au/UL^aLveiv to 
jULrjSevo^ e^ooOev opov TrpoaSeiv 7rpo9 to yevea-Oai to avay- 

1 Kalov. TeXeiov /ULev ovv KaXoo a-vXXoyia^iuLov tov /uLrjSevo? 
aXXov 7rpoa-Se6iuLevov irapa tol elXrjiuLiuLeva Trpog to (pavrjvai 
TO avayKaiov, aTeXrj Se tov Trpoa-Se^/uLevov rj evo^ rj TrXei^voov, 
a ea-Ti /uiev avayKaia Sia tcov VTroKeijJievcov opcov, ov /jLrjv e'l- 

SXrjTTTai Sia TrpoTaarecov. To ^e ^ej^ oXco elvai ^cTepov CTepu) 
Ka\ To KaTa iravTog KaTrjyopela-Oai OaTepov OaTepov TavT^v 
eorTiv. A.eyo/xev Se to /cara iravTo^s KaTrjyopeiaOai, oTav 
lULtjSev ^ Xaf3ecv ^toov tov vTroKeifJLevov, KaO^ ov OaTcpov ov 
Xe-^Orja-eTaL' Kai to KaTa lULrjSevo^ ooa-avTC09. 
2, ^ETTeJ Se Traa-a irp^Tacrh ea-Tiv rj tov vTrapyeLV rj tov e^ 
avayKrjg virap^^eLv rj tov evSe-^^earOaL virapyeLV, tovtcov Se al 
juev KaTa(paTLKa\ al Se a7ro(paTLKai KaO^ eKacTTtjv irp^arprjaLV, 
TraXiv Se toov KaTacpaTLKoov Kai airo(paTLKoov al lULev Ka06Xov 
al Se ev juepeL al Se aSL^pLCTTOi, Trjv /ULev ev tw virap^^eLV Ka- 
OoXov (TTeprjTiKrjv avayKrj Tolg opoL9 avTLOTpecpeLV, otov el jurj- 
Se/iiia rjSovrj aya06v, ovS^ ayaOov ovSev ea-Tai rjSovrj' Trjv Se 
KaTYjyopLKrjv avTLa-TpecpeLV /ulcv avayKaiov, ov /ULtjv Ka06Xov 
aXX' ev fxepeL, olov el irdaa rjSovrj aya06v, kol aya06v tl 
elvaL rjSovrjv' toov Se ev /uLepeL Trjv jULev KaTacpaTLKrjv avTLaTpe- 
(peLv avayKtj KaTa fxepog (et yap rjSovrj tl^ aya06v, Ka\ a^a- 
Oov tl eaTai rjSovrj^, Trjv Se cTTeprjTLKrjv ovk avayKaioV ^ ov 



KaL\ 



il] ^ C. k Ti — dvdyKrjs rc. A. supra lituram. ^ t<ov kci- 

fievcov om. B. ^ Tw C. " r« 8e A.B.C. " ev — orav jirjdev 7; 

rc. A. supra lituram. P (Tepov iv erepm B.C. q Toiv om. B.C. 

^ ov ydp ei] 6t ydp pr. C. 



2, 3- ANAATTIK12N nPOTEPliN A. 63 

*yoLp el ^av0p(joiro<5 /JLrj virap-^eL tlvl ^wo), Ka\ X^^ov ov'^ virap- 
yei TLv\ avOpwTTO). 

TLpcoTOv fJLev ovv e(TTCo crTepijTLKrj KaOoXov ^ A B irpo- 2 
Ta(TL<s. Ef ovv iuLr]Sev\ Tw B To A virapyei^ ovSe tcov A ov- 
Sev\ virap^eL to B. Ef yap ^ tlvl, oIov tw F, ovk aXrjOe? 
ccTTai t6 iJLrjSev\ tcov B to A virapyeLv' to yap V tcov B tl 
ea-TLV. Ef ^e iravT^ to A ^toj B, Ka\ to B tlv\ tS A virap- 
yeL. Ei yap fjLrjSevL, ovSe to A ovSev\ ^tS B virapcj^L' aXX' 
vireKeLTO iravTL vTrdp^eLv. ^O/ulolco? Se Ka\ el KaTO, imepog ecTT^vS 
rj TTpoTacTLg. Et yap to A tlv\ tcov B, Ka\ to B tlv\ tcov A 
^avdyKrj virdp^eLv. Et yap fjLriSevl, ovSe to A ovSev\ tcov B 
virdp^eL. Et ^e ye t6 A Tfi/£ twi/ B /ULrj virap-^^eL, ovk avayKrj 
Ka\ t6 B tlv\ ^Tip A iJ.rj virdp-^^eLV, olov ei t6 fJLev B eaT^ 
^MOV, t6 Se A avOpcoiror dvOpcoirog fJLev ydp ov 7ravT\ ^ww, 
^wov Se 7ravT\ dvOpcoirw vTrap-^eL. 

Toi/ avT^v Se TpoTTOv e^eL Ka\ eVi tcov dvayKalcov irpoTa- ^ 
crecov. ""H [xev ydp KaOoXov (TTeprjTLKrj KaOoXov dvTLorTpecpeL, 
Tcov Se KaTacpaTLKcov eKaTepa Ka^d /ULepog. Et /uLev ydp dvayKrj 
to A ^TO) B iULr]Sev\ virdp-^^eLV, dvdyKrj ^Ka\ to B to) A fJLrj- 
Sev\ virdpyeLV el ydp tlv\ evSe-^eTaL, Ka\ t6 A " tw B tlv\ 
evSe-^OLTO dv. Et ^e e^ dvdyKrjg t6 A iravT^ ^ tlv\ °tw B '^ 
V7rap-)(€L, Ka\ t6 B tlv\ ^tw A dvdyKrj virapy(eLv' el yap firj 
avayKrj, ovo av to J\ tlvl tcov jd e^ avayKrjg virap^OL. 1 o 
S^ ev /uLepeL (TTeprjTLKdv ovk dvTLCTTpecpCL Sia Tt]V avTrjv aLTiav 
Sl^ ^v Ka\ TrpoTepov eCpajULev. 

""Exf ^e Tcov evSeyoixevcov, eireLSrj iroWaycog XeyeraL t6 3 
evSe^^ea-OaL (Ka\ ydp t6 dvayKalov Ka\ t6 fxrj dvayKaiov Ka\ 
t6 SvvaT^v evSe-^^ecrOaL XeyofJLev^, ev fjLev tol9 KaTacpaTLKOig 
Ofioicog e^eL Ka^d Trjv dvTLCTTpocprjv ev airacTLv. Et ydp to A4 
iravTL ri TLv\ ^Tft) B evSe-^eTaL, kol t6 B tlv\ tco A evSe- 

s t audparros pr. A. * rw corr. B. ^ rw B] rwv /3 A. ^ rw] 

Twv corr. A. ^ avdyKq virdpx^iv] vTrdpx^i- C. Y roiv C. ^ rw B] 

Tuv /3 corr. A.C. » ^a^ om. A.C. ^ roii' C. et corr. A. ^ ^^i^ c. 
d rwi/ C. 



64 ANAATTlKflN nPOTEPXlN A. Anal. Pr. I. 

yoiTO aV €1 yap imrjSevi, ovS^ av to A ovSevl ^ t<w B* SiSei- 
5 KTai yap tovto irpoTepov. ""Ei/ ^e tol^ airocpaTiKol^ ov-^ 
co(TavTC09, aXX' ocra /uLev evSey^ecrOai XeyeTai rj t(S e^ avdyKrjg 
^/ULrj virdp-^eLV rj tw fJLr} e^ avayKrjg virdp-^eLv, o/uiolcog, olov ei 
Ti9 ipairj Tov avOpooTTOV evSe-^ea-QaL /nrj etvaL '[inrov rj to \ev- 
Kov /uLijSev). i/uLaTL(p virdp^^eLV. ^oirrwv yap to /ulcv e^ avdyKij^ 
ov-^ virdpyeL., to Se ovk avayKrj ^virdpyeiv, Ka\ 6/uloico9 civtl- 
(TTp€<p€L rj TTpOTacri^' €1 ydp evSe-^€TaL /ULrjSevl dvOpcoTrca 'ltt- 
irov, Koi avOpcoTTOV ey^copei /uLrjSevl ^LTrirta' Ka\ ei t6 \€vk6v 
ey-^copel /mr/Sevl i/ULaTL(p, Kai t6 i/ULdTLOV eyycopel /ULr/Sevl XevKLp' 
ei ydp TLVi dvdyKr/, Ka\ t6 \€Vk6v L/uLaTi(p tlv\ ea-TaL e^ dvdy- 
Kr/g' TOVTO ydp SeScLKTaL nr poTepov. ^O/ulolco^ Se Ka\ eTrJ 
6t^9 €v /ULepeL dirocpaTLKrjg. ^'Ocra Se T(S cog ^eir^ ttoXu kol tlS 
TrecpvKevaL \eyeTaL evSe-^ecrOai, KaO^ ov Tpoirov SLOpi^o/ULev to 
evSeyo/ievov, ov^ o/ULOicog e^ei ev Taig crTeprjTiKais dvTLcrrpo- 
(pai9, aXX' ^ /ULev Ka06\ov (JTepr/TLKr/ irpOTacTL^ ovk dvTLCTTpe- 

1 (pei, r/ Se ev /ULcpcL dvTL(TTpe(p€L. Touto ^e ecTaL (pavepov, 
OTav irep\ tov evSeyo/nevov \€yco/ULev. 'Nvv Se tootovtov ^/ullv 
ecTTCO Trp^g Toh €ipt]/UL€V0L9 Srj\ov, OTL t6 evSe-^^ecrOaL /ULr]Sev\ ri 
TLv\ /ULrj virap-^eLv KaTa(paTiK6v e^et t6 cr-^^rj/uLa' t6 ydp evSe- 
ycraL Tw ecTTiv o/ulolco^ TaTTeTai, t6 Se ecrrLV, oh av irpocr- 
KaTt/yoprJTaL, KaTacpacrLv de\ iroLel Ka\ TravTco^, otov to ccttlv 
ovK dyaOov r/ ccttlv ov \evK6v r/ ctTrXa)? t6 ecrrLv ov tovto. 
AeLj^OiicreTai Se kol tovto Slu tcov cTro/uLevcov. KaTa <^e to? 

dvTLCTTpOCpd^ 6/ULOLC09 e^OVCTl Tai9 d\\aL9. 

4 ALcopLcr/ULevcov Se tovtcov \€yo/uLev tjSrj Sid tlvcov Ka\ iroTe 
Ka\ 7rco9 ylvcTaL Tra<s crvWoyLcr/uLO?' vcTTepov Se \eKTeov irepl 
aTroSeL^ecog. TlpoTepov Se irep^ crvWoyicr/uLov \€KT€Ov rj irep^ 
aTroSel^eco^ Slu t6 Ka06\ov /ULaWov eivaL tov crv\\oyL(r/uLOv' 
rj /ul€v ydp dTroSeL^ig crvWoyLcr/ULog " tl9, 6 crvWoyLCT/uLO^ Se 
ov 7ra? dTroSei^L^. 

2 ^'OTav oiiv opoL Tpeh ovT(t)9 €-)(cocri irpog aXX>}Xou9 cocttc 

d tS>v C. « fxf} om. pr. A, supra versum ponit B. ^ vndpxciv] 
fxr) virapxftv C. ? eVt to noXv C. ^ tis] tis (CTTIv C. 



4. ANAATTIKIIN nPOTEPflN A. 65 

Tov ear^^aTOV ev oXcp etvai tm fJLeo-cp Ka\ tov fJLecrov ev o\(p tw 
TrpcoTa) rj eivai tj jmr] eivai, avayKrj twv aKpoDv eivai a-vWoyi- 
(Tjuiov TeXeiov. KaXci) Se juLea-ov jmev o koi avTO ev aWa) Ka\ 3 
aWo ev TOVTO) ecrTLV, o Kal Trj Oea-ei ylveTai luea-ov' aKpa Se 
To avTO Te ev aAAft) ov Kai ev w aWo earTLv. rjL ^yap to A 
KaTa 7ravT09 tov B kuI to B /cara TravTo^ tov F, avdyKtj 
TO A KaTCL 7ravT09 Tov r KaTrjyopeia-Oai' TTpOTepov yap eT- 
prjTaL TTcog t6 KaTCL iravTO^ Xeyojmev. ""O/xo/o)? Se Kal ei t6 
juev A i^ara /uLrjSev69 tov B, to ^e B /caTa iravTo^s tov Y, 
OTL TO J\ ovdevL T(p i virapt^eL. x!if oe to /ulcv irpwTOv iravTL 4 
TO) iJLecTM viTixpyei, t6 Se [xecrov jULrjSev), t(S ea-^aTCp virdp-^ei, 
ovK ecTTaL a-vWoyLcriUL^^ twv aKpcoV ovSev yap avayKalov 
crvix^aLVeL tw TavTa eivai' koi yap iravTl Kal juLijSevl evSe- 
X^TaL TO TrpcoTOV Tft) ea")(aT(p vTrapyeiv, wcrTe ovTe t6 KaTo. 
/ULepo? ouTe to KaOoXov ylveTai avayKaiov' jULrjSevo^ Se OVT09 
avayKaiov Slo, tovtcov ovk ecrTaL crvWoyLar/uLo^. ^OpoL tov 5 
TravTl virdp-^eLV X^^ov — dvOpcoTTog — ^[inro^, tov fJLrjSevl ^(pov — 
dvOpcoTTO^ — \l0o9. OvS^ OTav ixrjTe to irpcoTOv T(p ixecrtd fjL^TC 
TO fiearov T(S earyaTCd firjSevl virdp')^^!, ovS^ ovtco? ecTTaL crvX- 
XoyLa-ixo^. ^'OpoL tov virap-^eLV eirLCTTrjixrj — ypaiJLiirj — laTpLKrj, 6 
Tov iirj vTrdp-^eLV eTncrTrjlJLrj — ypafJLiJLrj — iJLOvag. Ka^oXou fjLcv 

* OVV OVTCOV TCOV OpCOV, SrjXoV iv TOVT(p TW CT^l^liaTL TToVe 

ecTTai Kal iroTe ovk ea-Tai a-vWoyLa-iJLo^, Kal otl ovto9 tc 
(TvXXoyLcriiov Tovg opovg dvayKalov eyeLV co^ e^iTroiiev, dv 0' 
OVTC09 e^^coa-LV, OTL ecrTaL crvXXoyLcriio?. 

L c o iJLev KadoAov Tcov opcov o o ev iJLepeL Trpos tov 7 
cTcpov, ^Tav iJLev t6 KaOoXov TeOrj ttjOO? to iJLei^ov d^pov rj 
KaTrjyopLK^v rj (TTeprjTLKOv, t6 Se iv iJLepei Trpo? t6 eXaTTOV 
KaTrjyopiKov, dvdyKrj a-vXXoyLO-ii^v eivaL TeXeLOV, OTav Se 
irpo^ TO eXaTTOv rj Ka\ dXXcog ircog e^cocrti/ ol opOL, dSvvaTOV. 
Aeyco Se /xef^oi/ iiev uKpov ev (c t6 ijlco-ov ecrTLv, eXaTTOv Se8 
To viro TO fxeaov ov. ^YirapyeTco yap t6 iiev A TravT^ tco 
B, t6 Se B Tiv\ T(p Y. OvKovv ei ecTTL ^iravT^g KaTrjyopel- 

i ovv om. C- ^ waj/Toy] Tracro)? Kara Tvavro^ C. 

VOL. I. F 




66 ANAATTIK12N nPOTEPHN A. Anal. Pr. I. 

(rOai To ev ctpy^rj \€)(OeVf apdyKrj ro A tiv\ tu) T v-rrdpyeiv. 
9 KaJ el TO /uiev A /ULtjSevl tw B vTrdp-^ei, t6 Se B tiv\ tw F, 
dvdyKt) TO A Tiv\ Tw r fjLti vTrdpyeiv wpKTTai ydp Kal t6 
/cara • /uiijSevo^ ttw? Xeyojuiev' wcTTe ea-Tai avWoyia-iuLo? tc- 
Xeto?. ^0/JLol(t)9 Se Ka\ ei dSiopKTTOv eiri t6 B F, KaTtjyo- 
Plk6v * ov 6 yap avT^^ ecrrai (rvWoyia^/jL^? dSioplcrTOv re 

ioKa\ ev lULepei XijCpOevTO^. ^Eai/ Se Tr^oo? t6 eXaTTOV aKpov 
To KaOoXov TeOrj ^ rj KaTtjyopiKov rj crTepijTiKdv, ovk ea-Tai 
arvWoyia-jULog, ovTe KaTa(paTiKov ^ ovTe aTrocpaTiKov ovtc 
dStopla-TOv ° rj KaTa /uiepog ovTog, olov el t6 /uLev A tiv\ Tcp 
B virapyei rj /uLrj virap^ei, t6 Se B iravT^ tw V virdpyeL' 
opoi Tov virap^^eLv dyaOdv — e^L9 — (j)pdvrjaL9, tov jULrj virdp- 

iiyeLv dyaOdv — €^l9 — djUiaOla. TldXiv ei t6 /nev B /uLrjSev^ 
Tft) 1 , TO oe J\. TLVL T(p JD rj virapyeL i^ rj juLrj virapyeL rj /urj 
TravTl virdpj^eL, ovS^ ovtco^ ea^TaL cuXXo^ytcr/xo?. ^^'OpoL Xev- 
Kov — ^LTTTrog — ^KVKvo9, XcvKOv — fTTTro? — Kopa^. O/ aUTOf 
Se Ka\ ei to A B ^dSLopLorTOV. OvS^ OTav t6 /ulcv ttjOo? t<S 
/uLeL^ovi dKp(p KaOdXov yevrjTai rj KaTtjyopLK^v rj arTeprjTiKov, 
To ^€ TTjOO? T(p eXdTTOVi o^TeprjTLKOv KaTa /UL€po9, ^ ovK ea-Tai 
(TvWoyLa-/uL69 dSLOpia-TOV t€ Ka\ ev /uLepeL \rj(p0evTO9, olov ei 
t6 /uLev A TravT^ tw B virdpyeL, to Se B tlv\ tw V ^ /JLrj, rj 
^ei /mrj TravT^ virdp-^eL' w yap dv tlvl /ULtj virap-^rj t6 /ULca-ov, 

i2T0VT(p Ka\ TravT^ Ka\ ovSev^ aKoXovOrja-eL t6 irpooTOv. "^Ytto- 
KelcrO^iiaav ydp ^oi opOL ^wov — dvOpcoirog — XevKOV elTa Kai 
(Sv /ULrj KaTrjyopeiTaL \evKU)v 6 dvOpcoTro^, eiX^cpOoi) KVKvog Ka\ 
\l<joV ovkovv t6 'C/f>^^ "T^^ M^^ 7rai/T09 KaTrjyopeiTaL, tov Se 
ovSevdf, w(TT€ ovK ecTTaL crvWoy 10-/^09. TldXiv t6 /iiev A /mrj- 
S€v\ yT(p B VTrapyeTOD, t6 Se B tlv\ tw Y /ULrj vTrap^^eTO)' kol 
oi opoL earroiicrav d^^vy^ov — dvOpo)7ro9 — XevKov elTa eiXi^- 
cpOcoa-av, (^v /ULrj KaTtjyopeLTai XevKwv 6 dvOpcoiro^, kvkvo9 Ka\ 

1 Sp om. C. ™ prius fj om. C. " ovre a8.] tov d8. editi. 

o ^] Tov C. et corr. B. P prius ^ om. C. Q opoi] opoi tov p.ev 

vndpXflV C. "■ KVKV0s'\ KVKVOi' TOV Bf pfj VTTapXdV C. ^ dBlOpKTTOV 

(Irj C. t ovK — \r}(f)OfVTos rc. A. supra lituram. v ^^j ^^ vndp' 

X« C. w fl om. C. X ol om. C. y vnapxfTco Ta /3 C. 



5- ANAATTIKX2N nPOTEPXlN A. 67 

^LwV TO yap ay^v^^ov tov />tej/ Trai/ro? KaTrjyopeiTai, tov Se 
ovoei/09, iiiTt eirei aoiopicrTOV to tivi to) 1 to ri /uir] virap- 13 
X€iv, aXrjOeveTai Se, Ka\ el /jLtjSev). virap-^ei Kai el fJLrj iravTi, 
OTi Tivl ou^ vTrap^^ei, XtjcpOevToov Se toiovtmv opcov ODcrTe 
/ULriSevl VTrap-^eiv ov ylveTai a-vWoyiciuLog (tovto yap eiprjTaL 
TrpoTepov^, (pavepov ovv otl ^ tm ovtco9 eyeLV tov9 opov<s ovk 
ecTTaL ^ crvXXoyLcrjULo^' rjv yap av Ka\ eTrl TOVTCdv. "^O/UOfW 14 
Se SeLyOrjcreTaL ^Ka\ el to KaOoXov TeOelrj crTeprjTLKOv. OvSe 
^ y eav a/uLCpoi) tol SLacrTi^/uLaTa KaTO. ^ /ULepog rj KaTrjyopLKw? rj 
CTTeprjTLKcog, rj t6 juiev KaTrjyopiKwg to Se crTepijTLKwg XeyrjTaL, 
rj t6 julcv aSiopKTTOV t6 Se SLCopLciULevov, rj aiUL(p(jo aSLOpLCTTa, 
OVK ecTTaL CTvWoyLG-iuLog ovSa/uLcog. ^'OpoL Se kolvoI iravTCOV 
^wov — XevKov — fVxo?, ^^ov — XevKOv — X/^09. 

^avepov ovv ck tcov eiprjjuLevayv cog eav § crvWoyLcriuL^^ ev 15 
TOVTW T(p cryrjfxaTL KaTa fxepo<5, otl avayKrj tov9 opovg OVT009 
e-^eiv 009 e'i7roiuLev' aWco9 yap eyovToov ovSaiuLoo? ylveTaL. Arj- 
\ov Se ^Ka\ OTL TravTeg ol ev avTw crvWoyicriJ.o\ TeXeLol elcTL' 
iravTe<s yap eirLTeXovvTaL Slol twv e^ ^PX^^ \rj<pOevToov. Ka^ 
OTi TravTa ra Trpo^XrjjJLaTa SeiKvvTaL Slo, tovtov tov cry^^iua^ 
T09' Ka\ yap t6 iravT^ Ka\ ^ro iuLrjSev\ Ka\ t6 tlv\ Ka\ t6 fJLti 
TLVL virap-^eLV. KaXo) ^e to tolovtov cr-^jjLa irpooTOv. 

^'Orai/ ^e t6 avT6 tm iulcv iravT^ tm Se iuLi]Sev\ virapyrj, rj ^ 
€KaTep(p iravT^ rj jjLrjSevi, t6 iulcv cr-^jjia t6 tolovtov KaXoo 
SevTepov, fxecTOv Se ev avTW Xe^yct) t6 KaTrjyopovfxevov a/UL(poiv, 
OLKpa Se KaO^ wv XeyeTaL tovto, /uLeil^ov Se aKpov t6 irp^g tw 
fjLecrq) KelfJLevov, ^ eXaTTOV Se t6 TroppwTepco tov fxecTOV. T/- 
OcTaL Se t6 fxecTOv e^oo fxev toov aKpoov, irpcoTOv Se Tvj Oecrei, 
TeXeio^ fxev ovv ovk ecTTaL crvW.oyLCTfx69 ovSafxoog ev tovt(6z 
T(p CT-^^fjLaTi, SvvaT^? S^ ecTTai Ka\ KaOoXov kol fxrj KaOoXov 
Toov opcov ovToov. J^aOoXov ^ fiev ovv ovTttov ecTTaL crvWoyL- 

z T^ — opovs^ ovT(i)s c-)(6vT<ov Tojj/ opoiv C. * (TvWoyicryLos ovbapa>s' 

rjv C. ^ Kal ft] Kciv A.B. c y om. C, corr. habet A. ^ pepos 
^t ^ C. 6 f.iii ^Ti^ ^Ti ^„i Q^ f T^ ante prjbevl om. A.B. S eXar- 

Tov — petrov om. pr. B. ^ pev ovtwv to)v opoiv (crTai C, 

F 2 



68 ANAATTIKIIN nP0TEPf2N A. Anal. Pr. I. 

(T/xos', orav to /ULecrov rw fJiev Travr] Ww Se ^ imrjSev). v-jrapyri, 

^ av TTOO? OTTOTepWOVV ^ TO CTeptJTlKOV' aXXft)? o ovoa/JLw^. 

J^aTrjyopeiarOoo yap to M tov fxev N lurjSevog, tov Se S irav' 

.3 Tog. "" JEiTre) ovv avTi(rTpe(pei to CTTepriTiKov, ovSevl Tcp M virap' 
^ei TO N* TO Se ye M TravTl tw S vTrcKeiTO' wcrre to N ov- 
Sevl tco S* tovto yap SeSeiKTai '" irpOTepov. TlaKLV el to M 
Tfi5 /X€i/ N 7ravT\ Tw ^ Se S jUirjSevi, " ou^e ro S Tci) N oi^^ei^f 

Avirap^eL. PEi *YajO to M ovSev\ tw A, ovSe to S ovSev). tw M* 
TO ^e ye M 7rai/Tf tw N virrjp-^ev ^ to ctjoa S ovSev\ tw N 
VTrdp^er yeyevrjTai yap irdXiv to irpwTOv a")(rjiuLa. ""Exef ^e 
avTitTTpeCpei t6 crTeprjTLKOv, ovSe to N ovSev\ tw A VTrap^ei, 

5w(TT €<TTaL 6 auTO? orvWoyKTiJLog. ''EcTTf ^e SeLKvvvaL TavTa 
Ka\ ei9 TO aSvvaTOV ^ ayovTag. ^'Otl fiev ovv ylveTai arvWo- 
♦ytcr/xo? oi/TO)? e-^ovTwv twv opcov, (pavepov, aW ov Te\eL09' 
ov yap jjiovov ck twv e^ OLp'^<s aWa Ka\ e^ aWwv eTTLTeXeL- 
Tai TO avayKaiov. ""Eai/ ^e t6 M Trai^TO? tov N Ka\ tov A 
KaTriyoprJTaL, ovk ecrTaL crvWoyLO-iULog. ^OpoL tov virapyeLV 
ov<TLa — ^«01/ — avOpco7ro9, tov lULrj vTrdp-^eLv ovcrla — ^^oi^ — 

GapLOiuLog' iJLecTOv ovcrla. OvS'' OTav iirjTe tov N firjTe tov S 
lULrjSev^g KaTrjyoprJTaL t6 M. ^OpoL tov vTrap-^eiv ypamii^ — 
(^wov — avOpwTTog, tov lULrj virdp-^eiv ypaixixrj — Xwov — \l0o9. 
^av€p6v ovv OTL dv ^ crvWoyLCTiJLo^ Ka06\ov tcov opcov ovtcov, 
ctvdyKrj T0V9 opovg eycLV w<s ev dp'^ €*L7roiuL€v' d\\co9 yap 
e-^ovToov ov ylveTaL to dvayKaiov. 

7 ''Eai/ ^e TTjOO? t6v eTepov ^ Ka06\ov to /jlcctov, OTav /lev 
TTOO? t6v fJLelXfjo yevrjTaL Ka06\ov % KaTrjyopLKOo^ rj cTTeprjTL- 
KW9, 7rp69 Se t6v eXaTTft) Kara fxepo^ Ka\ avTiK€iiJ.€vw9 rw 
Ka06\ov (Xe^yft) ^e to dvTLKeLjULevw^, ei /xei/ to KaOo\ov <tt€- 
prjTiK^v, t6 ev /lepeL KaTacpaTLK^V el Se KaTrjyopiKov to Ka- 
06\ov, t6 ev lULepeL crTeprjTiK^v), dvayKtj yivea-OaL avWoyL- 

i t6 be pr. B. ^ ovdevt C. ^ eav C. ™ TTporfpov] rrpoTfpov 

61 yap t6 jjl ovdevl rw ^ ovde t6 ^ prjbfvl T^ fi A.B.C, sed B. el yap corr. 
n §€ S et infra t6 S!'^ de v et t6 v C. " ovbe — navTl ro) rc. supra 

lituram A. P fl — ro> M om. B. n ro npa'] aaTc t6 C. "■ and' 

ynvTas C. 



5- ANAATT1KX2N nPOTEPXlN A. 69 

criJiOV aTepriTiKOV KaTa iJ.epo<s. Et 'yap to M tw juev Ns 
fjLrjSevl Tw Se S tiv\ VTrapyei^ avayKri t6 N tivI tS A jui-h 
virap-^eiv. ^ETreJ 'yo.p avTi(TTpe(peL to (TTepriTiKOv, ovSevl tw 
M VTrdp^ei t6 N* t6 Se ye ^ ^ VTreKeiTO Tivl tw A virdp- 
^(eiv' wcTTe t6 N tlv\ *Tft> S ov^ ^virap^eL' ylveTai yap 
crvWoyiariuL^g Slcl tov irpwTOV cT-)(f]iJ.aTO^. TVa\Lv el tw fxev9 
N iravTl ^TO M, Tft) ^e S tlv\ fxri ^V7rdp-)(€i, avdyKrj t6 N 
Tiv) Tcp S M vTrdp-^^eLV ei yap iravTl ^ virap^^^eL, KaTrjyopel- 
Tai Se Ka\ t6 M TravTO^ tov N, avdyKrj t6 M TravTl tw S 
V7rdp-)(€iv' vireKeLTO Se tlv\ /uLr] virapyeLv. Kaf el t6 M tw io 
fjLev N TravTi virdpyeL tm Se A jULr} iravTi, ecTTaL crv\\oyLCTix6^ 
OTL ov TravTl Tft) S TO N* aTToSeLt^Lg ^ avTi^. ""Eai/ ^e tov 
/ULev S ^iravT^^ tov Se N /u,^ Trai/TO? KaTr^yoprjTaL, ovk ecTTaL 
(TvWoyLtTfJLog. ^'Opoi X/pov — ovcrla-^Kopa^, ^^^^ — \€vk6v 
— Kopa^. OvS^ OTav tov juLev A fJLrjSevog, tov Se N Tivog. 
^'OpoL Tov v7rdp)(€Lv ^«01/ — ovcTia- — -fxovas, ^tov fxr} vTrdp- 

)(€LV ^(fOV OVCTLa eTT ICTT^ /ULr} . 

^'OtUV IXeV OVV OLVTLKeLfJLeVOV ^ t6 Ka06\oV TW KaTGL fJLep09, l I 

eiptjTaL xoV ecTTaL Ka\ ttot ovk ecTTai crvWoyLCTfi^g' OTav 
Se 6fjiOLOCT)(r]fjLove<s wctlv ai irpOTacreLg, ofov aficp^TepaL crTeprj- 

TLKOL r} KaTaCpaTLKal, OvSafJLU)9 eCTTaL CTvWoyLCTfJL^S. ^'E(TTft)- 

(Tav yap irpoiTOv cTTeprjTLKai, Ka\ to Ka66\ov k€lct9oo ttoos' 
t6 fJLeil^ov OLKpov, olov t6 M Tft) fJLev N fJLrjSev^ ^ tm Se S tlv\ 
firj v7rap-)(€Tco' evSeyeraL Srj Ka\ 7ravT\ Ka\ fxrjSev^ tw S to N 
V7rdp)(€iv. ^'OpOL Tov fjLev firj v7rap)(eLv fJLe\av — X^^^ — ?^^^' ^^ 
Tov Se 7ravT\ v^rdpx^Lv ovk €(ttl ^ \afieLV, ei to M tw S Tiv\ 
fjL€v v7rap)(^L TLVi ce ^ fJLrj. Jlit «yajO TravTi Tcp A to 1\, to oe 
M ^ fjLrjSev\ T(j) N, t6 M ovSev\ tm S ^ Wdp^eL' d\X uTre'- 
kclto ^tlv\ WdpyeLv. Ovtoo fiev ovv ovk eyxcopeL \a^eLv 
opov9, €K Se Tov aSLoplcTTOv SeLKTeov €7r€\ ydp d^rjOeueTai 

s VTTOKfiTai B.C. * Tw S? ovx] T&v | ovx A.B. V {,irapx€i C. 

w To] r« C. * VTTapxrji A.B. Y vTrdp^ei C. z iTavTOi t6 /x 

Tov C. * Tov Sc M C ^ t6 de A. c Xa/SeiJ/ opovs el C. 

d ^j) vndpxd'. Ei C. ® oi»5ej/t C. ^ vndpxft C. g rtj/t ^»7 

VTrdpxfiv C. 

F3 



70 ANAATTIK12N nPOTEPilN A. Anal. Pr. I. 

To Tivl juirj virap^^eiv ro M t« S Koi et /uirjSevl virapyei, 
jUiijSevi Se virap-^ovTO^ ovk rjv (rvWoy 10-11x69, (pavepov oti ovSe 

13 vvv ecTTai. TLaXiv earTwcrav KaTrjyopiKai, Ka] to KaOoXov 
KelaOw 6/ulol(j09, olov to M tw /xev N TravTl tw Se A tivI 
v7rap-^€TCi). liiVce-^eTai orj to i\ tco A Kai iravTi Kai lULtjdevi 
VTrapyeiv. ^'Opoi tov /JLrjSevl virdp-^eiv XevKOv — kvkvo9 — X/- 
609' '^TOv Se TravTL ovk ea-Tai XajSeiv Sia Trjv avTrjv aiTiav 

^4t]V7r€p irpOTepov, aXV e/c tov aSiopicrTOV SeiKTCov. Et ^e to 
KaOoXov TTpo^ TO eXaTTOv aKpov ecrTt, Kal to M tw /mev A 
jULrjSevl Tw Se N tlv\ /uLrj virdpyei, evSe-^erat to N tw S Ka\ 
iravT^ Ka\ jULr]Sev\ virdp-^eLV. ^'OpoL tov vTrdpyeLV XevKov — 
^woi/ — KOpa^, Tov /uLrj virdpyeLv XevKOv — Xl0o9 — Kopa^. Ei 
^e KaTrjyopLKai al irpoTacrei^, opoL tov /irj virapyeLV XevKOv — 

15^6501^ — ^^tft)i/, ^TOv virdp-^eLV XevKov — ^^oj/ — KVKvog. 4>a- 
vepov ovv, ^ oTav o/xoLoa-yrj/xove^ wo-lv al irpoTda-€L9 Ka\ rj /mev 
KaOoXov rj S^ ev /xepeL, otl ovSa/jLoo9 yiveTaL crvXXoyLcr/169. 
AAA ovc €l tlvl eKaTepw virap-^eL ^^^ rj /xtj virap-^eL, tj tm 
/i€V T(p ce /JLrj, rj /irjdeTepcp iravTL, tj adLopLorTcog. yJpoL oe 
KOivoL irdvTCOV X€vk6v'-—(^wov — dvOpcoTTog, X€vk6v — ^fpov — 
d^v^ov. 

16 ^avepov ovv €k toov eiptj/ievcov otl eav T€ ovtco^ e^cocTLv 01 
opoL irpo9 dXXrjXov9 C09 eXe-^Orj, ylveTai o-vXXoyLa/iog e^ 
dvdyKtjg, " dv t § cruXXo'y«T/xo?, dvayKrj tov9 opov9 ovTcog 
eyeLv. AijXov Se ^Ka\ otl Trai/Te? aTeXe^? €ior\v 01 ev tovtw 
Tw ayJj/xaTL arvXXoyLcr/jLOL (TrdvTeg ydp eTTLTeXovvTat Trpocr- 
Xa/JL/3avo/jL€vcov tlvcov, d rj evvirdpyeL toU 6pot9 e^ dvdyKrjg rj 
TtOevTai W9 VTToOecret^, oiov OTav Std tov dSvvdTOv SeiKvvo/)' 
/jiev), Kal oTi ov yiveTai KaTacpaTtKog avXXoyicr/JL09 Sid tov- 
Tov Tov cr-^^rj/xaTO^, ^dXXa iravTe^ a-TeprjTtKOi, Ka\ ol KaOoXov 
Ka\ OL KaTa /xepo^. 
6 ""Ea»/ Se Tw avTM to /jlcv iravT^ to Se /xtjSev^ virap-^rj, tj 

h ro C. ^ x'-'^^ — C^o;/ om. pr. C. ^ roO] Tov 8e rc. C. ^ ort 
tav C. ^ fj ^fj imdpxfi om. B. " (av C. ^ ori Ka\ C. P aXX' 
anavTfs C. 



6. ANAATTIK12N nP0TEPX2N A. 71 

anKpo) iravrl r] jULrjSevl, to jULev a")(ijjULa ro ^tolovtov KaXw 
TpLTOv, fxea-ov S^ iv avT(p Xiyco KaO^ ov aiu(,(pco ra KaTijyo- 
povfxeva, aKpa Se tol KaTrjyopov/uieva, /uLel^ov S* ctKpov to 
TToppwTepov Tov jULeo-ov, eXaTTOv Se to eyyvTepov TlOeTaL 
oe TO /uLecrov e^co fxev tcov aKpwv, ecr^aTOi/ oe Trj UeceL. le-2 
\eiog jULcv ovv ov yiveTai a-vWoyicriULO? ovS' ev tovto> tm cr^rj- 
/jLaTL, SvvaTog S^ ea-TaL Ka\ KaOoKov Kai iul^ KaOoXov ^ twv 
opot)v ovTOov TTjOO? To fJLea-ov. KaOoXoL» jJiev ovv ovtoov, OTav 
KaL TO 11 Kai TO r iravTL tw 2j vwap^^ri, otl tlvl tw r to 
II virap^eL e^ avdyKrjg' eire\ yap avTLa-Tpecpei to KaTrjyopL- 
Kov, virdp^eL to 2 tlv\ tw P, wVt e7re\ tco fiev 2 iravT\ to 
n, Tft) ^e P TLv\ TO 2, avdyKrj t6 II tlv\ tw P virapyeLV' 
ylveraL yap a-vWoyLo-fJLO^ Slol tov irpwTOv a-yrifjLaTO<s. ^'Eo-Tf 3 
^e Ka\ Slol tov aSvvaTOv Ka\ ^ tw eKOea^Oai iroielv Trjv airO'- 
Scl^lV ei ydp dfJL<po) iravT^ tw 2 vTrdpyeL, ^dv XrjcpOrj tl tcov 
2 OLOV TO N, TovTcp Ka\ TO II Ka\ TO P ^ vTfdp^eL, Ma-Te TLv\ 
T(p P To II ^virdp^eL. Kai ^aj/ to fiev P TravT^ tw 2, to 
Se n fJLr}Sev\ virdp^^ri, ea^TaL crvWoyLa-fJLO^ otl to II tlv\ tm 
P ov-^ virdp^eL e^ dvdyKrjg' 6 ydp avTO^ ^ Tpoirog Trjg diro- 
Sei^ecog dvTLa-TpacpeLorrj^ Trjg P 2 TrpoTdaecog. AeL^^^Oelrj S^ 4 
dv Ka\ S^d Tov dSvvdTOV, KaOdirep eTTf yTcov irpoTepov. "^Eai/ 
<^e t6 fiev P ''^fJLr]Sev\ t6 Se II TravTi VTrdp-^rj tw 2, ovk eaTai 
avWoyLo-fxo^. ^'OpoL tov virdp^^eiv X/^ov — 'iinro^s — dvOpoo- 
iro^, Tov fJLr] virdpyeLV l(^wov——d^vyov——dvOpoo'iro<s. OvS^ S 
oTav dfJLCpco KaTa fJLrjSevd? tov 2 XeyrjTaL, ovk ecTTaL cruXXo- 
yLa-fiog. ^'OpOL tov virdp-^eLV 'C^^ov — 'iTrTrog — a\(/-i;^oi/, tov 
fjLri virdpyeLv dvOpoo7ro9 — "Lirirog — d^v^ov fxea-ov d>\rv^ov. 
^avep6v ovv Ka\ ev tovtco tco (ryjifkaTL xoV ea-Tai koll ttot 
ovK ecTTaL a-vWoyLorfjL09 KaOoXov toov opoov ovtoov. ^'OTav6 
fjLev yap dfjiCpOTepoL ot opOL ^wcrt KaTrjyopLKol, eaTaL crvWo- 
yL(TfJL6<5 OTL TLv\ virdpyeL t6 uKpov Tw aKpcp, oTav Se cTTepr]- 

q Toioi/To B. ^ fi€V 6vTa>v tS)v opoiv C. ^ r<5] tov corr. C. * (ov C. 
V vTvdpx^L A. ^ iav C. ^ Tponos eaTai rijs C. Y r«i/] rov C. 

2 p.T)8evl t6 (T t6 C * TeOaxri C. 

P4 



7J> ANAATTIKI2N nPOTEPX2N A. Anal. Pk. I. 

TiKol, ovK earTai. *'OTav S' 6 /jlIv ^ crTeptjTiKo^ 6 Se /cara- 
(paTiKog, eav julcv 6 jmell^MP yei/tjTai crTcpriTiKog ^aTepo^ Se 
KaTa(paTLKO's, €<TTai crvWoyi<TiuL09 otl tlv\ ov'^ vTrap^ei to 
cLKpov T(f aKpw, eav S^ avd7ra\iv, ovk ecrTaL. 

7 ""Eai/ S' 6 ^ev § KaOoXov irpog to imecrov 6 S' ev imepei, 
KaTtjyopiKcov fj.ev ovtcov ajuL<poiv avdyKrj yivecrOaL crvWoyL- 
(TfA.ov, av OTTOTepocrovv ^ KaOoXov tcov opcov. Et yap to /ulcv 
P TravTl Tc5 ^2 TO Se II tlvl, avdyKrj t6 II tivI tw P vTrdp- 
^efi/. ''ETreJ yap avTicrTpeCpeL t6 KaTaCpaTLKOv, virdp^ei t6 
2 Tivl Tw n, wcTT eTTel t6 /uLev P iravTl tw 2, to ^e 2 tlv\ 
TM U, Kal t6 P TLvl Tft) n virdp^cL' ^ cocTTe t6 n TLv\ tS 

sP. TlaXLV ei t6 /uLev P tlv\ tw 2 to ^e II iravT^ v7rdp-)^eL, 
avayKfj to U tlv\ tco P virdp-^eLV' 6 yap avT6<i TpoTrog t^? 
aTToSel^eco?. ^'EcrTt S^ OLTroSei^aL Ka\ Slo, tov aSvvdTOv Ka\ Trj 

9€K6e(reL, KaOairep ^e7r\ tcov irpOTepcov. "'Eai' ^' 6 julcv ^ KaTrj- 
yopLK09 6 Se (TTeprjTLKog, KaOoXov Se 6 KaTrjyopLKog, OTav 
/iiev o eXaTTCov rj KaTrjyopLKo^, ecrraL crvXXoyLariuLO^. E/ yap 
To P 7ravT\ TO) '2, t6 Se II tiv\ /uLrj virdp-^eL, avdyKrj t6 II 
TLv\ Tw P iJ.rj vTrdp-^eiv, E/ yap iravTL, Ka\ t6 P iravT^ tw 
2 Kai To 11 iravT\ tw 2 virdp^eL' aX\' ov^ ? virrjp-^ev. 

10 AeiKvvTaL Se Ka\ avev Trjg aTraycoyrjg, eav XrjCpOrj tl tcov 2 
w TO II firj virdpyeL. ^'Ot^v S^ 6 /uLell^cov ^ ^ KaTrjyopLKog, 
ovK ea-Tat crvXXoyLo-juLog, otov ei t6 /ulcv U iravT^ tw 2, t6 
Se P Tiv\ TM 2 /uLrj virdp-^eL. ^'OpOL tov iravT^ vTrdp-^eiv 

11 €/uLy^v)(ov-^avOpco7ro9 — ^yoi/. Tov Se /ULrjSev\ ovk ecTTL Xa- 
/Beiv opovg, €L TLv\ /mev virapyei tw 2 to P, tlv\ Se /ulij' ei 
ydp 7ravT\ t6 II tw 2 virdp^^eL, t6 Se P tlv\ tw 2, Ka\ t6 
n tlv\ Tft) P v7rdp^eL' VTreKciTO Se iuLrjSev\ V7rdpyeiv. ^ AXX 
w(T7r€p ev TOi<s TTpOTepov Xrj7rTeov' ^aSLopicTTOv ydp 6vto9 tov 
TLVL /ULrj v7rap)(€LV Ka\ t6 /urjSev^ v7rdp)(ov dXrjOe^s eiTreiv tlv\ 



" 6 trepos A.C. ^ tr virdpxfi, ro C. ^ eSoTe koX t6 C. et COIT. B. 
® <7rt] Koi eni C. ^ cr vndpxft, tq C. S vTrrjpxf navTi. AtiKvvTai C. 
^ KorrjyoptKOs, 6 5* ^Xdrrav jifpucos (TTtprjTiKds, ovk rc. A.B. ' dopi- 

OTOV A, 



6. ANAATTIKX2N nPOTEPXlN A. y^ 

/uir] vTrapyeLV /ULrjSevl Se ^ virap^^ovTO^ ovk rjv a-vWoyio-iUiO?. 

^avepbv ^ ovv otl ovk ecTTaL crvWoyKTiuLos. ^Eai/ o 6 cTTe-iz 

prjTiKog j? KaOoXov twv opwv, OTav jULev 6 lULel^oov ^ (7Tepr]TLK09 

^o Se eXaTTcov KaTrjyopLKog, ecTTai a-vXXoyLoriuLog. Ei yap 

TO II iuLi]Sevl TU) 2, TO Se P TLvl virapyei tm 2, to II tlvI 

Tw P ou^ virap^eL' iraXLV yap ecTTaL to TrpcoTov ar-^^rjiuLa r^? 

P 2 TTpOTaceco^ avTia-Tpaipelcrrjg. ^'Oraj/ ^e 6 eXaTTcov ^ 

a-TeprjTiKO?, ovk ea-TaL crvXXoyLa- 1^x69. ^OpoL tov vTrap-^eiv 15 

^(fiov — avOpcoTTog — aypiov, tov lULrj vTrdp-^eLv ^(vov — eTrt- 

CTT^IuLr} — aypLOV ^ ixea-ov a/JLipoiv to aypiov. OvS' OTav 

aiuLcboTepoL orTeprjTLKo). TeOcocTLV, ^ o^ o fJLev KaOoXov o o ev 

lULepeL. ^^'OpoL OTav 6 ^eXaTTCOv ^ KaOoXov Trpb^ Tb /uLea-ov, 

^(pov — eTTicrTi^iur] — ^ aypLOV, ^(pov — avOpco7ro9 — aypLOv. 

OTav S^ 6 ^ lULell^cov, tov /ulcv lULrj virdp-^eLV KOpa^ — X^^^ — 

XevKov. Tov S^ virdpyeLV ovk ea-TL Xa^eiv, ei Tb P tlvI julcv 14 

vwdp-^^eL TM 2, TLvl Se ixrj virdp-^ei. Et yap Tb II iravTL 

Tft) P, Tb Se P TLv\ TW 2, Kal Tb II Tivl TCp ^ 2* VireKeLTO 

Se fJLrjSevi. ^AW €k tov ^aSLopLCTTOV SeLKTeov. OvS^ ^ai/ 15 

€KdTepog TLvl T(w yUeVo) virap-^ri ^rj iu.r] virap-^vj, rj 6 fxev virap- 

yri Se fJLri virdp^^r}, »7 6 /xei/ tlv\ 6 Se /JLrj TravTL, r} dSLoplcrTCog, 

ovK ecTTaL crvXXoyLcriuLbg ovSaiuLcog. ^'Opoi Se kolvoI irdvTcov 

'Cwov — dvOpo)7ro9 — XevKov, ^(pov — dy^v^ov — XevKOv. 

^avepbv ovv Ka\ ev tovtco tm cry^ijiuLaTi ttot ecTTai kol 16 

TToV ovK eaTaL a-vXXoyicriuLog, Ka\ otl c-^ovtcov tc twv opcov 

ft)? eXe-^Orj yiveTaL a-vXXoyLcriuLb^ e^ dvayKr]g, Vdv t ^ a-vXXo- 

yLa-iuLog, dvdyKr] Tovg opovg ovTcog €-)(€lv. ^avepbv Se Ka\ otl 17 

Trctj/Te? aTeXeig €ia-\v ol ev TOVTCp tw cr^fxaTL a-vKXoyi(Tfxol 

(7rai/Te? ydp TeXcLOvvTai TrpocrXaixPavofxevcov tlvcov) Ka\ otl 

^ crvXXoyLcraarOaL to KaOoXov Sid tovtov tov cr')^^] /xaT o<s ovk 

^ecTTaL, ^ovT€ crTepr]TiKbv ovTe KaTacpaTiKOv. 

^ virdpxovTi pr. C. ^ ovk rjv o-vXXoyto-/xoff om. C. ^ oZv om. A.B. 
''^ 6 bk cXarrcoi/ KarrjyopiKos Om. A. ^ iiea-ov iv dptpolv A.B. P opot 

Tov fjLri virdpxciv orav C. et rc. A. ^ iXda-aoav C. ^ nypLov, tov 

vndpxeiv ^aiov C. ^ fie^^cov rji KaBoXov, tov C. ^ o" vndp^fi' vTre- 

Ketro C. ^ dopia-Tov A. "^^ edv B. ^ fj 6 — pf) vndpxo om. B.C. 

y edv C. 2 To Ka66\ov a-vKKoylfTaaOai C. * iaTiv C. ^ ovbt A. 



74 ANAATTIKI2N nPOTEPnN A. Anal. Pn. I. 

7 AtjXov Se Koi OTi €v (XTracn Toh a-^rjiuLaariv, OTav /mrj •y/- 
vrjTai crvWoyKTjuLO?, KaTrjyopiKcov jmev rj (TTeprjTiKWV a/UL(pOT€- 
pcav ^ ovTOov Twv opcov ovSev oXco^ ylveTai avayKalov^ KaTij- 
yopiKou Se Ka\ (rTeprjTiKOv, KaOoXov \r](p6evT09 tov crTeprj' 
TiKOv ael yiveTai orvWoyia-jULo^ tov eXarToi/o? OLKpov irpog 
TO /uLei^ov, otov ei to /ulcv A TravTl tw B rj tivI, to Se B 
jUirjSevl Tcp r* avTi(TTpe(po/uLevci)v yap tcov 7rpoT(X(recov avayKrj 

2T0 r Tivl T(p A /ULiJ VTTCLpyeiV, ^O/ULOLCOg Sc ^ KCLTtI TCOV CTCpCOV 

o-^^rjfjLdTCOv ael yap ylveTai Sia t^? avTi(TTpo(pr/<s (tvWo- 
yicr/uL09. ArjXov Se ^ Kal otl to aSiopKTTOv olvtI tov KaTrjyo- 
piKOv Tov ev /ULepei TiOe/ULevov tov avTOv ^ TTOirjcreL orvWoyi- 
cr/ULOv ev aTraa-i Toh (ry^^/uLacrLV. 

3 ^avepov Se Kal ^otl 7r(xvT€9 ol aTeXelg crvWoyL(r/uLo\ t€- 
XeiovvTaL Slo. tov TTpcoTOV cr')^rj/jiaT0<5. ^^H •ya^ SeLKTLKCog ^ 
Slcl tov aSvv(XTOV irepalvovTaL TrdvTeg' a/UL(poT€pco9 Se yiverai 
TO TTpcoTOV G"^/J.a, SeiKTLKco<s /JLev TeXeiov/UL€vcov, OTL Slol Trjq 
avTLCTTpocprj^ eirepaLvovTO iravTe^, rj S^ avTLcrTpocprj to wpco- 
Tov eiTOLeL cr-^^rj/j.a^ Sia Se tov aSvv(XT0v ScLKvv/uLevcoVy oti tc- 
OivTog Tov ^y^r€vSov9 6 o-uXXo^yto-^to? yiveraL Slo. tov TrpcoTOV 
cr'^r]/ijiaTO<i, oiov ^ ev tw TeXevTalco cr^/xaTL, el to A kcxl to 
B iravT^L T(p r vTrdp-^eL, otl to A tlv\ tw B virdp^^eL* ei 
yap /uLrjSevi, TO Se B iravT\ tw V, ovSev\ tw V to A* aXX' 
?jv iravTi. *^O/j.OL009 Se Ka\ eTTf tcov aXXcov. 

4 ^'Eo-Tt ^e Ka\ dvayayeiv TrdvTag tov? (rvXXoyLcr/j.ov9 etV 
TOV9 ev T(p irpdoTcp (T-^rj/jLaTL KaOoXov crvXXoyLa-/j.ov9. Oi fxev 
ydp ev T(S SevTep^p (pavepov otl Sl €K€lvcov TeXeLOvvTai, TrXrjv 
oO^ 6/XOIC09 TravTeg, aXX' ol /uLev KaOoXov tov aTeprjTiKOv dv- 
TiCTTpacpevTOSi Twv S^ ev /xepet cKdTepo^ S^d t^? €i9 to dSv- 

5 vaTov dwaycoyrjg. 01 S^ ev tm ttjOwtco, oi Ka^d /j.€po9, eTTL- 
TeXovvTaL /uLev Ka\ Si^ avTcov, ea-TL Se kol S^d tov SevTepov 
cr-^^fj/jLaTO^ SeiKvvvaL ei9 dSvvaTOv dirdyovTa^, otov el to A 
iravTL to) x>, to oe r> tlvl tco 1 , otl to A tlvl tco ^l . Eji 

c opTcov cn\ [lepovs tS)v rc. A, ovrav koi €Tt\ jiipovs rSyv C. ^ Koi enl C. 
c ort Acai C. ^ iroul C. S ort Koi C. ^ \^fv8ovr B. ^ fV 

rw — r(p i3 rc. supra lituram A. ^ y vndp^fi. Ei C. 



7, 8. ANAATTIKX2N nPOTEPXlN A. 75 

yap /ULrjSeui, tu> Se B TravTi, ovSevl to) F ro B vwap^eL' 
TOUTO yap 'icr^ev Sia tov SevTepov cr^^rjij.aTO^. ^O/molm Se 
KOi €7rl Tov orTepijTiKov ecTTai ri ctTToSei^Lg. Et yap to A6 
fxriSevl Tw B, TO Se B tlvI tw Y virapyeL, to A tlv\ tw F 
ov-^ virap^eL' el yap TravTi, tw ^e B nirjSevi vTrapyeL, ovSev\ 
Tft) r TO B virap^eL' tovto S^ ^v to /uLecrov cr-^rjjuia. ^'Qcrr^ 
€7rel 01 fJLev ev tm fJLecrcp a"^r]ixaTL crvWoyLcriuLol iravTe^ ava- 
yovTaL €19 T0V9 ev tw irpociTcp KaOoXov (TvWoyLcriuLov?, ol Se 
KaTGL ixepo9 €v Tcp TrpcoTO) €19 T0V9 €v Tcp fieacp, (pavepov otl 
Kal OL KaTOL iiepo9 ava^^QrjcrovTaL eh tov9 ev T(p irpcoTO) cryr]- 
lULaTi KaOoXov crvWoyLcriuLov9. O/ S^ ev tw ^ TpLTcp KaOoXov 7 
ixev ovTCov Tcov opcov ev0v9 eirLTekovvTaL Sl eKelvoov tcov a-vX- 
XoyLcrixoov, OTav S'' ev ixepeL XrjcpOcoa-L, S^a toov ev ixepeL avX- 
XoyLcriJLoov toov ev t<w irpooTcp ™ ayrnkaTL' ovtol Se avriyOriaav 
€19 €K€ivov9, oocTTe Ka\ OL €v TLp TpLTCp ayrjixaTL, ^ OL KUTa /xe- 
po9. ^avepov ovv otl 7rdvT€9 avayO^aovTaL €19 tov9 ev tm 
irpooTcp cryfjiJLaTL KaOoXov avXXoyLaiiov9. 

Oi iJL€v ovv Toov avXXoyia-iioov virapyeLV rj iJLr] virapyeLVS 
S€LKvvvT€9 ^ elpriTaL 7^009 eyovaL, Ka\ KaO^ eavT0V9 01 ck tov 
avTOv ayfiiJLaTO^ Ka\ irpo^ PaXXjyXou? ol €k toov cTepcov. 

JliTret o eTepov eaTLV virapyeLv t€ KaL e^ avayKr]9 virap- o 
'yeLv Ka\ evSeyeaOaL virapyeLv {iroXXa yap virdpyeL iJLev, ov 
IJLevTOL e^ dvdyKr]9' Ta S^ ovt e^ dvdyKrj9 ovO^ virdpyeL 6X009, 
evSeycTaL S^ vTrdpycLv), S^Xov otl Ka\ avXXoyLcriJLo^ cKaaTOV 
TOVTOov €Tep09 caTaL, Ka\ ovy 6ijlolco9 eyovTOov toov opoov, aXX' 
o iiev e^ dvayKaloov, 6 S^ e^ virapyovTcov, 6 S' e^ evSeyo- 

IJLCVOOV. 

■"ETrf iiev ovv toov dvayKaloov a-yeSov 61101009 eyeL Ka\ eTrJ 2 
Toov virapyovTooV oocravToo9 yap TLOeiievcov tcov opoov ev T€ 
Tft) virapyeLV Ka\ T(p e^ dvdyKr]9 virdpyeLV r] iJLr] virapyeLV 
ecrTaL Te Ka\ ovk eaTaL avXXoyLaiJLO^, irXrjv SLolaeL tw ^irpocr- 

^ TpiT<o (rvX\oyi(rfio\ KaBoKov C. ^ cxjifxaTi avdyovTai fis tovs 

KaOokov. OvToi C. n oi om. B. o etpr)VTai B.C. P aXXovs A.B. 

q TTpoKflaOaL A. et pr. C. 



76 ANAAYTIKnN nPOTEPHN A. Anal. Pr. I. 

KeicrOai T019 opoi9 to e^ ai/ayKt]^ VTrapyeiv rj nirj virap^^^eiv. 

3T0 re yap (TTeprjTiKov wcravTm avTicrTpe(p€L, Kal t6 ev oXta 
elvai Ka\ to /cara iravTog o/moioog aTroSuxroiuLev. ^Ej/ imev ovv 
T019 aWoi^ Tov avTOV Tpoirov Sei-^Oi^areTat Sia Trj^ avTi' 
crTpo(p^9 ^TO a-vfnrepacriuLa avayKaiov, wcrirep eTri tov virap' 
'^(eiv' ev Se tm juiecro) a-yrjjJ.aTi, OTav rj ^ to KaOoKov KaTa(pa- 
TiKov To S'' ev jULepei crTeprjTiKOv, Koi. ttcxXiv ev T(p TpiToo, 
^OTav t6 juLev KaOokov KaTrjyopiK^v t6 S' ev /ULepei crTeprjTL- 
Kov, ovy^ OjULOLco^ ecTTaL r] cLTroSeL^L^, aX\' avdyKr) eKOejuLevov^ 
ft) TLVi eKaTepov /uLr] vrrapyeL, KaTa tovtov iroLetv tov (TvA- 
XoyLcr/uLOV ea-Tai yap avayKalcog eTr). TOVT(t)v' el ^^^e KaTa 
Tov eKTeOevTO<s ecrTLV avayKaiog, kul KaT CKeLvov TIV09' TO 
yap cKTeOev oirep cKeivo tl ecTTLV. YiveTaL Se tcov a-vWoyt- 
(rjULWv €KaT€po9 ev tw OLKeicp cr-^fxaTL. 
9 ^v/uL/3aLveL Se iroTe Kal Trj^ cTepag irpOTaa-eiA^ avayKalag 
ovcrr/^ avayKalov ylvearOaL ^t6v crvWoyLa/uLov, irXrjv ou^ 
OTTOTepa^ eTvyev, aXXa t^? ttjOo? t6 /uLel^ov oLKpov, oiov ei 
t6 jULev A TM B e^ avayKt]<s elXriiTTaL virap^^ov r/ fxrj virap- 
^ov, t6 ^e B tw r vTT^xpyov /ulovoV ovtco^ yap eiXr]/uL/uLevcov 
Tcov TTpOTacrecov e^ avcxyKrjg t6 A tm Y virapt^eL r/ ou^ virap- 

2 ^€L. ""ETref yyap TravTl tw B e^ avcLyKrjg virapycL ri ou;^ 
V7r<xp-^et ^t6 A, t6 Se V tl tcov B eaTL, (pavepov OTt Kal 
*TO r e^ avayKrj^ ecrTat OaTepov tovtoov. Ei ce to /mev A B 
yu»J ea-Tiv avayKatov, to <^e B F avayKaiov, ovk earTat ^to 
crv/uL7r€paa-/uLa avayKatov. Et yap ^ ea-Tat, crvfx^iia-eTat to A 
Ttvl Tw B vTrap-^etv ej avayKr}<s Sta tc tov irpwTOv Ka\ cia 
Tov TpiTOv a-)(fjiJiaT09. TouTO ^e ^^evSo^' evSe-^erat yap 

STOtovTOv etvat to B w iy^^copei t6 A /uLrjSevl vTrap-^^etv. ^'Et^ 
Kat €K Tcov opcov (pavepov OTt ovk ecTTat to crv/xirepacriJLa avay- 
Kaiov, oiov €L t6 /ULev A e^irj KivtjaL^, to Se B ^mov, €(p^ d) oe 
t6 V avOpco7ro9' ^(pov fjiev yap 6 avOpcoirog e^ avdyKrjs ea^i, 

' To] oTt t6 C. ® t6 fiep KaBoXov C. ^ oTav rji ro C. ^ tovto C. 
^v 8e Ka\ KaTO. B. ^ tov om. C. Y yap t6 a iravTi C. ^ t6 a om. C. 
a Ka\ t6] Ka\ T<ot A.C. et pr. B. ^ t6 ante avfin. om. C. c (Vti A,B. 



9, 10. ANAATTIKX2N nPOTEPX2N A. 77 

KiveiTai Se to ^woj/ ovk e^ avdyKf]?, ovS^ 6 avOpcoTro^, *^OiuloIoo9 
Se Koi ei crrepriTiKOV e^irj ro A B* ^ yap avTr] aTToSei^ig. 
^EttJ <^e Twv ev /mepei crvWoyLO-iuiwv, el imev to KaOoXov ecrTlv 4 
avayKatov, Ka\ to crviXTrepacriJLa ecrTai avayKaiov, ei Se to 
KaTO, /mepog, ovk avayKaiov, ovTe ^ (TTeprjTiKrjg ovTe KaTrjyo- 
piKrjg ovcrrjg Trj? KaOoXov TrpOTaa-ewg. ^'Ecrrft) Srj irpwTOv to s 
KaOoXov avayKaiov, Kal to /xev A iravTL tw B vTrap-^eTw e^ 
avayKrj^, to Se B tivI tw Y virap^^eTW /ulovov avayKrj Srj to 
A Tivl Tw r VTrap-^eiv e^ avayKrjg' to yap T vtto to B 
eo-r/, TM ^^e B TravTi ^to A ^vTrrjp-^ev e^ avdyKr]^. ^Ojuloioi)? 
Se KOi ei CTTeprjTLKog elrj 6 (TvXXoyicr/uLos' rj ydp avTrj ecTTaL 
aTroSei^Lg. Ei ^e to KaTa /ULepo9 ecrTlv dvayKaiov, ovk ecTTai 
TO crvjULTrepacriULa dvayKaloV ovSev ydp dSvvaTOV (TVjULTriTrTeL, 
KaOairep ovS^ ev T019 KaOoXov (TvWoyLoriuLOL^. ^^O/uloloos Se 

Kdirl TWV (TTeprjTLKWV. ^'OpOL KLVrj(TL9 — ^ffov XeVKOV. 

""ETTf ^e Tov SevTepov cr^^rjiJLaTO^s, ei /ULev rj cTTeprjTLKrj irpo- 10 
Taari9 ecTTLv dvayKaia, Ka\ to (TVjULTrepa^T/uLa ecTTaL dvayKalov, 
el S^ rj KaTrjyopLKrj, ovk dvayKaiov. ^'EcrTO) ydp irpwTOv rj 
(TTeprjTLKrj dvayKala, kol to A to) fJiev B jULrjSev). evSey(e(TOo), 
T(p Se r virap^eTco julovov. ^ETrei ovv dvTi(TTpe(peL to CTTe- 
prjTLKOv, ovSe to B tm A ovSev\ evSe-^^eTaL' to Se A TravTl 
Tft) 1 virapyeL, ooctt ovcevi to) i to Jj ej^oeyeTaf to yap i 
VTO TO A ecTTLV. ^" QcTavTcog Se Kal el Trpdg Tcp V TeOfj to 2 
CTTeprjTLKOV ei ydp to A /ULrjSevl tw Y evSe-^eTaL, ovSe to Y 
ovSevl Tft) A eyywpel' to Se A iravTl tw J3 virdp-^eL, oo(tt 
ovSevl Toov B TO r evSe-^eTaL' yiveTaL ydp to irpooTOv or^^/xa 
TrakLv. OvK ^dpa ovSe to B tm T. dvTLCTTpecpeL ydp ojuLOLcog. 
Et ^e ^ KaTrjyopLKrj TrpoTacrh e(TTLv dvayKala, ovk e(TTaL to 
(Tv/uL7repa(TiuLa dvayKaiov. ^YirapyeToo ydp to A iravT^ tcS ^ 
B e^ dvayKrjg, tw Se V /uLrjSevl virapyeToo /ulovov. ^ ALVTLCTTpa- 
ipevTO^ ovv Tov crTeprjTLKOv to irpooTOv ylveraL (T^rj/uLa' Se- 

d (rreprjTiKrji — t^s et sect. 5. rw B — (rvWoyt,(Tyi.6s rc. supra lituram A. 
® h€ yc /3 rc. A. f ro a ora. B. E e^ dpdyKrjs vTTtjpxfP rc. A. 

^ apa de ov^e C. 



78 ANAAYTIKHN nPOTEPIlN A. Anal.Pr.I. 

oeiKTai S^ €v Tw TrpcoTO) oTi /iit] avayKaiag ovarjq Trjg Trpo^ 
*T0 nieil^ov (TTeptjTiKrjg ovSe t6 crviuL7r€pa(T/ULa ea-Tai avayKaiov, 

4a)(TT ovo eiri tovtoov earTaL €^ avay Krjg. iiiTt o et to (rv/J.- 
Trepa^rjua ecTTiv avayKaiov, a-v/ui/Baivei to T tivI T(S A /x^ 
virapyeiv e^ avdyKrjg. Ei yap to B tw F /uLTjSevl vTrcxpy^ei 
e^ avayKrjg, ovSe t6 V T(p B ovSevl virdp^ei e^ avdyKtjg. To 
06 ^ye B Tivl T(p A avayKt] virap-^eiv, elirep Ka\ t6 A iravTX 

STM R e^ avayKr/<s vTrrjp-^ev. ^'Q(TTe t6 Y avayKr/ tiv\ tw A 
/uLrj virapyeiv. ^* AW ovSev KcoXvei t6 A tolovtov XrjcpOrjvaL 
(p iravTi To 1 evoe^^cTaL virap^^eLV. jcjtl Kav opov9 eKue- 
fxevov eirj Seit^ai otl t6 crv/JiiTepacr/JLa ovk ccttlv avayKaiov 

6 aTrXo)?, aWa tovtcov ovtoov ^ avayKalov. OIov ecTToo t6 A 
"C/pov, t6 Se B avOpooTTog, t6 Se T XevKov, Ka\ ai 7rpOT0L(r€i9 
6/ULOLC09 eiX^cpOooarav evSe-^eTaL yap t6 Xfpov /xrjSev\ "Xeu/coJ 
virapyeLV. Oup^ virap^eL Srj ovS^ 6 avOpooTTOS ovSev\ Xeu/cw, 
aXX' ovK e^ av(xyKrj9' evSe-)(^6TaL yap avOpooirov yevea-Oai 
XevKov, ov fievTOL eco? av ^mov /itjSev\ XevK^p vir(JLpyrj. ^'Q(tt€ 
TOVTOov /uLev ovToov OLvayKaiov €(TTaL TO (TV/xirepaa/Jia, (xifKoo^ 
S^ ovK avayKalov. 

7 ^O/jLOL009 S^ e^et Ka\ exlt toov ev /uLepei arvWoyLa-/jioov. *'OTai/ 
/iiev yap rj crTeprjTLKrj irpoTacTL^ KaOoXov ^T ^ kol avayKala, 
Ka\ t6 (TV/uLTrepaar/ia earTai avayKaioV OTav Se rj KaTrjyopLKrj 
KaOoXov, rj Se crTeprjTLKrj KaTa /j.epo9, ovk ea^TaL t6 a-v/JLTrC' 
paa-fia avayKaiov. ^Eo-to) Srj irpooTOV rj (TTeprjTiKtj KaOoXov 
T€ Ka\ avayKala, Ka\ t6 A tw /ulcv B /irjSev\ evSe^^^eaOoo virdp^ 

gye»/, Tft) ^e F tiv\ VTrap-^eToo. ^ETret ovv avTi(TTpe(p€L to 
(TTeprjTLKOv, ovSe TO B Tw A ovSev^ evSe^^OLT av virap-^eLV 
TO ^e ye A tlv\ tw F virdpyeL, oo(tt e^ avdyKrj<s tiv\ ^toov 
T oup( ^vTrdp-^^eL t6 B. UdXiv ea-Too rj KaTrjyopLKrj KaOoXou 
Te Ka\ dvayKaia, Ka\ KeicrOoo irpog tw B to KaTrjyopLKOv. 

9Et Srj t6 A Trai/T/ T(p B e^ dvdyKrjg virdp-)(€L, tw ^e T tiv\ 
/i.rj vTrdp^ei, otl /lev oi)^ vTrdp^eL t6 B tlv\ T(p T, (pavepov, 

i tS)i fj.fi(oui C. ^ -yf om. B. ^ rcot B. ™ dvayKaicov pr. B. 

n \(vk6v B. o t' om. pr. B. P rcov B. n vnap^ei B.C. 



Ti. ANAATTIKI2N nP0TEPX2N A. 79 

aX\' ovK e^ avdyKrjg' ol yap avrol opoi ecrovTai ttjOo? Tr]v 
aTToSei^iv OLirep eir\ tcov KaOoXov crvWoyKTiuLcov. ""AXX' ovS^ 
€1 t6 CTTeptjTiKOV CLvayKaiov ecTTiv ev imepei \r](j)Oev, ovk ecrTai 
To crviUTrepacriuLa avayKaiov Sia yap toov avTwv opcov ij aTro- 
Sei^i^. 

""Ev ^e Tft) TekevTalco cryJjixaTi KaOoXov fxev ovtcov tcov I I 
opcov TTjOO? TO jULecov Kal KaTijyopiKcov cLjULipoTepcov Tcov irpo- 
Tacrecov, eav oiroTepovovv ^ avayKaiov, Kal to crvfxirepacriJLa 
ecTTai avayKaiov. ""Eai/ ^e to /xev ^ orTepijTiKOv to Se KaTrj-z 
yopLKOv, oTav julcv to a-TeprjTiKov avayKalov rj, kol to crvfJL- 
TrepacrfJLa ecrTai avayKalov, OTav Se to KaTrjyopiKov, ovk 
ecTTai avayKaiov. ^'^cTTCocrav yap ajULCpoTepai KaTrjyopLKOi 
TTpcoTOv al TrpoTCLcreLg, Ka\ t6 A Kal t6 B iravTl tw T virap- 
X^Tco, avayKaiov S^ ecTTCo t6 A F. ""ETref ovv t6 B iravT^s 
T(p r VTrdpyei, Ka\ t6 V tlv\ tco B virapt^eL S^a t6 avTLCTTpe- 
(peiv ^t6 KaOoXov tm KaTo. /uLepo?, coctt el iravT^ Tcp F to A 
e^ avdyKrjg virdp^^eL Ka\ to F t<w B tlvl, Ka\ tw B tlv\ 
avayKalov virdp-^eLv t6 A* t6 ydp B utto t6 V ecrTiv. F/- 
v€TaL ovv t6 irpooTOv G"^iuLa. ^OjuLouog Se SeLyOrja-eTaL Ka\ et 4 
To B r ecTT^v dvayKalov dvTLCTTpecpeL ydp to ^ F tw A 
TLVL, oocTT ei TTavT^ T(p F To B e^ dvdyKrjg virdp-^^eL, Ka\ * T(p 
A. TLv\ virdp^eL e^ dvdyKrjg. HdXLV ecrrco t6 julcv A V ctt€- 
prjTLKOv, To ^e B r KaTa^paTLKOv, dvayKaiov Se t6 CTTeprjTi- 
Kov. ""ETref ovv dvTLCTTpe(peL tiv\ tw B t6 V, t6 Se A ovSev\ 
TW r i^ dvdyKrjg, ovSe tw B tiv\ virap^ei e^ dvdyKrjg t6 A* 
To yap ±> VTTO TO 1 ecTTLv. ejl ce to KaTrjyopLKov avay-B 
Kalov, ovK ecTTai to cTvjuLTrepacr/uLa dvayKaiov. ^'EcrTft) •yaio 
To B r KaTrjyopLK^v Ka\ dvayKalov, t6 <^e A F crTeprjTLK^v 
Ka\ juLrj dvayKaiov. ""ETref ovv dvTiarTpecpeL t6 KaTa^paTLKov, 
virdp^ei Ka\ t6 V tlv\ tco B e^ dvdyKrjg, (acrT ei t6 julcv A 
IJ.rjSev\ " Tcov V t6 Se T tlv\ tcov B, t6 A tlvi tcov B oJ;( 
vTrap^ei' aXX' ovk e^ dvdyKrjg' SeScLKTaL ydp iv tlS irpcoTco 

r Tcot KaOoKov t6 C, s y ^^i ^^^ „ \^ q^ pi». C. t t6 B. ^ Toiz/] 

TCOt B. 



8o ANAATTIKaN nPOTEPflN A. Anal. Pk. I. 

a"^riiJLaTL OTL Tfjg (TTeptjTLKrjg TrpoTaareoog fJLrj avayKaLa^ oua-tj9 
ovSe To arvjuLTrepacr/uia ecTTaL avayKaiov. ^'Ert Kav Slo. twv 
Copcov eirj (pavepov. ^'J^cttco yap to luev A ayaOov, t6 ^' e(j>^ 
(p B t^wov, To Se r 'iTTTrog. To juiev ovv ayaOov evSe-^eTai 
/jLr]Sev\ fTTTTft) virapyeLV, to Se X/^ov avdyKrj iravTl VTrdp-^eLV' 
aXX ovK avdyKr} l^(S6v tl jULrj elvaL ayaOov, elirep evSeyeTaL 
irotv etvaL ayaOov. ^^H el jmr] tovto SvvaTOv, aXXa t6 eyprj- 
yopevaL rj KaOevSeLV opov OcTeoV airav yap ^(fov Scktlk^v 

TOVTOOV. 

7 Ef /uiev ovv ^oi opoi KaOokov irpo^ t6 /ULecrov elcTLV, elptjTaL 
TTOTe €<TTaL To (rv/UL7repa<TiuLa avayKaiov ei S^ 6 /ulcv KaOoXov 
6 S^ ev jULepeL, KaTrjyopLKwv /uiev ovtcov a/ULCJ^OTepcov, OTav t6 
KaOoKov yevtjTai avayKaiov, Kal t6 (TVfjLTrepacriULa ecrrat avay- 
Kalov. '*A7r6SeL^i9 S' rj avTtj rj Kal irp^Tepov dvTL(TTpe(peL 

8 ydp Ka\ t6 ev /ULepeL KaTrjyopLK^v. Ei ovv dvayKrj t6 B iravT). 
T(p r vTrdp-^eLV, t6 Se A viro to Y ecTTiv, dvayKrj t6 B tlvI 
Tw A VTrdpyeLV. Et ^e to B tw A tlvl, Ka\ t6 A. tm B tlvI 
virdp-^eiv dvayKaiov dvTL(TTpe(peL yap. '^O/xo/o)? ^e Ka\ el t6 
A r e^irj dvayKalov KaOdXov 6v t6 ydp B uxo t6 Y eo-TLv. 
Ef <^e t6 ev /uLepeL ecTT^v dvayKalov, ovk ecTTaL t6 arv/ULTrepacr/ULa 
dvayKaiov. ^'IEkttco ydp ro B F ei^ /uLepeL re kol dvayKalov, 

9t6 Se A iravT^ tw V virap-^^eTO), jULrj /uLevTOL e^ dvdyKrjg. ^Avtl- 
(TTpa(pevTO<s ovv Tov B r To irpwTOv ylveTaL a-^rj/uLa, Ka\ rj 
/uLcv KaOdXov 'jrp6Ta(TL's ovk dvayKala, rj S^ ev /xepeL dvayKaia. 
^OTe S^ ovT0)9 e-)(oiev ai TrpoTacreL?, ovk Tjv to a-vjuL7repa(T/uLa 
dvayKaiov, coctt ovS^ €7r\ tovtcov. ^Eti ^e Ka\ ck twv opcov 
lo (pavepdv. ^'Eotto) yap t6 /ulcv A eyprjyopaL^, to Se B SiTrovv, 
€(t> (^ Se t6 V ^0)01/. To fJiev ovv B tlv\ tc5 F dvayKrj virdp- 
X^LV, t6 Se A tw r €vS€)(€TaL, Ka\ To A Tw B ovK dvay- 
KuloV ov ydp dvayKrj SiTrovv tl KaOevSeiv rj eyprjyopevai. 
^O/jLoico^ Se Ka\ Sid tcov avroov opcov SeL-^OrjacTaL Ka\ el t6 A 
r €*irj €v jULepei T€ Ka\ dvayKaiov. Et S^ 6 /uLev KaTrjyopLKd^ 6 
Se aTeprjTiK^? tcov opcov, OTav fxev § to KaOoXov aTeprjTiKOv 

^ ol om. A. 



12, 13- ANAATT1K12N nPOTEPHN A. 8i 

T€ Kal apayKaiov, Ka\ to (Tv/uLTrepaa-iuLa ecTTai auayKaiov el 
ycLp To A Tw r fJLYioevL evci-^eTai, to Se B tlvi tm l virap- 
^ef, To A Tivl TM B cLvdyKtj /uLr] vTrdpyeiv. ^^Orai/ Se ro ii 
KaTacpaTiKov avayKaiov TeOrj, t] KaOoXov bv rj ev jULepei, rj to 
(TTeprjTiKov KaTOL jULepo^, OVK ecTTaL To (TViUL7repa(TiuLa avayKaiov. 
Ta /uLev yap aXXa TavTO, a Kal cVi tcov yirpoTepov epov/uLev, 
opoi ^' OTav /ULcv ^ TO KaOdXov KaTrjyopiKov avayKatov, eyprj-' 
yop(Ti<s — X^wov — avQpcoTTog, "^ixecrov avOpcoiro^, OTav S^ ev /ULepei 
t6 KaTrjyopiKov dvayKaiov, eypriyop(TL^ — X,^^^ — XevKov' X^^ov 
/ULev ydp dvdyKr\ tlv\ \evKw virap^^eiv, eyprjyopcn^ ^' evSe-^^eTai 
jULrjSevl, Ka\ ovk dvdyKrj tiv\ ^wft) jULr] virap-^eiv eypriyop(TLV. 
'Orai/ ^e to (TTeprjTiKov ev jULepei ov dvayKaiov ^, Sittovv — 

KlVOVJULeVOV ^(pOV, ^IULe(TOV ^(^ov. 

^avepov ovv otl tov /ULev virdpyeiv ovk e(TTi (TvWoyKTiULog, \2, 
edv /uLr] djuLCpoTepai w(tiv al TTpOTacreig ev tw virap-^^eiv, tov 
S'' dvayKalov e(TTi Ka\ Trjg eTepa? julovov dvayKaia? ov(rr]g. 
''Ei/ d/uL(j)OTepoi? Se, Ka\ KaTacpaTiKwv Ka\ crTeprjTiKoov ovtcov 
Toov (TvWoyi(TiuLcov, dvayKrj Trjv eTepav irpoTacTLV oixoiav eivai 
Tw (TViuL7repd(TiULaTi. Ae^o) Se to OjULOLav, el fxev virapyov, 2 
virdp-^ov^Tav, el S'' dvayKalov, dvayKaiav. ^'Q(TTe Ka\ tovto 
S^Xov, oTi ovK ecTTai t6 (rvjULTrepa^TjULa ovt dvayKaiov ov6* 
virdp-^^ov elvaL /uirj XrjcpOelcTrjg dvayKaiag rj vTrap-^^ov^Trjg irpo- 
racreft)?. 

Y\.€p\ /ULev ovv Tov dvayKalov, Trm yiveTai Ka\ Tiva Sia(po- I 2 
pdv eyei irpd^ to virdp-^ov, e^lprjTai ct-^^^eSov iKavm' irep^ Se 
Tov evSeyoixevov /uera TavTa ^Xeyo/ULev Trore Ka\ 7rw9 Ka\ Sid 
TLVcov e(TTai (TvWoyKTfjio^. Ae^yw S^ evSe-^e^rOaL Ka\ to evSe- 2 
yoiJievov, ov /uLrj ovto^ dvayKaiov, TeOevTO<s S^ vTrdpyeLv, ovSev 
ecrraL S^a tovt dSvvaTOV to ydp dvayKaiov o/ulcovvjulco^ evSe- 
"^ecTOaL XeyojULev. ^Otl Se tovt €(ttl t6 evSeyo/Jievov, (pavep6v 
€K re Twv a7ro(pa(r€a)v Ka\ tcov KaTa(pa(T€Cov tcov dvTLKeijuevcoV 
TO yap ovK evSe-^^cTaL v7rdp-^eLV Ka\ dSvvaTOv V7rdpyeiv Ka\ 

y TrpoTfpav C. 2 fiecrov 8e av$pa>nos C. ^ /Lictro»/] biirovv fjieaov A. 
B. (S)iov ante fA€<roj/ ponit in litura. ^ Xtyafieu B.C. 

VOL. I. G 



82 ANAATTIKflN Anal. Pr. 

avayK^ Hirj vTrdp-^^eiv rjTOi Tavra ecTiv ij aKoXovOei aW?]\oi9, 
wcTTe Ka\ TOL avTiKeiimeva tovtoi^, to €vSe-)(eTai virapyeiv ^ Ka\ 
ovK aSuvaTOV virdp^eiv ^Ka\ ovk ava^Kf] jULt] v-jrap^eiv, tjTOt 
Tavra ecrTai t] aKoXovOovvTa aXXijXoz?' KaTa iravTo^s yap »} 

3 KaTacpacn^ ^ t] t] airocpacTL^s ecTTiv. rj(TTai apa to evceyo- 
Hievov ovK avayKaiov Ka\ to /mr] avayKaiov evSey6iJ.€vov. ^v/ul- 
iSaiveL Se Trdara^ Tag KaTO. to evSe-^ea-Oai 7rp0Td(T€i9 avTi- 
CTTpeCpeiv aXXi}Xaf9. Ae^yo) Se ov Tag KaTa(paTiKag Taig ciTro- 
(paTiKaig, oXX ocrai KaTacpaTiKOV eyovcri to o-^^rjfJ^ci Kara Ttjv 
dvTiOe(Tiv, olov TO evSe-^eo-Oai virdp^eiv tw evSe-^^^ecrOai /uLr] 
virdp-^eiv, Ka\ to 7ravT\ evSe-^ea-Oai tw evSe-^^ea-Oai iuLr]Sev\ Ka\ 
lULrj TravTL, Ka\ to tlv\ tw /mr] tivl. Tov avTOv Se Tponrov Ka\ 

4e7rf Tijdv aWcDV. ^ETreJ •yaiO to evSe-^o/ULevov ovk ecrTiv dvay- 
Kaiov, TO Se lULr] dvayKaiov eyyj^pel jUir] vTrap-^^etv, (pavepov 
OTi, el evSe^^eraL to A tw B virdpyeiv, evSeyeTai Ka\ /uLrj 
virdpycLv' Ka\ el iravT^ evSe-^erat virdpyeiv, Ka\ TravT^ evSe- 
yeraL /uLr] virdp-^^eiv. ^'OiULOicog ^ Se ^/caTTf twv ev imepei KaTa- 
(pdcrecDV' r] ydp avTr] aTroSei^L?. EfVf S^ ai TOiavTai irpoTa- 
CT€L<; KaTr]yopiKa\ Ka\ ov aTeprjTiKab to ydp evSeyea-Oai tw 
elvai oiuLOLOog TaTTerai, KaOairep eXe-^Or] irpoTepov. 

5 Aioopia-iuLevcov Se tovtcov TraXiv ^Xeyoimev oti to evSe-^ecTOai 
KttTa Svo XeycTat TjOottou?, eva lULev to w? eir^ to TroXv ylve- 
CTOai Ka\ SidXeiTreiv to dvayKaiov, oiov to iroXiova-Oat av- 
Opcoirov rj to av^dvecrOai r] (pOivetv, tj oXo)? to TreCpvKO^ virap- 
'^etv {tovto ydp ov cTvve-^eg fxev e-^et to dvayKaiov Sia to iulj] 
aeJ ^elvai dvOpcoirov, ovto9 lULevroi dvOpcoirov tj c^ dvayKrjg t] 
o)? CTrt TO iroXv ecTTLv), aWov ce to aoptCTTOv, o Kat ovtco? 
Ka\ fJLt] OVTC09 SvvaTOv, oiov to jSaSti^etv ^(pov t] ^ to /SaSt^ov- 
T09 yevea-Oai creta-iuLOv, tj oXw? to aTro Tv-^r]^ ytvdiuLevoV ovSev 
Sydp /ULdWov OVTC09 7r€(j)vK€v t] €vavTt(09. ^ A.vTi(rrp€(j)€i /uei/ 
ovv Ka\ Kard to? dvTiKetfJLevag irpoTacreig eKarepov tcov evSe- 

c Koi t6 ovk C. ^ ^ (f)d(ns A, 17 (f>d(ns B. « be om. B.C. ^ Koi 

fVl C. S Xeyw/Afv B. h ffy„t rov avdpanov C. * alterum ro 

om. C. 



I. 14. nPOTEP12N A. 83 

•)^oiuL6PMv, ov iuit]v Tov avTOv ye Tpoirov, aWa to /ulcv 7r6(pvKog 
elvai Tft) jULrj e^ avayKtjg virapyeLV {ovtw yap evSe-^eTai lutj 
TToXiova^Oai avOpcaTrov), to S^ aopicrTOv tm /ULtjSev julclWov ov- 
TU)9 r] eKelvcog. ^^TricrT^iuLr] Se Ka\ crvWoyicriuLo^ aTToSeiKTiKog 

TCOV jULCV aoplcTTOOV OVK eOTTl SlO. TO OLTaKTOV elvai TO jULeCTOV, 

Twv Se irecpvKOTtjdv ecTTL, Ka\ cr^eSov ol XoyoL Kal al cTKe^^eL^s 
yivovTai irep\ tmv ovTm evSeyo^ievwV ^ eKelvwv S"* ey^oopel 
jULev yevecrOai crvWoyiciuLOv, ov fjLrjv e^icoOe ye ^rjTeicrOaL. 

TavTa 1JL6V ovv SLopLcrOrjcreTaL fJLoWov ev Toh eiroiuLevoLg' 7 
vvv Se ^Xeyoixev iroTe Ka\ T19 ecTTai crvWoyLcriJLO^ 6k toov ev- 
Se-^oiULevcov irpoTacTeoov. ^ETref Se to evSeyecrOaL ToSe TwSe 
virap-^eLV SLyoo<s ecTTLV €K\af3elv (ji yap (p virap-^eL ToSe rj w 
€vS6-)(6Tai avTO virap-^^eLv' to yap, KaO^ ov to B, to A evSe- 
XecTOaL TOVTOov crrjiuaLveL OaTepov, r} /caO' ov XeyeTaL to B 5; 
KaO" ov evSe-^eTaL XeyecrOai' to Se, KaO^ ov to B, to A ev- ^ 
Se-^ea-OaL rj iravT^ Tft) B ro A ey^^oopeiv ovSev Siacpepei), (pa- 
vepov OTL Si-^^oog av \eyoiTO to A tm B TravT^ evSe^ecrOai 
virapyeLv. YlpooTov ovv e'i7rooiuLev, ei KaO^ ov to F to B evSe-g 
^€TaL, Ka\ KaO^ ov to B to A, t/? ecrTai Ka\ ttoio? crvWo- 
yLo-fJLog' ovToo yap ai TrpoTacreLg aiuLCpoTepai \aiJ.^avovTaL 
KaTO. TO evSeyecTOai, OTav Se KaO^ ov to B virapyeL to A 
evSeyrjTaL, rj ij.ev virap-^ovcTa rj S^ evSeyoiJ.evrj. wctt «Tro toov 
"^ ojj.oLOcr^^rjiJ.oov apKTeov, KaOairep Ka\ ev Toh aWoig. 

^'OTav ovv To A 7ravT\ tw B evSeyrjTaL Ka\ to B iravT^ ia 
T(p T, cTv\\oyL(Tiio9 ecTTai T€\eL09 OTL t6 A 7ravT\ Tft) r ev- 
Se^^eTaL vTrapyeiv. i.ovto Se (pavepov ck tov 6pL(T/j.ov' to 
yap evSe-)(6(T0aL 7ravT\ v^rapyeLV ovtoo^ €\eyoiiev. ^Oiioicog Se 
Ka\ ei t6 fJLev A evSe^^cTaL iirjSev\ too B, t6 Se B 7ravT\ T(S 
r, OTL To A evSe^^eTaL iJLrjSev\ tw T' t6 yap KaO" ov t6 B 
evSe^^eTai, t6 A iJLrj evSeyecTOaL, tovt ^v t6 iJLrjSev a7ro\€L7r€iv 
Toov V7r6 t6 B evSeyoiJievoov. ''OTav Se t6 A 7ravT\ tS B ev- 2 
Se^^rjTai, t6 Se B evSeyrjTaL iirjSev^ tco T, Sia ijlcv twv €i\rjiJL- 
lievcov 7rpoTa(T€cov ovSe\9 yivcTaL crvWoyLcriiog, avTLCTTpacpeL- 

"^ eKeivcos B. ' Xtyto/Liei/ Trore Kal nios Koi B. "* 6jx.(no(T\rjfj.6u(av K. C. 

G 2 



84 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

(Tr]9 Se Tt]9 B r KaTo, To ivSi-^^ea-Oai yivcTai 6 avT6<! ^^oarwep 
TTpOTepov. ^ETTeJ yap evSi-^^eraL to B imriSev] tw T vTrap- 
')(eLV, ivSe-^CTaL Ka\ iravT) virap-^eLv' tovto S' e^prjTaL irpoTe- 
pov. ^'QcTT ^el TO fxev B 'iravT). t£ F, t6 S^ A TravT) tw B, 

^TraXLV 6 airro? yiveTai crvWoyLa-iuLo?. ^^O/JLOicog Se Ka\ ei tt^o? 
aiUL(pOTepa<s ra? TrpoTacreL^ rj a7r6(pacrL^ TeOelr] imeTa tov evSe- 
yecrOaL. A.eyo) S' otov ei to A evSe-^^eTaL fjirjSevl twv B Ka\ 
t6 B nirjSevl Tcov V' Sia [xev yap twv eiXrjiuLiuLevcov irpoTaa-ewv 
ovSe\^ ylveTaL a-vWoyKTiJLO?, avTia^TpecpoiULevcov Se TrdXiv 6 

4avT09 ea-TaL Pft)? Ka\ irpoTepov. ^avepov ovv otl t^9 airocpa- 
(reco'5 TLOefJLevrjg ttjOo? to eXaTTOV OLKpov rj 7rpo9 aiuL(poTepa9 
Tas" 7rpOTaa-eL9 rj ov ylveTaL a-vXXoyLcriuLO?, rj yiveTai fJLev aXX' 
ov TeXeL09' eK yap Trjg avTLcrTpo(j)rjg ^ylveTaL to avayKaiov. 

5 ^Eai/ S^ Y] fxev KaOoXov tcov irpoTaa-ecov r] S' ev fjLepeL Xrj^pOfj, 
"Trp^g fiev TO fieiCov OLKpov KeifJLevrjg TtJ9 KaOoXov a^vXXoyLa^fiog 
carTai TeXeLO?. Et «yajO t6 A TravT^ tw B evSey^eTaL, t6 Se 
B Tiv\ T(p r, t6 A tlv\ Tft) r evSe-)(€Tai. Tovto Se (pavepov 
€K Tov opia-fiov Tov ^ cvSeyeaOaL. YiaXLv ei t6 A evSeycTai 
fir]Sev\ Tw B, TO ^e B Tiv\ tcov V evSe^eTaL virdpyeLV, avdyKrj 
TO A evSeyecrOal tlvl tcov V fir] v-irapyeLV. ^ A.iroSeL^L^ S^ tj 

6avTti. ^Ea»/ Se crTeprjTLKr] Xr](pOrj r] ev fJLepeL TrpOTaa-ig, r] Se 
KaOoXov KaTa(paTLKr]^ Trj Se Oea-eL ofiolcog e^coa-Lv, oiov t6 fxev 
A iravT^ Tw B €vSe-)^eTaL, t6 Se B tlv\ tm T evSe-^eTaL fir] 
vTrdpyeLV, Sid fJLev tcov elXrjfifjLevcov irpoTacrewv ov yiveTai 
(pavep6g a-vXXoyLorfio^, dvTLaTpa(peia-rj9 Se Trjg ev fiepeL Ka\ 
TeOevTog tov B tiv\ tw T evSe-^ea-Oai virap-^eLv to avTO 
ea^TaL arvfiirepacrfia o Ka\ irpoTepov, KaOawep ev to?9 e^ dp- 

7 ^^9. ""Eai/ <^' ^ 7rp69 t6 fJLeii^ov aKpov ev fJLepeL Xr](pOr], r] Se 
7rp6<5 TO eXaTTOv KaOoXov, eav t dfKpoTepaL KaTa(paTLKa\ 
TeOcoa-Lv edv Te a-Tepr]TLKa\ eav Te fxrj ^ 6fjLOioa-)(^fJLov€9 edv t 
dfJL(p6T€pai dSLdpLa-TOi t] /caTa fi€po<s, ovSaficog ca-Tai avXXo- 

n ao-nep A, acnrfp Koi C. o «Vft B. P a)s] oinrfp B. 1 yiperai] 
rrepaiveTai corr. A. ^ post €v8ex€<r0ai A.B.C. a^y, sed B. ab eadem 
manu deleta suprascripto navri. s 6poa-xr}pov€s A.B. 



I. 15- nP0TEP12N A. 85 

yicTjULos' ovSev yap ko)\v€l t6 B virepTelveiv * tov A kol fJLr] 
KaTrjyopeiarOai ctt' ^'[(toov' '^w S^ virepTelvei to B tov A, el- 
XrjC^Ow TO r* TOVTW yap ovTe iravT^ ovTe /jLtjSevl ovTe tivI 
ovTe jUL^ TLVL ivSe^cTaL t6 A virap-^eLV, e'i7rep avTL<TTpe(j)ov(TLV 
al KaTa t6 evSe-^eaOai irpOTaareLS Kal t6 B wXeiocTLV evSe- 
■)(eTaL 37 TO A virap-^eLV. ^'Et£ ^e Ka\ €K tljov opcov (pavepov 8 
ovTCo yap eyovcroov twv irpoTacreojv to TrpwTOV tm ec^aTO) 
Kal ovSevl €vSe-)^eTaL Kal TravTl virap-^^eiv avayKalov. ^'OpoL9 
Se KOLvol TrdvTWv tov /ulcv virdp^eLV e^ avayKrjg ^wov — Xev- 
Kov — avOpooTTO^, Tov Se ixri ivSe-^^ecrOaL ^woj/ — XevKOv — ifxd- 

TLOV. ^aV€p6v OVV TOVTOV TOV TpOlTOV e-^OVTWV TWV OpWV OTL 

ovSeh yiveTaL crvWoyicriuLo^. ^H yap tov virapyeLV rj tov e^ 
avayKrjg t] tov evSeyecrOaL ira^ ecTTL crvWoyLcriULO^. Tov /ulcv 10 
ovv virap^eLv kol tov avayKaLOv (pavepov otl ovk €cttlv' 6 
juLev ydp KaTacpaTiK^g dvaipeiTaL tw crTeprjTLKw, 6 Se CTTeprj- 
TLK69 Tw KaTacpaTLKw. A.elireTaL Srj tov evSe-^ecrOaL etvaL' 
TOVTO S^ dSvvaTOV SeSeLKTaL ydp otl ovtws e-^ovTwv twv 
opwv Ka\ TravT^ tw ecryaTW to irpwTOV dvayKrj Ka\ ovSev\ ev- 
Se^^eTaL virdp-)(eLV. ^'Qctt ovk dv e^lrj tov evSe-^ecrOaL ctvWo- 
yLcrix6<s' t6 ydp dvayKalov ovk rjv evSe-^ojULevov. 

^avepdv ^ Se otl KaOoXov tcoi/ opwv ovtwv ev Taig evSe^^^o- 1 1 
IJL€vaL<s irpOTacrecTLv de\ ylvcTaL crvWoyLoriuLd^ ev tw irpwTw 
a-)^rjiJLaTL, Ka\ KaTrjyopLKWv Ka\ CTTeprjTLKwv ovtwv, TrXrjv Ka- 
TrjyopLKWv lULev T€\eL09, CTeprjTLKWv Se dTeXi^g. Aei Se t6 ev- 
Sey^ea-OaL XajuL^dveLv juLrj ev tol^s dvayKaloL^, aXXa /caTd t6v 
eiprjjULevov SLOpLCTfiov. ^Ei//oTe ^e XavOdvei t6 tolovtov. 

^lEidv S^ rj juLev virdp-^eLV rj S^ evSeyecTOaL Xa/UL^dvrjTaL twv 15 
irpoTaa-ewv, OTav /ulcv rj ttjOO? to jJLelXov aKpov evSeyecTOaL arj- 
liiaLvrj, TeXeLOL t 'ecrovTaL TravTeg 01 crvXXoyLa-iuLo\ Ka\ tov ev- 
Se-^earOaL Ka^d t6v eiprjfjLevov SLOpLcrfJLov, OTav S^ rj irp69 t6 
eXaTTOv, aTeXeh ^Te iravTeg, Ka\ ol aTeprjTLKo\ twv crvXXo- 
yLar/iiwv ov Tov KaTa tov SLOpiarjUL^v evSeyojJLevov, dXXd tov 

t Tov\ t6 A.B.C. "V vocis lcTtiiv litteras (ov corr. A. ^^ wt corr. B. 
X bi] df Koi B.C. y T« om. C. 

03 



86 ANAATT1KX2N Anal. Pr. 

fMtjSevl rj jmrj Travri e^ avayKtj<s vTrdp-^eiV ei yap /uLtjSevl tj /uirj 
Travrl e^ avdyKrjg, ivSey^ea-Oai (pa/uLev Kal /uirjSev). Kal /uLr] 'wavTi 
'^virdp-^eiv. ^^vSeyecrQu) ydp to A Travrl tw B, to <^e B 
iravTL TU) r KeiQ-Oo) virdp-^eiv. ^E7re< ovv vtto to B ea-T\ to 
r, t(o Se B iravTl evSe-^^eTai to A, (pavepov oti Kal tw T 
'TravTl €vS€-)(€Tai. TlveTai Srj TeXeiog arvWoyicriuLog. ""O/io/ft)? 
^e Ka\ (TTepriTtKrjg ova-rjg t^9 A B 7rpoTda-eoo9, Ttj? ^e B F 
KaTacpaTiKrjg, Kal Trjg /ulcv evSe-^^eaOai Tri<s S' virdp-^eiv ^XajUL- 
/Savovarr]^, ^TeXeioi a-vWoyia-fJLog otl to A evSe^eTai /uLrjSevi 
Tw T virdp-^eiv. 

3 ^Otl julcv ovv tov virdp-^eiv TLOefxevov irpo^s to eXaTTOV 
oLKpov TeXeLOL yivovTaL crvWoyia-iuLoi, (pavepov otl S^ evav- 
TL009 '^e-^ovTog ea^ovTaL a-vWoyLajULol, Sid tov dSvvdTOv SeL- 
KTeov. ^'A/uLa S' eaTai SrjXov Ka\ otl aTeXeig' rj ydp Sei^L9 
ovK €K Twv €i\rj/uLiUL6va)v irpoTdaecov. WpwTOV Se XeKTcov oti 
€1 Tov A OVT09 avayKrj to B eivaL, Ka\ SvvaTov 6vto9 tov A 

4 SvvaTov ea-TaL to B e^ dvdyKrj<5. ^'EcrTW ydp ovtw^s e-^ovTcov 
To fJLev e(p^ w To A SvvaTOv, to S"* e^' o) to B dSvvaTOv. E/ 
ovv To /uiev ovvaTOv, ^OTe cvvaTov eivai, yevoLT av, to o aov- 
vaTov, ^^ oT dSvvaTov, ovk dv yevoiTO, a/uLa S^ ei to A SvvaTov 
Ka\ To B dSvvaTOVf evSey^OLT dv to A yevecrOaL dvev tov B, 
ei Se yeveaOaL, Ka\ eJvaL' t6 ydp yeyovog, OTe yeyovev, 

5 ea-Tiv. Ael Se Xaju^dveLV /uLrj /ulovov ev Trj yevea-eL to dSvva- 
Tov Ka\ SvvaTOVf aXXa ^Ka\ ev T(p oXrjOeveaOaL Ka\ ev to) 
virap-^eiv, Ka\ 6aa-)^m aXXa)? XeyeTaL t6 SvvaTov ev aTraari 
yap 6/ulol(jos €^€1. ^'Et^ t6 6vto9 tov A to B etvaL, oi)^ o)? 
evos TIV09 ovTO^ Tov A To B ecTTaL Sel vTroXa/SeiV ov ydp 
ecTTLV ovSev e^ dvdyKrjg evog tivo9 oi/to9, aXXa ^ Svoiv eXa^/- 
a-TOiv, OLov OTav al irpoTaaeL^ ovtco^ e^^coaLV co9 eXe^^»; AcaTa 

6 Tov avWoyLa/ULOv. Ki ydp t6 T KaTa tov A, t6 Se A /caTa 
Tov Z, Ka\ t6 T KaTa tov Zi e^ dvdyKtjg. Ka^ ei SvvaTOv 

z \a/x^avojievr]s B et corr. C. » TeKcios (crrai cruXX. B. ^ vocis 

cxovTos litteras os corr. A. ^ ^rt A. d ^,.' jjg,^ ^^^ bvvaTov pr. B, 
e primum Ka\ oni. C. ^ bvilv B. 



I. 15. nPOTEPXlN A. 87 

^ S' eKarepov, Koi to aujULTrepaaima Svvarov. ^'Qa-irep ovv e'1 
Ti9 Oeirj TO imev A Ta9 TrpoTacrei^, to Se B to (TViXTrepacr^a, 
(TuiuLlSaivoi av ov imovov avayKaiov tov A ^ovTog Kai to B 
elvai avayKaiov, aWa /ca) SvvaTOv SvvaTOv. 

TovTOv Se Sei-)(6evT09y (pavepov otl "^evSov^ viroTeOevTO^ 7 
Koi HJLrj aSvvaTOV Kal to a-vix^aivov Sia Trjv VTToOeariv "vJ/ei/009 
ecTTai Ka). ovk aSvvaTOV. OTov ei to A ^lrevSog iiev ecrTi fxr] 
fjievTOL aSvvaTov, ^ 6vto9 Se tov A to B ea-Ti, Kal to B ecrTat 
ylrevSo9 imev ov iiIvtol aSvvaTOv. 'ETrel 'yajO SeSeiKTaL otl ei8 
Tov A 6vT09 t6 B eiTTf, Kal SvvaTOv ovTog Tou A ea-TaL *^t6 
B SuvaTOv, vTTOKeLTai Se to A SvvaT^v eivaL, kol to B eaTaL 
SvvaTOV el yap aSvvaTov, afjia SvvaTov eaTaL to avTO Ka\ 
aSvvaTOv. 

ALwpia-iULevwv Srj tovtohv virapyeT^jn to A TravTl T(S B, to9 
^e B iravTl tw F evSeYeaOcD' avayKrj ovv to A iravTl t(S Y 
evSe^^eaOaL virapyeLV. M^ yap evSe-^eaOco, to Se B iravTl tw 
T KeLaOco o)? virapyov tovto Se y^evSog (JLev, ov iulcvtol aSv- 
vaTOv. Ei ovv TO lULev A fjLr] evSe-^eTaL tm V, t6 Se B 'iravTl 
uTrap-^^eL tw Y, t6 A ov iravTl tw B evSe-^eTaL' yiveTaL yap 
a-vWoyiaiuL^g Slol tov TpLTOv ayrjiJiaTog. ^ AW vireKeLTO 10 
iravT^ evSeyeaOaL V7rdp-)(€LV. ^AvdyKrj apa t6 A TravTi tm 
r evSeyeaOaL' >\feuSov<i ydp TeOevTog Ka\ ovk dSvvdTOV t6 
crviJ,/3aiv6v eaTiv dSvvaTOv. ^^y)(0)peL Se Kal S^d tou TrpwTOV^i 
o-^i^luLaTog iroLrjaaL t6 dSvvaTov, OevTag tS F to B virdp- 
yeiv. Ef ydp t6 B iravT\ t<w V virapyeL, t6 Se A iravT^ Tft> 
B evSe-^eTaL, ^ Kav tw V iravT^L evSe-^OLTO t6 A. ""AXX' vire- 
KeLTO /JLrj iravT^ eyywpeiv. 

Aei Se Xafx^aveLV to iravTL virap-^ov lULrj Ka^d -^ovov opi- • 2 
cravTag, olov vvv rj ev TwSe tw ^(povcp, aXX' aTrXws" S^d tol- 
ovTCDv yap irpoTaaecdv kol Tovg o-vW^oyLaiuLovg iroioviJ.ev, 
e7re\ KaTa ye to vvv Xaiu^avoiuLevrjg Trjg irpOTaa-ecog ovk eaTaL 
avWoyicriJiog' ovSev ydp 'lacog KcoXveL iroTc ^"Ka\ iravT^ klvov- 

S S' om. C. ^ ovTos afxa Koi B. ^ de rov — eVri, Kal rc. SUpra 

lituram A. ^ bwaTov t6 ^ C 1 Kav'\ codices koi. ™ kuI om. C. 

G 4 



88 ANAATTIKiiN Anal. Pit. 

ixevw avOpcoTTOv vTrdp-^eii/, olov el jULrjSep aWo kivoIto' to Se 
KivovjULevov evdeyeraL iravT^ ^lirirui' aXX' dvdpicirov ovSev\ l.inrw 
^ScvSe^eTat. ^'Ert ecrTCo t6 ^tej/ irpwTOv ^yoi/, to Se ixea-ov kl- 
vovfxevov, TO S^ ea"^aT0v dvOpwiro^' A/ /mev ovv irpoTaa-eL^ 
6/j,o[(*)9 e^ovai, t6 Se a-v/uLTrepaariuLa dvayKaiov, ovk evSc^^o- 
lULevov e^ dvdyKtjg ydp 6 dvOpcoTro^ ^wov. ^avep6v ovv otl 
t6 KqfioXov XtjTTTeov "aTrXo)?, Kal ov -^ovw °SLopi^ovTa^. 

14 lldXiv eaToo a-TeprjTiKij TrpoTaaig KaOoXov ^ A B, koi 
eiXrjCpOoy t6 /ul€v A /ULr/Sevl tm B virdpyeLV, t6 Se B iravTl 
evSe^^eaOw virdp-^eLV tw F. Tovtoov ovv TcOevTcov dvayKtj to 
A evSe-)(eaOaL /ULrjSevl Tcp V virdp-^eLV. M^ ydp evSe-^^eaOco, to 

15 ^e B Tw r KeiaOo) virap^ov, KaOdirep irpoTepov. ^A^vdyKrj 
Srj t6 A Tivl T(p B vTrdpyeLv' ylveTaL ydp o-vXXo^ytc/xo? Sid 
Tov TpiTOv a^rj/xaTO<s' TovTO Se dSvvaTOv. *'Q(7t' evSe-^^OLT 
dv t6 A /irjSevl tw T' -ylrevSovs ydp TeOivTog dSvvaTOv t6 
av/jL^alvov, Outo9 ovv 6 avXXoyLa/i^g ovk eaTL tov KaTa 
t6v SiopLa/i6v evSe-^o/ievov, dXXd tov /xrjSevl e^ dvdyKrjg 
(avTrj yap eaTLv rj dvTL(paaL9 Trjg yevo/JLevrjg viroOea-eco^' 
CTeOrj ydp e^ dvdyKrjg t6 A tlv\ tm V virdpyeLvy 6 Se S^d 
Tov dSvvdTOV a-vXXoyLa/JL6<5 Trjs dvTLKeL/JLevrjg iaTlv dvTLCpd- 

i6<Teco9. *'lEiTi Se koI e/c tcov opcov (pavep6v otl ovk eaTaL t6 
av/JLiripaa/xa €vSe-)(o/JLevov. ^'Ectto) ydp t6 /lev A Kopa^, t6 
S^ e<^' « B Siavoov/JLevov, e<p^ (p Se T dv0pcoiro9. OvSevl Srj 
Tw B t6 A virdpyeL' ovSev ydp SLavoov/jLevov Kopa^. To ^e 
B TravT) evSi^^^eraL tm T' iravTl yap dvOpcoTro) t6 SLavoel- 

17 aOaL. ""AXXa t6 A e^ dvayKrjg ovSevl toj T' ovk dpa t6 
a-v/xiripaar/jLa evSeyo/ievov. ^AXX' ovS^ dvayKaiov del. ^'Eo-tw 
ydp t6 /JLev A KLVOv/JLevov, t6 Se B ewLaTrj/JLrj, t6 S^ €(j> w T 
dvOpcoTTO^. To /Jiev ovv A ovSevl toj B vwdp^ei, t6 Se B 
iravTl Tft) r evSi-^^eTai, Kal ovk eaTaL t6 a-v/jLTripaa/JLa dvay- 
KaioV ov ydp dvayKrj /jLrjSiva KLvelaOaL dvOpcoirov, aXX' ovk 
dvdyKij TLvd. ArjXov ovv otl t6 av/iiripaa/jid eaTL tov /JLtjSevi 
i^ dvdyKrj9 virdp-^^eLV. ArjirTiov Se /BiXTLOv tov9 dpovg. 
» airXSys] dopi<TT(os C. o Siopi^ovri A.B. 



I. 15- nP0TEPI2N A. 89 

^Eaj/ Se TO (TTeprjTiKov TeO^ ttjOO? to eXaTTOV aKpov evoe- 18 
■vearQai crtjiULaipov, e^ avTcov imev tcov elXtjiuLiuLevcov TrpoTacreciiv 
ovSeh ecTTaL crvWoyKTiuLOS, avTLcrTpa(peLcrri<s Se Trjg /cara to 
evSeyecrOaL TrpoTacreoi)^ e<jTaL, ^ KaOairep ev T019 irpOTepov. 
^Yirap-^eTCO yap to A TravTl tu> B, to Se B evSeyecrdu) /ULr]-' 
Sevi ^ TO) r. OvTCo fJLev ovv e-^ovTcov tcov opcov ovSev ecrrai 19 
avayKaiov' eav S' avTL(TTpa<prj ro B F Ka\ \r}<pOrj to B 
7raj/Tf Tcp r evSe-^ea-OaL, yiveTaL crvWoyLcriuLog cocnrep Trpo- 
TepoV ojULOLCo? yap c-^^ovctlv ol opoL Trj OecreL. Tov avTOv Se 

TpOTTOV Ka\ CrTepr]TlKCOV OVTCOV a/ULCpOTepCOV TWV Sia<TTt]IULaTCOV, 

eav TO fJLev A. B lULrj virapyrj, to ^e B F iuLr]Sevl evSe-)(ecrOaL 
(T^/JLaLvrj' Sl avTcov lULev yap tcov elXrjiuLiuLevcov ovSaiuLcos yiveTai 
To avayKalov, avTicrTpa(peL(Tr]9 Se Trjg KaTa to evSe-^ecrOai 
irpOTacTecog ecTTaL crvWoyLariJ.6<s. lEilX^cpOco yap to /uLev A 20 
/uLrjSevl Tcp B ^ vir<xpyeLv, to Se B evSeyecrOaL firjSevl tw T. 
Alo, lULev ovv TOVTCov ovSev avayKaioV eav Se XrjCpOrj to B 
iravT\ Tw r evSeyea-OaL, oirep ecrT^v aXrjOeg, ^ ^e A B ttjOO- 
TaarL9 o/uLolcog eyr], ttcxXlv 6 avTO? ea-TaL o-uXXo^icryuo?. ^Eaj/21 
^e lULrj virapyeLV TeOrj t6 B TravT^ tw T Ka\ jurj evSe-^^ea-OaL 
^jULrj virap-^eLV, ovk ecrTaL a-vWoyLar/uLog ovSajuLco9, ovTe crTeprj- 
TiKrjg ova^rjg ovTe KaTafpaTLKrjg Trjg A B irpoTacreco?, ^'Opoi 
Se KOivoL Tov juLev e^ avcxyKrjg vTrap-^eLv XevKov — ^^OJ^ — X*^*'' 
Tov Se juLrj evSe-^ea-Oai XevKOv — ^<pov — irLTTa. 

^avepov ovv otl KaOoXov tcov opcov ovtcov, Ka\ t^? julcv 22 
virapyeLV Trjg S^ evSeyea-OaL XajuL/BavoiuLevrjg tcov irpoTaa-ecov, 
OTav rj irpo<s to eXaTTOv aKpov evSe-^ea-Oai XajUL^avrjTai irpo- 
TacrL<s, ae\ ylveTaL orvXXoyLcriuLog, irXrjv OTe juLev e^ avTcov OTe 
S' avTLa-Tpacpelorrjg Trjg TTjOOTacrea)?. IIoTe ^e tovtcov eKCLTe- 23 
pog Ka\ Slol tlv aiTLav, elprjKafJiev. ''Eai/ ^e to /mev KaOoXov 
To S^ ev juLepcL XrjcpOrj tcov SiacrTt]juL(XTCov, oTav /mev to irpog 
t6 /uLeil^ov oLKpov KaOoXov TeOrj Ka\ evSe-^o/Jievov, cIt airocpa- 
TLKOV e'LTe KaTacpaTLKOv, t6 S^ ev juLepeL KaTacpaTLKOv Kai 

P KaOdTTcp — ivh€-)(icr6ai, npordafios ecTTai om. A. 1 tS>v C. *" xnrdp- 
xop A.B s alterum fxr] om. C. 



90 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pii. 

virap-^ov, ecTTai crv\Xoyi(TiuLo<? reXeio^, Kadairep Ka\ KaOoXou 

24T(jt)v opoov ovTcov. J\7roo€it^i9 c tj avTrj rj Kai TrpoTcpov. UTav 
Se KaOoXov juev 17 t6 ttjOo? to imeil^ov uKpov, virapyov Se Ka] 
ixri evSe-^oixevov, OaTepov S' ev jULepei Kal evSe-^ojuevov, edv t 
OLTrocjyaTiKal eav re KaTacpaTiKal TeOwcriv a/ULCpOTepai, edv tc 
rj juiev OLTrofpaTLKr} rj Se KaTaCpaTiK^, TrdvTCo^ ecTTaL crvWo- 
yLCTjULog areXv?. JlXrjv ol /uLev Slo. tov aSvvdTov SeL-)(OricrovTaL, 
ol * Se Slci Trjg dvTL(TTpo(prjs TrJ9 tov evSe-^ecrOaL, KaOdirep ev 

25 T0I9 irpoTepov. ^'E<7Tai Se crvWoyLcriuLog SLa r^? dvTiorTpoCpf]^ 
Kal OTav r} /uLev KaOoXov ttjOO? to /uLei^ov aKpov TeOeicra crri- 
juLalvrj ^TO virapyeLV rj /uLrj virap-^eLV, r] S^ ev /ULepei CTTeprjTLKrj 
ovcra TO evSe-^eaOai Xa/Ji^dvrj, olov el t6 julcv A TravTl tw B 
^ virapyei rj jULrj vTrap-^eL, to ce ±> tlvl tw 1 evce-^eTai jULrj 
virap-^eLV' dvTLorTpacpevTO^ ydp tov B V Acarct t6 evSeyecrOaL 
yiveTai crvXXoyLcriuLog. ^'OTav Se t6 fxrj vwdp-^eLv Xa/uL^avrj rj 

26 KaTa fxepog TeOelcra, ovk ecFTaL crvWoyLcr/uLog. ^OpoL tov /uLev 

virap-^eLV XevKOv ^(^ov — X^^^^ '^^^ ^^ '^^ VTrdpx^LV Xev- 

Kov ^^ov TTiTTa' Slu ydp TOV ^ dSLOpiCTTOV XrjTTTeov Trjv 

aTroSeL^LV. ^Eai/ Se ^t6 KaOoXov TeOrj Trpo? t6 eXaTTOV 
CLKpov, TO S^ ev /ULepeL irp^? t6 jmeL^ov, edv re crTeprjTLK^v eav 
re KaTacpaTLK^v edv t evSexp/ULevov edv 0' virdpyov oiroTepo- 

27 vovv, ovSa/ULwg ecrTai orvXXoyLcr/ULog. OvS^ OTav ev /ULcpei »7 
dSLopiarTOL TeOwcTLV ai 7rpoTd(rei9, e'iT evSeyecrOaL Xa/u/Bd- 
vovcraL e'iO^ virapxeLV err' ei^aWa^, ovS^ ovtco^ ecTTai crvXXo- 
yLcr/UL09' ^ATTOoef^f? o ^ avTrj y^j Kdir] tcov irpoTepov. ^'Opoi 
Se KOLVol Tov /mev VTrdp^cLv e^ dvdyKrjg K^ov — XevKOv — dv- 
OpcoTTog, Tov Se /uLrj evSexGcrOaL ^wov — XevKov — i/uLdTiov. 4>a- 

V€p6v OVV OTL TOV /ULCV TTjOO? TO /ULCl^OV OLKpOV KaOoXov TcOiv- 

T09 del ylveTaL crvXXoyLCT/uLO?, Toif Se ttjOo? t6 eXaTTOv ovSe 
iroT ovSevog. 
I 6 ^'OTav S^ rj /uLev e^ dvayKrjg virdpyeLV rj S' evSexecrOai crrj- 
fJLalvrj Tcov nrpoTaa-ecov, 6 /ulcv (rvXXoyi(T/uL69 ecrTaL t6v avT^v 

^ 8« Koi Sia C. ^ ro vndpxov, omissis r/ /itj vndpxciv A.C. ^ vndp- 
Xdv ^ jJLT) virdpxiLV C. ^^ doptoTTOv A. ^ t6 om. C. Y »7] fjnep C. 



I. i6. nPOTEPHN A. 91 

Tpoirov e-^6vTwv twv opcov, Koi. TcXeiog, oTav irpo^ tm eXar- 
Tovi OLKpcp TeOrj TO OLvayKaioV to 3e crvjULirepaa-fxa KaTrjyo' 
piKcov imev ovtwv toov opcov tov evSe^ecrOaL Kal ov tov virap- 
^eiv ecTTai, Kal KaOoXov Kal jULt] KaOoXov TiOefxevcov, eav S^ ^ 
TO /uLev KaTacpaTiKOv t6 Se crTeprjTiKOv, OTav fxev ^ to /cara- 
(paTiKov avayKaiov, tov evSe-^^ecrOai Kal ov tov fj.tj vTrap-^eiv, 
OTav ^ Se TO (TTeprjTiKOV, Kal tov evSe^ea-Oat fitj virap-^^eiv Ka\ 
Tov jULrj virapyeLV, Ka\ KaOoKov Ka\ nxrj KaOoKov twv opojv ov- 
Tcov. To S' €vSe-)(€(rOaL ev rw o-v/uLTrepaa-HAaTL tov avTOv Tpo- 2 
TTOv XrjTTTeov ^ ovTTep ev Toh TrpoTepov. Tov S^ e^ avdyKrjg 
lULrj virdp-^eLV ovk eaTaL crvWoyLariuog' eTepov yap to firj e^ 
avdyKrjg virdp-^^eiv Ka\ to e^ dvdyKrjg /x^ virap-^^eLV, 

^Otl jULev ovv KaTacpaTLKwv ovtcov tcov opcov ov yiveTaL "ro 3 
orv/jLTrepaa-jULa dvayKaiov, (pavepov. ^Yirap-^^eTW ydp ^ to A 
iravT^ TM B e^ dvdyKrjg, to Se B evSeyeaOco iravT^ rw V. 
<^^'E<TTai a-vXXoyLa-jULo^ areX^? otl evSe-^^eTaL t6 A 7ravT\ tw 
r virdp-veLV. ^Otl S^ areX»;?, e/c r^? aTroSel^eco^ SrjXov' tov 
avT^v ydp Tpoirov SeL-^OrjcreTaL ovirep ^- KairL tcov irpOTepov. 
TidXLV TO fjLev A evSeyea-Ow iravT^ tw B, to Se B Trai^T) tw 
r virap^veTco e^ dvayKrjg. ^'EcTTat Srj crvXXoyLcritAO^ otl to A 4 
iravT\ Tw r evSeyeTaL virap^^eiv, dXX ou^ otl virap-^eL, Kai 
TeXeL09, dXX ovk aTeXrjg' evOvg ydp eirLTeXelTaL Slu tcov e^ 
dp^^rjg irpoTda-eoov. Et Se /uLr] ^ 6iJLOLoa-)(fjiJ,oveg al 7rpoTda-€L9, 
ecTTCo irpcoTOv rj a-TepriTLKrj dvayKaia, Ka\ t6 iulcv A /ULr]Sev\ ev- 
Se^^ecrOco tw B ^ e^ dvdyKr]<i, t6 Se B TravT^ tw Y evSe)(€- 
a-Oco. ^AvdyKr] Sr] t6 A iuLr]Sev\ tw T VTrapyeLV. K.eLa-Oco ydp B 
virdp^^eLV 37 iravT^ r] tlvl' ^ to) Se B VTreKCLTO /ULrjSev^ evSe^^e- 
a-OaL. ^ETrei ovv dvTLCTTpecpeL t6 cTTeprjTLKOV, ovSe t6 B tw 
A ovSev\ evSe^^eTUL' t6 Se A tw Y rj iravT^ r] tiv\ KeiTai 
vwap^^eLV cocTT ovoevi rj ov nravTL tw 1 to ±> evoeyoLT av 

z he ^ t6 aTeprjTiKov avayKoiov Ka\ C. ^ ovmp Ka\ ev C ^ t6 om. C. 
c t6 fxev a C. ^ eaTai (tvW. a.T.^ eorai drj avW. a.T. B, vTrdpxeiv C. 

6 Koi fVi C. ^ 6p,o<rxr]lioves A. S e^ dvdyKrjs om. C. ^ t6 A. 

et pr. C. 



92 ANAAYTIKX2N Anal. Pb. 

virapyeiv vireKeiTO Se Travrl i^ ap^^^rj^. ^avepov S^ oti Ka\ 
Tov evSe-)(ecr6ai ^rj vTrap-^^eLV ylveTai crvXXoyKTiULog, elirep 
6Ka\ Tov jULrj virapyeiv. WoXlv ecrToo rj KaTa<paTiKrj TrpOTaa-i^ 
avayKala, Kal to /xev A evSe-)(e<T6(io fxrjSevl * tw B vTrdp-^eLV, 
TO Se B TravTl tw F v7rapy(eT(jo e^ avdyKrj^s. ^O jULev ovv crvX- 
Xoyiariuo? ecTTaL TeXeio9, aXX' ov tov /uirj virdp-^eiv aXXd tov 
€vSe-^e(T6aL /ULrj virdpyeLV' rj Te ydp irpoTaa-i^ ovtco^ eXi^(p6rj 
rj diro Tov /uLCL^ovo^ aKpov, Kal eh to dSvvaTov ovk ecTTiv 
^dyayeiv' el ydp v7roTe6eirj to A tm F ^tlvI virdp-^eLv, Kei- 
Tai Se Ka\ tm B €vSeyea-6aL jULrjSevl virdp-^^eLV, ovSev a-v/uLJSalvei 

7 S^d TOVTCov dSvvaTOv. "" Eaj/ Se irpd^ Tcp eXdTTOvi aKpu) Te6rj 
TO (TTeprjTLKOv, OTav /uLcv evSe-^ea-^ai a-rj/uLaLvrj, cTvXXoyLa-imdi 
eaTaL S^a Trjg dvTLa-Tpo(prjg, Ka6direp ev tol'; TrpoTepov, oTav 
Se jULrj evSe^^ea-^ai, ovk ea-TaL. OvS^ OTav djUiCpco /uLev Te6r} cTTe- 
prjTLKa, /ULrj ^ S^ evSeyo/Jievov to irpdg To eXaTTOv. ^OpoL S' 
01 avTOL, Tov /UL€v vTTapyeLv XevKov — 'C/pov — X*^^> "^^^ ^^ ^^ 
virdp-^eLV XevKov — Xt^ov — TTLTTa. 

8 Toi/ avTOv Se TpOTrov e^eL KdTrl toov ev /uLcpeL CTvXXoyi- 
cr/UL(jov. '" KJTav yap rj to a-TeprjTiKOv avayKaiov, kul to 
crv/j.ir6paa-/J.a ea-Tai tov /J.rj virdpyeLV. Oiov el to /ul€V A /mrj- 
Sevl " Twv B evSe^eTai virdpyeLV, to Se ^ tlv\ " twv Y evSe- 

(j-^eTaL virdpyeLV, dvdyKrj to A tlv\ twj/ T /J.rj V7rdp-)(€iv. E/ 
ydp 7ravT\ virapyeL, tw Se B /irjSev^ €vSe)(€TaL, ovSe to B 
ovSev^ Tw A €vSey(€TaL vTrap^^eiv. ^Qa-T ei to A 7ravT\ tS 
r v7rdp)(€L, ovSev^ twv F to B evSeyeraL. ^AXV v^reKeiTO 
Tivi €vSe)(ea6aL. ^'O^av Se to ev /xepeL KaTacpaTLKov dvay- 
Kalov ^, To ev tw a-TeprjTLKw cTvXXoyia/uLw, oiov °to B F, l^ 
to Ka66Xov ev tw KaTrjyopLK(a, otov to A B, ovk earTai tov 
v7rdp)(eLv avXXoyLcr/xo^. ^ A.7r6SeLt,L<s S'' r) avTrj fj V Ka\ cttl 

loTcov 7rp6Tepov. ^Eidv Se to /ulcv Ka66Xov Te6rj ttjOo? to) eXoT- 
TOVL aKpop, rj KaTacpaTLKOv "rj (rreprjTiK^v, evSey^^/ievov, to S' 

i Tcoi/ A.B. ^ dnayayflv C. ^ fir}8<p\ A.B.C. "" orav /xci' yap C. 
n r^ C. o t6 /3 — olov om. A. P Kal om. C. 



I. 17- nP0TEPX2N A. 93 

€v juepei avayKaiov ^ ttjOo? tw /uLeil^ovi aKpM, ovk ea-rai crvX- 
XoyKTiuiO^' ^Opot Se tov imev VTrap-^eiv e^ avayKtjg ^mov — 
XevKOv — av6poi)7ro9, tov Se /ULtj evSe-^ecrOai ^mov — XevKOv — 
IfjLaTiov. ^'Oraz/ S"* avayKaiov ^ to KaOoXov, to S^ ev juiepei 
evSeyoiJLevov, CTTeprjTiKOv /mev ovto9 tov KaOoXov tov /uLev 
virapyeLV ^ opoi ^mov — XevKOv — KOpa^, tov Se /ULr] virap-^eiv 
r^oj/ — XevKOv — TTLTTa, KaTacbaTLKOv Se tov /uLev virap-^eiv 
Yd^ov — XevKOv — KVKV09, Tov Se fir] evSeyeaOaL ^woi/ — Xev- 
Kov — X'^^^' ^^<^' OTav aSLOpLCTTOL Xr]<p6(Jo<TLv ai irpoTacreL^ \\ 
rj cijucpoTepaL KaTO, juepog, ovS^ ovTOog ecTaL o-vXXoyLoriULog. 
^'Opoi Se KOLVol Tov /ULev VTrap-^eLV ^mov — XevKov — avOpo)- 
TTO?, TOv Se jULtj virdpyeLV ^woi/ — XevKOv — a^^fv^ov. Kal 
yap To X/^ov TLv\ XevKM KOL To XcvKov a^Y^X^ ''^'^^ ''•"^ avay- 
Kaiov vTrdpyeLV Ka\ ovk euSe-^eTat virapyeLV. KaTrJ tov ivSe- 
^ecr^aL ojulolco^, cocrTe irpog airavTa ■^(pi^arLiuLoi ol opoi. 

^avepov ovv ck toov eiprjjuLevcov otl o/uLOicog ey^ovTCOv tcov \2 
opcov ev T€ T(p virap-^eLv Ka\ ev TOig avayKaiOLg ylveTal re 
Ka\ ov yiveTai crvXXoyLoriuLo?, TrXrjv KaTa juLev ^ to VTrap^^^eiv 
TL^eiuLevrjg t^9 a-TeprjTiKrjg TrpoTdcrecog tov evSeyecr^aL rjv 6 
(TvXXoyia-iuLog, KaTo. Se to avayKalov Trjg a-TeprjTLKrjg Ka\ tov 
evSeyecr^aL Ka\ tov juLrj virdp-^eLV. A^Xov Se ^ Ka\ otl TravTcg 
^ctTeXeig oi a-vXXoyLcriuLo\ Ka\ otl TeXeiovvTai Slcl tcov Trpoei- 
prj/uLevcov cr-)(^i]iuLaTcov. 

""E»/ ^e Tft) SevTepcp a")^iiiuLaTL OTav ixev evSe-^ecr^aL XaiUL/3d- ly 
vcoa-iv diuLCpoTepat ai ir pOTdcretg, ovSe^g ea-Tat crvXXoytcriJLog, 
OVT6 KaTrjyopiKcov ovtc crTeprjTtKcov Tt^ejuLevcov, ovTe Ka6oXov 
ovT€ KaTa ixepog' OTav Se rj fiev virdp-^etv rj S"* evSeyea^at 
a-tjimatvrj, Trjg juLev KaTacpaTtKrjg virdp^^etv crrjfxaivova-rjg ovSe- 
iroT ea-Tat, Trjg Se crTeprjTtKrjg ^Trjg Ka66Xov det. Toi/ avTov 2 
Se Tpoirov Ka\ OTav rj fiev e^ dvdyKrjg rj S^ evSeyea-6at Xafi- 
^avrjTat tcov irpoTaa-eoov. Aet Se Ka\ ev TOVTOtg XafjL^avetv 

q Trpoy T« jiei^ovi aKpw om. A. ^ opoi om. C. ^ Tov C, * oTi 

Koi C. V arfXfif fla\v ot C. ^ alterum t»)? om. C. 



94 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pr. 

t6 €V T0i9 crv/UL7r€pdcr/iia(Ttv ev^c-^Ofxevov^ ^wcrirep iv Toh y irpo- 
Tcpov. 

3 JJpU)TOV OVV ^€IKT€0V OTl OVK OLVT ICTT p€(p€L TO €V TW €V^€- 

^ea-Oai o-TcprjTiKOv, otov €i t6 A cvSe-^^^eTai /uLrjSevl ^ tw B, 
ovK avdyKi] Kal t6 B cvSeycarOai /uDjSevl ^tw A. Ke/o-^o) 
yap TOVTO, Kal evSe-^^ea-Qco t6 B /uirjSevl tw A virdpyeLv. 
OvKOvv eTrel avTKTTpecpova-iv ai ev tm evSe-^ecrOai KaTacpdcrei^ 
Tai9 aTTOcbacrecrii Kal ai evavTiai Kal al avTiKei/uLevai, t6 Se B 
Tw A evSe^^eTai /jLr/Sevl virap^^eiv, (bavepov oti Kal iravTl ev- 

^Se-^oiTO ^dv *^TO B TM A virdp-^eiv. Tovto Se yfrevSo9' ov 
ydp ei ToSe TwSe jravTl evSe-^eTai, koi ToSe TwSe dvayKaiov' 
cocTT ^ ovK dvTLorTpecpeL t6 CTTepr/TLKOv. ^'EiTt S^ ovSev KOCiXvei 
t6 /uLev A Tcp B evSeyeadaL /ULr/Sevl, t6 Se B Tivl twv A e^ 
avayKr/9 /uLrj virap-^eLV, oiov to /ulcv XevKov TravTl dvOpcoTTw 
€vSe-^eTaL /uLrj ^virdp-^eLV (/cat ydp virdp-^^eLv^, dvOpcoTTOv S^ ovk 
dXrjOe? eiTreiv 009 evSeycTaL /ULrjSev). XevKw' ttoXXo?? ydp e^ 
dvayKr/g ov-^ virdpyeL, t6 S^ dvayKaiov ovk ?i/ evSeyo/JLevov. 

5 "* AXXa jjiriv ovS^ €k tov dSvvdTOv SeL-^Orja-eraL dvTLaTpecpov, 
olov €L TL9 d^L(joa-€L€v, CTref yp^evSog t6 evSeyeaOaL to B tw A 
/JLrjSevl virdpyeLV, aXrjOeg t6 /uLr/ evSe-^ecrOaL /ULr/Sevl' ^ (pda-L9 
ydp Kal dirocpaa-L^. Et ^e tout', d\r]0e<5 ^e^ dvdyKr/g tlvI 
Tcov A "^ TO B virdpyeLV waTe Ka\ t6 A tiv\ tcov B. Touto 
S^ dSvvaTOV ov ydp ei /ULr/ evSe-^eTaL /uLrjSevl t6 B tw A, 

6^dvayKrj tlvI virdp-^eLV. To ydp /uLrj evSe-^eaOaL /uLrjSevl SL^^^cog 
XeyeTaL, t6 /ul€v ^ ei ^ e^ dvdyKrj<s tlv\ virdp-^eL, t6 S' el e^ 
dvdyKrj9 Tiv\ /uLrj virdpyeL' t6 ydp e^ dvdyKrjg tlv\ tcov A ^i^ 
VTrdp-^ov ovK d\rj0e9 eiTrelv o)? 7ravT\ evSe-^eTaL /uLrj inrdp-^eLV, 
wairep ovSe to tlv\ virdp^^ov e^ dvdyKrjg otl 7ravT\ evSe-^eTaL 

Ivirdp^eLV. Et ovv tl9 d^iolrj, eTrei ovk evSe-^eTaL to F t(S A 

^ afTTTfp Koi (V C. y TTpoTepov nepl rrjs avTi(rTpocf>rjs Ta)v eVSe;^o/x€i/Q)i/ 

frpoTda-fCiv. UpSiTov B. ^ toj»/ B. » Ta>v C. ^ av om. A, ante 

evbexoiTo ponit C. ^^6 8 om. C. ^ ovk] ovk av A. ^ vndpxci C. 
^ <f)dcns] KaTd(f)a(ris C, & €^] Koi i^ B. ^ ro B virdpx^fi-v] vndpxftv 

B, VTrdp^eiv ro B C. ^ e^ dvdyKrjs Tiv\ vmipxfi C, ^ et om. A.B. 

^ €^ — vrrdpxfi, t6 8' om. A. 



I. i;. nPOTEPXlN A. 95 

TravTL VTrapyeLv, e^ avdyKt]? tivI /ULrj virap-^eiv avTO, \f/-ei'^o9 
av Xafi^dvoL' iravT\ ydp virdpyei^ d\X otl ev eviOL? e^ dvay- 
Ki]<; vTrdp-^ei, Sid tovto (paimev ov iravTl evSe^ecrOai. ^^QcTe 
Tft) evSe-^ecrdai iravT\ virdp-^eLV to t e^ dvdyKtjg tlvI virap- 
■)(eLV dvTLKeLTai Ka\ to e^ dvdyKrj^ tlv\ fxr] virdp-^eLV. '^OjULOim 
Se Ka\ '" Tw evSe-^earOaL nirjSevi. ArjXov ovv otl ttjOO? to ovTm 8 
evSeyoiJLevov Ka\ fJLri evSe^^ofj.evov, w<s ev dp-^rj SLCopLG-afiev, " ov 
TO e^ dvdyKrjg tlv\ vjrdp^^eLV ® dWd to e^ dvdyKrjg tlv\ firj 
VTcdp-^eLv XrjTTTeov. Tovtov Se XrjipOevTog ovSev crviJL^aLveL 
dSvvaTOv, woTT ov yiveTaL crvWoyLa-iuLog. ^avepov ovv ck 

TCOV eiprjlULevWV OTL OVK dvTL<TTpe(j)€l TO (TTeprjTLKOV. 

Toirroi' Se SeL^^^OevTog Keia-Oco to A tw fJLcv B evSe^^ecrOaL 9 
jULriSevi, Tw Se T iravTL. Aid /ulcv ovv Trjg dvTLO-TpoCprjg ovk 
ecTTaL GuWoyLCiuLog' e'ipr)TaL yap otl ovk dvTLCTTpecpeL rj tol- 
avTTj TTpoTaa-L?. ""AXX' ovSe Sid tov dSvvdTOV TeOevTog ydp 
Tov B iravT\ Tw V evSe-^ea-OaL vTrdp-^^eLV ovSev orvfi^aLvei 
y^revSor evSe-^OLTO ydp dv to A tw F Ka\ iravT^ Ka\ fxr]Sev\ 
virdp-^^eLv. ^'OXo)? S' el ecTTL avWoyLa-ixog, SrjXov otl tov ev- 10 
SeyecrOaL dv eirj Slu to firjSeTepav tcov TrpoTacrecov ei\i](j>OaL 
ev Tw virdp-^eLV, Ka\ ovto<s rj KaTacpaTLKog rj crTeprjTLKog' ovSe- 
Tepco9 S^ ey^copel. J^aTacpaTLKOv fxev yap TeOevTO^ Sei^^Orj- 
creraL Slu toov opcov otl ovk evSe-^eTaL virap-^eLV, CTTeprjTiKod 
Se, OTi TO crvfJLirepacTfJLa ovk evSe^^OfjLevov aXX' dvayKaiov ecTTLv. 
^'Eo-Tto ydp TO fiev A XevKOv, to Se B dvOpooTTog, e(p!' w Se n 
r tTTTro?. To Srj A, TO XevKov, evSe-^eTai tw fJLcv iravT^ tw 
Se fxr]Sev\ virdpyeLV. ^AWd to B tw F ovTe virdpyeLV evSe- 
yeTaL ovTe fJLrj virapyeLV. ^'Otl fJLev ovv virap^^eLV ovk ey^co- 
pei, (bavepov ovSe\9 ydp iTTTTO? dvOpcoTro^. ^AXX' ovS^ evSe- 
-^ecrOaL fJLr] virdpyeLv' dvdyKr] ydp fJLrjSeva 'lttttov dvOpcoTrov 
elvai, To S^ dvayKaiov ovk Tjv evSe^ofJLevov. Ovk dpa ylveTaL 
o-vWoyLO-fJLo^. *OfiOLC09 Se SeL-^^Orja-eTaL Ka\ dv dvairaXLV TeOrj 12 
To a-TeprjTLKOv, ^ kolv dfjLCpoTepaL KaTa(paTLKa\ Xrj(pOcoa-Lv rj 
crTeprjTLKal' Slu ydp tcov avTcov opcov ecTTaL rj aTroScL^L^. 
™ t6 pr. C. " ov ^ovov To B. o dXXa Kai t6 B.C. P koi A. 



96 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

Kal orav rj /mev KaOoXov rj ^' ev /uiepei, rj aiuLCpoTepai Kara 
/uLepo^ r] aSiopLCTTOi, rj oaa-^^cog aXXo)? evSe-^cTai ^ /meTaXafteiv 
Ta? 7rpOTa(T€i9' ae\ yap ecTTai Sia toou avTwv opoov ri airo- 
Sei^i?. ^avepov ovv otl a/uLCpoTepcov twv TTpoTacrewv KaTci to 
evSe-^ecrOaL TLOe/uLevwv ovSeh ylveTaL (rvWoyKT/uLO^. 
l8 Ei S' r/ /UL€V virapyeiv r/ S^ evSeyecrOaL ^ crrj/uLaivei, Trjg /uev 
KaTriyopiKrjg virapyeiv ^TeOeia-r]^ Trjg Se (TTeprjTLKrjg evSeyecrOai 
ovSeiroT ecTTaL (TvWoyLCT/uiog, ovTe KaOoXov toov opcov ovt ev 
[xepeL \a/ui^avo/UL€vu)v. ^ A.7r6Sei^ig S' rj avTr/ kol Slol toov avTcov 
opcov. ^'Orai/ S^ rj /uev KaTacpaTLKr/ evSeyeaOaL r/ Se CTTepr/TLKrj 

^virapyeLV, ecrTaL (TvWoyLCT/uLog. ^iX^CpOoo yap t6 A tw /ul€V 
B /uLrjSevl virapyeLv, T(p Se V TravTl evSe-^ecrOaL. ^ A.vTLCTTpa- 
(pevT09 ovv Tov CTTeprjTiKOv To B Tw A ovSevl ^virap^eL' to 
Se A iravT), tw V eveSe-^^eTO' ylveTaL Srj crvWoyLcr/uLog otl 
evSe-^eTaL to B /mrjSevl to) F Slcl tov TrpcoTOV cT-^rj/jLaTog. 

3*^O/ULOL009 ^Se KOi ei Trpog tw V TeOeirj to CTTeprjTiKOV. ^Eai/ 
S^ a/ULCpOTepaL /ULev ^(Scri CTTeprjTLKai, o-rj/uLaivr] S^ r/ /ulcv /uLrj 
virapyeLV rj S^ evSe-^ecrOaL ^/ULr/ vTrapyeLv, Sl avTcov /ulcv toov 
eiXrj/uL/uLevoov ovSev crv/ULpaiv€L avayKaiov, avTLCTTpacpeLCTr/g Se 
Trjg KaTa to evSe-^ecTOaL 7rpOTa(T€oo9 yiveTai cTvXXoyLCT/uLog 
OTL TO B Tft) r €vSe-^€TaL /ULrjSev). virapyeiv, KaOairep ev Toh 

^irpoTepov ecTTaL yap iraXLV to irpooTOv cr^^/xa. ""Eai/ S^ 
a/ULCpOTepaL tcOooctl KaTrjyopLKai, ovk ecTTaL arvXXoyicT/ULog. 
^'OpoL Tov /UL€V virapyeLv vyleia — ^woi/ — avOpoo7ro9, tov Se 
/ULrj V7rapyeiv vyieLa — fTTTro? — avOpoo7rog. 

5 Toi/ avTOV Se Tpo^rov e^ei Ka^rl toov iv /uLcpeL (TvXXoyi- 
(T/ULwv. ^'OTav /mev yap ^ to KaTacpaTLKov v7rap-^ov, erre Ka- 
OoXov €LT ev /uLep€L XrjcpOev, ovSe\<s ecTTaL cTvXXoyLaaog (tovto 
S^ 6/UO1009 Kal Sia tcov avToov opoov SeiKvvTaL Toh ^rpoTcpov), 
OTav Se t6 cTTeprjTiKov, ecTTaL Slol t^? avTicTTpocprjg, KaOa^rep 
€v T0L9 TrpOTepov. ndXzi/ eav a/uLCpu) /ulcv tcl SLacTTrj/j.aTa 

<1 /icTa^aXXfij/ A, jjLiTct^oKflv C. ^ arj/iaivoi C. ^ TiBejifVTjs C. 

* vnapxfi' A.B. ^ df om. C. ^ eSo-ii/ al (tt. pr. B. ^ jirj vndpxfiv 

om. A.C. 



I. i8, 19. nPOTEPflN A. 97 

(TTepYjTiKa Xr](pOfj, KaOoXov Se t6 /mr} vTrapyeiv, e^ avToov /mev 
Twv TTpoTaa-ewv ovk ecTTai t6 avayKaiov, avTi<TTpa(p€VT09 Se 
Tov evSeyecrOai, KaOoLTrep ev T019 irpOTepov, ecTTai orvWoyL'- 
aiJLO^. ^ Eai/ ^ <^e virap^ov /uiev rj t6 aTeptjTiKOV, ev imepei Se 6 
Xr](pO^, ovK eaTai avXXoyicr/ULO^, ovTe KaTaCpaTiKrj^ ovTe (TTe- 
prjTiKrjg ovcn]^ Trjg eTepag irpoTacreco^. OvS^ otuv aiuLCpoTepaL 
XrjCpOwcTLv aSLOpicTTOL rj KaTacpaTLKal rj cnrocpaTLKal 37 KaTO. 
fJLepo^. ^ A.7r6Sei^i9 S^ rj avTrj kol Slol tcov avTcov opcDV. 

''Eai/ S' r] fxev e^ avdyKrjg r] S^ evSe^ecrOaL (TJjjULaLvr] tcov ig 
TTpOTacrecov, r^? /ULev CTTeprjTLKrjg avayKala^ ovcrrjg ecFTaL orvX- 
XoyLGr/ULO^f ov julovov otl evSe-^eTaL jULr] virdp-^eLV, aXXa Ka\ 
OTL ov"^ virapyeL, Trjg Se KaTaCpaTLKrj? ovk ecTTaL. J^eLcrOco 
yap TO A Tftj /ULcv B e^ avayKrjg /uLrjSevl virap^yeLV, tw Se F 
iravTl evSe-^earOaL. ^AvTLcrTpacpeLCTrjg ovv Trjg CTTeprjTiKrjg ovSe'^ 
TO B Tftj A ovSevl virdp^eL' t6 Se A TravTl tw F eveSe-^eTO' 
ylvcTaL Sr] TfdXLv Slo. tov TrpcoTov cr-^^/uLaTog '^ 6 (TvXXoyLcrfJL^g 
OTL t6 B T6t) r evSeyeraL lULrjSevl virdpyeLV. ^'AjULa Se SrjXov 
OTi ovS^ vTrap^eL t6 B ovSevl tcov V. l^eicrOco ydp ^virdp- 
^etj/* ovKOvv el t6 A tw B jULrjSevl evSe-^^eTaL, t6 Se B virdp- 
yeL TLv\ Toov r, t6 A tcov F tlv\ ovk evSey^eTaL' dXXd iravT^ 
VTreKeLTO evSe-^ecrOaL. Toj/ avT^v Se Tpoirov SeL-^^OrjcreTaL Ka\ 3 
el 7rp09 Tcp r TeOelr] to crTeprjTLKOv. YldXLV ecTTCo t6 KaTr]- 
yopLKov dvayKaiov, OaTepov S^ evSe-^o/ULevov, Ka\ t6 A tm 
/UL€V B evSeyecTOco juLrjSevi, tw Se V 7ravT\ virapyeTio e^ dvdy- 
Kr]?. OvTcog ovv €-^6vTC0v Tcov opcov ovSe\g 'icTTaL crvXXoyi- 
(T/UL69' crv/UL^aLveL ydp to B tw F e^ dvdyKr/g /ir] virdp-^eLv. 
^'EiTTft) ydp t6 /uLev A XevKdv, icp^ ca Se t6 Ji dvOpcoirog, ecp^ 
ft) oe TO 1 KVKV09. 10 or] AevKov kvkvco /uLev e^ avay Kr]<s virap- 4 
^ei, dvOpcoTro) S^ evSe^^eTaL /ir/Sevi Ka\ dvOpcoirog ovSev\ kvkvco 
e^ dvdyKrjg. ^'Otl /uLev ovv tov evSeyecTOaL ovk ccttl ctvXXo- 
yLCT/169, (pavep6v' t6 ydp e^ dvdyKr/g ovk rjv evSe)^6/jL€V0v. 
^AXXct /Ar]v ovSe Tov dvayKalov t6 ydp dvayKaiov f] e^ d/UL^ 

2 be fiTj vTrdpxop A. »6 om. C. * ^ VTrdpx^i B. 

VOL. I. H 



98 ANAATT1K12N Anal. Pr. 

5 (pOTepcov avayKaiwv rj ck t^? <TT€pr}TiKrj^ crvve^aivev. ^'Eri 
^e Ka\ eyy^copei toutcov Kei/uLevwv t6 B tw T virdpyeiv' ovSev 
yap KcoXvei to /ulcv V viro to B elvaL, to Se A rw juiev B 
TravTl ev^eyea-Qai, rct) ^e V i^ avdyKr]^ vTrdp-^eiv, otov el t6 
/uiev r e^r] eyprjyopog, t6 Se B ^^ov, t6 <5' e^' ^ w A Kivrja-i^. 
Tw liKev yup eyprjyopoTi e^ avdyKrj^ Kivrjcri?, ^coo) ^e iravTl 
evSe-^^eTar Ka] irdv t6 eyprjyop6? I^(f0v. ^avep6v ovv otl 
ovSe Tov fjLr] virdp-^eLV, e'i7rep ovto)9 ey^ovTcov avdyKti vTrdp- 
yciv. \JvSe Sr] Twv avTiKeL/uievcov (pacrecov, coctt ovSeh e<TTaL 

CavWoyKT/uiO^. '^O^to/o)? Se SeL-^O^creTai Ka\ avaTraXiv TeOei- 
crr]9 Trj^ KaTa(j)aTiKr}g. ""Eai/ S' ^ oixoLoa-yrjinove'} (Sa-iv ai irpo- 
racref?, orTeprjTLKwv fixev ova-cov de\ ylveTaL crfXXcyfo-yuo? dv- 
TLa-Tpacpela-riq Trjg kutu t6 evSe^eaOaL irpOTdaecog, KaOdirep 
€v T019 irpoTepov. ^lXrjCpOco ydp t6 A tm /uiev B e^ dvdy- 
KY}^ jULr] virdp-^eLV, T(p Se V evSe-^ea-OaL /uii] v7rap-)^eLV' dvTi- 
CTpaipeLa^cov ovv twv irpoTaaecov t6 julcv B t<w A ovoei^) 
^vTrdp^ei, t6 Se A iravTl T(p V evSe-^eTai' yiveTai Sr] t6 

lirpcoTOv a-y^rj/uLa. Kdi/ el ttjOO? tco V TcOeir] to orTepr/TiKOv^ 
toa^avTCog. ^Eai/ oe KaTrjyopLKal TeOcoa^LV, ovk eaTcu crvWo- 
yiafjLo^. Tov juLcv ydp fnr] virdpyeLv ^ tov e^ dvayKrjg /uLt] 
VTrap-^eiv (pav€p6v otl ovk earTai Slu t6 jULr] eiX^cpOaL crTept]- 
TLKtjv iTpOTaaLV ^/JLrjT €v Tw VTrdp-^eLv ^jULi^T ev Tcp e^ dvayKrj^ 

SvirdpyeLv. ^AXXa [JLrjv ovSe tov evSeyea-Oai /uLr] virdp-^^eLV e^ 
dvdyKr]? ydp ovtco9 eyovToov t6 B to) F ovy^ vTrap^ei, ofov 
€1 t6 /uLev A TeOelr] XevKov, ecp' o) ^e to B kvkvo<s, to Se Y 
dvOpcoTTO?. OvSe ye tcov dvTLKeijuLevcov ^ diro^pava-ecov, "eTreJ 
SeSeLKTaL t6 B tw V e^ dvdyKrjg ov-^ vwdp-^ov. Ovk apa 
yiveTai a-vWoyLcriuLd^ oXco^. 

9 ^OixoLco<s S^ e^€L '/caTrJ tcov ev ixepeL crvWoyicriJLWv' OTav 
juLcv yoLp ^ To CTTeprjTiKOv KaOoXov Te Kai avayKatov, aei 
avXXoyiaiJL^^ eaTai Ka\ tov evSe-^ecrOaL Ka\ tov iir] virap-^^eLV 
{d7r6Sei£^i9 Se Sid TrJ9 dvTia-Tpocprjg), oTav Se t6 KaTucpaTL- 

c « t6 a C. ^ nnoaxrjfiovfs A.B. ^ virap^fi B. ^ /i»/fi' A. 

% dvTKJMvaeciP A. ^ eVetSiy Q. i Kai fVt C. 



I. 20. nPOTEPilN A. 99 

Kov, ovSeTTore' tov avrov yap Tpoirov Sei-^^S^creTaL ov Ka\ ev 
To7<s KaOoXov, Kal Sta tcov avTcov opcov, OvS'' OTav afJLCpOTepai lo 
\r](pOu)(Ti KaTacpaTiKal' Kal yap tovtov rj avTrj a7r6Seit^i9 tj 
Ka) irpOTepov. ^Orai^ Se ajui.(p6Tepai /ULev (TTeprjTiKal, Ka06Xov 
Se Kal avayKala rj to juir] vTrapyeLV orrjjmaLvovara, Si* avTccv juiev 
Toov €i\r]iuiiui€vo)v ovK ecTTaL TO avayKaiov, avTi<TTpa<p€L<T>]9 Se 
T^9 KaTa TO evSe^eo-Oai irpoTaa-eoo^ earTai (TvWoyLC/ULO^y 
KaOairep ev Toh rrrp^Tepov. ^Eaj/ ^' ajUiCp^Tepai aSi6pia-T0L rj n 
ev /uiepei TeOcoa-Lv, ovk e<TTaL a-vWoyLa-jUL^g. ^ A^7r6Sei^L9 S^ rj 
avTr] Ka\ Slo. tcov avTcov opcov. 

^avepov ovv ck tcov eipr]iuL€vcov otl Trjg /xei/ a-TeprjTiK^g Tr}9 \z 
Ka06\ov TLOejULevr]^ avayKalas ae} yiveTaL a-vWoyLa/uLog, ov 
Iul6vov tov evSe-^earOaL /uLr] vTrap-^eLV, aWa Ka\ tov fxr] virap- 
X€iv, Trjg Se KaTaCpaTLKrjg ovSeivoTe. Kaf otl tov avTOV Tp6- 
irov e-v6vTcov ev re T019 avayKaLOL<s KaL ev T019 virap-^ovcL yt- 
veTui re Ka\ ov yiveTai crvWoyia-iuL^g. Ar]\ov Se Ka\ otl 
TraVre? areXer? ol crvWoyLcriuLOL, Ka\ otl Te\eLovvTaL Slcl tcov 
TTpoeLpjjjULevcov a-)(r]iuLaTCOV. 

^Ej/ Se T(p Te\€VTaL(p a"^iiiuLaTL Ka\ aiuLCpoTepcov evSe-^ojuLevcov 2,0 
Kai Trj9 eTepas €<TTaL cruXXcyicr^o?. ^ Orai/ /ULev ovv evSe-^e- 
crOaL crr]iuLaivcoa-Lv ai irpoTaa-eL^, Ka\ to (Tv/uLTrepacriuLa ecrTaL 
evSe-^^fJLevoV Ka\ OTav rj fjiev evSe^ecrOaL rj S^ virap-yeLv. ^Ot^v 2 
o r] €T€pa TeO^ avayKala, eav fxev ^ KaTacpaTLKi^, ovk ecrTaL 
To crvfjiirepaarfjia ovTe avayKaiov ovO^ virap-^^ov, eav S^ ^^ a-Te- 
pr]TLKrj, ^TOv fjLr] virapyeiv ecrTaL o-vWoyLa-fjLog, KaOairep Ka\ 
ev TOL<s ™ irpoTepov. ivrjTrTeov ce KaL ev tovtoi9 OfJLOLOO^ to 
€v T019 crvfjLTTepaarfiacrLV evSeyofievov. 

^'EoTTforrai/ Sr] ^ TrpwTOV evSeyofJLevaL, kol to A Ka\ ro jB 3 
'TravTL TW r evSe-^^earOco virapyeLV. ^ETref ovv avTLorTpeCpeL to 
KaTacpaTLKOv €Tr\ fiepovg, ° t6 ^e B iravT^ tw Y evSe-^^cTat, 
Kat TO 1 TivL TO) £> evoe^^OLT av. \la-T ei to fiev A TravTi 
Tw r evSe-^eTaL, to Se Y tlv\ tcov B, P/cal to A tlv\ tcov B 

'^ ^ C. ^ TOv\ Koi Tov C. ™ TrpoTepov a /3 y. Xrjnreov C. " npo- 
Ttpov C. o t6 8e] Koi Th C. P KaX] dvdyKr} Koi C. Koi — B oni. A. 

H 2 



loo ANAATTlKfiN Anal. Pit. 

4^ ivSe-^^erat' ylveTai yap t6 irpwTOv crj^rjiuLa. Kal ei t6 luev 
A ivSe-^eTai /JirjSev). tw Y virapyeiv^ t6 Se ^B Trai/rt tw F, 
avayKrj to A tivI ^tco B ivoeyecrOaL imr} virapyeLV ecTTai 
yap TraXiv t6 irpwTOv (ryrjijia Sia t?? avTLO-Tpoiprjg, ^Ei <5' 
ajULipOTepaL (TTeprjTLKal TeOelrjcav, e^ avTcov imev tcov elXrjiULiuLe- 
vcov ovK ecTTaL t6 avayKaiov, avTLO-TpacpeLorcov Se twv irpOTa- 

5 creayv ecrTai arvWoyLcriuiO?, KaQairep iv Toh irpoTepov. Et 
yap t6 A Ka\ t6 ^ B to) V ivSe-^eTai lULrj virdp-^^eLV, iav 
/ULeTaXrj<pO^ ^t6 ivSeyecrOaL VTrdpyeLV, irdXLv eoTai t6 Trpoo- 
Tov (^'^(riiJia Slol t^9 avTLCTTpocprj^. Et S^ 6 iiev icTTL KaOoXov 
Twv opoov 6 S^ iv iJLCpeL, t6v avT^v Tpoirov iyovToov twv opcov 
ovirep eirL tov virap-^eLv, ecTTaL Te Kal ovk ecrTUL crvWoyL- 

bcTfJLog. ^^vSe-^ecrOco yap t6 iiev A iravT^ tw F, to Se B 
^TLvl Tw r vTrap-^eiv. ^'lEicrTaL Srj irdXLV t6 irpcoTOv cr-^iia 
Trj9 iv iJLepei 7rpoTdcreco9 dvTLCTTpaCpeLcrrj^' el ydp t6 A Trai^T^ 
T(p r, t6 Se r TLvl ^TCov B, t6 A tlv\ ^' tcov B ivSe-^^eTai. 
Kaf ei TTjOo? To B r TeOeirj t6 KaOoXov, co(TavT(£i9. ^Oiioicog 
Se Kal ei t6 ijlcv A Y CTeprjTLK^v e'irj, to ^e B F KaTa(paTL- 
KOV ecTTaL ydp irdXiv t6 irpcoTOv (ryrjiJLa Sid Trjg dvTLCTTpo- 
(prj^. Et S^ dixcpOTepaL (TTeprjTiKa). ^TeOelrjcrav, rj iiev KaOoXov 
rj iv iiepei, Sl avTCOV ixev twv eiXrjiiiievcov ovk ecrTai crvXXo- 
yicriJLog, dvTLCTTpacpeLcrcov S^ ecTTaL, KaOairep iv TOig irpoTe- 

1 pov. ^'OTav Se diiCpOTepaL dSiopLCTTOL rj iv inepeL XrjCpOoocTLV, 
OVK ecTTaL (TvXXoyL^TiJLo^' Kal ydp iravT). dvdyKrj t6 A to) B 
Kal iJLrjSevl virdpyeLV. ^'Opoi tov virdp-^eiv X^wov — dvOpcoiro^ — 
"XevKov, Tov iirj virdpyeLV ^tttto? — dvOpcoiro^ — XevKov, iie(T0v 
XevKov. 
2, 1 ""Eaz/ Se rj ikev virdpyeLV rj S^ ivSeyecTOaL (TrjixaLvrj tcov irpo- 
Ta<r€cov, TO ijlcv (TviJLTrepacriJLa e^TTai otl ivSe^cTaL Kai oi)^ oti 
virapyeL, crvXXoyicriJL^^ S^ ecrTai t6v avT^v Tpoirov iyovTcov 
Tcov opcov *^ ov Koi iv Toh irpOTepov. ^'Eo-Twcrai/ ydp irpooTOv 



Q evdexfirfiai C. ^ B ivh^xoiTO Travri C. ^ twv /3 C. * 

Tf6a)(Tiv C. ^ B Travri rw C. ^ ro B T ety ivhfx^aOai C. ^ tlvX tS>v C. 
y rw C. z rwt A.B. a T€0S>aiv C. ^ XevKos A. c Sj/ KaX] a>s C. 



1.31,22. nP0TEP12N A. loi 

KaTijyopiKol, Ka). to juev A TravTl T(p V uTrajO^erft), to ^e B 
^TravTl ev^eyea-Qod virapyeLV. ^A.vTKrTpacj^evTO^ ovv tov B Fa 
TO irpwTOv e<JTai G"^^/ULa, Kal t6 crviuiTrepaariuLa otl evSe^^eTai 
TO A TLvl ^Toov B vTrdp-^eLV' OTe yap r/ cTepa toov irpOTa- 
crewv ev tw irpwTco cryrjiuiaTL crriiJiaLVOL evSey^ecrOaL, Kal to 
o-vjULTrepaa-jUia ^?i/ evSe-^ojUievov. ^OjjLOLOog Se Ka\ el to juLev B F^ 
v7rdp)(^eLV to ^e A F evSeyearQaL, Ka\ el to juiev A V <TTepr}~ 
TLKOv TO ^e B r KaTrjyopLKOv, virdpyoL S^ OTTOTepovovv, d/UL- 
(j)OTep(j09 evSe^^ojJievov ecTTai to crviJ.irepacriJLa' yiveTaL yap 
rrrdXLV to irpooTOv cr-^^rjjuia, SeSeLKTai S^ otl Trjg cTepag irpoTa- 
(Teo)? evSe-^ecrOaL orriiuLaivov(Tr]g ev avTw Ka\ to crvfxirepacriJ.a 
ecTTaL evSe-^oiievov. Ei ^e to evSe^^ofJievov crTeprjTLKOV TeOelrj ^ 
irpog TO eXaTTOV aKpov, t] Ka\ diKpco XrjCpOelr] orTeprjTLKd, Si 
avTcov juev tcov KeL/mevcov ovk eo-Tai crvWoyLcrfJiog, dvTLCTTpa- 
(pevTcov S^ ecTTai, KaOdirep ev tol9 irpoTepov. 

Et <5' rj /j.ev KaOoXov tcov TTpOTdcrecov rj S^ ev ixepeL, KaTr}- c^ 
yopLKcov ixev ovcrcov diKpOTepcov, rj Trjg iiev KaOoXov cTTeprjTL- 
KtJ9 Trj<s S^ ev ixepeL KaTacpaTLKrjg, 6 avTog TpoTTog kcrTai tcov 
(TvWoyLcriJicov' irdvTeg ydp irepaivovTaL S^a tov TrpcoTov cryri- 
/jiaro?. ^'Qcrre (pavepov otl tov evSeyecrOaL KaL ov tov virap- 
-^eLv ^ecrraL crvWoyLCTfJiog. Et S^ ^ iJiev KaTacpaTLKrj KaOoXov 6 
^ Se crreprjTLKr] ev fiepeL, S^d tov dSvvdTOv ecTTaL r] diroSeL^L^. 
^Y7rap-)(eTa) ydp to fiev B iravT^ tw V, to Se A evSe-^ecrOco 
TLv\ T(p r fjii] virdpyeLv' dvdyKij Sf] t6 A. "^ evSeyecrOaL tlv\ 
Tw B iir] vTrdpy^^ELV. Ef •yajO 7ravT\ tw B to A virap-^eL e^7 
dvdyKr]<s, t6 Se B 'wavT^ t(S V KeiTaL virap^eLV, t6 A 7ravT\ 
Tw r e^ dvdyKrjg v7rdp^eL' tovto ydp SeSeiKTaL ^rpOTepov. 
""AXV v7reKeLT0 tlv\ evSeyecrOaL fJir] v^rap^^eLV. 

""'OTav S^ ^ dSLopLCTTOL t] ev iiepeL Xr](pOo)(TLV diicpOTepaL, ovk 8 
ecTTai crvXXoyLCTiiog. ^ A.7r6SeL^L9 S* rj avTf] § Ka\ ev toi9 Ka- 
OoXov, KOL Sid Tcov avTwv opcov. 

E/ ^ ecTT^v r] iiev dvayKaia tcov 7rpoTdcrecov r] S' evSe-^o- 22, 

d travTi TO) T ivb(X^(T6(o C. ^ tm C. ^ rjv om. A. P eorai 6 

crvXX. B. h XIV i Tm /3 cVS«xcor^at C. * aopLCFTOi A. 

H 3 



102 ANAATTIKON Anal. Pr. 

/Uievr], KaTtjyoptKcov /xej/ ovtcov twv opcov ae) tov evoe-^ecrOai 
€(TTai orvWoyiariuLO^, OTav S^ ^ to /uLev KaTijyopiKOv t6 Se 
(TTeprjTiKOv, eav /txev ^ t6 KaTa(paTiK6v avayKaiov, tov evSe- 
-^eaOaL /uLrj virap^^eLV, eav Se t6 (TTepriTiKOV, Ka\ tov evSe-^^e- 
aOai /iir] vTrapy^eiv Ka\ tov /mr] virap-^eiv' tov S^ e^ avayKrjg 
/ULrj vTrap-^eiv ovk ecrraf crvWoyLcriULog, ocxTTrep ovS^ ev T019 ere- 

2 pOL9 G-yrj/jiatTiv. ^'EcTTCOcra^' Sr/ KaTr]yopLKo\ irpwTOv 01 opoi, 
Ka\ t6 /ULev A iravT\ ^rw F virapyeTco e^ avayKr]<s, t6 Se B 
TW r iravT^ evSeyea-Qijo vinxpyeLV. ^ETrel ovv t6 /ulcv A wavT^ 
T(p r avoLyKr], t6 Se T tiv\ T(S B evSe^eTaL, Ka\ t6 A tipI 
Tcp B evSey6/j.evov ecrTaL kol ou^ virap-^ov' ovtoo yap <tvv€- 

^TTLTTTev eTrJ Tov irpdoTOv a"^ri/jLaT09. ^^O/ulolco^ Se SeL-^OrjoreTai 
Ka\ ei t6 /uLev B F TeOelr] avayKaiov, t6 Se A.Y evSeyo/Jievov. 
YVoXlv ecTTCo TO /ULev KaTr/yopLK^v t6 Se cTTeprjTLKOv, avay- 
Kaiov Se TO KaTrjyopLKOv' Ka\ to /lev A evSe-^eaOco /ir]Sev\ 
^Tw r virap^^eLV, to Se B "* Trai/r/ virapyeTco e^ avayKrjg. 
^'E(TTai Sr] TraXLV to irpcoTOV CT-^rj/jLa' Ka\ yap 1) CTTepr]TtKrj 

47rp6Ta<TL9 evSe-^^earOaL a-rj/ialveL. ^av€p6v ovv otl t6 a-v/jLtre- 
pacr/ia ecTTUL evSe^o/jLevov OTe yap ovtco9 eyoLev al irpoT<i- 
CTeL9 ev Tw irpcoTcp o-yrj/jLaTL, Ka\ t6 a-v/jL7r€paa-/JLa tjv evSe-^6- 
/jLevov. Ei S' rj orTepr/TLKr] Trp^TacTL? avayKaia, ^ t6 crv/JLire- 
paar/ia earTat Ka\ otl evSe-^eTaL Ttv\ /jlI] virapyeLV Ka\ oti ou^ 

5 virapyet. ]S.eLcr6co yap to A tw T /irj virap^etv e^ avay- 
Kti<s, t6 ^e B ^iravT^ evSe^ecrOat. ^ A.vTtarTpa(pevT09 ovv tov 
B r KaTacpaTtKov t6 irpcoTOv ecrrat a-^^rj/xa, ^ Ka\ avayKaia 
r] (TTepr/TtKr] irp^TacTtg. ^ Ot€ S^ ovtco9 ef-^ov ai TrpoTaa^et^, 
CTvve^atve to A tw Y Ka\ evSeyea-Oat tiv\ ^ /irj virap-^etv Ka\ 
/xrj virap-^etv, coa-Te ^ Ka\ t6 A tw B avayKr] Ttv\ /Jirj vTrap- 

6^efj/. ^'Ot^v Se t6 CTTeprjTtK^v TeOrj irp^^s t6 eXaTTOv aKpov, 
eav /lev evSe-^^/ievov, ea-Tat a-vXXoytCT/Ji6g /leTaXrjCpOetarrjg Trjg 
7rpOTaa-€C09, KaOairep ev Toh irp^Tepov, eav S^ avayKatov, ovk 

^ r^ T om. B.C ^ t5>v A.B. '" Travrl ra y V7rapxfra> C. " r6] 
Koi ro C. o navrl rm y tvbex^aBai C. P KaX"] Ka\ yap C. 1 Koi 

prj vnapxfiv Om. A. r Ka\ om. C. 



I. 23- nPOTEPHN A. 103 

€(TTai' Ka] yap iravTl avdyKt] Kal ovSev). evSe-^erai vTrap-^eiV 
^'Opoi Tov TravTl virap^eiv virvo^ — l.iriro'} KaOevScov — avOpco- 
TTO?, ^TOv fJLijSev). VTTvog — tTTTTO? eyprjyopcog — avOpcoTro?. 

""O/xo/co? ^' e^ei Ka\ el 6 [xev KaOoXov tcov opcov 6 S' ev niepei 7 
7rpo9 To fjLea-ov KaTr^yopiKcov imev yap ovtcov ajULCpOTepcov tov 
evSeyea-Oai Ka\ ov tov virdp-^eLv ea-Tai arvWoyia-iJLO^s, kol OTav 
To juev a-TeprjTiKov \tj<pO^ t6 Se KaTacpaTiKov, dvayKalov Se 
TO KaTacpaTiKov. ^'Orai/ Se to a-TeprjTiKov dvayKatov, Kal to 
a-vixirepaa-iJLa eaTai tov /uLrj vTrapyeiV yap avT09 Tpoirog 
ea-Tai r^? Sel^ecog ^ Ka\ KaOoXov ^ Kal lULrj KaOoXov tcov opcov 
ovTCOv. ^ A^vdyKr] ydp Sid tov irpcoTOV a-^rjiJLaT09 Te\eiova-Oai 8 
Tovg a-v\\oyia-iuLov9, coa-Te KaOairep ev eKeivoig, Kal CTrl tovtcov 
dvayKaiov a-vjULTriTTTeiv. ^'Orai/ Se to orTeprjTiKov KaOo\ov 
\r}(pOev TeOrj irpo^ to e\aTTOV ccKpov, edv /ULev evSey(oiuLevov, 
ea-Tai avWoyia-iuLdg Sid Ttjg dvTia-TpoCprjg, edv S^ dvayKaiov, 
ovK ea-Tai. ^eiyOrja-eTaL Se tov airrov Tpoirov ov Ka\ ev Toh 9 
Ka06\ov, Ka\ S^d tcov avTcov opcov. ^avepdv ovv Ka\ ev tovtco 
T(p cry^^iJLaTL iroTe KaL ircog ecTTaL (TvWoyLa-jULog, KaL iroTe 
Tov ^ evSe-^ea^OaL Kai iroTe tov virap-^eLV. Ar]\ov Se Ka\ otl 
7rdvTe9 dTe\eL9, Ka\ otl Te\eLOvvTai S^d tov irpdoTov cryrj- 
fjLaTog. 

^'Otl jjLev ovv OL ev tovtoi9 T019 a-yr]fxa(TL crv\\oyLa-juLo\ ^3 
^ Te\eiovvTaL S^a tcov ev tw irpcoTcp (lyJjfxaTL Ka06\ov (jv\- 
\oyL(Tfxcdv Ka\ ei9 tovtov9 y dvayovTaL, Srj\ov e/c tcov eiprj- 
fievcov OTL S^ aTrXft)? vra? crvWoyLCTfidg ovtco9 €^€l, vvv ecTTaL 
cpavepdv, OTav Sei-^O^ Tra? yLv6fxevo9 S^d tovtcov tlvo? tcov 
a-^r]fiaTcov. 

^ALvdyKr] Sr] irda-av dirdSeL^Lv Ka\ TrdvTa a-vWoyLo-fidv rj 2 
virapyov tl rj firj virdpyov SeLKvvvaL, Ka\ tovto rj Ka06\ov rj 
Acara fiepog, eTL rj oeiKTLKcog rj e^ virovea-eu)^. lov 6 e^ viro- 
0e(T€C09 ^ fJLepo9 TO Sid tov dSvvaTOV. TlpcoTOv ovv e'i7rcofiev 

s Tov 8c firjdfvl C. t Kai KaOoXov om. pr. C. ^ kqI fjLf) Ka66\ov 

om. A.B. et pr. C. ^ «VSexerat C. X TeXfiovvToi T€ ?iia B.C» 

y ayovTai A. ^ fiepos «Vrt ro C. 



I04 ANAATT1K12N Anal. Pr. 

'jrepl Tcov SeiKTiKooV ^tovtwp yap Sei-^^OevToov (pavepov ecrTai 
Ka) eTT/ T(ov ei9 to aovvaTOv Ka\ oXwg tuiv e£ vTroSecreco?. 

3 ^i Sr] Seoi To A KaTo. tov B crvXXoyLa-acrOai 37 virap-^ov 
^rj/ULtj virapyov, avayKrj Xa/Seiv tl KaTO. tivo<s. Ei fMev ovv 
to A KaTa Tov B XrjCpOeirj, to e^ «PX^^ ecTTai eiXrjjjifjievov. 
L ^ oe KaTa tov i , to oe i Acara /uirjdevo^, /mrjo aXXo /car 
eKelvov, /uLrjSe KaTa tov A cTepov, ovSeh ecTTaL crvXXoyi(TiJ.6s' 
" Tft) •yajO ev KaO^ evo^ XrjcpOrjvaL ovSev crv/j.l3aLvei e^ avayKrjg, 

4^'Q(rT€ irpoarXrjTTTeov Ka\ cTepav TrpoTacriv. ""Eai/ fxev ovv 
XrjCpOrj TO A AcaT' aXXov rj aXXo KaTO. tov A, rj KaTa tov Y 
eTepov, eivaL juLev crvXXoyicriULov ovSev KcoXvei, irpo^ /uLevTOi to 
B ovK ecTTaL Slol twv eLXrjjuifjievcov. OvS' OTav to V eTepco, 
KOLKelvo aXXo), Ka\ tovto eTepco, firj crvvaTrTrj Se irpo^s to B, 

5 ovS^ ovTWS earTaL irpo^ to B o-vXXoyLO-fJLos ^ tov A. ^OXco9 
yap ^e'i7rofjLev otl ovSe\9 ovSeTroTe ea-TaL crvXXoyiarfjLO^ aXXov 
KaT aXXov fxrj XtjcpOevTog tlvo^ fiea-ov, o ttjOo? cKaTepov e^eL 
7rco9 Tah KaTrjyoplaL^' 6 fjLev yap a-vXXoyLa-fJL09 d7rXco9 €k 
'TrpoTacrecov co-tlv, 6 Se ttjOo? toSc orvXXoyLa-fJLo^ ck tcov 7rpo9 
ToSe 7rpoTda-ecov, 6 Se TOvSe 7rpo9 ^ ToSe Slo, tcov TOvSe 7rpo9 

^ToSe ^rpoTda-ecov. '^A.SvvaTOv Se 7rp6^ t6 B Xa/3eiv ^rpoTaa-LV 
firjSev fLtjTe KaTrjyopovvTa? avTOv firjT OLTrapvovfJLevov^, rj 7ra- 
Xlv tov A 7rp69 t6 B fjLrjSev kolv6v Xafi/3dvovTa<; aXX' e/ca- 

iTepov 'iSLa CLTTa KaTrjyopovvTag rj d^rapvovfievovg. ^'QcrTe 
Xrj7rTeov tl fiecrov dfjLCpolv, ^* o crvvdy^eL Taf KaTJjyopla^, 
e'i7rep ecrTaL TOvSe ttoo? ToSe avXXoyLcrfio^. Et ovv avayKrj 
fiev Ti Xa/3eLV 7rp69 dfjLCpco kolvov, tovto S^ evSe-^eraL Tpi-)^co9 
(rj ydp t6 A TOt» r Aca) t6 Y tov B ^ KaTrjyoprja-avTa^, rj to 
Y KaT dficpoiv, rj dfjLCpco KaTa tov F), TavTa S^ ea-T^ Ta ei- 
prjfxeva a"^rjfiaTa, ^ (pavepdv otl TrdvTa a-vXXoyLa-fi^v dvdyKrj 
ylvecrOaL Slu tovtcov TLvd^ tcov cryrjfxdToov. ^O ydp axrro^ 



* TovTdV yap bctx^evTciP orn. C. ^ ^ nrj vnapxov om. pr. A. ^ bi 
ro a Knra C. ^ rb C ^ rov a om. A.C. ^ ctnoifiev B. et pr. A. 

& rovdf 8ia pr. B. ^^ 6p A. * KarrjyopTja-avTfs C. ^ <})av(p6v 

OVV OTt U. 



I. 24- nPOTEPXiN A. 105 

\6yo<f Kal ^ el Sia TrXetovcov crvvairTOi Trpog to B* TavTO yap 
ecTTai a-^rjiiia Kal eTrl tcov ttoWwv. 

^'Oti /uLev ovv 01 SeiKTiKol TrepaivovTai Slo. twv Trpoeiprj-s 
/ULevwv (Tj^rjiuLaTwv, (pavepov' oti Se Kai 01 ek ro aSvvaTOV, 
StjXov ecTTai Sia tovtwv. TlavTeg ycip 01 Sia tov aSvvaTOu 
TrepalvovTeg to fJiev \|/'ei/^09 crvWoyL^ovTai, to S^ e^ ^PX^^ 
e^ VTToOecreo)? SeiKvvovcriv, OTav aSvvaTOV tl orviuL^aLvr] TrJ9 
avT L(pa(re(i09 TeOeLcrrj^, olov otl acrviuLiULeTpog rj S^aiuLeTpog Slu 
To ylvecrOaL Ta irepLTTa 'lo-a Tolg apTL0L9 crvix/xeTpov TeOei- 
<Tr]9. To lULev ovv 'icra ylvecrOaL ra irepLTTa T019 apTL0L9 arvX-g 
Xoyl^eTaL, to o acrviuLiuLeTpov elvaL Ttjv S^aiuLeTpov e^ vTToOe- 
(T€(ji)9 SeiKvva-LV, eTTel yp-evSo? a-vjui/BaLveL Slol r/yj/ avTLCpacrLV. 
TovTO yap rjv TO S^a tov aSvvaTOV (rvWoylcracrOaL, to 
Sei^al TL aSvvaTOv Slol Trjv e^ ^PX^^ viroOecrLv. ^'Qo-t eire\ 10 
Tov -^evSovg yiveTaL crvWoyLo-juLo? S^lktlko^ ev T019 ei9 t6 
aSvvaTov airayoiiievoL^, to S'' e^ (^pX/i^ ^S ^'^oOecreco^ SeiKvv- 
Tai, TOV9 Se SeiKTLK0V9 irpOTepov e^LnrofJLev otl Slol tovtcov 
TrepalvovTaL tcov a-xvi^^^^^v^ ^ (pavepov otl Kai ol Slo, tov 
aSvvaTOV crvW.oyL(riuLo\ S^a tovtcov ecrovTai tcov a^^rnuLaTcov. 
^Qa-avTco9 Se Kai ol oWol Trai/re? 01 e^ vTToOeareoo9' ev airacrL 11 
yap 6 lULev avWoyia-iuL09 yiveTaL irpo9 to lULeTaXaim/BavoiuLevov, 
TO S' e^ GLpX^^ irepaLveraL Sl oiuLoXoyla^ 7 tlvo9 aWr]9 vtto- 
Oecreco^. Et Se tovt aXrjOh, iraarav CLTToSeL^LV Ka\ Traj/ra 
a-vWoyLariuiov avdyKrj ylvea-Oai Slcl ° TpLcov tcov irpoeLprjiuLevcov 
aryrjiJ.aTCov. Tovtov Se SeLyOevTO^ SrjXov C09 aira^ re a-vX- 
\oyL(TiJL09 eiTLTeXeiTaL Slol tov TrpcoTOv a-yr]iJLaT09 Ka\ avd- 
yeTaL ei9 tov9 ev tovtco KaOoXov crvWoyLar 1x0119. 

^'Ert re ev ctTravTL Sei KaTrjyopLKOv TLva ^tcov opcov elvaL 2^ 
Ka\ To KaOo\ov virap-^eLV' dvev P ydp tov Ka06\ov rj ovk 
ecTTaL a-v\\oyia-iuL09 rj ov irpo9 to ^ Keliuevov, J; to e^ dp^rj^ 
aLTrja-eTaL. K.eia-Oco ydp Trjv juLOva-LKrjv rjSovrjv elvaL crirov- 
Saiav. Ei jxev ovv d^icoa-eLev rjSovrjv etvaL orirovSaLav /jlyj 

^ €1 om. pr. C. ™ (f>ap€p6v ovv ori 13. ^ rwv Tpimv C. o 7-^,, 

opov B. P yap av roC C. ^ TTpoKfifievov C. 



io6 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pr. 

^ TrpocrOeh to iracrav, ovk eaTai arvWoyKTiuio^' ei Se Tiva 
TfSovriv, el /uLev aXXrjv, ovSev irpo^ to ^ Kei/uLevov, ei S^ avTrjv 

2TavTrjv, TO e^ «PX^^ XajUi^dvei. MaXXoi/ Se yiverai (pa- 
vepov ev Toh SLaypd/ULiuLaa-iv, olov oti tov lo-oarKeXov? larai 
al 7rpo9 Trj /Sacrei. ^'l^crTwarav ei? to KevTpov tjy/ULevai al 
A B. Et ovv 'la-rjv * XafJL^avoL Tt]v A Y ywviav r^ B A /mr] 
6X(j09 a^iwcra? 'la-ag ra? twv ^/ullkvkXlcov, Ka\ irdXLv Ttjv F Trj 
A /uLr] irda-av irpoa-Xa^wv Tt]v tov T/UL^iuaTO^, €tl ^ S^ air 
'Lorwv ova-oov twv oXwv ywvLWV Kai 'Lorcov a<pr]pr]/jLevcov 'Lcrag 
eivaL TCi^ XofTra? tcl? E Z, to e^ ^PX^^ aLTrja-eTaL, edv /uLrj 
Xa/3r] (iTTO Twv ^ 'icrcov 'icrcov cKbaLpovjULevcov 'icra XeiTrecrOaL. 

3^avepov ovv otl ev airavTL Sei to KaOoXov virdpyeLV, Ka\ 
OTL TO lULev KaOoXov e^ dirdvTcov tcov opcov KaOoXov Sclkvv- 
TaL, t6 S^ ev /uLepeL Ka\ ovTCog KaKeivco^, wctt edv /uev ^ to 
crv/uL7repaa-/uLa KaOoXov, Ka). Tovg opovg dvdyKr] KaOoXov eivai, 
idv S^ 01 opoL KaOoXov, evSe-^eTaL to a-v/jL7r€paa-/uLa /mr] elvai 

4Ka06Xov. ArjXov Se Ka\ otl ev diravTL crvXXoyLcr/JLw r] d/mcpo- 
Tepa^ r] Tr]v cTcpav irpoTacrLV o/uLolav dvayKr] ylvecrOai tw 
crviJ.7repdcrfj.aTL. Keyco ^' ov /ulovov tm KaTa<paTLKr]v etvai rj 
(TTepr/TLKrjv, dXXa Ka\ tm dvayKaiav r] V7rap-^ovarav r] evSe-)^o- 
/uL€vr]v. ''E'7rfcr/ce\J/"a(70af ^e Sel Ka\ Ta9 dXXag KaTrjyopla^. 

5 ^avepdv Se Ka\ dxXco? ttoV ecrTai Ka\ 7t6t ovk ecrTaL a-vX- 
XoyLa-/uL69', Ka\ Trdre SvvaTog Ka\ Trdre TeXeLO^, Ka\ otl a-vXXo- 
yLcr/uLov 6vto9 dvayKaiov 'e"^eLv tov9 bpov9 KaTa TLva tcov ei- 
pr/fxevcov Tpo7rcov. 
2,^ AijXov Se Ka\ otl ^rda^a d^rdSeL^L^ ea-Tai Sid TpLcov opcov 
KOL ov 7rXeL6vcov, edv /uLrj Si^ dXXcov Ka\ dXXcov to avTO crv/uL- 
Trepaa^/uLa yivijTai, oiov to E om tc tcov A 13 Ka\ Sia twv 
T A, r/ Sid Tcov ^A B Ka\ B T' 7rXeLco ydp /j.eara tcov av- 
Tcov ovSev CLvai kwXvcl. Tovtwv S^ ovtwv ^ ov-^ e/? dXXd 

2 TrXeiov^ eia-\v oi crvXXoyLcr/uLoL ^^H TrdXiv oTav cKdTepov 
Twv A B Slu avXXoyLor/ULOv XtjcpO^, otov to A S^d twv A E 

^ TTpoa6r)L^ B. * npoKfi/Kvov C. ^ \a[M^dv(i i). ^ 5' om. A.B. 

^' alterum t(r<av om. A. ^ n/3 Koi ay Kal /9y C. Y oup^i C. 



T. 25. nPOTEFiiN A. 107 

Ka\ TraXiv to B Sia twv Z 0. ^^H t6 /ul€V eTrayooyrj, to Se 
crvWoyicriuiM. ^AXXa Kai ovtco^ TrXe/of? 01 orvWoyicriuiot' 
TrXeid) yap to. crviJ.Trepaa-ixaTa ecTTiv, olov t6 re A Kal to B 
Kal t6 r. Et ^' ovv /uLrj TrXe/ou? ctXX' ef?, ovtco nxev evSe^eTai 
^ yevea-Oai Sia irXeiovcov t6 avT^ crviuiTrepacriuia, (09 ^e to V 
Sia Tcov A B, aSvvaTOV. '"Eo-Tft) yap t6 E crviJ.ireirepa(TiJ.evov 3 
CK Tcov A B r A. OvKOvv avdyKrj tl avTcov aWo ttjOo? 
^aWo ei\r](pOai, t6 jmev cog oXov t6 S^ cog iJ^epor tovto yap 
SeSeiKTai irpoTepov, otl ovTog crvXXoyLcriuiOv avayKaiov ovTcog 
Ttvag e-^eiv tcov opcov. ^E^era) ovv to A ovtco^ irpog to B. 
^ hjcrTiv apa tl e^ avTcov cviuiTrepacr/uia. Ovkovv '^tol to E J; 4 
Tcov r A OoLTepov r] aXXo tl irapa TavTa. Ka« el imev t6 E, 
e/c Tcov A B ^ luovov av e'ir] 6 crvXXoyLG-imo?. Ta ^e F A el 
fj-ev e-^eL ovtco<s coctt eivat t6 fxev co<5 oXov t6 S^ o)? imepog, 
ecTTaL TL Kal e^ eKeivcov, Kal '^tol to E 37 tcov A B OaTepov 
r] aXXo TL irapa TavTa. Kat el imev to E )/ tcov A B Oa- i, 
Tepov, r] TrXe/of? ea-ovTaL 01 cvXXoyicrjUiOi, r] co9 eveSey^eTO 
TavTO Sia TrXeLOVcov opcov TrepaivearOaL crvimlBaLveL' el S^ aXXo 
Ti irapa TavTa, ^ irXelovg ecrovTaL Kal aarvvairTOL ^ 01 avXXo- 
yLaiuoL TTjOO? aXX>;Xoi'9. E/ oe /x^ ovtco9 '^XP'- '^^ ^ 7rpo9 to 
A coa-Te iroLeiv a^vXXoyLa^iuiOV, fxaTrjv ecrTaL eLXriiJ.fj.eva, el fxr] 
eiraycoyrjg J7 Kpvyl^ecog tj tlvo<s aXXov tcov tolovtcov yapLv. 
E/ ^' e/c Tcov A B />t^ TO E aXX' aWo tl yiveTaL crvfjiTre-S 
paaima, e/c oe tcov F A ?/ ^ toutoji' OaTepov rj dXXo irapd 
TavTa, 7rXeLOV9 Te ol crvXXoyLcriuoL yivovTai Kal ov tov viro- 
Keiimevov' vireKctTO ydp etvat ^tov E t6v crvXXoyLa-imov. Et7 
Se imr] ytveTaL €k tcov 1 A imrjSev crviJ.irepaaiJ.a, iJ.aTr]v re 
eiXrjcpOaL avTd aviui^aiveL Ka\ iJ.r] tov e^ dp^^rjg etvaL t6v a-vX- 
XoyLafJiOv. ^'Qa-Te (pavep6v otl irdcra diroSeL^L^ Ka\ Tra? a-vX- 
XoyLa-fJi^g ecTTaL S^d Tpicov opcov ^ luiovov. 

lovTov bvTog cpavepov, SrjXov o)? Ka\ €k Svo irpoTacrewv 8 

z yivecrdai. C. *^ alterum aWo om. pr, A.B. ^ ixovcov C. ^ TrXctovs 
T€ ea-ovrai C. ^ oi om. A.B. ^ tovto Bar. B. ^ rov] t6 A. 

S fXOVCOV C. 



io8 ANAATTIKnN Anal. Pr. 

Kal ov TrXeiovcop' ol yap rpei^ opoi Svo irpoTaa-ei^, ei iJ.rj 
irpocrXajULlSdvoiTO^ KaQairep ev toi<s e^ cip-^tj9 ' eXe-^Orj^ ttjOO? 

9Tr]v TeXelwcriv twv crvWoyKT/uLoov. ^avepov ovv 009 ev ip Xoyo) 
arvXXoyicTTiKw /uLr] apTial elcriv al irpoTaareig Si cov yiverat 
t6 (TviuiirepacriuLa t6 Kvpiov (evia yap tu>v civwOev crvfJLTre' 
pacTjULaTwv avayKaiov eivai TrpoTacreig^, OVT09 6 Xoyog tj ov 
crvXXeXoyicrTai rj TrXeiw tcov avayKaicov rjpwTrjKe 7rpo9 Trjv 
Oecriv. 

10 Kara julcv ovv Tag Kvpiag irpoTacrei^ Xa/uL^avo/uLevwv rctfi/ 
crvXXoyKTjULwv, a7ra<s ecrTai crvXXoyicriULog e/c irpoTaarewv /uLev 
apTiwv e^ opwv Se TrepiTTwV evl yap TrXeiOu? ol opoi twv 
irpoTaa-ewv. ^'Ecrrat Se Ka\ Ta (rvjuLTrepaoriJLaTa rjjjiLcrrj twv 

iiirpOTacrewv. ^'Orai/ ^e Slol irpocrvXXoyLcriuLwv irepaivrjTai rj 
Slol irXelovwv fxecrwv imrj crvve-^wv, olov ro A B Slo, twv V A, 
TO imev 7^X^609 Twv opwv wcravTW9 ev). vTrepe^ei Ta9 irpoTa- 
crei<s (jj yap e^wOev rj eh t6 ^ecrov TeOrjcreTai 6 irapeiJLirL" 
TTTWV opo9' cLfJLCpOTepwg Se crvfji^aLveL ev\ eXoLTTW etvai to, Sia- 
crTjiiuLaTa twv opwv), ai Se irpOTacrei^ 'icraL tol9 SiacTTi^iuLaa-iv' 
ov imevTOL ae\ ^ ai iulcv apTiai ecrovTaL ol Se irepLTTOL, aW 
evaXXd^, OTav fJLev ai TrpoTdcrei? apTiaL, irepiTTol 01 opoL, 
OTav S^ 01 opOL apTiOL, TrepiTTai ai irpOTdcreL^' aiuLa yap tw 
opw /ULLa TrpocrTiOeTai irpoTaa-L^, av oiroOevovv irpocrTeO^ 6 

MOpog. ^'Qa-T e7re\ ai jj-ev apTiaL 01 Se irepiTTO^ rja-av, avayKtj 
irapaXXdTTeLV r^? avTtj^ irpocrOeaewg yivoiuLevrjg. Ta Se crviUL- 
irepacriuLaTa ovkctl Trjv avTrjv e^eL Tat^LV ovTe irpo^ tov9 opov^ 
ovTe TTjOo? Ta9 7rpoTaa-eL9' evo9 yap opov irpocrTiOeiJ.evov crviUL' 
irepacriJ.aTa irpocrTeOrja-eTaL ev\ eXaTTw twv irpovirap-^ovTWV 
opwv 7rpo<s lULOvov yap tov ea"^aTOV ov Troiei crviuLirepacriuLa, 
7r|0O9 Se T0V9 dXXov9 irdvTa^, oiov ei rw A B F TrpoaKeiTai 
TO A, ev0v9 Ka\ a-viuLirepdcriuLaTa Svo irpocrKeiTai, to Te 7rp69 

13 To A Ka\ To 7r«o9 t6 B. "^O/io/o)? Se Kci^r^ twv aXXwv. }\.av 
ei9 t6 iiearov Se TrapefJLTriTrTrj, t6v avT^v Tpo^roV 7rpo9 eva 

j «X*x^ om. A. ^ ai fiiv om. A. 



I. 26. nP0TEP12N A. 109 

yap fiiovov ov TrOL^a-ei a-vXXoyKTiuLov. ^'Q(tt€ ttoXu TrXe/o) ra 
a-v/uLTrepaa-jULaTa Kal twv opoov ea-Tai Kal twv irpoTaa-eiov. 

^Exef o eyoiJLev irepL wv 01 a-uWo'yLa'/uLOL, ^ Kal irolov ev 2tG 
eKaarTO) a-yrjfxaTL Ka\ iroarayoc)^ SeiKvvTaL, (pavepov ^jullv ecrrJ 
Kal TTOLOv TTpo^XriiJ.a yaXeirov Ka\ ttolov eveTTL-^^eiprjTOv' to 
jULCv yap ev irKeloa^L <jyriixa(TL koX Slol TrXeLOvcov ^^ TTTwareoov 
TrepaLvo/uLevov paov, to S* ev eKoTToa-L Ka\ Sl eKaTTOvoov Sva-- 
eTri-^eiprjTOTepov. To jULev ovv KaTa(paTLKOv to KaOoXov Slcl 2 
Tov TTpcoTOv a")(^ fxaTO^ SeLKvvTaL fjLOvov, Ka\ Slol tovtov /ULOVa- 
^ft)?* TO Se a-T6prjTLKOv Slol Te Tov irpwTOv Ka\ Slu tov fJLearov, 
Ka\ Slcl fxev tov TrpooTOV fjiovayjjC)<;, Slol Se tov fxea-ov SL-y^m' t6 
S' ev fxepeL ^ KaTacpaTiKov Slcl tov irpwTOv Ka\ Slcl tov ea")(a- 
Tov, fiovay^w? f/Lev Slu tov irpwTOv, TpL^^^co^ Se Slu tov ear-ya- 
Tov. To ^e a-TeprjTLKOv to KaTci fiepog ev airaa-L T019 a-^r)-^ 
fiaa-L SeLKVVTai, irXrjv ev fiev tm TrpcoTO) aira^, ev Se tw fiea-co 
Ka\ T(p ea-yaTCp ev tw fxev ^t^o)? ev tw Se TpL-)(^oo9. ^avepov 
ovv OTL ^TO KaOoXov KaTi]yopLKOv KaTaarKevaa-aL fiev }(aXe- 
'TTCOTaTOv, avacTKevaa^aL Se fxia^TOv. ^ OXcog o ea^T^v avaLpovvTi 
fJLev Ta KaOoXov tcov ev fiepeL paco' Ka\ yap ^v fjLr]Sev\ Ka\ rjv 
TLv\ fir] viTixpyri, avrjprjTaL' tovtcov Se to fjLev tlv\ fxrj ev airaa-L 
T019 a-^^^fiaa-L ScLKVVTaL, to Se fJLr]Sev\ ev tol9 Sva-lv. Tov av-4 
Tov Se TpoTTOv Ka7r\ Tcov CTTeprjTLKcov' Ka\ yap ei iravT^ kol 

€1 TLVL, OLV^prjTaL TO €^ ^PX^^' "TOVTO S'' rjv €V SvO (Tyrj 1^^'^ '■^ • 

"^EttJ ^e Twv ev fjLepcL fJLOva^j^g, r] 7ravT\ t] fii]Sev\ Sei^avTa 
virdpxeLV. Karac/ceua^oi/Ti ^e p(ico tcl ev fiepeL' Ka\ yap 
Pej/ TrXeLOCTL o-yr/fLaarL kcll Slol irXeLOvcov Tpoircov. ^OXco^ Te^ 
ov Sel XavOdveLV otl avaa-KevaaraL fjLcv Sl^ aXXi^Xcov ea-TL Ka\ 
TCL KaOoXov Slcl tcov ev fJLcpeL Ka\ TavTa Slcl tcov KaOoXov, 
KaTacTKevacraL S^ ovk ea-TL Sia tcov KaTo, fjiepog tcl KaOoXov, 
Si"^ CKeivcov Se TavT ea-TLV. *'A/xa ^e SrjXov otl Ka\ to dva- 
o-KCva^eLV eaT\ tov KaTacTKevd^eLV paov. 

Ilft)? fjLcv ovv ylveTaL xa? avXXoyLa-fjLog Ka\ Slu iroarcov 6 

1 Koi iroiov — rjfiiv cVtI om. A. ™ vocis nTaxrfOiv litteras Trro) corr. B. 
^ Kara^fyaTiKov Ka\ bia B. o t6 om. A. P ev om. C. 



iio ANAATTIKI2N Avat. Pr. 

op(jov Ka\ TrpoTucrewv^ kqi ttco^ e-^ovcrayp irpo^ aXX^/Xa?, €TI 
Se TTOiov TTpo^XtjiuLa ev eKacTTip (T^ixaTi kcu irolov ev TrXeiocri 

Ka\ TTOIOV €V eXaTTOtTL SeiKVVTai, SrjXov €K TWV €ipr]/JL€V(i)V. 

■27 TI(Jo9 S^ eviTOprjcroiJLev avTo\ irpo^ to Ti0€fj.€vov ael crvWoyi- 
aiJLOJv, Ka\ Sia Tro/a? oSov Xrjy^o/uieOa Ta9 Trep). cKacTTOv ap- 
ya?, vvv f^jor] XcKTeov' ov yap /ulovov fVo)? cei Trjv yeve^riv 
OeoDpeiv TU)v crvWoyicriuiwv, aWa Ka\ Trjv Svva/uiiv eyeiv tov 
Trotciv. 

2 ^ A.7r(XVT(i)V Sr] TWV OVTCOV TOL jULeV eCTTL TOLaVTa W(TT€ KaTa 

/j.rjS€V09 aWov KaTrjyopeicrOaL aXrjOw^ KaOoXov, olov KXecoi/ 
Ka\ KaXX/a? Ka\ t6 KaO^ cKacTTOv Ka\ aicr0rp-6v, KUTa Se 
TOVTOov aWa \Ka\ yap avOp(£)7ro? Ka\ ^wov €KaT€po9 tovtcov 
€(TTi)' To, S^ avTa /uLev KaT aWcov KaTrjyopeiTaL, KaTO. Se 
TOVToov aWa irpoTepov ov KaTrjyopeiTai' tol Se kol avTO. 
aWoov Ka\ avToov cTepa, olov avOpoo7ro<s KaXX/ov Kai avOpoo- 

3 TTOv Cwoj/. ^'Otl jULcv ovv €VLa Toov ovTcov KUT ovSevo^ TreCpvKe 
Xeye^TOaL, SrjXoV toov yap alcTOrjToov cT-^eSov eKacrrov ccttl 
TOLOVTOv oo(TT€ /ULr] KaTrjyopeicTOai ^ KaTO, jUirjSevo^, wXrjv o)? 
KaTCL crvjULlBelSrjKos' (pa/ULev yap iroTe to XevKov eKeivo '"So)- 

^KpoLTrjv eivaL kol to irpocTLOv KaXX/ai/. ^'Ort ^e Ka\ e7r\ to 
avoo iropevoiULevoLg lcrTaTal iroTe, iraXLV epovjuLev' vvv S^ ecrrco 
TOVTO KeijULevov. Kara /ULev ovv tovtoov ovk ccttlv airoSetc^aL 
KaTrjyopovjuLevov cTepov, TrXrjv ei /ULrj /cara So^^av, aXXa raura 
KttT aWcoV ovSe tol KaO^ cKacTTa kut aWcov, aXX' cTepa 

5 KaT €K€tvcov. To, Sc /ULeTa^v SrjXov 009 afx(poTepco9 evSe-^^erat' 
KOi yap avTCL kut aXXcov Ka\ aXXa /cara tovtoov Xe^^O^cre- 
Tai, Ka\ CT-^^eSov oi Xoyot Ka\ ai a^Key^et^ ^ €ict\ juLOLXLCTTa 7rep\ 
tovtoov. 

6 Ae? Srj Ta<5 7rpOT(xcT€L9 7rep\ eKaarrov ovtco9 eKXafx^aveLv, 
v^roOejULevov avTO 7rpwT0v Ka\ tov9 opicTjuLovg re Ka\ ocra ^Sta 
Tov ^rpay/ULaTO^ ecrrtv, eiTa /leTa tovto ocTa e^reTat tw Trpa- 
y/uLaTt, Ka\ TraXiv oh to Trpdy/uLa ctKoXovOet, Ka\ ocTa fxrj ev- 

q Kara om. A. *" (roKpdrr) B. ® TTfpl rovrav flai fxaXKrTa C. 



I. 27- nPOTEPX2N A. 111 

Se-)^€Tai avTM virapyeiv. Oh ^' avTO /uLt] evSeyeTai, ovk €k- 
XfjTTTeop Sia To avTi(TTpe(j)eiv t6 o-TeptjTiKoi'. AiaipeTeov Se^ 
Kai Tcov eiroixevodv ocra re ev tm tl ecTi Kal oca o)? 'iSia Kal 
ocra ft)? (TviuPelBrjKOTa KaTrjyopeiTai, Kal tovtcov irola So^a- 
(TTLKm Ka\ irola KaT aXtjOeiav' ocro) juLev yap av irXeiovcov 
TOiovTwv evTToprj Tff, OcLTTOV cvTev^eTaL (TV/uLTrepdcriuLaTL, ocrcp 
S^ ^av ^ a\r]Oe<TTepcov, jULaWov aTroSei^eL. Aei S^ eK\eyeLV juLrjS 
Ta eirojuLeva tlvl, aXX' ocra oXw tw irpdyiJ.aTL eireTaL, olov 
jULrj TL TLvl avOpooTro) aXXa ^ tl wavTl avQpooirco eTrerar Slo, 
yap Toov KaOoXov 7rpoTacre(jov 6 (rvWoyLcrjULO^. ^ A.SLopL(rTOV 
jULev ovv 6vT09 aSrjXov el KaOoXov rj irpoTacTL^, SicopL(riuLevov Se 
(pavepov. ""O/xo/ft)? S* eKXeKTeov Kal oh avTO eireTaL oXol9,9 
Slo. Trjv elpi^iuLevrjv aiTiav. A.vt6 Se t6 eiro/xevov ov XrjirTeov 
oXov eirecrOaL, Xeyco o olov avOp(joirco irdv Uipov rj fjLovcTLK^ 
iracrav eirLCTTrnxriv, aXXa /jlovov dirXco^ cLKoXovOelv, KaOdirep 
Ka\ TrpOTeLvojULeOa' Kal yap ayjpri(TTOv OaTepov Ka\ dSvvaTOv, 
oTov irdvTa dvOpcoirov eivaL irdv ^woi/ r] SLKaLOcrvvrjv airav 
dyaOov. ""AXX' w eireTaL, eir^ eKeivov to iravT^ XeyeTaL. 
^'OTav S^ viro TLV09 Trepie-^rjTaL to VTroKeiiuLevov (p Ta eiroixeva lo 
Sel Xa/Seiv, Ta iiev tco KaOoXov eiroiJLeva rj ixr] eiroiieva ovk 
CKXeKTeov ev tovtol<s {e^lXr^TrTaL ydp ev eKelvoL^' ocra ydp 
^wft), Ka\ dvOpcoircp eireraL, Ka\ oara ixr] virdp-^ei, cocravTco<5), 
Td Se irep\ eKa(TTOv 'iSLa XrjTrTeov earTL ydp aTTa tw e^Sei 
'iSia irapd t6 yevo9' dvdyKr) ydp Toh €TepoL9 e^iSeaLv 'iSLa 
CLTTa virdpyeLV. OvSe Sr] tw KaOoXov cKXeKTeov oh eireTaL ri 
TO irepLeyoiJLevov, oiov ^(p(p o/? eireTaL dvOpcoTro^' avayKrj 
ydp, el dvOpco7r(p dKoXovOei t6 ^(pov, Ka\ tovtol<s diracTLv 
aKoXovOelv. OiKeLOTepa Se TavTa r^? tov dvOpcoirov ckXo- 
yr]9. Ar]7rTeov Se Ka\ Td cog eir\ t6 iroXv cTroiieva Ka\ oig 12 
eireTaL' tcov yap w? e7r\ t6 7roXv irpoPXrjiuaTcov kol 6 crvXXo- 
yLaixo<i €K Tcov 0)9 e7r\ t6 7roXv ^rpOTacrecov, rj 7racrcov t} tlvcoV 
oiiOLOv ydp CKaaTov t6 crviA^repacriJLa Tah dp-^^cu^. ^'Erf Ta 

t (W om. C V aKr]3€(TT€pov pr. B. ''^ ri tcji navTl C. 



112 ANAATTIKflN Anal. Pii. 

Tracriv €7r6/uLeva ovk cKXeKTeov ov yap ea-rai o-v\Xoyi(T/ui6^ e^ 
avTOdv. Af' §j/ ^' aiTiav, ev Toh eiroiJ.evoL<i earTai S^Xov. 
^8 J^aTaarKeva^eiv ^ fxev ovv /SovXoimevoi^ KaTo. tivo9 oXov tov 
/UL€V KaTacrKeva^oimevov ^XeirTeov et? to. VTroKel/uLeva, KaO* wv 
avTO Tvy^dvei XeyojuLevov, ov Se Sei KaTrjyopeicrOai, ocra 
TOVTw cTreTai' av yap ti tovtcov ^ TavTov, avdyKr] OdTepov 
^OaTepcp vTrap-^eiv. ^Jiv Se fxr} otl iravT^ aXX otl tlvl, oTg 
eircTaL eKaTcpov' ei yap tl tovtcov TavTOv, avdyKtj tlv). 
virapyeiv. KJTav de /ULrjdevL cet] virap-^eLv, w /uLev ov ceL virap- 
X€LV, €19 To, eirojuLeva, ^ o Se Sei /uLrj virdpyeLV, eig d /uLr] ^ evSe- 
yjETaL avTip TrapeivaL' '^ avdTraXLv, w fxev Sel ^ juLrj virdp-^eLV, 
d /uLrj evSey^eTaL avTcp irapeivaL, o ^ Se /ULrj virdp-^^eLv, eh tu. 

3 eTTO/uLeva. Tovtoov ydp ovtcov twv avTcov ^ oiroTepcovovv, ov- 
Sevl evSeyeraL OaTepic OdTepov virdpyeLv' ylveraL ydp otc 
jULev 6 ev Tw TrpcoTW a-^rjijLaTL (TvXXoyLcriuLog, otc S^ 6 ev tlS 
fxecru). ^Eai/ Se tlv\ /uLrj virdp-^eLv, w ^ juLev ixrj vTrdp^eLV, oTg 
eTrerai, o Se /uLrj vTrap-^eLv, d /uLrj SvvaTOv avTW virap-^eLV' el 
ydp TL TOVTCOV e^lrj TavTOv, dvdyKrj tlv] /ULrj VTrap^^^eLV. MaX- 
Xov S^ 'i(rco9 coS^ ecTTaL tcov Xeyo/uLevcov eKacTTOv (pavepov. 

4 Jcj(rTco yap Ta juLev eTrojUieva tco J\ ecp cov x>, ol9 o avTO 
cTreTai, e<p cov l , a oe /ULrj evce-^eTaL avTic vTrapyeLV, ecp cov 
A* TrdXiv Se tw E Ta juev virdpyovTa, e(j)^ oTg Zi, 0T9 S^ 
avTO eireTaL, ecp^ 0T9 H, a Se jULrj evSe^eTai aura) virap^^eLV, 

5 e0' 0?9 O. Et IJL€V OVV ^TaVTO TL €(TTai TCOV r TLv\ TCOV Z, 

dvdyKrj to A TravTl rw E VTrdpyeLV' to /ulcv ydp Zt TravTi 
T(p E, TM Se r TravTl tw A, (acTTe TravTl tw E to A. 
Ef ^e To r Ka\ TO H TavTov, dvdyKrj tlv\ twv E to A 
vTrdp-^eLv' tw jj-ev ydp Y to A, tw ^e H to E iravT^ olko- 
XovOei. Ef ^e t6 Zi Ka\ t6 A TauToV, ovSev\ tcov E to A 
vTrap^eL €k TrpocrvXXoyL^TfJLOv' eTreJ ydp dvTLCTTpecpeL t6 (tt€- 
prjTLKov Ka\ t6 Z tw A TavTOv, ovSev^ tcov Z virdp^eL t6 A, 

* fxcv om. A. y 6 de corr. A. ^ eVSexjyrat A. » jifj om. pr. B. 

^ Be dfl /xi) C. c SwoTepav A.B. ^ fifv firj^ jiev del COTT. B. et pr. C. 
* TOVT^V C. 



I. 28. nPOTEPXiN A. 113 

t6 Sh Zi iravTL tw E. HdXiv el t6 B Kal t6 O TavTOv, ov-6 
Sevl Tcov E TO A virapc^eL' to yap B t(S /uiev A iravTL, ^to 
S^ eip' o) To E ovSevl virdp^eL' TavT^ yap ^ rjv tm 0, t6 Se 
ovSevl Tcov E vTrrjp-^ev. Et Se t6 A Kal t6 H TavTOv, t6 
A Tiv\ TU)v E ou^ virapc^eL' tQi yap H 01'^ " virap^ei, otl 
ovSe TM A* t6 Se H ecTTfj/ utto t6 E, wVTe Ttt^f twi/ E ov-^ 
vTrdp^eL. Ef ^e tw H to B TavTOv, avTea-Tpa/ULfjLevog ea-Tai 7 
(TvWoyKT/uLog' t6 ' /uei/ •yajO ^ H tw A ^ virdp^eL iravTL (to 
"^ «yaio B Tw A), TO ^e E tco ^ B {ravT^ yap ^v tu> H)* 
To ^e A Ttp E iravTl fiev ovk avdyKt] vTrap^eLV, tlv\ S^ avdy- 
KTj Sia t6 avTL(TTpe(peLV ° Trj KaOoXov KaTrjyopia Trjv KaTO, 
juiepo?. 

^avep6v ovv oti €19 Ta irpoeLprjiuJva ^XeirTeov eKaTepovg 
KaO^ eKacTTOv irpopXr^iJi.a' Slcl tovtoov ydp airavTe^ ol crvX- 
XoyKr/uLOL. Aei Se Kal tcov eTTO/ULevcov, Ka\ 019 cTreTai eKatJTOv, 
eU TCL TTpcoTa Ka\ Ta KaOoXov /ULaXLcrTa ^XeireLv, otov tov 
fxev E lULciXXov etV to K Z ly etV t6 Zi julovov, tov Se A etV 
To K r 77 ei9 To r jULOvov. Ef jULev ydp tw K Z virdp-ycL 
t6 A, Ka\ Tw Zi Koi T(p E virdp-^eL' el Se tovtm /uLrj cTreTai, 
ey^copei tw Z eirea-Oai. ^OjJlolco^ Se Ka\ ecp^ cov avT^ clko- 
XovOei CTKeTrTeov' el fj-ev yap Toh irpcoTOL?, Ka\ tol9 utt' eKelva 
eireTaL ei Se jULrj tovtol9, aXXa TO19 viro TavTa eyycopel. 

ArjXov Se Ka\ otl Sia tcov TpLcov opcov Ka\ tcov Svo 7rpOTd-g 
creoov ^ crKey^i?, kol Slol tcov irpoeLpriiJ.evcov a"^riij.dTcov 01 crvX- 
XoyicriuLo\ TrdvTe^- AeiKvvTaL yap virap-^eLV julcv iravT^ tlS E 
TO A, OTav Twv T P/cttf Z TavTOv TL Xi](pOrj. TovTO S^ ea^TaL 
/j.ecrov, CLKpa Se t6 A Ka\ E* ylveTaL ovv t6 irpcoTOv cr^r]/j,a. 
Tiv\ Se, OTav TO V Ka\ t6 H XrjCpOrj TavTOV. Tovto Se t6 10 
ea-yoLTOv ar-^rjjULa' /ULecrov yap t6 H ylveTaL. ^rjSev\ Se, OTav 
t6 A ^KOi Zi TavTOv. OvTco Sc Ka\ t6 irpcoTOv cr-^^rj/j.a Ka\ t6 



r, 



Z virdoweL t6 A, 



/j,e(TOV, * TO /ULev irpcoTov otl ovoevL tw ju virap-^eL to J\, eLirep 

^ rw 8' C. S jjv rb B. ^ inrdp^ei rb a ori C. ^ fieu om. C. 

^ rj] f A.C. ^ vTrdpxiei C. ™ rb fiev ydp C. "3 Travrl ravrb C. 

o rrji Ka66\ov Karrjyopiai rrjv B. P Ka\ ra)v ^ C. *1 Ka\ rb ^ C. 

^ TO /xci/] Ka\ TO fiev C. 

VOL. I. I 



114 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Pr. 

aVTl(TTp€(p€l TO CTTCprjTlKOV, TO Sc 7i TraVT^ TW E, TO Sc 
IUL€(TOV OTL TO A TM fXeV A OvS€v\ TW Sc E TTaVTl V7rap-^€l. 

Tzi/f Se /uLt] vTrapyeLV, OTav to A Ka\ H Tairrov ^, Tovto Se 
TO ea"^aTOV a-^rjjuia' t6 /xev yap A ovSevl tm H vTrdp^eL, t6 
n ^e E TravTl tw H. ^avep6v ovv otl Slcl twv TrpoeiprjjULevwv 
cr-^^riiJLaTMV OL crvWoyi(r/ULo\ iravTe<s, Ka\ otl ovk CKXeKTcov oaa 
7rd<jLV eireTaL, Slcl t6 /uLtjSeva yivecrOaL a'vWoyLG-/UL6v e^ av- 
Twv. l^aTaaKevaXeiv /uLev yap oXcog ovk rjv e/c ^twv eTro/uLc- 
vcov, cnroa^TepeLV o ovk evSe^^eTaL S^a tov irdaLV eTrojULevov' 
Sei yap tw /ULev virdpyeLV tm Se /ULr] virdp-^eiv. 

12 ^avep6v Se Ka\ otl ai dWaL o'Ace"vf/-e/9 tcov /cara Tag ckXo- 
•ya? ^d-^eLOL tt^o? t6 TroLeiv crvWoyLa'/UL6v, oTov el tcl eTro- 
/ULeva eKaTepcp Tairrd ea-TLV, t] ei o?9 eireTaL t6 A, Ka\ d /uLtj 
evSe-^eTaL tm E, rj oaa 7rd\LV /uLr/ ey^copet eKaTepcp vTrap-^eLv' 

13 ov ydp ylveraL a'vWoyLa'/uL69 Slu tovtcdv. E/ /uLev ydp Ta 
ewo/uLeva TavTd, oiov t6 B Ka\ t6 Z, t6 /ULca-ov ylveTaL a")(r}/uLa 
KaTr/yopLKa^ eyov Td<s irpoTda-eL^' el S^ 0I9 eircTaL t6 A, Ka\ 
d /ULr/ evSe-^eTai tm E, otov t6 Y Ka\ t6 0, t6 irpcdTOv a"^rj/uLa 
a-Tepr/TLKrjv eyov Tr/v ttjOO? to eXaTTOv OLKpov irpoTaaLV. Et 
S^ oara /uLrj evSe-^eTaL eKaTepto, otov to A Ka\ t6 O, crTepr/TL- 
Ka\ d/ULCpOTepaL al TrpoTaa^eL?, r/ ev tw TTpcoTtp t/ ev Tto fJLea-u) 
a-yrj/jLaTL. Oi/rfo? ^' ovSa/uLW9 arvWoyLa-/uL69. 

14 ArjXov Se Ka\ ^OTL oirola ^TavTa Xr/TTTeov ^Ta KaTa Tr/v 
eTTLCTKe^Lv, Ka\ ov-^ oirola cTcpa r/ evavTia, irpcoTOv /xev otl 
Tov /uLca-ov xdpLV r/ y eiri^Xe^L^, t6 Se /ULcaov ov^ cTCpov dWd 
TavT^v Sel Xa/SeLV. Erra ev 6<tol9 Ka\ crv/uL/3aLvei yiveaSai 
a^vWoyLa/uL^v tm Xr/CpOrjvaL evavTLa rj /uLr/ evSe^d/uLeva tm avrw 
virapyeLV, eh tov^ TrpoeLprj/uLevov? ^ diravTa dva^^^O^a-eTai Tp6- 
7rou9, otov ei t6 B Ka\ t6 Zi ivavTia ^ /uLtj evSe-^erat to> avTw 
V7rdp-)^eiv' ea-TUL /xev yap tovtcov XrjCpOevTcov a-vW^oyLa-/uL09 
OTL ovSev\ Tcov E TO A vTrdp^ei, aXX' ovk e^ avTcov aXX' e/c 

s Ttov naaiv €7rnfi(V(ov li. ^ dxpeloi C. ^ oti om. A.B.C 

w TavTo A.B. ^ ra oni. corr. C. y ciricrKeylns C. ^ airav 

dvaxOrja-fTai B, aTravaxOjja-fTai A. 



I. 29- nP0TEPI2N A. 115 

Tou 'Trpoeiprj/j.evov Tpoirov' to yap B tw imev A TravT^ t(v 
Se E ovSevl virap^ei, wctt avayKtj ^TavTO eJvai t6 B tlvI 
Tcov 0. TlaXiv el to B ^ Kal H /uir} ^ ey^copei tw ovtw irap- 15 
eivai, OTi Tivl Tcov E 01)^ VTrdp^ei t6 A* ^ Kal yap ovtco^ t6 
fjLecrov ecTTai a-yrjijia' t6 yap B tw imev A iravTl tco ^e ^H 
ovSevL vTrdp^et, wctt avdyKrj t6 B TavTov tlvl eivai tcov 0. 
To ydp juirj evSeyecrdaL t6 B Ka\ t6 H tw avTi^ virap-^^eiv 
ovSev SLa(pepeL »7 to B tcov O tlv\ TavTOv elvaL' iravTa yap 
elXrjTTTai Ta firj evSe-^^ojULeva tco E virapyeLV. 

^avep6v fjiev ovv otl e^ avTcov /mev tovtcov tcov eTTLpXeyj/^ecov 16 
ou^eJ? yiveTaL a-vWoyLcriuLO?, ^ edv Se to B Kal to 7j evavTia, 
TavTOv TLVL elvuL t6 B tcov KOL t6v (TvWoy l(t [J.OV ylvecrOaL 
Sid TOVTCov. ^v/mlBaLveL Srj T019 ovtco9 eTTLa-KoirovcrL ^irpoa-eTTL- 
pXeireLv dWrjv 6S6v Trjg dvayKala? Slu t6 XavOaveLv Trjv tuv- 

TOTrjTa TWV B Kal TCOV 0. 

T6v avT^v Se TpOTTOv ^'^(OvaL Kal 01 ei? t6 dSvvaTOv dyov- 2,^ 
Te^ a-vWoyLa-iJ.o\ Toh SeLKTLKoh' ^ Ka\ ydp ovtol yivovTai 
Std Twv eTTO/uievcov Ka\ oh eireTaL eKaTepov. Kat ^ avTr/ ^ eirL- 
^\e^L<s ev d/Kpolv ydp SeiKvvTaL Sclktlkco^, Ka\ Sid tov 
aSvvaTOv eaTL avWoyia^aaOaL Sia tcov avTcov opcov, Ka\ S^a 
Tov dSvvaTOv, Ka\ SeLKTLKco^, oiov OTi To A ovSev\ TCOV E 
virapyeL. J^eiaSco ydp tlv\ virap-yeLV' ovkovv eire\ to B 3 
iravTL Tw A, To Se A tlv\ twv E, to B tlv\ twv E virapt^eL' 
dWJ ovSev\ virrjpyev. TldXiv otl tlv\ VTrdp-^eL' el ydp /ULr]Sev\ 
Twv E to A, t6 Se E 7ravT\ tw H, ovSev\ twv H VTrdp^ei 
TO A* aXXa 'TravT^ virrjpyev. ^0/uloiw9 Se Ka\ exJ twv dWwv 
Trpo^Xr/fj.dTWv' de\ ydp ecTaL Ka\ ev aTraa-LV rj S^d tov dSv- 
vaTov Sei^L9 €K Twv eTTO/uLevwv Ka\ 0/9 eireTaL CKaTepov. Kal 3 
KaO^ eKaa-TOv 7rp6l3\r]jULa rj avTrj a-Ke^^L? SeLKTLKwg Te ^ov\o- 
/uevw a-vWoyia-aa-Oai Ka\ eig dSvvaTOv dyayeiV ck yap twv 
avTwv opwv d/j.<p6Tepai al diroSel^eL^s, oiov ei SeSeLKTaL /uLtjSevL 

* TavTov C. ^ Koi To r/ Q. c (y^(oprji A. ^ Kai yap'] Ka\ 

yap nal C. ^ 7] f pr. B. ^ eav de] dvdyKT] Se ei B. ? TrpofTTt- 

^inftv A.B. ^ y^p] yo^p '«ai C. ^ emfTKe^n iir C. 

I 2 



ii6 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pr. 

virap^^eLv tw E to A, otl (rv/ji/3aiv€i Ka] to B tiv\ twv E 
vTrap-^eiv, oirep aSvvaTOV eav XricpOrj tw /ulcv E iuiT]Sevi tw Se 
A iravT^ vTrapyeiv to B, (pavepov otl ovSev\ tw E to A 
vTrdp^ei, TldXLV ei SeLKTLKwg <rvWe\6yL(rTaL to A tw E 
lULtjSevl VTrdp-^eLv, viroQefxevoL^ virdpyeLV ^ tlv\ Sia tov aSvvd- 
4T0V SeL^O^creTaL ovSev\ virdp^^ov. ^0/j.oloo9 Se Ka7r\ tcvv a\- 
Xojv' ev airacTL yap avayKrj kolvov TLva Xa/Seiv opov aWov 
Tcov v7roK€iiuL6V(t)v, TTpo^ ov ccTTaL Tov yjrevSov9 6 (TvWoyLCTHio^, 
(jocTT^ avTLcrTpa(p€La-t]9 TavTrj^ r^? TrpoTdcreoog, Trjg S* ere^a? 
ojULOLco? €yov(rrj<iy Sclktlko^ ecTTaL ™6 (TvWoyLcrfJLog Slcl tcov av- 
Tcov opcov. ALa(p€peL ydp 6 S€lktlko9 tov el^ to aSvvaTOv, 
OTL ev fxev Tcp SeLKTLKcp KaT oKrideLav diuLCpOTepaL TLOevTai ai 
irpoTdcreL^, ev Se T(p eig to dSvvaTOv ^evSco^ rj jULia. 

5 TavTa jULev ovv ecTTaL /uiaWov ^(pavepa S^a tcov €7ro/uL€vcov, 
OTav irepl tov dSvvdTOv \eycofJLev' vvv Se toctovtov rjfjLiv ccttco 
S^\ov, OTi ek ^TavTa jS\€irTeov SeLKTLKco9 re /3ov\ofi€V(f) crv\- 
^oyll^ecrOaL Ka\ ek to dSvvaTOv dyayeiv. ""Ej/ Se toi9 d\\oi9 
(rv\\oyL(rfJLoh Toh e^ V7ro0e(reco9, otov ocroi KaTa fi€Ta\r)y^iv 
r/ /cara TroLOTr/Ta, ey Toh vTroKeLfJLevoLg, ovk ev tol9 e^ dp^<i 
dW ev T019 fJLeTa\afJi/3avofjL€voL9 ecTTaL r/ (r/ceYf^, 6 Se Tpoirog 
6 avT09 Trj9 €7rf/3Xe\(/'ea)9. ''E7rfO'/ce\|/'a(7^a( ^e T^Set koi Si€\€lv 
nro^Tayoo^s oi e^ VTroOecrecog. 

6 AeiKVVTai fiev ovv e/cacrroj/ tcov Trpo/B^r/fiaTCov ovTcog, cctti 
Se Ka\ dWov Tpoirov evLa CTvWoylcTacTOaL tovtcov, oiov Ta 
Ka06\ov Slu Trj9 KaTa fJLepo9 e7rf/3Xe\(/^ea)9 e^ VTToOecTeco^. Ei 
•yajO ra T Ka\ Ta H TavTa elr/, fjidvoL^ Se ^rjcpOelri Toig H 
TO E virdpyeLv, iravT^ av tw E to A virap-^OL' Ka\ TraX^j/ 
el ^Ta A Ka\ H TavTd, ^ fi6vcov Se tcov H to E KaTtjyo- 

7 poiTO, OTL ovSev^ Tcov E t6 A virdp^eL. ^avepov ovv otl Ka\ 
OVTC09 €7rL^\€7rTeov. Tov avTOv Se Tpdirov Ka\ e7r\ tcov dvay- 
Kaicov KOL Tcov evSeyofJLevcoV r/ yap avTrj (TKey^n^, KOt S^d tu>v 
avTcov opcov €(TTaL Trj Td^€L Tov T evSe-^€(TOaL Ka\ Tov V7rap- 

1 riv\ om. A.C '" prius o om. C. " (f>av(po>T€pa C. " ravTti 

corr. C. P 8ct om. A. *i ra] t6 A. ^ fxovov C. 



1. 30. nP0TEP12N A. 117 

Y€iv 6 aruWoyiariULO^. \r17rTeov 0' eTrl tcov ivce^^oiULei/wu Kai 
TCL fjLri virapyovTa SuvaTa ^' virap-^^eLV' SeSeiKTai yap oti Ka\ 
Sia TOVTCov yiveTai 6 tou evSeyecdaL cruWoyLcriuLO^. "^Oyototft)? 
S^ e^ei Kai eirl tcov aWcov KaTrjyopLcov. 

^avepov ovv e/c tcov eiprj/ULevcov ov /ulovov otl ey^copei Slol 8 
TauTr]9 T^9 oSov yLvecrOai iravTa^ Tovg (rvWoyLCTiuLov?, aWa 
Kal OTi Sl' aWrjg aSvvaTOv. ^'ATra? jULev yap (TvWoyi(riixog 
SeSeLKTaL Slol tlvo9 tcov TTpoeLprnuevcov ay^rj^aTCov yLvo^evog, 
TavTa S^ ovK eyycopel Sl aWcov crvarTaO^vaL irXrjv Sia tcov 
eTro/uLevcov Kal of? exerat eKacrrov' e/c tovtcov yap al irpoTa- 
a-eL9 Kal rj tov lULecrov Xrj^ig, (jo(tt ovSe crvWoyicriuLov ey^copei 
yivecrOaL Sl' aWcov. 

"^H jULev ovv oSog KaTOL iravTCOv ^ auTt] Kal irepl (pL\ocro(pLav ^O 
Kal Trep] Teyyrjv OTTOiavouv Kai ixaOriiJLa' Sel yap tol UTrdp- 
^ovTa Kal oh uirdpyeL irepl ^ cKacrTOv dOpelv, Ka\ toutcov cog 
irXei^TTcov evTropeiv, Kal TavTa S^d tcov TpLcov opcov (TKOirelv, 
dvacTKevd^i^ovTa fiev coSl, KaTa(TKevdl^ovTa Se coSi, /cara iulcv 
dXrjOeLav eK tcov KaT dXi^OeLav S^ayeypaiuLiuLevcov virdpyeLV, 
€ig Se Tovg SLoXeKTLKOvg crvWoyL^TiuLovg e/c tcov Ka^d So^av 
TrpoTdcrecov. A/ <5' dpyai tcov (TvWoyKTfJLcov KaOoXov fjiev 2 
eiprivTaL, ov Tpoirov t e"^ovcTL Ka\ ov Tpoirov Sei OrjpeveLV av- 
Tag, OTTft)? lULrj pKeircofj.ev eig ^airavTa ra XeyoiULcva, lULrjS^ eh 
^Tavrd KaTacTKevd^ovTeg ^ Kai ai/acr/ceua^ovres', lurjSe /cara- 
(TKcvd^ovTeg re Ka^d TravTog rj TLvdg Ka\ dvacTKevd^ovTeg dird 
iravTCOv % tlvcov, aXX' eh eXaTTCo Ka\ copLcriuLeva, KaO^ cKacrTOv 
Se €K\eyeLV tcov ovtcov, oIov 7rep\ dyaOov rj eTrKTT^fxrjg. ""I^/a 
*^e /caO' cKdarTrjv €icr\v ai irXei^TTaL. Alo Tdg lULev dp-^dg Tdg ^ 
irepL €Ka(TTOv e/j.Treiplag e(TT\ irapaSovvaL. A^eyco S' otov Tr}v 
y darTpoXoyLKrjv ^ iulcv ejj.ireLplav ^Trig ^ daTpoXoyLKrjg e^TncTTrj- 
/JLfjg' XrjipOevTCov ydp Uavcog tcov (paLvoiuLevcov ouTcog evpeOrjarav 
ai d(rTpo\oyiKa\ dTroSel^eig. ^Ofioicog S^ Ka\ 7rep\ dWrjv 

® eKorepov A.B.C. * Trdvra C. '^ avra A. "^ kuI dva(TKevd^ovTfs 
om. A. ^ fie Koi Kaff B et pr. C. Y dcrTpovofxiKrjV C. z fj^^i, om. C. 
* TT} pr. C. ^ d(rTpo\oytKrJL €m(rTT}fjLr)i A.C. 

I 3 



ij8 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Pii. 

AOTTOiavovv €)(€i Teyvr^v re Ka\ €7r la-T^iiiijv. ^'Qct cav XtjCpOtj 
To. v-Trdp-^fOVTa Trepl cKacTTOv, ^/uL€T€pov tjSf] Ta9 a7ro(5e/^e/9 
€toiiul(jD9 ejuL(pavii^€iv. Ef* yap jtxrjSev /cara Tr]v la-Topiav irapa- 
\ei(p6eirj twv aXrjOco^ vTrap-^ovTcav Toh Trpdyimacriv, e^o/jiev 
TTepl airavT0<5 ov juLev earTLV aTroSei^ig, TavTrjv evpetv Kal airo- 
SeiKvvvai, ov Se /Jirj 7re(pvKev aTroSei^t^, tovto Troieiv (pavepov. 

S Ka^oXoy luev ovv, ov Sec Tpoirov ra? TrpoTda-ei? CKXeyeiv, 
elpriTai a"^eS6v' Si^ dKpi^eiag Se SieXrjXvOaiULev ev Trj TrpayfJLa- 
Tei€L Trj irep\ Trjv SiaXeKTiKi^v. 
3 ^ ^Oti S^ rj Sid Twv yevu>v Sialpea-ig /uLiKpov tl jjiopiov ea-Ti 
Trj<? eiprnxevri^ /uLeOoSov, pdSiov iSeiV ccttl ydp rj SLaipea-i9 
oiov da-Oevrj? a-vWoyiariULog' o jJLev ydp Sel Sei^at aiTeiTai, 
a-vWoyl^eTai S^ del tl toov dvcoOev. UpMTOv S^ avTO tovto 
eXeXi^OeL tov9 '^(pcoiuLevovg avTrj iravTag, Ka\ TrelOeLV eire^^eLpovv 
o)? 6vTO<s SvvaTOv Trepl ovcriag dirdSeL^LV yivecrOaL Ka\ tov tl 

^ecTTLv. ^'QaT ovTe 6 tl evSe-^erai crvWoylcraa-OaL SiaLpov- 
lULevoL ^ ^vvlearav, ovt€ otl ovtco9 eveSe-^eTO (joairep elprjKajJLev. 
""Ei/ fxev ovv Tah diroSei^ea-Lv, OTav ^Serj tl a-vWoylcraa-Oat 
virdpyeLV, Sei to lUea-ov, Sl^ ou ylveTaL 6 orvWoyLa^/ULog, Ka\ 
rjTTOv de^ eivaL Ka\ ixrj KaOoXov tov irpwTOv twv aKpcoV rj 
Se SLaipea-Lg TOvvavTLOv ^ovXeTai' to yap KaOdXov XafjL^dvei 
lULearov. ^'Ecrrft) ydp ^(^ov jxev e(p^ ov A, t6 Se OvrjTOv €(p^ 
ov B, Ka\ dOdvaTOv e(p^ ov Y, 6 S^ dvOpooirog, ov tov \6yov 
Sei XajSeiv, e(p^ od to A. ^A.7rav Srj ^wov Xa/uL^dveL rj OvrjTov 
rj auavaTOV tovto o ecTTiv, o av fj A, airav etvat rj r> rj l . 

3 TldXiv Tov dvOpcoTTOv de\ StatpoviuLevog TiOeTaL l^oyov etvaL, 
w(TT€ /cara tov A to A XaiuL^dveL virdp^^^eiv. ""O fjLev ovv 
(TvWoyLa'iJ.69 €(TTiv OTL TO A I7 B )7 r diTav ccTTaL, ooorTe 
Tov dvOpooTTOV rj OvrjTOv /JLev rj aOavaTOV dvayKaiov eivat, 
^wov OvrjTOv Se ovk dvayKaiov, aXX' aiTeiTat' tovto S^ ^v o 

^eSeL arvWoyia-acrOai. Ka) TrdXiv OeiuLevog to iul€v A l^taov 
OvrjTdv, €(p^ ou Se to B vir^Trovv, €(p^ ov Se to T dirovv, tov 

c (Tvviffrav C. ^ BeijTni A.B.C. 



1.31,32. nPOTEPflN A. 119 

^' avOpwrrov to A, wcravTw^i Xaix^avei to ixev A ijtol iv T(v 
B 37 ei/ tS r elvai (airav yap ^(^ov 6vr]T0v r) viroTTOvv 5? 
airovv e(TTi), /carct Se ^tov A to A (tov yap avOpcoTrov 
^^ov OvrjTOV elvai eXa^ev)' wo-t vTroTrovv imev rj airovv eivat 
'C^ov avdyKr] tov avOpwirov, viroirovv S' ovk avayKr], aWa 
XajjLpdvei' tovto S^ ^v o eSei irdXiv Seit^ai. " Ka^ tovtov 5 
^Sr] Tov TpOTTOv de\ SLaipoviuL€voi9 TO fJLev KaOoXov crviilBaLveL 
avT0i9 imea-ov XafxlSdveLV, KaO^ ov ^ S' eSeL Sei^ai Kal Ta? S^a- 
(bopd^ CLKpa. Te\o9 Se, otl tovt ecTTLV dvOpcoTro? ij 6 tl 
ttot' dv ^ TO ^riTOVjULevov, ovSev XeyovcrL cracpeg, (ji)(TT dvay- 
Kaiov eivaL' Kal ydp Trjv dXXr]v oSdv iroLOvvTaL irdtTav, ovSe 
Td^ evSeyofJieva^s evTTOplag vTToXajUL^avovTeg vwap-^eLV. ^ave-e 
pdv S^ OTL ovT dvaarKevdarai Tairrr] Trj fjLeOoStp earTLv, ouTe 
TTcpl a-viuLl3e^r]KdTO<f r] lSlov (rvXXoyLO-aa-OaL, ovTe Trepl ye- 
V0V9, ovT ev oh dyvoelTaL to iroTepov ^coSe ^r] coSe e^eL, olov 
dp r] SLd/uLeTpo^ ^ da-vjULjULeTpo^. ^Eai' yap Xa^rj otl dirav 
jULrJKO^ r] a-viUL/ULeTpov r] da-VjiAiULeTpov, rj Se SLdfJLeTpog (JLYjKog, 
(TvXXeXoyLcrTaL otl dcrviuLfJLeTpog v crvfJLfjLeTpo9 ^ SLdfJLeTpog. 
E/ ^e Xi^^^cTaL dcrvfjLfieTpov, o eSeL crvXXoyLcraa-OaL, X>5\|/'e- 7 
Tai. OvK dpa ea-TL Sei^aL' r] fxev yap oSdg avTv], S^d TavTr]<s 
S^ ovK ^ ecTTLV. ^ To da-vfJLfjLCTpov r] crvfjLfjLeTpov e(^' ov A, 
/jLrJKog ^B, SLdfJLeTpo£ ^r. ^avepdv ovv otl ovTe Trpdg Trdarav 
CTKey^Lv dpfJLO^ei t^? ^r^Ti^arecog TpoTTog, ovt ev oh fJLaXLCTTa 
SoKei irpeireLV, ev tovtol^ ccttI y^^a-LfJLog. 

^Eac tlvcov fJLcv ovv ai diroSelt^eL^s ylvovTaL Ka\ irwg, Ka\ ei9 
OTTOia /BXeTTTeov /caO' eKaa-TOv irpd^Xr^fia, (pavepdv eV tcov 
€ipr]fievcov' 7rw9 S^ dvd^ofiev tov9 a-vXXoyLcrfxovg ek Ta irpo-^^, 
€Lpr]fi€va a")(r]fiaTa, XeKTeov av e1.r] fieTa TavTa' Xolttov ydp 
€TL ^TOVTO Trj9 (r/ce\(/-e609. Ei «yajO t^v Te yevea-LV tcov crvX-2 
XoyicTfjLwv OeoopoifJLev Kai tov evpla-KeLV eyoLfjLev SvvafjLiv, ctl 

a Tov'] t6 A. ^ Koi om. B. c Sc C. d §' ^Scq Se 8(2 C, de B. 

e o)dt B, OTi mde A. ^ fj mde om. A. S d(rvixiJ.€Tpos rj crvfjt,]ifTpos. 

*Eav B. ^ €<rTiv] co-tl bei^ai C. ^ to (rvfiixerpov fj dcrvfjifxeTpov C. 

^ B] 60' ov /3 C. ^ y] ecf)' ou y, a /3 y C. *" tovto t6 ttjs xA.B. et pr. C. 

I 4 



I20 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pii. 

Se rov9 yey€vr)/uL€vov9 avaXvoi/uLev ek ra Trpoetprj/uLeva (ryri- 
ixara^ riXog av ey^yi rj e^ apyrj^ TrpoOecri?. ^vfJL^rjG-eraL S' 
aiJ.a Ka\ ra Trporepov etprjjULeva eTri^ejBaLovcrOai Kal (pavepco- 
repa eivai, otl ovtco^ eyei, Sia twv vvv XeyOrja-oiuLevcov' Sei 
yap irdv to aXrjOh avTo eavTw o/uLoXoyov/uLevov eivaL TrdvTrj. 

3 UpcoTOv fxev ovv Sei ireipda-OaL Ta<i Svo TrpOTao-eL^ eKXa/uL- 
j3aveiv Tov a-vWoyia-iuLov {^ paov yap eh tol jULell^oD SieXelv 37 
Ta eXoLTTOt), liAei^co Se tol a-vyKeljULeva rj i^ °wv)^ erra aKOTrelv 
iroTepa ev oXw Ka\ iroTepa ev /ULepeL, Ka\ el /ULrj a/UL<pco eiXrj/uL- 

4HievaL eiev^ avTOv ^ TLdevTa rrjv erepav. ^Ei//oTe yap rrjv 
KadoXov 7rpoTeivavTe9 Trjv ev TavTrj ov Xa/uL/Sdvova-LVf ovtc 
*1 ypa(povTe9 ovt epcoTcovTe^' rj ravTas fxev TrpOTeivova-i, Si* 
cov avTQL TrepalvovTaL, TrapaXeiTrova^Lv, dXXa Se /ULdTrjv ipco- 

5 TcoarLV. ^KeiTTeov ovv e'i tl ireplepyov e^lXrjTTTaL Kal tl tcov 
dvayKaicov TrapaXeXeiTTTaL, Ka\ t6 julcv OeTeov to S' dcpaLpe- 
Teov^ eo)? dv eXOrj tl9 elg rag Svo irpoTda-eL9' dvev ydp tov- 
Tcov ovK ea-TLv ^ dyayeiv Tovg ovTCog i^pcoTrj/uLevovg X6yov<;. 

6 rjVLCov fjiev ovv pacLOv LoeLV to evceeg, eviOL ce Xavvavova-L Kai 
SoKovcTL avXXoyll^ea^OaL Slu to dvayKalov tl a-vfx^alveLv iK 
Tcov Kei/ULevcov, otov el XrjCpOelr] fxr] ova-lag dvaLpovfievrj^ ^ firj 
dvaLpeia-Oat ova-iav, i^ cov S^ iar^v dvaLpovfxevcov, Ka\ to e/c 
TOVTcov (pOeipea-OaL' tovtoov yap TeOevTcov dvayKatov fiev to 
ovaria9 fJiepo9 elvaL ova-iav, ov firjv crvXXeXoyLa-TaL S^d twv el- 

7Xr]fifjLevcov, aXX' iXXeiTTOva-L irpOTaa-ei^. TVaXLV el dvOpcoirov 
6vT0<s dvdyKrj ^caov elvaL Ka\ ^wov ova-lav, dvOpcoirov 6vto9 
dvayKrj ovarlav elvaL' aW ovirco a-vXXeXoyia^ai' ov ydp 
eyova-Lv al irpOTda^eL^ o)? el-irofxev. * A.iraTcofieOa S^ iv Toh 
T0L0VT0L9 Slu to dvayKaiov tl a^vfjLJSaLveLV e/c tcov KCLfxevcov, 

SoTL Ka\ 6 avXXoyLo-fidg ^dvayKaiov eoTLv. ^EttJ irXeov Se 
To dvayKalov rj 6 a-vXXoyia-fjLos' 6 fxev yap (rvXXoyiafxo^ 
Tra? ^ dvayKaiov, to S' dvayKaiov ov irdv a-vXXoyL^rfXO^» ^'QerT^ 

n pduo A.B.C. ° «5»'] ^v avyKdToi corr. A. P Ti6€vai C. for- 

tasse corr. 1 r* ypdcfwvTes — rrfpalvovTai rc. supra lituram A. •■ dva- 
yaydv B. ^* firj^ ovK C. * dvayKaios C. ^ dvayKalos C. 



I. s^. nPOTEPilN A. 121 

ovK CL TL (rv/uLPaivei TeOevTcov tlvcov, ireLpaTeov avaycLV evOvg, 
aWa irpwTOv XrjTTTeov Tag Svo TTjOOTao-ef?, e/0' ovtco SLaLpe- 
Teov ei9 TOV9 opov^, imecrov Se OeTeov ^ TCdv opoov tov ev afjL- 
(f)0TepaL9 raf? TrpOTaGrearL Xeyoimevov' avayKt] yap to fxecrov 
ev aiuL(pOTepaL9 vTrapyeLV ev airacn tol<s a"^fxacrLV. ""Eai/ /uei/9 
ovv KaTrjyoprj Kal KaTrjyoptJTaL to luea-ov, ri avTO /ULev KaTrj- 
yoprj, aWo S^ eKelvov airapvrJTaLf to irpwTOv ecTTai a-^rjjULa' 
eav Se Kal ^KaTrjyop^ Kal airapvrjTaL airo tlvo9, to juLea-ov' 
iav S^ aXXa eKeivov KaTrjyop^Tai, »7 to jULev ^ airapvrJTaL to 
Se KaTrjyoprJTaL, to ecr^aroj/. Ovtco yap erj^ej/ ev eKaa-Tw 
o-^fxaTL TO fxearov. ^^OjuLOim Se Kal eav jULr] KaOoXov wo-lv io 
ai TTpOTacreLg' 6 yap avTO^ SLOpLa-jULog tov jULecrov. ^avepov 
ovv o)? ev (p \6y(p jULrj ^XeyeTai ^TavTO 7r\eovaKL9, otl ov yl- 
veTaL arvWoyLa-jULog' ov yap e"L\rjiTTaL /ULecrov. ^ETre^ S^ ^X^" 
jULev iroLOV ev eKaaTCp cr^^^fjiJLaTL TrepalveTaL toov irpo/^^rjjuLaTCOV, 
Ka\ ev Tivi To Ka06\ov Ka\ ev ttolo) to ev /uLepei, (pavepov a>9 
ovK ek airavTa tol cryrjfxaTa pXeirTeov, aXX' CKacTTOv irpo- 
^\^juLaT09 eh To OLKelov. ^'Ocra S^ ev xXe/ocrt irepalveTaL, Trj 
Tov /uLearov OecreL yvcopLOvjuLev to cr^rjixa. 

IloXXa/ct? /JLev ovv airaTacrOaL rrvjUL/BaLveL irepl tov^ (TfXXo-33 
yicrjuLOvs Slo. to avayKaiov, coa-Trep e'iprjTaL irp^Tepov, evloTe 
Se irapa Trjv ojuLOL^TrjTa r^? ^ tcov opcov Oecrecos' oirep ov -^prj 
\avOaveLV ^/xa?. OIov ei to A /cara tov B \eyeTaL Kal to 
B /cara tov Y' S6^eLe yap av ovTwg e^6vTcov tcov opcov eivai 
crvWoyia-iuL^g, ov yiveTaL S'' ovt avayKalov ovSev ovTe crv\- 
\oyia-juL6s. ^'EoTTO) yap ecp^ <w ^A to ael eivai, e(pr w Se B 
SiavorjTos ^ ApLa^TOjuLevrj^, to S' e(p^ (S F ^ A.pLcrTOfjLevrjg. ^AXrj-2 
Oh Srj TO A Tw B virap-^eLV' ae\ yap ecrTL SLavorjTOS ^Api- 
(rT0iJ.evrj<5. ^AXXa Ka\ to B tco V' 6 yap ^ Apia-TOiULevrj^ 
icTT^ SiavorjTo? ^ ALpLcrTOjxevrjg. To S^ A tw Y ou^ virapyeL' 
(pOapTO^ yap earTLv 6 ^ A.pLcrT0fX€vr]9. ^Ovk apa eyivero 

^ Ta>v opo)!/] Tov opov C. ^ KaTrjyopoiTj A.B.C Y cmapvrjo-ai. A. 

2 Xey»;rai A.C. * TavTOV C. ^ SeafOiS tcov opccv C. c a] t6 a A. 

^ ov yap B.C. 



122 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

(TfXXcyfCT/uo? OVTW9 e-^ovTcov tmv opcov, aXX' eSei KaOoXov 
Ttjv A B XrjCpOrjvai irpoTacnv. Tovto Se \(/-6u^o9, to a^iovv 
iravTa tov SiavorjTov ^^ ApicrToiuLevrjv ael eivai, (pOapTOv ovTog 

5^ ApicrTO/JLevov?» TlaXiv ea-TO) to /uiev e(p^ w Y M//c/caXo9, to 
^' e(^' w B fJLOvcTLKog M.iKKa\o9, e(p^ o) ^e To A to (pOeipe- 
aOai avpiov, '^AXrjOh Srj to B tov V KaTrjyopeiV 6 yap 
M//c/caXo? ea-Ti fJiOvcriKo^ ^iKKaXo^. ^AXXa Ka\ t6 A tov 
B* (pOeipoiTO yap av avpiov fJLOva-iKo^ M.iKKa\o9. To Se ye 
A Tov r y^evSog. Toi/to Srj TavTov ea-Ti tw TrpoTepov ov 
yap aXrjOh KaOoXov, M.iKKa\o9 ijlovctlko^ otl (pOelpeTaL av- 
pLOV TOVTOV Se fjLr] \r](pOevTO^ ovk rjv crv\\oyLa-iJ.6^. 

AvTrj fxev ovv r] airaTrj yiveraL ev tm irapa jULiKpoV o)? 
•yajO ovSev SLacpepov elirelv ToSe TwSe virapyeLV rj ToSe T^Se 
^^iravTl virapyeLV, crvy^oopovfxev. IloXXa/cf? Se SLa^^evSecrOai 
crvjWTrecreLTaL irapa to jULr} /caXo)? eKTLOeaOaL Tovg KaTa Trjv 
irpoTacrLV opov9, olov el to fiev A elrj vyleLa, to S^ e(p^ u) B 
v6(T09, e(p^ (p ^ Se Y avOpcoTTO^. ^AXrjOh yap eiTreiv oti to 
A ovSevL T(p B evSe-^erai virap-^eLV {ovSe/uiLa yap v6crcp vyieLa 
vTrapyei), Kal TraXij/. otl to B iravTl tc5 l vTrapyeL {ira<i yap 

2 avOpcoTTog SeKTLKo^ v^a-ov). A6^eLev av ovv o-vim^aLveLv /uirjSevl 
avOpcoirw evSeyecrOaL vylcLav virap^^eLV. lovtov o a^iTiov to 
ixrj Ka\m eKKeicrOai tov9 opov^ KaTO, Trjv \e^LV, cTreJ /ueTa- 
\^(bOevTCOv Tcov KaTO. tci? e^ei? ovk ea^Tai (rv\\oyia-/ui69, olov 
civt). /ULev Trjg vyLelag et TeOelr} to vyLalvov, olvtI Se Trj^ v6crou 
TO vocrovv. Ov yap aXrjOeg eiTrelv cog ovk evSe-^eTai tw vo- 

Sa-ovvTi TO vyLaiveLv inrap^ai. Tovrov Se fJirj ^rjcpOevTo^ ov 
ylveraL crvWoyLorfi^^, ei fxrj tov evSe-^^eaOai' tovto S^ ovk 
aSvvaTOV evSe-^^eTaL yap firjSevl avOpcoirui virap-^eLV vyieLav. 
IlaXii/ e7r\ tov fxeaov o^^rjfxaTO^ ofiolcog ecTTaL to ^evSo^' 
Ttjv yap vyieLav v6(r(p fiev ovSefiLa avOpcjoirip Se Travri evSe- 
yeraL virapyeiv, coctt ovSevl avOpco7r(p v6crov. ""Ei/ ^e ^tw 
TpiTLp ar^^^rjfxaTL KaTct To evSe^^earOaL (rvfi^aivei t6 Yeu^o?. 

c dpKrrofievr) B. ^ de Om. B. K ra om. pr. A. 



I. 34--3^- nPOTEPilN A. 123 

KaJ "yap vyleiav Ka\ vocrov koi €iri(TTriijt.fjv Ka\ ayvoiav Kal 4 
oXft)? TOL evavTia tw avTw evSe-^erai vTrapyeLV, aWrjXoi^s S^ 
aSvvaTOv. Tovto S^ ^ avojULoXoyov/uLevov T019 TrpoeLprj/jLevoi^' 
OT€ yap T(p avT(p TrXelot) evecey^cTO virap^^eiv, cveoe^eTO Kai 
a\\ii\oi9. 

^avepov ovv otl ev airacTL tovtol'S rj airaTri ylveTai irapaS 
Trjv Twv opcov eKOecLV jULeTa\r](pOevTCi)v yap tcov /cara Ta9 
€^ei9 ovSev ytveTai y^evSog. A^Xoi^ ovv otl /cara Ta^ Toiav- 
Tag TrpoTOLcreL^ ael to /cara Trjv e^LV olvt). Trjg e^ecog /xeTaX>/- 
TTTeov KaL OeTcov bpov. 

Ov Sei Se TOi'9 opov9 ael ^rjTeiv ovo/uiaTi eKTLOe<rOai' 7roX-35 
Xct/ct? yap ecrovTai \6yoL 019 ov KeiTai ovo/uLa. Aio ^aXeTroj/ 
avdyeiv tou? ToiovTOvg <rv\\oyiG-iuLov9. ^Fjviotc Se Ka\ aira- 
TaaOaL crv/uLlS^a-eTai Sia Tt]v TOLavTrjv ^^TrjcTLV, otov otl toov 
afxecTcov cctti crvWoyicriuio?. ^'Eo-to) to A Svo opOai, ^to e(f)^ 
w B Tplycovov, €(p^ (p ^Se V iarocrKe\€9. Tw julcv ovv Y virap- 2 
yei To A Slol to B, Tft) Se B ovkctl Sl* aWo' KaO^ avTO yap 
To Tplycovov eyeL Svo 6pOa<s<, coctt ovk earTai fiecrov tov A B 
aTTodeiKTOv 0VT09. QPavepov "* *yajO otl to imecrov ov^ ovTcog 
aei \rj7rTeov m T^Se tl, aXX' eviOTC \6yov, oirep crviJ.^aLveL 
Kair) Tov \e-^0€VTO9. 

To ^e iirap-^eLV to irpwTOv ^tw fjiecrcp Ka\ tovto tw aKpco ^S 
ov Sei \aiJi^aveLV oo<s ae\ KaTrjyoprjOrjcro/ULevoov a\\^\cov rj ojuloico? 
TO T€ irpooTOV Tov jULe^TOv KOi TOVTO Tov eo-^aTOv. Kai eTri 
Tov fJLt] virap-^^eiv S"* coaavTcog. ^AXX' 6cra-^oo9 to elvai \€ye- 
Tai Ka\ TO a\r]0e9 elirelv avTO tovto, TOcravTayoo^ o^lecrOai 
yjpt] (TrjjULaiveiv Ka\ to virap-^eLV. Otov otl tcov ivavTicov eaT^ 2 
fiLa e7ricrTrjiJ.rj. ^'E(7Tft> *yajO to A to filav eivai eTrKTT^fJLrjv, 
°Ta ^evavTia aWi^^oig ecp^ ov B. To ^^ A tw B V7rap-)(€i 
ov^ ft)9 Ta ivavTia, to fiiav elvai avToov eirKTTrjfirjv, aXX' oTi 
a\tj0€9 eiireiv KaT avTcov filav eivai avToov eTricTTiifitjv. 

^ av ofioXoyoviMfvov B. i t6 &' i<f> C. ^ 8i t6 y A. ^ oTro- 

beiKTiKov A.B.C. ™ yap] ovv corr. C. ** t6 fi€<Tov pr. B. o to] 

Ta 8' corr. A. P ivavTla roty dXXi^Xoiy A.B. 



1^4 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

3 ^v/ui^alvei <5' otc /mev eir] tov imecrov t6 irpMTOv XeyecrOai, 
t6 Se /uLecrop eirl tov TpiTOv /mt] XeyecrOai, oiop et ^ (TO(f)la 
^ea-Tlv eTriorTrj/ULrj, tov ^' ayaOov ecTiv r/ orocpia, (TVjj.Trepacr/j.a 
oTi Tov ayaOov etjTlv e7ri(TT^/uLr]' to /ulcv Srj aya06v ovk €(ttiv 
eiriaTi^/ULr], r/ Se (TO<pla c^ttIv eTrtcTT^/ULrj. ^Otc Se t6 /mev /ulcctov 
eir) Tov TpiTOV \eyeTai, t6 Se irpwTOv evrl tov /uiecrov ov \e- 
yeTai, ofov ei tov iroiov iravTO^ ecTTiv eiTKTTr/iJ.ri r} evavTiov, 
t6 S^ aya06v Kal evavTiov Kal ttolov, (Tv/UL7repa<T/J.a jj-ev oti 
Tov ayaOov e(TT\v cTr icrTji/uLrj, ovk €(tti Se t6 aya06v €7rt- 
crTr]iJ.ri ovSe t6 7rot6v ovSe t6 evavTtov, aWa t6 ayaOov 

ATOVTa. ^'EcTTt Se ^ OTe /xrjTe t6 7rpu>T0v KaTct ^ tov iJ.ecrov 

IJ.r]Te TOVTO KaTOL TOV TptTOV, TOV TTpdoTOV KaTa TOV TptTOV 

6t€ /ULev Xeyo/uLevov OTe Se /uLr/ Xeyo/j.evov. Otov ei ov e^ri- 
(TTii/mr] €(TTtv, €(TTt TOVTOv y€V09, Tov S^ ayaOov €(tt]v e^rt" 
(TTi^/uLr], (TV/uL7repa(T/ULa OTt tov ayaOov €(ttI yevog. KaTiy^yo- 
peiTat S^ ovSev KaT ovSevo^. E/ S^ ov €(rTlv e7r t(rTi)/uLr], yevog 
€(tt\ tovto, tov S^ ayaOov ecrTlv €7ri(TTr]ixr], (Tv/UL7repa(riuLa OTt 
TayaOov ecTTt yevo^. KaTa iJ.€v Srj tov ctKpov KaTrjyopeiTai 

5 TO 7rpot)TOv, KaT aA\r]\(iov o ov Aeyerat. 1 ov avTOV orj 
Tpo^rov Koi eTTf Tov /uLr/ V7rap-^eiv Xrj^TTeov. Ov yap ae\ (rrj- 
IJ.atv€L t6 /J.r] V7r(xp-^etv ToSe T^SSe yu^ etvat ToSe ToSe, aX\' 
€VLOT€ t6 /jt^ eivai ToSe TOvSe rj ToSe TwSe, otov OTi ovk ccttl 
Ktvr]ar€M<S Ktvrjcrtg rj yevecreoDg yevecri^, rjSovrjg S^ earTtV ovk apa 
rj r]Sovr] yevecrtg. ^H 7raXtv OTt yeX(jOT09 /mev ecrTt crrj/uLeiov, 
orr/ij.etov S^ ovk e(TTt (rrj/meiov, coorT ov arj/ULeiov 6 yeXoo^. 

6 *^0/j.otoo9 Se KOLv Toh aXXot^, ev ocrot9 avatpetTai to 7rp6- 
fiXtj/uLa T(p Xeye^rOai 7roo9 7rpo9 auTO t6 yevo9. TlaXiv oti 
6 KaLp69 ovK €(TTi yjpovo^ Seoov Oew yap Katp^^ fJ-ev €(TTt, 
yjp6vo9 S^ ovK €(TTt Secov Sta t6 /mrjSev elvat Oew oo(p€Xt/j.ov. 
^'Opovg /J.ev yap Oereov Katp6v Ka\ yjp6vov SeovTa Ka\ Oe6v, 
Trjv Se TTp^Taortv Xrj^rTcov KaTa Trjv tov 6v6/J.aT09 7rT00crtv. 

'^^A.TrXoog yap tovto Xeyo/mev KaTa TravTOOv, OTt tov9 /uLev 

q €(tt\v en. — oTi tov rc. supra lituram A. ^ otc om. A.B. s rov 
om. C. 



1.37,38- nPOTEPXiN A. 125 

opovg ael Qereov Kara ra^ ^k\^(T€19 twv ovoimaTcov, olov av- 
6pcoiT09 rj ayaOov rj evavTta, ovk avOpcoTTOV rj ayaOov ij evav- 
Ticov, Ta9 Se irpOTacreL^ XtjirTeov /cara Ta^ eKacTTOv irTcoareig' 

rj yap OTl TOVTO), otov TO 'tCTOV, rj OTl TOVTOV, OIOV TO OfTrXa- 
(TtOV, r} OTt TOVTO, otov TO TVTTTOV r) opcOV, rj OTt 0VT09, OtOV 

6 avOpcoTTog ^(pov, r] e'i ircog aXXo)? iriirTeL Tovvojuia /cara Trjv 
nrpoTacTLv. 

To ^' vTrdp^^eLV ToSe TwSe Kal to aXrjOevea-OaL ToSe KaTa^y 
TOvSe TOcravTa-^^m XrjirTeov 6a-a-)(co9 at KaTrjyoptaL StrjprjvTat, 
Kal TavTag rj Trrj r] aTrXcog, eTt ctTrXa? rj crvfxireifKeyiJ.evar - 
ojULotco? Se Kat to juir] vTrdp-^eiv. ^^irta-KeirTeov Se TavTa Ka\ 
StoptcTTeov ^cXtiov. 

To S^ eiravaStTrXoviuievov ev Taig irpOTacrecri Trpog tw TrpcoTW 38 
OLKpcp OeTeov, ov irpog tco /xecrft). Keyw S' otov ei yevotTO 
a-vWoyta-jULog OTt Trjg StKatocrvvrjg eaT^v eirtaTrifxri oTt ayaOov, 
TO OTt ayaOov "^r] ^ dyaOov Trpog tm irpcoTcp Oereov. ^'Eo-ro) 
ydp To A e7riaTr]ij.ri oTt dyaOov, ecj) w ^e B dyaOov, e(p^ w 
Se r StKatoarvvr]. To Sr] A d\r]0e9 tov B KaTr]yoprj<Tat' tov 
ydp dyaOov ea-T^v eirta-Trifxr] oTt dyaOov. ""AXXa Ka\ to B 
Tov V' Y] ydp StKatoavvr] oirep dyaOov. Oi/tco fxev ovv yt- 
verat dvd\vcrt<s. Ef ^e ttjOO? tw B TeOeir] to OTt dyaOov, 
ovK eaTat' to fJLev ydp A KaTa tov B d\r]Oeg ^'ecrTat, to Se 
B KaTa Tov r ovK d\r]0e9 ecrTat' to yap dyaOov oTt ayaOov 
KaTtiyopeiv t^9 StKatO(Tvvr]<s ^evSo^s Ka\ ov (TvveTOv. yJixotcog 2 
<^e Ka\ et to vyietvdv SetyOetr] otl ecrTLv eTTLcrTrjTOV ri ayaOov, 
37 Tpaye\a(j)09 ^So^aa-TOv ^ jur] ov, r] 6 dvOpcoTTog (pOapTov j 
aiarOrjTOV ev airacTL ydp T019 eTriKaTr]yopovjULevoL9 TTpog tw 
aKpco Tr]v €7ravaSL7r\coa-tv OeTeov. 

Ou^ ^ ai^T^ ^e 0eai9 twv opoov, OTav d7r\co9 Tt crv\\o-3 
yt^rOrj Ka\ oTav ToSe Tt t] ^rrj ^ 7rco9, \eyco o otov OTav Ta- 
yaOov €7ri(TTr]Tov Sef^Orj Ka\ oTav €7r taTr^TOv ti otl ^ayaOov 
aXX' ei fjiev aTrXo)? €7rt(TTr]Tdv SeSetKTat, jmecrov OeTeov to ov, 

* KkifTfis A.B. ^ rj om. pr. C. ^ ((Trai om. C. ^ ho^arov 

om. A.B.C. y ro ayaebv C. 



136 ANAATT1KI2N Anal. Pr. 

€1 S* OTi ayaOoVf t6 '^t\ ov. ^'EcrTO) 'yap to /mev A eTria-TrnjLri 
AOTL t\ 6v, e(p^ ft) Se B 6v ti, to ^' e(j)^ w V ayaOov. ^ AXrj- 
Oe^ Sr] t6 A tou B KaTrjyopeiV ^v yap e7n(TT^/uLr) tov tiv6^ 
6vT09 oTi tI 6v. ^AXXa Kal t6 B tov T' t6 yap e(j) w V 
6v Ti. ^^QaTC Kal TO A Tov T' ecTTai apa eTricrTiiiJit] TayaOov 
5 OTi ayaOov ^v yap t6 tI ov Trjg iSiov crrj/uLeiov ovcria^. Et 
^e t6 ov fjiearov eTeOrj Ka\ 7rpo9 tw CLKpcp to ov dirXw^ Ka] /mr] 
t6 t\ ov €\e-)^Ofj, ovK av rjv (rvWoyicriuLo^ oti eorTiv eiricrTrjiJiri 
^TCtyaOov OTi ayaOov, aXX' otl 6v, ^olov ecp^ m t6 A eTri- 
crTrjjULt] oTi ov, e(p w i5 ov, €(p w L ayauov. ^avepov ovv 
OTL ev T019 iv fxepeL crvWoyicr ijloI^s ovtco^ XtjirTcov tov9 opov^. 
^9 Ael Se Ka\ fJLeTaXajULlBcxveiv a t6 avT^ SvvaTai, 6v6- 
/jLaTa avT ovofxaTt^v kcil Xoyovg avT\ Xoycov Ka\ ^vo/uLa Ka\ 
\6yov, Ka\ ae\ avT\ tov \6yov Tovvofjia Xa/uL/SaveiV pauiv 
yap rj Tcov opoov eKOecLg. OIov ei /ULrjSev SLa(pepeL elireiv t6 
viroXrjirT^v tov So^aarTOv /ULr] etvaL yevo<s r] /mr] elvai owep 
UTToXjyTTTOi/ TL ^ To So^acrT^v (^TavT^v yap t6 (rr]/uLaiv6- 
/uLevov^, avT\ tov \6yov tov \e-^0evTO? t6 viro^rjirTOv Ka\ to 
So^aa-T^v opov9 OeTeov. 
40 ^ETreJ S^ ov TavT^v ea-TL t6 elvai Tt]V rjSovr/v ay a06v Ka\ 
t6 elvai Tr]v *]Sovr]v t6 aya06v, ovy^ ofxoiui^ Oereov tov^ opov^, 
aXX' et /Jiev earTLV 6 a-vWoy 10-/^^69 otl t] ^Sovrj Taya06v, tol- 
ya06v, €1 S^ OTL aya06v, aya06v. OvTcog Kair^ twv aWcov. 

VK earTL oe TavTOV ovt eivai ovt enreiv, oti (p to Jo 
virapyei, tovtco iravT\ to A virapyei, Kai to elireiv to ta 
iravT^ t6 B vTrap-^ei, ^Ka\ to A iravT^ virapyeL' ovSev yap 
Kco\v€i t6 B to) r vTrap-^^eiv, /ULr] iravTL Se. OIov ea-Tco to 
B Ka\6v, t6 Se ^r Xeu/coj/. Ef Sij \evKw tlv\ vTrap-^ei Ka- 
\6v, aXtjOe^ eLireiv otl tw \evKw virap-^eL KaX6v' aXX' ov 
2 iravT^ lcrcog, E/ /ulcv ovv t6 A tw B vTrap-^^ei, /uLr/ Travr^ Se 
Kau ov To £>, ovT €L iravTi tco 1 To r>, ovT €1 /uLovov virap- 

»/ ^A»" ■» /*x-v?'5i5»/ TT^ ■^ 

^ei, avayKr/ to A ov^ otl ov iravTi, aXA ovo vwapyeLv. Ejl 

z ri B. a Tov dyaOov C. ^ olov om. A. ^ ro] rofif pr. B. 

d TavTo C. « Acat — VTrdpxei om. pr. A. ^ y t6 \(Vk6v A.h. 



I. 39— 43- nPOTEPIiN A. 127 

^e KaO^ ov av ro B XiyrjTai aXrjOoo^, tovtw ^Trai/Tf virap-^^ei, 
(TviuLlS^creTai to A, KaO^ ov 7ravT09 t6 B XeyeTai, /cara tov- 
Tov iravTO^ XeyearOai. Et imevTOL to A Xeyerai, KaO^ ov av 
To B XeyrjTai, /cara TravTO^, ovSev ^KCoXveL tw V virapyeLV 
To B, /x^ iravTL Se ro A ^17 oXm M v-TrapyeLv. ''Ei/ ''^Srj toU z 

TpL(Tiv OpOL9 S^XOV OTl ^TO KaO^ OV TO B, TTaVTO^ TO A Xc- 

yea-OaL, tovt ecTTi, KaO^ oa-wv t6 B XeyeTaL, KaTO, ^iravTWv 
XeyecrOaL Ka\ t6 A. Kal el juiev KaTo. Trai/ro? t6 B, Kal to 
A ovT0)9' el Se /ULr) KaTO. iravTog, ovk avdyKrj t6 A /cara 
^ iravTog. 

Ov Sei S' OLecrOaL irapa t6 eKTlOea-OaL tl o-vimlSaiveLv olto-a 
irov ovSev yap 7rpoa")(pu)iuLeOa tw ToSe tl eivaL, aXX' wairep 
6 yeooiiieTpri^ Trjv TToSLalav Kal evOeiav TrjvSe Ka\ aTrXarJy 
^elvaL XeyeL ovk ^ovcrav, aXX' PoJ^ ovtco? yjpriTaL o)? e/c tov- 
Twv a-vXXoyL^oiuLevo^. ^'OXo)? •yajO o /u^ ea-TLv co9 bXov 7rpo9 5 
fjLcpo? Kal aXXo Trpo? tovto o)? lULepog ttjOo? oXov, e^ ovSevog 
Tcov TOLOVTOov SeiKVVorLV 6 SeLKvvcov, ooa-Te ovSe yiveTaL avXXo- 
yLa-fjLog. Tw S^ eKTlOea-OaL ovtco '^(pcoiuLeOa coa-irep Kal tw 
ala-Odvea-OaL, t6v fxavOavovTa XeyovTeg' ov yap ovtco^ cog 
clvev ^TOVTcov ov-^ oiov T airoSeL-^^OrjvaL, coarirep e^ cov 6 arvX- 
Xoyia-iuLog. 

M^ XavOavcTCO S^ ^fJLag otl ev tw avTco a-vXXoyLa-fjLM 01)^4^ 
diravTa Ta arviULTrepaa-iuLaTa Sl* evog a-yrjjjLaTog eicTLV, dXXa to 
fjiev S^d TOVTOV t6 Se Sl^ dXXov. ArjXov ovv otl ^Kal Tdg 
dvaXvceL? ovtco TroLrjTeov. ^ETreJ S^ ov Trdv 7rp6j3Xr]fjLa ev 
airavTL a-yjifjiaTL aXX' ev eKaa-TW ^ TeTayfieva, (pavepov e/c 
Tov a-vfXTrepdarfiaTog ev w a-^rjfjiaTL ^rjTrjTeov. 

Tov9 re Trpdg ^opLa-fJL^v tcov Xoycov, oaroL irpog ev tl Tu-y-^^ 
"^avovai SieiXeyfjLevoL twv ev tS opcp, irpog o SLeiXeKTai, Oe- 
Teov opov, KOL ov t6v diravTa XoyoV yjttov ydp a-vfjLprja-eTai 

? TTavTi To a vndpxei B. ^ KcoXv€t tl ra T vTrdpxfi C. ^ fj om. pr. C. 
j 5e C. k t6 ante Ka$* om. A. ^ ndvTav TovTOiv Xfyea-Oai COIT. C. 

™ iravTos A B r. A.B.C. ^ fJvai om. C. o ova-as A.B.C. P ovx om. 
A.B. et pr. C. Q tovtov A.C. ^ koI om. A.C. ^ TtTayfifvov B. 
* 6pt,ap,ov9 pr. C. 



128 ANAATTIKXIN Anal. Pr. 

TapcLTTecrOai Sia to /uirJKO?, oiov ei t6 vScop eSei^ev otl vypov 
TTOTOv, t6 iroTOv Ka\ To vScop bpovg OeTeov. 
44 ^Eri ^e T0V9 e^ virodecrew^ (TvWoyi(riuLOv9 ov TeipaTeov 
avdyeiv' ov yap ecrTiv ck tcov Keiiuevotyv avdyeLV. Ov yap Sia 
a-vWoyLcriuiov SeSeiyimevoL eia-lv, dWa S^d avv6r]Kri<; oojULoXoyr]- 
jUievoL TravTeg. Olov el VTToOejULevog, dv Svva/uLig tl9 /uiia ^ /mr] ^ 
Twv evavTLOOv, /mrjS^ eTTLa-Ti^juirjv /uiiav elvai, eiTa ^ SiaXe-^^Oeirj 
otl ovk ecTTi ^jUiLa Svva/uii^ tcov evavTicov, oiov tov vyLeivov 
Kot Tov vocrcoSov9' afjia ydp ecrTai to avTo vyieiv6v Ka\ vo- 

2 CTCoSeg. ^'Otl jjLev ovv ovk ea-TL imla TrdvToov toov evavTLOov Sv~ 
va/uiL^, y dTToSeSeiKTaL, otl S^ eTTLa-Tvi^rj ovk ea-TLv, ov SeSeiKTaL. 
Ka/rof oimoXoyeiv dvayKaiov. ^AXX' ovk ck a-vWoyLO-imov, 
aXX' e^ viroOecreoo^. ^Iovtov fJLev ovv ovk ccttlv ^ dvayayelv, 
OTL S^ ov /uila SvvajuLL9, ea-TLV ovTog ydp 'icrcog Ka\ rjv crvWo- 
yLcrimog, eKeivo S^ viroOecrLg. 

3 ^^OfiOLOog Se Koi eTri toov S^d tov dSvvaTOv irepaivo/Jievoov' 
ovSe ydp tovtov^ ovk ea-TLV dvaXveLV, aXXa Tr/v fxev €i9 t6 
dSvvaTov diraycoyr/v ea-TL {crvWoyLa-iJLcp ydp SeLKvvTai^, Oa- 
Tepov S^ ovK ea-TiV e^ viroOearecog ydp nrepaiveTaL. ALacpe- 
povcTL Se Toov Trpoetprj/jievoov otl ev eKelvoL? imev Sei irpoSLOiJ.o- 
XoyrjcraarOai, el /meWei crv/Kpria^eLV, oiov dv SeL^Orj /mla Svva/uii9 
Toov evavTioov, Ka\ eirLcrTri/J.r/v eivai Trjv avTrjV evTavOa Se Ka\ 
/mrj irpoSLO/io\oyrjard/ievoL crvy^oopovcri S^d t6 (pavep6v eivai 
t6 ylrevSog, ^ otov TeOela-rjg r^? Sia/ieTpov a-v/i/meTpov t6 ra 
irepiTTa ^ara elvaL toi9 dpTioi9» 

4 IIoXXoJ ^e Ka\ cTcpoL irepalvovTaL e^ vTroOe^reoog, otg hri- 
CTKe>\raa-OaL Sei Ka\ SLa^rrj/xrjvai KaOapoo<s. Tlve^ ^ /jlcv ovv al 
SLa(j)opa\ TOVToov, Ka\ iroa-ayfi^ yiveTai t6 e^ viroOea-ew^, 
vcTTepov epov/ieV vvv Se too-ovtov rj/iiv ccttco (pavepov, oti 
ovK ecTTiv dvaXveLV ek Ta o-p^vyuara tov9 toiovtov9 avWo- 
yLcr/JiOV9. Ka) Si rjv aiTiav, eiprjKa/Jiev. 

V fiT] om. pr. C. ^v diaXfx^n C. " fxia rc. A.B.C, naa-a pr. B, 

TrdvTcop corr. A. V eTnbfSeiKrai B. et pr. A. ^ rovro C. ^ dvdyfiv C. 
^ olnv'\ oiov oTi C. *^ /Ltf»' TovTcov al dia(f>opai C. 



1.445 45- nP0TEP12N A. 129 

^'Oa-a S' ev irXelocTL (j-^^ixadi SeiKWTai twv irpopKrj^iaTWv, 45 
^riv ev OaTepw crvWoyicrOfj, e<TTiv avayayeiv tov arvXXoyi-' 
(TIJ.OV eU OaTepov, olov tov ev tw TrpooTW o-TeprjTiKov ei9 to 
cevTepov Kal tov ev tm /xeco) ei9 to irpwTOv, ov'^ airavTa^ oe 
aW eviov9. ^'Eo-rai Se (pavepov ev T019 eTTO/uievoi^. Et yap 2 
TO A /ULrjSevl T(p B, TO Se B iravTl tm F, to A ovoevi tw 
V. OvTOt) lULev ovv TO irpcoTOv a")(r}jULaf eav S^ avTi(rTpa<pr] to 
OTTeprjTiKov, To /JLecTOV ecTTat' t6 yap B tS fxev A ovSevl, rw 
Se T TravTl virap-^ei. ^OjuloIws Se Kal ei fJLr) KaOoXov aXX' ev 
juepei 6 cTvXXoyicriULog, olov ei to /ulcv A jixrjSevl tw B, to Se 

B TLv\ T(p r* aVTl(TTpa(peVT09 yap TOV OrTeprjTLKOV To jULecrov 

ecTTaL cr-^rjfjLa. 

Tft)j/ S^ ev Tw SevTepLp crvXXoyLCTiULWv 01 /ulcv KaOoXov ava-3 
yOrjCTOVTaL eh to irpcoTOV, tcov S^ ev jULepeL aTepog ^ fiovov. 
^'EcTTft) yap TO A Tw lULev B juLrjSevl tw Se V iravTl virap-^ov. 

^ AvTlCTTpa(peVTO<S OVV TOV CTTeprjTLKOV TO irpOdTOV eCTTaL CT-^^rj- 

juLa' t6 jULev yap B ovSevl tw A, to ^e A iravT^ tw V virap- 
^ei. ""Eai/ ^e t6 KaTrjyopLK^v ^ ttjOO? T(p B, to Se CTTeprjTLKOv 
irp^^s T(S r, TrpivTOv opov Oereov t6 F* tovto yap ovSevl tm 
A, TO <^e A iravTl tw B* wctt ovSevl tm B to T. OvS' 4 
apa t6 B tm T ovSevL' avTicTTpecpei yap to CTTeprjTLKOv. 
^Eai^ S^ ev imepeL ^ 6 cTvXXoyLCTjULog, OTav fjLev ^ to cTTeprjTiKOv 
TTjOO? Tft) lULCL^ovL (XKpcp, ^ oLvayOrjCTeTaL ei9 t6 irpwTOv, oiov ei 
t6 A lULrjSevl Tft) B, Tft) ^e T tlvl' avTLCTTpacpevTog yap tov 
(TTeprjTLKOV t6 TrpwTOv ecTTaL cT^rjiuLa' t6 ixev yap B ouoei^l 
Tft) A, t6 Se A TLv\ Tft) r. ""'OTav Se t6 KaTrjyopLKOv, ovk 
avaXvO^creTaL, olov el t6 A tw fxev B TravTi, T(p Se T ov 
-rravTL' ovTe yap Se-^^eTai avTL(TTpo(prjv t6 A B, ovTe yevo- 
imevrjg ecrrai cTvXXoyicTiuLog. 

YlaXiv OL /ULev ^ ev tQ> TpLT(p cTyrjiJLaTL ovk avaXvOrjCTOVTaL 5 
Trai^Te? eU t6 TrpcoTOv, ^ol S^ ev T(p irp(jdT(p iravTeg ek to 
TpiTOv. ^Yirap-^^eTO) yap t6 A iravT^ T(p B, t6 Se B tlv\ 

^ tv ut videtur B. ^ ^c>i/os B.C. ^ ava\v6rj(TfTai corr. B. Z h 
om. A. h pt d'] ovS' ol B. 

VOL. I. K 



130 ANAATTIKflN Axal. Pr. 

Tft) r. OvKOvv eireiSt] avTicTTpeipei t6 ev /Jiepei KdTiiyopiKOv, 
vTTOLp^ei To r Tiv\ Tcp B* To Se A iravT^ virrjpyev, wcrTe yi- 
vcTai TO TpiTOV (T'^yii.t.a. Kal el (TTeprjTiKO^ 6 crvXXoyKT/JLO^, 
wcravTCo^' avTKTTpeCpei yap to ev /uLepei KaTtjyopiKOv, wcrre 
TO /uev A ovSevl tm B, to Se F tivI vircip^ei. 

6 Tmv S^ ev T(t) TeXevTaiM cryrjiJiaTi cTvWoyicriuiMv eh /movo^ 
ovK avaXveTai ek to TrpcoTOv, OTav juli] KaOoXov TeOrj to cTTe- 
prjTiKov, 01 S'' aWoi TravTc^ avaXvovTai. K.aTrjyopeicT6(t) yap 
'TravTog tov V t6 A Kal to B* ovkovv avTiCTTpe>\rei to F 

7 TTjOO? eK(iTepov eTrl /uLepov9' virapyei apa tiv\ tw B. ^'Qctt 
ecTTai TO TrpcoTOv cry^rj/uLa, ei to jULev A TravTl tw 1, to Se a 
^Tiv). Twv B. KaJ ei t6 iulcv A Tra^^T/ tw F, to ^e B tivI, 6 
ai;T09 \6yo9' avTicTTpecpet yap ttjOo^ ^t6 V t6 B. ""Eai/ Se 
t6 /JLev B iravT). tw F, t6 Se A tiv\ tw F, ^irpwTog opo<i 
0eTeo9 TO B* To yup B TravT) tw F, to oe T Tfj^J tw A, 

SwcTTe t6 B Tfi^I Tw A. ^ETre) S^ avTiCTTpeCpei t6 ev /uLepei, 
Kal t6 A Tivl Tw B virap^eL. Ka) e: cTTeprjTiK^g crvWo- 
yicriuLog, KaOoXov twv opcov ovtodv, ojULolcog XrjirTeov. ^Yirap- 
yeTUi yap to B TrptJ/Tf T(e F, to Se A lULrjSevl' ovkovv tiv\ 
Tw B virapcei to F, to oe A oucWf tw T, ««(tt' ecTTai jULecrov 
t6 r. "^Oyuo/ft)? ^e Aca) et to yuej/ (TTeprjTiK^v KaOoXov, t6 Se 
KaTijyopiK^v ev juLepei' t6 /ulcv yap A ovSev\ tw F, t6 Se T 

9tiv] tcov B VTTCLp^ei. ^Eav <^' ev /ULepei \r](pOrj t6 CTTepr/TiKOV, 
ovK "^ eaTai ava\vcTi9, olov ei t6 /lev B iravT) tw F, t6 Se A 
Tiv\ lurj " virapyei' avTLCTTpa(pevT09 yap tov B F a/jLipoTepaL 
al wpoTacreig ecrovTat KaTO. /uLepo9. 

10 ^avepov Se Ka\ oTt irp6(i t6 ava\vetv eU a\\r]\a tu cr-^r]- 
/ULaTa rj TTpog tw e\aTTOvt aKpco irpoTacTLg avTicTTpeirTea ev 
a/JL(pOTepOL<S TO19 CT-^rj/jLCXCTt' TavTrj<s yap /ULeTaTLOe/ULevrjg rj /uLCTa- 
SacTL^ ^^eylvero. 

1 1 Twv S^ ev Tft) /xeo-ft) cTyJj/xaTL aTepog /lev ava^verai, aTcpog 
S^ ovK ava\veTat eh t6 TpiTov. ^OTav /jlcv yap ^ t6 Ka06\ov 

^ Tiv\ ro) j3 C. ^ ro B ro r C. ^ Trpayrov opov Oertov C. ™ ^cttiv 
pr. A. *^ vndp\T}i B. ° yivfrai C. 



I. 46. nPOTEPXlN A. 131 

(TTeprjTiKOV, avaXveTai. Ei yap t6 A /j.rjoevl tm B, to) Se 
r Tiviy afJLCpoTepa o/ulolco'; avTicTpecpeL ttjOo? to A, coa-Te to 
fjLev B ov^evL t£ A, to Se V Tivi jULecrov apa to A. ^ Orai/ 
Se t6 A 7rai/Tf tw B, tm Se T tiv\ /ULr] virapyrj, ovk ecrTai 
avdXvcrig' ovSeTepa yap twv irpOTaarewv e/c T/y? avTi(TTpo<prjg 
KaOoXov. 

KaJ 01 e/c Tov TpiTOv ^ Se a")^r}iJLaTO<s avaXvQricrovTaL eh to 12 
fjLecrov, OTav ^ KaOoXov t6 CTTeprjTLKOv, oiov el t6 A jurjSevl 
Tw r, t6 Se B Tivl rj iravTL. Ka^ 'yap t6 V tw julcv A 
ovSevi, Tw Se B tlv\ virdp^eL. ^Eai/ S^ eirl juLepov^ f] to crTC- 
prjTiKOV, ovK dvaXvOrjcreTaL' ov ydp Se-^eTai dvTLorTpocprjv t6 
ev fxepei dirocpaTLKov. 

^avepov ovv otl ol auTo) crvXXoyLa-iuLOi ovk avaXvovTai ev 13 
T0VT0i<s Toh a-^rjixaarLv o^Lirep ovS^ ei9 t6 irpooTOv dveXvovTO, 
Ka\ oTi ei9 t6 irpwTOv cr^>7/xa twv a-vXXoyicriuLwv dvayoju.evwv 
ovTOi juovoL S^d Tov dSvvuTOV TrepalvovTaL. 

T\w<5 jULev ovv Set tov9 arvXXoyicriuLov9 dvayeiv, Kal otl dva~ 
Xverai Td cryrnxaTa eh dXXijXa, (pavepov e/c twv eiprjjULevwv. 
Aiacpepei Se tl ev tw KaTaa-Kevdl^eLV rj dvacrKeval^eLV t6 vtto- 46 
XajUL/Sdveiv rj TavT^v rj cTcpov crrjjULaLveLV t6 jULrj eivai toSI Kal 
etvai jjLrj tovto, oiov to jULrj elvai XevKov tw eivat jULrj XevKOv. 
Ov ydp TavTdv crrjjuLalvei, ovS^ eaTiv dTToCpaarig tov eivai Xev- 2 
Kov t6 eivai /ULrj XevKOv, aXXa to jULrj eivai XevKov. A.6yo9 Se 
TOVTOV oSe. ^O/ULOLW^ ydp e-^ei t6 SvvaTai /BaSl^eLv 7rp69 t6 
SvvaTai ov ^aSvCeLV tw ccttl XevKOv irpo? to ccttlv ov XevKov, 
Ka\ eTTLarTaTai TdyaOov ttjOo? to ^ eirla-TaTaL t6 ovk dyaOov. 
To ydp eirlaTaTaL TdyaOov rj ecrTLV eTria-TajULevog TdyaOov 3 
ovSev SLaCpepei, ovSe to SvvaTai ^aSiZeLV rj ecrTi SvvdjULevo? 
paSlXeLV' wcrTe Ka\ Td dvTLKelfxeva, ov SvvaTai /BaSiCeiv — ovk 
ea-Ti SvvajULevo^ PaSl^eiv. Et ovv t6 ovk ecrTL SvvdjULevog /3a- 
Sll^eLv TavTO arrjfjLalvei Ka\ ecTTL SvvdjULevo^ ov /BaSl^eLv rj fjiij 
^aSi^eiv, TavTa ye djxa virap^eL tcxvtw (o yap auTO? SvvaTai 

P b( om. A.B. Q fni(TTa(r6aL t6 ovk dy. B. 

K 2 



J32 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pk. 

Ka\ fiaSii^eiv Kal yu^ /BaSii^eip^ Ka\ ^ eTria-rrjijiwv Tayadou Ka\ 
Tov fjir] ayaOou ^ecrr/)* <pa(ri9 Se Ka\ airocpacrig ov^ virdp- 

^yovcriv al avTiKeifJLevai ^a/uLa tw avTw. ^'Qarirep ovv ov ^TavTO 
ea-Tt TO imr} eTrio-TacrOai TayaOov Ka\ eTrlaTaa-Oai to /jljj aya- 
Oov, ovS^ elvai /x^ ayaOov Kal /mri eivai ayaOov TavTOv. Ta)j/ 
yap ava \6yov eav Oarepa jf cTepa, Kal OaTepa. OvSe to 
eivai jULr] 'la-ov Kal to /uLrj eivai 'taov tw juev yap viroKetTat Tt, 
Tw ovTi fJLrj 'taw, Ka\ tovt eaTt to avtaov, tw S' ovSev. At- 

Soirep laov jULev rj avtaov ov irav, ta^ov o rj ovk taov Trav. jzjti 
t6 ea-Ttv ov XevKov ^vXov Ka\ ovk eaTt \evKov ^v\ov oiy^ aiJ.a 
virapyet. Ei *y^P eaTt c,^\ov ov \€vk6v, earai c,^ov' to Se 
/uLrj ov \evK6v ^v\ov ovK avayKrj ^v\ov elvat. ^'QaTe <pavep6v 
OTt ovK eaTi Tov ea-Ttv aya06v t6 eaTtv ovk aya06v a7r6- 
(paa-fs. Et ovv KaTot Trai/ro? 6v69 rj <paat9 rj air6(paat^ a\rj- 
Ori<s, €1 /JLri ea-Ttv a7r6<paa-i9, S^\ov O)? KaTa<paat<s av Tro)? elrj, 

6 }^aTa(paaeco9 Se Traarjg air^cpaais eaTt' Ka\ Tavrrjs apa to 
ovK eaTtv ovK aya06v. ^'E^et Se rac^tv rrjvSe Trpo^ aWrj\a. 
^'Eo-Tft> TO elvat aya06v e<p^ ov A, to ^e /uLrj eivai ayaOov €(p' 
ov B, TO ^e elvat /uLrj aya06v e<p^ ov T, vir6 t6 B, t6 Se /ULrj 
etvat /ULrj aya06v e(p^ ov A, utto t6 A. Ilai/Tf Srj virap^et rj 
To A »/ To Jd, Kat ovoevt to) avTto Kat rj to l rj to il, Kat 
ovoevt T(p avTcp. JS.ai o) to 1 , avay Krj to ±> iravTt virap- 

l^eiv. Et •yajO a\rjOe<s etTreiv oti ov \€Vk6v, Ka\ otl ovk ecm 
\€vk6v a\rj0e9' aSvvaTOV yap a/uLa efvat \evK6v KOt eivat /ul^ 
\evK6v, rj eivat ^u\ov ou \euKOv Ka\ eivat ^u\ov \evKOv, oxtt' 
€t fxrj ^ rj KaTa(paai9, rj a7r6(paat9 virap^ei. Tw ^e B to F 
ovK aet o yap oAco? /uri t^vAov, ovoe t,v\ov earat ov \evKov. 

8 ""Ai/aTraXfi/ TOtvvv, (h t6 A, t6 A iravTi. ^^H yap t6 Y ri t6 
A. ^ETrel <^' ov'^ oi6v Te a/xa etvat /ULr] \evK6v Ka\ \evK6v, to 
A vTrap^et. KaTa yap rov ovTog \evKOv a\tj0€9 etTreiv oti 
ovK eaTtv ov \evK6v. KaTa ^e tov A ou '^ iravT^s t6 A" 
KUTa yap tov 6\ic<i /ir] ovto^ ^u\ov ovk (\\ri0e9 t6 A eiireiv, 

*■ f7no-TT)fn]v C. ^ eari^l exfiv C. * afxa om. B. ^' ravTov C. 

^' y) ante KaTa(f>. om. B. ^ Trdjn-ws pr. B.C. 



1.46. nPOTEPHN A. 133 

ft)9 ea-TL ^uXov yov XevKov. ^'Qa-re to A aX»/0e9, to ^' A ovk 
aXrjOeg, otl ^vXov XevKOv. ArjXov ^' otl /caf ro A F ovSeiu 
Tw avTM Kal t6 B Ka\ to A evSeyeraL tlv\ tw auTfo virap- 

''Oyuo/ft)? ^' e-^ovcTL Ka\ ai arTeprja-eL^ ttjOO? Ta? KaTrjyopla? 9 
TavTrj Tr] Uea-ei. la-ov e(p ov to J\., ovk la-ov e(p ov ^to Jt>, 
avLa^ov ed) ov F, ovk avLaov ecj) ov A. 

Kal e7r\ ttoWcov Se, oov Toh /mev virapyeL tol9 ^' 01'^ 10 
VTrdp-^eL ^TavTO, ^ /uiev aTrocpaa-Lg ojULOim aXrjQevoLT av, otl 
ovK ea-TL \evKa irdvTa t] otl ovk ea-TL XevKov cKaa-TOv' otl S' 
€a-T\v ov XevKov cKaa-TOV rj irdvTa ea-T^v ov XevKd, ^evSo?. 
*^Oyuo/ft)? ^e Ka\ Tov ea-TL Trav ^mov XevKov ov to ea-TLV ov 
XevKov airav X^wov dir6(^aarL<s (^d/ULipci) ydp y^^evSeL'}'), dXXd t6 
ovK ea-TL Trdv ^(fov XevKOv. ""ETre^ ^e SrjXov otl eTcpov a-rj- 11 
jULaivei TO ea-TLV ov XevKOv Ka\ ovk ea-Ti XevKOv, kol to fxev Ka- 
Ta(paa-L9 to S^ dir6(paa-L^, (pavep6v wg ov-^ 6 avT^g TjOoVo? 
Tov SeLKvvvaL eK(XT€pov, olov OTL o dv ^ ^(pov, ovK ea-TL X€vk6v 
rj evSe-yeTaL /uirj efvaL Xev^dv, Ka\ otl dXr]0e9 elirelv jULrj XevKdv' 
TOVTO yap etjTLV eivai jmr] XevK^v. ^ AXXa to fxev dXr]Oe<s 12 
eLireiv eaTL XevKOv eWe [j.r] XevKOv 6 avT09 Tp67ro9' KaTaa^Kev- 
aa-TiKm ydp diuL(p(jo S^d tov irpotiTOv SeiKvvTaL (r)(ii/uLaT09' t6 
ydp dXr]6€9 Tw ecTTLV ojulolco? ^TdTTeTai' tov ydp dXr^Oeg 
eiirelv XevKOV ov to dXr]Oe<s ^tirelv /ULr] XevK^v dirdfpaa-L^, dXXd 
To /ULr] dXr]0e9 eLTrelv XevKdv. Et <^^ ea-TLv dXr]Oh elireLV, o dv 13 
^ dvOpooTTog, jULOva-iKOV elvai rj /ULr] juLova-LKdv elvaL, o ^ dv f] ^«01/, 
XrjTTTeov rj ^etvaL jULOva-LKOv rj etvaL /ULr] /uLovj-LKdv, Ka\ SeScLKTaL. 
To ^e jULrj eivaL /uLova-LKOv o av ^ dvOpco7ro9, dvaa-KevaarTLKcog 
SeLKvvTaL /cara roi'? eiprj/uLevov? Tpdirovg Tpeh. 

""ATrXft)? S^ ^OTav oi/Tft)? e;)^>/ t6 A Ka\ t6 B (JocrO^ d/uLa 14 
/j.€v Tw avT(S /uLr] evSeyea-OaL, iravT^ Se e^ dvdyKrjg OaTepov, 
Ka\ TraXLV to T Ka\ t6 A coa-avT(j09, eirrjTai Se tcS F to A 
Ka\ /ULrj ^ dvTLa-Tpecpr], Ka\ tc5 B to A dKoXovOr^a-eL Ka\ ovk 

y ov supra versum B, om. corr. C. z t6 om. H.C. ^ ravrov B. 

b Tao-afTai C. <" aj/] eav B. tl alterum (IvaL om. B. <* ovrcos 

OTav C. f dvTiaTp€(f)€i B. 

K 3 



134 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Pr. 

OLVTLaTpe^ei' Koi to /iiev A Kal A ivSe-^cTai t(v auTM, to Se 
B ^Ka} r ovK €vSe-^€Tai. UpcoTOv /mev ovv oti tm B eireTai 

15 TO A, evOevSe ^^(pavepov. ^lEiTre] yap TravTl twv T A OaTepov 
e^ avayKtjg, cp Se to B, ovk evSe-^eTai t6 T Sia to avveirKpe- 
peiv t6 A, to ^e A Kal B /x^ evSe-^eaOai tw avTw, (pav€p6v 
OTi t6 A aKo\ovOr}<T€i. WolXlv eTrei ^tw A to F ovk olvtl- 
CTTpeCpeL, iravT\ Se t6 T r} t6 A, evSeyeTaL t6 A. Ka\ to A 
TO) avTo) virap-^eLv. 10 ce ye ri KaL to 1 ovk evoe-^eTaL CLa 
t6 crvvaKoXovOeLV tw T t6 A* o-viuL/SaLveL ydp tl aSvvaTOv. 
^av€p6v ovv OTL ovSe Tcp A TO B avTL(TTp€(peL, eirelirep ey^^co- 
pei ajma t6 A Kal t6 A virdpyeLV. 

16 ^vjUilBaLveL S^ eviOTc kol ev Trj TOLavTr] Td^eL twv opcov 
airaTacrOaL Slo, t6 /uirj tci avTLKeifxeva XajUL^dveLv 6p0u)9, ^ cov 
avdyKrj iravT^ OdTepov virdp-^eLV, olov ei t6 A Kal t6 B /xr] 
evSe-^eTUL a/ULa tw avTcp, avayKrj S^ virap^^eLv, (f /ULrj OdTepov, 
OdTepov' Kal iraXLv t6 T Ka\ t6 A cocravTO)^, w Se t6 T, 
7ravT\ eireTai t6 A. ^v/uL/Bi^creTaL yap o5 t6 A, t6 B virdp- 
ycLv e^ avdyKrj<s, oTrep €(tt\ y^evSog. TjiX^cpOo) yap cltto- 
(pacrL9 Tcov A B ^ ecp^ (o Z, Ka\ iraXLV tcov T A. ^ e(^' oj O. 

17 J\vayKrj drj iravTL rj to J\ rj to Zj' rj yap Ttjv (pacTLV rj Trjv 
ciTrocpacrLV. Kat ira\LV rj t6 T rj t6 ^' (pdcTL^ ydp Ka\ airo- 
(pacTL^. KaJ (p t6 T, TravT^ to A viroKeLTaL. *'l}o-Te (p t6 
Z, iravT\ t6 0. T[d\LV eire^ tcov Z B iravT^L OdTepov Ka\ 
Toov A cocravTC09, aKo^ovOei Se tw Z t6 0, Ka\ T(p A clko- 
\ovOr]cr€L t6 B* tovto ydp "Lcrixev. Ei dpa tw T t6 A, kou 
T(p A t6 B. Tovto Se y^€vSo9' dvd7ra\LV ydp ^v ev Toh 

j8 OVTC09 e-)^ov<TLV rj dKo\ovOrjcrL^. Ou ydp 'i<tco9 dvdyKrj iravT^ 
t6 A.rj t6 Z, ovSe To li rj t6 B* ov ydp ccttlv diro^pacTi^ 
Tov A t6 Z. Tov yap dyaOov t6 ovk dya06v d7r6(pacrL9' 
ov ^ TavT^ S' e(TT\ t6 ovk dya06v tw ovt dya06v ovt ovk 
dyaOdv. ^O/lol(j0^ Sc Ka\ eTrl twv T A* ai ydp dirocpdcTeL^ 
al ei\rj/jiiuL€vaL Svo eia-iv. 

? KoL t6 y C. ^^ (f)avcpi)v earui. 'ETrei C. i ro A ru)i B et for- 

tasse pr. A. ^ wt pr. A. ^ ravrbv C. 



I. 46. II. I. nPOTEPilN B. 135 

™B. 

"^Ei/ TTOcroig /ULcv ovv cr^^juiaG-i koi Slo. ttoIcov Ka\ irocronv I 
TrpoTacrecov Kal irore Ka\ ttco? ylverai o-uXXoyKT/JLog, eri o 
€19 TTOia iSXeiTTeov avacTKevd^ovTL Kal KaTacrKevai^ovTL, kuI 
7ru)9 Sel ^ijTeiv irepl tov TrpoKei/uLevov KaO^ oiroiavovv fieOocov, 
eTL Se Slo, TTo/a? 6^01; Xrj^oiJieOa Tag irepl eKaarTOV ap^a<i, 
riSrj SLeXrjXvOaimev. ""ETref <^' 01 /uLev KaOoXov twv crvXXoyi-z 
criuLwv eicrlv 01 Se KaTct /uLepo?, ol fxev KaOoXov iravTe^ aeL 
irXeiw (TvXXoyil^ovTaL, twv S' ev jULepeL ol fxev KaTrjyopLKOL 
7rXe/ft), OL S' a7ro<paTLKol to (TVfxirepaa-iJLa /jlovov. Al fiev 
yap aXXaL TrpoTacTeig avTL(TTp6(povcrLV, rj Se CTTeprjTLKr] ovk 
avTL(TTpe(peL' to Se (Tvixirepa^riJLa t\ KaTa tlv6<s ecrTLV' ^i2cr0'3 
OL iiev aXXoL (TvXXoyLtriio). TrXeia) (TvXXoyl^ovTaL, oiov el to 
A SeSeLKTai TravTl tm 'B rj tlvl, Ka\ to B tlv\ ^tw A avay- 
Kaiov VTTOLp^eLV Ka\ el iJLrjSev\ T(p B to A, ovSe to B ovSevi 
Tw A. TovTO S'' cTepov Tov eiATTpocrOev. Et ^e tlv\ iirj 
v7roLp-^€L, ovK avcxyKr] Ka\ to B tlv\ tw A ixrj vTrap-^eLV' evSe- 
^eTaL yap 7ravT\ v7rapyeLV. 

AvTrj ixev ovv Koivrj ^ravToov aiTLa, tcov re KaOoXov KaL 4 
Twv KaTo. iiepo9' ecrrf ^e 7rep\ tcov KaOoXov Ka\ aXXco9 eiTreiv. 
^Ocra yap rj v7ro to ixecrov rj v7ro to crvix7repa(Tixa €(ttlv, 
diravTwv ecrTaL 6 avTO^ arvXXoyicTixo^, eav Ta ixev ev tw 
IxecTcp Ta S'' ev toj crvix7r€pa(TixaTL TeOrj, oiov ei to A B (tvix^ 
7repacrixa oia tov 1 , ocra v7ro to rj rj to l ecrTLv, avayKrj 
KaTa TravTWv XeyecrOaL to A' ei y(xp to A ev oXco tw B, 
t6 Se B ev Tw A, Ka\ t6 A eWat ev tw A. IlaXt j^ el t6 5 
E ev oXop Tw r, t6 Se F ev tw A, Ka\ to E °ei/ tw A ecTTai. 
*^Oixoiw9 Se Ka\ ei o-TeprjTLK^? 6 (TvXXoyL(Tix69. ^ETri Se tov 
SevTepov (Tp^i/yaaTO? t6 V7r6 t6 cTVix^repaarixa ixovov ^* e(TTai 
^ (TvXXoyicTacTOaL, otov ei t6 A tw B ixrjSevi, tw Se V 7ravTi' 
(TvixTrepacrixa otl ovSev\ tw V t6 B. E/ Srj t6 A V7r6 t6 F^ 
ecTTL, cbavepov otl ov-^ v7rap^€L avT(p to B. 1019 S v7ro to 

™ tit. dpiOTOTiKovs dvaXvTLKciiu TrpoTepcov t6 biVTepov C. " tShi a 

Tiv\ C. " iv oX«i rcoi B. P icTTi. C. 4 (rvKKoyL(ryilii A. 

K4 



1^6 ANAATTlKaN Anal. Pr. 

A OTL ov^ vTrdpy^ei, ov StjXov Sia tov a-vWoyia-iuLov. Ka/rot 
ov-^ V7rdp-)(^£i T(p E, ei ecrTiv viro to A. ^ AWcc t6 /xev tw 
r fjLr]Sev\ vTrdp^eiv t6 B Sid tov ervX\oyi(rfxov SeSeiKTai, t6 
Se TM A /ULrj vTrdp-^eiv dvairoSeiKTov e^iXrjTrTai, ooctt ov Siu 
1t6v (rvX\oyi(Tiui6v cru/x/^afWt t6 B t(S E /uLij virdp-^eiv. ^Ext 
Se Twv ev ixepei tmv /uLev vir^ t6 tjviuLTrepacriuLa ovk e(rTai t6 
dvayKaiov (ov yap yiveTai crvWoyiciuLO?, oTav ^avTt] XtjcpO^ 
ev juepei), twv S^ V7r6 t6 jULecrov ecrTai iravTOtyv, TrXtjv ov Sia 
t6v crvWoyi(riJ.6v, olov ei t6 A TravTl tm B, t6 Se B tivI 
Tw r* Tov jULev ydp V7r6 t6 Y TeOevTO<s ovk ecrTai (rvWoyi- 
cr/JLO^, Tov S^ V7r6 t6 B ecrTai, dXX ov Sia t6v 7rpoyeyevri- 
fjLevov. ^ O /jLOLia^s Se /caTrJ twv aXXcoi/ cr-^rjjUiaTcov' tov /ULev yap 
V7r6 t6 (rv/UL7repa(riuia ovk ecrTai, OaTepov S^ ecrTai, 7r\r}v ov 
Sid t6v crvWoyLcr/JLOv, ^ r/ Ka\ ev tol9 Ka06\ov e^ dvaTToSei- 
KTov Trjg TrpoTda-ecog Td V7r6 t6 /ULeaov eSeLKVvTO' wcrT r/ ovS^ 



eKel ea-TaL rj Kal e7r\ tovt(ov. 



2i ^'EcTTf yuei^ ovv ovTft)? e^^eLV (LarT d\r]0eL9 eivaL Ta? TrpoTa- 
(reL9 Sl^ (jov 6 a-vWoyLa-iuLdg, ea-TL S^ ooa-Te yjrevSeig, ecrTL o 
(joa-Te Trjv /ULev a\rjdrj^ Tr/v ce ^Yevor]. i o ce crv/uL7repacr/ULa r/ 
d\r]Oh r] yp^evSog e^ dvdyKrjg. ^E^ d\i]Owv /ULev ovv ovk eaTi 
\lrevSo9 cruWoyia-acrOai, eK y^evScov S^ ecrTiv dXrjOeg, Tr\r]v ^ov 
Sl6tl aXX' 0T£* Tov ydp Sl6tl ovk ccttlv e/c ^evScov crvWo- 
yL(r/uL69' Si rjv S^ aiTLav, ev TOig e^ro/mevoLg \e-^Or](reTaL. 
2 TlpwTOV /UL€V ovv OTL €^ d\r]0(jov ou^ ol6v Te '>\revSog arv\- 
\oyL(racrOaL, evTevOev Srj\ov. E/ ydp tov A 6vto9 dvdyKrj 
t6 B etvai, Tov B /ULrj 6vto9 dvdyKr] t6 A iJLr/ eivai. Et ovv 
d\r]0e9 ecTTL t6 A, dvdyKrj t6 B d\i]0€9 elvaL, rj crv/ULJ3^areTai 
To auTO OL/uLa eival tc Ka\ ovk eivaL' tovto S^ dSvvaTOv. M^ 
OTL Se KeiTaL t6 A eh opog, ^ v7ro\r](pOr]Ta) evSe^ea-Oai ci/o? 
TLvog ovTog e^ dvayKrjg tl crv/uLJSaiveLV ov ydp oi6v Te* to 
/xei/ y(ip crv/uL/3aLvov e^ dvdyKrjg t6 a-v/UL7r6paa'/Jid ecrTL, Si tov 
Se TOVTO ylveTaL ^^eXa^/(7Tft)i/, Tpeig opOL, Svo Se SLaa-Tii/ULaTa 

^ avTt] C. ^ r/ A, fj C. ^ ou5' ort pr. A. ^ xmo\ri(f>Bfii tcoi A.B. 
^ eXcij^io-roi/ C. 



II. 2. nP0TEPX2N B. T37 

'^Koi irpoTaa-ei^i. Ef ovv a\t]0e9, w ro B ^ virapyeL, ro A 3 
TravTi, M Se to F, to B, m to F, avayKrj to A vnrap-^^eLV 
Ka\ ov-^ otov re tovto \{/'eu(5o9 ef»/ar a/xa yap virapt^eL TavTO 
Ka\ ov'^ vTrdp^ei. To ovv A wa-irep "^ev KeiTaL, Svo TrpOTaareLg 
(TvWrj^pOeLcraL. ''O/uiOiwg Se Kai exJ tcov crTeprjTLKwv e^er ov 
yap ea-TLV e^ ^aXrjOwv Sei^aL y^evSo^. 

'E/c ylrevSwv S' ^ aXrjOeg eaTi orvWoyLO-aa-OaL Ka\ a^cpoTe- 4 
pu>v ^Twv irpOTaaewv y^evScov ovawv Ka\ r^? /xfa?, TavTrjg S 
ov-)^ OTTOTepag eTvyev ^ aWa Trjg SevTepag, eavirep oKrjv Xa^A- 
/3dvr] y^evSrj' /uLr] oX>y? ^e XaiuPavoiuLevrig eaTLV oiroTepaaovv. 
^'Eo-Tft) yap TO A oXo) tw V virdp-^^ov, twv Se B firjSevl, fxrjSe 
TO B Tw r. ""Ei/^e^eTai ^e tovto, otov XlOw ovSev\ i^wov, 
ovSe \l0o9 ovSevi avOpwirw. "'Eaj/ ovv \i](pOrj to A iravTL 5 
Tw B Ka\ TO B TravT^ tw T, to A iravT^ tw V virdp^eL, 
waT e^ ajuLCpoiv "^evSwv aXrjOeg to avixirepaaina' irag yap 
avOpwTTog ^wov. ^QaavTOjg Se Ka\ to aTeprjTLKOv. ^ EcrTi 
ydp Tw T lULrJTe to A virdp-^eLV iuir]Sev\ fXi^Te to B, to fiev- 
TOL A Tw B iravTL, otov edv twv avTwv bpwv \i](pOevTWV 
fjieaov TeOrj 6 dvOpwirog' \lOw ydp ovTe ^wov ovTe dvOpw- 
TTog ovSev\ virdp-^eL, dvOpwTTw Se iravT^ ^wov. ^'QaT eav w6 
fULev VTrdp-^^eL, \d/3r] iJ.r]Sev\ VTrdp-^eiv, w Se fxr] virap-^eL, iravT^ 
vTrdp-veLv, €k y^revSwv djJLCpolv d\r]Oeg ecTai to a^vfj.irepaa-iJLa. 
^Ofioiwg Se SeLyOrjaeTaL Ka\ edv eirl tl ^evSrjg cKaTepa ^rjcpOrj. 
^lEidv S^ rj CTepa TeOrj \{/-ef<^?/9, Trjg fxev irpwTrjg oKrjg yf/evSovg 
ovarjg, oiov Trjg A B, ovk ea-TaL to avfxirepaafia a\r]Oeg, Trjg 
^e B r ea^aL. Ae^yw S"" o\r]v ^evSrj Trjv evavTLav, otov el 7 
fjLr]Sev\ virdpyov TravT^ e'L\r]7rTaL r] ei iravT^ fir]Sev\ virapyeLV. 
^'EcrTO) ydp to A tw B fiLr]Sev\ virdp-^ov, to Se B tw T 
TravTi. ^^Ai/ Sr] Trjv fiev B T irpOTaaiv \dl3w d\r]0^, Trjv Se 
^TO A B y^evSrj o\r]v, kol iravT^ VTrdpyeLv tw B to A, dSv- 
vaTov TO a-vfiTrepaaiuLa a^rjOeg etvaL' ovSev\ ydp virripye twv 

X Kai] al C. y VTrdpxeiv C. ^ ev Ketrai] fKKeirai B. ^ akTjB^ias C. 
^ akrjBeiav C. ^ twp om. A.B.C. ^ dWa r^s devrepas Om. B. 

^ ctrro) C. ^ €ap fiev coi vndpxei Travrl Xd^rji /x. C. & t6 om. B.C. 



138 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Pr. 

8 r, eiirep w to B, /ULrjSevl to A, to Se B TravT). tw Y, ^0/uLoi(i)9 
S^ ovS^ ei t6 A Tft) 13 TravT). virdpyei Ka\ to B tw V TravTi, 
^^ eXrjCpOt] S' ri fxev to B V aXrjOr]^ irpOTaari^, h ^e TO A B 
yfrevSrjg 6\r], Ka\ /ULrjSev). * ct5 t6 B, t6 A, t6 (Tv/UL7repa(TiuLa 
yfrevSo^ ecTTai' iravTi yap virap^ei tm T t6 A, e'i7rep w t6 
B, iravTi TO A, TO Se B iravT^ tw F. ^avep6v ovv otl t^? 
wpwTrjg o\r]9 \a/ULl3avo/ULevrig y^evSovg, edv Te KaTa(paTiKrJ9 edv 
Te <TTepr]TiK^9, t^? S' eTcpa^ d\r]0ov9, ov ylveTai d\r]0e9 t6 
g (rv/ULTrepacr/uLa. M^ o\r]9 Se \a/uL/3avo/uievr]9 ^ylrevSovg ecrTai. Et 
yap t6 A t<5 fxev F iravTl virdp-^eL tw Se B tlvI, t6 Se B 
TravTl Tw r, olov X^wov KVKV(p /uLev iravTl Xeu/cw Se tlvl, t6 Se 
\evKov iravT^ kvkvio, eav \r](pOr] t6 A TravTl tm B Ka). to B 
TravTl Tw ^ r, ^ t6 A 7ravT\ tm T virdp^eL '" d\r]Om' Tra? 
yap KVKvo<s X^i^ov. *^0/UL0ia)9 Se Kal el (TTepr]TiK6v e'lr] t6 A B* 
eyywpei ydp t6 A t(S /ulcv B tlvI virdpyeLV tw Se V /uLr/Sevl, 
t6 Se B TravTl tw V, oiov ^(f>ov tlv\ \evK(p yjiOVL S^ ovSe/uLL(7, 

io\evK6v Se Tracrr/ yj-ovi. Et ovv \r](pOeir] t6 /ulcv A /ULrjSev^ tw 
B, t6 Se B TravT) tw Y, t6 A ovSev\ tw Y virdp^ei. "'Eaf 
S' r/ /uLev A B TrpoTa^Tig o\r] \r](pO^ aXj/Ov?, ^ ^e B F o\rj 
y^evS^g, ecTTaL (Tv\\oyLcr/ji.6g d\r]Or]<s' ovSev ydp K(io\vei t6 A 
T6t) B Ka\ Tw r 7ravT\ v7rdpyeLv, t6 /ulcvtol B /uLr]Sev\ tw F, 
otov da-a tov avTOv yevov9 e^iSr] /ut/ vtt^ d\\r]\a' t6 ydp ^«01/ 
Ka\ fTTTro) Ka\ dvOpco7r(p vTrap-^ei, fTTTro? o' ovSev\ avOpco^rcp. 

ii^Eai/ ovv \t](pOr] TO A 7ravT\ T(p B Ka\ to ]3 7ravT\ tw Y, 
a\r]Oe<s ecTTaL to (Tv/uL7repacr/ULa, xp-efooi/? d\t]9 ovcrr]^ Ttjg B Y 
TTjOOTacreco?. ^O/ulol(j09 Se Ka\ (TTepr/TLKtjg ovcrrjg Ttjg A B Tvpo- 
Ta<7eft)9. ""Ei/^e^eTaf •yajO " to A />t»jTe tw B /xi/Te to) F /mrj- 
Sev\ v7rapyeLV, ^ /ULtjSe to B /uLr]Sev\ tw Y, oiov Toh e^ aXXou 
yevov9 e^iSecrL t6 yevof t6 ydp ^(oov ouTe /uiOvcriKr] ovt 

12 laTpiKrj V7rdpyeL, ovS^ r) /ulovctlk^ laTpLKrj. Ar](pOevT09 ovv 
Tov jULev A /ULr]Sev\ T(p B, tov Se B 7ravT\ T(p Y, d\tj0€9 e^rrai 
t6 (TV/ULTrepacr/ULa. Kal ei /uLtj d\rj y^evSrjg >; B F aXX' e7r/ tl, 

^^ \r]ct)e^i B. i <oi/ A.H. ^ y Koi t6 C. ^ t6 A — F om, A. 

>n d\r]6cs A.C. ^ t6 a OII). C. « /x>;8e] ixrjTc coclices. 



II. 2. nPOTEPflN B. 139 

Ka\ OVTC09 ecTTai to crviuL7repa(r/JLa aXrjOeg. OvSev yap KOjXvei 
TO A Ka\ Tft) B P/cal Tft) r oXo) virapyeLV, to ixevTOL B tlvl 
TU) r, olov TO yevog tm e^lSeL Ka\ Trj Siacpopa' to yap ^uiov 
iravT^ avOpcoTro) Kal iravT^ Tre^o), ^o (5' avOpcoTTog tlv\ Tre^w 
Kal ov iravTL. Ef ovv to A TravT^ tw B Ka\ to B TravTi 13 
TO) r XrjipOeLrj, to A 7rai/Tf Tft) F virap^eL' oirep ^v aXrjOeg. 
*^OiuLOLCt)9 Se Ka\ (TTeprjTLKrjg ov(jr]<i t^9 A B TrpoTacrecog. ^Ej/- 
Se-^eTaL yap to A /XT/Te tw B /xjJtc tm V /uLrjSev^ virap-^eiv, 
TO /uLevTOL B Tiv\ Tcp F, oiov TO yevo<s TM e^ aWov yevovg 
e'iSeL Ka\ SLa(popa' t6 yap ^^ov ovTe (ppovijcTeL ovSejuLia virdp- 
y^ei ovTe OecoprjTLK^, ^ Se (pp6vr]cri9 tlv\ OecoprjTLKrj. E: ovv 
Xr](pOeu] t6 fiev A jULr]Sev\ tm B, to Se B TravT^ Tco F, ovSevl 
T(p r To A vTrdp^eL' tovto S'' rjv aXr]Oeg. 

^ETTf ^e Tcov ev /ULepei crvXXoyLcriuLcov evSe-^eTaL Ka\ t^? Trpco-i^ 
Tr]g irpoT(xcreco9 oXr]g ovar]<i -^^evSov? Trjg S'' €Tepa9 aXr]0ov9 
aXr]Oh CLvai t6 crv/uLTrepacriuLa, Ka\ eirl tl yjrevSovg ovcrr]<s Trjg 
irp(jOTr]<s Trj^ S^ eTepag ^' oXrj^ aXrjOov'?-, Ka\ Trjg ^/xei/ aXr]Oovg 
Trjg S^ ev /uLepcL ^evSovg, kol afjL^pOTepcov ylrevSwv. OvSev yap 
KCoXvcL t6 A to) lULev B iuLr]Sev\ virap^eLV tw Se L tlvl, KaL to 
B TU) r TLVL, oiov ^(pov ovSe/uLia '^(^LOVL XevKw Se TLv\ V7rap-)(ei, 
Ka\ r/ -^LCov XevK(S tlvl. Ef ov fxecrov TeOelr] rj '^(Jlcov, irpcoTOV 15 
^e To Z^ov, Ka\ Xr](pOeLr] t6 julcv A oX(p tcS B virapyeLV, to 
Se B TLv\ T6t) F, ^ /UL€V A B oXrj "v|/-ei'^»i9, ^ «5e B r aXr]0^9, 
Ka\ t6 crvjULTrepacriULa aXrjOeg. "^O/xo/o)? ^e Ka\ o-TeprjTLKrjg ^ ov- 
crrjg Trjg A B 7rpoTacreco9' eyycopel yap t6 A tw /uLev B oAo) 
vnrap-veLv Tcp Se F tlv\ /jLr] virap-^eLV, to fxevTOL B tlvl tw l 
virap-veLV, oiov to Cwoj/ avOpcoircd inev iravT^ virapyeL, XevKu» 
Se TLv\ ou^ eireTaL, 6 S'' avOpco7ro9 Tiv\ XevKO) v7rap-^eL, (jocrT 
€1 /uLecrov TeOevT09 tov avOpco7rov Xr/cpOelr] t6 A /xrjSev^ tw B 
V7rap-^€LV, t6 Se B tlv\ tw V VTrdpyeLV, aXrjOe^ ecTTai to 
crv/JLTrepacr/ia "^evSovg ovcrrjg oXrjg t^9 A B TrpoTcicrecog. Kat 16 
€1 €7rL TL ylrevSr]9 >} A B irpoTacrL^s, ecrTaL ^ t6 crv/i^repacr/JLa 

V Kai alterum om. pr. A. 4 6 — Trf^ai oni. pr. A. »" oXr]s om. B.C. 
* /uci/ nei^ovos aXTjdovs C. ^ ov(rr)s oXt/s r^s B. ^ t6 om. A.B. 



I40 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

a\t]0e9. OvSev yap KoAvei ro A Ka). rcp B Ka\ rw V tlvl 
VTrdp^eiv, Kal to B tm Y tiv) virapyeiv^ oiov to ^(Sov tivI 
KaX(5 Kal Ttvl imeyaXu), Kal to KaXov tiv) nieyaXo) virap^eiv, 
^l^av ovv \i](pOr] To A 7ravT\ tw B Ka). t6 B tivI tw F, ^ 
IJiev A B TrpoTacri? eiri tl y^^evSrjg ecTTai, ^ ^e B F a\rj0i^9, 
Ka\ TO (TViuLTrepacriuLa oXrjOeg. *^O/uloI(i09 Se Ka\ (TTepriTLKrjg ovcrrjg 
Trjg A B TTpOTcxcreoog' oi yap avTol opoL ecrovTaL Ka\ oacrav- 
TO)? Kei/ULevoL TTpog Tr]v airoSei^iv. JI(x\lv ei rj juLev A B a\r]- 

^7 Orjg ^ ^e B r ylrevSr/g, a\rjOeg ecTTai t6 a-vjULTrepaaiULa. OvSev 
yap KOi)\veL t6 A t(S iulcv B oXo) virap^^eLV ^tw ^e F tlvl, 
Ka\ t6 B tw r iuLrjSev\ virdpyeLV, otov ^(pov kvkvco iulcv iravT^ 
luLe\avi Se tlvl, kvkvo9 Se ovSev\ iuLe\avL. ^'Q(tt el \r](pOeLJj 
7ravT\ T(w B TO A Ka\ t6 B tlv\ t<S F, aXrjOeg ecTTaL to 
(TviuLTrepacriuLa y^revSovg ovTog tov B Y. ^Ofxoioig Se Ka\ crTe' 

iS prjTLKrjg ^ajuL/BavofJLevrjg Trjg A B TTpOTdcrecog. ^lEiy^^^oopei yap 
To A Tw ^ lULev B iJLrjSev\ tm Se Y tlv\ lULrj virapyeiv, to fJLevTOi 
B iuLrjSev\ Tw r, otov t6 yevo9 tw e^ aWov yevovg elSeL Ka\ 
T(p crviJL^elSrjKOTi tol9 avTOv elSecTL' t6 yap i^(f>ov apLOiuLtp /uiev 
ovSev\ vTrdp-^ei Xeu/fw ^e tlvl, 6 S^ aptOfi^g ovSev\ \evKw' eav 
yovv fiecTOV TeOrj 6 apLOfiog, Ka\ \rj(pOri t6 fiev A firjSev\ t<S 
B, t6 Se B Tiv\ T(p r, ^TO A Tiv\ T(f> Y ou^ vTTap^eL, oirep 
rjv aXrjOeg' Ka\ rj fiev A B irpOTacrig aXrjOrjg, rj Se l^ Y \f/-ei;- 

\()Srjg. KaJ el eirl tl "^evSrjg ^J A B, ^evSrjg Se Ka\ ^ B F, 
ecTTai t6 crvfxirepacrfjia aXrjOeg. OvSev ydp KCiAveL t6 A tm 
B TLv\ Ka\ Tft) r TLv\ virdp-^civ eKaTepcp, t6 Se B fjLijSevl 
Tft) r, otov €1 evavTLOv To B Tft) r, dfi(pa) Se a-vfjL^e^rjKOTa 
Tft) avTM yeveL' t6 ydp ^woi/ tlv\ \€VK(p Ka\ tlv\ fJLe\avi 
vTrdpyeL, \evK6v S^ ovSev\ fjLe\avL. ^Eai/ ovv \rj(pOrj t6 A 
iravT^ T(p B Ka\ t6 B tlv\ T(p F, aX^y^e? ecTTai t6 a-vfJLire- 

2o pacTfia. Kaf a-TeptjTLKrjg Se \afi^avofJLevrjg Ttjg A B warav' 
Toog' 01 yap avTo\ opoL Ka\ coa-avTcog TeOrjcrovTaL irpog Trjv 
dTToSeit^iv. Kaf dfKpOTepcov Se "YevSoov ov(rcov ecTTaL t6 a-vfi- 

^ ro) de] To Se A. ^ fiev om. C. Y ovv om. B. z ro A rti^t 

rc5 r om. A. 



II. 3- nPOTEPflN B. 141 

irepacriJLa aXrjOe^' ey^copei yap to A t(S /ULev B luiiSevl tw 
Se r Tip\ virapyeiv, to luevTOi B /mrjSevl tw V, otov to yevo9 
Tw e^ aWov yevov? e'iSei koi tw orv/UL/BelSfjKOTi Toh e'lSe(ri 
T019 avTOv' ^MOv yap apiO/mw /uLev ovSevl XevKcv Se tivI virap- 
^et, Ka\ 6 apiOiuLog ovSevl \evKM, ^Eat/ ^ ovv XrjCpO^ ro A 21 
iravTl Tw B Kal to B Tivl tw F, to /mev crviuLTrepaar/uia a\tj- 
0e9, ai Se TrpOTacreLg a/UL(po) ■\l/-evSeis. ^0/uloio)9 Se Ka\ arTepri- 
TiK^g ova-tjg Trjg A B. OvSev yap K(io\vei to A t<5 /ulcv B 
oXo) VTrapyeLV tm Se V tlvI /uLr/ virapyeLV, /ULrjSe to jB fULrjSevl 
Tw r, ofov ^MOv KVKVcp /uLev TTavTl /uLc^avL Se TLvl ou^ virap- 
^et, KVKVog S^ ovSev\ /ULe\avL. ^'Qctt ei \r]<pOeir] to A /ULrjSevl 

TW B, TO Se B TLvl T(p r, TO A TLvl T(p Y OV"^ ° VTTap-^ei. 

Lo /uiev ovv a^v/uLTTepacr/Jia aXrjOe?, ai Se 'TrpoTacrei^ Yeuoef?. 

^Ei/ Se T(p ^ /uLecTM cT^^rj/jLaTL 7ravT(t)9 eyywpel om "^revSwv 3 
aXfjOeg (TvWoyLcracrOaL, Kal a/xcpoTepcov tcov irpOTacrecov oXcoi/ 
yp-evScov \a/uL^avo/uLevcov Ka\ ex/ tl e/carejOa?, Ka\ t^9 /ui-ev a\ri- 
0ov9 Trjg Se '>^evSov9 ova-rjg o\rjg, OTTOTepacrovv y\revSov9 TiOe- 
/uLcvr/g, Ka\ el a/ULCpOTepaL eirl tl "^evSelg, Ka\ el r/ /uev aTrXco? 
aAr/dr/g rj d eirL tl \f/-evo??9, KaL et r] /mev oKr/ y^evorjg rj eTTi 
TL aXr/Orig, Ka\ ev T019 Ka06\ov Ka\ e7r\ tcov ev /uLepeL crvWo- 
yia/ULcov. Et ycLp to A tm /ULev B /ULr]Sev\ virapyeL tw Seliz 
TrrxvTL, oiov Cwoj/ \iO(p /J.ev ovSev\ l-irircp Se TravTi, eav evavTLOOs 
TeOcocTLv ai it pOTacreig Ka\ \r](pOr] to A tw /uev B iravT^ tw 
Se r /ULrjSevi, e'/c y^evScov o\cov tcov irpOTaa-ecov aXrjOeg 'ecTTai 
TO a^v/ULTrepacr/uLa. ^O/ulolc09 Se Ka\ ei t(S /ulcv B iravT^ tw Se 
r /ULr]Sev\ virapyeL to A* 6 'yajO avTog ea-TaL crvWoyLo-iuLog. 
JJ(x\lv ei r] /uLev eTcpa o\r] yp^evSrjg r] S^ CTepa o\r] aXrjOrjg' 
ovSev yap Kco\veL to A Ka\ tw B Ka\ tw V iravT^ virap-^eLV, 
TO /ULevTOL B iuLi]Sev\ T(S r, oiov To yevog TOig /JLrj vir a\\r]\a 
elSea-Lv. To yap X^wov Ka\ ^[irircp iravT^ Ka\ avOpcoTrip, kol^ 
ovSeLg (xvOpomog lirTrog. ^Eai/ ovv \r](pOr] ^ to Z(pov tw /JLev 
7ravT\ T(p Se lULi^Sev^ vTrap^eLV, rj /uev o\r] y^evSrjg ea^Tai ^ S* 

* ovv om. C. ^ vTrdp^d C. c ^ecra)] bfVTtpco C. ^ ro ^^v 

om. B.C. 



142 ANAATTIKHN Anal. Pii. 

o\rj a\r}0^9'> Ka\ TO (TU/XTrejOao-yua a\t]0e9 ttjOO? oTroTepwovv 
TeOevTO^ Tov CTTeprjTiKOv, Kaf ei rj erepa eirl tl "^ev^rj^s, rj 
^' CTepa ^ o\r] a\riOr]<i. ^^'yyoopel yap to A tm imev B tivI 
VTrap-^eiv tw ^e T TravTi, to /uievTOi B /iirjoevl tw F, oiov 
X,(^ov \evKw /uiev tivI KOpaKi Se iravTi, Ka\ to \evKov ovt^evt 
AKOpaKi. '^lEiav ovv \r](pOr} ^ro A rw ^ juiev B jUirjSevl tw Se V 
6\(p virapyeiv, rj fxev A B TrpoTacri^ eirl tl xj/^ef^?!?, ^ ^' A F 
o\r] a\r]Orj<s, kol to arviuL7repaar/JLa a\r]0e9. Kal jULeTaTiOe/Jievov 
Se Tov (TTeprjTLKOv ci)(ravT(jt)9' Slo, yap toov avTwv opcov rj airo- 
ScL^L^. Kal el r] KaTa(paTLKr] irpoTacrL^ eV/ tl yp-evSi^?, r} Se 
(TTeprjTiKr] o\r] aXrjOrjg. OvSev yup K(io\veL TO A tw /Uiev B 
TLvl virapyeLv T(S Se V o\(p fxr] virap-^eLV, Ka\ to B /nrjSevl tw 
r, oJov TO ^woi/ \evKcp /mev tlv) iTLTTr] S^ ovSejUiLa, Ka\ to \ev- 

5 Kov ovSe/mia TTiTTr]. ^'QaT ^^ eav \r](pO^ to A 6\(p T(p B 
virap-^^eLV tw Se V /uirjSevi, r/ /mev A B eTTi tl y^evSi^g, ^ S' AT 
6\t] a\r]Or]^, Ka\ TO o-v/uiTrepacriuia aXrjOeg. KaJ ei a/KpOTepai 
al TrpoTOLCTeig eirl tl ^evSelg^ eaTaL to a-vfji7repaa-/uia a\r]Oeg. 
^Ey^copeL yap to A Ka\ T(p B Ka\ T(p T tiv\ virap-^eLv, to 
Se B /uir]Sev\ T(p F, olov ^(pov Ka\ \evK(p tlv\ Ka\ /uie\avL tlvLj 
TO Se \evKOV ovSev\ /uie\avL. ^Eai/ ovv \r](pOrj to A T(p /uiev 
B 7ravT\ Tft) ^e V /mrjSevl, a/mcpco /uiev ai irpOTaa-eLg eiTL tl 
^^revSelg^ To Se a'viui7repaa-/uia aXr/Oeg. ^O/ULolcog Se Ka\ /neTa- 
TeOelcrr/g Trjg crTeprjTLKrjg Slcl tcov avTCov opcov. 

6 ^avepov Se Ka\ eTrl tcov ev /mepcL a-vWoyLa-imcov' ovSev yap 
Kco\veL TO A T(p /uiev B 7ravT\ T(p Se T tlv\ V7rap-)(€LV, Ka\ to 
B TW T TLv\ /uirj v^r^xpyeLV, olov ^(pov ^ravTi avOpco7r(p \evK(p 
Se TivL^ avOpco7ro9 Se tlv\ Xev/co) ouj( VTrdp^eL. ""Eai/ ovv TeOrj 
t6 A T(p /uiev B /uir]Sev\ v7rapyeLV tw Se T tlv\ v^rap-^eLv^ rj 
/mev Ka06\ov ^rpoTacng 6\r] ^evSrjg, rj S' ev /mepeL aXrjOrjg^ Ka\ 

7to a-v/ui7repaa-/uia a\rjOeg. ^QcravTcog Se Ka\ KaTacpaTLKtjg \a/u- 
/Savo/mevrjg Trjg A B* ey^copei yap to A T(p /uiev B /uirjSevi 
T(p Se T TLv\ /uirj v7rapyeLVn kcu to B toj T tlv\ /mrj v^rap-^etv., 

« okrj om. C. f t6 A oni. H. ^ /ncV om. C. ^ av A. 



II. 4. nPOTEPHN B. 143 

oiov TO l^f^ov ovSev). axj/iy^w, XevKw Se rm *oi)^ vTrapyeL^ Kai 
t6 ay^v^ov oi5^ virapc^ei tlvI XevKw. ^Eai/ ovv TeOrj to A 
TM fxev B iravT^ tm ce F tlvI jULrj VTrap^^eiv, rj jmev A 13 Trpo- 
Taci^, rj KaOoXov, oXrj \|/-ef<^?;?, ^ (^e A F aXriOrjg, Kai TO orvfx- 
irepacriJi.a aXrjOeg. Ka) Ttjg /uLev KaOoXov aXrjOovg Te0eLcrr]g,8 
Trjg S^ ev [xepei ^evSov<s. OvSev yap KcoXveL t6 A /x?5t6 tw 
B juL^Te Toj T ovSev} eirea-Oai, t6 /uievTOL B tlvI tw V juir] 
virapyeLV, olov ^^ov ovSev) apLOfJLw ovS^ ay^v-^o), Ka\ 6 apL- 
0/ui69 TLv\ ct\|/-Jyft) ov^ eireTaL. ^Eai/ ovv TeOrj to A tw /uLev B9 
/UL^Sevl Tw Se r TLVL, t6 jULev orvjUL7repa<Tiua eaTaL aXrjOeg Ka\ rj 
KaOoXov TTpOTacrig ^aXrjOri?, ^ S^ ev fiepeL ylrevSi^g. Kal KaTa- 
(j)aTLK^9 Se Trjg KaOoXov TLOefxevrjg wcraJra)?. ^J^y^copel yap 
t6 A Kal T(p B Kal T(p V oXcp virap^eLV, to lULevTOi B tlvI 
Tft) r jULrj eirea-OaL, olov t6 yevog tw e'iSeL Ka\ Trj SLa(popa' 
t6 yap ^(pov TravTl avOpwircc Ka\ bXto 'JreYw eireTaL, avOpw7ro<s 
S^ ov iravT^ ireYw. ^'Qctt dv XrjcpO^ to A tw fjiev B oXcp 
virapyeLV, tu> Se V tlv\ /x^ virap^eLV, rj /uLev KaOoXov TrpOTacTLg 
aXrjOrj<s, r) S^ ev /uLepei "^evS^g, t6 Se a-vjULirepacrjuLa dXrjOh. 
^av€p6v Se Ka\ otl e^ d/ULCpOTepcov ^YevScov ecTTaL to av/JLire- 10 
pacr/uLa dXrjOeg, eiirep evSe-^eraL t6 A kol tw B kol tm V 
oXo) virdp-^eLV, to iulcvtol B tlv\ tw V /uLr} eirecrOaL. ArjCpOev- 
T09 yap Tov A Tft) fJLev B fjLr]Sev\ Tft) ^e V tiv\ vTrap^^eiv, al 
fJLCV irpoTacreL^i dfjLCpoTcpaL -^evSeL9, t6 Se crvfJLirepacrfia dXrj- 
Oh. ^OfJLOLco9 Se Ka\ KaTrjyopLKrjg ovcrrjg Trjg KaOoXov irpoTa- \i 
crecog, Trjg S^ ev fiepeL CTTeprjTLKrjg. ^l^y^copeL ydp t6 A tc5 
fiev B fir}Sev\ tco Se Y iravT^ eTrecrOai, Ka\ t6 B tlv\ tw Y 
fir} vTrdp-^eLV, oiov ^cpov eTTiorTiifiri fxev ovSefiLa dvOpcoircp Se 
iravT^ eireTaL, rj S^ eirLa-Trifiri ov iravT^ dvOpcoircp. ""Eai/ ovv 
XricpOrj To A Tft) fiev B oXft) VTrdp-^eLV, tw Se T tlv\ firi eire- 
aOai, al fiev irpoTdcreLg '^evSeU, t6 Se a-vfiTrepacrfJLa dXriOeg. 

E(TTaf oe Ka\ ev tw ea")^dTca <T)(rjfjLaTi Slcl \(/-ev^ft)j/ ^dXriOeg, 4 
°^Ka\ dfiCpOTepcov ^evScov ova-cov oXcov Ka\ eirl tl cKcxTepa^, 

i ovx VTrdpx^O "^ ^*-- ^^> ^^^- ^- ^^ V^- ^- ^^ (i\r]6r]s om. B.C. ^ aX?;- 
Bfs — ovcTOiV oni. C. ™ Kal 81' dixclioTepdiV A. 



144 ANAATTTKHN Anal. Pr. 

Kai TrJ9 imev cTepag aXrjOovg oAiy? t^? ^' erepa^ yf/evSovs, " Ka\ 
T^9 /ULev CTTL TL "vp-efoou? T//? oX>;9 aX>y0oi/9, /caf avairaXLV, 

■i KaL b(Taydi^ aWcog eyywpel /uLeTaXalSeLV Ta? TrpoTacrei^. OvSev 
yap KcoXvei juL^Te t6 A jui^Te t6 B /mrjSevl tw Y virap-^eiv, t6 
/mevTOi A Tivl Tw B VTrap-^eiv, oiov ovt avOp(07ro9 ovTe TreXov 
ovSev\ a>\rvyw cTreTai, avOpcoTTO^ imevTOi Tivl 7re^« virap-^^ei. 
^Eai/ ovv Xr](pOrj TO A Ka\ to B iravTL tw F virapyeLv, ai 
/ULev TTpOTOLcreLg oXaL y^evSei^, t6 Se (TV/ULTrepacriuLa aXrjOe^. 
^Q(ravT(D9 Se Kal Trjg /mev arTeprjTLKrj^ Trj^ Se KaTa(paTLKrJ9 

:iovcrr]9. ""E^YX^i^^' y^P "^^ /^^^ ^ /ULrjSevl tS) V virap-^^eiv, t6 
Se A TravTi, Kal t6 A tlvI tw B /yt^ virapyeLV, oiov to /ixeXav 
ovSevl KVKvcp, 'Cwov Se iravTL, Ka\ 76 ^(^ov ov TravTl /uLcXavL. 
^'QcTT dv X^cbO^ TO /ULev B Tra^-Tf tw F, t6 Se A /uLrjSevl, t6 
A Tivl Tw B ov-^ VTrdp^eL' Ka\ t6 julcv crv/UL7repa<TiuLa dXrjOh, 
ai Se 7rpoTd(reL9 ylrevSei^. Kai el eirl tl cKaTepa yp-evSii^, 

4e(TTaL t6 G-viuL7repa(r/ULa dXrjOeg. OvSev ydp KooXveL Ka\ t6 A 
Ka\ To B Tiv\ Tw T v7rdpyeLV, Ka\ t6 A tlv\ tw B, olov t6 
X€Vk6v Ka\ t6 KaX6v tlv\ ^ww V7rdpyeL, Ka\ t6 X€vk6v tlv\ 
KoXw. ""Eai/ ovv TeOfj t6 A Ka\ t6 B 7ravT\ tm F V7rapyeiv, 
al jUiev 7rpoTdcreL<s e^rl tl y^evSeh, t6 Se (rv/uL^repacriuLa dXr/Oe^. 

5 KaJ (TTeprjTLKrjg Se Trjg A T TLOe/ULevt/g ojULOiay^. OvSev ydp 
KOoXvei t6 jULev A tlv\ tw T juir] virdp-^eLV, t6 Se B tiv\ V7rap- 
^(eiv, Ka\ t6 A Tft) B jULrj 7ravT\ V7rap-)(€Lv, oiov to ^XevKOv 
TLv\ ^0)0) ou^ v7rdp-^eL, t6 Se ^ koXov tlv\ v^rap^^ei, KaL to 
XevK^v ov 7ravT\ KaX(S. ^'QcrT dv Xrj(pOrj to /ULev A jULr]Sev\ 
Tw T, t6 Se B 7ravTi, djULCpoTepaL /ulcv al 7rpoTacr€i9 €7ri tl 

d^evSeh, TO Se (rviX7r€pa(T/xa dXrjOh. ^Q(ravTCi)9 Se Ka\ Trjg 
juLev dXtjg ylrevSovi Trjg S' oXrjg dXrjOov^ XajuL/Bavo/uLevrj^. ""E^- 
^oapel ydp Ka\ t6 A Ka\ t6 B 7ravTi tw T e^recrOai, to /ul€v- 
TOi A Tiv\ T(S B /ULrj V7rdp-)(€iv, olov ^(pov Ka\ X€Vk6v 7ravT\ 
KVKV(p €7r€TaL, TO /ULCVTOl ^woi/ ov TTavT^ v7rdpy€L XevKw. Te- 
OevTCOV ^ovv dpcov tovtcov, edv XrjCpOrj to /ulcv B oXo) tm T 

^ Kai TTJs /x€J/ em ri -^tvbovs om. B. " XfVKov] koKov A.B. P KaXoi/] 
XevKov A.B. ^ ovv t5)v opav toiovto^v B. 




II. 4. nPOTEPliN B. 145 

virdp-^eiv, to Se A oXw fJLr] vTrdp-^eiv, ^ imev B V oXr] ecrrai 
aXrjQji?, ^ Se A T oXrj y^evSi^g, Kal ro crvjULTrepacriuLa aXrjOig. 
""O/xo/ftj^ ^e Ka\ el ro jmev B T ■^evSog, to Se A T aXrjOes' 7 
^ 01 yap ^avTol opoi Trpog Trjv airoSei^iv, ixeXav — kvkvos — 
a^vyov. ""AXXa Ka\ el aim^poTepai XajUL^avoivTO KaTacpaTi- 
KaL OvSev yap KooXvei to fiev B iravTl tm T eirea-Qai, to 
Se A *o\ft) lULr] virdp^^eiv, Ka\ to A tiv\ tw B virapyeiv, oiov 
KVKvw ^iULev 7ravT\ ^(pov, lULeXav S^ ovSev\ kvkvw, Ka\ to ^eXav 
virdp-^ei Tiv\ ^woo. ^'Qctt av Xrj<p6^ to A Ka\ to B TravT^S 
Tft) r virdpyeiv, t] [xev B T oXr\ aXriOrjq, rj Se A.T oXrj yfrev- 
Si^g, Koi TO (TViuLTrepaciuLa aXrjOe^. ^OijloIws Se Ka\ t^? A F 
Xrj(pOeL(Tr]g dXrjOovg* Sid ydp twv avTwv opcov rj aTroSei^is. 
TlaXiv TfJ9 lULev oXrjg dXrjOov? ova-rjg, Trjg S^ eirL tl "^^revSovg. 
^Tjy^ajpei ydp to julcv B 7ravT\ tm T virdpj^eiv, to Se A9 

TLvl, Ka\ TO A Tiv\ TM B, otov SlTTOVV fJLeV TTaVT^ dvOpCOTTW, 

KaAov o ov iravTL, Kai to KaKov ^tlvl CLirooL virapyeL. Ejav 
ovv XrjCpO^ Ka\ TO A Kai to B oXw tw T virdp^^^eLV, r\ ixev 
B T oXrj dXriOri<s, ^ ^e A F eirl ti \f/"eu^»j9, t6 Se crviuLTrepaa-iuLa 
dXrjOeg. ^^OjULOLwg Se Ka\ t^? lULev A T dXrjOovg Trjg Se IB T 
ylrevSovs yeTTL tl XafjL/SavoiuLevrjg' ixeTaTeOevTOdv ydp twv avTcov 
opcov ecTTaL rj dTToSeL^Lg. KaJ T^g /uLev crTeprjTLKrjg Trjs Se Ka- 
Ta(paTLKrjg ovarrjg. ""ETref ydp ey^copel to /ulcv B oXw tw T 10 
virap-^eLv, to Se A tlvl, Ka\ OTav ovTCog e-^coaLV, ov iravT^ tm 
B TO A, ^edv XrjcpO^ to iulcv B oX(p tm T virdpyeLV, to Se 
A juLrjSevL, rj juLev a-TeprjTLKrj eirl tl ^evSrjg, rj S^ eTepa oXrj 
dXrjOrjg Ka\ to ^ a-viULTrepaarfJLa. TLoXlv eVe^ SeSeLKTaL otl tov h 
/uLev A iULfjSev\ virdpyovTog ^tw T, tov Se B tlvl, ey^copel to 
A TLv\ Tw B ixrj VTrdp-^eLV, (pavepdv otl Ka\ Trjg fJiev A T 
oXtj9 dXrjOovg ovcrrjg, T^g ^e B F e7r/ tl y^evSovg, ey^copeL t6 
crvfj.Trepacriia eivaL dXrjOeg. ""Eai/ ydp XrjcpOfj t6 fJLev A firj- 
Sevi Tft) r, TO ^e B iravTL, rj fxev A T oXrj dXrjOrjg, ^ ^e B F 
eirl Ti yfrevSiig. 

^ oi yap] Koi ol C. ^ avToV] ToiovTot corr. C. * oXwy B. ^ jiiv 

om. B. X ^ipl rai 8ino8i A. Y eni ri om. pr. C. ^ ^^p qZp 

\r)(^6^ C. ^ o-Vfnrepaa-fw. oKTjdes. IldXiv C. ^ to) T] tov y B. 

VOL. I. L 



146 ANAATTlKflN Anal. Pr. 

12 ^avepov Se Ka\ e7r/ twi/ ev /uLcpei cvWoyicrfjiwv ori TravTia^ 
ecTTai Sia "^evScov aXrjOeg. O/ yap avTol opoi XtjTTTeoi Ka) 
oTav KaOoXov wcriv al irpOTaa-ei^^ 01 fJLev ev TO19 KaTtjyopiKoh, 
KaTrjyopiKol, 01 S^ ev Toh a-TeprjTiKoi^ (TTeptjTiKOL. OvSev yap 
Sia<pepei jULrjSevl v7rdp^ovT09 iravT^ XafBeiv vTrdpyeiv, Ka\ tiv\ 
virdpyovTO^ KaOoXov Xafieiv virap-^eiv Trpo^ Trjv tcov opwv 
eKOecriv.^ ^Ojulolw^ Se Ka\ ctt/ tcov (TTeprjTiKm'. 

13 ^avepov ovv otl dv julcv ^ to (TV/UL7repacriuLa yylrevSo^, dvdyKrj, 
e^ CDV o \oyo9, \f/"euo^ eivai rj iravTa rj evia, oTav aArjUeg, 
ovK dvdyKrj dXrjOeg eivaL ovTe t\ ovTe iravTa, aXX' ecTTi jurj- 
Sevog 6vT09 dXrjOovg tcov ev t(S crvXXoyLcriuLM to (rvjULTrepaa-jULa 

^Ao/JLOLCO^ etvai dXrjOe^, ov /uLrjv e^ dvdyKrjg. A!ltiov S^ otl OTav 
Svo e^rj ovTco ttjOO? dXXrjXa cocrTe OaTepov 6vto<s e^ dvayKrj^ 
elvai OdTcpov, tovtov [xrj 6vto9 yuei/ ovSe OdTepov ea-Tai, 6vto9 
S^ ovK dvayKtj eivaL OaTepov. Tov <5' avTOv 6vto9 Ka\ juLrj 
6vto9, dSvvaTOv e^ dvdyKrjg elvaL to avTO. Keyco S^ oiov tov 
A 6vT09 XevKOv TO B eivai "" jueya e^ dvdyKrj?, Ka\ /uLrj 6vto^ 

^sXevKOV Tov A TO B eivaL '^jULcya c^ dvdyKrjg. ^O^av ydp 
tovS\ 6vto9 ^XevKOv tov A toS\ dvdyKrj /jLeya ^ etvaL to B, 
/uLeydXov Se tov B 6vto9 to T ^ /uLrj XevKOv, dvdyKrj, ei to A 
XevKOv, TO r /ULrj eivaL XevKov. Ka: OTav Svo ovtcov OaTepov 
6vto9 dvdyKrj OdTepov eivai, tovtov /uLrj 6vto9 dvdyKrj to A 
IJLrj eivai, Toi; Srj B ij.rj 6vto<s /uLeydXov to A ov-^ oIov tc 

i6XevKOV eivaL. Lov Se A /j.rj 6vto9 Xcvkov, ei dvayKrj to B 
^ /uLeya eivaL, crv/ULJSaiveL e^ dvayKrjg tov B /uLeyaXov /xrj 6vto9 
airro to i3 eLvaL /ueya. 1 ovto o acvvaTOv. hii yap to Jl) 
/uLrj ^ea-Ti /uLcya, to A ovk earTai XevKov e^ dvdyKrjg. E/ ovv 
fJLrj 6vT09 TOVTOV XevKOv To B ecTTaL /uLeya^ crv/j./3aivei, ei to 
B /uj} eaTL /uLeya, elvaL /ULeya, co9 Sid TpLcov. 

5 To ^e kvkX(p Ka\ e^ dXX^Xcov SeLKvvcrOai ccttl to S^a tov 
a-v/JLTrepda/uLaTO^ Ka\ tov dvairaXLv t/J KaTrjyoplcL Trjv cTepav 
Xa^ovTa irpoTaaLv a-v/uLirepdvaaOaL Trjv XoLirrjv, rjv eXa/iA^avev 

y i//-€u8es B. 2 fitya om. A.B. » Xfv/coO olov tov C. ^ elvai 

olov t6 C. ^ jxrj ^ XfVKov C. ^ eivai /leya C. ^ tarai C. 



II. S' nPOTEP12N B. 147 

€1/ OaTepu) cvXXoyKTiUM, OTov ei eSei Sei^ai oti to A ^tw F 
Traj/Tf virap-^eiy eSei^e Se Sia tou B, TrdXip ei ^SeiKvvoi otl 
TO A Tw -B virapyei, \a(3(iov to fJLev A tm Y VTrapyeiv to oe 
r TM B, Kal To A Tw B* TrpoTepov S^ avairaXiv eXa/^e to 
B T(p r ^virdpyeiv. ^^H el ^otl to B toj F (^e? Sei^ai virdp-z 
^oi^, ef* Xa^OL TO A /caTa Toy F, o v^ orv/j.'7repa(T/uia, t6 Se B 
/caTa Tou A virdp-^eLV' irpOTepov S^ eX^(pOr] avdiraXLv to A 
icaTa Tov B. ^'AXXo)? ^' ou/c ecrTLV e^ aXXi^Xcov Sei^aL. Erre 
«yao aXXo luecrov Xy^^eTaL, ov KVKXcp' ovSev yap Xaixf^dveTai 
Twv avTwV e'iTe tovtoov tl, dvayKr] OaTepov ijlovov el yap 
ajUiCpco, TavTO ecrTat a-viJLTrepacriJia, Sei S^ eTepov. ^Ej/ ixev ouj/3 
T019 iirj dvTL(rTpe(pov<TLV e^ dvairoSeLKTOv t^? erepa^ irpOTa- 
creco^ yiveTaL 6 crvXXoyLcriJLog' ov ydp e<TTLV diroSel^aL Sid 
TOVTOOV Tcov opcov OTi TO) iJLe(T(i) TO TpiTOV virap^cL rj TW 
7rpcoT(p TO iJie(TOv. ^lEiv Se tol9 dvTicTTpe(pov<7LV ecTTL iravTa 
SeiKvvvaL Sl'' dXX^Xcov, otov ei to A Kal to B Kal t6 Y dvTi- 
(TTpe(pov(rLV dXX^Xoi?. AeSel-^^^Oco ydp to A F Sid /xeVou^ 
Tov B, Kal iraXLV to A B Sid Te tov cTviJLTrepdcriiaTog Kal 
Sid Tr]9 B r irpoTacTecog dvTi(TTpa(pei(Ti]9, cocravTOog Se Kal t6 
B r Sid Te Tov crviiirepacTiJiaTog Ka\ t^? A B irpOTacTeco^s 
dvT€(TTpaiJLii€vrjg. Aei Se Trjv Te F B Ka\ Ttjv B A TrpOTacTLV 
diroSel^aL' TavTai<s ydp dvairoSeLKTOL^ Ke-^rjixeOa iJLovaL^' 
^Eai/ ouj^ XijcpOrj To B rn-avT^ tw F vTrdp-^eiv Kal t6 Y iravTl 
Tw A, cTvXXoyicT 11.69 ecTTaL Tov B TTjOO? t6 A. TVdXLV edv S 
Xr](pOrj t6 ijl€v r iravTl Tw A, t6 Se A •wavT^ tw B, iravT^ 
T(p B To r avayKrj virapyeLV. ^Ej/ diJL(pOTepoL9 Srj tovtol^ 
T0L9 crvXXoyicTiJLOt^ ^ F A irpoTacTi^ elXrjwTaL dvaTToSeiKTO^' 
ai ydp eTepai SeSeLyiJievai rjcTav. ^'Q/Ctt dv TavTrjv diroSeL^co- 
liev, airacTaL ecrovTaL SeSeLy/JLevaL m' (iXXi^Xcov. ^Eaj/ ovv 6 
Xr](pOrj To r TravT). tm B Ka\ t6 B iravTl tw A virdp-^eiv, 
dix(p6T€pai t€ ai irpoTdcTeL^ diroSeSeiyiJLevai Xaii^dvovTai, 
Kai To r T(p A avayKr] virap^eLV. ^avepov ovv oti ev ijlovol^ 

* navri rco y C. S ddKvvei C. h vndpxov B.C. • ori COrr. A. 



148 ANAATT1K12N Anal. Pr. 

T019 avTiCTTpecpovari kvkXm Ka\ Si^ olW^Xmv evSe-^erai ylvea-Oai 
lTa<; aTroSei^eig, ev Se TO19 aWoi9 cd9 irpoTCpov etTro/ULev. ^v/m- 
/3aiv€i Se Ka) ev tovtoi^ avTM tw SeiKvviuLevcp ^rjcrOat Trpog 
Tijv airoSei^iV to jmev yap T /cara tov B Kal to B KaTo, 
Tov A SeiKVVTai XijCpOevTO? tov Y KaTo, tov A \eye(r6ai, to 
Se r KaTo. Tov A Sia tovtmv SeiKvvTai tmv TrpOTaa-ewv, coarTe 
T^ avfjLTrepaa-jULaTi ■^wjuLeOa 7rpo9 Tt]v cnroSei^iv. 
8 ""ETrJ Se Twv a-TeprjTiKcov avWoytariuLcov ooSe SetKvvTat e^ 
aWrjXwv. ^'EcrTft) to julcv B iravTl tw F virap^^^ov, to Se A 
ovSev\ ^Twv B* arvfXTrepaa-iuLa oti to A ovSevl tcov V. Et Sr} 
iraXtv Sei a-v/uLTrepdvaa-Oat oti to A ovSev\ tcov B, o TraXai 
eXa^ev, ea-Tai t6 /ulcv A jULrjSevl ^tS T, to Se F TravTl tw B* 
90VTC1) *yap avdiraXtv rj irpoTaa-i^. EZ S"* oti to B tw Y Sei 
a-v/uLTrepdvaa-Oat, ovKeO^ ojuloIco^ avTia-TpeTTTeov to A B* rj yap 
avTr] irpOTaa-tg, to B jULrjSev). tw A Ka\ to A /ULrjSevl tw B 
virdp-^^etv. ''AXXa XrjirTeov, m t6 A /urjSevl v-jrdpyet, t6 B 
TravT^ virdp-^^etv. ^'Eo-to) to A /uLrjSevl tcov T virdp-^etv, oirep 
TJv t6 a-v/ULTrepaa-juia' w Se t6 A /uLtjSevi, t6 B etXrjcpOw iravT^ 

lovTrap-^etV avayKrj ovv to r> "' 7rai/Tt to) 1 virap-^etv. lla-Te 
Tptcov ovTCOv cKaarTOv a-v/ULTrepaa-jULa yeyove, Ka\ to kvkXo) 
airoSetKvvvat tovt ea-Tt, to a-v/uL7r€paa-/uLa Xa/m^avovTa Ka\ 
avdiraXtv Trjv cTcpav irpOTacriv Ttjv Xotirrjv a-vXXoyil^ea-Oat. 

II' ''Exf ^e Tcov iv /ULepei a-vXXoyia-/ucov Trjv /ulcv KaOoXov irpo- 
Taatv ovK eoTTtv airoSet^ai Sta tcov eTcpcov, Trjv Se KaTa /ULepo9 
ecTTtv. ^OTt /ULev ovv ovK ea-Tiv airoSel^at Trjv KaOdXov, (pave- 
p6v TO /uLev ydp KaOoXov SeiKWTai Sid tcov KaOoXov, t6 Se 
a-v/ULTrepaar/uia ovk ea-Tt KaOoXov, Set S^ ck tov arv/uL7repaar/uLaT09 

i^Sei^at Ka\ Trjg cTepag TrpoTda-eco^. ^'Et^ "oXw? ovSe yiveTai 
a-vXXoyta-/uL69 dvTta^pacpeta-rj^ Trjg 7rpoTaa-eco9' ev /uLepet yap 
d/ULCpoTepai yivovTai al irpOTaa-et^. T^i/ S'' eir^ /ULepovg ea-Ttv. 
AeSet-)(Oco ydp t6 A /caTa tiv69 tov T Sid tov B. ^Ea»/ ovv 
XrjcpOrj TO B Trai^T) tw A Ka\ t6 av/UL'n'€paa'/ULa /uLcvrj, t6 B 

^ Ta>v B Tw] ^ C. ^ Ta>v y B. ^ T<b y navTl C. " ovde 

oXcos C. 



II. 6. nPOTEPftN B. 149 

Tivl Tw r virap^er ylveTai yap t6 irpwTov a")(rjiuLa, Kal to 
A ixecTOv. Et ^e (TTeprjTtKog 6 (TvXXoyKTiuLo^, Trjv fxev KaOoXovis 
irpOTacTLv ovK €(TTL Sei^aif Sio Kal irpoTepov eXe-^^Or]' Tr]v S* 
^ev lULepei, eav luev ofiolco? avTi(TTpa(j)fj to A B w^Tirep KcnrX 
Twv KaOoXoVy PouAC ecTTi, Slcl TTpocXj^^^em ^' e(TTiv, olov ^(p 
To A Tivl ^iULrj virap-^eL, to B tiv\ virapyeLV aXXco^ yap ov 
ylveTai (TvXXoyicriULog Slo. to a^TroipaTLKrjv elvai Trjv ev fxepei, 

TTpOTa^TLV. 

""E»/ Se Tw SevTcpu) cr^^iiiuLaTL to fJLcv KaTac^yaTLKov ovk ccttl 6 
Sei^ai Sia tovtov tov Tpoirov, to Se CTTeprjTLKov ecTTLV. To 
IJLev ovv KaTYiyopLKov ov SeLKvvTai Slcl to iiri aiuLCpoTepa^ etvai 
Ta<s 7rpOT(X(TeL9 KaTacpaTLKar to yap orvfJLTrepacTiiia crTeprjTL- 
Kov ecTTi, To Se KaTrjyopLKov e^ aiuLCpoTepcov eSeUvvTO KaTa- 
(paTLKcov. To ^e (TTeprjTLKOv ooSe SeLKVVTaL. ^YirapyeToo T02 
A iravTl T(p B, T(S Se T iirjSevi (TviuLTrepacrfjLa t6 B ovSevl 
Tw r. ^^av ovv XrjCpOrj t6 B TravTl T(p A vTrap-^ov, ^tw Se 
r fjLrjSevi, avayKr) t6 A firjSevl tw V virap-^eLv' yiveTai yap 
t6 SevTepov CT^^rjfjLa, fxecTOV to B. E/ oe to A B GTeprjTiKOV 
eXrjCpOri, OoLTepov Se KaTrjyopLKOV, t6 TrpcoTOV ecTTaL cr^^fxa. 
To fxev ^yap F iravT^ tm A, t6 Se B ovSevl tm V, coctt ov-3 
Sevl T(S A t6 B* ovS^ apa t6 A tm B. Aia fxev ovv tov 
arvfJLTrepao-fJLaTog kol Trj^ fJLLa9 7rpoTacTeco9 ov yiveTai crvXXo- 
yLCTfio?, TrpocrXrjCpOeLCTrjg S^ CTepag ecTTaL. ^^Hj/ Se fxrj KaOoXov 
6 (TvXXoyLarfx69 ^, ^ fxev ev oXoo irpoTacTL^s ov SeLKvvTai S^a 
Trjv avTrjv aiTLav rjvTrep e'iirofxev Ka\ irpoTepov, rj ev fxepeL 
SeiKVVTaL, OTav ^ ^t6 KaOoXov KaTrjyopiKOv. '^Yirap-^eTCO^ 
yap To A iravT^ tw B, tw Se V fxrj iravTL' cTVfxirepacTfxa 
B r. ^Yjav ovv XrjcpOrj t6 B TravT^ Tw A, tw Se F ov 
TraVTL, TO A TLv\ T(p T ov^ ^ vTTap^eL' fxecTOV B. Ef 
ecTT^v rj KaOoXov CTTeprjTiKrj, ov SeL-^^OrjcTerai ;; A F irpOTacTLg 
avTicTTpa<pevT09 rov A B* cTVfx^alveL yap rj afxcpoTepag rj 

o jiipft i(Tr\v eau ojioloii A.B. P ovk tarTi, 8ia npotjXrj^eQys b edTiv 

om. A.B. ^ w om. A. ^ jjlt) VTvdpxn^- A. ^ ra bi y prjbivi om. B. 

* yap om. B. V To om. A.B. et pr. C. ^ imdpxei B.C. 

1^3 



150 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pr. 

Ti]V krepav irpoTacnv yivecrOai ciTrocpaTiKi^v, w(tt ovk ecTTai 
(TvWoyKTiuLog. ^AXX' onjLoim Sei-^Oi^a-eTai W9 koi ctt] twv Ka- 
66\ov, eav \t](p6rj, (6 To l^ Tivl /uLr] VTrdp-^ei, to A tiv] virdp- 

7 ""ETrl Se Tov TpiTOV (T-)(ii/ULaT09 OTav lULev a/uLCpoTepai al 
irpoTd(Tei<5 Ka66\ov \r](p6a}(TLV, ovk evSe-^eTai Sei^ai Si^ ya\- 
X^Xwi^* To fJLev ydp Ka66\ov SeLKvvTai Sid twv Ka66\ov, to 
S^ ev TOVTcp (TviuL7repa(Tiuia del KaTa /uLepog, wcTTe (pavepov oti 
oXft)? ovK evSe-^eTai Sei^ai Sid tovtov tov (T^iiiuLaTO<s Trjv Ka- 
66\ov irp^TaCTLV. ^Eav S^ rj fxev rj Ka6o\ov r) 6 ev fxepeL, iroTe 
ixev ecTTaL Trore S^ ovk ecTTaL. ^Ora»/ ixev ovv d/uL(p6T€paL KaTrj- 
yopLKa] \r](p6w(TL Ka\ to Ka66\ov yevr]TaL ttjOo? tw e\aTTOVL 

^OLKptp, ecTTaL, OTav Se irpdg 6aT€p(p, ovk ecrraf. ^YirapyeTw 
ydp TO A TravTl tw Y, to ^e B tlvl' (TV/ULTrepacriULa to A B. 
""Eai/ ovv \r](p6^ To V TravT^ T(S A "^ virdp-^eLV, to jULev Y Se- 
SeiKTaL TLv\ Tw B virapyov, to Se B tlv\ tw F ov SeSeLKTai. 
KaiTot dvayKr], ei to T tlv\ tw B, Ka\ to B tiv\ tw Y virdp- 
yeiv. ^AXX' ov TavTdv ccttl T^Se TwSe Ka\ ToSe TwSe virdp- 
"X^eLV dWd Trpocr^rj^jTTeov, ei T^Se tlv\ TwSe, Kai 6dTepov tlv\ 
TwSe. TovTOV Se \r](p6evTO<5 ovkctl yiveTaL e/c tov cTVfjiTre- 

3 pd^TfjLaTOS Ka\ t^? eTepa^ 'rrpoTd^Tew^ 6 G-vWoyKTjUi^^. Et ^e 
TO ^imev B iravT^ tw Y, to ^e A tlv\ tw V, e(TTai Sei^ai to 
A r, OTav \r](p6rj to julcv T 7ravT\ tw B vTrdp-^^eiv, to Se A 
TLVL. Et ydp TO V TravT^ tw B, to Se A tlv\ tw B, dvdyKt] 
TO A TLVL T(i) 1 virapyeLV jULecrov to Jj. JVaz oTav rj rj /ulcv 
KaTrjyopLKrj ij ^e crTeprjTLKi^, Ka66\ov S^ rj KaTrjyopiKii, ^ef^^»}- 
o-eTat ^ €Tepa. ^YirapyeTW ydp to B iravT^ tw V, to Se A 
TLv\ /ULrj virapyeTW' crv/uLTrepa^TiuLa otl to A tlv\ tw B ou;)( 

^VTrdp^^eL. ^Eai/ ovv irpocT\r](p6ri to V iravTL tw B virdpy^eLv, 
dvdyKrj TO A TLv\ Tw r /JLrj virdpyeLV iul€(tov to B. ^'OTav 
S'' rj (TTeprjTLKrj Ka66\ov yevrjTaL, ov SeLKvvTai rj cTepa, ei /ULrj 
<v(TTrep eVJ twv irp^Tepov, edv \rj(p6^^ co tovto tlv\ /uitj ^^virdp- 

y dWrfKoiV TTjv KaOoXov npoTaa-iv. To A z vndp^civ, t6 Se a tiv\ tw 

/3, To C. » fxev om. B.C. ^ vndpxTj C. 



II. 7,8. nPOTEPXlN B. 151 

^et, Odrepov nvl virdp^eLV^ oiov el to jULev A fXijSevl tm F, 
TO Se B Tivr a-viJLirepacriJLa otl to A tlv\ tco B ou^ virdp- 
^ei. ^^av ovv \r](p6fj, o) ro A tlvI ^ fJir} ^vTrdp-^ei, to V tlvI 
virdp-^eiv, avdyKi] to T tlvI twv B virap-yeLV. ^'AXXw? o ovk 
ecTTiv avTL(TTpe(povTa Trjv KaOoXov irpoTaaLV Seit^ai Tt]V ere- 
pav ovSa/JLwg ydp ecTTaL G-vWoyiariuLo?' 

^avepov ovv otl ev /ulcv tm TrpcoTOi cr-^^iuLaTL rj Sl^ dWiiXwv 5 
Sei^Lg S^d Te tov TpLTOv Kal S^d tov irpwTOV ylveTaL cr^^/xa- 
TO^. }^aTr]yopLKOv /ulcv ydp ovto? tov crv/uLTrepda-jULaTog Sid 
Tov TrpooTOv, crTepr]TLKOv Se Slu tov eo-j^aTOv' Xaix^dveTai 
ydp, w TOVTO /uLrjSevL, OdTepov TravTl virdp-^eLV. ^Ej/ Se tw 
/jLecrw KaOoXov ixev ovTog tov crvWoyia-iuLov Si^ avTOv Te Kai 
Slu tov irpcoTOv ^ aryr]ij.aTO^, OTav S^ ev jULepeL, Sl* avTOv re 
Kal Tov ea^dTOv. ^Fjv Se tm TpLTco Sl avTov irdvTe^. ^ave-6 
pov Se Kal OTi ev ^tw TpiTcp Ka\ tw jULeorw 01 /ULr] Sl^ avTCOv 
yivo/JLevOL avWoyia/ULol r] ovk eial KUTa Tr]v kvkXw Sei^iv r] 
ctreXer?. 

To S^ dvTiaTpecpetv eaTi to /ULeTaTiOevTa to av/j.irepaaiJ.a g 
TroLelv Tov a-vWoyLa/JLov otl 17 to aKpov tw iieatp oi)^ virap- 
^ei t] TOVTO Tw TeXevTalcp. ^ A^vayKr] yap tov aviiTrepaaiiaTOi 
^^ dvTLaTpacpevTog Ka\ Trjg cTepag /xevovar]^ irpOTacrews dvai- 
pelaOaL Tr]v XoLTn^V ei ydp eaTai, Kal to crvfJLTrepaaiJLa eaTai. 
ALacpepeL Se t6 dvTLKeLfjLevoog r] evavTLW^ ^ dvTLaTpecpeLV to 
aviJLirepacriJLa' ov ydp 6 auro? ylveTai avWoyLaiJLo? CAcare'- 
pm ^ dvTiCTTpacpevTO^' SrjXov Se tovt eaTaL Siu tcdv eiro- 
IJLcvcDv. Ae^yo) S^ dvTLKelcrOaL ijlcv t6 iravTl tm ov iravri Ka\ 2 
t6 TLvl tS ovSevL, evavTLwg Se to TravTl tm ovSevi Kal to tlvl 
Tw ov TLvl virdp^eLv. ^'Eo-to) ydp SeSeiyiievov t6 A /cara 
Tov r Slu iJLcaov Tov B. Et S^ t6 A Xr](pOeLr] iJLr]Sev} rw F 
virdp-^eLv, tm Se B TravTi, ovSevl tw Y VTrdp^eL t6 B. Kal 
€1 TO iiev A iJLrjSevl tw F, t6 Se B iravT^ tw F, to A ov 

d fif} om. A. ^ vndpxr} Tovra> rb C. ^ (rxr]fJi.aTos Koi 8ia tov 

€a-xdrov, orav A.B. S r&i prius om. C. ^ dvrio-rpe^fiovTOs A. 

' dvTia-Tpa(pelv B. ^ dvTiaTp€(f)ovTos C. 

L4 



1^2, ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

'jravTL Tw B Kat ovyjt o\co9 ovSevl' ov yap eSeiKvvro to Ka- 

3 66\ov Sia Tov ccry^aTOv o-^ii/aaT09. *'0\m Se Trjv irpo^ tw 
imel^ovi cLKpM TrpoTacriv ovk ecTTiv avaa-Kevdcrai Ka66\ov Sia 
TfJ9 avTi(rTpo<pr}g' aei yap avaipeiTai Sia tov TptTov cryt]- 
fxaTO<s' avayKY] yap ttjOO? ^to ecryaTov aKpov a/uL(p0T€pa9 
\a/3eiv Ttt? TrpoTacret^. KaJ et (TTeprjTtKO^ 6 (rvWoyKr/ui^g, 
wG-avTcog. AeSetj(6(o yap to A /uLrjSevl ^^tw Y virap-^etv Sia 
Tov B. OvKOvv eav \r](p6fj to A tw T TravTl virap-^etv, to) 
Se B jULrjSevt, ovSevl toov V to ^ virap^et. KaJ el to A Ka\ 
TO B iravT^ Tw r, To A Ttv\ Tft) B* aXX' ovSev\ vTrrjp-^ev. 

4 ""Ea»/ S^ avTtKet/uLevcog avTt(rTpa(p^ t6 (rv/uLTrepa^riuLa, Ka\ ol 
(rv\\oyt(riuLo\ avTiKeijULevot Ka\ ov Ka66\ov ecrovTat. TiveTai 
yap rj cTepa '7rp6Ta<rt9 ev jULepet, ooo-Te Ka\ to (rv/uLTrepa^riuLa 
e(rTat KaTa fxepog. ^'^cttoo yap KaTi^yopiKog 6 crvWoytcriuL^g, 
Kat avTtcrTpe(pecr6(*3 ovToog. Ovkovv et to A ov iravT^ tw F, 
T6t) Se B iravTt, to B ov iravT^ T(p T' Ka\ et to fiev A />t^ 
iravT^ T(S T, To Se B iravT^, to A ov iravT^ tw B. *^0/xo/ft)9 
^e Ka\ et crTeprjTtKog 6 crvWoytcriuL^g. lEil yap to A Ttv\ Tft) 
r virap^^ei, tm Se B iuLr]Sevt, to B Ttv\ Tft) T ov-^ vwap^et, 
ov-)^ ciTrXft)? ovSevt' Kai ei to imev A Tft) F Ttvt, to ^e B iravTt, 
wcrirep ev ap^^ij e\^(j)6rj, to A Ttv\ t(v B virap^et. 

5 ^ETTt ^e Toov cv (xepet crvWoyicriJ.(jov OTav fxev avTtKeiiMevoog 
avTtcrTpe(prjTat to crv/uL^TrepacriuLa, avatpovvTat a/j.(p6Tepat al 
TrpoTacretg, oTav S^ evavTicog, ovSeTepa. Ov yap cTt crviuL- 
jSaivet, Ka6a7rep ev T0t9 Ka66\ov, avaipeiv eWeiTrovTO? tov 
crviuL7rep<xcriuLaT09 KaTo, Ttjv avTtcrTpo(pr}v, aXX' ovS^ oXft)? avai- 
petv. AeSeiy6co yap to A KaTa Ttvog tov T. Ovkovv av 
\rj(p6ri To A iuLr]Sev\ Tw T virapyetv, to Se B Ttvt, to A 
"tw B Ttv\ ov-^ virap^et' Ka\ et to A lULrjSev^ Tft) T, tw Se 
B TravTt, ovSev^ tw T to B. ^'Q(rT avatpovvTai a/JL(p6T€pat. 

^''Ea»/ S^ €vavTico9 avTt(rTpa(prj, ovScTepa. Et yap to A tiv\ 
Tft) r lULtj virap^^et, tw Se B TravTt, to B Ttv\ tco T oJ^ 

^ t6 oKpov t6 eaxaTov C. "™ to)v y vnapxov A.B. "^ Ttv\ tS> ^ C. 



II. 9- nP0TEPX2N B. 153 

vTTCLp^ei. ""AXX' ot/TTft) avaipeirai to e^ ^pX^^' ^v^eyerai 
yap Tivl virap^^eLV Ka\ tlvl fjit] virapx^LV. T^? ce KaOoXov, 
T^9 A B, oXft)? ^ovSe ylveTaL (TvXXoyLcriuiog' ei yap to ixev 
A TLv\ Tijov r ixri virapyeL^ to Se B tlv\ virapyeL, ovSeTepa 
KaOoXov Tcov irpOTacrewv. ^O/ULOLm Se Ka\ P et crTeptjTiKO^ 6 
crvWoyLoriuLog' el imev yap ^XrjCpOeirj to A 7ravT\ tm T vTrdp- 
^eLV, oLvaLpovvTai a/uLCpOTepaL, el Se tlvl^ ovSeTepa. ^ATrooet- 
^L9 S'' ri avTrj. 

''Ej/ Se T(v SevTepw (T^?;/>taTf Ttjv jUiev Trpo? tw jULei^ovL aKpco 9 
irpoTacrLV ovk ecrTLV aveXeLV evavTLC09, OTTOTepcocrovv Trjg avTL- 
CTpocprjg yLvofJL€vr]9' ae\ yap ecrTaL to crviJLirepacriJLa ev tw 
TpLTw cTyriiJ.aTL, KaOoKov S^ ovK rjv ev tovtoj G-vXXoyLcriuLog. 
T^i/ S^ erepav 6iulolo)9 avaLpricrofJLev Trj avTL(TTpo(pr]. Aeyco Se 
t6 6iuLoicog, el lULev evavTicog avTLCTTpecpeTai, €vavTLco<f, el S^ av- 
TLK6LjuL€vco9, avTLKeiiULevcog. ^Yirap^^eTCO yap to A iravT^ tw 2 
B, TM Se r lULrjSevL' crvfJLirepacrfxa B F. ^^av ovv Xr](pOrj t6 
B iravT^ Tft) r vTrdp-^eLV Ka\ to A B lULevr], t6 A iravT^ tw 
V virdp^eL' ylveTaL ydp t6 irpcoTOv (r-)(r]iuLa. Et Se t6 B 
7ravT\ Tft) r, t6 Se A iuLr]Sev\ tw F, t6 A ov TravT^ tw B* 
cr-^IJ-a t6 ecr^^aTOv. ^Eav S^ dvTLKeLiuLevoog dvTLo-Tpacp^ t6 
B r, ^ lULev A B ofjLOLCog SeL-^O^creTaL, ^ Se A.Y dvTLKeLjuLevcog. 
Et ydp t6 B tlv\ Tft) r, t6 Se A jULrjSev^ tw Y, t6 A tlv\3 
Tft) B ov-^ virdp^eL. TidXLv ei t6 B tlv\ tw F, t6 Se A Tra^-Tf 
Tft) B, t6 A tlv\ Tft) r, wcrT ^ dvTLKeL/uLevco9 ylveTaL 6 cruXXo- 
yLcriuLog. ^OfJLOLCo^ Se SeLxO^eTaL Ka\ ei dvairaXLV e^OLCv al 
TTpOTacreL^. Et ^' ecTTLV eir^ /ULepov^ 6 crvXXoyL^riuLog, evavTicog 
lULev dvTLCTTpecpofievov tov crv fJLirepdcriJ.aTO<i ovSeTepa tcov irpo- 
Tacreoov dvaipeiTaL, KaOairep ovS^ ev tm irpooTcp cryr^ixaTL, dv- 
TLKeLiuL€vco9 S^ dfjiCpoTepaL. J^elcrOco ydp t6 A Tft) fJLev B />t>y-4 
Sev\ virap-^eLV, tw Se V tlvl' crvfjiirepacrfxa B F. ""Eaj/ ovv 
TcO^ TO B TLv\ Tw Y virdp^eLV Ka\ TO A B fJLevr], crvfJLire- 
pacrfJLa ecrTaL otl t6 A tlv\ tm Y ov-^ ^virdp-^eL. ^AXX' ovk 

^ ov C. P ct] ore C. Q \r](f>Brj<T€Tai B.C. ^ dvTtKeiiicvos A. 

et fortasse pr. B. ^ vTrdp^u C. 



1^4 ANAATT1KI2N Anal. Pk. 

avfipriTaL To c^ «pX^?* ci/Se-^erat yap tiv\ vwdp-^eiv Ka\ /uit] 
VTrdp^eiv. lldXiv ei t6 13 tiv\ tS> V Ka\ to A tiv\ tw F, 
ovK ea-Tai crvWoyLariuLog' ovSeTepov yap KaOoXov twv elXrjni- 
5 luevoov. ^'Q(TT ovK dvaipeLTaL t6 A B. ^Eai/ ^' dvTLKeiiMevw^ 
dvTiarTpe(pr]TaL, dvaLpovvTai djUiCpoTepaL. Et ydp t6 B TravTl 
TM r, t6 Se A iiriSev). tw B, ovSev\ tm V t6 A* ^v Se tlvl. 
WaXLv ei t6 13 iravTl tm F, t6 Se A tlv) tw F, tlv\ tm 13 
To A. ""H avTtj S^ dTToSeL^^L? Ka\ el t6 KaOoXov ^ KaTrjyopL- 

KOV. 

lO ^Exf Se Tov TpiTOv cry^rjiuLaTO? OTav imev evavTLW^ dvTLCTTpe- 
(pr}TaL To (TviJiirepacriJLa, ovSerepa twv TrpoTacreoov dvaipeiTaL 
KaT ovSeva twv crvXXoyLG-iuiMv, OTav S^ dvTiKeLimevajg, djUiCpo- 
Tepai Ka\ ev airacrLv. AeSeL-^Oco ydp t6 A tlv\ tw B virap- 
X^v, imecrov S^ eiXii(pO(io t6 F, ecTTOoarav Se KaOoXov ai irpOTa- 
creL^. OvKovv edv XrjCJyOrj t6 A tlv\ tw B /ui vTrapyeLV., to 
Se B iravT\ tQ> F, ov yiveTai crvXXoyicriJ.^^ tov A Ka\ tov 
r. OvS^ el t6 A ^Vo) imev B tlv\ iir] virdpyeL, tw Se T iravTi^ 

2 ovK ecTTaL Tov B Ka\ Tov r (TvXXoyicriuLo^. *" OfjLOicog Se SeL-^Ojj- 
creTai Ka\ el juLrj KaOpXov al irpoTacreL^. ^^H yap ^^diuL(pOTepa9 
dvayKrj KaTa fxepo^ eivaL S^d Trj^ dvTio-Tpocprjg, rj to KaOoXov 
TTpdg Tw eXaTTOVL aKpoo ylvecrOaL' ovtco S^ ovk rjv crvXXoyi- 
(tjul6^ ovt ev T(p irpooTCp cT^^jixaTL ovt ev tw ixecrcp. ^Eai/ S^ 
dvTLKeLiuLev(i09 dvTLCTTpecpcovTaL al irpoTacreL^, dvaipovvTaL a/x- 
(pOTepaL. Ef ydp t6 A fjLrjSev\ tw B, t6 Se B iravT^ tw T, 
t6 A ovSev\ Tw T' ttuXlv ei t6 A tw juiev B imrjSevi, tw Se 

3 T TravTL, t6 B ovSev^ tco T. KaJ ei rj cTepa jmtj KaOoXov^ 
wcravTco^. Ef ydp t6 A iuLrjSev\ T(p B, t6 Se B tlv\ tw T, 
^TO A TLv\ T(p T ov^ virdp^eL' ei Se t6 A tw julcv B fjitjSevL 
T(p oe 1 TravTL, ovoevL T(p 1 to 15. kjjulolw^ ce Kai eL cTTeprj- 
tlk6s 6 (TvXXoyicTiuLo^. AeSel^^^Ow ydp t6 A tlv\ tw B /Jirj 
virdp^^^ov, ecTTW Se KaTrjyopLK^v /ulcv t6 B T, dirocpaTLKdv Se 

4TO A r* ovTw ydp eyiveTO 6 crvXXoyicTiUL(J9. ^Otuv iulcv ovv 

* KaTijyopcKuv eir;. B. ^ tcov ficp A. ^' djxcf^oTepas post fifpos C 

^ t6 a Tip\ tS y om. A. 



II. 30, II. nP0TEPX2N B. 1S5 

TO evavTLOv XrjcpOrj tw crviULirepaG-iuLaTL, ovk ecrTaL a-vXXoyi- 
(riJ.6'S. Et 'yap to A tlv\ tm B, to Se B iravTl tm F, ovk 
rjv (TvXXoyiG-iuLO? Tov A ^ Kal Tov r. OvS'' el TO A Tiv\ TM 
B, TO) ^e r /uLtjSevL, ovK rjv tov B ^ Ka\ tov Y cruXXo^yfcr/xo?. 
^'Q(TTe ovK avaipovvTaL al irpOTacreL^' ^'Ot^v Se to avTLKel- 
jULcvov, OLvaLpovvTaL. Ei yap to A TravT^ tw B Ka\ t6 B tm 
r, TO A TravT^ Tw r* aXX' ovSev\ virt]pyev. TVoKlv el to A 
iravT^ Tw B, TM Se Y jUDiSevi, t6 B ovSev\ tw F* aXXct iravTL 
vTTtjp^ev. ^OjULOLOog Se SeiKvvTaL Ka\ el jULrj KaOoXov eicr^v al 5 
irpOTaa-eL^. TlveTaL yap ro A F KaOoXov re Ka\ a-TeprjTLKOv, 
OcLTepov S^ €7r\ lULepovg Ka\ KaTrjyopLKov. Et /uLev ovv to A 
iravTL T<S B, t6 Se B tlv\ tm F, to A tlv\ tm T o-viuL^aiveL' 
aXX ovSev\ virrjpyev. TiakLV el t6 A iravTL tm B, tw Se T 
lULtjSevL, t6 B ovSev\ tw T' '^ cKeLTO Se tlvl. Tjl Se to A tlv\ 
Tw B Ka\ To B TLv\ T(p T, ov ylveTaL cvWoyLCiuLog' ovS^ el 
t6 A tlv\ tm B, tm Se T lULrjSevi, ovS'' ovt(j09. ^'Qct eKelvoyg 
imev avaLpovvTaL, ovtoo S^ ovk avaLpovvTaL ai irpoTacreLg. 

^avepov ovv Sia twv eiprjiuLevcov irwg avTicrTpecboiULevov tov 6 
(rviuLTrepacriuLaTog ev eKacrTU) (TyjifxaTL yLverraL (rvXXoyLcriuLO?, 
Ka\ iroT ^ €vavTico9 t^ irpoTa^reL kol itot avTLKeLfJLevoo^, Ka\ 
OTL ev fxev tw 7rpcoT(p cr-^^^iuLaTL Slci tov lULecov Ka\ tov e^ryaTOv 
ylvovTaL OL (ji/XXo^yfcr/xo/, Ka\ rj iulcv ttjOo? tm eKaTTOVL aKpco 
ae^ ota tov fxecov avaLpeiTaL, rj Se 7rpo<s tw lULel^ovL Sia tov 
€(ry^aT0V' ev Se t(S SevTepo) oia toi» irpooTOv Ka\ tov ea"yaTOV, 
Ka\ rj fjLev 7rpo9 tco eXaTTOVL aKp(p ae\ Slo, tov ^rpooTOV (T-)(ri- 
/uaTO?, ij Se TTjOo? tw iul€l1^ovl Slcl tov ea-y^(XTOv' ev Se tw TpLTio 
oia Tov 7rpdoTOv Ka\ Sia tov iul6(tov, ^kol rj fxev ttjOO? tw luel- 
(^ovi om Tov TrpcoTOV ael, rj Se 7rp6<s Tw eXaTTOVL Slcl tov 
jULearov. 

T/ fxev ovv ecrT\ t6 avTia-TpeCpeiv Ka\ 7roo9 ev eKaa-T(c ct^- \ I 
IkaTL KQLL tU ylveraL (rvXKoyLcrfxo^s, (pavepov. "^O ^e Sia tov 
aSvvaTOV crvXXoyLa-iuL^^ SeLKvvTai jjiev, OTav rj (ivTicj)acrL9 TeOrj 

y KciX] Kara 13. ^ eKetro de tlvI om. A.B. ^ ivauTLos A. '* dvri- 
Keifievoi A. ^ alterum fcai om. A.C. 



156 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Pr. 

Tov crvjULTrepacT^aTO^ Ka\ TrpoarXrjcpSri aWri TrpoTucri^, ylveTai 
o €v airacL T019 ar^^rjiJiatTLV' b[xoLov yap €<tti Trj avTicrTpod)^, 
TrXrju oiacpepei tocfovtov otl avTLcrTpecpeTai juiev yeyevrjjmevov 
crvWoyia-iuLov Ka} eiXrjiuLiuLevodv ajULCpoLV twv TrpOTacrewv, aTrd- 
yerat S^ elg aSuvaTOv ov Trpoo/uioXoyriOevTog tov avTiKeiimevov 

2 TrpoTepov, aXXa (pavepov 0VT09 otl aXrjOeg. O/ S^ opOL ofxoiw? 
eyova-LV ev aiucpoiv, Ka). r/ avTrj X^\|/-f? aimcpoTepcov. Oiov ei to 
A Tw B iravTl vTrdp^eL, imearov Se to V, edv VTTOTeOrj to A 
rj lULjj TravTi rj lULrjSevl Tw B virdp-^eiv, tw Se F iravTL, oirep 
rjv aArjt^eg, avayKrj to i TCp rS rj lULrjdevL rj lULrj iravTL virapyeLV. 
Il^ovto S^ dSvvaTov, wVre y^evSo9 to vTTOTeOev' dXrjOh dpa 
TO dvTLKelimevov. "^O/jio/ot)? Se Kai €7rl twv dXXcov cr-^rjiuLdTwv' 
ocra yap dvTLcrTpocprjv Se-^eTaL, Ka\ tov S^d tov dSvvdTOV 
crvXXoyLcriuLov. 

3 Ta fJLev ovv dXXa irpopXrjij.aTa irdvTa SetKVVTai S^d tov 
dSvvaTov ev diraarL TO19 aryjjfxacTL, to Se KaOoXov KaTrjyopLKOv 
ev fJLev TU) iuL€a-(p Kal tw TpiTcp SeiKvvTai, ev Se tm irpooTCd ov 
SeiKvvTaL. ^YiroKelcrOu) ydp to A tw B yu^ iravT\ rj imrjSevl 
virapyeLV, Ka\ Trpoa-eiXi^cpOo) dXXtj TrpoTaa-Lg OTroTepwOevovv, 
€LT€ Tw A 7ravT\ VTrdp-^civ TO r e^iTe ^^ to B 7ravT\ tw A* 

4 ouTO) yap dv e^Lrj to TrpwTOv cr^^tjiuLa. Et lULev ovv VTroKeiTai 
lULrj iravT^ virapyeLV to A tw B, ov ylveTaL crvXXoyia^jUidi 
diroTepodOevovv Trjg TrpoTacrecog XafjL^avoiJLevrj^, ei Se juLrjSevl, 
oTav fiev ^ B A TrpoarXrjcpOrj, crvXXoyLcriJ.d^ ^ /uLev ecTTai tov 
"^evSov^s, ov SeLKvvTai Se to TrpOKeliuLevov. E/ ydp to A fJLrj- 
Sev\ Tcp B, To Se B iravT^ tw A, to A ovSev\ tco A. Ilovto 
S"* ^ea-Tco dSvvaTOV y^evSo9 dpa to fJLrjSev^ tw B to A virdp- 

5 p(e(i/. ""AXX' ovK el to firjSev^ ^evSo9, to iravT^ dXrjOe^. ^Eai/ 
^' ^ r A irpoarXrjcpOrj, ov yiveTai a-vXXoyLa-fJLo^, ovS^ oTav 
viroTeO^ fJLij 7ravT\ tw B to A virdp-^eLV. ^QcTTe (pavepov 
OTL To iravT^ virap-^eiv ov SeiKvvTai ev tw TrpwTU) cr-^rjfjiaTi 
Sid Tov dSvvdTOv. To Se ye tlv\ Ka\ to firjSev\ Ka\ fJLrj iravT^ 
SeiKvvTaL. ^YiroKela-Oco ydp to A fjLrjSev\ Tcp B virap^eLv, to 

^ Ta>i j3 navrl t6 B. ^ alterum /zci/ om. C. ^ earai C. 



II. II. nPOTEPilN B. 157 

^€ B el\r](pO(jo TravTL ri tlvl tw F. Ovkovv avdyKr] t6 A />i>/- 
Sevl ri juir] iravTl T(p T virdp-^eLV. Toi/to ^' aSvvaTOv. ^'EcrTft)6 
'yap aXrjOeg, Kal (pavepov otl TravTl virdp^eL tw T to A, 
w<TT €L TOVTO ^evSo^, OLvayKr] t6 A TLvl TM B virdp-^eLV. 
''Eaj/ ^e Tr^oo? ^to A \rj<pOrj rj eTepa TrpoTacTLg, ovk ecTaL 
(TvWoyLa-iuLog. OvS^ OTav t6 evavTiov tm crviuLTrepdcr/uiaTi 
VTTOTeO^, olov t6 tlvl fxri virapyeLV. ^avepov ovv otl to 
avTiKeLjULevov VTToOereov. T\.d\LV vnroKeLcrOoo t6 A tlvI tw B 
VTrdp^^eiVf €i\^<pO(io Se t6 T iravT^ tco A. ^Ai/a^y/o? ovv t6 
TLVL Tft) Jj virapyeLV. 1 OfTO ecTTCo aovvaTOv, wcTTe 
^jrevSog t6 vTTOTeOev. Ei S^ ovTcog, aXrjOh t6 /uLriSevl virdp-l 
yeLv. ^O/ULOLCO? Se Ka\ ei crTepr]TLK6v eKrjCpOr] t6 ^T A. Et 
S^ r] Trp6<s T(p B e^L^rjTTTaL irpOTacrL^, ovk ecTTaL crvWoyLcrfJL^ig. 
^lSidv Se t6 evavTLOv vTTOTeOrj, crvWoyLcrjUL^? julcv earTaL Kal t6 
dSvvaTOv, ov SeiKvvTaL Se t6 irpOTeOev. ^YiroKelcrOoo ydp 
iravTl Tft) B To A * vTrap^^^eiv, Kal t6 T J tw A ei\ii(pOco 
iravTi. OvKOvv dvdyKr] t6 T iravTl tw jB virdp-^eLv. Touto 
S^ dSvvaTOV, wcTTe ^{/■ei/^o? to TravTl tw B to A virdp-^eLV. 
^AXX' oviroo ye dvayKalov, el tuLrj iravTL, fxr]Sev\ vTrdp^eiv. 
''O/JLOioog Se Ka\ ei ttjOo? tm B ^\r](j)Oeiri r] eTepa TrpoTacrLg' S 
(rv\\oyL(rjUL6<f /ulcv yap ecrTai Ka\ t6 dSvvaTOv, ovk dvaLpeiTaL 
o r] vTrouecrL^, cocrTe to avTLKeLfxevov viroueTeov. llpo9 ce to 
jULt] iravT^ Sei^aL virdpyov T(S B t6 A, viroOeTeov iravT^ virdp- 
^eLV' €L ydp t6 A iravT^ tw B Ka\ t6 T iravTi tw A, t6 T 
TravT^ TU) B, oocrT el tovto dSvvaTov, y^evSog t6 viroTeOev. 
*^O]ULOLC09 Se Ka\ ei ttjOo? tw B e\r](pOr] r] eTepa TrpoTacrL^. 
Kaf €1 CTTeprjTLKov rjv t6^T A, o)cravTco<s' Ka\ ydp ovtco yl- 
vcTai crvWoyLcr/uLo^. ^Eaj/ ^e ttjOo? tw B ™ iy to crTeprjTLKOv, 
ovSev SeiKvvTaL. ""Eai/ ^e lULrj TravT^ dWd tlv\ virdp-^eLV vtto-^ 
TeOfj, ov SeLKvvTai otl ov 7ravT\ aXX' otl ovSevi. Tjl ydp t6 
A tlvl tw B, to Se T 7ravT\ tlc A, tlv\ tm B to F virdp^eL. 

S Tat B.C. h FA. 'H yap fiei^ayv ea-rai ovras. Ei C. ^ xmap- 

xeti/ om. B.C. J prius Ta om. A.B.C. ^ Xrj^pBrj C. ^ ay C. 

™ U om. C. 



158 ANAATTIKXIN Anal. Pii. 

Et ovv TOVT aSvvaTOv, \f/-ei/^o9 to tiv\ vTrdp-^eiv tw jB t6 A, 
io wcTT (iXrjOe^ t6 fjLijSevi. Tovtov Se S€f)(^devT09 TrpoaavaipeiTai 
t6 aXrjOeg' to yap A tw B tivI juiev vTrTjpye, tiv\ ^' 01^^ 
vTrrjpyev. ^'Erf ov irapa Tr}v vTToOecriv arvjUilBalvei t6 aSvvaTOV 
^evSo9 ^yap av eirj, e^iirep e^ aXrjO^Jov fjLt] ecTi yl/-€vSo9 crvX- 
\oyi(Ta(TOat' vvv ^' ecTTh aXrjOh' vTrdp-^ei ydp t6 A tivI 
Tw B. ^'QcTT ov-^ vTToOeTcov Tivl virdp-^eiv, dWd iravTi. 
'^OfjLOiM^ Se Kal el tivI jnrj virdp-^ov tw B to A SeiKVVoi/ULev 
ei yap TavTO to tivI /uLt] vTrap-^etv Kal /uLr] TravTl virapyeiv., rj 
avTrj d/ULCpoiv diroSet^ig. 
1 1 ^avepov ovv OTt ov t6 evavTtov dWd t6 dvTtKeijJLevov viro- 
Oereov ev dTracri T0t9 crvW.oytcriuLoi^. 0vtw ydp t6 dvay- 
Katov ecTTai Kal t6 d^tcojULa evSo^ov. Et ydp /caTa iravTdg rj 
(pacrt9 ^rj dTTocpacrig, Set-^^OevTog oTt ov-^ rj dTrocpacng, dvdyKrj 
Trjv KaTacpacriv dXrjOevecrOat. UdXtv et /ULrj TtOrjcrtv dXrjOeve- 
crOat Trjv KaTacpacrtv, evSo^ov t6 d^tcocrat Trjv dTrocpacrtv. To 
o evavTtov ovSeTepm dp/uLOTTct d^iovv ovtc ydp dvayKatov, 
et t6 jULtjSevl yp^evSo?, t6 TravTl dXrjOeg, ovt evSo^ov co9 ei Od- 
Tepov yp-evSo9, OTt OaTepov dXrjOeg. 
' 2, ^avepov ovv OTt ev 1' tw TrpwTto ayrj^aTt Td julcv dXXa 
TrpofiX^/ULaTa iravTa ^SetKVVTat Std tov dSvvdTOv, t6 Se Ka- 
OoXov KaTacpaTtK^v ov SetKvvTat. ""Ei/ ^e tw jULecro) Ka) tco 
ecr^aTO) Kat tovto SetKvvTat. J^etcrOoo ydp t6 A /uLtj 7ravT\ 
T(v B vTrdp-^etv, elXrjCpOoo Se tw Y iravTl virdp-^etv t6 A. 
OvKOvv et Tw /jLev B fjirj iravTi, tw Se V iravTi, ov iravT^ tw 
B To r. LovTO o dSvvaTOV ecrTco yap (pavepdv oti TravTl 
2T(p B VTrap-^ei to V, wctt€ yfrevSo? t6 VTTOKei/uLevov. ^* AXrjOh 
dpa t6 TravTl virap^eiv. 'Eaj/ Se t6 evavTtov vTTOTeOrj, crvX- 
Xoytcr/UL09 /ulcv ecTTat Ka\ t6 dSvvaTOv, ov /ULrjv SeiKvvTat t6 
irpoTeOev. Et ydp t6 A /jLtjSevl tw B, ^ Tta Se V iravTt, ov- 
oevt TO) Jt> To 1 . 1 ovTO o aovvaTOv, oocrTe ylrevoog to /uLrjoevt 
virdpyeiv. ""AXX' ovk et tovto ^evSog, t6 iravT\ dXrjOeg. 

^ yap om. A.C. Ct pr. B. ^ V V a7r6(fia(ns C. P tco om. C. 

«1 dfiKPVVTai C. ^ t6 de y A. 



II. 12, 13. nPOTEPI2N B. 159 

^^'Ot€ Se Tivl Tw B vTrap-yeL to A, vTroKeia-Oo) to A fjLrj^evl 
T(p B virap-^eLV, tm Se V iravTl virap-^eTOO. ^ AvayKrj ovv to3 
r jUirjSevl TM B. *^Q(TT ei tovt aSvvaTOv, avayKtj to A tlvI 
Tw B virap-^eiv. ^Eai/ ^' vTroTeOfj tlvI /uLt] virapyeiv, TavT 
e(TTai airep eiri tov irpcoTOv (T^^^fjfjLaTO^. WoKlv v7roKei(TOoo to 
A Tivl T(S B vTrcip-yeLV, T(S Se F jULrjSev). virap-yeToo. ^AvayKrj 
ovv t6 r TLv) Tw B /JLrj virap-^eLV. "* AXXa iravTl VTrrjp-^ev, oocrTe 
'^evSo9 t6 vTTOTeOeV ovSevl apa tw B to A virap^eL. ^^OTe4 
S^ ov TravTl t6 A tw B, vTroKelcrOoi) iravTl V7r(xp-)^eLV, tw Se 
r fjLtjSevi. ^ AvoLyK}] ovv t6 V jULrjSevl tw B virapyeLV. lovto 
S^ aSvvaTOv, (mctt aXrjOh t6 jurj iravTl virapyeLV. ^avepov 
ovv OTL TTCxvTeg 01 (TvXXoyLCTiuLol ylvovTaL S^a tov fxecrov (Tyrj- 
imaTog. 

^^OfjLoioog Se Ka\ Slcl tov ecTy(XTOv. J^elcTOoi) yap t6 A tlvI I3 
Tw B fxrj vir^xpyeLV, t6 Se V iravTL' t6 apa A tlv\ tw Y ov"^ 
vir^xpyeL. Ef ovv tovt aSvvaTOv, y^evSog t6 tlv). firj virap- 
"X^iv, (joctt aXijOh t6 iravTL. ""Eai/ ^' viroTeOrj fxrjSevl vTrap- 
X€iv, crv\\oyL(Tfi69 fxev ecTTai Kal t6 aSvvaTOv, ov SeiKvvTaL 
Se ^TO TrpoTeOeV eav yap t6 evavTLOV vTTOTeOrj, TavT ecTTai 
aTTcp €7rl Twv TTpOTepov. ^AXXa TTjOo? t6 tlv\ virap-yeLv avTrj 
XrjTTTea rj vTToOecTL?. Et yap t6 A fxrjSev\ tw B, ^to ^e F 2 
TLv\ Tw B, t6 A ov iravT^ Tw r. Et ovv TOVTO ^evSo<s, a\rj- 
0e9 To A TLv\ T(p B virapyeLV. ^ ^ Otc ^' ovSev^ tw B virap- 
yeL t6 A, VTTOKeicTOw TLv\ vTTapyeLV, eL\rj(pOw Se Ka\ t6 V 
iravTi Tw B virapyov. Ovkovv avayKrj y tw T tlv\ to A 
VTrapyeLv. ""AXX' ovSev\ virrjpyev, wcTTe yp-evSog tlv\ tw B 
virapyeLv to A. ""Eai/ S^ viroTeOrj iravT^ tw B vTrdpyeiv t63 
A, ov SeiKVVTaL t6 irpoTeOev, aXXa ttjOO? t6 fxrj iravT^ VTrap- 
ycLV avTrj XrjirTea rj viroOecTL^s. Et yap t6 A TravT^ T(S B 
Kai To r ^"^TLv^ Tw B, t6 A vir(xpyeL TLv\ Tw r. Toi/TO ^e 
ovK rjv, wcTTe yj/evSog t6 TravT^ virapyeLV. Ei <5' ovtw9, a\rj- 

s oTi A.B.C. t OTi B, el C. "^ t6 TravTi npoTedev' C. ^ ToJt 

5e r riv\ t6 B. ^ oTi A.B.C. Y t6 y tivI tcoi a A.B. ^ Tti/i] 

navTl A.B. et pr. C. ^ r — A] a — y C. 



i6o ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

6h TO /ULfi TravTi. ""Eaj^ ^' viroTeOrj tiv\ virapyeiv, TavT ecTTai 
a Ka\ e7r\ tS>v Trpoeiprjimevcov. 
4 ^avepov ovv otl ev aTracri T019 Sia tov aSvvaTOv crvWo- 
yi(r/uL0i9 To avTiKei/uLevov virodeTeov. ArjXov Se Kat otl ev tm 
fjLeartp cTyri}j.aTL SeiKvvTai Trcog to KaTacpaTLKov Ka\ ev tw 
earyaTW to KaOoXov. 
I 4 ALacpepeL S^ rj eh to aSvvaTOv airoSeL^Lg r^? SeiKTiKrjg tw 
TLOevaL o ^ovXeTaL avaLpelv, aira^yovaa eh ojULoXoyov/uLevov 
^evSo9' ri Se SeLKTLKrj apyeTaL e^ o/uLoXoyovitievwv Oecrecov 
"aXrjOoov. \aiuL^avovcrL /ulcv ovv a/ULCpoTepaL Svo TrpOTacreLg 
OjULoXoyovjULevag' aXX rj /uLev e^ cov 6 (ruXXcyzcr/xos', ^ Se /uiiav 
fjLev TOVTCov, jULiav Se Ttjv avTLCpacriv tov a-v/ULTrepdcriuLaTog. 
KaJ evOa /ULev ovk avayKtj yvcopLjULov elvaL to crvjUiTrepaa-iuLa, 
ovSe irpoviroXaiiijBaveLv o)? ccttlv ^ ov' evOa Se avdyKrj «9 ovk 

2 ea-TLV. ALaCpepeL S^ ovSev (pda-LV ^ r] aTrocpacrLV elvaL to a-vfx- 
irepaa-iuLa, aXX oiuLoicog eyeL irepl ajULCpoiv. ^'A.irav Se to SeL- 
KTLKC09 irepaLvofJLevov Ka\ Slol tov aSvvdTOV SeLy^Oi^a-eTaL, Ka\ 
TO Slo, tov dSvvdTOV SeLKTLKcos Slol twv avTcov opcov, ^ ovK ev 
TOig avToh Se a")(^iuLacrLv. ^Orai/ jULev ydp 6 crvWoyLa-imog 
ev T(p TrpcoTLp cryriij.aTL yevtjTaL, to aXtjOeg ecrTaL ev tw juLea-w 
rj Tw ea-ycLTCp, to /jev CTTeprjTLKOv ev tlS fxecrLp, to Se KaTrj- 

3 yopLKov ev tw ea-ydTCo. ^'OTav S"* ev tw fjecrop ^ ? o cruXXo- 
yLcriuLog, TO dXijOeg ev Tip irpwTOp e7r\ iravTcov tcov irpo^\rjiJ.a- 
Tcov. ^'OTav S^ ev tw earyaTw 6 crvXXoyLcriuLog, to dXrjOh ev 
T(v TrpcoTW Ka\ Tw iJ.ecrw, Ta fxev KaTacpaTLKa ev tw TrpwTW, 
Ta Se crTeprjTLKa ev tw /uiecrw. ^'EcrTft) ydp SeSeLyiuLcvov t6 A 
luLtjSev\ rj fjLrj iravT^ Tw B S^d tov irpwTOv a-^rjfjaTog. Ovkovv 
rj fxev viroOea-L^ rjv tlv\ tw B virap-^eLV to A, to Se Y eXafj.- 
^avcTO Tw fxev A iravT^ virdpyeiv, tw Se B ovSevl' ovtoo ydp 

4 eylveTO ^o arvWoyia-fJLog Ka\ to dSvvaTOv. Tovto Se to fiecrov 
a")(rjfJLa, el To F Ttt) fxev A iravT^ tw Se B fj.rjSev\ virdpyeL. 
Kal (pavepov €k tovtcov otl ovSev^ tw B vTrdp^^ei to A. 

b dXrjdcop om. B.C. c fj dir6(f)a(riv supra lituram rc. A. ^ ovk — 
axrjjiacriv om. A.B.C. ^ ^J om. B.C. ^ 6 oni. C. 



11. 14. nP0TEPI2N B. i5i 

*^Oyao/ft)? ^e Ka\ ei /uirj TravTl SeSeiKTai ^virapyov. "^H ^ej/ 
*yap VTToOecri^ icrTi Trai/rJ vTrap^eiv, to Se T eXajtxlSaveTO tw 
/iiev A TravTi, tw Se B ov iravTL. KaJ el crTeprjTiKov Xa/J.- 
pdvoiTO To r A, coaravToo^' Ka\ yap ovtco ylveTai to luearov 
o")(rjiuLa. TldXtv SeSei-^^Ooi) tiv). virdpyov tm B to A. '^H /mev 5 
ovv VTToOea-ig jurjSevl virdpyeiv, to Se B eXafJi^aveTO iravT^ tm 
r virdp-yeLv Ka\ to A. rj TravTl rj tlvI tw T' ovtco ydp ea-Tai 
to dSvvaTOv. TovTO Se to ea")(aT0v a^^rjjULa, ei to A Kal to 
B TravTl T(p r. Kal (pavepov eK tovtcov otl dvayKrj to A 
Tivl TM B virdpyeiv. ^OfjLOLcog Se Kal ei tlvI tw V XrjcpOelt] 
VTrap-yov To B ?7 TO A. 

TLaXiv ev T(p iuLea-(p ar-^fxaTL SeSeL-^Oo) to A iravTl tw B 6 
VTrap-^ov. OvKOvv rj /ulcv viroOearLg rjv fJLrj iravTL tw B to A 
virdp-^eLv, e^iXrjTTTaL Se to A TravT). tm T Kal to T rnravTl tm 
B' ovTCt) ydp ecrTai t6 dSvvaTOv. Tovto Se to irpwTOv 
a-y^^/ULa, to A iravTl tw T Ka\ to T iravT\ tw B. ^0/uloico9 
Se Ka\ ei tlv\ SeSeLKTaL virdpyov' r/ juev ydp V7r60ea-L9 rjv /ulij- 
Sev\ T(p B TO A vTrap-^^eiv, e^iXrjTTTaL Se to A TravT^ tw T 
ica\ To T TLv\ T(p B. Ei ^e cTTeprjTLKog 6 crvXXoyLcr/JLog, rj 7 
fjiev viroOea^Lg t6 A tlv\ tw B '^virdp-yeLV, eiXrjirTai Se to A 
firjSev\ T(p T Ka\ t6 T iravT^ to) B, wcTTe ylveraL t6 irpcoTov 
a-yr/fjLa. KaJ el fjt-rj KaOoXov 6 a-vXXoyLcrfJLog, dXXd t6 A tiv\ 
T(p B SeSeLKTaL firj virap-^eLV, coa-avTco<}. ^YiroOecTL^i fxev ydp 
iravT^ T(p B TO A virapyeLV, e^iXrjTrTaL Se t6 A firjSev\ tm T 
Koi t6 T tlv\ T(p B* ovTca yap t6 'jrpcoTOv a-)(rjfjLa. 

TldXLV ev TM TpiTCp CT-^rjfjLaTL SeSeiyOoo t6 A iravT^ Tcp B 8 
virapyeLv. Ovkovv rj fjLev VTroOea-L^ rjv fjLrj jravT^ T(p B to A 
virap^^eiv, e'iXrj7rTaL Se t6 T iravT^ tw B Ka\ t6 A iravT^ tw 
T' ovTCo ydp ecTTai t6 dSvvaTov. Ilovto Se t6 irpcoTOv 
cr-^rjfjLa. *^QaavTC09 Se Ka\ el eiri tlvo<s h aTroSeL^L^' v 1^^^ 
yap v7rdOecrL9 fJLtjSev\ Tcp B to A virdp-^eLV, e^iXrjirTai Se to 
r TLv\ T(p B Ka\ t6 A 7ravT\ T(p T. Tjl Se a-TeptjTiKO^ 6 

B xmapxov ro n. 'H A. ^ vTrdpxcLV om. B.C. 

VOL. I. M 



i62 ANAATTIKHN Anal. Pr. 

(rvWoyicTiuLog, vir6de(Ti<5 /mev to A tiv\ tu) B vTrdp-^eiv, eTXi/- 
TTTaL Se TO T Tfo luev A /ULrjSevi, tw Se B iravTL' tovto Se to 
ixeaov (T-)(t]fJ.a. ^Ojulolcd^ Se Kal ei /uir} KaOoXov ^ aTroSeL^^L^. 
^YiroOecTL^ /ULev yap ecTTaL iravT^ tw B to A VTrdp-yeiv, et- 
XfjTTTaL Se TO r TO) /uiev A jULrjSevL, Tcp Se B tlvl' tovto Se 
TO jULearov ar-^^rjjULa. 
9 ^avepov ovv otl Slci twv avTcov opcov Kal SeLKTiKcog ecTTi 
SeLKvvvai Tcov irpolSXijiULdTcov eKacTTOV ^ Kal Slo. tov aSvvaTOv. 
^^O/uLOLCog S^ ecTTaL Ka) SeLKTLKwv ovTcov Tcov orvWoyLo-juLcov e/V 
aSvvaTOv airdyeLv ev tol9 eiXtjjULimevOL^ opoL9, oTav rj avTLKCL- 
lULcvi] irpoTacTL^ tS> crv/ULTrepacriuLaTL XrjcjyOr]. YivovTaL ydp ol 
avTo\ cTvXXoyLcriJLo). Toh Slu t^? dvTL(TTpo(prj<i, wcTT evOv^ 
e^o/uLev Ka) Ta cTyjiiJiaTa Sl wv eKacTTOv ecTTUL. ArjXov ovv 
OTL irdv 7rp6/3Xr]iuLa SciKvvTaL KaT diucpoTepov^ Tovg TjOoVoit, 
Slu Te Tov dSvvaTOv kcu Sclktlkw^, kul ovk evSe-^eTcxL \copL- 
XecTOaL Tov eTepov. 
15 ^Ei/ TTo/o) Se (TyrjiJLaTL ccttlv e^ dvTiKeLjjievcov ^ TrpOTcxcTecov 
(TvXXoyLCTao-OaL Ka\ ev irolcf) ovk ccttlv, coS^ ecTTUL (pavepov. 
Aeyco S^ dvTLKeLfjLeva^ eivaL TrpOTaareL? KaTa luev Trjv Xe^iv 
TCTTapag, olov ^ to TravT^ tw ovSevl, Ka\ to iravTL tw ov 
iravTL, Ka\ to tlv\ t<5 ovSevi, Ka\ to tiv\ tco ov tlvl, kut 
dXrjOeiav Se Tpelg' to ydp tlv\ tw ov tlv\ Ka^d Tr]v Xe^Lv 
dvTiKeiTai juLovov. Tovtcov S^ evavTiag '"/xei/ Td^ KaOoXov, to 
iravT^ " TO) iuLr]Sev\ virapyeLv, ofov to irdcTav eirL(TTr]fXi]v eJvai 
cTTTOvSalav tw iuLt]Se/JLiav elvaL cTTrovSaiav, Td^ <^' dXXa^ dvTL- 
KeifJLeva^. 
2 ^lEiv fJLev ovv TM TTpcoTcp ar-)(f]fiaTL ovK ecTTiv e^ dvTiKeifievwv 
irpoTacTeoyv cTvXXoyLO-fJL^g, ovTe KaTaCpaTLKog ovTe dirocpaTL- 
KOi, KUTacpaTLKog fiev otl dfjLCpOTepa? Sei KaTacpaTLKd^ eivai 
Tag 7rpoTda-eL9, al S^ dvTtKeifievai (pda-i9 Ka\ dir6(pa(Ti9, (TTe- 
pr^TLKO^ Se OTL al fxev dvTLKelfxevai to avTO tov avTOv KaTrj- 
yopovcTL Koi dirapvovvTaL, to S" ev tw TrpcoTcp fxea-ov ov Xe- 

i Koi dia Tov dBvvdrov Om. A.C. ^ (rvWoyicracrOai Trporaa-fcoj/ C. 

1 ro] TQ)i B quater. "™ fiev X/yo/xei/ Tcis A. ^ T(at B. 



II. 15- nP0TEPI2N B. 163 

yerai KaT aiuL(j>oiv\, aXX' eKeivov imev aXXo airapvelTai, ^avTO 
Se aWov KaTtjyopeiTar avTai S^ ovk avTiKeivTai, 

""Ei/ Se Tw jULearw a")^t]iuLaTi Kal ck tcov avTiKeijULevcov Ka\ eK 3 
Tcov evavTLCOv evSe-^eTat yivecrOat a-vWoyta-jULov. ""EcrTft) yap 
ayaOov julcv ed) ov A, eiriarTrjiJLr} ce €(p^ ov B ^ Kal Y. Et o^ 
Trda-av eirtarTi^iULtjv a-7rovSaiav eXa/Se Ka\ juLrjSejULiav, to A tw 

iravTt virap-^et Kat tw 1 ovoevt, coa-Te to jd tw 1 ovdevt' 
ovSejULta apa eiriOTrjfxri eirta-TrjiuLri ea-Ttv. ^OjuLotcog Se Kal et 
"Trda-av \a/3cov airovSatav Trjv laTptKrjv jULrj a-irovSatav eXa^e' 
Tft) jULev yap B TravTl ^to A, tw Se Y ovSevt, coa-Te rj t/S" e^Trt- 
a-Trjiiri ovK ea-Tai eirtarTrjfjLri. Kat ei tw julcv V iravT^ to A, 4 
Tft) ce x> jULrjdevt, ea-Tt ce to /ulcv sd eirta-TrjiJLrj, to ce 1 laTptKtj, 
TO Se A v7r6Xriy^t9' ovSeiiiav yap eTr iarT^iJLr]v v7r6Xr]y^tv Xa/Bcov 
e^iXrjipe Ttva eTriarTrjiirjv eTvat VTToXr^y^tv. Ata(pepet Se tov 7ra~ 
Xat TM eTTf Tcov opcov dvTia-Tpecpea-Oat' Trp^Tepov fiev yap 
irpo^ tS> B, vvv Se 7rpo9 tm Y to KaTacpaTtK^v» Kaf av j 
^ Se iJLt] Ka06Xov r] cTepa 7rpoTaa-t9, coa-avTCO^' ael yap to 
fiea^ov ea-T\v o d^ro OaTepov iiev aTTocpaTtKcog XeyeTat, KaTa 
OaTepov Se KaTacpaTtKco<s. ""'Qa-T evSe-^eTat ^TdvTtKetiieva 7re-5 
patveaOai, TrXrjv ovk del ovSe iravTcog, dXX* edv ovtco9 e-^rj tu 
V7ro To iiea-ov coo^t rj ^TavTa etvai " rj oAov Trpog ixepog. AA- 
Xw9 S^ dSvvaTOV ov ydp ea^ovTat ovSaixco^ al 7rpoTaa-ei9 ovt 
evavTtai ovt dvTtKeiixevat. 

""Ei/ ^e T(p TptTcp (TyriiKaTt KaTa(paTiK09 iJ-ev a-vXXoyia-iJLo? 6 
ovSe7roT eaTai e^ dvTtKet^jLevcov 7rpoTaaecov Std Trjv eiprjiJLevrjv 
aiTtav KOi e7r\ tov 7rpcoTOV a-^rjiJLaTO^, d7ro(paTtK09 S^ eaTat^ 
Kal KaOoXov Ka). iJLrj Ka06Xov tcov opcov ovtcov. *'lSiaTco ydp 
€7rtaTi]iir] ecp' ov to B Ka\ P, laTptKrj o ecp^ ov A. Et ovv 
Xa/Boi Trdaav taTptKrjv e^rtaTrjiirjv koi iJLrjSeiilav laTptKrjv €7rt- 
aTr]ijLr]v, TO B 7ravT\ tm A e^iXrjcpe Ka) "^ to Y ovSevt, coaT 
eaTat ti9 €7rtaT^jULr] ovk e^riaTrjiJLr]. ^OiJLoico^ Se Ka\ dv iirj^ 

o avTo] To avTo B. P Ka\ om. C. q ro a] rw A. ^ alterum 
fic om. C. ** Ta dvTiKeifi(va C. * ravra B. ^ fj t6 fjLev oXov t6 

be fi(pos C, ^' Ta>i y B. 

M 2 



i64 ANAATTIKIIN Anal. Pr. 

KcxOoXov \r)(pOrj ^ ^A B TrpoTacrig' el ydp earTi tl9 laTpiKtj 
eiTKTTrjixr] Ka\ iraXiv nirjSeiuLia laTpiKrj exzorrv/x»/, <TViUL/3aiv€i 
€in(TTr]iJLriv TLva fxrj eivai eiriCTTrjiJirjv. EfVf Se KaOoXov jjiev 
Twv opcov XajUL^avojULevwv evavTiai al TrpoTacreig, eav S^ iv 
/uiepei oLTcpog, avTiKeLiuLevai. 

8 AeF <^e KaTavoeiv oti evSe^^^eTai jULev ovtw to, avTiKeijuLeva 
XajUL/Saveiv, oocnrep eiirofJLev iraarav eTna-Ti^iuLrjv cnrovSaiav eivai 
Ka\ iraXLV /uLrjSejULiav, rj Tiva jULrj onrovSaLav oirep ovk eiwOe 
XavOdveiv. *'E(TTf ^e Sl aXXwv epayTrjjULdTcov a-vXXoyia-aa-Oai 

oOaTcpov, rj ft)9 y ev ToTriKOLg eXe-^Orj XafBeiv. ^ETrel <^e twv 
KaTaipdcrecov al avTi0ea-eL9 Tpeig, e^a^w? crvjULJSaLvei ^ tolvtl- 
KeljuLeva Xa/mpaveLv, rj iravTl Ka\ /ULrjSev^, rj iravT^ Ka\ juljj iravTL, 
37 Tiv\ Ka\ fXrjSevL, Ka\ tovto avTLcrTpe^aL eir\ tcov opcov, oiov 
TO A TravT^ T<w B, Tw Se Y juLrjSevl, rj tw V TravTi, tw Se B 
jULrjSevL, rj tw jULev iravTL, tw Se /uLrj iravTL, Ka\ irdXLV ^tovto 
avTLCTTpe^aL KaTO, Tovg opovg. "^O/xo/ft)? <^e Ka\ eiTL tov Tpl- 
Tov a")(rjixaTO<s. ^'QarTe (pavepov 6a-ayw<s Te Ka\ ev ttoloi? o^X^' 
juLacTiv evSex^TaL Sia twv avTLKeiiuLevwv irpoTaarewv yevea-Oai 
orvXXoyLa-juLov. 

10 ^avepov Se Ka\ otl e/c "^^revSwv iulcv ecTTiv aXrjOh a-vXXoyl- 
cracrOaL, KaOdwep eiprjTaL irpoTepov, e/c ^e twj/ avTiKeiiuLevwv 
ovK earTiV ae\ yap "evavTLO^ 6 cTvXXoyia-iuLos ylveraL tw 
TrpdyiuLaTi, otov el ea^TLV ayaOov, lULtj eivai ayaOov, rj ei ^wov, 
juLrj ^wov, Slcl t6 e^ avTL(pdcTew<s eivaL t6v cTvXXoyLcriuL^v Ka\ 
T0V9 VTroKeLjULevov^ opov? rj tov9 avTOv? eivaL ij t6v iulcv oXov 

1 1 t6v Se jULepo^. ArjXov Se Ka\ otl ev Toh TrapaXoyicrixoi? ovSev 
KCoXvei yivearOai Ttjg vTroOecrewg avTLCpaa-LV, oiov ei co-tl irepiT- 
Tov, iirj elvaL irepLTTOv. ^Eic yap twv avTLKeiixevwv TrpoTaaeoyv 
evavTLog ^v 6 crvXXoyLa-ixdg' eav ovv Xa^rj TOLavTag, ecrraL Tfjg 
viroOecrew^i avTLCpaa-L^. Aei Se KaTavoeiv otl ovtw ixev ovk ecmv 
evavTia ^ crvixTrepdvacTOaL e^ ei/09 avXXoyia-ixov, wctt elvai t6 
arvixirepacrixa t6 ixrj 6v aya06v aya06v tj aXXo tl tolovtov^ 

^ ^ a C. y fV Tois roTfiKols B.C. ^ ra avriKeiixeva C. ^ toitov B. 
^ o (vavTios C. ^ avfxnfpaivca-Bat C. 



II. i6. nPOTEPiiN B. ^6^ 

eav lUL^ €v0v9 rj TrpoTacn^ Toiavrt] Xt](pOrj, olov irav ^cSoi/ Xei;- 
Kov eivai Ka\ jjLt] XevKov, tov S^ avOpooirov Xl^ov. ^AXX' "J12 
TTpoarXalSecv Sel Ttjv avTicpaGriv, oiov otl iraara eiricrT^iuir] viro- 
Xiy'v|/-f9 ^ Ka\ ov-^ vTToXfjy^is, eLTa Xa/Beiv oti ri laTpiKrj eirL" 
(TTi^luLrj jULev eoTTLV, ovSejULia S^ v7r6\jj^L9, wcTrep ol eXey^^oi 
ylvovTai, ^ eK Svo crvWoyLajULciyv. ^'QcTTe S^ etvaL evavTia 
^ KaT oXriOeLav tol eiXrjfjLixeva, ovk ea-TLV aWov Tpoirov rj tov- 
TOVf KaOairep eiprjTaL irpoTepov. 

T6 S^ ev cipy^rj aLTelcrOaL Ka\ XaiuLJSdveiv ecTTL jULev, cog ei/ I O 
yeveL XajSeiv, ev tw lULrj airoSeLKvvvaL to TrpoKeliuLevov, tovto 
S' eirLcrvfj.^aLveL TroWa-^^wg' Kal yap ei oXm fJLrj o-vXXoyl^eTaL, 
Kal ei Sl' ay vcocTTOTepoov rj 6iuloico<} ayvcocTTcov, Ka\ el Slol tcov 
va-Tepoov to irpoTepov rj yap cnroSeLt^L^ e/c TricrTOTepcov ^re 
Ka\ irpoTepcov earTLv. Tovtcov julcv ovv ovSev ecrTL to aiTeia-Oai 
t6 e^ 0Lp-)(yJ9' aXX' eTref tcl iulcv Sl avTcov irecpvKe yvcopil^ea-OaL 
ra ^e Si'' aXXcov (al fxev yap ap-)(^al Sl avTcov, tol S' viro Tag 
ap-^^ag Sl^ aXXcov), OTav ^t6 iJ.rj Sl avTOv yvcoa-T^v Sl'' avTOv 
TLg eirLyeLprj SeiKvvvaL, tot aLTeiTaL to e^ ^PX^^' Tovto S^ 2 
ecTTL fxev ovTco iroLelv warT ev0v9 a^icocraL to irpOKeliMevov, ev- 
Se-^er-aL Se Ka\ lULeTa/SavTa^ eif aXXa aTTa tcov TrecpvKOTCOv 
Sl^ ^cKelvov SeLKvvcrOaL Slol tovtcov ctTroSeLKvvvaL to e^ ap-^9, 
oiov el t6 A ^ Sclkvvolto Slol tov B, to ^e B S^a tov l, to 
Se T Trec^u/co? e'irj SeiKvva-OaL Slol tov A* cvim/BaLveL yap avTo 
Sl avTOv t6 A SeLKvvvai tov^ ovtco crvXXoyL(^oiJ.evov<s. * Oirep 
TroiovarLV ol ra? irapaXXjiXovg olofJievoL ypacpeiv XavOavova-i 
yap avTo\ eavTovg ToiavTa Xafx^avovTeg, a ov^ oiov re aTro- 
Sei^ai fJLrj ovccov tcov TrapaXXi^Xcov. ^'Qa-Te arvfi^aLveL T019 
ovTco avXXoyLl^ojULevoL^ eKaarTOV etvaL XeyeLV, el eaTLV cKa- 
CTTOV ovTco S^ airav ecTTaL SC avTOv yvcocTOv' oirep aSv- 
vaTOv. 

Ef ovv TL9 aSi^Xov 6vT09 OTL To A virapyeL tS T, ofJLoico^ 3 

d ^ om. C. ^ Koi ovx vnoXrjyjm om. B. ^ to. elXrjHfitPa Kar 

akr]0€iav C. S re om. A. h f^^ ro A.B.C. » €Kciv(OP A.B. 

^ deiKPVOi t6 C. 

M 3 



i66 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pk. 

^e Kal OTi Tw B, aiTOiTO rw B virapyeiv to A, oottco SrjXoi/ 
et t6 ev up-)(ri aiTeiTai, akX oti ovk aTroSeiKvvcri, SrjXov ov 
yap ap^ cnroSeL^ecog to o/uloIco^ aSt]\ov. Et /jievToi t6 B 
Trpo? t6 r ovToyg e^e: wcTe TavT^v eivai, ^rj SrjXov oti avTi~ 
(TTp€<pov(Tiv, 37 V7rap-)(ei OaTcpov OaTepw, t6 ev cip-^rj aiTeiTai, 
Ka^ yap av, otl tw B to A virap-^et, Sl eKelvcov SeLKvvoi, ec 

4 avTicrTp€<pOL. 'Nvv Se tovto kcoXvcl, a\X ov-^ 6 Tp6iro<i. Ei 

Se TOVTO "^ TTOLOL, TO eiprjJUL€VOV dv " TTOLOl Kai aVTL(TTp€(pOL ft)? 

Slol TpLcov. ^Qa-avTwg Se kolv ei ro B tw F Xa/uL^avoL virap- 
^efj/, o/uLolco^ ° aSrjXov ov Ka\ ei t6 A, ovttco t6 e^ ctp-^^g ^ai- 
TCLTaL, ctXX' ovK aTToSeLKvvcrLV. ^Eai/ <^e TavT^v rj t6 A. kol 
B rj ^Tw avTL(TTpe(peiv rj tc5 eTre^TOai tco B to A, to e^ 
ap-)(^9 aiTeLTaL Slgl ttjv avTrjv aiTLaV t6 yap e^ ^LpX^^ '^^ 
SvvaTttL, eipriTaL rj/xlv, otl t6 Sl avTOv SeLKvvvai t6 /ultj Si* 
avTov SfjXov. 

5 Et ovv ccttI t6 ev apxji aiTelcrOaL t6 Sl avTOv SeiKvvvat 

t6 /ULrj Sl' aVTOV Srj\0V, TOVTO S^ eCTTi t6 JULrj SeiKvvvaL, OTav 

6/ULOIC09 a,S^\cov ovTcov ^ Tov SeLKvv/jLevov Kai St' ov ^ SeiKvvTaL rj 
T(p TavTa T(p * avT(p rj ^ tw TavTOv TO19 avToh virapyeLV, ev 
/JLev T(p fJiecTcp (TxrjfxaTL ^ Kcu TpLTLp ctfxcpoTepco^ dv evSexoLTO 
t6 ev oLpx^ atTelcTOaL, ev Se KaTrjyopLKLp avWoyLcr/ULip ev ^ Te 

()T(p TpLTCp KOL T(p irpoOTCp. ^'OTaV S^ OLTr O^aT LKOO^ , OTav Ta 

avra a7r6 tov avTOv, y Kal oiJ^ 6/ulolco9 a/uLCpoTepaL al irpoTa- 
crei^, co(TavTC09 Se Ka\ ev tm jj.ecrcp Slol t6 /ULtj avTLCTTpecpeLV 
T0v<5 opov9 KaTa tov^ airo(paTLKOv<s crvWoyicr/jLOvg. ^'EcrTi ^e 
t6 €v opxrj aiTeicrOaL ev /lev Tal<s airoSei^ecTL tcl KaT aXi;- 
OeLav OVTC09 €)(0VTa, ev Se T019 Sia\€KTLKoh to. KaTa So^av. 
7 To ^e /uLtj irapa tovto a-vjUL^aiveiv t6 y^evSo9, 6 iroWaKL^ 
ev Toig \6yoL^ eLcoOa/uLev \eyeLv, irpooTOv /j.€v €cttlv ev to2<s eh 
t6 aSvvaTOv crvWoyLCT/ULoh, oTav irpo^ avTi(pa(TLV J tovtov o 



^ f)'] 61 corr. A.C. ™ Troifl C. " noiri Koi dvTi(rTp€(f)r) C. ^ 8r]\ov B. 
P aireirat om. B. Q tw dz/r.] t6 dvT. C. ^ tov re beiKvv^evov C. 

s delKvva-iv B.C. * ai/Ta Xap^dvciv ^ A.C. ^' raJ om. C. ^' /cat 

Tco TpiToi C. X Tf om. B. y Ka\ om. C. 



II. 17. nPOTEPfZN B. 167 

eSeiKvvTO rfi etg to aSvvaTov. Out6 ^ yap fJLr] ^ avTL(prj(Ta9 
epei TO ov Trapa tovto, aXX' otl ylrevSog tl eTeOrj toov irpo- 
Tcpov, ovT iv Ttj SeiKvvovcryi' ov yap TLOi](ri "ttjv avTL<pacrLV. 
^'EiTi S^ OTav avaLpeO^ tl SeLKTLKoog S^a tcov A B i, ovk errTLv 2 
elireLV o)? ov irapa to KeLjuevov yeyevriTaL o crvWoyLcrii/.og. 
To yap jULr] irapa tovto ylvea-OaL TOTe XeyojuLev, OTav avai- 
peOevTog tovtov imrjSev ijttov irepaivriTaL 6 crvWoyLcriuLogy 
oTTep ovK ecTTiv ev T019 SeLKTLKoi9' avaLpeOeL<Tri<s yap r^? Oe- 
(Tem ovS^ 6 irpog TQVTriv ecTTaL crvWoyLaiuLog. ^avepov ovv 
OTi ev T019 eig t6 ciSvvaTOv XeyeTUL to fjLri irapa tovto, Kal 
oTav ovTO)£ e^r] irpog to aSvvaTOv rj e^ ^px^^ VTroOecrig, wcrTe 
Ka\ ovarr]g Kal fJLr] ovcrrjg TavTr]<s ovSev r]TTOV (TViULlBaLveiv TO 
aSvvaTOv. 

*0 fxev ovv (pavepdoTaTog Tp6iro<s eVri tov lULrj irapa Tr]v ,^ 
Oecriv elvaL t6 \|/"eu(^o9, OTav air6 Ttjg viroOecreia aarvvairTO^s ^ 
airo Twv fjLecroov irpog t6 aSvvaTov 6 crvWoyL^TfJLog, oirep et- 
prjTai Ka\ ^ev ToTrf/cof?. To yap ^ to avatTiov cos a'iTiov 
TLOevaL TovTO ecTTLV, otov el ^ov\6,aevo9 Sel^aL otl aarvfJLfie- 
Tpo<s r] SLafxeTp09, eirLyeLpolr] t6v 7irjV(jovo9 \6yov ^ ScLKvvvaL, 
ft)? ovK e(TTL KiveiarOai, Ka\ els tovto airayoi to aSvvaTOV 
ovSafiws yap ovSafirj a-vveye^S ea-Ti t6 ^evSos Trj (pacrcL Trj 
e^ apx/j^' ^'AXXo? ^e Tp6iro<s, el crvvexe^ fJLev e'[r] t6 aSvvaTOV 
T^ viroOea-ei, fxr] fjLevTOL Sl^ eKelvrjv crvfjL/SaLVOL. Tovto yap4 
eyxcopei yevea-OaL kol eirl to avco Ka\ eirl t6 KaTco Xa/>t/3a- 
vovTi t6 (Tfi^e^es', olov el to A tco 13 KeLTaL virapxpv, t6 Se 
B Tcp V, t6 Se V Tcp A, TOVTO S' e^lr] y^revSo^, t6 to B to) A 
virapyeLV. Ei yap a(paLpeOevT09 tov A fxr^Sev i^ttov VTrcxpxpi 
To B Tcp r Kai TO r Tcp A, ovK OLV e^lr] t6 yjrevSog Slcl Tr]v e^ 
apxn^ vir60e(TLV. ^^H ira\Lv et tls eirl to avco \afi^avoL t6 
crvveye^S-) olov el to fJLev A tw B, tw oe A to E Kal Tcp E 
t6 Z, y^evSog S^ elr] t6 virapx^LV Tcp A t6 Zi' Ka} yap ovtw^ 

z yap 6 fiff A. ^ dvTi<j)ria-a9 COTT. B. ^ Tf)v di/ri0ao-ii/] 6 dvTi- 

<f)Tj(T<av A, o dvTi(f)r]aiv B. et corr. A. c fV toIs tottikoU B. d j^^ 

allerum om. B. ^ deiKvvvai om. B.C. 

M 4 



i68 ANAATTIKfiN Anal. Pk. 

ovScv av ^TTOV eltj t6 aSvvaTOv avaipeOeLcrrig Tt]9 e^ up^^^rjg 

5 vTToOeoreoo^. ^AXXa oei irpo^ tov^ e^ «/0^^9 opov^ crvvaTTTeiv 
TO aSvvaTOv' ovtco yap ecrTai Sia Trjv VTToOecriv, oiov eirl yuej/ 
^TO KOLTCo Xa/uLpavovTL TO (rvveye^ irpog tov KaTrjyopovfxevov 
Twv opccV el yap aSvvaTOv to A tw A vTrap-^eiv, acpaipe- 
OevTO^ Tov A ovKCTi ecTTai To "YevSo^. ^ETTf Se t6 avco, KaO^ 
oS KaTrjyopeiTai' el yap tw B /mr] ey^Mpel t6 Z virdp-^^eLv, 
a(paipe0evTO9 tov B ovkctl ecTTaL t6 aSvvaTOv. "^O/xo/o)? Se 
Ka\ (TTeprjTiKwv tcov o-vWoyLcriuiwv ovtwv. 

6 ^avep6v ovv otl tov aSvvaTOV jjirj 7rp69 tov9 e^ ^PX*^^ 
^ opovg OVT09 ov irapa ttjv Oecnv ^^ crv/uLf3aivei t6 "^evSo^. ^H 
ovd ovTO)? aeL cia Trjv virouecTLV ecTTaL to ■v|/eL'oo9. ]\.aL yap 
ei fJLrj TW B aWa tm K CTeOrj t6 A virdpyeLV, t6 Se K tw 
r Ka\ * TOVTO Tft) A, Ka\ ovToo fxeveL t6 aSvvaTOV o/uLoloog Se 
Ka\ eTTf To avco XajuL/SdvovTL tov? opovg, coo-t eVeJ Ka\ 6vto9 
Ka\ /JLrj ovTO? ^ TOVTOv ^ CTv/UL/SalveL TO aSvvaTov, ovK dv elrj 

lirapa Trjv OecTLV. ^Jrl t6 /xrj ovto^ tovtov /xrjSev rjTTOV yive- 
crOaL t6 \\revSo9 ov^ ovtco XrjirTeov coarT aWov TLOe/ievov 
crvjUL^aiveLV t6 aSvvaTOv, aXX' oTav dcpaipeOevTog tovtov Slol 
Tcov XoLTTCov irpoTdcTeuiv TauTO irepalvrjTaL dSvvaTOV, eire\ 
TavTO ye '>\revSo<s crv/xpalveLv Sid TrXeiovcov viroOececov ovSev 
'/cro)? aTOirov, oiov Ta^ '" xajOaXX^yXof^ crv/JLirlirTeLV Kai el 
/jLei^cov ecTTiv rj evT6<s t?j<s €kto9 Ka\ ei to Tplycovov " e-^^ei 
irXelov^ opOdg Sveiv. 
1 8 "^ O ^e yl^evSrjs Xoyo^ yiveTaL irapd t6 ° irpcoTOv y^/evSo^. 
^^H ydp €K Tcov Svo TrpoTacrecov rj ck TrXeLOvcov ird^ P ecT^ 
o-vXXoyLcr/uLog. Ei /ulcv ovv ck tcov Svo, tovtcov dvayKtj Ttjv 
erepav rj Ka\ d/icpoTepa^ eivaL >\revSei9' e^ dXrjOcov ydp ovk 
rjv yjrevSrjg <TvXXo'yf(7/>to9. E/ S^ ck irXeLOvcov, ofov to /xev Y 
Sid Tcov A B, TavTa ^^Se S^d tcov A E Z H, tovtcov tl ecrrai 
Tcov cTrdvco y\r€vSo9, kol irapd tovto 6 Xoyog' t6 ydp A Ka\ 

f Toii KaTO) B. K opovs om. pr. C. ^ \a/i/3ai/et A. ^ Tovrai B. 
k TOVTO pr. C. ^ (Tvji^aivoi B. ^ TrapdXXrjXovs corr. (in ovs) A. 

" (X^i A.B. " npwTop om. B. P eoTTai C. 4 6t om. B.C. 



II. i8— 20. nPOTEPIlN B. 169 

B Si' eK6LV(jdv ^irepaivovTai. ^'Qcrre Trap* eKelvoov rt crvjULlSalvei 
t6 crvjUTrepacriuLa Kal t6 "^evSo^?. 

TIpo? Se t6 /uLf] KaTaa-vWoyl^^ea-Oai TrapaTf^prjTeov, oTav I 9 
avev T(€v (Tv/uL7repa(r/uLdTcov epooTa t6v Xoyov, o7rft)9 /x^ SoOrj 
S]g TavT^v ev Tai9 irpoTacrecTLV, eireiSriirep '{(TjULev otl avev 
fjLecrov (TfXXo^yfCTyUO? ov •y/i/eraf, /ixecrov S^ e<TT\ t6 7r\eovaKL9 
XeyofJLevov. ^l}? Se Sel irp^g eKacTTOv arvixirepacriJia Trjpeiv to 
jULecrov, (pavep6v eV tov eiSevai irolov ev eKacrT(p CTyr]iJ.aTL Sel- 
KvvTai. TouTO S^ ^iuLci^ ov \r]cr€TaL Slgl t6 eiSevaL ircog vire-^o- 
fxev Tov \6yov. 

^ph S^ OTrep (pv\aTTea-OaL TrapayyeWojULev aTroKpLvofJLe-z 
V0V9, avTovg eTTL^^eLpovvTa^s ireLpaarOai \avOaveLV. Touro S^ 
ecTTaL irpooTOv, eav tu crvjULTrepdcriuLaTa jur] ^ Trpoa-vWoyi^cov- 
TaL (iXX' ei\r]iuLiuL€vcov tcov avayKalcov aSr]\a ^, eTi Se dv /ULrj 
Ta arvveyyv^ epcoTa, aXX' otl iJ.a\LcrTa ^ra yueVa. Olov 
ecTTCo Seov (TVjULTrepalvecrOaL t6 A KaTa tov Zi' jueora B F A E. 
Aei ovv epcoTCLv el t6 A tw B, Kal irdXLV jULrj ei to B tm F, 
aXX' el To A T(p E, KOLireLTa el t6 B tw F, Ka\ ovtco tcl 
XofTra. KdV Sl^ ei/o? jULecrov ylvr^TaL 6 a-vWoyLcrjuiog, aTro tov 
/ULecrov dp-^earOaL' iuLa\La-Ta yap dv ovtco \avOdvoL t6v diro- 
Kpivo/mevov, 

""ETref S^ e-^ofiev iroTe Ka\ ircog eyovTWv tcov opcov yiveTaL 2,0 
arvWoyLa-iuLo^, (pavepov Ka\ ttot ecrTai Ka\ ttot ovk ea-TaL 
eXe^y^o?. TlavTcov julcv yap a-vy^copov/uLcvcov, 17 eVaXXa^ tlO^- 
/uLevcov Tcov diroKpla-ecov, oiov Trjg /uLev dirocpaTLKrjg Trjg Se "^Ka- 
TacpaTiKrjg, ey-^^copel ylvearOaL e\ey)(ov. ^Hj/ ydp crvWoyi- 
cr/uLos Ka\ ovTco Ka\ €Keivco9 eyovTWv tcov opcov, coctt ei t6 Kei- 
/uLevov § evavTLOv tw crv/jL7repacr/iaTL, dvayKr] yivecrOaL €\ey- 
■^ov yap eXe*y^o? dvTLCpaarecog crvWoyLcr/uLog. Et ^e /ULrj- 2 
Sev (TvyycopOLTO, dSvvaTOv yLvecrOaL 6\eyyov' ov ydp rjv 
arvWoyicriuLog iravTOOv tcov opcov a-TeprjTiKoov ovtcov, ooarT ovS^ 



r nepaivfrai C. ^ npo(Tavk\oyi(«i>PTai B. * ra fJita-a'] apLcaa COrr. C. 
^ Karqyopii^s B.C. 



I70 ANAATTIKON Anal. Tr. 

eXe^^o?* €1 /mev yap eXey^^og, ai/ayKrj (rv\\oyi(rjuiov elvai^ 
(TvWoyKriULOv S^ oin-09 ovk avayKtj e^ey^ov. ^QcravTO)^ Se 
Kal ei /uLfiSev TeOelf] Kara Trjv airoKpiCTLV ev o^cp' 6 yap avTO^ 
ecTTai Siopi(r/UL09 e\ey^ov Kal G-vWoyKr/uLov. 
2 I ^vjUilSaLvei S^ evloTe, KaQairep ev Tfj Oecrei twv opcoy aira- 
TU>luLe6a, Kal KaTa Trjv vir6\r}y^LV ylvecrOaL Trjv aTraTrjv, olov 
€1 evoe-^eTai to avTO irKeLOCTL ^^ TTpcoTCO^ virapyeLV, KaL to juiev 
\e\rjOevai TLva Ka) o^lecrOaL /uLrjSevl virapyeLV, to Se elSevai. 
^'Eo-Tft) ^yap To A T(p B Kal rc? F KaO^ avTo, vir(xpyov, Ka\ 
TavTa iravTL tm A wcravTCi)^. Et Srj tm /uLev B to A TravTi 
ofeTaL virap-)(eLV, Ka\ tovto tw ^ A, ^tw Se T to A /uLrjSevi, 
Kal TOVTO T(p A iravTL, Tov avTOv ^ KaTOL TavTOv e^eL eTTi- 

2 CTTriiJLrjv Ka\ ayvoLav. TLoXlv e'i tl9 airaTrjOelrj irep\ to, ck 
TrJ9 avTrjg crvcrTOLyla^, olov el to A virap-^eL tm B, tovto Se 
Tw r Ka\ TO r TO) A, viro\a/uL^(xvoL Se to A iravT^ T(jp B 
virdp-^eLV Ka\ it^xKlv iuLrjSev\ tw F* aV« yvip eicreTaL Te Ka\ 
ou^ viro^fi^^eraL virap^^eLv. ^Ajo' ovv ovSev aWo a^LOL ck 
TOVTCov rj o eirlcTTaTaL, tovto fJLrj viro\ajuL(3aveiv ', iiricTTaTaL 
yap TTO)? OTL To A TO) F viTap-^eL om TOiJ 13, w? Trj Ka06\ov 
TO KaTa /uiepo^, (hcTTe o tto)? eirlcTTaTaL, tovto 6\(ji)<^ ol^lol /uirj 

^ viro\a/UL/3aveLV' oirep aSvvaTOv. ^EttJ ^e tov irp^Tepov Xe- 
)(6€VT09, ei /ULrj €K T^9 avTrjg ava-T0i)(La9 to /Jiecrov, KaO^ €K(xt€- 
pov /uiev Twv /uiecroov a/ui(poT€pa^ Ta9 irpoTacreL^ ovk eyyoopel 
viro\a/ui/3av€Lv, olov to A tm /mev B iravTL, tw ^e T /uirjSevl, 
TavTa S^ a/uL(p6Tepa iravT\ T(a A. ^v/uL/Salvei yap tj dir\w9 rj 

4 eiri Ti evavTiav \a/uLl3av€(r0aL Trjv irpooTrjv irp^Tacriv. Et yap 
6^ TO B virap-^ei, iravT^ to A viro\a/uL/3avei virapyeLV, to Se 
B TO) A oiSe, Ka\ otl tw A to A oiSev. ^Qctt ei ira\iv, (o 
TO " 1 , /ULrjdevL oieTaL to A virap^eLV, (v to 13 tlvl virapyei, 
TOVTcp ovK oleTaL To A virap^^eLv. lo Se iravT\ oi6/ul€vov (o 
To B, ira\iv Tiv\ /mrj o^ecrOai (6 to B, ;/ (xir\w9 rj eiri tl evav- 



^' rrpwroiy A.B.C. ^ yiip oni. A.C. Y A] S navTi C. 

navrl om. C. ^ kqt avrov B. ^ y navTl jirjdfvl C. 



II. 21. nPOTEPllN B. 171 

TLOv €(TTiv. OvTOO fJLev ovv ovK cv^eyeTaL vTToXajSeiv, KaO^ 
eKOLTepov Se Trjv /iilav t] ^ KaTOL OoLTepov ajUiCpOTepa^ ovSev 
KociXveL, oiov t6 A iravTl tw B kol t6 B tm A, Ka\ iraXLv 
t6 A iuLr]Sevl Tft) r. ^OjuLola yap rj TOLavTtj airaTri Ka\ «9 5 
airaTwiJLeOa Trep\ ^ tcl ev /uiepei, olov ei ® tw B 7ravT\ t6 A 
virap-^eL, t6 Se B tw Y iravTL, t6 A iravTL tw Y VTrap^ei. 
lEiL ovv TL9 otSev OTL t6 A, w ^to B, v7rdp-)(eL TravTL, oiSe Ka\ 
OTL Tco r. ""AXX' ovShv KCoXveL ayvoeiv t6 Y otl ccttlv, olov 
€1 t6 lULev A Svo opOal, t6 S^ e(p^ w B Tplycovov, t6 S^ e^' 
^60 r aia-OrjT^v TpLycovov. ^YiroXalSoi yap av tl9 /uLrj eivai^ 
TO I , eioco^s OTL irav TpLycovov ep^ei cvo opuag, cocru a/uLa cl- 
creTaL Ka\ ayvo^creL TavTOv. To yap eiSevaL irav Tplycovov 
OTi Svo 6p0al<s ovy^ aTrXovv eaTLV, aWa t6 fxev "to) Trjv Ka- 
OoXov eyeLV eirLa-TrjiJiriv, t6 Se Trjv KaO^ eKacTTOV. Ovtco jUiev 
ovv ft)9 Trj KaOoXov olSe t6 T otl Svo opOal, C09 Se Trj KaO^ 
eKacTTOV ovK olSev, wcrT ov-^ e^et Ta? evavTia^. ^^Ojixolcos Se7 
Ka\ 6 ev T(p WLevcovL \6y09, otl rj /ULaOrja-L^ avajULvrjorL^. Ov- 
Sa/ULOv yap a-vjUilSaLveL irpoeirLCTTacrOaL to KaO^ eKaaTOV, aX\' 
ajxa Trj eTraycoyrj XajUL/SaveLv Trjv tcov KaTa ^epo9 eiTLa-Ti^iULrjv 
cocnrep avayvcopl^ovTag. *'YjVLa yap ev0v9 'la-fxev, ^oiov 6tl 
Svo opOah, eav ^eiScojuLev otl Tpiycovov. ^O/uLolcog Se Ka\ ext 
Tcov aWcov. 

Trj jULcv ovv KaOoXov Oeoopov/xev to. ev /ULepeL, Trj S^ oiKeia 8 
ovK 'la/ULev, coaT evSeyerraL KaL airaTaaOaL irepL avTa, irXrjv 
ovK evavTicog, aXX' eyeiv ^ jULev tijv KaOoXov, airaTacrOaL Se Trj 
KaTu. /uL€po9. ^0/ULOico9 ovv Ka\ eir\ tcov TrpocLprj/uLevcov' ov yap 
evavTia rj KaTa to /JLecrov airaTrj Trj KaTa tov a-vWoyLa-/i6v 
eiTLCTTrj/Kri, ovS^ rj KaO^ "^ eKaTepov tcov /learcov v7r6\rjy^L9. OvSev 
Se KcoXveL elS^Ta Ka\ 6ti t6 A oXft) Tft) B virapyeL kol iraXLV 
TOVTO Tcp r, olrjOrjvaL /jLrj virapyeLV t6 A tw Y, oIov oti 
irdcra rj/jLLOVO<s cLTOKog Ka\ ^avTrj rj/jLiovo^ oleaOaL kvclv TavTtjV 

c KaTO. Bdrepop] KaOfKdrfpov A.B. ^ to] Tas A.B.C ^ rw] ai 

To B. f t6 jS corr. A. e a] ov A.C. ^ tS om. A.C. i olov om. C. 
^ L8(op.€V C. et COrr. A. ^ jiiv om. B. ^ eTepov A. ^ avnj f} rjjiiovos A. 



i;^ ANAATTIK12N Anal. Pr. 

ov yap cTrlcTTaTaL otl to A tw F, /u^ (rvvQeudpwv to KaO^ 
OPeKOLTepov. ^'QcrTe S^Xov otl Ka\ el to juev oiSe to Se /j.*] 
olSev, airaTtjOiia-eTai' oirep e-)(ov(riv ai ^ KaOoXov irpo^ Tag 
KaTO. juepo^ eirLarTrjiJia^. OvSev yap twv aia-OtjTWv e^co Trjg 
aia-Oi^a-ecDg yevoiuevov 'larjuiev, ovS^ av fia-OrnxevoL Tvy^dvco/ULev, 
CL fJirj 0)9 Tft) KaOoXov Ka\ tw e^^^eiv Trjv oiKeiav eTria-TiiiuitjVy 
aXX' ou;( 'ft)9 TM evepyeiv. To yap eiTLa-TaarOaL XeyeTaL 
TpL-^ccg, r] 0)9 t5 KaOoXov tj wg Trj oiKela rj o)9 ^ tm evepyetv, 

ioiaa-Te Ka] to rjiraTrja-OaL Toa-avTa-^wg. OvSev ovv KwXvei Kai 
eiSevai Kai rjiraTrja-OaL irepi TavTO, TrXijv ovk ivavTicog. ^Oirep 
a-vii/BaiveL Ka\ tw KaO^ CKaTepav eiSoTL Ttjv irpOTaaLV Ka\ /mrj 
e7re<r/ce/x/xeVw irpOTepov. ^YTroXajUL/Bdvcov ydp Kveiv Ttjv ^iull- 
ovov ovK e^et Trjv KaTa to evepyeiv ewLa-TiiiuLtjv, ovS^ av Sid 
Trjv VTToXrjy^LV evavTiav dirdTrjv Trj eir La-Ttj ixrj' avXXoyLarfJLog 
^ydp rj evavTia diraTrj Trj KaOoXov. 

II "^O ^' vTToXaiUL^avcov ^to dyaOo) eivaL kukw eivai, to avTO 
viroXrjy^eTaL dyaOw etvaL Ka\ KaKw. ^'Eo-tco ydp '''^ to jmev 
dyaOw eJvai e<^' ov A, to Se KaKw eivaL ecp^ ov B, TrdXiv Se 
TO dyaOw elvat e^' ov Y. ""ETreJ ovv TavTov viroXaix^aveL 
TO B Ka\ TO r, Ka\ elvat to F to B vTToXi^y^eTai, Ka\ TrdXiv 
to B To A etvaL coa-avTcog, waTe Ka\ to F to A. ^'Qa-irep 
ydp ei ?i/ dXtjOeg, KaO^ ov to F, to B, kol KaO^ ov to B, to 
A, Ka\ KaTd Tov F to A dXtjOeg ^v, ovtw Ka\ eTrl tov vtto- 

j^XaiJL^dveLV. ^^OjuLOicog Se Ka\ eir^ tov eivai' TavTOv yap 0VT09 
Tov T Ka\ B, Ka\ TrdXiv tov B Ka\ A, Ka\ to T tw A TavTov 
^v. ^'Qa-Te Ka\ eTrJ Toy So^dl^etv ojuLOicog. *A|o' ovv tovto /xei/ 
dvayKaiov, el T19 Swaei to irpuyTov ; aXX' larcog cKeivo yl^evSog, 
TO vTToXalBeiv Tivd KaKw elvai *to dyaOw eivaL, ei lULtj KaTa 
aviu/BejSrjKog' TroXXa^w? ydp ey^^copcL tovO' viroXaiuL/Saveiv. 
"^lEiTna-KeTrTeov Se tovto /BeXTiov. 
2,2, ^'Ot^v S^ dvTLa-Tpecprj Ta oLKpa, dvayKtj Ka\ to jULea-ov avTL- 

V eKaTfpov \^fi^a. "Qare A. <1 KadoXov TrpoTiiacis npos A. ^ ms 

t6 A.B. s ro A. * yap ca-Tiv fj C. v ^6 prius corr. A.C. 

^ To corr. A.C. * t6 ay.] Ka\ dy. B. 



II. 22. nPOTEPXlN B. 173 

cTTpecpeiv TTpog ajuiipdo. Ei yap t6 A KaTci tov T ^ia tou 
B virapyei, el avTicTTpecpei Ka) VTrdp^ei, w t6 A, 'iravTl to 
r, Kal t6 B tw A avTiCTTpecpei, Ka\ vTrdpy^ei, w t6 A, TravTl 
To B Sia fiea-ov tov F, Kal ro F rw B ocvTicTTpecpeL Slo, 
/ULearov tov A. Kat eTrl tov jULrj virap-^eiv coa-avTco^, olov ei 
t6 B T(p r virdp^^ei, tw (^e B to A ou^ virapyei, ovSe to A 
T« r ou^ virdp^ei. E/ ^^ to B t<w A avTicrTpe(pei, Kal to 2 
r Tft) A avTLCTTpe^eL. ^'Eo-tw "ydp t6 B />t^ virapyov tw 
A* oi)^' «joa To r* 7rai/T) ydp Tcp T t6 B virripyev. Kaf et 
yTft) B TO r dvTLCTTpecpeL, Ka\ ^TM A dvTL(TTpe<peL' KaO^ ov 
•yajO a7ravT09 to ±5, KaL to 1 . J\.ai eL to i Trpo? to J\ av- 
TL(TTpe<peL, Kal t6 B dvTLorTpeCpeL ttjOO? to A. *Q «yajO to 
B, TO r* (p Se t6 T, t6 A ou^ inrdp-^eL. Kaf /ulovov tovto 
ctTTO Tou (TV/uLTrepdcr/ULaTog dpyeTai, Ta <5' dWa ov-^ o/uLOLCog 
KOi eTrl Tov KaTrjyopLKov crvWoyLCT/uLOv. TlaXLV el t6 A Kal 3 
TO B dvTLCTTpecpeL, Ka\ To T KOL TO A w(TavT(ji)<5, diravTL S^ 
avayKTj to J\ rj to 1 virapyeLv, KaL to jj /caf Za oyTO)? e^et 
wcTTe iravTL UaTepov virap^eLv. JiiireL yap w to A, to ±5, 
Ka\ (f t6 T, t6 A, xaj^T^ Se t6 A. tj t6 T Ka\ ov-^ cljULa, (pa- 
vepov OTL KaL TO 15 rj To /A TravTL Kai ov^ ajULa. Ulov cl to 
^dyevrjTOv d<pOapTOv Ka\ t6 dcpOapTov dyevrjTOv, dvdyKrj t6 
yevojULevov (pOapTOV Ka\ to (pOapT^v yeyovevai' Svo ydp cruX- 
\oyLcrjULo\ crvyKeLVTaL. lldXLV ei 7ravT\ jULev to A ?; to B Ka\ 4 
TO r ^ t6 A, ajuLa Se /uLrj virdpyeL, ei dvTLCTTpe(peL t6 A Ka\ 
To r, Ka\ To B Ka\ t6 A dvTL(TTpe(pei. Ei ^a^o tlv\ fjLtj 
virapyeL to B, w to A, SrjXov otl t6 A virdpyeL. Ei ^e t6 
A, Ka\ t6 T' dvTLCTTpe(peL ydp. ^'QcTTe d/uLa t6 T ^Ka\ A. 
TovTO S' dSvvaTOv. ^'OTav Se t6 A oX(p tm B Ka\ tw T s 
virdp-^ri Ka\ ^rjSev^g dXXov KaTrjyoprjTaL, virdp-^ri Se Ka\ t6 
B iravT\ T(p r, dvdyKrj t6 A Ka\ B dvTL(TTpe(peLv' eire\ ydp 
KUTa jul6v(ii)v twv B T XeyeTaL t6 A, KaTrjyopeiTaL Se t6 B 
Ka\ (xvt6 avTOv Ka\ tov T, (pavep6v otl KaO' cov t6 A, Ka\ 

y t6 /3 Tojt pr. A.B. et corr. C. z t6 pr. A.H. a nyevtnjTov C. bis. 
^ Kai t6 8 C. 



T74 ANAATT1KI2N Anal. Pr. 

6to B XeyQijaerai iravTwv irXriv avrov tou A. TldXiv oTav 
To A Koi TO B oXw Tw r virapyji, avTiCTTpecpt] Se t6 V tw 
B, avdyKrj t6 A TravTl tm B vTrdp-^eiV eTrel yap TravTl tco 
r TO A, t6 Se r Tw B Sia t6 avTi(rTpe(peiv, Ka) t6 A TravT). 
Tw B vTrapt^ei. ^'Ot^v Se Svoiv ovtoiv t6 A tou B aipeTco- 
Tepov ^, ovTwv avTiKeifJLevcov, Kal t6 A tov V wcravTcos, et 
alpeT(j)Tepa Ta A F toov B A, to A tov A alpeTicTepov. 

7^0yao/a)9 yap Sicokt6v t6 A Ka\ (pevKT^v t6 B* dvTiKei/uieva 
yap. KaJ t6 r Tw A* Ka] ydp TavTa dvTiKeiTai. Et ovv 
t6 A to) A 6jUL0i(D9 aipeTOVf Ka\ t6 B tm T (pevKTOV cKa- 
Tepov yap cKaTepM ojULoicog, (j)evKT6v Sicoktw. ^'QcrTe Kal tu 
d/ui(f)co Ta A r T019 B A. ■'ETreJ Se /JidWov, oi'p( olov Te 
O/ULOIC09' Ka] yap ai/ Ta *^ B A 6/ulolco9 rjcrav. Et ^e to A tov 
A alpeTcoTepov, Kal t6 B tol? Y tJTTOv (pevKTOV t6 ydp 

SeXaTTOv Tcp eXaTTOvi dvTiKeiTat. AipeTcoTepov Se to /uet^ov 
dyaOdv Kal eXaTTOv Ka^dv rj t6 eXaTTOv dyaOdv Kal /ULet^ov 
KaKov' Kal t6 airav dpa, ^ t6 B A, atpeTWTepov tov A F. 
^vv S^ ovK e(rTiv. To A dpa atpcTcoTepov tov A, Ka\ t6 V 
dpa Tov B i^TTOV (pevKTOv. Ef Srj eXotTO Tra? o epcov Ka^d 
t6v epcoTa t6 A t6 ovtco9 eyetv wdTe yaptXearQai, Ka\ t6 /uLr] 
yapiCecrOat t6 e(p^ ov F, t/ t6 yaptXecrOat t6 e(p' ov A, Ka\ 
To fJLtj TOiovTOv eivai olov ^ -^api^ecrOat t6 e(^' ov B, SrjXov 
oTt To A to TOiovTOv elvat atpeTcoTepov ecTTiv rj to X^P'-' 

9 ^ecr^af . To a^oa (ptXeicrOat t^? (rvvovcrta^ aipeTcoTepov Ka^d 
t6v epcoTa. ^ldXXov apa 6 epco^ ecrT\ tTj^ (ptXta^ rj tov (tvv- 
eivat. Et ^e /uidXicrTa tovtov, Kai TeXo^ tovto. To a|oa 
(rvvetvai rj ovk ecrTiv oXcog tj tov (ptXetcrOai evcKev' Ka\ yap at 
dXXat €7r tOv/uLiat Kai Teyyat ovtco ^ ytvovTat. 
^3 IIci)? /uLev ovv e-^ovcrtv ot opot KaTa Ta? dvTtcrTpo(pd<i Ka\ 
To atpeTcoTepov rj (pevKTOTepov eivat, (pavepov OTt S^ ov /ulovov 
oi sStaXeKTtKo\ Ka\ diroSetKTtKO^ crvXXoyt(r/ULo\ Sid tcov irpo- 
etprjjjLevcov ylvovTat or-^tj/uLaTcov, aXXa Ka\ oi prjTopiKo\ Ka\ 

c B A] /3 y C. ^ t6 B A om. C. « x«P*<^«0"^"' T5.C\ ^ yivovrai] 
yivovrai a^y 8 A, om. B.C. S bid\(KToi pr. A. 



11.23,24. nP0TEPX2N B. 175 

dirXm J]TL(TOvp TrlcrTi^ Kal ^ ^ KaO^ oiroiavovv jUieOoSov, vvv av 
€iri XeKTGOv. '''AiravTa yap ^ 7ri(TT€voiUL6V rj Sia crvWoyKTiuLOv 
^ i^ eTrayooyrj^. 

^l^iraycoyr] luev ovv eaTl Ka] 6 e^ eirayoayrj^s crvWoyKTfJLO^ 2 
t6 Sia Tov CTepov OaTepov cxKpov tw ixeacp crvWoyicracrOai, 
otov ei Tcov A r jULecrov to B, Sia tov Y Sei^ai to A t£ B 
^ vTrdpYetv' ovtoo yap iroiovjULeOa Ta9 eTra^yw^ya?. (Jlov ecrTO) 
TO A luaKpo^iov, t6 S^ e(p^ w B to j(o\r]v /ar] e-^ov, ecp^ w ^e 
r To KaO^ cKacTTOv jULaKpo/Siov, oiov dvOpcoTTog Kal 'iTrTTog Kai 
tjjULiovog. 1 (p ot] L oAct) virapyei to J\ irav yap to a-^oKov 
luLaKp6/3iov. ^AWd Ka] t6 B, t6 /uLi] eyeiv yoXrjv., iravT^ ?> 
virdp-^eL T(S V. Ef ovv dvTLcrTpecpeL t6 V tm B Kal jULrj 
virepTelveL to ixecrov, dvayKr] to A toj B virap-^eiv. A.eSei- 
KTai ydp irpoTepov otl dv Svo ocTTa tw avTw vTrdpyj] Ka\ 
7rp6g OaTepov avTwv dvTL(TTpe(pr] to aKpov, otl tw dvTLCTTpe- 
(povTi Ka) OaTepov virdp^eL toov KaTt^yopovjULevoov. Aei Se 
voeiv t6 V t6 e^ dirdvToov toov KaO" eKacTTOv crvyKeljULevoV rj 
ydp eTrayooyr] S^d iravToov. 

^'EcTTf S"* 6 TOiovTog cTvWoyLcriUL^g Trjg TTpooTt]? Kal dfjLecrov 4 
irpoTacreoog' oov [jLev yap ecTTi jULecrov, S^d tov fjiecrov 6 a-vWo- 
yL(Tfi6<s, oov Se jJLrj ecTTL, Sl eTrayooyrjg. Kal Tpdirov TLvd 
dvTLKeiTaL rj eirayooyr] tw avWoyLcriJ.(2' o fj-ev ydp Sid tov 
fjLea-ov To aKpov tw TpLT(p SeLKvvaLv, r] Se Sid tov TpiTOv t6 
OLKpov TU) iuLea-(p. ^vareL fxev ^ ovv irpoTepo^i Ka\ yvoopiiuooTepog 
6 Std Tov fjLecTOV a-vW.oyLcr/uLog, rifj.lv S^ evapyecTTepo9 6 Sid 
Trjg eTrayooyrjg. 

JlapdSetyfia S^ earT^v OTav tu fiecr(p t6 aKpov virdpyov 2A. 
SetyO^ Std Tov ofJLOtov Tw TptTop. '" Aef ^e Ka\ t6 fJLearov tm 
TptTcp Ka\ To irpcoTOV T(p 6fJLot(p yvcoptfJLOv eivai virap-^ov. 
Oiov eaToo t6 A KaKov, t6 Se B irp^g ofidpovg dvatpeia-Oai 
TroXefjLov, ecp' (p Se T t6 ^ AOr]vatovg Trpo? OrjlBaiovg, t6 S' e(p^ 
(p A GrjjSatovg Trp^g ^ooKetg. ^lEidv ovv f^ovXcofieOa Set^at otl 

^ rj om. B.C. * Tria-Tovficv C. ^ Indpxov B, om. C. 1 ovv 

om. C. >" Sfi — TpiVo) om. C. 



176 ANAATTIKX2N ' Anal. Pr. 

TO Qr]l3atoi^ 7roXeyue?j/ KaKov ean, Xrjirreov otl to irpo^ tov^ 
6/j.6pov9 TToXe/JLeiv KaKOv. Tovtov Se 7r/(rTf9 ck twv ojuloicov, 
20I0V OTi Qr}^aloi9 6 TTpo^ ^(jOKei<i, ""ETrel ovv to Trpog tov9 
o/uLopovg KaKov, to Se irpog Orj^alovg '7rpo9 ojULopov? ea-Ti, (pa- 
vepov OTi TO 7rpo9 Oi]l3aiov9 TroXejULeiv KaKOv. ^Otl /uLev ovv 
To B TM r KOi T(p A VTrapyeL, (pavepov (ajULCpco ydp cctti 
irpo^ T0V9 OjULOpovg avaLpeicrOaL TroXe/uLOv), Ka\ otl to A tw 
A {Gr]l3aioi9 yap ov (Tvvrjve^yKev 6 irpo<s ^J^co/ce?? TroXe/xo?)* otl 
zSe "ro A Tcy B virdp-^^eL, Slol tov A SeL-^^Qr^a-eTai. Tov avTOv 
Se TpoTTOv Kav ei Slo, irXeLovcov tcov 6julolci)v t) irlcrTL^ ° ylvoLTO 
Tov /uLecTOv TTjOo? TO OLKpov. ^avepov ^ovv OTL t6 TrapdSeiy/uLa 
ecTTLV ovTe 0)? /ULepo9 7rpo9 oXov ovTe w<s oXov irpo^ /uLepo^, aXX' 
ft)? /ULepo9 TTjOO? /ULep09, oTav a/uL(pco /uLev ^ ^ vtto TavTO, yvcopi- 
/ULOv Se OaTepov. Kat Siacpepei Trjg eiraywyr/^, otl r/ /uev e^ 
dirdvTCov tcov aTO/uLcov t6 (iKpov eSeiKvvev virdp-^^eiv tm /jLecTcp 
Ka\ irp^g t6 aKpov ov crvvr/TTTe t6v crvXXoyLcr/jLOv, to Se Ka\ 
(TVvdTTTeL Ka\ ovK e^ dirdvTcov SeLKvvcTLv. 
^S ^ A.Traycoyr] S^ ecrT\v oTav tm /ulcv /uLecr(p to irpcoTOv SrjXov 
§ virdp-^ov, Tw S^ ecr-^dTcp t6 /ulcctov aSr/Xov /ul€V, 6/uloico9 Se 
TTLCTT^v r/ /uLaXXov Tov CTV/uLTTepacT/jLaTO^, €TL dv oXlya »7 Ta 
yueVa Tov ecTyoLTOv Ka\ tov /uLecroV iravTCOs yap eyyirrepov 
elvai crv/jL^alveL t^9 eTTLCTT^/uir/g. OIov ecTTCO to A t6 SLSaKTOv^ 

€(p^ 'OV B €7ri(TTli/ULr], ^TO r SlKaiOaVVr]. "^H jJieV OVV eTTLCTTlJ/ULr] 

OTL SLSaKTOV, (pavepoV r/ S'' dpeTrj el eiTLCTTrj/ir], dSrjXov. E/ 
ovv 6/ULOLC09 r/ /uLaXXov TTLCTT^v TO 13 F Toi^ A T, aTraycoyrj 
€<TTiv' eyyvTepov ydp tov iiricTTacTOaL Slu t6 ^ TrpocreiXr]- 
2 (pevai Trjv A Y e7r LCTi^/uLr/v irpoTepov ovk eyovTa^. ^ H ^raXiv 
€1 oXiya TCL /uLecTa tcov B F* Ka\ yap ovtco^ eyyirrepov tov 
eiSevaL. OIov ei t6 A eir] TeTpaycovCi^ecTOaL, t6 ^'S' ecp^ co E 
evOvypa/ji/uLov, t6 S^ ^e^' (p Z kvkXo^' ei tov E Z ei/ /ulovov 
eh] /uLecrov, t6 /uLCTa /JLrjvLCTKcov ^iaov yivecrOaL €vOvypa/uL/uL(p tov 

" T(o ^ T(> a C " yevoiTO C. P ovu om. C. Q ("q viro to 

ai/To C. r oJj d( 3 B. s T(} S< -y (/. ^ TrpneiXijcfifvai C. ^' fi' prilis 

om. C. w ^(f; (^ om. B. 



11.25,26. nPOTEPHN B. 177 

kvkXov, eyyv^ av elrj tov elSevai. ^'Orav Se jULi^Te TTKTTOTepov 
^ ^ To JB r Tov A r fxi^T oXlya tgl fxe<ja^ ov \eyw airayw- 
♦yi/1/. KJvo oTav afxecrov j ^ to x> 1 eiricrTriiJirj yap to toi- 

OVTOV. 

^'Ei/(rTao-f9 S^ ecTTl TrpOTao-ig TrpOTaa-ei evavTia. Aiacpepei %6 
ce Trjg 'TrpoTaarecog, oti Trjv imev evcTTacriv evSey^eTai eivai eirl 
IUiepov9, Trjv Se TrpoTaa-iv t] oXw9 ovk evSe^eTai t) ovk ev T019 
KaOoXov a-vXXoyia^iuioig. ^epeTai Se rj eva-Taa-i^ ^ Si-^m Kal 
Sia Svo a-)(r]jUidTO}v, Si^^^cos jmev otl rj KaOoXov ^7 ev jUiepei Trdara 
eva-Taai^, ^e/c Svo Se a")(rjfJ.aTwv otl avTLKelimevaL (pepovTai t^ 
TrpoTaa-ei, tcl S^ avTLKelfieva ev tw TTpcoTLp Kal tw TpiTW ^yj]- 
fkaTi irepaLVOVTai fxovoig. ^'OTav yap a^icoarr] TravTl vTrdp- 
yeLv, evKTTafJLeOa ^oti ovSevl J7 otl tlvI ovy virdp-^ec tovtcov 
Se t6 fiev firjSevl eK tov TrpooTOv a-yjifkaTO^, to Se Ttvl fir) e/c 
Tov ea-yoLTOV. OIov earTOO to A fjilav elvai eirLO-TrjfjLriv, e<^' 2 
^w ^TO B evavTLa. TipoTelvavTO^ Srj fjilav elvai ^ tcov evav- 
TLCov eiria-Trjfj^riv, r] otl 0X009 ovy r] avTt] tcov avTLKeifievoov evi- 
(TTaTai, TGL S' evavTia avTLKeifxeva, wa-Te yiveraL to TrpcoTOv 
a-yrjfia, r] otl tov yvcoa-TOv Ka\ ayvooa^Tov ov fjiia' tovto Se 
TO TpLTOV KaTa yap tov V, tov yvcoa-Tov Kal ayvcoa-Tov, to 
fjiev evavTia elvai aXr]0e9, to Se fJLiav avToov eina-TyjfJir^v elvai 
■vp-eL/oo?. TlaXiv e7r\ Trjg aTeptjTiKtjg TrpoTaa^eoog ooa^avTOog. 3 

I\t,L0vvT09 o y(^p M^ eivai fJiLav tcov evavTioov, rj otl iravTOov 
Tcov avTiKeLfievoov 37 otl tlvoov evavTLOov rj avTt] '^XeyofJiev, otov 
vyLeivov Kal voa-coSov^' to fiev ovv iravTCov ck tov irpdoTOV, to 
Se TLVoov eK tov TpLTOV oryfjfjiaTO^. ^ A.irXoo^ ydp ev ^ irdaL 
KaOoXov fiev ^ eviaTdfievov dvdyKrj Trpog to KaOoXov * toov 
TrpoTeLVOfjievcov Trjv dvTi(paa-LV elirelv, oiov el fjir] Tr]V avTtjv 
dt^LOi Toov evavTLCov irdvToov, eiirovTa toov dvTLKeLfJievcov fxlav. 
OvToo o dvayKrj to irpooTOv elvai ayrjfxa' fxea-ov ydp yiveTai 4 

X §1 €tT] C. y li om. C. z 8ix5>s T€ Ka\ C. » eV] dia C. 

^ OTL — VTrapxei] fj ort tiv\ j) oti ovbeA firj vTrapx" C. ^ cov B, ov C. 

^ t6 Oin. C. ^ Twv ivavTt(ov fjtiav eivai C. ^ d^iovVTai A, d^iovvTfs B. 
S yap Tov p.j) C, ^ Xtyatfjiev B. i aTratri C. ^ iviCTapLtvoav B. 

^ TWl 7rpOT€tVOp.6V(Ol A.B. 

VOL. I. N 



178 ANAATTTK12N Anal. Pr. 

t6 KaOoXov TTpog to e^ ^PX^^- '^^ fxepei Se, Trpog o €<tti 
KaOoXov KaO' ov XeyeTai ^ TrpOTao-ig, olov yvcoa-Tov Ka\ ayvco- 
(TTov jULrj Tt]v avTrjv' ra yap evavTia KaOoXov Trpog TavTa. 
KaJ ylveTai to TpiTOV cr^/Jyua* /uLecrov yap to ev /uiepei Xa/x- 
/SavojULevoVf olov to yvcoa-Tov Kal ™to ayvcoa-Tov. ""E^ wv 
yap ea-TL a-vWoyla-aa-Oai ^TOvvavTiov, e/c tovtcov Ka) ra? 

5 eva-Taa-ei? eTTi-^eipov/uLev \eyeiv. Aio Kal ck /ulovcov tovtcov 
Tcov ° oryril^^Twv (pepojmev' ev fxovoi^ yap ol avTiKeliULevoi o-fX- 
XoyiarjULol' Sia yap tov /uLea-ov ovk rjv ^ KaTacpaTiKco?. ^'Et£ 
Se Kav \6yov SeoiTO TrXelovo^ ^ ^ Sia tov yuecrof a-yr]ixaTO<s, 
oTov el jULr] Solr) to A tw B virap^^eiv Sia to imrj aKoXovOeiv 
avTw t6 r. Toi^TO *yajO Si' aWcov TrpoTaa-ecov SrjXov ov Sei 
Se ei9 aXXa eKTpeirea-OaL Trjv evarTaa-iv, aXX' evOvs (pavepav 
e^efi/ Ttjv cTepav irpoTaa-Lv. Alo Ka\ to a-rj/uLeiov ck fxovov 

TOVTOV TOV a")(VI^<^T09 OVK Ca^TLV. 

6 ^JEiTTLa-KeTrTeov Se Kal irep) tcov aWcov eva^aaecov, ^ oiov 
irep\ Tcov eK tov evavTiov Kal tov 6/uloiov Ka\ tov KaTa So^av, 
Ka\ ei T^v ev fJLepeL ck tov TTpcoTOv rf tpjv a-TcprjTLKrjv ck tov 
/uLea-ov SvvaT^v Xa^eiv. 

^7 EfVo9 Se Ka\ a-rj/uLeiov ov TavTOv earTLV, aXXa t6 luev e/Vo? 
e<m TrpoTaari^ €vSo^o9' 6 yap oog eirl t6 ttoXv laraa-Lv ovtco 
yivofJLevov rj fjLrj yLvo/ULevov rj 6v rj /ULrj 6v, tovt ea^T^v e/Vo?, 
olov To jULa-eiv tov9 (pOovovvTa^ rj t6 (piXeiv tov9 epco/uLevov^. 
2 ^rjjULeiov Se ^ovXeTaL eivaL irp^Taa-L^ ^ airoSeLKTLKrj avayKaia 
rj evSo^o9' ov yap 6vto9 eoTLv rj ov yevo/ULevov irpOTepov rj 
va^Tcpov yeyove t6 'irpay/uLa, tovto a-rj/uLeiov ea-TL tov yeyo- 
vevaL rj eivaL. "^^vOv/ULrj/jLa ^/mev ovv ia^T^ ^ a^vWoyia^/j.^^ e^ 
etKOTCov ^rj a-rj/uLelcov, Xa/uL^dveTaL Se t6 a^rj/xelov TpL-^wg, oa^a- 
^0)9 Ka\ t6 /xea-ov ev Toig a-)(jjfxaa-Lv' rj yap o)? ev tw irpcoTW 
rj ft>9 ev T(f) /ULea^fp iy cog ev T(p t/o/to), oIov t6 /ulcv Sei^ai kvov- 



"™ t6 om. C. ^ To. euaVTia C. ^ a-\rjjiaTa>v, TovTiari Tov irpatTOV 

Ka\ Tov TpiTov, <f)€poii€V C. P KaTaffiaTiKos C. Q 17] et C. ^ olov 

Ka\ 7rep\ tov (vavTiov C. ^ dnodeiKTiKf) fj dvayKaia C. * pev ovv] de C. 
"^ avX\.oyiap.6s areXiys' f^ pr. C. ^ ^ ^f,^ a7jp,(i(ov C. 



II. 27- nPOTEPaN B. 179 

arav Sia to yaXa ej^eiv €k tov TrpwTOV o-^?}/xaT09* ixecrov yap 
TO yaXa eyeiv. ""E^' (S ^to A Kveiv, to B 'yaXa l^eii/, 3 
yyvvr] €(pi' (p r. To S' OTi ol arocpol crTrovSaioi, JIiTTaKo? 
yap cTTrovSacog, Sia tov earyaTov. ''^E(^' w A. to (tttov- 
Saiov, e<^' w ^B 01 cro<poi, e(p' (S ^T IlfTTa/co?. ^ AXrjOeg Srj 
Koi To A Kal To B Tov Y KaTijyopyjcraL' irXrjv to /JLev ov \e- 
yova-L Sia to eiSevai, to Se \aiuL^(xvov(riv. To Se Kveiv, otl4 
(ioyjia, Sia Tov /uLecrov cr^jyyuaTO? /SovXeTaL elvaL' eTrei yap 
eirerraL Taig Kvovcraig to co^pov, aKoXovOel Se Kal TavTrj, Se~ 
Sei-)^OaL o'iovTaL otl ^ KveL. To (a-^ov e(p' ov to A, to KveLv 
e^' ov ^B, yvvrj e0' ov ^T. ''Eaj/ imev ovv ^rj juia ^Xe^^J 
irpoTacTLg, crrifj.elov yiveTaL juiovov, eav Se Ka\ rj cTepa irpocT- 
\t](j)Or], crvWoyLcriiJLog, otov otl ^ IlfTTa/co? e^evOepLog' ot yap 
(pi^OTLfJLOL e\evOepiOL, IlfTTa/co? ^e (pL^OTLjmog. ^^H TraXfi/ oti 
01 aro(pol ayaOoL' TiLTTaKog yap ayaOog, aXXa Ka\ cro(p6g. 
OvTO) juLev ovv yivovTaL (TvWoyLa-juLOL, ^7r\rjv 6 jULev Slol tovS 
irpwTOv (T')(f]iJi.aT09 a\vT09, av oXrjOrjg ^ {Ka06\ov yap ccttlv), 
6 Se Slcl tov €a")(aTOv Xuo-f/xo?, kolv oXrjOeg ^ to crvjULTrepacTiuLa, 
Sia TO fxrj eJvai Ka06\ov juLrjSe ttjOO? to TrpdyiULa tov arvWo- 
yL(Tix6v' ov yap el T\LTTaK09 crirovSalog, Slcl tovto Kal tovs 
a\\ov9 ^avayKrj (TO(pov9. ""O ^e Sia tov fxea-ov a")(fjfxaTog6 
aei Ka\ TravToog \varifx09' ovScTroTe yap yLverai crvWoyLo-fios 
ovT(09 e)(6vT(av twv opoov ov yap ei rj Kvovara co^^pa, (^XP^ ^^ 
Ka\ rjSe, KveLV avayKrj TavTrjv. "^ A\rj0e9 fiev ovv ev airaa-LV 
virap^eL T019 ^ arjfieloLg, SLa(popa? <5' e)(ovcTL Tag eiprjfxevag. 

"^^^H S^ ovTCo SLaipeTeov to arrjfxelov, TOVT(jt)v Se to fxecrov 1 
TeKfxrjpLOv \rjirTeov (to yap TeKfxrjpLOv to elSevaL ttolovv 
(paa\v elvaL, ^tolovto Se fxaXLaTa to fxeaov), rj tol fxev e/c 
T(Jov cLKpcov ^arjfxeia \eKTeov, Pto ^' e/c tov fxeaov TeKfxrjpLOV 

^ aro KVfiu, ro ^ ro ydXa C. Y yvvrj 5e c^' « ro y C. ^ a t6 

aC. a B] r^ ^ A.C. ^ T] r6 y C. c ^^^ ^ ^^^^ C. d b] 

ro -y C. e r] ro y C. ^ r) jxia'] rjfxlv pr. C. S \exBeirj C. ^ ori 

6 TTiTTaKos C. i nXrjv'] naXiv A. ^ dvdyKr) ante did C. ^ arj- 

fidois] crxij/xao-t pr. C. ™ ^8rj A, d drj C. " toiovtov C. o (Trifidov 
A.B. P ra A.B. 

N 2 



i8o ANAATTIKilN Anal. Pr. 

evSo^OTarov yap Kal jULaXKTTa aXijOh ^To Sia tov Trpurrov 

8 To ^e (pvcrioyvcoiuLOveiv SvvaTOv ea-Tiv, e'l ti9 SiSooaiv otyua 
HicralSaWeiv t6 (TcoiuLa koi Ttjv ■vJ'V)(»}v, ocra ^ (pvariKa ecTi 
TraO^juiaTa' imaOcov yap ^ 'i(Tcog /ULOvariKrjv iuL€Ta/3el3\r]Ke ti Trjv 
y^v^^i^v, aXX' ov tcov (pvcrei ^/uliv etjTL tovto to iraOo^s, aSX 
ofov opyal Kai eTriOv/uLiaL twv (pvcreL KLvrja-eoov. Ef Srj tovto 
Te SoOeirj Ka\ ev evo? crrjixelov eivaL, Kal ^SvvaljuLeOa Xa/uL/SaveLv 
TO 'lSlov eKOLCTTOv yivovg 7rdOo9 Kal crrjjULeiov, ^ SvvrjcroiuLeOa <pV' 

9crLoyvu)fxovelv. Et ydp ecTTLV iSlo, tlvI yeveL virdp-yov aTOfxw 
irdOo^, OLOv T019 XeovcTLV ''^ avSpeia, avdyKr] Kai crrjjuLeiov elval 
Ti' (rv/UL7rda")(eLV yap dWrfKoL^i viroKeLTaL. KaJ 'icTToo tovto 
To /uLeydXa Ta oLKpooTrjpLa 'e-^eLV o kol aX\oL<s virap^^eLv ye- 
vearL jULr] 6\oi9 evSe-^eTaL. To ydp orrjjULeiov ovtcjo^ 'lSlov ecTTiv, 
OTL o\ov yevovg 'lSlov ecTTL ^to TraOog, Ka\ ov julovov ISiov, 
cocrirep elooOafxev \eyeLv. ^^Ywapt^eL Srj Kal y ev d\\(p yeveL 
^ TavTO, Kal ecTTaL dvSpei09 6 dvOpcoTTO^ Kal dWo tl ^^ov. 

io^'E^ef dpa TO arrnjLeloV tv ydp evd<s rjv. Et tolvvv Tavr 
ecTTi, Ka\ SvvrjoroiJLeOa TOLavTa a-rnxela crvWe^aL eTrJ tovtcov 
Tcov Lcpci^v a /uLOvov €V 7rac709 e^et tl lclov, cKaaTOv c e^et 
ar^jULeiov, eTrelirep %v e^eti/ dvdyKrj, Svvrjcro/uLeOa (pvaLoyvco/uLO- 
veiv. Et ^e Svo e^et *iSia o\ov to yevo<s, otov 6 \ecov dvSpelov 
Ka\ fJLeraSoTLKOV, ttco? yvcoa-o/ULeOa iroTepov iroTepov crrjjULeiov 
Tcov lSlol dKo\ovOovvTCov ar/jULelcov ', rj ^ el d\\(p ^ juLrj o\(p tlv\ 
d/uLCpco, Ka\ ev oh /uLrj d\oL9 cKdTepov, OTav to /ulcv ey^r/ to Se 
jJLTi' ^ €1 ydp dvSp€i09 /UL€V €\evOepL09 Se /ULr/, e^et ^e twv Svo 
toSl, Srj\ov oTi Ka\ exf tov \eovT09 ^tovto a-rj/jLeiov t^? dv- 

iiSpeLag. ^'E<tt/ Srj to (pvaioyvco/ULOveiv ' tcov ev tw 7rpcoT(p 
cryrjiJLaTL to /uLea-ov to) /ULev irp^jOTcp dKpco dvTiaTp€(peiv, tov 
Se TpiTov virepTelveLV Ka\ /ULtj dvTLcrTpe(p€LV, oiov dvSpela to 

<1 ro om. B. *■ cOTi (f)V(TiKa C. ^ lo-cos ns fxov^riKfjv C. * 8vvd- 

ix(6a B. ^ hvvrj(T6/i(6a Kn\ (f)V(Tioyva>/iov€lv C. ^ dvBpta C. ^ t6 

om. A.B. y €V om. C. ^ roOro C. ^ a Kal /lovov C. ^ ('ire A.B. 
c Tivl jifj oX(o C. d fl — g^ fx^ om. B. ^ cnjji.fiov tovto dvBpias «VriV. 
"Eo-rt C . ^ rwi/] ro C. 



II. 27. nPOTEPHN B. i8i 

A, TOL oLKpwrripLa imeyaXa ecp^ ov B, t6 Se Y \ecov. 'Qi Srj 
t6 r, TO B rrravTL, aXXa Ka\ SaXXoig. ^Qt Se t6 B, to A 
'Train-l Kal ov TrXeLOcriv, aXX' avTi(TTpe(f)€L' el Se juni, ovk ecTTai 



ev ei/09 o-ijfxeLOV. 



S aWois] ak\a9 A, 



N 3 



ANAATTIKriN TSTEPaN A. 



XxA2A SiSaa-KaXla Kal iracra iuLd0r](ri9 SiavojjriKrj e/c Trpov- 
irapyovcrri^ ylverai yvcoareo)^. ^avepov Se tovto Oecopovanv 
CTTf iraa-wv' al re yap /maOrj/uiaTLKal toov eTncTrjimcov Slo, tov- 
Tov Tov Tpoirov TrapayivovTaL Kal toov aWcov eKaa-Trj Te-^vwv, 

2 ^O^OLW^ Se Ka\ Trepl tov9 \6yov9 o'l re Slo, a-vWoyia-iuiwv Ka\ 
OL Sl^ eTraycoyrjg' ctjULipoTepoL yap Slcl Trpoyivcoa^KoiULevcov ttol- 
ovvTaL Tr]v SLSaa-KaXlav, ol luev \aixPavovTe<s o)? irapa ^vvlcv- 
Tft)j/, OL Se SeLKvvvTeg t6 Ka06\ov Sia tov Srj\ov etvaL t6 KaO^ 
eKaa^TOv. " ^Q^ S^ avTC09 Kal ol prjTopLKol orvjui.7reL0ova'Lv' rj 
yap Sia TrapaSeLyimaTcov, 6 ea-TLV eiraywyrj, "rj Sl evOv/ULrj/uLa- 

3 Toov, ^ oirep ea-T^ a-v\\oyLa-/uL69. Ai-^m S' avayKalov irpoyi- 
vcoa-Keiv' ra /ulcv yap, otl ea-Ti, 7rpov7ro\aiuL^aveiv avayKalov, 
TOL Se, TL t6 \ey6/uiev6v ea-TL, ^ ^vvievaL Sei, tcl S^ aiuL(pco, olov 
otl ^ /uLev airav rj (pria-ai r/ airocpr/a-aL aKr/fje^, otl ea-Ti, to oe 
Tplyoovov, OTi ToSl a-i]/uLaivei, Tr]v Se /uLovaSa a/uLCpco, Ka\ tl ar/- 
/JiaLveL Kal otl e<JTLV' ov yap 6/ulolco9 tovtcov cKaa^TOv Sr]\ov 

4^/ULiv. ^'EcTt ^e yvcopil^eLV tol /ulcv ^irp^Tepov yvcopi^ovTa, 
Toov Se Ka\ a/ma \a/uLJ3avovTa Tr/v yvcoa-Lv, otov oa-a Tvy-^avei 
ovTa V7r6 t6 Ka06\ov, cov e^et Tr]v yvcoa^Lv. ^Otl /jlcv yap 
irdv Tplyoovov e-^ei Sva-lv opOah 'la^a^, ^rpor/SeL' otl Se T^Se 
t6 ev T(f> ^/ulikvk\l(p TpLycov6v earTLV, a/uLa €7ray6iULevo9 eyvco- 
pia-ev. '^lEvLCov yap tovtov tov Tp^Trov ^ /uLaOrja-l? ea-TL, Ka\ 
ov Sia Tov /mecrov t6 ea-y^aTov yvoopii^eTai, oara rjSrj toov KaO^ 

5 cKacTTa Tvyyavei ovTa koi /mrj KaO^ vTroKeL/uLevov tlv69. JIp\v 
S^ e^ra^^Orjvai rj ^a^eiv avWoyia/ULOv Tp67rov /lev TLva laco^ 

* varTepau fj bfvrepoiv « C. ^ eixraurws B, oxravTws Se C. ^ OTTfp] 
6 C. ^ crvvuvai C. * aTTav /xkv B. ^ np^Tfpa C. 



Anal. Post. I. I, 2. ANAATT. T2TEPf2N A. 183 

(pareov eTricrTaorOai, rpoirov S^ aWov ov. ^O yap imrj ^Sei 
ei ecTTiv ciTrXw^, tovto ttco? ^Sei otl Svo op6a9 e^ei aTrXco? ; 
aWa SrjXov o)? coSl fJLev eTTiaTaTai, ^ otl KaOoXov eTTLO-TaTai, 
aTrXo)? S^ ovK eTTLCTTaTaL. Et ^e /ujJ, to ev tw ^evwvL airo- 
prjjuia <jvix^r](T€TaL' ri *yap ovSev iJLaOrja-eTaL I7 a olSev. Ov6 
yap Srj, o)? *ye TLveg eyj^eipovorL \veLv, XeKTeov. ^Ap' oiSag 
airacrav SvaSa otl apTia rj ov ; <prjcravTO<s Se TTpoi^veyKav 
TLva SvaSa rjv ovk ccer elvaL, wctt ovS^ apTiav. Avovcri yap 
ov (pdcTKOVTeg eiSevaL irdcrav SvaSa apTLav ovcrav, aXX' riv 
'icraa-Lv otl Svdg. K.aLTOL 'icraa-L jJiev ovirep Trjv airoSeL^LV 7 
e^ovG-L Ka\ ov eXa^ov, eXa^ov S^ ou^t TravTog ov dv elSwa-LV 
OTL TpLyoovov rj OTL dpLOjULog, aXX' ctTrXft)? «^ara Trai/ro? dpL- 
OjUiov Ka\ TpLycovoV ovSejuLLa yap irpoTaa-L^ XaiilBaveTaL tol- 
avTrj, OTL ov arv olSa? dpiOjULOV ri o crv olSas evOvypafxfxov, 
dWd /cara iravTO^f. ""AXX' ovSev (o?)>taf) KcoXvei, o ixavOdveL, 
ecTTLv ft)? eTTia-TacrOaL, eaTL S^ 009 dyvoeiV aTOTTOv ydp ovk ei 
oiSe TTft)? o fJLavOdveL, aXX' el coSl, otov j juLavOdveL Kai &• 

^JBjTTia-TacrOaL Se oiOjULeO^ eKacTTov dirXiiog, dWa juLri tov ao- : 
(pioTLKOv TpoTTOv Tov KaTa crvfjiPe^riKo^, OTav Trjv T aiTLav 
oidoiuLeOa yLvcoa-KeLV Sl' ^v to Trpdyfxa ccttlv, otl eKelvov aiTLa 
ea-Ti, Koi fir] evSe-^ecrOaL tovt dWcos e-^eLV. AtjXov tolvvv 

OTL TOLOVTOV ^ TL TO eTTLCTTacOaL icTTL' Kal ydp OL fJLr} CTTL- 

(TTaiJLevoL Ka\ ol eirLa-TaiievoL ol fxev o'iovTaL ' avTol ovTcog 
e^^cLV, OL S^ eiTLcrTdiJ.evoL Kal e-^ovarLV, cocrTe ov aTrXto? ea-T\v 
eiricTTrjiJLri, tovt dSvvaTOV dWco9 'eyeLv. Ei ixev ovv Ka\ cTe- 2 
po^ eaTL Tov eTTLorTaa-OaL TpoTrog, varTepov epovfxev, (paiiev Se 
Ka\ Si diroSeL^ecog eiSevai. ^ A.7r6SeLc,Lv Se Xeyco crvWoyLa^fiov 
iiria-TrjiiovLKOv. '^lEiTrLCTTriiJLovLKbv Se \eyco KaO^ ov tlo e^^^LV 
avTOv eiriaTaiieOa. Et tolvvv ecrri t6 eirlarTacrOaL oiov 
'^ 'eOeixev, dvdyKrj Ka\ Tr]v diroSeLKTLKrjv eirLaTrjfjiriv e^ dXrjOcov 
T elvaL ^ Ka\ irpcoTCOv Ka\ dfxecrcov Ka\ yvcopifxcoTepcov Ka\ rrrpo- 
Tcpcov Ka\ aiTicov tov a-vfiTrepaa^ixaTO^' ovtoo yap eaovTai KaL 

g oTi rb KaOokov C. ^ Ti om. C. ' avTo C. •* fdefxfOa C. 

i Ka\ alterum om. C. 



i84 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

3 at o-o^^ai oiKctai tou SetKvvjUievov. ^vWoyi(r/uL09 /meu yap 
e(rTai Kat avev tovtcov, aTrooett^t^ o ovk eorTat' ov ^ yap 
iroti^aret e7rt(TT^iuLt]v. ^AXtjOrj fxev ovv ^Sei eivat, OTt ovk etjTt 
TO /u^ ov eTTtcTacrOat, olov OTt rj StdjuLeTpo? crviuLiuLeTpo^. ^Eac 
irpwTOOV S^ avairoSeiKTCOv, OTt ovk eTrto-TijcreTat fJLt] e^(jov airo- 
Set^tv avTooV to yap eTria-Taa-Oat wv airoSei^t^s earTt /ULr) KaTU 

Aa-vfJilie^rjKO^, to e-^etv airoSet^tv ea-Ttv. A!tTtd re Ka\ yvcopt- 
/ncoTepa ° Set elvat Kal irpoTepa, a'tTta /ULev OTt t6t€ eTriarTa- 
imeOa OTav Trjv aiTtav etScoiuLev, koi irpoTcpa, elirep aiTta, Kat 
Trpoytvcoa-KOjULeva ov julovov tov cTepov Tpoirov tw ^vvtevaty 
aWa Kal tw eiSevat OTt ea-Ttv. TlpOTepa S^ ecrrf Ka\ yvcopi- 
jULcoTepa St-^m' ov ydp TavTov irpoTepov Trj (pva-et Kal irpo^ 
riiJLd<s irpOTepov, ovSe yvcopt/xcoTepov Kal rj/ilv yvcopi/JLcoTepov. 

5 A.eyco Se Trpos ^/jlol^ /jlIv irpoTepa Ka\ yvcopi/icoTepa Ta e^yyu- 
Tepov Tr/^ aicrOrja-eco^, difKco^ Se irpoTepa Kat yvcopi/jLcoTepa 
Ta iroppijoTepov. ^'E(TTf ^e TroppcoTaTco /lev Ta KaOoXov /la- 
Xta-Ta, eyyvTdTco Se Ta KaO^ eKaa-Ta' Ka\ dvTtKeiTat TavT 
dW^\ot9. ^E/c TTpcoTCOv S'' ea-T\ to e^ dp-^cov oiKeicoV ^TavTO 
ydp \eyco irpcoTOv kCu dp-^rjv. ^Ap-^rj S^ ecTT^v dTToSett^ecog 
TrpoTaart^ d/jLecro9, d/JLea-os Se »7? /jl^ earTtv dWr] irpoTepa. 

dTlpoTacrt^s S* ea-T^v dirocpdvcreco^ to cTepov /xoptov, ev /caO' 
evo^, StaXeKTtKrj /lev r) 6/ioico9 \a/JL^dvovcra diroTepovovv, diro- 
SetKTtKr] Se r} copta-/ievco9 OdTepov, OTt d\r]0e9. ^ A7r6(j)ava-t9 
Se dvTt(pdcreco<s oiroTepovovv /JLoptov. ^ AvTt(paa-i9 Se dvTtOecri^ 
^9 ovK ^ecTTt /leTa^v KaO^ avTrjv. ^dptov S^ dvTtcpaa-eco^ to 
/lev t\ KaTa Ttvo9 KaTacpaa-t^, to Se t\ dird Ttvo<i d7ro(pacrt9. 

7 "'A/xecroi/ S^ dp-^^ a-vWoyt^TTtKrjg Oecriv /lev \eyco ^v /irj ear-t 
Sei^at, /JLr]S^ dvdyKrj e-^etv ^ tov /JLa0r]ar6/X€v6v Tt' rjv S^ dvayKt] 
eyetv Tov OTtovv /xa0r]cr6/xevov, d^ico/xa' ea-Tt ydp evta ^ toi- 
avTa' TovTO yap /xa\tcrT eir^ Toi<s TOtovTOt9 etcoOa/xev ^ ovo/xa 

n™ yap Zctti C. " 8et flvai corr. A. " gfj flvai Ka\ npoTepa COrr. 

B, ubi locus paucioribus. P TavTov 8e eVri irpa>TOV C. ^ f<m Ti 

p.€Ta^v Ka6' favTTjp. Mopta C. *" tov otiovv fxaOrjcrofXfvov C. ^ TavTa C. 
t ovop.a om. C. 



I. 3- T2TEPX2N A. 185 

Xeyeiv. Gecreoo^ S^ r] /iiev OTroTepovovv TOdv /uLOplwv r^? oltto- 
cpdvcrem Xa/jL^dvova-a, olov Xeyco to elval tl ^ '^ to /mrj eival 
Ti, vTToOeari?, rj <5' dvev tovtov opKTfJiog. ^O yap 6pi(r/ixo9 
6e(Ti9 ^ /lev ecTTL' TlOeTai ydp 6 dpiOjULrjTiKb? jULOvaSa to dSi- 
alpeTOV elvaL /cara to iroaov' viroOecri^ S^ ovk ecTTi' to yap 
TL ecTTL fJLOvds Kal TO elvaL jULovaSa ov TavTOv. 

^ETref ^e Sel TricTTeveiv re Kal elSevaL to irpdyjULa tm tol-8 
ovTOV eyeti/ crvWoyicriuLov ov KaXov/uLev dTToSeLc^iv, eaTL o ov- 
T09 Tw TaS* elvaL e^ cov 6 orvWoyicriULO^, dvayKr/ juLr] /ulovov 
TTpoyivcocrKeLV Td irpwTa, rj iravTa rj evLa, dWa Kal juLaWov' 
de\ ydp Sl o virapyeL eKacTTOv, eKelvo /ULaWov VTrap^^eL, oiov 
Si o (pLXovjULev, eKelvo (plXov /ULaWov. ^'Qott ^ e^Lirep 'lcrjULev 
S^d Td TTpwTa Kal irLcrTevoiuLev, ^ KdKelva 'icrjULev re Kal irLcrTev- 
ojuLev jULaWov, otl Sl^ eKeiva Kal ra ^vcrTepov. Ov^ olov Teo 
Se ^ iTLcrTeveLV juLaWov oov olSev, a /ULrj Tvy^dveL fxriTe eiScog 
fjL^Te /SeXTLOv SLaKel/uLevog rj el eTvyyavev eiSm. ^v/JL^rjcreTaL 
Se TOVTO, el /xr/ tl9 TrpoyvcocreTaL tcov ^Sl^ diroSeL^LV irLcrTev- 
ovTcoV jULaXXov yap dvayKrj irLcrTeveLV Tah dp-^alg r/ iracraL^ 
rj TLcrl Tov crv/uLTrepdcr/ULaTog. Tdv Se /uLeXXovTa e^eiv ti/v eirL- 
aTtj/ULr/v Tr/v Sl* dTroSel^ecog ov /ulovov Sel Tdg dp-^dg /udXXov 
yvcoplZeiv kol /uLaXXov avTai9 TricrTeveLV r/ tw SeLKvv/uLevw, dXXa 
fXrjS^ dXXo avTcp irLcrTOTepov eivaL firjSe yvcopLficoTepov tcov 
dvTLKCLfievcov Tah dp-^aig, e^ cov ecrTaL crvXXoyicrfJLog 6 Trjg 
evavTias diraTrjg, e'i7rep Sel tov eirLcrTafievov dirXco<s dfieTa- 
ireLcrTOv elvai. 

rjVLOL^ fjLev ovv S^a to Seiv Td irpcoTa ^ eirlcrTacrOaL ov SoKei 3 
eiTLcrTrifiri elvaL, T019 S^ elvaL fJLev, irdvTCov fJLevTOL diroSei^eLg 
eivaL' cov ovSeTepov ovt dXr/Oeg o'vt dvayKalov. O/ fiev ydp 
viroOefxevoL fir/ elvaL ^ oXco'5 eirlcrTacrOaL, ovtol elg direipov 
at^LOvcrLv dvayecrOaL o)? ovk dv eirLcrTafJLevov<s Td vcrTepa S^d 
Ta irpOTepa, cov firj ^ ecrTL irpcoTa, opOcog XeyovTe^' dSvvaTOv 

^ t6 post fj om. C. w ^^y om. C. ^ (Inep] flirdv A. y €Kelpa C. 
z va-repa C. «• nKTTevo/xev pr. A. ^ bC om. B. ^ €7riaTaa-6ai 

Tci npatTa C. ^ akXas A.B.C. ^ ^a-rai C. 



i86 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Post. 

lyap TOL aTreipa SieXOeiv. ^Et re S^larTaTai Kal eia-lv ap-^ai, 
TavTa9 ayvoocrTOV9 eivai a7roSei^eco9 y€ /uLrj oucnj^ avTcov, oirep 
(pacrh eivai to eirlcrTaadai /ulovov el Se imr] ecrrt ra TrpooTa 
elSevai, ovSe Ta e/c tovtcov ^ eivai eTricTTaa-OaL dirXoog ovSe 
Kvplcog, aW e^ VTroOea-ecog, ei eKeivd ecrTtv. O/ Se Trepl /uei/ 
Tov eirla-TacrOaL ofioXoyova-L' Sl^ dTroSei^eco^ ydp elvai luovov 
dWd irdvTCov etvaL dTroSei^iv ovSev KcoXveiV ^ evSe^^ecrOaL ydp 
kvkXw yivecrOai Trjv dTroSei^iv Kal e^ dW^Xcov. ^Himei? Se 
(paimev ^ ot/re Trdcrav eina-TrjiJLriv diroSeLKTLKriv etvai, dWd Ttjv 

3TC0V d/xecrcov dvairoSeLKTOv. KaJ tovO^ otl dvayKaiov, (pave- 
pov el ydp dvdyKrj fxev eirlcrTacrOaL ra irpOTepa Ka\ e^ cov rj 
dTToSei^i^, 'la-TaTaL Se Trore ^ Td djuLecra, TavT dvaTroSeiKTa 
avayKt] eivai. iavTa '"r ovv ovtco AeyojuLev, Kai ov julovov 
eiTLcrT^jULrjv dWa Kal dp^tjv eirLorT^iuLr]^ elval Tiva (pa/ULev, ^ 
T0V9 opovg yvcopL^ojULey. Ku/cXod ° S^ otl dSvvaTOv dTToSeLKVv- 
crOai dirXoo^, SrjXov, e'i7rep €K TrpOTepcov Sel Trjv diroSeLt^iv elvai 
Ka\ yvcopijULcoTepcov' dSvvaTov ydp earTi ra avTa tcov avToov 
ajULa TTpoTepa Ka\ va-Tepa efvaL, ei /uLri tov cTepov Tpoirov, oiov 
Td /ULev Trpo? ^jULag ra S^ aTrXco?, ovirep Tpoirov rj eirayooyri 

4 iroiel yvcopLjULov. Et S^ ovtco9, ovk av e'irj to aTrXoog eiSevai 
KaXcog copLa-jULevov, dWa Slttov rj ovy^ dirXm rj eTepa airo- 
Sei^L9 yLvo/uLevrj ®e/c tcov ^juliv yvoopijULcoTepcov. ^vjUL^aLvei Se 
Toh Xeyova^L kvkXco Trjv dTToSeL^LV eivai ov /ulovov Pto vvv eL- 
prjjjLevov, aXX' ovSev aWo XeyeLv rj otl tovt ecrTLV ei tovt 
ecrTLV ovToo Se ^ irdvTa pdSiov Sei^ai. ArjXov S^ otl tovto 
a-viuL^aivei TpLoov opcov TeOevToov' to /ULev ydp S^a TroWcov rj 
Si^ oXiycov dvaKa/JLTTTeLv (pdvai ovSev Sia(pepei, ^Sl* oXiycov S* 

5 rj Svoiv. ^Orai/ ydp tov A 6vto£ i^ dvdyKrj<s ^ to B, tovtov 
Se TO V, Tov A oi^TO? ea-Tai to T. Et Srj tov A oj^to? 
dvdyKrj To B elvaL, tovtov S^ 6vto9 to A {tovto ydp rjv to 



f €1 8e C. g ta-TavTat. C, ta-Tararai A. ^ imcrTaaBai dvai B. 

i fvdexcTai C. k ov8e B. ^ ra afjLsa-d noTf C. «» t' om. A. 

n §' OTl] TO Tl A.B, T€ OTt C. ^ f^] »7 e/C B.C. P TOV B. ^l ^dlblOV 

TTaVTa C. r §t' om. C. 



I. 4. T2TEPX2N A. 187 

KVK\(p), KeiCrOct) TO A, €(p^ OV TO r. To OVP * TOV B 6vT09 TO 

A etvai Xeyeiv ea-Tl ^to T ^elmi Xeyeiv, tovto S^ otl tov A 
6vT09 TO r earTL' to Se Y tw A to avTO. ^'QcTTe cviuLlSaLveL 
'^^XeyeLv tov9 kvkXo) <pdcrK0VTa9 etvai Trjv airoSeLt^Lv ovSev 
eTepov TrKriv oti tov A 6vto9 to A eaTiv. Ovtw Se iravTa 
ScL^ai paSLOV. Ov jULrjv aXX' ovSe tovto SvvaTov, irXrjv eirle 
TOVTWV ocra aXXiiXoL9 eireTaL, wcTirep tol 'ISLa. "^Ei/o? /nev 
ovv KeLjULevov SeSeLKTai otl ovSeTroT avayKrj tl eivaL eTepov 
(Xeyco S' ej/09, OTL ovtc opov ei/09 ovTe Oea-eoog fJLLag TeOeL- 
crrig^, ck Svo Se Oecrewv TrpcoTCov Ka\ eXa-^LarTCOv evSeyeraL, 
e^Lirep Ka\ arvXXoyla-aa-OaL. ^Eai/ imev ovv to tg A to) B Kal 
Tw r eirrjTaLf Kal TavT aXXi^XoL9 ^ Kal tw A, ovtco jULev ivSe- 
\eTaL e^ aXXrjXcov SeLKvvvaL irdvTa tol aiTrjOevTa ev tm irpooTco 
(T-^jxaTL, C09 SeSeLKTaL ev tols irepl a-vXXoyLa-fJiOv. AeSeLKTaL 7 
Se Kai y OTi iv Toig aXXoL9 a-yriij.aa-Lv ri ov ylveraL a-vXXoyL- 
arfjLog rj ov irepl tcov Xr](pOevTCov. Ta ^e /u^ dvTLKaTrjyopov- 
/iieva ovSajuLcog ea^TL Sel^aL kvkXw. ^'Qa-T iireLSrj oXiya ^tol- 
avTa iv Tai9 diroSel^ea-L, (pavepov otl Kevov Te Kal dSvvaTOv 
to XeycLV i^ dXX^Xcov etvaL Trjv diroSeL^Lv Kai S^d tovto irav- 
Tcov ^ivSeyea^OaL etvaL diroSeL^Lv. 

^ETref ^' dSvvaTOv dXXco9 '^yeLv ov iarTlv iiTLaT^iuLrj aTrXcog, a 
dvayKalov av eirj to iiTLa-TrjTov to KaTa Trjv diroSeLKTLKrjv 
iTTLa-TriiJLrjv. ^ A.iroSeLKTLKrj S^ iarTlv ^v eypiJLev tw eyeiv aTro- 
SeL^Lv' i^ dvayKaicov apa a-vXXoyLa-iJLos ia-TLv rj diroSeL^L^. 
A.rj7rTeov dpa e/c tlvcov kol ttolcov ai aTro^e/^et? efVfV. TLpcoTOv 
Se SLopla-coiJLev tl Xeyofxev to KaTa TravTog Kal tl to KaO^ avTo 
Ka\ TL To KaOoXov. 

KaTa Trai/To? jULev ovv tovto Xeyco o av ^ firj i^r^ tlvos fJLCV 2 
TLvd^ Se fir}, iJLrjSe TroTe fiev ttotc ^e ijl^, oIov el /caTa TravTog 
dvOpdoTTOV (^^ov, el dXrjOh TOvS^ elirelv dvOpcoirov, dXrjOh Ka\ 
^woi/, KOi €L vvv OaTepov, Ka\ OaTcpov, Ka\ ei iv irdarrj ypaiiiJLrj 

s Tov om. A. t t6 Toy A. et corr. C. ^ fivai om. A.B. ^^' \eyeiv 
post €T€pov C. ^ Kal Tfo A om. pr. C. Y oti Ka\ B. 2 TOiavTa 

6\iya C. ^ fvdexcTai B.C. 



i88 ANAATT1K12N Anal. Post. 

aTLyiJLri, wcravTco?. ^tjjuieiov Se' /ca) yap rag eva-raa-ei^ ovrw 
(pepoiuLev ft)? Kara Travrog ^ epooroo/ULei/oi, rj ei eirl tlvi \xri, % ei 

3 TTOTe iJ.rj. KaO' avTo, ^' ocra virapyeL re ev tS tl ecTTLV, oiov 
TpLywvo) ypafM/iifj Kal ypajULjuirj a-TLyixr] [rj yap ova-la avTcov 
eK TOVTCOv ea^L, KaL ev tw \oy(p tw XeyovTL t/ eaTLv evv- 
irap-^eL) Kai oa-OL9 twv evvTrapyovToov avToig avTa ev tm Xoyu) 
^ evvirapyovaL tw tl eaTL SrjXovvTL, olov t6 evOv virapyeL 
ypaii/ixrj Kal to Trepicpeph, Kal to irepLTTOv Ka\ apTLOv apL- 
0[J.tp, Kai TO TrpooTOv Kal a-vvOerov Ka\ laoTrXevpov Kal eTcpo- 
/utjKeg' Kai iraaL tovtol^ evvirap-^ovaLV ev tw Xoycp tw tl 
eaTL \eyovTL evOa jULev ypajUL/ur] evOa S^ apLOimo?' *^0/jloioo9 Se 
Kal eirl toov aWoov Ta TOLavO^ eKaaTOig KaO^ avTO. \eyoo, oa-a 
Se /uLrjSeTepoog virap-^^eL, a-vjUL/Be/StjKOTa, otov t6 /ULOvaLK^v rj 

4\€vk6v tw ^wft). ^"EiTi o /uLt] KaO^ VTroKeLjuievov \eyeTaL aWov 
TLVof, oiov ^ t6 /BaSi^^ov eTepov tl ov /SaSll^ov ia^l Ka). \€vk6v, 
tj S^ ova-la, Ka) oaa ToSe tl a-rjjuLalveL, ov^ cTepov tl ovTa 
ea-T^v OTrep eaTLV. Ta /ULev Srj /ULtj /caO' vTroKeijULevov KaO^ avTa 
\eyoo, TOL Se KaO^ vTroKei/uievov av/uL^e^rjKOTa. *'Etz S^ aWov 
TpoTTOv t6 /ulcv Sl^ aift^ virap-^ov eKaa-Too KaO^ avTO, t6 Se /JLrf 
Sl^ avTO av/A^e^rjKog, ofov el ^aSll^ovTO^ rjaTpa^^e, aviUL/3e/3rj' 
/f09* ov yap Slol t6 /SaSll^eLv '^aTpay^rev, aWa a-vve^rj, (pa/uLev, 

5 TOVTO. Ei Se Sl avTO, KaO^ avTO, olov e'i tl a-cpaTTO/uievov 
aireOave Ka\ KaTa Trjv a-(payr]v, otl S^a t6 o-cpaTTea-OaL, aW* 
ov a-vve^rj a-cpaTTOjuLevov ciTToOaveLv. Ta apa \ey6/UL€va eiri 
Tcov aTrXw? eTriaTrjToov /caO' ai;Ta ovtco9 co9 evvTrap-^eiv Toh 
KaTrjyopov/uLevoLS rj ewTrap-^eaOai Sl^ avTa tc earri Kai e^ 
avayKrjg. Ov yap €vSe-)(€Tai /uLrj virap^^eLV rj aTrXto? rj to, av- 
TiKeL/Jieva, oiov ypa/UL/uLtj t6 evOv tj t6 Ka/ULTrv\ov Ka\ apiO/JLw 
To irepLTTov "rj TO apTLOv. ^'Eo-T/ yap t6 evavTLOv rj cTe- 
prjaL9 h avTL(paai9 ev tw avTcp yeveL, olov apTLOv t6 /uLrj xe- 
piTTOv €v apLO/xoi^ fi eireTaL. ^'QaT ei avayKtj (pavai rj airo- 
(pavaL, avayKtj Ka\ tol KaO^ airra v-rrapyeLv. 

^ epcoTcofxfvov A.B. <• vndpxova-i C. '^ t6 /SaS/^etv B. 



1.5- T2TEPX2N A. 189 

To fxev ovv KaTOL iravTog Ka) KaO^ avTO SicoptcrOoiy tov 6 
TOOTTOv TOVTov KaOoXov Se Xeyci) o dv /cara iravTog re 
virapyri Ka\ KaO^ avTO Ka\ ^ avTO. ^avepov apa otl ocra 
KaOoXov, e^ avayKrjg vTrdp-^ei T019 TrpdyiuLaa-LV. To KaO 
avTO Se Ka\ ^ avTo TavTOV, otov /caO' ^ avTrjv ^ t^ ypa^^rj 
virdpyeL crTLyiULri Ka\ t6 evOv' Ka) ydp rj ypa^^ir}. Kat tw 
TpLywvo) ^ Tplywvov Svo opOai Ka\ yap KaO^ avTo to TpL- 
ycovov Svo opOaig 'icrov. To KaOoXov Se virap-^eL TOTe, OTav 1 
e7r\ Tov TvvovTO^ Ka\ irpcoTOv SeLKvvrjTaL. Otov to Svo 6pOa<s 
e-^eLV S ovTe tS ^■'^(rjiuLaTL eaTL KaOoXoV KaLTOL ecTTL Seit^aL 
KaTa cr-^rjij.aTO'; otl Svo opOdg e^ei, aXX' ov tov tv^6vto<s 
u^^fjLaTO^' ovSe ■)(j)r]TaL tm tv^6vtl <jyjiixaTL ^ 6 SeLKvvs' to 
ydp TeTpdycovov cr-^iJia }xev, ovk eyeL Se Svo ^ 6p0ai9 iVa?. 
To S^ icrocTKeXeg eyeL lULev t6 Tvyov Svo 6p0aL9 'lcrag, aXX' ov 
'TTpwTov, dXXd t6 Tplycovov rrrp^Tepov. ^O tolvvv to Tvyov 
TrpcoTOv SeLKVVTaL Svo dpOdg eyov rj otlovv dXXo, tovtco TrpcoTcp 
virdpyeL KaOoXov, Ka\ rj diroSei^LS KaO^ aWd tovtov KaOoXov 
ecTTi, Twv S^ dXXcov Tp^irov TLvd ov /caO' ayTO* ovSe tov icro- 
CTKeXovg ovK ecrTi KaOoXov aXX' e7r\ TrXeov. 

Aei Se /jLt] XavOaveiv otl 7roXXaKL9 crviULlBaivei SLa/JiapTaveLV 5 
Ka\ fJLtj virdpyeLV to SeiKvvjULcvov irpooTOv KaOdXov, fi SoKel 
SeLKvvcrOai Ka06Xov irpwTOv. ^ A.iraTcoiuLeOa Se TavTijv t^v 
dirdTriv, OTav r] ^ lULrjSev ^ Xa/Seiv dvwTepov irapd t6 /ca0' 
eKacTTOv ^ rj ra Kau eKacTTa, rj r] fjLev. AAA avcovvfjLov rj eiTL 
SLa(j)6poi9 e^Sei irpdyfjLacrLV, rj ™ Tvyyavrj ov co9 ev fjLepei oXov 
e(j)^ w SeiKVVTaL' T019 ydp ev fiepeL virdp^ei fxev r} dirdSei^L^, 
Ka\ ecTTaL Acara 7raj/T09, aXX' OfJLC0<i ovk ecTTaL tovtov TrpcoTOV 
Ka06Xov rj dir6SeL^L9. Aeyco Se tovtov irpcoTOV, 17 touto, 
d7r6Seit^LV, OTav ^ TrpcoTOv Ka06Xov. Et ovv T19 Sel^eLev 0TI2 
al 6pOa\ ov crvfJLTriirTOVcri, S6^eLev av tovtov elvai rj d7r6Sei^L9 
Slu to e7r\ 7racrcov etvaL toov 6pOcov. Ovk ecTTL Se, e'i7rep fJLrj 

® avTTJ B. et pr. C. f TTjU ypafinrjv pr. C. S ovt€~\ otc A. ^ 6 

om. B.C. i 6p6as B. ^ firjSev C. ^ rj to. KaO^ cKaaTa om. C. 

"" "rvyxduei. B. 



190 ANAATTIKON Anal. PosT. 

OTi ooS\ lcrai " yiverai tovto, aW ^ oTrwaovv lcrai. KaJ el 
Tplyo)vov /Jiri ^ ^v aWo >; lcroaKeXh, fi icrocrKeXe^ av eSoKCi 

SvTrdp-^eiv, Kat to avaXoyov otl ei/aXXa^, fi apiOiuLol Ka\ § 
ypajULfJLal koi tj (TTepea Ka\ ^ "^ovoi, P wa-Trep cSeiKvvTo ttotc 
^(jopig, evSe^ofjLevov ye KaTO, TrdvToov /uLia airoSei^ei Sef)(6rjvai' 
aXXa Sia t6 /uLtj elvai cavoiuLacriuLevov tl irdvTa ^TavTa ei/, 
apLOiuLol fx^Kf] yjyovo^i CTTepea, Ka\ e'iSeL SLacpepeiv dW^Xcov, 

4^ft)joJ9 eXaiuL^aveTO. 'Nvv Se KaOoXov SeiKvvTaL' ov ydp 17 
ypa/JiiULa\ tj tj dpiOiuLo\ virrjpyev, aXX' fi toSl, o KaOoXov vtto- 
TiOevTaL vTrdp-^^eLV. Alu tovto ovS^ dv rf? Sei^r] KaO^ eKacrrov 
TO TpLywvov ^ aTrodeit^eL ri jjiLa r] eTepa otl cvo opua9 ey^eL 
eKacTTOv, To LCTOirXevpov yjjop^^ Ka\ to ^ crKa\r]ve9 Ka\ to icro- 
(TKeXeg, ovtto) olSe to Tplycovov otl Svo opOah, el fj-r] tov ao- 
(pLCTTLKOV Tpoirov, ovSe KaOoXou TplycDvov, ovS^ el fJLr^Sev ea-TL 

S irapd TOVTa Tplyoovov eTepov. Ov ydp f] Tplycovov olSev, 
ovSe irav Tplyoovov, aXX' ^ KaT dpLOfJiov' KaT eiSo^ S* ov 
irdv, Koi el /ULriSev ecTTLv o ovk oiSev. TIot ovv ovk otSe Ka- 
OoXov, KOL TTOT oJSev dirXcog ', SrjXov Sr] otl ei * TavTov ^v 
^TpiycovM eivaL Ka\ icrq7r\evp(p "^ eKaa-TCo r] TrdcTLV. Ei Se ixrj 

^TavTOv aXX' cTepov, virdpyeL S^ fj Tplycovov, ovk oiSev. IIo- 
Tepov S^ ^ Tplycovov r] ^ ^ icroaKeXeg, virdp-^eL ; Ka\ Trore 
KaTd TOvO^ virdpyeL TrpcoTOV ; Ka\ KaOoXov tlvo9 r] diroSeL^i^ ; 
SrjKov OTL OTav ^ dcpaLpoviuLevcov VTrdp^r] irpcoTCp. Otov tw 
icroa-KeXeL y^aXKcS Tpiycovco vTrdp^ovaL Svo dpOai, dXXd Ka\ 
Tov ^oXkovv etvaL d(paLpe0evTO9 Ka\ tov laoaKeXeg. ^AXX' 
01; Tov ayrjijiaTog t] irepaTog. ^AXX' ov irpcoTcov. T/i/09 ovv 
TTpcoTOV ; €1 Sr] TpLycovov, KaTa TovTO v7rap)(eL Ka\ tol9 aX- 
XoL9, Ka\ ^TOVTOV KaOdXov eaT^v r] dirdSeL^L^. 
6 E/ ovv eaT\v rj diroSeLKTLKi] eTTLaTrjiJii] e^ dvayKaioov dp^^cov 
(o ydp eiTLaTaTai, ov SvvaTov aXXco? ey^eiv), ra ^e KaO^ avrd 
virap^^ovTa dvayKaia tol9 TrpayimaaLV (a fj.ev ydp ev tm t/ 

" yivovrai pr. C. ^ rjv^ oSv A. P ©(TTrep Koi fSdKVvro C. <1 ravra 
wavra C. ^ dnodel^eL om. B. ^ (TKaKrjvbv B.C. * ravro B.C. 

V rpiyavov B. ^' J7 om. B. ^ d(f>aipovfieva) C. V rovTOv'^ rov A. 



I. 6. T2TEPI2N A. 191 

ecTTiv vTrdp-^^ei' rotg S^ avTO. ev tw tl ecrTiv vTrdpyei KaTrjyo- 
poviui€voi9 avTcov, wv OaTepov twv avTiKei/uievoov dvayKrj ^virap- 
^efj^), (pavepov otl eK tolovtcov tlvwv dv e^ir} 6 aTroSeiKTLKo^ 
(TuXXcyfcTyuo?* aTrav yap t} ovToog vTrapj^eL rj /cara (TVjUi/SelSr]- 
Kog, ra Se orv/mPe^riKOTa ovk dvayKaia. 

^^H Srj ovTCO ^XeKTeov, rj dp-^^rjv OejULevoLg otl rj dTToSeLt^Lg 2 
dvayKalov eo-Ti, kol el dTroSeSeiKTaL, ovj^ olov t aXXw? e^eLv' 
e^ dvayKaioov apa Scl etvaL tov arvWoyLcriuLOv. ^E^ dXrjOcov 
/ULev ydp ea-TL Ka\ jmrj diroSeiKvvvTa a-vWoyLO-aa-OaL, e^ dvay- 
Kaloov S^ ovK ecTTLV aXX' rj diroSeLKvvvTa' tovto yap ^Stj diro- 
Sei^eco9 iarTiv. ^rj/meLOV S^ otl rj diroSeL^i^ e^ dvayKaicov, otl 
Kal Ta? eva-TaaeL^ ovtoo (pepofxev irpog tov9 OLO/uievovg airo- 
SeLKvvvaL, OTL ovK dvdyKrj, av OLOojULeOa rj 0X009 evSe-^eaOaL d\- 
\oo9 rj eveKa ye tov \6yov. Ar]\ov S^ ck tovtoov Ka\ otl3 
€V]]0ei9 01 \ajULl3dveLV OLOjuLevoL Ka\co9 Tag dp-^dg, edv evSo^og 
§ rj TrpoTaa-LS Ka\ d\riOrjg, olov 01 a-o(pLarTa\ otl to eiTLaTa- 
a-uai To eiTLaTtjiuLrjv e-)(eLv. Dv yap " to evcoi^ov rj fxrj apyrj 
eaTLV, aXXa ^ to TrpcoTOv tov yevovg 7rep\ o SeUvvTaL' Ka\ 
Td\rj0e9 ov irdv oiKeiov. "Ort S^ e^ dvayKaloov eivaL Sei tov 
avWoyia/uLov, (pavepdv Ka\ ck ToovSe. E/ •y^^j^ d /uLrj e-^^cov 4 
\6yov Tov Sid TL ovarjg d^n-oSei^eoog ovk €7ria-Tiiiuioov, eirj S^ av 
waT€ TO A /cara tov F e^ dvdyKrjg virdp^^eLV, to Se B to 
juiia-ov, Sl^ ov direSel-^^Orj, fxrj e^ dvdyKrjg, ovk olSe Sl6tl. Ov 
ydp ea-TL tovto Slu to jmea-ov' to /mev ydp evSeyeraL /J.rj eivaL, 
TO Se arvfJLTrepacrixa dvayKalov. *'1Ejtl e'i tl9 /ULrj olSe vvv eywv 
Tov \6yov Ka\ aco^^/mevog, aoo^o/mevov tov Trpay jUiaTO?, fxrj eiTL- 
\e\rja-/ULevo9, ^ ovSe irp^Tepov rjSeL. ^Oapelrj S^ av to ixeaov, 5 
el /uLrj dvayKaiov. ^'QaTe e^cL /uLev tov \6yov ^a-ooXo/xevo^ crca- 
Xo/Jievov Tov 7rpdy/uiaT09, ovk olSe Se. OvS^ dpa irp^Tepov 
tjSeL. E/ ^e /uirj ecpOapTai, evSeyeraL ^ Se (jyOaprjvaL, to av/j.- 
ftaivov dv ' elrj SvvaTov Ka\ evSeyo/Jievov. ^AXX' eaTiv dSv- 
vaTOv OVT009 e-^ovTa elSevaL. 

z vndpxei A. » dfreov corr. C. ^ rwt B. et pr. C. ^ ovSe apa 
npoTfpov C. ^ a-at^dfxevov (t. B. ^ de om. B. ^ elr/ Koi dvvarov C. 



192 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

6 *'OTav jULev ovv to crvjULTripaa-iuLa e^ avayKt]^ ^, ovSev KooXvei 
^ To iJ.€(TOv /uit] avayKaiov civai, Si' ov eSel-^^Orj' €(ttl yap to 
avayKaiov Kal /u^ e^ avayKalov o-vWoyLcraa-Oai, wcnrep Ka\ 
aXijOeg iui.tj e^ aXrjOwv. ^'Orai/ Se to jmicrov e^ avayKr](^, ^ Ka\ 
TO (TV/uLTrepacriULa e^ avayKt]9, wcrirep kol e^ aXrjOwv a\t]0e9 

7 aei. ^'EcTTft) yap to A /caTct tov B e^ avayKr]^, Ka\ tovto 
KaTOL Tov r* avayKalov tolvvv Ka\ to A tw Y virap-^^eiv. 
^Otuv Se fjit] avayKalov ^ to (Tv/uLirepa^r/uLa, ovSe to /uLe^rov 
avayKaLOV olov t eivaL. J2j(tt(jo yap to J\ T(p i fit] e^ 
avoLyKtjg virap-^eLV, tw Se B, Ka\ tovto tw F e^ avayKrjg' 
Ka\ TO A ajoa t<m V e^ avayKr]^ vTTOLp^ei. ""AXX' ou^ vwe- 

SKeLTO. ""ExeJ TOLvvv ei eiria-TaTai CLTToSeLKTLKwg, Sel e^ avay' 
Kr]9 virapyeLV, S^Xov otl Ka\ Slu imecrov avayKalov Sel e^eLV 
Trjv aTToSeL^LV' t] ovk eirLcrTiicreTaL ovTe Slotl ovTe otl avayKrj 
€Keivo etvai, aXX' t] ol^creraL ovk eiScog, eav viroXa^rj o)? avay- 
Kaiov TO /uLr] avayKalov, r] ovS^ oirja-eTaL ojULOLOog, edv tc to otl 
eiSr] Slol fJLecrcov edv T€ to Slotl Ka\ Si ajULea-oyv. 

9 Twv ^e CTVjUL/Sel^rjKOTOOV jULr] KaO^ avTa, ov Tpoirov SLOopicrOr] 
TOL KaO^ avT<x, ovK ecTTLV eTTia-TrjijLr] airoSeLKTLKr]. Ou yap 
ecTTLV e^ avayKr]<s Sel^ai to crviuL7r€paa-/Jia' to a-v/uilSe/SrjKog 
yap evSe^^^eTai jULtj virapyeLv' ^ 7rep\ tolovtov yap Xeyoi) ctvjjl- 
^e/BrjKOTog. Ka/TOt airopi^a-eLev ^ av tl9 ■^ fVw? TfVo? ei/e/ca 
TavTa Sei epooTav 7rep\ tovtcov, el firj avayKrj to (Tv/j.ire- 
paa-jULa etvaL' ovSev yap SLacpepeL ei tl9 epOfjLevog tol tv- 

lo^oi/Ttt erra elireiev to crv/ULTrepaa-iuLa. Aei S^ ipcoTdv ov"^ oj? 
avayKalov etvaL Slcl Ta ^pooTr]ij.iva, aXX' otl XiyeLv avayKtj 
Tw cKeLva XiyovTL, Ka\ aXrjOcog XiyeLV, eav aXrjOoog § virap- 
yovTa. 

II ""ETret ^' e^ avayKrjg vTrap-^ei irep\ eKacTTOv yivo^ ocra KaO^ 
avTOL vTrdpy^eL, kol f] eKacTTOV, (pavepov otl Trepl toov KaO^ 
avTOL vTrap-^ovTcov ai eiTLa'Tr]ij.oviKa\ aTToSei^eig Ka\ e/c toov 
TOLOvTcov eia-iv. Ta /j-ev yap a-v/jL^e^rjKOTa ovk avayKaia, 

g Tov C. ^ Koi ante rb om. A. J Trepi tov toiovtov B.C. '^ up 

Tis om. C. ^ i(ra>s ois Tivos B. 



I. 7, 8. TSTEPftN A. 193 

woTT ovK ai/dyKtj to (TviuLirepacriJLa eiSepai Sioti virdpyei, ovS^ 
€1 del eirj, fjLti Ka& avTO Se, olov 01 Sid crrjiJLeLMv (rvWoyicriuLoL 
o yap Katf avTO ov Kau avTO eTricrTTjcreTai, ovoe oloti. l o 
Se ^ Sloti eiria-Taa-QaL ecTTi to S^d tov aiTLOV eirla-TacrQai. 
A<' avTO dpa Sel Ka\ to fjieaov tm TpiTM Kai to irpcoTOv tm 
jULea-o) VTrap-^eiv. 

OvK dpa ea-Tiv e^ dWov yevovg jULeTa/SdvTa Sei^ai, ofov J 
To yeooiJieTpiKov dpLOiirjTLK^. Tpla yap eaTi Ta ev Taig 
diroSel^eaLV, ev julcv to diroSeLKVviievov to a-vinrepaaiJ.a' tov- 
TO o eoTTL To virap-^ov yevei tlvl Kau avTO. Jcjv ce Ta at^Lco- 
fiaTa' d^LCOfJLaTa S^ ea-Th e^ wv. TpiTOv to yevog to vtto- 
Keifievov, ov Ta TrdOr] Kal Ta KaO^ avTd avii(3e/3r]K6Ta SrjXoI 
t} diroSeL^L^. ""E^ wv fJLev ovv t] d7r6Sei^L9, evSe-^cTaL Td avTd 2 
elvaL' (lov Se to yevog cTepov, wairep dpLOfJLrjTLKrjg Ka\ yew- 
lULCTpLag, OVK eaTL Trjv dpLOfirjTLKrjv dirdSei^LV e(papii6aaL e7r\ 
Td T0I9 fJLeyeOea-L avjUL^e^ijKdTa, el fJLrj Ta fJLeyeOrj dpLOfJLol 
elaL' TOVTO S^ ft)? evSe-^eTai eirl tlvoov, vaTepov Xe-^Orja-eTai. 
rl o apLUfirjTLKrj aTrooeit^ig aei ep^et to yevo9 Trepi o rj airo-^ 
SeL^LS, Kai ai dWaL ofjLolwg. ^QaT rj aTrXco^ dvdyKrj to avTO 
eivai yevo9 rj irrj, el " fieWeL rj dir6SeL^L<s fieTa/^aiveLV. ^'AXXcog 
o OT£ dSvvaTOv, SrjXov' eK yap tov avTOv yevov9 dvayKrj Td 
aKpa Ka\ Td fJLcaa etvaL. Et ydp firj /caO' ai^Ta, avfjLJ3e(3rj- 4 
K^Ta ea-Tai. Aid tovto tyj yecofJLeTpla ovk eaTL Sei^aL otl 
Tcov evavTLCov fila eTTLa-TrjfjLrj, dWJ ow otl ol Svo kvJSol kv^o^' 
ovo aWrj eina-Trjfirj to eTepa^s, aW rj oa-a ovTCog e-)^eL Trpog 
aWrjXa coa-T eivai OaTepov viro OaTcpov, olov Ta oiTTLKa 
'Trpdg yecofJLeTplav kol Ta dpfiovLKd irpd^s dpLOfirjTLKrjv. OvS^ 
ei TL virdp^eL Tah ypafifJLaig firj jj ypafifia\ kol ^ e/c twv dp- 
"^wv Twv lSlwv, oIov ei KaWiaTrj twv ypafifJLwv rj evOeia rj ei 
ivavTiwg e-^eL Trj TrepLCJyepeia' ov ydp ^ to ISlov yevo9 avTwv, 
virap-^eL, oXX' fj kolv6v tl. 

^avepdv Se Ka\ edv ^aLv ai TrpOTaaeLi KaOoXov e^ cov d O 

^ dioTi (7ri(TTfi<Ta<r6ai A. ^ fxtWoi B. 

VOL. I. O 



194 ANAATTIKilN Anal. Post. 

crvWoyicriuLog, ori avayKtj Ka). to crviJLTrepaa-iJ.a atSiov etvai 
Trjg T0iavTr]9 aTToSei^eo)? ° Ka\ t^? aTrXw^ elireiv aTToSei^eoog, 
ovK ecTTLv apa aTToSei^ig tmv (pOapToov ovS^ eTTKTTtjluLrj dirXcog, 
aXX' ovTwg Scnrep KaTa auiuLpe/BrjKO^, otl ov KaOoXov avTOv 

'z ea-Tlv aWa iroTe Kal Trce?. ^'OTav S^ ?, avdyKtj Trjv eTepav 
fjitj KaOoXov eivaL irpoTacrLV Ka\ (pOapTrjv, (pOapTtjv fxev otl 
Ka\ TO a-vjULTrepaa-jUia ovarjg, fjirj KaOoXov Se otl P <w /mev eaTaL 
w S^ ovK eaTaL €(p^ cov, wctt ovk ccttl crvWoylcraaOaL KaOo- 

sXov, aXX' OTL vvv. ^OiJLolm S^ eyeL Ka\ irep) opLajULOvg, eTrei- 
irep eaTLV o opiajuio^ rj ("-px^l aTfooeit^eco^ rj aTrooet^f? uea^eL 
S^acpepovaa rj a-v/ULTrepaajULa tl aTroSel^em. A/ ^e twv ttoX- 
XdKLS yLVO/ULevoov aTroSei^eL^ Kal eTriaTijiuai, olov (re\rjvrj<; ck" 
etxJAeft)?, orjAov otl rj "^ ij.ev TOLaio clctlv, aeL eLCTLV, rj o ovk 
ciei, KaTOL fJLepog elalv. ^'Qairep S^ rj eKXeLyfrL^, coa-avTcog Toig 
aXXof?. 

9 ''ETreJ ^^e (pavepov otl cKaaTOv diroSei^aL ovk eaTLV aXX' 
rj CK Tcov eKcxaTOv dpxcov, dv to SeLKvvjuLevov virdpyrj rj eKeivo, 
ovK eaTL TO eirlaTaaOaL tovto, dv e^ dXrjOcov Ka] dvairo- 
SeiKTCOV SeL^P^ Kal d/xeacov. ^'EorTf yap ovtco Sei^ai, ^ cocnrep 
^pva^cov Tov TeTpaycoviajJi.ov. KaTa kolvov Te ydp SeLKvvov- 
CTLV 01 TOiovTOL \6yoL, o Kal eT€p(p VTrdp^eL' Sio Kal eir' d\- 
\cov ecpapfJLOTTOvaLV oi \6yoi ov crvyyevcov. Ovkovv ov^ *} 
CKeivo eirlaTaTaL, dWa KaTa crvfx^e^rjK^g' ov ydp dv ecprjp- 
fAOTTev rj dirdSeL^Lg Ka\ e7r' dWo yevo<s. 

2 ^'lEtKaa-TOv S^ eTTLCTTdfxeOa fxrj Ka^d a-vfx^e^rjKd^, oTav KaT 
CKeivo yLvcoa-Kcofxev KaO^ o virap-^eL, e/c tcov dpycov tcov eKeivov 
^ CKeivo, olov To Svah opOai^ 'laag e^eii/, w UTrap^et KaO^ 
avTO To eiprjfxevov, ck tcov dp^cov tiov tovtov. ^'QaT ei KaO^ 
avTo ^ KdKeivo virap^eL w virapx^L, dvixyKrj to fxecrov ev t^ 
avTrj a-vyyeveia etvaL. Et ^e fxij, aXX' cog Td dpfxovLKa Sl'' 
^dpLOfxrjTLKrj^. Ta ^e TOiavTa SeiKvvTaL fxev coaavTco<s, Siacpe- 

o /co£ r^s — aTroSei^ewf om. pr. C. P ro>— tw pr. C, to — ro rc. 

^ jievTOL ovS' A, fxeV rotouS' 15. ^ w<nr(p 6 ^pixroiv C. ^ KOKeipm 

A.B.C. 



I. 9, lo. T2TEPX2N A. 195 

p€i Se' To /iiev yap ori erepag eirKTTrjiJ.rjt} (ro yap u7ro/ce/- 
imevov yevog eTepov), to Se Sioti t^? avw, iJ9 /caO' avTo, to. 
iraQrj ecTTiv. '''QcTTe Ka\ eic tovtcov cj)avep6v otl ovk earTiv 
a^TToSei^ai cKacTTOv aTrXo)?, aXX' r) ck twv eKacTTOv apywv. 
^AXXa TOVTwv al apycu eyovcri to kolvov. 

E/ Se cpavepov touto, cpavepov Kal otl ovk ecTTL Ta<s e/ca-4 
CTTOV iSlag Gip-^a9 ciTroSei^ai' eorovTai yap eKelvai aTrdvTWv 
ap-^al, Kal eirLa-Trnjiri rj eKelvwv Kvpla iravTWv. Kal yap eirl- 
CTTaTaL imaWov 6 e/c twv avcoTepov aLTiwv eiSm' e/c tcov 
TTpoTepcov yap olSev, OTav e/c /x^ aiTLaTcov eiSrj aLTLCov. ^'Qctt 
ei /uaWov oiSe Kal jULaXLCTTa, kolv eTTLO-Trjij.rj eKelvrj ehj Kai 
imaWov Kal /mdXLcrTa. "^H S^ aTToSeLt^Lg ovk ecpapjULOTTeL eir 
aWo yevog, aXX' r] 009 e^lprjTai ai yecojULeTpLKal eirl Ta? fxr]- 
^avLKag rj oTTTLKag kol ai apLOiutjTLKal eirl Ta? dpimovLKag. 

XaXeirov S^ ecTTL t6 yvcovaL el olSev rj jxri. * ^aXeir^v ydp s 
To yvcovaL el e/c tcov eKacTTOv dp^^^cov 'lcTiULev rj ixri' oicep ecTT\ 
TO elSevaL. OlofJieOa S\ dv e^cojULev e^ d\r]OLvcov tlvcov ctvWo- 
yicriuL^v Ka\ TrpcoTCov, eTTLCTTacrOaL. To S^ ovk earTLv, dWd 
avyyevrj Set eivaL tol9 TrpcoTOLg. 

A.€yco S^ «jOp^a? ev eKacTTw yeveL TavTa^s, a? otl €cttl lur} lO 
€vSe-^€Tai Sei^aL. T/ /uLev ovv (TrjfAalvei Ka\ Ta irpcoTa Ka\ Td 
€K TOVTCov, Xa/uL/SdveTaL' OTL S^ ecTTL, TCX9 fiev dp-)(dg dvayKtj 
Xaiu^aveLv, Ta S' dWa SeiKvvvaL, olov tl lULovdg »7 t/ t6 evOv 
Ka\ TpiycovoV elvaL Se Trjv fjLOvdSa Xa/Selv Ka\ ixeyeOo^, Ta 

CTcpa SeLKvvvai. 

^'ISkttl S^ ^ cov ■^(pcovTaL ev Tai9 diroSeLKTLKah eirLCTTrjiJ.aL^ 2 
Tci lULev 'iSLa eKacTTrj^ e7rL(TTrjij.rj<s Ta ^e KOiva, KOLvd Se KaT 
dvaXoylav, e7re\ yj)rjCTLiJ.6v ye oarov ev tw vtto Trjv eirLcrTriij.rjv 
yeveL. '"\SLa fjev oiov ypafJixriv elvaL ^ TOiavSl, Ka\ t6 evOv, 
KOLva Se otov ^ t6 'lcra dird 'lctcov av dcjyeXrj, otl 'icTa Ta XotTra. 
LKavov o cKacTTOv TOVTcov ocrov ev tw yevei' TavTO yap 



* XaXeTTov yap t6 yvcovai om. C. ^ Ka\ ri rpiycovov C. 

Corr. C. ^ TOiavde C. y Tci C. 

O 2 



V 



196 ANAATTIKilN Anal. Post. 

iroirja-ei, kolv /uLr] Kara iravTcov Xa^rj aX\' €7r\ /uLeyeOwv /ulovov, 
Tip S^ apiO/ULi^TiKW e7r' apiO/ULcov. 

3 ^'EcTTf ^' 'ISia jULev Kal a Xa/uL^averai eivai, Trepl a ^ eTrt- 
G-T^/uLrj Oecopei tol inrapyovTa KaO^ avTa, otov jULovaSas ^ api- 
OjuLtjTiKii, yj Se yeoo/uLeTpLa crrjjuLeia Kal ypajuL/uLag. TauTa yap 
XafJLlSdvovcn to elvai koi toS\ eivai. Ta ^e tovtcov irdOtj 
KaO^ avrd, tI julcv (jrjiuLaLveL eKacTTOv, XaixfiavovcrLv, oJov rj /uLev 
apLOjULrjTLKrj TL iTepLTTOV r] apTLOV % TeTpaycovov r) KV^O^, rj 
ce yecojuLeTpLa tl to a\oyov rj to KeKKacruaL rj veveLv, otl o 
ecTTi, SeLKVvovoTL S^d T€ Toov KOLvcov Ka\ CK Tcov aTroSeSei- 

4 yjULevcov, Kaf ^ dcTTpoXoyLa wcravTcos. Ilacra yap diroSeL^ 
KTLKrj eTTLcrTi^juLrj irepL Tpia ecrTiv, ocra t€ elvaL TiOeraL (TavTa 
S* ecTTl t6 yevo<s, ov tcov KaO^ avTa TraOrjjuLaTCOv ecrTl Oecoprj- 
TLK^), Kal Ta KOLvd XeyojuLeva d^LcoiuLaTa, e^ cov irpcoTcov dirO' 
SeLKvvcTL, Ka\ TpLTOv Ta iraOrj, cov tl crrjjULalvei cKacrTOv XajuL- 

5 ^dveL. ^Ei//a9 julcvtol eTTicrTiijuLag ovSev KcoXveL evLa tovtcov 
irapopdv, olov to yevo9 jmr] viroTiOecrOaL elvai, av ^ (pavepov 
OTL ecrTLv (ov ydp ojuLolcog S^Xov otl dpLOjuLog ecTTi koI otl 
\lrv)(j)dv Ka\ OepjuLOv), Ka\ rd iraOrj juLrj XajuL/BaveLV t/ crrjjuLai- 
veL, dv rj Srj\a' cocnrep ovSe Ta KOiva ov \ajuil3aveL tl (rrjjuLalvet 
TO lcra dird tcrcov d(f)e\eiv, otl yvcopLjuLov. ""AW ovSev rjTTOv 
Trj ye (pvcreL Tpla TavTa ecrTi, Trepi o Te SeLKvvcrL KaL a oet- 
KVVcrL Ka\ e^ cov. 

6 UvK ecTTL vTTOuecTLg ovd aiTrjjuLa, o avayKtj eivaL cl avTO 
Ka\ SoKeiv dvdyKrj. Ov ydp ttjOo? tov e^co \6yov rj dTToSei' 
^19, dWd irpdg tov ev Trj "^v^^rj, eire^ ovSe arvWoyicrjuLdg, 
^Aei ydp ecrTLV evcrTrjvaL ttjOo? tov e^co \6yov, dWd Trpdg 

'jTOV ecrco \6yov ovk dei. ^Ocra jmev ovv SeLKrd ovTa \ajuL/3a- 
veL avTo^ /uLrj Sel^a^, TavT, edv /uLev SoKOvvTa \ajUL(3avtj tw 
jULavOdvovTL, vTroTiOeTttL, Ka\ ecTTLV ou^ ctTrXw? virdOecTL^ diXka 
irpd^ cKeivov jmovov, av Se rj juLrjSejuLidg evovcrrjg S6^rj9 ^ Ka\ 
€vavTia9 * €V0V(Trj9 XajmlSdvtj to avTO aiTeiTaL. Ka) tovtco 

2 €iov(rrjs om. B. 



I. II. TSTEPX2N A. J97 

Siacpepei viroOea-L^ kol ouTrnjia' ea-Ti yap a^TrjfJLa to virevav- 
TLOv Tov liiavOavovTO? Trj So^rj, rj o av tl9 cnroSeLKTOV ov XafJL- 
fidvrj Kal -^^TaL fxr] Sel^a^- 

O/ liiev ovv opoL ovK el(TLV vTToOeareLg {^ovSe yap eivaL rj fjLrjS 
XeyovTaL), aW ev Taig irpoTaa-ea-Lv ai v7roOea-eL9, Tovg S^ 
opovs lULOvov ^vvlea-OaL Ser tovto S* ovy^ vTroOecrig, el iJ.rj Ka\ 
TO aKOveiv viroOea^lv tl? eTvaL (p^a^eL. ""AXX' oa-cov ovtoov tco 
€Keiva elvaL ylveTaL to aviJ.Trepaa-iJ.a. OvS"^ 6 yecofxeTprjg y^ev- 
S^ VTTOTLOeTaL, wa-irep TLvh e(paa-av, \ey0vTe9 cog ov Sei Tip 
ylrevScL ^rjarOaL, tov Se yecojUieTprjv y^revSea-OaL \eyovTa iro- 
^Laiav Trjv ov iroSLalav r^ evOelav Trjv yey paiJ.iUL€vrjv ovk evOeiav 
ova-av. *^0 ^e yecojmeTprig ovSev a-viuLTrepaiveTaL tm TrjvSe elvaL 
ypaiJ.iJ.riv, rjv avT09 €(pOeyKTaL, aXXa Ta S^a tovtcov SrjXov- 
fjieva. ^'Ert t6 aiTrnuia Kal v7r60earL<5 iraa-a r} «9 oXov rj o)? ev 
jULepei, 01 S^ opoL ovSeTepov tovtcov. 

^'[Sr] fiev ovv elvaL r} ev tl irapa Ta TToXXa ovk avayKrj, I I 
€f OLTToSeL^Lg ea-Tai, eivaL fxevTOL ev /cara ttoWcov oXrjOh ei- 
irelv avayKt]' ov yap eaTaL to KaOoXov, av lULrj tovto ^* eav 
0€ To KauoAov lULrj rj, TO fiea^ov ovK ea-TaL, coa-T ovo airoceL- 
^L9. Aei apa tl ev Ka] to avTO eirl irXeLOVCOV etvaL fJLrj 61x00- 
vvfJLOv. To Se jULr] evSe-^ea-OaL a/jt« (pavaL Kai airocpdvaL ovSe- 
fjLia \afi/3dveL airoSeL^L?, aXX' r] edv Ser] Sei^aL Kal t6 orvfiTre- 
pacTfxa OVTC09. AeiKVVTaL Se \a/3ova-L t6 irpwTOv KaTa tov 2 
fieorov, OTL d\r]0€9, diroCpavaL S^ ovk d\r]Oeg. To ^e fxea-ov 
ovSev S^acpepeL eivaL Ka\ fJLr] eivaL \a^eiv, " cog S'' avTco^ Ka\ 
TO TpiTOV. Ef ydp eSoOrj, KaO^ ov dvOpooirov d\r]0e9 eiTreiv, 
€L Koi fir] dvOpooirov d\r]0e9, aXX' ^ el fJLovov dvOpooirov ^^ov 
^ eivai, firj ^woi/ ^e fxi^' eorTaL ydp d\r]0€9 elirelv KaXX/ai/, el 
Ka\ fxr] KaXX/ai/, ^ ofxcog ^(pov, fxr] X/pov S' ov. AHtlov S^ otl 3 
To irpcoTOv ov fxovov KaTa tov fxecrov \eyeTaL aXXa KaL KaT 
aWov Slu to €LvaL eir^ ir^eLOvoov, wctt ovS^ ei t6 fxeorov Ka\ 
avTO ea-TL Ka\ fxrj avTO, ttjOO? t6 a-vfxirepaarfJLa ovSev S^acpepeL. 

^ ov8ev A.B. ^ oiaauTcos C. ^ f^j ^ J^. d flp^n 7^01/ ^,^ A.C. 

^ Ofioiws 13. 

03 



198 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Post. 

To S^ airav (pai/ai r] a7ro(pdvai rj eh TO a^vvaTOV aTToSei^i^ 
\a]UL/3(xv€t, Kal TavTa ovS^ ael KaOoXov, aXX' 0(tov Uavov, iKa- 
vov S^ €7rl Tov yevovg. ^Ae^yw ^' cttI tov yevov^ olov ir^pi 
o yevo9 TCt? aTToSel^eig (pepei, wtrirep etptjTai Kat irpoTepov. 
4 '^^iriKOLvoovovcTL Se Tracrai al eTriarTtjiuiai aXXijXaf? mTa Ta 
KOiva, J^oiva Se XeycD oh '^(pwvTaL w? e/c tovtoov airo- 
SeLKvvvT€9, aXX ov irepl wv SeLKVvovcriv ovS* o SeLKvvovcrLv. 
Kal rj SLaXeKTLKrj Tracraf?. Kai ei tl9 KaOoXov ireLpwTO SeL- 
KvvvaL Ta KOLva, otov otl airav (pavaL rj a7ro(pavaL, rj otl 'L(ra 
airo 'i(T(jt)v, rj tcov tolovtcov CLTTa. "^H Se SiaXeKTLKrj ovk e(TTiv 
ovt(jo<s wpLcr/uLevcov tlvcov, ovSe yevov^ tlvos €V09. (Jv yap av 
rjpcoTa' airoSeLKVvvTa yap ovk €(ttlv epooTav Slo, to tcov av- 
TLKeL/uievcov ovTcov imrj SeiKvv(T6aL to avTO. AeSeLKTai Se tovto 
iv T019 irepl (TvWoyKTfJLOv. 
I Z Et Se TO avTO ccttlv epcoTrjjma (TvWoyLcrTLKov kol TrpOTa- 
(TL9 avTL(pd(Teco9, 7rpoTd(TeL9 Se /caO' eKacTTrjv €7rL(TTijfxrjv e^ 
(Sv 6 avWoyLcr/uiog 6 KaQ^ cKaa-Trjv, elrj av Ti epMTrjfxa €7ri- 

(TTrj/ULOVLKOV, €^ COV 6 Ka& €Ka(TTrjV 01K€L09 ylvCTaL (TvWo- 

yKT/uLO^' ArjXov apa OTL ov 7rdv epcoTrj/ma yecojuLeTpLKov av 
elrj ovS^ laTpLKOv, oiulolco? Se Ka\ €7r} tcov aWcoV aXX' e^ cov 
rj SeLKvvTal TL 7repl cov rj yecoixeTpia ecTTLV, ^ fj €k tcov avTcov 

zSeiKvvTaL Trj yecofJLeTpla, co(T7r€p tu, oTrTLKa. ^Ojulolco^ Se Kot 
€7rl Tcov dWcov. KaJ 7repl /ULev tovtcov Ka). \()yov v(p€KT€OV 
CK Tcov yeco/uLeTpLKcov dpycov Ka\ (TvjuL^repacTiuLdTcov, 7rep\ Se 
Tcov dp-^o)v Xoyov ov-^ vCpeKTeov tw yecofieTprj tj yeco/uLCTprj^' 
6iJ.OLC0<s Se Kai €7rl tcov dXXcov €7n(TTrj/uLcov. 0'vt€ 7rdv apa 
^ €Ka(TTOv €7r KTTii/JLOva epcoTrj/ULa epcoTrjTeov, ouO' a^rav to epco- 
Tco/uL€vov d^roKpLTeov 7r€p\ eKacTTOv, dXXa Ta KaTa Trjv €7ri- 

^CTTtj/uLrjv SLopLcrOevTa. Ef Se SLaXe^eTUL yeco/ULeTptj ^ yeco/ie- 
Tprj<s OVTC09, (pavepov OTi Ka\ KaXco9, edv €k tovt(ov tl SeLKvvrj, 
€L Se fjLrj, ov KaXco9. ArjXov S^ oTi ovS^ eXey^ei yeco/ULCTprjv 
aXX' ^7 KUTd (Tv/uLJSe/^rjKog, coctt ovk av eltj iv * dyetafJieTprjToi^s 

f Xt-yo) 8' cTTt Tov ycvovs om. C ^ fj a (K pr. C ^ eKuarov cVt- 

(TTrjfxova Otn. pr. C ^ dy€(OfieTpr)Tu} C 



I. 12, TSTEP12N A. 199 

Trepl yecojULeTpLa? SiaXeKTeov Xrja-eL yap 6 (pavXMg SiaXeyo- 
fJLCPog. '^OyGto/o)? ^e Kal eirl tooi/ aWcop e^ei €7r icrTrjjULcov. 

''ETrel S' ecTTl yeco/uLeTpiKa epcoTi^iuLaTa, dp ea-Tt Kal ayeoo-^ 
jULeTprjTa ; Kal irap^ eKacTTrjv eirLa-TrjiJ.riv ra /cara Trjv ayvoLav 
Tr/v TTOLav yeco/uLeTpiKa ea-TLV ^ fj ayeco/uLeTprjTa ; kol iroTepov 
6 /cara Trjv ayvoLav avX\oyiaiuL09 6 e/c tcov avTLKeijULevcov av\- 
XoyiaiuLo^, ^r] TrapaXoyLa/uLog, KaTO. yecojULeTplav Se, rj e^ a\- 
Xrjg Te-^vrjg, olov TO /uLOvaLKOV eaTLV epcoTrjiuLa ay ecojULeTprjTOV 
'Trepl yecojULeTpia?, t6 Se Tag irapaWiiXovg av/ULTrLTrTeiv o^LeaOai 
yecojULeTpLKOv Trco? Kal ayecojULeTprjTOV aWov Tpoirov ', Slttov 5 
yap TOVTO, coairep to appvO/ULOv, Kai to jULev eTepov ayeco- 
jjLeTprjTOv T(p /ULrj e-^eLV wairep to appvOjuLOV, to S^ cTcpov tS 
(pavAco^ eyeLV' Kai rj ayvOLa "^ avTrj, rj e/c twv tolovtcov ap- 
X(jov, evavTia. 'E^ ^e T019 /ULaOijiuLaaLV ovk eaTLV o/ulolcos 6 
" irapakoyLa/iog, otl to /uLeaov eaTlv ° ael Slttov' KaTo, P re 
'yajO TOVTOv TravTog, Kal ^ tovto ira\LV /car aWov \eyeTai 
TravTO?. To ^e KaTrjyopov/uLevov ov \eyeTaL irdv. TavTa S^ 
eaTW otov opdv Tr/ vorjaeL, ev Se T019 \6yoL9 \av6(xveL. ^Apa 
Tra? kvk\o9 a-^r/iJia , av ce ypa^rrj, drjAov. li / oe ; ra eirfj 
kvk\o9 ; (pavepov otl ovk eaTLv. 

Ov Sei S^ evaTaaLV eh avTO (pepeLV, dv rj rj irpoTaaL^ 6 
hraKTLKrj. ^'Qairep yap ovSe irpoTaals eaTLV fj /xrj eaTLV eir\ 
ifkeLOvcov {ov yap eaTaL eir^L TravTCOV, e/c tcov Ka06\ov S^ 6 
crvWoyLaiuL^s), Srj\ov otl ovS^ eWracri?. A/ aOra^ •yajO 7r|0o- 
TaaeL9 Ka\ evaTaaeL^' fjv yap (pepei evaTaaiv, avTrj yevoLT 
av TTjOoVacTfS' rj aTroSeiKTiKrj rj Sia^eKTiKii. 

^v/uL/SaLveL S^ €VLOv9 aav\\oyLaTco9 \6yeLv Sia t6 ^a/UL/Soi- 7 
veiv aiuL(poTepoL9 to, €7r6/ULeva, olov koi 6 K.aLvev9 TroLel, otl 
To TTvp ev Trj TToXXaTrXaar/a ava\oyi(x' Kal yap t6 Trvp Taj^v 
yevvaTaL, w? (prjal, Ka\ avTrj rj ava\oyia. Ovtco ^ S^ ovk 

^ »7 dyecofifTprjTa om. A.B.C. 1 17 6 7rapa<TvX\oyi(rfx,6s A.B. ^ av- 
TTf Ka\ rj A.B.C. " Trapaa-vWoyia-pos A ° del t6 fitTToi/ A.B. et 

pr. C. P ye B. n tovtov B. •■ dai ; t6 eiros C. ^ §' om. 

pr. C. 

04 



200 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Post. 

ca-Ti crvXXoyKrfjLog' a\X* ei rrj Ta-^la-Tr) avaXoyia eTrerai tj 
7roXXa7rXdcrio9 Kal to) tti'^! ^ TaylcTTri ev Trj KivrjcreL avaXo- 
yla. ^EivloTe /mev ovv ovk ev^e^eTai crvXXoyia-aaOai €k twv 
SeiXrj/uiiuievoov, OTe S^ evSe-^eTai, aXX ov-^ opaTai. Et S* rjv 
aSvvaTOv ck yp-evSovg aXrjOeg Sei^ai, paSiov av rjv to avaXveiV 
avTecrTpe(pe yap dv e^ dvdyKrjg. ^'EorTft) ydp to A oV tov- 
Tov S'' 0VT09 TaSl ea-TLV, a o7Sa otl ecTTLv, otov to B. ^E/c 
TOVTCov dpa Sel^a) otl earTLV eKeivo. ^A.vTL(TTpe(peL Se jUidXXov 
Ta ev T0L9 liiaOriiJiaaLv, otl ovSev a-v/uL^e/SrjKog XajUilSavova-Lv 
(aXXa KOL TovTw SLacpepovcrL tcov ev tol9 SiaXoyoL^) aXX' 

6pLa-/ULOV9» 

9 At/^erat S^ ov Slu tcov /ut.ea^wv, dXXd tw Trpoa-Xa/mlSdveLV, 

otov TO A TOV B, TOVTO Sc TOV V, irdXLV TOVTO TOV A, Ka\ 

TOVT et? direLpov. Kat eh to irXdyLOV, olov to A Ka\ KaTa 
Tov r Ka\ KaTd tov E, olov ea-Tiv dpLOjuids irocro^ r/ Kat 
direLpo^ TOVTO €(p^ * (p A, 6 irepLTTOs dpLO/mdg iroa-d<s €(j) ov 
B, dpLO/uid? TrepiTTog e^' ov T' ea-TLv dpa to A KaTa tov Y. 
KOL ecTTLV 6 dpTL09 iroa-o^ dpLO/mdi e^' ov A, o apTL09 dpi" 
O/uidg e(p> ov E* earTLv dpa to A /caTa tov E. 
I 3 To S^ OTL SLa(p6peL KOL TO Slotl eirlaTacrOaL, TrpwTOv /uiev 
€v Trj avT^ eirLaTrjiJLrj, Ka\ ev TavTrj ^fp^aj?, eva /mev Tpoirov 
edv /uirj Sl* d/uieacov ylvr/TaL 6 o-vXXoyLcr/uiog [ov yap Xa/x/3a- 
veTaL TO irpcoTOv a^TLOv, '^rj Se tov Slotl eiria-T^/uir} /caTa to 
irpwTOv uLTLOv), oXXov Se ei Sl' d/meacov /mev, dXXd /j.ij S^d tov 
aiTLOV aXXa tcov dvTLa-Tpe^povTcov Sid tov yvcopL/xurrepov. 
KcoXvei ydp ovSev tcov dvTiKaTrjyopov/Jievcov yvcopL/uicoTcpov el- 
vai evLOTe to /uir/ a^LTLOv, wctt ecrTaL S^d tovtov r/ diroSeL^i^, 
2 oLOv OTL e^yyf 9 ol irAavrjTeg ^ oia * tov /urj aTLKpeLv. jlia-Tco 
e^' y w V 7rXdvrjT€9, e(^' w B to /x^ OTlX^eLV, e<^' w A to 
fiyry^f elvaL. ^AXrjOh Srj to B /caTa tov Y elirelv' ol yap 
7rXdvrjT€9 ov o-TiX/SovcrLV. ""AXXa Ka\ to A /caTa tov B* to 
ydp /uirj oTiXPov eY^yi^? ccttl' tovto S' eiXi^^pOco Sl* eirayco- 

t c5 t6 a C. V ^ — airiov om. C. ^ dia — TrXaw/ref om. A. ^ t6 C. 
y ov y— «V /3 C. 



I. 13- T2TEP12N A. 20i 

yrj^ ri Si^ ai(r0ricr€(j09. ^ AvdyKtj ovv to A rw ^T VTrdpyeiVy 
tocTT airoSeSeiKTai oti oi 7r\dvr]T€9 iyyv? €i<riv. Ovto^ ovv 
6 crvWoyia-jULog ov tov Siotl aXka tov otl ea-TiV ov yap oia 
t6 /uLr] <ttl\^€lv eyyv's elcTLV, dWd ^ta t6 e'y'yi'9 eivaL ov 
cttlX^ovctlv. ^^yy^copel Se Ka\ Sid OaTepov OdTepov SeL-^^Orj-s 
vai, Ka). ecTaL tov Slotl rj d7r6SeL^L9, otov ccttm t6 F TrXavrj- 
Te?, €(p' co B TO e^«yu9 etvaL, t6 A t6 imrj (TTLX^eLV' virapyeL 
Srj Ka\ t6 B t<S r, * Ka\ ^ to A tw B to fxri (rTLX/Seiv, <M(rTe 
Ka\ Tw T t6 A. KaJ €(TTL Tov Slotl 6 (TvWoyL^rjULOS' e'i\r]- 
iTTaL ydp t6 TrpcoTOv aLTLOV. Jld\LV o)? t^j/ cre^i^vrjv SeLKvv- 
ov(rLv, OTL (r(paLpo€LSrjg, S^d twv av^rj(re(i)v' el ydp t6 av^avo- 
fJLevov ovTLO crCpaLpoeLSeg, av^dveL S^ ^ cre\^vr], (pavepov oti 
(rcpaLpoeLSrjq. Ovtoo ixev ^ ovv tov otl yeyovev 6 crvWoyL- 4 
(rjuLOSf dvd7ra\Lv Se TeOevTog tov /ULccrov tov Slotl' ov yap ota 
Tci? av^^(reL9 (rcpaLpoeiSrj^s e(rTLV, dWd S^a to (rcpaLpoeLSrj? ei- 
vai \a/UL^dv€L Tct? av^i^cr€L9 Tomirra?. ^e\r]vr] e<p^ w T, o-<pai- 
po€LSr]9 e<p^ <a B, av^r](rL9 €<p^ « A. ""E^' <av ^ Se Td /ULe^ra 
/uLr] dvTL(rTpe<peL Ka\ ccttl yvoopL/ULcoTepov to dvaiTLOV, to oti 
fjLev ceLKvvTaL, to olotl o ov. J2jtl e(p oov to /uLecrov et^co tl- 
GeTaL. KaJ 'yajO ev tovtol9 ^ tov otl kol ov tov Slotl r] diro- 
Sei^LS' ov ydp \6yeTaL t6 clltlov. ^ Olov Slu t/ ovk dvairveei 
6 T0i^09 ; OTL ov ^<pov. Ei ydp TOVTO Tov fJLr] S dvaiTveeLV 5 
a1.TL0v, eSei t6 ^(j)Ov elvaL alTLOv tov dvairveLv, olov ei t] dTro- 
(pacTLg aiTia tov fxr] vTrap-^eiv, r] KaTa(pa(rL9 tov virapyeLV, 
w^rirep el t6 dcrvjUL/uL€Tpa elvaL Td ^ Oepfxd Ka\ ^^rvyjpd tov fArj 
vyLalveLv, W6 crv/uL/uLeTpa etvaL tov vyLalveiv. ^O/uLolcog Se Kai 
el r] KaTd(pacrLg tov virdp-^eLV, ^ dirocpa^rLS tov jur] virapyeLv. 
^""ETrl ^e Twv OVTC09 dTToSeSofxevoov ov (rvfi^aiveL t6 \e-)^Oev' 
ov ydp dirav dvairveL 'Q^ov. ""O Se crvWoyLcrfiog ylveTaL Trjg 
TOLavTrjg ama? ev tco fiecr(p cr^^rjfjLaTL. Otov ecrToo t6 A 



z r] /3 A. et pr. B. » Koi t6 A t« B ro fxf] artX^fiv post 3. A. 

A.B.C. b t6 a TO) y B. c ovv om. B. ^ de om. pr. C. e ^6 

OTi B. f olov OTL 8ia C. S dvanvelv C. ^ ^XP^ '^^*' Oepfia C. 
i ra A.B.C. k eVt] ei B. 



202 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

6 ^c5oi/, e(p^ oiJ To B * To apaTTveiv, e^' co F Tor^^o?. Tw /ixey 
oui/ B 7rai/Tf virapyei to A (Trai/ •y^^/O '^^ avairveov Ywov\ 
"^ Tci) ^e r ovOevi, ooa-re " ou^e to B t<w F ovOevl' ovk apa 
avairvel 6 Tor^o?. ^Eo/zcao-f ^' al TOiavTai twv aiTiwv Toig 
KaO^ VTrepfioXrjv €ipr]iuevoi9' tovto S' ecrTi to irXeov aTroo-T??- 
(ravTa to /uLea-ov eiTreiv, oiov to tov ° ^Ava-^dpa-iog, otl ev 
^KvOai^ ovK eicrh avXrjTal, ovSe ydp djUiTreXoi. 

7 KaTa /mev Srj Trjv avTr]v €7r la^T^jULriv Kal KaTa Trjv P twv 
^jULearcov Oea-iv avTai Siacpopal eia-i tov otl Trpog tov tov 
Slotl a-vWoyia-iJLOv' dWov Se Tpoirov SiacpepeL t6 Slotl tov 
OTL TO Sl^ dWr]^ eTTia-Ti^iULrjg cKaTepov Oewpelv. TOiavTa S^ 
ea-T^v ba-a ovToog e^et Trpog dWrjXa ooa-T eivaL OaTepov viro 
OaTepov, olov Ta oiTTiKa irpo^ yeoo/uLeTpiav Ka\ Ta /mrj-^avLKd 
TTpog a-Tepeofj.eTpLav Ka\ Ta dp/uiOviKa 7rpo9 dpiOjuirjTiKriv Kal 

8Ta (paLVO/uLeva Trpo? da-TpoXoyLKi^v. ^-^eSdv Se o-vvwvv/ulol ei- 
(TLV ^ evLaL TOVTOiv Tcov eTTLa-Trj/uLoov, oiov da-TpoXoyia tj tc /ULa- 
OrjjULaTiKrj Ka\ rj vavTLKrj, Ka\ dp/ULOViKrj rj t€ jULaOrjiuaTiKrj Ka\ rj 
AcaTa Trjv dKorjv. "^^vTavOa ydp to /ULev otl tccv aia-OrjTiKoov 
eiSevaL, to Se Slotl toov /uLaOrjjULaTLKoov' ovtol yap e^ova-L toov 
^ aiTLoov Tct? dTroSei^eL'?, Ka\ TroXXa/cf? ovk 'la-aa^L to otl, Ka- 
Oairep ol to KaOoXov OeoopovvTe? TToWaKig evia toov KaO^ e- 

gKacTTOv ovK 'laaa-L Sl dveirL^rKe^iav. ""EcrTf Se TavTa da-a 
eTepov TL ovTa Trjv ova-lav Key^prjTaL Toh eWea-LV. Ta yap 
/uLaOi^/uLaTa Trep^ e'iSrj ea-TLv' ov yap KaO^ vTTOKei/uLevov tlvo^' el 
ydp Ka\ KaO^ VTroKCL/uLevov tlvo^ Ta * yeco/ueTpLKa earTLv, a\X' 
^ ^^X V y^ '^^^' ^"^OKeL/uLevov. ^E^ef ^e kol irpd^ Ttjv OTrTiKrjv, 
ft)9 avTrj Trpd^ Trjv yeoo/ULeTplav, dWrj ttjOo? Tat;T^y, olov to 
Tre^) Trjg 'ipLSo9' to /ulcv ydp otl (pva^LKOv eiSevai, to <^e Slotl 
oTTTiKov, rj aTrXro? rj Ka^d to /ULaOrj/ULa. IloXXal ^e Ka\ to)v 
/uLrj vir* aWrjXa^ eTna-TrjfjLOov eyova-Lv ovTcog, oiov laTpLKrj irpo9 



1 To alterum om. C. ^ r^ Sc r] ro Se /3 A. ° ovtc A.15. 

o avaxap(ribos C. P rav om. C. Q /xeVa)i/] avrctv A.B. et pr. C. 

r evia li. s airtwj/ C. * ytafJifTpTjTa A.B, yew/iicrptra pr. C. ^ ovx 17] 
ov\i 13 . 



I. 14, 15. T2TEPX2N A. 203 

yea)/ui€Tpiav' oti imei/ yap ra e\Kt] ra TrepKpeprj ^paSvrepop 
vyid^erai, rov larpov eiSevai, Sioti Se tov yeco/uieTpov. 

Twj^ ^e G^^riiJidTOdv eiria-TrjiuLoviKov imaXiarTa to TrpooTOv 1 4 
ecTTLV. A^i T€ yap luaOTjiuLaTiKal tcov eTricrTrjiuicov Sia tovtov 
(pepovcri Ta9 aTToSei^et?-, olov apiOiuiriTiKrj koI yeoy/JLeTpLa Kai 
OTTTiK^, Ka\ (T^^eSov 0)9 elirelv ocrai tov Slotl TroLOvvTaL Trjv 
(TKe^^iv' rj yap oAft)? rj 009 ejrl t6 ttoXv Ka\ ev Toh 7rXe/<TTOf? 
Sia TovTOV Tov a")(jiiuiaT09 6 tov Slotl crvXXoyKTiuiog, ^'Q(tt€ 
Kav Sia TOVT elrj /mdXicTTa eTTLCTTrjiuioviKov' KvpiurraTOv yap 
Tov elSevaL to Slotl OecopeLV. Efra Trjv tov tl ecrTiv eirLcrTr]- 2 
fjiriv Slol fjiovov TOVTOv OrjpevcraL SvvaTOV. "'Ei^ /xei/ ydp tw 
fjiecrcp cT-^}xaTL ov yiveraL KarrjyopLKog crvXXoyLCTiuio^, rj Se 
Tov TL ecTTLV eir LCTTrj 1^.^] KaTa(pdcTeoi)9' ev Se tw ecTyaTio yLve- 
Tai fjiev aW ov KaOoXov, t6 Se tl ccttl tcov KaOoXov ecTTLV 
ov ydp Trrj ecTTl ^^ov StTrovv 6 dvOpcoirog. ^'Ert tovto [xev 
eKelvcov ovSev TrpooSetTat, CKeiva Se Std tovtov KaTairvKvovTai 
Ka\ av^eTat, ecog dv ei9 tu dimecTa eXOrj. ^avep6v ovv otl kv- 
picoTaTOv Tov eiricTTacTOaL to irpwTOv (T-^iJ.a. 

^'QcTirep Se virdp-^eLV t6 A t« B eveSe-^eTO dTO/uioo?, ovtco i t 
Kal imrj virdpyeLV eyywpel. A.eyco Se t6 dTO/moog virdp-^eLv rj 
luirj virapyeLV ^ to luirj eivaL avToov /mecrov' ovtco yap ovKeTi 
ecTTaL KaT dWo t6 virap-^eLV rj fxrj virap-^eLV. ""'OTav luev ovv 
rj TO A. rj TO D ev oKcp Ttvt rj, rj Kat aiuiCpco, ovk evde-^^CTat to 
A Tft) B TTjOcoTft)? lur] virdpyetv. ^'EiTTft) ydp t6 A ev d\(p 2 
Tft) r. OvKOVv et t6 B /Uii] ecTTiv ev oXft) tw V (ey^copel ydp 
t6 yuej/ A eivaL ev tlvl oXft), t6 Se B /x^ etvaL ev tovtoo), 
(Tv\\oyLcr/ui69 ecTTat tov imrj virdpyeLV t6 A tw B* el ydp 
Tft) imev A TravT). t6 V, tm Se B fjitjSevi, ovSevl tcov B to A. 
O/xo/ft)? ^e Kai ei t6 B ev 0X00 Ttvi ecTTiv, otov ev tw A* t6 
fiev yap A TravTl tw B virdp-^eL, t6 Se A ovSev). ^ tcov A, 
oocTTe TO A ovSevl tCov B vTrdp^eL Slu CTv\\oyL(Tiuiov. T6v 
avT^v Se Tpoirov SeLyOrjcreTaL Ka\ ei diuiCpco ev oXft) TLvi ccttlv. 

w Tw pr. C. X 7-^^, — oudej/t om. A.B. 



204 ANAATTIKflN Anal. Post. 

"Orf S"* evSe-^erai ro B /x^ eivai ev w 6X(p itrrl to A, t] 7ra- 
Xiv To A iv (p TO B, (pavepov e/c twv ^ (rv(rTOL-)^iiJov, oa-ai yuv 
d i7raXX(XTT0V(Tiv aXX^Xai^. Et •y^jO /u^^^cv twv iv Trj A. V A 
(TvcTTOLylfi ^ KaTOL jULtjSevo^ KaTijyopeiTai twv iv Trj B E Z, to 
S^ A iv oX(p i(rTl T(p (TvcTTOLyui ovti, (pavepov otl to B 
ovK €(TTaL iv TM ^ G' i7raXXd^ov(Ti yap ai crv^TTOL-^LaL. ""O- 

IULOL0t)9 C€ KaL €1 TO £> €V OA(p TLVL €(TTLV. IhaV C€ /ULrjCeTepOV 

§ iv oX(p nxrjSevi, /Jirj virap-^^ri Se to A tm B, avayKrj aro/Uft)? 
Hirj virdp-^eLV. Et *yap €(TTai tl /ULea^ov, avayKrj OaTepov av- 
tu>v iv oXft) TLvl eivaL. ^^H ydp iv tm TrpooTcp (ryrjfxaTL % iv 

4T« IJi€<TCp €(TTai ^ 6 CrvXXoyKTIULO^. Et /ULeV OVV iv TftJ 7rp(ji>T(Jp, 

TO B €(TTaL iv oX(p TLVL (KaTacpaTiKrjv ydp Sel Trjv Trpd^ 
TOVTO yiv€(r6ai TrpoTa^TLv), el S^ iv tw /uLe(T(p, diroTepov €TV- 
-^^ev' TTjOo? diuL(j)OT€poL9 yap XrjcpOevTO^ tov CTTeprjTiKOv yive- 

TaL (TvXXoyKT/ULO^' d/UL(f)OT€pCi)V S^ aTr OCpaTlKCOV OV(TWV OVK 

ecTTaL. 

^avepdv ovv otl ivSej(€TaL tc aXX(p /uLrj virap^^eLV aTO/xft)?, 
Ka\ iroT ivSe-^eTaL Ka\ irw^, eipi^KaiuLev. 
1 6 ^'Ayvoia S^ rj /uLrj KaT dirdcpa^TLV aXXa KaTa SLaOecrLv Xeyo- 
/ULevrj €(TTi jULev rj S^d (TvXXoyL(T/JiOV ^ yLVO/ULevrj diraTrj, avTrj S^ 
iv /JLev TO?9 TTjOftJTft)? virap^^ovcTLV yrj/uLrj virapyovcTL crv/uLl3aiveL 
Si-)(oog' rj ydp oTav dxXto? vTToXafirj virapyeLV rj firj vnrapyeiv, 
rj OTav S^d (TvXXoyL(T/ULOv Xd/Brj Trjv VTToXrjyjrLV. Trjg /uLev ovv 
aTrXrjg U7roX»;"v|/-eft)9 aTrX»; v diraTrj, Ttj9 Se S^a cuXXo^yzcr/uou 
TrXelovg. M.rj vTrap^^eTCD ydp to A /ULrjSev\ twv B dTO/ULco^' 
ovKOvv idv (TvXXoyl^rjTaL virdpyeLv to A tw B, /uLecrov Xa- 
zpcov TO r, rjTraTrj/uLevog ecrrai Sid crvXXoyL(T/ULOv. ^^vSeyeTai 
/ULev ovv d/uLCpoTepag Ta9 irpOTaa-eLg eivai ^evSeh, ivSeyeTaL Se 
Trjv €T€pav jJLOvov. Et ydp fJL^Tc To A /uLrjSev^ Tcov T '' virap- 
vet /a»}t€ to r /ULrjSev^ twv B, e^XrjTTTai S^ eKarepa dvaTraXiv, 
diuL(l)co y\/evS€L9 e^rovrai. ^^yycopei S^ ovtco9 eyeiv to T 7rpd<i 

s fnxTToixoiv B. ^ KaTo] Koi Kara A.B. vGje^A. Woom.C. 
^ yepofievTj B. ^ h M VTrapxov(Ti om. pr. C. ^ vndpxfLV A, vrrdp- 

XrjiB. 



I. i6. T2TEPf2N A. 205 

To A Koi B wcTTe /xjjre vtto to A efvat fjL^Te KaOoXov ^ tc5 B. 
TO fJiev yap B a^waTO»/ etvai ev o\m tivl' 7rpwToo<s yap eXe- 
«yeTO avTW to A jULrj vTrap^^^eiv' to Se A ovk avayKrj TracrL 
T019 ovcTLV elvaL KaOoXov, wctt a/JLCpOTepaL y^evSei^. ^ AXXa ^ 
Ka\ Trjv cTepav evSe^eTaL aXrjOij Xa/JL^aveLV, ov ^ /uLevTOL oiro- 
Tepav ervyev, aXXa tijv A F* ^ yap Y B irpOTacTL^ ae\ \f/^eu- 
^i? ecTTaL Slo, to ev /ULrjSevl etvaL to B, Trjv ^e A F ey^copeLf 
otov el TO A Kal ^ tm F Kal tm B virap^eL aTO/ULoog. ^'OTav 
° 'yao ° TrpcoTwg KaTr^yoprJTaL TavTO irXeLOvcov, ovSeTepov ov- 
SeTep(p ecTTai, P Aia<pepeL S^ ovSev, ou^' et /ULrj aTOiuLcog virap- 

""H iJLev ovv TOv v7rdp-)(eLV cnraTr] Sia tovtcov Te Ka\ ovtco ^ 
yiveraL fjLovcog (ov yap rjv ev aXXw cryjifxaTL tov virapyeLv 
(rvWoyLcrjuLog), rj Se tov lULrj virap-^eLV ev ^Te tm irpcoTco Ka\ 
iv Tw fjLeo-o) cr-^^rjfiaTL. TlpcoTOV ovv e^iTrcofjLev irocra-^cog ev tw 
irpcoTM ylveraL, Ka\ ircog e-^ovcrcov tcov irpoTacrecov. ""Ei/^e- 
yeTai fJLev ovv afJiCpOTepcov y^evScov ovcrcov, otov el to A Ka\ 
T(p r Ka\ Tw B virdpyeL OLTOfJLCos' edv ydp XricpQrj to fJLev A 
Tw r fjLrjSevi, TO ^e V iravT^ tm B, yjrevSeL? al irpOTdcreL?. 
^l^vSeyeTaL Se Ka\ Trjg crepag ylrevSov^ ovcrrj^, Ka\ TavTrjg 0x0-5 
Tepa^ cTv^ev. ^^y^copel yap Trjv fiev A F aX»;^^ etvai, Trjv 
^e r B y^evSrj, Ttjv fiev A F dXrjOrj oTi ov Trdcri TOig ovcriv 
virdp-^eL TO A, Trjv ^e ^ F B y^evSrj otl dSvvaTOv virdpyeL t<£ 
B TO T, (p firjSev\ vTrdpyeL to A* ov ydp ctl dXrjOrjg ^ ecrTai 
^ A r TrpoTacTL^' olfJLa Se, el Ka\ eicr\v dfJLCpOTepai dXrjOeL^, 
KOL To (TVfJLTrepacTfJLa eaTaL dXrjOeg. ""AXXa Ka\ Trjv F B ev-e 
oe^eTat dXrjO^ eivai Trj^ CTepag ov^rrjg ylrevSovg, otov ei to B 
Ka\ ev Tw r Ka\ ev r(p A ecTTLv' dvdyKrj ydp OaTepov viro 
OaTepov elvai, (xxtt av Xa^rj to A firjSev\ tcov T virdp^^eLV, 
^evSrj<i ecTTaL rj TrpoTacTLg. ^avepov ovv otl kol Trjg cTcpag 
ylrevSovg ovcrrj^} kol dfjLCpoiv eWai yfrevSrjg 6 crvWoyLcrfJLog» 

k To] Tov COrr. C. 1 fievToi] fifVTOi -ye C. ^ r©] t6 B. ^ yap 
corr. C. o irpmTov A.B. p dicuf^epei — vndpxfi om. B. et pr. A.C. 
q T€ om. C. r iS y B. s ^^ri C. 



2o6 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. rosT. 

7 ^Kp Se TM /iiea-w (TytjiJ.aTL o\a9 /uLCi/ elvai Ta? TrpoTaarei^ 
a/ULCpoTepa^ ylrevSei9 ouk evSe-^^eTai' OTav yap t6 A iravTl tw 
B virap-^^Tj^ ovSev ea-Tai Xa/3eiv o tw imev eTepo) iravT^ OaTepo) 
o ovoevi virapt^er oei o outco Aa/uipaveLV ra? TrpOTaaeig w(tt€ 
T(p juev VTrap-^eLV tS Se //^ virapyeLV, e'i7rep eaTaL cruWoyL- 
(Tiuio^. Ei ovv ovTOt) XajuL^avo/uievaL ylrevSei^, StjXov w9 evav- 
Sr/ft)? ava7ra\LV e^ovcTL' tovto S' aSvvaTOv. ""ETr/ tl S' ^ e/ca- 
repav ouSev K(t)\uei ylreuSyj etvaL, olov el t6 T Ka\ tw A Ka] 
TM B TLv\ uirapyoL' av yap T(p /uLev A TravTl \t}(pOrj uirap- 
yov, Tw Se jB /ULrjSevL, \|/-ei'^ef? /uLev a/ULCpOTepai a/ irpoTacrei^^ 
ou /uLevTOL b\ai aW eirl tl. Kal avaira\iv ^' ^e TeOevTog 
Tov (TTepr/TLKOv wcTavTOO^. T^rjv S^ CTcpav eivaL ^evS^ Ka\ 
9 OTTOTepavouv evSe-)(€TaL. ^O yap uirapyeL tw A iravTL, Ka\ 
Tw B ^ virapt^eL' eav ovv \r](pOrj t(S /ULev A o\(p vir(xpyeLV t6 
r, Tw Se B o\(p /ULtj virap-^eLVy rj /uLev V A a\rj0t]9 e<TTaL, rj Se 
r B ■>\revSri<s. WoXlv 6 tw 13 /mrjSevl VTTCipy^eL, ovSe tm A 
TravTl virap^eL' el yap tw A, Kal tw B* aXX' oO^ uirr/pyev. 
eav ouv \t](pOrj t6 V T(p /Uiev A oXco uir^xpyeLV, tw Se B yot>;- 
SevL, rj /uLev ^r B irpOTafTL^ oXtjOrj?, rj S' erepa ^euSrj<;. ''O- 
lo /ULOiot)9 Se Kal /ueTaTeOevTO? tou CTTeptjTLKOv. *0 yap /uLtjSevl 
virap^^^ei tw A, oiy^e tco B ouSevl VTrdp^eL' eav ovv \rj(pOrj t6 
Tft) [Jiev J\. OA(p /ULrj uTrapy^cLV, tod oe rS oAw uirap-^eLv, ij /mev 
A r irpoTacTL^ aXrjOrj^S ecrTaL, rj eTepa Se "^^feuSrjq. KaJ ira- 
\lv, o iravT^ tw B uTrdp^eL, /utjSevl \al3eiv tw A uTrap-^ov 
"^^euSo^. ^A.V(xyKrj yap, el tm B TravTi, Kal tw A tlvI UTrcip- 
X^lV eav ovv \tjcpOtj tu> /ulcv B ttcivtI uirapyeLV t6 F, tw Se 
A /ULtjSevL, rj /uLev T B a\rjOrjg ecrTaL, ^ ^e F A y^euSii^. ^a- 
vep6v ovv OTL Ka\ a/ULCpoTepo)v ovctcov ylrevSoov Ka\ Ttj? CTepa^ 
/ULOvov €(TTai (TvWoyLcr/uio^ airaTtjTiKo? ev tol^ clto/ulol^. 
ly 'Ei^ ^e T0L9 /uLtj y aTO/ULO)^ virap-^ovcTLV ^tj /mij vir^xpyovcTLV, 
OTav /mev Slol tov oiKelov jjiecrov ylvrjTaL tov y^evSov^ 6 (tv\- 
XoyLcr/uiO^, oJ^ otov Te a/uiCpoTepa^ ylrevSeig elvaL tol^ irpOTa- 

t e'(carepoi/*?\..B. ^ g^ om. C. w {ynapx^L B.C. ^ /3 y B. 

y arofioLi B. ^ h M vTrdpxov^riv om. A.B. 



I. 17. T2TEPX2N A. 207 

(r€i9, aWa ixovov rrjv wpog tw imeii^ovi aKptp. Aeyw S^ ol- 
K€iov /uLecrov Si ou yiverai rrjg avTi(pa<r€W9 6 crvWoyicrjULo?. 
virapyeTM yap to A tw B Sia /uiecrov tov F. ^EfTref ovv 
avayKrj ttjv ^ F B KaTa(paTiKr]v XaiulSdvecrOai <TvWoyi(riuLov 
ytvoiuevov, SrjXov otl ae\ avTrj " ecrTaL a\r]6^9' ov yap avTL- 
CTTpeipeTaL. *^H ^e A F y^evSi^s' TavTrjg yap avTLcrTp€<po-2 
/uLevrjg evavTL09 ylveTttL 6 a-vWoyLa-jULog. ^OjULOiwg Se Kal ei e^ 
aWrjg arvcTTOL-^Lag XrjCpOeiri to jULea-ov, otov to A ei Kal ev tm 
A oXft) e(7Tf Kal KaTOL tov B KaTrjyopeiTaL iravTog' avdyKr} 
ydp Trjv fJLev A B TrpoTaa-LV /uLeveLV, Tr]v S^ eTepav dvTLorTpe- 
cpea-Qai, warO^ ^ juLev del dXrjOrjg, t] S^ deL ■^evSrjg. Kat cryeSdv 
r] ye TOLavTrj diraTr] t] avTrj earTL Trj S^a tov oiKeiov jULecrov. 
""Eai/ ^e /uLrj S^d tov oIkclov ixecrov ylvrjTaL 6 arvWoyiarjULog, s 
OTav jULev viro to J\ r] to /uLecrov, tw oe -t> jULrjcevi virapyr], 
dvdyKrj ylrevSeig eivaL djULCpoTepag. A.rjirTeaL ydp evavTicog r] 
ft)? e-^ovcriv al TrpOTacreLg, el ^ /ULeWeL a-vWoyLa-fxog ea-ecrOaL' 
ovTco Se XajuLpavojULevcov ^ djULCpoTepaL ylvovTaL yp-evSeig. Oiov 
€1 To fJLev A oXft) Tft) A virdp-^eL, to Se A juLrjSevl twv B* 
dvTLCTTpacpevTwv yap tovtcov crvWoyia-iuLog ^t ecTTaL Kal al 
irpoTda-eLg dfxcpoTepaL yjrevSeig. ^'Otuv Se fxr] § viro to A. to 4 
jULea-ov, olov to A, ^ /uiev A A dXrjOrjg ^ ecTTaL, rj Se ^ A B 
"^^revSrjg. ^""H ixev ydp A A dXrjOrjg, otl ovk rjv ev Tw A to 
A, ^ ^e ^ A B ^evSrjg, otl, el rjv dXrjOrjg, ^ Kav to arv/ULire- 
paarjULa ^v dXrjOeg' aXX' ^jv ^evSog. 

Aid Se Tov /uLea-ov cryr^iJLaTog yivoiievrjg T^g a7raT>??, dfJL-s 
cpoTepag iiev ovk evSe-^eTai yjrevSelg eivaL Tag irpoTacreLg oXag 
{oTav ydp ^ TO B vird to A, ovSev evSeyeTaL tw ^ iiev iravT^ 
T(p Se iirjSevl virdp^yeLV, KaOdirep eXeyOrj Kal irpOTepov), Trjv 
'" CTepav d ey^copeL, Kai oiroTepav eTvyev. jcjl yap to 1 6 
Ka\ Tft) A Kai Tft) B virdpyet, edv XrjCpOrj tw i^ev A VTrdp-^etv 
TW Se B iJLt] vTrdp-^eiv, rj ijlcv A V dXrjOrjg ecrTat, rj S^ erepa 

a iS y B.C. b eo-Tiv C. c ^^-XXt/ C. ^ dfKf^orepap B. e ^' om. C. 
f eorat om. C. & /3 8 C. ^17 fxev — yJAfvd^s om. C. i 3 S A.B. 

^ Koi A.B. ^ /xcV a iravrl C. "^ 8' erepav B. 



2o8 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

'^evSii?. UdXiv S' €1 Tft) /uL€i/ B XtjCpOeltj to T vTrdp-voi/, tm 
Se A jJLriSevl, t] fxkv " F B aXrjOrjg eaTai, rj <5' eTepa ^evSrj^i. 
7 ■'Eai/ /xej^ ovv crTeprjTiKog rj Trjq aTrdTrjg 6 crvWoyKT/uLog, 
eiprjTai iroTe Ka\ Sia tivoov ecrTai rj aTrdTtj' eav Se KaTa(paTi- 
Ko^i OTav fxev Sia tov oiKelov /uiea-ov, aSvvaTOv ajUicboTepag 
etvai yl/evSei9' avdyKrj yap Trjv "F B /uieveiv, e^iirep ecrTai 
arvWoyia-jUiO?, KaOairep e\e-)(Otj Kal irpOTepov. ^QcTTe ^ F A 
^ae\ ecTTai "YevSrj^' avTrj yap ecTTiv rj avTiCTTpeCpo/uievrj. *^0- 
IULOIC09 Se Kal ei e^ dWrjg crvcrTOi-^iag XafjL^dvoiTO to jULecrov, 
wcTTrep eXe^Orj Ka\ eirl Trj^ crTeprjTiKrj<s airdTrj^' dvdyKrj ydp 
Trjv jLiev A B /ULeveiv, Trjv ^' A A dvTiCTTpeCpeaOai, koi rj 
airaTrj rj avTrj Trj irpoTepov. ^'Ot^v Se /ULrj Sid tov oiKeiov, 
eav fiev rj to ii viro to A, avTtj /uiev ecrrai, aArjdrj^, rj P eTepa 
Se ylrevSrj^' ey^^copei ydp to A irKelocnv virdpyeiv, a ovk 
OecTTLV VTT dWrjXa. ^Eaj/ ^e juLrj ^ to A vtto to A, avTrj /uev 
de} SrjXov oTi ea-Tai y^revS^i {KaTa<paTiKrj ydp \ajuL/3dveTai), 
Trjv ^e B A evSe-^eTai Kal d\rjOrj elvaL Ka\ "^evSrj' ovSev ydp 
K(io\vei TO /uLev A tw A jJirjSevl VTrdpyeiv, to Se A tw B Trai/- 
t/, otov X^wov eirLcrTrjiiJLrj, eiTLcrTrjiJ.rj Se jULOvcrLKrj. ovS^ av firjTe 
TO A fJLrjSev\ Tcov A fi^Te to A fJLrjSev\ tw B. ^avepov ovv 
OTL fJLrj 6vT09 Tov fiecov viro To A Ka\ dfJL(f)OT€pa<} ey)^copei 
y^evSeh elvaL kol oirOTepav eTV^ev. 
lo ITocra^ft)? fiev ovv Ka\ S^a tlvoov ey^oope? ylvecrOaL Ta? 
KaTa avWoyLO-fJLov diraTag ev ^ Te tol9 dfiecroL^ Ka\ ev toU 
Si aTroSei^eoo^, (pavepov. 
I 8 ' ^avepdv Se Ka\ otl, el tl9 a*ia-Orja-L<i eK\e\oLTr€v, dvdyKrj 
Ka\ eirLCTTrjfJLrjv TLvd €K\e\oLirevaL, fjv dSvvaTOV \al3etv, elirep 
fjLavOdvofiev ^ eirayooyrj rj diroSel^eL. ^'Eo-Tf S^ rj fjLcv dwdSeL- 
^19 €K Twv Ka06\ov, rj S^ cTrayooyrj €k toov KaTa fiepo^' dSvva- 
Tov Se Ta Ka06\ov Oeooprja-aL fitj Si^ eirayooyrj^, eire^ kol Ta 
e^ d(j)aLp€creoo9 \ey6fjLeva ecrTaL Sl"* eirayooyrj^ yvoopifia iroLelv, 
OTL VTrdpj^eL eKaa-Too yeveL evLa, kol ei firj yoopLcrTa ^ ea-Tiv, tj 

n ^ 7 B. o |3 -y B. P fi< (Tfpa C. ^ T< om. C. «■ <f>av(- 

pbv"^ d^Xov C. * (la-iv C. 



I. 14. TSTEPIIN A. 209 

TOiopSl eKacTTOv. ^^TrayPrjvai Se fjiij e-^ovTa^ a'iarOt]<Tiv aSv- 
vaTOV. ^ loov yap KaO^ eKacTTOV r\ a'i(j0rjcri9* ov yap evSe- 2 
^erat Xal^eiv avTow Trjv eTrLtJTrjiJLriv' oijtc yap ck tcov KaOoXou 
avev eTraycoy^^, ovTe Si eiraywyri^ avev t^? alarO^creco^. 

^'Eo-rt ^e Tra? crvXXoyi<riuLo^ Sia Tpiwv opwv, Kai 6 juLev Sei- I 4 
Kvvvai SvvdiuLevo9 otl virdp-^eL to A tco F Slo. to virdpyeLV 
T(jp B Ka\ TOVTO T(x> F, o <^e (TTepijTiKO^, Tr]v /ULcv CTepav 7rp6~ 
Tacriv e^^oov otl virap^^eL tl aXXo aXXco, Trjv o CTepav otl ou^ 
virdpyeL. ^avepov ovv otl al [xev dpycu Ka\ al Xeyo/ULevai 
VTToOecreL^ avTal elcTL' Xa^ovTa yap TavTa ovtco^ dvayKij 

ScLKVVVai, OIOV OTL TO A TW V V7rdp-)(€L Sia TOV B, irdXLV S* 

OTL t6 A tw B Sl^ dXXov fJLccrov, Ka\ otl t6 B tw F wcrav- 
TC09. KaTct /uLev ovv So^av crvXXoyL^oiuLevoLg Kal julovov Sia-2 
XeKTLKco^ S^Xov OTL TOVTO /uLovov CTKeTTTeov, CL €^ cov ivSe-^eTai 
evSoc^OTaTcov yiveraL 6 crvXXoyLcr 1^.69 ^ (hcrT ei Ka\ ^ jULrj ecTTL 
TL Trj dXrjOeifi Tcov A B /ULe^rov, SoKei ^ Se etvaL, 6 Slu tovtov 
crvXXoyL^o/uLevog crvXXeXoyLcrTaL SLaXeKTiKcog^ ttjOo^ ^' dXii- 
OeLav CK Tcov vTrap^ovTcov Sel (TKOTreiv. ^'E^et S^ OVTC09.3 
""ETref^i ecTTLV 6 auTO juLev KaT dXXov KaTrjyopeiTaL jULrj KUTa 
(TvjuL^e^rjKog, — Xeyco Se t6 KaTa cTVjUL^elSrjKO';, otov t6 XevKOv 
ttot' €K€iv6 ipa/uLev etvai dvOpooirov, ov-^ 6julolco9 XeyovTe? Ka\ 
Tov dvOpcoirov XevKOV /lev ydp ov-^ cTepov tl (av XevKdv 
ecTTL, t6 Se XevKOv, otl crvfjLfie/3^K€ tw dvOpcoirco etvaL XevKco. 
""EcTTfi/ ovv evLa TOLavTa cocrTe KaO^ avTd KaTr/yopelcrOaL. 
^'Eo-Tco Srj t6 r TOLOVTOV, ^o avT^ /ULev /jLrjKeTi virdpyeL dXXcp,A 
TOVTCp Se ^TO B irp^joTcp, Ka\ ovk ecrTLv dXXo /uLCTa^v. Kal 

iraXLV ^ TO E T(p 'Zt C0(TaVTC09, Ka\ TOVTO T(p B. ^ Ao' ovv 

TOVTO (ivayKtj orTrjvaL, r/ evSe-^^eraL ek direLpov levaL ', Ka\ ird- 
Xiv €1 Tov /uLev A /uLr/Sev KaTr/yopeLTaL KaO^ aWd, t6 Se A tw 
virapyeL irpdoTcp, /xeTa^v Se /uLr]Sev\ irpOTepip, Ka\ t6 tw 
H, Ka\ TovTO T(p B, apa Ka\ tovto '{(TTacrOaL dvdyKtj, rj koI 
TOVT evSe^^eTai ei9 direLpov levcu ', SLacpepei Se tovto tov5 

* Tcov om. B, post yap ponit A. v ^^ 0^1^ c. ^ g^ ^^ ^1^^^ 

corr. C. ^ o t6 ovto C. y t6] rcoi B. ^ tw € t6 ^ C. 

VOL. I. P 



210 ANAATTIKf2N Anal. Post. 

'^TTpOTepov TOcrovTOV, OTi To jULei/ ecTTiv, °dpa ev^eyerui ^ap^a- 
fxevu) '^ctTTO TOiovTOV o /mriSev} virap-^ei CTcpcp aXX' «XXo e/ce/- 
vo), eTrJ TO avco ek aTreipov levai, OaTepov Se ap^djJLevov airo 
TOiovTOv o avTO /mev aXXof, CKelvov Se ^ /JLijSev KaTrjyopeiTai, 
€7rl To KOLTW (TKOTrelv el evSeycTai eh aireipov levai. ^'Erf to, 
/uera^u Sp evSeyerai aireipa eivai wpKr/uLevwv twv aKpcov ; 
Xe^yo) S^ olov ei t6 A tw V virdp-^^eL, /ULecrov S^ auTO)!/ t6 B, 
Tov Se B Ka\ Tov A eTepa, tovtwv S^ aXXa, S.pa Ka\ TavTa 
€19 aTreipov evSe^eTai levai, t] aSvvaTOv ; ecrTi Se tovto <tko- 
Tretv TavT^ Ka\ ei ^ al airoSeL^ei^ ek aTreipov epyovTai, Ka\ ei 
ecTTLV airoSei^L^ airavTog, rj ttjOo? aWrjXa irepalveTaL. 
6 ^OjULOico^ Se Xeyco Ka\ eTrJ twv a-TeprjTLKcov o-vWoyLcriULwv 
Ka\ TrpoTaarecov, otov ei t6 A lULrj virdpyeL tw B fJLriSevl, fjTOL 
irpcoTW, rj €<rTai Ti /ULeTa^v w irpOTepcp ou^ virdp-^eL, olov ei 
TO H, b T(S B virapycL iravTL, kol iraXiv tovtov ctl aXXcD 
irpoTepcp, olov el t6 0, ^ o tw H iravT^ vTrdpyeL. Kaf •yajO 
€ir\ TOVTcov rj aireLpa "^oh virdpyei irpOTepoL^, 37 la-TaTai. 
1 ""EttJ ^e Twv avTLCTpecpovTCov 01^^ ofjLoiwg ^'x^^i- Ov yap 
^ea-TLV ev tol9 ^ KaTrjyopoviuLevoig ov irpwTOv KaTriyopeiTai t] 
TeXevTalov* ^ iravTa yap 7rp69 irdvTa TavTrj ye ofiolw^ e^X^'' 
en-' iarT^v aireLpa ra Acar avTOv KaTrjyopov/uLeva, ^ elT a/uL- 
(pOTepd ea-TL Ta airopriOevTa aireLpa' ifKrjv ei jULrj 6/ulolw9 ev- 
SexGTai avTLa-Tpe(p€LV, aXXa t6 /ulcv w9 a-v/ULJS^/SrjKO^, t6 S^ co? 
KaTr/yoplav. 
20 ^Otl /uLev ovv TGL /uLeTa^v ovK evSexcTCii aireipa eivaL, ei eir^ 
TO KaTW ^Koi t6 avw ^a^TavTaL ai KaTrjyoplai, SrjXov. Ae^yw 
S^ avw /ULcv TTjv €7r\ TO KttOoXov /ULaWov, K^TW Se Trjv e7r) t6 
KaTOL /uLepo9' E< yap tov A KaTrjyopov/ULevov KaTO, tov Zi 
aireLpa tu /uLeTat^v, e^' cov B, SrjXov otl evSexpLT av wa-Te 
Ka\ ctTTO Tov A €7rJ ®TO KaTW €T€pov CTcpov KaTfjyopela-QaL 



ft irporepov C.D. ^ apa evdexcTai om. C. ^ dp^d/xevou C. ^ diro 
Tov TOiovTOV D. 6 prjOev D. ^ al om. B. ? fi r/ b \. ^ ols 

ovx vTrdpXfi' D. ^ eoTiv om. A. ^ dvTiKaTtjyopovpfvois D. ^ irdvTa 
yap'^ TavTa yap B. "* eir*] in D. " Ka\ iiri to D. " Tti D. 



I. 20, 21. TSTEPaN A. 211 

€19 OLTTeipov {irpiv yap cttI t6 Zi eXOeiv^ aireipa ra jULera^v') 
P Kai airo tov Ij eiri to avco aireipa^ irpiv eiTL ^to J\ eAueiv. 
^'QarT €1 TavTa aSvvaTa, Ka\ tov A Ka\ Z aSvvaTOv aireipa z 
elvai liieTatv. OvSe yap el ti9 Xeyoi otl tu. jULev ecTTL twv 
A B e-^ofj.eva aWrfKoov wcTTe /uLr} elvaL /meTa^v, tol S^ ovk ea-TL 
Xa^eiv, ovSev SiaipepeL. *0 yap av Xd^co tcov B, ecrTaL irpog 
To J\ r] TTjOO? TO /j ri aireipa Ta iJieTatv rj ov. J\(p ov orj 
'vrpooTOv aireipa, e'LT evOvg e'iTe fxrj ^' ev0v9, ovSev Sia<pepei' tcl 
yap (jLera TavTa aireLpa ea-Tiv. 

'^avepov Se kol eirl t^9 crTeprjTiK^g airoSeL^ecog otl (TTrj- Z I 
creraf, elirep eTrl Trjg KaTrjyopiKrjg '[(TTaTai ex' afxcpoTepa. 
^'EcTTft) yap firj evSeyofievov fxr]Te eir\ to avoo airo tov vcttcx- 
Tov eh aireLpov levaL (Xeyco S^ vcTTaTOv o avTO fxev aXXco fxrj- 
cevL virap-^^eL, eKeLVCo oe aWo, olov to Zj) fxtjTC ^ airo tov 
TrpcoTOv eTTL TO vcTTaTOv (Xeyco Se TrpcoTov o avTO fxev KaT 
aXXov, KaT CKelvov Se fxrjSev aXXo). Et Srj TavT ccttl, Ka\ 
e7r\ Trjg airocpacTecog a-TrjCTeTaL. TpL^^cog yap SeiKvvTaL fxrj 
v7rap-)(ov. xl yap (p fxev to ^ i , to ij virapyeL iravTL, (o oe 
TO B, ^ ovSev\ TO A. liov fxev tolvvv B V, Ka\ ae\ tov cTepov 2 
SLacTTrjfxaTog, avdyKr] ^aSli^eiv ek dfxecTa' KaTtjyopLKov ydp 

TOVTO TO S^dcTTrifXa. To S^ €T€pOV SfjXov OTL €1 dXX(a ov^ 

virapyeL ^ TrpoTepco, olov tw A, tovto SerjCTeL tw B 7ravT\ 
virapyeiv. l\.a\ ei iraXLv dXX(i) tov A ^irpoTepcp ou^ virap^veL, 
y eKelvo SerjcreL tw A iravT^ virdp-^eLv. '^'QcrT eire^ rj e7r\ to 
KaTco *L(TTaTaL 6S69, Ka\ rj e7r\ t6 ^ dvco CTTrjcTeTaL, Ka\ ecTTai 
TL "TTpcoTOv, (p ou^ v7rdpy€L. TldXLV ei TO fxev ^B 7raj/Tf tw 3 
^A, T(p Se T ^ fxrjSevL, to A ^ T(p T ovSev\ v7rdpyeL. TlaXLV 
TOVTO €1 Sei Sei^aL, SrjXov 6tl rj Slu tov dvco Tpo^rov SeL-^Orj- 

(T€TaL rj Sld TOVTOV ^ t] TOV TplTOV. ^O fX€V OVV 7rpC0TOg €f- 

P t6 an Ta habeat B. non liquet. q koI tov ^ D. •* ovBev D. 

^ VTTo A.B. *^ y TO) /3 B. ■^ ovBevl D. "^ TrpoTepov B. ^ npoTepoi 
Tov 8 D. y cKeivcoi A.B. z civco A.B. a avo)] 8 A.B, a D. 

1> np<i>T(oi A.B. c B] ^ D. d A] I D. e ^^^^i/i D. f tS)v A.B. 
? fj dia Tov D. 

P 2 



212 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

prp-ai^ 6 Se Sevrepo^ Sei^^^OtjcreTai. Ovrco S^ av ^SeiKvvoi, olov 
OTi To A Tft) iJt.ev ^B iravT) VTrapyei, ro) Se V ovSevi, ei avdyKrj 
VTrdpyeLV tl tw B. KaJ iraXLV el tovto tm V lULt] virdp^ei, 
^^ aWo T(v A VTrdp-^eL, o tm T ^ ov-^ virdpyeL. Ovkovv eire^ 
TO virap-^eLV de\ tw dvooTepod la-TaTaL, (TTtjo-eTaL Ka\ to /uLrj 
vTrdp-^eLV. *^0 Se TpLT09 Tpoirog ^V ei t6 /mev A tw B TravTl 
virdpyei, to Se F yuiy virapyeL, ov TravTL virap-^eL to T co to 
A. Jld\LV Se TOVTO rj S^a twv dvto elpijiULevcov rj o/uloloo^ Sei' 
■^drjo-eTaL. ""E/cetVft)? iJiev Srj ^KjTaTaL^ ei S^ ovtco, TraXLv X»}- 
y^reTaL t6 B tw E virap-^eLV, w t6 T /uLr] Trai^Tf vwap-^eL. 
KaJ TovTO ird\Lv ojulolco^. ^ETreJ S^ VTroKeiTai ^icrTaa-OaL Ka) 
eTTL t6 KdTco, SrjXov OTL (TTrjCTeTai Ka\ t6 r ou^ virdp-^ov. 
5 ^avep6v S^ otl ^Ka\ edv juLr] juLia oSw ^ ScLKvvrjTaL dWd ird- 
o-aL^, OTe /uLev eK tov TrpcoTOv a"^r]iJiaT09'> OTe Se ck tov SevTe- 
pov >7 TpiTOV, OTi Ka\ ovTco (TTrjcT eT aC ireTTepaa-fJ.evaL ydp 
eicTLV ai oSoi, Ta Se ireirepaa-iJ.eva TreTrepaa-juLevdKi^ dvdyKij 
TreTrepavOai ° iravTa. 

^'Otl fjLev ovv eTrJ t^9 aTeprja^ewi, e^Lirep Ka\ eir^ tov virdp- 
^efi^, 'la^TaTaL, S^Xov. ^'Otl S^ ctt' cKeivcov, XoyLKcog /jlcv Oeco- 
pova^LV coSe (pavepov. 
22 ^ETTf fiev ovv ^ Tcov ev tm tl ea-TL KaTrjyopov/JLevcov SrjXov 
€1 yap ea-TLV opia-aa-Oai "^ el yvcoa-TOv to tl rjv elvaL, Ta S^ 
direLpa /uLrj ea-TL ^LeXOelv, dvdyKrj TreTrepdvOaL Ta ev tw t/ 
eaTL KaTtjyopov/jLeva. J^aOoXov Se coSe Xeyo/xev. ^'Ectt^ ydp 
elirelv dXrjOco^ to XevKov jSaSi^eLv Ka\ to /uLcya eKeivo ^vXov 
eivaL, Ka\ TrdXLV t6 ^vXov lULeya elvaL Ka\ t6v dvOpcoirov /3aSi- 

2 ^€LV. ^'^TepOV Sl^ eCTTl t6 OVTC09 eiTTeiV Ka\ t6 €K€IV0)9. ^OTav 

fjiev ydp t6 XevKov eivaL (pco E,^\ov, TOTe Xeyco otl ta av/x^e- 
j^rjKe XevKip eivaL ^vXov eaTLV, aXX' ou^ W9 t6 vTTOKeliuLevov 
Tft) ^vXo) t6 XevKOv eoTTL' Ka\ ydp ovTe X€vk6v 6v ovO^ direp 
XevKov Ti eyevcTO ^vXov, wa-T ovk ea-Tiv aXX' rj KaTa av/jL^e- 
^rjKo^. ^'OTav Se t6 ^vXov XevKOv elvai (pco, ou^ otl cTepov 

h b€,,KVvrn A.B.D. i B] ^ D. k aXX' h A. 1 ovx vndp^ei D. 

«^ Koi eav'] kclv D. " bfiKWTai D. o diravTa D. P tcov om. D. 



I. 22. T2TEPI2N A. »13 

TL ecTTi XevKoi/, €K€Lvw Sc CTViJi^ePriKe ^vXw eLvai, oiov OTav 
^ Tov lULova-LKov "* XcvKov eivai (pco' t6t€ yap otl 6 avOpcjoirog 
XevKog ecTTiv, w (TviJiPefiriKev elvai ijlovctlkm, Xeyoo' aWa to 
^vXov ^ecrTl To viroKeliJLevov, orrrep Ka\ eyeveTO, ov-)^ eTcpov ti 
ov J7 oirep ^vXov t] ^vXov tl. Ei Sr} Sei * voiioOeTrjcrai, earTCO 3 
TO ovTO) XeycLV KaTrjyopeiv, to S^ €K€lvoo<s '^tol iJLrjSaiiwg KaTrj- 
yopeiv, rj KaTtjyopeiv /xev iirj aTrXm, KaTa (rvjUL^e^tiKog Se 
KaTrjyopeiv. ^'Ecrrf S^ 009 /jlcv to XevKov to KaTrjyopoviievov, 
0)9 Se^TO ^vXov TO ov KaTtiyopeiTaL. ^YTroKelaOco Sr] to Ka- 
TrjyopovjULevov KaTrjyopeio-OaL aei, ov KaTrjyopeLTaL, aTrXco^, 
aXXa iirj /cara (rv/jLlBefBriKog' ovtco yap al airoSei^eL^ cnroSeL- 
KVvovcTLv. '''QicrTe ^rjev tm tl ccttlv r} otl ttolov rj iroaov rj 
irpo^ TL rj iroLOvv ?? iraar-^ov tj ttov r] iroTe, oTav ev KaO^ €V09 
KaTrjyoprjOrj. 

■"Eri ra /Jiev ova-iav arrjjULalvovTa oirep cKeivo rj oirep €K€lv6 a 
Ti ^ crrjiuLaLveL, KaO^ ov KaTrjyopeiTaL' ocra Se lULtj ova-lav arrj- 
fjLaivei, aXXa KaT aXXov vTTOKeLixevov XeyeraL, o ixrj ecrTi 
IJLrjTe oirep eKeivo ^ /JirjTe oirep €KeLv6 tl, CTVii^e^rjK^Ta, ofov 
KaTa Tov avOpcoirov to X€vk6v. Ov yap ecTTiv 6 avOpco7ro9 
ovTe oirep XevKov ovTe oirep XevK^v tl. ^AXXa ^^ov 'icrco?' 
oirep yap ^woi/ ccttlv 6 avOpooiro^. ^'Ocra Se fJLrj ovalav crrj- 
fAalvei, Sei /cara tlvo9 vTroKci/jLevov KaTtjyopeicrOaL, Ka\ /JLrj 
eivai TL XevK^v, o ov^ €T€p6v tl bv XevK^v icrTLV. Ta yap 
e^iSrj yoLLpeTco' TepeTLcriJLaTa t€ yap ccttl, Ka\ el ecTTiv, yovSev 
7rpo9 Tov X6yov ecrTiV al yap airoSeL^ei^ 7rep\ toov tolovtcov 
eicriv. 

^'Erf el /Jir] ecTTL ^ tovto tovS\ 7roi6Trj9 KaKelvo tovtov, S 
/JLrjSe irOL^TrjTO^ Troi^Trj^, aSvvaTOv avTiKaTrjyopelarOaL aXXr]- 
Xcov OVTC09. ^AXX' aXrj0e9 /jlcv evSe-^eraL elirelv, avTLKaTrjyo- 
prjcraL S^ aXrj0co9 ovk evSeyeraL. ^^H yap tol C09 ova-la KaTrj- 
yoprjOrjareraL, olov rj yevo9 ov rj SLa(popa tov KaTrjyopov/ievov. 

Q t6 B.D. *" XfVKOV Om. A. S t6 VnOKcilKVOV i(TTlV D. t yp, 

6vofxaTo6€TTJ(rai D. '^ fj cV COIT. B. "^ a-rjfjLaivdV A. 

€K€tvo om. D. y ovOiv D. z roiiTo'] Tode D. 

P3 



214 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Post. 

Taura ^e SiSeiKrai otl ovk '"^eaTai aireipa, ovt ein. to KaT(o 
6ovT eirl t6 avod. Oiov avOpcoiro^ Slitovv^ tovto X/fiOv, tovto 
<^' cTepov' ovSe TO ^(^ov /car' avOpwTTOV, tovto Se /cara KaX- 
X/of, TOVTO Se KaT aWov ev tw tl €<ttiv. Trjv /ulcv yap 
ovcTLav ^ diracrav eorTiv 6pL<Tacr0ai Trjv TOLavTtjv, Ta S^ aireipa 
ovK ecTTL dLet^eXdeLV voovvTa. iI<tt ovt eirL to avco ovt eiri 
t6 koltw aireLpa' CKelvrjv yap ovk *^ ecrTiv oplcracrOai, >y9 ra 
aireLpa KaTrfyopeiTai. "^Q? yu,ei/ Srj yevr} aWrjXcov ovk ^avTL- 
1 KaTtiyopriOrjcreTaL' ecTTaL yap auTO OTrep avTo tl. OvSe firjv 
Tov iroLOv rj Twv aWcov ^ovSev, av fJir] KaTa (TVixfie^riKO^ KaTip- 
yoprjOrj' TravTa yap TavTa crvimPelSrjKe KaL KaTa tcov ovcriwv 
KaTrjyopeiTaL. ^AXXa Srj otl ovS^ ek t6 avco aireLpa ea-Tai' 



r I 



eKacTTOV yap KaTrjyopeiTai o av crrjiuLaLvr] rj ttolov tl r] itoctov 
^TL V T' '^^^ TOLOVTWv r] TOL €v T^ ov(TLOL' TavTa Sc iTeire- 
pavTaL, KOi TOL yevrj twv KaTrjyopLcov ireirepavTaL' rj yap 

TTOtOJ/ r] TTOCrOI/ r] TTjOO? TL t] TTOLOVV t] iraCT-^OV r] TTOV 1] TTOTe. 

S^YiTOKeLTaL Se ev KaO^ ev6^ KaTrjyopeicrOai, avTa ^ Se avTwv, 
ocra fJLr] t/ ecTTt, ^ /x^ KaTrjyopelcrOai. 2f/x/3e/5;yAcoVa yap 
€(TTL ttolvtCl, aWoL TCL /ULev KaO^ avTa, tol Se KaO^ cTCpov Tpo- 
TTOV TavTa Se iravTa KaO^ vTTOKeLjULevov tlvo9 KaTrjyopei^TOuL 
(ba/ULev, t6 Se G-vfjiPe^rjK^^s ovk eivaL viroKelfxevov tl' ovSev yap 
Tcov TOiovTcov TiOe/uLev elvai, 6 ov-^ eTepov tl ov XeyeTai o \e- 

gyeraL, aXX' auTO ^ aWov Kal ^aXX' aTTa /caO' eTepov. Oi/t' 
elg t6 avco apa ev KaO' ev69 ovt eig t6 KaTCO virap-^^eLV Xe^^O^- 
o-eTat. KaO' (av /uLev yap XeyeTai tol crviuL/Be^rjKOTa, ocra ev 
Trj ov(TL(x ' eKOLCTTOV' TavTd Se ovK aTTeipa. ^'Ai/ft) oe TavTa 
Te Ka). TO. orvfJi^e^rjKOTa, ajULipoTepa ovk aireLpa. ^ AvayKrj 
apa elvai tl ov irpwTOv tl KaTrjyopeiTai Kai tovtou aWo, 
Kal TovTO 'i(TTa(TOai, Ka\ eival tl o ovkctl ovTe KaT aWov 
irpoTepov ovTe KaT ckclvov aXXo irpoTepov KaTtjyopeiTat. 



'^ eo-riJ/ D. ^ irarrav A. ^ Za-rai D. '^ dvTTjyoprjOTjO-fTai A. 

« ovdcv D. ^ Ti alterum om. D, tertium A.B. s 5' €avTa>u D. 

h fxfj alterum om. A. ^ aWois A.B.D. k ofXXa tci Kaff B. ^ iKaoTai 

A.B. 



I. 22. TSTEPHN A. 215 

Ef? fjLev ovv TpOTTOi Xeyerai aTroSel^eo)? ovto9, eTi S^ otA-io 
A09, ei (av irpoTepa arra KaTijyopeiTai, '" ecrTi tovtoov airo- 
Sei^i^' ^ cov S^ €(tt\v aTToSet^Lg, ovTe /SeXTiov eyeiv e^yywpel 
irpo^ avTa tov eicevai, ovt eLcevai avev airoceLt^e(jd<5' J^t oe 
Tooe CLa Tcovoe yvoopiiULOv, Taoe oe /mr] i(T/ULev fJLrjde peKTLOv 
€-^oiuL€v 7rpo9 avTCL Tov eiSevaL, ovSe to Slol tovtcov yvcopLjULov 
eTTLCTTrjcroiuLeOa. Ef ovv e(TTL tl elSevat Sl OLTroSeL^ecog (xttXw^ 11 

KOL /ULrj €K TLVCOV fJLrjS^ €^ V7roO€(TeCt)9, CLvdyKr] *L(TTa(TOaL Ta? 

KttTrjyopla^ tol^ /uLeTat^v. Ef yap /uLrj 'icrTavTaL, aXX ecrTLv 
a€L Tov XrjcpOevTog eTrdvco, diravTCov ecTTai OLTroSeL^Lg' coctt el 
TOL direLpa fJLr] eyycopel SLeXOeiv, wv €(tt\v diroSeL^L^s, TavT ovk 
elcTOfjieOa Sl diroSeL^eco^. Ef ovv ^ /ULrjSe /BeXTLOv e-^OjULev tt/OO? 
aura tov eiSevai, ovk P ecTTaL ovSev eirlcTTaaOaL Sl diroSel^eco^s 
aTrXo)? ^ aXX' e^ viroOecreco^. 

A.oyLKco9 jULev ovv €k tovtcov dv Tf? irLCTTevcreLe irepl tov 12 
Xe-^OevTO?, dvaXvTLKco? Se Sid ToovSe (pavepdv orvvTOjULcoTepov, 
OTL ouT €7rl TO dvco ovT €ir\ To KaTco direLpa Ta KaTrjyopov- 
/ULeva evSe-^eTaL etvaL ev Talg dTToSeiKTLKaig eTrLCTTrjfiaL^, irepL 
wv rj (TKe^L^ €(TTLV. *^ H /UL€V ydp diroSei^L^s e(TTL ^ TCOV 6(Ta 
virdpyeL KaO^ avTd tol<5 Trpdy/uLacrLV. KaO' avTd Se Slttcos' 13 
0(Ta T€ yap ev eKeivoig evvirapyeL ev tm tl €(ttl, Ka\ oh avTa 
€v T(p TL e(TTLv virap-^ovcTiv avTo7<s, oiov TM apLO/u(a to irepLT- 
Tov, o virdp-^eL /uLev dpLO/uw, evvirdpyeL S^ avT09 ^ 6 dpL0/ULO9 
ev Tcp X6y(p avTOv, Ka\ TrdXLV 7rXrjOo9 r/ to ^ SLaLpeTOV ev tco 
X6y(p Tov dpLO/uLOv ^ evvTrdpyeL. Tovtcov S^ ovSeTepa evSe-^eraL 
aireLpa elvaL, ovO^ C09 to ^repLTTOv tov dpLO/ULOv' 7raXLv yap 
^av ^ev Tw irepLTTw dXXo e^irj, w €vv7rrjpyev v^rap-^ovTL' tovto 
S^ €L e(TTL, y irpcoTOv 6 dpLO/ULog €vv7rdp^eL v^rdpyovcTLV avTw. 
Et ovv iJ.rj evSe-^eraL aTreLpa TOLavTa v^rdpyeLV ev tm evl, ovS^ 14 
€7rL TO dvco ecTTaL d^reipa. ^AXXa fJLrjv dvayKrj ye 7ravTa 

na torai A.B.D. ^ mv 8* cortj/ a7roSei|t9 om. D. o fxrjBev B. 

P toTiv D. q aXX' om. A. r tcoi/] avTrj A.B^ om. D. s (5 ^pi_ 

6fi6s om. D. * abiaipiTov pr. D. ^ ivvTrdpx^f-v B. ^^ av om. 

A.B, post TreptTro) ponit D. X ip om. D. Y npSyTos D. 

P4 



2i6 ANAATTIKflN Anal. PosT. 

virap-^ei^v tw TrpcoTip, oiov rw apiOixw KCLKeivoig tov cipiOjULOv, 
wcTT avTi(TTpe(povTa ecTTai, a\X ov-^ virepTelvovTa. Ov^e 
jUirjv ocra ev rw r/ ecTTiv evvirapyeL, ov()e TavTa aireipa' ov^e 
yap av eiri opiaracrOai. ^'Qctt el Ta /mev KaTrjyopovjuieva Ka&* 
avTO. iravTa XeyeTai, TavTa Se /ULtj aireipa, '^lcTTaiTO av to. 
€7rf TO ava), coa-Te Kai eTTf ^to KaTco. 

15 Ei ^' ovTCo, Ka\ Ta ev T(p /uieTa^v Svo opcov ael ireire- 
pa(Tixeva. Ef ^e tovto, SrjXov tjSr] Kal tcov CLTroSei^ecov otl 
avdyKrj ap-^a^ ^re elvai, Ka\ /uLrj 7r(xvTcov elvai aTroSei^iv, oirep 
€(f)a/uLev Tiva9 Xeyeiv ^KaT apya^. Et yap ei(riv ap^ai, ovtc 
iravT aTTOceLKTa ovt ei^ aweipov oiovTe padi^eiV to yap 
eivai TOVTCov oiroTepovovv " ovSev aXXo ecTT^v r/ to ^ eivaL /uLrj- 
Sev SicxcrTri/uLa a/ULe(TOv Ka\ ^ aSLalpeTOv, aXXa iravTa SLaLpera. 

16 Tw yap evTog e/uL/BaXXecrOaL opov, aXX' ov tw TrpocTXa/uL^a- 
vecrOaL airoSeLKvvTaL to aTToSeLKvv/uLevov. ^'Qctt el tovt eL9 
aireLpov evSeyeTaL levaL, evSe-^OLT av Svo opcov S cLTreLpa /uLe- 
Ta^v elvaL /ULe(Ta. ""AXXa tovt aSvvaTOv, ei 'lcTTavTai ai Ka- 

f ■i^ i \ \ yf \ \ f \/r\ '!s\ tf 51' 

TrjyopLaL eiTL to avco Kai to KaTco. kJtl ce icTTavTaL, oe- 
SeLKTai XoyLKco9 /uiev irpoTepov, avaXvTLKcog Se vvv. 
^3 AeSeLy/ULcvcov Se tovtcov (pavepov otl, edv tl to avTO SvctIv 
vTrap-^Q], otov to A tw re F Kal tw A, /ULr/ KaTr/yopovfxevov 
OaTepov KaTa OaTepov, r/ /uLrjSa/uLco^ r/ /uLrj /cara TravTO^, otl 
ovK ael KaTOL kolvov tl virap^eL. Oiov T(p tVocr/ceXe? kol tm 
CTKaXrjvw To Sv(t)v opOai^ 'icTa^ ^'x^^^ KaTa kolvov tl v7rap-)^eL' 
^ yap (T)(^r]/uL(i Ti, vTTixpyeL, Kal ' ov^ r/ eTepov. Ii^ovto S^ ovk 
ael oi/Tft)? €-^€L. ^EcTft) yap to B KaO^ o to A tw Y A vTroip- 
■i yeL. ArjXov tolvvv otl Ka\ to B to) F Ka\ ^ tw A /caT aXXo 
KOLVOv, ^ KOLKeLvo KaO^ cTepov, co(TTe Svo opcov /iieTa^v cLireLpoL 
av e/ULTriTTTOLev opoL. ^AXX' aSvvaTOv. KaTa /xei/ tolvvv kol- 
vov Ti virap-^eLV ovk avayKtj ae^ to avTO irXeLOCTiv, eirelirep 



z t(TTaiVTO B. ^ Ta Knro) D. ^ Tf om. D. ^ ^aT] Ka\ Tas A.B. 
d ovBep D. c fivai TovT<ov fxrjdev D. ^ diaiperov A. S aTTfipa Ta 

fi€Ta^v D. ^ Kal fVt t6 D. * ovx ??] ovxl B. ^ tw om. A.B. 

1 KaKflvo om. pr. D. 



I. 23. T2TEPi2N A. 217 

€<jTai ™ ajuiecra StacrT^/ULaTa. ^Ei/ juevTOL tw ovt^ yivei Ka\ 
6K Twv avTcov OLTOiuLMV OLvayKtj T0V9 opov^ elvai, €L7rep TWV 
KaO^ ^ avTo, vTrap-^ovToov ecTai to kolvov ov yap rjv e^ aX- 
\ov yevov? elg aWo SLalSrjvaL ^to. SeLKvvjULeva. 

^avepov Se koi otl, OTav to A tw B vTrdpj^r], ei jULev ecTTL 3 
Pxf jULecrov, ecTL Sei^aL otl t6 A tm B VTrdp-^eL. Kal cttol- 
X^La TOVTOV ecTTl TavTa Kal TOcravQ^ ocra juLecra ecrTiV al yap 
a/UL€croL TTpOTdcreL^ cTTOL^^eia, »7 Traa-aL t] al KaOoXov. Ef Se 
fJL^ eo-TLV, ovKeTL ecTTLV air6SeL^L<5, aW rj eirl Ta9 GLp^dg 6S69 
avTYi ecTTLV. UjULOLcog ce KaL €l to A tco JlS fxr} virapyeL, eL 
fxev ecTTLV rj /ULearov ^ irpoTepov w oO^ virapyeL, ecTTLV diro- 
Sei^L9, ei Se fJLi^, ovk ecrTLV, aX\' dp->^r] Ka\ CTTOL^ela TOcravT 
^ ecrT\v ^ ocroL opOL' ai yap tovtcov irpoTacreL^s dpycu Trjg 
dTroSel^ecog elcTLV. ^ Ka^ cocrTrep eviaL dp-^al eicTLV dvairo- 4 

CeLKTOL, OTL 6(TTL TOOe TOOL ^ Kai Virap-^eL TOOe TCpOL, OUTCO KaL 

OTL ovK ea-TL Tooe ^ TOOL ^^ ovo virapyeL Tooe Tcpoi, coctu aL 
/uiev etval tl, ai Se /x>7 elval tl earovTaL dp-^al. ^'Orai/ ^e Serj 
Sei^aL, \r]irTeov 6 tov B irpcoTOv KaTrjyopeiTaL. ^'Eo-rot) t6 
r, Koi. TOVTOv ofxoLCog t6 A. Kal ovTcog del ^ /BaSi^ovTi ov- 
SeiroT e^coTepco irpoTaarL^ ovS^ vTrdp-^ov \a/UL/3dveTaL tov A 
6V TO) SeLKvvvaL, aXX' del t6 jULecrov TrvKvovTai, ecog dSLalpera 
yevtjTaL kol ev. ^'Ea-Tf S^ ev, OTav diuLecTOv yevrjTui Kal jULia 5 
irpoTacrL^ aTrXo)? rj djULecrog. Kat wcTirep ev T019 d\\oL9 rj 
dp^r] d7r\ovv, tovto S^ ov TavT^ iravTa-^ov, aXX' ev /3dp€L 
jULev /ULva, ev oe /UeXef 0Lea-L9, aWo o ev aWo), ovTCog ev a-v\- 
\oyLaiuLM t6 ev irpOTacrL^ dfiea-og, ev S^ dTroSel^eL Kal e-jrLCTTrjfiri 
6 vov<i. ^Ei/ fjLev ovv T019 S6Lktlkoi9 crv\\oyLCTfjLOL9 Tov v7rap-6 
■)(0VT09 ovSev €^co irLirTeL, ev Se T019 CTTeprjTLKOig, evOa fJLev o 
Sei virapyeLv, ^ ovSev tovtov ecco irLirTeL, oiov ei to A tw B 
Sia Tov r ^ fjLi^. Ef ydp ^ tw fxev B iravT^ ^ t6 Y, ^ tw Se 

™ /xcVa B, ayaaa ra D. " avTO A.D. o to] Kara ra B. P rt] 

t6 D. ^ eo-rii/ om. A. ^ oaroi ol opoi D. ^ Kal — clo-iv om. B. 

t Ka\ VTT.] ovd" VTT. pr. D. V T^i^l ^ w qvx B. ^ ^adiCoiv A.B. 

y ovOev D. z fiT]] M rj D. a ra] to A.B. et pr. D. ^ to'] tS)i 

A.B. c r^] ro B. 



ai8 ANAATTlKiiN Axal. Post. 

r ^/uLtjSevl ^TO A, TrdXiv av Seyj otl tm F to A ovSevl virdp- 
yei^ fxkdov XrjirTeov tov A kqI F, Kal ovtco^ cceJ TropevcreTai. 
"'Eai/ Se Set] Sei^ai otl to A tw E ovy^ vTrdp-^ei tw to F tw 
jULev A Traj/Tf virdp-^eLV, tm Se E /ULtjSev). rj fxr] TravTL, tov E 
ovSeiroT ec^co TrecreLTaL' tovto o ecrTfj/ w ov Sei virap-^eLv. 
rjTTL oe Tov TpLTOv TpoTTOV, ovTe a(p ov ceL OVTe o ceL CTTe- 
prjcraL ovSeiroT e^co /3aSLeiTai. 
^4 Ovcrr]g S^ aTroSel^ewg Trjg /uiev KadoXov Trjg Se KaTO, /mepo^, 
Ka\ Trj^ jULcv KaTrjyopLKrjg Trjg Se crTep)]TiKrjg, afXCpLaj^riTeiTaL 
TTOTepa /SeXTiooV cog S^ avTCog Kal irepl Trjg aTroSeLKvvvai Xe- 
yo/uLevr]g Kal Trjg eig to aSvvaTov ayovirrjg aTroSelE^ecog. llpco- 
Tov /uLev ovv eTTLa-Ke^cojULeOa irepl Trjg KaOoXov Kal Trjg KaTa 
fxepog' SrjXcocravTeg Se tovto, Ka\ irepl Trjg SeiKvvvaL Xeyofie- 
vrjg Kal Trjg eig to aSvvaTOv e'i7rcofiev. 
2 Ao^eLe fxev ovv Td^ dv tlctlv coS\ crKOirovcTLV rf KaTa fiepog 
eivaL ^/BeXTicov. Ei ydp KaO^ rjv ^fJLciXXov eiTLaTafxeQa "aTro- 
Sei^LV * /SeXTicov diroSeL^Lg {avTrj ydp dpeTrj diroSel^ecog)^ fjLaX- 
Xov S' eTTLCTTdfJLeOa cKacrTOV, OTav avTO ^ eiScofJLev KaO^ avTO rj 

OTCLV KaT dXXo, bloV TOV flOVCTLKOV J^OpLCTKOV, OTaV OTL 6 
J^OpLCTKOg fXOVCTLKOg rj OTaV OTL dvOpCOTTOg fXOVCTLKOg' OflOLOOg 

Se Ka\ e7r\ tcov dXXcoV ^ rj Se KaOoXov otl dXXo, ov-^ otl avTO 
TeTv^rjKev eTTLSeiKvvcrLV, olov otl to lcrocrKeXeg ov^ otl lcro- 
CTKeXeg aW otl Tplyoovov, ^ rj Se KaTa fxepog otl avTO' el Srj 
/3eXTLcov fxev rj KaO^ avTO, TOiavT}] S^ rj KaTa fiepog Trjg KaOo- 
Xov fidXXov, Ka\ /SeXTLCOv dv rj Ka^d fiepog diroSeLC^Lg elr}. 
3^'ETi ei TO fxev KaOoXov fxtf ecTTL tl wapd tcx KaO^ cKacTTa, rj 
S' diroSei^Lg So^av efxiroLel etvai tl tovto KaO^ o diroSeLKvvcri^ 
Kttl TLva (pvcriv vTrapycLv ev Tolg ovcri TavTr^v, oiov TpLycovov 
irapd Ta Tfi^a Ka\ cr^^^rjfJiaTog irapa Ta TLva Ka\ dpLOfxov irapa 
Tovg TLvdg dpLOfxovg, /3eXTicov S' rj irep\ ovTog t] fxr] ovTog KaL 
Sl r]V fxr] diraTr/OrjcreTai ^ Sl rjv, ccttl S^ r] fxev KaOoXov tol- 

^ fjir)6ev\ D. ^ To'] TO)i B. f /SeXriW dirodei^is. Et D. ^ fJM- 

XiaTa D. ^ dTTodei^iv om. D. ^ aTToSei^is /ScXTtwj/ D. ^ i8a)- 

fifv A. ^ r)] el A.B. 



I. 24. TSTEPX2N A. 219 

avrrj (7rpoi6vT€9 yap SeiKvvovcriv, wcrirep 7rep\ tov am Xoyov, 

OIOV OTL ^O dv ^ TL TOLOVTOV €<TTaL CLVa \oyOV, O OVT€ 

ypajuL/uLr] ovT apL0iuLO9 ovTe (TTepeov ovt eTTLTreSov, aWa irapa 
TavTOL tl) €1 ovv KaOoXov /mev /UiaWov avTrj, irep). 6vto9 ^' 
j]TTOv Trj<s KaTOL iuL€po9 Kal cjuLTTOLeL S6^av ylrevSij, "^elpcov dv efi/ 
" rj Ka06\ov Trjg KaTo. jULepo^. 

^^H TTpwTOv /ULev ° ovSev jUidWov €7rl tov Ka06\ov rj tov 4 
KaTCL /mepog aTepog \6y09 ea-Tiv. Et yap to Sv(r\v opOaig 
P virapyeL /uLr] ^ tVocr/ceXe? aXX' § Tplyodvov, 6 elScog otl laro- 

<TK€\€9 rjTTOV olSeV ^^ aVTO ri 6 €lSc09 OTL TplyCOVOV. ^OXft)? Te, 

CL fJLev /uLrj ovTog fi Tplycovov €LTa SeiKvva-LV, ovK av ^ eir} dir6- 
SeL^L^, €L Se ovTog, 6 elSoog eKacrTOv ^ cKacrTOv virap-^eL /uidWov 
oioev. 12JL cr} TO TpLycovov eiTL irKeov ecTL, KaL o avT09 Ao- 
yog, Kal /u^ KaO^ o/uLcovviuLLav to Tpiycovov, Kal ^virapyeL iravTL 
TpiycovM TO ^Svo, ovK av TO Tplycovov ^z; fVocr/ceXe?, aXXa to 
fVocr/ceXe? /7 Tplyowov, €-^ol TOLavTag Ta<s ycovla?. ^^ QcrTe 65 
Ka06\ov €iSw9 jULaWov oiSev rj virapycL rj 6 ^ to KaTCL jULepo?. 
Be^Ticov apa rj Ka06\ov rJy? /cara /ULepog. ^'Ert ei /ulcv e^Lrj tl9 
\6yog ^ eh KOi jULt] o/uLcovviuLLa to Ka06\ov, ^ e^lrj av ^ ovSev r/T- 
Tov evLcov Tcov /cara imepog, dWa Kal /uLaWov, ocrw tol acpOapTa 

€V €K€LVOL9 e<TTl, TCL Sc KaTOL JULCpOg (pOapTOL fJLaWoV. ^'Ert T€ 

ovSefxla dvayKrj v7ro\aiuL^dveLV tl elvaL tovto 7rapd TavTa, 
OTi ev Sr/\oL, ° ovSev /uLaWov r/ €7rl toov aWoov, ^ oVa /uLrj tI 
(Tr\(xaLV€L aAA * r\ 7roLOV r/ 7rpog tl rj 7roLeLV. rjL oe apa, ov^ 
rj d^rdSeL^Lg aiTLa aXX' 6 dKovow. 

^'Ert S €1 rj d^rdSeL^Lg /uLev €<ttl (TvWoyicr/uL09 SeLKTLKog ai-6 
Tiag Kol Tov Slcl tl, ^ TO Ka06\ov S^ aLTicoTepoV w yap KaO^ 
avTO V7rap-^ei tl, tovto avTO avTw a'iTLOv' to Se Ka06\ov 
TrpcoTOV aiTLOv dpa to Ka06\ov. ^'QarTe Ka\ rj d^rdSeL^Lg /3eX- 
TLcoV fxdWov yap tov aiTLOv Kal tov Slcl tl ecrTLv. ^'Erf 

m 6 om. D. »17 om. A. o oieev D. P vTrapx"" A. B. 

q j]'] el D. r etr) r) diT68ei^i.s A.B. ^ TrXelov D. * imdpxov D. 

^ 816 D. X ^ tV.] eij; tV. B. y (a(TT€ el 6 D. ^ ro om. B.D. 

» els om. A.B. ^ €"ir] T av A.B. c ovdev D. d ovOev D. 

c ola D. ^ fj primum om. A. g el om. A. ^ t6 om. D. 



220 ANAATTIKflN Anal. Post. 

I^^XP^ TOirroi» l^i]TOViUL€v t6 Sia ti, kuI t6t€ oioni^Oa ^iScvai, 
OTav lULt] ^ oTi TL otXXo ^ TovTO t} yivojULevov tj ov T€\o9 yap 

7 Ka\ irepa? t6 ea-^aTov r]S>] ovt(jo<s €(ttlv. Oiov tlvo9 €V€Ka ?\- 
Oev ; OTTft)? Aa|8>7 ^ Tapyvpiov, tovto S\ OTrco? ^ aTroSw o 

(jO(p€L\€, TOVTO S\ OTTO)? /X^ aSlKr](ry)' Ka\ 0VT(Ji)9 i6vT€9, OTav 

jJLr]K€Ti Si* aWo iJ.Y]S^ aWov ev€Ka, Slo. tovto o)? T€\o<s (f)a/uL€V 
i\0€iv Kal elvaL Ka\ yLvecrOai, Ka\ t6t€ eiSevai /uLa^LcrTa *" Slo. 
t/ ^\0€v. €1 Srj o/uLOLCog ey€L eir^ ira^TWv twv aiTLcov kol " twi/ 
Slol tl, eTTi ^e tcov ocra a'iTLa ovtco9 ° cog ov eveKa ovtco9 ^(TjULev 
/JLa\i(TTa, Ka\ €ir\ tcov aWcov apa t6t€ iuLfx\L(TTa '[(T/uLev, OTav 

8 /uLijKeTL virapyrj tovto otl aWo. ^'Ot^v P fJLev ovv yivcocTKCo- 

/ULCV OTL T€TTap(TLV al €^C0 'l(TaL, OTL l(TO(TKe\e9, CTL \€L7reTaL 
SlO. TL ^TO l(TO(TK€\e^, OTL TplycOVOV, Ka\ TOVTO, OTl (T-^^rjjULa 

evOvypajULjULov. Et ^e tovto /uLrjKCTL Sl6tl aWo, ^t^tc jJLa- 
\i(TTa '[(TfJLev. Kaf Ka06\ov Se t^tc' r] Ka06\ov apa ^€\tlcov. 
^'Etz o(T(f) av /uLaWov KaTo. juLepog ^, ei9 ^ tol aireLpa ejuLTriTTTeL, 
f] Se Ka06\ov €19 t6 (X7r\ovv Ka\ t6 irepag. ^'Ekttl S\ rj /j.ev 
aireipa, ovk ^ eTria-TrjTa, jj ^e rrreirepavTaL, eTriCTTrjTa. "Hf «joa 
Ka06\ov, /uLaWov eincrTrjTa 37 rj KaTo, ^epo9. airoSeLKTa apa 

9 /ULaWov TCL Ka06\ov. ^ Tcov S^ airoSeiKTcov /ulolWov ^ /ulolWov 
a7r6S€L^L9' a/uLa yap /ulolWov tcl ttjOO? tl. ^e\TLcov apa rj 
Ka06\ov, eireLirep ^ Ka\ ^ /ulclWov a7r6S€L^L9. ''^^'^tl aipeTco- 
Tcpa KaO^ ^v TOVTO Ka\ aWo t/ KaO^ ^v tovto /ul6vov olSeV 6 
Se Trjv Ka06\ov eycov olSe Ka\ t6 KaTa /mepo^, OVT09 Se to 
Ka06\ov ovK olSev. ^'QcrTe Kav ovtco9 aipeTcoTepa elr/. ^'Et/ 
^e coSe. To 'yap Ka06\ov /ulolWov SeLKvvvaL ecrT^ t6 Sia /ulcctov 

10 SeiKvvvai eyyvTepco ovTog t^9 o.p-^9. ^l^yyvraTco Se t6 
a/ULeaoV tovto S^ ^PX^' ^^ ^^^ ^ ^^ ^PX^^ '^*^^ 1^^ ^? "i^~ 
Xn^^ V /^aWov e^ apxn^ Tr]9 r]TTOv aKpi/3€(TT€pa ^ a7r6Sei^i9' 

1 ToiiTo D. ^ t6 dpyvpiov D. ^ aTToSa» 6(f)€i\a)v to D. et o) etiam 

A corr. ^ 8ia ekSelv D. "^ reoi/ alterum om. D. o ,j,y] <wtr7r€p 
A.D. P fiev om. A. Q t6 om. D. •" t6t€ om. D. ^ ra om. D. 
t enKTTTjTci Ta aTrodeiKTa ^ D. ^ T(ov aTrobeiKTiov 8e D. ^ fiaXXov 

alterum om. A.B.D. ^ Ka\ om. A.B. y fxaWov f) om6hei^ii A.B. 
2 ert] eri ft A.B. '^ aTTobei^ii eaTiv. "Eo-ri D. 



I. 25- TSTEPIiN A. 221 

^'Eo-Tf Se TOiavrrj t) KaOoXov /ULaXXov KpeiTTcov " ap' av e'ii] rj 
KaOoXov. OIo}/ €1 *^ eSei airoSelt^aL to A /cara tov A* juea-a 
TO, e<p^ wv B r* avwTepw " ^rj to B, wcrTe ^ r\ Sia tovtov 
KaOoXov ixaWov. 

^AXXa TU)v juev elprj/jievcov evia XoyiKO, ea-Ti' /uLaXicrTa Se a 
S^Xov OTi ri KaOoXov KvpicoTepa, ^ otl tu>v irpoTaa-ewv Trjv 
juiev irpOTepav e-^ovTeg 'la-juiev Troog Kal Trjv va-Tepav Ka\ e^oiuev 
SvvdjULeL, olov et tl<s olSev otl irdv Tpiycovov ^ Sva-\v 6p0ai9, 
olSe TTCt)? Ka] t6 fVocr/ceXe? otl Svo opOah, SvvaiueL, Kal ei /ULrj 
olSe t6 la-oarKeXes otl TplywvoV 6 Se TavTrjv e-^cov Trjv irpo- 
Taa-iv t6 KaOoXov ovSa/uLcog olSev, ovTe SvvdjULei ovt evepyela. 
KaJ ^ juiev KaOoXov vorjT^, rj Se /cara /xepog eh aLaOria-iv re- 
XevTa. 

''Otl jULev ovv rj KaOoXov /SeXTLCOv Trj? KaTa jULepog, Toa-avO^ 2 C 
^jULLV elp^a^Oco' otl o ^ SeiKTLKrj Trj^ a-TeprjTLK^^, evTevOev Srj- 
Xov. ^^'EcTTO) ydp avTrj rj diroSeL^L^ iSeXTicov tcov dXXcov tcov 
avTcov virap-^ovTcov, rj e^ eXaTTOvcov aiTrjiuLdTcov rj vTroOea-ecov 
rj irpOTda-ecov. Et ydp yvcopLjJLOL ojULolcog, t6 Oclttov yvcovai 
Slu tovtcov virdp^eL' tovto S^ alpeTWTepov. Ao^yo? ^e Trj<s 2 
TrpoTda-ecog, otl ^cXtlcov rj e^ eXaTTOvcov, KaOoXov ^Se' el ydp 
6/ULOLC09 elrj t6 yvcopLjULa elvai Ta /uLea-a, Ta ^e irpoTepa yvoopi- 
/uLcoTepa, ea^Tco rj jULev ma juLea^cov dTToSeL^ig ^ tcov B x A otl to 
A Tw E virdp^eL, rj Se S^d twv Z H otl t6 A tw E. ^^""O- 
fjLOLW<} Se e^e: to otl t6 A tw A " virdp-^ei Ka\ t6 A tw E. 

To ^' OTL TO A TW A TrpOTepOV Ka\ yVWpLfJLWTepOV rj OTL t6 

A Tw E* Sid ydp TOVTOv cKeivo aTroSeLKvvTai, TTLO^TOTepov 
Se t6 Sl* ov. Kaf ^ Slu twv eXaTTOvwv dpa d7r6Sei^L9 /SeX- 3 
TLWV Twv aXXcDi^ Twv avTwv virapyovTWV. ^ AjULCpOTepaL julcv 
ovv Sid Te opwv Tpiwv Ka\ irpoTda-ewv Svo SeiKvvvTaL, aXX' ^ 
lULev elval tl Xa/uL/SdveL, rj Se Ka\ elvai Ka\ /ULrj elvai tl' Slu 
7rXei6vwv dpa, wa-TC yeipwv. 

b i?p' om. A.B.D. c 5ei B. d g^] §' ^ D. e ^] ^l A.B. 

f oTt T(av — f^^v] en\ — [xev yap D. ^ bvo D. ^ ecrrai D. ^ fic] 

o8e D. 1 Ta>v] r^y A.B. "" o/xoicoy — Ta> E] vTrdpxei D. " VTrdp- 
Xci — T6> A om. A. 



222 ANAATTlKftN Anal. Post. 

4 ^'Eri iireiSr] SeSeiKTai otl aSvvfXTOv ufJiCpoTepcdv oixrwv crT€- 
prjTiKwv ^ Twv TrpoTacrecov yevecrOai arvWoyKTiuLov, a\\a Ttjv 
jULev Sei TOiavTi]V eivai, Trjv S^ otl VTrap-^eL, eTi Trpb^ tovtw 
Se? ToSe \a/3eiv. Tct? juev yap KaTijyopiKa? av^avonievr]^ r^? 
aTToSei^ecog avayKaiov yiverrOaL irKeiov^s, Ta<5 Se a-TeprjTLKa^ 

5 aSvvaTOv TrXe/oi'? eivai yttm? ev airavTL crvWoyLO-^iia. ^'E(7Tft) 
yap ^ /uLriSev] virap-^ov to A e^' o(toov to B, tw Se V virap- 
yov TravT^ to B. ^^Av ^ Sr} Ser] TraXfi/ av^eLV ajULCpOTepa^ tcl^ 

7rpOTd(T€L9, /ULecrOV €/ULl3\r]T€0V. Tov IXeV A B eO-Ttt) TO A, TOV 

oe r> 1 TO Jli. Lo lULev drj x!i (pavepov otl KaTr^yopLKOv, to de 

A TOV ^ IUL€V B KaTrjyopLKOV, TTjOO? ^e TO A ^ 0)9 (TT€pr]TlKOV 

KeiTaL. To /UL€V yap A TravTo^ tov B, to ^e A ^ ovSev] Sei 
T(Jov A inrap-^€LV. YlveTai ovv jULia crT€pr]TLKr] irpoTacTL^ r] to 
A A. *^0 ^' avTO'S Tp6iro<s Ka\ eir^ tcov cTepcov <Tv\\oyi(TiULcov. 
6^Aei yap TO fJLeorov ^ tcov KaTr^yopiKwv opcov KaTr^yopLKOv eir 
ajUL(poT€pa' Tov Se crTepr^TLKOv eTrl OaTepa (TT€pr]TLKOv avay- 
Kaiov eivaL, wcttc avTr] /uLia TOLavTv] ylveTaL irpoTacL^, al S^ 
aWai KaTr]yopiKaL. Et Sr] yvcopL/uLcoTepov Sl' ^ oi; SeiKVVTai 
KOi TTL^TTOTepov, SeLKVVTaL S^ r] /mev CTTepr]TLKr] Slol Trjg KaTt]- 
yopLKrjg, avTr] Se Sl' eK€ivr]g ov SeUvvTaL, irpOTepa Ka\ yvcopL- 
"^ /ULCOTepa ovG-a Ka\ iTLCTTOTepa ^e\Ticov av elr]. *'ETf el ap-^^rj 
(TvWoyicr/uLov r] Ka06\ov irp^Tacri^ a/ULecTO^, ccttl S^ ev fxev Trj 
SeiKTiK^ KaTaCpaTLKr] ev Se^Trj cTTeprjTLKrj airoCpaTiKr] r] Ka06- 
\ov TTp^TacTL^, r] Se KaTa(paTLKr] Trjg aTTOipaTLKrjg irpoTepa kol 
yvcopL/ULCOTepa' Sia yap Tr]v KaTacpacTLV r/ air^cpacTL^ yvcopL- 
JUL09, Koi TTpoTepa r] KttTacpacTL^, (jo(T7r€p Ka\ To eivai tov juLrj 
elvaL' (a(TT€ ^€\tlcov r] apyj] Trjg SeiKTiK^? t] Trjg crreprjTiKrj^' 
r] Se ^e\TLO(TLV apyah ^co/ULcvr] fie^TLCov. ^'Et^ apy^oeiSe- 
CTTCpa' avev yap ^ Trjg SeLKVVOV(Tr]g ovk €<ttlv r] cTTeprjTiKrj. 
2,6 ^ETre/ S^ r] KaTrjyopLKr/ TrJ£ CTTeprjTLKr/g /Be^Ticov, S^\ov otl 
Ka\ Trj9 €19 TO aSvvaTOv ayov(Tr]<s. Aei S' eiSevai ti9 r/ Sia- 

o Ttov om. D. P fxrjBevl D. Q Bfj] del A.B. r fih om. D. 

^ a>s om. D. ^ ov6ev\ D. ^ T&v fitv KaTriyopiKa>v D. ^ ov] 

codices 6. ^ rrjs et r/ om. D. 



1.26,27. T2TEP12N A. 223 

(popa avTcov. ^'Ecrrft) Stj ro A jULrjSevl virap^ov tu> B, tm Se 
r TO B iravTL' avdyKi] Stj y tw V ^^ /ULrjSevl virdp-^eiv to A. 
OvTO) /mev ovv XrjCpOevTCOV SeiKTiKtj rj crTeprjTiKr] av e'ir] airo- 
Sei^i^ OTi To A Tft) r ou^ VTrapyeL, "^H <5' eh to aSvvaTOv 
(SS^ ^X^'* ' Sei^aL OTi TO A T(p B oi'x virdpyeL, Xrj- 

iTTeov virdp-^eLV, Ka\ to B toj F, «o-Te orvim/BaLveL to A tw 
r vTrdp-^^eiv. Tovto S^ earTa) yvcopiimov Ka\ ojmoXoyovjuLevov '^ 
OTi aSvvaTOv. 0vk apa oiov Te to A tw B VTrdpyeLV. Et 
ovv To B Tft) r ofxoXoyeLTaL virap-^eLv, to A t« B a^waTOi/ 
virap-^eLV. O/ />tei' ouj/ OjOOf ojULolcog TaTTOVTai, SLa<pepeL Se to 
OTTOTepa dv ^ yvcopL/ULCOTepa rj TrpoTacTLg rj <jTepr]TLKrj, iroTe- 
pov OTi TO A Tft) B ov-^ virdp-^eL rj otl to A tw V. ""'OTavs 
lULev ovv ^ To iTVfxirepaa-iJLa yvcopijULcoTepov otl ovk ecTTLV, rj eh 
TO dSvvaTOv yiveTaL aTroSeL^L^, OTav S^ ^ ev T(p crvWoyL(r/uL(p, 
t] diroSeLKTLKrj. ^vcreL Se irpoTepa v) otl to A tc5 ^ B ?? otl 
To A tw r. ^ UpoTepa ydp ccttl tov (TVjULTrepdcriuLaTog, ^ e^ 
cov TO (TVjuLTrepacTiuLa' ecTTL Se to /uLev A tc5 F yu^ VTrdpyeiv 
(TViJLirepacriJ.a, to (^e A to) B e^ 01; to (TVjULTrepa^TiuLa. Ov ydp 
€1 (Tv/uL/BaLveL dvaLpeLcrOal tl, tovto (Tv/XTrepacriuLd ccttlv, eKeiva 
Se e^ cov. ^AXXa to /xev e^ ov, CTvWoyLcriuLog ecTTiv, ^o av 4 
ovTcog exf/ too-Te 37 oXov irpog /uLcpog rj fxepog irpog oXov eyeLv, 
^ al Se TO Ar ^ Ka\ AB irpOTdcTeL<s ovk c-^ovctlv ovtco ttoo? 
dWi^Xag. Ef ovv rj ck yvcopiiuLcoTepcov Ka\ TrpoTepcov KpeiT- 
Tcov, el(T\ S^ diKpOTepaL ck tov /ULrj eival tl irLCTTal, aXX' rj iulcv 
e/c irpoTepov rj S^ e^ vcTTepov, ^eXrlcov dirXco? av etrj Trjg etV 
TO dSvvaTOv rj (TTeprjTiKrj diroSei^i^s, wcTTe Ka\ rj TavTrjg ^eX- 
Ticov rj KaTrjyopLKrj SrjXov OTL Ka\ Trjg eig to dSvvaTov ecTTi 
/SeXTlcov. 

^ AKpL^ecTTepa S'' ^ eirLG-TrjfjLrj eincTTrj /jLrj^s Ka\ irpoTepa rj t€ Z^ 
Tov OTL KttL Slotl rj avTrj, aXXa iJ.rj "^^copi^ tov otl Trjg tov 
SioTi, Ka\ rj firj KaO^ VTTOKCLiuLevov Trj^ Kaff viroKeLjj.evov, olov 



y TCdv A. z firjOevl D. a ^ ou^ vjrdpxft fj D. ^ rrpoTfpov A.B. 

c c'^] rh e$ D. d g ^^] ^'^^ £). e al] 77 A.B. f Kai r6 a /3 D. 

& €7n,arr){jLr]i €incrrr)]ir) D. 



224 ANAATTIKXIN Anal. Post. 

apiO/ULfjTiKr) dpiuLOViKr]9, Kal ^ e^ eXaTTOvoDV r^? ^ €K irpoa-Oe- 
0-60)9, oJov 'yeWyueTjo/a? apLdiJ.riTiKr]. Ae^ya) ^' ex- Trpoa-Oea-eco^y 
olov /ULOva^ ova-la aOeTog, a-TiyjULr] Se ovala Octo^' TavTr]v €k 
irpoarOea-ea^g. 

28 M/a ^' eiria-TriiJLr] ea-T^v rj €V09 •yeVof?, oaa €K tcov TrpcoTcov 
o^vyKeiTai Ka\ /uLept] ^eaT^v )] iraOr] tovtcov KaO^ avTa. ^lEiTepa 
^' eiTLaTriixt] eaT^v cTepa^, ^oacov al apya\ fxriT e/c toov avTOdv 
fjirjO^ ^€T€paL eK tcov eTepcov. Tovtov Se a-r^/ULeiov, OTav eh tol 
avaTToSeiKTa eXOr]' Sei yap avTO. ev tco avTu> yeveL eivaL tol9 
"^ CfTroSeSeLy/ULevoL^. ^tjjULeLOv Se Kai tovtov, oTav tol SeLKvv- 
IUL€va Sl' avTwv ev TavTw yevcL coaL Ka\ avyyevt]. 

29 ITXe/oi'9 o aTTOoe/^ez? eivaL tov avTOv eyvcopel ov julovov €k 
Trjg avTr]9 a-va-TOL-^la^s XajUL^avovTL fj-r] to avve-^eg /uLeaov, olov 
Tcov A B TO r Kal A Kal Zi, aWa Kal e^ cTepa^. OIov eaTO) 
TO A jULeTalSdXXeLV, to S^ ecp^ (p A KLveiaOaL, to Se B ^'^e- 
o-OaL, Kal TraXLv to H i^pe/uLL^eaOaL. ^ A.Xj]0e9 ovv Ka) to A 
Tov B Ka\ To A Tov A KaTrjyopeiV 6 ydp ^So/uLevo^ KLveLTai 

^Kai To KLVOVfjLevov /uLeTafiaXXeL. JldXLv to A tov H Kal to 
H Tov B dXr]0€9 KaTr]yopeiv' Tra? ydp 6 r^So/uLevo^ rjpe/uLll^eTaL 
Ka\ 6 tjpejULLl^oiuLevo^ iieTa^dXXeL. ^'Qa-Te Sl' CTcpcov iJLeacov Kal 
ovK €K Trjg ^avT^9 avaTOiyla^ 6 avXXoyLafxo^. Ou /x^i/ ftXTTe 
lir]SeTepov KaTa iir/SeTepov XeyeaOaL tcov iieacov' avayKr] yap 
Tft) avTw TLv\ diJLCpco virdpyeLV. ^^irLa-Ke^aaOaL Se Ka\ S^a 
Tcov dXXcov a-)^r]ixdToov, oa-aycofi evSe^^eTaL tov avTOv yeveaOaL 
avXXoyLa-iiov. 

30 Tov S^ diro Tvyri^s ovk eaTLV eiTLa^rjiJir] Sl diroSeLt^eco^. 
OvT€ ydp ft)? dvayKalov ovO^ 009 eir^ to iroXv to diro tu^»?? 
ea-TLV, dXXd to irapd TavTa yLVOiievov rj S^ diroSeLt^L^ OaTe- 
pov TovTcov. Tldg ydp avXXoyLaiJLO^ % Sl* dvayKaicov t] S^d 
Tcov ft)9 eTrJ TO ttoXv TrpOTaa-eooV Ka\ ei ijlcv al TrpOTaa^eis 
dvayKaiaL, Ka\ to aviJLTrepaa-iia ° dvayKalov, el S^ cog e^Trl to 

h (K om. D. i eiVii/ D. ^ oa-op A. ^ €T€pa A, cTfpa B. 

^ anobedeyfievoii A.B. " avTrji om. D. o dvayKalov] toiov- 

TOV D. 



I. a8— 3^- T2TEPX2N A. 225 

TToXi;, P/caJ To crvjut.TrepaG-iULa ^toiovtov. ^Qar' ei ^ to cctto 
Tv-^rjg /UL^O^ ft)? eVf to ttoXv ^ /ul^t avayKaioi/, ovk dv etrj av- 
Tov a7r6c€i^i9. 

OvSe Sl^ al(jOri<Teoti^ eaTiv eTrla-TacrOai. Et •yajO /ca/ ecTTiv 3 I 
*^ a'iar0r](Ti9 tov TOtovSe Ka} /uLrj TovSe TIV09, aW ala-OdvecrOaL 
ye avayKaiov ToSe tl Ka\ ttov Ka). vvv. To ^e KaOoXov Kal 
€7rt Tracrtv aSvvaTOv aicrOavecrOai' ov yap ToSe ovSe ^ vvv' ov 
yap ^ai/ ?i/ KaOoXov to yap aet Kat TravTa-^^ov KaOoXov 
(pa/ULev efvat. ""ETref ovv ai /uLev aTToSet^et? KaOoXov, TavTa S^ 
ovK ecTTiv aia-OdvecrOat, (pavepov otl ovS^ eTTia-TacrOat St^ ai- 
crOricrew<s ecTTiv. 'AXXa S^Xov otl kol ei rjv ala-OavecrOaL to 2 
Tplywvov OTi Svarlv opOah 'icras e-^et tol^ ycDvtag, e^rjTOv/uLev 
av aTToSet^iv Ka) ov-^ ^ MorTrep (pacrt Ttve9 ^ rjiriaTdjjieOa' ai- 
(rOaveaOat /uLev ydp dvdyKr] KaO^ cKacrTOv, rj S^ eTria-TrjiJLri ^tc5 
To KaOoXov yvwpt^etv ecTTtv. Ato Ka\ ^ et exJ t^? creX^vrjg 
ovTeg ecDpwfxev dvTtCppdTTOvarav Trjv yrj^, ovk dv rjSetjULev Trjv 
aiTiav Trjg e/cXe/xfAect)?. ^ JlicrOavoiuLeOa ydp dv OTt ^ vvv ck- 3 
XeiTTet, Kal ov SiOTi oXcog' ov ydp rjv tov KaOoXov a^crOrjcrtg. 
Ov iuLr]v aXX' eK tov Oecopetv tovto TroXXa/cf? crvjjLpalvov to 
KaOoXov dv OrjpevaavTeg aTroSei^tv ^etyoiJ.ev' e/c ydp tcov KaO* 
eKacrra TrXeiovcov to KaOoXov SrjXov. To <^e KaOdXov Tt/uLtov, 
OTt SrjXoi TO aiTtoV (va-Te Trepl tcov TotovTcov rj KaOoXov Tt- 
fiicoTepa Tcov aia-O^crecov Ka\ t^? vorjcrecog, " ocrcov cTepov to 
(itTiov' Trep\ Se tcov irpcoTcov dXXog Xoyog. 

^avepov ovv otl dSvvaTOv ^ tw atarOavecrOat eTrta-TacrOat A 
Ti Tcov aTToSetKTtKcov €1 jUL^ Ttg TG atcrOdvecrOat tovto Xeyet, 
TO eTTicrTrjiJ.riv e-^etv Si^ aTroSei^ecog. ^'EcrTf /uLevTOt evta dva- 
yo/uLcva eig aicrOrjcrecog cKXef^tv ev TOig Trpo^Xi^/uLaa-tv. ^'lEivia 
yap ei ecopcojuLev ovk dv eCrjTOviJev, ov-^ wg eiSoTeg tw opdv, 
«XX' cog e^ovTeg to KaOoXov ck tov opdv. Otov ei Trjv veXov 

P t6 pOSt Koi om. D. <l ToiovTOv] bxravTOii D. ^ to om. A. 

* ^r]ff o)S avayKaiov D. * 17 om. D. ^ vvv' ov\ vvv ovbe D. "^ av 
om. A. '^0)9 pr. D. y ent(rTdfif0a B. ^ tw] t6 B. a fl 

om. A. '' vvv om. A.B. c f^afiev D. ^ oa-ov aXTiov t6 atrtov A.B, 
e t6 B. 

VOL. I. Q 



2,26 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Post. 

TerpvTrrjiuLevtjP eMpwjULev Ka\ to (pco9 Siiov^ SrjXov av ^ rjv Ka\ Sia 
t/ ^ KaUi, ^T6i) opav yuei/ X^p^? e(^' eKaG-Tri<s, vorjcrai S' a/ULa 
OTi eTrl Tracrwv outo)?. 
^2 Ta? S^ avTag a/O^a? aTravToov eivai tcov crvWoyia-iuLcov 
aSvvaTOv, irpwTov /JLev XoyiKm Oecopovcriv. 01 /uLev yap aXi;- 
0ei9 ei(r\ tcov ^ crvWoyiariuLcov, ol Se "^evSeU. KaJ ^ yap ecmv 
a\r}Se<s €k yjrevScov (TvWoyicacrOai, aXX' aVa^ tovto ^ ylve- 
Tai, oiov el TO A /caTct tol» T aXtjOeg, to Se /iiecrov to B 
y^evSo^' ovTe yap to A ^^ tw B virapyei ovTe to B to) F. 
^AXX' eav TOVTCov /ULecra \ajtxl3avr]Tai twv irpoTacrecov, "^ev- 
Seh " ecrovTai Sia to Trav crviULTrepacriuia ylrevSo9 e/c \l/evScov 
elvai, TOL S^ a\r]0^ e^ aXrjOcov, cTepa Se to, y^evSrj Kal Ta\i]- 

2 Orj. Erra ovSe to, "^evStj ck tcov ^ avTcov P eavToh' ea-Ti yap 
y^evSrj ^ aXX>iXot9 Kai evavTia Ka] ctSvvaTa aima elvai, olov to 
Trjv SiKaiocrvvrjv eivai aStKiav rj Sei\iav, Kal tov avOpcoirov 
^iirirov 37 /Sovv, rj to 'icrov lULeii^ov r} e\aTTOv. ^E/c Se tcov Kei- 
/ULevcov wSe' ovSe yap tcov aXrjOcov ai aiyTaJ CLp-^al iravTOov. 
^'^Tepai yap 'ttoWcov tw yevei al ap^^ai, Ka\ ovS^ ^ eipapiuLOT- 
Tovcrai, oiov al lULovaSeg Tai^ crTiyiuLah ovk ecpapiuLOTTOvcriv' 

3 al fJLev yap ovk eyovciL Oecriv, al Se eyovcnv. ^AvayKrj Se ye 
t] eig lULecra dpiuLOTTeiv r] avcoOev rj KaTcoOev, rj tov9 iulcv ^ elcrco 
€-^eiv TOv<; S^ e^co tcov opcov. ""AXX' ovSe tcov koivcov apycov 
otov T eival Tiva^, e^ cov ^ avravTa Sei-^OrjcreTai' \eyco Se koi- 
vag olov to irdv (pavai r] aTTOCpavai. Ta ydp yevrj tcov 6v- 
Tcov €T€pa, KOi Ttt lULcv T0t9 TTOCToh Ta Sc TOt9 7roiot9 virdp- 
yet /ULOvot^, lULeO' cov SeiKvvTat Std tcov KOtvcov. ^'Et^ ai ci/O^a/ 
ov TToXXw eXaTTOu? tcov crvfiirepacriiaTcov' dpya\ fjLev yap al 
TrpoTacrei^, al Se TrpoTacreL^ % 7rpoa\aiuL/3avoiuL€vov opov r] efJL- 
/3a\\oiuLevov eicrlv, ^'Eti Ta crv^irepdcriJ.aTa aTreipa, 01 S^ 



^ ftrjv A.B. ? KaUi corr. D, koi del pr. D, Kat A.B. ^ Tw 

feci ex A. t6, D. dia t6, B. quid habeat, incertum. > Xoyia-fxcov A. 
^ yap om. D. 1 yivoiicvov A.B. ™ tw B.] tS) y pr. D. " a-ufi- 

^r]aovTai D. ° iavrav A.B, P avTols D. Q Ka\ (iXXrjXois D. 

r ((PapfxoTTOva-iv D. ^ €a-(o D. * aTrav D. 



1-3^' 33- ' TSTEPaN A. 227 

opoL iTtireparrixkvoi.. ^Erf al apya^L al (xkv c^ avdyKtjg, al ^' 
ev^eyoiJLevai. 

ODVft) iJ.ev ovv G-KOTTOVimevoig aSvvarov rag avra^ ^elvai4 
TreTrepacrjUieva?-, airelpodv ovtmv tcov crviuiTrepacr/uidToyv. Ei ^' 
aXXft)? TTO)? " \eyoi T19, oiov ^ otl ^ aiSl juiev yeoDjmeTpLa^ alSl 
Se \oyL(riuLcov aiSl Se iaTpLK^9, tl dv e'irj to Xeyoiuevov dWo 
irXrjv OTi eicrlv dp-^ai twv eTria-TrnuLwv *, to Se ^ Tag avTag 
<j)dvai yeXoLOv, otl avTa\ ^ avTaig ai avTal' irdvTa ydp ovtm 
ylveraL TavTd. ""AXXa /x^i/ ovSe to e^ dirdvTwv SeiKvvcrOai 
OTiovv, S TOVT eo-Tf To ^rjTCLV dirdvTWv elvai Ta^ avTas dp- 
"^a^s' \iav yap evrjOeg* OijTe yap ev Toh <pavepOL<s jULaOii-5 
jULaarL TovTO yiveTaL, ovt ev t^ dva\v(reL SvvaTOV at ydp 
a/uiecroL irpOTdcreLg dp^ai, eTepov ^ ^e crvjULTrepacriuia 7rpo(r\rj- 
<f)Oei(rr]g ylveraL TrpoTdarewg d/uLea-ov. Et Se \eyoL tl9 ra? 
7rpu)Ta9 ^djULearovg 7rpOTacreL9 Tavrag eivaL dp^^a^s, jULia ev e/ca- 
(TTCi) yeveL ecTTLV. Et ^e /ulj^t e^ diraa-wv o)? Seov SeLKVvarOaL 
OTiovv ^ iJirjO^ ovTO)£ eTcpag oocrO^ eKdarTrjq eirLCTTrjiJ.riq etvaL ere- 
pa9, \eL7reTaL ^ ei arvyyeveh ai dpycu 7rdvT0)v, d\X e/c toovSI 
fxev TaSi, e/c ^e toovSI TaSi. ^avepbv Se Kal tovO^ oti ovk6 
ei/oe^^erar ceceLKTaL yap otl "' aWaL ap-)(aL tw yeveL eLCTLV 
"a/ Todv SLacjyopoov tm yeveL. Al ydp dp"^a\ SiTTal, e^ wv 
Te KaL 7repL " o* aL fxev ovv e^ (av KOLvaL, ai oe TrepL P o ^ LCLaL, 
oiov dpLOixo?, ^ ixeye0o9- 

To S' eTrLO-TriTOv Kal e^rLO-Trjixri SiacpepeL tov So^aa-Tov Kal ^^ 
Sd^rjg, OTL ri ixev e7r la-Trj ixrj KaOd\ov Kal Sl'' dvayKaioov, to S^ 
avayKaiov ovk evSe-^eTaL d\\oo<s €-^€lv. ^'Eo-Ti Se TLva d\r}Orj 
/xev Kai ovTa, evSeypixeva Se ^ Ka\ dWoog ^ycLV. A^\ov ovv 
OTL 7repL ^ inev TavTa e7rL(rT^ixr] ovk ecrTLV' e'irj yap dv dSv- 

^ etuai rj Treirepaa-fievas D. ^ Xt-yft A.B. ^ Sti om. D. ^ aiSe 

D. ter. ® ras avTas~\ Toaavras A. ^ iavTals D. S tovtcov A.B. 

^ SeJ de TL B. ' TrpoTaa-eis dij.€aovs Tavras elvai Tas dpx^as D. ^ firfb^ 
ovTCis A.B. ^ fl^ Ti el yap D. ™ aXkai ai dp^al D. ^ ai om. D. 

« 0] ov A.B. P 6] ol A. q 'Idiai olov] eTepai as D. r /xeyc- 

60VS A.B.D. s ^a\ post 8e om. D. ^ /xeV om. D. 

Q 2 



228 ANAATTIKX2N Axal. Post. 

vara aWoog eyeiv ra Svvara ^ aWcog e-^eiv. 'AXXa fjLriv ovSe 
V0V9' Xeyci) yap vovv ap-^v eTrLCTTji/uLrjg. OvS^ eirKTTrjijiri ava~ 
7r6SeiKT09' TOVTO ^' ecTTlv vTToXrjy^ig Trjs a/uiearov 7rpoTa(Teu>^. 
^'^^AXr]Or]g ^' ecTTf vovg /cal eTricTrjiuLi] koi So^a Ka] ^ to Sia 
TOVTCOV y XeyojULevov' cocrre ^XeiTrerai So^av elvai irepl t6 
aXrjOh /ULev r] ^ y^evSo9, evSeyoiJievov Se Ka\ aXXw? ej^eiv. 
TovTO S^ co-tIv V7r6\r]yjrig Trj^ ajULea-ov irpOTaa-ew^ Ka\ /ULrj 
avayKata^' KaJ ofxoXoyovfJievov o' ovtco toi9 (paLvo/uLevotg' 

3 rj Te yap S6^a a/Se^atov, Kal r] (J)v(tl9 ^ TOLavTr]. TIpo^ Se 
TOVTOL9 ^ ou(^el9 o'ieTaL So^a^eLV, oTav oir]TaL aSvvaTOv aXXw? 
e^^cLV, aXX' eTTLcrTacrOaL' aXX' OTav elvaL jUiev ovtco^, ov ixrjv 
aXXa Ka\ aWcog ovSev '^ KcoXveLV, Tore So^al^eLv, co9 tov /uLev 
TOLOVTOv S6^av ovcrav, tov S^ avayKaiov eTTKrTi^iJLijv. 

4 TIa)9 ovv earTL to avTO So^aaaL Ka\ eiria-Taa-Oat, Ka\ Sta 
Tt ovK ecTTtv r] oot^a eiria-TriijLr], et Ti9 utja-ei airav o oioev ev- 
Se-^ecrOat So^a^etv ', ^ aKoXovOrjcreL yap 6 iiev eiScog 6 Se So- 
qaloov CLa tcov ixecrcov, em eig Ta aiiecra ehur], coctt eLirep 
CKetvog otoe, Kat o dot^a^cov oioev. llcTTrep yap KaL to otl 

5 oot,aieLV earTt, Kat to Olotl' tovto oe to ixecrov. xl eL ixev 
ovTCog vTToXi^^eTaL Ta iir] evSeyoiLeva aXXco9 e-^€Lv coarirep 
^e^^cLV T0V9 optariiovg St cov ^ai aTroSei^etg, ov So^aaret aXX' 
eTrtcTTrjareTat' et S^ aXijO^ fiev clvat, ov ixevTOt TavTa ye 
^ avTOig virap^etv KaT ovcriav Ka\ KaTo. to eiSog, So^aaet 
Ka\ ovK eirtcTTricreTat aXrjOcog, Ka\ to OTt Ka\ to St^Tt, eav 
liev Sia Tcov aiJLearcov ^ So^aarr]' eav Se iir] Sta tcov aiJLea-cov, TO 
oTt ia6vov * So^aaret ; tov S^ avTOV S6^a Ka\ eirLa-Trjiir] ov 
'rravTcog ea-Tiv, aXX' wcnrep kol y^evSr]^ Ka\ aXrjOrj^ tov avTOV 

6Tp67rov TLva, ovtco Ka\ eirLa-TrjiJir] Ka\ S6t^a tov airrov. Kat 
yap S6^av aXrjOrj Ka\ yl/^evSrj co9 ixev Tiveg XeyovcTL tov avTOv 

V aWas cx^iv post 8vvara oni. D. "^ aXrjBri D. ^ t6] to. rC. 

D; pr. enim om. ^ \ey6ficva D. ^ XetTrfTat] earai D. * yjrev- 

^es D. ^ ov6t\s D. c xojXuft C. d aKoXovBova-t A.B. ^ ^^f^ 

A.B.D. ^ ai om. D. S hnapxfiv avrols D. ^ 8o^a(i D. 

^ bo^aarji A. 



I. 34- T2TEP12N A. 229 

elvai, ^ OLTOira crviJL^aiveL aipeiaOai aWa re Ka\ jur] So^^dl^eiv 
o So^dl^ei y^evScog' cTrel Se to avTO TrXeoi/a^o)? XeyeTai, ecTTi 
* jiiev to? evce-)^eTai, e<JTL cog ov. 1 o /ULev yap '" crv/uLfjLeTpov 
elvaL Trjv SLdjUieTpov aXrjOcog So^d^eiv OLTOirov aW otl t) 
SLd/uLeTpo?, irepl ^v ^ al So^aL, to avTO, ovtco tov avTOv, t6 
Se TL ^v eivaL eKaTepw /cara tov Xoyov ov to avTO. ^^O/uloIco^ 7 
** Se Kal eTrLiTT^iuLr} Kal So^a tov avTOv. ""H /ulcv yap ovtw9 
Tov X,ipov W(TTe lULrj evSeyecrOaL jur] eivaL ^<Soi/, ^ ^' P co(tt ev- 
Se-yea-OaL. OIov el ^ jULev oirep avOpcoirov ea-Tiv, rj S^ avOpco- 
irov jULev, /uLr] oirep ^ ^' avOpwirov. To avTO ydp otl dvOpco- 
TTog, t6 S^ C09 OV TO auTO. 

^avep6v S' €K TOVTCov OTL ovSe So^d^CeLv a/uLa t6 avT^ Kal 8 
eirla-Taa-OaL evSe^eTaL. ^'A/xa •yajO dv €^oi VTroXrjy^LV tov 
aXXft)? e-^^cLv Kal iJ.rj dXXwg to avTO' oirep ovk evSeyeTai. 
""Ej/ aXXo) iJiev ydp ^ eKdTepov etvai evSe-yeraL tov avTOv, ^ co? 
elprjTaL, ev Se tw avTw ovS^ * ovtco9 oIov Te* e^e: ydp viro- 
\r]>^LV a/ULa, olov otl ^ 6 dvOpcoTTO? oirep X^wov (tovto ydp ^v 
TO fJLrj evSeyea-OaL eivaL jULr} <^wov) Kal /ul^ oirep ^wov tovto 
ydp ^ ea-Tai t6 evSe-)^ea-OaL. 

Ta ^e XotTra tto)? Sei SLaveiiuLai eirl Te Siavolag Kai vov Kal 9 
eTTLorTrjiJLrjq Ka\ Te^^vrj^ kol (ppov^areco^ Kal a-o(pia9, Td /uLev <pv- 
a^LKrjg Ta Se rjOiKri^ Oecopia^ fxdWov ea-Tiv. 

^H S^ dyylvoia earTLv eva-TO-^^la tl^s ev da-KeiTTcp "Xjpovw tov34 
fiea-ov, olov ei tl9 ^ IScov otl ^ aeX^vrj t6 XaiuL7rp6v de\ eyet 
irpo^ Tov rjXLOv, Ta-)^v y evevorja-e S^d t/ tovto, otl S^d t6 
Xa/uLTreLV diro tov rjXiov rj SLaXeyojULevov irXovarLcp eyvoo Slotl 
Saveii^eTaL' rj Slotl ^ (J)lXol, otl e^^Opol tov avTOv. TldvTa 
yap Ta alTLa Ta fjLeara 6 lScov ^Ta aKpa eyvcopLa-ev. To 
Xafiirpov elvaL to 7rp69 t6v rjXLOV e<^' ov A, t6 XdjuLireLV aTro 

^ aTonov A.B.D. 1 fxh prius om. B. et pr. A. m da-vfAfxerpov 

al ai 
A.B. n €86^aC€ D. o Si om. D. P «So-r ] «y D. <1 d'] de 

Tov D. ■" evdexerai fKaTepov (Ivai D. ^* cos] a(rn€p D. * avT^] 

ovTas A.D. ^ o om. D. ^ eaTi D. '^ tSo)!/] el8ev D. Y eVo- 

rja-f D. z 0(Xoi »7 oTi D. a To. alterum om. D. 

Q3 



230 ANAATTIK12N Anal. Post. 

TOv rjKlov B, arekrivri to V. ^Yirapyei Sij Trj nxev aekrjvri t<5 
r TO B, TO XajULTreiv airo tou rjXiov' tw Se B t6 A, to irpo^ 
TOVT etvai t6 ^ Xa/ULTrpov^ a(p^ ov \d/UL7rei' wcTe Kal tu) V t6 
A Sia Tov B. 

B. 

I Ta l^rjTOV/uievd ecTTiv lcra t6v apiOiuL^v oo-aTrep eTTfCTTa- 
lULeOa, ZrjTOv/ULev Se TCTTapa, t6 otl, t6 Sioti, ^ el ecTi, ^ t/ 
ecTTiv. ^OTav jULev yap ^ iroTepov ToSe r) ToSe l^rjTw/uLev, eh 
apiOjUL^v 0evTe9, otov iroTepov eKXelireL rfKio^ rj ou, t6 otl 
i^rjTOvjuLev. ^rjfxelov Se tovtov evpovTe^ yap otl e/c\e/7ret 
ireiravjjLeOa' Ka\ eav e^ «PX'?? ^ eiSco/iiev otl e/cXeiTret, ov ^17- 
2 TOvjuLev iroTepov. '''OTav Se ^ eiSu>iuL€V t6 ^ otl, t6 Slotl X,rj- 
Tovfxev, oiov elSoTeg otl e/cXe/7ret Ka\ otl KLveiTaL rj yrj, t6 
SiOTi eKXeiTreL rj Slotl KLveiTai ^rjTOvjuLev. TavTa jmev ovv ov~ 
Ta)9, evLa aWov Tpoirov X/lTOviJLev, oiov ei ccttlv rj fjL^ €<ttl 
K€VTavp09 rj Oeo^. To S^ el earTLV rj firj aTrXo)? Xeyco, aXX' ovk 
ei \evK69 ^ fJL^. VvovTeg Se otl ecTTL, t/ eorTL ^rjTOVfiev, otov 
t/ ovv ecTTJ Oeo?, rj tl ecrTLv avOpwiro^s ', 

Z ^A. jULCv ovv ^rjTOVjULev Kal a €up6vTe<s ^criuLev, TavTa Kal 
TOcravTa ecTTLV. ZtrjTOviuLev Se, OTav fiev ^rjTWfjLev to otl rj 
t6 ei ecTTLv difKw^s, dp' ecrTL fiecrov avTOv "rj ovk ecTTLV otuv 
oe yvovTe^ rj to otl rj " eL ecTTLv rj to eiTL imepov^ rj to aTrAw^, 
7rd\Lv TO SLa t/ ^ ^rjTwjuLev rj t6 tl ecTTL, TOTe (^ijTOviuLev tI to 
2 lULecrov. Ae^yw Se t6 otl ^ rj ei ecTTLV eirl juLepovg Kai aTrXa)?, 
eTri iUL€pov9 /ULev, dp^ e/cXe/7ret rj cre\rjvrj rj avt^eTaL ', ei yap ecTTL 
Ti rj fxrj ecTL tl, ev Toh tolovtol^ ^rjTOvjuLeV a7rXw9 o, e/ 
ecTTiv rj /jLrj cre\rjvrj rj vv^. ^vfJL^aLveL apa ev aTrdaraL^ Tah ^»?- 
Trja-earL X^rjTeiv ^ rj ei ea-TL jULecrov rj t/ eorTt to juLearov. To fJLev 
ydp a'LTLOv t6 fiearov, ev aTracTL Se tovto X^TeiTai. ^Ajo' e/c- 
Aet7re£ ; ap ecTTi tl aLTLOv rj ov , fjLera TavTa "' yvovTC^ otl 

^ 'Kdjinov D. ^ €tj t6 cl D. d ^Q ^6 ri D. *" irpoTfpov A. 

f lha>fKV A. ? ori rdrc to D. h ,1] to d D. ' codices Cv^ov- 

fjLfv. ^ ^ et (o-Tiv om. A.B. 1 fj prius om. D. ^ yva>v A. 



II. 1,2,3- T2TEPX2N B. 231 

eCTTi Tf, TL OVV TOVT €(TTl ^J/TOU/Xej/. To •yajO aiTLOV TOV 

etvaL /uir] ToSl rj ToSl aX\' dTrXo)? Tr]v ovcriav, rj to /uLrj dxXw? 
aWd Ti Twv KaO^ avTO rj KttTa crviUL^e^rjKO^, to lULecrov ea-Tiv. 
A.iyco Se to fxev dirXu)^ to VTr OKei/uievov, oiov aeXrivriv rj yrjv 3 
^ ^Xlov ^ Tplyoovov, to Se tI e/cXet\f/-fi/ laroTrjTa dvLcroTrjTa, 
" ei ev fJLecTM rj /jlt^. ''Ei/ airacTL yap tovtol^ (pavepov earTLV 

OTl TO aVTO eCTl TO TL eOTTL KaL CLa TL eCTTLV. 1 L " eCTLV 

€K\eiy\n9 ; G-TeprjcLg (pwTO<s diro creXi^vrjg viro yrj^ dvTL<ppd- 
^ew9. Aid TL ecTTLV eKXeL^L^, rj S^a tl P e/cXetTret ^ (TeXrjvri ; 
Slu to diroXeLireLv to (pm dvTL(ppaTT0va-r]9 t^9 yrjg. T/ ea-TL 
o-vjULCpwvLa ; \6y09 dpiOjULcov ev o^el ^ rj ^apei. Atd tl ctv/ul- 
(pooveL To o^v Tft) (Bapei ', S^d to \6yov e-^CLV dpLOjuLcov to o^v 
Ka\ To I3apv. ^ Ap ea-TL ^ crvjULCpooveiv to o^v Ka\ to jBapv ; 
Sp^ eoTTh ev dpLOjULOi^ 6 \6y09 avTcov ; Xa/5di/Te9 S^ otl earTi, 
t/? ovv co-tIv 6 \6yo^ ; 

^'Otl S' eaT\ Tov iJLea-ov ^ '(riTricrL<i, Sr]\oL ^ ocrwv to /ULecrov 4 
alcrOriT^v. ZtrjTOviULev ydp fir] rjcrOrjfJLevOL, olov Trjg e«:Xe/\(/-eft)9, 
€t ecTTLV rj fjLri. E/ ^' rjfjLev eirl t?? are\rivrig, ovk dv * eCriTOv- 
/JLCV ovT ei yiveTai ^ ovTe S^d tl, dXX' a/xa S^\ov Tjv ^ dv. 
"*£«: ydp Tov ^ a^iaOea-OaL Ka\ to Ka06\ov ^ eyevero av rifxlv 
eiSevai. *^H fiev yap a'iaOriarL<s otl vvv dvTLCppaTTet' Ka\ 
ydp Sri\ov OTL vvv 6K\eL7rei' ^ €k Se tovtov to Ka06\ov dv 
eyevero. 

^Qa"7rep ovv \eyofjLev, to tl co-tlv elSevai ^TavT^ ea-TL Ka\$ 
Std t/ ecTTLV. Toi/TO S^ ^ dxXa?9 Ka\ fir} tcov virap-^^vTcov 
° Ti, rj Tcov virapj^^vTcov, olov otl Svo opOai, rj otl fJLet^ov rj 

€\aTTOV. 

^Oti fJLev ovv ^ TrdvTa Td l^rjTOVfJLeva fJLecrov ^j/t^o-/? ea-Ti, 3 
Srj\ov' TTft)? ^e TO t/ ecTt SeLKVVTaL, Ka\ tl9 6 Tpdiro? t^? 
dvaycoyrjg, Ka\ t/ eaTLV 6pLa-fio9 Ka\ tlvcov, eLircofjiev, SLairo- 

n ei om. A. o itmv om. D. P ^ creXrjVT} eKXcinei D. q ^] 

Koi D. ^ <rvn<f)(ovov D. s oo-ov A.B. * eTre^rjTovfifv D. ^ o{/r' 

ei bia A.B.D. w ^p om. D. X ala-Bfaeac D. Y fytVero B. 2 eAc] 
(l A. * ravTov D. ^ ri »7 rwv virapxovTav'] Tiaiv D. c aTravra D. 

Q4 



232 ANAATTIKflN Anal. Post. 

p^<ravT€9 nrpwTOv irepl avTcov. ^A.p-^i] eaTO) twv ^eK\6v- 
Tcoi/, ^riirep ecTTiv oiKeLOTaTrj tcov e-^ojuievcov Xoyoov. ^ Kiroprj- 



»\gN ^ \ 1>f 



(reie yap av ti9, ap ecTTL to avTo ^Kai KaTa to avTO opLO-iuicp 
eiSevai Kal aTroSel^ei, rj aSvvaTOV ; 6 jmev yap 6pL(Tiui09 tov tl 
ecTTLV elvaL Sokcl, t6 Se r/ ecTLV ^ dirav KaOoXov Kal KaTtjyo- 
piKOV (TvWoyLcr/uiol S^ eicrlv 01 /iiev G-TeprjTLKol, 01 ov Ka- 
OoXov, olov OL fxev ev tw SevTepcp o"^riij.aTL crTepijTLKol Trav- 
T69, 01 S^ ev T(p TpiTCi) ov KaOoXov. EfVa ovSe toov ev tw 

TrpCOTLp (r^^^fJLaTL KaTrjyOpLKWV (XTraVTCOV €(Tt\v 6pL(TILi09, ^ oiov 

2OT1 Trdv Tpiycovov Svcrlv opOacg 'lcra^ ^X^^' ToJtou Se X6yo9, 
OTL ^ TO eTTLa-TacrOai cctti ^ to ^ a7roSeLKTLKco9 to air^SeL^Lv 
eycLV, cocTT ei CTrl tcov tolovtoov a7r6SeL^L9 ecrTL, SfjXov otl ovk 
av eLrj avTcov ^ KaL opLCT/mo^' eirLCTTaLTO yap av "' tl9 Kai KaTa 
Tov 6picriui6v, OVK e-^^oov Trjv air^SeL^LV' ° ovSev yap KooXveL /x^ 
a/ULa eyeLV. '^lKavrj Se 7ricrTL9 Kal ck t^9 eTrayooyrj^' ^ ovSev 
yap TrcoTroTe ^pLCTa/uLevoL eyvcoimev, outc tcov KaO^ avTO virap- 
yovToov ovTe twv cTVjmlSelBrjK^TCov. ^'ETf ei " 6 ^pLCT/uio? ov- 
(Tiag P TL9 ^ yvcopLcrfx^g, Tct ye TOiavTa (pavepov otl ovk 
^ ovcTiai, 

3 ^'Otl /mev ^ ovv ovk ecFTLV ^pLCT/uLo^ a7ravT09 ov7rep Ka\ ctTro- 
Sei^L^, SrjXov. T/ * S\ ^ ov ^pLCT/UL^g, apa ^ravTO^ a7r6SeL^i9 
€(TTiv rj 01) ; e?9 /xev Sr/ X6yog Kal 7rep\ tovtov ^^ 6 avT^g. 
Tov yap €v69, rj ev, /mla e^riCTT/jiULtj. ^'Qctt e^Trep to e^rlcrra- 
arOai to ^ a^roScLKTOV ccttI to Tr/v ctTr^SeL^LV eyeLv, cTv/uipiicre- 
Tai Ti aSvvaTOv' 6 yap tov ^pLCT/mov e-^^wv avev Tr/g a^roSel- 
^€009 €7r L(TTri(TeTai. ^'Et^ al ap-^^al twv a^roSelt^ewv 6pL(T/JL0L, 
wv OTi ovK ecrovTai ^ a^roSel^eig SeSeiKTai 7rp6T€pov. ^ H ecrov- 
TttL ^ a! apycu a^roSeLKTal Kal twv ap-)(wv ap-)(ai, Ka\ tovt eh 



^ (tn(p A.B. ^ Koi om. D. ^ oTrav] anav kcu T). ? olov 

om. D. ^ t6 om. D. ' t6 om. B.D. ^ aTrodeiKTiK^v A. ^ /cal 
om. D. ^ Tis om. A.B. » ovdev D. ^6 om. B. et pr. D. 

P Tis] Tivos B.D, om. A. q yva>pifji.os A.B.D. ^ ovcria D. ^ ovv"] 
Toivvv D. * 5'] ha\ B. ^' ov] ol 6 D. ^"6 avTOs om. A. ^ a7ro> 
hfiKTiKov D. y aTToSfi^ty A. 2 ,if om. D. 



II. 4. T2TEPX2N B. 233 

aireipov /SaSieiTai' »7 ra irpwTa opiarfJLol ecovTai avairo- 

SeiKTOl. 

"'AXX' apa, et juirj iravTo^s tov avTOv, aWd TIV09 tov av-4 
Tov earTh 6pi(Tiui09 Kal aTToSei^L? ; rj aSvvaTOv ', ov yap eaTiv 
aTToSei^i^ ov opKT/uLO^- "^OjOfCTyao? luev yap tov tl cctl koI 
ovG-lag' al S^ axo^e/^ef? (paivovTaL iraa-aL VTroTLOejULevaL Kal 
\aiJi^dvov(TaL to tl ecTTLV, otov al /ULaOrj/uLaTLKal tl /xoi/a? kol 
TL t6 TrepiTTOv, Kai al dWaL ^jULOLcog. ^'IEitl Trdcra aTroSei^L? 
tI Ka^d TIV09 SeLKvvcTLV, otov OTL eoTTLV ri ovK ecTTLV' ev Se TCp 
opicriuLw ^ ovSev cTepov cTepov KaTijyopeiTaL, olov ovTe t6 
^(fov KaTa Tov SittoSo^ ovtc tovto KaTa tov ^cpov, ^ ovSe Sr/ 
KaTa Tov eTTLireSov t6 a")(rjiuLa' ov ydp ccttl t6 eirlireSov 
(r-)(rjiuLa, ovSe t6 (ry^rjjULa eTrlireSov. ^'Ert eTepov t6 tl ecTTL Ka\ 
OTL ecTTL Sei^aL. ^O fiev ovv opicrjUL^^ tl ccttl SrjXot, ^ Se «tto-S 
SeL^i9 OTi r] ecTTL ToSe KaTCL TOvSe rj ovk ecrTiv. ^lEtTepov Se 
€Tepa aTTodeit^i?, eav ^ /uLrj 009 jULepog rj tl Trjg 0A179. 1 ovto oe 
Xeyct), OTi SeSeLKTai t6 fVoc/ceXes' Svo SpOaig, el irdv Tpiyoovov 
^ SeSeLKTaL' /ULepos ydp, t6 S^ oXov. Tayra ^e ttjOo^ dWrjXa 
OVK e^ef oi/TO)?, to otl eaTi Ka\ tl ecrTiV ov ydp ccttl OaTC- 
pov OaTepov fJLcpog. 

^avep6v dpa otl ovtc ov opia-iuLO?, tovtov ^ iravT^^ diro- 6 
Set^i^, ovTe ov aTroSeL^i^, tovtov ® iravT^g opLa-fJLo^' wVre 
oXft)? Tov avTOv ^ ovSev^g evSe^^eraL djULCpoo e^^eiv. *'QcrTe Srj- 
\ov C09 ovSe opLCTjUL^g Ka\ diroSeL^i^ ovtc t6 avT^ dv etr] ovtc 
OaTepov ev OaTepcp' Ka\ ydp av Ta VTTOKeiiuLeva ojuloioos ^ el- 

TavTa /ULev ovv I^^XP^ tovtov SLr]7rop^a-Oco' tov Se t/ eaTi 4 
TTOTepov ecTTL (TvWoyicriUL^^ Ka\ aTroSeL^Lg rj ovk earTt, KaOd- 
'TTep vvv \6yo<s vireOeTO ', 6 fiev yap crvWoyta-iULOS t\ Ka^d 
TLV09 SeLKvva-i Sid tov /jLecrov' t6 Se tl eaTLV 'iStov Te, Ka\ ev 
T(p Ti ecTTL KaTYiyopetTat. TauTa S^ dvdyKrj dvTt(rTpe<p€LV. 
Et ydp t6 A tov r ISlov, SrjXov oti Ka\ tov B Ka\ tovto 

* ovBev D. ^ ov8f drj] ovre D. ^ ^ as ri A. ^ bedcicrai D. 

^ 7rdpT<os D. ^ ovOfPos D. S fxft" A. 



234 ANAATTIKaN Anal. Post. 

Tov r, (i)(TT€ TrdvTa aWrjXwv. ^AXXa ixrjv ^ Ka\ el to A ev 
Tw Ti ecTTiv ^ virapyei Traj/r) tco B, Ka\ KaOoXov to B Trav- 
Tog Tov r ev tm t/ ecrTi XeyeTai, avayKr] Ka\ to A ev tw 

2 Ti ecTTi Tov r Xeyea-Oai. Et ^e /u^ ovtod ti9 X?i\|/'6Tat SnrXw- 
rra?, ovk avdyKr] ecTTaL to A tov Y KaTtjyopeicrOai ev tm ti 
ecTTiv, el To fiev A tov B ev tw tl ecTi, jmr] KaO^ ocrwv Se 
TO r> ei/ Tft) Tt ecTTLV. 10 ^ cri TL ecTTLV a/x<pft) TavTa et^eL. 
"EorTat otjOa AcaJ to B /caTa tou F, to tl earTLv. Et M^ to 
TL eoTTL Ka\ TO TL rjv elvaL aiucpco eyeL, eiri tov /uLecrov ecTTaL 
TTpOTepov TO t/ ^v civaL. ^OXft)? Te, el ecrTL Sei^aL t/ ea-Tiv 
avOpcoTTO^' e<TTCt) TO r avOpcD7ro9, to Se A to t/ eoTLv, eiTe 
^wov SiTTOvv e'iT dXXo tl. Et tolvvv G-vWoyieiTaL, dvdyKr] 
KaTa Tov B TO A iravTO^ KaTrjyopeicrOaL. Tovtov S^ ecTTai 
aXXo? Xoyo'? imearo?, cocTTe Ka\ tovto ecTTai tl ecTTLV dvOpa)- 
TTOS". A^afji^dveL ovv o Sel Sel^aL' Ka\ yap to B ecrTf t/ ccttlv 
dvOpcdiro^s. 

3 Ae? ^' ev Talg Sv(t\ irpOTda-ecTL Ka\ toI<s TrpcoTOL^ ^ Ka\ djULe- 
(T019 cTKOirelv fiaXicTTa ydp (pavepov to Xeyo/uLevov yiveTaL. 
O/ ixev " ovv Slu tov dvTLO-TpeipeLV SeiKvvvTe^ tl ecTTL ^v^r] 
^ t/ ecTTLV dvOpcoTTog r] dWo otlovv tcov dvTCov, TO e^ dp^^^rjg 
aiTovvTaL, OLOv ef Tf? d^LCOcreLe yjrv^rjv eivaL to avTO avTcp 

aLTLOV TOV X/IV, TOVTO S^ dpLOjULOV aVTOV aVTOV KLVOVVTa' 

dvdyKr] ydp aLTrjcraL Tr]v xfAu^^i/ oTrep dpiO/uLOv elvaL avTOV 

4 avTOv KLVovvTa, ovtco9 tt)9 TO avTO dv, ® Oi/ yap ei aKoXov- 
Oei TO A Tft) B Ka\ TOVTO Tft) r, eoTTaL Tft) r TO A TO t/ 
^v elvaL, aXX' dXrjOeg rjv eiTreiv ecrTaL /ulovov. OvS^ ei ecrTL to 
A oirep TL Ka\ Ka^d tov B KaTtjyopeiTaL TravTO^. Kal ydp 
to P Twft) elvaL KaTrjyopeLTai KaTa tov dvOpco7r(j) etvai' ^ aX>;- 
Oh ydp "* Trdv TO dvOp(j07r(p eivai ^wft) elvai, (jocrirep Ka\ irdvTa 
dvOpcoirov ^ft)Oi/, aXX' ov-^ ovtco^ coare ^ev elvaL. ""Eai/ /uei/ 

h Kat] Kca> D. i virapxn D. ^ Sc A.B. et pr. D. 1 5« pr. D. 

M» KOi fV TOLS D. " oui/] 5j7 D. o oi yct/) ft] ei yap A. P ^wto»/ 

A, omisso (Ivai. q aXrjdes — C'?'» "^'at in margine ponit D. ^ irav 
To] Travrl D. ^ fv elvai] evelvat A. 



II. 5- T2TEPI2N B. 2^^ 

ovv /uLrj ovTO) XaPvj^ ov (TvWoyieiTai otl to A €(tt\ tw Y to 
TL ^v elvai Ka\ rj ovala. ^Eaj/ ^e ovto) \al3i], irpoTepov ecTTai 

€l\ri<pC09 T(Jp 1 TL €<JTl TO TL tJV €lVaL TO D. ll(TT OVK aiTO' 

SeS^LKTaL' TO yap ev ap^^ri €'i\r](p€V. 

""AXXa /iirjv ovS^ rj Slcl tcov SLaLpe(T€(jov 6S69 (TvWoyll^e- C 
TaL, Kadairep ev t^ ava\v(T€L Trj irepl ra (TyjnxaTa eLpr\TaL. 
OvSafjiov yap avdyKrj yiveTaL t6 TrpayiuLa eKelvo etvaL * tcovSI 
ovTcov, a\X ccxTirep ovS^ ^ 6 eTrdycov aTroSeiKvvcriv. Ov yap 
Sei t6 (rvniTrepa^TjULa epcoTav, ovSe tw SovvaL elvaL' aXX' 
avayKrj eivaL eKelvcov ovTOOv, Kav firi (p^ aTroKpivojULevo?. 
^ Ajo' 6 avOpcoTTO? ^^ov rj a\f/"i;p^ov ; ^ elT €\a^€ ^mov, ov 
(Tv\\e\6yLcrTaL. TI(x\lv airav ^«01/ rj ireXov rj evvSpoV eXa/3e 
Tre^ov. KaJ t6 elvaL t6v avOpcoTTOV, to o\ov, ^(fov Tre^oV, 
OVK avayKrj €k twv elprjfjievcov, aWa \aiJL^aveL Ka\ tovto, 
Aia(p€peL S^ ^ ovSev eTrl ttoWcov rj 6\Lyoov ovtco iroLeLV' to 2 
avT6 ydp €(TTLV. ^ A(Tv\\6yL(TT09 fJLev ovv y Kal ri "^prj^TL^ 
ylveTaL T019 ovtco jULeTLOv^rL Ka\ twv evSe-^ofievcov (TvWoyL- 
(rOrjvaL. T/ •yajO Kco\veL tovto aXrjOes fiev to irav elvaL KaTa 
Tov avOpcoTTOV, fJLr] fjLevTOL t6 tl ^ ecTTL firjSe t6 tl rjv eivai 
Sr]\ovv ', €TL TL Kco\veL f] irpoG-OeLval TL ^r] a(pe\€LV rj vTrep- 
^e/SrjKevaL TrJ9 ov(TLa9 ', 

T^avTa fjiev ovv ^ irapLeraL fJLcv, evSeycTaL Se \v(TaL tw 3 
\afi^(xveiv ev tm tl ccttl iravTa, Ka\ ^ t6 €(pe^rjg Trj SLaLpe- 
creL TTOLeiv, aiTOVfjLevov t6 irpcoTOv, Ka\ ^ fJirjSev ^ irapa^eiTreLv. 
TovTO S' avayKalov, el airav eh Trjv SLalpecTLV efjLTriTTTeL Ka\ 
^ fjLrjSev eWeLTTeL' tovto S^ avayKaiov, aTOfJLov ^ yap ^ ijSrj 
" Sei etvaL. ""AXXa crvWoyLcrfiog ofjLCog ovk ^ evecrTiv, aXX' 
etirep, aWov Tpoirov yvcopl^eLV iroLel. KaJ tovto fJLev ^ ov- 
Sev aTOirov ovSe yap 6 eiraycov 'l(tco9 aTroSeLKvv^TLv, aXX' 
oficog Srj\oL TL. ^v\\oyL(Tfx6v S^ ov \eyeL e/c Trjg SiaLpe-4 

t rav bdovrav A. ^ 6 om. A. ^ etr A.B. ^ ovBev D. Y Koi 
om. D. z ^(rri ye ^r/fie D. a ^ affxXeiv rt D. ^ Trapflrai D, 

c T^ D. ^ jxrjBev D. ^ napaKmelv A.B. ^ yap om. A. S etdrj 

B. h 8e'i om. A, post elvai ponit D. ^ e(TTiv D. ^ olBev D. 



236 ANAATT1K12N Anal. Post. 

crecog XeYWf roi/ opicrfxov, ^'Qcrirep yap ep roh o-vixTrepaa-fJiacrL 
TO19 avev Twv ixecrwv, eav T19 eiTrr] otl tovtwv ovtwv avdyKT] 
ToSl eTvai, evSe-)(^eTai epooTrjo-aL Slcl tl, ovTCog Ka\ ev to?? SiaL^ 
peTiK0L9 opoi^. T/ ecTTLV avOpoo7ro9 ; ^(fov OvtjTov, VTroirovv, 
SiTrovv, aiTTepov. Alol tl ; Trap^ eKacTTrjv irpoa-dea-Lv' epei 
ydp, Kal Sei^eL Trj SLaLpecreL, wg o^eTaL, otl irdv ^ rj OvrjTOv jJ 
aOavaTOV. ^O Se tolovto^ Xoyo^ airag ovk ^ecTTiv opLa-iuo^. 
llaT eL KaL aireceLKvvTO r/y CLaLpeaeL, aAA o y opLafJio^ ov 
"* crvWoyLcrjULo^ ylveTai. 
6 ""AXX' dpa eaTi Ka\ airoSeit^aL to tl eaTL KaT ovaiav, i^ 
viroOea^ecog ^e, Xa/BovTa to fiev tl rjv eivaL to ck twv ev tw 
TL ecTTLV lSloov, TaSl Se ev tw tl ecrTL fiova, Kal 'lSlov to irdv ; 
TOVTO yap ea-TL to eivaL eKeivcp. ^Ji iraXLV e'iXr](pe to tl rjv 

2 elvaL Ka\ ev tovtw ', dvdyKrj ydp S^d tov imecrov Sei^aL. ^'Ert 
ooa-Trep ovS^ " ev avXXoyLa/uiLp Xajui/SdveTai tl eaTL to crvXXe- 
XoylaOai (aei yap oXr} rj juepog rj irpOTaaL^, e^ wv 6 avXXo- 
yLajUiog), ovtoo^ ovSe to tl rjv ® eivaL Sei evelvaL ev too a^vX- 
XoyLafJiw, dXXa XWjo)? tovto twv KeLfievcov elvaL, Kai Trpo^ 
Tov dfi(pLa/3r]TovvTa ei avXXeXoyLaTai t] fxr] tovto, diravTav 
OTL' TovTO ydp rjv orvXXoyLafjio?. Ka) ttjOo^ tov otl ov to 
t/ ^v eivaL avXXeXoyLaTaL, otl val' tovto yap eKeiTO rjfilv 
TO t/ rjv elvaL. ^'Qa^Te dvayKrj Kal dvev tov P t/ avXXoyLa-fios 
^ ^ Tov t/ ^v eivai avXXeXoyiarOai ti. 

3 J^dv e^ VTroOecreoog Se SeLKvvrj, olov et tw KaKw ecrT) ^ to 
SiaLpeTW elvaL, tw S' evavTiw to tw evavTico eivaL, o<roi9 eaTL 
^ Tt evavTLOV To S^ dyaOov tw KaKw evavTiov Ka\ to ^ dStai- 
perov Tw Statperw' eaTtv dpa '^to dyaOw eivat ^to dSiat- 
p€T(p etvat. Kaf •yajO evTavOa Xa^dov to t/ ?i/ eivat SeiKvv^rt' 

4^Xafxl3dvet S^ etV to Sei^at to tI Tjv eivat. ^^Tepov ^ fiev- 
TOL eaToo' Koi yap ev Tah diroSett^ea-tv, OTt ecrT) TO^e /coTa 

^ fj prius om. D. ^ foriv'] en A.B. ™ (rvWoyia-fi^ D. ^ iv 

om. A.B. " tlvat D. P Ti €(TTi <Tv\\oyi(rfi6s D. ^ Tov] t6 A. 

^ t6 B. ** rt om. D. t TOi diaip(T(o t6 adiaipfTov D. ^ ro] tw 

D, om. A. w T«i A. X \afi^av(iv A.B.D. y /tifVri A.B.D. ' 



II. 6,7- T2TEPX2N B. 237 

Tovce, aWa /uLr] ^ avTO, /uLrjSe ov 6 avT09 \0y09, Ka\ avTKTTpi- 
(pei. llpo9 ajUL(poT€pov9 Se, tov re /cara cialpecriv ceiKvvvTa 
Kal TTjOo? Tov ovTo^ (TvWoyiG-iuLOv, ^ TO avTO aiToprj/uLa' Sia t/ 
" ecTTai 6 avOpo)7ro9 ^(fov Slttovv ire^ov, aXX' ov ^(Sov Kal 
Tre^oj/ ; e/c •yaio tcov XajuL^avofxevcov ovSejULia avayKri €(tt\v ^ev 
yivecrOai t6 KaTrjyopovjULevov, aXX' wa-irep "di/ avOpooTro^ 6 
avTO<i e1.rj iuLOV(TiKo<^ Kal ypa/ULfxaTiKog. 

Tlcog ovv Sr] ^ 6 6pi^6jULevo9 Sel^ei Trjv oixTiav rj t6 tl ecTTiv', y 
ovTe yap ^ o)? airoSeiKvv^ e^ OfJioXoyovjuLevcov eivai SrjXov Troirj- 
crei OTL avayKr\ eKelvcov ovtcov cTepov tl elvaL, a7r6SeL^L9 yap 
TOVTO, ovO^ 0)9 6 eTrayoov Slol tcov kuO^ cKacTTa S^Xcov ovtcov, 
OTi ^ irav OVTC09 Tw ^ fxr}Sev aXXo)?* ov yap tl ccttl SeiKvvcTLV, 

aXX OTL r\ eCTTLV r} OVK eCTTLV. 1 L<S OVV aAA09 TpOTTO^ AOL- 

TTOS ; ov ycLp Sr] Sei^ei ye Trj alcrOi^CTei rj tw SaKTvXcp. 

iLiTL TToog ceit^eL to tl ecTTLV , avayKrj yap tov eLcoTa to 2 
TL icTTiv avOpcoTTog ^ rj aXXo 6tlovv, eiSevai Ka\ otl ccttlv' t6 
yap fJLr] ov ovSeh oiSev o tl ccttIv, aXXa r/ fiev cnjfjLalveL 6 
X6yo9 rj To ovofjLa, OTav efVco TpayeXa(po9, tl S^ ccttl Tpa- 
yeXa(j)09, aSvvaTOv eiSevaL. ^AXXa fir]v ei Sei^ei tl ecTTi koI 
OTL ecTTL, *" TTO)? Tcp avTcp Aoy(p ceLi^ei ; o re yap opLcrfjLog ev 
Ti Sr]Xoi Ka\ t] a7r6Sei^L9' ° t6 Se r/ ecTTiv avOpooiro<s kol t6 
ctvai avOpcoirov aXXo. 

Erra kol Si aTToSel^ecog (pafJLev avayKaiov elvai SeiKvvcrOais 
aTrav otl ecTTLV, et fjLrj ovcTLa eLrj. lo c cLvai ovk ovcTLa " ov- 
cevL' ov yap yevog to ov. ATrooef^f? ap ecTTai otl ccttiv. 
^'Oirep Kal vvv ttolovctlv al eirL^TTrjfjLai. T/ fiev yap (Tijfiaivei 
t6 Tplycovov, eXa^ev 6 yecofjLeTpr]^, otl S^ ccttl, SeiKvvcTiv. 
T/ ovv Sel^eL 6 6pL^6fjLevo9 tl ccttlv ; r] t6 Tpiycovov ', etSco9 
apa T19 opLCTfJLcp TL ecTTLv, el ccttlv ovk etcreTai. ^AXX' aSv- 
varov. 

' avTcoi A.B, To avTo D. ^ TavTov D. ^ €<rTai re 6 D. c ^p 

yive<r0ai'] iyyivccrOai A.B. d ^„ om. B, post fir] ponit D. « 6 

om. A.B. f 0)5 6 aiToheiKVVS D . g TTavff D. ^ iirjdkv D. i Xoi- 

rros] \6y(cv D. ^ to alterum om. A. l ff] el A.B. "» tt&j] 

Ka\ nms A.B. » ToSf D. " ovBfvi D. 



238 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. PosT. 

4 ^avepov Se Ka\ Kara tov9 vvv TpoTrovg twv opcov W9 ov 
SetKvvovoriv 01 opiXpiJLevoi otl ecrTiv. Ef 'yo.p Ka\ e<TTiv eK 
Tov /ULecrov P to "lctov, aWa Slo, tl €(Ttl to opLcrOev ; Ka\ Slcl 
Ti TovT ecTTL kvk\o<s \ cttj yap av koi opeLj^aXKOv (pdvat etvat 
avTOv. OvT€ yap otl SvvaTOV etvai t6 Xeyoimevov TrpocrSrj- 
Xova-LV 01 opoL, 0VT6 OTL €Keivo ov (^a(T\v etvaL opLcrimoL. ^ AW 
aei et^etTTL AeyeLV to CLa tl. 

5 Ef apa 6 opL^ojuLevog ^ SeLKvvcrLV rj tl ecTTiv t] tl crrj/uiaiveL 
TOvvo/ULa, ei fJLrj ecTTL /ULrjSajULwg tov tl €(ttlv, ^ e'irj av 6 opLorjULO? 

\6y09 OVOJULaTL TO aVTO (TrjjULaiVCDV. ""AXX' aTOTTOV. TIpWTOV 

jULev yap kol /uLrj ovctlwv dv e'iij Ka\ tcov /uLrj ovtcoV a-rj/uLaiveLV 
yap ecTTL Ka\ Ta /uLrj ovTa. ^'Ert Traj/re? ol \6yoL 6pL(TiuLo\ 
av eieV e^irj yap dv ovo/uLa OecTOaL ^ttoluiovv \6yw, wcrTe opovg 
av Sta\eyoiiuLeOa TravTe? Ka\ rj 'IXm9 ^pLCTfi^? av eirj. ^^'Ert 
ovSe/uLia * eiTLCTTrjiJirj ^ diroSel^eLev dv otl tovto TOvvo/ULa tovtl 
Srj\oi' ovS^ 0! 6pLcr/ULo\ tolvvv tovto 7rpocrSrj\ovcrLV. 

6 'E/C /UL€V TOIVVV TOVTCOV OVTe ^pLCT/ULO^ Ka\ (TvWoyiCT/ULO? 

(j)aiveTat TavTov ov, ovTe TavTov auWoyLCT/uLog Ka\ 6pLCTiJL6r 
7r|0O9 oe T0VT0L<5, OTL ^ ovTe o opLa-/uL09 ovcev ovTe aTTodeLKVv- 
CTLv ovTe SeiKvvcTiv, ovT€ TO Tt ecTLv ovO^ ^pLCT/uLcp ovT aTToSet' 
^et ecTTL yvoovaL. 
8 Tla\Lv Se (TKeiTTeov tl tovtcov \eyeTaL Ka\w9 Ka\ tl ov 
Ka\co9, Koi Tt ecTiv 6 ^pta-fJL^g, Ka\ tov tI eoTLv apa ttcos 
ecTTLv dir^SeL^L^ ^ Ka\ dpLCT/mo^ rj ovSa/ULco^. ^ETreJ S'' ecTTiv, o)? 
€(pa/uLev, TavTOv to eiSevaL t/ ecrTf Ka\ to eiSevaL to a^iTLOv 

"^ TOV TL eCTTL' \6yO<i Se TOVTOV, OTL eCTTL TL * TO OLTLOV' Kai 

TOvTO rj To avTO rj aWo, Kav " rj a\Ao, rj ^ aTTodetKTOV vj ava" 
Tr^SeLKTOV ei tolvvv €ctt\v aWo Ka\ evSeyeTaL diroSel^aL, 
dvayKrj /uLea-ov eivaL to a1.Ttov Ka\ ev tw cr-^rj/xaTt tco TrpdoTw 
SeiKvvarOat' Ka06\ov Te ydp Ka\ KaTrjyoptKov to SetKvv/uLevov. 

P t6 itrov] Ti taov A.D. Q detKVVirtv rj^ hfiKwtriv ci A. ^ etrj av 0] 
^v av A.B. ^ €Ti] fTi ori D. t fTTiaTrjfirj on}. A.B.D. ^ d7r6- 

S«|iy flf] D. w ovde A.B. X oWev D. Y KaX] fj D. z tov 

rt] Tov fl A. et corr. B. » r6 utrumque om. D. ^ n] «* B.D. 

^ dnoBeiKTiKov D. 



II. 8. T2TEP12N B. 239 

€is jULev ^ Stj TpOTTO^ civ elf] 6 vvv e^rjTacriULevo^, to Si' aWov 2 
t6 Ti ecTTL SeiKvvcOai. Twv T6 yap r/ ecTTiv avayKrj t6 jtxe- 
a-QV eivai tl ecTTi, Kai toov iciwv iciov. l/o-re to imev oett^ei, 
t6 S^ ov Sel^ei Toov t/ ^v elvai tw avTW TrpayfxaTi. 

OiJto? [Jiev ovv 6 Tpoiro^ otl ovk av elri aTroSei^L^, elpriTaL 3 
TTpOTepov' aXX' ecrTL \0yiK09 a-vWoyicr/uLog tov tl earTLV. 
^Ov Se Tpoirov evSeyeTaL^ XeywjULev, elirovTe^s irakLV e^ 6.p^rj?. 
\l(nrep ^ yap to olotl ^rjTov/uLev e-^ovTeg to otl, evLOTC oe 
Kal a/uLa S^\a yiveTaL, aW ovtl irpoTepov ye to Slotl Svva- 
t6v yvoopicraL tov otl, Srj\ov otl 6jULOLOt)9 Kal to tl rjv eivat 
ovK avev tov otl ecTTiv' aSvvaTOv yap elSevaL tl ccttlv, ayvO' 
ovvTag eL ecrTiv. ±00 eL ecTTLV OTe fxev KaTa (rv/uLpepr]K09 4 
e^OjULev, 6t€ S^ e-^^ovTeg tl avTOv tov TrpayjULaTog, otov /3pov^ 
Ttjv, OTL yp^6<p09 TL9 vecpcov, Ka\ e/cXefxJ/-/]/, otl cTTepricrh tl9 
(pooTog, Kai avOpooTTOv, otl ^(pov tl, Ka) ^ '^v^^^v, ^ otl avTO 
avT^ KLVovv. ^0(ra /iei/ ovv KaTa crvjUL^elSrjKog o^iSajULev otl 
ecTTLv, avayKaiov jULrjSa/uLoos e^eiv irpog t6 tl ccttlv' ovSe yap 
OTL ecTTLV Lcr/ULev TO oe i^rjTeiv tl ecrTL jULr) e-^ovTas otl ecTTi, 
fjLYiSev X^riTelv ecrTiv. KaO' ^^ octcov S^ e-^o/ULev tl, ^ paov. ^'Qcttcs 
0)9 e-^OfJLev OTL ccttlv, ovtco9 eyoiJLev Ka\ ttjOO? t6 tl ecTTLV. 'Qv 
ovv e^OyUei/ tl tov tl ccttlv, ecTTOo irpooTOV imev ooSe' eK\eLyjng 
€(p[ ov ^ To A, <Te\r]vri e^' ov ^ V, avTi(f)pa^L9 yrjg e(p^ ov B. 

o lULev ovv '" iroTepov e/cAef7ref ri ov, to ±5 (^riTeiv ecTTLV, ap 
ecTTLV 37 ov. TovTO S'' " ovSev SLa(pepeL XriTelv ^ ^ ei ccttl \6- 
yo9 avTOv. Kaf eav § tovto, KaKeivo (pafiev eivaL. ^^H 7^0-6 
Tepag t^? avTL(p(xcre(j09 ccttlv 6 \6yog, iroTepov tov e^etj/ Svo 
opua9 ri Vtov lULri eyeiv. VJTav evpoo/ULev, ajULa to otl Kat 
To CLOTL lariuLev, av OLa lULecroov fj. rjL ce fJLfj, to otl, to clotl 
o ov. 2eX»5»/>7 r, e/cXei\|Af9 A, t6 ^ iracTCTe^rivov CTKtav /xrj 
SvvacrQat TroLeiv ^ iuLr]Sev69 rj/jLoov juLeTa^v 0VT09 (pavepov, €(p^ ov 



^' dff] TOLWV D. ^ yap om. B. ^ i^^X^ ^» om. A. S ori 

om. A.D. '' oaov B. ' pddiop D. ^ t6 om. D. l r] t6 y B. 

"^ TvpoTepov A.B. " ov6iv D. o 6t om. A. ^ tov\ t6 A.B. 
^l 7rav(re\r]Vov B.D. *" prj6ev6s D. 



240 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

B. Ef Tolvvv Tw V vTTapyei to B to yu^ ^vvadOai iroieiv 
(TKiav ^ /uLrjSevog fxeTa^v ^nicov 6vto9, tovtw Se t6 A t6 e/cXe- 
Xonrevai, oti jULev eKXeiTrei S^Xov, Sioti S^ ovttco, Ka\ oti /iiev 

7 cKXeiy^h ecTTiv la-iuLev, tl S^ ecnrJi/ ovk 'icriuLev. A?jXou S^ ovTog 
OTL t6 A tw r vTrapyeL, aWa Sia tl virapyei, t6 X^rjTelv to 
B TL ecTTL, iroTepov avTL(ppa^L9 rj (TTpoCprj Trj<S creXtjvri^ ri 
airocrf^earL^. Tovto S"* cctt^v 6 Xoyo^ tov cTcpov aKpov, olov 
ev TOVTOL<s Tov A* €G-TL ycLp rj eKXeL^^Lf avTi(j)pa^L9 V7r6 yrj^. 
T/ ecTTi ^povTri\ 7rvp69 airoar^ecrL^ ev ve(peL. Alol tl fipovTa; 
Sia t6 aTrocrfBevvvarOaL to Trvp ev tw ve(peL. ISeCpo^ F, ^povTrj 
A, airocrPecTL^ ttujOo? t6 B. Tw Sr} V tu> veCpeL virap^eL to 
B* * oLTTOcrlBevvvTaL yap ev avTw t6 irvp. ^ Tovtco Se t6 A, 
\f/^od)09. Kaf ecTTL ye Xoyog to B tov A tov irpcaTov aKpov. 

^^Ai/ Se iraKLv tovtov aWo /ULecrov ^ ^, €K twv irapaXoliroav 
ecTTai \oycov. 

8 '0? fJLev TOLVvv Xa/UL/SoLveTai t6 tl ccttl Ka\ ylvcTaL yvcopL- 
fJLov, eipriTai, wcTTe crvWoyLa-fx^g fxev tov tl ea-TLV ov yiveTai 
ovS* airoSeL^L^, SrjXov /iievTOL Slcl a-vWoyLoriuLov Kal Sl' airo- 
Sei^€(j09' (joa-T ovT avev cnroSei^eco^ ecTTL yvwvaL to tl cotlv, 
ov ea-TLV a^LTLOv aWo, ovr ecTTLv aTroScL^L^ avTOv, cocnrep Ka\ 
ev T019 SiaTroprjfxacTLv eLirofiev. 

Q ^'EoTi ^e TWV fJL€V €Tep6v TL a*LTLOV, TCOV S^ ^ OVK eCTTLV. 

^'QcTTe SrjXov OTL KOi Tcov TL ea^TL Ta fxev afxea-a Ka\ OLpyal 
elcriv, a Ka\ elvaL Ka\ tl ccttlv virodecrOaL Sei tj aWov ^ Tp6- 
TTOv (pavepa iroLrja-aL. "Oirep 6 api0fxriTiKO9 Troiel' Kai yap 
t/ ecTTf Trjv fxovaSa viroTiOeTaL, Ka\ otl ecrrLv. Twv S* e^oV- 
Tcov '^ fxecrov, Ka\ wv icrTi tl cTepov a^TLOv Trjg ova^ia?, ecTTL ot* 
a7roSei^ew9, * wcnrep e^irofxev, SrjXwcraL, fxrj to t/ ea-Tiv airo- 
SeiKvvvTag. 
lO ^OpLCTfx69 S'' ^ eireiSrj XeyeraL eivaL \6yo9 tov tl ear-i, (pa- 
V€p6v OTL 6 fX€v TL9 eoTai \6yo9 TOV Ti crrjfxaiv€i TO ovofxa rj 

s Hrjdfvos D. ' a^evpvrai D. ^ rovro A.B. ^^' (trj B.D. 

* ovK ca-Tiv'] ov D. >' Tonov A.B. '■ fif(rav A. ** aanep Kai f1- 

•nojKv D. ^ eVf l D. 



II. 9— II. TSTEPaN B. 241 

\6y09 €T€po9 6voiuLaTwSt]g, otop ^ t6 tl o-t]iuLaiv€i, t/ eCTTlV ^ § 
Tpiyoovov. ^'Oirep eyovT€<} otl ea-TL^ ^rjTOvimev Slu tl ecrTLv. 
XaXeTTOi/ ^' ^ ouT(jt)9 €<tt] Xa^eiv a /uLt] 'icrfxev otl ecrTLV. *^H 
S^ aiTLa elprjTaL irp^Tepov r^? ^aXeTroTi^TO?, otl ovS^ el ecTTLV 
tj jULrj ^cr/uLev, aXX' rj ^ KaTa crvjUL/Be/BrjKO?. A6yo9 ^' eh eaTl 
<^f^«?, 6 iuL€V S crvvSe(riUL(p, wcrirep r} ""IXm?, 6 <^e ^tw %v KaO^ 
evog ^ SrjXovv jULr] KaTa crviJi^e^rjK^^. 

E?9 IJ.ev Sr] 6p09 ecTTh opov 6 ^ eiprjjULevog, aX\o9 S'' ecTTiv 2 

6p09 \6y09 6 Sr]\u>V SlCL TL eCTTLV. ^'QcTTe 6 jULCV 7rp6T€p09 

crr]iuLaiveL jULev, SeiKVVcrL S^ ov, 6 S^ vcrTepog (pavepov otl earTaL 
otov air 6SeL^L<s tov tl ecrTi, Trj Oe(reL SLacpepoyv Trjg aTroSel- 
^ew9. Aia^pepeL yap elirelv Slol tl ^povTa Ka\ t/ ecTTi /3pov- 
Tr]' ^ epel yap ovtco /mev Sl6tl airoa-PevvvTaL to irvp ev tol9 
v€<p€crL' t/ S^ €(rT). PpovTrj ; "^6(^09 airocrlSevvvjULevov irvpo^ 
€v ve(pe(rLV. ^'QcrTe 6 avTO^ \6y09 aWov Tp6irov \eyeTaL^ 3 
Ka\ wS\ juLev a7r6Sei^L9 (Tvve-^r)9, ooS\ Se 6pLcriJ.69. ^ ^'^tl €(tt\v 
6po9 /3povTr]9 ylr6(po9 ev vecpecTL' tovto S' ecrT\ t^? tov tl 
ecTTLV a7roSei^€(i09 (rvixirepa^TiJ.a. ""O Se tcov a/ULe(T(jov opL^r/ULo^ 
0e(TL9 e(TT\ Tov TL €(TTLv " ai/a7ro(^€f/c:TO?. 

*'lBjcrTLV ° apa opLcr/uLo^ ef? fxev \6y09 tov t/ ccttlv P avair6- 4 
SeLKTO^, e?9 ^e (TvWoyLcrjULo^ tov tl €(tti, tttco^tcl SLacpepcov 
Tr]9 a7roSeL^€0)9, TpLT09 Se Tf]9 Tov ^ t/ ecTTLV airoSeL^€009 (Tvjx- 
irepa^Tixa. ^avepov ovv e/c twv eipr]jULevcov kol 7rco9 ecrTL tov 

TL €(TTLV a7r6S€L^L9 Ka\ 7rC09 OVK eCTTL, Ka\ TLVCOV €(TTL Ka\ TLVCOV 

ovK eo-TLV, eTL ^' opKTjULo^ 7ro(Ta-^w9 T€ \eyeTaL Ka\ 7rco9 to t/ 

eCTTL SeLKVV^TL Ka\ TTCO? OV, ^ Ka\ TIVCOV €(Tt\ Ka\ TLVCOV ov, eTL Se 

7rpo9 a7r6S€Lt^Lv 7roo9 ^yeL, Koi 7rco9 evSe-^eTaL tov avTOv etvai 
Ka\ 7rw9 ovK evSe-^eTai. 

ETTef Se €7ri(TTaarOaL ol^jULeOa OTav elSooixev Tr]v aiTiav, I I 
aLTiai Se TCTTape^, jULia fxev to tl rjv elvaL, /uLia Se to tlvcov 



c t6 om. D. d jj ojn. B.D. ^ o^ros A. ^ dWh Kara B. 

g (rvpbe(T]ia>v D. ^ t6 D. i drjXav D. ^ Trpoeipijnevos D. ^ epft 
fxfv yap A.B. ^ €Ti el eaTiv B. » dTTobeiKTiKOs A. o apa 6 opi- 

(Tfios A. P dvaTrodeiKTOv A. Q ti om. B. ^ Kai Tivav eaT\ om. A. 

VOL. I. R 



^4^ ANAATTIKHN Anal. Post. 

ovTCov avdyKrj tovt eivai, erepa Se ^ rj tl irpwTov eKLvrj^re, re- 
TcipTt] Se t6 Tivo^ eveKa, iraa-ai auTai Sia tov /nearov SeLKvvv- 
rai. To T€ yap ov 6vto9 toSI avayKt] eivai /uLLa^ imev irpo~ 
Taa-ecog XtjcpOeia-f]? ovk co-tl, * Svoiv Se TOvXd-^^^La-TOV tovto S^ 

2 eaTiv, OTav ev /uLea-ov e-^coaiv. ToJrof ^ ovv evog XrjcpOevTo^ 
TO a-vjULTrepaariuia avdyKrj etvaL. A^Xov Se Kal coSe. Alci tl 
opOrj r] ev ^/ullkvkXlw ; ^ I7 tlvo^ 6vt09 opOr] ; eaTCO Srj opOr] 
€(p^ ^ ^9 A, ^fjLia-eia Svoiv opOalv e^' ^? B, ^ ev ^julikvkXlo) €(p>* 
y 179 r. Tou Srj t6 A t^v 6pOr]V virdp-^eLV rw F Trj ev T(p 
^/ullkvkXlw a^LTLOV t6 B. AvTr] jULev ydp Trj A *iar], r] Se ^ t6 

sF T^ B* Svo ydp opOcov ^juiia-eLa. Tou B ovv 6vto9 ^ VI^l- 
(reos Svo opOcov t6 A tw Y virdpyeL' tovto S^ rjv ^ t6 ev rjfxL- 
kvkXlco SpOrjv etvttL. ^Tovto Se TavTOV eaTL ^ tw t/ ^v eivai, 
Tft) TOVTO a-rjjjLalveLV tov Xoyov. ^AXXa fjLr^v Ka\ ^to tl rjv 
CLvaL aiTLOv SeSeLKTai t6 /uLea-ov. To ^e S^d tl 6 M.r]SLK09 
Tr6\ejuL09 eyevero ^ ^ A.0r]vaLOL9 ', tl9 aiTLa tov TroXe/uLeiaOai 
^A.0r]vaiov9 ; OTi €19 ^dpScL^ fJLer ^lEpeTpLecov eve/SaXoV tovto 

4 ydp ^ eKLvrjae irpcoTOV. IloXe/uo? €(p^ ov A, 7rpoT€pov9 elcr- 
jSaXeLV B, ^ AOr]vaioi t6 Y. ^Yirdp^^ei Sr] t6 B tco F, to 
* TTpoTepov ^ ejULlBaXeiv tol9 ^ A0r]vaLOL9, t6 Se A tw B* ttoXc- 
lULova-i ydp tol9 irpoTepov ^ dSLKi^craa-LV. ^YirdpyeL dpa tw 
jULCv B TO A, t6 TroXe/ULeiaOai tol9 ^ TrpoTepov dp^aaL' 
^TOVTO ^e ^TO B Ptw r T0L9 ^ A0r]vaLOL9' ^TTpoTepov yap 
^p^av. M.€a-ov dpa Ka\ ivTavOa t6 ^ alTiov t6 irpcoTOv KLvrj- 

5 a-av. ^'Oa-cov S^ alTiov t6 eve^d TLV099 olov S^d t/ TrepnraTet ', 
O7rco9 vyLaivrj' Sid tl oiKLa ea-TLV ', otto)? a^co^^rjTaL Ta a-Kevrj' 
t6 /Jiev eveKa tov vyLalveLV, t6 S^ eveKa tov aco^eaOai. Ata 
^TL Se aTTO SeLTTvov Sei irepLTraTelv, Ka\ eveKa tlvo9 Sel, ^ ov- 

8 rj om. D. * dval B. V o^j, ^oO ^j^^g j)^ w ^ om. A.B. 

X ^s A] ot aD. y ^s r] oi; y D. z t6 om. D. a ^^tVews A.B. 

^ To eV] Tcoi €V A. c Tovrai A. d ,^6 A.B.D. ^ to] tov A.B. 

f dOrjvaiois B. S €Kivr]0T} A. ^» eio^/SaXXftz/ D. ^ npoTepois B.D. 

*^ efi^akXciv D. ^ d8iKfjixa(Tiv A. ^ TTpOTepois A.B. >* rouro) A, 

roO vel TovTov pr. D. ^ rco vel Tov pr. D. P to> r om. A.B. et 
pr. D. Q irpoTepoi D. ^ atrtoi/ ev ols ro avriov to B. ^ ri fiel 

aTTo beiirvov D. * ou^fi' D. 



II. II. T2TEP12N B. 243 

Sev Siacjyepei. TlepL^Traro^ airo SeiTTVOv F, ro firj eirnroXaCeLv 
TGL (TiTLa e<p^ ov B, t6 vyialveLV e<^' ov A. ^'EcrTW <^^ ^ rw 
airb Selirvov irepLTraTeiv virapyov to iroLelv iJ.h eiTLTroXa^eLv 
Ta (TLTLa irpbg tm crTojuiaTL Trjg /cotX/as', Kal tovto vyLeivov. 
AoKel yap y virapyeLV tw irepLiraTelv tlS F to B to jiXT] eirL- 6 
TToXa^ef 1/ Ta ariTLa, ^ tovtm Se ^ to A to ^ vyLeivov. T/ ovv 
aiTLOv T(p r Tov t6 A viTixp-^eLV t6 ov eveKa \ to ^ to inij 
eiTLTroX^x^eLV. Tovto S^ ea-Tlv cocTTrep eKelvov \0y09' to yap 
A oi/Tft)? airoSoBricTeTaL. Alcl t/ to B tw F ccttlv *, otl 
TOVT €(TTi t6 vyiaiveLV, t6 ovt(09 eyeLV. Ael Se jUieTaXanJilSd- 7 
veiv T0V9 \6yov9, Kal ovt(j09 imaWov cKacTTa (paveiTaL. A/ ^e 
yeve(TeL9 avaira\LV evTavOa Ka\ eTrf twv KaTa KLvrjcTLV aiTLOOV 
€Kei fjLev yap t6 /ULe^TOV Sel yevecTOai TrpcoTOv, evTavOa Se t6 
r t6 ecrycLTOv' Te\evTalov Se t6 ov eveKa. 

^^vSeyeraL Se t6 avT6 Ka\ eveKOL tlvo9 etvaL kol e^ avdy-S 
Krj^, olov Slol tov \aiuL7rTi]po9 t6 cpcog' Kal yap e^ avoiyKt]? 
Siep-^eTai t6 ^ iuLLKpo/j.epe(TTepov Slcl twv fxeL^ovajv iropoov, el- 
Trep cpcog ylveTai tm ^ SiLevaL, Ka\ eveKcx tlvo9, oTrcog jULtj TTTal- 
loiuLev. ^Ajo' ovv ei elvaL evSe^^eTaL, kol ylvecTOaL evSeyeTaL ', 
cocTirep ei /SpovToi airocT^evwiJLevov Te tov wvpo^ avayKtj (tl- 
^eLV Ka\ y^ocjyeiv, Ka\ el cog ol TlvOayopeLol cpa(TLv aTrefX^? 
eveKa T019 ev tw TapTapco, oircog cj)o/3covTaL. IIXerorTa ^€9 
TOiavT ecTTL, Ka\ iJ.a\LCTTa ^ ev tol9 KaTa (pvcriv crvvL(TTajULevOL9 
Ka\ ^ (TVve(TTco(Tiv' ri fxev yap eveKcx tov ^ TrOLei cpvcTi^, rj S' e^ 
avayKr]^. ""H S^ avdyKi] Sltt^' rj julcv yap KaTct cpvcTLv ^ Ka\ 
Tr]v opfxriv, r\ Se ^icx rj Trapa Trjv opjUL^v, ^ (jocrirep \lOo^ e^ 
avayKrjg Ka\ avco Ka\ KaTco cpeperaL, aXX' ov Slcl Trjv avTrjv 
avayKrjv. ^Et/ ^e Tolg aTTO SLavola? tcl julcv ovSeirOTe cltt^ ro 
Tov avTOfxaTov virap^eL, otov oiKia ^17 avSpLag, ovS^ e^ avay- 
Krjg, a\\ eveKa tov, Ta Se Ka\ aTro Tv-^^rjg, otov vyleia Ka\ 

^ t6 B, y vTrdpxci t6 A, virdpxfi' S^ t6 B, vTrdpxd S>7 roi D. 

z TOVTO B. ^ tSi a A. ^ vyiaipeiv D. c XeTTTOfjLepecrTCpov D. 

d diclvai A.B. * TTJs A. ^ fV] ap,a ev A, eVt D. S crvvKrTaxriv A. 

h TTOlclv B, TTOlfl fj D. i Koi KaTO. TTJV D. ^ ScTTTep 6 \i6o5 D. * fj'] 

ovd' D. 



244 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. Post. 

(TOtynipla. M.dXicrTa Se ev 00-019 ivSe-^erai Kal coSe Ka\ aWoog, 
orai/ jULr] airo rv^ri9 »7 'yevecn^ rj, cocTTe "' to reAo? ayauov 
eveKa tov ylveTai koI tj (pvcei tj TeyQ/t]. ^Atto Tv^^r/g S* ° ou- 
Sev eveKa tov ylveTai. 
12, To S'' avTO a^LTLOv ecrTi TO19 yLVO/iievOL^ Ka} Toh yeyevtj- 
fjLevoL^ KOL TOL9 €(ro/JL€voi9 oTTep Kal T0L9 ovcTL' To ycLp /uieaov 
a*LTLOv, TrXrjv Toh /uiev ovctlv ov, tol9 Se yivo/jievoL9 yLvo^evov, 
TOL9 Se yeyevtj/uievoL^ yeyevtj/uievov Kal eaofxevoL^ eao/uLevov. 
Oiov Sia TL yeyovev e/cXefv/rf? ; Slotl ® ev /xecrcp yeyovev r} 
yrj' yiveTaL Se Slotl ylveTaL, ecTaL Se Slotl ecTTaL ev imecrw, 

2 Ka\ ecTTL P ^e otl ccttlv. T/ ea-Ti Kpv<rTaWo9 ', elXricpOw Srj 
OTL vScop Treirtjyo^. ^'YSwp e(p^ ov V, Treirrjyo^ €(pi* ov A, 
aiTLOv TO /ULecrov ecp^ ov B, eKXeL^^Lg depjuiov iravTeXrj^. "^Y- 
irdp-^eL Srj tw V to B, ^ tovtoo Se to ireirrjyevaL to ecp^ ov 
A. VlveTaL Se KpvcTTaWo^ yLvofxevov tov B, yeyevrjTaL Se 
yeyevrjfxevov, ecTTai S^ €(ro/ULevov. 

3 To /uLev ovv ovt(j09 a*LTLOv Ka\ ov a^Tiov a/ULa yiveraL, OTav 
ylvrjTaL, Ka\ ecTTLV, OTav ^' Ka\ exJ ^ tov yeyovevaL Ka\ ecre- 
(rOai (jocravTCi)9. ^Ett^ ^e tcov /uirj a/ULa ap^ ecTLv ev tw crvve-^el 
yjpovcp, w^TTrep Sokcl ^/jllv, aWa aWcov atrta etvuL, tov toSc 
yevecrOaL erepov yevo/mevov, Ka\ tov ecrecrOaL cTepov ecro/uievov, 
Ka\ Tov ylvecrOaL Se, ei tl e/ULirpocrOev eyeveTO ', ecTTL Srj airo 
Tov vcrTepov yeyovoTO^ 6 arvWoyLcr/uio?. ^ A.p-^rj Se Ka\ tov- 

4TC0V ^Ta yeyovoTa. ^ Alo Ka\ e7r: twv yivo/xevcov cocravTco9. 
^Axo Se Tov irpOTcpov ovk ccttlv, oIov eTreJ ToSe yeyovev, oti 
ToS^ vcTTepov yeyovev. Ka^ eTrJ tov ecrecrOaL cocravTcog. Ovtc 
yap aopLcrTOV ovO^ opLorOevTog ecrTaL tov -^ovov, coctt eireL 
TOVT aXrjOeg elireLv yeyovevaL, ^ toS^ dXrjOh eLireiv yeyovevat 
t6 vcTTepov. ""Ei/ ydp tw /uLeTa^v y^^evSoi ecTTaL to eiireLV 
TOVTO, ^Srj OaTepov yeyovoTO^. ^O S^ avTog \6y09 Ka\ €Tri 

5 Tov ecro/ULevov. OvS' ewe^ ToSe yeyove, toS' ecrraL. To ydp 

™ ro rekos rb dyaOov D. " ovOiV D. o yeyovcv iv /ica-oi D. 

P bf oTi] fiidrt D. <1 rovro)] oi;rG> D. ^ rov corr. B. ^ ra om. A. 
t hvo A. ^ rd6' — yfyovcvai om. A. 



II. 12. T2TEP12N B. 245 

fxearov ojULoyovov Sei etvai, toov yevo/xevwv yevofxevov, tcov icro- 



'^ V 



jULevcov ecro/ULevov, tcov yivo/JLevcov yivo/ULevov, tcov ovtcov ov tou 
Se yeyove Ka\ tov eaTai ovk evSe-^^erai etvai ofxoyovov. ^'Erf 
ovTe aopKTTOv evSe-^eTai etvai tov '^(povov tov ixeratv ovO^ 
wpLcrixevov' '^evSo^ yap ea-Tai ^ t6 elirelv ev tw juLeTa^v. 
^JEjTrKTKeTrTeov Se tl to crvve-^ov, co(TTe /j.eTa to yeyovevai to 
yivecrdai vTrdp-^eLv ev T019 irpdyjuLacrLV. ^^H SrjXov otl ovk 
ecTTLV e-vojULevov yeyovoTOS yLvojULevov ovSe yap yevo/ULevov 
yevo/Jievov' irepaTa ydp Ka\ aTOfjLa. ^'Qcnrep ovv ovSe crTL-d 
yfjLai eicriv dXX^Xcov e-^ofjLevaL, ovSe yevofieva' dfjLCpco ydp 
^ dSLaipeTa. OvSe Srj yivofievov yeyevrjfjLevov S^d to avTO' 
To fiev ydp yivofjLevov SiaipeTOv, to Se yeyovdg dSialperov. 
^'QcTTrep ovv ypafifjLrj ttjOo? (TTiyfjLrjv e-^eL, ovtco to ^ yivofjLevov 
TTjOO? TO yeyovog' evvirdpyeL ydp direipa yeyovoTa ev tm 
yLvofievcp. MaXXoi^ ^e (pavepco9 ev tol9 KaOoXov Trepl KLvrj- 
creco^ Sei Xe-^^OrjvaL irepl tovtcov. 

TVepl fiev ovv tov ttco^ av ecpe^rjg yivofjLevrjg r^? yevecreco^ 7 
e)(OL ^ To fxecTOv to aiTiov eir\ toctovtov eikrjCpQco. ^AvdyKrj 
yap ^ Ka\ ev tovtol^ to fxecrov Ka\ to irpcoTOv dfxecra eivai. 
olov To A yeyovev, eire^ to T yeyovev. ^'YcTTepov Se to V 
yeyovev, ^ efjLirpocrOev Se to A. '^A.p^rj Se to ^V Sid to €«y- 
yvTepov Tov vvv eivaL, o ccttlv dp"^ tov "^ovov. To ^e F 
yeyovev, ei to A yeyovev. Tou *^ ^^ A yevofxevov dvdyKrj 
To A yeyovevai. AItlov Se to T' tov ydp A yevofxevov toS 
T dvayKrj yeyovevaL, tov Se T yeyovoTog dvdyKrj irpoTepov 
To A yey ovevaL. Ovtco Se XafJL/SdvovTL to fJLearov (TTrjcTeTaL 
irov ei9 dfjLecrov, rj de\ TrapefJiTrecTeLTaL S^d to direipov ; ov ydp 
ecrTLv e-^ofJLevov yey ovd^ yey ov6to9, cocnrep eXe^^Orj. ^AW' 
dpt^acrOal ye ofJLcog dvdyKrj ® aTro fJLccrov Ka\ dird tov ^ vvv 
irpcoTOV. *^OfjLOLC09 Se Kai eTrt tov ecTTaL. Et •yajO dXrjOe^ el- 
ireiv OTi ecTTaL to ^ A, dvdyKrj irpoTepov dXrjOe^ eiTreiv otl to 

"^ rcot A. * buiipfTa. A.B. y ycvojifvov A.B. ^ jii<Tov to] jitv A. 
a Ka\ prius om. D. ^ e/xTTpoo-^ei'] 7rpa>Tov D. c T] a pr. A. ^ drj 
A] df) a A. ^ aTTo Tov jiicrov D. ^ vxiv om. A. S A] a A. 

R3 



246 ANAATTIKflN Anal. Post. 

A €(TTai. TovTOV S^ ouTLOv TO V' cl liiev yap to A e<rTai, 
irpOTepov TO V ecrTar ei Se to T ea-Tai, irpoTepov to A 
9e(TTai. ^OjULOLCO^ ^ aireLpo^ h TOfxri koll ev tovtol^' ^ ov ydp 
ecTTLV eaoimeva e^o/uLeva aXXi^Xoov. "* AjO^^ ^ ^e kol ev tovtol9 
aju(,€a-0£ XrjTTTea, ^'E^et ^e ovTOog eirl tu>v epycov. Et yeyovev 
oiKia, avdyKfj TeTjULtjarOai \l0ov9 kol yeyovevaL. Tovto Sia 
TL ; OTL avdyKr] Oe/uieXLOv yeyovevaL, ^ efTrejO Kal oiKiav •ye- 
yovevai. Ei ^e Oe/uieXLOv, irpoTepov \l0ov9 yeyovevai avayKrj. 
IlaXti/ el ea-Tai oiKLa, ooa-avTcog irpoTepov eaovTai XlOoi. Aet- 
KvvTaL Se Slol tov fxea-ov 6jjlolco9' ea-Tai yap ^ Oe/uLe\LOv irpo- 
Tepov. 

10 ^ETrel S^ opwjULev ev tol9 yLvo/uLevoLS kvkXw tivo. ^ yevea-iv 
ova-av, evSe-^eTai tovto elvaL, eLirep cttolvto aW^\oL9 to yue- 
a^ov Kal OL " CLKpoL' ev yap tovtoi9 to avTLorpec^eLV eariv. 
AeSeLKTaL Se tovto ev T019 irpwTOL^, otl avTia-Tpecpei Ta 
(rvjULTrepda-jULaTa' to Se KUK\(p tovto eaTLV. ""ETri ^e tcuv ep- 
ycov (palveTaL (SSe. ^e^peyiuevrjg TtJ9 yn9 avdyKtj aT/JLlSa 
° ylvecrOaL, tovtov Se yevojULevov v€(po9, tovtov Se yevo/ULevov 
vScop' TOVTOv Se yevojULevov avayKtj ^e^peyOaL Trjv y^V tovto 
S^ rjv TO e^ GLp-^rJ9, tocTTe KVK\(p TrepLe^i^^vOev' ei/09 yap avTCOV 

OTOVOVV 0VT09 €T€pOV eCTTL, KaKCLVOV aXXo, KaL TOVTOV TO 
TTpCOTOV. 

11 ^'E(TTi S^ evLa jjLev yivojULeva Ka06\ov (aei Te yap Ka\ eirl 
TravTog P ovtco? rj e^et rj ylveTaL^, tol Se aeJ imev ov, C09 eir\ to 
7ro\v Se, olov ov Tra? avOpco7ro9 apprjv to yeveLOv TpL-^ovTai, 
a\X 0)9 eirl t6 7ro\v. Tcov Srj tolovtcov avayKrj Kal to jULea-ov 

12 0)? eTTf To TToXv etvaL. Et ydp t6 A KaTo, tov B Ka06\ov 
KaTrjyopeiTaL, Kal tovto KaTa tov V Ka06\ov, dvayKrj Kal 
t6 A KaTa Tov T del ^ Kal €7rl 7ravT09 KaTrjyopelaOaL' tovto 
ydp ecTTL t6 Ka06\ov, Ka\ e7r\ iravT^ Ka\ dei. ^ AXX' v7r€K€iTO 
0)9 €7ri t6 7ro\v' avayKrj apa Ka\ t6 iul€<tov co9 eTri to TroXf 

h oijTf D. * de Koi] ycip Kal D. ^ eiTTfp — ycyovivai, om. D. 

1 BffxeKios D. "f^ yeVT](Tiu A.B. ^ aKpoi] opoi A. ^ yevfO-dai B.D. 

P ovras om. A, fj om. B. ^ kuI inX} t6 enl D. 



II. 13- T2TEP12N B. 247 

eivaL To €(j) ov ^to B. ^'Ecoi/rai Toivvv Kai twv C09 €7rl to 
iroXv ap-^al aiuLecroi, ocra ^ o)? eir\ to iroXv ovt(j09 ecTTiv rj yi- 
verai. 

Ila)? iJ^ev ovv to tl ea-Tiv elg Tovg opov9 aTroSlSoTai, koi I3 
Tiva TpOTTOv cnroSei^i? ?f opKTjuLog ecTTiv avTov rj ovk ecTiv, 
elpriTai irpoTepoV ttoo^ Se * Sei Orjpeveiv ra ev tw t/ ea-Ti 
KaTrjyopoviuLeva, vvv "^ XeycoiuLev. 

Twv Srj virapyovTOOv ae\ CKaa-TU) evia eireKTelvet, €ir\ 2 
^ irXeov, ov fxevTOi e^co tov yevov?. \eyct) Se eTrJ 'irXeov 
virapyeiv, oaa virap-^^ei /uLev eKaarTW KaOoXov ov /ULrjv aXXa koi 
aXXcp. Olov ea-Ti tl o iraarrj TpLaS^ virapyeL, aXXa Ka\ /ULrj 
tplclSl, warTTep to 6v VTrdp^^eL Trj tplolSl, aXXa ^ Ka\ /ULrj apL- 
OfJLw. ^AXXa KOL t6 irepLTTOv v7rdp-)^eL re irda-ri TpidS^ Ka\ 
cTTf TrXeov virdp-^eL' Ka\ yap Trj irevTdSL virdpyeL. ^AXX' 
ovK e^co Tov y€V0V9' rj juLev yap TrevTa? dpLOjULO^, ovSev Se e^(0 
dpLO/ULOv irepLTTOv. Ta Srj TOLavTa XrjirTeov fJLe-^L tovtov,3 
eco9 Toa-avTa yXrjC^Orj TTpcoTOV, cov eKaa-TOv fxev eTrt irXelov 
virdp^eL, airavTa Se firj eTTf ^ TrXeov TavTrjv ydp dvdyKrj ov- 
alav elvaL tov irpayfJiaTO^. Otov TpLdS^ ^virap-^eL iraa^rj 

dpLOfJLO^, TO TTepLTTOV, TO TTpCOTOV dfJL(pOT€pC09, Ka\ COg fJLrj fJL€" 

Tpeia-OaL dpiOfJLw Ka\ C09 firj a-vyKela-OaL e^ dpLOfJLcov. Tovto 
TOLvvv rjSi] ea-T^v rj TpLdg, dpLOfJLog TrepLXTog 7rpcoT09 Ka\ coS\ 
TTpcoTog. TovTcov ydp cKaarTOv, ra /xei/ kol tol9 TrepLTTOL^ 4 
irda-LV virdpyei, to Se TeXevTalov Ka\ Trj SvdS^, irdvTa Se ^ ov- 
SevL. ^ETrei ^e SeSrfXcoTaL rjfjLiv ev tol9 dvco ^ otl dvayKala 
fjLev ea-TL ra ev tw tl earTL KaTrjyopovfieva, ra KaOoXov Se 
dvayKala, Trj Se TpidS^ Kai ecp^ ov dXXov ovtco XafJL^aveTaL 
iv Tft) t/ ecTTi Ta XafjL/BavdfJLeva, ovtco9 e^ dvdyKrjg fjLev dv e^lrj 
TpLag TavTa. ^'Otl S' ova-la, e/c TcovSe SrjXov. ^AvdyKrj ydp,5 
€1 fJLrj TOVTO rjv TpLdSi etvaL, OLov yevog tl eivaL tovto, rj covo- 
fkaa-fievov rj dvcovvfiov. ^'EcTaf tolvvv exf ^ irXelov rj Trj TpL- 



^ t6 tertium et rau om. D. s ^^ om, d^ t §^2] 8r) A.B. ^ Xeyo- 
jicv D. "^ liKiiov D. ^ Ka\ om. A. Y XrjcfiOeiTj A.B. ^ rrdcrT} 

vndpxei D. * ovOevi D. ^ ort om. A. ^ nXeov D. 

R4 



248 ANAATTIKI2N Anal. PosT. 

dSi virdpyov. ^YTroKeia-Qui yap tolovtov eivai to «yeVo?, 
cocrre virdpyeLV KaTO. Svvanxiv CTrJ ° TrXelov. Et tolvvv /uLrjSevl 
virdpyeL dXXw r] Tah aTOfxoL^ TpLacTL, tovt dv e^irj t6 Tp^dSi 
etvai. ^YiroKela-doii yap Kal tovto, rj ovcrla rj eKacTTOv eivai 
ri ein. Tai9 aTOjULOL^ ear-^aTO^ TOLavTri KaTtjyopla. ^Qotc 
OjUioim Ka\ aXXw otmovv tcoi^ ovto) SeLyBevToov to avTw eivai 



ecTTai. 



6 XjO^ Se, oTav oXov tl Trpay/ULaTevrjTaL tl9, SLeXeiv to ye- 
vo^ ei9 TOL dTO/ma tw elSei Ta TTpcoTa, olov dpLO/mov ei9 TpLaSa 
^KOL SvdSa, elO^ ovTCog eKelvcov opLcrimovg ireLpda-QaL Xa/uL^a- 
veiv, oiov evOelag ypa/UL/uirjg ^ kol kvkXov Ka\ 6p0rj9 ycovla^, 
/ULeTa Se tovto Xa/SovTa tl to yevog, olov TroTepov tcov tto- 
acov rj Twv iroLcov, Ta 'ISLa TrdOrj Oecopeiv S^d tcov kolvcov Trpco- 

7 Tcov. T019 yap avvTLOe/uLevoL^ €k tcov aTOjULcov Ta aviulBaivovTa 
€K Tcov opLa/uLcov caTaL SrjXa, Slu t6 dp-^r/v elvai irdvTcov ^ tov 
^opLa/ULOv Kal t6 d^rXovv Kal T019 aTrXoF? /caO' airra virdp-^eLv 
Ta av/JL^aivovTa /ulovol?, tol? S^ dWoL9 KaT cKeiva. A/ ^e 
SLaLpeaeLg at KaTa Ta^ SLa(popd9 "Xpv^^t/^oLi eiaiv ek to outo) 
^eTLevaL. "^li? /mevTOL SeLKvvovaLv, e^ipr/TaL ev T019 TrpoTepov. 
^prjaL/JLOL S^ av eiev coSe /ulovov Trpo? t6 avWoyl^eaOaL t6 t/ 
eaTLV. KatTOf So^eLev ^ y^ dv ^ ovSev, aXX' evOvg \a/ifiaveiv 
aTravTa, coairep dv el e^ dp-^^rjg ^ e\d/UL/3av€ tl9 dvev TrJ9 S^aL- 

Speaecog. ALa(pepeL Se tl ^t6 irpcoTOv Ka\ vaTepov tcov KaTtj- 
yopov/JLevcov KaTrjyopeiaOaL, oiov eiireiv 'C^wov fj/uLepov Siirovv rj 
Slirovv ^^ov rj/jLepov. E/ ydp airav €k Svo earl, Koi. €V tl t6 
^(fiov ^fxepov, Ka\ irakLV ck tovtov " Ka\ Trj9 SLa(popd9 ° o av- 
Opcoirog rj 6 TL SrjiroT eaT^ t6 ev yLVO/ULevov, dvayKaiov Sl€\6- 
/mevov aiTeiaOaL. ^ETt Trpdg t6 /mrjSev P irapa^Lirelv ev tw tI 

SeaTLV ovTCo /ul6vco9 evSe^eTaL. ^OTav ydp t6 irpwTOV \rj(pOrj 
y€vo9, dv /uLev tcov KaTcoOev TLva Siaipeaecov ^a/uL^avrj, ovk e/j,- 



d ttXcoi/ A.B. * Kai 8v(i8a om. A. ^ Kal prius om. D. S t&v 
B, om. A. ^ opia-fiav A.B. i b' B, om. D. ^ ovOev D. 

1 f\afx^v€To &vfv D. ^ TOiv A. ^ Kal eK rfjs D. ° o om. A. 

P napaXiindv D. 



II. 13- T2TEPI2N B. 249 

'rreareiTai airav eh tovto, otov ov irav ^wov ri oXoirTepov ijf 
G-)(^L^67rTepov, ^ aWa TTTrjvov ^wov airav tovtov yap Sia- 
(popa avTrj, JJpcoTr] Se SiaCpopd ecTTi ^woi', ezV rfv airav <C/ipov 
e/uLTFLirTei. "^O/xo/w? ^e koi twv aWcov eKacTTOv, Kal tcov e^co 
yevcov Kal tcov ^ vir avTO, oiov opviOog, eig ^v ^ aira^ 6pvL9, 
Kal l-^6vo<s, eh riv aira^ 'X^^^* ^^^^ 1^^^ ^vv /SaSl^ovTi ea-Tiv 10 
eiSevai otl ^ ovSev TrapaXeXeiTTTaL' aWco9 Se Ka\ ^ TcapaKLireiv 
avayKaiov kol juirj elSevai, OvSev ^ Se Sel tov opi^d/uLevov kol 
SLaLpov/ULevov diravTa elSevaL tgl ovTa. Kat tol aSvvaTOv 
(pao-i TLveg eivaL Tag Siacpopag eiSevaL Ta9 irpog eKacrTOv /mrj 
eiSoTa eKacTTOV avev Se tcov Siaipopcov ovk eivai eKacTOv el- 
SevaL' ^ ov yap fJLri SLacpepei, TavTov elvai ^ tovtw, ^ ov Se 
SLacpepeL, eTepov tovtov. YLpcoTOv jULev ovv tovto ^evSo^' ov 11 
yap KaTCL iraa-av SLacpopav eTepoV iroWa] yap SLacpopal 
vTrdpyova-L T019 avT0i9 tw e'iSei, aXX' ov /car' ova-lav ovSe KaO^ 
avTd. ^ Erra OTav \dfiri ^ TavTLKeliULeva Kal Ttjv SLacpopdv 
Ka\ OTL Trai' ^ ejULTriTTTeL evTavOa ?; evTavOa, Kai \a/3r) ev OaTepM 
t6 ^rjTOVfJLevov elvaL, Kal tovto yLvcoa-Kvj, * ovSev S^acpepeL el- 
Sevai rj fjLrj eiSevai ecp^ ocrcov KaTrjyopovvTai dWcov al S^acpo- 
pai. ^avepov yap otl dv ovtco ^aSLQtiv eXOrj ei9 TavTa cov 12 
jULrjKeTi ^ea-Tl S^acpopd, e^eL tov \6yov r^? ova-iag. To S^ 
ciTrav ejuLTriTTTeiv eh Trjv SLalpecriv, av ^ dvTiKeliuLeva cov /uli^ earTi 
/ULeTa^v, ovK a^iTrj/uLa' dvdyKrj ydp CLTrav ev OaTcpw avTcov 
eivai, elirep eKeivov S^acpopa ea-Tai. 

Ef? ^e To KaTacrKevd^eiv opov Sid tcov SLaLpeaecov TpLcov 13 
Sel CTToydX^ecrOaL, tov \al3eiv Td KaTrjyopov/uLeva ev tw tl 
ecTTL, Ka\ TavTa Td^ai tl irpcoTOv ^rj Seirrepov, Ka\ ^ otl TavTa 
fravTa. "Ecrrt ^e tovtcov ev irpcoTov Slu tov SvvacrOai, coairep 
irpog a-viuL/3el3rjK09 crvWoyLO-acrOaL otl virdpyei, Ka\ Sid tov 
yevovg KaTaa-Kevaa-ai. To ^e Td^aL cog Sei ea-Tai, edv to 

q aXX' ov nrrjvov A. r vcj) avro D. ^ ,^09 D. utrobique. * ou- 
3ev D. V TrapaXetTTeti/ D. w g^ om. B. ^ ov yap firj dia(ji€pr]t A. 

y TOVTO B. 2 ou A.B. a etra om. A. ^ TO dvTiKfijifva D. 

c ijmiiTTfi rj ivravOa rj D. d eo-rat B. ^ h^ V ''* I^« ^ ^*''* TrovTa 

TOVTa €V D. 



250 ANAATTIKX2N Anal. Post. 

14 TTjOWTOi/ \d/3t]. TouTO S^ €(TTat, iav Xr](p6f} o ^ irda-Lv aKO- 
XovOet, €Kelv(p Se iJ.rj iravTa' avayKrj yap elvai tl tolovtov, 
A.rj(p0evTO9 Se tovtov tjStj eirl twv koltcd 6 avTO^ TpoVo?* 
SevTepov yap to twv aXXoov TrpcoTOv ecTTaL, kol TpiTOV to 
Tcov e-^ofxevociv' a(j)aLpe0evTO9 yap tov avcoOev t6 e-^Ojmevov 
Tcov aXXcov TTpcoTOv ecTTaL. ^OfxoLcog Se koi cttI tcov aXXcov, 

'5 ^Otl ^ <5' airavTa TavTa, (pavepov €k tov Xa^eiv to t€ TrpW' 
Tov ^ KaTOL SLalpecriv, otl airav rj ToSe tj ToSe Zwov, virdp-^eL 
Se ToSe, Kal TrdXLv tovtov oXov Tfjv SLacpopdv tov Se TcXeu- 
Taiov /uLrjKeTi eivaL SLa(popdv, rj Kal evOvg jULeTa Trjg TeXevTaiag 

16 SLacpopd? Tov (TVVoXov fxrj SLa(pepeLV ^ e^lSeL tovto. A^Xov 
yap OTL ovT€ irXelov irpocrKeLTaL' iravTa yap ev tw tl c^ttlv 
elXrjTrTaL tovtcoV "^ outc aTroXeiireL ^ ovSeV rj ydp yevo^ rj 
S^acpopd dv e^lrj. Tevog jiiev ovv to Te TrpcoTOv, Ka\ ixera tcov 
SLacpopcov TOVTO TTpoa-Xaiui^avoiuLevov. A/ Siacpopal Se irdcraL 
e^ovTaL' ov ydp €tl ecrTlv vcTTepa' e^lSeL ydp dv SLecpepe to 
TeXevTaiov, tovto S^ eiptjTai jmrj S^acpepeLv. 

'7 ZrjTeiv Se Sel eTTL^XeirovTa eiri Ta o/j.oia KOi ^ dSLacpopay 
TrpcoTOv TL P aTravTCL TauTov e-^ovcnv, eiTa iraXLV ecp^ €TepoL9, 
^d ev TavTcp fjiev yeveL eKelvoLg, elcrl Se avT0i9 /xev TavTa tw 
eiSeL, eKelvcov S^ cTepa. ^'OTav S^ eirl tovt(x)v XrjCpOrj tl ^iravTa 
TavTOv, Ka\ ein tcov dXXcov o/uloIco^, ^ cttI tcov eiXrj/uLiJLevoov ira- 
Xiv cTKOireLv * el TavTOv, eco^ dv eh eva eXOrj XoyoV ovto9 
yap ^ecTTaL tov TrpayjuLaTO^ opLcr/uLO?' ^Eai/ oe /uirj ^aSiZrj 
€19 ^ eva aXX €L9 ovo rj irXeLco, crjXov OTi ovk av eirj ev tl 

18 etvaL To ^rjTOvjUievov, dXXd TrXelco. ^Oiov Xeyco, ei tl ecm 
lULeyaXoyjrv^ta XrjToliJLev, cTKeirTeov eTTi tlvcov jULeyaXo^f^v-^^cov, 
0V9 'icriuLev, tl c^ovctlv ev TravTeg ^ tolovtol. Oiov el 'AX/ct- 
^LdSrjg /j.eyaX6yp^v)(^09 rj Yo 'A^fXXei'9 Ka\ 6 Am9, tl ev airav- 
T€9 ', TO /ULrj dve-^ecrOaL v/3pL^6/jLevoL' 6 /jlcv ydp eTroXe/irjcTev, 

S anaaiv D. ^ 8e irdvTa D. i Kara] Ka\ ro A. ^ etSft] et 

Tt A, eiSft ert D. 1 TrXeto) D. m ovre'] 8e D. " ov6ev D. 

o did(f)opa olov TTpSyrov D. P ndvra D. ^ a om. A. "" ndvrrj D. 

s tVi alteram om. D. * ei] 17 B. ^ iaTi D. ^^ ev D. ^ Xcyw 
be olov D. y 6 utrumquc om. D. 



II. 14. T2TEPX2N B. 251 

o ^' c/jL^vicrev, 6 ^' aireKTeivev eavrov. HaXiv e<^' erepcov, 
^ otov \v(rdvSpov rj Sw/Cjoaroi;?. Ei St] to aSid(popoi efvai 
evTv^ovvTeg Kal aTvyovvTe<5^ TavTa Svo Xa^oov cTKOirw tl to 
avTO eyovcTLV rj re aTraOeLa ^ irepl Ta<s Ti;p(a9 KaL rj jnrj viro- 
IJLOvr} aTLfJLa^o/uievcov, Et ^e ^/ULt^Sev, Svo e^iSri dv e^lrj Trjg jmeya' 
Xo\fAyp^/a9. 

Aiel S^ eo-Tf irag opo9 KaOoXoV ov ydp tlvl ocjyOaXjULw 19 
Xe^yet t6 vyieivov 6 laTpo^, aXX' rj iravT^ »7 e^'<^ei a(popLcra<s. 
""Paoi/ ^ Te To KaO^ cKacrTOv opicracrOaL rj to KaOoXov, Slo Sei 
airo Twv KaO^ eKaara eTrJ Ta KaOoXov fjLeTa^aiveLV Kal yap 
ai oiuLcovvjULLaL \avOdvova-L jULaWov ev tol9 KaOoXov rj ev T019 
^ aSLa(f)6poL9. ^'Qcrirep Se ev TaU aTroSel^ea-L Sel to ye ^ o-vX- 
XoylcracrOaL virdp-^eLV, ovtoo Ka\ ev Toh opoi9 to a-a(f)h. 
TouTO S^ earaL, edv Slcl tcov KaO^ eKaaTOv eiprj/uLevcov § t6 ev 20 
€KdarT(p yeveL opi^ecrOaL y^^coph, oTov t6 o/ulolov jul^ irav dXKa 
t6 ev ^ yjpcoiiiaaL kol cryjiixacrL, kcu o^v t6 ev (pcovrj, Kal ovtco9 
iwl TO K0Lv6v /BaSi^eiv, evXa/SovjULevov /ULrj o/ulcowiullcl evTv^^^r]. 
Ef Se ^ fJLrj SLoXeyeaOaL Sel iuLeTa(j)opaL9, SrjXov otl ovS^ opl- 
(^eaOaL ovTe iJ.eTa(popal<s ovtc oaa XeyeTaL iJ.eTa(popai<s' S^a- 
XeyeaOaL yap dvayKrj eaTai iuLeTa(popai9. 

JIp6s Se t6 e-^eLV ^ Ta Trpo/SX^jUiaTa ^ eKXeyeiv Sel Tdg Te 1 4 
dvaT0fJLa9 Kal Ta9 SLaipear€L9, ovtco ^Se ^ CKXeyeLV, viroOefievov 
t6 y€V09 To K0Lv6v dirdvTcov, olov el ^wa elrj Ta TeOecoprj/uLeva, 
iroia TravTl ^(p(p VTrdp-^eL. A.ri(pOevTcov Se tovtcov, irdXLv tcov 
XoLircov Tft) TrpcoTco irola iravTl eireTaL, oiov ei tovto 6pVL9, 
TTOLa TravTl eireTaL 6pvL0L. Kat ovTCog del to) ™ eyyvTaTa' 2 
S^Xov yap OTL e^ojuLcv '^Srj XeyeLv t6 Slu t/ virdp-^eL Ta eiro- 
fJLeva Toh V7r6 t6 kolvov, otov Slu tl dvOpcoirco rj tTTTTft) virdp- 
■)(€L. ^'E(TTft) ^e ^wov €(f)^ ov A, t6 Se B Ta eirofieva iravT) 
^0)0), e^' cov ^e r A E Ta TLvd ^wa. ^rjXov Stj S^d tl t6 B 

z olou] fj D. a jirjdev D. ^ 8e D. c 8iac{)6pois pr. B. d o-vWe- 
XoyiaSai B. ® XP^H^^'-^ V ^X' D. ^ firf\ jirjde A. S to] t6 to. D. 
^ Xeyeiv A.B. et pr. D. i Sc om. A. et pr. B.D. ^ SidKeyeiv A. 

et pr. B. 1 TToim B. ™ eyyvTdT<o D. 



252 ANAATTIKXIN Anal. Post. 

vTrdp-^ei Tu> "A* ^ia yap ^rov A. ""Oyuo/a)? ^e Ka\ T019 a\- 
Xoz?. Kal ael eirl toov aWcov 6 avTO^ \6y09. 

3 l^vv IUL6V ovv KaTa ra TrapaSeSoimeva Koiva ovojULaTa \eyo~ 
jULev, Sei Se /ULrj fiovov ewl tovtcov (TKOTreiv, aWa Ka\ ^av aXXo 
Ti 6(p6rj virap-^ov koiv6v, eKXajUL^avovTa, eiTa tlg-l tovt olkO' 
\ovOeL Kal irola tovtm eireTaL, otov T019 KcpaTa e-^ovcTL to 
e-^eLV e-^ivov, to /uLrj ajUL^pwSovT etvaL. TIoXlv to KepaT e-^eiv 
TL(TLV eireraL ; StjXov yap Slo. t/ eKelvOL^ ^ vTrap^ei t6 eiptj- 
/uLevov Slol yap t6 KepaT eyeiv VTrap^ei. 

4 ^'Erf S^ a\\o9 Tp6iro^ earTl KaTct t6 avaXoyov eK\eyeiv. 
*^^Ei/ yap \al3eiv ovk ecTTi to avT^, 6 Sei KoXecraL ^ (TrjireLOV 
kol CLKavOav Ka\ octtovV ^ ecTTL S^ eTr^/uLeva kol tovtol9 wcTirep 
jULid^ TLV69 (pv(Te(t09 TrJ9 TOLavTri^ ovarrjg. 

^ O la o avTa irpopArjiuLaTa e(TTL Ta fxev to) to avTO /uLearov 
eycLV, oiov otl iravTa avTLTrepicTTacTLg. iovtcov o ^ evia ^ to) 
yevei TavTa, ocra e-^eL SLa(popa9 tw dWcov ^ aWcog eivaL, 
otov Slo. tl ^i^er, rj S^d tl eixcpaLveTaL, Ka\ S^d tl tpL9' diravTa 
yap TavTa t6 auTo 7rp6^\riiJi.a ecTTL yeveL (TravTa yap dva- 
2 K\a(TL<S), aW eLoeL eTepa. 1 a oe tw to /ULecrov viro to eTepov 
fxecTov etvaL S^acpepeL twv Trpo^^rj/uLdTcov, otov S^d tl 6 NerXo? 
(p0ivovTO9 Tov iuLr]v6g jULaWov pei', Sl6ti "^^eLjuLepLcoTepo? (pOlvcov 
^ 6 /uLi^v. Ata TL Se ■^(eLiuLepicoTepo? (pOlvcov ', Sl6tl rj (Te\iivrj 
diro\eL7rei. TauTa «yajO ovtco9 e^ei irp^^ a\\r]\a. 

1 6 TLepl S^ aiTLOV KOi ov a^TLOv diroprjaeLe /uLev dv tl9, dpa 
OTe virdpyeL t6 aiTLaT^v, Kal t6 a'iTLOv virap-^eL, wtrirep el 
^ (pvWoppoei rj e/cXeiTref, kol t6 a^iTLOv tov eK\ei7r€iv rj (pv\' 
\oppoeiv €(TTaL. Otov ei tovt^ ^ earTL t6 TrXaTea e^e/i/ ^Ta 
(pvWa, Tov S^ eK\eL7reLV t6 Trjv yrjv ev jjiearcp etvaL. Et «YajO 
^t^ v7rdp-)(eL, dWo tl earTai t6 alTiov avTcov. E?Te to a^TLOv 
vTrdpyeL, d/ULa Kal t6 amaToV, olov ei ev iuL€(T(a 17 7?, e/cXetVe^, 



" A] y 8 € D. o t6 D. P a"! «t D- ^ t>7rapx<* ^' ^ <Tr)tTeiov 

B, o-iyTrioi/ D. s eo-rai D. * €Via om. A. ^ rS>v A.B. ^ 6 

yiriv — (f)6iv<av om. A.B. » <f>vX\opo(i B, qui ita solet. y cVrtv D. 
z Ta om. A. 



II. 15, i6. T2TEPX2N B. 253 

tf el irXaTvipvWov, (j^vWoppoei. Ei* S^ ovTCog, ajUL' av elr} Ka\ 2 
SciKvvoiTO Si* aX\i^\o)v. ^'EcTTft) yap to (pvXXoppoeiv icp^ ov 
A, To Se 7r\aTv<pvWov €(p) ov B, ^ a/ui,7re\o9 Se e(p^ ov F. 
Et Sij T(f B vTTixpyeL to A {irav yap 7r\aTv(pv\\ov (pv\- 
\oppoei), Tft) Se r VTTcip^eL to jB (Tracra •yajO aiuL7re\o9 ^7r\a- 
Tv(pv\\o9^, T(p r v7roLp^ei t6 A, AcaJ Tracra a/uL7re\o9 (pv\- 
Xoppoei. AxTLOv Se t6 B to jULecrov. ^A.\\a Kal otl 7r\aTv-^ 
(pvWov rj ajUL7re\os, ^ecrTL Slo. tov (pvWoppoelv a^roSei^ai. 
^'EcTTft) yap t6 jULev A 7r\aTv(pv\\ov, t6 Se E ^t6 (pvWop- 
poeiv, ajuL7re\o9 ^ Se e(p^ ov Z. T<» Srj Zi v7rapyeL t6 E {(pv\- 
\oppoei yap 7ra(ra ayOtxeXo?), T(f ^e E to A (aTrai/ •yajO to 
(pvWoppoovv 7r\aTv(pv\\ovy Tracra apa aiuL7re\o9 7r\aTV- 
(pvWov. AHtlov Se t6 (pvWoppoelv. Ei Se lULrj evSe-^eTai 4 
a^TLa eivaL a\\rj\otiv (ro yap aiTLOv ^rpoTepov ov a'LTLOv), 
Kal Tov fxev eK\eL7reLV clltlov to ev /uLecr^p Trjv yrjv elvai, tov 
S^ ev /ULecria Trjv yrjv etvaL ovk aiTLOV t6 eK\ei7reiv. Et ovv rj 
fJLev cia tov aiTLOV aTrooeii^ig tov OLa tl, rj de jULrj & dLa tov 

aiTlOV TOV " OTL, OTL /ULeV ev IUL€(T(p, OLOe, CIOTL o ov. KJtl o 

ov To €K\eL7reLv ^ aLTLOV Tov ev /uLecTLp, aXXa tovto tov €k\€l- 
Treiv, (pavepov' ev yap tw \oy(p tm tov eK\eL7r€Lv evv7rap^eL 
^ to ev iuL€(r(p, (acTTC Srj\ov otl Sia tovtov ^ cKeivo yvoDpl^eTai, 

aW OV TOVTO CL eK€LVOV. 

xl €vd€-)^eTaL evog ^rAeLCD aLTLa eivaL , KaL yap €l earTL to 5 
avTO 7r\eL6vo)v "^ TrpcoTcov KaTrjyopeicrOaL, ecrTOO t6 A to) B 
7rp(jOT(p v^rap-^ov, Kal tw Y aWoo 7rpooT(p, Kal TavTa tol? 
A E. " ^Y^roLp^ei apa t6 A TOig A E* aiTLOv Se tw julcv A 
To B, Tft) ^e E t6 T' cocTTe Tov [xev aiTLOV v^rap-^^ovTog av(xy- 
Krj TO 7rpayiuLa v^rap^^eiv, tov Se 7rpayiULaT09 v^rap-^ovTOS ovk 
avayKtj 7rav o av § o^ltlov, aXX' a^LTLOv julcv, ov julcvtol 7rav. 
H el acL Ka6o\ov t6 7rp6^\r]iuL(x ecrTi, Ka\ t6 a^TLOv o\ov tl, 6 

a afjLTTeXoi A.B. ^ 7r\aTv(f)v\\ov D. c ^(rrai D. d e] /3 A. 

e t6 om. D. ^ dtD. g diit Tov'] 81 D. ^ oti 6 oti A. » airtoi/ — 
ficXetTreii/ Om. A. ^ ^^^ A.B. 1 eKclvo A. ™ 7rpa>T0V A.B. 

^ V7rdp\€i D. 



254 ANAATTIK£2N Anal. Post. 

Koi ov aiTiov, KaOoXov. Otov to (pvXXoppoeiv oXw tiv\ cKpoo- 
picr/uLevov, kuv eiSrj avTOv ^, Ka\ P toktSI KaOoXov, rj (pvToh r/ 
^TOioicrSe ^ (pvTol<s. ^'QcTTe Kal to /uLecrov 'lcrov Sei elvai €7r\ 
TOVTCov, Ka\ oi) a^Tiov, Kal avTtcrTpecpeiv. Otov Slo. t/ to, 
SevSpa (pvWoppoei ; el Sr] Sia 'Trrj^iv tov vypov, elTe (pvWop- 
poei SevSpov, ^Sei VTrdp-^eiv Trrj^iv, e'lT€ tt^^i? V7rdp-)(€i ixrj 
^OTCdOvv aWa SevSpco, (pvWoppoeiv. 



^ 7 TloTepov S^ evSe^eTai jUir] to avTO ^ a^Tiov elvai tov avTOv 
Tracriv aXX' eTepov, rj ov ', ^ ei /ULev KaO^ avTO airoSeSeiKTai 
Ka\ /uLrj KaTO. crrnuLeiov r} (TvixPejBr/KO^, ov^ otov T€' 6 yap 
X6yo9 ^^TOu cLKpov TO /ULeorov earTiV ei Se /uLrj ovtco9, evSi- 
'^CTai. ^'EcrTf ^e Ka\ ov a'iTiov Ka\ ^ w cTKOirelv KaTo, (rv/JLPe- 
PrjKO^' ov /irjv SoKei Trpo^Xrj/iaTa elvai. Et Se /JLr/, o/jloiw^ 
€^€L TO /JLecrov' €L /JLev 6/JLcovv/ia, 6/JLU)vv/xov TO /lecrov, €L S^ 0)9 

27 €v yevei, 6/jlolw9 e^eL. Otov Slol t/ Ka\ evaWa^ avdXoyov^ 
aW,o yap a^Tiov cv ypa/JL/jLat9 Ka\ dptO/Jiol^' Ka\ to avTO ye, 
r/ /lev ypa/i/iat, dWo, ^ S^ '^X^^ au^rja-tv TOtavSi, to ai^TO. 
Oi/Tft)? eTTf 7rdvT0)v. Tov S^ o/JLOtov eivat ^■^(pco/xa '^(pco/JLaTi 
Ka\ a")(rj/ia cT^/j,aTt dWo dWw. ^O/xwvv/iov yap to o/jloiov 
CTTf TOVTWV evOa /Aev ydp 'tcrcos to dvaXoyov e-^^etv Ta^ TrXev- 
pd9 Ka\ lcrag Tag ycovtag, eir^ Se ^co/iaTcov to Trjv atcrOrjcrtv 
/iiav elvat ? Tt dWo ^ toiovtov. Td Se KaT dvaXoytav Ta 

3 avTa Kat to /leorov e^et KaT avahoytav. ^X^^ ^ ovtco " to 
irapaKoXovOelv to aiTtov dWrikot^ Ka\ ov outlov koi m atTiov. 
KaO' eKacTTOv ^/jlcv \a/i/3dvovTt to ov a*iTtov eirt irXeov, oiov 
TO TCTTapcrtv ^'i(Ta9 to? e^co eTrl 7r\eov I7 Tptyoovov rj T€Tpa- 
yoovov, diracTt Se ^ eir "ktov oaa ydp TeTTapcTtv opOah tcrag 
^Ta? e^co, Ka\ to /lecTOv 6/101009. ^'EorTf Se to /jl€(tov \6y09 
Tov irpooTOV aKpov, Sio Trdcrai ai hricrTri/iaL Sl 6pLcr/iov yi- 

^yvovrai. Otov to (pvWoppoeiv a/xa dKo\ovO€i Trj a/XTreXo) 

P Tolabi B, Tols 5' et A. q rototo-fit D. >* (fwirols A. ^ B^ 

vTrdpxfi- B. * oriovv B. ^ aiTiou om. pr. D. ^ rov om. A. 

X o A.B. y eV om. A. 2 XP^l^ Oin. A. » toiovto D. ^ r&j irap. 
corr. D. ^ ^^y']^ fxev yap D. ^ ta-Qys D. ^ iirivtjiv A.B. ^ to.s'] 
rh A.B. 



II. 17, i8. T2TEP12N B. 255 

Kal virepe-^^ei, kol crvKrj, Kal virepe-^eL' aX\' ov TravToov, aXX' 
^'laov. Ef Sij \d/3oi9 t6 TrpcoTOv ixia-ov, Xo^yo? tov (pvX- 
\oppoe2v ecTTiv. ^'Ecrraf 'YajO irpooTOv imev eTrl OaTepa /uLearov, 
OTi TOiacl CLTravTa' elTa tovtov /ULecrov, otl 07ro9 Tr^yvvTai rj 
TL aWo TOLOVTOV. T/ ^' €(tt). t6 cpvWoppoeiv ; TO 'Tr^yvV' 
crOaL t6v €v Trj o-fra\(/-ef tov cnrepiiiaTO^ oirov. 

"^EttJ ^e Tiidv (^'^(tjfidToov wSe '^ a7roSoo(reL ^t]TOV(TL Ttjv 7rapa-S 

Ko\ovOr](TLV TOV aiTiov Kal OV aiTlOV. ^'EoTTft) TO A TW B VTvdp- 

•^eLv iravTL, t6 Se B eKdcrToo twv A, eTTi ^ 7r\eiov Se. To jULev 
Srj B Ka06\ov (XV e'ii] T019 A* tovto yap Xe^yo) Ka06\ov 6 ijlv} 
dvTLcrTpecpei, TrpooTOv Se Ka06\ov ^ w eKacrTOv juLev iJLrj ^ dv- 
TicrTpeipeL, airavTa Se dvTiG-Tpe<peL Kal TrapeKTelveL. T019 Si]6 
A aiTLOv Tov A t6 B. Aei dpa t6 A eirl 7r\€0v tov B Tra- 
peKTelveLV el Se iirj, tl iidWov a^iTLOV ecrTaL tovto eKeivov ; 
€1 Srj TrdcrLV VTrdp^ei T019 E to A, ecTTaL tl eKelva "ev diravTa 
aAAo Tov J3. shL yap iirj, TTft)? ecTTaL enreLV otl 00 to Jh, to 
A TravTi, (p Se t6 A, ov TravTl t6 E ; S^d tl ydp ovk ecTaL 
TL aLTLOv, OLOv To A ^^^ virap-^^CL Tracri tols A; aAA ajOa Kai 
"Ta ®E ecTTaL tl ev ', eirKTKe^acrOaL ^ Sel tovto, Kai ecTTOil 
to r. ^^vSeyeTaL Srj tov avTOv TrXe/ft) afTm etvaL, aXX' ov 
T019 avTOi<f Tft) €*iSei, olov tov iJLaKp6^La etvaL Ta ixev Terpd- 
iroSa ^t6 iirj e-^eLv yo\r]v, Ta Se TTTrjvd t6 ^r]pd etvaL t] eTe- 
p6v TL. ''E/ ^e e/9 t6 aTOiiov ixr] evOv^ ep^^^ovTai, Kal li-r] ii6vov 
€V TO ikecTOv aXXa 'KkeLW, kou Ta aiTLa TrXe/ft). 

HoTejOOJ/ S'' a^LTLOv Twv iiecToov t6 TTjOO? t6 Ka06\ov irpooTOv 18 
ti TO TTjOo? t6 KaO^ eKacTTOv ^ T019 KaO^ eKacTTOv ', Srj\ov Sr] 
OTi *Ta eyyvTaTa eKdcrToo 00 o^itlov. Toi? ydp t6 TrpwTOv 

VTTO ^TO Ka06\oV V7rdp-)(€LV, TOVTO aLTLOV, otov TW A TO r 

Tov To B virdp-^eLv aiTLOv. Tft) iiev ovv A to F aLTiov tov 
A, Tft) Se r t6 B, TOVTOp Se auTO. 



& i(ro>j/ A.B. ^ aTTofioo-et A. ^ irXfOV D. ^^ 6 A. ^ dvri- 

<TTp€(^€i.v A. "* vTrdpxfC] r(o b. vndpxet yap D. » t6 A. ^ E] 

€ etTTfp COrr. D. P fir) A.B.D. q r6 — r6] Tcoi — Ta>t B. *■ fl D. 

8 ToTp Ko^ €Ka(rTov om. A.D. * tu om. A. ^ ^oO /ca^. A.B. 



256 ANAATTIKiiN Anal. Post. 

1 9 TLepl iuL€V ovv crvWoyia-iuLOu Ka\ a7ro(5e/^ea)9, ^^ t/ T6 e/ca- 
T€p6v ecTTi Koi TTwg ytperai, "^ (j>av€p6v, a/na Se koi irepi eiri^ 
(TTriixr}^ OLTToSeiKTiKrjg' TavTov yap ecTTiv. Tlep] Se twv ap- 
^((ioVf TTft)? T€ yivovTai yvwpijULOi Kal tl<s h yvwpiCpvda e^i?, 
€VT€v6ev ecTTL SrjKov Trpoairoprjcraa-L irpwTOv. 

^'Otl /uLev ovv ovK €vSe^€TaL eiria-Taa^Oai Si aTroSei^ecog /uLtj 
yLvwcTKOVTi Ta9 iTpcoTag ap^^ag Tag a/JLea^ovg, elprjTaL tt^o- 
Tepov. y T^cov S^ a/uLea-cov Trjv yvcoa-LV, Ka). ir^Tepov rj ainrri 
ecTTLV rj 01)^ r/ avTr], SLairoprjcreLev ^ av tl^, Ka\ ir^Tepov eTri- 
a-Tii/uLtj cKaTepov tj ou, rj tov /nev eiTLcrTrjiJirj tov S^ €T€p6v tl 
yevog, kol Tr^Tepov ovk evovcraL al e^ef 9 * eyylvovTaL rj " eV- 

2 ovorai XeXi^Oaa-LV. Ei jULev Srj eyoiJ.ev avTag, aTOirov' crvfx- 
fialveL yap aKpL^ecrTepag eyovTag yvcoareig airoSeL^ecog \av- 
OavcLV. E/ ^e \ajUL^avo/ULev /uLij e-^ovTeg irp^Tepov, ircog av 
yvcopl^OLjULev Ka\ juLavOavoijULev e/c juirj irpovTrapyovarjg yvcoa-ecog ; 
aSvvaTOv yap, coarirep Ka\ €ir\ Trj<s aTroSel^ecog ^eXeyo/ULev. 
^avepov TOLVVv otl ovt e-^eLV oi6v Te, ^ ovt ayvoovcrL Ka\ 

3 fJirjSeiuLLav c-^ovctlv e^iv eyyiveaOaL. ^ A^vayKtj apa e-^eiv /uLev 
TLva SvvajULiv, jULrj TOLairrrjv S^ e^^»^ ^ ecTTat tovtcov TijULicoTepa 
KaT OLKpijSeLav. ^aiveTaL Se tovt6 ye iracTLV ^ virapyov T0I9 
X^woLg. ^E^et •yajO Svva/uLiv crvjuLipvTOv KpLTLKrjv, rjv KoXova^LV 
aicrOrja-iV evovarrjg S^ ala-Orjcreoog Tol<s /ulcv tcov 'C^wcov eyylveTat 
juLOvrj Tov alcrOrjijiaTog, TOig S^ ovk eyy ivcTaL. ^'OaOLg /lev ovv 
fjLtj eyylveTaL, rj oXcog rj 7rep\ a /irj eyy IveTaL, ovk eaTL tov- 
T0L9 yvwcTLg e^co tov aicrOavea-OaL' ev 019 S\ ^ evearLv alaOa- 

4 voiievoL9 e-^€LV & €tl ev Trj ^v^rj. TIoXXcov Se tolovtcov ^ yL- 
voixevoov fjStj Sia(popd T19 yiveTai, w(TTe T019 iiev yLveaOai 
X6yov €K t5? tcov tolovtcov iiovrjg, Toh Se iirj. ""E/c iiev ovv 
alaOrjcrecog ylveTai iivrjiirj, coairep Xeyoiiev, €k Se iivrjiirjg iroX- 
XaKLg Tov avTOv yivoiievtjg eiiireLpla' al yap TroXXal ixvtjiiaL 

■w oTi D. ^ <f)avcp6v eariv ajxa D. Y tu>v biafi€(ra>v A. ^ av om. A. 
^ yivovrai D. ^ evovaia A. ^ Xeyofxfv A. ^ qvt dyvoova-i — 

fyyivcaBai] ov yap av fjyvoovfifv' ovt€ eyyiveadai jirj be fj,iav txpv(Ti.v f^iv D. 
e xmapxfiv D. ^ €V€(TTiv ^ fxr) alcr0. D. S fTi] ri D. ^ yfvo- 

fXfVCiV D. 



II. 19- T2TEP12N B. 257 

Tc5 apiO/ULM ^e/ULTreipLa /w/a ecrr/i/. ^E/c ^' ejULTreiplag rj e/c Trai/- 
T09 rip€iJ.rja-avT0<5 Tov KaOoXov ev Trj '^v'^^, tov evo? irapa tol 
TToWa, o av iv a7ra(Tiv ev evrj CKeivoig to avTO, Te-^vrjg ap-^r] 
Kal €7r i(TTi^fjLr]g, eav fj-ev irepl yeveo-iv, Tej^vrj^, eav Se Trepl to 
ov, eTricTTiiiuLrjg. Ovtc Srj evvTrap-^ovcriv aipcopKTfJLevai al e^ei9,5 
ovT air* aWcov e^eoiv ylvovTai yvcocTiKcoTepcov, ^ aXX' aTro 
ala-Orjcreai^, oiov ev IJO.^^rj TpOTTijg yevo/uLevrjg evo9 <TTavTO<s eTe- 
po9 etTTrj, eiO^ eTepo?, eco9 eTrl apj^rjv ^XOev. '^H ^e ^v^rj 
virap-^eL TOiavTrj ovcra ola SvvacrOaL TracryeLV tovto. ^O S^ 
eXe^Orj fJLev iraKaL, ov cTacpcog Se eXe-^Orj, iraXLV e'i7rcojULev. 
^TOLVTO^ yap Tcov ^ aSLa(p6pcov ev6<f, irpcoTOv /uLev ev t^ ^^x5 ^ 
Ka06Xov {Kal yap aicrOaveTaL /ulcv to KaO^ eKacTTOV, rj S"* al- 
crOricTL^ Tov Ka06Xov ecTTiv, olov avOpcjoirov, aW ov H^aXXiov 
avOpcoTTOv) iraXLv ev tovtol<s *LCTTaTaL, eco<s av Ta aixeprj ctt^ 

KOL TOL Ka06XoV, OIOV TOLOvSl ^(fOV, eft)? ^MOV Kal ev TOVT(p 

cocravTco9' ilrjAov crj otl " ^/ullv Ta TrpcoTa eiraycoyrj yvcopL- 
l^eLv avayKaiov Kal yap " kol a^icrOrjcrL^ ovtco ^ to Ka06Xov 
e/uLTroLe?. ^^irel Se tcov Trepl Trjv SLavoLav e^ecov, ah aXrjOev-7 
o/ULev, al /j.ev ael aXrjOeLg elcTLv, al Se P eirLSeyovTaL to "yevSo^, 
OLOV S6^a Kal XoyLCT/J,69, ^aXrjOrj S^ ael eTriCTTrjfjLrj Ka\ vovg, 
Ka\ ^ovSev eiTLcrTrjiJirj^ oLKpL^ecTTepov aXXo yevog rj vov^, al S^ 
o.p\a\ Tcov OLTroSel^ecov yvcopL/j.coTepaL, eirLCTTrjijrj S^ airacTa 
fX€Ta Xoyov ccttl, tcov ap-^cov eirLCTTrjijrj /j,ev ovk av eirj, eire\ 
S^ ^ ovSev aXrjOecTTepov evSe-^eTaL etvaL eTrLCTT^/jr/g rj vovv, vovg 
av etrj Tcov ap-^^cov, e/c Te tovtcov CTKOirovcTi Ka\ otl OLTroSel^ecog 
CLpxh ovK a7r6SeL^L9, coctt ovS^ e^rLCTTi^/Uirjg e^rLCTTrjjjrj. Et ovv 
* fxrjSev aXXo Trap^ eTrLCTTrjfirjv yevo9 eyofxev aXrjOeg, vov9 av 
eirj €7rLCTTrjfjirj9 ^PX^' -^"^ ^ ^^^ ^PX^ '^^^ ^PX^^ ^*^*^ ^^' ^ ^^ 
*7ra(ra ofiolco^ e-^eL ttjOo? to airav 7rpayfj.a. 

i €/nrfipiaL D, omisso /xia. ^ aXX' om. D. ^ hia^opS>v A. ^ r/ 
fi€V pr. A.B. ^ Ka\ om. D. o ra D. P Se dexovrai Knl ro D. 

<J aXrjdrji D. >* ovBev D. s oWv D. * ^jraa-a D. 



TOniKfiN A. 



Jrl. MEN TTpoOearig rrjg irpayiULaTeiag /uLeOoSoi/ evpetv, a(p^ 
^9 Svvrja-oimeOa crvWoyi^ecrOai irep>\ iravTog tov irpoTeOevTog 
irpo^XrjijLaTO^s e^ evSo^cov, Kal avTol Xoyov vireyovTeg /uirjOev 
epovjuiev virevavTLOv. TYpwTOv ^ ovv prjTeov tl ecTTi (rvWoyi- 
o-juiog Kal TLveg avTov Sia<popai, oTro)? \r](pOfj 6 SiaXeKTiKog 
crvWoyKriuLog' tovtov yap ^rjTOviuif.v /cara Tr]v irpoKeLiJ.evriv 
TrpayfJiaTeLav. 

2 ^'EcTTf Sr] (rvW^oyL<TiuL09 \6yo9 ev ca TeOevTcov tlvwv eTepov 
TL Twv KciiULevcov c^ OLvayKrjg a-vim/SaLvei Sia t5>v KeL/jievoov. 
^A.7r6SeL^i9 luiev ovv ecrTLV, OTav e^ aXrjOwv Kal TrpcoTcov 6 
(TvWoyL^riuLog ^f, rj e/c tolovtoov a Sia tlvcov TrpcoTcov Kal 
aXrjOcov TiJ9 7rep\ avTa yvco(reco9 Trjv CLpxh^ elXr^cpeV SLaXcKTi- 
K09 Se (rvWoyL(riuL09 6 e^ evS6^oov crvWoyL^6iuLevo9. ^'Ecrri 
^e aXrjOrj /jtei/ Kal irpuoTa tcl luiij Sl* eTepcov aXXa SC avTwv 
eyovTa Tr]v irldTLv' ov Sel yap ev Taig eirLCTTrjfjioviKalg ap- 
p^af? eiTLiCriTelcrOaL to Slu tl, aXX' eKacTTrjv tcov ap-^cov avTt]v 

SKaO^ ^ eavTrjv eivaL irL^TTrjv. ^'Ez/(^o^a ^e tcl SoKOvvTa TraaLv 
I7 T0t9 7rXe/<rTOf9 rj Toh cro(pOL9, Ka\ tovtoi9 rj Tracriv rj toi^ 
7r\eLarTOL9 rj toi9 lULoXicrTa yvcoplfxoLg Ka\ evS6^0Lg. ^^pLcrTt- 
K09 S^ ecTTl arvWoyLariui09 6 €k (paLvojuevcov €vS6^cov, fjirj ovtcov 
Se, Ka\ 6 e^ €vS6^cov »|| (paivoiuLevcov evSo^cov (paLv6iULevo9* Ov 
yap irav to (paLv6iuLevov evSo^ov Ka\ ea-Ttv evSo^ov. ^OvOev 
yap Tcov Xeyoimevcov €vS6^cov eirLiroXaiov e^et Trai/TeXw? Trjv 
cpavTaa-lav, ^KaOa irep\ ^Ta? tcov epLCTTiKcov X6ycov a/O^a? a-vim- 
/Se/BrjKev eyeLV' irapayjprjij.a yap Ka\ «9 €7r\ to iroXv T019 kol 

a A A, «X(/)a H, A "^ C. ^ ovv'] /xeV ovv C. « ^ post aXrfda^v 

ponit C. *^ avrfjv C. ^ ov6ev C. ^ KaOaiTfp B.C. ? 7^9 — 

dpxn^ A. 



Topic. I. I, 2. TOniKXlN A. 259 

^ fjLtKpa (Tvvopav SvvaiUL6voi9 KaTaSrjXog ev avToh h tov \|/-eu- 
Sov^ eaTl (pv(TL<s> "^O iJLev ovv irpoTepo^; twv prjOevTCov epi(TTi-4 
Kcov <TvWoyi(riuLU)v Kal (TvWoyKTjixbg XeyecrOci), 6 Se Xonrog 
epKTTiKO^ IUL6V (TvWoyKTjULO?, (TvWoy 10-/^^09 S^ ov, eireiStj (pai- 
verai /ulcv (TvWoyll^e^TOai, (TvWoyll^eTat S^ ov. 

■"Ert ^Se irapa tov9 eiprjjULevovg airavTag (TvWoyt(TiJ.ovg oi B 
€K Tcov irepl Ttvag eiTKTTrjiJLag otKeicov ytvofMevot irapakoyt- 
(T/uLoi, KaOairep eir\ t^9 yecDjULeTptag Kal tcov ^TavTrj (Tvyye- 
vwv (TVfxlBelSrjKev e-)(€tv. ^'Eot/ce yap 6 Tpoirog ovTog Statpepetv 
Tcov etprjjULevcov (TvWoyKTjULcoV OVT6 yap e^ oXrjOcov Ka\ Trpco- 
Toov (TvWoyii^eTai 6 y^evSoypacpcov, ovt e^ evSo^cov. EfV6 
yap Tov opov ovk eixirtiTTet' ovt6 yap ra Tracrf SoKovvTa 
XajUL^dvei ovTe tol toi9 7r\et(TT0ts ovTe ra Toig (TO(poi9, Kat 
T0VT0t9 0VT6 To. 7ra(Ttv ouTe Tol<s 7rXe/(7TOi9 ovTe T019 evSoc^o- 

TOLTOtg, aW 6K TCOV OlKetCOV jULeV T^ €7rt(TTJJIir] XrjllliaTCOV, OVK 

aXrjOwv Se tov (TvWoyKTjULov irotelTai. Tw yap rj Ta rjixi- 
KVKXta 7reptyp0L(petv jULrj cog Set, 37 ypafxiiag Ttvag ayetv ixrj wg 
av a-)(Oetr]G-av, tov 7rapa\oyt(TiJiov ^ 7rot6tTat. 

lEi'iSr] fxev ovv ^ Tcov (TvWoyt(TiULcov, " 0)9 TUTTO) 7r6pt\a^e7v, 7 
e(TTC0 TOL €ipr]iuL€va. Ka OoXou S' et^reiv ^repl TravTCOv tcov etprj- 
lULevcov KOi Tcov iX6Ta TauTa prjOrjcrofJLevcov, 67rl toctovtov ^fiiv 
Stcopt(TOco, StoTt 7r6p\ ovSevbg avTcov tov aKpt^rj \6yov a7ro- 
Sovvat ^rpoatpovjULeOa, aXX' 0(tov ^TV7rcp ^repl avTcov l3ov\o- 
jueOa Ste\0€tv, 7ravTe\co9 iKavov ^youiuLevot KaTa Trjv 7rpoKet- 
/ULcvrjv fieOoSov to SuvacrOat yvcoptl^etv o^rcocrouv eKa(TTOv av- 

TCOV, 

*'^7r6iULevov S^ av eirj Toh etprjjULevoig etTrelv 7rpo<s 7r6cra Te 2, 
Ka\ Ttva yjprj(TtiJ.09 h 7rpayfxaT€ta. ^'EcrTt Sr] 7rpo<s Tpta, 7rpo<s 
yvixvacrtav, 7rpo9 Ta9 €VTev^€t<s, ^rpb? tcl? KaTa (pt\o(ro(ptav 
eTTKTTriixag. ^'O^t fxev ovv 7rpb9 yvixvacrtav ^(jprjcTtixog, e^ av- 
Tcov KaTa(pav€<s e(TTi' ixeOoSov yap €)(Ovt€<s paov P ^rept tov 

h (TfiiKpa B. ' ^6 Oin. C. ^ ravTtjt A, ravTrjs B. ^ TroteTrai 

6 \lrev8oypa(l)o)v. E'i8r) C. «" twj/ om. C. " wy tvttco TrepiKa^elv 

om. A. " Tvrra» (ln(7v nepl C. P vrrep C. 

S 2 



26o TOniK12N A. Topic. 

TTpOTeOevTog eiri^^^eipelv Svvtjcro/UieOa. Tipbg Se tci? €VT€v^ei9, 
SiOTL Tug Twv ttoWmv KaTtjpidfxrfiULevoi So^ag ovk ck twv aX- 
XoTpicov aXX' €K Toov oiKelcov SoyimdToyv ojUiiX^a-oiuLev irpbg aO- 
Tov^, iueTal3i/3d^ovT€9 o tl dv /mrj Ka\(Jo9 ^ (palvoovTaL XeyeLv 
2 fiij.lv. ITjOO? Se Ta<s KaTa cpiXoarocpLav e7r((TT»J/>ta9, otl Svvd- 
jmevoL TTjOo? djucpoTepa SLawoprjcraL paov ev cKda-Toig KaToylro- 
fjieOa TaXtjOe^ Te Ka). ^ Tb "^evSog. ^'Et* Se Trpbg Ta 7rpu>Ta 
Tcov Tcepl eKdcTTrjv eirKTTfjiJLrjv dp-^wv. ^Eac /ul€V ydp Toiv oi- 
Keloov Twv KaTa Trjv TrpoTeOeia-av eirLO-TrjiJLrjv dpy^cov ^dSvvaTOV 
elireLv tl irepl avTcov, eTreLSrj irpijOTaL al dp-^al ^diravToov eia-i, 
Sid Se Toov Trepl eKaarTa evSo^cov ^ dvdyKrj irep\ avTcov ^ SieX- 
Oelv. TovTO S^ 'lSlov rj juidXia-Ta oiKeiov Trjg SiaXeKTLKrjg eaTLv' 
e^eTaa-TiKrj ydp ova-a irpbg Ta? diraa-cov tcov juieOoScov dp-^dg 

ooov ^ ^X^'* 

3 ^^E^o/xei/ Se TeXecog Trjv juieOoSov, oTav oimoicog e-)(jMiJiev coa-irep 
€ir\ prjTopiKrjg Ka\ laTpiKrjg Ka\ tcov tolovtcov Svvajuiecov. Tovto 
S^ ea^T^ Tb eK tcov evSeyoimevcov iroLelv ^ a irpoaipoviJ.eOa. (Jvt€ 
ydp 6 prjTOpiKbg ck TravTog Tpoirov irela-eL, ovO^ 6 laTpiKog 
vyLda-€L' dW edv tcov evSe-^oiJevwv jmrjSev "^ irapaXeLirrj, iKavcog 
avTbv e-)(€LV Trjv eirLa-TrjiJ.rjv (pi^a-oiuiev. 

4 UpcoTOv ovv OecoprjTeov e/c Tivcov fj ixeOoSog. Ei Srj Xd^OL- 
fjev irpbg iroara Ka\ irola Ka\ e/c tlvcov ol \6yoi, Ka\ irwg tov- 
Tcov ^eviropfja-oiJ.ev, €yoLiJt.ev dv iKavcog Tb TrpoKeliuLevov. ^'Eo-T£ 
S^ dpLO/Jiip 'la-a Ka\ '^ TavTa, e^ cov Te ol \6yoL Ka\ irepi wv oi 
arvWoyLa-imoL. YlvovTaL /xei/ yap ol \6yoL ck tmv irpoTa- 
a-ecov 7rep\ cov ^ Se ol a^vWoyLa-iuioi, Ta '!rpo^\fjiJ.aTa earTL. 
Ilacra ^e 7rp6Taa-L9 Ka\ irdv '7rp6p\rjiJ.a rj ^ yevog rj ^Slov rj 
arviJ./3€l3rjKbg Si]\oi' Ka\ ydp Trjv SLa(popdv cog ovcrav yevLKrjv 

261J.OV Tw yeveL TaKTeov. ^ExeJ ^e tov lSlov ^to fxev Tb tl 
rjv eivaL a-rjimaLvei, ^ Tb S' ov a-rjjuiaLveL, SLrjpfja-Oco Tb ISlov ek 

q (f)aivovTai A, et pr. C. *■ t6 om. C. ^ ov dvvarov C. ^ ttiiv- 

TOiV C. ^ dvdyKT] TL nepl A. ^ SieX^eii/ Trept avTtov C. ^ t^ft C. 

y 6 C. 2 TvapaXinrji A.C. * fKiroprja-ofxev pr. A. ^ ra avrd A.B. 

c de yivovTai oi C. " tdiov 17 -ycVos C. ^ t6 p.iv om. B. ' t6 b 

ov a-rjpaivei om. pr. C. 



1.3—5 TOniKflN A. 261 

a/ULCpa} ra ^ TrpoeiprijUieva imepri, Ka\ KaXelcrOca ro fxev ro rl rjv 
elvai crrjiuLaivov opo9, to Se \017rov Kara rrjv KOLvrjv irepL av- 
Tcov aTToSoOeicrav ovoimacrLav irpocrayopevecrOoi) 'lclov. ArjXov 
ovv eK TU)V eipriixevcjdv ^ otl KaTa Trjv vvv SLalpea-Lv TeTTapa 
TCL irdvTa crviiPaLveL yivecrOaL, rj ^'lSlov rj opov rj yevog rj uvii- 
^e^rjKO^. M.rjSel9 S^ rjiia^ VTroXd/Brj XeyeLV 009 eKacTTOV tov- 
Tcov KaO^ avTO Xeyoiievov ^ TrpoTaa-Lg t] irpo^Xrnx.a ecrTLV, aXX' 
OTL airo TOUTO)v Kal tci irpo^XrjiiaTa Ka\ at irpOTaa-eL^ 7/- 
vovTaL. ALacpepeL Se to irpo^XrnjLa Ka\ rj irpoTaarL^ tm Tpo- 3 
TTW. OvTco iiev yap prjOevTO^, dpd ye to ^(Sov ireXpv Siirovv 
opia-iJLO^ ea-TLV avOpwirov ; Ka\ apd ye to ^woj/ yevo9 eVri 
Tov avOpooTTOv }, TTpoTacTLg ylveTaL. ""Eaj/ Se, iroTepov to 
^ftJOi/ TTelov CLiTOvv opLa-ixo9 eoTTLV avupcoirov rj ov ; "' Kai iro- 
Tepov TO 'C^^ov yevo9 ea-TLv ; irpo^Xrnia ylveTaL. ^OiJiOLcog 
Se Ka\ exf tcov aWcov. ^'Qarr eiKOTCo^ 'icra tw dpLOiJiw " Ta 
irpo^XriiiaTa Ka\ at irpoTacreL^ eicriv. "'Atto iracrrjg ydp irpo- 
Tda-ecog irpoPXriiJia iroLrjcreL^ ° iJLeTa/SaXXcov tw TpoTTw. 

KeKTeov Se tl opo9, tl 'lSlov, tl yevo^, tl crvix^e^riKo^s. 5 
^'EoTTt S'' 6po9 iJiev X6yo9 6 to tl rjv elvai crrifjLaivcov. ^Atto- 
SlSoTaL Se 37 X6yo9 dvT 6v6iJiaT09 ^ Xo^yo? dvT\ X6yov' Sv- 
vaTOV ydp Kai tcov viro Xdyov TLva orriiJiaLVOiievcov oplaracrOai. 
^Oa-OL S^ oTTcoa-ovv 6v6ikaTL Ttjv d^rdSocrLV TroLOvvTaL, SrjXov cog 
ovK diroSLSdaarLV ovtol tov tov irpayfjiaTO? 6pLa-ix6v, eireLSti 
Tra? opLa-fJids X6yo9 tl9 ecrTiv. ^OpLKov iievTOL Ka\ to tolov- 
Tov OeTeov, oiov otl KaX6v ecrTL to irpeTrov. '^O^o/co? ^e Ka\ 2 
TO TT^Tepov P TavTOV a'Lar0ria-L9 Ka\ eTTLa-Ti^ixti ri eTepoV Ka\ 
ydp 7rep\ Tovg opicriJiovg, ir^Tepov TavTOv 37 cTepov, rj TrXela-Tri 
ylveraL SLaTpL/3^. ""AttXco? ^e dpLKd iravTa Xeyea-Ooo Tct vtto 
Tijv avTriv ^ oj^Ta iieOoSov T019 6pLa-iJiOi9. ^'Otl Se TrdvTa rd 
vvv priOevTa TOLavT ecrrL, SrjXov e^ avToov. AvvdiievoL ydp ^ 

g flprififva C. ^ dioTi A.B. et pr. C. ^ opov fj iBiov C. k jfp^, 
^\r}fjLa fj npoTaa-is C. * ecrrl om. C. ™ Ka\ — eo-Tiv om. A.B. " to] 
Koi To. C. ° fieTa^a\a>v C, peTa\afi^dva)v A. P tuvtov cotiv aX- 

a^Tjais C. ^l piOobov ovTa C. 

s 3 



262 TOniKnN A. Topic. 

OTi ravTov Ka\ oti cTepov SiaXeyea-dai, ro) airrw Tpoirw Ka\ 
irpoi T0V9 6pi(TiuLOV9 eTriyeLpelv ev7r opi^cro/uLeV Sel^avTc^ yap 
OTL ov TavTOv €(TTLv avrjptjKOTeg ecroiJLeQa tov opLcr/uLov. Ou 
IJ.riv avTicTTpecpei ye to vvv prjOev' ov yap Uavov irpos t6 
KaTacrKevdcraL tov opLcriJiOv to Sei^aL TavTov ov. Tipo^ /xei/- 
TOi t6 avaaKevdaaL avTapKe9 t6 Sei^ai otl ov TavTOv. 

4 loLOV ecTTiv o /uir} drjAoi /mev to tl rjv eivai, /movu) o virap- 
■^eL Ka\ ctvTLKaTr/yopeiTaL tov Trpdy/naTO?, otov 'lSlov avOpco-- 
TTOv t6 ypa/UL/maTLKrjg ^ eivai SeKTLKov' ei yap avOpoairo^ ecTTi, 
ypa/uL/uLaTiKrjg SeKTLKO^ ecTTL, Ka\ el ypa/UL/jLaTLKrjg SeKTLKog 
earnv, avOpwTrog ecTTLv. ^ Ov0e\9 yap "lSlov \eyeL t6 evSe^o- 
fxevov aX\(p virdpyeLV, olov t6 KaOevScLV avOpcoircp, ovS^ av 

5 Tv^^^r/ /cara TLva "^povov /ulovm virdp-^ov. Et S^ dpa tl Ka\ 
XeyoLTO Tcov tolovtoov 'lSlov, ov-^ a7rXa)9 aXXa Trore r/ irpo^ 
Ti ^Slov pr/OrjcreTaL' t6 /ulcv ydp e/c ^Se^Lcov eivaL Trore ISlov 
eo-TL, t6 Se Slttovv irp6<s tl 'lSlov Tvyydvei Xeyo/uLevov, otov 
Tw dvOpcoTrcp 7rp69 tTTTroi/ Ka\ Kvva. ^Otl Se twv evSe-^o/uLevcov 
^aXXco virdpy^eLV ovOev dvTLKaTrjyopeiTaL, SrjXov ov ydp 
dvayKaiov, e'L tl KaOevSeL, dvOpcoirov eivai. 

6 FeVo? S^ ecTT^ t6 /cara TrXeLOvcov kol SLacpepovTcov tw e^Sei 
ev Tip Ti ecTTi KaTrjyopov/ULevov. ^lSiv tw tl ccttl Se KaTr/yo- 
peicrOai Ta TOiavTa XeyecrOco, ocra dp/uLOTTei diroSovvai ^epoo- 
TrjOevTag t/ ea-Ti to irpoKeL/ULevov, KaOairep e7r\ tov avOpcoirov 
dp/ULOTTei, ^ epcoTr/OevTa tl €(ttl ^to TrpoKei/uLevov, eiTreiv otl 

7 X/ipov. YevLK^v Se Ka\ '^ t6 TTOTepov ev tw avTcp yeveL aWo 
aXXft) rj ev CTcpcp. Kaf ydp t6 tolovtov vtto Tr/v avTtjv /ul€~ 
OoSov ^iTLirTeL Tcp yever SiaXe-^OevTe^ ydp otl ^^ to X/pov 
yevo9 Tov dvOpcoTrov, 6/ulolco9 Se Ka\ tov /Soo^, SieLXey/uLevot 
ecTO/uLeOa ^ otl ev tm avTcp yeveL. ^Eai/ Se tov /ulcv eTepov 



r BcKTiKov (Jvai C. ^ ovbeh yap Xt-yei i8iov C. * de^ias C. ^ oX- 
Xto] Ka\ rtXXo) C. ^^ ipcoTrjBivra W. ^ ep(OTt]6(VTa^ C. y t6 npoKei- 
fxfvov om. C. ^ To om. A.I5. ^ to) yeVei rrliTTfi. C. ^ ro om. 

])r. C. ^ oTi ravTa iv C. 



1.6. TOniKXlN A. 263 

oeit^wiuLev otl •yej/o? ecm, tov de cTepou otl ovk ecTTi, oieL\e- 
yiULevoL eoroiueOa otl ovk ev tw avTio yeveL TavT e^Tiv. 

^vjUi/BelSriKog Se ecTTLv o imriSev fJLev tovtow earTi, lULi^Te opogS 
fJLriTe 'lSlov fJLrjTe yevo9, VTrapyeL Se tm irpayixaTL, Ka\ o evSe- 
\eTaL virapyeLv otwovv ev). Kal tw avTcp Kal lULr] virap-yeLV, oiov 
TO KaOrjcrOaL evSe-^^eTaL virapyeLV ^tlv\ tw airrw Ka\ lULr] virap- 
^eLV. ^OfJLoloo^ Se Ka\ to XevKov' to yap avTO ovOev KcoXvei 
6t€ fxev XevKOv OTe Se fJLrj XevKov elvaL. ^'Ecrri Se tcov tov9 
orviJLJ^efiriKOTO^ opLG-fJLcov 6 SevTepo9 f3e\TLC0v' tov fiev yap 
TrpcoTOv pr]OevT09 avayKalov, el fJLeWeL ^ ti9 crvvrjcreLV, Trpoei- 
Sevai TL ecTLV opo<s Ka\ ^ yevo^ Ka\ 'lSlov, 6 Se SevTepo9 avTO- 
TeX»}? ecTTt 7rpo9 t6 yvcopCCeLv tl ttot ecTT^ t6 Xeyofievov /caO' 
avTO. TlpocrKeLa-Ocoorav Se tm orvfJLlSejSrjKOTL Ka\ al tt^o? ak- 
Xrjka cTvyKplcreL^, ^ircocrovv airo tov crvfi^elSrjKOTog Xeyofievai, 
olov TTOTepov TO KoXov rj TO CTVfKpepov aipeTCOTepov, Ka\ iro- 
Tepov 6 KaT apeTr]v r] 6 kut airoXavcTLV rjSlcov jSlog, Ka\ e'/ tl 
aWo irapairXrjorLWS ^TvyyaveL tovtol9 Xeyofxevov eir^ irav- 
Toov yap Toov tolovtcov, iroTepco fiaXKov to KaTrjyopovfjLevov 
crvfi^e^r]Kev, rj XrjTriG-L^ ylveTaL. ArjXov S^ e^ avToov otl t6 10 
arvfjLJSe^rjKog ovOev kcoXvcl iroTe Ka\ irpo^ tl 'lSlov ylvecrOaL, 
olov t6 KaOrjarOaL a-vfx/3el3r]K09 ov, OTav tl9 fJLOvo^ KaOrjTaL, 
t6t€ ISlov ea-TaL, ^ fxr] fxovov Se KaOrjfxevov irp^g tov9 fxr] Ka- 
6r]fi€vov9 ISlov. ^'QcTTe Ka\ Trpog tl Ka\ TroTe ^ ovOev KooXvei 
t6 a-vfjLJSe^ijK^g 'lSlov ylvea-OaL. ^A.ttXoo? S^ "lSlov ovk eorTaL. 

M^ XavOaveTco S' rjfjia^ otl tol irp^s ^to 'lSlov Ka\ t6 6 

y€V09 KOL t6 ^ CTVfJL^eprjK^^ TrdvTa KOI TTjOO? T0V9 OpLCTfJLOV^ 

dpfJLOcrei \eyeaOaL. Aei^avTeg yap oti ov fiovw virdp-yeL tio 
viro Tov opLO-fiov, oocrTrep Ka\ eTrl tov iSiov, r] otl ov yevo9 t6 
airoSoOev ev tm opLcrfJLw, t] otl ou^ virapyeL tl toov ev tm 
Xoyw prjOevToyv, oirep kol eTrJ tol» orvfJL/Se/BrjKOTO^ dv prjOeirj, 



d TivX] oranovv ivl Koi B.C. ^ rt B. ^ tdiov Kai yevos C. S tovtois 
Tvyxdvei C. ^ fxf) supra versum C. i ovdep C. ^ yevos koi t6 1810V C. 
^ crvfi^e^rjKos Xcyofxfva mivTa C. 

84 



264 TOniKi2N A. Topic. 

avrjprjKore^ ia-o/meOa tov opioriuLov' ^ wcTTe KaTa tov ejinrpoa-Sev 
aTToSoOevTa Xoyov airavT av e'ir] TpoTrov tlvol opiKo. tgl Ka- 

2 Tr]piOiuLr]/uLeva. ^AXX' ov Sia tovto iULav eirl TrdvTLOV KaOo- 
\ov jUieOoSov ^rjTrjTeoV ovTe yap paSLOv evpeiv tovt eaTLv, 
et O^ evpeOelrj, '7ravTe\cJo9 acraCprj^ Ka\ Sva")(j)rj(TT09 av eir} 'jrpo^ 
Trjv TrpoKeLjULevrjv TTpayjULaTelav. ^lSiag Se KaO^ eKaar-ov tcoi/ 
SLopLa-OevTcov yevwv airoSoOeLO-rj^ nieOoSov paov e/c toov irepl 
cKaa-TOv OLKeicov rj SLe^oSog tov TrpoKeLjULevov " yevoLT av. 
^'Qa^Te Tvircp jmev, KaOdirep e'iprjTaL irpoTepov, SLaLpereov, twv 
Se XoLTTcov Tcc juLdXicrO^ eKdcTTOL^ oiKeia irpoa-aiTTeov, opLKa T€ 
Kal yevLKa ® TrpocrayopevovTa^ avTd. ^-^^eSov Se irpoa-rjirTaL 
Ta prjOevTa ttjOo? €Kaa-T0L<s. 
7 TipooTOv Se irdvToov irepi TavTOv SLOpLcrreov, irocrayw'} \e- 
yeTai. Ao^eLe S^ av to TavTov o)? tvitco P \afieiv rpL-^rj S^aL- 
pelcrOaL. ^^ApLOiuLw ydp rj e^iSeL rj yeveL ^ t6 TavTOv euoOa- 
/JLev TrpoarayopeveLv, dpLOjuLw fxev cav ovofxaTa 7r\eLOo t6 Se 
TrpdyiuLa ev, olov \ci07rLOv Kal LiudTLOv, e^Sei Se ocra TrXe/co ovra 
dSLdcpopa KaTa t6 etSog earTL, KaOdirep dvOpco7ro9 dvOpcowca 
Kal fTTTros' 'iTTTrcp' Ta ydp TOLavTa tw e'iSeL \eyeTaL TavTd, 

2 0CTa V7r6 TavT^ e7So9. *^0/uloico? Se Kal yevei TavTa, ocra v7ro 
TavTO yevog ^ earTLv, olov ^iTTTrog dvOpcoTrcp. Ad^eLe S^ av to 
aTTO Trjq ^ avTrjg Kprjvrj^ vScop TavTOv \ey6/ULevov eyeLv ^ Tiva 
SLacpopdv 7rapd tov9 elprj/uLevovg tjOoVow ov /ul^v dWa Ka\ 
t6 tolovtov ^ ye ev tw avTw Terd^^^Oca tol9 KaO^ ev eiSog 
o^rwa-ovv \eyo/uLevoL9. ^'A^ravTa ydp Ta TOLavTa arvyyevrj 

S Kal 7rapa7r\ria-La d\\i^\oL9 eoiKev elvaL. TLdv juLev ydp vSwp 
7ravTl TavT^v tw e^SeL \eyeTaL S^d t6 e^eiv TLva o/uLOLOTrjTa, 
to S^ aTTO Trj9 avT^9 Kprjvrj^s vSwp ovSev\ aXXft) S^acpepeL aXX' 
tj TcS crcpoSpoTepav efvaL Trjv o/uLOLOTrjTa' Sl6 ov -^wpil^o/ULev av- 
t6 ^ Twv KaO^ ev efSo^ o^rwcrovv \€yo/uLevwv. MaX/cTa S^ 6/ulo- 

^" Scrre'] Koi cSoTf A, aare ko.\ W.C. " ytvoiT A.B. ° Trpocrayopfv- 
ovTCs A. P diaXn^flv C. <1 7 yup (ipiBp.a) C. ^ ro om. C. 

** flalv A. ^ avrfjs om. pr. A. ^ bia^opdv riva C. ^' yf om. 

C. ^ TOV XfyOfJLfVOV C. 



I. 7, 8. TOniKflN A. 265 

XoyoviuLevm to ev apiO/Jiw ravTOv wapa Traai SoKei XiyecOai. 
Efw^e Se Kal tovto aTroSlSoa-Oai ^ TrXeom^^o)?, KvpicoTaTa f^ev 4 
Ka\ 'TTpcoTm OTav ovojuLaTi 37 opo) t6 TavTov ^aTToSoOrj, KaOa- 
irep liJLaTLOV \o)7ri(p Ka\ L^ov 7^6^01^ Slttovv avOpcoirw, SevTC- 
pov S^ oTav Tw iSlcp, KaOairep t6 eTrKTTJ^iuit]? SeKTLK^v avOpco- 
TTft) Ka\ TO t5 (pv(Tei avM (pepo/ULevov irvpL, TpiTOv o OTav airo 
Tov arviuL/Be/BrjKOTO?, otov t6 KaOi^jULevov t] to ixovaLKOv ^ooKpa- 
Tei. UavTa yap TavTa t6 ev apLOiiw ^ovXeTai (rtjiLaLveLV. 
^Otl S' a\r]Oh t6 vvv prjOev ecTTLV, €k twv iJLeTa^aWovTCOV 5 
Ta^ TrpocrrjyopLag iiaXLorT av tl9 KaTaiiaOoL. IloXXa/ct? yap 
^ e7rLTd(T(TOVTe9 ovoiiaTL KaXecTai TLva tcov KaOrjiievcov jULeTa- 
^aWofjLev, OTav Tv-^rj iitj (TVVLeh oj Trjv TrpocTTat^LV ttolov- 

lieOa, W9 «TTO TOV (TVIXpe^riKOTO^ ^ aVTOV IXaXKoV (TVVri(T0VT09, 

Ka\ KeXevoiJLev t6v KaOrjiievov r} SLaXeyoiievov KaXecTaL 7rp69 
rjfjia^, SrjXov C09 TavT^v vTroXaiJL^avovTeg KaTa t6 Tovvoixa Ka\ 
KaTa TO (Tvix^e^r]K69 (Tr]iJLalveLV. 

To ixev ovv TavTOv, KaO(Xirep e^lprjTaL, Tpi-^ SLr]prj(TO(i). 8 
OTL S^ CK Tcov irpoTepov eipr]iievcov ol XoyoL Ka\ Slol tovtcov 
Ka\ TTpos TavTa, iila ixev irLCTTLg rj Sia t^9 eirayoiyrjq* el ycip 
TL9 eTTL^TKOiTOLr] cKaorTrjv Tcov TTpoTacrecov Ka\ TCOV 7rpO^Xr]IJL(X- 

TbOV, (palvOLT dv r] «TTO TOV OpOV rj ttTTO TOV iSlOV r] aTTO TOV 

yevov^ t] aTTo tov (Tvix/SeprjKOTO? yeyevrjfxevr]. ^'AXXij Se ttl- 
(TTL^s h S^a (TvXXoyL(Tixov. ^AvayKrj yap 7rdv t6 7repi TLV092 
KaTrjyopovixevov ijtol dvTLKaTrjyopeicrOaL tov 7rp(xyixaT09 37 
/x^. KaJ ei ixev ^ dvTLKaTtjyopeiTaL, op09 r] 'lSlov av elrj' el 
ixev yap (Trjixalvei t6 tl rjv eivaL, opo^, ei Se fxr] (Trjixaivei, 
'lSlov ^ TOVTO ydp rjv "lSlov, t6 dvTLKaTr^yopovixevov ixev, ixrj 
(rriixalvov Se to tl rjv elvai. Ei ^e ixr] dvTLKaTr^yopeiTaL tov 
TTpayixaTO^, rjroi tcov ev tw 6pL(Tixu) tov v7roKeLixevov Xeyo- 
ixevcov e(TT\v t] ov. Kaf el ixev tcov ev tm opLcrixw ^Xeyo/uLevcov,,^ 
yevo9 t] Sia(j)opd av elr], e^reiSr] 6 opKTfxdg €k yevovs Ka\ Sia- 

y 7rXciouaxa>s C. ^ dvraTroSoBrj C. *^ eTnTdrrovTfs C, ^ /xoX- 

Xop avTov C c dvTiK. Tov npdyfiaTos opos C. ^ tovto ydp rjv 18101/ 

om. C. c XeyofXfVcov'] fir) C. 



idd TOniKllN A. Topic. 

(popcov ^ €<TTLV' el Se ^rj T(Jov €v Tw 6pi(r/j.w Xeyo/mevoov €(ttI, 
SijXov OTL (rviJ.l3ej3riK09 av e^Ltj' to yap (rv/UL/SelSriKo^ eXeyeTO 
o fxriTe bpo9 S jurJTe yevo^ MTe 'lSlov €(ttiv, virap-^ei Se tw 
TrpayjULaTi, 
9 Mrra tolvvv " TavTa Sei SLopl^racrOaL tol yevrj twv KaTrj- 
yopLcov, ev ol9 virapyovcrLV al prjOeicraL TCTTapeg. ^'Eo-rt Se 

TaVTa TOV apLO/ULOV ScKa, TL €<TTL, TTOCTOV, TTOLOV, TTjOO? TL, 

TTOv, TTore, K€L(rOai, eyeiv, Troieiv, iraa-yeLV. ""Ae^ yap to 
(rv^fiePrjKog Ka\ to yevog Kal t6 'lSlov Ka\ 6 6pLcrfx69 ev /uLLci 
TOVTcov * Tcov KaTrjyopLcov ecTTaL' iracraL yap ai ^ Slol tovtcov 
irpOTacreL9 rj tl ecTTLv ri ttol^v "^ 7rocr6v rj tcov aWcov tlvol 

2 KaTrjyopLcov crrjjULaLVOV^TLv. A^Xov S^ e^ avTcov oti 6 t6 t/ 
ecTTL (rriiuLaivcov OTe /JLev ovcriav * crrjiuLaLveL, "' OTe oe iroiov^ ots 
Se Tcov aWcov tlvol KaTriyopicov. ^'OTav /mev yap eKKeifxevov 
avOpcoTTOV (^rj t6 eKKeliULevov avOpcoTrov elvaL ri X,^ov, tl ecrTi 
XeyeL Kal ovcrlav crrnjLalveL' OTav Se yjp(joiJ.aTO? \evKov cKKeL- 
fxevov (prj To CKKeLiuLevov XevKov elvai ri yjpooiJ.a, r/ ccttl Xeyei 

3KaL TTOL^v (TriiULaLvei. *^OiuLOLC09 Se ^ Kai eav Trri-yvaiov imeyeOov^ 
eKKeijULevov (p^ to eKKeijULevov irri-^alov eivaL /jeyeOo^, tl ccttlv 
epel KOL 7ro(r6v crruuLaLveL. '"O/io/ct)? ^e Ka\ eirl tcov aWcoV 
cKacTTOv yap tcov tolovtcov, iav re avT^ irep\ avTOv XeyriTai 
eav re t6 yevog Trepl tovtov, ^ tl €(ttl crruuLaiveL. ^O^av Se 
Trepl cTcpov, ov ° t/ e(rTL (rrnuLalvei, aXXa Tro^r^v ^ iroLOv rj TLva 

4TC0V aWcov KaTrjyopicov. ^'Q(rTe irepl wv /uLev ol \6yoL kcxI e^ 
wv, TavTa Ka\ TOcravTOL ecTTL' 7rco9 Se Xriy^ojULeOa Ka\ Sl^ cov 
eviropricroiJ.ev, /ULeTa TavTa XeKTeov. 
1 O TIpCOTOV TOIVVV SLCOplcrOcO, t/ €(TTl ITpOTa^TL^ SiaXeKTiKri 
Ka\ Ti irpopXriiJ.a SLaXeKTLKOv. Ov yap Tracrav irpoTacrLV 
ovSe Trdv irpo^Xrnj.a SLaXeKTiK^v OeTeov' ovSe^^ yap av irpo- 
Telveie vovv e-^cov t6 /j.riS€v\ Sokovv, ovSe P 'Trpo^dXoL t6 irdcri 



^ earlv om. C. S Idiov jJLfjTe yevos, xmap)(€L C. ^ ravra biopi- 

cTTiOV C. * tcrrai to)v KnTTjyopiaiv. anatrai yap al airo C. •^ bia\ 

aTvo C. ^ (rrip.aiv€i, ore fic noaov, ori 1\. *" otc de ttoiov om. C. 

" Ka\ eav om. C. o Tt] t6 tI C. P npofiaKoiTo Trocrt A. 



I. 9, lo. TOniKfzN A. 267 

(j)apep6v r] T019 ifKela-Toi^' to, ixev yap ovk e^eL airoplav^ ra 
^ ov^eh av Oelrj. ^'EcrTt ^e TrpoTacn^ ^iakeKTiKrj ipcoTrjfng^ 
evSo^o9 r] iracTLv rj tol^ 7r\eiG-TOL9 r] tol9 (Tocpoig, Kal tovtol9 
rj TracTLV rj tol9 TrXe/o-TOf? rj toi9 jULaXia-Ta yvcopLjULOL^, iJLrj ira- 
pdSo^o9' Oelrj yap av tl9 t6 Sokovv tol^ (ro(poig, eav /ULrj 
evavTLOv Taig twv ttoWoov S6^aL9 ^. EfVf Se TrpoTaa-eL^ S^a- 
XeKTiKal Kal ^to. tol? evS6^0L9 o/uLOLa, Ka\ TavavTia ^ KaT 
avTLCpaaLv tol9 Sokovctlv evS6^0L9 elvaL TrpoTeLv^juLeva, Kal oa-ai 
S6^aL KaTa Tey^vas eiarL tol^ ^ evprjjULeva^. Et yap evSo^ov t6 3 
Trjv avTrjv elvaL twv evavTLCOV eirLarTrnjLrjv Ka\ ^ to (XLa-Qrja-LV 
Trjv avTrjv ^ elvaL t(jciv evavTioov, evSo^ov av cpavelrj Ka\ el jULiav 
apLOjULLp ypajULiuLaTLKrjv etvaL, Ka\ avXrjTiKrjv jHLav, ei Se TrXelovg 
^ ypa/ULjULaTLKag, Ka\ ^ avXrjTLKa9 TrXelovg' iravTa yap ojuLOLa 
KOL crvyyevrj TavT eoLKev eivaL. ^OjULolcog Se Ka\ tcl T019 ev-4 
S6^0L9 evavTLa KaT avTLCpacTLV 7rpoTeLv6/uLeva evSo^a ^ (pavel- 
TaL' el yap evSo^ov otl Sel tov9 (plXovg ev TroLeiv, Ka\ otl ov 
oeL KaKcog ttolclv evoot^ov. ihcrTL evavTLOv /uLev otl oeL Ka- 
KC09 TTOLeLV Tovg cplXov^, KaT avTLCpacriv Se otl ov Sei KaKw? 
TTOLeiv. ^O/ULoico? Se Ka\ el Sel Tovg cplXovg ev TroieLV, tov^ 
e-^6pov9 ov Sei. ^'EcTTf Se kol tovto ^ KaT avTiCpaa-LV tcov 
evavTLcoV to yap evavTLOv eaT\v otl Scl tov9 €-^0pov9 ev 
iroieiv. ^QaavTcog Se Ka\ e7r\ tcov aWcov. ^'^vSo^ov ^ S^ ev S 
Trapa/SoXrj cpaveiTaL Ka\ to evavTLOv 7rep\ tov evavTLOV, ofov 
€L T0V9 cplXovg Sei ev ^roLelv, Ka\ tov9 e-^Opovg Sel KaKco9. 
^avelrj S^ av ^ Ka\ evavTiov t6 tov9 cplXovg ev 7roLeiv ^ tlo 
Tovg ^ €-)^0pov9 KaKcog' 7r6Tepov Se Ka\ KaT oXrjOeLav ovTcog 
e^et rj ov, ev T019 V7rep tcov evavTLCov XeyojULevoi^ prjOrjcreTaL. 
A^Xov S^ OTL Ka\ ^ oa-aL S6^aL KaTo, T€-^va9 ela-l, SLaXeKTLKa\ 6 
7rpoTaa-€L<s elal' Oelrj yap av tl<s tol SoKOvvTa T019 V7rep tov- 

q To] KaTo. B. ^ KOT dvTi(l>a(nv post ftvai C. ^ rjvprjfievas B. * to] 
elrj t6 C. ^ rcoj/ evavTi(i>v elvai C. ^ ypafXfj,aTiKai A. ^ avXr)- 

TiKal A. et pr. C. y (j^aiveTai nvai €i C. ^ t5>v kut dirri(f)aa-iv 

evavTicdV C. ^ 6'] Sc Ka\ A. ^ Ka\ t6 evavriov 15. ^ t6 B, 

d exdpovs 8ci KaKws A. ® KaTO. Tas Texvas 86^ai C. 



268 TOniKllN A. ToPic. 

Toov eTrea-Ke/JLiULevoi?, oiov irep] jULev twv ev laTpiKrj cog ^ 6 laTpo?, 
irepl Se twv ev yecojueTpLO. m 6 ^ yeco/uLeTprj^' o/uloico^ Se Kal 
€7rl Tcov aWcov. 
I I Upo^XrjfjLa ^' eo-Tf SiaXeKTiKov BewprjiULa to avvTeivov rj 
Trpo^ aipecTLV Ka\ (f^vyrjv rj Trpog aXrjQeLav Ka\ yvoocrLv, r/ avTO 
rj C09 (Tvvepyov irpog tl cTepov tcov tolovtcov irep\ ov ri 
^ ovSerepco^s So^a^ovcTLV rj evavTLcog ol ^ 7roWo\ Toh cocboh rj 

■^ OL (To(^o\ Toh '7roWoi9 rj cKaTepoL avTo\ ^ €avTOi9' ^Ei/f a /uLev 
yap Tcov irpo^XrjijiaTcov '^(jprjcrLiJLOv ^ eiSevaL irpog t6 eXea-OaL tj 
cpvyeiv, oJov iroTepov rj rjSovrj aipeTov rj ov, evLa Se Trpog to 
elSevaL fJLOvov, otov iroTepov 6 KociJLog aiSLog rj ov, evLa Se 
avTa jULev ^ KaO^ avTa Trpbg " ovSeTepov tovtcov, a-vvepya Sc 
ecTTL 7rp6<s TLva tcov tolovtcov' TToWa yap avTo. ijlcv KaO^ 
avTOL ov j^ovXoiieOa yvcopl^eiv, ° eTepcov S'' evcKa, oTroog Slol 

STOVTcov aWo TL yvcopLCTCoiiev, ^'Ecrrt Se irpo^XrjijLaTa Ka\ cov 
P evavTLOL elcr\ crvWoyLcriiOL (aTroplav yap e^ef TTOTepov ov- 
TC09 eyeL rj ou^ ovt(j09 Slol t6 Trep\ ^ aiJLCpoTepcov elvai \6yov9 
TTLOavovg) KOi Trep\ cov \6yov iirj e^o/xei/ ovtcov iieyaXcov, 
yaXeTTOi/ ol^ixevoL etvaL t6 Slol t/ airoSovvaL, olov ir^Tepov 6 
K6criio9 aiSL09 fj ov' Ka\ yap tcl TOLavTa ^rjTi^ceLev av tl9. 

4 Ta iiev ovv irpo^XrjijiaTa Ka\ al irpOTacreL9, KaOairep elprj- 
TaL, SLCopicrOco' 0e(TL9 Se ccttlv V7r6Xrjyfng irapaSo^og tcov yvco- 

pllJLOOV TLv69 KaTa (pLX0(T0(j)LaV, OLOV OTl OVK CCTTLV OLVTLXeyeLV, 

KaOairep ecprj ''A.vTicTOevrjg, rj otl iravTa KLveiTaL KaO' 'Hpd- 
KXeLTOv, rj OTL €V TO ^ 6v, ^ KaOairep MeXzo-cro? (prjcriv' to 
yap Tov Tv-^^vTog ^evavTia Taig S6^aL9 a7ro(f)rjvaii€vov (ppov- 
SriTeti/ ^ €vrj0e9' ^ H 7r€p\ cov X6yov e^^oiiev evavTiov Tah S6- 
^ai9, oiov OTL ov 7rav t6 ov tjtol yev6iJLev6v ecTTLv tj aiSLOv, 
KaOa^rep oi cro(picrTai (pacriv' ^^ ijlovctlkov yap ovTa ypaiiiJLa- 

^ 6 om. A.B. & ycafierpiKos A.B. ^^ nijSfTepas C. ^ TroXXot — ot 
om.C. ^ avTols C. ^ fldevai jxovov npos A.B. ^ Koff avra om. A. 
n ovbfTepa A.B. ^ fTepov 8' (VfKfV C. P etVtz/ evavriot C. Q dp.(f)6- 
repa A.JB. *" oi/] irav pr. C. ^ «a-TTfp C. * evavria rals 8d|air 

om. C. ^ €vrj6fs ((TTiv. rj A. w fiova-iKov yap] rov pLOVcriKov C. 



I. 11,12. TOniKON A. 269 

TLKov eivai ovT€ yevojULevov ovte aiStov ovTa. Touro "yap^ €i 
Kai Tivi ixr] ^ SoK€c, S6^€i€V av Sia ^ to Xoyov e-^eiv. 

"Eo-Tf iJi€v ovv Ka\ ri Qea-i^ irpo^Xrifj.a' ov irav Se 7rpo/3X»;-6 
fxa Oecri^, eireiSrj evia twv Trpo^XrnjiaTMv TOiavT ecTTl Trepi 
wv ovSeTepm So^al^oiuLev. ^Oti Se ^ ecrrt Kal ^ 0ecri9 irpo- 
/^XrjjULa, S^XoV avdyKr] yap €K tcov eiprjjuLevwv rj tov9 'ttoX- 
Xovg Toh (TO(j)oi9 Trepl Trjv Oecriv afj.(pi(rl3riT€iv rj oiroTepov- 
(Tovv eavTOig, eTreiSr] viroXij^^ii T19 TrapaSot^o^ v Oecrig ecTiv. 
^-veSov Se vvv irdvTa tol SiaXeKTiKa irpo^\rjiJ.aTa Oea-eig Ka- 
XovvTai. AiacpepeTCO Se /uLrjSev oirocxjovv Xeyo/uLevov' ov yap 7 
ovojULaTOTroL^a-ai /BovXojUievoi SieiXojULev ovtco9 avTa, aXX' 'iva 
jULr] XavOdvcocriv rjfxa^ Tiveg avTwv TvyydvovcTLV ^ ovarai S^a- 
(popai. 

Ov Sei Se irav Trpo^XrjjULa ovSe iraarav OecTLV eirLcrKOirelv^S 
aXX' '^v diropricreLev dv tl<s twv Xoyov Seo/uLevoov Kal fir] KoXa- 
(Teft)? t] aL<T0r]crecd'5' oi juev ydp diropovvTe^ iroTepov Sei Tovg 
Oeov^ TLfidv Ka\ Tovg ^ yovea<s dyairdv r] ov KoXacrecog SeovTat, 
OL Se TTOTepov rj yj.(jov XevKt] r] ov alcrOiicrecog. OvSe Sr] cov crvv- 
e«yfyv9 ^ dTroSeL^ig, ^ ovS'' cov Xiav iroppco' ra iJ.ev yap ovk 
eyeL diropiav, ra Se ^ irXeico r] /cara yvfxvacrTLKrjV. 

ALCOpLCTfievcov Se tovtcov yjpr] SLeXecrOaL irocra tcov Xoycov I 2 
e^Sr] Tcov SLoXeKTLKcov. "l^cTTL Se TO fiev eiraycoyrj, to Se 
arvXXoyLcrfiog. Ka\ a-vXXoyLo-fJLo^ fiev ^ Ti ea-TLv, eiprjTai 
irpoTepov, eiraycoyh Se^rj dird tcov ^ KaO^ cKaaTOv eirt ^ Ta 
KaOoXov e(poSo9, oiov ^ ei eaTt Kv^epvrjTrjs 6 eiriaTafievo^ Kpa- 
TtaT09 Ka\ r]vioyo^, kol oXco<s ^ eaT\v 6 67rLaTafJL€V09 irepL eKa- 
aTov dpLaTog. '"Eo-Tt S' r] fiev eiraycoyr] TrLOavcoTepov Kai 
aacbeaTepov Ka\ KaTa Tr]v a^iaOrjaiv yvcopificoTepov KaL tol9 
7roXXoi9 KOLvov, 6 Se avXXoyLafJ.d9 ^iaaTiKcoTepov Ka\ 7rp09 
T0V9 dvTLXoyLKOvg ^ evepyeaTepov. 

X boKqL A.B.C. y rhv A. z eVrt ri Trpo^Xrjfia Koi r] &€aris C. 

a ova-ai] alC. ^ yovtls A.B. « ovff C. ^ nXelov B. « ris 

C. f 17 dno] dia C. g Ka6€Ka(TTa C. ^ rb C » et om. A. 

k ccTTai TTfpi cKa<TTov o eni(TTdfi€Vos C. ^ €vapy€(rT€pov C. 



270 TOniKXlN A. Toprc. 

I g Ta /uLev ovp yevtj irepl (jov re oi Xoyoi Kal e^ wv, KaOairep 
e/uLTrpoa-Oev elptjrai, Sicopia-OcD' ra. S^ opyava, Si wv ™ evTro- 
pjia-ofxev tijov avWoyta-imcov ^ Ka\ twv eTraycoywv, ecrrJ tct- 
Tapa, ev luev to TrpoTaa-eig Xa/Setv, SevTepov ° ^e Troo-a^w? 
P eKaa-TOv Xeyerat SvvaaOat SteXetv, TptTOv ^ Tctg Sta(popa9 
2 evpeiv, TCTapTOV Se rj tov o/JLOtov a-Ke-^i<s. ""EcrTf ^e Tpoirov 
Tiva Koi Ta Tpta TOirrcov TrpoTaa-etg' eaTt yap KaO^ eKaarTOv 
avTwv ^ TTOttja-at irpoTacrtv, oiov oTt aipeTOv ecrTt to koKov r} 
TO rjSv r] TO arv/uLCpepov, Kal oti Sta(pepet a'iarOria-t<i eirta-TrjiJLri^ 
T(p Trjv fxev ^ airojiaXovTL SvvaTov elvat ^ TrdXtv Xa^eiv, Trjv 
S^ aSvvaTOv, Ka\ OTt ojULOicog e^et to vyteivov 7rpo<s vyietav Ka\ 
To eveKTtKov 7rpo9 eve^tav. ^'EcTTt S^ rj /uLev irpcoTrj irpOTaart^ 
CLTTO Tov TToXXa^cog Xeyo/uLevov, rj Se SevTcpa airo tcov Sta(po~ 
pwv, rj Se TptTrj airo tcov ojulolcov. 

14 Ta? jULev ovv irpoTaa-et^s eKXeKTeov 6a-ayco9 Stcopta-Orj irepi 
TrpoTcia^ecog, rj Tctg ttclvtcov So^ag irpo^^^etptXpiJi.evov rj tol^ tcov 
irXeta-Toov rj Ta? tcov a-o(pcov, Ka\ tovtcov rj iravTCOv rj tcov 
irXeta-Tcov rj tcov yvcoptjULWTaTcov, ^ rj Ta<s evavTtag Taig (pat- 
vofJLevatg, Ka\ oa-ai So^ai KaTo, Te-^^yag eia-iv. Aet Se irpOTel- 
veiv Ka\ Ta9 evavTiag Taig (paivo/JLevatg evSo^oig kut avTL(pa- 
■2 a-iv, KaOairep etprjTat irpOTepov. ^ptja-tfJLOv Se Ka\ to irotelv 
avTag ev tm cKXeyetv juLtj julovov Tag ovcrag evSot^ovg, aXXa Ka\ 
Tag o/uLotag TavTatg, otov otl tcov evavTucv rj avTrj ata-Orja-tg 
{Ka\ yap ^ rj eirtaTrjiJLrj) Koi otl opcojULev etaSe-^^oiJLevot ^ ti, 
ovK eKirefj.TTOVTeg Ka\ yap ^ Ka\ exf toov aXXcov ataOrjaediv 
OVTC09' aKovo/ULev Te yap eiaSe-^^oiuLevoi ^ tl, ovk eKireinrovTeg, 
Ka\ "^ yevo/jLeOa coa-avTCog. ^O/uLOtcog Se kol €7r\ tcov aXXcov. 
3^'ETf oa-a eTTf TTcivTcov rj tcov TrXeta^cov (paiverat, XrjirTeov wg 
ap-^v Ka\ SoKovcrav Oeartv' TtOeaai yap 01 juLrj (jvvopcovTeg 



^ €viropr}<ra>ji€V C. " Ka\ rwv eiraycoySyv om. A.B. ° 5e] 8e t6 

C. P Xtyerai cKacrTov C. Q tcis] t6 tos C. ^ rrpoTaariv Troitj- 

aat C. ^ dno^aXovTa C. * ndXiv om. C. ^ fj Kal rots C. 

w v om. pr. C. ^ Ti] Ti Ka\ C. Y Ka\ post yap om. C. ^ yev- 

oficda Koi dcrp.aip.f6a Q>a-avTa>s C. 



I. 13— 15- TOniKHN A. 271 

eTTi TIV09 oJ^' ^ oi/Tft)9. ^E/cXe^yefi/ ^e ^p^ Kal €k twv ye- 
ypafJiiuLevoov Xoycov, Ta? Se Siaypacpag iroieia-Qai Trepl cKacrTOv 
y€vov9 vTTOTiOevTag }(ft)/o/9, otov irepl ayaOov rj ^ Trepl ^(pov 
KOt irepl ^ ayaOov iravTog, ap^d/ULevov airo tov tl e<jTiv. Ila- 
paa-riiJLaLvea-OaL Se Kal tol^ eKaa-TCov So^a?, otov otl ""E/ZTre- 
SoK\rjg ^ TeTTapa €(ptjae tu>v a-cojuLaTCDV aTOL-^eia etvaL' Oeirj 
yap av T19 to viro tlvo^ ^ eiprjjULevov evSo^ov. 

^'Eo-Tf S^ ft)? TVTTW TrepLXa^eiv tcov TrpoTaaecov Kal twi/4 
Trpo/BXrjjULOLTCov /ULeprj Tpla. A/ /ULev yap rjOLKa\ irpOTaa-eL^ 
eialv, ai Se (pvaLKal, al Se XoyLKai. ^HOLKal julcv ovv ai tol~ 
avTai, otov iroTepov Sel tol9 yovevaL /uLaWov rj T019 vojulol^ 
^ ireLOapyelv, eav SLa<pcovcoaLv' XoyLKal Se ^ otov iroTcpov tcov 
evavTLCov ^ rj avTtj eirLaTrjfxrj rj ov, (pvaLKal Se ^ otov iroTepov 
6 Koa-juLog aiSL09 rj ov. ^OfjLolcog Se Ka\ tcl irpo^XrjfxaTa. 
^ ILoiaL o eKaaTaL tcov "^ TrpoeLptjiuLevcov, opLajULO) /uLev ovk ev~ 
TreTe? airoSovvaL Trepl avTcov, Trj Se Slol Trjg eTraycoyrjg avvrj- 
Oela ireLpaTeov ^ yvcopl^eLV eKaaTrjv avTcov, KaTO. Ta TrpoeLprj- 
fjieva TrapaSelyiuLaTa eTTLa-KOirovvTa. 

IT|0O9 yuej/ ovv (pLXoaocplav KaT oKrjOeLav Trepi avTcov s 
Trpay/uLaTevTeov, SLoXeKTLKcog Se ^ ttjOo? So^av. A.rjirTeov S^ 
OTi jULaXiaTa KaOoXov iraaa^s Ta? TrpoTaaeis, Kal Trjv /ULiav 
TToXXag TTOirjTeov, otov otl tcov avTLKeL/uLevcov rj P avTrj cttl- 
aTrjixrj, elO^ otl tcov evavTLcov Ka\ otl tcov irpog tl. Tov 
avTOv Se TpOTTOv Ka\ TavTag ttcxXlv SLaLpereov, €co9 av evSe- 
yjjTttL SLaipeiv, otov otl ayaOov Ka\ KaKOv, kol XevKov Ka\ 
juLeXavog, ^ Ka\ y^vj^ov Ka\ OepjuLov. ^O/ulolco^ Se Ka\ eVf tcov 
aXXcov. 

^ llep\ juLev ovv irpoTaarecog iKava tol ^ irpoeiprjiJLeva' to Se l :1 
TTOcra-^cog, Trpay/jLaTevTeov jJLrj julovov oa^a XiycTaL KaO^ cTepov 

» ovTtos] ovTois fx^iv C. ^ vTTOTiOevTa C. c alterum TTfpi om. C. 

d navTos dyadov C. ^ (f)rj(r\ TCTTapa C. ^ evbo^ov elprjfievov C. 

8 Tre ideo-dai C. ^ olov om. C. ^ tj avTrj'] pia C. ^ olou om. 

A.B. 1 OTTolai C. ^ elprjpevcov C. " eKd(rTT]V yvcopi^eiv C. 

o Trpos om. A. P avTT} koi jiia eTna-TrjpTj C. <1 Ka). -^vxpov Ka\ 6ep- 

fiov om. C. *■ vnep C. s elprjpeva C. 



272 TOniKXlN A. Topic. 

TpoTTOv, aWa Ka\ tov9 Xoyovg aurwi/ ireipaTeov cnrooiSovai, 
otov juLt] jjLOvov OTL ayaOov KaO^ ^cTepov luev Tpoirov Xeyerai 
SiKaiocrvvr] Kal avSpla, €V€KTlk6v Se kol vyLeivov KaO^ ^ cTcpov, 
aW OTi Kai Ta /mev tw ^ avTa iroLa Tiva eivai, tol Se tm 
iroirjTLKa tlvo9 KaL ov tw iroLa avTO, TLva eivai. "^Oo-airrft)? Se 
Ka\ eir^ tcov aXXwy. 

2 JJoTepov Se ^ TToXXa^^o)? t] jULovay^w^ tw e^lSei XeyeTaL, Slo. 
TcovSe OecDprjTeov. JlpwTOV ixev eirl tov evavTLOv (TKOirelv ei 
TToWa^m XeyeTaL, eav xe tw e^iSeL eav re tm ovoinaTL Sia- 
(pcov^. ^'l^vLa yap evOv^ Kal Toh ovo/xaarLV eTepd earTLV, olov 
Tft) oE^el ev (pcovrj jmev evavTiov t6 /3apv, ev oyKco Se t6 cliul/BXv. 

3 ArjXov ovv OTL t6 evavTLOv Tft) o^el iroWa^^^cog XeyeTai. Et 
Se TOVTO, Ka\ TO o^v' KaO^ eKOLTepov yap eKeivcov cTepov 
eoTTaL t6 evavTLOv. Ov yap t6 auTO o^v y ea-TaL tw a/UL/BXei 
Ka\ Tft) ^apei evavTiov, eKaTepcp Se t6 ^ o^v evavTiov. Tiakiv 
TW /3apei ev (pcovrj fxev t6 o^v evavTiov, ev oyKw Se t6 kov- 
(j}ov, wcTTe TToXkayco^ t6 /3apv XeyeTaL, eTreiSrj Ka\ t6 evav- 
TLOV. ''OjULOicog Se Ka\ tco KaXw tw /mev eiri tov Xwov t6 
ala-^ov, Tw S^ eTrr T?? OLKLa9 t6 /uLO-^Orjpov, coa-Te ojuLcovvimov 
t6 koXov. 

4 'Ex' evLMV Se Toh jnev ovojuLaariv ovSajuLcog SLacpcovei, tw S^ 
elSeL KaTaSrjXog ev avT0i9 evOeco^ rj S^acpopa ^earTiv, otov e7r) 
Tov XevKov Ka\ juLeXavo^. ^covrj yap XevKrj Ka\ /ULeXaiva Xeye- 
TaL, ojuLOLCO^ Se Ka\ "^cojuLa. Toh /ULev ovv Svo/uLaarLv ovSev 
SLacpcovei, Tft) S^ eiSei KaTaSrjXo? ev avToh ev0eco9 rj SLacpopd' 
ov yap 6/ULOIC09 to tc j^pcojuLa XevKov XeycTai Ka\ rj (pcovrj. 

5 A^Xoi^ Se TOVTO Ka\ Slol t^? aicrOrjcreco^i' tcov yap avTcov tw 
elSeL rj avTrj a^a-Orjarig, t6 Se XevK^v t6 €ir\ Trjg (pcovrj^ ^ Ka\ 
Tov yjpcojjiaTO^ ov Trj avTrj aia-OrjaeL Kplvojxev, dXXa to julcv 
oyef, TO o aKorj. kJjj.olco9 oe KaL to o^f KaL to a/uL/jXv ev 



^ ercpop Xeyerai rponov 8iKaio(Tvvr] fiev Kal C. ^' erfpov rponov aXX' 

C. "^ avTO. iroid C. ^ jiova^^as fj TroXXap^eos' C. Y ecTTai post 

^apel C. 2 o^v eorni evavTiov C. ^ fOTiv om. C. ^ Ka\ fVt 

TOV C. 



I. 15. T0niK12N A. 273 

■^v/uioi9 Kat ev 6yKOi9' a.Wa to ^/uLev d<pr}, t6 Se yevcrei. OvSe 
ydp TavTa Siacpcovet T019 ovoiiiatTtv, ovt eir^ avTwv ovt eVf 
Twv evavTioov ajUL^Xv yap Kal to evavTtov eKaTcpw. 

^'Ert et Tft) fJLev icTTi tl evavTiov tm ^' ciTrXco? /mrjSev, olov 6 
Trj fJiev aTTO tov irtvetv rjSovrj rj diro tov St^^rjv \virrj evavTiov, 
Trj S^ diro TOv Oeojpeiv OTt r/ Std/xeTpog t^ ifKevpa davfx- 
ixerpo^ ovSev, wcrTe TrXeova-^cog r/ ^Sovrj \eyeTat. K.al tw 
juev KaTa Tr/v Sidvotav <pt\eiv to fjLtaelv evavTiov, t(S Se /cara 
Trjv (TWiuLaTtKrjv evepyetav ovSeV Srj\ov ovv oti t6 (pt\eiv 
ojuLwvvjuov. ^^'IStTt exf ^TCov dva jueaov, ei twv /ULev ecTTt Ttl 
dvd fjLecrov, twv Se imrjSev, rj ei dfjL(poiv fxev ecTTt, fJLr/ TavT^v 
Se, olov \evKov Kal fJLe\avo9 ev ^ yjpoiifiaa-t fiev t6 (patov, ev 
(pcovrj S^ S ovSev, rj ^ et dpa, t6 (T0fJL(p6v, Kaddirep ' Ttveq (pacri 
(rofjL(prjv (podvrjv dva fiecrov eivai, wcrO^ OfJLcovvfiov to \evKov, 
6juL0tw9 Se KOi t6 fJLe\av. ^'Ert ei twv fiev 7r\etw Td dva fie- 
(Tov, Twv Se ev, KaOairep eirl tov \evKOV koi fJLe\avo9' eir). fJLev 
yap Twv yjpwfiaTWv iroWd Td dvd fjLecrov, eirl Se Trjg (pwvrj^ 
ev TO crofi(p6v. 

TLa\tv €7rl Tov KaT dvTt(pa(rtv dvTtKetfievov crKOTreiv eiS 
7r\eova-)(w9 \eyeTat. Et ydp tovto Tr^eova-^^wg \eyeTai, 
Kai TO T0VT(p dvTiKeifJLevov TrXeoi/a^co? prjO^areTat, olov t6 firj 
/3\e7r€tv TrXeoi/a^co? \eyeTat, ev fiev t6 firj e-^etv o^^tv, ^ ev 
Se To firj evepyeiv Trj oy^et. Ef ^e tovto ' TrXeoi/ap^w?, dvay- 
Katov Kat TO /3\e7r€tv ir^eova-^wg \6yecrOat' €KaTep(p ydp tw 
firj ^\e7r€tv dvTiKelcreTat "^ Tt, olov rw fJLev fJLrj e^etv o^tv t6 
e^etj/, Tw ^e fxrj evepyetv Trj oy^et t6 evepyetv. 

^ KTt e7rl Twv KaTa cTTeprjcrtv Ka\ e^tv \eyofievwv e^rtcTKO- 9 
Tretv et yap OaTepov 7r\eova-^w9 \eyeTat, Ka\ t6 \0t7r6v, 
oiov ei To aicrOavecrOat TrXeoj/a^o)? \eyeTai KaTa t€ Trjv yfrv- 
■)(rjv " Kai To crwfia, Ka\ to dvat(rOrjTov etvai 7r\€0va-^w9 prjOrj- 



c jiev iv a(f)rj ro bf iv yivcrei C. d ^tl Ka\ enl C. « Ta>v — rwj/] 

ra>i — TO)t A.B. ^ xp^H^'^'' C. ^ ovdev C. ^ el om. A. i (j)a<Ti 

Tivfs C. k (V de] erepov be C. 1 7rXeora;!^cof XtyeTai avayKalov C. 

™ Ti om. B. n Acat Acdra ro o". C. 

VOL. I. T 



274 TOniKliN A. Topic. 

crerai Kard ° re Tt]v ^^^X^^' ''^^' '^^ awjUia. *'Ot/ ^e Kara 
(TTeptjariv Kal e^iv P avTtKeiTai tol vvv Xeyoiiieva, SrjXov^ eTreiSr] 
iredtvKev CKaTepav twv aicrOijcrewv exeiv ^ Ta ^<Sa Ka\ KUTa 
Trjv ^vxh^ i^ai KaTa to cro)iJ.a. 

lo ^'Ert ^ <5' eTTf Tijov TTTuxreMv eiricrKeirTeov. Ei* 'yap to Si- 
KaL0)9 7r\€Ova-)(p>9 XeyeTai, Ka] t6 SUaiov irXeovax^^i prjQrj' 
creraL' Kaff cKaTepov yap tcov ^ SiKaioo<; ccttI SiKaiov, olov 
* el TO SiKaico? XeycTai t6 re KaTo. Trjv eavTOv yvcojULrjv Kpivai 
Ka\ t6 0)9 Sei, ^ o^o/ft)? Kal t6 SiKaiov. *^QcravT0)9 Se ^ Kai el 
t6 vyieivov TrXeom^o)?, Ka\ to vyieivm TrXeoi^a^w? ^ prjOrja-e' 
Tai, oTov €1 y vyieiv6v t6 imev vyieiag iroirjTiKOv to Se <pv\a- 
ktik6v t6 Se crrj/uiavTiKOv, Ka). t6 vyieivco^ rj TTOirjTiKco^ rj (pv- 

xiXaKTiKwg rj crjiiiavTiKoo? prjOijcreTai. ^^OjuiOicog Se Kai eiri tcov 
aWcov, OTav ^ «uto TrXeoi/rt^w? \eyrjTai, Kai rj 7rTC0(Ti9 fj * ott 
ai^TOu 7r\eovaxoo9 prjOrjcreTai, Ka\ el rj TTTcocrig, Kai avTO. 

12 ^KOireiv ^ Se Ka\ to. yevrj toov ^ KaTO. TOvvo/uLa KaTrjyopicov, 
ei TavTOL ^^ e(TTiv eTrJ ttcxvtcov. Et •yajO juLrj Tainra, S}j\ov oti 
ojuLcovv^ov t6 \ey6iJievov, olov t6 aya06v iv eSecriuLaTi /uLev to 
TTOirjTLK^v rjSovrj^, ev laTpiKrj Se TO iroLrjTiK^v vyieia<!, eTrJ <^e 
^vyrjg TO iroLOLV elvai, otov croo(ppova rj avSpelav tj SLKaLaV 
ojuLOLOog Se Ka\ exf avOpcoTTOv. ^Ei/mp(Ou ^e to iroTe, oiov to 
ev Tw KaLpw aya06v' aya06v yap \eyeTaL to ev tco Kaipw. 

13 rToXXa/cf? ^e t6 7rocr6v, ^ oiov eTr^ tov /uLeTpiov' \eyeTaL yap 
Ka\ t6 /uLeTpLOv aya06v. "QcrTe oiulcovviulov to ayaOov. ^Qcrav- 
TC09 Se ^ Ka\ t6 \evK6v eTrJ crcoiuaTog iulcv yjpo)iJ.a, €7r\ Se <pco- 
vrjg t6 evrjKOOv. Tlcxpa7r\rjcrLco9 Se Ka\ t6 o^v' ov yap locrav- 
TC09 eTT/ TravTcov t6 avT^ ^ \eyeTaL' (pcovrj iuev yap o^eia rj 
Taxela, KaOa^rep (paa-\v ol KaTa tov9 apLOimov^ apfxovLKOL, 
yoovia S' o^eia rj e\acrcTcov SpOrjg, imaxcupa Se rj o^vywvLO^. 

o Ti om. A. P avriKfiVTnL A.B. 1 rb ^(oov KaTii re rrjv ^vxrjv 

Koi t6 C. ^ S' om. C. ^ dtKa/oJs] diKalayv A.B. * et t6 om. C. 

V 6fiol(og de Ka\ C. ^ el Ka\ C. ^ pr)6r)(reTai om. C. Y vyieiv6v 

Xf-ycrai ro C. ^ auro om. A. ^ otto tovtov C. ^ 8e fifi Ka\ C. 

^ KaTovvofia A. ^ eVi TrdvTCiv cVriV C. ^ olov t6 €n\ C. ^ t6 

post Ka\ om. C. S \ty€Tai olov (})(ovr) fiev o^ela C. 



I. IS' TOniKXlN A. 275 

^KOiretv Se koi tol *yevr] tu>v vtto t6 avTO ovofJLa, el cTepa 14 
Kal fjir) vir aXXiyXa, olov ^ ovo<s to re ^woi^ Ka\ to crKevo^. 
^lEiTepo9 yap 6 KaTO. TOvvo/ULa \6y09 avTcoV to /ul€v yap 
^^(pov TTOiov TL priQrja-eTaL^ to ^e (TKevo^ ttolov tl, ^tjav ce 
v-w aWrjXa tol yevtj ^, ovk avayKaiov cTepov^ Tovg \0y0v9 
etvaL. OIov Tov KOpaKog t6 ^mov Ka\ t6 opveov yevog eaTLV, 
^'OTav ovv ^eywiuLev t6v KopaKa opveov etvaL, ^ Ka\ ^mov itolov 15 
TL (pafJLev avT^v elvaL, coctt ajULCJyoTepa Ta yevri irepL avTOv 
KaTtjyopeLTaL. *^O/ulol(i09 Se kol OTav ^cpov TTTrjvov olttovv tov 
KopaKa ^\ey(t)iuLev, opveov (pa/uLev avTOv eivaL' KaL ovtoo? ovv 
aiuLCpoTepa tol yevrj KaTrjyopeiTaL KaTa tov KopaKog, Ka\ 6 
\6y09 avTwv. ^'EjttI Se toov fir] vir a\\ri\a yevwv ov orvjUL'' 
ftalveL TOVTO' ovTe yap OTav crKevo^ ^eyoojULev, ^^ov \eyoiULev, 
ovu OTav (^cpov, cTKevog. 

^KOireiv Se jULrj /ul6vov "^ ei tov TrpoKeL/ULevov " eTepa ra t6 
yevrj Ka\ /ULr] vir* a\\r]\a, aWa Kal eTrl tov evavTioV el yap 
t6 evavTLOv TroXXa^o)? \eyeTaL, Sr}\ov otl Kal t6 TrpoKel- 
/uLevov. 

lCpi^a-LjULOv Se Kal t6 eir\ t6v opLcriUL^v eiTL^^eireLV t6v e/ciy 
Tov arvvTLOeixevov yLv6jUL€V0v, olov \evK0v o-cojULaTO^ Ka\ \evKrjg 
(pcovrj^' cKpaipovjULevov yap tov lSlov t6v avT^v \6yov Sei 
\eLTrecrOaL. Toi/to ^' ov crv/uLlSaLveL exi tcov 6/ulcovv/uloov, oIov 
e7r) Tcov vvv eiprj/uLevcov. To /ULev yap ecTTaL crw/ULa tol6vo€ 
-^cojjia 'i^ov, t6 Se (pcovrj evrjKOO^' cKpaLpeOevTog ovv tov 
(Tco/ULaT09 Ka\ Trjg (pcovrjg ov TavT^v ev CKaTepw t6 \€i7r6/UL€VOv. 
^'rjSei Se ° ye, eLirep crvvcovv/uiov rjv t6 \€vk6v t6 ecp^ cKaTepov 
\eyo/uL€vov. 

HoWaKL^ Se Ka\ ev avTOi<s tol<s \6yoL9 \avOav€L irapaKO- 18 

\0V60VV TO O/ULCOVV/ULOV Sl6 Ka\ CTTf TCOV \6yC0V CTKeTTTeOV. 

Oiov P av TL9 To a-rj/ULavTLK^v ^ Ka\ TroLrjTLK^v ifyLela^ t6 ctv/ul- 



h Svos t6 fiev yap (TKevos t6 df ^aov C. ' f , Snolov C. ^ Koi 

om. C. ^ \iy<ojxfv (Ivai opvfov C. ™ ei] eVi C. ^ erepa] el 

eTtpa rc. C. o yf om. C. P edv C. Q Ka\ t6 ttoiijtikov C. 

T 2 



276 TOniKON A. Topic. 

/jieTp(jt)9 eyov Trpo^ vyleiav ^ (prj eivai, ovk airoa-Tareov aXX' 
eiricrKeirTeov tI to crv/UiiuLeTpoo^ Kaff' cKaTepov eiptjKev, oiov el 
To ^ iJi.ev To * TOiovTOV etvat wcrTe iroLelv vyieiav, to Se ^ t6 
TOiovTOV otov crrjiULalveiv irola Ti<s rj e^i<S' 

19 ^'Ert el /uLtj (rv/uL/3\r]Ta KaTO, t6 /uLaWov tj o/uloIoo?, oTov 
XevKtj (pwvr] Kal XevKov t/JLaTiov Kal 6^v9 ^u/xof Ka\ d^em 
(pcovii' TavTa yap ovff o/JLOido? XeyeTai \evKa r/ o^ea, ovTe 
jULaWov OaTepov. ^'Qa-Q^ o/ulcovv/ulov t6 \evK6v Kal t6 oty. 
To yap (Tvvcovv/ULOV Tra»/ arv/uL^^rjTOv' rj yap o/uLoiwg prjQrjcTerai, 
rj /ULaWov OaTepov. 

20 ■'ETrei ^e tcov ^ crepcov yevcov Ka\ /xrj vtt' a\\rj\a cTcpat 
Tw elSei Kal al Stacpopai, oiov ^wou Ka\ eirta-Trj/xrj^ {eTepat 
yap ^TOVTWV at ciacpopai), a-KOirelv et ra utto ^ to avTO 
ovo/uLa eTepcov yevcov Kal /JLtj utt' a\\rj\a Siacpopat eiatv, oiov 
t6 o^v (pcov^9 Kal oyKOV Stacpepet yap (pcovrj (pcovrj9 tm ot^eta 
etvat, 6/UL01C09 Se Ka\ oyKo^ oyKOV. ^^Ocrre 6/ulwvv/ulov to d^u* 
erepoov yap yevcov Ka\ ov^ vir a\\rj\a Sta(popat eia-iv. 

21 T{a\iv et avTcov tcov utto ^to avT^ ovo/uLa cTepat at Sta- 
(popal, otov y^pco/xaTO^ tov Te ein. tcov crco/ULaTcov Kat tov ev 
TOig /ULe\eatv' tov /ulcv yap eTrJ twv acojULaTcov StaKpiTtKOv Ka\ 
(jvyKptTiK^v o\{/-eft)9, Tov S^ eTrl tcov /jLe\cov ou^ at avTai Sta- 
cpopai. ^'QaTe 6/ulcovv/ulov to yjpw/Jia' twv yap avTwv at avTat 
Sia(popai. 

22 ^'Et* eTref t6 etSo9 ovSevog eaTt ^ Sta(popd ^ a-KOiretv twv 
VTTO JTO avTO ovo/ma et to /ulcv €tco9 eaTi to oe ota(popa, oiov 
t6 \€vk6v t6 /ul€V €7r£ Tov a-w/uLaT09 etSog yjpwjjiaTO^, t6 S^ €7r\ 
T}j9 (pwvrjg Sta(popd' Sia(pepet yap (pwvrj (pwvrjg tw \evKrj 
eivat. 

I 6 IleoJ /UL€V OVV TOV TToXXap^ft)? Std TOVTWV Ka\ TWV TOtOV- 

Twv aKeiTTeoV to? ^e Sta(popd<i ev avTol^ Te T019 yeveat 

^ elpai (j)ri C. ** fxev to] fx(v rS) C. ^ toctovtop A.B. ^ t(o 

TOiovTOP (ipai olop C. "' (TfpoyfPOiP C. ^ tovtkop fcai ai C. Y Tav- 

Tov C. ^- post 8ia(fiopd editi 6 yap apOpcoTTos Ka\ 6 /3ovs ovK eari 8ia- 
<f)opd, aXX* eldos exaoToi/ avTcop. ^ aKoirelp xpv "^^^ ^* 



I. i6— 18. TOniKllN A. 277 

^TTjOO? aWriXa OecoptjTeov, olov rivi Siacpepei SiKaioarvvr} av- 
Spiag Kal (pp6vr](Ti9 o-o)(ppoarvvt]9 (^ ravra yap airavra ck 
Tov avTOv yevovg ^ ecrTiv), Kal i^ aWov Trpog aWo tcov 
fJLrj iroXv Xlav SiecTTrjKOTWV, otov tIvl a'[a-0r](ri9 eiriarTiifirjg' 
CTrl ^ iJLev yap twv ttoXv SiccrTrjKOTCov ^ KaTaSrjXoi 7ravT€\w9 
at Siacpopal. 

Trjv Se ojULOiOTrjTa ^ cTKeirTeov eirl re twv ev CTepoi^ yeve- I 7 
(Tiv, 0)9 eTepov 7rpo9 cTepov rf, ovTCog aWo 7rpo<s aWo, oiov 
^ ft)9 eTria-T^juiri TTpbg eirKTTriTOv, ovtm9 a^la-Orjcrig irpo^ alarOri- 
Tov Kai 0)9 cTcpov ev €Tep(p Tivl, ovTCog aWo ev aW(p, oiov 
0)9 o\f/"f9 ev 6(f)0a\iUL(p, vovg ^ ev "^i^X?? '^"^ ^? yaXi^vri ev Oa- 
Xaara-rj, vrjvefJLia ev aepi. MaXtcTTa S^ ev T019 ttoXv Siea-ToocTL 2 
yvfxvaCea-OaL Sel' paov yap eirl toov Xolttcov Svvrja-^fieOa tcl 
ojuLoia a-vvopav. 2/ce7rTeoi/ ^e Ka\ Ta ev tw ovtw yeveL bvTa, 
€1 TL airaarLV virapyeL TavTOV, otov avOpdoircp Kai 'Linrcp KaL 
KVVL' J7 yap vTrap-^eL tl avT0i9 tovt^v, TavTrj 6/xoia ea-TLV. 

^prja-LfjLov Se Tb julcv iroa-ayoo^ XeyeraL €7reaK€(pOaL irp^g I 8 
^ Te Tb aa(j)e9 {julclWov yap av TLg eiSeiri ^ tl TlOrjarLv, €fi(pa- 
vLa-OevTog Troa-a^oog Xe^yeTat) Ka\ irpog to yivea-OaL KaT avTO 
Tb irpayiJ.a Ka\ lULrj Trpbg Tovvofxa Tovg a-vWoyLa-juovg. ^ASi^- 
\ov yap 6vT09 Troa-aywg XeyeraL, evSe^eTaL fjLrj eTri TavTOv 
Tov Te airoKpLvofxevov Kai tov "^ epcoTcovTa (pepeLV Trjv OLa- 
voLaV i/j.cpavLa-OevTog Se iroa-a-^cog XeyeraL Ka\ iir^ tl (pepcov 
TiOrja-i, yeXoLog av (palvOLTO ipcoTcov, ei firj irpog tovto tov 
X6yov TTOLOiTO. ^prjarLfxov Se Ka\ irpog to fjLrj irapakoyL-z 
(rOrjvaL Ka\ irpbg Tb irapakoyLaracrOaL. ^lS^Teg yap irocra- 
yuig Xeyerai ov firj irapaKoyLarOcofxev, aXX' elSrja^ofxev ^ iav 
fxri irpbg °TavTb Tbv \6yov TroLrJTaL 6 ipcoTcoV avTol Te 
ipcoTcovTeg Svvrja-^fieOa ^ TrapaXoyla-aa-OaL, iav fxrj Tvyyavri 

^ TTpos] Tols Ttpos A.B. ^ irdvTa yap ravra C. ^ €(tt\ rrjs dpe- 

rrjs i(TTi Ka\ C. ® iiiv om. C. ^ KaraXXT/Xoi C. § XrjTrreov C. 

^ a)s om. A. i €v T^i V^x^* -^- ^ ''^ ^^^' A.B. 1 t/] S C. 

™ epaTcovTa Ka\ tov aTroKpivdfitvov C. ^ av C " tovto C. P ira- 

pa\oyi^€a6ai C. 

T 3 



278 TOniK12N A. Topic. 

3€iS(jo9 6 aTTOKpivoiuLevo^ TToara-^w^ \eyeTai. Tovtu ^' ovk CTrl 
irdvTCOv SvvaTOV, aW OTav ri toov iroWayw^i Xeyoimevcov tu 
/uLev akrjQrj to, Se ylrevSrj. ^'EcrTf Se ovk oiK€lo9 6 Tpowog ov- 
T09 Trjg Sia\€KTiKrJ9' Sio iravTe^cog ev^a/SrjTeov Toig Sia\€KTi- 
K019 TO TOiovTOV, To TTpog Tovvofxa Sia\€ye(r6ai, eav ^xr] ti9 
a\\co9 e^aSvvaTrj irep\ tov TrpoKei/mevov Sia\€y€(r6ai. 

4 To ^e Ta9 Siaipopag evpeiv ■^rjCLiJLOv irpo^ Te tov<s (tvWo- 
yicriuLovg Tovg Trepl TavTov Ka\ eTepov Kal Trpog t6 yvcopi^eiv 
t/ ^cKacTTOV ecTTiv. ^Otl fiev ovv irpog Tovg (Tv\\oyi(riULov9 
Tovg irep\ TavTOv Ka\ CTepov -^^(tliulov, Srj\ov' evpovTeg ^ yap 
SLacpopav Tcov TrpoKeL/ULevcov oiroLavovv SeSeLyoTe^ €(r6iuLe6a otl 
ov TavTOV TTjOO? Se TO yvcopl^eLv tI ccttl, Slotl tov "lSlov t^9 
ovcTLag eKOLCTTOV \6yov Tah irepi eKaaTOv oiKelaL^ SLa(popai9 
-^^copll^eLV €ico6aiUL€v. 

5 'H ^e Tov ofjLOLOV ^ecopia yjprjCTLiJLO^ 7rp6<s T€ tov^ eiraKTL- 
K0V9 \6yov9 Ka\ Trpos tov9 e^ V7ro6ecr€co9 <Tv\\oyL(TiuLov9 Ka\ 
7rpo9 Trjv a7r6SocTLV tcov opicriULcov. IIjOo? /uiev ovv Tovg eira- 
KTLKOV9 \6yov9, Slotl Trj Ka6^ cKacTTa e7r\ toov oiulolcov €7ra- 
ycoyrj t6 Ka66\ov at^LOviJLev e^rciyeLv' ov yap p^iSlov ecTTLV 
eirayeLV jULi] eiS^Tag tol ofxoia. IIpo? Se Tovg e^ vTro^ecrecog 

(Tv\\oyL(TfiOV9, Sl6tL €vSo^6v €(TTLV, W9 TTOTe e<^' ei/09 TCOV 
(iOfJiOLCOV €y€L, OVTC09 KOl €7r\ TCOV \OL7r(30V. ^'QcTTe XjOO? O TL 

av avTcov ev^ropcofiev SLa\ey€(r6aL, 7rpoSiofJLo\oyt](T6fjL€6a, 009 
TTOTe eTTf TOVTCov e^ef, ovtco KaL €7rL Tov 7rpoK€ifjLevov e^^eiv. 
AeL^avTe9 ^ Se cKelvo Ka\ t6 ^rpOKelfievov i^ V7ro6e(T€co9 SeSei- 
■)(OT€9 ecTOfie^a' v7ro6efievoL ycip, 009 iroTe €7r\ tovtcov ^e^e/, 
ovTco Ka\ €7r\ Tov 7rpoK€LfJLevov e-^eLV, Trjv a^roSeL^LV ^ 7re7roL^- 
7 fJL€6a. HjOo? Se Tt]v TCt)v opLCTfJLcov (\7r6SocTLv, Sl6tl SvvafjLevoi 
cTvvopav TL €V eKacTTLp TavT^v, ovK a7ropr]aofJi€v eh t/ Sei 
yevo9 6pLl^ofi€vov9 ^^ to ^rpoKelfievov TL^evaL' tcov ydp kolvcov 

t6 fld\LCTTa €V TW TL €(TTL ^ KaTr]yopOVfJ.€VOV y€V09 aV €ir]. 

q eariv €Ka(TTOv C. •* yap Tr]u dia(f)opav C. ^ 8e] yap C. * c;i^et 

om. C. ^ 'neiTOLrip.ivoL faufxeOa C. ^ TLOevat t6 npoKelfievov C. 

^ KaTrjy. tu yevos C. 



I. i8. II. I. TOniKflN B. 379 

^OjULOim Se Kal ev TOis ttoXu Siea-TcoarL '^(piicrLiULO? irpo^ tOv9 
opLCTjULOv^ ^ Tov o/uLoiov Oecopia, olop OTL TavTOV 'yaXrjvri fxev 
ev Oa\a(T(T>], vj^ve/uLia S^ ev aepi (eKOLTepov yap T^a-v^la), Kal 
y OTi <TTLy/ULr] ev ypa/ULimrj Ka\ jULOvag ev apLO/uLw. cKaTepov yap 
^PX^' ^'^^'^^ '^o KOLVov ewl TrdvTCov yevo^ airoSLSovTeg ^ S6- 8 
^ofjiev ovK ceXXoTjo/ft)? opll^ea-OaL. ^-^eSov Se Kai ^ ol opLio- 
/uievoi ovT0)9 eicoOacLv airoSiSovaL' Trjv re yap jULOvdSa dp-^rjv 
dpLOjULov (paa-\v eivaL Ka\ Trjv a-TLy/uLrjv dp^v ypa/iXfMrjg. Arj- 
\ov ovv oTi ei9 To Koivov djUL(poTepcov yevog TLOeaa-LV. 

Ta /xei/ ovv opyava Sl cov 01 a-vWoyLa-imoL TavT eaTiv' 01 
Se TOTTOL TTjOO? ov9 yjprjaLfxa Ta ^Xe-^OevTa oT^e eia-iv. 

^'Eo-Tf ^e Twv Trpo/SXijiuLdTCOv Ta imev KaOoXov tq S* eTrJ I 
fjiepov^. Ka^oXof (JLev ovv olov otl Trda-a r/Sovrj dyaOov Ka\ 
OTL ovSefJLia rjSovr] dyaOov, eirl ixepovs Se olov otl eaTL tl<s 
rjSovr} dyaOdv Ka\ ^ otl ea-TL tl9 r/Sovr] ovk dyaOov. ^'Ectt^ 
^e 'Trpd? diuLCpoTepa Ta yevrj tcov 7rpo/3\r]iuLaTcov Koiva Ta 
Ka06\o ^ KaTaa-Kevaa-TLKa Ka\ dvaaKevaa-TLKa' Sei^avTeg ydp 
OTL 7ravT\ virdpyei, Ka\ otl tlv\ vTrap^^cL SeSeL-)^6Te9 ea-6fjie0a. 
^OjjLOLco^ Se Kav otl ovSev\ ^ virdpyeL Sel^co/ULev, Ka\ ^ otl ov 
iravT^ virdpyeL SeSeL-^6Te<s ea-^fJieOa. ^ TipcoTOv ovv 7r€p\ tcov 2 
Ka06\ov dvaaKevaa-TLKcov prjTeov Slu Te to KOLvd elvaL Ta 
TOLavTa TTpd^ tu Ka06\ov Ka\ Ta eTrJ fjLepov^, Kai S^d to 
fjidWov Ta^ 0ea-eL9 KOfjLL^eLV ev tw virdpyeLV r] fj,r], Tovg Se 
Sia\eyofjL€vov9 dvaa^Kevd^eLV. ^'EcTTi ^e ^aXeTrojTaTOi/ to dv- 
TLaTpecpeLV Tr]V diro tov a-vfi^e^rjK^TO^ OLKelav ovofiaa-lav' 
To yap TTrj Ka\ fJLrj Ka06\ov eTrJ fJi6vcov evSeyeTaL tcov arvfJi- 
^e^rjK^Toov. ^Atto fjiev ydp tov opov Ka\ tov lSlov Ka\ tov3 

y OTi G>i (TTiyiir} iv ypafifirj fxovas C. ^ ovk dWoTpias 86^op.ev C. 

a ol om. A. b Xe-yo/ifj/a B. c B A, ^rjTa B, 6*^ C. neque aliter 

libris 3, 4, 5- ^ ^^* on^» B. ^ dvacrKcvacrTiKa Kal KaTacTKCvaaTiKa 

C. ^ xmdp\r]L B, vTrdpxeiv C. S oTi Tivi ov^ vndpxeiv C. ^ Trpw- 

TOV fl€V ovv C. 

T4 



28o TOniKliN B. Topic. 

yivovg avayKaiov avTicrrpecpeiv, olov el virap-^eL riv\ l^wca 
* Tre^w SiTToSi elvat, avT la-TpeylravTi ctXi/Oe? ea-Tai Xeyeiv otl 
'C^ov ire^Cov Siirovv eaTiv. ^O/ULOiwg Se Ka\ airo tov yevovi' 
€1 yap ^wo) virapyeL tlv\ elvaL, X^^^ov ecrTiv. Ta ^' avTa Ka\ 
eir\ Tov lSlov el yap virap-^eL ^tlv\ ypajuiiuLaTLKrjs Scktlklo 

A-ehaL, ypa/miuiaTiKrjg SeKTiKov ^ea-Tai. OvSev yap tovtcov ev- 
Se-^eTai /cara tl virap-^eLV "^ ri ixr] virapycLV, aXX' aTrXw? " rj 
virapyeLV rj /j.r] V7rdp-)(€LV. ""ETTf ^e Tcov arviUL/Be/BrjKOTCOV ^ ovSev 
KcokveL KaTOL TL virdpyeLV, olov XevKOTtjTa rj SLKaioa-vvtjv, coaTC 
ovK aTroyjpr} to Sei^aL otl virdpyeL XevKOTrjg rj SiKaioa-vvr] 7rpo9 
TO Sei^aL OTi XevK09 r] SiKaiog ea-TiV eyeL ydp diui(pLa-/3^Trja'iv 
OTL KaTa TL \evK09 37 SiKaiog ea-TLV. ''Qo-t ovk dvayKaiov eTri 
Twv orvjUi/Se^rjKOTCOv to dvTLO-TpeipeLV, 

5 AiopLa-aa-Oai Se Sei Ka\ ra? d^apTLa<s Td<s ev T019 irpo^X^- 
/uLaa-iv, OTL etVi SLTTal, rj tm y\revSea-Oai rj tw irapa/Saiveiv 
Trjv KeijULevrjv \e^LV. Oi re ydp y^evSojULevOL Ka\ to lULrj virdp- 
yov vTzdp-^eiv Tiv\ \eyovT€<5 dfiapTavova-i' Ka\ ol TOt9 aX- 
\oTpLOL9 ovoiuaa-L Ta "TrpayiuLaTa P irpoa-ayopevovTe^, olov 
Trjv ifKdTavov dvOpcoirov, Trapa/SalvovarL Trjv Kei/ULevrjv ovojULa- 
a-lav. 
2 Ef? /Jiev Srj TOTTO^ To eTTf/SXeVetJ/ et to KaT dWov Tivd 
TpOTTOv virdp-^ov co<5 a-viuL/Se/BrjKOS dvroSeScoKev. ^ A/ULapTdveTai 
Se ^ iuLa\La^a tovto 7rep\ rd yevrj, olov el ^ tl9 ^ tco \evK(p 
(palrj a-vfJL/Se/BrjKGvaL y^coiuaTL eivaL' ov ydp av/UL/3e/3jjKe to5 
\evK(a y^pwiuLaTL etvai, dWa yevog avTOv to ^co/uLa ea-Tiv. 
evSe-)(€TaL /ulcv ovv Ka\ /cara Trjv ovo/uLaa-iav Stoptaat tov TtOi- 
/ULevov, olov OTi (jrv/x/3€/3rjKe Trj StKatoarvvt] dpeTrj eivai' tto^- 
\dKt9 Se Ka\ /irj Stopia-avTt KaTdSrj\ov otl to yevo^ ft)9 a-v/ji- 
fie^rjKO^ diroSeScoKev, olov et T£9 Trjv ^evKOTrjTa Keyjpcoa-OaL 

lipi^a-eLev rj Trjv ^aSLa-iv KLvelarOaL. ^ A-k ovSevd^ ydp yevovg 



i TTf^a) om. C. ^ Tivl oni. C. ^ «Vtii/. ov3ev C. ^ ^ firf 

vndpx€LV ora. C. " ri post aTrXeoy om. B.C. o ov6iV C. P ^a- 

(TKovTfs C. *i TovTo fidXiaTa C. •" Tis om. C. ® t6 \(vk6v B. 



II. 2. TOniK12N B. 281 

TrapODVvjuco^ ^ KaTrjyopia Kara tov et^ou? XiycTai, aXXa 
iravTa (rvvcovv/uico? ra yevrj twv eiocuv KaTtjyopeiTai' Kai yo.p 
TOvvofjLa Kal tov Xoyov eTnSe-^erai ^toov yevwv to. eiSi]. "^O 
ovv Keyj)(jo<TiJ.evov ^ eiira<5 to XevKov ovTe o)? yevo<s aTroSeSooKev, 
e^n-eiSrj irapwvviuLw^ eiptiKev, ovO^ 009 tSiov ^ oo<s opta-jmov' 6 yap 
6pL(TiuL09 Kal t6 'iSiov ovSevl aXXo) virap-^ei, KeyjpwcrTai Se 
TToXXa Ka\ Twv aXXcov, oiov ^ ^vXov XlOog avOpooTTOS fTTTro?. 
A^Xov ovv OTL 0)9 crviuLlSelSrjK^g ^ airoSLScocTLV. 

y^'AXXo9 t6 eirL^XeTreLV oh virdpyeLV ri iraarLV ri jULrjSevls 
e'ipriTaL. ^KOireiv Se /car' eiSri Ka\ lULr] ev Tolg aireLpOL<5' ^ oSw 
yap /jLaXXov Ka\ ev eXaTToarLV ri cTKe^L^' Aei Se crKoirelv 
Ka\ apyecrOaL airo tcov irpcoTcov, efr' e(pe^^9 eco9 twv aTOjuLwv, 
oTov ei Twv avTLKeijULevwv Tr}v avTrjv eTr lott^iuliiv e(pri(rev eivai, 
CTKeTTTeov €t twv irpo^ TL Ka\ Twv evavTLWv Ka\ twv /cara OTe- 
pricTLV Ka\ e^LV Ka\ twv KaT avTi(pacrLV XeyojJLevwv ri avTrj 
€iTLcrTriiJ.ri' kolv eVJ tovtwv fj.riirw (pavepov ^, iraXLv ^TavTa 
SiaLpereov I^^XpL twv oltojulwv, olov el twv SiKatwv Ka\ aSiKWv, 
ri Tov SfTrXacriov ^ kol ^ ^iuLLO-eog, ri TvcpXoTriTO^ Ka\ o^ew9, 5 
Tov eivat ^ Ka\ fJLrj eivat. ^Eaj/ •yajO eirl tlvos SeL^^^Orj otl 01/^4 
^ avTi^, avriprjKOTe^ ecTO/ULeOa t6 irpo^XijiuLa' ojuloiw^ Se ^ Kai 
eav fJLrjSev^ VTrap-^rj. Ouro? 6 totto^ avTLCTTpecpeL irpo^ to 
^ ava(rK€V(xl^€Lv Ka\ KaTa(TKev(x^eLV. ""Eai/ yap eTrf tt^xvtwv 
(paivr]TaL Siaipecriv irpoeveyKacrLv ri eTri iroXXwv, a^twTeov Ka\ 
KaOoXov TtOevat 37 evcTTacrtv (pepetv ein. Ttvog ovy^ ovtw9' eav 
yap fJLriSeTepov tovtwv TroLrj, aTOiro^ ^ (paveiTaL fJLt] TLOeh. 

^^'AXXo? t6 Xoyovs iroLelv tov re crvixpe^riKOTO^s Kai ta 5 
(rvjJL^e/BriKev, rj afxCpoTepwv KaO^ CKaTepov ri tov erepov, eiTa 
crKOirelv el tl fxri aXrjOh ev T019 X6yoL9 W9 aXriOeg e^iXriirTaL. 
Oiov et ecTTt Oe^v aStKeiv, r/ t6 aStKetv ', ei yap to /SXairTetv 
€Kov(rtw9, SrjXov W9 ovK ecTTt Oeov aStKeicrOaL' ov yap evSe-^^e- 



* tS)v] tov twv B.C. '^ eiTTcoj/ C. "^ \idos ^vKov C. "^ aTTo- 

biboiKfV C. y tiKkos Tonos t6 C. 2 6da> re yap C. * TavTU C. 

" Koij Kol Tov C. ^ TjjjLio-ecis B. ^ Ka\ j) C. ® Ka\ eai/] Kav C. 

^ dvaa-Kfvd^eiv Ka\ KaTaaKfvd^eiv C ? (fiaivfTai C. ^ aXKos tottos t6 C. 



282 T0niKI2N B. Topic. 

rai /SXdTTTecrOai tov Oeov. Ka) el (j)6ovep69 6 (T7rovSato9-> 
Ti9 6 (pOovepo^ Ka\ TL9 6 (p06vo9 ; ei yap 6 (p06vo9 ecTT). XvTnj 
CTrl (baivoiuevrj evTrpaylci twv eTrieiKcov tiv69, orjXov otl 6 cnrov- 
SaL09 ov (p0ovep69' (pav\o9 yap dv e'ir]. Ka^ ei 6 ve/iiecrriTLKOi 
(p0ov€po9, TL9 eKaT€po9 avTwv ; ovTco yap KaTa(pave<s eaTai 
TT^Tepov aXrjOh rj y^evSo? to prjOev, olov el (pOovepo^ /mev 6 
XvTrovjUievo^ eTrl Tah twv ayaOoov evTrpayiaL^, ve/JLecrrjTLKo^ S^ 
6 XvTrovfJLevo^ eirl Tai9 twv KaKcov evTrpaytai^s, SrjXov otl ovk 

7 av etrj (pOovepo^ 6 veinecrrjTLK^g. A.aiJL^av€LV Se Ka\ avT\ tcov 
iv T019 X6yoi9 ovojULaTcov X6yov9, Ka\ fjirj ^ a^pLCTTacrOaL eto? 
av ^ eig yvcopijULov eXOrj' TroXXa/cf? yap oXov /ulcv tov X6yov 
aTToSoOevTO? ovttco SrjXov t6 tCflTovjULevov, avT\ Se tlvo9 tcov 
€v T(p X6y(p ovo/ULaTCov X6yov prjOevTO^ KaTaSrjXov ylveraL, 

8 Eri TO irpo^Xrifxa irp^TacTLV eavTw TroLOv/uLevov evlcTTa- 
crOaL' rj yap ev(TTacrL9 ecrTai €7r L-^^elprjjULa ttjOo? Ttjv OecTLv. 

^ EcTTi o o T^iro^ OVT09 cr-)^eS6v 6 avT^^ tw eiTLpiXeTreLv oi<i 
virapyeLV rj TrdcTLV rj /ULrjSev\ eiprjTaL' SLacpepeL Se tw Tp^ircp. 

9 "*^'ETf SLopl^ecrOai iroia Set KaXeiv o)? ol ttoXXo) Ka\ iroia 
ov. J>k.prj(Ttfxov yap Kat 7rpo9 to KaTacTKevaCetv Kat irpo^ 
t6 avacTKeva^eLV, olov otl Taig fxev 6vofjLacrtaL9 tcl irpayfiaTa 
irpocTayopevTeov KaOairep oi ttoXXol, irola Se tcov TrpayfjLa- 
Tcov €ctt\ TOLavTa rj ov TOiavTa, ovKeTt irpocTeKTeov Toh 
TToXXor?. Ofoi/ vyi€Lv6v fiev prjTeov t6 irotrjTtK^v vyteta^, o)? 
oi TToXXof Xeyov^TtV ir^Tepov Se t6 TrpOKetfievov irotrjTtKov 
vytetag >y ov, ovKCTt m oi ttoXXoI KXrjTeov aXX' co9 6 laTpo^. 

5 *'ETf eav TToXXa^o)? XeyrjTai, Keifievov Se ^ o)? virap^eL rj 
w? ou^ VTrap-^eL, OaTcpov SeLKvvvai tcov 7rXeoi/a^c«9 XeyofJLevcov, 
iav firj afJLCpco evSey^rjTai. ^prjcTTeov S^ eir^ tcov Xav0av6vT(ov' 
eav yap fjLrj XavOavrj TroXXa^to? Xey^fJLevov, evcTTrjcreraL otl 
ov SLelXeKTai oirep airro? ij7r6pei, aXXa OaTepov. OyTO? S^ 
6 T^TTO^ avTL(TTpe(pei Ka\ irp^^ t6 ^ KaTacTKevacrai Ka\ am- 

' Tvpoa(^i(rTa(T6ai C. ^ cls ri yv<j>pifiov C. * ot/TTO)] ov C. ^^ crt 
del biopi^ea-dai C. " npos ro om. C. " dva(TK€vdaat Kai KaTaaKevd(rai 
C. at A. om. Kal dva(TK€vd(rai. 



II. 3- T0niK12N B. 283 

(TKevdcrai. J^fiTacrKevd^eiv fxev ydp /3ov\6iul€voi Sel^oiuLev otl 2 
OdTcpov vTrdp-^ei, edv fxrj dixfpto SvvwjULeOa' dva(TK€va^ovT€<} Se 
OTi ov-^ virdpyei OdTepov Sei^oimev, edv /u^ dnKpo) SvvcofJLeOa. 
Tl\t]v dvaa-Kevd^ovTL juLev ovSev Sel e^ o/uLoXoylag SLaXeyea-OaL, 
ovT €1 iravT^ ovT €L jULrjSevl v7rdp-)(eLV elpriTaL' edv ydp Sel^w- 
jULev P OTL ou^ virapyeL OTCpovv, dvrjprjKOTeg eaofxeOa to TravTl 
virdpyeLV, ojulolco? Se kclv evl SeL^co/ULev virdp-^^ov, dvaLprj(TOiJ.ev 
TO fxrjSev\ virdp-^eiv. }^aTa<TKevdXovcrL Se TrpoSioiULoXoyrjTeov 
OTL el OTCpovv virdp-^^eL iravTl virdpyeL, dv TnOavov ^ to d^l- 
(jofxa. Ov ydp diro-^^jprj Trpog to Sei^aL otl iravT^ virdpyeL to 3 
€(f) evdg ^ SiaXej^OtjvaL, otov el rj tov dvOpcoTrov ^v^^rj dOava- 
T09, Slotl ^ ^v-^rj TrdcTa d0dvaTO9, w<tt€ ^ TrpoojULoXoyrjTeov 
OTL €1 * rjTL<TOvv "^v^ d0dvaTO9, ^ irdcTa dOdvaTog. Tovto S^ 
ovK aeL TTOirjTeov, aXX OTav fxrj evTTopcojULev kolvov eiTL iravTcov 
eva \6yov elireLv, KaOairep 6 yecojULeTprjg otl to Tplycovov 
SvctIv dpOalg 'la-ag ^€-)(€l. 

^Eat/ ^e /ULr] \avOdvr] TToXXa^w? \ey6ixevov, Sl€\6iul€vov 4 
ocTa^co^ \eyeTaL, Kal dvaipelv Ka\ KaTaarKevd^eLV. Olov ei to 
Seov ecrrl to a-vjuLCpepov r] to Ka\6v, ireLpaTeov d/ULCpco KaTa- 
(TKevaXeLV 37 dvaLpeiv irepl tov TrpoKeifxevov, otov otl Ka\dv 
Ka\ a-v/uLCpepov, r] ^ otl ovTe Ka\dv ovTe av/xcpepov. ""Eai/ Se 
jULr] y evSeyjjTai djULCpdTepa, OdTepov SeLKTeov, €7r La-rjfxaLvdixevov 
OTL TO fxev TO o ov. KJ afTO? Aoyog Kav irXeLco r] ei9 a 
SLaLpeLTai. 

Y\d\LV dcra /uli] KaO^ ojucovv/ULLav ^ \eyeTaL 7ro\\a-^co9, dWd 5 
KaT dWov Tpdirov, olov eirLa-Trnxri fxla 7r\eL6vcov r] co9 tov 
T€\ov9 ^ Ka\ Tov 7rpd9 TO Te\o9, ^ olov laTpLKr] tov vyieLav 
7roLr]a-aL Ka\ tov SLaLTrjcraL, r] o)? dfXCpoTepcov Te\cov, KaOd^rep 
Tcov evavTicov rj avTr] \eyeTaL e^rLa-Trjfxrj (ovSev ydp fxdWov 

^T€\0S TO eTepOV TOV €T€pOv), t] O)? TOV KaO^ avTO Ka\ TOV 

P OTL Tiv\ ovx vrcdpxd' onoiCTovv C. Q diaXeyrjvat C. ^ Tracra 

^^XV C!. ^ 7rpoa-8iofxoXoyr]T€OV 8l6ti C. * ei Tis ovv B. ^ Tracra] /cat 
naaa C. ^ ^X^O ^X^* '"'^^ y<ovLas C. ^ otl ovrf] otl ov A. Y evde- 
Xfrai C. z \eyrjTaL B. « Ka\ tov'] Ka\ Ttov B.C. ^ olov f) la- 

TplKr) C. ^ TiXoS TiXoVS t6 B. 



284 TOniKXlN B. Topic. 

KaTOL orvju^elBtjKO^, olov /ca0' avTO ixev otl *^ to ^ TplyoDvov 
Sualv 6p9ai9 'lcras ^X^^ KaTa crvfjL^epTjKo^ Se otl to IrroTfKeV' 
pov OTL yap (rviuL^e/3i]K€ tw ^ TpiywvM laroTrXevpw TpLywvo) 
cLvaL ^ KaTO. TOVTO yvcopll^ojULCv OTL ^ Svcrlv 6p6aL9 la-a^ *e^€<. 

^Et ovv iuir]Sa/j.co9 evSe-^^eraL Tr]v avTr]v etvaL ^ irXeLOvoDv eTTLCTTrj' 
/ULi]V, SrjXov OTL oXw9 OVK evSej^eTaL ^ eivaL, r] ei TTOog evSe-^CTaL, 
SrjXov OTL evSe^eTttL. ALaLpeicrOaL Se 6(ra^w9 yjprjcTLiJLOv. OIov 
'" eav ^ovXw/uLeOa KaTacTKevacraL, Ta TOLavTa irpooLcrTeov " ocra 
evSeyeTai, Ka\ SLttLpeTeov eig TavTa ^ /ulovov ocra Ka\ yjprjcrLiJLa 
TTjOo? TO KaTacTKevda-aL' P av S^ avacrKevdcrai, ocra /ULrj evSe- 

7 ^eraf , to. Se XotTra ^ irapaXeLTTTeov. WoLr]Teov Se Ka\ eir^ 
TOVTCov, OTav XavOdvr] Trocra-^oo^ XeyeraL. Ka^ elvaL Se ToSe 
TOvSe r] fjLr] elvaL €k toov avToov toitoov KaTacrKevacrreov, olov 
€iricrTriixr]v Ti^vSe TOvSe ^ cog TcXovg rj co9 toov irpo^ to Te\o9 
Y] 009 Toov KaTOL crvjUL/SefiijKO^, r] TraXfi/ /ULr] eival ^tl /cara /uLr]Seva 
Toov pr]OevToov Tpoircov. *^0 ^' avTO^ \6yo9 Ka\ irep^ eTnOv- 

SfJLLa^, Ka\ ocra aXXa XeyeTaL TrXeiovcov. ^'EoTt yap ^ cttl- 
OvjULLa TOVTOv r] 009 TeXov9, OLOv vyLela^, r] 009 toov 7rpo9 To 
T€Xo9, otov Tov (papjULaKevOrjvai, r] 009 ^tov KaTa crv/uL/3e/3r]K69, 
KaOairep €7r\ tov o'lvov 6 (pLXdyXvKV^ ov^ otl oivo9 aXX' oti 
yXvKV9 ^ecTTLV. Ka^' avro fjLev yap tov yXvK€09 eirLOvjULeL, 
tov S^ oIvov KaTCL crvix^e^rjKO^' eav yap avG-Tr]po9 ^, ovk€TI 
eiTLOviJLel. Kara crvii^e/Sr^KO^ ovv eTTLOvfJLeL. ^pr](TLiJL09 S^ 6 
TOiro9 OVT09 ev ^T0i9 7rp69 tl' cr-)(^eS6v yap tcl TOiavTa ^toov 

irpO^ TL eCTTLV. 

4 ^'Erf To iJLeTaXafjLlSdveLV €19 to yvcopifJLcoTepov ovofia, oiov 
avT\ Tov ^ aKpL^ov9 €v VTroXj^yjreL to cra(p€9 Kai avT\ t^? tto- 
XvirpayiJL0crvvr]9 ^Tr/v (pLXoirpayiJLOcrvvrjv' yvoopLiJLooTepov yap 



^ t6 om. B. ^ Tpiyavov ras Tp(U ytaviai bvcrXv C. ^ Tpiya>vat 

TpiyOiVO) IfTOTTKiVptt) C. 8 KaTO. OTl Om. pr. C. '' bvo C. ' fXft TOJ 

ivTos et C. ^ TrXfovav C. ^ (ivai om. C. "^ tav fiev ^ovX. C. 

" oaa^ fls oaa C. o p.6va C l' iav C. '• TrapaXrjnTeov A.B. 

^ TL om. C. s T-oi) alterum om. C. * €o-tii/ om. C. ^ toI?] 

ToiL A. ^ Tcov €V Tols TTpos C. ^ aKpL^ois A. Y 17 <f)iKo7rpayp.o» 

a-vvT) A.B. 



II. 4. T0niKX2N B. 285 

^ yLVOfxevov Tov prjOevTO^ eveTTf^^eiprjTOTepa r/ ^ Oecrig. ^''Ejctti 

Se Kal OVT09 6 TOTTOS TTjOO? a/uLipco Koivog, Kal 7rpo9 to /cara- 

a-K€vdl^€iv Kal avaa-Kevd^eiv. 

Tlpos Se To Sei^ai TavavTia tm avTw virdp-^ovTa (TKOirelv 2 

eirl Tov yevovg, olov eav /SovXcoimeOa Sei^ai otl ecTTi irepl ou- 

crOri(TLV opOoTrjg Kal djUiapTLa, to ^' aicrOdvecrOai KplveLV ecTTi, 

KpiveLV S^ ecTTLV opOcog Ka\ ixr] opOcos, Kal Trepl a'icrOr]crLV dv e^lrj 

opOoTrjs Kal dixapTLa. Ni/i/ /uev ovv €k tov 'yevovg irepl to 

elSos rj aTroSeL^LS' to ydp Kplveiv yevo9 tov aLcrOavea-OaL' 6 

ydp aLcr0av6iuL€vo9 ^ KplveL irm. TIoXlv ^S^ ck tov e^iSovg rw 

yeveL' ocra ydp tw e'iSeL vTrap^eL, Kal tw yevei, otov el ecrTiv 

eirLCTTriiJLr] (pavXrj Kal (TirovSala, Ka\ ^ SLdOecrig (pavXrj Kal 

crTTOvSaLa' rj ydp SLdOecTLS Trjg eirL^TTiiiULrjg yevo^. *^0 juLev ovv 3 

TTpOTepo^s TOTTog ^evS^9 ecTTL 7rpo9 t6 KaTacTKevdcTaL, 6 Se 

SevT€po9 dXriOrjs. Ov ydp dvayKalov, ocra tw yeveL virap^eL, 

Ka\ Tw e^lSeL virdp-^eLV' ^mov iiev ydp ccttl irTrivov Ka\ Terpd- 

irovv, dvOpcoTTog S^ 01/. ^'OcTa Se tS e^lSei virdp-^eL, dvayKaiov 

Ka\ Tw yev€L' ei ydp ecTLV dv0poiiro<5 cTirovSalo^, Ka\ X/pdv 

ecTTL crirovSaiov. 1X1009 Se to dvacTKevdi^eLV 6 fJLev irpOTepos 

aXrjO^S, 6 Se ^ vcTTepo<i y^evSi^g' ocra 'YajO tc5 yeveL ov-^ vTrap- 

"^€1, ovoe T(p eLoeL' ocra oe tm eioei ^fxri virap-^eL, ovk ^ avay- 

Kaiov Tw yeveL fJLt] virap^^eLV. 

''Exef S^ dvayKaiov, cov to yevo<s KaTrjyopeLTaL, Ka\ T(iov4 

eiScov "rf KaTriyopelcTOaL, Ka\ oaa e-^eL to yevo£ ri Trapoovviuoos 

diro Tov yevov<s XeyeTai, Ka\ toov eiSoov tl dvayKalov ^ e-^€LV 

rj Trapcovv/JLCog diro tlvo<s tcov eiSoov XeyecrOaL, otov €'i tlvo9 

eTTLCTTiiiuLr] KaTriyopeiTaL, Ka\ ypajuLiuLaTLKri ^jy imovcrLKr] ^ tcov 

aXXcov TL9 eirLCTTriixoov KaTriyopriOricreraL, Ka\ el ti9 eyeL eiTL- 

(TT^jULrjv ri "TrapoovviuLcos diro r^? eir LcrTr] ixris XeyeTaL, Ka\ ypajuL- 

[jLaTiKrjv €^€L r] lULovcTLKrjv ^ ^TLva Tcov dXXcov €irL(TTr]ixoov r] ira- 

poovvjJLOo^s diro tlvo9 avToov prjOrjcreTaL, oiov ypaiuL/uiaTiKog rj 

2 yevofitvov C. * Oeo-is iarTLV. "Eoti C. ^ Kpivel C. ^ 5' om. A. 
d didBeais i(TTtv apa <{)av\r] C. ^ dfVTcpos C. ^ ovx C. S dvdyKr} 

B.C. h rt] 8« B. i exet B. ^ ^ ^.] ^„1 /z. A.B. ^ tS>v 

aXXa>v Ttva C. 



286 TOniKHN B. Topic. 

5 fjiOucriKo?. ^ Eai/ ovv ti TeOrj Xeyo/uievov airo tov yevovg ottw- 
(Tovv, '" olov Trjv "^v^h^ KLvelcrQai, aKOTreiv ei KaTo. ti toov 
eiSwv Twv Tri<s KLvr]crew9 evSe-^^eTai Trjv ^v^rjv Kiveia-Oai, otov 
au^ecrOai rj (pOeipecrOai rj ylvecrOaL rj oaa aWa KLvrjcrem e^Srj. 
Et yap KaTo. inrjSev, SrjXov " otl ov KLveiTaL. Qvto9 ° S^ 6 
TOTTO^ K01V09 TTjOo? ajUL(j)(ji), TTpo^ Te TO avacTKevdl^eiv Ka} KaTa- 
CTKevdl^eiv' ei yap KaTa tl twv eiSwv KLveiTaL, SrjXov otl Kivei- 
TaL, Ka\ ei KaTO. /iirjSev twv eiSwv KiveiTaL, SrjXov oti ov kl- 
veiTaL. 

6 Mi evTTopovvTL Se eiTLyeLprjij.aTO'; irpog tj]v Oeariv, crKOTreiv 
€K Twv opLcriJLLov rj Twv ovTWv Tov irpoKeijjLevov 7rpayiuaT09 »/ 
Twv SoKOvvToov, ^ Koi HJLrj a^' €V09 aXX' ^ctTTO TrXeLOVCov. "^Paoi/ 
'yajO ^ opLora/uLevoLg eiTLyeLpeLV ecrTai' wpo^ yap tov9 opLcr/uLovg 
paov rj eTTL-^elprjcrL^. 

7 ^KOirelv Se ^ eirl tov TrpOKei/uLevov, tlvo9 ovto<s to irpoKel- 
/ULevov ea-TLV, ri tl ecTTLV e^ avdyKrjg el to * TrpOKeijULevov ecrTi., 
KaTaarKeva^eLV julcv ^ovXojULevw, tlvo<s ovto? t6 TrpoKel/xevov 
^ ecTTai (^eav yap eKeivo SeL-^^Orj virdp^^ov, kcil to TrpoKeijuLevov 
SeSeLyiuLevov eaTaL^, avacrKevd^il^eLV Se ^ovXo/ULevw, t/ ecrTLV el 
TO TrpoKeiiuLevov ecrTLV eav ydp Sei^wjULev to (ikoXovOov tw 
irpOKeLfJ.evw juLrj 6v, dvrjprjKOTe^ ecro/uLeOa t6 irpOKeLiJ.evov. 

8 ^'Et^ eir\ t6v yj)6vov eTri^XeireLV, e'L irov SLa(pwvei, oiov ei 
TO Tpe(p6iULevov ^ e(f)rjcrev e^ dvdyKtj? av^ecrOaL' Tpe(peTaL fjev 
ydp de\ Ta ^wa, av^eTaL S' ovk del. ^OjULoiwg Se Kal ei t6 
eTTLCTTacrOaL ^ ecbrjcre /jeiuLvfjcrOaL' to /jev yup tov irapeXrjXv- 
06to9 yjp^vov icrTL, t6 Se kol tov irap6vT09 kol tov fJLeWov- 
T09. ^E7r/(TTao-0af iulcv ydp Xeyd/jLeOa Ta irapdvTa Ka) tu 
jULeWovTa, OLOV otl y ecrTai eVXez"v{/'/9, fJvrjiJLOveveiv S' ovk evSe- 
XeTaL ^aXX' i^ t6 TrapeXrjXvOdg. 

5 *'EiTL 6 cro^pLcrTLK^^ '' TjOOTTO?, t6 dyeiv eig ^ tolovtov ttjOo? 



€1 



•" olov t6 TTjV C. l^ Ort] OTl Koi C. O 8' Om. C. P KOl'] Koi 

B, Koi av C. ^ diro om. A. *" 6pi(raji€Vovs C. ^ ncpi C. 

* npoK. dvdyKrj dvai kot. C. ^ co-Tai e^ dvdyKtj^ av C. ^ «0' rjs 

e^ A. -^ e(f)r]a-€ Tis fMfjivTJa-dai C. Y eaTai fjXiov €k\€i^is C. ^ oXXo 

A.B. ^ TOnOS C. ^ TOIOVTO C. 



II. 5- TOniKXiN B. 287 

o evTroprjcroiJiev i7ri-)(€tpr]iuL(XT(jov. Tovto <^' e(TTai 6t€ fiev 
avayKuiov, otc Se (paivoiuLevov avayKaiov, OTe ^' ovTe (pai- 
voiuevov ovT avayKaiov. ^ AvayKaiov imev ovv, oTav apvtjara- 
jULevov Tov airoKpivaiJLevov twv irpo<s Trjv Qeariv tl ')Q)r](n/ULWv 
TTjOo? TOVTO T0V9 \6yov9 iroirJTai, ^ Tvyyavi^ Se tovto tu>v 
TOiovTCov ov TTjOO? o ^ evTTOpeiv ecTTiv eTn-^eiprjiuLaTcov. '^Oyao/wya 
^e Kal oTav eTraycoyrjv irpo^ tl Sia tov KeijUievov ^ iroLrjcraiULevo^ 
avaipeiv eTTi-^^eLprj- tovtov yap avaipeOevTog Kai to irpoKel^ 
lULcvov avaipeiTai. ^aivoiuLevov S^ avayKaiov, OTav (paivrjTai 
lULcv -^rjcniULOv Ka\ oiKeiov Tt]9 6e(jeo)9, fJLrj ^ Se, ttjOO? o ytyvov- 
Tai OL \6yoL, e'LTe apvr](TaiULevov tov tov X6yov vire^^ovTO^s, 
eLTe eTrayooyijg evS6^ov Slcl Trjg Oecreco^ Trpog ^ avTO ^ yLvo- 
IJ.evr}9 avaLpeiv eirLyeLpOLri avT6. To Se \oL7r6v, '^ OTav iul^t^ 3 
avayKaiov ^ fi fxr]Te (paLvofxevov irpo^ yLvovTai ol Xoyoi, 
aXXct)9 Se irape^eXey^ecrOaL ^ (TVix^aLvr] tm ^ airoKpLVOiJi.evcp. 
Ael S^ evXa^eicrOai tov ecryaTOV tcov pr]OevTcov "^ TpoircoV 
7ravTeXw9 yap airr]pTr]iJ.evo<s Ka\ aXX^TpLog eoLKev eivaL rJ?? 
StaXeKTLKrjg. Alo Sei Ka\ tov a7rOKpiv6iuL€VOV lULr] SvcTKoXaiveiv, 
aXXa TLOevaL ra imr] -^rjcTLiJ.a 7rpo9 Ti]V OearLV, €7r icrr]iuLaLVO- 
/uLcvov " ocra lULt] SoKci, TiOf]cri Se. MaXXoi^ yap a^ropelv cog 
ctt) to 7roXv (rviUL/SalveL tols ° epcoTcocTL 7ravTC0v TiOeixevcov av- 
T019 Tcov TOiovTcov, euv lULj] TrepaLvcocriv. 

^'Ert 7ra9 6 €ipr]Kcos otlovv Tp^irov TLva iroXXa eiprjKev,^ 
€7r€iSjj irXelco eKacTLp e^ avayKrjg ciK^XovOa ecrTiv, oiov 6 el- 
pr]K(jo<s avOpco7rov cLvai Kai oti X,<m6v ea^Tiv e^iprjKe Ka\ otl eyx- 
"^vyov Kcu OTL Slirovv Ka\ otl vov Ka\ €7ricrTt]iuLr]<s S€ktlk6v, 
coarTe ^ OTroLOVOvv evog tcov (ikoXovOcov avaipeOevTO^ ^avaipei- 
TaL Ka\ TO ev ap^^rj. ^vXalSeicrOaL Se ^ XP^ ^ Ka\ to -^^aXe^rco- 



c Tvyxdvei B.C. d cyjropel iinx'^ipr)iia.T<tiV C. ^ TTOirjcraiievovi 

A.B, TTOirjarajitvov COrr. fortasse C. ^ avrov B. ? yevojitvrjs C. 

^ ore C. * ^ om. C. ^ a-Vfi^alvei B.C. ^ anoKpLvajxeva C. 

""^ rpoTTOV B.C. ^ ocra\ ojy ajia C. *^ epaTMaiv orav TrdvTCDV avTo7s 

TiOefievciv Toov TOiovTCdV jirjSev nepaivacriv C. P evos onoiovovv C. ^ dvrj- 
prjTai C. ^ XP'?] XP^ '"" roiavra A. ^ koi to] els t6 COrr. B. 



a88 TOniKHN B. Topic. 

Tepov Trjv /ii€TaXt]y^iv Troieia-Oai' evloTe fjikv yap ^ paov to 
CLKoXovdov aveXeiv, ivloTe ^' avTO to TrpOKeiimevov. 
6 ^Oa-019 S^ avayKtj OaTcpov /ulovov VTrap-^eiv, olov tw av- 
UpcoTro) ^ Tr]v vocrov rj Trjv vyieiav, eav 7rpo9 uaTcpov eviropw- 
Hiev SiaXeyearOai otl virapyei rj ov-^ virap-^ei, Ka\ Trpo? to 
XoiTTOV evTTOprjcroiJiev. Tovto S^ avTicrTpe(pei Trpo? aiuL(poD' 
Sei^avTe9 fJ-ev yap otl VTrapyeL OaTepov, otl ov-^ vTrdp-^eL to 
XoLirov SeSeiyoTe^ ecro/JieOa' eav S^ otl oi)^ virdp-^eL Sei^tiy/uLev, 
TO XoLTTOv OTL VTrdp^^cL SeSeL-^OTeg ecroiuLeOa. ArjXov ovv otl 
Trpbg aiuLipM j^^pT^a-L/uLog 6 TOTro^. 

2 ^'Eri To eiri-^^eLpelv juLeTacpepovTa TOvvo/ULa ^ cTrl tov Xoyov, 
ft)? y fJiaXLCTTa y Trpoa-rJKOv ^ eKXajUL/SdveLV r/ w9 KeiTaL TOvvojuLa, 
OLOv evylrv^ov fxr] tov avSpeiov, KaOdirep vvv KeiTaL, aXXa tov 
ev Trjv yp^v^tjv e-^^ovTa, KaOd^rep Ka\ eveXirLV tov ayaOa eXirl- 
^oj^ra* ojULOLW^ Se Ka\ evSai/uLova, ov ^ dv 6 SaijuLcov ^ G-irovSaio^, 
KaOairep SevoKpaTrjg (prjcr^v evSal/ULOva elvai tov Tr/v ^v^r/v 
€-)(0VTa crirovSaiav' TavTr/v ydp eKdcTTOv eivaL Sal/uLova. 

3 ""ETrei ^e tcov Trpay/ULaTcov Ta /ulcv e^ dvdyKrj^ eoTL, Ta S' 
0)9 e7r\ TO TroXv, Ta S^ OTroTep* eTv^ev, edv to e^ dvdyKrjg o)? 
eiri To iroXv Teur/ r/ to co<s eirL to iroXv e^ avayKr/9, r/ avTO 
r] ^ TO evavTLOv tw ft)9 e7r\ to iroXv, de\ SlSooo-l TOirov eiriyeL- 
p^/uLaT09' "^Eaj/ ydp to e^ dvdyKr/g o)? €7r\ t6 TroXv TeOrj^ 
S^Xov OTi ov TravTL (prja-LV v7rdpyeLV, vTrdp-^^ovTog TravTi, cocrTe 
^/ULapTr]Kev' e'i re to o)? €7r\ to ttoXi' Xeyo/uLevov e^ dvdyKr/9 
ecprja-e' 7ravT\ yap (prjcTLV V7rdp-)(€iv, ov-^ v7rapyovTO<i TravTi. 

^*^O/ULOLC09 Se Kai el to evavTLOv tm w9 €7r\ to TroXv e^ dvdyKrj^ 

^ eipt]K€v' de\ yap e7r' eXaTTOv XeyeTaL to evavTLOv tw o)? 

€7r\ TO 7roXv, oiov el co9 €7r\ to 7roXv cpavXoi oi dvOpcoTroL, 

ayaOo\ €7r eXaTTOv, coctt ctl /uidXXov rjixcipTrjKev, ei dya0ov9 

e^ dvdyKrj9 ^ elprjKev. ^ Qa-avTW9 Se Ka\ ei to OTroTcp' €Tvy(€v 

* paibiaiTfpov t6 aKoXovBovp C, ;i^aXe7ra)rfpoi' B. "^ rfjv iitrumque 

om. C. X ^ara B.C. Y /xaXXoi/ C. Y npoa^Kev A. ^ ck- 

\aji^dv€iv om. li.C. a av et 17 om. C. b ^Vot avro C. c ro B. 

d fdv re ydp C. ^ (IprjKfv. To ydp eXarroj/ C. ^ (Ipr/Kfv fivai. 

'Qa-avT(os C. 



II. 6, 7- TOniKXlN B. 289 

€^ avdyKi]? €(pr](r€V rj o)? eTrl to ttoXv' ovre yap e^ avdyKriq 
To 07roT€p €TV)^€v ovu ft)? €7ri To TTOAv. xlii/oe^eraf 0€, Kav s 
lULrj Siopica^ €Lirrj iroT^pov o)? eirl t6 ttoXv t] e^ avdyKrjg €'iprj- 
K€v, ^ Se TO TrpdyfjLa wg eirl to ttoXu, SiaXeyeo-Oai oog i^ 
avayKri^ €ipr]K0T09 avTOv, otov el (pavXov^ Tovg aTroKX^povg 
€(pr](r€V eivai /uLr] Siopicra^, 009 e^ avdyKrjg eiprjKOTO^ avTOv 
SiaXeyecrOai. 

^'IBjti Kai €L avTO avT(p crvjUL^elSrjKog eOrjKev o)? cTepov Slol 6 
TO eTepov efvai ovo/j.a, KaOdirep TVpoSLKO^ SirjpeiTO tcl^ rjSo- 
vd^ €19 "XpLpdv Ka\ Tepy^iv Ka\ evcppocrvvrjv' TavTa ydp irdvTa 

TOV aVTOV TrJ9 rjSovrJ9 OVOJULaTd eCTTLV. Et OVV TL9 ^ TO X^^" 

peiv Tw ev(ppaiv€(rOaL (pi^treL (rvjUL^ejSrjKevaL, avTO dv avTw 
ipalr] av/uL^e^rjKevai. 

""ETre) Se " Ta evavTLa ^ (rvjULTrXeKeTaL luev d\\^XoL9 ^ e^a- 7 
\(io9, evavTLtixriv Se TroLel TeTpax^o? ^ (rv/uLTr^eKOjuLeva, ™ Sei 
\ajul3av€Lv Ta evavTia, otto)? dv '^ ^>;(Tf^toi' ^ Ka\ dvaLpovvTi 
Kal KaTacTKevd^ovTL. ^'Otl julcv ovv e^a^w? ° crvjUL7r\€K€Tai, 
S^\ov' rj ydp CKdTepov twv evavTicov eKaTepio (rvix7r\aKr](r€- 
Tai' TOVTO Se (^f^ft)?, olov to tov9 (pL\ov9 ev 7roL€iv Kal to 
T0V9 ex0pov9 KaKu>9, rj dva7ra\LV to tov9 (pi\ov9 P KaKcog Kal 
T0V9 ex0pov9 €v. ^H ^OTav djULCpa) ^repl tov evos' Slx^o^ Se 

Kal TOVTO, OLOV TO T0V9 (pL\0V9 €V Ka\ TO T0V9 (pL\oV9 KaKC09, 

rj To T0V9 exupovg ^ ev KaL tov9 e^^^pov^ KaKoog. ti to ev 
7r€p\ d/uL(poT€po)v' (^i^ft)? ^e ^ Ka\ tovto, otov to TOI'? (pL\ov9 
^ €V Ka\ To T0V9 ex0pov9 ev, rj tov9 (pi\ov9 KaKoo9 Ka\ Tovg 
€x0pov9 KaKwg, 

A/ juev * ovv ^ TrpooTaL Svo prjOeicrai crv/xTrXo/caf ov 7roLOV(rLV 2 
€vavTioo(TLv' To ydp T0V9 (pi\ov9 €v 7r oielv Tw T0V9 ex0pov9 
KaKoos ovK €(rTiv evavTLOV d/uLCpoTepa ydp alpeTd Ka\ tov 
avTOv *j0ov9. ^ OvSe to tov? (pL\ov<; KaKoo9 tw Toiy? exOpov^ 

S rS) xctipf"' To ev<f)paiuea-dai <f)aii] C. ^ Tavavria C. i (xvfXTve- 

TrXcKTai A.B. ^ e^axp>s aKkrjkoii C. 1 (Tv^ircTvKcyyLeva A. ^ Xa/i- 

^dveiv fiei C ^ rj ^(pj^o-i/zoj/ C. o (rvfMTrfnXeKTai A. P kqkcos 

TTOulv Kat. t6 tovs C. *1 oTav &fJi<l>oi>] dfi(f)6T€pa C. ^ ey] c^ iroielv C, 

s KaY] Koi t6 C. * oZv om. A. ^ 8vo npSiTai C. "w oure C. 

VOL. I. U 



290 TOniKllN B. Topic. 

eu' Koi yap ravra ajuLipoTepa (pevKra Ka\ tov avTOv * ^Oov^. 
Ov SoKei Se (pevKTOv (pevKTw evavTiov elvai, eav ^ imr] to /xei/ 
KaO^ v7repfio\r]v to Se KaT evSeiav Xeyo/txevov ^* rj re yap 
v7rep/3o\t] TU)V (pevKTwv SoKei eivai^ 6juloiio9 Se Kal r/ evSeia, 
Ta Se XoiTra ^ iravTa TCTTapa Troiei evavTiooo-iv. * To yap 
T0V9 (pi\ov? ev 'jroielv tw tov<s (pi\ov9 KaKU)9 evavTiov airo re 
^ yap evavTiov jjOovg ecTTi^ kol to luev aipeTov t6 Se (pevKTOv. 
S^QcravTco^ Se koi eiri twv aWooV KaO^ eKaarTrjv yap crv^vylav 
To /iiev alper^v to Se (pevKTOv, Ka\ to imev eTrieiKOv^ j^Oov^ t6 
Se (Pav\ov. Ar]\ov ovv €K tcov eiprjiuevcov otl tw avTm 
^ 7r\€iova evavTia crvjuilSaivei yivecrOai. ^ Tw yap tov9 (pl- 
\ov9 ev iroieiv Ka\ ^ t6 tov9 e-^Opovg ev iroielv evavTiov Ka\ t6 
T0V9 (pi\ovg KaKwg. "^O/jto/a)? Se koi twv aWoov ^ eKCxa-TLa toi/ 
avT^v Tpoirov ^ eTTKTKOirovcrL Svo ^Tct evavTia (pavrjcreTai. 
h.afji(3aveLV ovv twv evavTiwv oiroTepov av ^ irpo^s Tr]v OearLv 
yjprjcTLixov. 

4 ^'Et^ el ecTTL TL evavTiov tw crviuL^e^rjKOTL, cTKOTreiv ei 
inrap-^eL wTrep t6 crvjUipePrjKO? e^LprjTaL ^ virapyeiv' el yap 
TOVTO virap^eL, eKeivo ovk av virap-^OL' aSvvaTOv ^ yap tol- 
vavTLa aiuLa tw avTw ^virapyeLv. 

5 ^^H ei TL TOLOVTOv e^iprjTai KaTa tlvo^, ov 6vto9 avdyKrj 
"^ TCL evavTia virtip-yeLV. Oiov ei tcl? iSea? ev rjfxlv ecprjcrev ei- 
vaL' KLveLcrOai Te yap " Kal rjpeiuLeiv ° avTag crviUL^rjCTeTai, ctl 
Se aiarOrjTag Kal vorjTag elvaL. Aokovctl yap al iSectL P rjpeiULeiv 
Ka\ vorjTa\ elvai TO19 TL0eiuLevoL9 iSea? eivaL, ev rjjjiiv Se ovcrag 
aSvvaTOv ciklv^tov? eivaL' kivoviulcvwv yap rjfjLwv avayKalov 

X fjBovs. 'Atto KaKias yap. Ov B. Y imt] jj C. ^ reTTapa TTavra C. 

^ t6 t6 yap C. ^ 7°p1 "y^P '^°^ ^- ^ rrXftei) C. ^ ro B. 

e To Tovs — Ka\ t6 om. C. ^ €/eao-ro) «ara tov C. S iinaKOTrovvTi C. 

h TavavTia C. i V7rdp\€iv om. C. ^ yap dpiC^OTcpa TdvavTia re5 C. 

^ vndpx^i^V' "AXXos ei ri crvp^f^rjKevai, Tivi f^-qcriv, €cf)opdv ei ro) a~vfi^€^r]- 
KOTi evavTiov eaTi ri. Et odv t6 (vavTiov vmipxr] tov (rvp^f^rjKOTOs (o cf)7)a\ 
(Tvp^e^rjKevai, (Kclvo ovk av vTcdpxoi 6 e^ ^PXV^ ^4*V crvfi^e^rjKtvai. *A8vva- 
Tov ydp Ta evavTta dpa ro) auroi vndpxfiv. *H C. "^ TavavTia C. 

" avrds Ka\ rfpcfiflv C. ° aiVa A. P fjpefielv Ka\ dKivrjToi 

Koi C. 



11. 8. TOniKliN B. 391 

Kal Ta ev ^juliv ^ Travra crvyKiveiarOat. ArjXov (^' oti Kal 
aia-OrjTai, eiTrep ev ^jULtv etcri Sta yap Trjg irep\ Trjv o>\riv 
ala-Orjcrew^ Trjv ev eKaa-Tcp juop^prjv yvMpt^o/uiev. 

TLaXtv et KeiTat a-viulSelSrjKo^ (p ea-Tt Tt evavTtov, a-K07reiv6 
ei Ka\ Tov evavTtov SeKTiKov, oirep Ka\ tov a-vfJilBe/SrjKOTog' to 
yap avTO twv evavTtoov SeKTtKOv, olov et to iuLia-09 eireaOai 
opyfj ecprja-ev, etr} av to juta-09 ev tco OvjuoetSet' eKei yap r/ 
opyrj. ^KeTTTeov ovv ei Ka\ to evavTtov ev tw Ov/ULoetSei, ^ rj 
(pt\ta' et yap /uli^, aW ev tw ^eTrtOvfjLrjTtKM ^ea-T^v rj (pt\ta, 
ovK av ^eirotTO /uLiarog opyrj. '^Ojuloico^ Se Kai et to eTrtOviULr]- 
TtKov ayvoetv ecprja^ev. lcjtrj yap av Ka\ eTrtcrT^jULrj^ SeKTtKOV, 
eiirep Ka\ ayvo'ta<s' oirep ov SoKei, to eTrtOviurjTtKov SeKTiKov 
ctvai eTrta-Ti^/Jirjg. ^ AvacrKevcx^ovTi /uLev ovv, KaOairep etprjTat,^ 
yj)rja-Teov' KaTaa-Keva^ovTt Se, otl julcv virap-yet to a-vfx^e- 
pr]K09, ov yjprja-tfxog o TOiro9, otl c evoeyeTat vTrapyetv, 
yj)r](TLfio<s. Aet^avTeg fxev yap otl ov SeKTLKOv tov evavTLOv, 
SeSeL-)^6Te<s eaofJLeOa otl ovTe virap-^^eL to a-vfJL^e/BrjKO? ovt iv- 
SeyeraL virap^at' eav Se Set^cofiev otl VTrap^^et to evavrfov r] 
OTt ScKTtKov Tov evavTtov ea-Ttv, ovSeTTCi) SeSet)(OTe9 eaofieOa 
OTL Ka\ To a-vfjL^e^rjKog vTrapyeL, aXX' otl evSe^eTai vTrcip- 
\€LV, €xJ Toa-ovTOv jULOvov SeSeiyfxevov ea-TaL. 

""Exel S'' al ^ avTLOea-eL^ T&TTape^, a-KOirelv e/c fji.ev tcov av- 3 
TL(paa-ecdv avairaXiv €k t^? aKo\ovOrjareco9 Ka\ ^ avaLpovvTL Ka\ 
KaTaa^Kevd^ovTL, XafjL^oLveLv S^ e^ eTraycoyrj^, olov el 6 avOpco- 
7ro9 L(pov, TO fir] L^MOv ovk avOpco7ro9. ^(jfiLOLC09 Se Ka\ ctt^ 
Tcov aWcov. ^lEivTavOa yap av(X7rd\tv v aKoXovOrja-t^' tw 
fiev yap avOpco7r(a to ^(pov e^rerai, tco Se fjirj avOpco7r(p t6 
fjLrj l^(pov ov, aXX' av(X7ra\tv tw fJLrj ^wo) t6 ovk avOpco7ro9. 
^Etti 7ravTcov ovv t6 TOtovTOv a^tcoTcov, olov et t6 Ka\6v rjSv^z 
Ka\ t6 fJLt] ^Sv ov Ka\()v' ei Se ^ fjLrj tovto, ovS^ eKetvo. ^O- 



q TrdvTo] ovra C. ''17 (f)ikia om. A. ^ BvfirjTiKmi A. * eariv 

om. C. ^ fTToiTo t6 fuaoi B.C. w ^Tt S' — ;(pi7o-t/ios om. C. 

^ dvTiOea-fis €1(71 Tecraapfs C. Y dvaipovvTa Ka\ KaTaarKcvd^ovTa C. 

2 TOVTO flT) C, 

U 2 



292 TOniKX2N B. Topic. 

/molw^ Se Ka\ ei ^ t6 fJLrj ^Sv ov KaXov, to koXov tjSv. A^Xov 
ovv oTi Trpog a/ULCpct) avTia-Tpecpei ^ KaTa Ttjv avTi(pa(riv olko- 
XovOrjcrig avaTraXiv " yivojULevrj, 

""ETrJ ^e Tociv evavTLwv crKOTreiv ei tw evavTiw to evavTiov 
eirerai, rj eiri TavTa rj avaTraXiv^ ^ Ka\ avaipovvTi ^ Kal /cara- 
CTKevdl^ovTi' \a/ui^dveiv Se Kal tol TOiavTa e^ eTraycoyrj^, ^ ecj) 
ocTOV "^i^cri/ULOV. ^hjTTi TavTa /ULev ovv rj dKoXovOrjcri^, olov Trj 
dvSpla KOi Trj SeiXici' Trj /uLev ydp dpeTrj dKoXovOei, Trj Se 
KaKia, Ka\ r? /mev dKoXovOei to alpeTov, Tr/ Se to (pevKTOv. 
^EttJ rauTa ovv ^ Ka\ r/ tovtwv dKoXovOrjcri^' evavTiov ydp 
Sto alpeTOV tw (pevKTw. ^O/uLoloog Se Kai eir] twv dXXwv. 
S^AvaTraXiv Se r/ dKoXovOrjcng, "^ olov eve^la /ULev ^ r/ vyieia dKO- 
XovOei, Kaye^la Se vocro^s oi/, aXXa vocrto Ka^e^la. ArjXov ovv 
OTi dvairaXiv eiri tovtcov rj aKoXovOrjcri<s. ^iraviov Se to 
dvairaXiv eir^ tcov evavTLCOv CTV/ji^aLveL, dXXa T019 7rXeicrTOi9 
eirl ^ ravra ^ dKoXovOrjcris. Et ovv fxrjT eir\ TavTa ^ rw 
evavTicp TO evavTLOv dKoXovOel fxriTe avairaXLv, SrjXov oti ovo 
™ eTf\ Twv prjOevTWv dKoXovOei to eTepov tw CTepw. Et S* 
eTTf Tcov evavTLWv, Ka\ eir^ tcov prjOevTwv dvayKaiov to CTepov 
Toi) eTepw dKoXovOeiv. 

4 *^0/UL0LW9 Se Toig evavTiOLg Ka\ e7r\ twv crTeprjcrewv ^ Ka\ 
ePewv (TKeirTeov. TVXrjv ovk ecrTLV eir\ twv crTeprjcrewv to dva- 
itoXlv, aXX' eTTi Tairra Trjv aKoXovOrjcrLV avayKaiov aei yive- 
crOai, KaOdirep o^eL fxev a'icrOrjcrLV, TvcpXoTrjTL S' dvaicrOrj- 
crlav. ^A.vTiKeLTaL ^ ydp rj a'i(r0rjcri9 Trj dvaLcrOrjcria ws e^f? 
Ka\ crTeprjcrLS' t6 /ulcv ydp e^£9 avTwv, t6 Se crTeprjcris ecrTLv. 

5 ^0/UL0iw9 Se Trj e^ei Ka\ t^ crTeprjcrei Ka\ eTr) twv Trpos tl 
-vprja^eoV e7r\ TavTa ydp Ka\ tovtwv rj dKoXov0rjcri9. OIov 
€1 TO TpLtrXacriov P TroXXaTrXacrLOv, Ka\ to TpiTrj/mopLOV ttoX- 



a fxri t6 A.B. ^ yevojifvrj C ^ Ka\ om, C. ° Kai] r/ C. 

e f^' oa-ov xp^CT-t/AO" Om. A.B. ^ Ka\ ovTa>^ fj dKo\ov$rjati A. S toh 

aipcTcoL t6 cf)evKT6v A. ^ olov fl eve^ia C. ^ rj om. C. ^ t6 

avT6 A.B. ^ t6 evavTiov T(o evavTL<o C. "* eVt om. A. " Kai 

€7rt TQiv €^ia)V C. " yap Ka\ f/ A.B. P 7ro\Xa7rXd(nov om. A. 



II. 9- TOniKilN B. 293 

XocmnuLopLOv' Xeyerai yap to fxev rpLTrXacnov Trpo? to TpL- 
TtjjUiopiov, t6 Se 7roX\a7r\a<TLOv irpo<s to TroWocrTtjjUiopLOv. 
iraXLV ei rj eirLa-TrnJLti vir6\rj^L<s, Kal t6 eirLcrTrjTOv V7ro\rj- 
TTTOv' Kal €1 rj ^ opacrig a^lcrOijcrL?, Kal to opaTov alcrOrjTOv. 
^'Ej/(TTacrf? OTL ovK ^ avayKrj eTrl TOdv irpo^s tl Trjv aKo\ov0r}-6 
criv ylvearOaL, KaOairep eiprjTaL' t6 yap ala-OriT^v eTTLCTTrjTOv 
ecTTLV, rj S^ a'Lcr0r]a-L9 ovk eTTLa-Trjixri. Ov jULrjv aXrjOrjg ^ ye rj ev- 
a-TacrL9 SoKei elvaL' ttoWoI yap ov (paa-L tcov aicrOrjTcov eiTL- 
CTTrjixrjv efvai. ^'Erf ttjOo? TovvavTLOv ou^ tjTTOv '^(jprjcriiJ.ov to 
pTjOev, olov OTL t6 aia-OrjT^v ovk eaTLV eTTLCTTrjTOv' ovSe yap 
rj aicrOrja-L^ eTTLcrTiiiULrj. 

UoXlv cttI tcov a-va-TOLyodv Ka\ ein, twv irTwcreaiv, Ka\ avai- g 
povvTa Kal KaTaa-Kevd^ovTa. A^eyeTai Se a-va-TOLya jJiev tcl 
TOLaSe otov tcl SUaLa Ka\ 6 SiKaLO^s Trj SLKaLoarvvrj Ka\ tol av- 
Speia Ka\ 6 avSpei09 Trj avSpla. ""O/xo/od? ^e ^ Ka\ tcl TroLrjTLKa 
rj (pv\aKTLKa crvaTOL-)(a ^ cKelvov ov ecrrf irOLrjTLKa rj (j)v\a- 
KTLKOL, olov TOL vyLeLVCL vyieLa^ KOi TOL eveKTLKOL ev€^ia9. Toi/ 
avT^v Se TpoTTOv KOi eTTf Tcov aWcov. 2J(rT0i^a juiev ovv 2 
TCL TOLavTa e^LcoOe \eyea-OaL, 7rTcoareL9 Se otov t6 SLKaicog "^ Ka\ 
avSpelco^ KOL ^vyLeLVC09 Ka\ ocra tovtov tov Tpoirov \6yeTai. 
AoKei Se Ka\ ra /cara Ta^ 7rT(oa-eL9 a-vaTOLya etvaL, otov t6 
/mev SLKaico9 Trj SLKaLoavvrj, t6 Se avSpelco^ Trj dvSpLO.. 2y- 
cTTOL-^^a Se \eyeTaL ra /cara Trjv avTrjv a-va-TOLy^lav a^ravTa, 
otov SLKaiocrvvrj, SiKaio9, SiKaiov, SLKaico^. Atj\ov ovv otl €v6<s 3 
o^roLOvovv SeL-^OevTO^ tcov KaTa Trjv avTrjv (rvcrTOLyjLav dya- 
Oov rj e7raiveT0v Ka\ Ta \0L7ra 7ravTa SeSeLyjULeva y ea-TaL, 
otov €1 rj StKaioa-vvrj tcov e^raivercov, Ka\ ^ 6 SlKaio? Ka\ t6 Si- 
Kaiov Ka\ t6 SLKaLC09 tcov eTraiveTcov. ^PrjO^a^eTaL Se t6 Sl- 
KaLCo<s KaL cTraLveTcog /cara Trjv avTrjv 7rTcocrLV a7ro tov e^raive- 
Tov, KaOa7rep to SLKaico9 axo Trj^ SLKaLOcrvvrj^. 

^KOireLV Se juirj julovov ctt' avTOv tov eiprjjULevov, dWd Ka\ 4 

^ Syjns C ^ dvayKoiov C. ® ye om. C. * ^] koI ra C, 

^ fKfivcav €<Tr\v <ov iar\v C. '^ Ka\ ro di/Speiws C. '^ i/yteti/cijy Ka\ 

(vcKriKws Ka\ C. Y yiverai C. ^ ro dUaiov Ka\ 6 dUaios C. 

U 3 



294 TOniKllN B. Topic. 

eTri ToO evavTLOV to evavTiov, olov oti t6 ayaOov ovk i^ 
ava*yKrj<s ^Sv' ovSe yap to KaKov XvTnjpov t] ei tovto, kol- 
Keivo. Kaf €1 r} SiKaiocrvvJ] eTricrT^/JLrj, Kat ^ aSiKia ayvota' 
Kal €1 t6 SiKalm eTriG-TrjiuLoviKm Ka). ejuLireLpct)?, t6 aSiKcog 

5 ayvoovvTOO^ Kal airelpwg. Et Se TavTa /x;}, ovS^ eKeiva, KaOd- 
TTcp CTrl Tov vvv prjOevTog' fxaXXov yap av (paveirj t6 clSlkcos 
e^TTeipcog rj aireLpcdg. Ovto^ S^ 6 totto^ elfprjTai irpoTepov ev 
TaL9 Twv evavTLCOv aKoXovOrja-ecTLV' ^ ovSev yap aWo vvv 
a^LOVfxev rj t6 evavTLOv tw evavTLO) aKoXovOeiv. 

6 ^'Eri cTrl Tcov yevecrecov Ka\ (pOopcov Ka] ttoiijtlkcov Kal 
(f)OapTiKcov, Koi avaipovvTL Kal KaTaa-Kevd^ovTL. '^Qv ydp ai 
yeveoreL^ tcov dyaOcov, ^ Kal avTd dyaOd, Ka] ei avTd dyaOd, 
Ka\ al yeve(Tei9' ^ el Se ai yeveaeL^s tcov KaKcov, Ka). avTd tcov 
KaKcov. ""ETTf ^e Tcov (pOopcov dvaTraXLV' ci ydp al (pOopai 
Tcov dyaOcov, avTd tcov KaKcov, ei S* al (pOopa) twv KaKcov 
avTa Tcov dyaOcov. "^O ^' avTOS Xdyog Ka\ e7r) iroLrjTLKcov Kai 
(pOapTiKcoV cov luev yap Ta 7roit]TiKa dyaOa, Kal avTa twv 
dyaOcov, cov Se Td (pOapTL^d dyaOd, aura tcov KaKcov. 

I O TlaXLV CTrl tcov 6/xoicov, ei 6/uiOico9 e^et, otov ei eTrtCTTiyyu»/ 
fjLLa TrXeiovcov, Ka\ So^a, Ka\ ei t6 o^lv e-^eLv opdv, Ka\ to 
aKorjv ey^cLv dKoveLv. ^Ojulolcos Se Ka\ eTTf twv dWcov, Ka\ eiri 

TCOV OVTCOV Ka\ TCOV SoKOVVTCOV. lLprj(rLIJi.Og S^ 6 TOTTO? TTjOO? 

dfji^pco' ei /mev ydp eirL tivo9 tcov 6/jloicov ovtco9 ^ ^X^^' '^^^ ^''"' 

TCOV dWcOV TCOV 6/XOLCOV, €L Se eTTl TLV09 fXr], OvS^ eir^ TCOV dX- 

2 Xcov. ^ ^KOirelv Se Ka\ el e(p^ ev6s Ka\ el eir^ ttoXXcov 6/ulolco9 
c^eL' evLa-^ov ydp SLa(pcovet. Oiov ei t6 eirt^TTairOai Stavoci- 
crOat, Ka\ t6 iroXXd eTrlcrTacrOat TroXXa StavoeicrOai. Tovto 
S^ ovK dXr/Oeg' eiTta-Taa-Oat /lev ydp ^ evSe-^eTat iroXXa, Stavo- 
eiCTuai o ov. rjt ovv tovto /ultj, ovo eKetvo to e(p evo9, OTt 
t6 eTriCTTacrOat Stavoeia-Oat eaTtv. 

3 ^'Et^ €K TOV /idXXoV S KOl IJTTOV. EfVf <^e TOV /jidXXov Ka\ 

* ov6fV C. ^ Kal €t avTo. dyaBd om. C. *^ et 8e} Ka\ a>v C. 

^ exfi om. C. 6 arKonelv^ twv 6fioia>v. 2Konelv C. ^ noWd evbe- 

X^Tai C. g Ka\ ^TTov om. B. 



II. lo, II. TOniKHN B. 295 

^TTOV ^ TOTTOi ^ Teorcrape?, eh fJiev el ctKoXovOei to imaWov tm 
jULaWov, olov el ^Sovfj ^ ayaOov, Kai rj ixdWov ^Sovrj jULaWov 
ayaOov, Kal el t6 aSiKeiv KaKov, Kal to juLaWov aSiKeiv ywaX- 
\ov KaKov. ^pi^crifjLog ^ S^ ovv irpo^ afJiCpw 6 totto^' el fxev 
yap aKoXovOei r^ tov VTroKeijULevov eTriSoarei rj tov <TviJL^ej3ri- 
k6to9 eiriSoa-i^, KaOairep e'iprjTai, SrjXov otl crvfx^e^riKev, el Se 
jULrj cLKoXovOei, ov crviuLJ3e/3j]Kev. Tovto S^ eTraycoyrj XrjirTeov.A 
*'AX\os' evoi Trepl ^ Svo \eyojULevov, ei w /uLaWov eiKog vTrdp- 
yeiv ° fjiri virdp-^ei, ovS^ w jjttov, kol el w ijttov eiKog virdp- 
yeiv virdpyei, Ka\ w jULaWov. lla\iv Svoiv irepl evog ^eyo/uLe^ 
vwv el ^ To /uLoWov virapyeiv Sokovv jULrj virapyei, ovSe t6 
iJTTOv, P »7 ei ^ TO iqTTOv SoKOvv viTapyeiv VTrap^^ei, Kal t6 
imdWov. ^'Et4 ^ Svoiv irepi Svo ^eyo/ULevwv ei t6 OaTepco ^ 
jJidWov virdp-^eLV Sokovv firj VTrdpycL, ovSe t6 \onr6v tw 
\onr(p, ^ r] el t6 ijttov Sokovv * t(S eTepo) virdp-^eLv virdpyeL, 

Ka\ t6 ^OLTT^V TW XofTTft). 

^'Ert CK Tov ojULOicoi virapyeLV % SoKeiv VTrap^^eiv TpLyQ)<5, 6 
KaOairep eirl tov fJLaWov €7rl twv vcTTepov pr]OevTCov TpLwv 
TOTTCDV e\eyeTO. EiVe yap ev tl Svalv OfjLOico^ VTrdp-^eL ^ rj 
SoKei virdp^^eLV, el tw eTepcp fJLf] vTrapyeL, ^ ovSe tm eTepw, el 
Se OaTepcp virdp-^eL, Ka\ tw \oL7ra)' e'iTe Svo tw avTW ofJLOicog, 
€1 t6 cTepov fJLrj virap-^eL, ovSe t6 \oL7r6v, ei Se OdTepov, Kai 
t6 \oL7r6v. T6v avT^v Se Tp67rov Ka\ ei Svo ^ Sv(r\v ofjLoico^ 7 
li^rap-^eL' el yap to eTepov tc5 cTepcp firj v7rdp^eL, ovSe t6 
\oL7rov Tw \oL7r(p, €L Sc v^rap^^^CL TO eTepov tco eTepco, Ka\ t6 
\oL7r6v T(p \oL7rcp. 

■"Eac fiev ovv Tov fjidWov ^ Ka\ ^ttov Ka\ tov ofiolcog to- 1 1 
aavTayco^ evSe-^eTai e^TLyeipelv ctl ^ S^ ck Trjg 7r pocrOeareco^. 



h TOTTOi ante tov B.C. i Terrapes C. ^ dyadov — rj^oPT) om. 

pr. C. 1 8" ovj/] 8e C. m Svolp C. n ^^] ovx C. o ro 

BuTepan fjiaWov B. P ^ ei] el Se C, om. A. Q to tjttov om. A. 

^ dvolv C. ^ tj fi] fl §6 C. rj el — Xoina om. A. * inrdpxfiv to) 

€T€pa> C. "^17 el 8oKe2 C. "^ ov8e 6aTep(o, Ka\ ei SaTepco vndp^ei C. 

* hvcri TKTLv oyLoms C. Y Ka\ tov rfTTov C. z §* om. C. 

U4 



296 TOniKHN B. Topic. 

eav cTcpov irpo^ erepov irpocrTeQev Troirj ^ ayaOov r] XevKov, 
/uLtj ov irpoTepov \evKov t] ayaOov, ^ t6 irpocrTeOev ecTTai Xeu- 
Kov ri ayaOov, ^ oiov irep Kal to o\ov iroiei. ^'Erf ei Trpo? 
To virapyov TrpocrTeOev tl juidWov iroLel tolovtov olov 

2V7rr]p-^e, Kal avTO ea-TaL tolovtov. '^Ojuloi(09 Se Kal 67rf twv 
aWcov. l^prjcrLiJLO^ Se ovk ev aTracTLV 6 totto^, aXX ev 019 
Tt]v Tov /ULaWov v7repo-^r]v a-vjUilSaiveL yivecrOaL. OvTog Se 6 
TOTTog ovK avTLcrTpeCpei Trpo? t6 avacTKevd^eLv. Et yap /uLrj 
TTOiei TO 7rpo(TTL0efJLevov ayaOov, ovSeTroo S^Xov el avT^ /uLrj 
ayaOoV to yap aya06v KaKw TrpocrTLOe/uLevov ovk e^ 
avdyKrjg aya06v t6 oXov iroLei, ^ ovSe XevK^v /uLeXavL. 

S UdXiv e'L TL jULdWov Kal rjTTOv XeyeTaL, Ka\ aTrXw? virdp- 
ycL TO yo.p M'/ o^ ayauov r] AevKOV *^ ovce jULaAAov r] rjTTOV 
dya06v t] XevKov prjOrjcreTaL' t6 ydp KaK^v ovSev69 juLdWov 17 
^TTOv dyaOov, aXXa /uLdXXov KaK^v r] ijttov prjOrjcreTaL. Ovk 
avTicrTpe<pei o 01)0 OVT09 6 totto^ 7rpo9 to dvaarKevacai' 
IloXXa •yajO toov ^ ov Xeyo/uLevcov ^/xaXXoi/ d^rXco? v^rdpyeL' 
dvOpco7ro9 ydp ov XeyeTai /uLaXXov Kal jjttov, aXX' ov Sid 
TOVTO OVK " eCTTLV dvOp(j07ro9. 

4 T6v avT^v Se Tpo^rov cTKe^vTeov Ka\ eTrt tov /cara tl koi 
TTore Ka\ 7rov' * el ydp Ka^d tl evSeycTai, Ka\ aTrXo)? evSe-^C" 
TaL. *^OiULOLO)9 Se ^ Ka\ t6 Trore 37 7rov' t6 ydp aTrXft?? dSvva^ 
Tov ovTe Acara tl ovtc 7rov ovTe 7roTe evSe^^cTaL. ^'EviTTacrf? 
OTL /caTct TL /ULev ^ eicTL (pvareL cr^rovSaloL, otov eXevOepLOL t/ crco- 
(ppovLKoi, a7rXa)9 Se ovk ei(T\ (pvcrei cnrovSaiOL' ™ ovSe\9 ydp 

5 (pvcrci <pp6vL/uL09. ^OjULOLC09 Se Ka\ ttotc /ULev evSe-^^CTai twv 
(pOapTcov TL /jLi] (pOaprjvai, aTrXo)? S^ ovk evSe-^eraL /uLrj (pOa' 
prjvaL. Toj/ avT^v Se TpOTTOv Ka\ 7rov /ulcv crvjUL^pepeL TOLavTrj 
SiaLTr] -^rjcrOai, oiov ev tol9 vocrcoSecTL toVo^?, aTrXto? S^ ov 



^ dyaBov f} XevKov C, ^ t6 — dyaSov om. Ji. ^ olov Trep] Ka\ 

TOIOVTOV olov TTfp C. ^ Oufic TO XfVKOV C. ® OvbtV B.C. ^ Oxi] 

fif] C §f /idXKov Kn\ rjTTov nnXa)^ (\ h (ijTai C ^ ft] 6 C. 

^ Ka\ noT€ Ka\ nov C ^ €(ttiv A. ^ ov8f\s — (f>p6vifios om. A. 



III. r. TOniKHN r. 297 

crviuLCpepei. ^'Erf ^e ttou juev epa " /ulovov SvvaTov elvai, aTrXft)? 
^e ov hvvarov eva /jlovov etvai. Tov avrov Se Tpoirov Ka\ irov 
fJLev KaXov tov TraTepa Oveiv, oiov ev ^ TpL^aWoig, aTrXwg 
ov KaXov. ^^H TOVTO fxev ov irov (TtjjULalvei aXXa tlctiv' ovcev6 
yap SLa(pepeL oirov dv wclV iravTa^ov yap avTol? ^ ea-Tai 
KaXov ^ ova-L *^ TpL/SaWoh. HaXiv ttotc jmev o-v/iKpepeL (pap- 
/iiaKevecrOaL, oiov OTav vocr^, aTrXw? ov. H ovoe tovto 
TTore (TrifxaLvei, aXXa tw ^LaKeLixevui Trcog' ovSev yap Siacpepet 
oiroTeovv, ^ eav ovtco julovov SiaKeLimevo^ §. To (XTrXcog ecrTlv 7 
o jULrjSevo? 7rpO(rTe0evTO9 epeig otl KaXov earTiv ri ^ to evav^ 
Tiov. Oiov TO Tov iraTepa OveLV ovk epeh KaXov elvaL, aXXa 
tl(t\ KaXov ^ eivaL' ovk apa aTrXw? koXov. "" AXXa to tovs 
0eov9 TLjxdv epeU KaXov ovSev ^ 'TrpocrTiOeh' axXft)9 •yajO /ca- 
Xov e^TTLV. ^'Q,a-Te o dv /xriSevos irpocrTLOejxevov SoKrj eivai 
KoKov rj aia-)(p6v t] dWo tl twv tolovtcov, aTrXcog prjO^a^eTaL. 

r. 

UoTepov S^ aipeTcoTepov rj /3eXTL0v Sveiv rj irXeLOvcov, ck i 
ToovSe crKeiTTeov. IIjOwtoi' ^e SicoplcrOco otl Trjv crKey\rLv iroL- 
ovjxeOa 01)^ virep tcov ttoXv Siea-TcoTcov Ka\ [xeyaXriv Trpo^s 
^ aXX^yXa SLaCpopdv e-^ovTCOV (ovSe\s ydp aTropei iroTepov rj 
evSaijULOvia rj 6 ttXovtos aipeTCOTepov) aXX' virep tcov crvvey- 
yvg, Ka\ irepL cov ^ d/xcpLa-BrjToviuLev iroTepco Sei TrpocrOecrOai 
/ulclXXov, S^d To /uLtjSejULLav opdv tov cTepov irpos to eTepov 
virepo^^rjv. ArjXov ovv €7r\ tcov tolovtcov otl Sei-^Oelarrjs 
virepo-^^rjg t] jULid^ rj irXeLOvcov o-vyKaTaO^creTaL rj SLavoLa otl 
TOVT ecrTiv aipeTcoTepov, oiroTepov Tvy^aveL avTcov virepe- 
Xov. 

JlpcoTOv /xev ovv t6 TroXv^povLcoTepov rj /Be/SaLOTepov al~z 
peTcoTcpov Tov rjTTOV TOiovTOv. KaJ o /ULaXXov dv eXoLTO 6 



" fiovov om. C. o rpijSaXots C. P cori C. 1 o^o-t] rols A. 

•■ ai/ C. ^ TovvapTiov C. * fivai om. C. ^ 7rpo(T6fis A.B. 

^ oXXj^Xa rffv 8ia(}iopav C. ^ 8iafi(f)i(r^r]Tovp.ev C. 



298 TOniKIlN r. Topic. 

(pp6pi/UL09 tj ^ 6 ayaOog avrjp, rf 6 v6/ui09 6 opO^g, t] ^ 01 airov- 
Satoi Trepl eKao-ra alpovfxevoi ^ toiovtol eia-iv, rj ^ 01 eV 
€Ka(TT(p yevei eTricTTtjiiAove?, rj ^*^ ocra 01 TTAeiov^ rj Tranre?, oiov 
ev laTpiKrj rj ^ TeKTOViKrj a 01 TrXe/ou? Toov laTpSv rj ^ Trai/re?, 
rj ocra 0X009 01 TrXefOu? rj iravTeg rj iravTa, olov TayaO^V iravTa 
yap TayaOov ecpieTai. Aei S^ ayeiv Trpo? o tl av ^ yjprjG-LiJ.ov 
TO prjOrjcrofievov. ^'IEkttl S^ aTrXwg /ui-ev ^cXtlov kol aiperwTepov 
TO Acara Trjv ^eXTLCO eiTLaTrjiJLrjv, tlv\ Se t6 /cara Trjv oiKelav. 

3 i^ireLTa ce to oirep Tooe " tl tov jjLrj ev yeveL, olov rj cl- 
KaLOcrvvrj tov SLKalov to juev yap ev yevcL tw ayaOw, t6 S^ 
ov, KaL To fxev birep aya06v, t6 S^ ov' ovSev yap XeyeTaL 
oirep TO yevo9, o jmrj Tvy^aveL ev tw yeveL ov, oiov 6 Xeu/co? 
avOpcoTTog ovK ecTTLV oirep yjpooiJ.a. ^OjULOLOog Se Ka\ eTrJ tcov 
aXXcov. 

4 KaJ TO Sl'' avT6 aipeT^v tov Sl cTepov alperov aiperwTe- 
pov, olov t6 vyLalveLv tov yvjmva^ecrOaL' t6 /mev yap Sl^ avT^ 
alperov, t6 Se Sl cTcpov. KaJ t6 KaO^ avT^ tov /cara ctv/j.- 
Pe/SrjKo^, otov t6 T0V9 ([)lXov9 SLKaiovg eivaL ^tov tov<s e- 
"^Opov^. To fjev yap KaO^ avT^ aipeTOv, t6 Se /cara a-vjUL/Se- 
prjKor t6 yap Tovg eyOpovg SiKaiovg elvaL Acara o-v/uilBelSrjK^^ 
aLpov/j,eOa, ottco^ /jrjSev ^julcl^ ^XairTwarLV. ^'Eo-Tf ^e tovto 

^TOVT^ TW 7rp6 TOVTOV, SLa(p€p€L Sc T<p TpOTTO)' t6 /J.€V yap 

T0V9 (plXovg SLKalovg elvaL Sl avT^ aipov/j.eOa, Kal ei lurjSev 
rjlJ.lv /uLcXXeL eo-ea-OaL, kolv ev ^lvSoi9 coo-lV t6 Se Tovg e-^Opovs 

Sl' €T€pOV, OTTfo)? ^ /iirjOeV ^/ULa9 PXaTTTCOCrLV. 

5 Kaf t6 a^LTLOv ^ ayaOov KaO^ avT^ tov KaTa crvfJL/3€/3rjK09 
aiTLOV, KaOairep rj aperrj Trjg Tv-^tj9' rj /mev yap KaO^ avTrjv rj 
Se KaTa a-v/ULlSe/BijK^g aiTia tcov ayaOcov, Ka\ et tl aXXo tol- 
ovTOv. ^OiuLOLCog Se Kal cttI tov evavTioV t6 yap KaO^ avTO 
KaKOv OLTiov (pevKTOTepov Tov KaTu crv/uL/Se^rjKog, olov rj KaKLa 



c 6 ante dyaOof om. C. ^ oi a-novbalai ol Trepl C. ^ oi om. 

A.B. ^^ oaa om. C. ^ T€Ktoviktji ^ a B. S fj a ol rrdvTfs C 

^ Ti ov Tov C. ^ Tov] ^ t6 C ^ jirjBev C. ^ TavTov tS> irpb 

avTov C. ^ jirjbtv C. ^ dyaOov et aiTlov om. C. 



III. I. ToniKrzN r. 299 

Kal rj Tv-)(r)' ro fJLev yap Kaff avro KaKov, ° ^ Se Tvyri /cara 
(Tf/a/^e/S^^/co?. 

Kai To aTrXco? ayaOov tov tivi alpeTWTepov, oiov to 6 
P vyia^ecrOai tov Te/ULveorOai' to fxev yap aTrXcog ayaOov, to 
Se Tivl Tw SeofJievcp TOfJLri^. KaJ to (pvarei tov /ULrj (pv(rei, oiov 
rj SiKaiocrvvr] tov SiKaloV To /mev yap (pvaei, to o eTTiKTt]- 
Tov. Kaf TO TM j^ekTLOVL Ka\ TL/ULWTepM viTapyov alperwTe- 
pov, olov Oe(p r] avOpcoircp Kal ^^XV ^ crcJofiaTL. Kat t6 tov 
^€\tlovo9 'iSiov ^eKTLOV rj TO Tov XfLpovo^i olov t6 tov Oeov 
rj t6 tov avOpcoTTOV KaTCL juiev yap Ta KOLva ev a^cpOTcpois 
^ovSev SLacpepeL aXX»jXa)i/, tol^ S^ iSloi9 t6 eTepov tov cTepov 
^ VTrepex^L. KaJ t6 ev /SeXTLOa-LV rj 7rpoTepOL9 rj Tiiu.i(OT€pois 
PiXTLov, otov vyleLa icrxyo^ Kal AcaXXou?. ""H fiev yap evl 
vypOL9 Ka\ ^rjpoi9 ^ Kal Oep/uiOLg Kal yjrvxpoh, (XTrXcog o eiTreLV 
e^ (av * TrpcoToov crvvecTTrjKe ^ to X/^ov, tcl S^ ev TOig vcrTepoi9' 
>] /uLev yap Lcrxyg ev toi9 vevpoL? KaL "^ octtol?, to ce /caAAo? 
Tcov jULeXwv TL9 (TVjJLiJLeTpLa SoKel eTvaL. Kat to Te\o9 tcov 
irpog To TeXo? aipeTcoTepov ^ SoKel etvaL, Kal Svolv to eyyLOV 
Tov Te\ov9. Kai o\cog t6 irpog to tov /3lov t€\o9 aipeTco- 
Tepov jULaWov rj t6 ttjOo? aWo tl, otov t6 7rp6g evSaLjULOviav 
crvvTelvov y rj t6 ttoo? (bpovrjcTLV. Kat to SvvaTOV tov aSv- 
viXTOV. ^'Erf Svo ^ TTOLrjTLKcov, ov t6 Te\og ^ ^e\TLOV. UoLrj-8 
TiKOv Se Kal Te\ov9 ck tov av(x\oyov, OTav ir\eLOVL V7repex>] 
t6 Te\og Tov T€\ov9 rj cKelvo tov OLKelov TTOLrjTLKOv, oiov el rj 
evSaL/uLovla irKeLOVL virepeyeL vyLeiag rj vyLCLa vyLeivov, to 
iroLrjTiK^v evSaLiuLOVLag /3e\TL0v vyLelag. ^ Ocro) yap rj evSaL- 
jjLOvia vyLelag virepe^eL, toctovtco Kal t6 iroLrjTLKOv "to t^? 
evSaLjuLoviag tov vyLeLvov vTrepex^L. "^H Se vyleLa tov vyLeLvov 
^ e\aTTOVL vTTepelyev, cocTTe ifKeLOVL virepexfL to TroLtjTiKov 

" T] 8e Tvxr]'\ To 8e C. P yv]xva^«j6aL B.C. *1 ovbevX C. 

•■ imdpxfi A, bui<l>€pov vTrdpxei C. ^ ^al dfpfjLols Ka\ \JAvxpois om. A.B. 

^ TTpaiTOV A.B. ^ TO] Ka\ TO C. W ^(jTiOlS C. ^ hoKil ilvai 

Ojn. C. y To post f] om. A. ^ noirjTiKav 6vto>v ov C. ^ /3A- 

Tiovy Ka\ avTo ^fKriov C. ^ t6 om. C. ^ eX. vTrfpfX^i fj fj €v8ai- 

povla Trjs vyifias, (o(TT€ C. 



300 TOniKX2N r. Topic. 

evSai/ULOvlas tov vyieivov tj rj vyUia tov vyieivov. ArjXov 
^ apa oTi aiperwTepov to TroirjTiKov evSai/ULOvlag r^? vyiela^' 
Tov yap avTOv TrXeiovi vTrepexei. 
9 *'lEiTi To KaWiov Ka& avTO Ka\ Ti/ULicoTepov Kai eiraiverw- 
Tepov, oiov (piXla irXovTOv kol SiKaioarvvri la-^vo^s. Ta juev 
yap KaO' avTa twv ti/ulIcov Ka\ eiraLveTwv, tol S' ov KaO' avTo. 
aWa Sl' eTepov ovSeh yap ti/ulq. tov ttXovtov Si^ ^ eavTov 
aXKa Sl cTepov, tyjv Se (j)L\Lav KaO' avTO, Ka] el /uLtjSev juLeWei 
rjiJLLV eTcpov ctTr' avTri9 ecreaOaL. 
2, ^'Erf OTav Svo tlvol rj crcpoSpa ^ aWi^XoL^ irapairXrja-La Ka\ 
fxr] SvvwfjLeOa virepo-^v jULrjSejULLav (TvvLSeiv tov eTepov irpog to 
eTepov, opav airb toov TrapeTro/uLevcov w yap eireTaL jJLetCov 
ayaOov, tovO^ alperwTepov. ^^^A.v S^ ^ tol eiro/uLeva KaKa, w 
TO eXaTTOv aKoXovOel KaKov, tovO^ aipeTWTepov. ^'Ovtcov yap 
a/UL(j)OTepcov aipeTcov ^ ovSev KcoXveL Svcr-^^epeg tl TrapeirecrOaL. 
Al-^(j09 S^ airo Tov eTrecrOai rj crKeyjrL^' Ka\ yap irpoTepov Ka\ 
VG-Tepov eireTaL, oiov tw /ULavOavovTL to /ulcv ayvoeiv irpoTe' 
pov, TO S^ eirLarTacrOaL vcTTepov. IBeXTLOV S^ cog €Tr\ t6 TroXv 
To vcTTepov cTro/uLevdv. \a/ULpaveLV * ovv tcov eiro/uLevcov oiroTC- 
pov av ^ -^^ci/ULOv. 

2 ^'Erf TOL irXelco ayaOa tcov eXaTTOvcov, rj aTrXcog, r] oTav 
TOL €Tepa ^ ev TOig eTepoL9 ^ V7rap-^r/, tol eXoLTTw ev TOig xXe/- 
ocTLV. *'^v(TTacrL9, e'i irov OaTepov ™ OaTepov yapiv ^ ovSev 
yap aipeTcoTepa ra a/uL(pco tov evog, oiov to vyLOL^ecrOai Ka\ 
r/ vyleLa Tt]9 vyLelag, eTreLSrj to vyLaXecrOaL Trjg vyielag eve- 
K€V aipov/ULeOa. Ka^ /urj ayaOa Se ayaOcov ovSev KcoXveL eivai 
aipeTcoTepa, olov evSaL/uLovlav kol aXXo tl o /uli^ ea-Tiv ayaObv 
SiKaLoavvr/g Ka\ avSpLag. KaJ " TavTO. /meO* ^Sovrjg /ulolXXov 
rj avev ^Sovtjg. Kal Tai^ra /ulct^ aXuTr/a? ^ /uLaXXov rj /uLeTo. 
Xvirrjg. 

3 Kaf eKaa-TOv ev <2 Kaipw /ULei^ov SvvaTaL, ev tovtw Ka\ 

d ovv C. ** avTov C. ^ avToTs B.C. S av S' — alpeTaTcpov 

om. B. ^ ovOev C. i ovv om. C. ^ /y om. A. 1 «W 

napxq A.C. ^ Tov irepov C. " ravTa A.B. o fiakXov om. B. 



III. 2. TOniKX2N r. 301 

alpeTcoTepov, oiov to aXuTro)? ev t<5 'yrjp^ judWov rj ev r^ 
veoTrjTi' fJLeli^^ov yoLP €v tw 'yrjpa SvvaTai. Kara PrauTa 
^e Kal rj <pp6vrj(ri9 ev tiv yrjpa alpeTWTepov ovSeh yap tov9 
veovg aipeiTai ^ye/uLovag Sta to imrj a^iovv (ppovlfjLov^ eivai. 
""H ^' avSpia avairaXiv' ev Trj veoTrjTi yap avayKaiOTepa ^ 
KaTOL Ttjv avSplav ivepyeia. ^Ofxoiw^ Se Kai rj a-uxppoo-vvr}' 
jULaWov yap 01 veoi toov Trpea-lSvTepcov viro twv einQviJHwv 
€vo-)(XovvTai. 

Ka« o ev iravTl Kaipw rj ev Toh TrXe/cTTOf? "^rja-LiJ.wTepov, 4 
oTov SiKaioa-vvr] Kal a-cocppoa-vvrj avSpla^' al /uLev yap ael rj Se 
TFOTe ^ yjpria-LiJLrj. Kaf o iravTWV e-^ovTWV ixrjSev OaTepov Seo- 
juLeOa, rj ^o ^ eyovTwv TrpoaSeofJLeOa tov Xolttov, Kadairep ein. 
SiKaLoavvrj^ Kai avSpia^' SLKaiwv juLev yap iravTwv ovtwv ovSev 
yjprja-LfJLO^ rj avSpia, avSpelwv Se TrdvTwv ovtwv yjprjarLiio^ rj 
SLKaLoarvvrj. 

^''EiTi CK Twv cpOopwv Kal Twv OLTTO^oXwv Ka\ Twv yevea^ewv $ 
Ka\ Twv Xrjy^ewv Ka\ twv evavTLwV wv yap al (pOopa\ (pev- 
KTOTepaL, avTCL aipeTWTepa. ^OfjLolw^ Se Ka\ exf Tft)i/ aTro- 
fioXwv Ka\ Twv evavTLWv' * ov yap rj aTro^oXrj rj to evavTiov 
^ (pevKTOTepov, avTO aipeTWTepov. ^ETTf oe twv 'y^j/ececoj/ 
KOL Twv Xi^y^rewv avdiraXLV wv yap ^ al \ri^^eL<5 Ka\ al yeve- 
areL9 aipeTWTepaL, Ka\ avTa aipeTWTepa. 

^'AXXo? TOTTO^, TO eyy vTepov TayaOov ^cXtlov Ka\ alpe-e 
TWTepov. Kal TO OfxoLOTepov TuyaOw, olov rj ^ SLKaLoavvrj 
SiKaiov. KaJ TO Tw /SeXTLOVL ^ avTOv ofioiOTepov, KaOairep 
Tov AuavTa Tov ^OSva-a^ewg (paa\ l3e\Tiw tlvcs eivaL, Slotl 
ofJLOLOTepo^ ^Tw ^AyjWei. ^'Ei/(7Ta<7f9 tovtov otl ovk a\rj- 
Oe?* ovSev yap Kw\veL, fxrj rj j^eKTLa-TO^ 6 ^ AyjtWevf;, Tairrrj 
ofioiOTepov elvaL tov A'iavTa, tov eTepov 6vto9 fJLev ayaOov 
fJLrj ofJLolov Se. ^KOirelv Se Ka\ ei eiri ^to yeXoiOTepov elrj 



V Tavra C. ^ XPV^^^H^^^ CJ* ^ ^ om. C. ^ ex^vres A.B. 

t ov'] eire A.B. ^ (f^evKTOTepa A.B. ^ ai om. C. ^ biKaioavvrj 

rov biKatov C. V avTcl) COIT. C. * t£] ^v rco C. ^ to. yeXoio- 
Tfpa C. 



302 TOniKHN r. Topic. 

^ ojJLOiov, KaOairep 6 TriOrjKoi; ^ tw avOpcoTrw, tov iTnrov fit] 
6vT09 o/uLoiov ov yap ^ KaWiov 6 7ri0r]KO9, o/uLOiOTepov Se tm 
1 avOpwTTW. TLaXiv eTrl Svoiv el to fnev tm /3eXTiovi to Se tw 
yeipovL o/ULOiOTepov, e'ir] ^ av ^ekTLOv to tS /SeXTLOvi o/ulolo- 
Tepov. ^E^ef Se kol tovto eva-Ta^TLV' ovSev yap KooXveL to 
/ULev Tw l3e\TL0VL ^pijULa o/ulolov elvaL, t6 Se tw yelpovL cr(p6~ 
Spa, oiov ei 6 jULev Aia? tm ^A^iXXet rjpefxa, 6 ^' ^OSvcra-evis 
T(p Neo-TOjOt crcpoSpa. Kat el t6 julcv tw /BeXTiovL S ojulolov 
eir] Ta xelpw ojulolov eirj, t6 Se tw ■^eipovL eir^ tol ^ekTiw, 
KaOairep Ttttto? ovcp Ka\ irlOrjKog avOpwirw. 

8 ^'AXKo9, t6 eTTLipavecrTepov tov ^ttov tolovtov, Ka\ t6 
■^aXeTTCiyrepov' /ULaWov yap ayaTrcojULev e^0VTe9 d /u^ eaTL 
paSiw9 Xa/Belv. Ka^ to iSLaiTepov tov KOLVOTcpov. KaJ 
t6 Toh KaK0i9 OLKOLvwvrjTOTepoV aipcTWTepov yap ^ w /ULriSe- 
jULLa Svcrj(epeLa oLKoXovOeL rj ^ w aKoXovOel. 

9 ^'Ert ei (XTrXw? tovto tovtov /SeXTLOv, Kal to /SeXTiaTOv 
Twv ev TOVTW (BeXTLOv Tov ev Tw eTepw /BeXTicrTOv, ofov ei 
ScXtlov av0pwiro9 "Lirirov, Ka\ 6 /SeXTLa-TO^ avOpwiro^ tov 
/SeXTicrTOV "['rrirov fieXTiwv. KaJ el t6 ^eXTLO-TOv tov fieX- 
TLO-Tov l^eXTLOv, Ka\ airXw^s tovto tovtov /SeXTiov, oiov ^ ei 
6 PeXTL(TT09 avOpwTrog tov /3eXTL(TT0V l-irirov ^eXTLWv, Ka\ 
(XTrXw? avOpwirog ^LTrirov ^eXTiwv. 

10 ^'lEiTL cov eoTTL T0V9 (plXov^ jiJLeTacryelv, aipeTcoTepa rj cov /ul^. 
KaJ a TTjOO? t6v (piXov ^ irpa^aL inaXXov /3ovX6/uLe0a r] a irpo^ 
t6v TV)(^6vTa, TavTa aipeTcoTepa, olov t6 SLKaiOTrpayeiv Ka\ 
ev TroLeiv /uLaXXov r] t6 SoKeiV tov9 yap (plXov^ ev Troieiv fiov- 
X6/uLe0a juaXXov rj SoKeiv, tov^ Se Tv^6vTa9 avaTraXiv. 

11 Ka) Tct CK 7repLOva-ia9 twv avayKaiwv /3eXTLw, evloTe Se 
Koi aipeTiOTepa' /ScXtlov yap tov (^rjv t6 ev l^rjv, t6 Se ev 
l^rjv ecTT^v €K TrepLOVCTia^, avr^ Se to l^rjv avayKaiov. ^Ei//oTe 
Se To. /SeXTLw ov-)(\ Ka\ aipeTOOTepa' ov yap ei fieXTLw, avay- 

c ofioios A.B. ^ ra om.C. e KoKkiav C. ^ av om. C. 

E ofioiov om. B.C. ^ XajSfTi/. o/xoitoy Bc Koi C. » o B. ^ fl om. 

A. ^ /xaXXoi/ Trpa^ai C. 



III. 3- ToniKXiN r. 303 

Kaiov Kal alpeTcoTepa' ro ™ yovv (j)i\o(ro(petv PeXriov rov 
'^(prjiuLaTil^ea-Oai, a\X oi;;^ alperwTepov tw evSeei toov avay- 
Kalcov. To S' €K TrepiovcTLag ea-Tiv, OTav virap-^ovTCdv tcov 
avayKalcov aWa tlvol TrpocrKaTaarKeva^rjTai rt? tcov KaXcov» 
^^(eSov Se lcTcog " aipeTcoTepov t6 avayKaiov ea-Ti, ^ekTiov Se 
TO eK 'Trepiovaria^. 

ai o /uLr] ea-Ti irap aWov TropLa-aa-uat rj o ea-Ti Kai irap 12 
aWov, olov ireirovOev r] SLKaLoa-vvr] irpo^ Trjv avSplav. KaJ 
€1 ToSe /JLev avev TOvSe atperov, ToSe Se avev TOvSe fxr], otov 
Svva/uLi^ avev (ppov^aecog ov^ aiperov, (ppovrja^i^ S^ avev Svva- 
lueco9 alperov. KaJ Svolv el OaTcpov apvovjULeOa, 'Iva to \oi- 
irov So^rj rjiuLLV vTrapycLV, eKelvo aipeTCOTepov o jSouXoyue^a 
SoKeiv virap-^eLV, otov (pL^oirovelv apvoviuLeOa, fV evcpveig eivat 
So^cojuLev. 

^'Ert ov Trj airova-La rJTTOv eTrLTL/uLrjTeov °Sva-(popova-L, tovto 13 
alpercoTepov. KaJ ov Trj aTTOva-la fjLrj Sv(r(popovvTi /uloWov 
eiriTiiuLrjTeov, tovto alpeTcoTepov. 

liiTl TCOV VTTO TO aVTO CfOO? TO e^ov Trjv OLKeLav ap€Tr]v 2 
Tov jULri ^ e-^ovTog. ^'A.iuL(poo S^ e^^ovTcov to /uLaWov e^ov. 

^'Eri ei To fJLev iroLel ayaOov eKelvo w av Trapr], t6 Se ixr] 2 
iroLel, ^ To iroLOvv alpeTcoTepov, Kadairep Kai ^ OepfJLOTepov to 
OepiuLaivov tov jul^. Et S^ aiuL(poo iroLel, to lULaWov iroLOvv I7 
el t6 ^e\Tiov Ka\ KvpLCOTepov iroiel ayaOov, oiov el to fjLev 
Tr]v '^v^rjv t6 Se t6 crcoiuLa. 

^^'Et* aTTO Tcov TTTcocrecov Ka\ tcov yjprja^ediv Ka\ tcov irpa-3 
^ecov Ka\ Tcov epycov, Ka\ TavTa Se air^ eKelvcoV aKo\ovO€L 
yap aXXvXofff, otov el t6 SLKaico? alpcTcoTepov tov avSpelco^, 
Ka\ rj SiKaLOcrvvr] Trjg avSpiag ^ alpeTcoTepoV ^ Ka\ el rj SLKaLO- 
avvr] Trjg avSpia^ alpeTcoTepov, Ka\ t6 SLKalco^ tov avSpeico?. 
Tlapair^rja-Lco^ Se Ka\ eiri tcov aWcov. 

^'lEiTi el TLV09 Tov avTOv t6 fJLev lULei^ov ayaOov ccttl t6 Se4 

™ yap C. " alp€TODT€pov fiev To C. ° 8v(T(f)opovai C. P exov- 

Tos alpeTWTfpov, ap.(f)a> C. Q t5>i ttoiovvti B. ^ Ofpp-ov C. ^ ert 

hf ano C. ^ aipeTojTepov om. C. ^ Ka\ et — alp€Td)T€pov om. A. 



304 TOniKHN r. Topic. 

eXaTTOV, aip€T(JdT€pOV TO /ULCli^OV. ^^H €1 IUL€ll^0V09 ^ /Uiei^OV 

OoLTepov. ^AXXa Ka] et Svo Tiva Tivo^ eir] aipeTWTcpa^ to 

fULdWoV alp€T(J0T€pOV TOU fjTTOV aip€TC0T€pOV alp€TO0T€pOV. 

^'Erf ov rj V7r€pl3o\r] t^? v7r€p/3o\r]9 aip€T(i)T€pa, Ka\ avTO 
aip€T(jOT€poVi olov (piXia ■^rjfj.aTOdv' aip€T(jOT€pa yap jJ t^9 
(piXlag v7r€pj3o\r] t^9 twv ■^(prjiuLaTCOv. KaJ ov /uLaWov av 
eXoiTO avT09 avTw aiTio9 elvai r] ov y cTepov, olov tov9 (pi- 
Xov9 Tcov -^rjiuLaTcov. 

5 ^'ETt €K TrJ9 ^ 7rpo(T6e<r€a)9, ei tw avrw Trpoa-TiOefxevov ^ tl 
TO oXov aipeT(JoT€pov 7roi€i. YdvXa/SeifrOat Se Set TrpoTeivetv 
e^' cov Tw /uiev cTeptp twv TrpocrTtOe/uLevcov ^ '^(prJTai t6 KOtvov 
rj aXX(jo<s TTft)? a-vvepyov cctti, ^toJ ^e Xot7rw juLr] y^jprJTat /JirjSe 
(Tvvepyov ecTTiv, otov Trptova Ka\ Spe^ravov /uLeTo. TeKTOViKrj^' 
aipeTcoTepov yap 6 7rptoov ^ crvvSva^6fx.evo9, (X7rXco9 Se ov-^ 
atpeTcoTepov. HdXtv et eXaTTOvt TrpocrTeOev Tt to oXov 
jULeii^ov 7rotei. '^O/ULOtco'! Se Ka) ck Trjg cKpatpecreco^' ov yap 
acbatpeOevTO^ cltto tov avTOv to XenroiuLevov ® eXaTTOV, eKetvo 
/ULei^ov av eir], o^roTe a^paipeOev to Xei^rojuievov eXaTTOV 

TTOtei. 

6 Kaf ei t6 /uLev St^ avT^ t6 Se Sta Tr]v So^av atperov, otov 
vyieia KctXXovg. ^'Opo9 Se tov ttjOo^ So^av t6 ^ /uLrjSev^? crvvet- 
S6to<s /uLrj av cTTTOvSacrat vTrap^^^etv. Ka^ el to /ULev m auTO 
Ka\ Sta Trjv S6^av aiper^v, t6 Se Sta OaTepov /jlovov. Ka) 
o^r^Tepov /ULaXXov St'' avT^ Tt/uLtov, tovto Kal ^eXTtov koi ai- 
peTCOTepov. l^i/ULtcoTepov S^ av etr] KaO^ airro, o /uLrjSevo^ aXXov 
IULeXXovT09 vTrdp^etv St* avT^ aipovjULeOa /ulciXXov. 

7 *'ETf SteXecrOat Trocra-^co^ t6 aipeTov Xeyerat Kat Ttvcov 
"^dpiv, otov Tov aviuL(p€povT09 r/ tov KaXov t] tov ^Seo^' to 
yap TTjOo? a7ravTa r/ ^ 7rp69 tol TrXe/co yjpr/crtiJLOV atpeTcoTcpov 
av ^ V7rap-)(0t tov [xr] o/ULOtco^. Tcov S^ avTwv a/xcpoTepots 



w r/ om. C. ^ fifKov V ^avfpov C. Y erepos B.C. ^ irpoBe- 

6ea>s C. * Ti om. A. ^ npoa-xprJTai C. ^ «raJ 8e — ((ttip om. A. 

d (rvvbva^6p,€Vov A.B.C. ^ eXarrol A.B. ^ pT/^ievos ovtos tov (rvvfi- 

boTos C. P npos om. C. ^ vTrdpxrji. A. 



III. 4,5- ToniKiiN r. 305 

vTrap-^^ovTWv, OTroripw fJidWov virap-^^eL crKeirTeov, TroTepov 
^ ^Siov rf KaWiov fj crviuLCpepwTepov, TLdXiv t6 tov /SeXTLOvog 
eveKev aipeTcoTepoVf oiov t6 apeTrj^ eveKev t] ^Sovrjg. ^Ofxolm 
Se Kal eTTf toov (^yevKTwv' (pevKTOTepov yap t6 /uidWov ejULiro- 
Slo-tlk^v tcov ^ aipeTcov, oiov v6(ro9 a^LO-^ov^' Ka\ ydp ^Sovrjg 
Kal Tov cnrovSalov elvaL KcoXvTLKOOTepov ^ vocrog. 

^''Ejtl ck tov OjULOLCog SeLKvvvaL (pevKTOv Kal aipeTOV to ttjOO-S 
KeLjULevov' tJttov ydp alpeT^v to ^ tolovtov, o Ka\ eXoiT dv 
TL9 6fjLOLW9 Kal (pvyoi, Tov eTepov 6vto9 aipeTov iul6vov. 

Ta? /uLev ovv ttjOO? ™ dWrjXa (TvyKpL(TeL<s, KaOairep e'ipt]Tai, 4 
TTOLrjTeov. O/ avTol Se t^itol yjprjCTLinoL Ka\ ttjOo? t6 SeLKVvvai 
OTLOvv alpeT^v 17 (pevKT^V dcpaLpeiv ydp iul6vov Sei Trjv ttjOo? 
eTepov VTrepo^^rjv. Et ydp t6 TiiuLLcoTepov aipeTooTepov, Ka\ 
t6 TijULLOV aipeTdv, Ka\ ei t6 -^^rja-LjULcoTepov aipcTcoTepov, Kai 
t6 yjprj^TLiJiOv alpeT^v. ^O/JiOLCo^s Se "^ kol eir\ tcov dWcov, oara 2 
ToiavTrjv e^eL Trjv crvyKpLariv. ^Ett' evicov ydp evOecog /cara 
Trjv TTpo^ cTepov crvyKpLcriv kol otl alpeTOv eKaTepov rj t6 
eTepov ^ XeyofjLev, dtov oTav to fJLev (pvcreL dya66v t6 Se fJLr} 
(pvcreL XeycofjLeV t6 ydp (pvcreL dya66v S^Xov otl alper^v 
ea-TLV. 

A.YiTTTeov S^ OTL (JLakLCTTa Ka66\ov P T0v<s T^irovs irep^ tov 5 
lULaWov KOi Tov fJLelXpvo^* \r)(p6evTe9 yap ovtco^ ttjOo? TrXe/ft) 
yjprja-LiJ.OL av elrja-av. ^'EcrTi S^ avTcov tcov eiprjiuLevcov evlovg 
^Ka66\ov lULaWov iroLelv fXLKpov ^ irapaWaa-crovTa Trj Trpocr- 
rjyopioL, olov TO (pvareL ^ tolovto tov fjLrj (pvcrei tolovtov 
fjLaWov TOLOVTO. KaJ ei t6 fiev iroLei t6 Se firj iroLel t6 
eypv TOL^vSe ^rj w dv virdpyjj, fJLaWov tolovto o iroTe iroLel 
rj 6 fjLrj iroLel. Et S'' dficpco iroLel, t6 fJLaWov iroLOvv ^ tol- 

OVTO. 

^'Ert ei Tov avTOv tlv69 t6 fiev fidWov t6 Se ^ttov ^ tol- 2 

^ 'I810V B. ^ aperoiv A.B. 1 TotovTO C. "* aXXj^Xos B. 

" Koi om. C. o Xcyo/xei' — yap (jivcrei dyaOov rc. supra lituram A. 

P Tovs om. A. Q fxakXov KaOoXov C. ^ napaXKaTTovTas C. s 7-01- 

ovTov C. ^ fj om. A. et corr. C. 

VOL. I. X 



3o6 TOniKI2N r. Topic. 

OVTO' KCU €1 TO IJ.eV TOIOVTOV /ULciWoV TOIOVTO^ TO Sc fXIJ TOIOV- 
TOV TOIOVTOV, S^XOV OTL TO TTpWTOV HldWoV ^ TOIOVTO. €Tl €K 

Tfj? TrpocrOearecog, ei ^ tw avTw TrpocTTiOeiuLevov to oXov juLciWov 

TTOiei ^TOLOVTO, "^ €1 TCp r/TTOV TOLOVTCp TrpOOrTLOe/ULeVOV TO 

oXov /uLaXXov iroLel tolovto. ^O/uLolwg Se Ka\ ck Ttjg acpaLpe- 
a-eoDg' ov yap a(paipe0evTO9 to XeLTrofJLevov ijttov tolovto, 
avTO /ULaXXov tolovto. Kal ra tol9 evavTiOL9 a/uLLyearTepa 
/ULaXXov TOiavTa, olov XevKOTepov to tm /uLeXavi a/uLLyecTTepov. 
^'Ert irapa tu elprj/jLeva irpOTepov, to /ulolXXov einSeyo/JLevov 
Tov oiKeiov Tov TrpoKCL/uLevov Xoyov, oiov el tov Xcvkov eVrJ 
Xoyo^ '^(pama ^LaKpLTLKov o^ew<s, XevKOTepov ^ o €<ttl /ulolX- 

XOV -^pw/Ua ^LaKpLTLKOV 6^ecD9. 

O ^^Av ^' eTTf /mepov^ Ka\ /uLr/ KaOoXov t6 TrpolSXij/ULa TeOrj, 
y TTpooTov /uLev OL eipij/uLevoi KaOoXov KaTacKevacrTLKOL r/ ava- 

(TK€Va(TTLK0\ TOTTOL TTCXVTeg yj)r](TL/J.OL. Ka^oXof yap OLVaL- 

povvTe<s r/ KaTaarKevoL^ovTe? ^ Kal €7r] /xepov<s SeiKvv/JLev ei yap 
iravT). virap^eL, Ka\ tlvl, Ka\ ei /ULr/Sevl, ovSe tlvl. MaXforra 

S^ eiTLKaLpOL Ka\ KOLVo\ TCOV TOTTCDV OL T €K TCOV aVTLK€L/UL€VCOV 

Ka\ Tcov (TVCTTOL-^cov Ka\ Tcov TTTcocTecov' 6/J.OLC09 yctp evSo^ov 
To a^LcoaraL, el Trdara rjSovrj dyaOov, Kai Xvirr/v Trd(Tav eivai 
KaKOv, T(p €'[ Tf9 r/Sovr/ dyaOov, Ka\ Xvirr/v eivai TLva KaKov. 

'/'Et^ €l TL9 a^LcrOr/arL? /JLr/ earTL Svva/ULig, Ka\ dvaLcrOr/cTLa tl<s ovk 
ecTTLV dSvva/ULia. Kal €'1 tl viroXr/irT^v eTriaTrjTov, Ka\ viro- 
Xr]\^ig ^ TL9 eiriarTrjfxr/. YIoXlv €'i tl tcov dSiKcov dyaOov, Ka\ 
Tcov SLKaicov Ti KaKoV ^ Ka\ ^ el tl tcov ^ SiKaicog KaKOv, kul 
Tcov dSiKcog Ti ^ dyaOov. Ka/ el tl tcov ^ r/Secov (pevKTOv, 
rjSovrj TL<s ^ (pevKTOV. ^ KaTa TauTa Se Ka\ el tl tcov r/Secov 
cocpeXL/JiOV, r/Sovrj tl9 ^co^peXi/ULOV. Ka) eTrl tcov (pOapTLKcov Se 

3 Koi Tcov yevearecov Ka\ (pOopwv co^TavTco^. Ef yap tl (pOap- 



s ToiovTov C. '^ t6 avro B. '^ o eort] coTt ro C. ^ iav C. 

y TTpciroi B. 2 Ka\ ra eVt C. * rts om. A. ^ kol] TrdXti' B.C. 

c 61 — ddtKcos om. A. ^ diKaias] ddiKcov C. ^ d-ya^oi/] KaKov C. 

f r}8ea>s (fievKTOiV A.B. S (fievKTr/ C. ^^ Karavrii A.B. ' co^eXt- 

fios Ka\ dyaObv Ka\ C. 



III. 6. T0niKf2N r. 307 

TiKOv ^Sov^9 rj eina-TriiJLri^ ov ayaOov ecrTiv, etr} av T19 ^Sovrj 
rj eiTLcrT^iJLri tcov KaKwv. ^Oiioico? Se koi ei (pOopa T19 eiri- 
a-Tr]ij.ri9 Twv ayaOoov rj ^ ^ yeveang twv KaKMv, ea-Tai T19 eTn- 
(TTrjiJLri Twv KaKwv, OLOv el To eiriXavOaveo-OaL a tl9 aLa"^a 
eTTpa^e tcov ayaOwv 37 t6 avaiiiiJivria-KecrOaL twv KaKwv, elri 
'^ av TO eirlcTTaa-OaL a rt? ala-^pa eirpa^e toov KaKwv. ''Qaav- 
Tft)? Se Kai eirl twv aWoov' ev airaaL yap ojuLoicog to ev~ 
So^ov. 

*'lEiTL €K Tov fxaWov Kal rjTTOV Ka\ 61JLOLC09. Ef yap ixaX-A 
Xov iiev Tcov e^ aWov yevov^ tl '" tolovto eKeivcov Se iJLrjSev 
eaTiv, ovS^ av t6 eiprnjievov eir} tolovtov, oiov el ixaWov iiev 
" eiTLcrTrjixt] Tf? aya06v rj rjSov^, iirjSeiJLia S' eiTLaTrjiJLri ayaOov, 
ovS^ ^ av ^Sovrj eiri. KaJ e/c tov 61101C09 Se Kai t^ttov coarav- 
TC09' eaTaL yap Ka\ avaLpelv Ka\ KaTaaKevaXeLv, rrrXrjv ck iiev 
Tov 61JL01C09 aiJLCpoTepa, e/c <^€ tov ^ttov KaTaaKevd^eLV ixovov, 
avaa-Kevd^eLV Se ov. Et yap 611OLC09 Svvaiil^ tl9 aya06v Ka\5 
eTTLaTrjiJLr}, eaTL Se tl9 SvvaiXL9 ayaOov, Ka\ eirLaTrjixri eaTLV. 
L oe ixrjoeiXLa dvvaixL9, ovo eirLaTrjixri. shL o rjTTOv dvvaiXL<s 
TL9 aya06v 17 eTrLaTTjixrj, eaTL Se tl9 SvvaiXL<s ayaOov, Ka\ ein-^ 
CTTrjixri. Et Se ixrjSeixla SvvaixL9 ayaOdv, ovk avdyKr} Ka\ eirL- 
(TTriixriv ixrjSeixiav eivai ayaOdv. ArjXov ovv otl KaTacrKeva- 
X^eLV ixdvov €K Tov rJTTOV eaTLV. 

Ov ixdvov S^ e^ aWov yevov9 eaTiv avaaKeva^eiv, dWa 6 
Ka\ CK Tov avTOv P \aix/3avovTL t6 ixaXiaTa tolovtov, ^ olov 
ei KeiTaL eirLaTrjixr} tl9 dyaOdv, SeLy^Oelr} S^ ^ otl <ppdvr}aL9 ovk 
dyaOdv, ovS^ aWr} ovSeixia ea-Tai, ^ €Tre\ ovS^ r} ixdX^aTa So- 
Kovcra. ^''EiTL e^ viroOeaeco^, 61XOLC09 d^icoaavTa, ei evi, Ka\ 
irdaiv virdpyeLV >? ixr} virdp-^eLV, ofov ei r} tov dvOpcoirov ^v^r} 
d0avaTO9, Ka\ Ta^ dWa9., ei S' avTr} ixr}, ixr}Se Ta^ dWa9. E/ 7 
ixev ovv vTrap-^eiv tlv\ KciTai, SeLKTeov otl ou^ VTrap-^eL Tivi 
aKoXovOr^aeL yap Slu tjjv virdOeaLv t6 ixrjSev^ virdp-^eLv. Et 

^ J7 om. C. ^ au Kai To C. "" toiovtov C. " tls enia-Trffir] C, 

^ av f) fjSovf) C. P XafifidvovTa C. Q onolov A. ^ oti fj (f)p6vtjm 

(Tis C. ^ cneiSfj C. 

X 2 



3o8 TOniKflN r. Topic. 

Se Tivi jULfi ^ vfrdp-^^ov KeiTai, SeiKTeov oti virdpyei Tivi' Koi 
yap OVT009 aKoXovOrjcreL to Trdcriv virap-^eiv. AtjXov ^' ecT^v 
OTi o vTroTiOefjLevo^ iroLel to Trpo^XrjiuLa KaOoXov €7r\ jULepovg 
^ TeOev Tov yap eVf imepovg ^ ojULoXoyovvTa KaOoXov a^Lol 
o/ULoXoyeiv, eireL^rj, ei evl, Ka\ irdcrLV o/ULolot)? d^iOL vTrdp-^eLV. 

8 ^ A.SLoplcrTOv jULcv ovv 0VT09 Tov 7rpo(3\^iuLaTO£ luiovay^m 
dvacTKeva^eiv evce-^eTaL, olov ei e(pf](Tev ^Sovr]v dyaOov elvaL 
t] /uLrj dyaOov, Kal /uLrjSev dWo TrpoaSLwpLa-ev. Ef jjiev ydp 
TLva ecprjo-ev r/Sov^v dyaOov elvaL, SeLKTeov ^ KaOoXov otl ov- 
Sejula, el ^ /ULeXXeL dvaLpelcrOaL to irpoKeiiiievov. ^OjULOiciog Se 
Kal e'i Tiva ecprjarev tjSovrjv fULrj elvaL dyaOov, SeLKTeov KaOoXov 
OTL irdcra' dXXoog S^ ovk evSe-^eTaL dvaLpeiv. ^Eai/ ydp Sei^co- 
jULcv OTL ecTTL TL9 rjSovrj ^ ovK dyaOov rj dyaOov, ovtto) dvaLpeiTai 

9TO TrpoKeliuLevov. ArjXov ovv otl dvaLpeiv fxev fJLOva^^^cog evSe- 
\eTaL, KaTaa-Kevd^CeLV Se Sl-^^w^' dv Te ydp KaOoXov SeL^w/JLev 
OTL irdcTa rjSovtj dyaOov, ^ dv re otl ecTTL tl9 tjSovtj dyaOov, 
SeScLyiuLevov ecrTaL to irpoKeifJievov. ^Ofiolwg Se Kav Serj Sia- 
Xe^Orjvai OTi ia-Ti tl9 rjSovrj ovk dyaOov, ^ edv Sel^wfiev otl 
ovSefJLLa dyaOov tj otl tl9 ^ ovk dyaOov, SLeLXeyfievoL ea-ofieOa 
dfKpoTepcog, Ka\ KaOoXov Ka\ eir). fiepovg, otl ea-Ti tl9 ^Sovrj 

ioovK dyaOov. ALCopLcrf/.evrjg Se Ttjg Oeaecog ovcrrjg, Si-)(cog dvai- 
peiv ea-TaL, olov ei TeOeirj tlvI fjLev virdpyeLV ^ rjSov^ dyaOw 
etvaL, TLvl S' ov-^ virdpyeLV' eiTe ydp irda-a SeL-^^Oelrj rjSovrj 
^ dyaOov e*iTe firjSefxla, dvrjprjfxevov ecrTaL to TrpoKeifievov. E« 
^e fi.Lav rjSovrjv fAOvrjv dyaOov eOrjKev elvaL, TpL-)(cio9 evSe-^eTai 
dvaipeLV Sei^avTeg ydp otl ^ irda-a rj otl ovSefila rj otl TrXel- 

II ovg fiLag ayaOov, dvrjprjKOTcg ecrofieOa to TrpoKelfievov. ""ETrJ 
irXe^ov Se Trjg Oecrecog SLopLaOeicrrjg, otov otl rj (ppovrjcrig ^ fjLOvrj 
Tcov dperwv eiricrTrjfjLrj, TeTpa-^cog ea-Tiv dvaLpeiV SeL-^^OevTog 



t vTrdpx^i-v C. ^ TfOePTos C. ^ oixoXoyovvra] riOevTa C ^ oti 

Ka66\ov C. - jxeWoi A. ^ ovk dyaOov rj om. C. ^ edvTe C. 

^ eav — dyaOov om. C. ^ qvk om. pr. C. d rjdovfj dya36v, omisso 

fivai, C. ^ dyaOov elvai 6ire C. ^ ndaa rjdovr} dyaOov fj C S fidvrj 

om. C. 



m. 6. IV. I. TOniKXlN A. 309 

yap OTL Trdcra aperh eiriarTr]ij.ri rj oti ovSe/uLia 37 oti Kal aWtj 
T19, oiov rj SiKaiocrvvrj, rj ^ oti avTrj rj (ppovricri^ ovk eTriCTT^iuLt], 
avrjprjimevov ecTTai to TrpOKeljUievov. 

J^prjcrifxov Se Kal to eiripXeireLv eir^ tol KaO^ cKacTTa, ev otg '2 
virap-^eLv tl rj /uirj eiprjTai, KaOdirep ev T019 KaOoXov 7rpo/3Xi^- 
jmacrLV. ^'Ert S^ ev tol^ yevecTLv eiTL^XeirTeov, ^ SLaLpovvTa 
KaT e'iSrj jULe-^pL tcov cltojulwv, ^ KaOa TrpoeiprjTai' av re yap 
TravTl (palvrjTaL vTrdp^^ov av re fJLrjSevi, TroWd ^ irpoeveyKavTL 
d^LCOTeov KaOdXov ojULoXoyeiv ?i (pepeLV evcTTacTLV e7r\ tivo9 ov^ 
'^^ ovt(j09. rjTL ecp cdv ecTTLV rj eioeL rj apLU/uLcp CLOpLcrai ro 13 
(TVjuL/SelSijKO?, crKeiTTeov el jULijSev TOVToyv virdp^^eL, olov otl 6 
yjp6vo9 ov KLveiTai ovS^ ecrTl Kivrjcng, KaTapLO/uLrjcrdjuLevov irocra 
eiSrj KLVi^crecog' ei ydp /uLrjSev tovtcov " virdp-^eL Tcp ■)(j)6v(p, Srj- 

XOV OTL OV KLVeiTaL OvS^ eCTTf KLVrjCrL^. ^OjULOLCO^ Se Kal OTL rj 

"Y^Xh ovK dpiOiuL^g, SLeX^jULevov otl ird^s dpiOjULo^ »7 irepLTTd^ rj 
dpTL09' el ydp rj ^v^tj jUL^Te irepLTTOV fxrjTe dpTLOv, SrjXov 
OTL ovK dpLO/udg. 

ITpo9 juLev ovv To (rvjuL/Se^rjKOi S^d tcov tolovtcov Kal ovTcog 
° eTri-^eLprjTeov. 



TrepL Tcov 7rpo9 to yevo9 
(TKeTTTeov. ^'E<7Tt Se TavTa o-TOL^eia tcov ttjOo? toi»? opov<s' 
Trepl avTcov Se tovtcov oXLyaKL9 al CTKe^eig ylvovTaL tol9 Slu' 
XeyojuLevoL?. *^Aj/ Srj TeOrj yevo^ tlvo^ tcov ovtcov, TrpcoTov /ulcv 
eirL^XeTreLV €7rJ iravTa Ta crvyyevrj tw Xe-^OevTL, e'1 tlvo9 jULrj 
KaTrjyopeLTaL, KaOairep €7ri tov crvjui(3ej3rjK6T09, ofov ei t^? 
rjSovrj^ ^ TdyaOdv yevo9 KeiTaL, e'i tl9 rjSovrj juLrj dyaOdv ei 
yap TOVTO, SrjXov otl ov yevog P TayaOdv t^9 ^Sovrjg' to 
yap yevo9 KaTa iravTcov tcov vird to avTO etSo9 KaTrjyopel- 

'' ort 0118' 011x17 Tj (f}p6vTj(ns avrjprjjxivov C. ^ diaipovvras C. ^ Ka- 

Bairep etprjTai npoTepov 13. C. ^ TrpocreveyKavri, C. ^ ovTots ^X^''^' 

ert C. " vTTapxot C. o emxfiprjreov, jieTa 8f ravra nepl r&v npos 

t6 yivos A. 1- To ayaObv C. 

X 3 



3IO TOniKXlN A. ToPic. 

zrai. Erra el fxrj ev tm tl €(tti KaTrjyopeiTat, aW cog ctviul- 
^eprjKO^, KaOairep to XevKov T^jf -^iovog, rj "^v^r]^ to kivov- 
Hievov v(p^ avTOV. Ot/re yap rj yjLwv oirep XevKov, Sioirep ov 
yevo^ TO XevKov Trjg ^iovog, ^ ovO^ rj ^v^rj oirep KivovfjLevov 
crv/ULlSe/BrjKe S^ avT^ KiveicrOai, KaOairep Ka\ tw ^(p(p TroWciKig 
paoi^eiv T6 Kai padiC^ovTi eivai. hiTi to Kivovfxevov ov ti 
ea-Tiv, aXXa ti iroiovv rj iracr-^ov crrjiJLaiveiv eoiKev. *^0/ULOiCt)<? 
Se Kal t6 XevKOV ov yap tl ecTiv rj ^icov, aWa iroiov Ti St]- 
\oi. ^'Qa-T ovScTepov avTwv ev tS t/ ecTTi ^ KaTtjyopeiTai. 

.3 MdXtGTTa S^ eir\ tov tov crvjULlSe/SrjKOTog opKTiULOv eTTi^Xe- 
ireiv, ei ecpapiJLOTTei eTT\ to prjOev yevog, ^ oiov Ka\ tol vvv 
eiprifjLeva. ^l^vSeyeTai yap ^ Kiveiv tl avTO eavTO kul /ULrj, 
ojULOicog Se Ka\ XevKov eivai Ka\ fxrj. ^'Qctt ovSeTepov avTU>v 
yevog aWa (rvix^e^rjKOf;, eireiSrj (rvix/Se^rjKog eXeyofiev o evSe- 
XeTai virap-^eLV Tiv\ Ka\ fJLrj. 

4 ^J^Ti el ixrj ev Trj avTrj SLaipe(TeL To yevo9 Ka\ t6 eiSog, 
aWa TO iiev ovcrla to Se ttolov, ^ to iiev irpo^s tl to Se ttolov, 
oiov rj iJLev "X^ioov Ka\ 6 kvkvo9 ovcrla, ^to ^e \evK6v ovk ovcrla aXXa 
TTOiov, cocrr' ov yevog to \evK6v Trjg -^iovog ovSe tov kvkvov. 
^ TI(x\lv rj ixev eiTL^TTrjixrj twv irpo? tl, t6 S^ aya06v kol t6 
Ka\ov ^ TTOLOv, woTT ov yevo^ t6 aya06v rj t6 Ka\6v Trjg eTri- 
orTrjixrjg' Ta yap tcov irpog tl yevrj Ka\ avTo. twv Trpog tl Sei 
eivaL, y KaOairep eir\ tov SL7r\a<Tiov' Ka\ yap t6 TroXXaTrXd- 
(Tiov, ov ^ yevog tov SL7r\a(Tiov, Ka\ avT6 twv 7rp6g tl ecTTiv. 
Ka^oXof eliTeLv, viro Trjv avTijv SLaipecrLv Sel to yevog tco 
e^lSeL eivai' ^ ei yap t6 eiSo9 ovcrla, Ka\ t6 yevo9, ^ Ka\ el 
^ iroL^v t6 eiSog, Ka\ t6 yevog ttolov tl, oiov ei to \€vk6v 
iroLOv Ti, Kal To yjpcoixa. ^O/xo/o)? <^€ Ka\ 67rJ tcoj/ dXXo)»/. 

5 Y\a\iv ^ €1 av(xyKrj rj evSe-^^erai tov TeOevTog ev tw yevei 



1 ovb* C. ^ KaTrjyopdrai, to de ytvos fv t<o ti iari KarrjyopclTai. /xa- 

Xtora B.C. '^ ola C. ^ ti Kivelv C. ^ ro de — ova-ia om. A. 

^ TTaXiv 6p.olijis f) C. ^ noiov tl oxtt C. >' /ca^aTTfp] olov C. 

z yivos hv C. * fiTf yap C. ^ Ka\ ante fi oni. C. ^ TToLov Ti 

t6 C. ^ (l KUT dvdyKrjv €vd(\€rat C. 



IV. I. TOniKfiN A. 311 

juL€Te-^€iv To •yeVo?. ^Opog Se tov imeTe-^eiv to eirLoeyea-Qat 
Tov Tov iJLeTeyo[J.evov Xoyov. AtjXov ovv oti Ta [xev elori fie- 
Teyei toov yevoov, to, Se 'yevrj tcov eiSoov ov' to juev yap eioo9 
€7riSe^eTaL tov tov yevov^ Xoyov, to Se yevo^ tov tov eWovg 
ov. ^KeiTTeov ovv el /ji.eTe-^eL tj evSe-)(€TaL iJ.eT6yeLV tov eiSov^ 
To aTToSoOev yevo^, olov ei tl9 ^ tov ovTog rj tov evog yevo9 
TL aTToSolr}' (TViJ.^r](T€TaL yap jmeTe-^eiv to yevo9 tov e^lSov^ 
KaTOL irdvTwv yap twv ovtoov to ov Ka\ to 'ev KaTrjyopeLTai, 
wcTTe Kal 6 \6y09 avToov. 

^'Erf el KaTO. tlvo9 to airoSodev eiSo^ oXrjOeveTaL, to Se6 
y€V09 jUL^, oLov €L To ov t] To eirL(TTriTOv Tov SotcLCTTOv yevo9 
TeOeiri. Kara yap tov /uLrj ovTog to So^acTTOv KaTrjyoprjOi]- 
(TeTaC TToWa yap toov /ULrj ovtoov Sot^acTTa. ^^Otl Se to ov 
rj To eiTLCTTriTOv ov KaTrjyopeiTaL mra tov /uij ovTog, ^ SrjXov. 
*^Q(TT ov yevos to ov ovSe t6 eiTLCTTriTOv tov Sot^acTTOv' KaO^ 
wv yap TO elSog KaTrjyopeLTaL, Kal to yevog Sel KaTrjyopel- 
(TOai. 

TVoXlv €1 /uLrjSevog toov eiSoov ^ evSe-^eTai jueTe-^^eLv to TeOev 7 
ev Tw yeveL' aSvvaTOv yap tov yevovg ixere-^eLV nirjSevog toov 
eiSoov jULeTe-^^ov, av fxi^ tl toov /cara Trjv TrpooTrjv SLaipecrLv el- 
Soov ?• TavTa Se tov yevovg julovov jULeTe-^eL. ^^Ai/ ovv rj KLvrj- 
cTLq yevog t^? ^Sovrjg TeOrj, cTKeirTeov ei iJ.r]Te ^ (popa ^tjt 
aXKoLOO(Ti<s h ^Sovrj /j.^Te toov Xolitoov toov aTToSoOeicroov Kivy- 
creoov /uLijSeiuLia' SfjXov yap oti ovSevbg dv toov eiSoov /xere^or 
wcTT ovSe Tov yevovg, eTreLStj avayKalov ccttl to tov yevovg 
IJ.€Teyov Ka\ Toov elSoov tlvo? juLeTe-^eiv' ooctt ovk dv euj elSog 
rj ^ rjSovrj KLvrjcreoog, ovSe Toov aTOjuLoov [ou^e] toov vtto to eiSog 
*T0 Ti79 KLvr](Teoo9 ovToov. ]S.aL yap Ta aTOjuLa '"/ueTe^et tou 
yevovg Ka\ tov e^lSovg, oTov 6 tJ? avOpco7ro9 Ka\ avOpcoTrov ixe- 

T€-^€L KOl ^(pOV. 

c Toii SvTOs t6 iv r) Tov €v6s t6 cv yevos dnoboir] C. ^ oTi 5e to ov tj 

t6] t6 8e ov fj C. g 8ri\ov om. C. h BexcTai A. ^ <f)6opa C. 

^ f}bovri Trjs Kivfjcrecos C. ^ t6 ttJs] tmv ttjs codices. •" fxeTex^i Ka\ 
TOV C. 

X 4 



312 TOniKi2N A. Topic. 

8 ^'Et£ €l €7^1 " ttXcov XiyeTai tou •yeVou? ® t6 ev tw yivci 
TeOev, olov to So^aa-Tov tou 6vto9' Ka] yap to ov Ka\ to juLrj 
ov cot^acrTov, wctt ouk av eirj to 6oi^a(7TOv €1009 tou ovto9' 
eTTt " TrXeov yap ae} to yevo^ tou e'iSou9 XeyeTai. JlaXiv el 
eV 'lcrcov to eiSos ^al to yevo9 XeyeTai, ocov ei tcov Tracriv 
eTTOjULevcov t6 /iiev etSog t6 Se yevo9 TeOelij, KaOairep t6 ov Ka\ 
TO ev ^iravTL yap to ov KaL to ev, (joctt ouceTepov ouceTepov 

9yevo<f, eireLSr] eV 'lctcov XeyeTaL. ^Ojulolco^ Se Kal ei t6 TrpcoTOv 
KaL rj ap-^^ri ^ eir aWrjXa TeOeirj' rj re yap ap-^ irpcoTov Ka\ 
t6 TTpcoTOv cip)^^, U3(TT rj aiJL(pOTepa Ta elprjiJLeva TavTOv ecTTLV 
rj ouSeTepov ouSeTcpov yevo9. ^TOL-)^eiov Se 7rp6g airavTa tol 
TOLauTa t6 eTTt " irXeov t6 yevo<s rj t6 etSo9 Ka\ Trjv SLacpopav 
XeyecOaL' eir eXaTTOv yap kol rj SLa<popa tou yevou9 Xe- 
yerai. 
10 '"O^a^' <^e Ka\ et tlvos tcov aSLaCpopcov ^ eiSeL fxrj ecTTi t6 
elprjjjLevov yevo9 ^rj/uLrj^ So^eLev av, KaTaarKeud^ovTL Se, ei €(ttl 
TLVO^. TauT^v yap iravTcov tcov aSLa(p6pcov ^ elSeL yevog. 
''^^^Ai/ ovv €v69 Sei-yO^, SrjXov otl TravTCov, "^ Kav €v69 fJLrj, 
^ SrjXov OTL ouSevdg, otov e'i tl9 aTojuLoug TLOe/ULevo^ ypajUL/uLag 
t6 aSLalpeTOv yevo9 auTcov (prjcreLev etvaL. Tcov yap SLaipecTLv 
e-^oucrcov ypajULjuLcov ouk y €(ttl t6 elprjfjLevov ^ yevog, aSLa(p6pcov 
oucrwv KaTa t6 etSo9' aSLacpopoL yap aXX^XaL9 KaTo. t6 elSog 
at euOelaL ypajULjULa^ TrdcraL. 
Z ^KOirelv Se Ka\ et tl aXXo yevog ecrr^ tov awoSoOevTO^ 
elSovg, 6 fxrjTe TzepLeyeL t6 airoSoOev yevo^ fJ-rjO^ utt eKeiv6 
icTTLV, otov e'/ TL9 Trjg SLKaLOcruvrjg Trjv €irLcrTrjiJ.rjv Oelrj yevo^- 
^'EcTt yap Ka\ rj aperrj yevog, Ka\ ouSeTepov tcov yevwv t6 
XoLTTOv irepLe-yei, coctt ouk av etrj rj eTrtcTTrjiJ.rj yevo9 t^? SiKaL- 
ocTuvrjg' SoKet y6p, oTav ev eiSo9 U7r6 Suo yevrj ^^, t6 cTepov 

2V7r6 Tov CTepov TrepLe-^ecrOai. ^E^ef S' cnropiav eir' evicov t6 

" TrXftoi/ C. o ro tldos t6 iv C. P nav ycip ro ov fv koi t6 (v ov 

cSo-T C. q «ff C. r etfiet] t6> eidet C. ^ fj] fj ei C. * ^o^ai 

A.B. V i^j, C. w Kal A. X ^^ deixOv ^vXoj/ C. V ca-rai C. 

z yevos] evos C. ''^ etr) A. 



IV. 2. TOniKllN A. 313 

TOiovTO. AoK€i yap 6V1019 rj <pp6vri(ri9 apeTti re KaL eTria-Ttjfxtj 
eJpai, Kai ovSeTcpoi/ toov yevwv vtt' ovSeTepov " '7repie')(€(r6ai' 
ov /mrjv VTTO TravTwv ye crvy-^wpelTaL ttjv (ppovrja-Lv eirLcrTrj^rjv 
elvai. Et ^' ovv tl9 a-vyywpolr] to Xeyo/mevov aXrjOe^ elvaL, 
aXXa ^ TO ye vir aXXrjXa ri viro ^TavTo aimcpco ylyvea-OaL ra 
Tov avTOv yevri toov avayKalwv So^eLCV av eivaL, KaOairep Kai 
e7r\ Trjg aperrjg Ka\ r^? eTriarTiiiuLrjg orvnx/BaiveL' afA<p(a yap viro 
^TO avTO yevo9 ea-TLV' eKCXTepov yap avTcov e^i9 Ka\ SLaOea-ig 
ea-TLV. ^KeiTTeov ovv el jULrjSeTepov virapyeL tw airoSoOevTLZ 
yeveL. Ef yap ^ /uli^O^ vtt* aWri\(x earTL to. yevrj fx^O^ viro 
TavTOV a/ui<pco, ovk av eitj to airoSoOev yevog. 

^KOTreiv Se Sel Ka\ to yevo<s tov ciTToSoOevTO? yevovg, Kai4 
OVTC09 ae\ To eTTOLvco yevog, ei TrdvTa KaTrjyopeLTaL tov eWovg 
KOi €1 ev T(p Ti ecTTL KaTrjyopeLTai' iravTa yap Ta eiravcty 
yevr) KaTrjyopela-OaL Sei tov e^lSovg ev tw tl ecTTiv. Et ovv 
TTOv SLa(pcov€L, SrjXov OTL ov yevo9 t6 aTToSoOev. TiaXLv el 
fxeTcyeL to yevog tov e^lSovg, rj avTO rj tcov eiravco tl yevcoV 
ovSevog yap tcov vttokgltco to eirav(a iJ.eTe')(€L. ^Avaa-Keva-g 
^ovTL jULev ovv KaOairep e'iprjTaL yjprja-Teov KaTaa-Kevci^ovTi Se, 
o/uLoXoyov/mevov /mev vir<xp-^€LV tw e^iSeL tov prjOevTog yevovg, 
OTL S^ 009 ^yevog virap-^eL a/uLCpLcr/BijTOviULevov, airoy^jprj to Seit^al 
TL ^ Tcov eiravoo yevcov ev tw tl ea-TL tov e^lSovg KaTrjyopov- 
/uLevov. '^Ei/09 yap ev tw tl ^ ea-TL KaTrjyopovjULevov, iravTa 
Ka\ TOL €7ravco tovtov Ka\ to. ^ viroKaTco, av irep KaTrjyoprJTai 
Tov e^lSovg, ev tw tl ea-TL KaTrjyoprjOrjcreTaL' <joa-Te KaL to 
airoSoOev yevog ev tw t/ ecTTL KaTrjyopeiTaL. ^'Otl S^ evog eve 
Tw TL ecTTL KaTrjyopov/ULevov iravTa ra XoLira, av irep KaTrj- 
yoprJTai, ev tw tl ecrTi KaTrjyoprjOrjcreTaL, Sl eiraycoyrjg 
^ XrjirTeov. Et S^ dirXcog virapyeLv afiKpLCT^rjTelTaL to airo- 
SoOev yevo9, ovk airoy^prj t6 Sei^aL tcov eir<JLVco tl yevcov ev 
Tw TL ea-Ti Tov e^lSovg KaTrjyopov/uLevov. Oiov e'i tl<s Trjg /3a- 7 

^ TTcpux^TCU C. ^ y€ t6 B. d ravTov C. ® codices fxrjS' — /ia^S*. 
^ yevovs C. S tS)V iirdvat rt C. ^ icTTi tov flbovs KaTrjyopovfifvov C. 

^ vnoKdTco yevrj av C. ^ \rjnT€OV~\ pr]6r)0-€Tai C. 



314 TOniKaN A. Toprc. 

SiGreco? y€P09 ^ aTreSwKe Tr]p •" (popdv, ovk OLTro-^ri to Sei^ai 
SiOTi Kivij(Ti9 ecTTLV r] ^dSia-19 Trpo? to Sei^ai " oti (popd 
icTTiv, eTTeiSf] koi aXXai Kiviicrei^ eicrlv, aWd TrpoaSeiKTeov 
OTL ovSevo9 lueTe-^eL r] ^dSicri? twv KaTa Tr]v avTrjv SLaipea-iv 
° ei jULr] Trjg (popd^. ^AvdyKt] ydp t6 tov yevovg iJ.eTe-^ov Ka\ 
Twv eiSwv TLV09 /jieTeyeLV twv /cara Trjv irpwTtjv SLalpearLV. E( 
ovv rj (SaSLa-ig ^rJT av^rja-eco? iJLrjTe /uieLcoaecof} /ULrjTe twv dWoov 
KLVi^a-ewv /iieTe-^eL, SrjXov otl t^9 <popd<s dv fieTe^^OL, coaT e'ir] 
dv yevo9 rj (popa Trjg /3aSicreco£. 

8 lldXLv €(p' cov t6 elSog t6 TeOev w? yevo^ KaTtjyopeLTai, 
(TKOireLV ei KaL to aTroSoOev yevo9 ev tw tl P ea-TLV avTcov 
TOVTCov KaTrjyopeLTaL covirep ^t6 e7So9, OjULOLcog Se Ka\ ei Ta 
eiravco tov yevov<s TravTa. Et ydp irov SLacpcovel, StjXov otl 
ov yevo9 to diroSoOev el ydp rjv yevo?, ^ diravT dv Ka) tu 
eiravco tovtov Ka\ avTO tovto ev tm t/ ecTTf ^ KaTrjyopeiTO, 

9covirep Ka\ t6 elSo<5 ev tw t/ ea-TL ^KaTrjyopeiTaL. "* A.vaa-Kevd- 
l^ovTi IUL6V ovv -^rjCTLiKov, €1 lULrj KaTrjyopeiTaL t6 yevo9 ev tco 
TL ecTTLv covTrep Koi t6 elSog KaTrjyopeiTaL' KaTacrKevd^ovTL 
S\ el KaTrjyopeLTaL ev tw t/ ea^TL, yjpr]aLiJ.ov. ^vfx^rjaeTaL 
yap To yevo9 Ka\ t6 e7So9 tov avTOv ev tw t/ ecTTL KaTrjyo- 
peLcrOaL, cocrTe t6 airro V7r6 Svo yevrj ylveraL. ^ A.vayKalov 
ovv utt' dWrjXa Ta yevrj etvaL. ^^A.v ovv SeL-)(Orj, o I3ov\6/j.e0a 
yevos KaTaaKevaa-aL, /uLrj ov V7r6 t6 elSo^, SrjXov otl t6 elSo^ 
V7r6 TOVT dv e^lrj, cocrTe SeSeiyfievov dv e^rj ^otl yevo9 tovto. 

10 ^KOTreiv Se kol tov9 \6yov9 tcov yevcov, el ecpapiuL^TTOva-LV 
iwL Te t6 aTroSoOev eiSo9 ^ Ka\ Ta [j.eTe-^ovTa tov e*iSov<s. 
^ AvayKrj ydp tov9 tcov yevcov \6yov9 KaTrjyopelaOaL tov ei- 
Sov9 Ka\ Tcov iuL€T€^6vTcov Tov etSov^' €1 ovv irov SLacpcovei, 
Srj\ov ^OTL ov yevo<s t6 diroSoOev. 

11 \\a\Lv ei Trjv Siacpopdv cog yevo^ ^ direScoKev, olov ei t6 

1 dTroSeScoKf B.C. "^ dia<f)opav A. " fitdri A.B. o (l fir} om. B, 
€1 firj TTJs rc. supra lituram A. P cVn raiv avrav C. ^ To] Ka\ 

t6 C. r irdvTa C. ^ KaTqyoprirai pr. C. * KaTTjyopelTai ante 

ev C V OTi t6 yevos C. ^ Ka\ cVt toi C. * oTi om. A. Y d7ro6e- 
ba>K€V B.C. 



IV. 2. TOniKllN A. 315 

aOdmTOv ^ yevo? deov. Aiacpopa ydp €(tti X^^ov to aOava- 
Tov, eTreiSrj tcov ^(p(jov to. niev OvrjTa rct S^ aOavaTa. AijXov 
ovv OTL ^ SLrifxdpTYiTai' ovSevo? yap ^ Sia(popa yevog ecrTiv. 
*'Otl Se TOVT a\t)0e9, Stj\ov. ovSe/uLLa ydp Siacpopa crr]/j.aLV€i 
Ti ecTTLV, a\\d fJLaWov itolov tl, KaOdirep ^ to ireXov Ka\ ^to 
Siirovv. 

KaJ el Tt]v ^Siacpopdv elg to yevog eOrjKev, olov to TrepLT- 12 
Tov OTrep dpLOfJLOv. Aiacpopd ydp dpLOfiov to irepLTTOv, 
OVK elSo^ eo-TLV. OvSe SoKel ixeTe^eLV y\ SLafpopa tov yevovr 
Trdv ydp to fjieTeyov tov yevov^ rj eiSog ti aTOfxov eaTLV, ^ rf 
Se Siacbopd ovtc elSog ovtc aTOfJLOv ccttlv. A^\ov ovv otl ov 
fjLeTeyeL tov yevovg rf SLa<popd, wctt ovSe to irepLTTOv €iSo9 
dv €'ir] dWd Siacpopd, eireLSr] ov fieTe^eL tov yevov?. 

Jojti ei to y€V09 ei? to eLoog eorfKcv, oiov Tr]v * ayjriv oirep 13 
(Tvvo-^^rjv r] Tr]v fJLL^LV oirep KpacTLV, r] co? TlXaTOov opU^eTai 
(popdv Tr]v KaTd TOTTOV KLvr]crLV. Ov ydp dvayKaiov Trjv 
a\j!/"fi/ crvvo-^rjv etvaL, aXX' dvd7ra\LV Tr]v crvvo-)(r]v ^ dyjrLv' ov 
ydp ^ irdv to dirTOfJLevov crvvey^eTaL, dWa to crvveyofi.evov 

aTTTCTaL. KJfJLOL(J09 06 Kai eiTL TCDV " AOLirOdV OUTe yap r] J4 

fjLL^L^s diracra Kpdcri9 (^ ydp tcov ^rjpwv fjLi^L^ ovk €(tti Kpd(TL9) 
^ ovO^ rj KttTd TOirov fX€Ta^o\r] ird^ra cpopd' r] yap (BaSLcrig 
ov SoKel (popd elvaL' cryeSov ydp ^ r] (popd eir\ tcov dK0V(TLCt)9 
TOirov €K Toirov fjLeTa/BaWovTcov \eyeTaL, KaOairep eirL tcov 
a\(/-u^ft)i/ cTVfjL^aLveL. Ar]\ov S^ otl Ka\ eir^ ir\€Ov \eyeTai 
To elSog Tov yevov^ ev toi<s diroSoOelcTL, Seov dvaira^iv ylve- 
ctOul. 

T\.d\LV €1 Tr]V SiaCpopdv ek to €lSo9 eOr]K€v, oiov to dOa- 15 
vaTOv oirep Oeov. ^vfi/Si^creTaL yap etr* 'Lcrrjg rf eiri ir^elov 
To eiSos \eyecrOai' de\ yap r] S^acpopa ^^ eir '[crrj^ »y eirL 7r\eiov 
Tov €lSov9 \eyeTaL. ^'Krf e^ to yevog eh Trjv " S^acpopav, 

z 0€ov yevos C. ^ j^/xaprT^rat C. ^ to] Koi to C. ^ to om. B. 

^ 8ia({>opap as flbos fls t6 yevos TtdeLKCv C. ^ fj de — ecrTLV. Om. C. 

^ (Tvvayj/iv C. S dnav C. ^ a\\(ov C. ^ ovff~\ codices ovb\ 

^ f) (f)opa om. A. ^ TrXfioj/ C. '" cVi taov C ^ dia^jiopav eBrjKev 

OIOV C. 



^i6 TOniK12N A. Topic. 

oiop To '^(pwiuLa oirep (rvyKpiTiKov t] tov apiO/iiov oirep irepLT- 
Tov. Kaf ei To yevog 009 Sia(j)opav elirev' ey^wpel yap Tiva 
Kal TOiavTtjv ^KO/ULia-ai Oea-iv, ^ olov Kpaarem Trjv iuli^iv Sia- 

i6(j)opav tj ^(popa^ Tr]V KaTci tottov iJ.eTaj3o\r]v, ^KeirTeov Se 
^ TravTa Ta TOiavTa oia twv avTwv' eTriKOtvojvovci yap ol 
TOiroL' eir\ ^ ifKeov re yap to yevo<s r^? SLacpopa? Sei 
Xeyea-OaL, Ka\ fjLrj /uLeTey^eiv r^s* Sia(popa9. Ovtw S^ cltto- 
So0evTO9 ovSeTepov tmv eipijiuLevcov SvvaTOv o^vjUL^aiveLV' ctt' 
eXaTTOV Te yap prjO^a-eTai, Kal /uLeOe^et to yevo^ TrJ9 Sia- 
(popds, 

17 TlaXLV ei iuLr]SeiuLta Siacpopa KaTtjyopeiTaL twv tov yevovg 
KaTa Tov aTToSoOevTog e'iSov9, ovSe to yevo^ KaTr]yopr]Orja-e- 
Tai, otov '^v')(r]9 ovTe to irepLTTOv ovTe to apTLOV KUTr^yo- 
peiTai, (aoT * ovS^ apLOjULO^. ^'Ert ei irpOTepov (pvcret to eISo9 
Kai (TvvavaLpei to yevo<i' SoKei yap ^ to evavTiov. ^'Eitl ei 
evSe-^eTai ^^ aTroXiTreiv t6 eipjj/uLevov yevo9 r] Tr]v Sta^popav^ oiov 
Y^v)(r]v t6 KLveia-Oat rj So^av ^ t6 aXr^Oh Kal y^evSog, ovk av 
e'ir] Toov eipr^fxeVeov ovScTepov yevo9 ovSe SLa(popa' SoKei yap 
To yevo9 Kal r] SLa(popa TrapaKoXovOeiv, eo)? av ^ t6 eiSo9. 

3 ^KOireiv Se Kai ei t6 ev tm yevei Kei/ULevov /ULeTe-^et tlv69 
evavTLOv tw yeveL r] ei evSe-^eTat iJLeTeyetv' t6 yap avTo toov 
ivavTtcov aiULa lULeOe^et, eTreiSr] t6 /ulcv yevog ovSeiroT cltto- 
Xel^TTei, jULerej^et Se Kal TOvvavTtov r] evSe-^eTai /uLeTe-^etv. ^'Et£ 
el TIV09 Koivoovei t6 eISo9, aSvvaTOv oXco9 virixp-^eiv Toh viro 
To yevo^. Oiov el r] "^v^ ^r^? ^ft)>/9 KOLVoovei, tcov S^ apLO/uLcov 
fjLrjSeva SvvaT^v ^rjv, ovk av elr] ^ eiSo^ apLOlULOV rj ^v^rj. 

2 ^KeTTTcov Se Ka). ei o/ulcovv/ulov t6 elSog tw yevei, orTOf^e/ot? 
-^(joixevov T019 eipr]iuLevoL9 ttjOO? ^t6 o/ulcowiulov' (tvv(jovv/jlov yap 
To yevo9 Kal to eiSo9. 

3 ^ETre/ Se iravT^^ yevov9 e^lSr] TrXeico, (TKOTreiv ei /uLrj evSe- 



o KO]ii<ra(r6ai C. P olop rrji Kpda^ois C. Q 8ia(f)opas A. •■ ra 

TOiavra ndvTa C. ^ TrXcTdi/ C. * ovS' 6 dpiOfios C. ^ Tovvav- 

TioVj ovK av €ir] yevos. "Eti C. ^ dTroXeiTTdv C. '^ to ante aX. 

om. A. y rrjs om. C. ^ dpiBpov dbos C. ^ rr/i/ 6pa>vvpiav C. 



IV. 3. TOniK^N A. 317 

Xerai erepov ^ elSog etvai rov elptj/jievov yevovg' el yap /xi} 
€(TTi, SrjXov oTi ovK dv €11] oAft)? ycvo^ TO eiptjfievov. 

^K07r€iv Se Kal €1 to ^ ixeraipopa Xeyo/uievov wg yevo9 airo-4 
SeSwKev, olov Trjv arcDippocrvvrjv arvnKpooviav' irav " yap yevo9 
Kvpicog KaTOL Tcov eiSwv KaTrjyopeiTai, rj Se a-v/uLCpcDVia Kara 
Tijg acocppocrvvrjg ov Kvpicog ^ aWa imeTacpopa' Traora yap 
(TviuiipcovLa ev <p06yyoi9. 

^'Eri av ^? ivavTiov ^ti tm e'iSei, arKOTreiv. ^'Earrf Se 7rXeo-5 
i/avft)? ^ (TKe^^ig, irpcoTOv /uLev ei ev tm avTW yevei Kai to evav- 
Tiov, /mr} 6vT09 evavTLOv tw yeveL' Sei yap ra evavTia ev tS 
avTcp ^ yevei elvaL, dv /uLrjSev evavTiov tw yevei ^. ^'Ovto9 S^ 
evavTLOv tm yevcL, a-KOirelv ei to evavTiov ev tw ^ evavTiio' 
dvayKrj ydp t6 evavTiov ev tm evavTLCp eivaL, dvTrep rj ^ evav- 
TLOv Ti T(p yeveL. ^avepov Se tovtcov ^eKaa-TOv Sid r^? e7ra-6 
ycoyr]^. TlaXLv ei 6Xco9 ev jULrjSevl yeveL to tw ewei evavTiov, 
aAA avTo yevog, olov Tayauov eL yap tovto fxr] ev "' yeveL, 
ovSe t6 evavTLOv " tovtov ev yevei ea-TaL, aX\' avT^ yevo9, 
Kadairep eirl ^ tov dyaOov Kal tov KaKov a-vix^alveL' ovScTepov 
ydp TOVTcov ev yeveL, aXX' cKaTepov avTcov yevog. ""Erf el 
evavTLOv P tlv\ Ka\ to yevog Ka\ t6 elSog, Ka\ tcov /ulcv ecrTi 
Ti /uLeTa^v, Tcov Se fxr]. Ef yap tcov yevcov ecrTi tl /uLeTa^v, 7 
Ka\ Tcov elScov, Ka\ el tcov elScov, Ka\ tcov yevcov, KaQdnrep eir' 
dp€Tr]9 Ka\ KaKiag Ka\ SLKaLocrvvrjg Ka\ dSLKiag' cKaTepcov ydp 
eoTTi Ti jULeTa^v. *'^vcrTaarL9 tovtov otl vyLeiag Ka\ voarov 
ovSev fJLera^v, KaKOv Se Ka\ dyaOov. ^^H ei ecTTL fiev ^Ti d/UL' 
cpoiv dva /uLca-ov, Ka\ tcov eiSoov Ka\ tcov yevcov, fxr] ojulolcos Si, 
aWa Tcov /uiev /cara dTrocpacnv tcov S^ o)? vTroKeL/uievov. '"E1/-8 
So^ov ydp t6 61J.01C09 dfKpoLv, KaOdirep ctt' dperrjq Ka\ KaKLag 
Ka\ SLKaioa-vvrjg Ka\ dSiKiag' d/uLCpoiv ydp /cara dirocpacrLv Ta 

fiho^ om. A. c T^f Kara fjL€Tacf>opav C. ^ yap t6 yevos A.B. 

c dWa Kara fieTa(f)opdp C. ^ eLrj t6 eiSoy ivavTiov Tivl (tk. C. S rt 

om. A. h clvaL yeVei, iav nrjbev rj evavTiov r&i yevei C. ^ evavTio) 

ea-TLv, 'AvdyKT) C. ^ tl evavTiov C. 1 eKacTTov eo-TL did C. ^ yevei 
KenaL ov8e C. " TOVTOt C. o ^Qy KaKoC Ka\ dyadov C. P TivX 

om. C. q roL B.C. 



31« TOniKi2N A. Topic. 

ava jULecrov. ^'Kti orav M ^ ^ evavriov rip yevei, (TKOirelv juirj 
/uLovov €1 To evavTLOV ev tw avTW yevei, ctXXa ^/caj t6 ava 
/ULecrov' ev co yap Ta aKpa, Kai ^ra ava /uiea-ov, otov iirl \ev- 
Kov Kal fxeXavo^' to yap ^pco/xa yevog tovtcov re Ka] twv 
gava imea-ov ■^utfj.aTOdv diravTwv. '^^'^vaTacrL^ oti tj fxev ev- 
Seia ^KOi vTrep/BoXrj ev tco avTcp yevei (ev tw KaKw yap a/uL- 
cj)(jo), TO Se juieTpiov ava /uLecrov ov tovtcov ovk ev tm ^ KaKw 
aXX' ev T(p ayaO(p. ^KOireiv Se Ka\ el to fxev yevo^ evavTiov 
Tivi, To ^€ eiSog jULrjSevl. Et yap to yevo^ evavTiov tivI, 
Kai TO y eISo9, KaQairep ^ apeTrj KaKici Ka\ SiKaiocTvvr] dSiKLci. 
^^OjULolo)? Se Ka\ eirl twv dWcov ctkottovvtl (pavepov av So^eLev 
eivaL To tolovtov. ^'Ei/crracrf? eir^ Trjg vyieia? Ka). vocrov 
dirXcog /uLev ydp ^irdcra vyleLa v6cr(p evavTLOv, ^^ Se Tig v6ao9 
e7So9 ^ov v6crov ovSev} evavTiov, otov 6 TrvpeTO? Ka\ ^^ 6(j>6a\- 
lULia Ka] Tcov dWcov eKacTTOv. 

10 ^ A^vaLpovvTL fJLev ovv ToaavTa-^cog eTrLa-KeirTeov' el ydp /uLr] 
VTrdpyeL Td eiprj/uLeva, ^ Sr]\ov otl ov yevo9 to diroSoOev' Ka- 
TaoTKevaXovTL Se TpLyco<s, irpcoTOv /ulcv ei to evavTiov T(p e^iSeL 
ev T(p eipr]/jL€V(p yeveL, /uLr] bvTog evavTLOV tw yeveL' et yoLp to 
evavTLOv ev TOVTcp, ST]\ov otl Ka\ to TrpoKel/ULevov. ^'Ert ei 
To dvd /meaov ev tm eipr]/uLev(p yevcL' ev (p ^ ydp to dvd /mea-ov, 
Ka\ Td aKpa. T\.a\iv dv ^ evavTiov tl tm yeveL, a-KOirelv el 
Ka\ TO evavTiov ev T(p evavTLCp' dv yap ^, Srj\ov otl Ka\ to 
TTpoKei/JLevov ev T(p irpoKeLjJLevcp. 

11 J\d\LV e7r\ Tcov TTTcoa-ecov Ka\ S e7r\ tcov a-vaTolycov, el 
6/ULO1009 dKo\ovOovaL, Ka\ dvaipovvTL Ka\ KaTaa-Kevd^ovTi. 
^'A./uLa ydp ev\ Ka\ irdcrLV virdpyeL r/ oif^ VTrdp-^ei, oiov ei ^ 
SLKaLoavvr] eTrLCTTrjiJir] ti<s, Ka\ to SLKalco? e7ria-Tr]/uL6vco9 Ka\ 6 
SiKai09 eirLCTTri/xuiv' ^ el Se tovtoov tl ^ jJLr], ovSe tcov ^OLirwv 
ovSev. 

r ^ ^ Tt C. s K^aX] €1 Ka\ C. ^ To ava C. ^ €P<TTa(Tts tovtov 

OTi C. w ^aY] Ka\ T} C. ^ KaKo] avTw C. Y ei8os eVrt Ka0diTep C. 
2 dp€T7]i Koi KaKias koI diKaiocrvviji Ka\ ddiKias C. ^ naaa om. C. ^ t/] 
€1 B. c ^p] ovo-a C. d ^ om. C. c dijXov 8' ori A. ^ yap 

t6] yap Tci C. E eVi post Ka\ Om. C. ^^ eav C. ^ M V o^^^ C. 



IV. 4- T0niKX2N A. 319 

UdXiv €7ri Twv oiuLoim e-^ovToov TTpo^ dWrjXa, olov to rjSv 4 
6iuioi(t)9 eyeL irpo? Trjv ^Sovrjv Kal to (v(peXiiuLov irpo^ TayaOov' 
cKdTcpov ydp cKaTcpov TroirjTiKov. Ei ovv €<tt\v rj rjSovrj 
OTrep dyaOov, Ka\ to ^Sv direp coCJyeXtiuLov ecTTai' SrjXov yap 
OTL dyaOov dv e'Lrj TroirjTLKOv, eTreLSrj ^ rjSovrj dyaOov» *^Q(Tay-2 
TC09 Se Koi eTTf Toov yevecrecov Kal (pOopcov, otov el to olkoSo- 
jueiv evepyeiv, to (pKoSo/uLrjKevaL evrjpyrjKevai, Kal el to ixavOa- 
veLv dvafJLLiJLvrjcrKecrOaL, ^ Ka\ to /uLejULaOrjKevaL dvafMejiAvrjcrOaL, 
Ka\ el TO SLaXvecrOai ^ (pOelpecrOai, to SLaXeXvcrOai ecpOapOai 
Ka\ rj SidXvcrL9 (pOopd tl9. Kat 67rl tcov "^ yevrjTLKCov Se Kal 
cpOapTLKcov cocravTco^, Kal eirl tcov SvvdjULecov Kal y^prjcrecov, Ka\ 
dXco<s KaO^ diroLavovv oiuLOLOTrjTa Ka\ dvaipovvTL Ka\ KGTacTKev- 
aiCovTL cTKeiTTeov, KaOairep eir\ Tri<s yevecrecog Kai (pOopdg eXe- 
yojULcv. Ef ydp to (pOapTLKOv SLaXvTiKOv, Ka\ to (pOelpecrOaL 3 
SLaXvecrOaL' Ka\ el to " yevrjTLKOv TTOLrjTiKov, ° to yivecrOai 
iroLeiaOaL Ka\ rj P yevecTL<s iroLr]crL<s. ^Ojuolco9 Se Ka\ cTTf tcov 
SvvdfJLecov ^ Ka\ ■^pjjcrecov' el ydp r) SvvajuLL^ SLd0ecrL9, Ka\ to 
SvvacrOaL SLaKelcrOaL, Ka\ ei tlvo<s ^ rj -^prjcrL^ evepyeLa, to 
^ XprjcrOaL evepyeiv Ka\ to Key^prjcrOaL evrjpyrjKevaL. 

*^^Ai/ ^e G-TeprjcrL^ jf to dvTLKeLjuLcvov rw e^lSeL, Sl-)(co9 ccttlv 4 
dveXeLV, TrpooTOV /ulcv el ev tm diroSoOevTL yevei to dvTLKei- 
/ULevoV ^ r] ydp aTrXa)? iv ovSev\ yeveL tm avTcp rj crTeprjcrLg, rj 
ovK ev TM ecr^^^dTcp, olov ei rj d^L<i ev ccr^ara) yeveL Trj aicrOrj- 
crcL, rj TvCpXoTr]? ovk ecTTaL a^LcrOrjcrL^. AevTepov S'' el Ka\ tw 
yeveL Ka\ tw e^iScL dvTiKeLTaL crTepr](rL9, iJLrj ecrTL Se to dvTLKel- 
lULevov ev tw dvTLKeLfxevcp, ovS^ dv to diroSoOev ev tw diroSoOevTL 
eir]. ^ AvaLpovvTL jULev ovv KaOairep e'ipr]TaL yjprjcrTeov, KaTacrKev- 
ciCovTL Se fJLovay^o)?' ei ydp to dvTLKel/uLevov ev tw dvTLKeL/uLevo), 
Ka\ TO TrpoKeLjULevov ev T(S irpoKeLiJLevcp dv e^lr], olov ^ el r] tv- 
(pXoTrjg dvaLcrOrjcTLa T19, r] 0^19 a'icrOr]crh tl£. 



^ Koi om. C. ^ <f)d. Koi To C. "^ yevvijTiKaP C. ^ yevvTjriKov 

A.C. o 7^] Koi ro C. P yevq(TLS B. ^ Koi tS)V p^pj^o-fwi/ C. 

^ 1) om. A. ^ XP^^^^'- A.B. * eav C. ^ fj yap] d yap B. 

^ ct om. A. 



320 TOniKI2N A. Topic. 

5 YlaXiv eTrl twv WTTOCpacrecov CTKOireiv avaTraXiv, KaOairep 
€7ri Tov (TVfJiPePrjKOTOi; eXeyeTO, otov ei t6 rjSv oirep ^ayaOov, 
TO /uirj ayaOov ou^ rjSv. Et yap fxri ovtco^ ^'x^^ ^^*/ ^^ '^'- 
Ka\ ovK ayaOov ^Sv, ^A^SvvaTOv y Se, elirep to ay aOov yevo9 
Tov ^Seo9, elvai ti fxrj ayaOov rjSv' wv yap to yevog /uirj Ka~ 
TijyopeiTai, ovSe tcov eiScov ovSev. KaJ KaTaa-Kevd^ovTi Se 
co(TavTco9 (TKeirTeoV el yap ^ to /ULr] ayaOov ov-^ rjSv, to rjSv 
ayaOov, cocrTe yevo^ to ayaOov tov r}Seo<s. 

6 ■'Eai/ S"* ^ Trpos TL To elSog, a-KOireiv ei Ka\ to yevog irp6<s 
Ti' ei yap t6 elSog tcov 'irpo? ti, Ka\ t6 yevog, KaOairep cTrJ 
Tov SiifKaa-lov Kal TroWaTrXacriov' cKaTepov yap tcov irpo<s 
Ti. Ef <^e t6 yevo9 tcov ttjOo? ti, ovk avayKrj Kal to eiSog' 
rj jjLev yap e7ri(TT^iULrj tcov ttjOO? ti, rj Se ypajUL/uLaTtKrj ov. ^^H 
ovSe t6 TTpOTepov prjOev aXrjOh dv ^ Sot^eieV rj yap apeTrj 
^ oirep Ka\6v Kal oirep ayaOov, Ka). rj /uLev aperrj tcov irpog ti, 
t6 S^ aya06v Kal to Ka\6v ov tcov irpog tl aWa Troia. 

7 JlaXiv ei /ULrj 7rp69 TavT^ XeyeTai t6 eiSog KaO^ avTO Te 
Ka\ KaTO, t6 yevo9, olov ei t6 SL7r\(X(TL0v ^iuLi^Teo^ \eyeTai 
SL7r\d(TL0v, Ka\ t6 TToXXaTrXacTfOj/ ^/uLLfTeo? Sei \eye(TOai. Et 
Se iJLr], ovK av elrj to 7r o\\a7r\a(Tiov yevog tov ofTrXacrfOf. 

8 ^'Eri ei /ULrj ttjOo? rauro /cara re to yevog \eyeTaL Ka\ KaTa 
TrdvTa To. tov yevovg yevrj. Ef •yajO ^ to Si7r\dG-L0v " ^jull- 
aeog 7ro\\a7r\d(TL6v ccttl, Ka\ ^ t6 v7repe-^ov rjfjLicTeog prjOrjo-e- 
TaL, Ka\ axXw? /caTa 7ravTa Ta e^ravco yevrj 7rpo9 to rj/uLi(TV 
prjOtjcreTaL. ^'lEtvarTacri9 otl ovk avdyKrj KaO^ avT^ Ka\ KaTa 
To yevo9 7rp69 *^TavT6 \eye(TOaL' ri yap e7n(TTrjiJ.rj €7ri(TT»]T0V 
\eyeTaL, e^L9 Se Ka\ SLd0e(rL9 ovk e^TLCTTrjTOv aWd '^v^^rjg. 

9 IlaXtj/ ei cocravTcog \eyeTaL t6 yevog Ka\ t6 eiSo9 KaTa 
Tci? 7rToo(T€i9, olov €1 TLv\ rj T«/09 tj Oflra^o)? aXXw9. ^Q^ yap 
t6 eiSog, Ka\ t6 yevog, KaOa^rep evr) tov SL7r\a(Tiov Ka\ twv 
€7rdvco' TLv69 ydp Ka\ t6 Si7r\d(TL0v Ka\ t6 ^roWa^r^acriov. 

^ dyaOov cVri Kai t6 C. Y 8e] yap A.B. ^ ^^ ^,^ COIT. A. 

^ bo^eiev eiuai fj C. ^ ayaObv Ka\ onep Ka\6v C. ^ to om. A.B. 

^ rjpiiTeos Ka\ tt. C. ^ ravTov B. 



IV. 4- TOniKI2N A. ^zi 

^O^to/ft)? ^e KOt €7ri T^9 €7n<TT^/ii)]9' Tivog yap Ka\ avTrj Ka] 
TOL yevri, oiov rj T€ SiaO€(Ti9 Kal rj e^i<s. ^'Ei/crracrf? oti ^€via-)^ou 
ov^ ovTW^' TO /ULev yap ^ Sidcpopov Kal to evavTiov tivi, to S^ 
€T€pov, yevo^ ov tovtcov, ov Tivl aXXa Tivog' cTepov yap tivo? 
XeyeTai. 

HaXiv €1 ojULoloog to. ttjOO? ti KaTO. Ta9 Trrwcret? Xeyojueva lo 
jULr] ofJLOim avTiCTTpecpei, KaOdirep €ir\ tov Si7r\a(rlov Ka\ tov 
TToWaTrXacriov. ^^KdTepov ydp tovtoov Tivog Kal avTO '^ Kal 
KaTOL Trjv dvTiCTTpo^prjv XeycTai' tivo9 yap Kal to rj/uLKTV Kal 
t6 iroWocTTrj/uLOpiov. ''Q(TavT0)9 Se Ka). eTrl Trjg eirKTTrjinrjq 
^ Ka\ Trj<s viro\r}^€0d<5' avTai ydp tlvo<s, Kai dvTicTTpeCpei 

OJULOLOOg' TO T€ eTTLCTTrjTOV Ka\ TO VTroXrjTTTOV TlVl. Ef OVV 

eiTL TLvoov /urj ofJiOLOO^ dvTiCTTpecpei, Srj\ov OTL ov yevog OdTe- 
pov OaTepov. 

Hd\Lv ei /uLrj Trpo? ^'i<Ta to elSog koI t6 y€V09 \eyeTai' n 
ojULOLOog ydp Kal lcra-^oog CKdTepov SoKei ^eyecrOai, KaOairep 
eirl Trjg Soopeag Ka] Trjg S6(T€oo9. ^'H re ydp Sooped Tivog ^rj 
Tivl \eyeTaL, Kal rj SocTig tlv69 Ka\ tlvl. ^'IEkttl Se rj S6(Tig 
y€V09 T^9 Soopedg' rj ydp Sooped S6(TLg ecTT^v dvair6SoTo<i. 
JCiTT evLOov 6 ov crviJipaLvei irpo<s tcra \eyecruaL to jULev yap 
Snr\acriov tlvo? SL7r\a(rLOv, to S^ virepe^^ov Kal to ™ jULei^^ov 
Tiv69 Ka] TLVL' irdv ydp t6 v^jrepeyov Ka\ to iMetCov tlv\ virep- 
e^€L Ka\ TLv6g virepe-^eL. ^'Qctt ov yevrj Ta eiprnJLeva tov Sl- 
7r\acTL0v, eireLSrj ov irp6<i '[(Ta tm e^iSeL \eyeTaL. ^^H ov Ka06- 
\ov d\r)Oeg To irpdg 'icra to efSo9 Ka\ to yevog ^eye^rOai. 

^Opdv Se Ka\ el tov dvTLKeLjULevov t6 dvTLKeljULevov yevo9, i^ 
otov ei Tov Siir\a(Tiov t6 iro\\air\da-LOV Ka\ tov ^jULicreo9 to 
iroWoa-Trj/ULdpLOv' Sei yap t6 dvTLKeL/uLevov tov dvTiKeL/uLevov 
yevos eivaL. E/ ovv tls Oelrj Trjv eirKrT^/ULrjv oirep a^icrOrjcrLV, 
SerjcreL kol t6 eirLcrTrjTov oirep ai^rOrjT^v elvaL. Ovk 'ecrTL Se' 
ov yap " irdv t6 eirL(TTrjT6v aiorOrjT^V Ka\ yap twv vorjToov 

^ cvia C. 8 8ia<fifpou C. ^^ Ka\ ante Kara. om. C. ' Ka). enl 

Trjs VTT. avrai re yap C. '^ laa Ka\ t6 C. ' j) Kal rivl C. '" pe7- 

(ov Kal Tivos B. " nav om. A. 

VOL. I. Y 



322 TOniKilN A. Toprc. 

€via eirKrTviTa. ^'QaT ov yevo^ t6 aicrOrjTOv tov €7ri(rT»]T0u. 
Et Se TOVTO iJLtj, ° ovS'' a'i(T0i](n9 eTTKTTi^iuLrig. 

13 ""ETref ^e toov ttjOo? ti XeyojULevcov Ta luev e^ avayKV}^ €v 
€K€ivoi9 r] 'Trepl cKeiva ecTTi irpog a iroTe Tvy^avei Xeyo/meva, 
olov ri SiaOea'1's Ka\ ri e^i^ Kal ^ (rv/uLimeTpia {ev aXXw yap ov- 
Sevl SvvaTOv VTrapyeiv tol elpriiuLeva ri ev €Keivoi9 Trpog a Xeye- 
Tat), TOL S"* ovK avcxy Kri iulcv ev eKelvoig vTrapyeiv irp6<s a iroTe 
XeyeTai, evSe-^eTat Se {olov ei eirKJTriT^v r] P "^v^* ovSev yap 
KcoXvei Triv avTrjg e7ri(rT^iuLt]v ey^eiv Ttiv "y^X^^^ ^^'^ avayKaiov 
Se' SvvaTov yap Ka\ ev aXXo) virap^^eiv Tr^v avTtiv TavTriv),Ta 
S^ airXw^ ovK evSeyeraL ev eKelvoig virapyeLv Trpog a iroTe Tvy- 
yavet XeyofjLeva, olov t6 evavTiov ^ ev tw €vavTL(p ovSe Triv 
eirKTTrjiiiriv ev tm eirKTTriTw, ^ eav lULr] Tvy^dvri t6 eTTLCTTriTOV 
"^v)(ri ri avOpco7ro9 ov, (TKOTreiv ovv '^(jpri edv T19 ei9 yevog O^ to 

TOLOVTOV €19 t6 fJLil TOLOVTOV, olov €L Tr^V jULV^/ULriV /ULOVriV eiTL- 

14 crTrjiiri9 ^ elirev. Ylacra ydp fJLOvri ev tw julcvovtl Kal irepi 

€K€lVO, WCTTC Kal l} T^9 €7rL(TTr]IULrig /ULOvi] €V Trj eTTL^TTrjULr]. *^ H 

/ULVi^iuLr] dpa ev xrj eiTLcrTriiJir], eireLSr] lULOvrj Trjg eirLcrTriiJLr]^ eaTLV' 
TOVTO S' ovK evSe^eraL' ^ jULvi^iuLr] ydp Tracra ev "^v^. ^'Eot^ 
S^ €ipr]iJievo9 TOTTO? Kal Trpog t6 crviUL^elSrjKO^ kolvo^' ovSev 
yap SLa(pepeL r^? fJLvrjixrj^ yevos Tr]V /JL0vr]v eiireLV 37 (rvix/Be^r]- 
Kevai (pacTKeLv avrrj tovto' el yap OTrcocrovv €(rT\v r] iJLvrnjLr] 
IJLovrj €7rL(TTr]iJLr]9, avT^g dpiiocreL 7rep\ avTr]9 Xoyog. 
5 IlaXfi/ el Tt]v e^LV etV Tr]v evepyeLav eOrjKev r] Tr]v evepyeLav 
€19 Ttjv e^iv, olov Ttiv alcrOrjcrLV KLvrjarLv Slu cr(joixaT09' rj nev 
ydp a'icr0r]crL9 €^i9, ^ Se Kivr]crL9 evepyeia. *^0 1101009 Se Ka\ el 
Ttjv iivrjiirjv e^Lv KaOeKTiKrjv v7roXrjyf/€(a9 el^rev ovSeiJLia ydp 
IJLvrjiJLr] €^L9, dXXd iidXXov evepyeia. 
2 AiaiJLapTavov(Ti Se Ka\ ol Ttjv e^Lv eh Trjv dKoXovOov(rav 
SvvaiJLLv TaTT0VT€9, olov Tijv ^rpaoTrjTa eyKpaTeLav 6pyr]9 Ka\ 
Ttjv dvSpiav Ka\ Trjv SiKaiocrvvrjv (po^oov Ka\ KcpSooV dvSp€to9 



o ovS' Tj aicrBrj^ris rrjs (TiKrT^fiijs C. P V^^X*? **'/• ouSe»' C '^ iv 

pOSt evavriov om. A. ^ av C ^ evKQi C. * 17 yap fivrmrj C. 



IV. 5- TOniK12N A. s^s 

IUL€P yap Kal irpdo^ 6 airaOrig Xeyerai, eyKparrjg S^ 6 Tracr^coj/ 
Kal juLrj ayojULeuog. ^'Icrm fiev ovv ciKoXovOei Suvajui? eKarepo) 
TOiavTt], wcTT €1 TTaOoi, /ur] ayeaSaL aWa KpaTeiV ov /uiriv 
^ TOVTO y €(ttI tw /uiev avSpeldo tw Se Trpaui etvai, aXXa to 
o\o)9 jULrj iraayeiv viro tcov toiovtcov /ULijSev. 

^^vloTe Se Kal t6 irapaKoXovOovv oirooarovv o)? yevog TiOe^s 
acriv, olov Trjv XvTrrjv t^9 opyrjg Kal Trjv VTToXrjy^iv TrJ9 
7r/(7Teco9. ^'A/uLCpct) yap tcl eiprnuLeva TrapaKoXovOei /ulcv Tpoirov 
Tiva TOi? airoSoOeiCTLV eiSecrLV, ovSeTepov S^ avTcov yevog ecrTiV 
6 /uLev yap opyL^ojuLevog XvireiTaL ^^ irpOTepag ev avTw Trjg Xv- 
irrjg yevojULevr/g' ov yap rj opyrj Trjg Xvwrjg, aW ^ XvTrrj Trjg 
opyrjg aiTLa, wctO^ aTrXw? ^ opyrj ovk ea-Ti Xvirrj. Kara 
^ TavTa S' ovS^ rj Tr/crrf? vwoXrjyp^Lg' evSe-^eTaL yap Trjv avTrjv 
vTToXijyf/^LV Koi /ULrj TTLCTTevovTa e-)(€Lv. OvK evSe-^€TaL y S\ e'i7rep4 
eiSog rj TTLO-TLg vTroXiiy^ecog' ov yap evSey^eTai to avTO ctl Sia- 
/ULeveLv, avirep €K tov e^lSovg oXcos jULeTa^aXrj, KaOairep ovSe to 
avTO (^wov ^ OT€ juLev avupcoTTOV eivaL ot€ oe /ULrj. J\v oe r/? 
(p^ e^ avayKrjg tov vwoXajJi^dvovTa Kal TriarTeveLV, eir 'tcrov rj 
vTToXrj^Lg Ka\ rj TTLCTTLg prjOrjaeTaL, wctt ovS^ av ovTcog elrj 
yevog' cttI ^ irXeov yap Sei XeyecrOaL t6 yevog. 

^Opdv Se Ka\ el ev tlvl ^tw avTw irecpvKev a/ULCpco ylvea-OaL' B 
ev w yap t6 elSog, Ka\ to yevog, oiov iv w to XevKOv, Ka\ Tp 
■^cofxa, Ka\ ev (p ypa/jL/JLaTLKrj, Ka\ eirLO-Trj/jirj. ""Eai/ ovv Tig 
Trjv aLa)(yvrjv (po^ov e^iirrj rj Trjv opyrjv Xvirrjv, ov CTV/x^rja-eTaL 
ev T(S avTM ^t6 elSog Ka\ t6 yevog vTrdpyeLV' rj /ulcv ydp ai- 
cr-^vvrj ev tw XoyicTTLKw, 6 Se (j)6^09 ev tw Ov/uLoeLSel, Ka\ rj 
/ULcv Xvirrj ev tw eTriOv/ULrjTiKM {ev tovtco ydp kol rj rjSovrj), rj 
Se opyrj ev tw Ov/ULoeLSel, wW ov yevrj Td diroSoOevTa, eTreiSrj 
ovK ev TM avTcp Toh eiSeat TreCpvKe yiveaOaL. *^0/ulolco9 Se Ka\ 6 
€1 rj (pLXia ev Tw eirLOv/J.rjTiKcp, ovk av eirj /BovXrjalg ^ TLg' 



^ ravTo C. ^ TrpoTcpov C. '^ ravra C. Y S'] de ttjv avTr/v C. 

2 oTi — ort B. ^ TrXetoi/ C, '> ro avro B. "^ ro re ftSos- C. 

^ Tii om. A. 

Y 2 



324 TOniKHN A. Topio. 

iracra yap /3ov\t]cri9 ev ro) XoyiarTiKw. ^pricriixo^ S^ 6 totto? 
Kal TTjOo? To (TVjixfieftrjKo^' ^ ev tu> avTco yap to (Tv/uilSelSrjKO^ 
Kal (S crv/ULpi/SriKev, oo(tt av iJ.ri iv tm avTia (palvrjTui, SrjXov 
OTL ov (rvjUL/SelBriKev. 

7 TL(x\iv ei KaTa tl to eiSog tov eiprj/uievov yevov^ /uLeTC-^ei' 
ov SoKel yap KaTa tl lueTe-^ecrdaL to yevog' ov ^ yap ecTTLV 6 
avOpcjowo^ KaTa tl ^woi/, ovS^ rj ypajm/uiaTLKrj KaTa tl eTrL^TTrjiJLrj' 
^Ojuiolco^ Se KOi €7rl tcov aWcDv. ^KOweiv ovv ei e7r/ tlvodv 
KaTCL TL juLeTe-^eTaL to yevo9, oiov el to X^ipov oirep alcrOrjTov 
rj opaTOv etprjTaL. KaTct tl yap aicrOrjTOV rj opaTOV to 
^cSoi^* KaTOL TO (rcojULa yap aicrOrjTOv Ka\ opaTov, KaTO. Se Trjv 
•yp-v^rjv ov, (joq-t ovk av e'irj ^ yevo<i to opaTov Kal to ai(rOrj- 
TOV TOV ^(pov. 

8 A.avOavov(TL S^ evloTe Ka\ to oKov ek to /uLepo^ TLOevTe^, 
otov TO '^(pov (TcojULa e/uLy^v)^ov. OvSa/uLco9 Se t6 /uepog tov 
oXov KaTrjyopeiTaL, (joctt ovk av eirj to crwfxa yevo^ tov ^(pov, 
eTreiSrj /uiepog ecTTLV. 

9 ^Opav Se Ka\ el tl tcov ^lreKTcov rj (pevKTwv ek Svva/ULLV rj 
TO SvvaTOV eOrjKev, olov tov (TO(pL(TTtjv ^ rj SkxjSoXov rj KXewTrjv 
Tov Svv(x/uLevov TCL aWoTpLa ' iKpaLpelcrOaL rj SvvajJievov S^a- 
/SdWeiv rj a-o(pL^€(TOaL. OvSe^^ yoLp tcov elprj/uLevcov tw Svva- 
Tog etvai tl tovtcov tolovto<s XeyeraL' SvvaTaL juLev yup Ka\ 
6 Oeo? Ka\ 6 cnrovSalo^ tcl (pavXa Spav, aW ovk €1(t\ tolov- 
TOL' TTCLVTe^ yap 01 (pavXoL KaTO. irpoaipecTLv XeyovTai. ^'Et^ 
iracTa 3vva/ULL9 tcov aipeTcov Ka\ yap ai twv (pavXcov Svva/uLCL^ 
atperal, Slo Ka\ tov Oeov Ka\ tov (TTrovSaiov ey^eLV (pa/uLev 
airraj* SvvaTOv^ yap eivaL tol (pavXa ^irpacrcTeLv. ^'Qctt ov- 
Sevo^ dv elrj y^eKTOv ' yevo^ rj Svva/uLig. Et ^e /ul^, crv/iprjcTe- 
TttL Tcov y^eKTcov TL aipeTOV eivat' ecTTai yap tl^ Svva/ULL^ 
•vJ/^e/cT»;. 



^ ev — av/ifif^r/Kos om. A. ^ yap\ yap Ka\ C. g yevrj C. ^ ^ 

post (ro<l>i(rTrjv om. A. ' v^fynipelcrBai — (rocf)i(€cr6ai] \d6pa dWoTpta 

K\fnT€iv A.\i. ^ irpdTTeiv C. ^ ytvovs B. 



IV. 5- TOniK12N A. 325 

Kaf ei Ti Tcciv ^l avTO tijullcov t] aiperMV eh Svva/ULLv rj to 10 
SvvaTov 17 t6 TroirjTiKov edrjKev. Ilacra *yap Svva/uLig Kal irav 
TO cvvaTOv rj To TTOLrjTLKOv CL aWo aioeTOv. 

^^H ef Ti Twv ev ^^ Svo yevecTLv t] irXeloa-LV eU OaTepov eOrj- 11 
K€v. ^'Ei/m yap ovk earTLv ei^ ev yevog OeivaL, ofov tov (pe- 
vaKa Koi Tov SLa/BoXoV ovTe yap 6 TrpoaLpoviuevo^ aSvvaTwv 
Se, ovO^ 6 SvvdjULevo^ jmr] Trpoaipov/uievo^ Se Sia^oXo^ r] (peva^, 
aAA o afjLCpu) TavTa eyoov. " \Ig-t ov UeTeov eig ev yevog 
ctXX' ei9 afxipOTepa Ta ^ eiprjimeva. 

^'Erf evLOTe avdiraXiv t6 luev yevog cog SLa<popdv Tr]v Se 12 
Siacpopdv 009 yevo9 P diroSLSoaarLV, oiov Trjv eKirXrj^iv vTrep/Bo- 
Xr]v 0av/uLa(ri6Tt]TO9 Kal tyjv itlcttlv crcpoSpOTr/Ta viroXi^y^eco^. 
OvT€ ydp r] vTrep/SoXr] ovO^ rj crCpoSpoTrjg yevo?, dWd Sia- 
<popd' SoKei ydp rj eKirXrj^L^ OavjuLacrLOTrjg elvaL VTrep^dX- 
Xovcra Kal rj 7ri(TTL9 v7r6Xr]\^L9 (T(poSpd, w<TTe yevog rj ^ Oav- 
jULaa-i^Trjg Ka) r] v7r6Xr]y\ri9, ^ S^ VTrepj^oXr] Ka\ r] CTCpoSpOTr/q 
S^acpopa. ^'Ert ei tl9 Tr]v vTrepfBoXrjv Ka). ^ cTCpoSp^TrjTa o)? 
yevo9 diroSwcreL, Td dy^v^^a TTLCTTevcreL Kal eKirXayrjo-eTaL. 
*^H ydp eKacTTOv o-cpoSpdTr]? ^ Kal vTrep/SoXr] irdpecTTiv €Keiv(p^3 
ov ecrTl cr(poSp6Tr]<5 kol VTrep/SoX^. Et ovv r] eKTrXrj^ig virep- 
jioXri ecTL OavixacTL^TrjTog, TrapecTTaL Trj OavjULao-L^TrjTL * ^ 
€K7rXr}^L9, (jHctO' r] Oav/uLacrL^Tr]? eKirXayrjcreTaL. ^OjULOicog Se 
Kai rj 7ricrTL9 irapecTTaL Trj viroX^y^eL, e^lirep <TCpoSp6Tr]9 viro- 
XrjyYew^i ecTLV, wcTTe r] vTr^XrjyjrL^ TTKTTevcrei. ^'Erf (rviJL^rjcre- 
TaL Tw ovTcog diroSLSdvTL (T(poSp6Tr]Ta cr(poSpdv Xeyeiv Kal 
v7repl3oXr]v vTrepf^aXXovcrav . ^'Ecrri ^ ydp TrlcrTL? ^ (r(poSpd' 14 
€L ovv rj x/crTf9 (T(poSp6Tr]<s ecrTL, crCpoSp^Tr]^ dv eu] cr(poSpd. 
^OjULOiayg Se Ka\ ^ eKTrXrj^ig ecrTLV v^rep/SdXXovcra' el ovv r] ck- 
7rXr]^L9 V7r€p^oXri ecTTLV, v^rep^oXrj dv etrj {/'wep^dXXovcra. Ov 



™ Svo-t C. n aar ovderepov ds t6 (v C. " dprjixeva BfTeov. 

€Ti C. P airobih(o(TL C, idque ante Tr^v he. q B. Ka\ vTroXrjyjris 

ecTTiv, T} C r Ka\ Tr)v a(f). C. ^ kqI'] koI fj C * 17 ante eKTrXyj- 

^is om, C. V ytJp ^ty TTio-Tis C. '^^' a-cf)obpa Kal eKnXrj^is v-rrep^dX- 

Xovaa. et A.B.C. ^ c/CTr>7;|t9 ris i<mv C. 

Y3 



3^6 • TOniKllN A. Topic. 

SoKcl ^' ovSerepov tovtcov, (jocnrep y ovS^ eTricrT^iuLr] eTTKTTtjTOv 

OvSe KIV1](T19 KlVOVjULeVOV. 

15 ■'Ei//oTe ^e SiafJLapTavovcTL ^ Ka\ to iraOog eig yevo9 to ire- 
irov06<s TiOevTe?, otov ocroi Trjv aOavacrlav ^w^i/ aiSiov (pao-tv 
etvai' TrdOo? ydp tl ^cotjg rj a-v/uLirTCojuLa ^ aOavacrla eoiKev 
etvai. ^'Otl S^ a\r]Oh t6 Xeyo/uLevov, SrjXov dv yevoLTO, ei Ti? 
^ (J^vyxoopiiareLev ck OvrjTOv " Tivd dOdvaTOv ^ ylvea-OaL' ovSeh 
ydp (ptjoreL erepav ^ avTdv ^corjv Xa/uL^dveiv, dWd (ry/XTTTW/ua 
TL rj 7raOo9 avTrj Tainrr] ^ Trapayevea-OaL. ^'Qa-T ov yevo^ rj 
^corj T^9 dOavacria^. 

16 TLdXLv ei Tov TrdOovg, ov ea-Tl ^irdOo?, ^ cKelvo yevog <^a- 
crlv etvaL, otov to irveviuLa depa Kivov/uLevov. MaXXoy yap 
KLvrjari^ depo9 TO TTvevjULa' 6 ydp avTog drjp Sia/uLeveL, OTav T€ 
KLvrJTaL Kal OTav fJLevrj. ^'Qa^T ovk "^ ecTTLV oXco9 drjp to Trvev- 
jJLa' rjv yap dv Ka\ juLrj KLVOV/ULevov * tov depo^ irveviuLa, eiirep o 
avTO^s drjp SLa/uLevei ^ ocnrep rjv irvevjULa. "^O/xo/o)? Se Ka\ eTrJ 

JJTCOV dWcOV TCOV TOLOVTOOV. Ef S^ dpa Ka\ eTTf TOVTOV Sel 

cTvy^coprjcraL otl * arjp ecFTL KLvovjULevog to TrvevjULa, aW "' oi^t^ 
AcaTct TrdvTcov to tolovtov diroSeKTeov KaO^ cov /uLrj dXrjOeveraL 
TO yevog, aXX' ecp^ oa^cov dXrjOco^ KaTrjyopeiTai to dTroSoOev 
yevo^. ^Ett' evlcov ydp ov SoKei dXrjOevecrOaL, otov °e7rJ ToiJ 
irrjXov Ka\ ° Trj^ yj^ovo^. Trjv /ulcv ydp -^iova (pacr\v vScop et- 
vaL TreTrrjyo?, tov Se irrjXdv yrjv vypw 'ireCpvpaiuLevrjv' ea-Ti S* 
ovu rj yLCOV vocop ovu o 7rrj\09 yrj, ooarT ovk av eirj V yevo9 
ovSeTepov tcov diroSoOevTcoV Sel ydp to yevo^ dXrjOeveaOaL 

^ \ y ^ i<\ ^ Y r\ I 51» »51?» -y/ •> f/51 

aeL KaTa tcov eLCcov. U/ulolco? o ovo o oivo^ eaTLV vccop 
crecrrjiro^, KaOdirep ^ E/x7re^o/cX^9 (prjar\ crairev ev ^vXco vScop' 
dirXco^ ydp ovK ea-TLV vScop. 
6 *'ETf ei oXco9 TO aTToSoOev juLtjSevo^ ccttl yevo^' SrjXov yap 

y ov5f fj €ma-TTijiri (moTrjfxov ov5' rj Kivrja-is C. ^ ^ai ot t6 rc C. 

a (Tvyx(jiipr](roi A.B. ^ ri C. ^ yfi/cV^at A.B. ^ avrh C. 

c irapayfyevrjaOai, C. ^ t6 irdBos A.B.C. K fK€ivov B. ^ earai 

A. ^ Tov^ t6 A. ^ ^atvep ort rjv t6 TTVfVfxa C. ' cWti/ arjp C. 

m ovt€ ye KaTo. ir. tS>v ToiovTiov C. ^ Ttjs xiovos Ka\ tov nrjXov C. 

o Ka\ eVi TTJs A. P ovbhtpov ytvos C. 



IV. 6. T0niKX2N A. 327 

ft)? ovSe Tov \€-)(0evTO9. ^KOireiv S^ 6k tov ^ /ULrjSev Siacpepeiv 
eiSei To. /uLeTe-)(ovTa tov airoSoSevTO^ yevovg, olov ra Xeu/ca* 
*" ovSev yap Siacpepei ^ tm elSei raur' aXAjyXwv. HavTog ^ Se 
yevov^ ea-Tl ^ra e^lSpi Sidipopa, coq-t ovk dv e'itj to \evKOV 
yevo9 ^ ovSevo^. 

lld\iv €1 To 7rd(Tiv dKo\ov6ovv yevo9 t] Sia<popdv eiirev. 2 
nXc/o) ydp Td irdaiv eirofxeva, oTov to bv Kal to ev tcov ird- 
(Tiv eiroiJievodv ecTTLV. Ei ovv to ov yevo9 ^ dTreScoKe, Sr}\ov 
OTL TrdvTcov dv eiri yevo^, eTreLSrj KaTrjyopelTaL avTwv' KaT 
ovSevo^ ydp TO yevo<s aXX' »7 /cara twv eiSwv KaTrjyopeiTaL. 
^QcTTe Kal TO ev elSo^ dv e'irj tov ovto^. ^vim^alveL ovv KaTa3 
TrdvTCov, wv TO yevo9 KaTrjyopeiTaL, kol to ^ etSog KaTriyopel- 
(rOai, * eTreLSi] to ov Kal to ev KaTa iravTcov aTrXft)? KaTrjyo- 
peiTai, Seov €7r' €\aTTOv to 6lSo9 KaTriyopeicrOaL. Et ^e to 
irdcrLV eiroiJ.evov Siacpopdv etire, Srj\ov otl ctt' 'igtov rj €7rl 
^TT^eov ri S^acpopd tov yevov<s priOrja-eTai. Et fjLev ydp Ka\ 
TO y€V09 Tcov irdcTLV CTOjUievcov, eir 'larov, el Se /ULri TrdcTLV eire- 
Tai To yevo9, 67rl ^ 7r\€0v ^ Siacpopd ^ \eyoiT dv avTOv. 

^'Ert ei ev v7roK€Liui€V(a tco eiSei to d^roSoOev yevo9 \eyeTaL, 4 
KaOd^rep to \evKdv CTTi Trjg -^^LOvog, SarTe Sri\ov otl ovk av 
e^iri yevo^' kuO^ v^roKeiimevov ydp tov etSovg /ulovov to yevos 
\eyeTaL. 

^K07r€iv Se Kal ei /j.ri a^vvcovvfjLOv to yevog tw e^lSei' /caTa 5 
7rdvTcov ydp tcov elScov o-vvcovviulco^ to yevog KaTrjyopeLTaL. 

^'Et* OTai^ OVT09 Kal Tcp e^lSeL Kal tw yeveL evavTLOV ^to6 
^€\tiov tcov evavTLCov els to X^^P^^ yevo9 Orj' a-v/uL^iia-eTat 
ydp TO \oi7rdv ev tw \oL7rw eivaL, e^rcLSri TdvavTia ev tol9 
€vavTi0L9 yeveoTLV, wo^tc to ^e\TLOv ev tw yeipovL eaTaL Ka\ 
TO X^ipov ev Tw pe\TLOVL' SoKel Se tov ^€\tiovo9 ^ Kal to 
y€V09 /3e\TLOv elvaL. Kal ei tov avTOv e^iSovg 6jULOico(f ttjOO? 



4 firjdfv C. ^ ovOep C. ^ ravra tS> eiSci C. ^ Se] yap C. 

V Ta om. C. "^^ ovSevos C. * aTrobedaxe C. Y eiSos] yevos C. 

z eTTfibr) Ka\ t6 C. ^ TrXelop C. ^ yevoir B. ^ t6] Ka\ t6 C. 
d Kol To] TO 8e C. 

Y4 



328 TOniKHN A. Topic. 

ajUL(f)(io eyovTO^ eh ro -^^elpov Kai jnr] ei9 ro l3eXTiov yevog eOrj- 
Kev, otov Tr]v ylrv^^r^v oirep Kivrja-iv rj Kivov/ULevov. 'O/xotW 
yap rj avTri a-TaTiKrj Ka\ KivrjTiKr] SoKei eivai, wctt ei /^eXTiov 
ri (TTd<Ti9, ek TOVTO eSei to yevo^ Oeivai. 

7 *'ETi €K Tov jmaXXov Kal ijttov, avaorKevd^ovTi fxev, el to 
yevo^ Se-^^erai to /uLciXXov, to <5' etSo^ /uLrj Se-^cTai /u^t avTo 
IJ.r]Te TO KaT CKelvo Xeyo/ULevov. Ofov el rj dpeTrj Se-^eTai t6 
jULoiXXov, Kal rj SiKatocrvvrj Kal 6 SiKaio^' XeyeTai ydp ^ Si- 
KaiOTepo^ €Tep09 cTepov. Et ovv to /uLev diroSoOev yevo^ 
^ TO jULciXXov Se-^eTai, to S^ eiSo? jULr] Se-^eTai ^ /ul^t avTO 
fJiriTe To KaT eKeivo Xeyo/uLevov, ovk dv e^Lrj yevog to diro- 
SoOev. 

8 TlaXLV el To /uLaXXov Sokovv r/ o/ulolco^ /x»; ecTL yevo9, SrjXov 
OTL ovSe TO diroSoOev. ^p^cri/uLog S' 6 ^ totto^ eir] twv tolov- 
Tcov /uLaXL(TTa ^ e(p^ tov TrXeioo (paiveTaL tov e'iSovg ev tw tl 
ecTTL KaTY/yopov/ULeva, Kal /ULr] SLcopLcrTai, /uLr]S^ e-^o/ULev eLTrelv 
TTOiov avTU)v yevo9, oiov t^9 dpyr/9 Ka\ rj Xvirr] Ka\ r/ vTroXrj- 
\J^L9 oXLycoplag ev tw tl ecTL ^ KaTrjyopeicTOai SoKei' XvTrei- 
Tal ^ Te ydp 6 6pyL^6/uL€V09 Ka\ viroXa/uL^dveL 6XiyoopeiaOai. 
^m avTrj Se CTKey^L^ Kai eVl tov e'iSov9 ttjOO? dXXo tl avyKpi- 
vovTL' €1 yap To /udXXov r/ To 6/uL0L0)9 SoKOvv elvaL ev T(p diro- 
SoOevTL yeveL ixrj ccttlv ev tw yeveL, SrjXov otl ovSe to diroSo- 
uev eL6o9 eLr/ av ev tcv yeveL. 

9 ^ A.vaipovvTi /ULev ovv KaOdirep e^ipr/TaL yjpr/cTTeov' KaTa- 
CTKevdX^ovTL Se, ei /ulcv eiriSeyeTaL to /ULaXXov t6 t€ diroSoOev 
yevog Ka\ to eiSog, ov ')(j)i^crL/uo9 6 TOTros** ovSev ydp kcoXv€l 
d/UL(pOT€pcov eTTLSe^^ofJLevcov /mrj elvaL OaTepov OaTepov yevo^' 
To T€ yap KoXdv Ka\ to XevKov eirLSe-^eTaL t6 jULaXXov, Kal 
ovSeTepov ovSeTepov yevog. *^H Se tcov ^ yevwv Ka\ tcov eiScov 
TTjOo? dXXrjXa avyKpL(Ti9 ^p^ai/uLog, otov ei o/moico? TdSe Ka\ 



c jjLa.Wou diKaios C. ^ fi«x*''"* '"^ H-^^^^ ^' ^ /*'?''* '"o^^t-o C. 

^ roTTos ovTos eVt C. ' «^' oacov (f>aiveTai TrXeto) C. ^ 8oKel Karr/- 

yopel(T$ai C. ^ Tf om. A.('. i» eldos oXcos ut) C. " elficov Ka\ 

Twv yevS>v C. 



IV. 6. T0niK12N A. 3^9 

ToSe •yeVo?, e: Qarepov yevo9, koi Oarepov. "^O/xo/o)? oe Kai 10 
ei TO rjTTOv Ka\ to /uiaWov, oiov el TrJ9 eyKpaTeias fJiaWov 
ri SvvajULi^ rj rj apeTrj yevo^^ ^ ^ S^ apeTt] yevog, Ka\ rj SvvafJ.19. 
TOL S^ avTCi Ka\ eTTf Tov e'iSov9 dpimocrei XeyecrOai. Et yap 
OjULOico^ ToSe Ka\ ToSe tov TrpoKeiimevov elSo9, el OaTepov eiSo?, 
Ka\ To Xonrov Ka\ ei to ^ttov Sokovv eiSog ecTTi, Ka\ t6 
jUidWov. 

^'Erf TTjOO? t6 KaTacTKevdl^eiv (TKeirTeov el KaO^ cov aTreSoOrj n 
t6 yevo^, ev tw tl cctti KaTriyopeiTai, /uir] 6vto9 P ei^o? tov 
diroSoOevTO^ e'iSov9, dWd irXeiovwv Ka\ SiacpopooV SrjXov yap 
OTi yevo9 etTTai. Ef S^ ev t6 diroSoOev eiSo^ earTi, cTKOireiv 
el Kat ^ KaT dWcov eiScov t6 yevog ev tm tl ecrTi KaTrjyopei- 
Tai' irdXiv ydp a-v/uilS^creTai Ka^d 7r\ei6vcov Ka\ Siacpopcov 
avTO KaTrjyopelcrOai. 

^ETref Se SoKel tlg-\ Ka\ r} S^acpopd ev tw tl ecTTi Tcov et- 12 
Swv KaTtjyopeia-Oai, ^copicrTeov t6 yevo9 diro TiJ9 SLacpopdg 
■)(j)coiuLevov T0L9 eipr)iuLevoL9 crT0L-)(eL0i9, irpwTOv ^ juev otl to 
y€V09 eTTf ^ TrXeov XeyeTaL Trjg Siacpopdg, eiO^ otl KaTa Trjv 
Tov TL ecTTiv dTrdSocTLv jUidWov dpjULOTTeL t6 yevog rj Trjv Sia- 
cj)opdv elirelv 6 ydp ^«ov ^ eiira^ t6v dvOpcoirov juidWov 
drjAOL TL ecTTLV o avupco7ro9 r} o ireC^ov. IVat otl tj jULev ^ CLa- 
(f)opd TTOLOTrjTa Tov yevovg de\ crrjjULaLveL, t6 Se yevo9 Trjg 
Siacpopdg ov' 6 julcv ^ ydp ^ elira^ ireXov itolov tl (^coov \eyet, 
6 Se ^^ov y e'i7ra9 ov Xeyei iroiov tl Tre^oV. 

Triv /uev ovv Siacbopav diro tov yevovg ovtco "^(apLCTTeov. 13 
^ETret ^e Sokcl t6 iulovctlkov, rj julovo-lkov ecTTiv, eTria-TtJiuLov ^t 
elvaL Ka\ rj fjLovaiKr} €7ri<TT^iuLTj tl9 ^ elvaL, Ka\ ei t6 /^aSl^ov 
Tft) /SaSi^eiv KiveiTai, rj ^aSLori9 KivrjcrL9 Ti9 eivai, CTKOTreiv ev 
w av " yevei ^ovKrj tl KaTaa-Kevdcrai, t6v eiprj/uLevov Tpoirov, 



rj 6'] 61 8' A.B.C. P ivos Tivos Tov C. '1 KaTa Tci)v a\\a>v C. 

^ fxev om. B. s nXflov C. * eiTrtoi/ C. ^ 8ia(f)opa ttjv TroioTrjTa 

A,B. ^v yap om. A. ^ fliToiv corr. C. y flnoiv itoiov rt ov 

Xeyei nf^ov C. ^ ,.'J 7-4 Q^ qiyi, ^ a dvai icTTLV Ka\ A. ^ /3ou- 

Xrfi yfVfi B. 



330 T0niKX2N A. Topic. 

otov €1 Trjv €7r KTTii/iAt]]/ oiTep TrLCTTiv, 6L 6 eirKrTajJLevo^s n ^'^'■- 
(TTaTai TTiarTevei' SfjXop yap otl ^ eTricrTiiiuit] 7ri(TTL9 av tl^ 
e^Ltj. Tov avTOv ce TpoTrov ku] eTrl tcov aXXaji/ rtot/ toi- 

OVTWV. 

14 ^'Ert exef to TrapeTrojULevov tlvl ae\ Ka\ /uLtj avTia-Tpecpov 
y^aXeirov "^(jopia-aL tov /uirj yevo^ eivai, av ToSe /uiev twS^ ein}- 
TaL TravTi, ToSe Se TwSe juirj iravTL, olov Trj v^ve/uiLa rj ^pe/ULLa 
Koi T(p apLOjULM To SiaLpeTOv, avoLTraXLv S^ ov (to yap SLai- 
perov ov irav apiOjULog, ovS^ rj i^pe/uiia vrjve/uiLa), avTOv ^ /uiev 
yjprja-OaL w? yevov^ ovTog tov aeJ aKo\ov0ovvTO9, OTav fjirj 
avTLO-Tpecprj OoLTepov, aWov Se ^ irpoTelvovTO^ firj €7ri iravTWv 
viraKOveLv. ^'Ej/o-Tao-f? S^ avTOV otl t6 /uLrj ov eireTaL iravTl 
TM yivojuLevo) (to 'yajO yivo/uLevov ovk ea-Ti) kol ovk avTia-Tpe- 
(pei (ou •ya^o Trav to /uLrj ov ylveTai), aXX' o/mcog ovk ecTTL 
y€vo9 TO /uLrj ov Tov yivo/uL€vov' ciTrXo)? yap ovk co-tl tov /mrj 
OVT09 eiorj. 

Tlep^ /UL€V ovv Tov yevov^, KaOairep eiprjTaL, iul€tlt€ov. 

E. 

I JloTepov S^ ^Slov rj ovK 'iSiov ea-TL to eiprj/ULevov, Sia ToovSe 
a^KeiTTeov. 

2 AirocLooTaL oe to lolov ^ rj Kau avTO Kai aei rj irpo^ €T€- 
pov Ka\ iroTe, olov KaO^ avTO /uLev avOpcoirov to I^mov rj/mepov 
(frvaei, Trpog cTepov Se olov yp^v^^rj^ irpo^ aco/uia, otl t6 /ulcv 
irpoaTaKTLK^v t6 S^ virrjpeTLKOv eaTLV, ae\ Se olov Oeov t6 
X^wov aOavaTOv, iroTe S^ olov tov tlv69 avOpcoirov t6 irepiTra- 
T€iv €v Tw yvfjLvaa-la), 

3 ^'E(TTi ^e t6 TTjOO? cTepov tSiov cnroSiSo/ULevov rj Svo irpo- 
^Xtj/uLaTa rj TeTTapa. *^Eai/ /mev yap tov /uiev a7roS(S tov S^ 
^ apvrjarjTaL Taxrr^ tovto, " Svo /movov irpo^Xtj/j.aTa ylvovTai, 
KaOairep ^t6 avOpcoirov irpo^ iTnrov ISlov otl Slirovv eaTiv. 

c fjL€P ovv xp^o^Oai C. ^ npoTeivavTos C. ^ ^toi *c. C. ^ au 

C. fiev post eav om. B.C K airapvr^arjTai C. ^ /lovov bvo npo^Xr)- 

fiOTa yiverai C. ' tov C. 



V. I. TOniKXlN E. 331 

Kat "yap otl avOpcoTro^ ov Slttovv €<jriv einyeLpoLrj tl<s av, 
KOL OTL 6 'ltttto^ SiTrovV ajiKpoTepoog S^ av ^ klvol to 'lSlov. 
^■■Eai/ S' cKaTepov eKOLTepov ^ aTroSw Ka\ eKarepov airapvriQ^,^ 
TCTTapa TrpopXrjiJLaTa earTaL, KaOoLTrep to avOpooirov 'lSlov 
Trpog fTTTTOv, OTL To fJLev Slttovv to ^e TeTpairovv ea-TLv. Kat 
'yap " OTL avOpwirog ov Slttovv Kal otl TeTpairovv ° TrecpvKev 
ecTTiv einyeLpelv, Ka\ Slotl 6 fTTTro? Slttovv k^l Slotl ov TeTpa- 
TTOvv olov T €7r L^eLpeiv. ^'O-TTw^ S' ovv Sei-^^OevTog avaLpeiTaL 
t6 P TrpoKeLjULevov. 

^'EcTTi ^e TO /uLev KaO^ avTO 'lSlov o irpo^ airavTa airoSiSo-Z 
TaL Ka\ iravTog ywpLC^eL, KaOairep avOpooTrov to ^mov OvtjTov 
eiTLcrTrjiJLri^ SeKTiKov. To <^e irpo^ eTepov o fxrj airo iravT09 
aX\' airo tlvo^ TaKTOv SLopll^eL, KaOdirep apeT^g ttjOO? ext- 

(TTrjlJLriV, OTL TO IUL€V €V TrXe/oCf, TO S'' ^ €V XoyKTTLKLp fXOVOV 

Ka\ T019 e-^^ovcTL XoyicrTiKov irecpvKe yLvecrOai. To S^ ae\ o 
KaTOL 'TrdvTa yjpovov oXriOeveTaL Ka\ jULrjSeTroT airoXeLireTaL, 
KaOdirep ^ tov 'C^ov to ck ^v^rjg Ka\ crooiuLaTO? (TvyKeLixevov. 
To ^e TTOTe o Kard Tiva yjpovov aXrjOeveTaL Ka\ ixrj e^ avdy- 
Krj9 ae\ TrapeireraL, KaOdirep tov tlvo9 avOpooirov to TrepLira- 
Teiv ev ayopa. 

^'EcTTf ^e To TTjOo? ttXXo 'lSlov airoSovvaL to Siacpopav ei-6 
irelv rj ev aTracTL Ka\ ae\ rj 009 eTrt to TroXu Ka\ ev T019 TrXet- 
(TTOf?, olov €v aira^TL ijlIv Ka\ ae/, KaOdirep to avOpooirov "lSlov 
TTpo^ iTTTTOi/ OTL SiTTOvv' cLvOpooTTO^ iJLev yap KaL a€L Kai Tra? 
ecTT^ SLTTOvg, tTTTro? S^ ^ ovSel^ ecTTi Slttov^ ovSeiTOTe. *" Q9 eTrt 
t6 ttoXv Se Koi ev T019 ifKeLCTTOL^, KaOairep ^to XoyLCTTLKOv 

^ 'lSlOV TTpO^ eTTLOviiriTLKOV Ka\ OviJLLKOV Tft) TO ll€V TrpOCTTaT- 

Teiv To S^ virripeTeiV o'vTe yap t6 XoyLorTLKov iravTOTe 
TTpOCTTaTTeL, okX CVLOTe Ka\ TrpocTTaTTeTaL, OVTe ^TO €7ri- 



^ KivoiTO B,C. 1 ni/ C. ^ d7ro8i8<o C. ^ ori 6 avOpumos ov 

dinovv cVrl Koi C. ^ fO-ri rr€<f>vK€v C. P Ketnevov B. ^ ev t5> 

X. C. ^ Tov om. C. s ov6f\s blnovs €(tt\v C. * TOV C. ^ idtov 

t6 apxdv TTpos eind. Ka\ OvfirjTiKov C. ^^ Ka\ t6 dvprjTiKov C. 



332 TOniKllN E. Topic. 

Ou/ULJiTiKOV Kal OvfJLiKOU 6(6/ 7rp0(TTaTT€Tai, ^ oWa Ka\ Trpoa- 
TOLTTei TTore, oTai/ ^ ^ ixoyOrjpa rj '^v^t} tov avOpwTTOv. 
7 Twv S^ iSiwv €(tt\ XoyiKOL /uLaXiarTa tol T€ KaO^ avTo. Kal 



T6 



a€L Kai Ta irpog ^cTepov. lo fxev yap irpo<s eTepov idiov 
TrXeiu) irpo^XrjiJLaTa €(tti, KaOairep elTrojuLev Ka\ irpOTepov 17 
yoLp Svo rj TCTTapa e^ avdyKrjg ^ ylvovTai tol Trpo/BX^/uLaTa' 
TrXeiov^ ovv 01 Xoyoi yivovTai irp6<5 ^ TavTa. To Se KaO^ 
avTO Ka\ t6 ael ttjOo? ttoXXol €(jtlv eTri-^eipeiv rj Tpoi TrXeiov? 
'^(jpovov^ TrapaTrjpeiv, t6 julcv kuO^ avT6 ttjOo? iroXXa' wpog cKa- 
(TTOv yap Twv ovtcov Sel virdpyeiv airrw to ISiov, W(tt el /uLrj 
irpo^ ^ airavTa ywplX^eTai, ovk dv elrj koXw? aTroSeSo/ULevov to 

^'iSiov. To o ael irpo^ iroXXov^ "^ovovi Trjpeiv' kolv ^ ydp ei 
/uLrj ^vTrdp-^ei kclv ei jULrj ^virrjp^e Kav el jur] ^vTrdp^ei, ovk ecTTai 
'ISiov. To Se TTore ^ ovk ev dXXoi9 37 ttjOo? tov vvv Xeyojjievov 
y^povov^eiTKTKOTroviJLev' ovKOvv elai. Xoyoi Trpo^ avTO iroXXoi. 
XoyiKov Se TovT ecrr/ Trpo^XrjiuLa Trpo^ o Xoyoi ^ yevoLVT dv 
Ka\ crv^o\ Ka\ "^ KaXoi. 

9 T6 lULev ovv TTjOO? cTepov 'iSiov prjOev €k twv irep\ to (TVfx- 

l3e^r]K09 " TOTTCOV €7ri(TK€7rT€0V e(TTlV, ei TW /JLeV (TV/ULl3el3rjK€ T(p 

° Se /uLrj (TV/UL^e^r/KeV irep\ Se twv de^ Ka\ twv KaO^ avTO Sid 
TwvSe Oewpr/Teov. 

\ TipwTOv /ULev €1 /uLr/ KaXwg aTToSeSoTai to 'IStov P r/ KaXw^. 
Tov Se /ULtj KaXw? P 37 KoXwg €(tt\v ev /ulcv, ei /uLr/ Sid yvwpi/uLw- 
Tepwv ^rj ^ yvwpi/ULWTepwv KeiTai to ^Siov, dvacrKeva^ovTa /uLev 
ei /uLrj Sid yvwpi/uiWTepwv, KaTa(TKevd^ovTa Se ei Sia yvwpt- 

2 /uLiDTepwv. Tov Se /urj Sid yvwpi/uLooTepwv €(tt\ to /ul€v, ei oXwg 
dyvwGTOTepov ^ earTi to 'iSiov o d7roSlSw(Ti tovtov ov to ^Siov 

^ dXX' ivioTC Koi TrpotrrdTTfi, oTav C. V rj om. A. z (repa A.B. 

* ylvfTai C. b avTii C. ^ airav C. *^ nXfiovs XP- TrapaTijpflv 

C. ^ yap om. C. ' vTrdpxfi] virdpxqt A.B, inrfjp^e C. ^ vmjp^c'] 

vndpxfL C. ^^ vrrdp^Tji A.B. i ovk iv aXXoiy r/ om. A. ^ eni- 

(TKonovpev om. C. ^ yivovTai Kai C, ™ KoXoi, KaTa(TK(vd(ovTai 8e 

^ 8id yviopipxoTepciiv ro B. " eort Tonav intcrKfnTtov V. ^5' ov. 

nepl C. P pfj post ^ C. ^ ^] ^ ^ta ^ • ^ yv<opip<oT(pov B. 

^ ((TTi St' ov t6 tSiov dnodidaxTi C. 



V. 2. TOniKI2N E. 333 

eipflKev' ov yap ecTTai KaXwg Kei/uLevov to ^Siov. * Tvoocrem 
yap evcKa to ^Slov Troiov/uLeOa' Sia yvoopijULWTepcov ovv ^ airo- 
SoTeov ovToo yap ecTTai KaTavoetv iKavwg jULaWov. Oiov 
eirel 6 6eh Trvpo^s 'iSiov elvai to o/ULOiOTaTOv YV)(rj ayvwcTTO- 
Tepcp Ke-^r]Tai tov wvpo^ Trj "^i^Xf? {lULaXXov yap 'icriuLev tl 
ecTTL TTvp r} "^v^^^, ovK dv e'ir] KaXwg KeifJLevov 'ISiov 'jrvpog to 
^^ o/uLOLOTaTOV "^i^Xf?* ^ To S\ ei /uLr] yvwpLiJ.wTep6v ecTTL ToSe 
TwS^ virdpwov. Aei ydp ^ /uLr] imovov elvaL yvwpLfjLWTepov tov 
irpdyiJ.aTog, dWd Ka\ '' otl ^ twS^ virdp-^^ov yvwpLiJ.wTepov 
^ virdpyeL. ""O ydp /uLr] eiSu)? ei twS' virdpyeL, ovS' el twS^ 5 
virdp^eL jULOvo) yvcopLei, wcrO^ oiroTepov tovtwv crvjUL^avTog 
dcracph ylveraL to 'lSlov. OIov eTrel 6 6eh Trvpog 'lSlov to ev 
w irpwTw ^ '^v\r} irecbvKev eivaL dyvwcTTOTepw Ke^^prjTai tov 
'TTvpog Tw €1 ev TOVTW v^wapyeL y^X!^ '^^^ ^^ ^^ irpwTW virap-^ei, 
OVK dv e'ir] /caXo)? KeLjuLevov 'lSlov irvpo<s to ev w irpWTw y^X^ 
TrecbvKev elvaL. J^aTacTKevd^ovTa Se ^ el Slu yvwpLiuwTepwv 
KeLTaL t6 'lSlov, Kal ei Slu yvwpLjULWTcpwv Ka6^ cKaTepov twv 
TpoTTWv. ^'Ecrraf "70:10 Ka\w<s /cara tovto KeljuLevov to 'lSlov 4 
Twv yap KaTacTKevacTTLKwv toitwv tov KaAwg ol /uLev KaTa 
TOVTO /ULOvov OL S'' dirXwg Sel^ovcrLv otl KaXwg. OIov eTrel 6 
e^Tra? ^ipov 'lSlov t6 a'icr6r]crLV e-^^eiv S^d yvwpL/uLWTepwv ^ Ka) 
yvwpLjULWTepov diroSeSwKe t6 'lSlov Ka6^ CKdTepov twv Tpoirwv, 
€'ir] dv Ka\w9 aTToSeSoiuievov KaTa tovto ^ tov X^wov "lSlov t6 
a'L(T6r]criv eyeLV. 

^^'ETretT dvacTKevd^ovTa luev et tl twv ovofJLdTWV twv ev 5 
Tw iSiw diroSeSo/Aevwv TrXeovay^wg XeyeTaL r] Kal 0X09 6 
Xoyog TrXeiw crr^ijaLveL' ov ydp ecTTaL KaXw9 Kei/ULevov t6 "lSlov. 
OIov eiret t6 aLcr6avecr6aL irXelw crr]iJ.aLveL, ev fxev to a'Lcr6r]- 
crLV eyeLV ^v Se t6 aLcr6r]creL ■)(^prjcr6ai., ovk dv e'ir} tov ^wov 

t yvaKTfcas — iroioiiieQa] tov yap fjLaSelv cvcKev, KaOdmp rbv opov, KOi t6 

'181OV TTOlOVfKV C. V X^P^^'''^^^ l^» XPV^'''^^^ -^- " OflOtOTaTOV TTJ 

yjnfX^ C. ^ eaTi t6 d7ro8o6ev t6 5' C. Y ov fjLOVov yvaypificiTepov 

ehai C. z Sri om. C. » t68'' B. ^ {jTrdpxfi oni. C. ^ yj/v- 

XV^ B. ^ fi] t6 A.B. ^ Ka\ yva)pifia>Tepov om. C. ^ l^iov tov 

^6}ov C. ^ eneiTa fie dvacrK. C. ^' o\a>s A. 



334 TOniKliN E. Topic. 

iSiop Ka\w9 Kel/uLevou to alcrdavecrOaL TrecpvKo^. Aia tovto 
i5' ov ')(pt]crT60v earTlv ovt * ov6/j.aTi TrXeoi/a^o)? Xeyo/uLepo) 
ovTe Xoyo) tw to 'iSiov (rrjimalvovTi, Sioti ^ to irXeovaywg 
Xeyo/mevov acracph Troiei to prjOev, airopovvTO^ tov /uLeXXov- 
T09 eiTLyeipelv ^ iroTepov Xeyei twv TrXeova-^^w^ Xeyo/uLevwv' 

6to yap 'iSlov tov /uLaOeiv "^apLv aTroSlSoTaL. ^Etz ^e irpo^s 
TOVTOL9 avayKaiov ecTTLV eXeyyov '" TLva yivea-uai toi9 ovtco^ 
OLTroSLSovcri to 'ISiov, OTav eVf tov SLacpcovovvTOS " tl9 iroLrj 
Tov crvXXoyLo-jULbv tov TrXeova-^wg Xeyo/uLevov. J^aTacTKeva- 
i^ovTa Se el /uLij TrXeico crrjiuLaiveL juL^Te tcov ovojULaTCOV ^ /ULrjSev 
P /uLiiO^ ^ oXo9 6 X6yo9' ecTTaL yap KaXu)9 KaTa tovto Kei- 
/ULevov TO *lSiov. Oiov eirel ovTe to crco/ULa ttoXXcl SrjXoi ovTe 
TO evKLvr/T^TaTOv eh tov ai^co t^itov ovTe to crvvoXov to ck 
TOVTCOv crvvTLOejULevov, eir/ av KaXco? Kel/jLevov KaTa tovto irvpo^ 
ISlov crw/ULa to evKivr/TOTaTOV eis tov ai/w tottov. 

1 ^'l^ireLT avacTKevaC^ovTa /ulcv ei 7rXeova^w9 XeyeTaL tovto 
ov To 'lSlov airoSlSwcTL, /ULr/ SLwpLCTTaL Se TO TLV09 avTwv ISlov 
TiOr/cTLv' ov yap ecTTai KaXw9 airoSeSo/uLevov to ^Slov. Ai^ a? 
S^ aiTLag, ovk aSr/X6v ccttlv ck twv irp^Tepov elpri/xevwv' tol 
yap avTOL av/JL^alveLV avayKai6v ecTTiv. Ofov eire) to eirl- 
CTTacTOaL TOVTO iroXXa cnj/uLaLvei (to /uiev yap eTriaTr/fxr/v 
eyeLv ai^TO, to S'' eirLCTTr/iiiri yjyr/cTOaL airr^, to S"* eTrLorT^/JLt/v 
€ivaL avTOv, to S^ e7rL(TTr}/jir/ yjpr/crOaL avTOv), ovk av ^ eLt/ tov 
eTTicTTacTOaL tovto KaXwg ISlov ^ aTroSeSo/uLcvov /JLr/ SLopLcrOev- 
T09 Tov TLV09 TLOr/cTLV avTwv TO ISlov. K.aTa(TKeva(^ovTa Se 
€1 /ULr/ XeyeTaL 7roXXa;^a>9 tovto ov to 'iSiov TiOrjcTiv, aXX' 
ecTTLV ev Ka\ dirXovv ecTTaL yap KaXw^ KaTa tovto Kei/xevov 
TO ISiov. Oiov cTrel 6 avOpwiros ^XeyeTaL ev, elrj av KaXwi 
KeifJLevov ^ KaTo. tov avOpcoirov ISiov to ^wov tj/ULepov (pv^rei. 



i ovo/iaa-i ttX. Xeyo/xcVot? ovt€ Xoyon toIs t6 "ibiov (rqfiaivova-i C. '^ t6 
alterum om. A. ^ rroTfpov noTe \tyci C. '^ Tt A, om. C. " Trot;'; 
TLS C. t> ix.r)6€V C. I' /xt;8' A.B. Q okos om. C. ^ iXrj en\ 

Tov C. ^ aTTodidofifvov A.B. ^ XeyfTai fi/] an\a>s XtyfTai C. '^ KaTa 
t6 tov C. 



V. 2. TOniKXlN E. 335 

^'ISiTreiT amiTKevdi^ovTa /mev ei irXcovaKi^ ^ e^lptjTai to avTO 8 
ev Ttp iSlw. TloWaKi^ yap XavOavovcn tovto TroLOvvTe<s Kai 
ev Toh ISloig, KaOaTrep Ka\ ev TOi? opoi9. Ovk ecrTai ^ ce 
Ka\co9 Keiimevov t6 tovto Treirovdog 'ISiov TapaTTei yap tov 
y aKovovTa 7r\eovaKi9 Xe-^Oev' acracpe? ovv civayKaiov ecTTi 
yivearOai, Ka\ irpo'5 tovtoi9 aSoXecr^^eiv Sokovctlv. ^ Eorrat oe9 
crviULTrLirTOV to TrXeovaKL? elirelv to avTO KaTO. Svo Tpoirov?, 
KaO^ eva jmev OTav ovoiuacr] TrXeovaKLg to avTO, KaOairep et 
Ti9 ISlov "^airoSolrj irvpos crooiJLa to XeiTTOTaTOv toov crw/xa- 
Tcov {ovT09 yap TrXeovoLKL^ elprjKe to crcojuia), SevTepov S'' ^ av 
Ti9 [JieTaXaiJL^avri tovs \6yov9 clvtI twv ovoiULaToov, KaOairep 
€L TL9 ^ airoSolri yrjg 'lSlov ovcrla rj ijLa\LcrTa /cara (pvcrLv (j)€- 
poiuLevrj Tcov crcoinaTWV ek tov kutco tottov, eireLTa iJ.eTa\a^OL 
avTi Tcov crcofJLdTcov to ovctlcov tolcovSl' €v ydp Kal TavTOv 
ecTTL cTwixa Ka\ ova-la ^ TOLaSL ^'Eo-raf yap OVT09 to ovcrla 10 
ir^eovdKL^ elprjKcog, coctt ovSeTepov dv e'irj Ka\co9 Keifievov tcov 
lSlcov. Karacr/ceua^oi/Ta ^e el lULrjSevl ■^rJTaL ifXeovdKL^ ovo- 
fxaTL T(p avTw' ea-TaL ydp /cara tovto Ka\(Jo9 diroSeSoiuLevov 
TO ISlov. Oiov eTref o efVa? dvOpcoirov "lSlov X^i^ov eiTLcrTr]iJ.ri<s 
SeKTLKOv ov " Ke-^rjTaL tm avTcp ^ 7roXXa/cf ? ovofjiaTL, e^lrj dv 
KaTa TOVTO Ka\oo9 diroSeSoiJ^evov tov dvOpooirov to "lSlov. 

^'ETrefr' ai/acr/ceua^oj/Ta /xei/ el tolovtov tl diroSeSooKev ei/ii 
TM lSlw ovoiia, o irdcrLv vTrdp^^ei. ^ \yjpeiov ydp ecrTaL to 
fjLr] yjJHptXpv diTO TLvcov, To ^ S^ ev Tolg iSlol9 \ey6iievov X^P^" 
Teti/ ScL, KaOdirep Ka\ ^ Td ev Tolg opoL9' ovkovv earTaL /caXwp 
KeifJLevov TO 'lSlov. OIov eTreJ 6 0e\9 exfCT^/U;/? 'lSlov UTToXiy- 
yjTLv diJLeTaireLCTTOv vtto \oyov, ev 6v, tolovtw tlv\ Kc-^r]- 
TaL ev T(p lSlu) tw evL 6 irdcrLV virapyeL, ovk dv elrj Ka\oo9 
KeiiJLevov TO Trjg eTTLO-TiiiJLijg 'lSlov. ^^aTacTKevdXpvTa Se el 
IJLrjSev^ KeyjprjTaL kolvw, aXX' ctTTO tlvo9 ')(Oopil^ovTL' ecTTaL ydp 



■^ e1pr]K€ C. ^ 8r} C Y CLKOvovTa to TrXeovdKis C. ^ dnoSi- 

8oir] C. ^ €01' C. "* dTroBidolrj — ovalav Tr)V — <f>epopevr)v C. ^ Toi- 

d8e. ecrrai yap Koi ovt(o C. ^ ^p^rai C. ^ TrKeovaKii B.C. ^ S'] 

yap C. ? To C. ^ dpeTdnia-Tov B.C. 



336 TOniKHN E. Topic. 

KaX(Jo9 K€LiJi€vov KaTo. TOVTO TO 'ISiov. Oiov eTTel o eiTra^ Kv^^ 

ISlOV TO "^V^rjV €-^€lV OvS€v\ KC-^IJTai KOlVlp, eli] av KaTO. TOV- 

TO Ka\u>9 ' KeijULevov ^wov 'ISiov to \|/-y^ii/ e^etv. 

12 ^''EtTreLT avaa-KevaXovTa niev el TrXe/co ^Sia aTroSLSuxTL tov 
avTOv, jmr] SLopLcrag otl TrXe/o) TL6r](TLV' ov yap eVrat Ka\co<i 
Kelfxevov to 'lSlov. J^aOaTrep yap ovS' ev Toh opoi^ Sei irapa 
Tov Sr]\ovvTa \oyov Trjv ovarlav TrpocTKeicrOaL tl ^ TrXeor, ov- 

T0D9 OvS^ ev T0L9 iSlOL9 TTapa TOV TTOlOVVTa \6yOV ISlOV TO 

pf]Oev ovSev irpocrairoSoTeov' a-^peiov yap ylveTaL to tolov- 

13 Tov. Oiov eTrel 6 eiVa? 'lSlov irvpo^ crcoiuia to ^eTTTOTaTOv 
Kal KOVCpOTaTOv TrXe/o) airoSeSwKev ISLa (eKOLTepov yap KaTO. 
fxovov Tov TTvpog aXrjOeg ccttlv eLireiv), ovk av eir] Ka\u)9 K€l- 
/Jievov 'lSlov irvpog crwiJLa to ^eiTTOTaTov Ka\ KOvcpoTaTOv. 
J^aTaa-Keva^ovTa S' el iJ.r] 7r\€L(jo tov avTOv to. 'ISLa airoSe- 
SooKev, aXX' ev ecTTaL yap Acara tovto Ka\(jo9 Kelimevov to 
'lSlov. Otov e7re\ 6 etVa? vypov 'lSlov crcoiuLa to ek aTrav (r^^rj- 
fxa ayofxevov %v aTToSeScoKe to "lSiov a\X ov Tr^eioo., e'ir] av 
KaTa TOVTO Ka\co9 KeLjmevov to tov vypov 'lSlov. 

iiiireLT avacTKevai^ovTa fxev eL afTco irpocTKeyoYjTaL ov to 
'lSlov aTroSiScocrLV, r] tcov avTOv tlvl' ov yap ecTTaL Ka\(jo9 Kei- 
fxevov To 'lSlov. Tov yap fxaOeLV \apLV airoSlSoTai to 'lSlov 
avTO fiev ovv avTM ofiolcog ^ ayvcocTTOv ecTTi, to Se tl tcov 
avTOv vcTTepov ovkovv €ctt\ yvcopLfJLooTepov. "QcTT ov "^ yi- 
2 vcTai Sia TOVTOov fiaWov tl fiaOeiv. Oiov eTreJ o eiVa? ^(pov 
*lSlov " ovcTLav r]^ elSog ^ ccttlv avOpooirog tlv\ TrpocTKe-^rjTai 
Toov TOVTOv, ovK av e^lr] Ka\oog Keifievov to ISlov. K.aTa(TKev- 
OL^ovTa Se el firjTe avTco fir]T€ toov avTOv firjSev^ ^ -^rJTaL. 
^'Eo-raf yap Ka\oog KaTO. tovto Keifievov t6 ^Slov. Olov eTre) 

6 Oe)? ^(pOV ISlOV TO €K Y^X^^ '^"^ (TOOfJLaTOg CrvyK€lfJL€VOV OUTe 

avTcp ovTe tcov avTov ^ ovSev^ 7rpo(TK€-^rjTai, e^lr] av ^ Ka\oo9 
KaTCL TOVTO aTToSeSofievov t6 tov ^(pov ISlov. 

i KflfXfvov To fojoi/ C. ^ TrXetoj/ C. ^ ((TtIv ayvaarov, to 8e avTov 

Tt vcTT. C. ^^ ylvovrai B. " ovala C. " eaTtv o (iv0poimos C. 

P K€Xpr]Tai C. fl ov8(v A. •* kotii tovto Ka\o>i C. 



V. 3 TOniK«QN E. 337 

Toj/ avTov Se rpoirov Koi eir^ tmv aWoov a-KeirTGOv icTTls 
Twv /uLtj iroLOvvTtov r} TTOiovvTcov yvcopi/uLcoTepov, avaa-Kevd^ovTa 
fjiev ei Tivi irpotTKeyj^tiTai rj avTiKei/ULevo) rj 0X009 a/ULa Trj 
(fyvarei rj vcrTepu) tlvl' ov yap ^ ea-Tai KaXm KeL/uLevov to 
LOiov. 1 o fxev yap avTiKeLixevov afxa Trj (pva-eL, to o a/uLa 
Trj (pvaeL Ka\ TO vaTepov ov iroiei yvcopL/uooTepov. Otov CTrel 
6 efVa? ayaOov 'lSlov o KaKw fjLaXLaT avTLKeLTaL, tw avTLKeL- 
fjLevM TrpoaKeyjpriTaL * tov ayaOov, ovk av eir] " tov ayaOov 
KaXoog aTToSeSofievov to 'lSlov. Karaor/ceua^oi/Ta ^e el fitjSevl^ 
irpoaKe^^rjTaL firiT avTLKeLfxevoo fxrjTe 0X009 afJLa Trj (pvaei 
fkrfO^ vaTepoo' eaTaL yap ^ KaTo. tovto KaXoo9 oLTToSeSofievov 
TO ISiov. Otov eTTel 6 0eL9 eiTLaTrjfxri^ 'lSlov VTToXrjy^LV Trjv 
Tria-TOTaTijv ovSevl TrpoaKeyjpriTaL ovt avTLKeLfxevco ovO^ afJLa 
Trj (fivaei ovO^ vaTepop, e'ir) av KaTa tovto KaXoo9 KeifJLevov to 
Tii9 eTTLaTrjfJLrj^ *iSlov. 

"^TTeLT avaaKevd^ovTa fiev el to firj ae\ TrapeTTOfievov 'lSlov 5 
cnroSeScoKev, aXXa tovto o yiveTai iroTe fJLtj 'lSlov ov yap 
eaTaL KaXoo9 elprjfjLevov to 'lSlov. OvTe yap ^e(p>' w KaTa' 
Xafi/SdvofjLev vwdp-^^ov avTO, KaTo, tovtov kol TOvvofjLa e^ 
avayKrj9 oXtjOeveTaL' ovt ^ ecf) (p KaToXafi^dveTaL fJLtj virdp- 
Xov, KaTOL TOVTOV i^ avdyKrj9 ov prjOrjaeTaL ^ TOvvofJLa. ^'Et£ 
oe 7rpo9 T0VT0L9 ovo OTe aTrooeoooKe to lclov, eaTaL (pavepov 
€L virapyeL, e'i7rep tolovtov eaTLV otov diroXeLireLV. Ovkovv6 
eaTai a-a^e9 to "lSlov, Otov enre^ 6 0e\9 ^(fov 'lSlov to KLvel- 
aOal TTOTe ^Ka\ eaTavai tolovtov diroSeSooKe to "lSlov o ov 
ylveTal iroTe 'lSlov, ovk av eirj KaXoo9 Kelfievov to 'lSlov. Ka- 
Tao'/ceud^o^'Ta ^e ei to e^ dvayKtj9 de\ ov 'lSlov aTroSeSooKev' 
eaTaL ydp ^KaXoo9 Kelfievov to 'lSlov KaTa tovto. Otov e7re\ 
6 0e\9 dpeTrJ9 'lSlov o tov e^ovTa TroLei airovSaLOv to de\ 

^ ea-ri A.B. * tov dyaOov ovk av ftrj rc. supra lituram A. ^ Tov 
dyaBov om. A. ^ koKcos KaTO. tovto C. ^ ev a KaTakaji^vfrai C. 

y €v c5 yirj KaT. vndpxov Tovvojia, Kard — prjOrjafTai. €rt C. ^ roijvojia, 

aarr ovk av eirj Ka\a>s Keifxevov ro tdiov, cri B. ^ KaX\ rj 0. ^ Kard 

rovro KoX&s Keififvov ro 'idiov C. 

VOL. I. Z 



33^ TOniKXlN E. Topic. 

7rap€7r6/uL€POU ^Siov aTroSeScoK^v, €'ir] ai/ ^ KaTu tovto kuXw^ 
aTToS^SoiuLevov to t^? ap€Trjg 'iSiov. 

7 ^'^TreiT ava(TK€va.^ovTa fxev €i t6 vvv 'iSiov a7roSiSov9 /mrj 
SicopicraTO ^^ otl to vvv 'iSiov aTroSiSoocriv' ov yap ea-Tai KoXwg 
K€iiuL€vov TO 'iSiov. UpwTov /uLcv yup To irapa To €009 yivo- 
fxevov airav SiopicriuLov Trpoa-SeiTar elcoOacri S'' o)? eVl t6 iroXv 
7ravT€9 t6 ael TrapaKoXovOovv 'ISiov airoSiSovai. AevTcpov 
Se aSrfKog ccttlv 6 /ULr] SiopicroLiuLevog €i t6 vvv 'iSiov ^ e/BovXeTO 

8 Oeivai' ovKOvv Sotcov icTTlv eTriTifJL^crecog cTKrjy^iv. Otov e7re\ 
6 OejULevog Tov tiv69 avOpco7rov 'iSiov t6 KaOtjcrOai fxera Tivog 
t6 vvv 'iSiov TlOrjcTiv, OVK av e'tr] Ka\co9 t6 "iSlov a^roSeSwKw^, 
e'i7rep lurj SLOpLordiuLevog et^rev. KaTacr/cefa^oi/Ta S^ ei t6 vvv 
'lSlov a7roSLSov9 SLopLcrajULevog eOrjKev otl t6 vvv"lSlov TiOrjcrLV' 
ecTTaL yap ^KaXcog KcliuLevov KaTa tovto t6 'iSlov. Olov eTrel 
6 e*i7ra9 tov tiv69 avOpco7rov "lSlov t6 7repi7raT€iv vvv SiacrTei- 
XafJLevog 'eOrjKe tovto, Ka\co9 av e'ir] KeLfJLevov t6 ISlov. 

9 ^'ETretT' a^'a(T/cei'a^op'Ta iulcv ei tolovto uTroSeScoKe t6 "lSlov, 
o (pavepov fixrj ecTTLV aWcog v7rapyov rj aicrO^creL' ov yap ecTTaL 
Ka\co9 KciiuLevov t6 'lSlov. ^'A.7rav ^^yap t6 aicT0r]T6v e^co yLvo- 
/ULcvov Trjg alaOr]CTeco<s aSr]\ov yiveTaL' acpaveg ydp ccttiv ei 
€Ti V7rapy€i, Slol to ^Trj alcrOricTeL ^fxovov yvcopl^eaOaL. ^'l^crTai 
S^ aXrjOeg tovto e7rL tcov jxr] e^ avayKr]<s aei 7rapaKo\ovOovv- 

loTWP'. Olov €7re). 6 Oefxevo^s r)\iov "lSlov acTTpov ^ (pepofxevov 
VTrep yrjg to Kafx^rpoTaTOV toiovtco Ke^rjTaL "' ev tu) lOLa) 
Tw ^V7rep yrjg (pepecrOai, o Trj aicrOiicreL yvcopll^eTaL, ovk dv 
e"r] Ka\(jo9 t6 tov ^\lov a^roSeSo/xevov "SloV aSr]\ov yap 
ecTTaL, OTav Svr] 6 rj\io9, ei (pepeTaL V7rep y^9, Slu t6 Tr]v 
a"cTOr)CTLV TOTc d7ro\€i7r€iv riixa9' KaTac/ceua^oi/Ta S^ el tol- 
ovTOv d^roSeSooKe t6 'lSlov, o fxrj Ttj alaO^crei (pavepov ccttlv ?/ 
o alcTOrfT^v ov e^ dvdyKr]<s v^rdp-^^ov Srj\6v ccttlv' ecTTaL ydp 

C KoKcOS KaTCl TOVTO C. '^ dlOTl A.B. ^ TJ^OvXeTO C. ^ dlOTl A.C. 

S KaTa TovTO koKcjs Kcifievov C. '* t6 post yap om. A.B.C. * r//] 

TTJ Idia C, om. A. ^ fiovri C . ^ t6 ante (fxp^iKPOv C. '" eV to» 

Om. C. " <f)€p€a-6ai vTTcp y?}S C. 



V. 3- TOniKaN E. 339 

^KaTa TOVTO KaXwg Keliuei/oi/ to 'IStov. OIov eTre) 6 OeiULevo^ 
eTTKpaveiag ^Siov P o irpwTOv Ke-^wcTTai aicrOtjTw imev tlvl 
irpoorKeyjpriTai tw Ke^^^pcocrOai, toiovtm S^ o cpavepov ecrTiv 
virapyov ael, elt) dv KaTa tovto KaXco^ aTroSeSoimevov to Trjg 
e7ri(j)aveia9 'iSiov. 

^'ETrefr' avacrKevd^ovTa imev ei tov opov o)? 'lSiov airoSe-w 
ScoKeV ov yap ecrraf KaXw^ Keiiuevov to 'lSlov. ov yap Sei 
SijXovv TO Ti rjv elvai to 'iSiov. OIov eTre) 6 eiVa? avOpcoTrov 
'ISlov "C^ov Tre^ov Slirovv to tl rjv etvaL crr]iuLaivov aTroSeScoKe 
Tov avOpcoirov 'lSlov, ovk dv e'iri to tov ^avOpooirov 'lSlov Ka- 
\co<S airoSeSofxevov. YiaTaaKevaC^ovTa Se ei avTiKaTtiyopov- 
lULevov iuev ^ aTroSeScoKe to 'lSlov, fJLrj to tl ^ ^v elvaL Se Sr]Xovv. 
^'EcTTaf yap Acara tovto KaXm airoSeSo/JLevov to 'lSlov. OIov 
exe/ 6 Oe\<s avOpooirov "lSlov X^wov ^inepov (pvcreL avTLKaTr]- 
yopovfievov iulcv aTroSeScoKe t6 'lSlov, ov to tl rjv elvaL Se 
SrjXovv, e'ir] dv KaTa tovto Ka\co9 dTroSeSofJLevov to 'lSlov tov 
avOpwirov. 

^'ETrefr' dvacTKevaX^ovTa fxev ei lULrj ei9 t6 tl ^ ecrTLv 6 Oeh 12 
diroSeScoKe t6 'lSlov. Aei ydp tcov ISicov, KaOdirep Ka\ tcov 
opcov, TO irpcoTOV ^ diroSlSocrOaL yevo^, eireiO^ ovtco^ rjSrj 
^ irpoaairTecrOaL ra \oLira, Ka\ "^ooplYeLV. ^'QcrTe t6 lurj tov- 
Tov t6v Tpoirov Keiixevov "lSlov ovk dv e'it] Ka\co9 diroSeSoiuLe- 
lov eirei o ^ eLira<; (^wof lolov to y^v^ijv e-^eiv ovk 
eOrjKev eh t6 tl ccttl t6 X/^ov, ovk dv e'!*] Ka\co9 KeiiuLevov t6 
Tov (^cpov LCLOv. jS.aTacrKeva(^ovTa oe ei ti^ eig to tl ecrrf 13 
Oe\g ov t6 'lSlov dTroSlScocrL, Ta \oL7ra irpocrairTeL' ecrTaL ydp 
KaTa TOVTO Ka\m diroSeSoiuLevov t6 'lSlov. OIov e7re\ 6 0e\9 
dvOpcoTTOV ISiov ^MOv eirLCTT^iuLrj^ SeKTLK^v €19 t6 t/ ecTTi 0e\9 
y direScoKe t6 'lSlov, e'ir] dv KaTO. tovto Ka\co9 KelfJLevov t6 
''■ "lSlov tov dvOpcoirov. 

o KoKcas Kara tovto C. P ro np&Tov KexpcoaOai C. *1 avOpwrrov 

To tfitoi/ C. ^ aTTeboiKe A.B. ^ ^p om. C. * t(TTl Tidels C. 

V aTrobedoa-Bai C. ""^ trpoaaTTTeiv C. '^ eirras tov ^oiov iStoi' ^v)(riv C. 
y aTToheb(jiK€ D. ^ Tov dv6p<onov tdiov D. 

Z 2 



340 TOniKi2N E. Topic. 

4 Tlorepov ijlIv ovv koXw^ ^r]ov KaXw^ aTroSeSorai to ISiov, 
^ Sia TwvSe a-KeTTTeov. TloTepov S^ tSiov ecTTiv o\m t6 etpr]- 
fxevov rj ovK 'ISiov, ck twvSc OewprjTeov. O/ yap aTrXco? /ca- 
Ta<rKeva^ovT€9 to 'iSiov otl Ka\(Jo9 KeiTai tottoi oi avTol 
€<TOVTai ^ Toh 'ISiov o\co9 TTOiovariv' ev €KelvoL<s ovv prjO^- 

(TOVTai. 

2 HpcoTOv /uLev ovv ^ avaa-Kevdl^ovTa eiri^^eireLv e<^' cKacrTOV 
ov TO LCLOv airodedcoKev, \j"OLOvj eL /uLr^cevL vTrapyeL, rj ei /xiy 
KaTa TOVTO aXrjOeveTaL, rj el imrj ecTTLv 'lSlov eKacTTOv avTwv 
KaT eKeivo ov t6 'lSlov ^ aTroSeScoKev' ov yap ea-TaL ISlov t6 
KeiiuLevov ^eivai lSlov. Qiov eTre) KaTO. tov yecojULeTpLKOv ovk 
aXrjOeveTai to ave^aTraTrjTOv elvaL V7r6 ^oyov {airaTaTaL 
yap 6 ^ yecojueTpLK^g ev tm ^evSoypacpelcrOaL), ovk av elrj 

3 ^tov €7r L(TTiiiuL0V09 'lSlov t6 jULrj aTTaTaa-Oai vir6 \6yov. Ka- 
Taa-K€vd^ovTa S^ ei KaTo. Trai/ro? aXrjOeveraL Ka\ /cara tovt 
oXrjOeveTaL' ea-TaL yap ISlov t6 Kei/uLevov ^elvaL 'lSlov. Oiov 
€7rel t6 ^^ov eirLa-TrjiJLrj^ Scktlk^v KaTO, TravT^^ avOpcoirov a\r]- 
OeveraL Ka\ ^ rj avOpcoTTog, elrj ™ av dvOpcoirov 'lSlov t6 Xjioov 
eir La-TriiJLrig SekTLKOv. ^'Ecrt S^ 6 totto^ ovTog dvaa-Kevd^ovTi 
lULev, €1 fir] KaO^ ov Tovvoixa, Ka\ 6 \6yo9 d\r]Oev€Tai, Ka\ ei 
fir] KaO^ ov 6 \6yog, Ka\ Tovvoixa d\r]OeveTaL' KaTaa-Kevdl^ovTi 
Se, ei KaO^ ov Tovvoiia, Ka\ 6 \6yo9, kol ei KaO' ov 6 \6y09, 
Ka\ Tovvoiia KaTrjyopeWaL. 

4 ^'ETrar' dvaa^Kevd^C^ovTa fiev ^ei iit] KaO^ ov Tovvoiia, Ka\ 
\6y09, Ka\ ei ixrj KaO^ ov 6 \6y09, Ka\ Tovvoiia \eyeTaL' 
ov ydp ea-TaL 'tSiov t6 Keiiievov 'lSlov eivat. Oiov cTreJ t6 
liev ^woi/ eTTLorTrjiiri^ ^ iiere-^^ov d\rjOeveTai KaTa tov Oeov, 6 
S* avOpcoTTO^ ov KaTrjyopeiTat, ovk av eltj tov ^ dvOpuiirov 
IStov ^X/aov eTria-Trjiiri^ ^iiere-^ov. l^aTaa-KevdXpvTa Se el KaO^ 

^ fj ov Ka\S)s om. A. ^ 8ia] €k D. ^ ^019 t6 tbiov D. ^ dva- 

(TKevd^ovTas D. ^ oloi/] i) A.B. ^ diredcoKcv A.B. S 18101/ eivai D. 
^ yea)fieTpT]S D. * tov] tovto D. ^ flvai] fxfi eivai A.B. ' ^] KadoJ). 
^ av om. A.B. ^ ov 6 \6yos Ka\ Tovvofia dXrideveTai, Ka\ ei fJLTj KaB^ ov 

Tovvofia Ka\ 6 \6yos. ov D. " /xer«';(oi/] deKTiKov D. P dvdpayrrov'] 

6eov D. Q C^v] To Coiov D. 



V. 4- T0niKX2N E, 341 

01; o Xoyo^, Kal Tovvo/Jia KaTtjyopetTai, ^Kal /caO' ov Tovvojuia, 
Ka\ 6 \6yo9 ^KaTrjyopeiTar ecTTai yap ISiov to k€iiul6vov ^rj 
elvai 'iSiov. Oiov eirel KaO' ov ^ t6 ^v^rjv e-j^eiv, to ^yoi/ 
oXriOeveTai, Ka\ KaO^ ov t6 ^wov, * t6 ylrv^^t^v eyeiv, e'irj av t6 
Y^X^^ e^eti/ Tov <i(pov 'wiov. 

rjireiT avaa-KevaQ^ovTa fxev ei to vjroKeiiuievov loiov ^aTre-S 
ScoKe Tov ev tw VTroKeiiuLevcp Xeyo/uievov' ov yap ea-Tai 'ISiov 
t6 ^ KelfJLevov 'ISiov. Otov eTret 6 airoSovg 'ISiov tov XeTrro- 
juiepearTaTov a-u>iuLaT09 to irvp to VTroKel/uLevov a7roSeS(t)Ke ^ tov 
KaTrjyopov/ULevov 'ISiov, ovk av e'iii to Trvp a-oo/ULaTO? tov XeirTO- 
jULepea-TaTOv 'iSiov. Aia tovto S^ ovk ea-Tai t6 viroKel^evov 
TOv ev Tw y vTTOKeL/uLevcp "lSiov, otl to avTO irKeLOvoov ea^TaL 
KaL OLacpopwv tw eLceL lolov. 1 ip yap avTw ^ TrAeLco TLva 
SLOLipopa tS e^lScL vTrap^eL /cara ^ julovov Xeyojueva, cov ea-TaL 
iravTwv "lSlov t6 vTroKeljuLevov, edv tl9 ovtco TLOrJTaL t6 'lSlov. 
IK.aTaa-Kevd^ovTa S^ ei t6 ev tw vTTOKeLjULevw ^ direSwKev 'lSlov 6 
Tov vTroKeL/uLevov. ^'Eo"Tat ydp 'lSlov t6 KeifjLevov /uLrj elvaL 
"Slov, edvirep /cara julovcov KaTrjyoprJTaL, ^ dov e'ipr]Tai t6 'iSiov. 
Oiov eirel 6 e'i7ra9 yrjg 'lSlov orcojULa t6 fiapvTaTOV T(p e^lSeL tov 
viroKeLfjt.evov ^ direSwKe t6 "lSlov Acara /ulovov ^ XeyojuLevov tov 
TrpayfJLaTog, Ka\ 009 t6 'lSlov KaTrjyopeiTaL, e"r] av t6 t^? yrjg 
'lSlov opOm KeljULevov. 

^'^TTCLT dvaarKevd^ovTa /ulcv el Ka^d /uieOe^LV '^aTreScoKe ^to 7 
loiov' ov yap ea-TaL lclov to KeLfxevov eLvai iciov. 1 o yap 
KaTd fieOe^LV virdp-^ov ei<s t6 ^ tl rjv elvaL crvfJL^dWeTaL' elri 
S'' dv t6 ^ tolovto SLa(j)opd tl9 /caTCt tlvo9 ^ ev69 e'iSov9 Xeyo- 
fJLevrj. Olov eTrei 6 eiVa? dvOpcowov 'iSiov t6 7re^6v Slttovv 
KaTa fJLeOe^Lv ^ dTreScoKe t6 'lSlov, ovk dv eir] ^TdvOpcoirov 'lSlov 
t6 Tre^or/ Slirovv. KaTao-Aceua^oi/Ta ^e ei fJLrj Ka^d fieOe^LvS 

•* Kcu el Kaff D. s KarriyopelTai om. D. * t6 ante ^. om. D. 

^ dnodedoiKev D. ^ Keifievov elvai tSiov. Olov ei' tis anoboirj D. ^ t5)i 
KaTTjyopovfievai A.B. Y vtt. \eyofiev tdiov dtOTi D. ^ TrXeiovd D. 

^ fiovov Tov TTvpos Xeyoficva D. ^ coi/] a)s D. ^ Xeyofxevov D. d ^^ 

iSioi/] 0)9 iSioi/ D. ^ Ti»^i/ om. A.B. ^ toiovtov D. S evos om. D. 
h dTrodedcoKe D. ' t6 dv6poyrrov D. 

^ 3 



342^ TOniKXlN E. Topic. 

aTriSooKe t6 ^Siov, ' lurjSe t6 t/ ^v etvai Sfjkodv^ avTiKaTriyo- 
pov/uievov Tov irpayiJ.aTor ecrrat 'yap ISlov t6 KeLjULevov ^ /x^ 
elvaL I.S10V. Oiov eTreJ 6 Oeh ^(fiov 'iSiov t6 aicrOdvea-Oai ire- 
(pvK^^ ovT€ KaTOL /ULeOe^LV ^ aTTeScoKev ™ 'iSiov ovTe t6 " tl rjv 
eivai SrjXovv, avTiKaTrjyopoviuLevov tov TrpdyjULaTO^, e^t] dv 
^wov 'lSlov t6 alarOdvea-Oai TrecpvKo^f. 
9 ^'l^TreLT avacTKevdl^ovTa julcv el /uLrj evSe^^^eTai a/uLa VTrdp-^eLV 
t6 'lSlov, aXX' rj v(TTepov rj irpoTepov 37 01; TOuvojiAa' ov ydp 
ecTTaL "lSlov t6 Keijuevov etvaL 'lSlov, r] ovSeiroTe rj ® ovk dei, 
Otov eire), evSey^eTaL Kal irpOTepov tlvl virdp^aL Kal vcTTepov 
t6 ^aSiC^eLV Slu t^9 P dyopd<; t) t6 dvOpooiro^, ovk dv e'irj t6 
iSaSl^eiv Slu t^^ dyopd^ tov dvOpwirov 'iSiov, r] ovSeTTOT 17 

10 ovK dei. J^aTaoTKeva^ovTa Se ei djuia e^ dvdyKrjg ^ dei virap- 
y^eL, jUi^Te opo<s ov fxrjTe Siacpopd' ecTaL ydp "lSlov ^ t6 Kei- 
lULevov jULrj etvaL 'lSlov. Otov eTreJ t6 ^(^ov eTTLcmiiuLrjg SeKTLK^v 
ajULa e^ dvdyKi^g del virap^eL Ka\ t6 dvOpwTro?, ovTe S^acpopa 
ov ouu opo9, eirj av to Lcpov e7r LaTrjfJLrjg ceKTLKOv tov avupw- 

TTOV ^'lSlOV. 

11 ^'ETrefr' dvaarKevd^ovTa fjiev el tcov avTwv, rj raura eoT/, 
IJLrj ea^TL TO avTO "lSiov ov yap ea^TaL 'lSlov to Kciixevov eivaL 
'lSlov. Otov eirei ovk ea^TL Slwktov t6 (paLvea^Oal TLoriv dya- 
06v "Slov, ^ovS^ dv aipeTOv e"rj "lSlov t6 (paivea^OaL Tia-Lv dya- 

T,2 Oov TavTOv yoLp icTTL t6 Sloi)kt6v Ka\ ^ t6 alperov. Kara- 
a-KevdX^ovTa S^ ei tov avTOv, rj ^ TavTO co-tl, TavT^ "Slov 
ea-TaL yap 'lSlov t6 Kel/JLevov fJirj eivaL 'lSlov. Oiov ewel dv- 
OpcoTTOv, rj dvOpcoTTO^ ea-TL, XeyeTaL tSLOv t6 TpLiieprj ^v^v 
€^€LV, Ka] /SpoTov, rj /BpoTog ea-TLV, e"rj av ISlov t6 TpLiuLeprj 
y^v)^r]v €-^€LV. ^pT^a-L/ULog S^ 6 T07ro9 oiyTO? Kal eirl tov o-vjul- 
jie^rjKOTor T0F9 ydp avToh, fj Tairra ea-TL, TavTa ^Sel virdp- 
^€LV rj l^h V7rap-^€LV. 

i ixT]T€ D. ^ eipai fJLTj D. 1 aTToSeSwKf D. '" dn. tu i8iov B.D. 

" Ti om. A.B. o ovk] ov to}v avTcov A.B, ovT€ D. P dyopai toi 

av$p(onov D. q dfl om. A. •■ ro — tdiov om. A. * iStoi/] t6 

Idiov D. * ovK av etrj aiptTov t6 (f^aivcaOai tktiv dya66v Xbiov D. ^ al- 
terum t6 om. D. ^^ ravTov c(tti t6 avTo D. ^ dfj B. 



V. 4- TOniK12N E. 343 

^'E7r€fT' avacrKeval^ovTa imev ei twv avTcov tw e^lSei juLr] raO-i^ 
Tov ael Tw y e'iSei t6 'ISiov ecTiv' ovSe yap tov eiprjimevov 
€<TTai 'iSlov t6 KeLixevov eivaL 'lSlov. Otov eTrel TavTOv ecrTL 
Tw e^Sei avOpcoirog Kal 'lttito^, ovk ae\ Se tov 'Lirirov ecTT^v 
ISlov t6 ecTTavaL v(p^ ^avTOv, ^ovk av e'irj tov avOpooirov ^'lSlov 
TO KiV€i(rOai v(p)' ^ avTov' TavT^v yap icrTL tw eiSeL t6 klv€l-- 
crOaL ^ Ka\ ea-TavaL v(p^ '^ avTOv, fi ^woV ecTTLV eKaTcpw avTwv 
Tw crviuLl3e(3rjK€vaL. J^aTacTKev^xl^ovTa S'' ei tcov avTwv T(p 14 

€LC€L TaVTOV " a€L TO LOLOV eCTTaL yup LCLOV TO KeLjUieVOV lULrj 

€ivaL 'lSlov. Olov eTrei avOpcoirov e(TT\v 'lSlov t6 eivaL ireCov 

Slttovv, Ka\ opvLOog ^ dv e^Lrj 'ISiov t6 elvaL 7rTr]v6v SlttovV 

€K(XT€pov yap TOVTOov ecTT^ TavT^v Tw e^lSeL, ^ ^ Ta fiev w? 

V7r6 t6 avT^ yevo^ €(tt\v e^lSr], utto to ^wov ovTa, tcl Se cog 

yevovg S SLa(popai, tov ^(pov. Oi5to9 " ^' o totto^ "^evSi^g 

ecTTLV, OTav t6 fJiev eTepov tcov Xe^^OevTCOv evi tlvl iui6v(p 

virap-^ri e^iSeL, t6 S^ cTepov TroWoig, KaOairep t6 ireXov t€- 

t 
Tpairovv. 

^ETreJ ^e to TaJTOP' Ka\ t6 eTepov iroWa-^cog XeyeTai, 15 

epyov eoTT^ crocpKTTLKco^ Xa/uL^dvovTL ej/09 airoSovvaL Ka\ /ulovov 

TLV69 t6 "lSlov. To yap vir(xp-^ov tlv\ ' w crv/uL^elSrjKe tl, Kai 

T(p arvjUL^e^SrjKOTL virap^eL ^ XaiuL^avojUL€V(p lueTa tov ip crviuLlSe- 

jSrjKev, oiov to virap-^ov avOp(io7r(p Ka\ XevKw avOpco7r(p V7rap- 

^ei, av ^ XevKOi avOpco7ro9, Ka\ t6 XevKw ^ Se avOpco7r(p V7r(xp- 

^ov ^^ Ka\ avOpco7r(p v7r(xp^eL. ^ ALa/SaXXoL S^ av Ti9 Ta 16 

° 7roXXa Tcov lSlcov, P t6 v^roKeLimevov aXXo julcv KaO^ avTO 

TTOicov aXXo Se imeTa tov crvfx^e^riKOTO^, oiov aXXo /uiev av- 

Opco7rov eivai Xeycov aXXo Se XevKov avOpco7rov, ctl Se CTepov 

TTOLcov Trjv e^LV Ka\ t6 KaTOL Trjv e^LV XeyofJLevov. To •yajO Trj 

et,€i v7rapyov Ka\ tS> KaTo. Trjv e^LV XeyojuLev^p ^ vTrdp^eL, Ka\ 

y €i8ei rjyovv TU) -ycj/ei to D. z cavTov D. ^ ouS' D, ^ idiov 

del To D. ^ KaC\ Koi to D. ^ df\ om. D. ^ av om. A. ^ jj] 

Ka66 D. g bia(f>opd A. h g' Q^n. A. '^ ^v D. ^ Xafx^avo- 

fiivov B. 1 S)7 A.B. ™ vmip^fi Kal dv6pa)iv(0 D. " fiiajSaXoi D. 

o TToXXa] ToiavTa D. P to — Zti St om. A.I5. ^ vndp^cL — vndp^ci 

rc. supra liturara A. 

Z4 



344 TOniKnN E. Topic. 

TO TO) Kara rrjv e^tv Xeyoimevw v7rap-)^ov Ka\ rrj e^ei virdp^ei. 
OJov eirei 6 eirKTTtj ijlwv Kara rrjv eTriG-T^iuLtjv XeyeTai SiaKei- 
(rOai, ovK av eirj t^? eiricTTrjiULrjg 'ISiov to ^ aimeTaTreKTTOv vtto 
Xoyov Kal yap 6 eTria-T^iuLcov ecTTat afxeTaTreiarTO^ vtto Xo- 

ijyov. IK.aTacTKevdl^ovTa Se ptjTeov otl ovk ecrTiv ^eTepov 
* aTrXo}? To w ^ crviuL^e^tjKe Ka\ to crviuLl3el3r]K09 lULeTo. tov lo 
crviuL^el3i]Ke \aiuL/3av6iuLevov, a\X dXXo XeyeTai tw eTepov 
eivai avTOL<i to eivai' ov TavTov yap ecTTiv dvOpwTrcp t€ to 
eivai.dvOpwTro) Kal \evKw dvOpcoTray to eivai dvOpwirta \evKw. 
^'Et^ Se Oe(jt)pr]Teov ecTT). irapd Tct? XTOJcref?, \eyovTa SiOTi 
^ ovO^ 6 eTTicrTjiiuLcov ^'^ecTTai to dfJLeTaireicTTOV viro \6yov aXX' 
6 ^ dfxeTaireLCTTO^s viro \6yov, ^ ovO^ rj eirLCTTriij.ri to diULCTa- 
ireLCTTOv VTTO \6yov aXX' ^ dfJLeTaireLCTTO? vtto \6yov' irpo^ 
yap Tov 7ravT(i09 evLCTTafjievov ^7ravT(*)9 dvTLTaKTCOv ccttlv. 

5 ^'ETretT' dvacTKevdX^ovTa jj-ev ei to (pvcTeL virdpyov l3ov\6- 
luLevo9 diroSovvaL tovtov tov Tpdirov TlOrjcri t^ \e^eL, (joctt€ 
TO de\ virdp-^ov cTrjiuLaLveLv' Sd^eLe ydp dv KLveicrOai to Kei- 
lULevov ^ elvai 'lSlov. Olov eTref 6 efVa? dvOpdoirov lSlov to 
Slttovv pov\eTaL fj-ev to (pvcTei V7rdp-)(0v " diroSiSdvaL, cTrj- 
fxaLveL Se Trj Xe^ei to dei v7rdpyov, ovk dv e^lrj dvOpoo7rov ^Slov 
To Si7rovv' ov ydp Tra? ^ dvOpo)7r69 ccttc Svo 7r6Sa9 ^ycov. 

2 KaTacr/ceya^oj^Ta S^ el ^ovXeTai to (pvcreL v^rdpyov ISiov 
^ d^roSLSdvaL Ka\ Trj Xe^et tovtov tov Tpd^rov crijiuLaLvei' ov 
ydp KLvrjCTeTaL Ka^d tovto to 'lSlov. Olov eVeJ 6 dvOpoo7rov 
^Slov d^roSLSov^ TO ^(j)Ov e^ricTT^iULrjg SeKTiKOv ^ Ka\ ^ovXerat 
Ka\ Trj Xe^et ^ (rrnuLaiveL to (pvcTCL V7r dp^^ov ISiov, ovk dv kl- 

VOLTO KaTa TOVTO, 0)9 OVK €(TTIV ^ dvOpOOTTOV ^SlOV TO ^(pOV 
eTTLCrTlilULr}? S€Ktik6v. 

3 ^'Et* ocra \eyeTai o)? kut dWo ^tl 7rpwT0v 17 o)? 7rpooTOv 



r dfjL€TdniaTov B. ^* CTepov om. B.D. * aTrXoiy TavTov t6 B, 

uTrXwy Koi TavTo to J). " avix^f^rjKf Xafx^avontvov Ka\ B. ^ ov8* D. 
w eo-Ti D. ^ djjLeTaTnaTos A.B. >' ovS' A.H. ^ 'rrdvra A.D. 

^ eivat om. D. ^ dfrodovvai D. ^ av6pa>Tros om. D. ^ Ka\ 

ante /3. om. D. ^ crrifiaivfiv D. ^ idiov dv6p<anov D. S Ti ora. A. 



V. 5- TOniKON E. 345 

avTO, epyov ea-Tlp airoSovpai twv toiovtcov ^ to 'ISlov eav 
mev yap tov /car' aWo tl 'lSlov ^axo^o)?, Kal KaTa tov irpw- 
Tov ^ aXrjOevareTaL, eav Se tov irpwTOv Orjg, Kal tov /car' aWo 
KaTtjyoprjOi^ceTai. Oiov eav jULev tl9 e7rL(paveiag 'lSlov ^ olttoSm 
TO Ke-^wG-QaL, Ka\ KaTO. (rwjJLaTOS ^ oXrjOevareTaL to Keyjpw- 
aSaL, eav Se a-cojULaTO^, kol kut eTrLCpavelag KaTrjyoprjO^areTaL. 
^'QcTTe ov KaO^ ov 6 \6yo9, Kal TOvvojuLa ^ oXrjOevcreTaL. 

^vjUL/SalveL ^' ^ev €viol9 tcov lSlcov m 67rt to ttoXv ylvecrOaL 4 
TLva d/uLapTLav irapa "^to jULr] SLopL^ecrOaL tto)? Kal tlvoov TiOija-i 
TO ISlov. ^'A.7ravTe9 yap eirL^^eLpova-LV cnroSLSovaL to 'lSlov r} 
^TO (pvcreL virap-^ov, KaOairep avOpwirov to Sittovv, ^ t6 
virdpyov, KaOdirep dvOpooirov tlvo^ to TeTTapa^ SaKTvXov? 
e-)(eLv, rj e^lSeL, KaOdirep irvpo^s to XeTrTOixepea-TaTOv, rj dirXm, 
KaOdirep ^ftjov to 'Crfv, rj KaT dWo, KaOdirep ^v"^^ to (ppo- 

VL/ULOV, r] tt)9 TO TTpWTOV, KaOdirep XoyLa-TLKOV TO (ppovijULov, rj 

ft)? Ptw eycLV, KaOairep eTrLorTi^iuLOvog to diuLeTaireLa-TOv viro 
\6yov (ovSev ydp eTepov rj tm eyeLv tl ea-TaL ^ dfj.eTaireLa-TO^ 
viro \6yov^, rj tw e-^ecrOaL, ^ KaOairep eirLcrT^iuLrjg to d/uLeTa- 
ireLa-TOv viro \6yov, rj tw ixereyea-OaL, KaOdirep X^wov to al- 
crOdvecrOaL (alcrOdveTaL /uLev ydp Kal dWo tl, olov dvOpwrrog, 
dWd ^fjieTeyov 'rjSrj tovto aiarOdveTaL^, rj tw jULeTe-^eLV, KaOairep 
Tov TLvdg ^(pov TO ^rjv. Miy 'Trpoa-Oeh jmev ovv to (pvareL djULap- 5 
TdveL, Sl6tl evSe^eTaL to (pvcreL virdp-^ov /uLrj virdp;^eLV eKelvcp 
*ft) (pvareL virdpyeL, KaOdirep dvOpwirco to Svo 7r6Sag e-^eLV. 
M^ SLopla-ag ^ S^ otl to virdp-^ov diroSiSwcrLv, otl ovk ea-Tai 
TOiovTOV oiov ^ vvv ^ virap-^eL ^ eKelvo, KaOairep to TeTTapag 
oaKTv\ov9 e^eti/ tov dvOpcoirov. M.rj Srj\cocra9 Se Sl6tl cog 
TrpcoTOV rj 0)9 «:aT' dWo TiOrjaLV, otl ov KaO^ ov 6 \6y09, Kal 
TOvvo/ULa ^ d\rjOeva-eTaL, KaOdirep to KeyjycoarOaL, e'LTe Trjg eiTL- 
(paveiag erre tov a-co/ULaTog ^ diroSoOev 'lSlov. WLrj Trpoelirai 

^ To om. D. » a7ro8i8o)s D. k oXrjOeveTai D. ^ d7ro8(8coKe D. 

na €V om. A.B. » Tov A.B. o ^6 ttj (f^vaei D. P t6 B.D. 

Q dfieTdneiaTov A.B. *" KaOdnep — fifT€)(((Tdai om. A. ^ fi(T€)((ov D. 

t « (f)va-ei Ti vndpxfi A. ^ de 8i6ti D. ^ viiv om. A.B. x vndp' 

X^i^v A. y €K€iva>i B. * dnoboOfir) D, 



346 TOniKIlN E. Topic. 

^e ^ SiOTi ^ Tw e^^^eiv rj tm e^earOai to 'iSiov aTroSeSojKe, Sioti 
OVK ^ea-Tai 'iSioV '^uTrap^ei yap, eav /uiev tw eyeaQai airoSiSw 
TO ® ISiov, Tw e-^ovTL, * eav Se tw e-^ovTt, tm e-^o/ULevo), KaOd- 
irep TO aiJieTaireKTTOV viro \oyov Trj^ e7ri(rT^/ULr}9 rj tov eTri- 

dCTTriiJLOVo^ TeOev ISiov. M^ ^ irpoa-a-rjiJLrjva^ Se Tw fxeTe-^eiv 
37 Tw jmeTe-^ea-Oai, ^ otl Ka\ aWoL9 Tialv virdp^eL to 'lSlov 
eav /uLev ^ yap t<5 jUieTe-^eaOaL airoSw, toI<s iJ.eTeyovaLv, eav Se 
Tw jULeTe^eLV, T019 /ULeTe-^o/uievOLg, KaOdirep ^ el tov tlvo^ ^^^^ 
t} Tov ^(pov ^ TiOeit] TO ^rjv "^ 'iSiov. M»7 SLaa-TeiXa^ Se to tco 
e^SeL, OTi evl /ulovo) virdp^eL tcov viro tovto ovtwv ov to "lSlov 
TiOrja-L' TO yap KaO^ virep^oXrjv ev\ /ulovw " virapyeL, KaOairep 
Tov irvpo^ TO KovcpoTaTOv. ^l^viOTe Se Kal t6 tw eiSeL irpoa- 
Oelg SLrjiJ.apTev. Aei^aeL yap ev elSo^ elvai twv Xe-^OevTcov, 
OTav TO Tw e'iSeL TTpoa-TeOrj' tovto S^ eir evlwv ov orv/JL^TriTrTei, 
KaOdirep ovS* CTrl tov irvpo^. Ov ydp ea-Tiv ev eiSog tov 
irvp6<i' eTepov ydp eaTL ^tw e'iSeL avOpa^ Koi. (pXo^ Kal (f>w9, 

7 P cKaaTOv avTwv Trvp 6v. Alo, tovto S^ ov Set, ^ OTav ^ tw 
eiSet irpoaTeOri^ cTcpov ^ eivai etSog tov Xe-)^0evTO9, otl Toh 
/j.ev /uLciXXov Toh S^ rJTTOv VTrap^eL to Xe^^ei/ 'iSiov, KaOdirep 
e7r\ Tov TTvpog To XeTTTO/ULepeaTaTOV ^ XeiTTO/uLepeaTepov yap 
eaTL t6 (pwg Tov dvOpaKO<s Ka\ Tt/9 (pXoyog. Tovto S^ ov 
Sei yiveaOai, oTav /uLrj Ka\ to ovo/ULa /ulclXXov KaTrjyoprjTaL, 
KaO^ ov 6 X6yo9 /ULaXXov ^ oXrjOeveTaL' ei Se /ul^, ovk eaTai, 
KaO^ ov 6 X6yo9 /uLaXXov, Ka\ Tovvo/uLa /jLaXXov. ^'Exf ^e 
Trpog TOVTOL? TavT^v elvaL avjj-^rjaeTaL t6 'lSlov tov * re 
a7rXa)9 Ka\ tov /uLoXLaTa ovto^ ev tw aTrXwg ^ tolovtw, Ka- 
Odwep eTTf Tov 7rvj0O9 e^ei to XeTrTOjj.epeaTaTov' Ka\ yap 
Tov cpwT^g eaTaL ^ TavT^ tovto ^SioV XeirToiJ.epeaTaTOv 



^ KaOoTi D. ^ e(TTiv D. ^ vndpxft A. •-' tdiov Koi tw D. 

f el Be Ta (XOVTi Koi roi D. S npo<TT)/xi)vas B, Trpoar/pavai D. ^ ^ioti D. 
i yap om. D. ^ fi] 17 A. 1 TeOdrj li.D. >" tbiov eaTi. M^ D. 

" vndp^ei D. o ro) eibd post (f)<bs D. P €KaaTov 5' avTa>v nvp. 

Aia D. U OTav om. A.B. ^ ro)] t6 tco D. ^ elvai t6 fi8os D. 

* XenTopepftTTaTov A. ^ dXijOfVfTai — \6yos /xaXXoi/ om. A. et pr. D. 

" re om. D. y TOiovTov A.B. ^ 7-auro roCro] re t6 toiovtov D. 



V. 5- TOniK12N E. 347 

ydp icTTi TO (pto^. ^'AXXov ^ /mei/ ovv ovt(j09 a^TToSiSovTO^ t6 
'iSiov eTTi-^eiptjTeov, avTM S'' ov SoTeov ecTTl TavTtjv Trjv evcTTa- 
(Tiv, aXX evOvg TLOejuevov t6 'ISiov SiopicrTeov ov Tpoirov tl- 

Ot](TL TO 'lSlOV. 

^'l^TreLT avaarKevd^ovTa imev el avT^ ^ avTOv "lSlov eOrjKev' 8 
ov ydp ecTTai 'lSlov t6 KeLjULevov etvaL 'lSlov. Auto ydp ^ avTw 
irdv ^ t6 elvaL Sr]\oL, to Se to eivaL SrfKovv ovk 'lSlov aXX' 
opo^ ecTTLV. Oiov eTrel 6 ^ etira? KaXov t6 irpeirov ISlov elvaL 
avT^ ^ eavTOv 'lSlov ^ direSwKe {ravTov yap ecTTi to KaXov 
" Kal Trpeirov), ovk ^ dv e'ir] to irpeirov tov KaXov 'lSlov. Ka- 
TacTAceua^oi/Ta Se ei jULr] ^ avTd yuei/ avTOv 'lSlov direScoKev, dv- 
TLKaTr^yopovjULevov S^ eOr^Kev' ea-Tai ydp 'lSlov t6 Kelimevov jULr] 
eivaL LCLOv. Ulov eireL o uei^ C^ffov lolov to ovcLa ejULy^v^o^ 
ovK avTO /uLev avTOv "lSlov 'eOr]Kev, dvTLKaTrjyopovjuLevov o aTro- 
SeScoKev, e"rj dv ^'ISiov tov ^mov t6 ovcrla €/>t\(/-up^0S'. 

^'EiTreLT eirl tcov ojULOLOjULepwv crKeirTeov ecTT^v dvacTKevd^ovTa 9 
IJ.ev ei t6 tov *" avvoXov 'lSlov " /x^ dXr]OeveTaL Ka^d tov /uLe- 
povg, »7 ^ el To Tov jULepovg ixr] XeyeTaL Ka^d tov crviJLiravTog' 
ov yap ecTTaL lolov to KeLfxevov lolov eivaL. Zjv/ULpaLveL 6 eir 
evLCOv TOVTO yivecrOaL' diroSoLr] yap dv tl9 eirl tcov o/uLOLO/ULe- 
pcov 'lSlov evLOTe /JLev eirl t6 crvfxirav /3Xe^a9, evloTe S^ eirl t6 
KttTd /uLepog XeyoiuLevov avTd^ P avT^v e'irLCTTr]cra<s' ea-Tai S^ 
ovSeTepov 6p0co9 diroSeSoiuLevov. Oiov ex) /j-ev tov a-v/uLTrav- 
T09, ^eTrel 6 e'i7ra<s OaXaTTr]? 'lSlov t6 irXela-TOv vScop dXjuvp6v 
o/ULOioiULepovg iulcv tlvo^ eOr^Ke t6 'lSlov, tolovtov S^ ^ direScoKev 
o ovK dXr]OeveTaL KaTa tov fjepovs (oi) yap ecTTLV r] Tf? ^ Oa- 
XaTTa t6 irXelarTOv vScop dXiuLvpov), * ovk dv e^ltj Trjg OaXaTTrj^ 
"Siov t6 irXeiCTTOv vScop dXiuLvpov. ^EttI ^e tov lULcpovg, olov 10 
eTrel 6 Oeh depog 'lSlov t6 dvairveva^T^v 6iuLOLO/J.epovg lULev tlvo9 

^ jxev ovTds aTTodovTos A. ^ cavTov D. ^ iavTSi D. d ^^ 

om. D. ^ eiTras tov koKov D. ^ avTOV D. & a7ro8eS&)Ke D. 

h Ka\ To Trpeirov D. ^ av ovv cir} D. ^ avTO iavTOv "ibiov anobi- 

8a)Kev D. 1 tdiov post €fi\lrv)(os D. '"^ oKov D. " fif) om. pr. D. 
o ft om. D. P eavTov D. U «Vei om. D. r dnodediOKfv D. 

^ $a\aa-a-a D. ^ qvk — ciXiJivpov om. D. 



34« TOniK12N E. Topic. 

^ €^pt]K€ t6 'iSlOV, TOIOVTOV S^ "^ a7reS(iDK€V O KaTCl TOV TLVO<i 

aipo<s oXrjOeveTai, KaTo. Se tov cviUTravTo^ ov XeyeTai (ov 
yap ea-Tiv 6 crvniTra^ avaTrvevcrTO^), ovk av e'irj tov aepo^ ilSiov 
To avairvevcTTOv. ^ Karao-Aceua^oj^Ta ^e el aXrjOeveTai ^yuei/ 
KaO^ €Ka<TTOv Tcov ofjLOio/ULepwv, y eCTTl S^ ISlOV aVTWV KaTO. TO 
crviJiirav' ecTTai yap 'ISiov to KeljULevov fjLrj elvai 'ISiov. Oiov 
€7rei aXrjOeveTai /cara iracri^s r^? yrjg to KaToo (pepeaOai KaTo. 
(pvcriv, ecTTi Se tovto 'iSiov ^koI Trjg tivo^ yr]9 ^/cara Trjv yrjv, 
etrj av Trjg yrjg 'iSiov to KOLTity (pepecrOaL KaTo, (pvcriv. 

^'ETrefr' ck twv avTiKeL/uLevcov CTKeiTTeov ecTT\ irpwTOv julcv €k 
Tcov evavTLWV avacTKeva^ovTa julcv el tov evavTLOv /ul^ ccttl to 
evavTLOv "lSlov ovSe yap tov evavTiov ^ 'ecTTaL to evavTiov 
ISiov. Olov eTreJ evavTLOv ea-T). SLKaLOcrvvr] /uLev aSLKia, ^ tio 
^e\TL(TTCp Se TO '^(eLpLarTOv, ovk ea-Ti Se Trjg SiKaioavvrjg ISlov 
^'to peATLCTTOv, ovK av eirj r^? aoiKLag lolov to -^^cLpLaTOv. 
^ ll^aTacTKevaX^ovTa Se ei tov evavTiov to evavTLOv 'lSlov ccttlV 
Ka\ ^yap Tov evavTLOv to evavTLOv 'lSlov 'ecrTai. Oiov eTrel 
evavTiov ccttIv ayaOiS julcv KaKov, alpeTU) Se (pevKTOV, ea-TL Se 
TOv ayaOov "lSlov to aipeTOv, e'iri dv KaKOv 'lSlov to (pevKTOv. 
i AevTcpov S^ €k tcov Trpog tl avaarKeva^ovTa julcv el t6 irpog 

TL TOV TTpOg TL fXr] eCTTLV "lSlOV OvSe S yOLp t6 TTpO^ TL TOV 

irpog Ti ea-TaL 'lSlov. Olov eVel XeyeTai SiTrXda^iov juev ttjOo? 
^/uLiarv, virepeyov Se 7rp69 vTrepe-^^djuLevov, ovk co-tl Se tov Si- 
TrXacTLOv TO virepe-^ov "lSlov, ovk dv e^lr] tov ^/uLLO-eog t6 virep- 
eydiJievov "lSlov. ^ Karacr/ceua^^oi/Ta ^e et tov Trpdg tl t6 
7rp6<i TL ' ecTTLV "lSlov Ka\ ^ yap tov irpdg tl t6 Trpdg tl 
^ earTai "Slov. Oiov eTrel XeyeTai t6 jULev SiTrXdarLOv 7rpo9 
t6 '" rj/uLLorv, Ta Se Svo irp69 ev, ecTTL Se tov SLTrXaa-iov 'lSlov 

t clpijKe^ eOrjKe D. ^ dnobedoiKev D. ^ Karaa-Kevd^ovTi B.D. 

X ^eV om. D. y ea-ri S'] o eo-riv D. ^ ^al om. A.B. ^ Kara 

Tr)V yrjv~^ Kard Trjv yrjv. Kara ydp Trjv yrjv Kal ro yijv eivai B, *cara to (rvp.- 
nav. Kara ydp Trjv yrjv. D. ^ ccrrai 'l8lov t6 ivavrlov D. ^ to /SA- 

TL(TTOv 5c rw xfipiCTTa) D. " To ^(Xtio-tov iSioj/ D. ^ KaTaa-Kfvd- 

^ovTi A.B. ^ ydp om. D. S ydp om. A.B. h /carao-Kfm^oin-t 

A.B. * €0-rat D. ^ ydp om. D. ^ fVrii' A. '" ijpaav, to 

be €v irpds bvo, ra A.B. 



V. 6. TOniKXiN E. 349 

TO 0)9 Svo TTjOO? eV, €ir] dV tov r}fXL(Teo<s 'ISioi^ to wg ev Trpo? 
Svo. 

" TptTOv auacTKevd^ovTa /uLev el r^? e^ecog to KaO' e^iv Xe- 3 
yofJLevov fJLrj ecTiv ISiov ovSe yap t^? o-Tep^crecD? to KaTa 
a-Tept]<jiv Xeyo/mevov eaTai "iSlov. ^ Kai^ el Se t^?? arTepi^crecDg 
To KaTo. (TTeprjtTLv Xeyojuevov juj^ ea-Tiv 'lSlov, P ovSe Trjg e^ecog 
TO ^KaTO. Tr]v e^iv Xeyojmevov 'ISiov ecTTaL. OIov eTrei ov \e- 
yeTai t^? ^ KcocfyoTrjTO^ 'lSlov to avaLo-OrjcrLav elvai, ovS^ dv 
Trjg ^ aK0V(reci)9 e^lr] 'lSlov to a^larOrja-LV elvaL. J^aTaa-Kevd^ovTa 
oe eL To Kau et^Lv Aeyo/ULevov eaTL Trjg et^ecog loiov ^ Kai yap 
T^? a-Tepr]aeco9 to KaTO. a-Tepr^aiv Xeyo/uievov eaTai 'ISiov. 
''^ KdV ei Trjg aTep^areco? to KaTO. crTepr^aLV XeyofJievov eaTiv 4 
lOLOv, KaL Tr]9 e^ect)? to KaKj et^LV Aeyo/uievov eaTai lolov. \Jlov 
eirel t^9 6y\reco9 eaTLV "lSlov to ^/3Xexai/, KaOo 'e-^ofxev 'o^^lv, 
€iri dv Trj9 TvcjyXoTrjTog ISlov to /uLr] /SXeTreLv, KaOo ovk e^^o/uLcv 
oyjTLv TrecbvKOTeg eyeLv. 

^'ETrefTa ck tcov (pdaecov Ka\ tcov airoipaaecov, TrpcoTOV jULev s 
e^ avTcov tcov KaTr^yopov/uLevcov. *'EcrTi S^ 6 totto^ ovto<s 
yjpr^aL/JiO^ avaaKevdXovTi /ulovov. Otov el r] <paaL9 ^^^ TO 
KaTOL Tr]v (paaiv ^ Xeyofxevov avTOv ^ 'lSlov eaTiV ov yap 
eaTai avTOv r] airocpaaL^ ovSe to KaTa Tr]v airocpaaLV Xeyo- 
]ul€vov lolov. i\.av **ef o rj a7ro<pacrL9 r] to KaTa Tr]v arnro- 
(paaiv XeyojULevov ^ea-TLv ^ avTOv "lSlov, ovk eaTaL rj (pdai^ 
ovSe TO KaTo. Tr]v (pdaLV Xeyo/uLevov "Siov otov iTrel tov X^wov 
^ eaTLV LOLOv TO e/uLyfrv^^ov, ovk av eLrj tov C^(pov loiov to *^ ovk 
e/uLypv)^ov. 

AevTepov S^ CK tcov KaTr^yopov/uLevcov ^r] fxr] KaTr]yopov-(, 
jULcvcov, Ka\ ^ KaO^ (Sv KaTr^yopeWaL t] fxr] KaTr^yopeiTai, ava- 
(TKevdl^ovTa fxev ei rj (pdcrL9 Trjg (pda-ecog M ecTTiv ISioV ovSe 

^ rpirov S' dvao-K. D. o ^^p d ^f^ nal ei D. P ovde yap ttjs A. 

1 Kaff e^iv X. eo-rat tbiov D. ^ K0V(j)6Tr)T0s D. ^ aKorjs D. * yap'] 

yap Ka\ D. ^ Kav el — 'Idiov om. D, "^ ^Xerreiv] opav D. ^ ?)] 

Kai D. y avTov \cy6p.cvov A.D. ^ fa-riv Xbiov D. » et] eij; D. 

^ i(mv om. D. c Xbiov avTov B. d 'ibiov ea-Ti D. ^ ovk] pf) D. 

^ ^] ») Ka\ T>. fj fif} KaTTjyopovpfvav om. A. § Kaff corr. A, e^ B. 



350 TOniKX2N E. Topic. 

^a|0 r] airocpaa-ig rrj^ a7ro<pa(T€0D9 earrai ISiou. *' KaV ' ei r^' 
j; a7r6(pa(Ti9 t>i9 «Tro^acreft)? jul^ earTiv 'tStov, ovS^ rj (pdcri^ r/}? 
(pda-eoog ^ea-Tai 'iSiov. Oiov eTrel ovk ea-Ti tov avOpcoTrov 

lOtOV TO C^(pOV, OVO aV TOV jULt] aVUpWTTOV ^ etri lOtOV TO /ULrj 

^MOV. KaV et Se ™ tov /ULrj avOpooTrov " (paivrjTat /mi] 'iStov t6 
/uLrj ^(pov, ovSe tov avOpcoTTOV eaTai "iSiov to X/tiOv. Kara- 
a-KevdX^ovTa S^ el t^9 (pda-eco^ rj (pda-t<s etTT^v "tStov koi yap 
7Trjg airo(paa-e(c^ rj airo^pacri^ ^ eaTat "tStov. Kav P et Se Trjg 
a7ro(pd(Teco9 rj airo^paa-U ^ ecTTtv "tStov, Ka\ rj (pd(Ti<s r^? (pd- 
(Teco9 e(JTai 'iStov. (yiov eire^ tov /ULrj ^(vov ^ 'tStov ecrrt to /uLrj 
i^rjv, etrj av tov C^(f0v totov to i^rjv' Kav ^ et ce tov ^wol» ^ (pat- 
vrjTat tStov TO Crjv, Ka\ tov jULrj Cyoi-' ^ (paveiTat 'tStov to /ULtj 

8 ipiTOv Se e^ avTcov tcov viroKet/uLevcov avaa-Keva^ovTa /ULev 
ei TO aTToSeSoiULevov 'iSiov Trjg (pda^ecog ecrTtv 'tStoV ov ydp 
ea-Tai to avTO Ka\ Trjg diro^pda-eco^ 'tSiov. Kai/ ^ et Se Trjs 
d7ro(paa-ea)9 'tStov t6 diroSoOev, ovk ^ ea-Tat TiJ9 (pdcreco^ "Siov. 

tov e7rei tov (^cdou ^ tctov to ejmyfrv^ov, ^ ovk av etrj tov /ULrj 
^(f>ov "tSiov TO efji^v^ov. ll^aTacTKevdX^ovTa Se et t6 diroSo- 

9 Oev ^ jULrj t^9 (pdcreco? ^ 'iStov, e"irj av TtJ9 d7ro(pda-eco9. OvTog 
S' 6 TOTTO? ^^€vS^9 earTtV (pdcrt^ ydp d^ro^pdcreco^ Ka\ d^ro- 
(paartg (pacreco^ ovk ea-Ttv 'iSiov. ^aai? julcv ydp d7ro(pdcret 
ovS^ ^ oXft)? VTrap-^et, d7r6(pacTt9 Se (paaei V7rdp-^ei /uiev, ov-^ m 
LOLOv ce vTcap^^^eL. 

lo ^'ETrefTa ^ S^ €k tcov dvTtSirjprjiuLevcov dvacTKevd^ovTa /uLev ei 
Tcov dvTtSirjprjjuLevcov ^ jurjSev fxrjSev^s Toov \oi7rwv dvTtStrjprj- 
fJLcvcov €(ttIv ISiov ovSe ydp to Kei/uLevov ecrTat "Siov tovtov 
ou ^ KeiTttL ISlov. Oiov e^rel ^mov aia-OrjT^v ovS€v6<s tcov aX- 



'' Koi A. i ft 8* om. D. ^ i(TTi.v D. * Xbiov iirj D. •" tov 

jjLTj corr. A, /u^ rov D. " 0aij/erat D. o ((ttiv D. P tt om. D. 

q eo-rai A.B. >* eVrii' Ibiov D. ^ ei om. D. * Xbiov (^aivrjTai D. 

V tbi.ov (pavfl.Tai D. '^' et om. D. * d7ro(f>d(Tfa>s ((ttiv tdiov A.D. 

y i8i6v eVrt ro A. ^ ovk — C^^ou] tov ^tj fcoov ovk earai D. * jirf] 

Ibiov fiff D, ixrj ((TTtv A. ^ iStoi/] e(TTiv iStoj/ D. ^ oX<aj ovx D. 

^ S' om. D. ^ firjdev'] ti D. ^ /ceirat elvai tStoj/ D. 



V. 7- TOniKXlN E. 351 

\cop ^ dvr]T(hv ^wwi/ €(jt\v 'iSlov, ovk av eiY} to ^«01/ vovjtov 
Tov Oeov 'iSiov. J^aTatTKeva^ovTa S^ el twv Xoittwv tcov avTi- 

SltjprjlULeVCOV OTIOVV ^ eCTTlv 'iSlOV TOVTCOV eKOLG-TOV TWV avTiSir]- 

prjjULevcov' Ka] yap to \onr6v ea-Tai tovtov 'iSiov, ov KeiTai 
fjLr] elvai 'ISiov. OIov eTrel (ppov^creco? ecTiv 'ISiov t6 Ka& 
avT^ 7re(pvKevai XoyitTTiKOv apeTrjv ^ eivai, Kai tcov aWcov 
apeTcov OVTC09 €K(l(TTr]g XajUilBavoiuievrjg, e'ir] av (Tco(ppo<Tvvr]g 'iSiov 
t6 Ka& avTO TreCpVKevai eTnOviuLrjTiKov apeTr]v elvai. 

^'^ireiT €K Twv TTTcoa-ecov, avao-Kevd^ovTa jULev ei r] tttco^ti^ 7 
T^9 irT(jO(Teco<s iXT] e<TTLV "lSlov' ovSe yo-p r] TrTUXTig TrJ9 tttco- 
(Teft)? ^ ecTTaL 'iSiov. Oiov CTrel ovk 'ccttl tov SLKaico<f ^ "lSlov t6 
Ka\co9, ovS^ av tov SLKalov e'ir] "lSlov t6 Ka\6v. J^aTacTKeva- 
^ovTa Se €L r] 'TTTcocrig Trjg irTcocTecog ccttlv 'lSlov Ka). yap r] 
TTTcocTig Trj^ TTTcocrecog ecTTaL 'lSlov. Olov eTreJ tov avOpooTrov 
ccttIv "lSlov t6 Tre^oi/ Slttovv, Ka\ tm avOpcoTro) ^ €'ir] av 'iSlov 
^t6 Tre^o) SlttoSl \eyecrOaL. Ov julovov S^ eTr' avTOv tov elpr]-2 
fjLevov KaTa Ta9 TTTcocreLg ccttl cTKeirTeov, aWa Kai ein toov 
avTLKeLfJLevcov, KaOairep Ka\ eir\ tcov irpOTepov tottcov e^LprjTOL, 
avacTKevd^ovTa jULev ei r] tov avTiKeLjULevov tttcocti^ fJ-rj ecTTLV 
"lSlov Trjg Tov avTiKeijULevov iTTCocrecos' ovSe yap r] tov olvtl- 
Kei/JLevov irTcocTL^ ecTTaL "lSlov t^? tov avTLKeLjULevov irTcocTeco?. 
Otov ° eTre) ovk 'ccttl tov SiKalcog "lSlov to ayaOco^, ovS^ av 
Tov aSiKcog e'ir] 'lSlov t6 KaKco^. J^aTacrKeva^ovTa Se el r] tov 
avTLKeL/mevov tttwct/? ccttlv 'lSlov Trjg tov avTLKeLfJLevov tttoo- 
(Teo)?* Ka\ yap r] tov avTLKeiiuLevov TTTcocrL? ecTaL 'lSlov Trjg tov 
avTiKeL/uLevov jrTcocreco^. Oiov e7re\ tov ayaOov ecTT\v "lSlov t6 
/3e\TLCTT0v, Ka\ Tov KaKOv av €'ir] 'lSlov t6 yelpLCTTOV. 

^'^ireLT €K Tcov 61ULOLC09 e-)^6vTcov, avacTKevaXpvTa julcv ei t63 
OjULolcos ^xov ^ Tov 6/ULOIC09 'eyovTO^ fxr] ecTTLv "lSloV ovSe ^ yap 
t6 ojULOicog ej^ov tov Ofiolco^ ej^ovTO^ ecTTaL "lSlov. OIov eTreJ 



S OvrjTcov om. A.B. ^ eari t6 Xijcfydh iStoi/ D. i elvcu om. A.B. 

^ fcrrat] firj (CTtiv A. ^ i8tof eXrj D. "^ av e'ir] D. ^ Tcot A.D. 

" eTTeibf) D. P Tov o/ioto)?] tov ofinv D. 4 y«/) om. D. 



^S^ TOniKaN E. Topic. 

6juLolco9 e^ei ^ 6 oiKoSojUiog Trpog to Troieiv oiKiav Koi 6 larpog 
'TTpog TO iroieiv vylciav, ovk ea-ri Se laTpov ^Siov t6 iroieiv 
vyieiav, ^ ovk av e^tj oikoSoiulov 'ISiov t6 iroielv oiKiav. Kara- 
(TKevaXovTa Se el t6 ofxolcog eyov tov * ojuioicog e-^ovTog ecTTiv 
'iSiov' Ka\ yap to ojuioicog e^ov tov 6jUioici)<f eyovTog ecrraL 
ISiov. Olov eire^ o/uioicog eyei laTp6<s ^re Trpo? t6 iroii^TiK^g 
vyieiag elvai Kal yv/uivacrTijg ttjOo? to ironjTiK^g ^ eve^iag^ ea-Ti 
^ 'iSiov yv/mvaaTOv t6 TroirjTiK^v ^ elvai eve^lag, ^ elri av ISiov 
laTpov t6 TfotrjTiKov ^ eivai vyieia<;. 
^ ^'ETrefT* CK Twv coaravTcog e-^ovTcov, avacTKeva^ovTa /mev ei 
t6 cocravTCog e^oi/ tov coaravTCog e-^ovTog fjnj eaTiv ISioV ovSe 
ycLp TO coaavTCog eyov tov wcravTco^s eyovTO<s e<TTai wiov. Ef 
S^ ecTTi Tov coaravTCo? e^^ovTog t6 coaravTco'} eypv "lSiov, * tovtov 
ovK €(TTai "lSlov ov KeiTai etvaL 'lSlov. Olov eTref cocravTCog e^e/ 

(pp6vi1(TL9 7rp69 TO Ka\6v KOl t6 ai(Tyjp6v T6t) ° eTTLO-TrjlJLYJ CKa- 

Tepov avTcov elvai, ovk ecrTL S^ 'iSiov (ppov^creco9 t6 eirLCTTrjiJLrjv 
efvai ^ KaXov, ovk av e'ir] 'lSlov ^ (ppovrjarecog t6 eirLarTrjfj.rjv eivaL 
alcr-^ov. Ef S^ ea-Tiv 'lSlov (ppov^a-ecog t6 eiTLaTrjiJLrjv eivaL 
koXov, ovk dV e'irj "lSlov avTrjg t6 eirLcrTrjiJLViv eivai ala-yipov' 
aSvvaTOv yap elvai t6 auTO ttXclovcov 'iSiov. J^aTaarKeva^ovTL 
Se ovSev 0VT09 ^ 6 totto^ ea^Tl ')(j)rjcrLiJLO<s' t6 yap coaravTco9 
eyov %v TTpog TrXelco crvyKplveTaL. 
5 *'Ex€fT' ai/acr/ceua^oi^Ta iiev ei t6 KaTO, t6 eTvaL Xeyoiievov 
fxrj ecTTL Tov KaTo. t6 €Lvai XeyoiJLCvov "lSloV ovSe yap t6 
(pOeipecrOaL tov KaTO, t6 (pOeipearOai, ovSe to ylvecrQaL tov 
KaTOL To ylvea-OaL \eyoiievov ecrTaL 'lSlov. Olov eirel ovk 
^ ecTTLV avOpcoTTOV "lSlov t6 eivai ^^ov, ovS^ av tov avOpcoirov 
yivecrOaL e"tj "Siov f^TO yivecrOaL X/f)OV ovS^ dv tov avOpcoTrov 



^ 6 otKo8o/iop post olKiav D. s ovS' av eti; tov oIk. D. * 6/xov 

D. Utrobique. ^ re om. D. ^^ fie^las elvai €<m D. ^ fivai 

om. D. y tdiov av (ir) Ka\ larpov D. z elpai om. D. * tovtov 

ovK om. A.B. ^ eirKTTrjfirjv D. « koXov — elvai om. A.- ^ <j)po- 

vfjaecos'] avTrjs D. ^ 6 tottos ovtos \pr)<npLOS D. ^ eoTt tov avBpoi- 

TTOV D. 8 TO A. 



V. 8. T0niKX2N E. ^^^ 

(j>OeLpe(rOai e^rj ^Siov t6 (pOeipecrOai ^woj/. Tov avrbv Se 
rpoTTOv XrjTrreov ea-rl Ka\ e/c rov ylvecrOai Trpbg to etvai Kal 
<pOeipe(rOai Kal ck tov (pOelpecrOai Trpog to etvai Kal ^ ttjOO? 
TO yivecrOai, KaOairep e^ptjTai vvv ck tov elvaL ttjOo? to •ytVe- 
GrOai Kal ^ (pOelpecrOai. ll^aTacTKevaC^ovTa Se el tov KaTO. to6 
elvaL *^ TeTayiuevov ecrrf to KaT avTO TeTayjULevov 'lSlov Kal 
yap Tov KaTa to yivecrOaL Xeyo/uLevov ecrTaL to KaTo, to yl- 
vecrOai Xeyoiuevov *lSlov Ka\ tov KaTo. to (pOelpecrOaL to KaTo, 
^TOVTO aTroSLSo/uLevov. Oiov eireL tov avOpcoirov ecrTlv 'lSlov 
TO eivaL /SpoTov, Kal tov ylvecrOaL avOpwirov e^irj av 'iSiov to 
ylvecrOaL /BpoTOv Ka\ tov (pOelpearOaL avOpocnrov to (pOeipe- 
(rOai /SpoTOv. Tbv avTOV Se Tpoirov XrjirTeov ecTT^ kol e/c tov 
yivecrOai Kal (pOelpecrOaL irpog ^ re to eivaL Ka\ irpb^ " to. e^ 
avTMV, KaOairep Ka\ avacrKevaX^ovTL e'lpr]TaL. 

^'lEiTreLT eTrL^XeireLV eVt Trjv iSeav tov KeijULevov, ° avacTKev- 7 
a^ovTa juLcv el t^ iSea /uLrj virapyeL, rj ei /uLrj KaTO, tovto KaO^ 
o XeyeTai tovto ov rb 'iSiov aireSoOrj' ov yap ecrraL 'iSiov 
TO KeLjULevov eivai 'iSiov. Oiov eireL P avToavOpooTrip ou^ virap- 
^ei TO ^pejULeiv, ij avOpwiro^s ecrTiv, aXX' 17 iSea, ovk av e'ir] av- 
OpooTrov 'lSlov Tb rjpe/uLeiv. J^aTacrKevd^ovTa Se ei Trj iSea 
virap-^^eL, Ka\ /cara tovto virdp-^ei, ^ XeyeTat /car' auroi; 
cKeivov ov KeiTai ^ /ULrj eivat 'iSiov* ecrraL yap ISlov rb KeijuLevov 
fxrj eivai ISiov. OIov eTret virdpyei tw avTO^ww rb ck \f/-u- 
'^rjg Ka\ crwjULaTO^ crvyKeicrOai, kol >/ ^ ^yoi/ avT(p virdp-^eL 
TOVTO, elrj av ^yov 'lSlov to €k '^v^i Ka\ cnafJLaTO^ crvyKeU 
crOai. 

^ jSiireLTa ck tov /ulclXXov ® Kai ^ttov, TrpwTOv julcv avacrKev- 8 
al^ovTa ei rb /ULaXXov tov imaXXov jULrj ccttlv 'lSlov ovSe yap 

TO rjTTOV TOV rjTTOV 'icTTaL 'lSlOV, OvSe TO rjKLCTTa TOV rjKLCrTa, 

ovSe TO fiaXicrTa tov fjLaXicTTa, ovSe to a-TrXw? tov dirXoi)9. 

'' npos post Koi om. D. ' Koi to ^6. D. k T€TayfX€Vov X810U 

KaTo. t6 clvaL TfTayfievov Kal D. 1 tovto'] t6 (f)0€ip€adai D. ^ re 

et irpos om. D. ^ To] To yivforOai avTO. B. ^ dvaa-Kevd^ovTi D. 

P avTav6pum(o D. Q prj om. D. ^ ^^f^ J), s ^dJ 7-0O ^rroj/ D. 

VOL. I. A a 



354 TOniKIlN E. Topic. 

Oiov eVe} ovK €<ttl to niaWov Keyjiwa-Oai tov /jiaWov crco' 

/JLaT09 'ISlOV, OvSe t6 iJTTOP K€-)(poO(T0aL TOV rjTTOV Cr(J0/JLaTO9 

€*irj dv 'iSiov, ovSe To Ke-^^paxrOai crooiuaTog oXo)?. J^aTacrKeU" 
d^ovTa Se ei to /uidWov tov ludXXov ecrTLV 'lSlov Kal ydp to 

rjTTOV TOV ^TTOV CCTTaL 'iSlOV, Kal TO iJKKTTa TOV rjKLarTa, Ka\ 

TO jUiaXLarTa tov /jiaXicrTa, Kal to aTrXft)? tov aTrXo)?. Oiov 
eTrel tov fJLaXXov I^wvto^ t6 /uLaWov aLorOdvecrOaL €(ttlv 'iSiov, 
Kal Tov ^ttov l^wvTog to r/TTOv ai(TOdv€(TOai ^ €'irj dv 'lSlov, 
Ka\ Tov iJ.d\icTTa '^ Se t6 ludXLcrTa, Ka) tov tjKL(TTa t6 rjKLCTTa, 
KOL Tov difKw'5 To ctTrXa)?. 
2 Kaf eK Tov a7rXft)9 ^^ Se 7rp69 Tairrd crKeirTeov €(tt]v dva- 
CTKevd^ovTa jJLev ei t6 aTrXo)? tov d-TrXw^ /ulv ^(ttlv ^Slov ovSe 
ydp t6 /ULaWov tov jULaWov, ovSe t6 rjTTOv tov rjTTov, ovSe 

TO fJLoKLCTTa TOV /xdkLCTTa, ^ OvSe t6 rjKL(TTa TOV rjKLG-Ta ecTTat 

'iSlov. Olov eTrel ovk e(TTL tov dvOpooTrov t6 cTTTOvSaiov ISlov, 
ovS^ dv Tov /ULaWov avOpcoirov to /uLaWov (TirovSaLOv ^ ^Siov 
e'ir]. }^aTa(TK€vd^ovTa Se ei t6 aTrXo)? tov aTrXft)? ^ e^rr^v 
'lSlov' Kal yap to /uLaWov tov /uLaWov Ka\ t6 rjTTOv tov 

^TTOV Ka\ TO rjKL(TTa TOV rjKLCTTa Ka\ TO /ULaXLCTTa TOV fJid- 

^XLCTTa ecTTai 'ISiov. OIov eTreJ tov irvpo^ ecrTiv ^Slov t6 dv(a 
(pepecrOaL KaTa (pv(TLV, Ka\ tov /uLaWov ttujOO? ^ elrj dv ISlov 
t6 /ULaWov dvco (pepecrOaL KaTa (pv(Tiv. Toi^ avT^v Se Tpoirov 
cTKeiTTeov ecTT\ Ka\ €k twv dWoov irp^s diravTa TavTa, 

4 AevTepov S^ dva(TKevdl^ovTa /ulcv ei t6 /udWov ^ tou /mdX- 
Xov iJ.rj ecTTiv 'lSlov' ovSe yap to jjttov tov rjTTOV ecTTai 
^Stov. Olov eTref /uLaXXdv ecTTtv 'iStov ^(pov t6 aicrOdvecrOat 
^ rj dvOpooTTOv t6 eTrlcrTacrOat, ovk €(TTt Se ® ^(pov ^Stov t6 
aiarOavecTOat, ovk av etrj dvOpdoTTOv IStov t6 €7ri(TTacrOaL. Ka- 
Tao-/ceua^oi/Ta S^ ei t6 ^ttov tov rjTTOv ecrTLv 'lSlov Ka\ ydp 
TO /uidXXov Tov /uLaXXov ecTTaL ^Slov. Otov eTret ^ttov earTtv 



t €Xr/ av'] iariv B. ^ di) A.B, om. D. w ^ A.B. ^ ovbi^ 

Tov ^TTov om. A.B. ^ ftrj tSiov D. ^* fo-rij/ ante tov D. ^ ai 

fXrj D. **' fiT] iaTi Tov /xc7XXoi/ D. ^ rjiTep D. ^ "ibiov (i>av D. 



V. 8. TOniKflN E. 355 

loiov avupcoTrov to rjfxepov (pvcrei ° *] (^ipov to ^rjv, €<ttl 
^' ' avOpooTTOv ^Siov To ^fjiepov (pvcrei, e^rj av ^ t,^ov ISlov t6 
l^fjv, 

TpiTOv S^ avacTKevd^ovTa /mev el ov imdWov ^ ecTTLv ^Slov, 5 
/i»7 ecTTiv ^ ISlov ovSe yap ov ^ttov ecTTiv ISiov, ecTTat tovtov 
icLOv. rji eKeLVOv ecrTiv lolov, ovk ecTaL tovtov lolov. 
Oiov eirel t6 Ke^poocrOaL judXXov TrJ9 eTTLCpaveia^ ^ rj tov ctu)- 
/uiaTog ecTLv 'iSiov, ovk ecTL Se t^9 eirLCpavela^ 'lSlov, ovk av 
elrj Tov a-co/ULaTO? ISlov t6 Keyj)w(TOaL. Et ^' earT^ Trjg €7ri- 
(paveia^ ISlov, ovk av cLrj tov (Tco/ULaTog "lSlov. ^ ^aTaa-Kevd- 
X^ovTL Se 6 Toirog ovto<5 ovk ccttl '^(piia-LiuLog' dSvvaTOv ydp 
ea-TL rauTo TrXeLOVCov 'lSlov eivaL. 

TeTapTOv ^ S^ dvacTKevd^ovTa ixev el t6 /uidWov avTOV 'lSlov 6 
"^ ixr} ea-TLV ISlov' ovSe ydp t6 ijttov avTOV ISlov ecTaL 'lSlov. 
Olov eirel jUidWov eaTL " tov ^wov ISiov t6 aiaOrjT^v ^ »7 to 
fxepLa-TOv, ovK ecTL Se tov ^wov t6 aiaOrjT^v 'lSlov, ovk dv elrj 
Tov Xl^ov t6 /uLepLCTT^v 'lSlov. J^aTacKevd^ovTa Se el t6 jjt- 
Tov avTOv ov "lSlov eaTLV 'lSloV Kal yap t6 /xdWov avTOv ov 
lOLOv ecTTaL LOLOv. yjiov eirei yjttov " ecTLV lclov C^ojov to 
aia-OdveaOaL ^r/T^ Xr/v, ecrTL Se tov Xwov t6 ala-OdveaOaL 
LOLOV, eLri av tov ^wou to (^riv lclov. 

"^TreLT €K Tcov 6/uLOL(io9 VTTap-^^ovTOov TTpooTOv /uLcv dvacrKev-1 

dX^OVTa €1 TO 6/UOLCO9 OV ISlOV /UL^ eOTLV ISlOV TOVTOV OV 6/ULOI(j09 

»V>/^ »«> ^ \ t f «RJ/^ V T>»/^ / 

ea-TLV LOLOV ovoe yap to o/uloloo? ov lolov ecTaL v i^iov tovtov 
ov 6/uLOL(t)9 ecTh 'lSlov. Oiov iirel o/ulolcos €(Tt\v 'lSlov eiTLOv- 
/uLr/TLKOv t6 eTTLOv/uLeiv Kal \oyLa-TLKOv t6 Xoyi^eaOaL, ovk 
earTL ^ S^ ISlov eTTLOv/ULijTLKOv t6 eTTLOv/ULeiv, ovK dv €'irj ^ "lSlov 
XoyicTTLKov t6 Xoyil^eaOaL. J^aTacKevdl^ovTa Se ei t6 o/uolcog 
ov Loiov " eaTL tovtov lolov ov o/ulolco^ ecrTLV lolov' ecTTaL yap 



^ ^TTfp D. f idiov dvBpoinov D. S iBiov tov ^coov D. ^» i8i6v 

((TTL D. ' Xbiov ante ovbe om. D. ^ KaTatrKivaCovTU de ov8cv\ 6 

TOTTOS XPV^L/XOS D. ^ 6' Om. D. °™ p.f)] OVK D. " 181OV TOV 

Coaov D. o e(rTiv om. D. P i8iov ante tovtov om. D. q 5* 

Om. A. *■ thtOV TOV \oyi(TTlKOV D. ^ TOVTOV eCTTlV D. 

A a 2 



356 TOniKaN E. Topjc. 

^ Koi t6 ojjLoiia^ ov ^Siov tovtov tSiov ov o/ULolwg etrrli/ *lSiov. 
OIov CTre] o/jLolm ^ €(ttIv *lSlov XoyLcrTLKOv t6 TTpc^TOv (ppovi- 
/ULOv Kai eiTiQviJLriTLKOv t6 TTpwTOv orwcppov, ecTTi Se Tov Xoyi' 

CTTLKOV ^^SlOV t6 TTpoOTOV (ppOVL/UiOV, €Lr} OLV ^ TOV iTnOv/JLriTl- 

Kov ^*ISlov t6 irpwTOv (r(jo(ppov. 

8 AevTepov ^ S^ ava(TK€V(x^ovTa jULev ei t6 6/jloi(i09 ov 'lSlov ^ fJLrj 
ecTTiv lolov avTOV ovoe yap to o/uloloo^ ov lolov ecrrai lclov 
avTOv. Oiov eTTel o/uloico? e(rT\v ISlov avOpooTTOv t6 opav Ka\ 
t6 aKoveLV, ovk eVrt ^ avOpcoTrov Wlov t6 opav, ovk av e^tj 
avOpcoTTOV ^Slov t6 aKOV€Lv. }^aTa(rK€va^ovTa Se el t6 ojulolco? 
^ avTov ov lOLOv " ecTTLv LCLOV KaL yap to ojulolco9 avTOv ov 
*iSlov ecTTaL ISlov. OIov CTrel o/ulolco? co-tIv ISlov ^v^^rj? t6 
^jULepo^ avTrjg eTTLOvimrjTiK^v eivai Kai \oyL(rTLK6v irpcoTOV, earTi 
Se ^ "^v^rjg 'lSlov t6 ^ fJLep09 avTrj^ eivaL eTriOvjULrjTLKOv ttjOoo- 
Tov, eiri av 'iSiov "vf^f^^? t6 ^ /UL€po9 aur?? eivaL \oyL(rTLK6v 

TTpCOTOV. 

9 TpiTOv S^ ava^TKcvdl^ovTa /j.ev el ov o/ULoico? ecrTlv 1.Slov, /xri 

» j/« »»\ > 9 ' ' » ^ j/r> V vr> 17»» 

eCTTLV LOLOV 01/06 yap OV OIULOLC09 eCTTLV LOLOV, eCTTaL LOLOV. liiL 

S^ cKeivov €(rT\v 'iSLOv, ovk ecrTai OaTepov 'iSiov. OIov exet 
6/j.oico9 ecrrlv lSlov t6 KaicLv (p\oyo9 Kal avOpaK09, ovk ecm 
S^ ISiov (p\oy69 t6 KaicLv, ovk av e^rj S^Siov avOpaKog to 
Kaieiv. ^ Et S' ecTTl (pi\oy6g 'iS^ov, ovk av e^ir/ avOpaKO^ ISlov. 
l^aTacTKevaXpvTL ^ Se ovSev ovto<s 6 Toirog ecTTl ^^(tl/ulo^. 

lo AiacpepeL S^ 6 €k tcov 6/ULoico9 e-^ovTCOv tov e/c tcov 6/ulolco9 
VTrap-^ovTCov, otl t6 /ulcv KaT ava\oyiav \a/uL/3av€TaL, ovk 
eTrl Tov virap-^eLV ^ rt Oecopov/uLevov, t6 S' ck tov viroLp-^eLv Vt 
crvyKpiveraL . 

Q ^'ETrefT* ava(TK€v6XpvTa /j.€v el Svva/UL€L to ISlov a7roSLSov9 
Kol irpo? M ov airoSeSooKe t6 'iSLOv Trj Svvd/jLeL, /u^ evSe-^o- 

* KoX yap t6 ofioiois op Xbiov ecmv tdiov tovtov D. "^ i8iov om. D. 

'^ Tov om. A.B. ^ fi' om. B. 7 fir)] avTOV nrj B. 2 ov avrov 

D. ^ ecTTai A.B. ^ ov avrov D. ^ fiepovs B. ^ Idiov yjrv- 

Xrjs D. ^ /lepovs A.B.D. ^ fiepovs D. S avOpoKOS Xbiov D, 

h (l — avBpaKos tbiov om. D. ^ fic ovtos 6 tottos xph^^-y^^^ oux tVTiv D. 

^ Tl\ Tl p.6v0V D. ^ Tl.v\ D. 



V. 9- T0niK12N E. 357 

jjiivijg Trjg SuvdiULew9 vTrap-^eiv ™ tw /mt] ovtl' ov yap hcTai 
iSiov TO KeljULevov elvai 'ISiov, OIov iirel 6 eiira^ aepo^ 'ISiov 
To avairvevcTTOV t^ SvvdiJLei /uiev ^ aTreSooKe to 'ISiov (ro yap 
^ TOLovTOv OLOv avaTTveiarOaL dvairvevcrTov ecTTLv), aTroSeScoKe 
ce KaL 7rpo9 Pto /urj ov to lolov k^l yap fxri ovto9 C^wou, 
^OLOv dvairvelv irecpvKe tov depa, evSe-)^eTaL depa eivaL' ov 
fJievTOi jULfj ovTOS ^ipov SvvaTov ecTTLv dvairveLV' ^ wctt ovS^ 
depo9 ecTTaL 'lSlov to tolovtov ^ otov dvairveLcrOaL, * TOTe OTe 
^wov ovK ecTTaL TOLOVTOV oiov dvairveiv, Ovk av "^ ovv elrj 
depo9 ISlov to dvairvevcTTOv. 

^ l^aTacTKevdXpvTa Se el Trj SvvdixeL dTroSiSov? to 'lSlov rj 2 
TTjOo? ov diroSlSwcTL TO ISlov rj irpo^s iJLr} 6v, evSey^o/ULevrjg TrJ9 
SvvajULew^ tm luirj ovtl virdpyeLV' ecrTaL ydp ISlov to Keiimevov 
jULrj eivaL ISlov. Olov eire^ 6 '^ diroSLSovg ISlov tov 6vto<s to 
SvvaTOv TraOelv rj iroLrja-aL, Svvd/ULeL diroSLSovg to 'lSlov, Trpo^ 
ov y dTTeScoKe t6 ISloV oTe ydp 6v ccttl, Ka\ SvvaTOv ^ iraBeiv 
TL rj TTOLrja-aL ^ 'ecTTaL' wcrTe e^Lrj dv 'lSlov tov 6vto9 to SvvaTOv 
TraOeiv ^ rj TroLrjcrai. 

* ETretT' dva<TKevd^ovTa /uLev ei ^ virep^oXrj TeOeLKe to 'lSlov 3 
ov yap ecrraL "lSlov t6 Kei/uLevov elvaL 'lSlov. ^v/uL^alveL ydp 
T019 ovTwg dTToSLSovcTL To ^Slov ov KaO^ ov Tov \6yov, TOV- 
vojuLa oKrjOevecrOaL' (j)0apevTO9 ydp tov irpdyiULaTog ovSev 
rjTTOv ecTTaL 6 \6yo9' twv ydp 'ovtwv tlv\ /uLaXLo-Ta ^ vTrap" 
-^eL. OIov e'L TL9 d^TToSoir] tov irvpog ISlov a-cojULa to K0v(p6' 
TaTOv' (j)0apevTO9 yap tov irvpo? ecrTaL tl twv crwiuLaTwv o 
KOvcp^TaTov eoTaL, wctt ovk av e'irj tov irvpo^ "lSlov arwiuLa to 
^ Kov(f)6TaTOv. J^aTaa-Kevd^ovTa Se ei fJLrj ^ virep^oX^ TeOeLKe 
To WLOV eaTaL ydp ^ KaTa tovto koXws KeijULevov to ISlov. 

™ TCtf iifj ovTi \ma.p\€iv D. " a7ro8eda)/ce D. ° toiovtov Xbiov olov 

A.B. P t6 ante fifj om. D. ^ otoj/] 6 D. ^ iis 8' 6 arjp ea-Tai 

TOiovTos olos C. s oioj/ t6 dvdTTV. A. * t6t€ om. D. ^ elrj 

ovv D. ^ KaTaa-K€vd(ovTi D. x drroSovs C. ^' aTToSeSco/ce B.D. 

z TTaBelv r) noielv C. ^ eorat] iaTiv C, om. D. ^ fj'\ ti fj D. 

^ imep^o\a)v D. '^ virdp^fi C.D. ^ Kov^jyoTaTov ilvai. KaTaaK. C. 

^ {mfp^o\S)v D. g KaTO. tovto om. D. 

A a 3 



358 TOniKHN Z. Topic. 

Oiov CTrel 6 Oeh avdpwirov " 'i^lov ^woi/ ^jUiepov (bvcrei ovw 
vTTepjSoXrj airoceScoKe to 'iSiov, e^irj av /carct tovto Ka\w9 kcI- 
fxevov To 'iSiov. 

I Ttjg Se irep\ Tovg opovg irpayiuLaTelag /ULepij ^ irevTe ecrriv, 
^^H yap OTL o\(jd<s ovK aXrjOeg eiTreiv, KaO^ ov Tovvojma, Ka\ tov 
Xo^yoj/ (Sei yap tov ^ tov avOpwTrov opLcriJLOv KaTo. TravTog 
avOpwTTOv a\r]Oeve(TOai), rj otl ovTog yevovg ovk eOrjKev eh to 
yevog ^ ovk eL9 to olkclov yevog eUrjKcv \dei yap tov opLLo- 
fxevov eh to yevog OevTa ra? SLa<popa<s irpoa-airreLV' jUid^LarTa 
yap Twv ev tw opLo-iuLcp to yevog SoKel Trjv tov opL^ojmevov 
ova-lav crrjjULaLveLv), tj otl ovk ^Slo^ 6 \6yo9 (Sei yap tov opi- 
a-fxov 'lSlov etvaL, KaOaTrep Ka\ TTpOTepov elprjTai, rj el TrdvTa 
ra eiprj/uLeva TreTroLriKcog /ULrj ^ wpLaTaL /ULrjS^ e'iprjKe to tl rjv el- 
vaL Tw ^ opii^oiuLevo). A.OL7r6v Se irapd Ta eiprjjuLeva, ei wpLaTai 
jxev, jULr] Ka\wg S' SpLaTai. 

2 Et /uLev ovv lULr] d\r]OeveTaL, KaO^ ov Tovvofxa, Ka\ 6 \6yo9, 
€K Twv TTpdg To arviiij3e^r]Kog t^ttcov eTTLorKeTTTeov. KaJ ydp 
eKei, TT^Tepov d\r]0e9 r] ovk d\r]Oe<;, Tracra ^ (r/cexf/^f? yive- 
Tai' OTav /uLev yap otl virap-^eL to arvjUL/Se/BrjKog SLa^eywjuieOa, 
OTL aArjUeg i^ AeyojULev, OTav c otl ov^ virapyeL, otl ovk aAiy- 
Oeg, Ef Se jULrj ev tw oiKeiu) yeveL eOrjKev, J ei fxr] ISios 6 diro- 
co0e\9 \6yo9, €K Twv irpdg to yevog Ka\ to 'lSlov prjOevTcov 
t^ttwv eiTLa-KeiTTeov. 

3 AotTTOi/ S\ el fjLr] wpLaTaL r] ^ ei /uLt] Ka\u)S wpLaTai, irwg 
/ULeriTeov, ^ elirelv. YlpwTOv iulcv ovv eirLa-KenrTeov ei /uLr] Ka\(io9 
wpLOTTaL. "^Paoi/ •yaiO otlovv iroLrja-aL rj Ka\w9 TroLrja^aL. Arj- 
\ov ovv OTL r] d/ULapTLa irepi tovto TrXe/coi/, CTreLSr] epycoSe- 
a-Tepov, 0)0-0' ^ eirLyeLprja-LS ^ pawv rj 7rep\ tovto rj ^ ^ irep^ 
cKeivo yivcTaL. 

h tdiov t6 C^ov D. Z A, C^ra B, r^' C ^ eWi ncvre C. 

^ Tov om. A. "^ fj oTi ovK Q. " diaypia-TaL C. ^ copio-fieva) C. 

P Xe-yo/icj/] diaXeyofxf^a C. Q et post fj om. C. ^ eiTrdv ((ttiv. irpo)- 
Tov ovv C. s paiov B. ^ T) ora. C. 



VI. 1,2. TOniKliN Z. 359 

^''Eicrri Se rov /ULr] KoXwg l^^pV ^^o, ev iut.€V ro a(ra(p€i rrj 4 
ep/uLrjvela Keyjpria-OaL (Sei yap rov opiCoixevov co? ev^eyeraL 
cra(pe(Trdrr] '^ rrj ep/Jirjveia Ke-^^p^crOai, eTreLcrj rov yvwpLa-ai 
X^P^^ OLTTO^L^oraL 6 opLoriuLO^), Sevrepov S\ el eirl TrXeiov elprjKe 
rov \6yov rov Seovrog' ^ Trav yap ro irpoa-Keifxevov ev rw 
6pLG-jUL(p irepLepyov. llaXLV S^ cKarepov rwv eiprj^evoyv eh 
7rXe/ft) /ULepr/ SLelXrjTrraL, 

E?9 jULev ovv TOTTO? rov ^ aa-acpoog^ ei oiulcovvjulov ^ ea^rL rLVL Z 
ro ^ elprjjULevov, oiov orL t] yevedL^ aywyr] ek ova-Lav ^Jy orL 
ri vyleLa avjjLiJLerpLa OepfJLcov Kal ylrv^^pwv. ''O^ww/xo? yap rj 
ayuyyr} Kai ^ a^v/ULiuLerpLa' aSrjXov ovv oirorepov ^ovXeraL Xe- 
yeiv rwv SrjXoviievcjov viro rov irXeovayjio^s Xeyoiievov. ^OixoLcog 
Se Kal el rov opil^oiJLevov 7rXeova-)^oog Xeyoixevov ^ iir] SLeXow 
eLireV aSrjXov yap orrrorepov ^ rov opov ^ airoSeSooKev, evce-)^e- 
ral re a-vKO(pavreiv 009 ovk ecpapi/Lorrovrog rov Xoyov eiri 
irdvra wv rov opLa-iiov airoSeSooKev. MaXto-ra evSeyeraL 2 
ro roLOvrov iroLelv XavQavova-r]<s rrjg oixoowiiLag. ^rjvSej^erai 
Se Kal SLeXoixevov avrov, ^ iroa-ayoois Xeyerai ro ev rw opia-iMM 
airoSoOev, arvXXoyLa^iJLOv iroLrja-aL' el yap Kara ^ ixrjSeva roov 
rpoiroov iKavoog e'ipr]raL, SrjXov orL ovk av oopLa-iievog e\r] Kara 
rpoirov. 

^' AXX09, el Kara iJLeracpopav eiprjKev, ofov ei rr]v eirLa-rrnArjv 3 
CLiJLerdTrroorov rj rrjv S yrjv ^ rLOrjvrjv rj rrjv a^oocppoa^vvrjv cvii- 
(pcovLav. Tlav yap aaa(pe<s ro Kard iieracpopav Xeyoiievov. 
^EvSeyeraL Se Ka\ rrjv iiera(popav elirovra (rvK0(pavreLV «9 
KvpLOo<s elprjKora' ov yap e^papiJLoa-eL 6 Xe-)^6eL9 opog, oiov eiTL 
rrjg aeo^ppoa^vvrjg' Trda-a ydp a-viKpcovia ev (pQ6yyoL<s. ^ Eti 
€t yevo9 f] o^viKpoovia rrjg a-oo(ppoa-vvr]g, ev Svo yevea-Lv ecrraL 
ravrov ov irepLe^ovcrLV dXXrjXa' ovre yap rj aviKpoovLa rrjv 
dperrjv ovO^ rj dperrj rrjv a-vii(pcoviav Trepiey^eL. 

^ Tjj om. C. w arrap C. ^ d(ra<f>ovs C. Y eort om. C. 

z prjOev C. » fi] Ka\ B. ^ ^^] ^l ^^ A.B. <^ tS)V op<ov A. 

d dneSaKfV C. ^ 6(raxS>s C. ^ nrjdiva C. S yrjv'] vXrjv C. 
^ Tidrjvr^TiKOV A.H. 

A a 4 



36o TOniKaN Z. Topic. 

4 *'Et< €1 jjLtj K€iiuL€i/oi9 6v6/J.acri -^^rai, ' otov JlXaTWV 6<ppU' 
ocTKLOv Tov 6(p6a\iui6v, 1? TO (paXayyiov atjy^nSaKc^, t} tov 
/uLveXov ^ 6crT€oy€V€9' irdv yap aara(pe9 to /ul^ €iwd6<s. 

5 ^'Ej/fa ^' ovT€ KaO^ ojULCjowiuLlav ovtc KaTa iuL€Ta(popav ^ ovt€ 
Kvplcog etpijTai, oiov 6 v6iuL0i /uLCTpov rj €ikwv tcov cpvaei Si' 
Kalwv, ^'EcTTf ^e TOL TOiavTa ^eipca Trjg /meTacpopdg' r/ fxev 
yap iuL€Ta(popa iroL€i ttco? yvwpLjULOv to crrijLiaLv6/uL€vov Slol Trjv 
o/JLOL^Tr/Ta' 7ravT€9 yap oi /JL€Ta(pepovT€9 KaTa TLva 6/iol6~ 
Tr/Ta /JLeTa(pepov(riv' to Se toiovtov ov iroiei yvwpi/JLoV ovtc 
yap r/ 6/JLOi6Tr]9 V7rap-)(€L, KaO^ fjv /leTpov rj eiKwv 6 v6/jlo9 

6 ecTTLV, ovT€ ™ Kvplbo^ etooQe XeyecrOai. ^'QcTTe ei /jLev Kvploo^ 
/leTpov r/ eiK^va tov v6/jlov (prjorlv elvaL, ^evSeTai' eiKwv yap 
ecTTiv ov r/ yevecrig Sia /ii/JLi^a-eoo?, tovto S^ ou^ VTrdp^^ei tw 
v6/jLM' ei Se /JLrj Kvpico9, SrjXov oTi dcra(p(jo<s eLprjKe Kai yeipov 
" oTTOLOvovv Toov KaTOL /ieTa(popav \eyo/JL€voov, 

7 ^'Et£ ei /ir) Sr]Xo9 6 Tov evavTiov ° X6yo9 €k tov Xe^OevTO^' 
OL ydp KaXoo9 P diroSeSo/ievoL Ka\ Tovg evavTLOv<i irpocra-rj/ial- 
vovcriv, ^^H el KaO^ ^avTOV XeyOel^ /JLrj (pavepo^ elr/ tlvo^ 
ea-Tlv 6pLa-/i69, dXXd KaOawep Ta toov dpyaloov ypa(p€oov, ei 
/Lr] TL9 eTTLypdyjraL, ovk eyvoopU^eTo tl ecTTiv eKacTTOv, 

3 Ef /lev ovv /JLrj cra(poo9, eK toov tolovtoov ^ ecTTlv eirLcrKeTrTeov, 
Et S'' eTrJ irXeiov elpr/Ke tov ^ opov, irpooTOv /xev (rKOirelv et 
TLVL Ke^rjTai o irdcTLV virap-^eL, rj 6X009 Toh ovaiv rj ^ TO19 
VTTO TavTO yevo9 ^ tm opLXp/ievw' e7r/ irXeiov ydp elprja-Oai 
dvayKaiov ^ tovto. Ael yap to /jlcv yevo9 dnro twv dXXoov 
■^oopi^eLV, Trjv Se Sia(popdv dir^ TIV09 toov ev ^ tS airro) 
yevei, To /jlcv odv irdaLv virdpyov dirXw^ dir ^ ovSevos x^ 
pi^ci, TO Se T019 VTTO TavTO yevo9 Trdcriv vtrdp^^^ov ov ^oopi^ei 
^ diro T(ev ev TavTw yeveL, ooaTe /laTaiov to tolovtov irpocr- 



K€l/JL€VOV. 



i olov 6 TrXarcoj/ C. ^ ooToycves A. ^ ovTf Kvpicos om. A. ™ kv- 
pias post ovT€ om. C. ^ OTOvovv C. ^> opos C. P diroSido- 

p,evoi A.B. q avTo B. ^ foriv om. C. s opia-fxov C. * to2s 

om. C. ^ Tcitv opi^optvoiv B. ^* TOUTO) C. ^ TavTO) C. y ov- 

6fv6i C. 2 ^TTo om. A.B. 



VI. 3. T0niK12N Z. 361 

'^H €1 ecTTi fJiev 'ISiov t6 Trpoa-KeifJLevov, acpaipeOevTos Se^ 
TovTOv Kal 6 Xonrog Xoyog ISiog ea-Ti Kal SrjXoi Trjv ovcrlav. 
Oiov ^ ev TM Tov avOpcoTTOv Xoyw to e7rf(7T»7/>t^9 Scktikov 
irpoa-TeQev ireplepyov' Ka\ yap a(paipeOevTog tovtov 6 Xoi- 
"Tro^ Xo*yo9 '1S109 Kal crjXoi Trjv ovaiav. "^ATrXft)? o eiireiv, 
airav Treplepyov ov acpaipeOevTog t6 Xoi7r6v ^ S^Xov iroiei t6 
opi^ofjLevov. T010VT09 ^ Se Ka\ 6 Trj9 ^v)^^9 opo9, ^ ei apiOfJL^g 
avT^? avT^v Kivodv ea-Tiv' Ka\ yap t6 ^ avT^ avT^ klvovv y-u- 
'v|/-V, KaOairep TlXaTwv wpiaTai. ^^H 1.Slov ixev ^ ea-Ti t6 eiprj- 
fjievov, ov Sr{Xoi Se Trjv ova-iav a(j)aipe0evTO9 tov apLOjmov. 

5 T[oTepa)9 fJiev ovv eyei^ yaXeir^v Siaa-acprjaraL' yjprjcrTeov S^ 3 
eir\ iravTwv twv tolovtoov irp^g t6 crviJiCpepov. Oiov otl 6 
Tov (pXeyfxaTO? 6po9 vyp6v irpwTov aTro Tpo(j)^9 aireiTTOv. 

'^Ei/ yap t6 'TTpooTOv, ov TroXXa, coaTe Treplepyov t6 aire- 
TTTOv TrpocTKeLfJLevov' Ka\ yap tovtov a(paLpeOevTO<s XoL7r6g 
ecTTaL 'iSlo9 X6yo9' ov yap evSe^^^eTaL ^ aTro Trjg Tpocprjg Ka\ 
TOVTO ^ Ka\ aXXo tl irpodTOV eivaL. ^^H ov"^ airXw^ irpcoTOV 
airo Tpo(f)rjg t6 (pXeyfia, aXXa twv aTreirTcov TTpcoTOv, cocrTe 
TrpocrOeTeov t6 ^ aireTTTOV' ^ eKelvco? fJiev yap prjOevTO? ovk 
aXr]0r]9 X6yo9, eLirep firj iravTcov irpcoTOV ecrrLV. 

^'Erf e'i TL Tcov ev tw Xoycp firj iraa-Lv virapyeL T019 viro 4 
^" TavTO eL609 o yap tolovto9 yeipov copia-TaL tcov -^cofjievcov 
o TrdcTLv vTrdp^eL tol9 ovctlv. "^E/cefVo)? fjiev yap ^ av 6 Xol- 
TTO? 'lSlo9 ^ X6yo9, KOL 6 Tra? 'iSlo9 ea-Tai' aTrXcog yap ttjOo? 
TO ISiov OTOvovv irpocTTeOevTO^ aXrjOov^ P 0X09 'iSlo<s ylveTai. 
^Et Se TL Tcov ev tw Xoyw fJLrj irdcTLV VTrap-^eL tol9 vtto 
™ TavTO eiSo9, dSvvaTOv ^ oXov t6v Xoyov 'lSlov elvaL' ov ydp 
dvTiKaTriyoprjOrjCTeTaL tov irpdyfJLaTO^. Ofov ^ t6 ^(vov ire- 
(^ov SIttovv TeTpdirrj-^' ydp tolovto<s Xoyog * ovk dvTiKa- 

^ ev om. C. ^ dijXol TL 6crrt ro C. ^ dt ecm Koi C. ^ fvrrtp 

C. ® avTo om. A.B. f i(TTi TovTO To C. ^ oTTOTepois C. ^ dno 
Tpo(f>rjs (omisso Tijs) post npatTov C. * ri Koi aXko B. ^ TTeiTTov 

A. ^ Keivcos B. ^ Tain-ov C. ^ Kfivcos A.B. ^ eav C. l* okos 

6 \6yos I.810S C. '1 iav C. ^ tov oKov C. ^ to om. A.B. * ov 
KaTT]yopT)6r)creTai C. 



362 TOniKiiN Z. Topic. 

Trjyopeirai tov Trpay^aTog Sia ro /u^ 7rd(rii/ virap-^eiv Toh 
VTTO ^ TavTov eiSo9 To TeTpGLTrrj-^v. 
S TlaXiv el TavTOV TrXeovaKig e'ipr]KeVf ^ olov Ttjv eTriOvfMLav 
ope^iv ^Seo9 eLTTOov' irdcra yap eirLOv/iXLa ^Seog ecrTiv, warTe 
Kal t6 TavTov Trj eTrLOv/ULia ^Seog ^ ecrTaL. TlveTai y ovv 
^ opo^ T^? eTTLOvjULLag 6pe^i9 ^Seog ^ rjSeo^' ovSev yap Sia(p€- 
pei eirLOvixlav eiTreLV rj ope^iv ^Seos, wcrO^ eKOLTepov avTcov 
jjfoeo? " ea-TaL. xl tovto /uLev ovoev utowov KaL yap ^o av- 
6po)7ro£ Slttovv €(ttIv, wcTTe Ka\ to TavTov Tw dvOpcoTrw Siirovv 
ecTTaL. ■"Eorrt ^e TavTov tw dvOpwirw X/f^ov ireXov Slttovv, 

W(TT€ ^(pOV Tre^OV SlTTOVV SlTTOVV eCTTLV. ""AW OV S^d TOVTO 

aTOirov TL crviJL^aiveL' ov ydp Ka^d ^wou ireXpv to Siirovv 
KaTrjyopeLTai {ovTOt) /uLev ydp dv Sh irep^ tov avTOv to Slttovv 
^ av KaTrjyopOLTo), dXXd irepl ^wou Tre^oi' SliroSo^ to Slirovv 
XeyeraL, «o-re aira^ /ulovov to Sl^Trovv KaTrjyopeiTaL. ^O/ULolctyg 
Se Kal eTTf Ttjg eTriOvjuLiag' ov ydp Ka^d Trjg ope^eco^ t6 rjSeo? 
eivaL KaTfiyopeLTaL, dXXd Ka^d tov av/uLiravTO^, waTe aira^ 
(>^ Ka\ evTavOa ri KaTrjyopla ylveraL. Ou/c ecTTL Se t6 S\<i 
(pOey^acrOaL TavT^v ovo/uLa tcov dTOTrcov, dXXd t6 TrXeovaKL^ 
irepl ^ TLV09 t6 ai/TO ^ KaTrjyoprjcraL, '^ otov o)? AevoKpaTrjg Trjv 
(pp6vr](Tiv opLCTTLKrjv Ka\ OecoprjTLKfjv Tcov ovTcov <pr]cr\v eivaL. 
"^H ydp opKTTLKrj OecopriTLKrj ^ TL^ eCTTLV, COCTTe S\^ ^t6 aVTO 
Xe^yei 7rpo(rOe\9 TrdXiv Ka\ OecoprjTiKiiv, ""O/xo/o)? ^e kol 6(tol 
TrjV KaTay^v^Lv (TT6pr](Tiv Tov Ka^d (pvcTLV OepjuLOv cpacr\v eivaL' 
irdcra ydp aTepr](rL9 ^ ecTTi tov Ka^d (pvcriv v7rdp^ovT09, w(TTe 
Treplepyov t6 Trpoa-OeLvaL tov KaTd (pvcriv, dXX' Uavov ™ ?i/ 
eLirelv crTeprjcTiv Oep/JLOV, iircLSr] avTr] rj (TTeprjCTL^ yvcopL/ULOv 
iroLCL OTL Tov KaTa (pvaLV XeycTaL. 



V ravro C. "^ olop 6 rfjv C. ^ cotiV B. Y ovv — e7ri$vfxias 

rc. supra lituram A. ' opos rrjs enidvfxlas'] 17 ope^is B. ^ rjbeos al- 
terum supra versura habet C, om. A.B. ^ eo-riv A.B. ^ 6 om. 
A.B. d uv om. C. ^ Kavravda C. ^ tlvcdv C. *^ Karrjyopelv C. 

^ olov et ctfs A.B. i ris Om. A. ^ ravrov C. ^ «Vrt ante wcrrf C. 
«» rjv om. C. 



VI. 4. TOniKHN Z. 363 

llaXiv €L ^TOv KaOoXov eiprifjLevov 'jrpOdOeit] Ka\ €7rt iJ.e-1 
pov9, olov ei Trjv eTrteiKeiav eXaTTOocrtv twv crviui(p€p6vT60V kqI 
StKaicoV TO yap StKatov crviJL(pepov Tt, oocrTe " Trepte-^eTai ev 
T(S (rvjULCpepovTi. TleptTTOv ovv to SiKatov, P cocrre KaOoXou 
e't7ra9 eirl laepovg TTpocreOrjKev. Kai et Trjv laTpiKtjv eirtcTTri- 
jmrjv Twv vytetvwv ^ ^wft) Kal avOpooirw, rj tov vofxov eiKOva twv 
(pvaret KaXcov Kal StKato)v' to yap SUatov KaXov Tt, W(TTe 
7r\eovaKt9 ^ to avTO Xeyet. 

TloTepov fJLev ovv KaXoog rj ov ^ KaXm, Sta tovtoov Ka\ toov 4 
TOtovToov eirtcTKeTrTeov' iroTepov ^' * e'ipt]K€ Kal taptcrTai t6 tI 
r}v etvat rj ov^t, e/c Toovoe. 

TlpooTOv ^ /uLev et jULt] Sta irpoTepoov Ka\ yvooptjuLoorepcov Tre- 2 
TrotrjTat tov optcrjuLOv. ^ ""ETref yap 6 opo9 OLTroStSoTat tov 
yvooptcrat ^aptv to Xe-^Oev, yvooptCpiJ.ev S^ ovk ck toov Tvyov- 
Toov aXX' €K Toov irpoTepoov Ka\ yvcoptjuLooTepcov, KaOairep ev 
Tat<i airoSet^ecTtv (ovtoo yap iraa-a StSaarKaXta Ka\ ixaOrjcTt^ 
e^et), (pavepov OTt 6 fxrj Sia ^TOtovTCOv opt^ojULevo^ ov^ oopt- 
cTTat. Et y Se fxri, TrXetovg eaovTat tov avTOv optcT/uLoi. A^-3 
Xov yap OTt Ka\ 6 Sta irpOTepoov Ka\ ^ yvooptjULooTepoov /SeXTtov 
(aptcTTat, wcTTe aiuLCpOTepot av e'tr](Tav opot tov avTOv. To Se 
TOtovTOv ov SoKet' ^ eKOLCTTop yap toov ovtoov €v ecTTt TO etvai 
oirep ecTTtv' wctt et irXetovg ecTOVTat tov avTOv optcTfJLot, Tav- 
Tov ecTTat Tw opt^o/ULevtp t6 eivat oirep KaO^ cKOLTepov tcov 
optcr/uLoov SrjjXovTat. ^ TavTa S^ ov TavTcx ecTTtv, eTretSrj 01 
6ptcriuLo\ cTepot. ArjXov ovv OTt oJ^ ooptCTTat 6 fir] Sta irpo- 
Tepoov Ka\ yvoopt/uLooTepoov optcra/ULevo?. 

To /uLev ovv jULt] Sia yvooptjuLooTepcov etprjarOat t6v opov Sf^^oog 4 
ecTTtv €KXa/3eiv' rj yap ^ et dirXoo^ e^ ctyvcoarTOTepoov r] ei rj/uLiv 
ay vooarTOTepcoV evSey^eTat yap a/uL^pOTepco^. ^A.7rXcos /ulcv ouv 

^ rov om. C. o Trepte^frat — ma-re om. A.B. P woTe KaBoKov] 

KaOoXov yap C. ^ ^axov Ka\ avBpoiTraiV C. ^ ravrb C. ^ KokSis 

wpi(Trai 8ia toovS* inLaMTTTiov C. * SpiOTai Kcii etprjKf C. ^ fxev ovv 

€1 C. '^ €7rft8r) C. ^ Tovratv C. Y 8e p.rf\ yap SpKrrai C. ^ yva>- 
pifioiTfpcov CTi ^ikTLOV C. * eKa(TTOV B. ^ TavTa d* ov om. pr. C. 

c et utrumque om. C. idem post an\a)9 hiat. 



364 TOniKflN Z. Topic. 

yvcopiiuLcoTcpov To irpOTepov tov vcTcpov, oiov (TTiy/jLr] ypajJL' 
juirjg ^Kol ypaiuL/uir] eiriiri^ov Ka\ eirlire^ov (TTepeov, KaQairep 
Ka\ fJLOva^ apiO/uLOv' irpoTepov yap Ka\ cip'^ iravTO^ apiO/uLov. 

B^^O/ULOLCog Se Ka\ crTOi-)(€iov a-vWa/Srj^. ''H/uLtv S* avairaXiv 
ivloTe a-v/ui/Saivei' /uLaXiarTa yap to CTTepeov vtto Trjv aiardrja-iv 
^iriTrTei, t6 S^ eirlire^ov /uLaXXov Trjg ypa/uL/irjg, ^ ypa/uL/ULr/ Se 
o^rz/uLeLOV /ulclWov, O/ 7ro\\o\ yap tol TOiavTa Trpoyvwpi^ov- 
<Tiv' TCL ixev yap Trjg Tv^ovcrj^ tol S^ aKpi/Bovg Ka\ TrepiTTrj^ 
Siavoia^ KaTa/uLaOelv ea-Tiv. 

6 ""AttXw? /ULev ovv IBcXtiov ^to Sia twv '^'jrpoTepov tol voTepa 
ireipacrOaL yvcopli^eiv' eTrLarTrj/uLoviKcoTepov yap t6 tolovtov 
ia-Tiv, Ov /mr/v aWa ttjOo? tov9 aSvvaTOvvTag yvcopi^eLv Sia 
Tcov TOiovTCov OLvayKaiov ta-cog Sia tcov eKeivoig yvcopi/uLcov iroi- 
eia-Oat t6v \6yov. EiVf Se tcov toiovtcov opiar/ULcov o re Trjg 
aTiy/ULrjg Ka\ 6 Trjg ypa/uL/uL^g Ka\ 6 tov eirtireSov irdvTeg yap 
Sia Tcov va-Tepcov tol irpoTepa Sr]\ova-LV' t6 /ulcv yap ypa/u/ULrjg, 

7T0 S^ eirLireSov, t6 Se a-Tepeov ^ (paa-\ irepa^ etvaL. Ov Sel Se 
\avOdveLv otl ^ovs ovtco9 opi^o/uLevovg ovk evSe-^eTaL t6 tl rjv 
eivaL TU) 6pilCo/UL€V(p Srj\ovv, ^ iav /uLrj Tvyyavrj TavT^v rjfjiiv T€ 
yvcopt/uLcoTepov Ka\ ^ aTrXo)? yvcopt/ULcoTepov, elirep Sel /ulcv ™ Slol 
Tov yevovs Ka\ tcov SLa(popcov opH^ea^Oai t6v Ka\m opL^d/uie- 
vov, TavTa Se tcov dTrXw? yvcopL/uLcoTcpcov kol irpoTepcov tov 
eiSov9 ia-Tiv. ^vvavaLpei " ydp t6 yevog Ka\ rj S^acpopa to 

8 €lSo9, cooTTe irpOTepa TavTa tov eiSov^. ^'Ecrr/ ^e Ka\ yvcopL- 
/uicoTepa' Tov /uev ydp e'iSov9 yvcopLl^o/ULevov dvdyKrj Ka\ to 
yevog Ka\ Trjv S^acpopdv yvcopii^eaOaL (6 ydp dvOpcoirov yvco- 
pL^cov Ka\ l^wov "Ka\ irei^dv yvcopii^ei), tov Se yevovg rj Trjg 
Siacpopdg yvcopLl^o/uLcvrjg ovk dvdyKrj Ka\ t6 elSog yvcopil^ea-Oai, 
co(jT€ dyvcoarTOTepov t6 eiSog. ^'Ert Toh KaT d\rjOeiav tov9 
TOLOVTOvg opLcr/uLOvg (paa-KOvartv etvat, Tovg e/c tcov ^ cKaa-TLp 

d Koi ypajXfifj fmiredov om. C. ^ TriTrrfi] •niirrei fTrnredotj A.B, om. C 
^ fj be ypa/i/ir) rrjs (TTiyprjs. Aio /laWov ol TroXXot ra. TOiavra yvapi^ovai, C. 
S t6 om. C. ^ npoTepav C. ' nepas (f^aalv C. ^ av C * cnrXcos 
yv(opip.ci>TaTov C. "^ 8ia tov ytvovs p.€V C. " yap Ka\ to C. ^ Koi 

alterum om. C. P tKaarois C. 



VI. 4. TOniKflN Z. 365 

yvcopijuLcov, TToXXot'? Tov avTOV crviJi^ria-eTai Xe^yeiv opirriJiovg 
elvai' cTepa yap eT€poi9 Ka\ ov TavTa iraa-i Tvyy^avei yvco" 
pLIJLWTepa ovTa, w(tt€ irpog eKacTTOv cTepog dv e'ir] opicriuLog 
airoSoTeog, eLirep €k tvov eKaaTOL^ ^ yvcopLimooTepcov tov opi- 
(Tfxov TTOLeLcrOaL XP^' ^'-^'^' ''"^^^ avToh aXXoT aWa ^yuaX-9 
\ov yvcopLjUia, e^ ^PX^^ ^ /ULev tol alcrQrjTa, OLKpi^ecrTepoig Se 
yLvojuL€voL9 CLvaTraXLv, wctt ovSe ttjOo? tov avTOv ae\ 6 avTog 
6pLcriuL09 * airoSoTeo? tol9 Slo. twv cKacrTOLg ^ yvcopL/uLcoTcpcov 
Tov opicrjULov (bacTKOvariv airoSoTeov eivaL. ^ ArjXov ovv otl 
ovx 6pLG-T€0v Slol tcov tolovtcov, ctXXa S^a Tcov dTrXo)? yvcopL- 
/uLcoTepcov fJLOvco? yap av ovtco9 elg Ka\ 6 avT09 6pL(rixo9 aei 
ylvoLTO, ^'l(rco9 Se kol to (xttXcos yvcjopLjuLov ov to irdcTL yvco- 10 
pLfjiov ecrTLv, dWa to tol9 ev SLaKeLfxevoL^ Trjv SLavoiav, /caOd- 
irep Ka). to dTrXft)? vyLeLvov to tol9 ev ep^oycrt to crcojULa. Aet 
fjLev ovv ^ eKacTTa tcov tolovtcov e^aKpL^ovv, ^^cr^af ^e ^ta- 
Xe^yo/xeVou? Trpog to avfjLCpepov. WLa\i<TTa S^ 6fJLo\oyovjUL€vco9 
dvaipeiv evSexeTai tov 6pL(TfjL6v, eav fjL^T ck tcov dTrXft)? yvco- 
pificoTepcov fxrjT e/c tcov ^fJLLV TvyxcLvr} tov \6yov TreTroirj- 

fl€V09. 

Ef? fxev ovv y TpoTTog tov firj Slol yvcopificoTepcov ecrTl ro 11 
S^a Tcov vcTTepcov tol irpOTepa Srj\ovv, KaOdirep irpoTepov ^ et- 
iraft.ev' d\\o9, el tov ev rjpefJLLCi Ka\ tov copLorfJievov Sid tou 
doplcrTOV Ka\ tov ev ^ Kiv^o-eL diroSeSoTaL 6 \6y09' irpOTepov 
yap To fJLevov Ka\ to copLO-fJievov tov dopicTOv Ka\ ev KLvrj^rei 

6vT09. 

Tou Se firj €K TrpoTepcov ^Tpelg €1(t\ Tp^iroL, ^ TrpcoTO? fiev 12 
€t Sid Tov dvTLKeifievov to dvTLKeifJievov copLO-TaL, ^ otov Sia 
Tov KaKov To dyaOdv afjLa yap Trj (pvaei ra dvTLKeifieva, 
■"Et/tof? ^e Ka\ rj ainrrj eirLcrTrjfjirj dfKpOTepcov Sokcl elvaL, coctt 

q yvoipifKOTaTav dfi rov 6pi(rfi6v TTOiii^rBai. "Eti C, ^ yvcapiiia /xaX- 

\ov C. ^ fiev yap ra C. * dnodidoTai C. "^ yva>pip.a>TdTOiv C. 

w 8r]\ov ovi'] 8r]\oiiv A. ^ Ta>v TOiovTa>v eKacrTa C. Y tottos C. 

z ei7ro/i«/ C. ^ Kivrj(r€t Svros dir. 6 \6yos. Tva)pip,a>T€pov yap Kal irpo' 

repov ro C. ^^ eial rpoTroi rpels C. ^ •jrpwrov A.B. ^ olov <t 

hia C. 



366 TOniK12N Z. Topic. 

i.^ ^ ovSe ypwpi/ULcoTepov to ercpov rov krepov. Aei ^e /u^ \av- 
Sdveiv oTi €Via 'i(T00<5 ^ ovk €<ttiv oplcracrOaL aXXwy, olov to 
SnrXacriov avev tov ^/ULiareog, Ka\ ^ o(ra KaO^ ^ avTo. ttdo^ ti 
XeycTai' irdcri yap T0t9 toiovtoi^ tovtov ' to eivai tco Trpog 
Ti TTft)? e-^eiv, wcTT aSvvaTov avev ^ OaTepov OaTepov yvoopl- 
l^€tv, Sioirep avayKaiov ev tw ^ tov cTcpov Xoyw crv/ULwepiet- 
\^(pOai Kal OaTepov. Vvcopll^etv /uev ovv Sei to. TOiavTa 
Traj/ra, "^rjcrOaL S^ ^ avToU w<s dv SoKrj crvjmcpepetv. 

14 ^'AX\o9, et avTw KeyjpriTat rw opil^oiuLevw. AavOdvet S\ 
OTav /ULfj avTw t<S toi^ opt^ojuevov ovoiuLaTt '^(jirjcrrjTat, otov et 
Tov ^Xtov acTTpov ^juLepocpaveg wptaraTo' 6 ydp ^/uLepa " XP^' 
fi^vog rjXtw ^(jy^Tat. Aei ^ S'' oircog (pcopaOrj Ta ToiavTa /uLCTa- 
Xa/uL^aveLv dvTl tov oi/o/xaTO? tov Xoyov, oiov P otl ^/uLepa 
rfXiov (popd ^ virep yrjg ecrTiV SrjXov ydp otl ^ 6 Trjv (popdv 
tjXlov virep yrjg elprjKCos tov rjXtov elprjKev, cocrTe ^ Kc-^rjTaL 
T& rjXLCp 6 Trj rjjjLepa yjprjcrdiJievog. 

15 riaXfj/ ei Tw dvTLSLrjprj/jLevo) ^to dvTtSitjprjiuLevov wpKTTaL, 
olov irepLTTOv to /ULOvdSL /ULei^ov dpTiov. "A/ia ydp Trj (pvareL 
Ta €K Tov avTOv yevovg dvTtSi^prj/uLeva, to Se ireptTTOv Ka\ 
dpTtov dvTiStr/prjTat' d/UL(pco ydp dpiO/ULOv Sta(popai. 

16 ^0/ULOtco9 Se Kat et Std tcov uTro/caTW to eTrdvco wpiarTai, oiov 
dpTtov dptO/uLov Tov Si-^^a Siatpov/uLevov rj to dyaOdv e^tv dpe- 
Trjg' TO T€ ydp Stya dird T«r/ Svo etXrjirTat, dpTiwv ovtwv, 
K(tt rj dpeTrj dyaOov t/ ea-Ttv, waO^ vTroKaTW TavTa eKeivwv 
ecTTLv. ^'ETf S^ dvayKrj tov tw viroKaTW jQ)w/uLevov Ka\ avrw 
yjprjarOai. ^'O Te ydp Trj dpeTrj -^w/uLevog yjprjTai tw dyaOw, 
eireLorj ayauov tl ^ rj apeTtj' o/uloiw^ oe KaL ^ o tw oLyji \pw- 
/uLevo9 TW apTiw '^ptjTai, eTrcLSrj ek Svo ^ StrjprjarOaL o-rj/uLaiveL 
To oL^^a, Ta oe ovo apTia earTtv. 

*^ ovOev C. ^ ovK ((TTiv ta-oas C. S 6(Ta fjLrj KaS^ C. ^ avra 

aWa Trpos B.C. ' t6 elvai rai] civai t6 \, ea-Ti ro flvai to) C. ^ 6aTf- 
pov av€V BaTfpov C. ^ tov om. B. "* aiiTols Ka\ «Vt tovtcov ws' C. 

" Xpo)/i(vos Ka\ fjXicD C. o Se irpos t6 (fxopa^rdai C. P oti tj i)p.fpa C. 
Q virep yqs om. C. ^" 6 om. A.B. s xprJTai A.B. * tov A. 

^' rj om. C. w o om. B. ^ diaipd^rdai, a-vp^aivei C. 



VI. 5- TOniKilN z. 367 

Ka^oXou lULev ovv elirelv e?? ecrTL ^ totto^ to fJ.r] cia irpo- 5 
T€pwv Kai yvcopi/uLWTepMv ^ TroiyaracrOai tov Xoyov, f/.eptj 
avTOv TGL elp^/uLeva. ^ AevTepo^, el ev yevei tov 7rpayjuaT09 
OVT09 lULr} KeiTai ev yevei. ^Ei/ diraa-i Se to tolovtov aixap^ 
Trj/uLa e(TTiv, ev 019 ov TrpOKeiTai " tov \6yov to tl ^ ccttlv, 
oiov 6 Tov orwiuLaTO? 6pL(Tii6<s, t6 e-^ov Tpei^ Sia<TTa<Tei9, rj 
el TL9 t6v avOpco-TTOv 6picraLT0 ® t6 eirLo-Ta/Aevov apLOfJ.eiv. 
Ov yap eiprjTaL tl ov Tpeig eyeL SLaaTacreLg rj t/ dv eirlcrTa- 
Tai apLO/uLeiv' t6 Se yevog /3ov\eTaL t6 tl ecTTL crriiuaLveLv, Ka\ 
TTpMTOv viroTLOeraL tcov ev tm ^pLC/iw Xeyo/xevwv. 

^'Ert ^ el TTjOo? -TrXe/ft) \eyoiuLevov tov ^pL^o/jLevov /JLrj irpo^ 2 
iravTa aTroSeScoKev, otov ei Trjv ypa/x/JLaTLKrjv e^rrLCTTrj/xriv tov 
ypa^^aL t6 virayopevOev' irpocrSeLTaL yap otl Ka\ tov ava- 
yvcovaL' ovSev yap /jLaXXov tov ypa^aL ri tov avayvcovai 
^ airoSov? wpLCTTai, ooctt ovSeTepo9, aXX' o a/A.cj)co TavT ei- 
TTCov, eireLSr] 7r\eiov9 ovk evSe^eraL ^TavTOv opLcr/jLOvg eivai. 
""ETr' evlcov /lev ovv KaT oXrjOeLav eyeL KaOairep e^LprjTaL, eir^ 
evLWv ov, OLOv e(p ocrcov /JLrj Kau **• avTO irpo^ a/xcpw \eye- 
Tai, ^ KaOairep laTpLKrj tov vocrov kol vyleiav TroLrjcraL' tov 
/lev ^ yap KaO^ avTrjv \eyeTaL, tov Se /cara crv/JL/Se/BijKog' 
aTrXft)? yap aWoTpLOv Trjg laTpLKrjg t6 "^ vocrov iroLelv. ^'Qctt 
ovSev /idWov oopLCTTaL 6 ttjOO? a/jLCpco airoSov^ tov irpog Oa- 
Tepov, aXX' 'i(TC09 Kal -^etpov, eireLSrj Kal tcov \oLTrcov octtlctovv 
SvvaTog ecTTL voctov TroLrjcrai. 

^'Ert ei /irj irpog t6 fie\TLOV aXXa ttjOo? t6 xelpov airoSe-i 
ScoKe, Tr^eLOvcov ovtwv ttjOo? a \eyeTaL to opL^o/JLevov " Traca 
yap eirtcTTrj/jLrj Ka\ Svva/JLL9 tov l3e\TLcrTOV SoKei elvaL. 

TVoXlv el /irj KeiTaL ev Tw ® OLKeicp yeveL t6 \e^O€v, CTKOirelv 4 
€K Twv Trepl ra yevrj orTOL-^eicov, KaOaTrep irpoTepov eiprjTaL. 

y TpoTTos A.B. z TrerroiTJo-dai C. * devrepos de el C. ^ rov 

om. C. c icrriv om. A.B. d ^] ^01 C. *= ro om. C. ^ « 

om. A. ^ dTTobiBovs C, 6 d7ro8ovs B. ^ 

rrep rj laTpiKri rov vyUiav Ka\ voaov epTroirja-ai C. 
Kaff avrrjv Xeyfrai aXX. C. ™ voctottokIv C. 
avTov yevci C. 



IV avTOv C. 


i KaOd' 


•^ avTO C. 


lyi^p 


n arratra C. 


olKflca 



368 TOniKilN Z. Toprc. 

5 ^'Erf €L V7rep/3aiv€iv \eyet tcl yevrj, oiov P 6 Ttjv Sikqio- 
(Tvvrjv e^iv laoTriTO^S TTOLrjTiKtjv rj SLav€/j.r)TLKr]v tov Io-ov. ^Yirep- 

/3aiV€L ^yap 0VT(09 6pLl^6jUL€V09 TrjV ap€Tr]V. ^ ATToXLTTtOV ^ovv 

TO Trjg SLKaL0(rvvi]9 yevog ov XeyeL t6 tl rjv elvar rj yap ova-ia 

€K(X(TT(t) fJL€Ta TOV ycVOV^. ^'EoTt Se TOVTO TaVTOV TW fJLri €19 

TO eyyvTaTOt) yevo9 Oeivai' 6 yap ek to eyyvTOLToo Oeh 
TvavTa ra ^ eiravco e'iprjKev, eireLSr] iravTa tcl cTrcLvoo yevrj twv 

^VTTOKaTOi KaTrjyopeiTaL. ^'Qott rj €19 to eyyvTOLTdo yevo^ 
OeTeov, rj Tracrag tol? Sia(popa9 tw eTrcivco yeveL irpo^rairTeov, 
Si cov opii^eTai t6 €yyvT(XTC0 yevo^. Ovtoo yap ^ovSev av 
e^irj ^ TrapaXeXoLTTcos, aXX' ai/r' ovo/uLaTog \6y(p eiprjKco^ ^av 
e^lrj t6 VTTOKaTCo yevo^. "^O S^ avT^ /ul6vov t6 eiravco yevoi 
eiVa? ov XeyeL Ka\ to viroKaTco yevo^' 6 yap (pvT^v elira^ 
ov XeyeL SevSpov. 
6 J1(x\lv eTrl Tcov SLa(j)opcov 6juloico9 ^ (TKeTTTeov ei kol Ta9 
SLa(popa9 etire Ta9 tov yevovg. E/ yap /uLrj Tat9 tov irpa- 
y/iaT09 y iSlaL? copt(rTat Stacpopat^, rj Kal ^ Trai/reXa)? Totov' 
Tov eiprjKev 6 iJLrjSev6<s evSe-^eTat SLacpopav eivat, otov t6 'Cwov 
rj Trjv ovcTtav, Srj\ov OTt ov-^ wptcrTat' ovSev^^ yap ^Stacpopat 
tcl €iprj/UL€va. ^Opdv Se kol ei ecTTLV avTtStrjprj/xevov Tt t^ 
^ etprj/ievrj Stacpopa. Et yap /x^ e(TTt, Srj\ov OTt ovk av elrj 
r/ elprj/ievrj tov yevovg Siacpopa' Trdv yap yevo^ Tah avTt- 
Strjprj/xevatg Stacpopai^ StatpeiTat, KaOairep to (^(fiov Ttp Tre^w 
Kat T(p iTTrjvoo ^ Kat too evvopoo Kat too otTroct. 11 " et ecrrt 
/xev ® rj avTtStrjprj/xevrj Stacpopa, /xrj aXrjOeveTat Se KaTO. tov 

2 yevov9. Arj\ov ^ yap otl ^ ovSeTcpa av ehj tov yevovg Sta- 
(bopa' irdcTat yap at dvTtStrjprj/xevai Sta(popa\ d\rj6€vovTai 
KaTa Tov oiKetov yevov9. ^0/xotco9 Se KOt ei d\iiO€V€Tat /xev^ 
/xrj irotet Se irpo^TTtOe/xevrj tm yevei eJSog. Arj\ov ydp oti 

P 6 om. C. ^ yap 6 ovtcos B.C. ^ ovp] yap C. * rrrdpoi 

yevTj ftprjKCU C. * ov0ev av eri eirj C. ^ napaXeXonroJS — av (tij 0U\. A. 

w av elrj om. C. * iinaKfTTTeov C. Y Ihiais om. C. ^ TravTfKfos 

rt TOiovTOV C. ^ bia(}iopa. C. ^ flprjfievrj tov yevovs 8ia(f)opa C. 

C Ka\ TW €Vv8p<f Om. B.C. ^ €1 Om. A. ^ f) pOSt dvTLblDprjJlfVTJ C. 

^ yap om. A.B. S ovd* ij irepa C. 



VI. 6. T0niKI2N Z. 369 

ovK dv eif} avTtj ^ eiSoTroio? Sia(j)opa tov *yevov<s' Traa-a yap 
* elSoTTOio? Siacpopa jUieTa tov yevovg eISo9 Troiei. E/ S^ 
avTri fjLtj ecTTL Sia<popd, ovS^ yj Xe-^Oeicra, eirel Taim^ avTiSirj- 
ftjTat. 

^'Ert '^eav airocpdcreL SLaLprj to yevo9, KaOdirep ol Ttjv s 
ypajJLfxrjv opLl^ojULevoi imtJKog aTrXare? eivai. OvSev yap dWo 
crrjiJLaLveL t] oti ovk e^ei TrXaro?. ^vju^i^areTaL ovv to yevog 
fJLereyeLv tov e'iSov9' irav ydp ^ /uLrJKog tj aTrXare? t] TrXaro? 

V m'''^ ^ >'>^t '/ •»^»''J, 

e^ov ^^^ e(TTLv, eireL KaTu iravTo^s rj tj KaTacpacrLg r] rj a7ro(pacrL9 
dXrjOeveTai, wcTTe Ka\ to yevog t^? ypafxiuLi^g jULrJKog ov >] 
aTrXare? r] TrXaro? e-^ov ecTTaL. M^/co? ^' aTrXare? elSovg 
ecTTt Xo^yo?, ojUiOLm Se Kal ixrJK0<5 irXaTog eyov to ydp 
aTrXaTe? Kal TrXctTO? e-^ov SLacpopai elcTLV, e/c ^e t^? SLa(po- 
pd<s Ka\ Tov yevovf 6 tov e^lSovg " e<7Tf Xo^yo?, cocTTe to yevog 
eTTiSe-^OLT av tov tov ewovg \6yov. *^O/uLOL0t)9 Se Ka\ tov Trj9 4 
Sia(popd<s, eireLSr] rj cTepa tcov eipr]iuLeva)v SiacpopMv e^ dvdy- 
Krjg KaTrjyopeLTaL tov yevovg. ^'EcrTf <^' 6 elprjjULevog Toirog 
'^(prjCTiixo^s irpdg Tov<s TLOeiULevovg iSeag elvai. E/ 'yajO ecrTLV 
avTo /uirJKog, irwg KaTrjyoprjOrjcreTaL KaTa tov yevovg otl TrXa- 
T09 ° e-^ov ecrrlv t] aTrXaTe? ccttlv ', Sel ydp Ka^d TravTog 
P jUL^KOvg ^ TO cTepov avTcov dXrjOevearOai, e'i7rep KaTd ^ tov 
yevovg dXrjOevecrOaL /xeXXe^. Touto ^' ov (TVjjiPaLveL' ccttl 
^ ydp dirXaTrj Ka\ irXdTog e^ovTa /uLi^Kr]. ^'QcTe Trpdg cKelvovg 
^ jULovovg yjpricrLiJ.og 6 Toirog, ^ o'! ''^ to yevog ev dpiOjuLO} (pacr^v 
eivai. Toi/TO ^e iroLOvcTLV ol TOt? ^ ISeag TiOefxevoL' avTO 
yap /uLtJKog kol avTo ^ipov yevog (pacT^v eivaL. 

^'1(70)9 S'' eir^ evLWV dvayKaiov ^ Ka\ diro^pdcreL "^ yjprjcrOai i 
Tov dpLXoixevov, otov e7r\ twv cTTeprjcTecov' Tv(p\dv ydp ecTTL 
To fxr] e-^ov o\f/"fj/, oTe ire^pvKev eyeLV. ALa(pepeL S^ ovSev 

h etSoTTOios f} 8ia<l)opa C. * etSoTrotoy om. C. ^ au C. ^ firJKOs 

corr. A, om. B. et pr. C. ™ eari. Kara TT. yap t) Kar. »7 ott. C. » \6- 
yos i(TT\v C. o ex^" ((ttXv] 6;^ft C. P fxrjKovs — -5* ov rc. supra 

lituram A. Q BuTfpov C. et rc. A. *" tov om. C. « yi^j y^p 

Ka\ C. * povov C. ^ ocroi C, 6 B. ^^' t6'\ Trav A.B. ^ Ideas fiovov 
TiBifKVOL C. y Ka\ om. C. z ^pqaacrdai C. 

VOL. I. B b 



370 TOniKflN Z. Topic. 

aTTOCpacrei SieXeiu * ro •yeVo?, 5/ roiavTtj Karacpda-ei ^ // aTro- 
(paariv ^ avayKaiov avTiSiatpeicrOai, olov ei lurJKog TrXaro? eyov 
^wpicrrar tm yap TrXaTog eyovTL to /uiij e-^ov TrXaro? ^avTi- 
cirjprjTai, aXXo o omev, (v(tt6 a7ro(j)d(T€i irdXiv SiaipeiTai to 
yevo9. 

6 UaXiv el to eiSo^ 009 Siacpopdv ^ cnreScoKe, Kaddwep 01 tov 
TrpoTrrjXaKKT^ov vjBpiv /uLeTa '^(Xevaa-la? opii^o/uievoi' rj ydp 
'^(Xevaa-la v/Bpig ti9, wct ov Siacpopd aXX' elSog rj '^evama, 

7 ^'Et( el TO yevo<s 0)9 Sia(popdv eiprjKev, otov Trjv dpervjv 
e^iv dyaOijv rj a"7rovSaiav' yevo9 ydp TdyaOdv Trj9 dperrjg 
^ea-Tiv. ^^H ov yevo<s TayaOov, dXXd ^ Siacpopd, eLirep dXrj- 
0e9 OTi ovK evSe^^eTaL TavTov ev Svo yevecriv eivaL jmrj irepL-' 
e-^^ova-LV dXXrjXa. OvTe ydp TdyaOdv Trjv e^LV 'irepLeyei ovO' 
r/ €^L9 TdyaOoV ^ ov ydp Trda-a e^L9 dyaOov, ovSe irdv dya- 
Odv e^L9, wa-T ovk av euj yevrj djuLCpoTepa. E/ ovv rj €^i<i 
^Trj9 dpeTrjg yevog, SrjXov otl TdyaOdv ov yevo9, dXXd jULaX- 
Xov ^SLacpopd. ^'Eri ^ fiev e^i9 tl ea-Ti a-rjjULaiveL r) dpeTrj, to 
S^ dyaOov ov tl earTiv dXXd iroLOV Sokcl S^ rj S^acpopd ttolov 

. TL crrjiuLaiveLV. 

8 ^Opdv Se Kal ei /mrj ttolov tl dXXd ^^ ToSe crrj/uLaLveL r) diro- 
SoOeicra Siacpopa' Sok€l ydp itolov tl irdcra S^acpopd SrjXovv. 

9 ^KOTreiv Se Kal el KaTd a-vjUi/Be/SrjKdg virdpyeL tw opLl^o/Jievw 
rj SLacpopd. OvSe/uLia ydp SLacpopd tcov Ka^d a-vjuL/Be/BtjKdg 
V7rap-)(0VTU)V ecTTi, KaOairep ovSe to yevog' ov ydp evSe^eTai 
Trjv Siacpopav vTrapyeLV tlv\ Ka\ /ULrj virdpycLV. 

10 ^'Erf €L KaTrjyopeiTaL tov yevov9 rj S^acpopd rj to elSo^ *j 
Tcov KaTCoOev tl tov e^iSovg, ovk dv e'irj " copicr/ULevog' ovSev yap 
^ Tcov eiprj/ULevcov evSe^eTai tov yevovg KaTrjyopetcrOai, eTreiSij 
To yevog ctt) irXeicrTOv TravTcov Xeyerai. lldXiv ei KaTtj- 

* To om. C. ^ r/ aTrocfiaaiv om. pr. C. c avdyKi] dvTibtrjprja-Bai C. 

^ apicraTO C. ^ dvTidiaipclTai C. ^ dTTobeSooKc C. P e'oTjV, ov 

dia^opd. Tj A.C. "■ dia<popa t^s dpeTijs eVrii/. Ewre/i C. ^ ov ydp 

TToo-a e^is dyaSov om. A. ^ t^s om. C. 1 dia(f)opd ea-Tiv. "Eti C. 

"^ Todf Ti o-rjfiaivfL C. " a)pi(TjXiVOV A.B. t^ t5)v i>pta-p.eva)s flprj- 

jievoov C. 



VI. 6. TOniKXlN Z. 371 

yopelraL t6 yevog t^9 Siacpopd^' ov yap Kara rij? Sia<popd9, 
dWa KaO^ wv r} Siacpopa, t6 yevog SoKei KaTrjyopeicrOai, oTov 
TO ^^ov KaTo. Tov dvOpwTTOv Ka\ Tov 1^009 Kal Twv dWcov 
TrelCwv ^uxjov, P ovk avTi]9 t^? Siacpopd^ Trjg KaTa tov eiSov9 
Xeyo/JLevtj^. Et ydp KaO^ ^eKaa-Trjg tcov Siacpopwv ^to ^woj/ 
KaTr}yopr]0rj(7eTai, iroWd ^wa tov e^iSov^ ^av KaTrjyopoiTO' 
al ydp Siaipopal tov e'iSov9 KaTrjyopovvTai. *^'ETi Sia~ 
(popa\ Trdarai rj e'tSrj rj aTO/uLa ^ecrTai, e^lirep ^wa* €Ka(TTOv 
ydp Tcov ^(f>(ov ^rj etSog ^ea-Tiv rj dTOniov. 

*Oiijlol(jo9 Se (TKeTTTeov Kal et t6 eiSo9 rj tcov viroKaTCO Tt 11 
Tov e^tSovg Trjg Stacpopdg KaTijyopeiTat' dSvvaTOv yap, cTretSrj 
exf yirXeov rj Stacpopd toov eiSoov XeyeTat. ^'lEtTt (TVjnlS^creTat 
Trjv Siacpopdv eiSo9 eivat, e'iirep KaTrjyopetTal tl avTrj<s twv 
eiSwv' ei ydp ^KaTrjyopeiTaL dvOpw7ro9, StjXov otl rj S^acpopa 
dvOpwTTog ecTTLv. TldXLV el /ULtj irpoTepov rj S^acpopa tov 
€'iSov<s' Tov fjiev ydp yevovg vcrTepov, tov S^ e'iSov9 TrpoTepov 
Trjv S^acpopdv Sei ^eivaL. 

^KOirelv Se Ka\ el eTepov yevovg rj ptjOeicra S^acpopa jt^rj 12 
iTepLeyoiJ.evov jULrjSe irepLeyovTOS' Oi) SoKel ydp rj avTrj S^a- 
(popd Svo •yej/coi/ elvaL jurj irepLeyovTWV dXXrjXa. Et ^e jj-rj, 
(TVixjdrjcTeTaL Ka\ e7So9 t6 avT^ ev Svo yevecriv eivaL /uLrj ire- 
pLe^ovcTLv dXXrjXa' ewLCpepeL ydp cKacTTrj twv SLacpopwv t6 
OLKelov yevo9, KaOdirep t6 Tre^oj/ Ka\ t6 Slttovv "to s^wov 
crvveTTLCpepeL. ^'Q(TTe ^ei KaO' ov rj SLacpopa, Ka\ twv yevwv 
eKaTepov. A^Xov ovv oti t6 eiSo^ ev Svo yevecriv ov irepL- 13 
e^ovcTLV dXXrjXa. *^H ovk dSvvaTOV Trjv avTrjv SLacpopdv Suo 
yevwv elvaL ^ juLrj TrepieyovTWv dXXrjXa, dXXa TrpocrOeTeov juLrjS^ 
djULCpw V7r6 TavT^v ovtwv. To *yajO 7re^6v ^wov Ka\ t6 7rTrjv6v 
^X/iciov yevrj ^ €ctt\v ov irepLeyovTa dXXrjXa, Ka\ djULCpoTepwv 
avTwv €crT\ t6 Slttovv SLacpopd. ^'Q(TTe irpocrOeTeov otl jurjS 

P ov KUT avrrji C. ^ iKaa-Tijv A.B. ^ t6 Om. A.B. * av om. A. 
t ert ai 8ia(f)opa\ C. ^ eo-ovTat, ('Inep eir) ^5>a C. ^' r) om. A.B. 

X ia^TLV post aTop.ov C. y TiKelov C. ^ KaTrjyoprjdrjo-eTai A.B. 

a elSevai A. ^ t6 ante ((^ov om. B. ^ ^^ ^ A, om. C. ^^ p.7) A. 
^ fwoi/ om. A. ^ elalv A. 

B b 2 



37^ TOniKIlN Z. Topic. 

VTTO ^ ravTo ovtwv a/uiCpco' Tavra yap a/uLipa) vtto to ^wov 
M ea-Tiv. AtjXov Se Ka\ ^otl ovk avayKr] Trjv Sia(j)opav irav to 
oiKCiOv eTTicpepeiv yevo?, eTreiSri ivSe-^^erai tvjv avTrjv Svo yevwv 
eivai /nr] irepie^^ovTWV aWrjXa' aWa to eTepov juiovov avayKri 
arvveTTKpepeiv Ka). Ta eiravco ^tovtov, KaOairep to SIttovv to 
TTTrjvov rj t6 Tre^oi' orvveTTKpepei "^Sov. 

15 ^Opav Se Kai ei to ev ^Ttvi Siacpopav aTroSeSayKev ova-las' 
ov SoKci yap Siacpepeiv ova-la ovcla^s tm ttov eivai. Aio Ka] 
T019 T(p Tre^o) Kal tw evvSpw Siaipova^i t6 ^(pov eiriTiiJiwa-iv 
C09 t6 Tre^oj/ KOi t6 ^ evvSpov irov a^rnnalvov. ^^H eirl imev 
TOVTCov ovK opOcog eTTiTiiuwa-iv' ov yap ev tlvl ovSe ttov at]- 
fxalvei t6 evvSpov, aWa ttolov tl' Kal yap av ^ ^ ev tw 
^>jp(p9 6jULOico9 evvSpoV ojuLolot)? Se t6 yepa-aiov, kclv ev vypw, 
yepa-alov aX\' ovk evvSpov ecrTaL. "* AXX' o/uico9 ™ eav iroTe 
(rrj/jLaivr] t6 ev Tivi tj SiacpopcL, S^Xov otl SirjjULapTtjKcog 
eoTTaL. 

16 JlaXLV el t6 7raOo9 " SLacpopav OLTToSeScoKev. ITai/ yap 
tolOo? jULciWov yLvojUievov e^laTtja-t Trjg ovorla^, t) Se Siacpopa 
ov TOLOVTOV jULciWov yap croo^^eLV SoKei rj ° SLacpopa ov ear] 
S^acpopd, Ka\ (XTrXm aSvvaTOv elvaL avev Trjg oiKeia^ S^a- 
(popag eKacTTOv' Trel^ov yap /mi] ovTog ovk ecTTaL (ivOpcoTro?. 
"^AxXw? S^ elirelv, KaO^ oa-a aWotovTai t6 eyov, "^ovSev tov- 
Tcov Stacpopa eKelvov ^'A.iravTa yap tcl ToiavTa /udWov 
yLvojuLeva e^la-Ttja-L Ttjg ovariag. ^'Qctt e'L Tiva TOLavTijv Sia- 
(popav ^ OLTreScoKev, ^jULapTrjKev' (XTrXcog yap ovk aWoLOVjULeOa 
KaTCL Tct? SLacpopag. 

17 Ka) e'i TLVO^ Tcov irpo^ tl /uLrj 7rp69 aWo Trjv SLaCpopav 
airoSeScoKeV tmv yup irpo^ tl kol al SLa(popa\ irpog tl, 
KaOairep ^ Ka\ rij? €7r laTtj/uLtj^' OecoprjTiKrj yap Ka\ TrpaKTiKrj 

e ravTou ovTcov dfi(f)oiv C. ^ biOTi A.B. S tovtov ndvra KaSdirep 

Ka\ To dlirovv, t6 ne^ov fj to rrTrjvov C. ^ t^"] "''o C^iov B.C. ' tivi 

o)s 8ia(f}. C. ^ cvv8pov'\ xfpo^atoi/ C. ^ fj ev — ovk evvdpov ecrrat] 

€V TO) vypa> Tj, 6poio35 x(p(Taiov C '" av C. ^ diacpopd C. ^ ov 

fVri bia(f)opd om. C. P ovdev C Q dirodfdaKfv diijpdpTTjKfv C 

*' Ka\ eVt TTJs C 



VI. 6. T0niKX2N Z. 373 

Koi TroifjTiKrj XeyeTai, eKaa-TOv Se tovtmv irpog ti crtjfxaivei' 
OewpijTiKrj yap tivo^ Kal TTOitp-iK^ TIV09 Ka\ irpaKTiKi^. 

^KOTreiv Se koi ei irpo^ o 7re(pvKev cKaarTOV tmv irpo^ tl 18 
aTToSiSoycriv 6 6piXpiJievo<5. "*Ei//o£9 yuei/ 'yap Trpo? o 7re<pv- 
Kev ^eKaarTOv twv Trpog tl ^/ulovov ecTTL ^ yjtrjcrOaL, irpo^s aWo 
o ovoev, evL0L9 oe Kai irpog aWo, ^^olov Trj o^jreL irpo^ to 
iSeiv /uLovov, Tr[ Se (TTXeyyiSL kolv apvcraLTO tl9' aXX' oyuw? et 
TL9 opiaaLTO Trjv (TTXeyyiSa opyavov irpo^ to apveLv, rj/jLap- 
TrjKeV ov yap 'irpog tovto TrecpvKev. ^'Opo9 Se tov Trpo? o 
TrecpvKev, e(f>^ o av yjprja-aLTO 6 (ppovLjuLog ^ (ppovL/uLog, Kal rj 
Trepl eKacTTOv oiKeia eTTLCTT^iuLij. 

^^^H ei /uLrj Tov TTpvoTOV y aTTeScoKev, oTav Tvyyavrj irpo^ 19 
xXe/o) XeyojULevov, oiov Trjv (ppovrjcriv apeTrjv avOpooTrov J7 xp-f- 

y(rJ9 Ka\ jULrj TOV XoyLCTTLKOV' TTpcOTOV yap TOV \oyL(rTLKOV 

apeTrj rj (ppovrjcrL^' /cara yap tovto Kal rj ^v^ Ka\ 6 avOpco- 
TTO? (ppoveiv XeyeTaL. 

^''EiTL el /uLrj "^SeKTLKOv icTTLv ov e'iprjTaL TO copLcrfJLevov TraOo? 20 
rj ^rj Si(x6e(TL9 rj OTLOvv aWo, rjfxapTrjKev. Ilacra 'yajO SLaOe- 
crL9 Kal irav 7raOo9 ev eKelvip ire^pvKe ylvecrOaL ov e(TT\ SL(x0ecrL9 
tj iraOo^, KaOairep Ka\ rj eTrL^TTi^jULrj ev "^v^rj SL(x0e(TL9 ovcra 
\f/"i'^^9. ^l^vLOTe Se SLajULapTOLvovcTLv ev toI? tolovtol<s, oiov 
0(TOL \eyovcTLV ^OTL v7rvo9 e(TT\v aSvvajuLLa ^ aicr0jicreco9, ^Ka\ rj 
cnropia lcroTrj^ evavTioov \oyLcriuLcov, kol rj aXyrjScov SL(xcrTa(Tii 
Tcov crvjULCpvTcov juLepcov jULeTa /Sla^' ovTe yap 6 v7rvo9 v7rap-^eL 
Trj al(rOrj(T€L, eSeL S\ e1.7rep aSvva/uLLa al(rOrjcre(ji)<5 ecTTLv. ^OjULolcog 21 
S^ ovS^ rj aTropla v7rap-^eL tol9 ^evavTiOLg \oyL(TiuiOL9, ovS^ rj 
aXyrjScbv TO19 (rv/jL(pvT0L9 /uLepe(TLV' aXyrjcreL yap tol a^v^a, 
€i7rep a\yrjScov avToh TrapecrTai. Tolovto9 Se Ka\ 6 Trjg 

s cKaa-Tov tcou npos ti om. C. * fiovop om. B. et pr. A. ^ XPW^"^'-» 
olov TTJ oyl^ei Trpos to Idelv, evlois 5c Koi TTpos aXKo, otov ttj (rrXfyytdt C. 
"w olov T,7] T^ be A.B. X fj] Ztl /3, om. pr. C. Y anobiboiKev C. 

z heKTiKov — atpKTfifvov corr. A, To deKTiKov etpijKev opi^ofievos ndBos fj ttjv 
did6(aiv B, CUJUS margo ev aXXm ovTa> (ut supra). ^ ttiv 8id6fcriv 

etiam pr. A. ^ oti om. A.B. ^ ala-dfja-fcos ov yap ala6f]crea>s dWa 

fcoou margo C. '^ KiCi] npoi<os Ka\ C. ^ fvavTiois] la-ots C, om. A. 

B b 3 



374 TOniKfiN Z. Topic. 

vyteiag 6^10-/1x69, e^iTrep ^ a^/uLiULeTpia 6€piut.(jov Kal ylrv^^oov ecTTiV 
avdyKtj yap ^vyiaiveiv to, Oepixa Ka\ ^v^d' t] ydp ^e/cacTTOU 
(TviuLjULeTpLa ev €Kelvoi9 virap-^ei wv €<tt\ o-v/ULjULeTpla, wa-Q^ ^ 
vyieia virap-^oi dv avTol<s. ^'Et( to iroioviJLevov eig to Troiri-' 
TLKov r) dvdiraXiv crviuLPalvei TiOevai Toh outo)? opi^ofievoi?. 

22 Ov yap ecTTiv dXyrjSwv ^ SiacrTaarig tSv crvfxcpvTociv fiepcov, 
*aXXa iroitiTLKOv dXyrjSovog' ovS^ rj dSvvafXLa t^? aia-Oria-ecog 
vTTVog, dXXd TroLtiTLKOv OaTepov OaTepov tJTOL ydp Sia Trjv 
dSvvaiuLiav ^VTrvoviuLev, rj S^d tov vttvov dSvvaTOviULev, ^Oinolco? 
Se Ka\ Tt]9 diropla^ So^eiev dv TroirjTLKdv eivai rj twv evavTioav 
la^OTrjg XoyLafJLwv OTav ydp e7r' dfJiCpoTepa \oyL^oiuL€voL9 ^jullv 
61ULOIC09 ^airavTa (palvriTai KaO^ ^eKaTepov ylvea^OaL, diropov- 
fjLcv ^iroTepov Trpd^coiuLev. 

23 *'ETi AcaTa TOV9 yjpovov^ TrdvTag eirLaKOTrelv e? irov Sia- 
(pcovei, olov €1 TO dOdvaTOv wpiaaTO ^wov d(pOapTOv vvv 
elvaL' TO ydp vvv ^d(pOapTOv ^(Sov ^vvv dOdvaTOv eaTaL. rj 
eTrl fxev tovtov ov (rvfJL^aivei' dfJLCplfioXov yap to vvv dcpOap- 
Tov eivai' t) ydp otl ovk ecpOapTaL vvv arjfjLalveL, rj otl ov 
SvvaTov (pOaprjvaL vvv, r] otl tolovtov eaTL vvv oTov fjLrjSeiroTe 

24(pOaptjvaL. ^OTai^ ovv Xeytofiev otl dcpOapTOv vvv eaTl P^cooi/, 
TOVTO XeyofJLev otl vvv tolovtov eaTi ^^wov olov fJLtjSeiroTe 
cpOap^vaL. TouTO ^e tm dOavaT(p ^to avTO tjv, wctt' ov avfi- 
8aiv€i vvv avTO dOdvaTOv elvaL. ""AXX' ofxco9 ^ dv a-vfJL^aLvrj 
t6 fJLev KaTd tov Xoyov diroSoOev virap-)(eLV vvv rj irpOTepov, 
TO ^e KaTd Tovvofxa fxrj v7rdpy(€Lv, ovk dV e^ltj TavTov. X|0»;- 
(TTeov ovv tS TOTTft) KaOairep e'iprjTai. 

7 2/ce7rTeoi/ ^e Kai ei KaO^ cTepov tl fxdWov XeyeTai to 
opKrOev rj /caTa tov diroSoOevTa Xoyov, olov el rj SiKaLoavvrj 
Svvafii9 Tov laov SLavefirjTLKrj. AiKaLO^ ydp fxdXXov 6 irpo- 
aipovfxevo£ to *ia-ov Siaveifxai tov Svvafxevov, SaT ovk av eitj 

^ (rvjifi.erpia Koi 6tpjiS>v C. % vy. Koi to. 6. Koi ra yjr. C. ^ tKa- 

crra>u C. ' aWa t6 tt. C. ^ vTrvaxrofKv A.B. * ncivTa C. 

n* fTfpov B. " a(f>dapTOv ^a>ov Om. pr. C. o dOdvaTov vvv, vvv in 

litura sito, C. P (a>ov ov tovto B.C. Q (S>ov aXX' olov C. ^ rav- 

Tov C. ^ &f] eav nov C. 



VI. 7. T0niKX2N Z. 375 

*^ SiKatoa-vvfj Svi/aniig rov 'lcrov SiaveiuLrjTiKii' kuI yap ciKaLog 
^eitj av jUidXiarTa 6 SvvdiuL€V09 ^ ixakLCTTa to 'larov SLaveifxaL. 

^'Eri el To /uLev Trpayina ^«^e^erai to jmaWov, to Se /cara 2 
Tov \6yov aTToSoOev jul*] ^e^erat, 17 avaTraXLV to iiev Kara 
Tov \6yov aTToSoOev ^e^erat, to ^e 'Trpayjj.a y/x»;. Ae? '^yap 
a/UL<p6Tepa SeyecrOaL 'ri /uLvjSeTepov, eLirep ^Srj TauToV ecrTf to 
KaTOL Tov \6yov airoSoOev tw Trpdy/ULaTL. ^'Eti ei Se^^eTai 3 
lULev a/ULipOTepa to iu.a\\ov, fJLrj a/uLa Se Trjv eiriSoa-LV a^Kp^Tepa 
\aiuL^dvei, olov et 6 epcog eTTLOvjULLa (rvvovcTLag ecrTLV 6 yap 
fAaWov epwv ov /ulolWov eirLOvfj.el t^? crvvovcTLas, wctt 017;^ a/a« 
ajULipdTepa to /uLaWov eTTt^e^eTaf eSeL Se ye, e^iirep TavTov fjv. 

^'Et* el Svo TLvcov irpoTeOevTWv, /caO' ov to Trpayfia iuLd\-4 
\ov \eyeTaL, to KaTo. tov \6yov ^ttov \eyeTai, oiov ei to 
TTvp ecTTf crw/xa to \eirTOiJLepecrTaTOv' irvp /xev yap fxdWov 
^rj (p\6^ ecTTi Tov (pcoT^g, crcofxa Se to \e7rT0fjLepe(rTaT0v 
^TTOV (p\6^ Tov (pcc)T6<s' eSeL S^ dficp^Tepa fxdWov '^tm avTM 
virdpyeLv, e^iirep TavTa rjv. Tld\iv el to fiev ofiolcog dficpo- 
T€poL9 virdp-^^ei tol^ irpoTeOel(TL, to S^ erepov firj ofjLoicog 
dfJL(pOTepOL9, dWa tw eTepco fidWov. 

^'Et/ ^edv ^irpog Svo tov opLcrfiov diroSM KaO^ eKdTepov,5 
otov TO KaAov TO CL 0^^0)9 rj ^ TO OL aKOrj? rjdv, Kai TO ov 
f^TO SvvaTOV TraOelv rj TroLrjcrai' dfJLa yap TavTOV Ka\6v Te 
Ka\ ov Ka\ov ^ecTTat, ofjLoioog Se ^Kal 6v Te Kal ovk ov. To 
ydp Si^ dKorjg i^Sv TavTov tm Ka\(S ecTat, wcTTe to fjLrj ^Sv 
St* dKorjg T(p firj Ka\S TavTdv TO19 yap avT0i9 KaL Ta avTt- 
KeifJLcva ^Tavrd, dvTtKetTat Se tw fxev Ka\(p to ov Ka\6v, tw 
ce ot aKOrjg rjcet to ov^ rjcv ot aKorjq. llrjAov ovv OTt Tav- 
Tov ^ TO 01)^ rjSv St dK0^9 T(p OV Ka\M. Ei OVV Tt eCTTl 6 
St^ o'v|/-ew9 fxev ^Sv St' dKorjg Se firj, Ka\6v Te Ka\ ov Ka\6v 

* fj om. C. V av elrj C. "^^ /xdXtcrra alterum om. C. ^ ep8e- 

^fTai A. y firf^ jir) bexfrai to fiaXXov C. ^ yap rj a.fi(f>. C. * 8^ 

om. C. ^ »7 (jiXo^ Tov 0a)Tos eVri C. ^ tw om. C. ^ gav] fi' 

av C. ^ TTpos — ciTroSw om. pr. C. ^ t6 post 7 om. C. s t6 

om. A.B. ^ €(TTiv A.B. ' Ka\ post 8c om. C. ^ ravTa (crriv, 

dvT. C. ' To] rw C, om. A.B. 

B b 4 



37<5 TOIlIKIiN Z. Toric. 

ea-Tui. ^Oyuo/ft)? ^e Sei^Ojmep ku] ^" Sion tuvtov ov tc Ka\ 

OVK OV eCTTLV, 

7 ^'Et^ ^Koi Twv yevcov Kai tociv Siacjyopcov Ka] twv aWwv 
uiravToov Tcov ev T019 opicriuLoi^ airoSiSo/uievcov Xoyov^ uvt]. tcov 
ovofxuToov ^TToiovvTU (TKOireiv et Prt Siucpcovei, 

JCjUV C rj 7rp09 TL TO Opi^OjULeVOV rj KUU ^UVTO r] KUTU TO 

yevo9, orKOTrelv el juLt] elpriTUL ev tw opLcr/ULw ttjOo? o XeyeTUi 
rj avTO ^ KUTa TO yevog, olov el Trjv eTTLa-TrjiJLrjv copla-aTO 
vir6\riy\nv ajuLeTdTreia-TOv rj Trjv iSovXrjcriv ope^iv ukvirov. 
TLavTo^ yup Tov ttjOo? tl ^ ovcrlu Trpog eTepov, eTreLSrj tuvtov 

rjv eKUCTTCp TCOV TTjOO? TL TO elvUL ^ OTTep ^TO TTpog t/ TTO)? 

e^^^eiv. ^Eoef ovv Trjv eirLcrTi^/ULrjv elirelv VTToXrjyjriv eir LCTTriTOv 
'iKUL TJ]V /BovXrjaiv ope^LV ayuOov. ^^Ojulolco? Se kuI ei Trjv 
ypa/uLjULUTLKrjv wpLcruTO eTTLa-TrjfjLriv ypujULiuLUTCov' ^eSei yap rj 
TTjOo? o uvTo XeyeTUL rj irpog o ^iroTe to yevo^ ev tw ^ Slo- 
pLoriuLcp aTroSlSocrOaL. *H el irpo^ tl eiprjixevov jULrj 7rpo9 t6 
TeAo? uTroSeSoTUL. TeXo? S^ ev eKua-Tw to /SeXTLcrrov rj ou 
X^^pLV TuXXu. ^l^rjTeov ^Srj Vrj to ^eXTLaTOV rj to eir^aTOi/, 
OLOV Trjv eTrLOvjULiav ov-^ ^Seo? aXX' ^Sovrjg' TUhTrj^ y^P X'^P'-^ 
KUL To ^Sv ulpovjULeOa. 

3 ^KOTrelv Se ku] ei yevea-h ecTTL ttjOo? o '^ uTroSeScoKev tj 
evepyeLU' ^ovSev yup tcov tolovtcov tcXo^' /uluXXov yap t6 
evrjpyrjKevuL kul yeyevTjaOuL TeXo9 rj to yivecrOuL ^ kul evep- 
yelv. ^H ovK eTrl iruvTcov aXrjOeg to tolovtov a")^eS6v yap 
OL ^ TrXelarTOL rjSecrOuL /uluXXov J3ovXovtul rj ireiruva-OaL vjSo- 
jULevoL, cocTTe To evepyeiv inaXXov TeXog dv iroLOivTO tov ivtjp- 
yrjKevuL. 

4 YiuXLV e7r' evlcov ei fxrj SLcopLKe tov ^ Troaov rj irolov rj irov 

rj KUTU Ta9 uXXa^ SLa(pOpU<S, olov (pLXoTL/ULO^ 6 iroLWS Ka\ ^o 

iroarj^ Speyo/uLevog TLjULrjg' ^ Trdvreg yap opeyovTui TijuLrj^, coaT 

ra OTi C. " Ka\ post €Tt om. A.C. o TToiovvTas C. P rt] 

nrj C. q iavTo C. ^ OTrep] onep eoTt C. » t6] Ta> A.C. * Set C. 
■V TTOTf om. C. w 6piarpa> C. x g^] ouj/ C. Y fj post 8r) om. A.B. 
^ d7re8<0Kev A. » ovdfv C. ^ Koi t6 evepyelv C. ^ TrXeiOTot t6 

fjdeadai C. ^ ttoiov fj noaov C. ® 6 om. C. ^ TravTcs — Tipfjs om, A.C. 



VI. 8, 9. TOniKilN Z. 377 

ovK airoyjyri ^ (piXoTiinov elireiv ^tov opeyoiuevov Tifxrig, aXXcc 
Trpoa-QeTeov Ta<s eiprjfjLeyag Sia(popd^. ^OjULoioog Se ^Kal (f)i\o- 
yjprjij.aTO<s 6 irocTCjdv ope^yo/j.evo? yjprjiJLaTwv % cLKpaTrjg 6 Trepl 
TTolag ^Sov(X9' ^ov yap 6 v(f)^ oiacrTroTOvv ^Sovijg KpaTOviuevog 
aKpaTrjg XeycTai, aXX' 6 vtto tlvo<s. ^^H iraXLV, o)? 6pu(^ov-h 
TaL Trjv vvKTa CTKiav yrjg, "'rj tov (Tei(riuLov KLvrja-iv yr}9, i/ 
TO ve(po9 TrvKvwcriv aepog, rj to irveviJ.a KivtjcrLv aepog' irpocr- 
SeTeov yap Troaov Kal irolov Ka\ viro tlvo9. "^O/xo/ft)? Se Kal 
€7r\ Twv aWcov tcov tolovtooV ® airoXeLirMV yap SLa(popav 
rjvTLVovv ov \eyei to tl rjv eivaL. Aei S^ ael 7rp09 t6 evSeeg 
eTrL^^^eipeiv' ov yap ^irwcrovv yrjg KLvrjOeLcrrjg ovS^ 6iroa-rjcrovv 
(Teia-iuLog eaTUL, oiioLcog S^ ^ovS^ aepog ^'Trcocrovv ovS^ ^irocrovovv 
KivrjOevTog ^TTveviULa, 

^'Eri €7rl Toov ope^ecov ei fjLrj TrpocrKeiTaL to CpaivoiULevov, 6 
Kal ecp^ oaoov aWoov dpimoTTeL, olov otl rj ^ovKrjaLg ope^ig 
dyaOov, rj S^ eiriOviJ.La ope^L9 rjSeog, dWd jULrj (paLVOfxevov 
dyaOov ^' rj rjSeog. JloWaKig ^ ydp \avOdvei Tovg opeyo- 
[xevovs o TL dyaOov rj rjSv ^ea-Tiv, ooaT ovk dvayKaiov dyaOov 
^ fj ^Sv eivaL, dWd (paLvoiuLevov fjovov. ^'l^Sei ovv ovtoo Ka\ 7 
Trjv diroSoaLV iroL^aaaOaL. ^l^dv ^Se Kai diroS^ to elprjixe- 
vov, eir\ ra elSrj dKTeov tov TLOejuLevov iSeag etvaL' ov ydp 
ecTTiv iSea (paivofJLevov ovSevog, to S^ eiSog Trpog to eJSog 
SoKei \eyeaOai, olov ^avrrj eTriOviiia avTOv ^Seog Ka\ avTrj 
/3ov\rjaL9 avTOv dyaOov. yOvK '^eaTiv ovv (paivoixevov dya- 
Oov ovSe (paivoimevov ^Seor aTOTrov ydp to elvai avTo (paLVO- 
fjevov dyaOov rj rjSv. 

^'Exi eav fiev ^ Trjg e^eoog 6 6pLcrfx6<5, aKOirelv e7r\ tov p 

g fiTrelv (fiikoTijiov C. h Tou om. C. ^ KaV] Koi 6 C. ^ ovSe 

yap 6 v(f> 6noia(Tovp C. ^ y^s] -y^y tov 17X101» vtto yrjv ovros rj rc. C. 

™ »7 Tov (TiLayLOV KLvrjcriv yrjs rc. C. ^ yrjs 17 to ve(f)os TrvKvaxriv om. A. 

o dno\i7r(ov C. P ovSe tov depos C. H nvevfxa] t6 irv€vp.a eOTtV C. 

r fj om. B. s y^p om. A. * i<TTiv om. C. ^ fj om. A. ^ 8e 
irpo(rano85> C. ^ avTocni6vp,ia avTorjbtos Koi avTo^ovKr}(ns avToayaOovC 
y ovK — f}d€0s~\ (^aLvojxivov b* dyaBov ovk f(TTai avTo^ovKrj(ns, ovde <f)atvofitvov 
f}deos avT0(ni6vp.ia C. ^ fCTTai B. 



378 T0niKX2N Z. Topic. 

e^^ovTO^, ^eav Se rov eyovro^, eirl r^? e^eoor o/ulolw^ Se ^koi 
€7r\ rcou aWcov rwv roLOvroov. OIov ei ro ^Sv oirep w(p€- 
Xljulov, Ka\ 6 ^S6]Ui€V09 (io(peXovjuL€vo9. K.a66Xov S' eiTreiv, ev 
Toh T0L0VT019 opLcriuLoh rp^irov TLva TrXelo) evo^ <TV/uL/3aLV€L 
Tov opL^OjULevov 6pil^€(r0aL' 6 yap rrjv eTrLcrr^iuLtjv opLXpfjLevo^ 
rp6irov TLva KaL rrjv ayvoLav oplXerai, ojuloloo^ Se Ka\ ro 
eTTLcrTrjiuLov ^Kal ro aveTrLa-rrj/uLov Kai ro eirL^rra^rOaL Ka\ ro 
ayvoeLV' rov ^yap Trpoorov SrjXov ^ yevojULevov rp^irov tlvo, 
Kai ra XoLira SrjXa yLVOvraL. ^KeTrreov ovv eTr^ Travroov rwv 
roLOvrcov iJ.rj ri ^ SLa(pcovrj, (rroLj^eloLg yjp(joiJL€vov roh €k tcov 



evavTLCov Kai rcov (rvcTTOLywv. 



2 hiTL eiTL rcov irpo^ tl (TKOTreiv el Trpo? o ro yevo9 aTroSl^ 
SoraL, ro efSo? ttjOO? S€K€lv6 tl airoSlSoraL, oiov ei rj uttoXij- 
'v|/-f9 irp6<S vTToXrjTrr^v, ^^ rz? V7r6Xrj\^i9 irp^^ tl V7roXr]7rr6v, 
KaL el ro 7roXXa7rXa(rLOv 7rp6<i ro TroXXo^rrrjjUL^pLov, ro t\ 
7roXXa7rXa(rLOv 7r po<s ro r\ 7r oXXocrrrj/uL^pLov' ei yap /urj 
ovrco9 ^a^roSiSorai, S^Xov ori ^jULaprrjraL. 

3 ^Opav Se Ka\ el rov avriKeiiULevov 6 avTLK€L/UL€V09 X6yo^, 
^olov rov rj^L(r€0? 6 avrLKei/uevog rw rov SL7rXaarLov' ei yap 
SLTrXacTLOV ro 'i(r(p v7rep€yov, ^ rj/xL(rv ro 'i(rcd v^repeyo/Jievov. 

aL eiTL roov "'evavTLCov o co(ravrco<s. W yap evavTLO^ rov 
evavTLOv Xoyo9 earrai Kara /ULav tlvol (rv/uL7rXoKrjv rcov evav- 
Ticov, OLOv €L co(f>eXL/uLov To iroLrjTLKov ayaOov, /SXa^epov ro 
iroirjTLKov KaKov rj ro (pOaprLKov ayaOov' Oarepov yap rov- 
4rcov avayKaiov evavriov elvaL rw e^ 6p^<5 ^prjOevTL. E/ ovv 
firjSerepov ^evavrlov rw e^ ^p-^rj? prjOevTL, SrjXov ori ^^ovSe- 
repog av eirj rcov vcrrepov a^roSoOevrcov rov evavriov X6yo9, 
w(rr ovS' 6 e^ «/OX^^ a7roSoOe\9 opOm a^roSeSoraL. ''ETref 
S' evLa rwv evavriwv (rreprj^reL ^Oarepov XeyeraL, olov rj avL- 

^ ai/ C. ^ Koi om. A. c KoX To avcTnarTrjjiov om. A. ^ irpoa- 

Tov ycip A. ^ yivopevov Koi Ta "Konra Tponov Tiva 8i]\a yivfTai C. 

^ 8ia(f)(ov€l pr. C. S eKfivov C. '» 17] Ka\ 17 C. * dnodedoTai C. 

^ olov el Tov C. 1 fjpL(TV To iv i(rco C. ^ evavTioiv'^ aWoiV A. 

" prjOevTL — ort COrr. A. o evavTiov «Vrt tS> C. '^ ovbeTepov A. 

q BaTepov \eyovTai, B, Xeyerai BaTepov C. 



VI. 9- TOniKHN Z. 379 

(TOTr}^ CTTeprja-i? icroTiiTO^ Sokci etvai (^avitra yap Ta /ixr] 'lara 
^eycTai), ^ SrjXov ^ otl to jULev KaTo. crTeprjcnv Xeyofxevov 
^ evavTiov avayKaiov opi^eG-Qai ^ Sia OaTepov, to Se Xoiirov 
ovKeTi Sia Tov KaTo. crTeprjcriv ^XeyofJievov' crviu/Salvoi yap 
av eKOLTepov Si CKaTepov yvcopl^ecrOai. '^^TricrKeirTeov ^ovvB 
ev T019 €vavTL0i9 Ttjv TOiavTrjv afJLapTLav, oiov el Ti<i opLcraiTO 
Trjv laoTrjTa ^ eJvaL to evavTLOv avLcroTrjTL' S^a yap tov /cara 
crTepricrLV Xeyofxevov opl^eraL. ^'Ert tov oi/to)? 6pLXoiJ.evov 
^ avayKaiov avTcc tm opL^o/uLevM yjprjo-Oai, ArjXov Se tovto, 
cav iui€Ta\rj(f)Orj avTl tov ovojULaTO^ 6 \6yos* ^elirelv yap % 
avLcroTrjTa ovSev SLacpepeL rj o-TeprjcrLV icroTr^Tog, ecTTai ovv ^ 
lcroTrjs TO evavTLOv crTeprjcreL lcroTrjTog, Sott avTW av ° elrj 
Ke-^rjjULevo?. ^^Ai/ ^^e jULrjSeTepov twv evavTLCOv KaTO, crTeprjcTLV 6 
XeyrjTaL, airoSoOrj S^ 6 \6yo9 ojulolw?, olov ayaOov to evav- 
Tiov KaKM, ^Sr}\ov OTL KaKov To ivavTiov ay aOw ecrrar twv 
yap ovT(09 evavTLOov ojuLolcog 6 \6yo9 airoSoTeo^. ^'QtjTe ira- 
\lv avTw T(p opL^ojULevo) ^ crvjui/3aLV€L "^prjcrOaL' evvTrap-^eL yap 
€v Tft) Tou KttKov \6y(p To aya06v. ^'QcrT ^el aya06v ecrTL 
"to ^KaKtp evavTLOv, to oe KaKov ovoev oLacpepeL rj to tm 
ayaOw evavTiov, ecrTai ayaOov to evavTLOV tw tov ayaOov 
ivavTio}. Arj\ov ovv otl avTW Ke^prjTai. 

^'Eti €l to KaTCL crT€pr]crLv \ey6iuLevov ^airoSLSovs /ULrj airo-l 
SeSooKev ov ^ecrT^ (rTeprjcng, olov t^? e^ecog rj tov evavTiov rj 
^OTOvovv ecTTfi/ ^ crreprjcrLS' Ka\ el juLrj ev co irec^vKe ylvecrOaL 
TrpocreOrjKev, rj axXft)? rj ev (p ^7rpcoT(p irecjyvKe yivecrOaL, olov 
^ €L Trjv ayvOLav P eLTTCov crTeprjcriv fJLrj eiTLcrTrjfjLrjg crTeprjcriv 
eiTrev, tj /uLrj irpocreOrjKev ev (p TrecpVKe yivecrOaL, rj TrpocrOeig fJLrj 

'^ brlKov] hrjkov ovv A.B. ^ ori] o)s C. * evavriov om. C. 

V 8ia] 8ei 8ia C. ^ Xeyo/ncVov opi^ea-Oai. ov yap evSex^Tai eKarepov 

ti C. X ovv'] §' B, om. A. y (IvaL om. C. ^ dvdyKrj C. 

* emelv — areprja-iv] eVeiS^ yap rj dvia-OTTjs ovdevl Siacfiepei Ka\ t) areprj- 
a-is C. ^ etrj] ^ C. c gg om. B. ^ drjXov yap ori koi KaKov C. 

^ XprjO-BaL avp,^aivei C. ? el] eire\ C. ^ to] t6 Ta> C. ^ KaKov B. 

^ dTToBidovs om. A. 1 eVrti/ rj a-Teprjais C. ^ otovovv] el tovtcov C. 

^ Tre<f>vKe irpoiTOi C. o el om. A.B. P aTeprjaLV elnoiv C. 



380 T0niKi2N Z. Topic. 

iv (S TrpwTcp ^aTreSooKcv, ofov otl ovk ev tm \oyi<rTiKw aW 

iv avOpWTTW rj Y^XV' ^^^^ y^P OTLOVV ^TOVTOdV /Uir] TTOll^Cn], 

S^jULapTtjKev. ^O/ulol(j09 Se kol ei ttjv Tv^pXoTrjTa juLt] o^cco? 
CTTeptjcriv iv oipOaXjULM eiirev' Sei yap tov KaXcog cLTroSiSovTa 
TO TL e(TTL, Ka\ TLV09 i(TT\v rj (TTeprjaL^ ^ airoSovvaL Ka\ tl i<TTL 
To icTTeptjjuLevov. 

9 ^Opdv Se Kal el /uLr] XeyojULevov KaTo. CTTeprjcTLv (TTeptj(TeL 
wpLcraTO, oiov kol eTrJ r^? ctyvoiag So^eLev av vTrap-^eLV rj 
TOiavrrj djULapTLa tol9 /uLtj KaT airocpacTLv Trjv ayvoLav Xe- 
yovcTLv. To yap /ULrj eyov iiTLCTTrjiJLrjv ov SoKel ayvoeiv, a.XXa 
luid}\Xov To SLrjTraTrjfjLevov, Slo ovTe tu. a^^v^a ovTe tu irai- 
Sla (pajuLev dyvoelv, wctt ov /cara cTTeprja-LV iTTLCTTiiiuLrjg rj 
ayvoia XeycTai, 

O ^'Ert el Twv OjULolcov tov ovojULaTO? 'TVTcocrecov al ^ojULOLaL tov 

XoyOV TTTCOCTeL^ icpap/ULOTTOV^TLV, OIOV €1 CoCpeXLjULOV t6 iroLtj- 

TiKov vyLela^, ^'^ coCpeXl/uLco^ to iroLtjTLKm vyLela^ Kal coCpeXtj- 
Kog To Treir 0LrjK09 vyleLav. 

2 ^KOTrelv Se kol iirl Ttjv iSeav €l icpapjmocTeL 6 Xe-^^Oeh opo^. 
^Ett' ivicov ydp ov (TVjUL/SaLvei, otov cog J1X(xtcov opll^eTaL t6 
OvrjT^v TrpocTdirTCOv iv TOig tcov X,(poov opLCT/ULoh' tj ydp iSea 
ovK ecTTaL OvrjTrj, oiov avToavOpcoTTO^, coctt ovk icpapjJLOCTeL 6 
X6yo9 ^eTTf Ttjv iSeav. *'A.7rXco9 S'' otg irpocTKeLTaL t6 iroLtj- 
tlk6v y yj iraOtjTLKov, dvdyKtj SLacpcoveiv €7rJ Trjg iSea^ t6v 
opov dTraOeig ydp Ka\ dKivrjTOL ^Sokov(tlv ai iSeaL toi^ Xe- 
yovoTLV ^iSeag eivaL. ITp6<} Se tovtov^ Kal 01 tolovtol Xoyoi 
Xpv(ri^OL. 

3 ^'Ert ^ei tcov KaO^ o/uLcovvjULiav Xeyo/uLcvcov eva Xoyov ^aTrdv' 
Tcov K0Lv6v ^^direScoKev. ^vvcovv/ULa ydp cov etg 6 /cara tov- 
vo/ULa Xoyog, coctt ovSev^g tcov vtto TOvvojULa 6 ^ diroSoOeh 



<1 aTTodediOKev C. ^ av C ^ t(ov roiovTav C. ^ dnodidovai C. 

V ofjioioi C. ^^ d)(peXifi<os t6 tt. vy, om. C. ^ (irl Tt]v IStav 6 \6yos. 

air\(os 8' ev ols C. Y ^ naBrjTiKov om. C. ^ BoKova^iv elvai ai C. 

^ I8eas. rrpos de tovs tolovtovs C. ^ fij eVt corr. B. *^ TrdvT(OV C. 

<^ dirodedcoKe C. ^ dnoOeh C. 



VI. lo. TOniKON Z. 381 

opo^, ^ €1 Srj 6/1X0101)9 ctt] irav to ojuLcovviuiov icjyapiuLOTTei. Ile- 
TTOvOe Se TovTO Ka\ 6 Alovvctiov Trjg ^CDtjg opo9, elirep €(tt\ 
K[vr]cri9 yevovg OpeTTTOv (TviuL(pvT09 irapaKoKovOova-a' ovSev 
yap fjLaXXov tovto T019 ^(poi9 rj T019 (pvTOi^ virap^^eL' rj Se 
Xwri ov KaO^ ev e?So9 SoKei XeyeaOai, aW eTepa /ulcv toi<{ 
y^(poi9 CTepa Se TOtg (pvTOi^ ^virap-^eLv. ^^vSe-^erai fxev ovv 
Kttl KaTCL irpoaLpea-LV ovTm OLTroSovvaL tov opov ft)9 arvvbovviuLov 
Kal KaO^ ev elSo'? iraa^rj^ Trj9 ^cDrj^ Xeyo/uLevrjg' ovSev Se KcoXvei 
Kal a-vvopwvTa Trjv ^ojuLcovvjULLav, Ka\ OaTepov ^ovXo/xevov tov 
opLo-fxov aTToSovvaL, XaOeiv ixrj 'iSlov aWa kolvov aiUL(poiv Xo- 
yov airoSovTa. ""AXX' ovSev ^ttov, ^el oiroTepcoa-ovv ireiroLrj-^^ 
Kev, ^fxdpTrjKev. ^^7re\ S^ evLa XavOaveL tcov ofxcovvfxcov, epco- 
TcovTi fxev 0)9 a-vvcovvfxoig "^rjaTeov (ov yap €<papfx6a-eL 6 
OaTepov ^ opo9 e7r\ 0(XTepov, coaTe So^eL ov-^ coplaOaL /cara 
Tpoirov Sei yap e7r\ ^irav to arvvcovvfxov ecpapfxoTTeLv), avTw 
S^ airoKpLvofxevcp SLaipeTeov. ^ETrei S^ cvlol toov airoKpLvo- 
fxevcov TO fxev a^vvcovvfxov ofxcovvfxov (paarLV eivai, OTav fxrj 
eCpapfxoTTrj eTrJ irav 6 airoSo0e\9 \6y09, t6 S^ 6fxcovvfxov 
avvoovvfxov, eav eir* ^ afxcpco eCpapfx^TTrj, irpoSLOfxoXoyrjTeov 
virep Tcov tolovtcov rj irpoavWoyLa-Teov otl 6fxcovvfxov rj orvvco- 
vvfxov, ^TTOTepov av ^' fxaW^ov yap a-vy^wpovartv ov irpo- 
opwvTe<s TO a-vfxjBrja^fxevov. ^^A.v Se fxrj yevofxevrjg 6fxo\oyLa9 5 
(prj TLg To (Tvvcovvfxov 6fxcovvfxov elvaL Slcl to fxrj e(papfx6TTeLV 
Ka\ eTTf ^TOVTO Tov airoSoOevTa Xoyov, a-KOirelv ei 6 tovtov 
X6yo9 e(papfx6TTei Ka\ eTr\ tol XoLira' ^SrjXov yap otl a-vvco- 
vvfxov ^ dv e^lrj tol9 Xolvol^. Et ^e fxi^, TrXelov^ eaovTai 
6picrfxo\ Twv XoLircoV Svo yap ol /cara Touvofxa X6yoL ecpap- 
fx^TTOva-LV eTr' avTa, 6 re ^irp^Tepov airoSoOe^^s Ka\ 6 vaTepov. 
TiaXLV el TL9 6pLa-afxevo9 ^tcov TroWay^cog tl Xeyofxevcov, Ka\ 
Tov Xoyov fxrj €(papfx6TTOVT09 eTTf iravTa, otl fxev ^6fX(jovvfxov 

X (ireibrj C. Y C^^ois — cj)VTo7s om. pr. C. ^ VTrdpxei C. ^ 6/x. 

KaB' irepov C. ^ et om. C. *^ opos'] Xoyos C. ^ Travros (TvvcO' 

vv/iov A, iravTos (TVva)Vv/xov B. ^ dfjL(f)olv C. ^ tovtov C. S 8fj- 

"Kov — XoLnols om. A. ^ av om. C. ^ npoTepos — voTepos C. ^ Ti 

r&Ji/ noWaxcos C. 



382 TOniKIlN Z. Topic. 

/x^ Xeyoi, To S' ovo/uia "Vi (paitj "eTrJ Trdvra ecpap/uLOTTeiv, 

OTl OvS^ 6 Xoyog, pr}T€OV TTjOO? TOV TOLOVTOV OTl Trj /meV 

ovojuLacria Sei "^tja-Oai Trj TrapaSeSo/ULevi] °/caJ 'wapeTroiJ.ivri 
KOL fJLri Kivelv Tct TOiavTa, evia S^ ov XeKTeov ofJLolw^ TOii 
iroWoig. 
I I ""Eai/ ^e Twv (TViJiireirXcyiJ.evwv tivo^ aTroSoOrj y*opo9, (tko- 
Trelv aipaipovvTa tov OaTepov toov crviJ.ireirXeyiievodv Xoyov, 
et Ka] 6 XofTTO? Tov Xoittov' €1 yap iirj, SrjXov otl ovS^ 6 0X09 
Tov oXov. Oiov €L ^oopla-aTO ypaiJLiJLrjv ireTrepacrif.evriv evOeiav 
Trepag eirLireSov ^ e-^ovT09 irepaTa, ov to fJLecrov €7rL7rpo(rOei 
T0L9 Trepao-LV, el Trj9 TreTrepacriJLevrjs ^ypaiiiirjg 6 \6y09 eaTl 
yrepag eirLireSov ^eyovTO<s irepaTa, tov evOeog ^Sei elvai t6 
\oL7r6v, ov t6 iiearov eTTLirpoarOel toI<s irepaarLV. ""AXX' r/ 
cLTreipog ovt€ iJLeaov ovtc irepaTa e^eL, evOeia S' ea-Ttv, «ctt' 
ovK ea-TLV 6 \oL7r6<s tov \017rov \6y09. 

^ ^'Ert ei arvvOeTOv 6vto9 tov opLX^oixevov ia-6K(jo\o9 6 \6y09 
a7reS60r] tm opL^CpiJi.evcp. ^I(ro/ca)Xo9 ^^^e \eyeTaL 6 \6y09 
eivai, OTav oa-a^rep ^av ^ ra a-vyKeiiJLeva, TOcravTa VKal ev 
Tft) \6yM 6v6iJLaTa Kal p^iiaTa ^. ^AvayKrj ^yap twv ovo- 
IJLaToov ev tol<5 tolovtol9 iJL€Ta\\ayrjv yivea^OaL, ^rj TravToov >/ 
TLVoov, "e7reLSr] ^ovSev TrXe/co vvv r] Trp^Tepov 6v6ixaTa elprjTai' 
Sel Se t6v opLXpiJievov \6yov avT\ toov ovoixaTOov oLTroSovvaL, 
liaXLOTTa iiev 7ravToov, ei Se ijl^, toov 7r\eicrToov. ^Ovtoo yap 
Kal €7rl Toov a7r\wv Tovvoiia ^iJLeTa\a/3(jov ^wpia-n.evo<s dv 
eirj, otov olvtI \007r10v iiJLaTLOv. 

3 ^'ETf ^e iielX^oov aiJLapTia, ei Ka\ ayvaya-TOTepoov ovoiiaTcov 

Trjv iJL€Ta\rjy^LV e^roLrjcraTO, olov ^ avT\ avOpoo7rov \evKOv 

PpoT^v apy6v' ovTe yap oopLarraL rjTT^v Te ^' a-a(p€9 ovtoo 

prjOev. 

™ (fmirj firj C. ^ errt Trdvra om. A. o Kiii TrapfnofievT) om. C. 

P 6 Xoyos C. Q oplaairo A.B. •* ^X^^ A.B. et pr. C. ^ o \6yos 

ypaiifjLTJs A.B. t exo" P^« ^- ^ ''o Xoiwov del elvai C. ^' 5' o 

Xoyos Xeyerai C. ^ av om. A.B. Y Ka\ ra iv C. ^ yap avTUiv 

rcov B.C. a rj prius om. C. ^ fTTcl A. c ovOev C. d ovToi 

fiev yap C. ^ pieTa^aXav A. ^ ovx u>pi<rfievos C. P dvT\ rov dv' 

Opconov C. ^ d(ra(j)es ovro) ro prjdev C. 



VI. II. TOniKi2N Z. 383 

^KOireip Se Ka\ ev rrj /ueraXXa^y^ twv ovojULaTwv ei ov Tav-4 
Tov €Ti (rrjfjLaivei, otov 6 Trjv OecoptjTiKtjv €7ri<TTrjiuLr]v vTroXrjy^iv 
OecoprjTiKrjv eiTrciov. "^H yap VTroXrjy^ig Trj eTnarTrnxtj ov raiy- 
Tov, ^Sei Se ye, eiirep /uLeWei Ka\ to oXov TavTOV eivat' to 
/uL€v yap OewprjTiKov koivov ev ^aiuLipoTepoiv toiv \6yoiv earrl, 
To Se XoiTTOv Siacpopov. 

^'Ert ei OaTcpov tcov ovoiudTCOv Tr]v jULeTaXrjy^iv TroiovjULevo^ 5 
imr] Trjg Sia(popa9 aWa tov yevovg Trjv /uLeTaWayrjv eiroti^- 
aaTO, KaOdirep eiri tov dpTLCog prjOevTog. ^ Ayvcoa-TOTepov 
ydp ri OeooprjTiKrj Trjg eTncrTrj ij.ri9' to /ixev ydp yevog, to Se 
Sia<popd. TrdvTcov Se yvcopijULcoTaTov to yevog' coo-t ov tov 
yevovg dWd Trjg Siacpopd^ eSei Trjv ixerdXri^LV iroLrja-aa-Oai, 
eiretSri dyvcoaTOTepov ea-Tiv. ^^H tovto jULev yeXoiov ^to 
iTiTijULrjiuLa' ovSev yap KcoXvei Trjv /uLev SLacpopav tw yvcopiiuLcO' 
TaTw ovoiuLaTL eiprjarOai, to Se yevog iulj^' ovtco S^ e-^ovTcov 
SrjXov OTL Tov yevovg Kal ov Trjg SLacpopdf /cara Tovvofjia 
^Ka\ Tr}v lULeTdXrjyp^LV iroLrjTeov. Ef Se fJLrj ovofxa dvT ovoiuLa- 
T09 dXXd Xoyov dvT ovoiuLaTog ^ lULeTaXaiuL^dveL, SijXov otl 
Ttj9 SLacpopdg lULaXXov rj tov yevovs opLa-iuLov diroSoTeov, 
eireiSrj tov yvcopia-aL ydpLV 6 opia-juLd? dTroSlSoTaL' tjttov ydp 
r) SLa<popa tov yevov<s yvcopLiuLov. 

Ei ^e Tfj? SLa<popd9 Tov opov dTroSeScoKC, a-KOireiv el Ka\ 12, 

dXXov TLvds KOLvdg 6 diroSoOeh ® dpog, oiov OTav irepLTTOV 

dpLOjJLOv ^dpLO/J.dv lULea-ov eyovTa eLirrj, ^eirLSLopLa-Teov to Trcog 

juLca-ov e^^ovTa. ^O /jev ydp dpL^iuLog kolvo9 ev afx(pOTepoL9 

T019 Xdyoig virdp-^eL, tov Se nrepLTTOv iJLeTelXrjirTaL 6 Xoyog. 

^^E^€f ^e Kal ypaiufjLrj Kal a-cojuLa fJLeaov, ov irepLTTa bvTa. 

^'Qa-T ovK dv ^e'itj OjOfcr/jto? 0VT09 tov irepLTTOv. Et Se ttoX- 

Xa^o)? XeycTaL to iJ.€crov eyov, SLopLaTcov to tto)? fxecrov 

e^ov. ^'QaT rj eirLTLfxrjcTLg eaTai, rj crvXXoyLafidg otl ov^ 

wpiaTaL. 

* fSft B. et corr. C. ^ aji^OTepois rol^i Xoyot? B.C. ^ To om. C. 
m Koi ante rrjv om. B. " avTHicraKaji^aveL A.B. ° opiajios B.C. 

P dpiBiMov alterum om. pr. C. <1 (Tnbiopicrreov — exovra om. C. ^ (Xrj 
6 6pi(Tfi6s C. 



384 TOniKXlN Z. Topic. 

2 ITaXfi/ €1 ov fJLev tov Xoyov aTroclococri twv ovtcov ecTTi, to 

S^ VTTO TOV \6yOV /ULrj TCOV OVTCOV, olov €t TO XcVKOV WpiCaTO 

ypwiJLa ^TTvpl jneiULiyiuLevov' aSvvaTOV yocp t6 aa-w/uLaTov julc- 
/mi-^Oai orwjULaTi, ocxtt ovk. dv eirj -^wiuLa irvpl /uLe/uLiy/Jievov' 
XevKOv S' ea-Tiv. 

3 ^'Ert ocroi /ULt] Siaipovariv ev toi? irpog tl 7rpo<s o XeyeTai, 
aXX' ev TrXeiocri TrepiXa/BovTeg * elirav, rj oXa)9 "h eirl tl "^ev- 
SovTaL, otov el T19 Tt/v laTpiKriv eincrTrjiJLriv ovTog elirev. Et 
IJLev yap iJLrjSevo? tcov ovtcov ^rj laTpiKr] eiricrTrjiJLri, SrjXov otl 
o\co9 e^evcTTai, el Se tlvos ijlcv Tivog Se iJLrj, eirl tl e>\rev(TTaL' 
Sei yap TravTog, eiirep KaO^ avTO Ka\ iirj KaTa crviilSe^rjKOi 
^^6vT09 ^eivaL XeyeTaL, KaOairep ^€7^1 toov aXKoov e-)(ei tcov 
irpo^ TL' Trai/ yap eiTLCTTrjTov 7rpo<s e7r LCTTfjiJLrjv XeycTai. 
*^OiJLOico9 Se Kal eVf tcov aWcov, eTretSij avTLCTTpeipei TravTa Ta 

4 7rj0O9 Ti. ^'Eri e^iTrep ^o iirj KaO^ avTO aWa /cara crvii^e^rj- 
Ko? Trjv a7r6So(TLV 7roLOviievo<s opOcog a^roSiScocTLV, ov 7rpo9 ev 
aXXa Trpo? TrXelco eKacTTOv dv twv 7rp69 tl \eyoLTO. OvSev 
yap KcoXvei t6 avro Ka\ ov kol \€vk6v Ka\ ayaOov elvai, 
wcTTe 7rp69 OTTOLOvovv TOVTWV ^ol^toSlSov^ 6p0w9 av e"irj cnroSt- 
Sov9, €L7r€p 6 KaTa (TviJL/3el3rjK09 aTroStSov? 6p0w9 a^roStSwcrtv. 

^'Erf S^ aSvvaTOv t6v toiovtov \6yov 'iStov tov a^roSoOevTO^ 
etvat' ov yap ijl6vov rj laTptKrj aWa Ka\ twv ^dWwv eTrtarTtj- 
liwv al 7ro\\a\ 7rp6<i ov \eyovTaL, wctO^ eKacTTrj 6vto<5 €7ri- 
aTrjiirj eoTTaL. A}]\ov ovv otl 6 toiovto9 ovSeiJLidg ^ecTT^v 
e7rtaTr]iirj<s 6pt(Tii69' 'iStov ydp Ka\ ov koiv6v Sei t6v opicriJLOv 
elvai. 

5 ^lEivtOTe S^ opti^ovTat ov t6 7rpdyiia, dWd t6 7rpdyiia ev 
e^ov % TeTe\ecTiJL€vov. T^otovT09 S^ 6 tov prjTOpo^ Ka\ 6 tov 
K\€7rTOv 6po9, eiTrep €(tt\ ptjTWp iiev 6 Svvdiievog t6 ev €Ka- 
(TTCjO 7rt0av6v Oewpeiv Ka\ iirjSev ^ 7rapa\€t7r€iv, /cXeTTT»;? S^ 



s TTvp pr. C. t fln-ov C. V ^ om. A.B. ^ ovros om. A. 

^ (tuai om. C. y fTrl] Ka\ eVi C. ^ 6 om. A. ^ anoSovs A.C. 

^ aWcov 5' €iri(TTi]]ia)v pr. C ^ eTTKrTrjfirjs iirriv C. " napaXi' 
Treii/ B, TTapakeliroiv V>. 



VI. 13- T0niK12N Z. 385 

6 \aOpa Xa/ix^avm* S^Xov yap ori TOiovrog wu eKarepog 6 
liiev ayaOog prjrwp 6 S* ayaOog /cXe7rT>;9 ecTTai' ov yap 
6 XaOpa \aixpavwv aXX' o /3ov\6jul€vo9 \aOpa \ajuL/3dv€iv 

/cXeTTT»?? eCTTlV. 

UaXiv ei To Si avTO aiperov w? ttoiijtikov t] irpaKTiKov r} 6 
^ oiriacrovv ol aX\o alpeTov airooecwKev, otov Trjv SiKaioarvvrjv 
vojuLcov o-warTiKrjv elirwv rj Trjv aocplav TroirjTiKrjv evSai/ULOviag' 
TO yap TTOirjTiKOv rj ^ awa-TLKov tcov Sl^ aWo aipeTwv, ^^H 
ovoev jULev KooXveL to cl avTO aipeTOV Kai ol aAAo eivaL aLpe- 
Tov, ov juLrjv a\X ovSev ^ttov rjfjLapTrjKev 6 ovtco<; opLcrajuLevog 
To Si avTo aiperov' eKacTTOv yap to /Be^TLcrTOv ev Trj ovcria 
juLa\L(TTa, (Be^TLOv Se to Sl' avTO ^alpeTOv elvai tov Sl^ eTepov, 
woTTe TOVTO Ka\ Tov opia-jULov eSeL juLaWov o^rjjuLalveLv. 

^KOTreiv Se Kal el tlvo<s opiarjuLov aTToSLSovg TaSe rj to 6/c I3 
TOVTcov rj ToSe juLeTCL TOvSe copicraTO. Et julcv yap TaSe, 
(rvjuLjS^creTai ajuLCpoiv Ka\ jULrjSeTepo) virapyeLV, oiov ei Trjv Sl- 
KaiO(Tvvrjv (Tcoippocrvvrjv kol avSplav coplcraTO' Svo yap ovtcov 
^ eav eK(XT€po? OaTepov ^ep(>;, ajuLCpOTepoL SiKaLOL ecrovTaL kol 
ovSeTepog, ^eTreLSrj ajuLipoTepoL julcv eyovcTL SLKaiocrvvrjv, eKOLTe- 
po9 S^ ovK e-^eL. Et Se juli^itco to eiprjjuLevov crcpoSpa cltottov 
Slo. to Kai €7r' aWcov (TVjuLlSaiveLV to tolovtov {ovSev yap kco- 
\veL ajJL(poTepov<s e-^eiv juLvav fJLrjSeTepov e-^^ovTO^), aXX' ovv W6 
ye TavavTia vTrapyeLV avTOi^ 7ravTe\co^ aTOirov av S6^€Lev 
eivaL. ^vjjL^rj^TeTaL Se tovto, eav 6 juLev avTcov acocppocrvvrjv 2 
Ka\ SeL^lav eyrj^ 6 Se avSplav Ka\ aKo\acTLav' ^ ajULCpco yap 
SiKaLO(Tvvrjv Ka\ aSLKLav c^ovctlv. Et yap rj SLKaLOCTVvrj crco- 
(ppocrvvrj Ka\ avSpla ecTTLV, rj aSLKia SeL^ia Ka\ aKo\a(Tia 
^ ea-Tai. ^'O\co9 Te oaa ecrTLV eiTLyeipelv otl ov TavT^v ecrTL 
TCL juLcprj Koi TO o\ov, wavTa •^rjcrLfj.a irpo^i to vvv eiprjjmevov 
eoLKe yap 6 ovtco9 6piX6fxevo<5 tol juLeprj tS 6\(p TavTa cpacTKeiv 
elvaL. MaX/o-Ta S'' olk€iol yivovTaL ol \6yoi, ecp^ oarcov Kara- 

c oXcos ovv B. d diaa-ioa-TiKov C. ^ etvai aiperov C. ^ ft C. 

K ex^'- C. ^ eWt C. ^ t6 om. B. ^ dfx(f)6Tepoi C. * ia-Tiv C. 
VOL. I. C C 



386 T0niK12N Z. Topic. 

Si]\69 ecTTiv "^tj Twv /uLepwv (TvvQecTL^i KadcLTrep eir* oiKia^ Ka\ 
Tcov aXXwv Toov TOiovTooV SrjXov yap otl twv juiepwv ovtcov 
ovSev KO)Xv€L TO oXov lULij eivaLy cocrT ov TavTOV tol /JLepr) tw 
oXu). 

3 Ei ^e lur} TavTa aXXa ° to e/c tovtcov ecprjcrev eivai to 
opL^ojULcvov, TrpwTOV fjLev eiricTKOirelv el /ULrj 7re(pvKev ev ylve- 
<rOaL eK twv eiptjjULevcov' evia yap ovtco^ e^et 7rpo9 aXXrjXa 
(arrre ^ jULijSev e^ avTcov yivea-Oai, otov ypaixixrj Ka\ apiO/uLO?» 

""Erf ei TO fJLev copL(T/uLevov ev evl tlvl irecpvKe tw TrpcoTW yive- 
crOai, e^ cov S^ ecprjaev avTO etvaL, juLtj ev evl tw TrpcoTO), aXX 
cKaTepov ev eKaTepw' SrjXov yap otl ovk dv ^eHrj ck tovtcov 
cKeivo' ev oh yap Ta fJLeprj, Ka\ tq oXov avdyKrj vTrdpyeiv, 

4co(rT ovK ev €v\ to oXov irpcoTco, aXX' ev "TrXelocriv. Ei Se 
Ka\ TOL /ULeprj Ka\ to oXov ev evl ^tlvl irpcoTcp, (TKOTreiv ei jULrj 
€v Tft) avT(p aXX' ev €T€p(p to oXov Ka\ ev €Tep(a ra fieprj. 
ITaXfi/ ei Tft) oX(p orvjuLCpOelpeTaL tol fieprj' dvdTraXiv ydp Sel 
avjJi^aLveLV, tcov jULepcov (pOapevTcov (pOelpecrOaL to oXoV tov 
S^ oXov cp0apevTO9 ovk ^ dvayKalov Ka\ Ta fieprj ecpOapOai. 
^^H ei To jULcv oXov dyaOdv rj KaKOv, Td ^Se /uLrjSeTepa, rj ai/a- 
iraXLv Ta /ULev dyaOd rj KaKa, to S^ oXov /uLrjSeTepoV ovTe ydp 
e/c ^/uLrjSeTcpov ^SvvaTov rj dyaOov tl rj KaKov yeve(rOaL, ovt 

5€K KaKcov rj dyaOcov /uLrjSeTepov. *^H el /ULaXXov /ULev OaTcpov 
dyaOdv rj OaTepov KaKov, t6 S^ e/c tovtcov /uLrj /uLaXXov dyaOdv 
37 KaKov, otov el rj dvaiSeLa e^ dvSpiag Ka\ y^evSovg So^rjg, 
MdXXov ydp dyaOdv rj dvSpla rj KaKov rj y^evSrj^ So^a' eSei 
ovv Koi ^TO €K TOVTCov dKoXovOeiv Tw /ULaXXov, Ka\ eivai rj 
aTrXw? dyaOdv rj fjLaXXov dyaOdv »7 KaKov. ^H tovto fiev 
ovK dvayKalov, eav fjivj cKaTcpov ^ KaO^ aiiTo dyaOdv rj KaKOV 
TToXXa yap tcov iroLrjTLKcov KaO^ airra fiev ovk ecrrLV dyaOa, 
fiLyOevTa Se, rj dvaTrdXLv, cKaTepov fiev dyaOov, fii-^^OevTa 



"' rj rap fiepav ecTTi C. " to prius om. C. o firjOtp C. P cttj 

t6 €K C. 'l Tivi tS) TTpebro) C. ^ dvdyKTj C. ^ 5c] de jifprj C. 

t fiij^fTepmv C. V SvvaTov post yiyv€(r0ai (ita enim) C. ^ to B. 



VI. T3. TOniKXlN Z. 387 

^e y KaKov ri ovSeTcpov, MaXfo-ra Se KaTa(pav€9 to vvv prjOev 
iirl Twv vyieivMv ^ Kal vocrwSooV evia yap twv (papjuLaKcov 
ovTm e-^ei w(tO^ eKCLTepov fiev elvai ayaOov, ^ eav S^ a/uLCpct) 
SoOrj ^ /ULf^OevTa, KaKOv. 

UaXiv €1 CK l3e\Tiovo9 koi yelpovo^ ov fxv] ecnri to oXoi/6 
Tov ^ fxev ^ekTLOvo^ yelpov^ tov Se ■yeLpovo<s /ScXtiov. *^Jrl 
ovSe TOVT^ avayKaiov, ^ eav jULrj KaO^ avTo. ^ ^ tol e^ cov crvyKei- 
Tai ayaOa, ^aXX' ovSev KwXvei to oXov /uLt] yivecrOai ayaOov, 
KaOairep eirl twv apTiW9 prjOevTWv. 

^'Ert €1 (TVVwvviuLov To oXov OaTepw' ov Sei yap, KaOairep 1 
ovS^ €7rl Twv cvXXa/Bwv' ovSevl yap twv a-Toi-^elwv e^ wv 
fTvyKeiTai ^ crvXXa^t] ^ avvwvvjULog eaTiv. 

^'Eri ei /ULr] etprjKe tov Tpoirov Trjg crvvOeo-ewg. Ov yap 8 
avTapKe^ irpoff to yvwpLo-ai to elirelv ck tovtwv ov yap to 
CK TOVTWV, aXXa to ovtw9 ck tovtwv CKaa^TOv twv a^vvOcTwv 
* jj ovoria, KaOairep eir oiKia^' ov yap av oirwa^ovv a-vvTeOrj 
TavTa, oiKLa ^ ea-TLV. 

L c€ Tooe /uLeTa Tovoe aTrooedwKe, irpwTOv /ULev prjTeov otl 9 
Tooe /UL€Ta Tovde ^ rj TOLaoe TavTov r/ "* tw e/c Twvoe' o yap 
Xe^ycoj/ jULeXi /uLeO' vSaTos t/TOi /ulcXl Kal vSwp Xeyei f/ ro ck 
/ULeXiT09 KOL vSaT09, w(TT '^ eav oiroTepwovv twv eiprj/uLevwv 
TavTOv 6/uLoXoyi^a-rj eivai ° to ToSe P yuera TOvSe, ^ TavTo. ap- 
fJLOa-eL XeyeLV airep Trpo? cKaTepov tovtwv e/ULTrpocrOev e^iprjTaL. 
^'Eti SLeXo/uLevov ^ oaayw^ XeyeTaL eTepov /uLeO^ eTepov, ctko- 
ireXv ei /ULrjSa/ULw? ToSe /uLeTa TOvSe. Olov ei XeyeTaL cTepov 10 
fieO^ cTepov r/ w9 ev tlvl TavTw Scktlkw, KaOixirep r/ SLKaLOcrvvr] 
Kal rj avSpla ev y^X^^ ^^ ^^ tottco ^ tw avTw r/ ev yjpovcp tw 
avTW, /uLrjSa/ULwi S^ aXjjOeg t6 ' eiprj/uLevov eVJ tovtwv, StjXov 
OTi ovSev6<s av elr] 6 aTToSoOeh opLa-^og, ^ eireLS^ ovSa/uLW9 ToSe 

y KaKO. B.C. 2 Koi] Koi rSiv C. ^ aj/ C. ^ fJLixOevTa SoB^ C. 

c fiev om. D. *1 ai/ C. ^ ra om. C. ^ aXX'] eVt yap tcov /x») 

Kaff avTO. ayaOSiv rc. C. & (Tvvuivv/iov C. *' iKaa-Tcoi C. ^ r/ om. C. 
^ ((TTOi C. ^ fj To Tolcrde C. ^ ra>] ro A. ^ av C. o ro om. 

COrr. C. P fieTO. Tovde om. pr. C. Q TavTa ap/iOTTfi C. •* TTo- 

aaxm C. ^ rai avTto om. C. ^ «Trt tovtohv elpr/fxevov C. v (',ret C. 

C C 2 



388 TOniKIlN Z. Topic. 

fj.€Ta TOvSe ecTTiv. Et ^e twv ^ SiaipeOevTwv aXrjOe^ to iv 
^TavTw XP^^^ eKaTepov virapyeiv^ crKOireiv el evSe-^^erai /JLtj 
'7rpo9 TavTOv ^ XeyecrOai eKOLTepov. OIov ei Trjv avSpiav wpi- 
craTO ToXjuLav lueTa Siavola? 6p0rJ9' evSeyeTai yap ToX/uLav 
/mev eyeiv tov airocrTepetv, opOrjv Se Stavoiav irep\ tcl vytetvd' 
aXX' ^ovSeTTW avSpeto^ 6 ev ^rw avTcp yjpovM ToSe /xera TOvSe 

1 1 e^ft)i/. ^'Erf et Ka\ irpo^ TavTOv ajUL^po) \eyeTai, otov Trpog 
TOL laTptKOL' ovSev yap KcoXvet Kal ToXjuLav Ka\ SpOrjv Sidvoiav 
eyetv Trpo^ tol laTpiKd' aXX' ofiKid^s ^ ovS"* ovto9 dvSpeio9 6 ToSe 
lULeTa TOvSe eywv. OuTe ydp irpo^ eTepov ^ avTcov cKdTepov 
Sel Xeyea-Oat ovTe irpog TavTOv to tv^ov, dWd Trpd? to Trjg 
dvSptag Te\o9, olov ^ ttjOo? tov9 TroXc/xf/coi'? kivSvvov^ rj ei Tt 

/ULdXXoV TOVTOV T€\09. 

12 ^'^vta Se Twv ovTCd^ dTroSiSo/ULevcov ovSa/ULw^ VTrd Trjv eiprj- 
IJievYiv irtTTTet Staipea-tv, olov ei rj opyr] ^\virri julcO^ viro^ri- 
^eco9 Tov 6\iycopelaOat. ^Otl ydp Sid Tr]v V7r6\r}yp^tv Trjv 
TOiavTrjv r} Xutt»; yiverat, tovto j3ov\eTai Sr]\ovv' to Se Sid 
^ToSe yiveaOat Tt ovk ecTt SravTOv tw ixerd tovtov toS' 
etvat KaT ovSeva twv eiprnuLevcov TpOTTcov. 

1 4 Tid\tv et Trjv tovtcov a-vvOeortv elprjKe to d\ov, olov Trjg 
^l^fX^S' Kat '^ Tov acoiuLaT09 avvOeatv ^(pov, irpcoTOv /xei/ aKO- 
iretv el lULrj etprjKe irota avv0eai9, KaOairep ei adpKa opt^ojuLevog 
rj 6aT0vv Trjv TTfjOo? Ka] ytj<s Ka\ depo9 ^ elire avvOeatv. Ov 
ydp diroyjprj ^ to avvOeaiv etTreiv, dWd Ka\ iroia Tt<i irpoa- 
StoptaTcov ov yap dirooaovv avvTeOevTCOv tovtcov adp^ yive- 
Tat, aXX' ovTcoa\ jnev avvTeOevTcov adp^, ovTcoa\ S^ daTOvv. 
2^'EofAfe S^ ovS^ elvat to irapairav avvOeaet TavTOv ovSeTepov 
Twv etprjiuLevcov' avvOeaet fxev yap Traarj Sta\vai9 evavrlov, twv 
S' eiprjiuLevcov ^ ovSeTcpw ovSev. '"^'Er/ ei diuL0tw9 TrtOavdv irdv 

^ diaipedePTcav 6(Taxa>s Xeyerat (Tcpov fie6^ €Tcpov oKrjOes COrr. A.C. 
^ avTwi A, Ta> avTOi C. Y eKdTepov Xfyeadai ('. ^ ovtto) C. ^ Tav- 

t5> C. ^ ovb^ ovTOis, idque supra versum, C. c fKaTepov av- 

tS)v C. d Trpos om. C. ^ Xi^tt»; aTTobodrj jifO^ C. ^ rofiej rovro C. 

{? TaVTO H. h 7-ov om. C. ' fTVvOfO-lV flTTfV C. ^ TO Om. C 

1 OvdfTfpOV Ji. >n €Tl fi' ft C. 



VI. 14- TOniKX2N Z. 389 

TO (TvvOerov (TvvOeaiv etvai rj nirfSev, T(hv Se ^(fcov eKacTTOv 
(TvvOeTOv ov fJir] ecTTi (Tvv0e<Ti9'> ovSe tcov aXXcov ovSev toov (TVV- 
OeTcov a-vvOecrig av e'!*]. 

Jl(xXiv el ofjiOLoo^ ev Tivi 7re(pvKev virap-^eiv TavavTia, ct)pi-3 
(TTai Se Sia OaTepov, SrjXov otl ^ ov-^ wpLaTai. Ef Se /x»}, 
7r\eiov9 Tov avTOv (TVjULl^iicreTaL opicriuLOv^ elvai' tl yap fxaX- 
\ov 6 Slol tovtov r] ^ 6 Slcl tov eTepov opicTajULevo^ e'ipr}Kev, 
P eTreiSrj o/uLOicog ajULCpOTepa 7re(pvKe ylvecrOai ^ ev avTw ; tol- 
OVT09 S^ 6 TrJ9 y^v^i]9 opo9, el ecTTLV ovcrla eTrLCTTrjiJ,rig SeKTLK^' 
*^Oyao/ft)? yap Kal ayvoiag ecrTl SeKTLKrj. 

Aei Se ^ Kal eav /uLrj 7rpo9 oXov eyri tl9 e^rLyeLpelv tov ^ 
opLCT/uLOv Slcl to fjirj yv(opLjULOv elvai TO oXov, 7rpo9 Twv /uiepijov 
TL €7ri-)(eLpeLV, ^ eav ^ yvcopL/uLov Ka] fxr} KaXco^ ^ a^roSeSoiuLevov 
(paivijTaL' Tov yap ixepovs avaLpe0evTO9 Ka\ 6 7ra9 opLCTjULo^ 
avaLpeiTai. ^'Octol ^t' acracpei^ tcov opicriuLcov, ^ crvvSLOpOco- 
aavTa Ka\ ^ cTv^T-^rjjULaTLCTavTa 7rpo9 to SrjXovv tl Kai eyeLV 
€7rLyeLprjij.a, OVTC09 eTTLCTKO^reiv' avayKalov yap tm aTroKpivo- 
fjievcp rj Se-^ecrOai to eKXajUL^avojuLevov vTro tov epcoTcovTog, ?; 
avTOv SiacTacprjcTaL r/ Trore TvyyaveL to SrjXovjuLevov V7ro tov 
Xoyov. ^'Ert KaOcx^rep ev Talg cKKXrjcTLaL^ vojuov y elcoOacTLV 5 

€7r€LCT(pep€LV, KaV ^ j3eXTLO0V 6 ^ e7r€L(T(pep6lUL€V09, avaLpovcTL 

Tov ejUL^rpocrOev, ovtco Ka] €7rl tcov 6picT/j.cov ^roLrjTeov ^ Ka\ av- 
Tov ° 6pLcriJ.6v cTepov oicTTeov eav yap (paivrjTaL /BeXTicov Kal 
fiaXXov SrjXcov t6 6pLXpiJ.€V0V, SrjXov otl avrjprjimevo^ ecTTai 6 
K€LiuLevo9, e^reiSrj ovk eicTL ^ ^rXelovg tov avTOV ^pLCTfjLoi. 

njOo? a^ravTag Se tov9 6picr/UL0vg ovk eXa^yjLCTTOv crTOLyelov 6 
TO TTjOO? eavTov evcTTO^^cog opLcracrOaL to 7rpoKei/JL€vov ^ r/ Ka- 
Xco9 eiptj/uLevov opov avaXa^eiV avayKrj yap, cocr^rep 7rp6<i 
TrapaSeLyfjLa Oeco/uLcvov, to t eXXel^rov wv ^rpocTr/Kev e^eLv t6v 

^ ovx oipKTTai] ovK ea-rai C. ^ 6 dia post ^ om. C. P eVftS?) C. 
q €v om. C. ^ Kat eav] Kav C. ^ av C. * (fiaiinjTat djrodcdo- 

fievov C. ^ S' C. ^ avvdtapdpaxravTa corr. C. ^ (Txr/ixaTi- 

cravra C. Y elcoOacrt v6p.ov C. ^ dacfifpofxevos C. ^ Ka\ post tt. 

om. C. ^ €Tepov opia-pov C. ^ ravTov nXeioves C. ^ opovs ('. 
^ 17 Kal Ka\ci)s C. 

C c 3 



390 TOniK12N H. Topic. 

opKTfjLOv Koi To 'TrpoarKcl/uievou irepiepyca^ KaOopdv, toa^Te /xa\- 
\ov eiri-^^eipriiJLaTMV eviropeiv, 

Ta /xei/ ovv irepl tov9 opLar^ov^ €Tn too-ovtov elprja-Oui. 

YVoTepov ^ Se TavTov r] cTepov /cara tov KvpiwTaTOv twv 
priOevToov irepl TavTov ^Tpoirwv \e\eyeTO Se KvpiurraTa Tav- 
Tov W6 Tw apiOiuw ev) crKOTretv ck re twv TrToocrecov Ka\ twv 
G-v<TTOLywv Ka\ Tcov avTLKei/uLevcov. Ef yap r] SLKaioa-vvtj TavTOv 
Trj avSpia, Ka\ 6 SUaLO^ tw avSpeLO) Kal ^to SLKaioo9 tw av- 
Speico^. ^OiuoLCog Se Kal eTrl twv avTLKei/uievcov' el yap TaSe 
TavTO., ^ Ka\ TOL avTLKelfxeva tovtol^ TavTa KaO^ oiroLavovv 
Tcov XeyojUievcov avTiOearecov. OvSev yap SLa(pepeL t6 tovtco 
"^ rj TOVTLp avTLKeLfxevov \afieiv, eTreLSrj ° TavTOv eaTiv. Tld- 
\lv €k toov TTOirjTLKcov ° Ka\ (pOapTLKcov Ka\ yeveaecov Ka\ (pOo- 
poov Ka\ o\co9 Toov o/ULOLCos eyovToov irp6^ eKcxTepov' oaa yap 
aTrXft)? TavTCL, kol ai yevea-eL9 P avTcov Ka\ ^ ai (j)Oopa\ al av- 
Tai, Ka\ TOL TTOLtjTLKa Ka\ (pOapTLKa. 

2 ^KOireiv Se Ka\ wv OaTepov /uLa^LaTa \eyeTaL otlovv, el 
Ka\ OoLTepov ^ Tcov avToov tovtoov KaTOL t6 avTO iua\LaTa Xe- 
yeTaL, KaOdirep SevoKpdTrjg t6v evSaijUiOva /3lov Ka\ t6v airov- 
Saiov aTToSeLKVvai t6v avTOv, eireLSr] irdvToov tcov J^loov aipe- 
TooTaTO<s 6 airovSalo^ Ka\ ^ 6 evSaijULoov' ev yap to aipeToo- 
TaTOv Ka\ fAeyia-TOV. ^^Ojulolco^ Se Ka\ eTrJ tcov aWoov twv 

Stolovtoov. Aei S^ CKaTepov ev apLO/uLM eivai to \eyo/J.evov 
jULeyia-TOv rj aipeTooTaTOv. Ei ^e /m^, ovk eaTaL SeSeLy/mevov 
OTi TavToV ov yap avayKatov, ^ el avSpeLOTaTOL twv "^EX- 
\tjvcov Tle^OTrovvrjaLOL Ka\ \aKeSaL/uL6vioL, tov9 avTOVS eivai 
^ Jl€\o7rovvrja-iov9 AaKeSaL/movioig, eTreiSrj ov"^ eh apiO/Jita 



^ U A, rJTa B, C^ C. g fif om. A. ^ Tponav'] rpoTrwv pr/Tfov 

A, Tponov f)T]T€ov C. ^ t6 om. C. ^ t6] twi B. 1 Koi TaVTll 

om. A. ^ rj] fj t6 C ^ TavTO. C. o Ka\ twv (pOapT. C. P av- 

Toiv om. A. ^i fil aiite <f)6opa\ om. C. ^ t<j>v ovtcov om. C. *• 6 
pOSt Ka\ om. C. * et] €1 ol C. ^' TreX. Tols XaK. C. 



VII. I. T0niK12N H. 391 

TleXoTrovvi^a-iog ^ ovSe AaKeSai/ULoviog. "" AXXa irepLe-^ea-QaL 
fiev Tov erepov viro tov cTepov avayKaiov, KaQairep 01 Aa/ce- 
SaLjULOvioL VTTO Twv TLeXoTrovvtjcrLCov. Et Se fJirj, (rvfJiPrja-eTaL 
aWrfKodv eivaL ^eXTiovg, eav /ULrj TrepLC-^MVTaL ol eTepoi viro 
Twv eTepcav. ^ A.vayKalov yap tov9 TleXoTrovvrjcriovg |8e\-4 
TIOV9 etvaL Twv A^aKeSaijULOvlcov, e^iirep iJLrj irepie-)(0VTaL ^ ol 
cTepOL viro tcov cTepcov' iravTOdv yap tcov Xolttcov elcTL /3eX- 

TLOVg. *^OlULOLC09 Sc Ka\ T0V9 \aKeSaiJULOVLOV9 CLvdyKr] ^e\TL0V9 

eTvaL Tcov TVeXoirovvria^Lcov' Ka\ yap ^ Kal ovtol iravTcov tcov 
XoiTTcov eia-L /^eXr/ot/?. ^'Qa-Te aW^Xcov j3e\TLOV9 ylvovTaL. 
ArjXov ovv OTL ev apLOiuLcp Sei elvaL ^ to /SeXTLa-TOV Kai /ULeyL- 
a^Tov XeyojuLevov, el " /uLeXXeL otl TavTOv airoSeLKvva-OaL. Alo 5 
Ka\ SevoKpOLTrjg ovk airoSeLKvva-LV' ov yap elg apLOjULM 6 evSal- 
/uLcov ^ ovS^ 6 a-TTovSaLog /3lo9, coaT ovk avayKaiov tov avTOv 
eivaL, ° Slotl ajuLCpco aipeTcoTaTOi, aXXa tov cTepov vwo tov 
cTepov. 

TlaXLV a-KOTTeiv ei w OaTepov TavTOv, Kal OaTepov ei yap 6 
fjLrj a/uLipoTepa tw avT(p raura, SrjXov otl ovS^ oXX^Xol^. 

*'Tjtl ck tcov TOVTO19 a-vjuL/Se^rjKOTCov, kol 0T9 TavTa a-v/x-y 
peprjKev, eiTLa-KOTreiv' oaa yap OaTepco avjUL/Se/SrjKe, Kai OaTe- 
p(t) Sei a^vjUL^e^rjKevaL, Kal 0I9 OoLTepov avTcov avjUL/Se^rjKe, Kai 
OcLTepov Sel a-v/uL/Se/SrjKcvaL. Et ^e tl tovtcov SLacpcovei, SrjXov 



OTL ov TavTa. 



^Opdv Se Kal el /irj ev evl yeveL KaTrjyopia9 a/i(p6Tepa,8 
aXXa TO /uLev ttolov to Se Troarbv rj irpo^ tl SrjXoi. TIolXlv ei 
To yevo9 CKaTepov /irj TavTOV, aXXa to /lev dyaObv to ^e 
KaKOv, rj TO /lev dpeTrj to S^ eirLorTrj/irj. ^^H el TO /lev yevo9 
TOVTOv, al ^ SLacpopal Se /irj ai avTai cKaTepov KaTrjyopovv- 
TUL, aXXa Tov /lev otl OecoprjTLKrj eiTLa-Trj/irj, tov S* otl irpa- 

KTLKrj. ^O/JLOLC09 Sc Kal €7r\ TCOV ClXXcOV. 

^'Ert €K TOv /JLaXXov, el to /jlcv ^ Se-^eTaL to /JLaXXov to Seo 

^ ouSc] Koi C. y ol ercpoi om. pr. C. ^ ^cti post yap om. C. 

* t6v A.B. ^ fifWot A.B. c ouS'] Koi C. ^ StoTt aficfxo aipe- 

ToyraTOi om. C. ^ dt dia(f>opai C. ^ cViSep^CTat C. 

C C 4 



392 TOniKilN H. Topic. 

/x?5, rj €1 a/UL(pci) fxev Se)(eTai, fxi] afxa Se, KaOaTrep 6 nidWoi/ 
epodv ov jULaWov eTriOvjUiei r^? (Tvvovcrla^f coott ov TavTov epm 
Kal eTTiOviULLa arvvovarla^' 

10 *'^TL €K T^9 TTpocrOeoreoog, el tm avTw eKOLTepov 7rpO(TTiOe- 
fjLevov jULrj TTOiei to oXov ^ TavTOv. ^H ei tov avTOv act) €Ka~ 
Tepov acpaipeOevTog t6 Xolttov eTepov, olov el SLifKacTLOv ^/ull' 
creog kul TroWaTrXacrLOv ^/uLLo-eos TavTOv ecprja-ev etvai. ""Ai^at- 
peOevTO^ yap a(p^ cKaTepov tov ^/ULLO-eos tgl XoiTra Tavrov 
eSei SrjXovv, ov SrjXoL Se' t6 yap SL7r\da-L0v Kal iroWaTrXd^ 
(TIOV ov TaVTOV SrfKoi. 

11 ^^KOTTeiv Se /ULrj /ulovov el '^Srj tl a^vjuL/^aiveL dSvvaTOV Sid 
Trj9 0ea-e(i)9, dWd Kal el SvvaT^v e^ VTToOea-eco^ vTrdp^ai, Ka- 
Oairep Toh to Kevov Ka\ to 7r\^pe9 depo9 TavT^v ^ (paarKov- 
(TLV. ArjXov ydp OTL ^ edv e^eXOrj 6 drjp, k€v6v /ulcv ou^ ^ rjo'- 
arov dWd /mdWov earTaL, TrXrjpeg S^ depo<s ovkctl ecTTaL. ^Q(rT€ 
VTTOTeOevTO^ TLvd? e'iTe yf/-evSov9 e'LT aXrjOov? (ovSev ™ ydp 
SLa(p6peL^ t6 /ul€v eTepov dvaLpeiTaL avTwv, t6 S^ cTcpov ov. 

llCTT OV TaVTOV. 

la Ka^oXof S^ eLireiv, €k tcov OTrcoarovv eKaTepov KaTrjyopov- 
/ULevcov, Kal cov TavTa KaTrjyopeiTaL, crKOTreiv e'i irov SLa(pcov€L' 
oa-a yap OaTepov KaTrjyopcLTai, Kal OaTepov KaTrjyopeiaOaL 
Sel, Ka\ (jov OaTepov KaTrjyopcLTaL, Kal OaTepov KaTrjyopeia-Oai 
Sel. 

^3 *'^TL eirel " TroXXa^c^? TavT^v XeyeTai, CTKOirelv el ® Ka\ 
KaO^ cTepov Tiva Tpoirov Tairrd ecTTiV ra ydp e'iSeL rj yevei 
TavTU P rj ovK dvayKrj ^ rj ovk ^ evSe-^eTaL dpLO/uLw TavTa eivai, 
eTria-KOTrov/ULev Se vroTepov ovtco Tavra rj ov-^ ovTco^. 

rjTL eL ovvaTov uaTepov avev uaTcpov eivai ov yap av eiri 



TaVTOV. 



2 Oi /uL€v ovv Trpdi TavT^v Toiroi too-ovtol XeyovraL. Arj- 



S ravTOV C. ^ a-KfTTTfOV C. i cfydaKovaiv clvai. drjXov C. ^ av C. 
1 T/TTov C. "™ yap om. corr. C. " 7roX\axa>s t6 TavTov B.C. o «cat 
ora. C. P r/ ovK dvdyKTj om. C. ^ ?) alterum om. codices. 

^ fvbf\fTai Kai dpiO/iO) C. 



VII. 2,3- TOniKaN H. 393 

\ov ^' €/c Tcov eiptj/uLevcov ori aTravTcs ol irpog TavTov avaaKev- 
a(TTiKo\ TOTTOL Kal 7rpo9 bpov '^pi^crijJLOi, KaQairep efXTrpocOev 
elpriTaL' ei yap fx^ TavTOV SrjXol t6 t ovo/uLa Ka). 6 A070?, 
St]\ov OTL ovK av e^LTj 6pL(TiJLo<s 6 aTToSoOeh \6yog. Twv Se 
KaTacTKevaa-TLKwv t^ttcov ovSelg "^ijcrLjuog ttjOo? opov ov yap 
a7r6^r] Sei^aL tovtov to viro tov \6yov Kal TovvojULa irpo^ 
To KaTacTKevaa-aL otl opLcriuL^g, aWa kol to, ^ aWa iravTa Sei 
ey^eiv Ta 7rapt)yye\juLeva tov opLcr/ULOv. 

^A^vaLpeiv /uLev ovv opov ovTcog Kal Sia tovtcov ae\ Treipa- 3 
TeoV eav Se KaTaa-KevaCeLV fiov\coiuLeOa, irpcoTOv /ulcv elSevai 
Sel * OTL ovSeh rj 6\Lyoi tcov SLa\eyoiuLevcov ^ opov a-vWoyi- 
^ovTai, aWa 7ravTe9 GLp^^v to tolovtov ^a/UL/Bavova-LV, otov 
o7 re 7repl yeco/uLeTplav Kal apLO/ULOvg Kal Tag aWa^ ra? Toiav- 
Tag jULaOjia^eL^' eiO^ otl Sl aKpL/Belag /ulcv a\\t]9 etTTf ^rpay/uLa- 
re/a? cnroSovvaL kol tl co-tlv opog Kal ttcos opl^ea-Oai Sei, vvv S^ 
oarov iKavov 7rp09 Tr/v Trapovarav ■^elav, wa-Te Toa-ovTOv /ul6vov 
\eKTeov OTL SvvaTov yevea-OaL 6pia-/uLov Kal ^ tov tl rjv etvaL 
a-vWoyia-fJL^v. Ei yap ecrTiv 6p09 \6y09 6 t6 tl tjv etvai 2 
Tw 7rpay/uLaTL Stj\oov, Kal Sei Ta ev t<S opcp KaTt/yopov/ULeva 
^ KaL ev Tw TL ecTTL Tov 7rpay/uLaT09 yuoVa KaTtjyopeia-Oai, 
KaTtjyopeiTaL S^ ev tw t/ ecTTt Ta yevr/ Kal ai SLacpopai, 
(pavepov cog el tl9 \a^OL y TavTa /ul6vov ev tm tl ea-TL tov 
7rpayfAaT09 ^' KaTrjyopelcrOaL, otl 6 TavTa €-)(cov \6y09 6po9 
e^ avayKijg av elrj' ov yap evSeyeTai cTepov etvai opov, eTreLSrj 
ovSev cTepov ev tw tl ccttl tov 7rpay/uLaTog KaTrjyopeiTaL. 

*'Otl /ULev ovv ey)(copeL av\\oyLa-/uL6v opov ^ yevea-Oai, (pa- 3 
vepov €K TLvcov Sc ScL KaTaa^Keva^eLV, SLcopicTTaL /ULev ev 6T6- 
poi9 aKpi(3ea-Tepov, 7rp69 Se Ttjv ^ 7r poKeLfjLevr/v /ueOoSov ol av- 
TOL T07roL -^Qyrja-LixoL. ^KeTTTeov yap eTTf tcov evavTLCov Kal 
Ta)v aWcov tcov avTiKei/uLevcov, Ka). 6\ov9 tov9 \6yov9 Kal KaTO, 



s dXXa — opio-fxou om. C. t SiOTi A.B. '^ 6pa)V A. ^' roO] 

t6 A. ^ Kat ante ev om. B.C. y raOra] a C, deletis post fxovov 

litteris quinque. z KaTr)yopclcr6ai 6«i on C. » yiveaOai C. ^ K€i- 
fxevrjv A. 



394 TOniKHN H. Topic. 

luiepo9 €7narK07rovpTa' ^ el " yap 6 avTiKeljUievog tov avTiKei- 
fJLepov, ^ Kal Tov elpYifxevov tov 'irpoKeifJLevov avdyKr} ^ elvai, 
^"^ETref ^e twv evavTLWv 7r\elov<s crv/ULTrXoKai, XrjirTeov tmv 
evavTicov, "^ ottolov ^ av fxaKLcrTa ^ (pavrj 6 evavTio9 opLO-fiog. 
^^OXof? fxev ovv T0V9 \6yov9 KaOdirep e^iprjTai crKeTrTeov, KaTo. 

Afiepo^ S^ (joSe. TlpcoTOV fiev ovv otl to aTroSoOev yevo^ opOw^ 
^ ctTroSeSoTai. Et yap ^ to evavTLOv ev tm evavTLO), t6 Se 
irpoKeLfJievov firj ecTTiv ev tm avTW, SrjXov otl ^ ev tw evav- 
TLO) av e\rj, eireLSrj avayKrj Ta evavTia ev tm avTta r] ev toi£ 
€vavTL0L9 yeveoTLV etvaL. Kat rct? SLa(popd<s Se Ta? evav- 
Tia^ Twv evavTLCOv d^LOVfxev KaTrjyopeicrOaL, KaOdirep XevKov 
Kal fjL6\avo9' ° TO fxev ydp SLaKpLTLKOv to Se crvyKpLTLKOv 
oyjr€W9. ^'Q(TT €L Tov cvavTLOV ai cvavTLaL KaTrjyopovvTaL, 

e,TOV TrpoKeifievov al diroSoOelcraL KaTrjyopoivT dv. ^'Qctt 
eTrel Kal to yevog Kal al SLa(j)opa\ opOwg diroSeSovTaL, SrjXov 
OTi opicTfJLog av eirj o f a7roooueL9' t± ovk avayKaiov twv 
evavTLCOV Tdg evavTia^ SLacpopd^ KaTrjyopelcrOaL, ^ dv fjirj ev 
Tw avTw yevei ^ ra evavTia' cov Se Td yevrj evavTia, ovSev 
KcoXvei Tijv avTrjv SLa(f)opdv /car' dficpoiv XeyecrOaL, olov Ka^d 
SLKaLO(Tvvrj<s Ka\ dSLKiag' to yuei/ ydp dpen-rj to Se KaKia ypv- 
X^^i wVre TO "v/^fX^? SLacpopd ev dficpolv XeyeTai, eTreLSij Ka\ 
croofiaTog ccttlv dpeTrj Ka\ KaKLa. ^AXX' ^ ouv tovto y d\rj- 
Oh, OTi Tcov evavTLwv rj evavTiaL rj ^ al avTa\ Siacpopal eicnv. 

6Et ovv Tov evavTLOv rj evavTia KaTrjyopelTaL, tovtov Se fitj, 
SrjXov OTL rj eiprjfxevrj tovtov dv KaTrjyopoLTO. I\.a0o\ov S 
eiirelv, ^ eire^ 6 6pLcrfi6<s ecTTiv ck yevov^ Ka\ Siacpopwv, dv 6 
Tov evavTLOv 6pLcrfJL09 (pavepo^ ^, Ka\ 6 tov TrpoKeifievov 6pi- 
a-fio^ (pavepoi ecTTai. ^ETret ydp to evavTiov ev tw avTw 
yevei rj ev tw evavTLW, 6fioiw9 Se Ka\ al ^ SLa(popa\ rj evavTLai 

c eire B. ^ yap 6 corr. A. ^ Koi 6 elpTjnevos rov flprjfituov t^ 

dvdyKijs ea-Tm C. ^ dvai om. A. S eVt A.C. ^ onolos pr. C, 

i av om. C. ^ (f)av(ir) C. et COrr. A, (f)avep6v TJi B. 1 a7ro8i5orat 

A.B. ™ t6 ivavTLov iv om. pr. C. " iv tw om. pr. C. " r6 — 

r6'\ rov — rov C. P dnoboOe^s \6yos ^ B. *1 iav H. •' ovv om. B. 

» ai om. B. t ineibrj C. v g. ^J §. ^1 C. 



VII. 3- TOniKHN H. 395 

Twv evavTLOdv 37 al ai)Ta\ KaTrjyopouvTai, o^Xov oti tov Trpo- 
K€i/ji€vov rjTOi To avTO y€vo9 av KaTijyopoLTO oirep Kai tov 
evavTiov, ai ce CLacpopaL evavTLaL, rj ^ airaa-ai rj Tive^, ai oe 
\oLira\ al avTai' rf avairakLV al ixev SLa(popa\ al avTal Ta Se 
yevr] evavTLa' 17 aiUL(j)(a evavTLa, Ka\ tol yevr/ Ka\ al SLa<popaL. 
^ A/uiCpOTepa ^ yap ^ TavTa ^ elvaL ovk evSe-^eTai' el Se ixt], o 
avTO^ 6pL(riJL09 Tu>v evavTicov etjTaL, 

^'Ert e/c Twv TrTwa-eoov ^ Ka\ tcov crv(TTOL)((jov' avayKrj yap 7 
aKoXovOeiv ra yevr] tol9 yevecri Ka\ Tovg bpovg tol9 opOLg. 
OIov el ri XrjOr} €(Tt\v aTTO^oXrj €irL(TTf]lxri<s, Ka\ to eTnXavOa- 
ve(rOaL a7ro/3a\Xefi/ eirKTTrjfjirjv earTaL Ka\ to eiriXeXrj^TOaL airo- 
Pe/BXrjKevaL €7r LcrT^fxrjv. '^Ei/o? ovv ottolovovv toov elprjfxevoov 
ojULoXoyrjOevTog avayKr] Ka\ tcl \oLira ojUioXoyeicTOaL. ^0/ulolco9 
Se Ka\ €1 rj ^ (pOopa SloXv^tl^ ov(Tia<5, Ka\ to (pOeipe^TOai S^a- 
\v€(TOaL ov(TLav Ka\ To ^ (pOapTLKcog SLa\vTLKw9, ei ^ Te to 
(pOapTLKov ^ SLa\vTLK6v ovcTLa^, ^ Ka\ r] (pOopa Sia\v(Tig ovcTias. 
^^OjULOicog Se Ka\ eTrJ tcov aWcov. *'OcrO' ei/09 ^iroiovovv \r](pOev- 
T09 KaL Ta \oL7ra iravTa ofJLo\oyeLTaL. 

^ Kaf €K Tcov 6iuLoico9 S^ €-^6vTCOV TTjOO? a\\r]\a. Ei «yajO 8 
TO vyieLvov iroLrjTLKov vyL€La9, Kai to eveKTiKOv iroirjTLKOV 
eve^lag ecTTaL kol to co(pe\LiULOv nroLrjTLK^v ayaOov. ^Ojulolco? 
yap eKa(TTOV twv eiprjfjievcov irpo^s t6 oiKelov TeXo? e^e:, coctt 
ei evog avTcov ^* 6 ^pLCTjuLog ecTTi t6 iroLrjTLK^v elvai tov Te\ov9, 
Ka\ Tcov \oL7rcov eKacTTOv ^ ovto<5 av e^lrj ^pL^TjULog. 

^^'Et^ €k tov jULaWov Ka\ tov 6iulolco9, ^ ^(Ta')^^ ™ evSe-^^e- 9 
Tai KaTa(TK€vacraL Svo Trpos Svo CTvyKplvovTa, oiov ei /uLaWov 
ode Tovoe " rj ode Tovce opKT/uLog, o ce rjTTOv opLcriJ.09, KaL o 
juLaWov. Kaf ei 6iuLOL(i)9 oSe TOvSe Ka\ oSe TOvSe, el 6 eTepog 
Tov erepov, Ka\ 6 XotTro? tov \oL7rov. "^Ei/o? <5' ^pLCTjuLov ttjOO? 

"^ naaai C. ^ y^p] H"^^ y^P P^* ^* ^ ravra B.C. 2 eipai 

om. A.B. et pr. C. » Ka\ ck tS>p C. ^ 8ia(f>0opa A.B. c (f)0ap~ 

TiKov diaXvTiKov C. d yf C et pp^ A e diaXvTiKov — <j)6opa om. B. 

^ Ka\ T) — ova-ias om. A. S Ka\ om. C. ^ 6 om. C. i avTos B. 

^ Ztl 5' e/c C. 1 TToa-axSfS C. ^ eKdex^Tai A. ^ Sptcrjxos ante 

^C. 



396 TOniKXlN H. Topic. 

^vo arvyKpivojuievov, tj Svo opicrjULwv irpo^ " ei/a, ovSev ^ijo-f/xo? 
^ €K Tov /uLciWov eTTicrKeyjng' ovtc yap eva P Svolv ovTe Svo 
Tov avTOv opovs ovvaTOv ecTiv eivai. 
4 EfVf Se Ka\ eTTiKaipoTaTOi twv tottcov ol re vvv eiprjfxevoi 

Ka] ^ 01 eK TWV (TVa-TOL-^CdV Ka\ ^ ol €K TOOV ITTUXJeWV. Aio Ka\ 

Sei jUiaXicrTa KaTe^eiv Kal irpoyelpov^ eycLv tovtov<s' ^rjai- 
/uLcoTaTOL yap ttjOO? TrXeicrTa. Kal tcov aWcov Se tov9 /ma- 
\t(TTa KOIVOV9' ovTOi yap evepyoTaTOi tcov Xonrcov, olov to 
T eTTLJ^XeireLV eirl to KaO' eKacTTa, koi CTrl tcov eiScov (TKOirelv 
€1 eipapiuLOTTei 6 Xoyog, cTretS^ ^ (tvvcovv imov to * elSog. ^'Ecrrf 
^e ^ "^rjcTifJiOv TO ^ TOLOVTOv iTpo^s T0V9 Ti6eiuL€vov9 iScag elvat, 
KaOcLTrep irpoTepov e^lptjTaL. ^'Erf el /uLeTacpepcov e'ipr)Ke tov- 
vo/ULa, 37 avTO avTOv KaTtjyoprjKev C09 eTepov. KaJ e'l rt? aX- 
\o^ KOLV09 Ka\ evepyo9 tcov tottcov 6(tti, ^ tovtco yjprj^TTeov. 
C ^Otl Se "^aXeircoTepov KaTa(TKevaX^eLv r] avacTKevd^eLV opov, 
eK Tcov iUL€Ta TavTa prjOrjcro/Uievcov (pavepov. KaJ yap iSeiv 
avTOV Ka\ Xa/SeLV irapa toov epooTcoiuevcov tcl^ TOiavTa^ irpo- 
Ta(TeL9 ovK evTreTe^, olov otl tcov ev tw airoSoOevTL Xoyca t6 
/UL€V yevo^ to Se SLaCpopa, Ka\ ^ otl ev tw tl ccttl to '^ yevo^ 
Ka\ ai Sta(popa\ KaTrjyopovvTat. ^'Avev Se tovtcov aSvvaTOV 
6pL(TiuL0v yevecrOat crvWoyt^TfJLOV ei yap Ttva Ka\ aWa ev 
T(p Ti €(TTL Tov TrpoLyjUiaTog KaTrjyopeiTaL, aSrjXov iroTepov 
6 prjOe^g r/ €Tepo9 avTOv ^pL^T/uLog €(ttlv, eiretSri ^ptcr/jLO^ ecTTt 
Xo^yo? 6 TO TL rjv eivaL (Trj/jLalvcov. ArjXov Se Ka\ €k TcovSe. 
^''Pao^' yap ev ^ crv/iirepavacTOaL rj iroXXa. ^ \vaipovvTL /uLev 
ovv airoyjyrj ttjOo? eva StaXeyr/vat i^ev yap ^ttolovovv ^ ava- 
(TKevda-avTe^ avrjpr/KOTe^ ecro/xeOa t6v opov), KaTa(TK€V(x^ovTi 
Se iravTa avayKr/ o-v/jl/3i/3(x1^€lv otl virapyeL tcl ev t<S opio. 
^'Et£ ^ KaTacTKevaC^ovTL /ulcv KaOoXov olcttcov (TvXXoyLcr/iov' 
Sei yap KaTU iravT^^ ov Tovvo/ia ^ KaTr/yopelcTOaL t6v opov, 

o 1»/ C. P hviiv B. q ot om. B. *■ 01 om. C. ^ (rvva>w/ios A. 
^ fi86s €<mv. f(TTi C. ^ ■)(pr](n/ios 6 tottos Trpos C. ^ toiovto B. 

X Tovro) xpV^^^^ov om. C. y blOTl A.B. ^ y^vOS /lOVOV Ka\ C. 

a a-vfnrfpalve(r6ai C. ^ (v C. ^ ava<rK.'\ dvaipovvTcs C. ^ Ka- 

TauKfvd^ovTa C. ^ KaTrfyop^(T0ai C. 



VII. 4,5- TOniKHN H. 397 

Kttl €Ti 7rpo9 T0VT019 ^ avTKTTpecpeiv, €L jULeWei 'iSiog elvai 6 
aTTO^oOef? opo^. ^ A.va(TKevaC^ovTa ^ S^ ovKeTi avdyKtj Sei^ai 
TO KaOoXov airoyjpri yap to Sei^ai oti ovk oXijOeveTai irep\ 
TLV09 Twv viro TOvvojJLa 6 Xoyo^' ^ Et re Kal KaOoXov SeoLS 
avacTKevda-aL, ovS^ wg to avTi<TTpe(j)eLV avayKaiov eTrl tov 
CLvaa-Kevd^eiV airo^^r} yap dvacTKevdX^ovTL KaOoXov to Sei^ai 
OTi ^ KaTa TLV09 cov Tovvoiua KaTriyopelTaL 6 Xoyog ov KaTJj- 
yopeiTaL. To S^ dvdiraXLv ovk dvayKaiov ttjOO? to Sel^aL, 
OTL KaO^ wv 6 X6yo9 jJih KaTrjyopeiTaL ^ Tovvofxa KaTrjyopei- 
TaL. ^'Et* el Koi iravTL virap-^^eL tw viro Tovvofxa, imrj julovoj 
Se, dvr]pr]/uLevo9 ylveTai 6 opLa-jULO?. 

^OjULOLoo? Se Kal Trepl to 'lSlov Kal to yevo9 eyeL' ev diuL(po~4 
TepoL9 ydp dvaa-Kevd^^eLV tj KaTaa-Kevd^eLV paov. Tlepl /uLev 
ovv Tov lSlov (pavepov e/c tcov eiprjjULevcov o)? yap eTrl to ttoXv 
ev a-v/uLTrXoK^ to "lSlov diroSlSoTaL, wott dvaarKevaXeLV /ULev 
ecTTLV ev dveXdvTa, KaTaa-Kevd^ovTi Se dvdyKrj wdvTa a-vXXo- 
yiCea-OaL. ^"^eSdv Se Kal Td Xonrd irdvTa, oa-a ttjOO? toi^ 
dpLa-fJidv, Ka\ Trpdg to "lSlov dpjjLoa-eL Xeyea-OaL' iravTL tc ydp 
Sei TM viro TOvvo/ULa tov KaTaa^KevaYovTa SeLKvvvai otl virap- 
^et, dvaa-Kevdl^ovTL S^ dirdyjpri ^ ev\ Sei^aL lULrj virdp-^ov e'L Te 
Ka\ iravT^ virdp-^eL, /uLrj /ulovm Se, kol ovtco^ dvea-Kevaa-ixevov 
ylveTai, KaOairep eir\ tov opLa-fJLOv ^XeyeTaL. TIep\ Se tov 5 
yevovs, OTL " KaTaa-Kevd^C^eLV /uLev dvdyKrj jULOva^^co^ 7ravT\ ® Sei- 
^avTa virdp-^eLv, dvaa-KevdC^ovTL Se SLywg' Ka\ ydp el fxrjSevl 
Koi ei TLv\ SeSeLKTaL /ULrj vwap-^ov, dvrjprjTaL to ev dp-^. ^'Et* 
KaTaa-KevdXpvTL /uLev ovk diroy^prj otl virdp-^eL Sel^aL, dXXd 
Ka\ P Sloti C09 yevo9 virdpyeL SeLKTeoV dvaa^KevdX^ovTL S^ iKa- 
vov TO ceitaL /ULrj virapyov rj tlvl rj fxrj iravTL. JCjOiKe o , 
wa-irep Ka\ ev T019 dXXoL9 to SLa<pOeipaL tov iroirja^aL paov, 
ovTco KaL eiTL TovToov TO avao^KevaaaL tov KaTaarKevaaaL. 



^ dvTI,(rTp€<j)€lU, Koff OV TOV \6yov Ka\ Tovvojxa, ft C. ^ d' OVK dvdyKT) 

KaOoKov C. ^ €Ti et A.B. i kut ovdevos toi/ Tovvojia kot. Kal 6 \6yos 

KOT. C. ^ Tovvofxa^l ovbe Tovvo^a C. ^ ev 3. ^ eXt-ytro C. 

" KaTa(TK(vd^ovTt C. " fifl^ot vndpxpv C. P oti C. 



398 TOniKriN H. Topic. 

6 ^EttJ Se Tov arviJLJBejirjKOTO^s to fJLev KaOoXov paov avacTKev^ 
aC^eiv rj ^^ KaTafTKevaCeLV' KaTacrKevaXpvTi /uLev yap SeiKTCov 
OTi iravTL, avaoTKeva^ovTL S^ airo-^ri ev\ Sei^aL /uit] virap-^ov. 
To S^ eTTf /uLepovg ^ avo.ira\LV ^ paov KaTaaKevacraL rj avacKev- 
daraL' KaTaa-Kevd^ovTL juiev yap * diro-^r} Sei^aL tlvI VTrdp-^ov, 
dvao-Kevdl^ovTi Se SeLKTeov otl ovSevl virdpyeL. 

7 ^avepov Se Ka\ Slotl TravToov paa-TOv opov dvaa^Kevda-aL' 
TrKela^a ydp ev avTw Ta SeSojULeva ttoWwv eLprj/uLevcov, ck Se 
Twv TrXeLOvcov OaTTOv yiveTaL orvWoyia-iuLog' eiK09 yap ev 
T019 TToWoL^ /uLaW^ov rj €v T0L9 oX/^yof? djuLapTrjjULa yivea-QaL. 

hdTL irpo<s jULev opov evcey^eTaL KaL ^ OLa tcov aWcov ^ eirL-^cL- 
peiv' e'LTe ydp /uirj 'lSlo9 ^o Xo^yo?, e^LTe /uLr] yevog to diroSo- 
Oev, eWe /ULr] virap-^eL tl tcov ev tw Xoyip, avr]pr]jULevo9 yLveraL 
6 opLa-jULog' TTjOO? ^e TaWa ovTe Ta eK tcov ^ opcov ovTe TaWa 
evSe^eraL iravT eiTL-^eLpelv' /uLOva yap ra ttjOO? to a-v/uLl3e^rj- 
8^09 KOLvd irdvTcov tcov eiptjjULevoov eaTLV. ^Yirap-^eLV /ulcv ydp 
Sel eKaa-TOV tcov eiprjjULevcov' ei Se /Uir] co9 ^Slov virdpyeL To 
y€V09, ovSeirco dvriprjTaL to •yei/os'. *^0/uloico9 Se Ka\ to ISlov ovk 
dvayKaiov cog yevo9, ovSe t6 a-v/jL^e^rjKog o)? yevos rj ISlov, 
aXX' virdp-^eLV /jlovov. ^'Octt' ov SvvaTOV €k tcov CTepcov Trpdg 
9Ta cTepa eTTL-^eLpelv aXX' rj eir\ tov opLcr/uLOv. ArjXov ovv otl 
paa-TOV irdvTcov opov dvaLpelv, KaTaa-Keva^eLV Se -^aXeircoTa- 
TOV ^cKelvd T€ ydp ^ Sel irdvTa a-vWoyla-aarOaL (Ka\ ydp otl 
virdpyeL Td ^ eiprj/uLcva Ka\ otl yevo9 to diroSoOev Ka\ otl 
ISlo? 6 Xoyog), Ka\ ctl irapd TavTa, otl SrjXoi to tl rjv eivai 
6 \dyo9, Ka\ TOVTO Ka\co9 Sei TreiroLrjKevaL. 
'° Tcov S^ dWcov To ISlov /uLd\La-Ta tolovtov dvaLpelv /uLev 
ydp paov Sid to e/c iroWwv 009 eir\ to ^iro\v, KaTaa-KevdXcLv 
Sc p^aXeTTcoTaTOi/, otl tc iroWa Sel av/uL^L^aa-aL, Ka\ irpdg 

q KaraaK^vd^fiv. Kai di ivos yap dvaa-K€vd^€Tat ro Ka66\ov fj Karaa-Kev- 
d^frai. Karaa-Kfvd^ovTi. C. ^ ndXiv H. ^ pdov ydp KUTuaK. C. * oTro- 
Xpr/ To 8el^ai C. ^ Sia COIT. A, Ta B. ^ fyxfipclv A.B. ^ 6 

om. A. y opcov TcTaKTai ovt€ C. 2 Kflvd A.B. ^ Trdirra 8fi 

avWoyi{^ea-6ai C. ^ elprjpiiva ndvTa Kal 

Karaa-K. C. 



VII. 5. VIII. I. T0niKi2N 0. 399 

TOVTW OTl fJLOVip VlTap-^eL KOL ai/TlKaTriyOp€lTai TOV TTjOa- 

'y/uaros'. 

*" Pa crroi/ ^e irdvTWV KaTacrKevdcrai to a-vimfie^rjKO^' ev juLev 1 1 
•yajO T019 a\\oi9 ov /ulovov vTrap-^ov, aWa Ka\ otl ovtco9 
virapyei, ccLKTeov' eirl ce tov (rvjUi^elSrjKOTO^, otl virap-veL 
/uLovov, LKavov Sel^aL. ^ A.va<TKevd^eiv Se ^a\e7rcoTaTOv to cvijl^ 
fie/SrjKO^, OTL e\a-)^La-Ta ev avTw SeSoTaL' ov yap Trpoa-crrjiuLaL- 
V€L ev Tw orvjUL/Se^rjKOTL TTft)? virapycL, w<tt eirl /ulcv twv aWcov 
SLy^oog eoTTLV dve\eiv, rj Sel^avTa otl ov^ virdpyeL r] otl ov-^ 
OVT009 VTvdpyeL, eTTL Se tov o-vjUL/Se/BrjKOTog ovk ea-TLV ^ dve\€lv 
aXX' rj Sel^avTa otl oiyp^ virap-^eL. 

Ol fjLev ovv TOTTOL Sl^ 00 V eviTopriaroiJiev irpog cKaa-Ta toov 12 
irpofi\riiJ.dTwv eiTL-^^eLpelv, a-)(eSov iKavcog e^rjplOiuLrivTaL. 

Mera ^e TavTa Trepl ra^eft)?, Kai ttco? Se? epcoTav, \eKTeov. I 
Ael Se irpwTOv imev ^ epcoTrjiuLaTL^eLV fJLeWovTa tov toitov ev- 
peiv oOev eiTLyeLpriTeov, SevTepov Se epooTrnuLaTLa-aL Kal Td^ai 
KaO^ ^eKaa-Ta irpog eavTov, to Se ^olttov Kal TpiTOv elTreiv 
^TavTa i^Srj ttjOo? cTepov. Me^t lULev ovv tov evpeiv V0J/2 

TOTTOV OjULOLCOg TOV (pL\oar6(pOV KOL TOV SLa\eKTLKOV rj aKe^L'}, 

TO S^ ^ 'i^Srj TavTa T^TTeLV Kal epooTrjiuLaTL^eLV ^lSlov tov S^a- 
XcKTiKOv' TTpog cTepov ydp Trdv to tolovtov, tw Se (pL\o- 
a-6(f)(p KaL ^i]TOvvTL KaO^ eavTov ovSev iJ.e\eL, edv d\r]Or} fjiev ^ 
Kal yvcopLiua Sl* oov 6 cruXXo^yf oryuo?, /x^ O^ S^ aura ^ o diroKpL- 
v6iJ.evo<s Slu to a-vveyyvs elvaL tov e^ dp-)^^9 Kal irpoopdv to 
crviJ.Prja-6iJ.evov' aXX' fVco? "^ kolv airovSda-eLev otl iJ.d\La-Ta 
yvcopLiuLa Ka\ crJi/e'y'yi'9 eivaL Td d^iooiuLaTa' e/c tovtcov ydp 01 
€7r La-Tr}iJ.ovLKo\ a-vWoyLa-fMOL. 

Tov9 jj-ev ovv TOTTOi'? oOev Sel \aiJ.j^dveLV, e^LprjTaL irpdTe-^ 
pov irepL Ta^eft)? Se Ka\ tov epooTrjiuLaTia-aL \eKTeov Sl€\6- 

d dvaipelv C. ^ A, Orjra B, »; C. ^ epcoTinarl^fiv A, epw- 

rav C. S cKaaTov C. '' ^bt] ravTa C. ^ rov om. C. k ^^fj 

om. C. ^ 6 post avTci om. B. ™ <faj/] av Ka\ C. 



400 TOniKriN 0. Topic. 

/mevop Ta9 7rpOTa<T€i9, oarai XtjTTTeai Trapa ra? avayKalag. 
^ A.vayKaiai Se \eyovTai Si' dov 6 avWoyi<TiuL09 yiverai. A/ 
Se irapa Tavra^ XafxPavo/mevai TCTTapeg eiaiv' rj yap ewa- 
yoyyyjg xapiv tov SoOrjvai to KaOoXov, rj eig oyKov tov Xoyov, 
r] irpog Kpv^Lv Tov crv/uLTrepaarjULaTog, rj Trpo^ to (ra<p€(rT€pov 
eivai Tov Xoyov. TLapa Se TavTa? ovSe/uLiav XrjTTTeov TrpoTa- 
criv, ^aXXa Sia tovtcdv av^etv Kal epcoTrjjULaTil^eiv ireipaTeov. 
E(Vf ^' at TTpog Kpvyjriv aywvog X^P'-^' ^^^' eireiSrj iratra rj 
TOiavTrj irpayfxaTela irpos cTepov ecrTiv, avdyKrj Kai TavTai9 
XpwOai. 

4 Ta? juLcv ovv avayKaia^, Si' wv 6 orvXXoyKTiuLog, ovk ^ evOvg 
TrpOTaTeov, aXX airocTTaTeov otl avcoTaTM, otov lULrj twv evav- 
TLCov a^LOvvTa Trjv avTrjv eTTLO-Ti^iuLrjv, av tovto IBovXrjTai Xa- 
^eiv, aXXa twv avTLKeLjuLevoov' TeOevTog yap tovtov, Ka\ otl 
Twv evavTLCOv rj avTrj avXXoyieLTaL, eireiSrj avTLKei/uLeva tol 
evavTia. P^^Aj/ ^e /uLrj TLOrj, Sl CTraycoyrjg XrjTTTeov, TTpoTei- 

5 vovTa eir\ tcov KaTa /uLcpog evavTLCov. ^^H yap Slo. crvXXoyL- 
(T/ixov rj Sl'' €7raycoyrj9 Tag avayKala? XrjwTeov, rj tcl^ /ulcv eira- 
ycoyrj Ta9 ^e crvXXoyLcr/jLw, oaaL Se Xiav Trpocpaveh eicri, Ka\ 
^ avTa9 irpoTelvovTa' aSrjXoTepov re yoLp ' aet ev Trj ^ airo- 
(TTacreL KaL Trj eTraycoyrj to (Tv/u/Srj^TO/uLevov, Ka\ a/uLa *to 
ai^Ta? Ta? xprjcriiuLovg irpoTeivaL "^ Kai /uLrj Svvd/jLevov ^' eKeivoo^ 

dXa^elv ^eTOL/JLOv. Tdg Se irapd Tairra? eiprj/uLcvag XrjirTeov 
^ev TOVTCOv ycLpLV, €Ka(TTrj S^ coSe ^»y(rreoi/, eirdyovTa /ulcv 
airo Tcov KaO^ eKacTTOv eirX to KaOoXov Ka\ tcov yvcopi/uLcov 
€7r\ Ta dyvco(rTa' yvcopi/ua Se /ulolXXov Td Ka^d Trjv alcrOrj^TLV, 
rj dirXcog rj T0i9 ttoXXoi?. J^pvTrTOVTa Se TrpoavXXoyil^ecrOaL 
Sl' cov 6 crvXXoyior/ULO? tov e^ dpx/i^ /ULcXXei yivecrOaL, kol 

jTavTa C09 irXeiCTTa. ^trj S^ dv tovto, ei tl^ /uLtj /ulovov Td? 
avayKaia^ aWa Ka\ tcov 7rpo9 TavTa^ ^(prj^Ti/ULcov TLvd crvX- 
Xoyi^OLTO. ^'ETf Ta (Tv/uL7r€pd(T/uLaTa /uLtj XeyeLV, dXX^ v(TT€pov 

n aXX' Tj C o €v0vs avTiis Trpor. A.B. P eav C. Q Tavras A. 

^ df\ om. C. ^ dnoTaaei B. * t6 Kal avTas C ^' Kal om. C. 

w eKeivws COrr. A. X ^rotfxov COrr. A, eTolfuos B. 



VIII. I. TOniKX2N 0. 401 

aOpoa (rvWoyl^ea-Oai' ovtco yap aV iropptdTaToa oLTrocTTi^creie 
Trjg i^ ^pX^^ Oeaecog. J^aOoXov S^ eiTrelv, ovtw Sei epwTav 
Tov y KpvTTTiKw^ TrvvOavojULevov, (joctt ^payrrj/jLevov tov iravTOS 
\6yov Kal elirovTog to crviJ.irepaa-ixa '^rjTeicrOaL to Sia t/. 
TovTO S^ ea-Tai /uLa\i(rTa Sia tov Xe^^^^OevTog e/uLTrpocOev Tp6-8 
irov' iul6vov yo.p tov ear^^aTOv prjOevTO^ crvjULTrepaa-iuiaTOS aSr]- 
Xov TTft)? crvjUL/Saivei, Sia to iJ.rj irpoopdv tov aTroKpLvojixevov e/c 
TLVCov crvjULPaLveL, juLr] SiapOpcoOevTCOv tcov ^ irp^Tepov crvWo- 
yia-iuLcov. ^'H/cio-ra S^ av ^ SLapOpoiTO 6 a-vWoyia-iuLog tov 
orv/uLirepacriuLaTO? M "Tol tovtov Xi^iuLiuLaTa rjnicov tlOcvtcov, aXX' 
eKeiva v<p^ cov 6 a-vWoyiGr/uLog yiveTaL. 

^pi^criiuLOv Se Kai to lULrj crvve-^rj tol a^LcoinaTa XafjL^aveLV 6^9 
^ cov OL crvWoyLcriJLOL, aW evaWa^ to irpo^ eTepov Ka\ ere- 
pov arviLTrepaaiJLa' TLOe^ievcov yap tcov oiKeicov ^ irap aWtjXa 
IJLaWov t6 a-viJL/Brja-^iJLevov e^ avTcov irpocpave?. 

^prj Se Kal opLO-iJLw XapLjSaveLV, e(p^ cov evSe-^eTai, Trjv Ka- 10 
O6X0V irp^TaarLV, iJLrj gtt' avTcov aXX^ eTrl tcov crva-Tolycov' ira- 
paXoylX^ovTaL yap ^ eavTOv<s, OTav eir^ crva-Tolyov XrjcpO^ ^ 6 
opLcrii^g, C09 ov to KaOoXov crvyxcopovvTe<s, olov el SeoL Xa(3eiv 
OTL 6 6pyL^6iJLevo9 opeyeTaL TLiJLcopla? ^ Slcl (paLvoiievrjv oXl- 
ycopiav, XrjcpOelr] S^ ^ ^ opyrj ope^ig etvaL TL^JLcopLa? Slol (paivo- 
lievrjv oXLywpLav' SrjXov yap otl tovtov Xt](p0evTO9 e^OLiiev 
av Ka06Xov o irpoaLpoviJLeOa. T019 S^ ex' avTcov irpoTeivovcrL n 
iroWaKL^ avaveveiv crviJL^alveL tov airoKpLV^iievov Sia to ijlciX- 
Xov e-^eLV eiT avTOv Trjv evcrTacriv, oiov otl 6 6pyLiCpiiLevo9 
^ ovK opeyeTaL TLiJLcopiag' T019 yap yoveva-LV 6pyLi^6iJLe0a iiev, 
ovK 6pey6iieOa Se TLiJLcoplag. ^'la-cog iiev ovv ^ ovk aXrjOrjg rj 
^ evcrTacrL9' irap evicov yap iKavrj TiiJLCopia to XvirrjcraL ijl6vov 
Ka\ iroLrja-aL ^ /jLeTaiJLeXecrOai' ov iJLrjv aXX' e^e: Ti irLOavov 
TTjOO? TO iJirj SoKelv a\6yco9 apvela-OaL t6 7rpoTeLv6iievov. ""EttJ 

y KpvTTTcos A. ^ npoTepoiv C. ^ SiapBpcoOflrj C. ^ av elalu 

oi C. '^ TrapdKXrjXov C. ^ avrovi C. ^ 6 om. B. ^ dia 

(f)aivop€vr)V oXiycopiav margo rc. C. ^ t) Om. C. " ovk] ov nas 

COrr. C. ^ ovx iKavr) A.H. ^ eva-raa-is vTrdpxfi' nap (via>v p,ev yap C. 
1 perajieXflaBai C. 

VOL. I. D d 



402 TOniKXlN 0. Topic. 

^e Tov T^9 opyyJ9 opia-iuiov ou^ o/uloiw^ paSiov ^ ccttip evpeiv 

€V(TTa<TlV. 

12 *'ETf TO 7rpoT€iveiv /uiJ] 009 ^f' avTO aW aWov \a,piv ttjOO- 
TclvovTa' evXa^ovvTaL yap tu irpog tyiv Oea-iv yjprja-iixa. 
""ATrXft)? ^' €L7reiv, otl /ULoXLorTa iroLelv a^rjXov iroTepov to 
TrpoTeLvo/uievov r] to avTLKeijJievov /SovXeTaL Xa/Seiv' aSi^Xov 
yap OVT09 Tov ttjOo? tov \6yov yjpYjo-LiJ.ov jUiciWov to Sokovv 
avT0L9 TLQeacLV. 

13 ^'Et£ Slo. t^9 ojULOioTtjTog TrvvOaveo-OaL' kol yap iTLOavov 
Ka\ XavOdveL jUidWov to KaOoXov. OIov ^ otl uxnrep eiTL- 
<jTf]^n «^a^ ayvoLa tcov evaPTLOov r} avTtj, ovtw "* KaL aia-ur]a-L9 
Tcov evavTLOOV rj avTr}, r] avdiraXLV, " eireLSr] a^ia^Orjang rj ° avTr], 
Ka\ eiTLa-TrjiJir]. Touto ^' eaT\v o/uiOLOv eTrayooy^, ov /u^i/ Tav- 
Tov ye' €K€L luiev ydp diro toov /caO' cKaa-Ta to KaOoXov Xa/x- 
iBdveTai, eTri ^e toov o/moioov ovk ea-Ti to Xajuipavo/uievov to 
KaOoXov, v(p^ Po ^iravTa Ta o/moLa ea-TLV. 

14 AeL Se Ka\ avTov TroTe ^ avTw eva-Taa-iv (pepeLV dvviroirTW^ 
ydp eyOVCTLV OL dTTOKpLVOfJieVOL TTpo? Tovg SoKovvTag SLKaioo^ 
eTTL-^^eLpelv. ^prjorLixov Se Ka\ to eirLXeyeLV otl avvrjOe? Kai 
XeyojUievov t6 tolovtov oKvova-L yap Kivetv to eicoOo^ eva^Taa-LV 
fj-r] eyovTe^. ^^A/Uia Se Ka\ ^ tm yjpriaOaL Ka\ ^ avTo\ T019 tol- 

15 0VT0L9 (pvXaTTOVTaL Kiveiv avTa. ^'Et^ to /J.tj a-irovSal^eLV, 
KCLV 0X009 yjprja-Lixov ^' irpd^ ydp tov9 a-TrovSdX^ovTa^ iidXXov 
dvTiTelvova-LV. Kal to 009 ev irapa/SoXfi TrpOTeLveiV to yap 
Sl^ dXXo TrpoTeLVO/ULevov Kai fxr] Sl avTO yjpr)a-LiJ.ov TiOeaa-L 
imdXXov. ^'Kti fJLfi avTo irpOTelveLV o Sei XrjcpOrjvaL, aXX w 
TOVTO eireTaL i^ dvdyKr]9' iidXXov Te ydp a-vy^oopova-L Slu 
To fJLr] 61JL01009 eK TOVTOv (pavepov elvai to (rvixl3i]<roiievov, KaL 

l6Xr](p0€VTO9 TOVTOV C^XrjTTTaL ^ KdKClVO. KttJ TO eiT €a")(JXTO0 

cpcoTav o iiaXiaTa ^ovXeT^xi Xa/3etv ixdXicTTa ydp Ta ^irpooTa 



^ i<TTLv om. C. ^ oTL om. A.B. ^ kcu f] ai(r6r)(ris C. ^ eVfiS^ 

fj aia-O. C. " avTr] t(ov ivavTLWv kol corr. C. P «St A.B. ^ uTravTa 

ojxoLa C. *' eavTci) C. ^ to)] dia t6 B.C. * avTOvs C. ^ «Vftj/o. 
Kai ov t6 Q. w irpS}Ta tcov fp(i)Tr)ixdT(ov dvav€vov(Ti B.C. 



VIII. 'Z, TOniKXiN 0. 403 

avavevovcri Sia t6 tov£ TrXe/crTOi'? tmu epcoTwvTCov irpcoTa Xe- 
yeiv Trepl a fJLaXia-Ta cnrov^aCpvanv. T\po9 evlov^ Se irpooTa 
To. TOiavTa irpOTeiveiV ol yap Svq-koXoi tu, TrpooTa /uLaXicrTa 
avy^wpovG-LV, ^ av /uLrj TravTeXcog (pavepbv ^ to o-viix/Stja-ofxevov, 
€7rl TeXeifT^9 Se Sva-KoXaivovanv. ^^OjULolcog Se Kal oaoL o'iovTaL 17 
SpLiuLei9 elvaL ev tm airoKplvea-OaL' OevTeg ^ yap Ta TrXeiaTa 
eirl TeXov9 TepOpevovTaL w? ov a^v/ULlSaLVOVTog €k tcov KeinievcoV 
TiOeaa-L Se ^ 7rpo)(eipco9, iriaTevovTeg Trj e^eL Kal viroXa^^a- 
vovT€9 ovSev ^ TreLoreaOai. ^'ISitl to jULtjKvveLV Ka\ irapeiJL^aX- 
XeLv TOL ^fjLtjSev yjprja-LiJi.a irpog tov Xoyov, KaOairep ol -^evSo- 
ypa<povvT€9' 'TToXXcov yap ovtcov ^ aSr{Xov iv ottolo) to 'v|/-ei/- 
S09. Alo Kai XavOavovariv evloTe ol epcoTcovTeg ev irapa^va^Too 
^ TTpoa-TLOevTeg a KaO^ avTO, irpoTeLvoiJLeva ovk av TeOelrj. 

Ef9 jULev ovv Kpv^LV TOi<s eiprjjuLevoLg ^rja^Teov, ek Se Koa-jULov 18 
eiraycoyri Ka\ Siaipea^eL tcov avyyevcov. *^H /jiev ovv eiraycoyri 
oiroLOv TL €(TTL SrjXov, To Se SiaLpeLa-OaL tolovtov ofov otl 
eiria-T^IJLr} eirLa-TrnjLrjg /BeXTLCOv 3; T(p aKpi/3earTepa etvaL rj tm 
/BeXTLOvcov, Ka\ otl tcov eiTLa-Triiicov al ijlcv OecoprjTLKal ^ al Se 
irpaKTiKal al Se TrOLrjTLKal. Tcov yap tolovtcov eKaa-TOv arvve- 
TriKoa-fJLei fiev tov Xoyov, ovk avayKala Se prjOrjvaL ^ irpbg Tb 
a-viXTrepaa-ixa. 

Ef? Se a-a(j>^veLav TrapaSelyiiaTa kol TrapaPoXag ola-Teov, 19 
TrapaSeiyiiaTa Se OLKela Ka\ e^ cov 'la-iiev, ola ^'Oiirjpog, iirj ola 
XoLpiXog' ovTUi yap ^dv (racpecrTepov e'iij to TrpoTeLvoiievov. 

^prja-Teov S^ ev tm SLaXeyea^OaL tw fiev avXXoyia-iJLw irpbg 2, 
TOV9 SiaXeKTLKOvg iidXXov rj irpbg tov9 iroXXovg, Trj S^ eira- 
ycoyrj TOvvavTLOv irpbg Tovg TroXXovg iidXXov elprjTaL S^ virep 
^^ TOVTCov Ka\ TTpOTepov. ^'Ecrrt Se eir* evlcov iJLev eirdyovTa 
SvvaTOv epwTrjaaL Tb KaOoXov, ctt' evlwv S^ ov paSLOV Sid ' to 
fJLtj KelcrOaL Tai<s oiJLOLOTrjaiv ovoiJLa jraa-aig koivoV aW OTav 



^ iav C. y yap npbs ra npa>ra ra B. ^ npoxfipan om. C. ^ nrj- 
(xeaBai A.li. '' pijdev C. ^ ddrjXoTepov rb >//•. C. *^ TiOcvTe^ C 

^ ai de npaKTiKOL oni. C. ^ fts C. S (TucfieaTepov av C ^' tov- 

Tov B.C. i ro p.f} om. C. 

D d 2 



404 TOniKilN 0. Topic. 

()€*] ^ To KaOoXov \al3eiv, ovTcog eTr/ iravTcop twv toiovtoov 
(bacrlv' tovto Se SiopicraL toov yaXeiroiyTaTOdv, oirola twv nrpo- 

2 (pepoiui€voi)v TOiavTa Kal iroia ov. J\ai irapa tovto iroWaKi^s 
aWri\ov<i irapaKpovovTai KaTa tov<s ^oyov^, ol /iiev (pacrKOVTC^ 
o/uioia etvat to. juir) ovTa ojmoLa, ol ^' a/uL(pLcrj3r]TOvvTe9 tol oimoia 
juir) eivai ojuiOLa. Alo ireLpaTeov eir). iravToov twv tolovtoov 
ovofJiaTOTroLeiv avTOV, ottw? /ui^Te tco airoKpLVOfJLevcp e^fj aimcpi- 
a-^riTeiv oo<s ov-^ 6ij.oloo<s to €7ri(pep6jUievov ^eyeTai, fjLVjTe tw 
epcoToovTi (TVKO(pavTeiv oog 6juioioo<s \eyo/ui€vov, eTreLSrj TroXXa 
Tcov ov^ 61JLOL009 \eyoiui€voov 6iuloloo9 (palveTaL ^eyecrOaL. 

3 ^'Orai/ ^' €7r(iyovT09 e7r\ iroWoov /uir] SlSm t6 Ka06\ov, T^Te 
SiKaLOv airaLTelv evcTTaa-Lv. M?; ei7r6vTa S'' avTOV €ir\ tlvcov 
OVT0099 ov SiKaLOv airaLTelv eir\ tlvoov ovy^ ovt(jo<s' Sei yap 
eirayovTa irp^Tepov ovtoo Trjv evcrTacriv airaLTelv. ^ A^ioo- 
T€0v ^ Te Ta9 €vcrTaareL9 /mr} eir' avTOv tov irpoTeLvofxevov (pe- 
p€Lv, eav ™ /x^ ev iui6vov ^ t6 tolovtov, KaOairep ^ Sva<s tcov 
apTioov iJi6vo<i ^apLO/uiOf 7rp(OT09' Sei yap tov evia-Taimevov €(p^ 
cTepov Trjv evcTTaarLv (pepeLV, r} \eyeLV otl ® tovto julovov tol- 

4 ovTO. ITjOo? ^e Tovg evLcrTajUievovg tS> KaOo\ov, jurj ev avTw 
Se Trjv evcrTacTLV (pepovTag aXX' ev tco ^ijoovvijloo, oiov otl e-^oi 
av T19 TO fxri P avTOv -^oofjia rj 7r6Sa rj )(€ipa (e^of 'yajO av 6 
Xooypa.(po9 yjpcoija Ka\ 6 fiayeLpog 7r6Sa tov ixr) avTOv) Sl€\6- 
fxevov ovv eTTf toov tolovtoov €pcoTr]Teov' ^avOavova-rjg yap 

5 T^9 6iJiOOVViiLa<s ev S6^ei evcTTrjvaL Trj TrpoTacreL. ""Eai/ Se /x>; 
ev Tw 6iuioovvfJL(p aXX' ev avTw ivicrTafievog Kco\vr] Tr]v epcoTrja-iv, 
a(paLpovvTa Sei ev w rj evcTTacTLfi irpoTeiveiv to \onrov KaOo\qv 
iroLOvvTa, €C09 av ^\a^r] to yjprja-LfJiOV. Olov €7r\ t^? ^i^Orjg 
Ka\ Tov e7ri\e\r}a-0aL' ov yap orvy^copovaL tov aTro^e/S^rjK^Ta 
€7ricrTrifji.r]v €7rL\€\rja-0ai, ^Si6ti fji€Ta7r€cr6vT09 tov TrpayfiaTog 

6a7ro^e^\r)K€ ^ fjiev Trjv €7ricTTr)fjiY)v, ^ e^rL^e^r^cTai S^ ov. ^Pr)- 
T€ov ovv a(p€\6vTa €v (p r) evarTacTLg to \017r6v, ofov ei Sta- 

^ t6 om. A. 1 6e C. "^ av ]if) jiovov (v C. " dpiBiios om. 

pr. C. ^ TOiovro fxovov tovto C. P iavTov C. <l \d^T]s C. *" 8id 
To fi. T. TTp. dnofif^XTjKfvai C. ^ fJLfv om. A.B. ♦ (7n\(XTJ(rBai C. 



VIII, 2. TOniKXlN 0. 405 

/xeVoj/T09 Tov 7rpdyiULaT09 a7rol3e/3\ijKe Tr]V eTriCTT^iuLrji/, ciOTi 
€7n\€\t](TTai. ^OiuLolco^ Se Kal 7rpo9 tov9 evKrTajULevovg Sloti 
Tw /mel^ovi ayaOM /JLel^ov avTiKeLTai KaKoV 7rpo(pepovcrL yap 
OTL Trj vyLela, €\aTT0vi ovtl ayaOM Trj9 evet^lag, jneL^ov KaKov 
avTiK€LTaL' Trjv yap voarov imei^ov KaKov ^ eivaL Tr}9 Ka-^et^la^. 
^ AcpaLpeTeov ovv Kal €7rl "^tovtov ev w rj evcTTaa-Lg' a(paLpe-1 
OevTog yap jUidWov av Oelrj, oiov otl tw /uLell^ovL ayaOw ^el- 
X^ov KaKov dvTiK€LTai, edv /uLrj crvv€7rL(p€pr] ^ OaTepov OaTcpov, 
KaOd^rep rj eve^ia Trjv vyieLav. Ov jjlovov S^ evLCTTafJLevov yTOVTO 
7roLrjTeov, dWd Koiv dvev evcTda-ecog dpvrJTaL Sia to Trpoopdv 
TL Tcov tolovt(jov' d^paLpeOevTO^ yap ev w rj evcrTacLg, avay- 
KacrO/jcreTai TLOevaL S^d to /ULrj irpoopdv ev tw \oL7rw €7r\ tlvo9 
^ ov-^ oi/TO)?* edv Se /uLrj tlOttj, d^raiTOVjULevo^ evcTTacTLV ^ ov jULrj 
€-^rj d^roSovvaL. EiVJ Se TOLavTai twv ^rpoTacrecov ai eTrJ tI 8 
/UL€V yp-evSelg eVi t\ S^ d\rjO€is' eTrl tovtcov ydp ccttlv d(pe- 
\6vTa TO \oL7rov d\rj0€9 KaTa\L7relv. ^Eaj^ o €7rL 7ro\\(Jov 
7rpOT€LvovT09 /ULrj ^ (peprj evcTTacTLv, d^LCOTeov TiOevai' Sia- 
\eKTLKrj yap ecTTi 7rpoTacTL<s 7rpo9 rjv ovtcos €7ri ttoWcov ey^ov- 

CTaV jULrj eCTTLV eVCTTaCTL^. 

yjTav ^ evceyrjTaL to avTO avev T€ tov aovvaTOv KaL om 9 
Tov dSvvdTov ^ crvWoyicracTOai, d^roSeLKvvvTi /ulcv ^ Ka\ /uLrj 
Sia\€yo/UL€V(i) ovSev SLa(pepei ovtco^ rj eKelvco^ CTvWoyLcracrOai, 
Sia\eyoiUL€V(p Se 7rpo9 dWov ov "^prjcTTeov tw Sia tov dSvva- 
Tov cTvWoyLcr/ULw. ^'Avev /uev ydp tov dSvvdTov ^ (TvWoyi- 
(ra/uL€V(p ovK ecTLV d/UL(pLcr^rjTeiv' OTav Se to dSvvaTOv f^ ctv\- 
\oyiCTrjTai, ^ dv /ULrj \iav ^ ^ 7repL(pave9 ^evSo? ov, ovk dSv- 
vaTov (pa(rLV eivai, wctt ov ^ ylveTaL tol9 epcoTcocriv ^ o /3oJ- 
\ovTaL. 

Aei Se 7rpOT€lv€LV ocra e7rl 7ro\\cov fxev ovtco9 c^gl, evcTTacTLg ro 

■^ eivai om. pr. C. ^ rovTOiv C. "^ Bdrepov Oarepov B, Bdrepov C. 
y TovTOv C. ^ ^^X'- ^* * ^^X ^^^* ^* ^ 0*P7 '''n^ evoTacriv C. 

c evdexcTOi To avTO Kai avev tov C. <^ (rvWoyi^eo-dai C. ^ /cat fxfj 

Sia\fyofx.(VOi> om. C. ^ crvXX oytcra/xeVou C. S (rvXXoyi^covTai C. 

^ edv C. ^ TTfpi^avii to ^. C ^ ylvovTai A. ^ a C. 

D fl 3 



4o6 TOniKON 0. Topic. 

Se ri oXcog imr] ccrriv r/ fjLrj iiriiroXrjg ™to awiSeiv ij.rj Svvdiuievoi 
yap (Tvvopav ecp^ mv ou^ ovtco^, m aXtjOeg ov TLOiaa-iv. 

11 Ov Sei Se TO (rvfX7r6pa(TiJ.a epwTrj/uLa iroLeiV el Se fxri^ ava- 
vev(ravT09 ov SoKet yeyovevai crvWoyKTiuLO^, JloWaKig yap 
Ka\ /mr] epcoTMVTog aXX' cog (rvin^aLVOv eTTLCpepovTO? apvovvTai, 
Kal TOVTO iroLOvvTe^ ov SoKOVcriv eXey^^ecrOai T019 lULrj orvvo- 
pcocTLV o Ti cTVfx^alveL CK Tcov TeOevTcov. ^'OTav ovv ixrjSe (prj- 
cra^ (TviJL^aLveLV epcoT^crr], 6 S^ apvtjOrj, TravTeXcog ov SoKel ye- 
yovevai (TvWoyi(r 11169. 

12 Ov SoKci Se Trdv to KaOoXov SiaXeKTLKrj irpOTacri^ elvai 
otov TL ecTTLv avOpcoTTO?, ^ 7^0(7^^0)9 XiyeTaL TciyaOov ; eVri 
yap irpoTacTL^ SiaXeKTLKrj irpb^ '^v ecTTtv " airoKpLva(rOaL vat 
rj 00' irpbg Se Ta9 eiprjixiva^ ovk e^TTiv. Alo ov SiaXeKTiKa 
ecTTL TOL TOLavTa Tcov €pcoTrjiuL(XTcov, ° av fxrj avT09 SiopLcrag rj 
SLeXofxevog e^Lirrj, otov dp(x ye TayaOov ovT(i)<5 rj ovtco9 Xiye- 
Tai ; TTjOo? yap tol ToiavTa fxxSla rj airoKpL^rfS rj KaTacprj- 
aravTL »? airocl^ricTavTi. Alo ireLpaTiov ovtco TrpoTelveiv Ta9 
TOLavTag tcov TrpoTcxcrecov. ^'Afxa Se Ka\ SiKaLOv fVo)? Trap' 
eKelvov XrjTeh irocrayco^ XiyeTaL TayaOov, OTav avTOv Siai- 
povfxivov Ka\ TrpoTelvovTog fxrjSafxm ^ crvy^^coprj . 

13 ^'0(TTL9 S^ eva Xoyov iroXvv yjpovov epcoTa, KaKco9 TrvvOa- 
veTaL. Ef fxev yap airoKpivofxivov ^tov epcoTcofxivov to epco- 
Tcofxevov, SrjXov OTL TToXXa epctyrrjfxaTa epcoTo. rj woXXaKi^ 
TavTa, co(TTe ^ ^ aSoXecry^^Ei rj ovk l^et crvXXoyLcrfxov' e^ 6X1- 
ycov yap Tra? crvXXoyL^rfxog' el Se fxrj cnroKpLvofxivov, otl ovk 
eiTLTLfxa rj a(j)LcrTaTaL. 

3 ^''Ekttl S^ eiTL^^^eLpeLV Te '^aXeirov Ka\ viriyeLv paSiov Ta? 
avTU9 v7roOi(reL9. ^'Eo-t< Se TOLavTa tcl Te (j)v(reL TrpcoTa Ka\ 
TOL eV^aTa. Ta fxev yap irpcoTa opov SeiTaL, tol S^ eir^aTa 
Slu ttoXXcov TrepaLveTai fiovXofiivcp to (Tfve^e? Xafi/3oLveiv airo 
Tcov TrpcoTCOV, rj (TO^pLG-fxaTcoSrj (paiveTai tol einyeiprjfxaTa' 



^ ro\ rj (vel rj) t6 A.B.C. " aTTOKpivicrOai B. ° iav C. P (Tvyx**" 
prjcrrj C. U Tov cpaTcofMevov om. C. ^ fj ante aS. om. C. 



VIII. 3- TOniKXlN 0. 407 

aSvparov yap airoSei^ai tl imri ap^dimevov cltto twv oimlwv 
apyjjov Ka\ ^ crvvelpavTa jm.ey^^pi twv ea-^aTcov. ^^Opli^ecrOai fxev 
ovv ^ ovT a^iovcTLV 01 aTTOKpivoiuevoi, ovT av 6 epwTcov opi- 
^rp-ai irpocreyovcrLv' lULtj yevoimevov Se (pavepov ^ tl ttot ecrTl 
To TTpoKeiiuLevov, ov pa^LOV eiTLyeLpeLV. MaXfcrTa ^e to ^tol- 
OVTOV Trepi Ta9 OLpy^a? crvix^aLveL' tol fiev yap aXXa Sia tov- 
Tcov SeiKvvTaL, TavTa S'' ovk evSe-^eTaL Sl cTepcov, aXX ai/a^y- 
Kaiov opLcriuLM tcov tolovtcov eKacTTov yvcopli^eLv. 

^'EfTTt ^e Sv(re7rL-)(eipr]Ta Kal Ta Xlav iyyvg ^ Ttj9 apy^tjg' 2 
01; yap evSe-^eTaL 7roWov9 Trpog avTO, y\6yov9 TroplcraarOaL, 
oXlycov ovTcov tcov ava [JLecrov ^ avTOv Te Ka\ Trjg a/0p(>7?, Sl^ 
wv avdyKri SeiKvv(rOai to, ^iuLeTa TavTa. Tcov Se opcov SvareTri-' 
yeLpriTOTaTOi ^ irdvTCov eiarlv octol KeyjprjvTaL tolovtol<s 6v6' 
fjLacTLV, a TrpcoTOv fjiev aSriKa ecTTLV e'LTe dirXco^ eWe TroXAa^w? 
XeyeTaL, irpog Se tovtol9 lULrjSe yvcopijULa ^ iroTepov Kvplcos % 
KaTOL iJ.eTa(popav viro tov opLcraiuLevov \eyeTai. Alcl julcv yap 
t6 dcra(p>j eivaL ovk e^et e'WL-)(eLpriij,aTa, S^d Se to dyvoelcrOaL 
el irapd to KaTa iJ.eTa(popdv Xeyea-OaL ^ TOLavT ecTTLV, ovk 
e^et €7r LTLiuLi]crLV. 

^'O\co9 Se irdv Trp^^^rjiuLa, OTav § SvcreTTLj^eiprjTOVf rj opov3 
SeicrOaL v7ro\r)TrTeov, rj tcov TroXXa^o)? ^ tcov Ka^d lULCTacpopdv 
eivaL \eyoixevcov, rj ou Trdppco tcov dp-^cov, ^ri S^d to imr] (pave- 
pov eivaL TrpcoTOv ^jullv tovt avTO, KaTa Tiva iroTe tcov eiprj- 
lULevcov Tpdirov ecTTlv o Trjv diroplav irape-^eTaL' (pavepov yap 

OVTOg TOV TpOTTOV CrjAOV OTL rj OpiC^eCUaL aV OeOL rj dLULpeL- 

crOai rj Ta? dvd ixecrov TrpoTacreL^ iropL^ecrOaL' S^d tovtcov 
ydp SeiKvvTaL Td ecryoLTa. 

IloXXar? Te Tcov Oecrecov lULrj Ka\co9 diroSLSoiuLevov tov opi-^ 
(TiULOv ov paSLOv SLa\eyecrOaL kol eiTL-^eLpeiv, otov iroTepov ev 
ev\ evavTLOv r] irKeLCo' opLcrOevTCOv Se tcov evavTLCOv KaTu Tpo- 



s (TVveipovTa C. * oxjt — out'] ovk — ovS' C, ^' WJ tov tI C. 

■w TOiovTo B.C. '^ r^s om. C. y iropitrao-dai Xoyovs C. ^ avTcjv C. 
^ [XfT avTci B. ^ TrdvTCiv'^ /MaXtora C'. ^ TTOTepa A. " toiovto B. 

^ fj alterum om. C. 

D d 4 



4o8 TOniK12N 0. Topic. 

TTOV paStov crviuil3i^a(rai iroTepov evSe-^erai TrXe/o) t« avrw 
etvai evavTia rj ou. lov avTov oe Tpoirov Ka\ eir). toov aX- 
Xoov Tcov optar/uLOv oeoimevcov. ""Eof/ce ce Kal ev to?9 niaOi^iULaG-tv 
evta St^ optcriULOv €Weiy\rtv ov paSio)^ ypoKpecrOat, otov Kal otl 
rj irapa Trjv irXevpav Teimvovcra to ^ eiriireSov oimoiwg Statpet 

5 T^v Te ypaiuLiULrjv Kal t6 -^wptov. Tov Se opicrfJLOv prjOevTO^ 
evOeco^ (pavepov to XeyofxevoV Trjv yap avTtjv avTavatpeatv 
e-^et Ta yoopla ko). at ypajULiuLat' ecrTi S^ optcrjULo^ tov avrov 
Xoyov OVT09. "^AttXw? ^e to. irpuoTa twv crTOtyetcov TtOe- 
fxevcov lULev tcov 6pt(riULcov, otov ti ypaiULiuLrj Kal Tt kvkXo^, pacrTa 
Sei^at, TrXrjv ov TroXXd ye ttjOo? eKacrTOv ecrTi ^ tovtcov ^ eirt- 
'^(etpelv Sta t6 ^ imrj TroXXa tol ava fnecTOv etvat' ^ av Se lULrj 
TtOcovTai 01 Tcov ap-ycov optcrixot, -^aXeirov, Tay^a S^ oXco9 aSv- 
vaTOv. ^OiuLotcog Se TOVTOtg Ka\ €7rl tcov KaTo. Tovg Xoyovg 
exet. 

6 (JvKOVv ^ Set XavOavetv, OTav Svcre7rfyetpr}T09 ^ ^ rj Oecrtg, 
oTt ireirovOe ti tcov elprjfjievcov. ^'OTaj/ S^ rj ^ irp6^ t6 a^ioofxa 
Ka\ Trjv TrpOTactv luei^ov epyov StaXey^vat rj Trjv Oecrtv, Sia- 
iroprjcretev av Tt^ iroTepov OeTeov to. TotavTa r) ov. pE/ yap 
Hxrj Orjcret aXX' ^ a^tcocrei Ka\ irp6s tovto SiaXeyecrOat, /uLet^ov 
TrpocTTat^et tov ev ctpxrj Ket/uLcvov' et Se Orjcret, irtcrTevcrei e^ 
rjTTOv irtCTTcov. Ei juLev ovv Sei lULrj xj^XeTrcoTepov t6 irpo- 
^XrjiuLa irotetv, OeTeov, ei Se Sia yvcoptiuLcoTepcov (rvXXoyil^e- 
crOai, ov OeTcov' rj tw fjiev fxavOavovTt ov OeTcov, av fJLrj yvco- 
ptfxwTepov ^, T(p Se yvfiva^ofJLevcp Octcov, dv aXrjOh fxovov 
(paivrjTat. ^'Qcrre (pav€p6v OTt ovy^ 6fjLOico9 epcorwvTt t€ Ka\ 
SiSacrKOVTt a^tcoTcov TtOevat. 

4 Ilft)? fA,ev ovv ipcoTtjfiaTtl^etv Ka\ T(XTT€tv Sei, (r-)(€S6v iKava 
Ta eiprjfxeva' irept airoKpicrecog irpwTOv fxev Stopt(TTeov tl 
ecTTtv epyov tov KaXco9 (nroKptvofjLevov, KaOoLTrep tov KaXcog 

^ 8e Tporrov et mox ro)v 6pi(Tfiov hco^tvmv om. pr. C. ? arinebov 

ypafjbjxfi ofxoiois COrr. C. ^ avrcop C. i tyxf ipelv A.B. ^ ov C. 

1 eav C. "^ Sel om. B. " ij om. C. o Trpoy om. A.B. P fl fxfv 
yap TiOrj C. H d^iaxroi B. 



VIII. 4, 5. TOniKHN 0. 409 

ipcoTcovTO^. ^'E(7T( Sc Tov [Jiev ipMTcovTog TO OVTC09 €7raya- 
yeiv Tov \6yov wcTe iroirjcrai tov aTroKpivojUievov ra aSot^o- 
TUTa Xeyeiv tcov Sia Tr]v Oicriv avayKalcov, tov S^ airoKpivo- 
juievov To /mr] Si' avTOv (paivecrOai crviuL/SaLveiv to aSvvaTOv rj 
^TO TrapdSo^ov, aXXa Sia Tr]v Oea-iV eTepa yap 'icrco? d^ap- 
Tia To OecrOai irpcoTOV o [Jiri Sel Ka\ to Oe/uLevov jULr] (pvXa^ai 
KaTa Tpoirov. 

■'E-TreJ S'' ea-T^v dSiopicTTa T019 yvjuivacriag ^Kal irelpag eveKa 5 
T0V9 \6yov<s TroiovjULevoi^' ov ydp 01 avTol crKOTrol TOig SiSa- 
CTKovoriv *?f jLiavOdvovcn "^ Kal TOL<i dycovi^oiuevoLg, ovSe tovtol^ 
Te Ka\ Tolg SLaTpL/3ov(Ti /uLeT dW^Xcov (TKey^eoog ydpLV. Tw 
IJiev ydp imavOdvovTi Oereov de\ Td SoKOvvTa' Ka\ ydp ovS^ 
eirLyeLpel '^evSog ovSe\g SiSdcTKeLv' tcov S* dyvcovL^ojULevcov tov 
fjLev epcoTcovTa (palvecrOaL rt Sel iroLelv iravTcog, tov S^ diro- 
KpLv6]ULevov iJ.r]Sev (paivecrOaL irdcr-^^eLV. ^Ej/ ^e TaL<i SiaXeKTi- 
KaL9 (TvvdSoLg tol9 jULr] dycovo9 xdpLV dWd ireipag Ka\ crKeylrecog 
T0V9 \6yov9 iroiovixevoLg ov SL^pOpcoTal ^ irco tlvo<s Sel (tto- 
y^d^ecrOai tov diroKpLvdixevov Ka\ oirola S^S^vaL Ka\ ^ Troia /ULr] 
Trpd^ To Ka\cog 17 jULrj Ka\co9 (pv\aTTeLv Tr]v Oecnv. ""ETref ovv 
ovSev e-^ojULev TrapaSeSo/JLevov vir^ dWcov, avTol ^tl ireLpaOco/JLev 
eiTreiv. 

^A^vayKr] Sr] tov diroKpLvdjJLevov vireyeLV \6yov Oejuevov rjTOL 2 
evSo^ov r] dSo^ov OecTLV ^r]^ /uLrjSeTepov, Ka\ ijtol ctTrXco? ^ ev- 
oot^ov r] adot^ov r] copL^r/ULevcog, olov ^ tcocl tlvl r] " avTcp rj aK- 
Xft). ALa(pepeL S'' ovSev oircocrovv evS6^ov rj dSd^ov ov(rr]<s' 6 
yap avTog Tp^irog ecrTaL tov Ka\co9 ^ diroKplvecrOaL, Ka\ Sovvai 
r] ^ jUir] SovvaL TO epcoTrjOev. ^ASd^ov jULev f^ ovv ovcrr^g Trjg Oe- 
crecog evSot^ov dvayKr] to crvfJLirepacriJia yivea-Oai, evSd^ov S^ 
dSot^ov TO ydp dvTLKeliJLevov aeJ Trj Oea-eL epcoTcov crviiire- 
palveraL. Et ^e ijl^t dSo^ov ijltjt evSo^ov to Keliievov, Ka\ 

*■ To om. C. ^ €V€K€V Koi TTiLpas C. ^ ^] Ka\ C ^ Ka\ prius 

om. A.B. ^ TTCDff C. X TTOia C. y Ti om. C. z ^ fxrjdfTfpov 

om. B. et pr. A. a p.r]8cTfpav C. ^ Ado^ov fj evho^ov C. c Toibe C. 
d €avTa> C. ^ diTOKpivacrOai C. ^ p,f] 8i86vai A.B. ^ ovv om. B. 

^ €v8o^ov fxrjT ado^ov C. 



4IO TOniKilN 0. ToiMC. 

3 t6 crviuLTrepacriuLa ea-rai tolovtov. "* ETrel «5' 6 Kokcoq (rvWoyi- 
^ojULevo^ e^ cvSo^OTepwu Ka). yvcopiiULCOTepcov t6 Trpo^XtjOev 
aTroSeLKVvcri, (pav€p6v wg aSo^ov /nev ovTog a7rXw9 tov Kei- 
fjLevov ov SoTeov tw aTrOKpivoiULevo) ovO^ o jULtj SoKei aTrXft)?, 
ovO^ 6 SoKei fxev jjttov Se tov crviULTrepdcrfJLaTog SoKei. ^ ASo^ov 
yap ovcrrjg Tfjs Oecre(c<s evSo^ov t6 crvjj.TrepacriJ.a, wcTTe Set to, 
\aiuL^av6nA.eva ^evSo^a TravT eivai Kal iuluWov evSo^a tov 
^irpoKeiiJ.evov, el fxeWei Sia twv yvoopifxcoTepwv t6 ^ttov 
yvcopiiuLOv irepaLvecrOai, ^ Qctt e'i tl /ULt] tolovtov ecTTi twv 
epcoTcoiULevoov, ov OeTeov tm airoKpivoiuLevM. Et S^ evSo^o? 
ciTrXa)? ^ OecTL?, StjXov otl t6 crvixirepacriJ.a ^ aTrXco^ aSo^ov. 

4 QeTeov ovv Ta re SoKOvvTa '" TrdvTa, Kal tcov ixrj Sokovvtoov 
oara riTTOv ecTTiv aSo^a tov crviiirepdcTiJLaTO^' iKavcog yap dv 
So^eie SieLXe-^^OaL. "^OyOto/o)? ^ Se el ixrjT dSo^o9 IJLrjT evSo^o? 
ecTTLv rj 0e(Ti9' Kai yap ovtco9 Ta t6 ^ (paivoiieva airavTa So- 
Teov, Kal Tcov iitj Sokovvtcov ocra ixaWov evSo^a tov crviiire- 
pdcriJLaTog' ovtco ydp evSo^OTepov9 crvii^rjcreTaL tov<s Xoyovs 

5 ylvearOaL. Ef iiev ovv aTrXco? evSo^ov P rj dSo^ov t6 KcliJLevov, 
TTjOO? Ttt SoKOvvTa a7rXft)9 Trjv crvyKpLCTLV iroLtjTeoV el Se iirj 
ttTrXft)? evSo^ov rj dSo^ov t6 Kelixevov dWd tco dTroKpLvoixevcp, 
irpog avT^v To Sokovv ^Kal iJLrj Sokovv KpivovTa Oereov rj ov 
OeTeov. ^^^Av S^ eTepov So^av SLacpvXdTTrj 6 diroKpLvoiJLevog, 
SrjXov OTL irpd^ Trjv cKelvov Sidvoiav aTro^XeirovTa OeTeov 

OeKao-Ta Kal dpvrjTeov. Ai6 ^ Kal oi KOiJLil^ovTeg dXXoTpla^ 

S6^a9, otov dyaOdv kol k^k^v eivai TavTdv, KaOairep "^Hptt- 

KXeiTO^ (prjcriv, ov SLSoacrL iJLtj irapelvaL dixa tm ainrw Tavav- 

Tia, ov-^ cog ov Sokovv avTot? tovto, aXX' otl KaO^ ^HpdKXei- 

Tov ovTco ^XeKTeov. Tlotovcrt Se tovto Ka\ ol irap^ dXXrjXcov 

Se^^oixevot Ttt? OecreL^' (7TO^a^oi'Tai ydp cog av ^' e^iTretev ^ 6 

0eiJLevo9. 

O ^avepdv ovv Ttvcov CTTO^^^acrTeov tm aTroKpivoiievtt), erre 

' TrdvT (vbo^a C. ^ Kdjievov C. ^ cnrXcos Oin. C. ™ airavTa C. 

" §€ Ka\ €1 C. ® ra (fiaivoneva Trdvra C. P fj abo^ov om. A. Q Ka\ jirj 
doKovv om. A. et pr. C. koi t6 /xf] d. rc. C. ^ eav C. ^ ^a^ oi 

Kojx. corr. A. * dcKTeov C. ^ (tnoiev B.C. ^ ol Offievoi C. 



VIII. 6, 7- TOniKXiN e. 411 

aTrAft)? epoot^ov eire rivi to KeiiuLevov ecrnv. tjTrei avayKtj 
irav TO epooTwnievov rj evSo^ov elvai rj aSo^ov rj jULtjSeTepov, 
Koi ^r] 7rpo9 Tov Xoyov ?f lurj ttjOo? tov \6yov eivai to epco- 
Tu>iuL€V0v, y eav ^ jULev § Sokovv koi juLrj irpo^ tov Xoyov, Sot€OV 
(pijcravTa SoKeiv, y eav Se /ULr] Sokovv koi ixr} irpos tov Xoyov, 
SoTeov iuL€v, €7r i(TrjiuLavT€Ov Se t6 jULrj SoKOvv TTjOo? evXa/Seiav 
€vr]0eia9' ^'Ovto9 Se ttjOo? tov \6yov Kal SoKovvTog XeKTeov 2 
OTL SoKei iuL€v, oXXa Xiav crvveyyvg tov ev ap^^^rj ^ ecrTl Kal 
avaipetTai tovtov TeOevTO? to KelfjLevov. Et ^e ttjOo? tov 
X6yov, Xiav S^ aSo^ov to a^twiULa, ^ (jviJL^alveLv ^ fJLev (paTeov 
TOVTOv TeOevTO^, aXXa Xtav ev^Oeg etvai to irpOTeLv^iuLevov. 

L ce jULrjT aoot^ov lULrjT evoot^ov, €l lULev lULrjoev 7rpo9 tov \o- 
yov, SoTeov lULrjSev SLOpLcravTL, el Se ttjOO? tov X6yov, eTTLorr]' 
lULavTeov otl avaipelTaL TeOevTO? t6 ev ctp-^^rj. Ovto) yap 03 
T airoKpLv6iJ.€VO<s ovSev S6^eL Sl^ avTOV Traar^eLv, ^eav irpo- 
opwv eKacTTa TLOrj, o t epcoTcov Tev^eTaL crvWoyLcriULov tlOc- 
lULevMv avT(f TravTwv tcov evSo^oTepcov tov crviULTrepacriULaTog. 
^'OcTOL S' i^ aSo^OTepcov tov crviuLTrepacriuLaTog eirLyetpovcri 
(TvWoyt^ecrOat, SrjWv co9 ov Ka\co9 crvWoyL^ovTai' Sto T019 
ipcoTcocrtv ov OeTeov. 

^OfJLOicoi Se Ka\ eTrJ tcov ^ acracpcog Kal Tr^eova-^co^ \eyo- y 
lULcvoov cnravTrjTeov. ^ETre^ yap SeSoTat tw airoKptvoiJ.evcp jULr] 
fiavOavovTL eiTreiv otl ov fxavOavco, Ka] TrXeoi/ap^co? \eyoiuLevov 
jULrj e^ avayKrjg 6iuLo\oyrjcraL 37 apv^cracrOaL, S^\ov o)? irpcoTOv 
fjLev, av fxrj cracph rj t6 prjOev, ovk airoKvrjTeov t6 ^ (pavaL juLrj 
crvvLevaL' 7ro\\aKi9 yap e/c tov fxrj cracpcog epcoTrjOevTa? SlSo- 
vaL airavTa tl Svcr-^^epeg. y^^ Ai/ ^e yvcopLfiov fxev ^ ^r^eova-^^cog 2 
^ ^e \ey6fxevov, y eav fxev eVJ 7ravTCov a\rj0e9 rj y^evSog ^ t6 
\ey6fxevov, SoTeov d7r\co9 rj apvrjTeov, y eav S' exJ t\ fiev 
ylrevSog ^ eTTf t). S^ a\r]0e9, €7ricrrjfxavTeov otl TrXeOi/a^ft)? Xe- 
yeTaL Ka). Sl6tl t6 fjtev yp^evSog t6 S^ aXrjOe^' vcrTepov yap 

X fj prius om. C. Y av C. ^ ^gV ovp ^ B. » cWt om. C. 

b (TVfi^aivet A. ^ fiev om. C. <' edvnfp C. ^ daa(f)S}v pr. A. 

^ fifj (})dvai C. S de om. B. 



4ia TOniKI2N 0. Topic. 

Siaipovimevov aSrjXov ei Kal ev ap^^rj crvvecopa to afJicbl/SoXov. 
3''Eat' ^e jur] TrpotSrj t6 a/UL(pi^oXov aW elg OaTepov '^ /3\e\l/-a9 
^ ^f7, prjTeov 7rpo9 Tov eirl OaTcpov ayovTa otl ovk eh tovto 
^Xeircov eScoKa aW ek OaTepov avTwv. JlXeiovwv yap ov- 
tcov T(t)v VTTO ^ TavTov ovofxa 37 \6yov paSia rj aimcpKT^iiTrja-ig. 
^Eai^ ^e Ka] (ra(p€9 ^ Ka\ dirXovv to epcoTcoimevov, rj val rj ov 
airoKpLTeov. 

O rjireL 06 Tracra irpoTadL^ crvX\oyL(rTLKrj 37 tovtcov tl^ eaTLV 
e^ cov ^ 6 crvWoyi(riut.69 tj tlvo9 tovtcov eveKa, SrjXov S^ OTav 
cTepov xapLV XajUilSavijTai tw TrXe/o) ra ojuLOLa epcoTav {rj yap 
Sl eiraycoyrj^ rj ^i' o/uLOLOTtjTog co9 eTri t6 ttoXv t6 KaOoXov 
Xafx/3avov(rLv), Ta fxev ovv KaO^ eKacTa TrdvTa OeTeov, ™ ai/ ^ 
dXrjOrj Ka). evSo^a, ttjOo? <^e t6 KaOoXov ireipaTeov evcTTa^riv 
<pep€Lv' TO yap dvev evarTacreco^, rj ovcrrjg rj SoKovarjg, KcoXveiv 
2 Tov Xoyov SvcrKoXaiveLV e^rTLv. Ef ovv eirl ttoXXcov " (paLVO- 
fxevcov /uirj SlScoctl t6 KaOoXov /uirj eycov evcrTa(rLV, <pavep6v otl 
Sv(rKoXaiveL. ^^'Ert ei fxrjS^ dvTeiTLyeLpelv P e^« otl ovk dXrj- 
0e9, TToXXw fjidXXov dv SoE^eie SvcrKoXaiveLV. Ka/TOf ovSe 
TOvO^ iKavov' TToXXovg yap X6yov9 e^^ofiev evavTLOVs Tah S6- 
C^aL9, 0V9 "^(xXeirov XveLV, KaOairep T^rjvuivo^ otl ovk evSeyeraL 
Kivei(rOaL ovSe t6 (rTaSiov SLeXOelv' aXX' ov Sid tovto ^ Tdv- 
TiKeLjueva tovtol9 ov Octcov. E/ ovv firjT ^ evlcrTacrOaL pLrjT 
^ dvTeirL-^eLpeiv eycov firj TlOrjcrL, SrjXov otl Sv(rKoXaivei' e(rTL 
yap rj ev XoyoL9 SvcrKoXia dirdKpicrL^ irapa tov9 eiprjfxevovg 
Tpdirovg, (rvXXoyL(rfJiov (pOapTLKrj. 

9 ^Yireyeiv Se Ka\ Oeariv Ka\ opLcrfJL^v avT^v avTw Sei ^ irpo- 
eyyeiprjaavTa' e^ cov ydp dvaLpov(rLv ol 7rvvOav6fi€VOL t6 Kel- 

fJieVOV, SrjXoV OTL T0VT0L9 evaVTLC0T€OV. 

2 ■"Aco^or/ ^' V7r60€(riv evXa/BrjTeov vireycLV. ^'Irj S^ dv dSo- 



h ^Xfyjras 6fi'] ^iaaBfi C. i 6f}] e?ji tj jx^ A.\i. ^ tuvto C. ^ 6 

Oin. pr. C. ™ eav B. » (f)aiPOfievov B.C. " ert 6' et C. P (^01 

C, qui pr. om. *1 tci dvTiKfifKva C. '* eVto-rao-^oi] evaTaaiv B. et 

pr. A. s dvT€7nx(Lpflv €\oi)v fiTjT ivicTavBai C. 

A, npofTnxfiprjaavTa C. 



VIII. 8--IO. TOllTKllN 0. 413 

^o? ^ ^f^ft)?' Kai yap e^ rj9 aTOira cv/uilSalvei Xeyei}/^ olov el 
Travra (palri ti9 KiveiaOai r] /mrjSeVf Kal ocra yelpovo^ fjOovg 
eXeaOai Kal virevavTLa Taig ^ovXi^a-ecriv, otov otl ^Sov^ ^^ ra- 
yaOov Ka\ to aSLKeLv ^eXTLOv tov aSLKeicrOaL. Ov yap o)? 
\6yov \apLV ^ vireyovTa aW co9 tcl SoKOvvTa XeyovTa /ul- 
(Tovariv, 

^'0(TOL Se TU)v Xoyodv y^evSog crvXXoyi^ovTai, Xvtcov avaL- I O 
povvTa irap' o ylveTaL ^ to ^evSo^. Ov ^ yap otlovv aveXwv 
XeXvKev, ovS^ ei y^evSog ecTL t6 avaipovimevov. ^'E^ot yap 
av TrXelw yp-evSrj 6 X6yo9, olov ^ eav tl9 Xafirj tov KaOrjfjLevov 
ypa(peLv, ^oyKpaTr] Se KaOrja-Oai' crviuL^aLveL yap ck tovtcdv 
^coKpaTrj ypa<peLV. ^ A.vaLpe0evTO9 ovv tov ^ooKpaTr] KaOrj-i 
aOaL ovSev ixaXXov XeXvTaL 6 X6yo9' KaiTOL yj/^€vSo9 t6 a^l- 
w/uia. ""AXX' ov irapa tovto 6 X6yo9 ^evSrjg' ^ av yap tl9 
Tvyri KaO^fJievog imev /x^ ypacpwv Se, ovkctl eTrl tov tolovtov 
r] avTrj XvcLS dpiui6a-eL. ^'QarTe ov tovto avaLpeTeov, aXXa to 
t6v KaOrjiJievov ypacpcLV' ov yap Trag 6 KaOrnjLevog ypacpei, 
\eXvKe juiev ovv iravToci^s aveXcov irap^ 6 yiveTai t6 ^evSo9,3 
olSe Se Tr]v Xva-iv 6 eiScos otl irapa tovto 6 X6yo9, KaOairep 
eTTf tuov yp^evSoypacpovjULevcoV ov yap air6-^pr] t6 eva-TrjvaL, 
ovS^ av y^evSog ^ t6 avaipovjULevov, aXXa Kal Sl6tl ylrevSog 
OLTToSeLKTeov' ovTco ycLp av e^lr] (pavep6v ir^Tepov ir poopcov tl 
r] ov TTOLeiTaL Trjv evoTTaa-LV. 

^'E(7Tf ^e X6yov KcoXva^aL a^v/uLTrepavaa^Oai TeTpayco^. H 4 
yap dveX6vTa Trap^ o yiveTai t6 ylrevSog, r] irp^s t6v epoo- 
ToovTa eva-Taa-LV elir^vTa' iroXXaKLS ydp ^ ovSe XeXvKev, 6 
imevToi 7rvv0av6/uLevo9 ov SvvaTaL iroppooTepoo " Trpoayayelv. 
TpiTOv Se 7rp69 Ta jjpooTrjiuLeva' orvjUL^aLr] yap dv ck fiev tcov 
rjpooTr}iuL€voov /uLtj ylvea-OaL o /SovXcTaL Sid t6 KaKoos tjpooTrja-Oai, 
7rpoa-Te0evTO9 Se tlvo9 yivea-OaL t6 a-v/uiTrepaa-fJLa. Ei lULev 5 
ovv lULrjKCTL SvvaTaL irpodyeLv 6 epooToov, ^ 7rp69 t6v epooToovTa 

^ likfovaxais C. ^ ayaBbv C. ^ virexofJ-^vov A.B. > t6 om. C. 
2 yap] yap 6 A.B.C. ^ ei rt? Xa^oi C. ^ eav C. ^ ov Xe- 

\vK( fifv, C. ^ TTpodydv C. ^ npns] els C, ei Trpos A. 



414 TOniKXiN 0. Topic. 

e^irj av evcTTacrig, ei Se ovvarai, 7rpo9 ra i^poyrtjiuLeva. Terap- 
Ttj Se Kal ■)^eipLcrTri T(iov evcrTacrewv rj irpo^ tov yj)6vov' evioi 
yap TOtavTa evicTTavTai 7rpo9 a Sia\e-)^6t]vaL irXeLovo^ ecrTi 
■^ovov t] Trjg Trapovcrrjg SiaTpi^^9. 

6 A/ liiev ovv ivcrTaceL^, Kadairep ^ e^LTra/uLev, T€T|0a^a)9 yi- 
vovTaL' XvcTL^ 6 ecTTf Twv eiprjjULevcov ^ TrpcoTtj /ulovov, ai ce 
Xoiira] KwXvcreLg TLvh Kal ejULTroSLcriuLol twv crv/uLTrepacriuLaTwv. 
I I ^^TTLTLiuLijarig Se ^Xoyov kut avTOv Te tov \6yov, Ka\ 
oTav epwTOLTaL, ov-)(^ r) avTrj' iroWaKLg yap tov fJLrj Ka\m 
SLeL^e-^OaL tov \6yov 6 epcoTcoiuLevog a"LTLO<s Slo, to lULrj cvy- 
"^(jdpeiv e^ (av rjv SLa\e-)^6r]vaL /caXco? Trpog Trjv 6ecrLV' ov yap 
eoTTLV €7r). 6aTepcp iul6vov to Ka\(io9 e7rLT€\ecr6rjvai to kolvov 
epyov. ^A^vayKaiov ouv evloTe 7rpog tov \eyovTa Kal /ult] 
Trpog Trjv 6e(TLV e^rLyeLpelv, oTav 6 a7roKpLv6iuLevo9 TcivavTLa 

2Tcp epcoTwvTi 7rapaTripr] ^rpocre^rrjpea^oov. Av<TKo\aivovT€9 
ovv aycovLorTiKag kol ov ^faXe/cTf/ca? 7roLOvvTaL Tag SLaTpLJS^x?. 
^'ETf <5' €7rel yviuLvacrla? Ka) ^reipag X^P^^ aXX' ov SiSacrKa^iag 

01 TOIOVTOL TCOV \6y()0V, Sr]\ov O)? OV filOVOV Ta\r]6t] cTvWo- 

yiCTTeov aWa Ka). y^evSog, ovSe Sl' a\r]6oov aeJ aXX' evloTe kol 

"^evScov. TLoWaKig yap a\r]6ov9 Te6evTog avaLpeiv avcxyKi] 

3T0J/ SLa\€y6iuL€vov, wcrTe 7rpoTaT€0v tu. y^evStj. ^KvloTe Se 

Kal y^evSovg Te^evTog avaLpeTeov Sia y^evScoV ovSev * yap 

KC0\veL TLv] SoKCLV TO. fJLr] OVTa lULciWoV TCOV a\r]6cOV, COCTT €K 

Tcov €K€iv(t) SoKovvTcov TOv \6yov yLvofJievov fjiaWov ecrTCLi 
7r€7r€LcriUL6V09 r] co(p€\r]iuLevo9. Ae? ^e Tov Ka\(io9 /uLeTa/Bi^a- 
^ovTa Sia\€KTiKco9 Kal lur] epicTTiKm jJLeTa^LJ^aCeLV, Ka6a7r€p 
Tov ^ y€coiuL6Tp>]v yecoiuLeTpLKw?, av T€ y^evSog av t a\t]6e9 

^ TO CTVIUL7r€paLv6lUL€VOV' ^ 7rOlOL Se Sia\€KTLK0l CTvWoyLCTIULOL^ 

Trp^Tepov ^^ €ipr]TaL. ^ETref ^e cj)av\o<f koivwvo9 6 €iuL7roSi- 
4 ^wv To KOivov epyov, Srj\ov otl Kai ev \6y(t). J^olvov yap tl 

Ka] €V " TOVTOL9 7rpOK€LIUL€v6v CCTTL, 7r\r]V TWV ayWVL^OIUL€VWV. 

f fXirofiev C. S Xoyoj kuO^ avTov C. ^^ oi] X«pt»' ot C. ' yap 

om. A. ^ yeiofjLeTpiKov A.B. ^ oTToTot C. ™ ftprjvrai A.B. 

" TovTois To TrpoKeiixfvov A. 



VIII. II. TOniK12N 0. 415 

T0VT019 ^' ovK €(TTiv aiUL(pOT€poi9 Tvyelv TOV aVTOV TeXov9' 
TrXelovg yap evog a^vvaTOv viKciv. Aia<pepei S^ ® ovSev av tc 
Sia Tov P airoKplvecrOaL av Te Sia tov epooTav Troirj tovto' o 
Te yap epicTTiKwg epcoToov (pavXm SiaXeyeTai, o t ev tw 
^ airoKpLveG-OaL jur] SiSovg to (paivoiuevov /uLtjS^ eKSe-^^o/uLevog o 
r/ TTore ^ovXeTaL 6 epcoTcov TrvOecrOai. ArjXov ovv €k twv 5 
eipr}juLevcjt)V otl ov-^ ojULolm €7r LTi/ULrjTeov KaO^ avTOv Te tm Xo- 
y(p Ka\ Tft) epcoTwvTi' ovSev ycip KcjoXveL tov imev \oyov <pav- 
Xov etvaL, tov S' epcoToovTa cog evSe-^eraL /3eXTi(TTa irpog tov 
aTroKpLvojULevov SLeLXe-^OaL. Tlpog yap Tovg SvcrKoXaivovTag 
ov SvvaTov 'lcrcog evOvg o^lovg TLg j3ov\eTaL a\X o^lovg evSe-^^cTaL 
TTOLeLcrOai Tovg cnjWoyLcrjULovg. 

^lEiTreL S'' ecrT^LV aSLopLCTTOV iroTe TavavTia Ka\ iroTe tol evd 
^PXV ^OLf^l^f^vovcTLv 01 avOpco-TTOL (TToWa/ci? yap KaO^ avTOvg 
\eyovTeg ^ra evavTia \eyovcrL, Ka). avavevcravTeg irpoTepov 
SLSoacTLV vcTTepov SLOirep epcoTcofJLevoL ^' TavavTLa kol to ev 
ap^^fj TToWaKLg viraKovovcTLv), avayKrj cpav\ovg ylvecrOaL Tovg 
\6yovg. A^LTLog S^ 6 aTroKpLVO/uLevog, tol /ulcv ov SLSovg, tol Se 
TOLavTa SLSovg. ^avepbv ovv cog ov-^ ojULolcog €7r LTL/uLrjTeov TOig 
epcoTcocTL Kal TOig \6yoLg. 

Ka^' avTOV Se ^ tco ^ \6ycp irevT eicrlv eTriTLjUL^creLg, TrpcoTtj 7 
/uLev OTav €K tcov ^ epcoTCoiuLevcov /uir] crvjULTrepaLvrjTaL ^^ ixtjTe to 
irpoTeOev ixrjTe o\cog jULrjSev ovtcov ylrevScov rj aS6^cov, rj ^ airav- 
Tcov t] Twv Tr^eLCTTCov, ev otg to a-vjULirepacriULa, Kal /ul^t acpaL- 
peOevTCov tlvcov jULi^Te 7rpO(TTeOevTCov y juLrjSe tcov /ULev acpaipe- 
OevTCOv Tcov Se irpocTTeOevToov ylvrjTaL to crv/uLirepacriuLa. Aev- 
T€pa Se €L Trpbg Trjv OecrLV jULrj yivoLTO 6 cTvWoyLcriuLbg e/c 
TOiovTCov T€ Ka). ovTCog cog eiprjTaL nrp^Tepov. TpLTrj S^ eiS 
irpocTTeOevToov tlvoov ylvoLTO crv\\oyicTiJi6g, TavTa S^ e^irj -^el- 
pco Toov epcoTrjOevTCov Kal yjttov evSo^a tov crv/uLTrepa^T/ULaTog. 
TlaXiv 6L acpaLpeOevTCOv tivcov eviOTe yap TrXe/w \aiUL/3avov(TL 



o ovOev C. P aTvoKpivaarBcu C. Q to. om. C. ^ tu cvavria C. 

'^ T(o om. B.C. * \6y<x)v B. V r)p<»)Tr)fi€vaiv C. ^^ /tii^rf irpos t6 

TeBev C. ^ travTOiv C. Y ]it)T( A.B. 



4i6 TOniKI2N 0. Topic. 

Twv avayKalcov, wa-re ov tco TavT elvai ylveTai 6 crvWoyi- 
(TiJLO^. ^'Et/ et et^ aSot^OTepwv Ka\ rJTTOv incrTcov tov orv/uLTre- 
pdcrimaTog, ^ ei e^ a\r}Ocov aXXa 7r\elovo9 epyov Seo/Jievcov 
OLTToSel^ai Tov Trpo^^^/JiaTO^. 
9 Ov Sei Se TravTcov twv irpoP^rnjLaTCdv ojuloico^ a^iovv tov9 
(TvWoyicriuiOvg evSo^ovg eivai Ka\ TriOavovg' cpva-ei yap evOvg 
VTrap^ei to. luev paco ra ^e yaXeTrcoTepa tcov l^riroviievcov, 
ware dv e^ cov evSe-^eTai iJ.d\ia-Ta evSd^cov arviuf3i(3da-r], Siei- 
\eKTaL Ka\co9. ^avepov ovv otl ovSe \6yui r] avTrj eiriTLiJ.ri- 

loarig irpog re to Trpo^^rjOev Ka\ KaO^ avTov. OvSev ydp kco- 
\veL KaO' avTov iiev eivai tov \6yov "^^reKT^v, irpog Se to 7rp6- 
^\r]iJLa eiraiveT^v, Kal ira\LV dvTea-Tpaiiiievcog KaO^ avTov iiev 
€7raLveT6v, irpog Se to 7rp6l3\r]iJLa \f/-e/cToV, ^ OTav ck ttoWcov 

11*^ pdSLOV evSd^cov crviXTrepdvaa-OaL Kal d\r]Ocov. E^^ S'' dv 
TTOTe \6yo9 Kal a-viJLireirepaa-iJLevo<s ixr] a-vinreirepaa-iJLevov "^el- 
poov, OTav 6 iiev e^ evr]Ocov aviJLTrepaLvrjTaL iirj tolovtov tov 
irpoP\r]iJLaTO<s 6vT09, 6 Se irpoaSerjTaL tolovtcov d eaTiv 
evSo^a Kai d\r]Orj, Ka). iir] ev TOig irpoa\aiil3avoixevoL9 ^ 6 
\6yog. T^oig Se S^d yjj-evScov d\r]Oeg " a-viJLirepaLvoiievoLg ov 
SiKaiov eiTLTLiJidv' yj/^evSog iiev ^ ydp de\ dvdyKr] S^d ^ ^lrev- 
Sovg o-vWoyil^eaOaL, to S^ d\r]Oeg eaTi Kal Sid ylrevScov itotc 
^ avWoyl^eaOaL. ^avepdv S^ ck tcov dva\vTLKcov. 

12 ^'Ot^v S^ dirdSeL^Lg ^ TLvdg 6 eiprjiievog \6yog, ei tl eaTLv 
dWo irpdg to avixirepaaiJ.a ixijSaiJLcog e-^ov, ovk eaTai irapd 
^ cKelvov avWoyLaixdg' ^ av Se (paivrjTai, a6(j)LaiJLa eaTai, ovk 
dirdSeL^Lg. ^'EcrTf Se (j)L\oa6(pr]iia iiev arvWoyLai/idg ^ diro- 
SeLKTLKdg, eiTL^^^eiprjixa Se avWoyLaiJLog ^mXeACTf/co?, a6(piaiJLa 
Se avWoyLaixdg epLaTiK^g, dirdprjiia Se avWoyLaiidg ^mXe- 
KTLKog dvTL(paaecog. 

'•^ Ef S^ e^ diKpOTcpcov Ti SoKOvvTCov Sei-^^Oeirj, iirj onoicog Se 
SoKOvvTcov, ovSev Koo\vei to SeL-^Oev iJLaWov cKaTepov SoKeLV. 

z oTi C. ^ ^ om. C. ^ (TVjnTtpalvovfTiv corr. A. ^ yap dti 

Om. C. ^ -^evdiap C. 6 arv\\oyi(raa$aL C. ^ (Kiivovs B. & eav C. 
1» aTToSetKrtKos, firt\. de <Tv\\. om. pr. C. 



VIII. 12. TOniKf2N 0. 417 

^AXX' ei TO fJLev SoKOit] to ^e fJLr^SeTepcog, rf ei to fJiev SoKOiri 
TO oe fjLt] ooKOLr], ei fjiev OfiOLW<5<, OfxoLcog av eir} KaL fJLrj, ei ce 
fjLaWov OaTepov, aKoXovOrjcrei tS fxaWov, 

^'Eo-Tt Se T19 ^dfxapTLa Ka\ avTrj ^Trepi Tovg (rvWoyLcrfiovg, 14 
OTav Sel^rj Slcl fiaKpoTcpcov, evov Sl eXaTTOVCov Kal ev tm 
Xoyw virap-^ovTcov, oTov otl ecTTl So^a fidW.ov cTepa eTepa^, 
ei TL9 ^ aiTrj(TaLTO avToeKacrTOv fjLokicrT etvaL, etvaL Se So^a- 
CTTOv "' aArjUcos avTO, cocrTe tcov tlvcov fiaWov eLvai avTO' 
TTpog Se To fidWov fjLaWov to XeyofJLevov elvaL' eivai Se Ka\ 
avToSo^av dXrjOrj, ^ ea-TaL fJLaWov aKpL^rjg tcov tlvcoV ^Trj- 
TaL Se Kai avToSo^av dXrjOr] elvaL Ka\ avToeKacTTOv fjidXLcrT 
eivaL' wcTTe avTrj rj So^a r} fjLaXicrTa dXrjOrjg dKpLpecrTepa 
ecTTLV. T/9 ^e r] fioyOrjpla ', " 27 otl iroLel, irap o o Xo^yo?, 
^ XavOdveLV to a'iTLOv. 

A6yo9 S^ e(TT\ SrjXog eva fJLev Tpoirov Ka\ SrjfjLocTLcoTaTOv, IZ 
eav ^ CTVfiireirepacrfxevog ovTCog (jocTTe P firjSev Selv eTrepcoTrj^raL' 
eva Se, Ka\ ^ 09 fxd\L(TTa XeyeTaL, OTav eiXrjfifjLeva fjLev ^ e^ 
cov ^ dvayKalov eivai, ^ Se Sid (TVfjiirepa(Tfi.dTO0v ^ (TVfJLTrepaivo- 
fjLeva' eTi ei eXXeiTreL (T(j)6Spa ^evSd^cov. 

^evSrjg Se X6yog KaXeLTaL TeTpa^^wg, eva fiev Tp^irov oTav^ 
(paivrjTaL (TVfxirepaive^TOaL fjLrj (TVfX7repaLv6fjLevo9, 09 KaXeLTai 
^ ept(TTLK09 crvXXoyLcrfjL^g' dXXov Se OTav cTVfiirepalvrjTaL fiev 
fjLrj fjLevTOL irpog To ^ irpOKelfievov, oirep (TVfi^alveL fiaXL(TTa 
T019 ei9 y To dSvvaTOV dyovcTLV' 37 '^po? to ^ irpoKelfievov fiev 
crvfJLirepalvrjTaL, fjLrj fievTOL KaTa Trjv OLKeiav fieOoSov. Toi/to^ 
^' ecTTLv, ^ oTav fJLrj (^v iaTpiK09 SoKrj laTpiKog elvaL rj yecofAe- 
TpLK09 fjLrj lov yecofieTpLK09 rj StaXeKTLKog fJLrj wv SLoXeKTLK^g, 
dv T€ ylrevSog dv t dXrjOeg ^ to G-vfx/3aivov. ^'AXXov Se Tp6- 
irov ° eav S^d "^evScov crvfjLTrepaivrjTaL. Tovtov S^ eaTai ^ iroTe 

^ Koi avTT} ajLapTia C. ^ Kara B.C. ^ alrrja-ai ro B. ^ avro 
aKrjBms C. ^ rl om. C. o \av3dvei A. P fiTjSfV C. q a>s B.C. 

^ avayKaioiV B. ^ (TVfiTrepaLvofievos A.B. €t pr. C. * ev8o' 

^ov corr. C. ^ a-vWoyia-fxos cpia-riKos C, ^ Kfifievov C. Y t6 

post els om. C. z Keifjifvov A.C. ^ iav 6 /x^ C. ^ av C. c ^6 
a-vfinepaafia ttotc fiiv C 

VOL. I. K e 



4i8 TOniKXlN 0. Topic. 

mev TO (TViJLTripacrfxa ^ev^o^, irore S^ aXrjOe^' t6 ixev yap 
\lrevSo9 ae\ Sia y^evScov TrepaiveTai, t6 S' aXtjOeg eyy^dopei Ka\ 
/mrj ^ e^ a\t]OMv, wa-irep eipriTai Ka\ irpoTepov. 

4 To iJLev ovv ^evSrj ^t6v Xoyov elvai tov XeyovTog diidp- 
Tiiixa iidWov rj Tov Xoyov, Kal ovSe tov XeyovTO^ ^ dei, aXX' 
oTav XavOavr] ^ avTov, eTreJ KaO^ avTOv ye TroXXtov dXrjOwv 
^^ diroSeyoiieOa iidXXov, dv e^ otl iidXiaTa Sokovvtcov dvaiprj 
Ti Tcov dXrjOoov. T010VT09 ydp dov cTepcov dXrjOcov dTToSei^i^ 
earTiV Sel ydp tcov KeiiJLevcov ti iirj eivai iravTeXco?, wctt 

5 ecTTai TOVTOV diroSei^i^s. Et ^' dXrjOe<i crvixiTepaivoiTO Sid 
y^evScov Kal Xiav evrjOcov, 'ttoXXco^ av eirj -^eipcov y^evSo^ ' crfX- 
Xoyil^oiJt.evcov' e'irj S' ^ av toiovto9 Ka] \{/-ei/(^o? crvinrepaivo- 
IJLevo?. ^'QcTTe SrjXov otl irpcoTrj ixev eirL<TKe^i<s Xoyov KaO^ 
aWdv el (TviXTrepaLveTai, SevTepa Se iroTepov dXijOe^ rj y^evSo^^ 
TpLTrj S^ €K TroLoov TLVcov. Et iJLcv ydp CK ylrevScov evSd^cov Se, 
XoyLKog, el S^ e^ ovtcov ijlcv dSo^cov Se, (pavXog. Et Se Ka) 
ylrevStj ^ Ka\ Xlav dSo^a, SrjXov otl (pavXo<s, rj axXw? tj tov 
irpdyiJLaTO^. 

I 3 To <5' ev dp-)(rj Ka\ Ta evavTia tto)? aiTeiTaL 6 epcoTcov, KaT 
dXrjOeLav fJLev ev TO19 ^A.vaXvTLKoh e'iprjTaL, /carce So^av Se vvv 
XcKTeov. 
2 A.iTeL(TOaL Se (palvovTai t6 ev dp^^rj irevTayco^, (pavepco- 
TaTa iJLev Ka\ irpcoTOv e'i tl9 avT^ t6 SeLKVvcrOaL Seov '" aiTtj- 
oreL. TovTO S^ e7r' auroi' ijlcv ov ^ pciSLOV XavOdveiv, ev Se tol^ 
crvvoovviJLOL^, Ka\ ev ocroig to ovoiJLa Ka\ 6 X6yo9 ° to avTO 
CTrjiJLalveL, ijloXXov. AevTcpov Se OTav KaTa iJLepo9 Seov aTro- 
Sei^aL KaOoXov tl^ aiTrjCTrj, olov eiTLyeipcov otl tcov evavTicov 
ixia eiTLCTTfjixtj, oXco9 tcov dvTLKeiiievcov d^icocTeLe ixlav eivar 
SoKci ydp o eSeL KaO^ avT6 Sei^ai P/uer' dXXcov aiTeicrOai 



d di C. ^ Top 0111. B. ^ del t6 ajxApTrjjia aXX' A.B. ? av- 

Tov oTi yJAevbij Xoyoi/ eiVc Tiva. 'ETret C. ^' aTrodexofieOa COIT. A, dvre- 

Xo^LeOa B. ' (TvXXoyi^o/ieVa) 15. ^' ai/] av 6 Q. ^ Koi dvdbo^a B. 

^ alTTjO-euv C. ^ pdov \aOe7v C. o ravTov C. P fJLeTii Ka\ «X- 

Xav C. 



VIII. 13, H- T0niK12N 0. 419 

TrXeiovMP. lipLTOV ei ^ T19 KaOoXov Sei^ai ^ TTpoKeiimevov KaTo. 
fJLepo^ aiT^a-eiev, oTov ei TravTcov twv evavTioov irpoKei^evov 
TwvSe Tivwv a^iwa-eie' SoKei yap Kal ovTog, o /ULeTa TrXeiovcov 
^ eSei Sei^ai, ^ KaO^ avTO X^ph alTeicOai. llaXip ei ti<s Sie-5 
Xu>v aiTetTat t6 ^ Trpo^XijOev, otov et Seov Sel^ai Trjv taTpiKrjv 
vytetvov Kal voarwSovg, ^fOjol? eKOLTepov a^icoa-eiev. ^H ei Ttg 
Tcov eTTOfJLevcov aXX^Xot9 e^ avdyKrjg OoLTepov aiTrja-etev, otov 
Tr]v TrXevpav aavjULjUieTpov ^ r^ SiajULeTptp, Seov airoSei^at OTt 
ri SidiJLeTpo<s Trj TrXevpa. 

'Icra^w9 Se Kal TavavTia aiTOvvrat tm e^ ^pX^^' rijOw-4 
Tov fJLev yap e't Tt9 ^Tag dvTiKet/uLevag alTrja-atTO (paa^iv Kal 
aTTOipaa-tv, SevTepov Se TavavTta KaTa Tr]v dvTtOea-tv, olov 
dyaOov Kal KaKov TavTov. Tjo/toi/ ei tl9 to KaOdXov dt^tco- 
aag eir] /ULepov^ atToiTO Trjv dvTicpaa-tv, olov et Xaficov tcov 
evavTtcov /ULiav eirLa-TrjiJLrjv, vyieLvov Kal voa-coSovg cTCpav d^LCo- 
oreLev, rj TOVTO aLTrja-dfJLevog eirl tov KaOoXov Trjv dvTiOea-iv 
y TTeLpwTO XaiuLjSdveiv. UdXLv eav T19 aLTrja-t] to evavTLOv tm s 
e^ dvdyKrjg crvjULJBalvovTL S^d tcov KeL/uLevcov, ^ Kav ei tl<s avTa 
fjLev fJLr] ^ Xd^oL TdvTLKelfjLeva, TOiavTa S^ aiT^a^aLTO Svo e^ cov 
ea-TaL i] dvTLKeLfJLevrj dvTLCpaarLg. ALa(pepeL Se to TdvavTia 
XafjL/Bdvetv tov ev ^ dp-^rj oTt tov fJLev ea-Ttv rj dfkapTta irpo^ 
TO avfJLirepaa-fjLa (jrpog ydp cKeivo ^XeirovTe<s to ev dpyrj Xe- 
yofJLev aiTeiarOat), Ta S^ evavTia ea-Tn' ev Tai9 "TrpoTaa-ea-L ^ tw 
ey^CLV TTcog TavTa9 irpo^ dXX^Xa^. 

Updg Se yvfJLvaa-iav Ka\ fieXeTrjv tcov tolovtcov Xdycov irpw- 1 4 
Tov fJLev dvTLar^pecpeLv eOtCea-Oat y^prj tov<s Xdyov^. ^'Ovtoo<s 
ydp irpd^ ^ re to Xeydfievov eviropcoTepov et^ofiev, Kal ev 6X1- 
yotg TToXXov? e^eirta-Trja-dfieOa Xdyov<s. To ydp dvTtarTpe- 
(petv ea-Ti to fxeTaXa^dvTa to arvfiTrepaa-fJLa fJLCTa tcov Xonrcov 
epooTrjfxaTCOv dveXeiv ev twv SoOevTWV dvayKr} yap, et to 



q Tis To KaOoKov B. ^ TTpoa-Keiixevov C. " Sf t pr. C. * Kai 

KaB' avTo Ka\ X^^^P^f C. ^ 7rp6^\r]fia A.B. ^^ ttjI elvai Ty C. '^ tu 

dvTiKeip,€va C. ■ TTcipSiTO TTjV dvTi(f)aaiv C. ^ Ka\ C. ^ \d^r)i A. 

^^ "PX.V TocrovTOv OTi C. ^ tS> ydp ex^ti/ C. ^ re om. C. 

E e 2 



420 TOTTnCXlN 0. ToPic. 

(Tvim^TrepacriULa iJ.rj cctl^ fjiiav TLva avaipeicrdaL twv irpOTaaecov, 
CLirep TratTwv TeOcLcrwv avayKj] rjv to arviuLTrepaoriuia eivai. 

2 JJpo^ ^ airacrav re Oea-Lv, Kal otl ovtu)^ Ka\ ' otl oi5^ ovtw^s, 
TO einyeLpriiJLa (TKeirTeov, Ka\ evpovTa Tf]v Xvctlv evOv^ ^*]Tr]- 
Tcov ovTCD yap a^a orviui/BrJG-eTai ttjOo? re to epcoTav kol 
7rpo9 To aTTOKpLvecrOaL yeyviuLvacrOaL. KaV irpog lULtjSeva aX- 
\ov ey^coiuLev, ^ irpo^ avT0V9. TlapdWrjXd re " Trapa^aWeLv, 
^ CKXeyovTa? ttjOo? ^ Ttjv avTiOecTLv eTTf^etjOJy/xaTa* tovto yap 
TTOo? T€ TO /Bid^^ecrOaL TroWrjv eviroplav iroiel Ka\ irpo9 to 
^ eXeyy/eLV lULeyaXrjv e^ei (Bo^OeLav, OTav evTroprj tl? KaL ™ otl 
OVTC09 Ka\ OTL ou^ OVTC09' TTjOo^ Ta evavTia ^ yap crviuL^aivei 

3 iroLeLcrOaL Ttjv (pvXaKrjv. IIjOo? Te yvcocTLv Ka\ Trjv KaTo. (pL- 
\ocro(piav cj)p6vi]<rLv t6 SvvaarOai crvvopav ° Ka\ (TvvecopaKevai 
TCL a(p^ eKaTepa^ crviuL0aLVOVTa Trjg vTToOecrecog ov fJLiKpov op- 
yavov XoLirov yap tovtcov opOco? eXecrOaL OdTepov. Aei Se 

TTjOO? TO ^ TOLOVTO VTTapyeLV ev(pvd' Ka\ TOVT eCTTLV t} KaT 

oXrjOeLav ev(j)via, t6 SvvacrOaL KaXcog eXecrOaL TaXrjOeg Ka\ 
(pvyeiv t6 y^evSog' oirep oi ire^pvKOTeg eu SvvavTaL iroLeiV 
^ ev yap (piXovvTeg Ka\ fXLCTOvvTeg to 7rpocr(pep6iuL€vov ev Kpl- 

VOVGTl TO J^cXtLCTTOV. 

4 IIjOo? Te Ta TrXeicrTdKig enAwiTTTOvTa tcov Trpo^XrjiuLdTcov 
e^eTricTTacrOai Sel X6yov9, Ka\ lULdXicrTa irep^ twv TrpcoTcov Oe- 
aecoV ev TOVTOig yap diroSvcnrerovcnv ol diroKpLvdiJLevoL iroX- 
XdKLg. ^'Et* "^Te opcov evTTOpeiv Sel, Ka\ tcov evSd^cov Te Ka\ 
Tcov irpcoTcov e^€Lv Trpo^elpovg' ^La ydp tovtcov oi (rvXXoyL- 
criJLOi ^ ylvovTaL. UeLpaTeov ^ Se Koi eig a TrXeLcrTdKLg efjLTri- 

5 iTTOvcTLV oi aXXoL ^ X6yoL /caTe^et »/. ^Qairep ydp ev yecofJLeTpla 
irpo epyov to irepL Ta crTOL-^eia yeyvfivacrOaL^ Ka\ ev dpLOfioig 
TO irepL TOv<s Ke(paXLcrfjLov9 TrpoyeLpt^g ^^ ep^ett/ fieya SLa(pepeL 

6 Tracrdv C. ^ otl ante ovx Om. C. ^ irp6s\ KaG' C. ^ Tj-po- 

/SaXXeiJ/ A, om. C. ' eKXcKTeov ra irpos C. ^ rrjv avTrjv Oeaiv A.B.C. 
' iXeyxff-v Ka\ fieydXijv C. *" ort] t6 A. ^ yap av (Tvp.^aivoi C. 

o Ka\ t6 avvfcopaKevai to. e(f) eKarepa C. P toiovtov vndpxfiv (ixpvij C. 

<1 cu] oi C. r r€ om. A. s yivovTai om. C. * re C. ^ g<^. 

Xoyoi C. w ^K^'-^ '^ot fifya A.B. 



VIII. 14. TOniKHN 0. 421 

7rpo9 To ^ Ka\ Tov aWov apLOjULov yivcoarKeiv iroWaTrXatTiov- 
juLcvov, 6iuioioD9 Ka\ y €v T019 \6yoi9 t6 irpoyeipov etvai jrepl 
ra? ap-^ag Ka\ Ta9 irpoTacrei? aTro crTOiuLaTog e^eTTicrTaG-OaL' 
KaOairep yap ev tw /jivriiJLOVLKw ijlovov 01 tottol TeOevTe^ evOv<s 
TTOLovcTLv avTa jULVfjfJLOveveLv, Kal TovTa TroLYjcreL <jvWoyL(TTL~ 
KWTepov Slcl t6 7rp69 ^ MpLarfJLeva? avTag ^XeireLV * KaT apL- 

OjULOV. UpOTaCTLV TC KOLVrjV /ULCxWoV ^ rj \6yOV ei9 fJLVl^jULrjV 

OeTcoV OLp-^s yap Ka\ vTToOecrem evTroprja-ai /uLeTpLwg ya- 
XeTToV. 

^'Erf t6v eva \6yov TroWovg irOLelv eOia-Teov, wg aSr]\6-6 
TaTtt KpvirTOVTag. E'/>y ^' av t6 tolovtov, e'1 tl9 otl 7r\eL- 
OTTOV ^ a(f)ia-Tair] TrJ9 crvyyeveia^ irep\ wv 6 \6y09. ^'lEia-ov- 
TaL Se SvvaTo\ twv \6ywv ol iuLa\LcrTa Ka06\ov ^ tovto ^ ira- 
o^^^eLv, otov OTL ovK ecTTL jula ir^eiovwv eirLaTrjfjiri' ovtw yap 
Ka\ eTTt Twv '7rp6<s tl Ka\ eTr\ twv evavTLWv Ka\ arvcTTOL-^wv 
* ea^TLV. 

Aei Se KOi Ta9 airoiJ.vriiJ.ovevcreLS Ka06\ov iroLelcrOaL twv 7 
\6ywv, KOLV ri SLei\eyiJLevo9 e7r\ fjLepovg' ovtw yap Ka\ 7ro\- 
\ov9 e^ecrTaL t6v eva 7roLelv. ^OfJLolw^ Se Ka\ ev prjTOpLKOL^ 
eTTf Twv evOvfJLrijULaTwv. A.vt6v S^ otl fia^La-Ta (pevyeLV 
S €7r\ t6 Ka06\ov (pepeLv Tovg (TvWoyLcriiov^. ""Ae/ re Sei 
aK07relv tov<s \6yov9, ei eVJ ^ kolvwv SLa\eyovTaL' 7ravTe9 
yap OL ev ixepei Ka\ Ka06\ov SLeL^eyfievoi elcri, Ka\ ^ evearTLV ev 
Trj KaTOL iiepo9 r] tov Ka06\ov a7r6SeL^L9 Slo, t6 iJLrj eivai a-v\- 
\oyi(TaarOaL ^ fjLrjSev avev ^ tov Ka06\ov. 

Trjv Se yvfjLvacriav a^roSoTeov twv ijlcv CTraKTLKwv TTjOoffS 
veov, Twv Se arvWoyia-TiKwv Trpo? eiJL7reLpov. JJeLpaTeov Se 
^ \aiJ.l3aveiv 7rapa iiev twv crvWoyLcrTLKwv ra? 7rpoTacr€L9, 
irapa Se twv e^raKTLKwv Tag 7rapa^o\a9' ev ° tovtol9 yap 

X Koi] dc Koi C. y ev Tols — dpxas^ tovs \6yovs C. ^ apicriiiva 

avTo. C. * Kar'] Ka\ pr. C. ^ ets \6yov 77 A.B. ^ d<f)i(rTaiTo 

COrr. C. ^ TovTo'] t6 pr. C. ^ nda-xeiv 8vvavTai olov A.B. ^ elcrt C. 
8 eVi post (f)€vyeiv om. pr. C. ^ KOivav] TrXeiovcov A, 7r\ei6v<ov koi- 

vSiv B. i eOTti/ C. ^ p.r}6ev C. ^ tcoi/ A.B.C. ^ eK\afjL' 

^dveiv C. n rovT(o A.B.C. 

B e 3 



4^2 TOniKI2N 0. Topic. VIII. 14. 

eKCLTepoi yeyvimvacr/Jievoi eicriv. ''OXft)? ^' e/c tov yv/JivaCecrOai 
SiaXeyo/uLevop ireipaTeov a7ro<pepe(r6ai tj crvWoyiG-iULov irepi 
TIV09 r] Xvcrtv »7 TrpoTacriv ^rj eva-TacTLV, rj ei opOoog T19 tjpeTO 
gtj ei nitj opOm, r] avTog r] eTepo?, koI irapa tl CKaTepov. 'E/c 
TOVTCOv yap ri SvvajUiL^, t6 Se yv/uivdl^ecrOaL SvvdfJLewg X^P'*'' 
Kai iiia\L(TTa P irepl Ta? irpOTacreL^ Ka\ ^ evcTTacreL^s' ccttl yap 
o)? dirXcog eLTreiv SLoXeKTLKO? ^o irpOTaTLKo^ Ka\ evcTTaTLKo?. 
^'EcTTf ^e t6 /uev TrpoTelvecrOaL ev iroLelv tol irkelw (Sel ydp 
* ev oX(p XrjcpO^vaL ttjOo? o 6 Xo^yo?), t6 S^ evicrracTOai t6 ev 
'jroXXa' % ydp SLaipei t] dvaLpei, t6 jmev ^ SiSovg t6 S^ ou twv 
irpoTeLVOiULevcov. 

10 Oi^x aTravTi Se SiaXeKTeov, ovSe ttjOo^ t6v TV^ovTa yv/uiva- 
cTTeov. ^AvdyKr] ydp ttjOo? evlovg (f)avXov9 ylvecrOaL Tovg 
Xoyovg* ttjOO? ydp t6v TrdvTCo^ ireLpooiJLevov (palvecrOai Sia- 
(pevyeLV SiKaiov /mev 7rdvTC09 ireLpdcrOaL ^ crvXXoyLCTacrOaLy ovk 
evcr-^rjimov Se. ALOTrep ov Sei CTVvecTTdvaL ev-^epcog tt^o? tov9 
TV^6vTa9' dvayKY] yap TrovrjpoXoylav (TvinfiaLveLv' Ka\ ydp 
ol yvfJLva^djUievoL dSvvaTovcTLv dire-^ecrOaL tov SLoXeyeaOat, 
^ fjir] dycovLCTTiKcog. 

11 Aet Se Ka\ ireiroLrjij.evov^ e^^eLv Xoyovg ttjOo? Td TOiavTa 
Tcov Trpo^Xr^jUiaTCOv, ev oh eXa-^^lcTTWv eviroprjcTavTe^ ^ ttjOo? 
TrXeicTTa ■)(j)tjcriiuiov9 e^o/ULev. Ovtol S^ eicT^v 01 KaOoXov, Ka\ 
TTjOo? ovs TroptCecrOat -^aXeTrtjOTepov ck tcov irapd iroSas. 

o fj evcTTatriv om. C. P Trepi] Koi Trepi C. '1 Koi ras dv^rrda-fis C. 

r s — t6 rc. supra lituram A. ^ ev oX<os A.B.C. * ou 8i8ovs tS>v C. 
V avKKoyl^eaOai, idque rc, C. ^^' /xj) om. corr. C. ^ -npos ra 

TrXeioTa C. 



nEPI 20*I2TIKilN EAErXilN, 



J.1EPI Se Twv (TO<pi<rTiKcov eXiy^^oov Ka\ twv (paivoimevciov 
luev eXey^^wv ovtwv 3e TrapaXoyicriuLcov aXX' ovk eXey^oov Xe- 
yMjULev, ap^d/ULevot KaTO, (pvartv airo tcov TrpcoToov. 

^'Ort juiev ovv ol jULev €1(tI (rvXXoyta-fxoi, ot ^' ovk ovTe<s 2 
SoKovcri, (pavepov. ^'Qcnrep yap Kal cTrl tcov aXXcov tovto 
ytverat Std Ttvog ojULotoTrjTog, Kal eirl tcov Xoycov wa-avTcog 
eyet. Ka^ yo-p Tr]v e^tv ot jULev eyovatv ev, ot Se ^(patvovTai, 
(pvXeTiKcog (pvari^cavTeg Kot eirta-KevacravTe^ avTOv^, Ka\ KaXol 
ot jULev Sta KdXXo9, ot Se (patvovTat, ^^KOjULjULcocravTe? ^ avTOvg. 
^Ett/ t€ tcov ^aylrv^cov coa-avTC09' Kal yap tovtcov to, fxev 
apyvpo9 Ta Se yjpva-o^ ecTTtv aXtjOcog, tol S^ ea-Tt /ulcv ov, 
<paiv€Tat Se /cara Ttjv a'ta-6t]a-tv, otov ra /uLev XiOapyvptva Kal 
TOL ^ KttTTtTeptva apyvpa, to, Se yoXo^dcptva ■^vcrd. T0J/3 
avTov Se Tpoirov Ka\ orvXXoytcriuLog Ka\ eXey^og 6 lULev ecrTiv, 
6 S^ ovK ea-Tt jULcv, (palverat Se Std Ttjv diretptav 01 ydp 
diretpot coa-irep dv d,ireyovTe'S iroppooOev Oecopovcriv. "^O fxev 
ydp a^vXXoytcriuLog €K Ttvoov ea^Tt TeOevToov wcTTe ^Xeyetv €Te- 
pov Tt e^ dvdyKr]9 tcov KetfJLevcov ^^Std toov KetfJLevoov, eXey^o^ 
Se a-vXXoytcriuidg julct dvTt(paa-€C09 tov a-vfXTrepacriuLaTO^. O/4 
Se TOVTO TTOtovart fJLev ov, SoKOva-i Se Std TroXXd^ aiTtag, cov 
elg TOTTO? ev^pvea-TaTog iarTt Ka\ StjfjLocrtcoTaTO^ 6 Std tcov 
ovofJidToov. ^ETref ydp ovk ecTTtv avTd ra irpdyfJiaTa StaXe- 
yecrOat (pepovTa<s, aXAa T0t9 ovofiacrtv dvT\ toov irpayfjLaToov 
^cofJLeOa crvfjL^dXot9, to crvfJL^alvov e7r\ tcov ovofJLaTcov ^ Ka\ 

^ (Tocpia-TiKol eXeyx^oi C, nepi tcov (TO(j)i(rTiKa)v i\iyx<*>v A.B. ^ (^ai' 

VOVTM €V€KTlKo\ cf)v\. C. ^ KOfia)(raVT€S A. ^ (UVTOVS C. <^ dyJAV- 

XCiJj/] /ifraXXwi/ C. f Koi Ka^raiTepiva C. S Xeyeiv] crvvdydv B. 

^ 8ia Tcov Keifxevcov om. A.C. * Ka\ om. C. 

E e 4 



4^4 nEPI 204>I2TIKi2N Sophist. 

eTTf Twv TrpayiuLdTcou ^yov/uieOa crvnxpalveiv, KaOairep eTrJ twv 
5 ylrtjdxov T019 \oyLlCoiJ.€voi9' To S^ ovk ea-Tiv o/uloiov. Ta 
juiev yap ovojUiaTa ireTrepavTai Kal to toov Xoycov 7r\rjOo9, ra 
^e TrpdyiuLaTa tov apiOimov direipd ecTTiv. ^ AvayKalov ovv 
irXem tov avTov \6yov Ka\ TOvvo/uLa '^to ^v cnjiuLalveiv. 
^'QiO-irep ovv KCLKei ol imr] Seivol Td<! ylrtj<povg (pepeiv viro twv 
^ €7r io-TrjiULOvcov irapaKpovovTaL, tov avTov Tpoirov Kal €7ri tu)V 
\6ycov OL Tcov ovoiuLdTcov Trj9 Svvdiiieco9 direLpoL irapaXoyLCpv- 
Tai KOL avTOi Sia^eydiULevoL kol aWcov aKOvovTeg. Am fiev 
ovv ^TavTrjv Tr]v aiTLav Kal Tag ^e-^^OricroiuLevag ecrTL Ka\ (tv\' 
6\oyi(TiuL69 Kal e\ey^09 <paLv6iuLevo9 ixev ovk cov Se. ^ETrei o 
ecTTL TLcri /uLciWov irpo epyov to SoKelv eivaL crocpoig rj to 
elvaL Ka\ /uir] SoKeiv (ecTTL ydp ^rj crocpLCTTLKr] cpaLvofJLevr] crocpia 
ovcra S^ oVf Ka\ 6 cro(pLcrTr]9 yjprjiJiaTLcrTr]^ diro (paLVOHAevr^g 
cro(pLa9 aXX' ovk ovcrr^g), Sr]\ov otl dvayKaiov tovtols KaL to 
Tov crocpov epyov Sok€iv irOLelv ixdWov t] iroLelv Ka\ /uLr] So" 

7 Keiv. ^'EcTTf S^ o)? ev irpog ev eiTreiv epyov 7rep\ ^eKacTTOV tov 
€lS6to9 d^^evSeiv /ulcv avTOv 7rep\ wv oiSe, tov P^e ^lYeuoo- 
jULevov €/uL(pavi^eLV SvvacrOaL' TauTa S^ €(tt\ to /uLev ev t(o 
SvvacTOaL Sovvai \6yov, to S^ ev tm ^\al3eLv. ^ AvayKrj ovv 
T0V9 l3ov\o/uievov9 (TO(pLcrTev€Lv TO Tcov elpr/fjLevcov \oycov •ye- 
vog ^t]T€iv' 7rpd epyov ydp ecrTiV ^^ ydp TOLavTtj Svva/mig 
7roii^cT€L (palvecrOaL (T0(p6v, ov Tvy^avovcTL Tr/v ^rpoalpecTLV 
eyovTeg. 

8 ^'Otl /mev ovv €(ttl ^tl ^ tolovtov \6ycov yevo9, Ka\ oti 
TOLavTr/g e(plevTaL Svvd/UL€C09 ov9 Ka\ov/Liev cro(pi(rTa9, S^\ov. 
IloVa S^ €(tt\v e^lSr] tcov \6ycov tcov (TO(pLcrTLKcov, Ka\ e/c 
7r6acov Tov dpLO/mdv t] Svva/ULL9 ^^ avTr] (TVvecTTr/Ke, Ka\ 7rocra 
/ULcpr] TvyydveL Tr/9 7rpay /uLaTeia9 ovTa, Ka\ 7r€p\ tcov aW<av 
Tcov (rvvTe\ovvTcov eh Trjv Te-^vrjv TavTrjv ijStj ^eyco/mev. 

^ t6 €V om. C. ^ cVtorafieVtov C. ™ ravTrjv re rrjv C. " »7 

om. C. o iKaa-Tov A. P de om. A. Q \/^€uS.] (f^aivo/ievop C. 

1* Xafi^dvciv. 'AvayKaiov ovv toU /SovXo/icVots C. ^ fj yap om. pr. C. 

* Ti om. C. ^ TOiovTm B. ^ avTrj A, avTrji C. 



Elench. 2—4. EAErXflN. 425 

^'EcTTi Srj Toop ev Tw SiaXeyetrOai Xoywv TeTTapa yevr], % 
SiSacKoXiKol Koi SidXeKTiKol Koi TreipacTTiKol Kal epiCTTiKOi, 
SiSaorKaXiKol ^imev ol ck twv oiKeiwv apywv eKacrTOv iJiaQrjixa- 
TO<s Ka\ y ovK e/c tcov tov air OKpLvoixevov So^wv crvWoyi^o- 
jUievoL {Sei yap Tria-Teveiv tov fJiavQavovTa), SiakeKTLKol "S"' ol 
CK Tcov evSo^cov orvWoyKrTiKol avTKpda-ecog, ireLpaarTLKol S' 01 
€K Tcov SoKOvvTCOv T(S aTTOKpLvojuLevcp Ka\ ^ oLvayKaLCov elSevai 
Tft) Trpoa-TroLOVjULevo) eycLV Trjv eirLcrTrjixriv (pv ^Tpoirov Se, Slco- 
pKTTai ev €TepOL<f), epia-TLKol S'' 01 €k tcuv (paLVOjUievcov evSo^cov 
/ULil ovTcov Se CTvWoyLa-TLKol rj (paLvojJLevoi a-vWoyiCTTLKoL 
Tlepl /uLev ovv tcov airoSeLKTLKcov ev T0I9 ^AvaXvTLKoig e'ipr]Tai, 
irepl Se tcov SiaXeKTLKcov Kal ireLpaaTLKCov ev tol9 aWoL9. 
Uepl Se Tcov ay covLCTTLKwv Ka\ epLa-TLKcov vvv \eyco/uL€v, 

JIpcoTOV Srj XtjTTTeov iroa-cov a-ToyaX^ovTaL 01 ev Tolg \6- 3 
yoL9 aycovLXpiJ.evoL kou SLa(pL\oveLKOvvT€9. ^ EcrTt oe irevTe 
TavTa Tov apLOiULOv, eXe^y^o? Ka\ \|/'eu(5o9 Ka\ irapdSo^ov Ka\ 
(To\oLKLaiJi09 Ka\ TreiJLTrTOv to TroLrja-ai a^oXecr^/yoraf tov irpocr- 
Sia\€y6iJLevov' tovto S^ eaT^ to iroWdKL? avayKdl^ea-OaL 
TavTO \eyeLV' r] to iJLr} 6v, aWa to (paLvdiievov cKaaTOv 
etvaL TOVTcov. MaXfcrTa /uei/ 'yajO irpoaLpovvTaL (palvea-Oai 2 
€\€y^ovT€9, SevTepov Se \f/-eu^o/>tej/oj/ tl SeiKvvvaL, TpiTOv eig 
irapdSo^ov dyeLV, ^TeTapTOV Se (ro\oiKL^€iv '^ TroLelv' tovto 
S^ ecTT^ TO irOLrjaraL Trj Xe^et /3apl3apL^€LV ck tov \6yov tov 
airoKpLv6iJLevov' ^T€\evTaiov Se to 7r\€OvdKi9 TavTO \eyeLV. 

TpdTroL S^ ei(r\ ^tov ixev €\eyyeLv Svo' ol iiev ydp elcTL 4 
irapd Trjv \e^LV, ol S^ e^co Trjg Xe^ect)?. ^'E(TTf ^e Ta jULev 
irapd Tt]v \€^Lv eiJLvroLOvvTa Tr]v (pavTacrlav e^ tov dpLOiJidv' 
TavTa S' ea-T^v oiicovviXLa, dii(pL/3o\La, a-vvOea-i^, Siaipea-L^f 
TrpoacpSla, cr-^iJia Xe^eco?. ToJtou Se Tr/frTfS" ^^ t€ Sid Trjg 
eiraycoyrjg Ka\ avWoyia^iJL^g, dv tc \r](pO^ tl9 d\\o9, Ka\ 

^ fi€V ovv ol C. y ovK oni. B. 2 avayKoiov B.C. ^ 8e rpo- 

nov C. ^ fjif) — ^ om. A.C. c T^rapTou] TiKcvralov C. ^ ttoUlv 

Ka\ TrXeovdKis ravTo Xeyeip. ^oXoiKiarpos S' C. ^ TeXcvralov — Xeyeiv 

om. C. ^ piv post Tov om. C. s rj om. C. 



426 nEPI 204)I2TIK12N Sophist. 

OTi T0cravTa)(p)9 dv Tolg avTOi^ ovo/uiaari Ka\ \6y019 /ULf] TauTo 
SrjXcocraijUiev. EfVJ Se irapa ^^[xev Ttjv o/ULCovv/ULiav 01 TOiol^e 
Tcov Xoyojv, olov otl /uiavOdvovarLv ol eirLCTTaixevoL' tcl yap 

2 airocTTOiuLaTLl^ofjLeva /ULavOdvovarLV ol ypajULiuLaTLKoL To ydp 
jULavOdvcLV ojuLwwiuLov, TO Te ^vvLevaL yjpwinevov Trj eTrLcrr^iuLr] 
Kal To Xa/UL^dveLv eirLcrTrujiriv. Kal ttoXlv otl Ta KaKu dyaOa' 
Ta ydp SeovTa dyaOd, ra Se /ca/ca SeovTa. Alttov yap to 
Seov, TO T dvayKaiov, o crviuL^aLveL TroXXa/ct? kol eiri twv 
KaKcov {ecTTL ydp KaKov tl dvayKalov), Ka\ TayaOd Se Seov- 
Td (paiuLev elvaL. ^'Eri tov avTOV KaOrja-OaL Kal ecTTavaL, Kal 

3 KdiuLveLV KOL vyLalveLV. ^^'Oarirep ydp dvia-TaTO, earTrjKev, Kal 
oarTrep vyLd^eTO, vyLalvei' dvlarTaTO S^ 6 KaOriiJ.evo<s Ka\ vyid- 
^eTO 6 KdiuLvoov. To 'yajO tov KdjjLvovTa otlovv iroLeiv >/ 7ra- 
cr^eLv ov')^^ ev orrjiuLaiveL, aXX' OTe fxev otl ^ 6 vvv Kaixvcov ri 
KaO^fjievos, OTe S^ 09 eKaixve irpoTepov. TWr]v u^ym^ero ii.ev 
Ka\ ^ Kdiivoov KOL 6 KdiJLvcov' vyLalveL S^ ov KdiJLvcov, aXX' 6 

4KdiJLvcov, ov vvv, dXX 6 TrpoTepov. IlajOa ^e Tr^v diJLCJ)i/3o- 
Xlav OL TOLolSe, to ^ovXea-OaL Xa/3eLV ijlc tov9 TroXe/x/ow. 
aL '" ap o T19 yLVcocTKeL, tovto yLvcocrKCL , Kai yap tov 
yLvcocTKOVTa Ka\ to yLvcocTKoixevov evSe-^^eTaL C09 yLvcoarKovTa 
^ arrjiJLrjvaL ^ tovtco tw Xoyui. Kai apa o opa tl9, tovto 
opa ; opa Se tov Kiova, wcTTe opa 6 klcov. KaJ Papa o crv 
<pri9 eivaL, TOVTO a-v <pr]9 elvaL ', <p^9 Se XlOov eivaL, crv apa 
(pr]9 Xl0o9 eivaL. Kai ap^ ccttl cTLycovTa XeyeLV ', ^ Slttov 
yap ^ Ka\ ^to oriycovTa Xeyeiv, t6 tc tov XeyovTa crLydv 

5 Ka\ To Ta XeydiJLeva. EtVf ^e TpeL9 Tpoiroi toov irapa Ttjv 
oiJLcovviJLLav Ka\ Tr]v diKpLJ^oXiav, ei9 /uei/ OTav ^rj 6 Xoyo9 rj 
TOvvoiJLa KVpico9 a-rjiialvr] ^7rXe/a>, olov aero? Ka\ kvcoV ef? ^e 
OTav eico06Te9 coixev ovtco XeyeLv' TpLT09 Se oTav to crvv- 
TeOev TrXelco orrjiiaLvr], Ke-)(copLa-ixevov Se aTrXm, oiov to 

^ fJLeu om. A.B. i oanep — oo-Trep] onep — onep C. ^ 6 om. A. 

1 Kafxvoiv Kal om. C. ^ dp' om. C. " a-rjpavai C. ° tovt(o 

om. C. P apa om. C. ^ 8itt6p — Xeyeti/ om. pr. C. ^ Ka\ om. 
rc. C. s ^o om. C. * ^t B. v ^rXetco om. C. 



Elench. 4- EAErXflN. 427 

^^ €7ri(rTaTai ypa/uLiuLaTa. "^E/carepoi/ /xej/ yap, el eTvyev^ %v 
Ti o-rj/ULaLvei, t6 ^ eTriorTaTat Kal to, ypa/uLiuaTa' aju^po) Se 
TrXeid), t) t6 tol ypdiuLjULaTa ^ avTO. eTricTTii/uLtjv e-)(€iv t} twv 
ypa/uLjuLaTCov aXXov. 

*^H /uLev ovv ajuLCpi^oXla Ka\ ofJLwvv/ULia irapa tovtovs tovs6 
TpoTTOvg ea-TLV, Trapa Se tv/v crvv6e(riv tcl TOidSe, ofov t6 Sv- 
vaa-Qai KaOi^iULevov /SaSl^eLv Ka\ fxfj ypa(povTa ypacpeiv. Ov 
yap TavT^ crtjiULaLveL, ^ av SLeXcov T19 eLirri Ka\ crvvOeLg, wg 
^SvvaT^v ^Tov KaOrjiJLevov (BaSi^eLV ^ Kal /uLtj ypa(povTa ypd~ 
(peLV Ka] TovO^ cDcravTcog av tl9 ^ (rvvOyj, ® t6v fJih ypacpovTa 
ypdcpeiv ^ crrjiuLaLvei ydp wg ^e^et SvvafJLLv ^tov fxrj ^ ypd- 
(povTa ypd(p€LV. ''Eai/ ^e fJLri crvvO^, otl eyet SvvafJLLV, ot€ 
ov ypd(p€L, Tov ypd(p€LV. Kat ^ (jLavOdveL vvv ypdfxiuLaTa, 
e^Lirep efj^dvOavev a eTrlcrTaTai. ^'Eri t6 ev iulovov Svvd/^evov 
(pepeLV iroWd SvvacrOai (pepeLV. 

TLapd Se Tt]v SLalpecTLv, otl Ta irevT ecTT^ Svo Ka\ Tpia, 7 
Kol irepLTTa Ka\ dpTia, Ka\ t6 fJLell^ov 'lctov' toctovtov ^ydp 
Ka\ €Ti TTpo?. ^O ydp auTO? Xo^yo? SLr/prj/jLevog Ka\ crvyKei- 
(Jievog ovK aei "* rauro o-tjiuLaLveLV av ooi^eiev, olov 

'Eycb a edrjKa dovKov ovr eXevdepov 
Kai TO 

HevTrjKOVT avbpSiV eKarov XiVc dlos 'Ap^iXXevs. 

IIa|Oa ^e Tr/v TrpocrcpSlav ev /lev Toh dvev ypacprjg SLaXe-S 
KTLK0L9 ov pdSLOv Troirjcrai \6yov, ev Se T019 yeypa/uL/uL€V0L9 Ka\ 
iroLrjfjLacTL /uLoiWov, otov Ka\ t6v ^'0/uLrjpov evLOL SLopOovvTai 
irpog T0V9 eXey^ovTag o)? "aTOTro)? ^^elprjKOTa 

T6 pAv Pou KaraTTvdeTai o/i^pco. 
AvovcTi ydp ^avTo Trj Trpocr^pSla, \eyovTeg t6 ^ov o^vTepov. 



w eniaTaTai, to. ypdfxixara C. x eTriaTaaBai C. Y iavTo. C, z eai/ C. 
a d.<)vaTai C. ^ t6 A.B.C. c Kal ro pr) ypd(j)ov C. ^ ^fji A. 

^ t6 A.B.C. ^ (TT/fxaivoi A.B. S exoi B. ^ tov — 8vvap.iv om. A. 

* ypd<}i(i)v B, ypd(f)ov C. ^ pavBdveiv A.B. ^ ydp t6 p.(l^ov Ka\ B. 

I» TaVT6v C. " UTOTTOV B.C. " flprjKOTOS A.B. P OV A.B.C. 

q avTo om. C. r ov A.B. 



428 nEPI 204>I2TIKX2N Sophist. 

J^ai t6 irepl to evvirvLOV tov ^ ALyaiULe/j.vovo9-> otl ovk avTO^ 

o /Ltev^ €L7rev 

AiSo/xfi/ 8e oi evxos dpea-dai, 

aWa Tw evvirvLw eveTeXXeTO SLSovai. Ta /mev ovv TOLavTa 
nrapa Trjv 'TrpoarMSLav ecTTLV. 
9 O/ ^e irapa to cr-^tj/ULa r^? Xe^eo)? <TV/ULl3aLVOvcriv, OTav t6 
jULt] ^TavT^ wcravTcog ep/uLtjvev^TaL, olov t6 appev OtjXv t] to 
OrjXv appev, rj t6 /uieTa^v OoLTepov tovtcov, rj ira\LV to ttolov 
iro(r6v r} t6 7rocr6v ttolov, rj t6 ttolovv Trda-^ov 37 t6 SLaKel- 
jULcvov TTOLelv, Koi T(J\Xa S\ W9 ^^L^prjTaL irpOTepov. ^'Eo-Tf 
'yo.p ^ t6 fJLrj Tcov TTOLeiv 6v 0)9 T(jt)v TTOLelv TL Trj Xe^ei (Trj- 
jULalveLv. Olov t6 vyLalveiv ojULOicog rw (T')(fjiJ.aTL Trjg Xe^ew? 
XeyeTaL tw Te/uLveLV rj oLKoSojULeiV KaiTOi to jULev ttolov tl kul 
SLaKeljULevov ircog SrjXoi, t6 Se Troieiv tl. Tov avTOv Se Tpo- 
Trov Ka\ eTrl tcov aWcov. 

10 O/ /uLev ovv irapa Tr/v Xe^Lv eXey^^OL e/c tovtcov tcov TOircov 
elcTLV. Tcov S^ e^co Trjg Xe^eco9 irapaXoyLCTiJLCOv etSri ecTT^LV eirTa, 
€v /ULev irapa to crvjuLJSelSijKog, SevTepov Se t6 ctTrXa)? r/ /uLrj 
aTrXcog "^aXXa ir^ t} irov rj Trore rj irpo^ tl XeyearOaL, TpiTOv 
Se t6 irapa Tr/v tov eXey^ov ayvoiav, TCTapTOv Se t6 nrapa 
To eTrojuLevov, Tre/uLirTOv Se t6 irapa t6 ev CLp-^^rj Xafx^aveLV, 
€KTOv Se t6 /uLrj aiTiov C09 a^LTiov TLOevaL, e/BSofJLOV Se to Ta 
TrXeico epayrri/jLaTa ej/ iroLelv. 

^ 01 /iiev ovv irapa t6 a-v/uLlBelSrjK^g TrapaXoyLcr/uLol eiarLV, 
OTav 6/UL01C09 oTLOvv a^LcoOrj tw ^Trpdy/uLaTL Kal tm a-v/j./3e- 
^rjKOTL v7rdp)^eLV. ""ETrel yap tw avrS TroXXd a-vfx/Se^rjKev^ 
ovK dvaykrj Trda-i T019 KaTrjyopov/ULevoL^, Kai KaO^ ov KaTtjyo- 
peiTaL, TavTa iravTa virap-^eLV. ^Olov ei 6 }^opicrK09 cTepov 
dvOpcoirov, aivTO? avTOv eTepog' ea-TL ydp dvOpcoTro^» ^ H ei 
^coKpaTOV9 eTepo9, 6 Se ^coKpdTrjg dvOpcoiros, eTcpov ^ dvOpco- 



^ t6 avTo C. t fipr/Tai A. '^ TOiv p.r) t6 B. ^^' aXXa ^ n^ C. 

X TTpdyfiaTi tS) viroKdp.ivo) Ka\ C. > olov ei] ndvTa ydp ovTOis taTai 

TavTdy olov cf)aa-iv oi ao^^ia-Tai^ d C. ^ av0p<onov A. 



Elench. 5- EAErXXlN. 429 

TTOv (pacrlv wiULoXoyrjKevai Sia to crviuL^elSj^Kevai, ov ecpria-ev 
€Tepov eivai, tOvtov eivai avOpwirov. 

Ot ^e irapa to air\w<s ToSe r} tt^ XeyecrOaL Ka\ jULtj Kvpico?^ 2 
OTav TO ev jULcpei Xeyo/ULevov cog aTrXcog eiprjiuevov XrjCpOrj, oiov 
el TO fir] ov eoTTi So^aarTOv, otl to fJLr] ov e<JTLV' ov yap Tav- 
Tov eivai Te tl Kal eivai aTrXm. ^^H ira\Lv otl to ov ovk 
ea-TLV ov, el twv ovtwv tl fxri ea-TLV, oiov ei fJLrj avOpwirog. 
Ou yap ^TavTo lur] ^elvai tl Kai aTrXcog lULrj eivai' (palveTaL 
Se Sia To 7rdpeyyv9 Trjg Xe^ecog, Ka\ fJLLKpov S^acpepeLv to 
eival TL Tov eivaL Kal ^to lULrj elval tl tov ixri etvaL. "^O/xo/w^S 
Se Kai t6 irapa to irrj Kal ^to aTrXcog. Otov ^el 6 ^lvSog 
6\og /jteXa? (Sv \evK69 ecTTL Tovg 6S6vTa9' ^evKog apa Kal ov 
\evK69 ^ ecTTiv. ^H el aiuLCpco Trrj, otl aiuLa ^ra evavTia VTrap- 
y^ei. To Se TOiovTOv ex' evlcov fJLev iravTL Oeooprja-aL pcxSiov, 
otov ei \aPcov tov A.lOloira eivaL /ULe\ava Tovg 6S6vTa9 epoiT 
ei \evK69' el ovv TavTri \evK69, otl /xeXa? Kal ov />ie\a9, 
oloLTO SLeL\e-^OaL a-vWoyia-TiKcog reXetwo-a? Ttjv epcoTrja-LV. 
JliTr evLCOv ce \avuaveL 7roAAa/cf9, e(p oa-cov, OTav tt^ \eyrj-4 
Tai, '^Kav TO aTrXft)? S6^eLev aKo\ovOeLV, kol ev 6aroL9 fJLr] pa- 
Siov OecoprjcraL iroTepov avTcov Kvplcog airoSoTeov. T^iveTaL 
Se TO TOLOVTOV ev otg ojULolcog virapyeL tol avTLKeliuLeva' SoKci 
yap rj a/jLCpcd rj lULrjSeTepov SoTeov airXcog etvai KaTrjyopeiv, 
otov el TO fxev rjfxia-v \evK6v t6 S^ rjfjLLcrv fxe\av, ir^Tepov 
\evKOv rj fxe\av ', 

01 Se irapa to fjLrj SLCopicrOaL tl ea-TL crvWoyLa^fxog rj tl$ 
e\eyyo9, aWa irapa Trjv eWeL^^LV ylvovTaL tov Xo^you' 
e\ey)(09 fxev ^yap avTL(paa-L9 tov avTOv Kal ev^g, fxrj 6v6fjLa- 
T09 aXXa irpayfxaTog, Ka). 6v6fxaTO<5 fxrj a-vvcovvfxov aWa tov 
avTOv, €K Tcov SoOevTcov, e^ avayKrjg, fxrj crvvapLOfxovfxevov tov 
^v a/OX?' «^TOL TavTO Ka\ irp^g TavT^ Kal coaravTCog Kal ev 

a ravTov C, ravTo ro A.B. ^ clvai Te ti C. ^ ^ai tov fjif) eivai Ti 

To A.B.C. ^ t6 ante oTrXco? om. C. ^ el om. A. f ea-Tiv om. C. 
S TavavTia C. ^ Kal A. * ydp 4(rTLV dvT, C. ^ KttTo] Koi 

KaTa C. 



430 nEPI 20*I2TIKaN Sophist. 

6tm avTM ypovw. Toj/ avTOV Se Tpoirov Ka\ to y^eva-acOat 
irepl Tivo^. ^Ei^fOf ^e ^ airoXiirovTe^ tl twv Xe-^OevTODv (pai- 
vovTai eXey^^eiv, olov otl ^^^TavTO SLTrXdcriov Ka\ ov SnrXd- 
ariov TOL ycip Svo tov julcv €vo9 SiTrXdcriaf toov Se Tpiwv ov 
SLirXddia, ^^H el to avTO tov avTOv SLirXda-iov Ka\ ov SLirXa- 
criov, aW ov KaTO. TavTO' /cara juiev yap t6 /mrJKog SiTrXa- 
<Tiov, KaTOL Se TO TrAaro? ov SLirXdcrLOv. ^^H el tov avTOv 
Ka\ KaTCL ^TavTO Ka\ wcravTCo^, a\X' oiJp^ a/uia* SiOTrep earTi 
(paLvojuLevog €\ey)(^09. ^^'I^Xkol S^ dv ti9 tovtov Ka\ elg tov9 
Trapd Trjv Xe^LV. 

7 ^Ol Se Trapd P ro ev dp-^^rj Xaix^dveLV ylvovTai fxev ovtco^ 
Ka\ Toa-avTa^u)9 oa^a^^wg evSe^eTaL t6 e^ dp-^rjg ^ aLTeia-OaL, 
(jyaLVOVTai S^ eXey^eiv Sid t6 /uit] Svvaa-OaL a^vvopdv t6 TavTov 
Ka\ To cTepov. 

8 *^0 <^e Trapa to eTrojmevov ^ eXey^og Slu t6 oleaOaL dv- 
Tia^TpecpeLV Ttjv aKoXovOrja-LV. ^'Orai/ «yajO TOvSe ovto9 e^ 
dvdyKrjg toSi ^, kol TOvSe ovto9 ^o^iovTai kol OdTepov eivai 
i^ dvdyKYj^. ^'OOev Ka\ al irep^ Trjv So^av ck t^? aia-Ojia-eco^ 
dirdTaL ylvovTaL. HoXXa/cf? ydp tjjv ^oX^i/ yueXf vireXa^ov 
S^d t6 eirea-Oai t6. ^av06v y^pwiJ.a tw jUieXLTi' Ka\ €7re\ a-vfjL- 
^alvei Triv yrjv va-avT09 ylvea-Oai SLd^po-^ov, Kav ^ Siaf^po- 

9^09, vTroXafJL^dvojULev va-aL. To S^ ovk dvayKaiov. ^'Ei/ re 
T019 prjTopLKOL£ al /caxa t6 a-inmeiov aTToSei^eLg ck twv ctto- 
(jLevcov eia^LV. ^ovXofJLevoL ydp Sei^aL otl fioiy^o^-, t6 CTro- 
IUL€vov eXa/SoVy otl KaXXooTriOT^rjg rj otl vvKTCop opaTaL irXavoo- 
fjLevo?. HoXXor? ^e TavTa /ulcv virdp-^^eL, t6 Se KaTtjyopov- 
/ULevov ov-^ virapyeL. *^Oiuoico9 Se Ka\ ev T0t9 a-vXXoyia-TiKot^^ 
oiov 6 MeX/cro-oy Xdyos otl diretpov t6 airav, Xa/3cov t6 julcv 
airav dyevrjTOv (e/c yap /x>; 6vto9 ovSev dv yevea-Oai), t6 Se 

loyevofxevov e^ dp-)^rjg yevea-Oai. E/ */ui ovv yeyovev., dp-^jv 



1 QTroXc iVo i/rey C. ^ rb avro C. " e^Koiro pr. A. <^ ol /xeV 

o^v napa rc. C ; pr. om. P ro] rb rb B. Q alrr^craaBat, C. "■ ZXtyxoi 
8oKU tXeyxdV dui C. ^ olofxeBa C. * ovv firj C. 



Elench. 5- EAErXX2N. 431 

ovK e-)(€i t6 Trav, wcrT aireipov. Ovk avayKfj Se tovto crviuL- 
^alveiv ov yap ei t6 yevo/uLevov airav ap)(rjv e^er, Kai e'i tl 
apy^i]v €-^€1, yeyovev, warirep ovS^ ei 6 TrvpeTTOov Oep/iAog, Kal 
t6v OepjULOv avayKtj irvpeTTeiv, 

*0 Se ^Trapa t6 luij cutlov w? clltiov^ oTav 7rpO(r\rj<p6rj to u 
avaLTiov ft)? Trap^ eKelvo yivofJLevov tov eXey^^ov. ^v^^aivei 
Se t6 tolovtov ev T019 ei9 t6 aSvvaTov crvWoyLariuLoh' ev 
T0VT019 yap avayKaiov avaLpelv tl tmv Kei^evcov. ''Eai/ ovv 
eyKaTapiOiULrjOrj ^^ ev T0t9 avayKaloi? epcoTijfJLaa-L ^ irpo^s to 
a-viuLl3aivov aSvvaTOv, So^eL irapa tovto ylvea-OaL TroWaKi^ 6 
eXey-^o?, oTov otl ovk eaTL "^v^rj Kal ^coij TavTOV ei y yap 
cpOopa yevea-i9 ^' evavTiov, Kal Trj tlvI (pOopa ea-TaL ti9 ye- 
vea-i? evavTLOV 6 Se 0dvaTO9 (pOopd T19 Kal evavTLOV Xoorj, 
wa-Te yevea-19 rj X^orj Ka\ t6 X/}v yLveaOaL' tovto S^ aSvvaTOV 
ovK apa TavT^v ^rj "^v^ij Kal rj ^coi^. Ov Sij o-vWeXoyLa-TaL' 12 
a-vfxpaiveL ydp, kolv firj tl9 tovt^ (pfj Trjv ^coijv Trj '^V)(rj, 
t6 aSvvaTOv, aWa ^julovov evavTLOv ^coijv juLev OavdTO) ovtl 
(pOopa, cpOopa Se yevea-Lv. ^ Aa-vWoyLa-TOL jULev ovv dirXco^ 
ovk elarlv ol tolovtol \6yoL, 7rp6<s Se t6 TrpoKeifJLevov davX'- 
XoyLCTTOL. KaJ XavOavei TroWaKig ou^ ^ttov avTOvg Tovg 
ipcoTcovTag t6 tolovtov. 

Ol imev ovv Trapd to eTroimevov ^Kal irapa to fxij amoi^ U 
\6yoL TOLOVTOL eia^Lv' OL Se irapd t6 Ta Svo epcoTtjjJiaTa ev 
TTOLeiv, OTav XavOdvrj TrXelco ovTa Kal cog ev69 OVT09 diroSoOrj 
diroKpiarL^ fJLia. ""ETr' ivlcov fJLev ovv pdSLOv ISeiv otl 'TrXelco 
Kal OTL ov SoTeov diroKpia-LV, olov iroTepov rj yrj OaXaTTa 
ea-TLv rj 6 ovpav6<s ; e7r' evloov S^ ijttov, Kal cog €vo9 ovTog \j 
ofJLoXoyova-i tm fJLij ^^dTroKplvea-OaL t6 epcoTcofievov, 3; eXeyye- 
a-Oai (paivovTai, olov dp OVT09 Kal ovTog ea-Tiv dvOpo)7ro9 ; 

MO-T ^ dv TI9 TVTTTfJ TOVTOV Kal TOVTOV, dvOpCOlTOV aXX OVK 

V TTapa t6 fxr) a^LTiou as COIT. A. ^^ eV om. C. ^ TTpos om. 

COrr, C. y yup r^ (f)d. C. z ivavTiov om. A.B. ^ rj ^(ar) Kal 

fj yj/^vxrj C. ^ /xovoi/] jxuvov t6 C. ^ Ka\ t&v irapa B. " t6 aTTOKpi- 
vccrOai pr. C. ^ oTav B.C. 



432 nEPI S04>12TIKaN Sophist. 

i^avOpcoirovs TVTTT^a-ei. ^H irdXiv, wv tol imeu e<rTiv ayaOa 
Ta o ovK ayaua, ^ iravTa ayaua rj ovk ayada ; oiroTepov 
yap av (prj, ecTTi jULev wg ^ eXey^^ov r} y^evSog ^aivoixevov 
So^eiev av iroielv to yap (pdvai TOdv jULt] ayaOwv ti elvai 
a.yaOov ri tcov ayaOu>v lurj ayaOov y\/€vSo9- "^Ore Se irpocr- 
XrjcpOevTCOv tivwv kolv eXey^o^ ylvoiTO aXijOivog, olov ei tl9 
Soirj ojULOLco? ev kol TroXXa XeyeorOaL XevKo. Kai yv/mvcL Kal 
Tv(p\d. Et ydp TVCpXov to fJLrj e-^ov o^p^LV TrecpvKo? S^ '^X^lv, 
Ka\ TV(p\d ecTTaL Ta jULrj eyovTa o^lv irecpvKOTa S^ ^■^'^lv. 
KJTav ovv TO jULev e^ri to ce /uLr] eyjj, Ta ajULCpco ecTTaL rj 
opcovTa r] TV(p\d' oirep dSvvaTOv. 

O ^^H ^^ ovTcog SiaLpereov tov<s (paLVOjuLevovi} trvWoyLa-iuLovg 
Kal e\ey^ovg, ri TravTag d.vaKTeov eig Tr]v tov e\ey^ov 
dyvoLav, dp-^v Tairrrjv TroLrjcraiuLevovg' ecTTL yap airavTag 
dva\vcraL Tovg Xe^Oej/Ta? TpoTTOvg eh tov tov e\€y)(ov Slo- 
picriuLov. TlpcoTOv jJLev el dcrvWoyLCTTOL' Sei yap ck tcov KeL- 
fjLevcov crviJ.^aLveLv to crviuLTrepacriuLa, (JocrTe \eyeLv e^ dvayKrjg 

2 aXXa lULr] (palvecrOaL. ^'ETrefra Ka\ Acara Ta fJepr] tov Slo^l- 
criuLOv. Tcov iuL€V ydp ev Trj Xe^ei ol /j-ev eicri irapd to Slttov, 
olov rj re oiuLcowiuLLa Kal 6 \6y09 Kal rj dfj.OLOcr^^rjiJ.ocTvvri 
((Tvv^Oeg ydp to irdvTa cog ToSe tl crrjiuLaiveiv), ^ Se crvvOeaL^ 
^Kai SLaLpe<TL9 kol TrpocTcpSla tw ixr] tov avTOv elvaL tov \o- 

3 yov r] TOvvoiuLa SLacpepov. ^'E^et ^e Kal tovto, KaOairep Ka\ 
To irpdyiJ.a TavTOv, el /ueXXet eXe^y^o? >/ crvWoyLcriuLog eore- 
crOaL, otov el ^cottiov, iih liiaTLOv crvWoyicracrOaL aXXa \co- 
TTLOv. "^A^rjOeg iJLev ydp KdKeivo, aXX' ou. o-uXXeXo^yfo-raf, 
aXX' €TL €pcoTr]iJiaTO<s Sel, otl TavTOV (TriiialveL, irpog tov l^r]- 

TOVVTa TO S^d TL. 

4 O/ ^e Trapa to GrviijSe^rjKdg dpLcrOevTog tov crvWoyicriiov 
(pavepoi ylvovTaL. Tdv ^ainrdv ydp dpicriJidv Sel Ka\ tov 
e^eyvov yiveaOai, 7r\r]v irpoaKeLcrOai Tr]v dvTLCpacriV o yap 



^ Trdvra Tavra dyaOa C. K f\fy)(os C. ^ Kai\ Ka\ 17 C. ^ yap 

avrhv C. 



Elench. 6. EAErXilN. 



433 



eXe«Y^o? (TvWoyi(riUL09 avTKpdcreoog. Et ovv iJirj ecm (tvWo- 
yicr^oi Tov crviupe^rjKOTO^, ov ylveTai eXeyy^og. Ov yap ei 
TOVTCov ovT(av avayKrj toS^ eivai, tovto ^' ecTTl XevKov, avdy- 
Kt] XevKov eivat Sid tov (TvWoyicriJiOv. Oi)^' el to Tplycovov 5 
Svoiv opOaiv 'icrag e-)(€i, crvjULl3el3r]K€ S' avTw cr-^^riiiaTi eivai rj 
7rpcoT(p r} ap^fi, oti a")^rjjuia rj dp-^rj rj irpwTOv tovto. Ov 
ydp rj cr-^^rjiuLa ovS^ ^ TrpcoTOv, aXX' »7 Tplyoovov, jj dTrdSei^ig. 
*^OjUiOLa)9 Se Kal eirl tcov dWcov. ^'QcrT ei 6 eXey^og crvXXo-6 
yia-iuLo^ Ti9, ovK dv e^irj 6 kutu crvjUL/Se^i^KO^ eXey^og. ''AXXa 
irapd TovTO Ka\ 01 TeyylTai kol oXco^ ol cTTKrTiijULOveg vtto 
Tcov dveTTLcrTrj/uLovcov eXeyyovTat ^Ka^d crviJ.fiePr)KO<s ydp iroi- 
ovvTai Tovg crvXXoyicriuLov9 irpo^ tov9 elSoTag. ^ O/ S^ ov 
SvvdjULevoi SiaLpeiv tj epcoTco/uLevoi SiS6a(TLV rj ov S6vTe9 o'iovTai 
SeScoKcvai. 

01 Se irapd to Trrj Kal aTrXo)?, otl ov tov avTOv ^ Ka- 7 
Ta(pa(rL9 Kal rj dir6(pacrL<s. Tov yap irrj XevKov to 'irrj ov 
XevKOv, Tov S'' aTrXco^ XevKOv to aTrXco^ ov XevKov dirdcpacrL^. 
Ef ovv S6vT09 Trfj eivai XevKov cog aTrXw? eiprjiuLevov Xa/jLpavei, 
ov iroLei eXey^ov, (paiveTaL Se S^d Trjv dyvOLav tov tl ecrrLV 
eXeyyo^. 

^avepcoTaTOL Se iravTCov 01 irp^Tepov XeyOevTe^ irapa toj/8 
Tov iXey^ov SiopicriuL^v' Sid koi irpocrrjyopevQricrav ovTCog' 
irapd ydp tov X6yov Trjv eXXeL^^iv rj (pavTacria ylveTaL, Kal 
SiaipovjuLevoL9 oi/to)? kolvov eTrJ 7rd(ri TOVTOig Oereov tijv tov 
X6yov eXXeiylriv. 

"^Oi Te irapd to Xaim^dveLV to ev dp-)^fi Ka\ to dvaLTiovg 
cog a'iTiov TLOevai SrjXoi S^d tov opicriuLOv. Ael ydp to (tviul- 
TTepacriuLa tw TavT eivaL a^LTLa tov (TviJ.fiaLveLv, birep ovk rjv 
ev TOig dvaLTioi9' Kai TrdXLv (xrj ^dpLQfJLOVfJLevov tov e^ dpj^rjs, 
oirep OVK e-)(OvcrLV 01 irapd Trjv a^Trjcriv tov ev dpy^fj. 

Oi Se irapd to eird/xevov lULepo? eicr\ tov (TVfAlSelBrjKOTO?' 10 



^ Kara t6 avfi^. C. 
fxevov B.C. 


> oi] el A. 


m oi Sc C. 


^ evapiOfiov- 


VOL. I. 


Pf 







434 HEPI S0^12TIK12N Sophist. 

TO *yap kiroiJLevov a-viuL^e^rjKe, Sia(pep€i Se tov crv/Jil^elBrjKOTO^, 

OTl TO fJLCV CTVIUilBePiJKO^ €(TTIV 6^' €V09 jUiOVOV XajSeiV, olov 

TttVTO eivai TO ^avOov Ka] juLeXi Ka\ to XevKOv ac«1 kvkvov, to 
Se ° TrapeTrofJLevov ael ev TrXelocriv' Ta yap P evl TavTM TavTct 
Ka\ aWrfKoL^ a^tov/uLev etvai TavTa' Sio ^ ylveTai Trapa to 

11 eTrojULevov eXey^o^. ^'Earrt S^ ov TravTW^ oXrjOe^, oiov ^ av ^ 
^ XevKov KaTCL crv/uLlSelSTjKog' Ka] yap r/ '^(jlwv Ka\ 6 kvkvo9 tw 
\evKw TavTOv. ^H ttcxXiv, co9 ev ^ tw M.e\Lcrcrov Xoyo), to 
avTO elvaL XajULlSoLveL to yeyovevaL Ka\ apy^rjv e-^^eLv, rj to la-oig 
ylvecrOai Ka\ TavTO /uLeyeOog \ajuL^dveLv. ^'Otl yap to ye- 
yovo? e-^eL ap^rjv, Ka\ to e-^^ov ap-^^rjv yeyovevai a^ioi, o)? 
aiuLipco TavTCL ovTa tm ap^]v e-^eLV, to re yeyovo9 Ka\ to 

iiireTrepacTiuLevov. ^Ojulolco^ Se Ka\ ctt^ twv 'icrcov yLvojULevotJV ei 
TOL To avTo iJieyeOo^ Ka\ ev XajJif^avovTa '[cra ylveTaL, Ka\ ra 
f(ra yLvojuLeva ev /meyeOog Xa/uilSaveL. ^QcrTe to eTrojuevov Xa/ui- 
PdveL. ^ETreJ ovv 6 irapa to crv/ui^elSrjKo^ eXey^o<! ev Ttj 
ayvoicx tov eXeyj^ov, (pavepov otl Ka\ 6 irapa to eTrofxevov. 
^^TricTKeirTeQv Se tovto Ka\ aXXw<s. 

»3 O/ ^e irapa to Ta TrXeLCO epotyrrjiJLaTa ev iroLelv ev tw ixrj 
SiapOpovv ^ »}/ia? rj "^ iJiri SiaipeLv ^ tov Tijg TrpoTdcreotyg Xoyov. 
rl yap 'irpOTacrig ccttlv ^ ev Kav evog. U yap avTog opog 
evog iidvov Ka\ aTrXcog tov TrpayixaTog, otov dvOpcoTrov Ka\ 
cvog iidvov dvOpooTTOv' 61101009 Se Ka\ €7r\ toov dXXoov. Ef ovv 
^ IJLia irpoTacTL^s rj ev KaO^ evdg d^iovcra, Ka\ a-TrXto? ecrTciL irpd- 

JiTacrig ri TOLavTrj epcoTrjcrL^. ^ETrel cT 6 crvXXoyicrixdg eK irpo- 
Tacrecov, 6 S^ eXey^og arvXXoyLO^iJLdg, Ka\ d eXey^og ea-TaL ck 
TrpOTacreoov. Et ovv ^ irpdTacTLg ev KaO^ evd<s, (pavepov otl 
Ka\ 0VT09 iv TJj Tov cXey^ov dyvolci' (paiverai ydp etvai 
7rpdTacri9 *} ovk ovcra irpdTacrig. Et fiev ovv SeSooKev dird- 
Kpicriv ft)9 TTjOo? iJLiav epooTrjo-iv, eaTai eXey^og, ei Se iit] Se- 

*^ TTapa t6 ffrofievov corr. 0. P evY] cvia C. Q yiverai 6 ivapa C. 

^ iav C. s XfVKoi/ om. A.B. t r<o post iv om. C. ^ 17/iay om. B. 
"^ ^ fj,f) Siaipflv om. A. ^ Toi/] rjfiapTov B. ^ €V koi Kuff C. ^ p.ia 
fi6vr] TTp, C. 



Elench. 7. EAErXHN. 435 

Smk€v aXXa (paiverai, (paimimevog eXe«y^09. ^'Qa-re Trdvreg 15 
01 ToiroL TriTTTOva-iv €19 Trjv Tov €Xey)(ov ayvoiav, ol jULev ovv 
Trapa Tr]v Xe^iv, otl (paLvoiuevt] avTL(pa(TL9, oirep ^v 'lSlov tov 
eXey)^ov, ol S^ aXXoL irapa tov tov crvXXoyKriuLOv opov. 

""H ^' aTTaTri yiveTai tcov /uLev irapa Ttjv o/uLcovviULLav Kal tov 7 
Xoyov T(S fJLrj Svvao-OaL SLaLpeiv to xoXXap^o)? XeyojuLevov (evLa 
yap ovK evTTOpov SLeXelv, oiov to ev '^Kal to ov kol to Tav- 
Tov), Twv Se irapa (TvvOe^TLV Kal SLalpecrLv rw ^ jULrjSev o^iearOai 
SLacpepeLv crvvTLOeiuLevov rj SLaLpovfjLevov tov Xoyov, KaOdirep 
€iri TMV TrXelcrTCOv. ''OfJLolcog Se Kal tcov irapa Trjv ttjOoctco- 2 
SLav* ov ydp dXXo Sokcl crrjiULaLveLv dvLefievo^ Ka\ eTTLTeLvoiuLevog 
o Ao^yo?, eir ovdevo9 rj ovk eTTL TroAAwi/. 1 cov ce irapa to 
a")^^luLa S^d Tr]v ofJLOLOTrjTa Trjg Xe^eco^. ^aXewdv ydp SLeXeiv 
TTola cocravTcog Ka\ irola co<s eTepcog XeyeTaL' a-^^^eSdv ydp 6 
TOVTO SvvaiuLevo9 iroLelv eyyv<5 ccttl tov Oecopeiv TdXrjOe?, fjLd" 
XLCTTa S"* ^eTTLa-TaTaL crvveirLveveLV, otl irav to KaTrjyopov- 
fJLevov TLV09 VTToXafJLlSavoiULev ToSe tl kol C09 ev viraKOvofieV 
T(p ydp evl Koi r^ ovctlcl fidXLcrTa Sok€l Trapeirea-OaL to toSc 
Ti Kal TO ^ ov. Aio Kal Tcov irapd Trjv Xet^LV OVT09 TpoTro^ 3 
0eTeo9, irpcoTOV fJLev otl fjLaXXov r/ aTraTrj yiveTaL fJLer dXXcov 
CTKOTTOVfievoLg rj KaO^ avTOvg (rj fiev ydp fJLer dXXov cr/cexj/-^? 
S^d Xoycov, rj Se KaO^ avTOV oir^ jjttov Sl' avTOv tov irpd- 
yfjLaTog), elTa Kal KaO^ ^ avTOv diraTaa-OaL avfjL^alveL, OTav eirl 
Tov Xoyov iroirJTaL Trjv cTKe^iv' €Tl rj fxev ^ dTraTr] €k Tfjs 
dfJLOiOTrjTog, h S^ dfxoLOTrjs ck Trjg Xe^ecog. T^cov Se irapd to 
(TVfijSelSrjKdg S^d to fJLr] SvvacrOaL SLaKplveLV to ^TavTov Kal to 
cTepov Ka\ ev Kal TroXXd, fjLrjSe T019 ttolols tcov KaTtjyoprjfia- 
Tcov ^TrdvTa Tairrd Kal tm TrpayfiaTL cTVfjL^e^rjKev. ^OfjLolcog^ 
Se Kal Tcov irapd to eTrofievov ^ fJLepog yap tl tov a-vfi^e^r]- 
KOTog TO eirofjLevov. ^^'Ert Ka\ eir^ iroXXcov (paiveraL Kai 
d^LOVTaL OVTC09, €L ToSe ctTTo TOvSe fir] -^copLl^eTai, fArjS^ airo 

a Ka\ om. C, Ka\ rb ov om. B. ^ ]ir]6iv C. ^ eiritrravTai pr. C. 

d a>v A, ev C. ^ iavrov C. ^ dir. €«] dn. 8ia C. S Tavrb C. 

^ Tavra irdvTa C. ^ ficpoj — eTrofievov om. A. ^ fTi 8e Ka\ C. 

F f 2 



436 nEPI 20<I>ISTIK12N SoPHfST. 

Oarepov ■^^copil^ecrOai Oarepov. Toov Se irapa rrjv eX\ef\J/£i/ 
Tov Xoyov Ka). rcov Trapa ro Trrj Ka\ aTrXcog ev rw irapa /jLiKpov 
J7 airarri' ft)9 'yap ovdev ' Trpoa-a-rjiJ.aivov ro ri rj Trrj rj xo)? 
Srj ro vvv KaOoXov a-vy^wpovjULev. ^OjULOLCog Se Ka\ eirl roov ro 
ev ap'^ XafjilSavovrcov Kal rcov avairlcov, Kai oaoi ra TrXeico 
epcor^/uLara o)? ev TrotovariV ev airaa-i yap rj airarri cia ro 
rnrapa jULiKpoV ov yap " SiaKpi/Boviuev ovre rrj^ irporaa-eco^ 
ovre rov a-vWoyta^jULOv rov opov Sia rrjv eipijiuLevrjv airiav. 
8 ^ETref S^ e-^ojULev Trap oa-a yivovrai ol (paivoiuLevoi a-vWo- 
yia-iuLOi, e-^^oiuLev Ka\ irap oiroa-a ol a-o(pia-rtKo\ yevotvr av 
a^vWoyta^iuLo). Kal eXey^ot. \eyco Se a^odtia^rtKov e\ey)^ov 
Kal a^vWoyta-jULov ov fjLovov rov (patvoiuLevov arvWoyta-imov rj 
€\ey)(Ov, jULrj ovra Se, aWa Ka\ rov ovra julcv, (patvoiuLevov Se 

2 otKetov rov 7rp(xyiuLaro9. EtVf S^ ovrot oi imrj Kara ro irpa- 
yiJia e\ey^ovre^ Ka\ SeiKvvvre^ ayvoovvra?, oirep rjv rri<s Trei- 
paarrtKrjg. '"E(TTf S^ rj iretpaa-riKrj jULepo^ rrj^ Sta\eKrtKrjg' 
avrrj Se Svvarat avWoyt^ea-Oat "^evSog St^ ayvotav rov St- 
S6vro9 rov \6yov. Oi Se a-o(j)torrtKo\ €\ey)(Ot, av Ka\ a-v\- 
\oyi^covrat rrjv avrt(f)aa-tv, ov irotovcrt Srj\ov et ayvoet' Ka\ 
yap rov etS6ra e/xTr oStCovat rovrotg roi9 \6yotg. 

3 ^'Ort S^ eyofJLev avrov9 rrj avrrj jmeO^Scp, S^\ov' irap' oa-a 
yap (patverat roh aKovova^tv cog rjpcorrjixeva a-v\\e\oyta-Oat, 
irapa ravra kolv rtp airoKptvoiJ.ev(o ^ S6^etev, war ea-ovrai 
a-v\\oyt(riJLo\ "^evSeig Sia rovrcov rj Travrcov rj evtcov o yap 
JUL^ epcorrjOe^g o^erat SeScoKcvat, Kav €pcorrjOe\g Oeirj. Tl\rjv 
eirt ye rtvcov ajULa aviJ.^atv€t irpoa^epcorav ro evSeh Ka\ ro 
y^€vSo9 €iuL(pavt^eiv, oiov ev rot9 irapa rrjv \e^tv Ka\ rov (to- 

4\oiKiarfJL6v. Ef ovv oi 'jrapa\oyL(riJ.o\ rrjg avrt(paareco9 irapa 
rov (patv6iUL€vov eXe^y^oj/ etcri, Srj\ov ori irapu roa-avra av 
Ka\ rcov ^evSwv etrja-av avWoyta-juLO^ irap' oaa Ka\ 6 (paiv6- 
lULevog e\e«y^o9. *^0 ^e ^ (patv6iuLevo9 Trapa ra iJ.6pta rov a\rj- 
Otvov' CKaa-rov yap eK^eiTTovrog (paveirj av eXe^yx^^? °'^^ ^ 

^ Tvpoarinaivov B. '" TTrj fj ro cniKias 77 rb nSis B. ° aKpi^ovfiev C. 

° 86^Tj C. P (f)aiv. fXeyxos napa C. 



Elench. 8, 9. EAErXXlN. 437 

irapa to imrj <TV/ui/3aivov Sia tov \6yov, ^o eh t6 aSvvaTOv 
Kai o Tag ovo epooTJ^crei? jULiav ttolcov irapa Ttjv TrpoTacriv, Kal 
avTl Tov KaO' ^ avTo 6 irapa to aviuLPelSrjKO^, Kal t6 tovtov 
fxopiov, o irapa to eiroiJievov' eTi to fxr] CTrl tov irpdyiuLaTog 
a\X eiTL Tov \6yov (TVjUL/SaLveLV' eiT avT\ tov Ka06\ov Ttjv 
avTL(pa(Tiv Kal /cara TavT^ Kal ttjOO? TavTO koi cixravTwg Trapd 
Te TO eiTL TL 1] Trap eKacrTOv tovtcoV ctl irapa t6 lULtj evapi- 
OfJLoviuLevov Tov ev oLp-^rj t6 ev ap-^rj \aiUL^dveLV. ^'QcrT ey(0L- 
fJLev av ^irap^ ocra ylvovTai ol 7rapa\oyL(riuLOL' irapa 7r\eL(t) 
juev ^ y(^p ovK dv eiev, irapa ce Ta eiprjiuLeva ecrovTaL iravTe^. 

^'E(TTi ^' o (TO(pL(rTLK69 €\ey^09 ov'^ d7r\oo9 e\ey^09, dWd S 
TTjOO? TLva' Kal 6 o-uXXo^Ytcr/xo? wcravTcos. ^^A.v ixev ydp fxr] 
\aPr} o re irapd to ofjLcovviiov ev (TijiJLaLveLV Kal 6 irapd Trjv 
6iJLOLO(T-)(riiJLOG-vvr]v t6 fjidvov T^Se Kal ol dWoL WTavTco^, ovt 
e\ey^OL ovTe crvWoyLtriJLol ecrovTaL, ovO^ a7rXw9 ovTe ^ ttjOO? 
t6v epcoTcofJLevov' edv Se \al3co(TL, irpo^s f^ev tov epcoTcoiJLevov 
ecrovTaL, d7r\co9 S^ ovk eo-ovTaL' ov yap ev crriiiaLvov ei\i^<pa- 
criv, dWa (PaivdfjLevov, Kal irapa TOvSe. 

najOa TToVa S^ e^ey^ovTaL 01 e\ey^6ixevoL, ov Sel ireLpd- 9 
crOaL \aiil3aveLV dvev Trjg tcov ovtcov eirLcrT^iJLrjg diravTCov. 
TovTO S^ ovSeiiLa? eo-r: Te-^vr}^' ^ direLpOL yap 'lcroog al eiTL- 
(TTijiiai, w(TT€ Srj\ov OTL Ka\ tt/ diToSeL^eL^. ^'EXeYX^^ ^' ^''^^ 
Ka\ d\r]Oeig' o<ra ydp ecTTLV diroSei^aL, ecrTi Ka\ e\ey^aL t6v 
OeiJLevov Trjv dvTLCpacrLV tov d\r}0ov9, oiov el ^ (TviJLiieTpov Trjv 
SLaiJLeTpov eOrjKev, e\ey^eLev dv T19 rrj diroSel^eL otl dcrviJL- 
fjLeTpo^. ^'Qcrre iravTcov Serjcrei eirKrTiifJLOvag eivaL' 01 fiev yap 2 
ecrovTai irapd ra? ev yecofieTpL(x dp-)^ag Ka\ ra tovtcov crvfJL- 
irepdcrfJLaTa, 01 Se irapd Tdg ev laTpLKrj, 01 Se Trapd Td<s tcov 
dWcov €7r L^TTrjfjLcov. ""AXXa fJLrjv Ka\ ol ^evSeig e\ey)(Oi 
y ofjLOLcog ev d7reLpOL<5' KaO^ eKdarTrjv ydp Te^^vtjv ecrT^ yl/-€vSi]9 



q 6 om. pr. C. "" iavro C. * irpos «^ B. ^ y^p] 7«P "*' C. 

'^ npos TOJ/] TTpos t6 C. ^ TToXXai yap Ka\ aTTfipoi laas C. ^ avp.- 

fierpov e(Pri<T€ rrjv irXevpav rrj biaijUTpa>, e^eXcy|etej/ C. Y opoias av ehv 

ivC. 

F f 3 



438 nEPI 204>ISTIK11N Sophist. 

(TvWoyi(rfji69, olov KaTa yeooiuLeTplav 6 yeooiiJLeTpiKo^ koi /cara 
laTpLKrjv 6 laTpiKO^. Ae*Y6t) ^e to KaTo. Trjv Te-^vtjv to KaTo. 

3Ta9 €K€Lvr]9 apy^ag. AtjXov ovv otl ov iravTcov tcov eXey^^cov 
aXXa Tcov irapa Trjv SLa\€KTLKr]v XrjirTeov Tovg toVou?* ovtol 
yap KOivol TTpbg aTracrav Te-^vrjv Kal SvvajuLLV. Kal tov /nev 
KaO^ eKacTTrjv eTricrT^jULi^v eXey^ov tov eirLCTJ^imovog €(Ttl 6eco- 
peLV, €LT€ fxrj cov (paLveTaL €l t ecTTL, cia tl ecTTL tov 6 e/c 
Tcov KOLVcov KOL VTTO jULrjSe/ULLav Te-^vriv TWV SiaXeKTlKCOV. Ei 
yap e^O/aej^ e^ cov oi evSo^OL (TvWoyLcrjULol Trepl otlovv, €\o- 
/ULev e^ cov ol eXey^OL' 6 yap eXey^^o? ecrTLV avTL(pacreoo9 
(TvXXoyLCTiuLo^, cocTT ^ rj e?9 r] Svo crvXXoyL(TiuLol aVTL(p(X(T€COg 

^eXe^y^o? ecTTLV. ^'E^^Oyaej/ a|Oa Trajo' oTroVa Trai/re? €1(t\v ol 
TOiovTOL. Et ^e TOVT 6-^0jUL€v, /caJ Ta9 Xv(TeL9 e-^ofiev' al 
yap TOVTCov evcrTacreL^ Xv(Tei9 elcTLV. ^'E])^o/iei/ ^e, 7ra|o' OTroVa 
ylvovTaL, Kal tov? (paLVOjULevovg, (paLvo/uLevov^ Se oJ^ oTcaovv 
aXXa TOL9 TOLOLcrSe' aopicTTa yap ecrTiv, eav tl^ (tkott^ irap' 
oirocra (palvovTaL tol9 TvypvcrLV. ^'Q(tt€ (pavepov otl tov 
SiaXeKTLKOv e(TTl t6 Svva(TOaL Xa^eiv irap' ocra yiveTai Slol 
Tcov KOLvcov t] wv eXe^y^o? rj (paLv6iuLevo9 eXey^^^o^, Ka\ rj Sia- 
XeKTLKo^ rj (paLv6iuLevo9 SiaXeKTLKO^ ^rj ireLpacrTLK^^. 
I O OvK ecTTL Se SLa(popa toov X6yoov rjv Xeyovo-l tlv€9, to eivai 
T0V9 jULev 7rpb9 tovvoiw-cl X6yov9, eT€pov9 Se ttjOo? Ttjv Siavoiav' 
CLTOTTOV yap TO viroXajJLPaveLV aXXov9 Iul€V eivai 7rpo9 Tovvojxa 
X6yov9, eTepov9 Se Trpb^ Trjv SLavoLav, aXX' ov tov9 avT0V9. 
T/ yap e(TTi to fJLrj Trpb^ Trjv Siavoiav ^ aXX' rj oTav lULrj XP^~ 
Tai Tw 6v6iuLaTL, oi6iuLevo9 €pooTd(rOai, €(p^ ^(6 6 epooToofxevo^ 
edooKev ', to o avTO tovto €(ttl kul irpo9 TOvvoiuLa. 1 o de 

2 TTOo? Trjv SLavoiav, OTav e(p^ ^ (p eSooKev SLavorjOeh. Et Si^ 
TL9 irXeloo (TrjiuLaivovT09 tov 6v6iuLaT09 ololto ev crrjjuLaiveiv Ka\ 
6 epooToov Koi 6 epooTooiULevo^, olov i(too9 tov ov ^rj to ev TToXXa 
(TtjiuLalveL, aXXa Kal 6 air0KpLv6iJL€V09 Kal 6 epooToov Tii^voov ev 
oi6/UL€vo9 elvaL ijpooTrjcTe, Ka\ €(ttlv 6 X6yo9 otl ev iravTa, ov- 

z j) post a>(TT om. C. ^ rj neipacTTiKos om. C. ^ aXX* om. corr. C. 
c 6 B. '»6 A.B. et pr. C. e ^] ^al C. 



Elench. 10. EAErX12N. 439 

T09 TTpo^ Tovvo/Uia ecTTai ri irpo^ t^v Stavotav tou ipcoTOtyiULevov 
StetXey/uievog. Et Se ye Tt9 TroXXa o'teTat arrjiuLaiveiv, SrjXov 
OTt ov TTjOO? Trjv StcLvoiav. UpwTov /uLev yap irep\ tov<s TOt-2 
ovTOvg ecTTl \0y0v9 to ttjOO? Tovvo/uLa Kal irpo^ Trjv Stavotav 
o(TOt irXetw crrjfjLatvovcrtv, elTa irept ovTtvovv etjTtv' ov yap ev 
Tw Xoyw ea-Tl to irpog Trjv Stavotav eivai, a\X ev rct tov 
aTTOKptvojULevov eyetv Tro)? ttjOO? to, SeSojULeva. Erra Trpog tov' 
vo/uLa iravTag evSe-^eTai avTOvg etvat. To yap ttjOo? TOvvojuLa 
To jULtj Trpog Tr]v Stdvotav eivat ecTTtv evTavOa. Et yap jULtj 4 
iravTe<s, ecrovTat Ttve9 cTepoi ouTe ttjOO? TOvvo/uLa ovTe Trpog 
Ttjv StavotaV ot Se (paart TrdvTag, Kal StatpovvTat rj tt^o? tov' 
vofJLa rj TTjOO? Trjv Sidvotav etvat irdvTag, aXXoug S^ ou. ^AXXa 
jULrjv oa-ot a-uXXoyia-jULot eiart irapa to TfKeovayoo^s, toutcov elal 
Ttveg ot irapd TOuvojULa. ^AroVo)? luev ydp Ka\ e'iprjTat to 
Trapd TOvvo/ULa (pdvai ^ TrdvTa? Tovg irapd Trjv Xe^tV dXX 
ovv S eia^t Tive9 '7rapa\oyta'/ULOt ov t(S tov aTroKptvojUievov 7rpo9 
^ TOVTOV9 e-^€tv 7r(i09, dX\d tS TOtovSt epooTrjjULa tov \6yov 
avTOv e^^etv, o 7r\eto) a^rjjuiatvet. 

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irpOTepov irepi a-vWoyta-jUiov' 6 yap e^ey^og a-vWoyta-iULog 
ecTTtv, ooa-Te ^jO^ ^ Koi irepl ^ avWoytcriuLOv irpOTepov rj Trept 
y\revSov9 e\ey)^ov' ecTTt ydp 6 toiovto<s eXe^y^o? (patvojuLevog 
a-vWoytcriuLdg dvTKpda-eoog. Afo rj ev tm a-vWoyta-iuLcS ^ecTTat 
TO atTtov rj ev Trj avTt(paa-et yirpocrKeia-uat yap oet "' Trjv av- 
Tt(paartv), OTe S^ ev diUL(f)oiv, av § (patvofJLevog eXe^y^^o?. ^'E(TTt6 
^€ 6 iJLev Tov ariycovTa \eyetv ev Trj dvTt(pacrei, ovk ev tw ctuX- 
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rj ^(^jjirjpou 7rotrjart9 CT^^fJ.a Sta tou kuk\ou ev tm cruWoyicriuLM. 
""O S^ ev iuLrjSeTep(p d\rjOrjg a-uWoyta^iULog. 

"* AXXa Srj oOev 6 \6y09 ^\0e, 7r6Tepov ot ev T0t9 iJ.aOrjij.aa-t 1 
\6yot 7rpo9 Trjv Stdvotdv eicrtv rj ou ; Ka\ e*t Ttvt SoKCt TToXXa 

^ Trdvras fivai tovs C. ^ rives el(ri C. ^ avTovs C. ' Kal om. C. 
^ (Tv\\oyi(rfxov corr. A.C, 7rapa\(yyi(rfxov B. ^ ((TtI C. *" rriv iivri- 

(jia^riv om. A. » ex" C. « doirj corr. C. 

F £4 



440 nEPI 204>ISTIKX2N Sophist. 

a-^liiaLveiv t6 Tplycovov, Ka\ eScoKe imij co^ tovto t6 a-^rj/j.a ecp^ 
ov crvveirepavaTO otl Svo opOal, iroTepov Trpog Trjv Sidvoiav 
OVT09 SLelXeKTai Trjv cKeivov rj ov ; 

8 ^'Ert ei TToWa /mev (Tr}iJ.aLvei Tovvo/ULa, 6 Se imr} voel /ULrjS' 
oieTai, Trm ovto9 ov ttjOO? Tr/v SLavoLav P SielXeKTaL ; r/ ttw? 
Sei epcoTCLV TrXrjv ^SiSovai SialpecrLv, e'iT epooTrjcreLe tl<s ei ecTTi 
(TLyoovTa \eyeLv rj ov, r/ ecTTi juiev "* o)? ov, ecTL S* cog val ; el 
Srj TL9 Soirj /ULr/SajULCog, 6 Se SLaXe-^^Oelt], dp ov 7rp6<s Tr/v Sid~ 

9 voiav SLelXeKTaL ; KaLTOi 6 \6yo9 SoKel tcov irapd Tovvo/ma 
elvaL. OvK dpa ecrTl yevo^ tl Xdycov t6 iTp6<i Tr/v SLdvoLav. 
■"AXX' ol /mev TTjOO? Tovvo/xa ei(TL' ^ Kal tolovtol ov TrdvTeg, 
ov-^ OTi 01 eXey^^OL, ^aXX' ovS^ ol (paLvojJLevoL eXeyyoL. E/Vl 
ydp Ka\ ^ fJt-r/ irapd Tr/v Xe^iv (paLv6/j.ev0L eXey^OL, oiov ol 
irapd TO (TViJpejiriK^^ Ka\ eTepOL. 

lo Ei Se TL9 d^iOL Siaipelv, otl Xeyco Se CTLywvTa XeyeLv ra 
Ijev ooS\ Td S^ coSl' dXXd tovt6 y ecrT^ rrrpcoTOv /uLev aTOirov, 
TO d^LOvv {eviOTe ydp ov SoKei t6 epcoTcoiJevov ^ TroXXa^o)? 
eyeiv, dSvvaTov Se Siaipeiv 6 [xri OfWat)* eircLTa t6 SLSa(TKeLV 
TL dXXo e(TTai ; (pavep6v ydp iroLrj^TeL cog e-^^ei tw iirjT e^TKefj- 
IJ.ev(p iMrjT elSdTL ixr/O^ viroXaix^dvovTL otl dXXco9 XeyeTaL. 

u^ETreJ Ka\ ev tol9 ixr/ SLirXoh t/ KcoXvei tovto TraOeiv ', dpa 
*i(Tai al fxovaSeg ^ Tah Svacnv ev tol^ ^ T€TTap(Tiv ', €Lcr\ Se 
ovao€9 aL fxev cool evovcraL aL ce cocl. JS.aL dpa tcov evavTLcov 
fxla eirL^TTrjixrj rj ov ', ecTTL S^ evavTia Ta [xev yvcocTd Td S^ 
dyvcocTTa. ^'Q(TT eoiKcv dyvoeiv 6 tovto d^Lcov otl cTepov 
TO SLSda-KeLV tov SLaXeye^TOaL, Ka\ otl Sei t6v fxev SiSa(TKOVTa 
ixrj epcoTciv dXX avT^v SrjXa iroLeiv, t6v S^ epcoTav. 

I I ^'Et^ to (pdvaL rj d7ro(pdvai d^LOvv ov SeiKvvvTO^ €(ttlv, 
dXXd irelpav Xajx/SdvovTog. "^H ydp ireipaa-TiK^ ea-Ti Sia- 
XeKTiKrj '^TL9 Ka\ Oecopei ov t6v eiS^Ta dXXd tov dyvoovvTa 



P difiXfKTai i KaiToi 6 \6yos SoKfl tcjv napa t6 ovo/i.a. *H C. ^ 8i- 

dovTa C. ^ ws ov] o)s ovK A. ^ KaiTOi ovToi A. et pr. C. * aXX' — 
eXeyxoi om. C. ^ firj oni. C. '^' 7roaaxS>s C. " rats dvcrlv 8va\v 

pr. C. y T€(rcrapaiv C. ^ tis. Aio nfpl TrdvTcov (TTitrKond Ka\ C. 



Elench, II. EAErXHN. 441 

Kal irpocTiroioviJievov. *0 /ulcv ovv KaTO. to TrpdyiuLa Oecopoov 
To, KOLva SiaXeKTiKO^, 6 Se tovto (paivoiJ.ev(jo<s iroLwv oro(pL(TTL-- 
Kog. Kaf cTfXXo^yicr/xo? epLcrTLKog Kal aocpKTTLKog earTiv eh^ 
fxev 6 <paLv6fj.evos ^ avWoyLa-fJLO^, irepL cov r) SLaXeKTLKt] ireL- 
pacTTLKr] ecTTL, Kav aXrjOe^ to <rviJLirepaariJ.a rj' tov yap Slol tl 
aTraTrjTiKog cg-tl' kol octol /uLrj ovTeg KaTa Trjv ^ eKa(TTOv /uLe- 
OoSov TrapaXoyLo-iuLol Sokovctlv elvaL /cara Trjv Te-^vr}v. Ta3 
•yajO ylrevSoypacp^jULaTa ovk epLCTTLKo, {KaTo. yap tol vtto Ti]v 
Te-^vrjv 01 TrapaXoyKTfJLOL), ovSe y e'i tl ecrTi ^evSoypdiptjfjLa 
TTepL aXrjOeg, oTov to ^lwTroKpaTOvg rj 6 TeTpayoovLcriuLog 6 Slcl 
Tcov iuLr]VLcrKoov. ^AXX' ^009 T^pvcTcov eTCTpaycovL^e tov kvkXov, 
el Ka\ TeTpaycovlc^eTaL 6 kvk\o9, aXX' otl ov KaTa to irpd- 
yiia, Slcl tovto (to(J)l(ttik69. ^QcTTe o re Trepl TcovSe (j)aLv6-4 
IJ.evo<s (TvX\oyL(TiuL09 epL(TTLK09 \6y09, Kal 6 /cara to irpdyiJ.a 
(j)aLv6iuLevo9 cruXXo^yfcr/xo?, ^Kav ^ crvWoyLcriJL^?, epLCTTLKog \6- 
yo9' (paLv6iievo9 yap ecTTL /cara to irpdyiJ.a, (joctt aTraTtj- 
TLKog Kal dSLK09. ^ QcTTrep yap rj ev dycovi dSLKia eiSd^ tl 
eycL Ka\ ecTTLV dSLKOfJLayla tl9, ovtco9 ^ ev dvTL\oyL(x dSLKOfjLa- 
-^ia ^ ri epicTTLKri ecTTLV' €Kei re •yajO 01 iravTco<s VLKav irpoaL- 
povfJLevoL iravTcov dirTOVTai Kai evTavOa ol epLcrTLKOi. O/ fjLev 5 
ovv Trjg vLKr}<s avTtj9 'X.cipLV tolovtol epLCTTLKol dvOpcoTroL Ka\ 
(pL\epLSe9 SoKOvariv eivaL, ol Se S6^r]9 XO.pLV r^? eh yjprnia- 
TiariuLov cro(j)La-TLKol' ^ yap G-o^pLO-TLKii ecTTLv, wcrirep e^iiroiJ.ev, 
yjpriiJLaTLa-TLKr] tl9 diro (TO(pLa9 (paivofJLevrjg, Slo (paLVOfJLcvrjg 
aTroSei^ecog e^pievTaL. Kaf tcov \6ycov tcov avTcov ijlcv eicTLV 
01 (pi\epLSe<} KOL cTO(pLcrTai, aXX' ov twv avTcov S eveKev. Kat 6 
Xo^yo? o avTo^s fJLev ecTTaL CTO(pL(TTLKo<s Ka\ epia^tLK^g, aXX' ov 
" /cara TavT^v, aXX' »y fiev viKr]^ (paLVOfJLevrj^, epLCTTLK^^, rj Se 
a^o^pia^, aro(pL(TTLK6<s' Ka\ ydp rj a-o(pLcrTLKri ^ earTL (paLvojULevrj 
ao(pLa Tf? aXX' ovk ovaa. ^O S^ epiaTLK^s eaTL irco^ ovtco9 
e-^^cov TTjOo? Tov Sia\eKTLKdv C09 6 ylrevSoypoKpog irpd^ tov yeco- 

a crvWoyKrriKos A.B.C. ^ €KaarT(ov A.C, €Kd<rTa> B. ^ ^yj ^g 

6 C. ^ Koi A. ^ eV dpTiKoyla] evavTLoXoyia A.C. ^ fj om. C. 

B ev(Ka C. *' KOT avTov A. ^ ta-Tai A. 



44^ nEPI 20*I2TIKI2N Sopiiist. 

IJLerpiKOv' €K yap twv avTwv Trj SiaXeKTiKrj ^ TrapaXoyi^erui 
1 Ka\ 6 yjr€vSoypd(po9 tov ^ y€Ci)jUL€Tprjv. ""AXX' 6 niev ovk epi- 

(TTIKO^, OTl €K TCOV ap^WV Ka\ (TVJUL7repa(TIULaTC0V TWV VTTO Tt]V 

Te-^^yijv yjrevSoypacpei' 6 S^ vtto ttjv SiaXeKTiKrjv 7r€p\ /mev 
™ T^XXa oTi epiG-TiKOi e<TTai SrjXov. Oiov 6 TeTpaywvia-iuLo^ 
6 /uLev Sia Tcov /uLr]vi(TKCov ovK epicTTiKog, 6 Se Bpvo-covog epLCTTi- 
Kog' Kai Tov /uLev ovk ecrTi fxeTeveyKelv aXX' rj Trpog yeco/uLeTpiav 
fJLOvov Sia TO €K Twv iSlcov eivai ap^cov, tov Se 7rpo9 ttoXXoJ?, 
ocrof /ULrj 'icraai to SvvaTov ck cKacTTip Ka\ to aSvvaTOV dp- 
S/uLocrei ydp. ^^H cog ^ AvTKpcov eTeTpaycovi^ev. ^^H e'/ ti9 /uLrj 
(pairj ^eXTiOV eivai airo SeiTrvov irepiTraTeiv Sia tov 7ji^vcovo9 
XoyoVf ovK laTpiKog' Koivog yap. Et /uLev ovv TrdvTr) 6/ULOicog 
eiyev 6 epicTTiKog irpog tov SiakeKTiKOv tw y^evSoypdcpw irpog 

TOV y€C0/UL6Tpr]V, OVK OLV rjv TTepl €K€lVCOV cpiCTTlKOg. ISivV S'' OVK 

ecTTLV 6 SiaXeKTiKog irepi yevog tl wpLcr/ULevov, ovSe SeLKTiKog 
ovSevog, ovSe tolovto? olo9 6 KaOoXov. Ovt€ ydp ccttlv 
airavTa ev evi tlvl yeveL, ovtc el e^rj, oiov Te viro Tug avTag 

Oap-^^ag eivaL Ya ovTa. ^'Qctt ovSe/ULia Te-^^vrj tcov SeLKvvovcTwv 
TLva (pvcTLV ^ epcaTr/TLKrj ccttlv' ov yap ec^ecTTiv oiroTepovovv 
Tcov /uLopLCov SovvaL' crvXXoyLCT/uiog ydp ov yiveTaL e^ d/uLCpoiv. 
rl 0€ OLaAeKTLKrj epcoTrjTLKrj ecTTLV. rjL o eoeLKVvev, eL kul /mrj 
iravTa, aXXa Ta ye irpcoTa kul ra? oiKCLag apyag ovk av 
ijpcoTa. M^ SLSovTag ydp ovk dv €ti eiyev e^ cov €tl SLoXe- 

o^eTaL irpog Trjv evcTTacTLV. *^H S'' avTrj Ka\ TreipacTTLKri. OvSe 
yap r/ ireLpacTTLKr/ TOiavTrj €ctt\v ola rj yeco/uLeTpla, aXX' ^v 
av cyoL Ka\ /ULrj eiScog tl^. °^'E^e(TTf ydp ireipav Xa^eiv Ka\ 
Tov /jLfj eiSoTa t6 Trpdy/uLa tov ^^ /uLtj eiSoTog, e^irep Ka\ SlScoctlv 
ovK e^ cov oiSev ovS^ ck tcov iSlcov, aXX' e/c tcov €7ro/UL€vcov, ocra 
TOLavTd ecTTLV a eiSoTa /ulcv ovSev KcoXvei ^ /ULrj eiSevaL Trjv 
T€-)(yrjv, /uLij eiSoTa S^ dvdyKtj dyvoelv. ^Qcttc (pav€p6v otl 

i ovSev^g copicr/ULevov rj -jreLpacrTiKtj eTrKTT^/uLrj ecTTLv. Alo Ka\ 

^ napoKoyiCeTai KaOdirfp TrapaXoyt^erai Ka\ C. ^ yfoijirrpiKov C. ^ ra 
oXXa C. ^ epcoTrjpaTiKT) A. ° tvexm. C. P pi/ post tov om. C. 

4 TT/v Tfxyrjv jirj eldevai C. 



Elench. 12. EAErXXiN. 443 



r 



Trepi Travrcov ea-TL' Tracrai yap " ai re^vai yjpwvTai Kai kol- 

V0L9 TLGLV. AlO TrdvTe^ Kal OL iSLCOTaL TpOTTOV TLVOL yjpOdVTaL 

Trj SLaXeKTiKrj Kal ireLpacTTLK^' iravTeg yap IJ-e-^pL TLvog ey- 
'^eLpova-LV avaKplveLv tov9 eTrayyeWojUievovs. TavTa S^ €(ttI 
TOL KOivd' TavTa yap ovSev i^ttov 'icraarLV avTol, kolv SoKoxri 
Xlav e^(jo Xeyeiv. '^lEtXey^ova-iv ovv airavTe^s' aTe-^vcjo^s yap 12 
/ULCTe-^ovcrL tovtov ov evTe-^voo^ rj SLaXeKTLKrj ea-Ti, Ka\ 6 Te-^vrj 
crvWoyLarTiKrj 7reLpacrTLKo<s SLaXeKTLKO^. ""ETrei ^' ecrTl TroWa 
imev ^ TavTa * Kal KaTCi irdvToov, ov TOLavTa S'' coarTe (pva-iv 
TLva eivai Ka\ yevog, aXX otov al a7ro<pda-ei9, to, S^ ov tol- 
avTa aWa ^S^a, ea-TLV e/c tovtcov irepl diravToov irelpav XajUL- 
/SaveLV, Kal elvaL Te-^vrjv TLvd, Kal jut] TOLavTrjv eivai ^ oiaL 
ai SeiKvvovaraL. ALOTrep 6 epicrTLKO^ ovk ea-TLV ovTwg ey^oov 
TravTrj w9 6 "^^evSoypdcpog' ov ydp ^ ecTTaL TrapaXoyLorTLKo^ 
e^ oopLcriJievov TIV09 yevov9 dp^oov, dWd 7rep\ Trdv yevog earTaL 

^O epLCTTLKO^S. 

TpOTTOL fjiev ovv eL(r\v ovtol toov aro(pLorTLKoov iXey^oov' otl 13 
<5' ecTTi Tov SLoXeKTiKov TO 6eooprja-aL 7rep\ tovtoov ^ Ka\ Svva- 
crOaL TavTa iroLelv, ov -^aXeirov iSeiV rj ydp 7rep\ rcc? Trpo- 
TacreL9 jULeOoSog a^raarav e-^CL TavTtjv Trjv Oeooplav. 

Kaf 7rep\ jJLev toov eXey^oov e'ipr]TaL toov (paLVOjULevooV 7rep\ I ^ 
^e Tov ylrevSojULevov tl Sel^aL Ka\ tov Xoyov ei<s ^ dSo^ov dya- 
yeiv (tovto ydp rjv SevTCpov Trjg crocpLa-TLKrjg 7rpoaLpecreoog) 
TrpooTOV jULcv ovv e/c tov 7rvv6ave(r6aL Tro)? Ka\ om T/79 epooT^- 
(T€00<s a-vfjL^aiveL jULaXia-Ta. To ydp ^rpdg /ULrjSev oplcravTa 
KeifJLevov ipooTav OrjpevTLKOv icrTL tovtooV eLKrj ydp \ey0vTe9 
d/ULapTdvovarL /uLaWov eiK^ Se Xeyovariv, OTav jULrjSev 'e-^ooarL 
7rpoKeLixevov. To Te ipooTav 7roWa, kclv oopLa-juLevov ? ^rpdg o 2 
SLaXeyeTaL, Ka\ to Tct SoKovvTa XeyeLV d^LOVv ^roLel ^tlv 
€V7ropiav Tov etV dSo^ov dyayeiv ^ r] yfrevSog' idv tc ipooToo- 
fi.evo9 (pfj rj d7ro(prj tovtoov tl, dyeLv ttjOo? a i^rLyeipi^ii.aTog 

r m om. C. ^TavraQ, ^ Ka\ om. A.B. v omj/ A.B.C. 

w «Vrt C. X 6 orn. C. Y /cat b. r. noulv om. C. z abo^ov ri 

ayayfiv C. * Tr)v A. ^ ^ fls ^. C. 



444 nEPI 204>I5:TIK12N Sophist. 

evTTopei. AvvaToi' Se vvv rjTTOv KaKOvpyetv Sia tovtoov rj 
irpoTepov airaiTOvvTai yap t/ tovto ttjOo? to ev ap-vtj. 
^TOi^eiov Se Tov Tvy(€iv rj yp^evSov^ *^ tivo? tj aSo^ov to 
/ULtjSejULiav evOvs epwTav OecrLV, aWa (pdcrKeiv epoyrav ^ /xa- 
Oeiv ^ovXojuLevov' -^copav yap ^ eiri-^eipiqfxaTO^ ^ rj & a-Keyfn^ 

TTOiei. 

3 JJpo^ Se t6 y^evSoiuevov Sei^ai 'IS109 totto^ ^o crocbKTTiKo^, 
TO ayeiv ^ 7rpo9 TOiavTa irpos a evTropei Xoycov' ^ ecTTat Se 
Kai Ka\u)9 Ka\ juLrj Ka\co9 tovto iroteiv, KaOairep e\e^Or] irpo- 

TCpOV. 

4 L±a\tv 7rpo9 To TrapaSot^a \eyetv o-KOiretv ck tivo9 yevov^ 
6 Sia^eyo/iAevog, eiT eirepwTav o T019 'jroWoig ovtol \eyovcrt 

TrapaSotpV ecrTt yap eKacrTOLg tl tolovtov. ^TOi-veiov Se 
TOVTWv TO Ta9 eKacTTwv et\rj(pevat Oecretg ev Taig irpOTacreartv. 
A.vcrtg Se Ka\ tovtcov rj irpocTrjKovcra (pepeTat to efxcbavtXetv 
OTL ov Sia Tov \6yov crvjUijBaLveL t6 aSo^ov ael Se tovto Kal 
^ov\eTaL 6 aycovL^ojuievog. 

5 ^'Ert S^ eK Tcov ^ov\ricrecov Ka\ tcov (pavepcov So^cov. Ov 
yap TavTOL ^ov\ovTai re Ka\ (paa-iv, aWa \eyova-i /uLev Tovg 
eva-yrjiJLOveaTaTOvg tcov \6ycov, /3ov\ovTaL Se tcl (patv^/ULeva 
\variTe\etv, "^ oiov TeOvavaL Ka\(Jo9 juLaWov rj ^rjv ^Secog (paar\ 
Selv Ka\ TrevecrOaL SLKaicog juLaWov rj 7r\ovTeiv aia")(pco9, ^ov- 
\ovTaL Se TOLvavTLa. T6v julcv ovv \eyovTa KaTo, ra? /8ofX>}- 
(76(9 €f9 Tag (pavepag S6^a9 ctKTeov, t6v Se KaTo, TavTag ei9 
Tag aTroKeKpv/uLjuLevag' ajji^pOTepcog yap avayKaiov irapdSo^a 
\eyeLV rj yap irp^g Ta? (pavepd? 'i 7r|0O9 Tag d(pavei9 S6^a9 
epovaLv ^ evavTLa. 

6 riXercTTO? ^e toVo? ea-T\ tov iroLeiv irapdSo^a \eyeLV, cocr- 
irep Ka\ 6 KaXXf/rX^? ev tw Topym yeypaiTTaL \eycov, Ka\ 
01 dp^^aioL Se TrdvTeg wovto a-v/uL^aiveiv, Trapd t6 Ka^d (pvatv 
Ka\ KaTa tov vdjuLOV evavTia yap eivat (pvcTLv Ka\ v6/ulov, Ka\ 

c ^ Tivos C. ^ fmvddvfiu C. ^ eyxfiprjfiaros A.B. ^17] cvBifs 

rj C. g crKrjyjns corr. C. ^ 6 om. C. » Trpos r.] tls t. C. ^ eort B.C. 
^ ado^ov C. ^ olov ro T. C. " fvavTiov C. 



Elench. 13. EAErXilN. 445 

Tr]v SiKaiO(Tvvr]v Kara vo/mov jULev eivai Ka\ov KaTa (pvcnv ^' ov 
KoXov, ° Aeiv ovv TTjOo? /mev tov elirovTa KaTO. (pvcriv KaTO, 7 
vojJLOv airavTav, irpo^ Se tov KaTo. vojulov eTrl Trjv (pvcriv ayeiv 
ajULCpoTepcog yap ^ eivai Xeyeiv irapaSo^a. ^Hi/ Se to /mev 
KaTci (pvcriv avTOig t6 aXt^Oeg, t6 Se KaTo, vofxov t6 toi? 
TToWoh SoKOvv. ^'QcrTe S^Xov otl KOLKetvoi, Ka6(X7rep Kal ol 
vvv, rj eXey^ai rj wapoLSo^a Xeyeiv t6v aTroKpivojULevov eireyel- 
povv iroielv. 

*'Ej/fa ^e tijov €p(t)TijiUL(XTCov e^ei ajULCpOTepoog aSo^ov eivaiS 
Trjv aTroKpicriv, ofov iroTepov toI<s cro(poi9 rj tm iraTpl ^ Sei 
TrelOecrOai, Kal Ta crv/uL^pepovTa irpaTTeiv rj ra SiKaia, Kai 
aSiKeicrOai aipeTcoTcpov ^rj /BXaTTTeiv. Aei S^ ayeiv ei9 tol 
T019 TToWoi^ Ka). T019 (TO(poi9 evavTia, eav jULev Xeyrj T19 009 
01 7rep\ TOV9 \6yov9, ei9 tol T019 7ro\\oi9, eav S^ 009 01 ttoX- 
\oi, eTrl TOL T0I9 ^ ev \6y(p. ^aa-l yap 01 /uLev e^ avayKr]9 9 
t6v evSal/uLova SiKaiov elvar T019 Se iroWoh aSo^ov t6 /Sacri- 
\ea /uLrj evdaifxoveLv. hicrTL oe to ei9 ra ouro)? aoo^a crvva- 
yeiv To avTO tw ei9 Trjv KaTa (pvcrtv Kai /cara vo^jlov virevav- 
Ticocriv ayeiV 6 juLev yap v6iulo9 S6^a tcov ttoXXwi/, 01 Se crocpol 
KaTO. (pvcriv Kal KaT a\^6eiav \eyov(riv. 

KaJ tol (xev irapaSo^a e/c tovtcov Sel "(riTelv twv T^rn-coV 1 3 
irep} Se tov TroirjcraL aSo^ea-^^eiv, 6 juev \eyo/uL€v t6 aSo\e- 
cr-^eiv, elprjKafxev tjSr]. UavTe9 Se ol TOLolSe \6yoL tovto 
l3ov\ovTaL TTOLeiv' el jutjSev SLacpepeL t6 ovojULa 17 t6v \6yov 
elireiv, SLir\acrLOv Se Ka\ SLif^acrLOv t]ij.icreo9 TavT^, el apa 
^€(tt\v r][ji.Lcr€09 SLirXacrLOV, ecrTaL ^/uLLcreo^ ^juLicreo^ Si7r\a(riov. 
^Kaf Tra^LV dv avT\ tov SL7r\acrL0v ^ SLifXacTLOv ^jULicreo^ Te^rj, 
Tp\9 ecrTaL eiprjjULevov, ^/uLicreo^ ^/uLL(reo9 t][XLcreo9 SL7r\acrL0V. 
ai dpa ecrTLV tj €7rLUV/ULLa rjdeo^ , tovto o ecTTiv opet^L9 t]d€09 
ecTTLv ^apa t] eTTL^v/uLLa 6p€^L9 ^Seo9 ^Seo^. 

EfVf ^e 7ravTe9 01 tolovtol twv \6ycov ev re T019 7rp69 tl, 2 

" Codices del. P \tyeiv elvai C. 'i det om. C. ^ ^] »7 to C. 

s iv \6yof\ (TO(f>ois C. * eVrli'] ((ttI dnrkdaiov C. ^ Kav ttoKiv dvrl C. 
" fiinXdaiov alterum om. C. " apa koI r] C. 



446 nEPI 204>I2TIKI2N Sophist. 

ocra fJLYi /ULOPOv ra yevt] aWa Ka\ avra irpo^ tl Xeyerai, Ka\ 
irpo^ TO avTO Ka\ ev aTroSlSoTai. OIov ^ re ope^ig tivo^ 
op€^i9 Kal rj eTrLOv/JLia TLVog eiTLOviuLLa, Kal to SL7r\d(riov tlvo^ 
SLirXda-LOv Ka\ SLirXacTLOv ^jULLO-eog. KaJ oa-wv ^ ovcLa ovk 
ovTCov irpog tl ^ oXo)?, cov ^ eiar^v e^eL9 rj irdOrj '/] tl tolovtov, 
ev Tw Xoycp avTwv Trpoa-SrjXovTaL KaTfjyopov/uLevoyv eTrf tov- 
T0L9. OIov TO irepLTTOV apL0/uLO9 juLea-ov eyjjov eaTL S'' dpL- 
O/uLog TrepLTTog' ea-TLV dpa dpLO/uLo? ^/uLeaov e^oov dpLO/uLog. KaJ 
ei TO aL/ULov KOLXoTrjg pLv6<s eaTiv, eaTL Se p)? aiimii, eaTLV dpa 
p\9 p\9 KolXrj. 
3 ^alvovTaL Se iroLelv ov TroLOvvTeg evloTe S^d to /ULr} irpoa- 
TTVvOaveaOai ei arr/iuLaiveL tl KaO^ avTO Xe-^Oev to SLTrXaaLov r/ 
ovSev, Ka\ e"i tl ar/juLaLveL, iroTepov ^^ to avTO r/ cTepov, dXXd 
TO avjULTrepaa/uLa XeyeLv evOv?. ^AXXd (paiveTaL Sid to to 
ovo/uLa TavTo elvai tovto Ka\ aiq/iaLveiv. 
1 4 ^oXoLKLa/ULO? S^ oiov /uLev eaTLV e'ipr]TaL irpOTepov. ^'Eo-rt 
^e TOVTO Ka\ TTOLeiv Ka\ /ULr/ TTOLOvvTa (palveaOaL Ka\ TroiovvTa 
/uLr/ SoKeiv, KaOaTrep 6 TIpcoTayopa? eXeyev, el 6 /nrjvL? Ka\ 6 
TTrjXr/^ dppev eaTLV' 6 /uLev ydp Xeycov ovXo/ULevr/v aoXoLKil^eL 
/uLev KaT €K€ivov, ov (paiveTaL Se tol9 dXXoL^, 6 Se ovXo/uLevov 
(paiveTai /ulcv aXX' ov a-oXoLKL^eL. ArjXov ovv otl Kav Te^^vr/ 
Ti<s TOVTO SvvaiTO iTOLelv Slo 7roXXo\ Tcov Xoycov ov avXXo- 
yL^o/uLevoL aoXoLKLa/uLov (paivovTaL avXXoyl^eaOai, KaOdirep 
ev T019 eXe^y^ofS*. 

2 EtVf ^e TravTeg ^'^(eSdv ol (paLvo/uLevoL aoXoiKia/uo\ Trapd 
^To ToSe, Ka\ OTav rj TTTCoaig /JLrjTe dppev /JLrjTe OrjXv SrjXoi 
aXXa TO /UL€Ta^v. To /ULev ovto9 dppev ar/fxalveL, to S^ avTr/ 
OrjXv To Se TOVTO OeXeL /ulcv to /meTa^v arj/uLaiveiv, TroXXa/ct? 
^€ (rr//JiaLV€L KaKeLvoov CKaTepov, olov tl tovto ; KaXXtoViy, 

3 ^vXov, }^opLaK09. Toy /mev ^ ovv dppevo9 Ka\ tov Oi^Xeo? Sia- 
(pepovaLv al irTcoaeL9 diraaaL, tov Se /uLeTa^v ai /ulcv ai S'' ov. 
AoOevT09 Srj TroXXaKL? tovto, avXXoyll^ovTaL co9 ^ eiprj/uLevov 

y oK(os ^v'^ Kiti oXtoj/ corr. C. ^ eto-ti/] flaiv fj C » dpi6/ibi /xicrov 
ex<*>v C. ^' ravrov C. ^ ro om. C. '^ ovv om. A. ^ elpr/fjievov C. 



Elench. 14, 15. EAErXHN. 447 

TOVTOV ofJLoiMg Se Kal aWrjv irTwcriv avT aWrjg. ''O Se Tra- 
paXoyioriuog ylverai Sia to kolvov elvai t6 ^ tovto TrXeiovojv 
TTTcocrecov' to yap tovto (Ttjiuaivei otc imev ovto9 otc Se 
TOVTOv. Aei ^' evaWa^ (TrjjULatveiv, jUieTa fiev tov earTi to 4 
OVT09, /uLeTa Se tov eivai t6 tovtov, ofov ecTTL J^opLcrKO?, 
eivaL J^opicTKOv. Kat CTrl tcov OrjXecov ovojULaTcov cocravTco?, 
Kal eTrl tcov Xeyo/uievcov /uev crKevcov, eyovTwv Se Oi^XeLa^ rj ap- 
pevo9 KXrjcTLV. ^ Ocra yop el<s t6 Ka\ t6 v TeXevTa, TavTa 
fiova cTKevov? e^e: KXrjcTLV, oiov ^vXov, a"^oiviov, xa oe iJ.rj ov- 
TC09 appevo9 r] OijXeo?, cov evLa (pepojULev eir\ Ta crKevrj, ofov 
acrK^g /ulcv appev Tovvo/xa, KXlvrj Se OrjXv. ALOirep Kai eTTi 5 
Tcov TOLOVTCov cocravTco<s t6 ecTTL KOL t6 efvaL SLOLcreL. Kaf 

TpOTTOV TLVa OfJiOLO? eCTTLV 6 (To\oLKL(TIUL09 TOL^ TTapa ^ t6 TOL 

/uLrj ojULOia 61ULOLC09 \eyoiuLevoL9 e^ey^OLg. ^'Qcrirep yap eKelvoL^ 
e7r\ Tcov 'jrpayiuLaTcov, tovtol<s eVf tcov ovojULaTCOv (TVjUTTLTrTei 
(To\oLKil^eiv' avOpcoTTO? yap Ka\ \evK6v Ka\ Trpay/uLa Ka\ 6vo/ul(x 
ecrTLV. 

^avep6v ovv otl tov (to\olkl(t/ulov ireLpaTeov e/c toov elprj-s 
/ULevcov iTT(jocrecov crvWoyL^ecrOaL. 

^'iSrj /uLev ovv TavTa tcov aycovKTTLKcov \6ycov Ka\ juieprj 7 
Tcov eiScov Ka\ Tp^iroL ol eLprj/uLevoL. A^acpepeL S'' ov iuLLKp6v, 
eav TayOrj ircos Ta 7rep\ Trjv epcoTrjcTLV ttjOO? to \avOaveLV, 
cocTirep ev tol9 Sia\eKTiK0i9' ^E^e^^? ovv T019 eiprjjuLevoLg Tav- 
ra irpcoTOv \eKTeov. 

^'Eo-Tt ^ Srj irp6^ t6 e^ey-^eLV ev /uLev jULrJKO^' ^aXeTroj/ yap i^ 
a/ULa TroWa CTVvopav. Ef? <^e to juLrJKO? tols TrpoeLprj/uevoig 
CTTOLyeloL^ yjprjcTTeov. ^^v Se Tayo<5' vaTepl^ovTe^ yap rjT- 
Tov irpoopcoaiv. ^'Eti (^' opyrj Ka\ (pL\oveLKia' TapaTT^/uLevoL 
yap rjTTOv SvvavTai (pv\aTTecrOaL iravTe^s. ^TOL^^^ela Se Trjg 
opyrjg To Te (pavep6v eavT^v iroieLv ^ov\6iuievov aSLKeiv Ka\ 
t6 ^ irapaTrav avaLCT^^VTeiv. ^ETt to evaWa^ Ta epcoTrj-2 
juaTa TLOevaL, eciv tc ttjOo? ^ TavT^ 7r\eLOV9 tl9 e^rj \oyov<s, 

f TovTo] roSe A.B, tovto tuvto C. S t6 om. pr. C. ^ dc C. 

' Trapa 7raj/TW C. '^ avTo B. 



448 nEPI 20<I>I2TIKi2N Sophist. 

€(iv re Kal otl ovTCog Kal otl ou^ ovTwg' afxa yap crv/UL/Salvei 
t] TTpog TrXeico t] Trpog TavauTia * Troieia-Oai Trjp (pvXaKi^v. 
^'OXft)? ^e -TrdvTa to. 7rpo9 Trjv Kpv^LV Xe-^OevTa irpOTepov 
-^rjcrLiJLa Ka\ irpog rof? aycovKTTLKovg Xoyovg' ^ yap Kpvy^ig 
ccttI tov \a6eiv ■)^dpiv, to Se XaOelv Trjg aTrdTrjg. 

3 JJpog Se T0V9 avavevovTag cltt dv oirjOcoa-iv etvaL irpog tov 
Xoyov, e^ aTTOCpda-ewg epcoTrjTeov, wg TOvvavTLOv /SovXofjievov, 
rj ^^KaL e^ lcov iroLOvvTa Tr]v epwTrja-LV actjAov yap ovTog 
Tov t/ /SovXeTaL Xa/SeLV yjttov cva^KoXaivovarLV. ^'Orar " r 
€xJ Tcov /uLepcov SlSw TL9 To KaO^ cKaa-TOv, ° eirdyovTa to Ka- 
OoXov 'TroXXaKLg ovk epoyTrjTeov, aXX' co9 SeSojuievw yjpria-TeoV 
ivloTe ydp oiovTaL Ka\ avTo\ SeScoKevai Kai toi9 aKOvova-i 
cpaivovTai Sid Trjv t^? e^Traycoyrjg fjLveiav, cog ovk dv i^pcoTrj/uieva 

^jUidTrjv. ^Et/ of? Te jULrj ovoiuLaTL a-rjjuLalveTaL t6 KaOoXov, dXXd 
Trj ojULOLOTfjTi '^(prja^eov Trpog to a-v/uLCpepov' XavOaveL yap rj 

OjJLOLOTrjg TToXXaKLg. Tlpog TC TO Xa/BeLV TrjV TTpOTaaLV TOV- 

vavTLOv P 7rapa/3aXXovTa yjprj TTvvOaveaOaL. OIov ei SeoL Xa- 
/Beiv OTi Sel irdvTa tw iraTp^ TrelOeaOaL, TroTepov ^ airavTa 
Sei TreiOea-OaL T019 yovevaLV rj irdvT direLOeiv ; Ka\ to iroXXd- 
KLg TToXXa, TTOTepov TToXXa a-vy-^coprjTeov rj oXiya ; fjLaXXov 
ydp, eiirep dvdyKrj, So^eiev dv efvai TroXXd' TrapaTLOe/ULevcov 
ydp e^yyu? tcov evavTicov, Ka\ /uLel^w Ka\ /uLeydXa (palveTaL Ka\ 
Xeipoo Ka\ ^eXTLCo tol9 dvOpco7roL9. 

5 ^(poSpa Se Ka\ TroXXa/ct? TroLei SoKeiv eXi^Xey^^OaL t6 fjid- 

Xia-Ta arocpia-TLKov avKOCpavTrjjuLa tcov epcoTcovTcov, t6 ^ /uLrjSev 

a-vXXoyLa-afjievovg lurj epcoTrjfxa TroLeiv t6 TeXevTaiov, aXXa 

a-vfJLTrepavTiKcog eiTreiv, C09 arvXXeXoyia-fJLevovg, ovk dpa t6 Ka\ 
f 

TO. 

6 ^ocpiarTiKOV Se Ka\ t6 Keifievov irapaSo^ov to (paLvofievov 
d^LOvv diroKplveaOaL TrpoKeifievov tov Sokovvto9 e^ dp-^rjg, Ka\ 
Trjv epcoTrjaLV Tcov tolovtcov ovtco TTOLeia-OaL, TTOTepov a-OL So- 

1 7roir)(ra(r6ai C. ™ Kal om. C. " S' COlT. C, om. pr, ^ «Va- 

yayovTa A.B. P XPV T^apafiaXopTa C. ^ irdvTa C. ^ M' 

BivC. 



Elench. i6, EAETXON. 449 

K€t ; ^ avayKij yap, dv ^ ro cpumiiuLa i^ cov 6 (rvWoyicriuLo^, 
i] eXey^of »7 irapaSo^ov ylveaSai, SovTog /uLev eXeyj^^ov, fJLij 
c6vT09 Se lULijSe Sokciv (pdarKOVTog aSo^ov, iulj] * S6vto9 Se So- 
Keiv S^ 6iuLo\oyovvTO<f eXey^oeiSe?' 

^'Eri KaOairep Ka\ ev Toig pijTOpiKOig, Kal ev T019 eXeyKTi- 1 
Koig ojULOicog Ta evavTiwjuLaTa QecoprjTeov ri 7rp6<s Ta v(p^ eavTOv 
\ey6fA.eva, t} Trpog ov9 6iuLo\oyet Ka\wg \eyeLv rj irpaTTeiv, 

eTL TTjOO? T0V9 SoKOVVTa<S TOlOVTOVi i] TT^O? T0V9 O/ULOLOVg i] 

TTjOo? Tovg 7r\eta-TOvg 1] irpo? TravTag. ^'Qa-irep ^re Ka\ airo- 
KpLv6iuL6voi TToWaKtg, oTav e\ey^covTaL, iroLOva-L Sltt6v, ^dV 
lULcW^ av/UL^aiveLV ^ e\eyyQr]a-ea-6aL, Ka\ epoyrcovTag XP^' 
CTTeov TTOTe TOVTco TTjOO? T0V9 evLorTafxevovg, av wS\ jULev o-v/ul- 
/Saivr] o)S\ Se fJLrj, otl ovtco9 e'i\r]<pev, olov K.\eo(pcov iroLei 
ev Tft) ^avSpo^ovXtp, Aei Se Ka\ acpta-TajULevovg tov \6-8 
yov Ta \otira twv eTri-^eiprjfjLaTcov eTrtTejuLvetv, Ka\ tov airo- 
KpLv6fj.evov, av TrpoataSavrjTat, y TrpoevtaTaa-Oat Ka\ irpoayo- 
pevetv. ^^iriyeipriTeov S^ evtOTe Ka\ ttjOO? aWa tov eiprjfjLevov, 
€K€tvo e/cXa/SoVra?, eav fiij irpos to Ketfievov ey^^r] Ttg eirtyet- 
petV oirep 6 \vK6<ppcov eirotrjae 7rpof3\r]0evTO9 \vpav eyKco- 
fjLial^etv. njOo? ^e Tovg cnratTOvvTag irp^g tl eirf^etpetv,^ 
eTreiSr] SoKei Seiv airoStS^vat Trjv aiTiav, \e)(OevTcov S^ evlcov 
€v(pv\aKT6Tepov To Ka06\ov a-vfjL/Saivov ev Tolg €\ey"^otg, 
\eyetv Trjv avTtCpacrtv, ^ 6 ti ecprjarev ciTrocptja-at, rj o aire- 
cprjcre cprjarat, aWa fJLrj oti tcov evavTicov rj avTrj eirtCTTrifJLrj 
rj ov-^ rj avTrj. OJ Sel Se to CTVfkirepacTfka ^ irpoTaTtKcog 
epooTOLv' evta S^ ovS^ epcoTrjTeov, aXX' cog 6fio\oyovfi€V(p XP^" 

CTTeOV. 

"^E^ cov fJLev ovv at epcoTrja-eL^, Ka\ 7rco9 epcoTrjTeov ev Taig 16 
aycovLa-TiKaig SiaTpi^atg, e'iprjTat' 7rep\ Se aTroKpia-ecog, Ka\ 
Trcog yjprj \veiv Ka\ tl, Ka\ 7rpo<5 Ttva y^prja-Lv 01 tolovtol tcov 
\6ycov co(pe\tfjLoi, fjLera TavTa \eKTeov. 

s avayKoiov A. * bovros bi] StSoiros be C. ^ ye B. ^ ^^p ^ 

^ iXeyxeo-Bai C. Y TTpoavi<TTa(T6ai B. ^ o rt] ori o A.li.C. ^ Trpo- 

TaKTLKOiS C. 

VOL. I. G g 



450 nEPI SO^ISTIKfiN SoPHisT. 

2 l^pr}(TiiJLOL luev ovp etarl ttjOO? /uLev (piXoa-ocplav Sta Svo. 
JJpwTOv fxev yap O)? e7r) to ttoXu yivoimevoi irapa Ttjv Xe^iv 
a/uLeivov eyeiv iroiovai irpo^ to irocrayw^ CKacrTOv Xeyerai, 
Ka\ TTOia OjUiolm Ka\ irola eTepayg ^ eTrl Te twv irpayixaTwv 

3 o-vfjL^alvei Kal eTrJ twv 6vo/j.aTWV. AevTepov Se irpog ra? 
KaO^ ^ avTOv l^r}Tr](Tei9' 6 yap v(p' erepov ^ paSiw9 TrapaXoyi- 
l^oiuevog Ka\ tovto /u^ ^ aiarOavo/uievo^ Kav avT09 vcp' avTov 
TOVTO TrdOoL 'TroXXoLKi^. TptTOv Se Ka\ to XoiTrbv €ti irpb^ 
So^av, TO Trepl irdvTa yeyvjUivdo-OaL SoKeiv Kal juLtjSevbg airei- 
pw9 e-yeiv' to 'yb.p KOivwvovvTaL ^Xoywv y^/eyeiv Xoyov^j 
IJLrjSev e^ovTa SLopi^eLV Trepl t^? cjyavXoTrjTog avTwv, viro- 
y^lav SlSwa-i tov SoKeiv Sva-^epaiveLv ov Sia TaXrjOh aWa Si 
cnrcipLav. 

4 ^ A.7roKptvoiUL€voL9 Se TTO)? airavTtjTeov Trpog tov^ tolovtov^ 
Xoyovg, (pavepov, e^lirep opOw^ eiprjKafxev irpOTepov e^ wv ei- 
<j\v 01 TrapaXoytcjULoi, Ka\ Ta? ev tw TrvvOavea-Oat TrXeovet^la? 
iKavw9 SieiXojuLev. Ov ^ Tairrbv S^ ecTf XafiovTa Te Tbv Xo- 
yov iSeiv Ka\ \va-at Trjv juLo-^^Orjplav, kol epwTWfJievov airavTav 
Svvaa-OaL Tayew<;. ^O yap 'la-fiev, iroWaKL^ fxeTaTLOefievov 

5 ayvoovjULev. ^'ETf S\ wa-irep ev TOig aWoL9 to Oolttov Ka\ to 
/3paSvTepov €K Tov yeyvfivaa-OaL yiveTai fJidWov, ovtw Ka\ 
eTTf Twv Xoywv eycL, warTe, av SrjXov fiev ^fiiv ^, afJieXeTrjTOt 
S^ wfiev, va-Tepovfiev twv Katpwv TroXXaKtg. ^vfjL/Satvei Se 
iroT€, KaOdirep iv Tof? SLaypafifxaa-Lv' Ka\ yap cKei avaXv- 
G-avT€<s eviOTe a-vvOetvaL TrdXLV aSvvaTovfjLeV ovtw Ka\ ev Toh 
eXey^^OLg eiSoTe? Trap o 6 X6yo9 a-vfi/3aiv€i a-vveipai StaXvaat 
Tbv X6yov airopovfjiev. 

1 7 TVpwTOv fj.ev ovv, warTrep a-vXXoytCea-Oat (pafiev €vS6^wg 
TTOTc fidXXov rj dXr]0w9 TTpoatpeicrOai Seiv, ovtw Kot Xvtcov 
TTore fjidXXov €vS6^w9 "^ KaTa TaXtjOeg. ^OXo)? ydp tt^o? 
T0V9 epta-TtKOvg ^' fiayereov ov"^ o)? eXe^^y^oj^Ta? otXX' wg (pat- 

^ 67ri om. C. ^ iavTov C. *^ TrnpaXo-ytfd/Liei/oy paidioos C. 

e diai(r6av6ixevos C. ^ Xdyo) C. S ravTo B.C. ^ t^f^XV- 

TfOV I5.(/. 



Elench. 17. EAErXIlN. 451 

vojuei/ovg' ov ydp (pa/ULep crvWoyH^ecrOai yc avrov^, w(TT€ 
Trpog To lUL)] SoK€iv SiopOwTeov. Et ydp ecTTiv 6 eXeyy^og 2 
avTL(pa(Ti<i p-h 6juLwvviuL09 €K Tivcov, ovSev dv Seoi Siatpeio-OaL 
7rpo9 TdjuL(pi^o\a Kal Tr}v OjULwvv/ULLav' ov yap iroiel (tvXKo- 
yicTfJLOv. ""AXX' ovSevo^ dXKov ydpiv irpoaSLaipeTeov aXX* 
rj oTi To crv/uLTrepaariuLa (paiveTai eXey^^ocLSh. Oukovv to 
eXeyyOrjvaL ccXXa to SoKeiv evXajSrjTeov, eTrel t6 y epooTav 
djuL^pi^oXa Kal ra irapd Trjv djuLCOvvjuLLav, ocrai t aXXat tol- 
avTai 7rapaKpov(r€L?, Kal tov dXr}6Lv6v eXey^ov d(pavL^€i Kal 
Tov eXey^ojuLevov Kal juLrj eXey^ojuevov dSrjXov Troiei. ^lBjireiS 
ydp e^eaTLv eir]. TeXeL (rvjuLirepavajULevov jULrj oirep e(prj(T€v 
diro^prjcTaL ^ XeyeLV, aXX* djuLoovvjuLcog, el Kal otl juLaXicTT^ ctv^ 
yev eirl ^ TavTOv (pepwv, dSrjXov ei eXi^XeyKTaL' dSrjXov ydp 
€L dXrjOrj Xeyei vvv. Et ^e Sl€Xu)v ^ f^peTO t6 ojulcovvjulov t] to 
djUL(pil3oXov, ovK dv dSrjXog rjv 6 eXey^o^. ^'O t eirL^rjTOvart^ 
vvv jULev iqTTOv irpoTepov Se juLaXXov 01 epLCTTiKOL, t6 r] val t] ov 
diroKpLvecTOaL t6v epcoTcojuLevov, iyiveT dv. Nui/ Se ™ Std t6 
jULr} KoXcog epooTav tov9 TrvvOavojuLevov^ dvayKrj Trpoa-aTroKpLve'- 
(rOai TL t6v epcoTcojuLevov, SLopOovvTa Trjv juLO-^Orjplav Trjg irpo- 
Td(T€co'5, eire^ SLeXojuLevov ye iKavco^ rj val rj ou avayKrj Xeyeiv 
TOV dTTOKptvdjuLevov. 

Et Se Ti£ viroXri^^eTaL t6v Ka^d ofxcovvjuLLav eXey^ov etvai, 5 
Tpoirov Tiva ovk ecTTaL Sia^pvyelv to eXey^ecTOaL tov diro- 
Kpivo/uLevov eTrl yap tcov opaTcov dvayKaiov 6 e^prjcrev diro- 
(prj(raL ovojuLa, Kal o dire^pricTe (prjcraL. ^Qg ydp StopOovvTal 
TLve^i, ovSev o(p€Xo9. Ov yap J^oplcrKOv (pa^rh eivai jULOvcrL" 
k6v Ka\ djuL0V(T0v, dXXd tovtov t6v J^oplcrKov juLovcrLK^v Kal 
TOVTOv t6v J^opicrKov djuLovcrov. *^0 yap avTog ecTTaL X6yoi6 
" t6 t6v J^oplcrKov Tw TOVTOv ® t6v J^opLcrKOv djULOV(rov elvaL 
t] juLOvcriKov' oTrep djuLa (prjcrl re Kal dTro^prjcrLV. ^AXX' 10-009 
ov TavTO (Tr]juLaiv€L' ovSe yap eKci TOvvojULa. ^ i2crT€ tl om- 
(pepei. Ef Se tco julcv t6 dirXco^ XeyeLV J^oplcrKOv diroScocret, 

' XeycDV A. ^ TavTo B.C. ^ clpcTO A. ™ fiia om. A, 

»1 ro] Tov A.B. o Tuv om. A.B. 

Og 2 



452 ITEPI SOa>I2TIKnN Sophist. 

T(7) Se TrpoarO^crei to tivol t] TOvSe, utottov' ovSlv yap juluX- 
\ov 6aTep(p' OTTOTepcp yap av ovSev Siacpepei. 

7 Ou jUiijv aW eTreiSij aSt]\o9 luev earTiv 6 fJii] Siopi(Ta/UL€vo<f 
Tfjv a/uL(pi^o\iav iroTepov €\^\eyKTaL 37 ovk €\^\eyKTai, Se- 
SoTai S^ ev T019 \6yoig t6 Sie^eiv^ (pavepov oti to /uLt] Sio- 
piG-avTa Sovvai Trjv epcoTtjcriv a\X dTrXo)? diui(xpTr]iuL(x ecrTiv, 
W(JT€ KOLV el jULtj avTO^, aXX' 6 ye \6y09 €\t}\€yjULev(p ojULoid^ 

SetTTiv. ^v/uLpalvei /uevTOi TroWaKig 6pwvTa<s Ttjv aiuL(pil3o\iav 
oKveiv SiaipeicrOai Sia tijv irvKV^TrjTa tcov tu TOiavTa irpo- 
T€iv6vt(jov, oTTCt)? /uLtj TTjOo? airav SoKwcri Sv(rKo\aiV€iv' eiT ovk 
av oitjOevTcov irapa tovto yevecrOai t6v \6yov, TroWaKig 
aTrrjvTtjcre irapaSo^ov. ^'0(7t' eireiSij SeSoTai Siaipeiv, ovk 
OKvrjTeov, KaOairep e\€-)(Otj Trp^Tepov. 

9 Et Se ra Svo epcoT^jULaTa fjLt] ev iroiel T19 epcoTtjfxa, ovS^ dV 
o irapa Ttjv ojuLcovv/uLiav Ka\ Ttjv ajUL(pL/3o\iav eylveTO irapa^o- 
yi(TfJi09, aXX' \j eXe^y^o? ?/ ov. T/ yap SLacpepei epcoTtjcrai 
€1 KaXX/a? Kal ^ Ge/uLicrTOK^tjg /uovcriKOi eicriv tj el ajULCpOTe- 
poi9 ev ovofxa rjv eTepoLg ov<tlv ; ei yap ir^elco St]\oi ei^d?, 

o7rXe/ft) i]pcoTrj(rev. E/ ovv /uLtj 6p06v 7rp69 Svo epcoTrjcrei^ jULiav 
air^KpLCTLV aE^LOvv \aiuL^aveiv (X7r\co9, (pav€p6v otl ovSevL irpoo'- 
t]K€i Tcov ojuLcovvjULcov aiTOKplvecrOaL dTrXft)?, ovS^ ei kutu TravTcov 
oXrjOeg, w<T7rep at^LOvcTL TLveg. OvSev yap tovto SiacpepeL ij 
^ el ^ tjpeTO, }^opL(rK09 Ka\ KaXX/a? iroTepov oIkoi €i(r\v rj ovk 
OLKOL, €'lt6 7rap6vTcov a/UL(poiv e'iT€ /uLtj 7rap6vTcov' a/uL(pOT€pa)<; 
yap 7r\€L0vg al 7r poTacreig' ov yap ei aXtjOeg eiTreiv, Sia tov- 

[ I TO /txia rj epcoTtjcri^. ^l^jy^copei yap Kal /uLvpla cTepa ep^oTtj- 
OevTa epcoTtj/iaTa aTravTa tj va\ tj ov aXtjOh elvai \eyeLV' 
dXX' b/J.o)9 ovK UTTOKpLTeov /uLLa a7roKpicrei' avaLpeLTai yap t6 
oia\eyecrOai, 1 ovto o o/ulolov C09 el Ka\ t6 auTO ovo/ia t€- 

OelfJ T0L9 €T€pOL9. E/ OVV fJLfJ Sci TTp^^ SvO €pC0Tl^(T€L9 /ULiaV 

a7roKpL(TLV SiS6vaL, (pavep6v otl ovS^ €7r\ toov 6/ulcovv/ulcov t6 
val ^tjov \€KT€ov. OvSe yap d eiTrcov a7roK€KpiTai dXX' €'i- 

P /if^toToxX^f A. U et om. B, et pr. C >' <npcTo A.J3. "^ ») tq ov C. 



Elench. 17. EAErXflN. 453 

prjKev. ^ AXX a^iovvTai ttw? ev toc9 SiaXeyojuLeuoig Sia to 
XavQaveiv to <Tv/ut,/3aivov. 

^'QcTTrep ovv e'l7roiULev, eTreiSi^Trep ovS' eXey^ol Tiveg ovTegi^ 
SoKovcriv elvai, KaTa tov avTOv Tpoirov Ka\ Xvcrei^ So^ovctlv 
eival Tive^ ovk ovtrai Xvcreig' a? Si^ (pajULev evloTe /ULaXXov Seiv 
(pepeiv r] Ta? oXrjOei? ev T019 aycovKrTiKoh \6y019 Kal Trj 
TTjOo? TO SiTTOv OLTravT^crei. ^ A.TTOKpLTeov S"* eir\ /ulcv tcov So- 
KovvTcov TO ecTTCo XcyovTa' Kal yap ovtco9 ^KLtJTa ylvoLT av 
7rapet^€Xey)(09' * av Se tl TrapdSo^ov avayKa^rjTaL XeyeLv, ev^ 
TavOa iJLaXi(TTa TrpoarOereov to SoKeiv' ovtco yap av ovt^ 
eXey^^o? ovTe "^ TrapdSo^ov yivea-OaL So^eLev, ''^Trel Se ircog 13 
aiTeLTaL to ev CLp-^rj SrjXov, o'iovTaL Se ^^ Trai/re?, av rj crvvey- 
yv9, avaLpeTeov Kal jULr} arvy^copr/Teov elvaL evLa cog to ev GLp-)(^ 
aiTovvT09, OTav re tolovtov cl^loI tl9 o avayKalov fJLev ctvjul- 
^aivcLV e/c r^? Oeaeco<s, ^ ^ Se yl/^evSo? rj dSo^ov, TavTO XeKTeov' 
Ta yap e^ dvayKtjg crv/uL/BaivovTa Trjg avT^9 etvaL SoKe? Oe- 
(Teco9. ^'Ert oTav to KaOoXov ixr/ ovo/uLaTL XrjipOrj dXXd ira- 
pa^oXrj, XeKTeov otl ov^ cog eSoOr/ ovS^ co9 TrpovTeLve Xa/UL/Sd- 
veL' Ka\ yap irapd tovto ylveraL iroXXdKLg eXe^y^o?. 

y ^lEi^eLpyo/ULevov Se tovtcov eTrl to /ULr] kuXco? SeSei^OaL iro- 14 
pevTeov, diravTcovTa Ka^d tov eiprj/uLevov SiopLCT/uLOv. 

^Ei/ /ULev ovv Tol<s KvpLco<s Xeyo/ULevoL9 6v6/uLacrLV dvdyKrj 15 
^ dTTOKpLvea-OaL tj aTrXco? rj SiaLpov/uLevov, ^A. Se crvvvirovoovvTe<s 
TiOe/ULev, otov oca /ur/ a-a(pm dXXd koXo/3co9 epcoTOLTaL, irapd 
TOVTO a-v/UL^alveL 6 eXey^^og, ofov dp' o dv ^ ^ A.Or]vaLcov, KTrj- 
/ULa ^ ea-TLV ^ AOr/valcov ', ^al. *^0/ulolco9 Se Kal eirl tcov dXXcov. 
^AXXd /ULrjv 6 dvOpcoTrd? eaTL tcov ^(pcov ', Na/. Kriy/ita dpa 6 
avOpco7ro9 tcov ^wcov. Tdv yap dvOpcoirov tcov ^(pcov Xeyo- 
fJLev, OTL X^w6v eoTTL, Kal AvcravSpov tcov AaKcovcov, otl Ad- 
Kcov, ArjXov ovv 0)9 ev 0L9 da^acpeg to 7rpoTeLv6/uLevov ov avy- 
'^(copijTeov aTrXco^, 

^ eav C. ^ Trap. av yiv. B.C. ^^' ndvTcos A.C. ^ ^ 5e] ^ J3. 

Ct pr. C. y i^eipyofxcvos A.B.C. 2 dTTOKpivacrOai B.C. » cWtj/ 

om. C. 

Gg3 



454 



nEPI 2:04>12TIK^2N Sophist. 



16 ^'Orav Se Svoii/ ovtoiv Oarepov fxev ovto^ e^ avuyKt]^ Oa- 
Tepov elvai SoKrj, OaTepov Se tovto /uifj e^ avdyKr]^, epcoTw- 
fxevov '^ TTpOTepov Sei t6 eXaTTOv SiSovaL' yaXeTritiTepov 'yup 
crvWoyicracrOai €k TrXeiovoyv. ""Eai^ ^' eTri-^eLprj otl t(S jxev 
ecTiv evavTiov tw S^ ovk ecmv, ^ uv 6 Xoyog ctX^O^? ^, evav- 
Tiov (pdvai, ovoima Se /ULtj KeLorOai tov eTcpov. 

17 ^ETret S^ evLU /J.ev (av XeyovcTLV ol ttoXXoI tov fjLtj avy^o>- 
povvTa "^evSeo-Oai dv (paiev evLU S^ ov, olov ocra aiii<pLSo^ov- 
a-LV {iroTepov ydp (pOapT*] tj dOdvuTog >] ^vy^^^j twv ^wwv, 
ov Si(jopL(TTaL TOLS TToWoig) cv of? ovv dStjXov TTOTepm eicDOe 
XeyecrOaL t6 irpOTeLVOfJievov, iroTepov ft)? ai yvu>/uLaL (/caXoucrt 
ydp ^ yvw/mag Kal Tdi dXrjOei^ So^ag kuI Ta9 oXa9 dirocpa- 

j8 creig), ^rj wg rj ^ia/xeTjOO? da-vjuLiuLeTpo^. ^'Eri ov TdXrjOeg 

dfJLCpLSo^eiTaL, juLaXiarTa jUL€Ta(f)€pwv dv Tf9 XavOavoL tu 6v6- 

/uLaTU irepl tovtcov. Aia /lev yap t6 dSrjXov eivai TroTepa)? 

ey^eL TdXrjOe<s, ov Sd^ei ao^pi^eaOai, S^d ^ Se t6 djuL(j)LSo^€iv ov 

So^eL y^evSeaOaL' ^ ^ Se /JL€Ta(j)opd Troirjcrei t6v Xoyov dve^- 

cXeyKTov. 

19 ^'Et^ oVa dv T19 TTpoaLcrOdvrjTaL toov epcoTrj/jLaToov, ^ irpoev- 

crTUTeov kol irpoayopevTeov' ovtco yap dv /JLuXicrTa tov ttvv- 

Oavo/ievov KCoXvcreLev. 

18 ^E-Tref S^ ecTTlv rj /jcev opOrj XvcrL9 e/jL^pdvLCTLg yl/evSov^ orvX- 

XoyLcr/iov, * Trajo' oiroluv epcoTrjcriv o-v/i/BulveL t6 \f/-ei/^09, o Se 

ylrevSrjg crvXXoyLcr/169 ^ XeyeTUL Sl^^co? {rj ydp ei a-vXXeXoyt- 

aTUi y^evSo<}, rj ei /JLrj cov avXXoyLa/169 Sokcl eivuL avXXo- 

yia/io^), e^rj av rj Te elprj/xevrj vvv XvaL^ kul rj tov (pULVO/ievov 

avXXoyia/jLov irapd tI (paiverai tcov epcorrj/jLUTcov SLopOcoaLg. 

QaTe av/jLJ3aiv€L tcov Xoycov T01/9 fJ-ev avXXeXoyLa/Jievovg dve- 

zXdvTU, Tov^ Se (paLvo/jL€vov9 SLeXovTu XveLV. JldXLv ^ S^ eTrei 

Tcov avXXeXoyia/JLevcov Xoycov 01 /jl€v dXrjOes 01 Se "^evSo^ 

e-^ovaL t6 av/jiirepaa/jia, tov9 /jlcv KUTd t6 av/jLirepaa/Jia yl^ev- 

^ notcpov corr. C. « eav C. ^ yvoijirjv D. ^ fj om. A.D. 

^ §€ om. D. g bf\ yap A.B. ^ TTpoavaa-Tareov pr. A.B. ^ Trapa 

noiav B.C. ^ yiyverai D. * 6' om. D. 



Elench. j8, 19- EAETXON. 455 

^ei9 Sl-^w9 evSe-^cTai \veip' Ka\ 'yap "^ tm ave\eiu ti tcop fjpco- 
TYiiJLevwv, KOL "^ Tw Sei^ai TO crviJLTrepaoriuLa eyov ov-^ ovTm' 
Tov^ Se KaTO. Tct? irpoTacreig tw aveXeiv tl /ulovOv' to " yap 
o-vjULTrepaa-iULa aXr^Oe^. ^'Qa-Te tol9 ^ovXofJLevoi^ XveLV Xoyov 3 
irpwTov fjiev ^ crKeTrTeov el crvWeXoyLaTaL 37 acrvWoyLcrTO?, 
eiTa TTOTepov aXrjOeg t6 crvim^Trepacriuia rj y^evSo^, OTroog t} ciai- 
povvT€9 rj avaipovvTe^ XvcoiuLev, Kai avaLpovvTe<s rj wSe rj coce, 
KaOairep eXe-^Orj irpoTepov. AiacpepeL Se TrXelcTTOv epcoTco- 
fjievov Te KOL imrj Xvclv XoyoV t6 iJ.ev yap irpoXSeLV -^aXeirov, 
t6 Se KaTCL ct-^oXjjv iSeiv paov. 

Tcov iuL€V ovv irapa Trjv oiuiOOVviULiav Ka\ P Trjv a^(j)Ll3oXLav ig 
eXey^cov 01 ixev e^ovcTL tcov epwTtjiuLaTcov tl ttXclco cTri[j.aLvov, 
01 Se t6 crviuLTrepacriuLa iroXXa-^co^ XeyofJ.evov, oiov ev ^ev tco 
(TLycovTa XeyeLV t6 a-viuTrepacriULa Slttov, ev Se tm crvveTricrTa- 
crOai t6v eTTLCTTdiuLevov ev tcov epwTriiJ.dTwv afKpl/BoXov. Kat 
t6 Sltt6v 6t€ iul€V ecrTLV, OTe S^ ovk ea-TLv aXXa crrmaiveL to 

CLTTOV TO fXeV OV TO C OVK OV. 

^Oa-OL? fxev ovv ev tlv TeXeL to iroXXa'^^, av lULrj ^ Trpocr- 2 
XdlBrj ^ Trjv avTL(paa-iv, ov ylveTaL eXey^^o^, oiov ev tw ^ tov 
TV(pX6v opaV avev yap avTL(pdcreoo9 ovk rjv eXey^o^. ^ OaroLg 
S^ ev T019 epcoTijfJiaarLV, ovk dvdyKrj irpoairocpTjaraL to Slttov' 
ov ydp TTjOO? TOVTO ctXXa Slu tovto 6 Xoyo^. ^rjv dpy^rj fiev 
ovv t6 SlttXovv Ka\ ovofjLa Kal Xoyov ovtco9 airoKpLTeov, oti 
ecrTLV 009, ea-TL S^ 009 ov, Sa-Trep to onyoovTa XeycLV, otl ecrTLv 
oo<s, ecTTL c o)? ov. JVaf Ta ceovTa irpaKTeov ecrTLV a, ecrTL 3 
a ov' Ta ydp SeovTa Xey€TaL TroXXa^o)?. ^Eav ^e XaOij, 
cttI TeXeL TrpocTTLOevTa Trj epooTrja-eL SLopOooreoV ap^ eoTTi 
crLyoovTa XeyeLv ; Ov, dXXd TovSe crLycovTa. Kat ev T019 
eyovcTL Se t6 irXeovayoo^ ev Taig irpOTdarecriv ofiolco^. Ovk 
dpa arvveTTLcrTavTaL otl eirlcrTavTaL ', ^ai, aXX' ov^ 01 OVT009 
eTTLarTdfjLevoi' ov ydp TavTOv earTLv otl ovk ea-TL crvveTrLa-Ta- 

«» t6 B. " yap om. D. o ava-KeTTTfov D. P Trjv post Kai 

om. D. *1 7rpo\d(3r]i B, r f) uvTicfyaa-is D. ^ tov om. B. 

G g4 



45^ nEPl X04>I2T1K12N Sopiiisr. 

(rOai Kal otl rovg coSl eTncnaiJ.evov^ ovk ^ ecTTiv. * OXw? Te 
^ fjLaycTeov, dv Ka\ ciTrXw? o-yXXo^y/^j/rat, otl ovy^ o e<pt]<T€V 
a7re(pt](re irpayixa^ aXX' ovofxa' mctt ovk eXey^o^. 
20 ^avepov Se Kai tov9 irapa Ttjv SiaLpea-iv kul (rvvOe<Tiv irw^ 
Xvreov dv yap SiaipovjULevog Ka\ (rvvTLOe/uLevo^ ^ 6 Xoyog ere- 
pov (rtjfJLaLvr], (TV/uLTrepaLvofJLevov TOvvavTLOV XeKTeov. EfV) Se 
Trdi/Te? OL TOLOVTOL XoyoL irapa TrjV (TvvOe(TLv ^ j] SLalpecTLv. 
*Ajo' (p eiSe^ (Tv TOVTOv TVTrTOimevov, TOi/rw eTvirTeTO ovtos '•, 
KOL (p eTVTTTeTO, ^ TOVTCO (Tv etSe? ; ^E^ef /uLev ovv tl '^ kcik twv 

2 aiUL(pL/36\oi)v epcoTrjiuLGLTOJV, aXX' ecTTL irapa avvOecTLV. Ov yap 
ecTTL SiTTGv To Trapo. TT]v SLaLpe(TLV' ov yap 6 avTog \6y09 
ylveraL SLaLpovjmevog, e^iirep fxt] ^ kol to 6p09 Ka\ opog t^ irpocr- 
(pSl^x ^Xe-y^Oev (TtjjULalveL eTepov. 'AXX' ev jULev TOig yey pajUL- 
fJLevoLg TavTov ovofjLa, oTav e/c toov avTcov o-TOi^e/cot/ ^ yey pafx.- 
fJLevov >7 Kai co^TavTCog, KCLKeL ^ S'' rjSv] irap(X(Tr]fjLa iroLovvTaL, Tct 
Se (p0eyy6fieva ov TavTa. ^'Q(tt ov Slttov to irapa SLaipe- 
(TLV. ^avepov Se Ka\ otl ov ir<xvTe<s ol eXeyyoi Trapa to Sit- 
tov, KaOairep Tiveg (pa(Tiv» 

3 ALaipeTeov ovv tm airoKpLvofxevcp' ov yap ^ TavTOv iSeiv 
Toh ocpOaXfjLolg TVTTT^fJLevov ^ Ka\ to (pavaL ISelv tol9 6(pOaX- 
fjLolg TVTTT^fievov. Kaf 6 ^vOvSrjfiov ^ Se \6y09, ap* olSag 
(Tv vvv " ovcrag ev JleLpaLeL TpirjpeLg ev ^LKe\La wv ; Ka: 7ra- 
\iv, dp* e(TTLV ayaOov ovTa cr/cirrea fio-^Orjpov eivai ; e^r] S^ dv 
T19 ayaOog cov (TKVTevg fKo-^Orjp^g' coctt ecrTai ayaOog ctku- 
Tev9 fJLO-)^0r]p69. ^Ajo' (Sv ai eirLCTTrjfJ^aL (TirovSalaL, cTTrovSaia 
ra fiaOrjfiaTa ; Tou ^e KaKOv cnrovSaLov to fjLaOrjfjLa' (tttov- 

^Salov ^dpa fiaOrjfjLa t6 KaK^v. ^AXXa fjirjv Ka\ KaKov Kal 
fxaOrjfjLa To KaKov, cocrTe KaKOv fxaOrjfjLa to KaK^v. ^""AXX' 
ecTTL KaKcov (TirovSala eirL^TTrifir]. ^Ap' d\r]Oeg eiTreiv vvv otl 

t «TTtj/] «b-Ti (TvvcTTicracrOak B. ^ fiaxrjreov D. "^ 6 om. D. 

^ 7 diaipea-iv om. D. Y rovro B^ ovtos D. '- Ka\ D. ^ Kai o 

opos D. ^ XeyxO^v D. ^ ycypa/i^eVcov D. ^ 8' 781;] S^ Tct D. 

c ravTo B. f Ka\ — TVTTTOfievov om. D. S de om. D. ^ o(ras D. 

i apa"] apa To D. ^ aXX' — ima-rripr] om. pr. D. 



Elench. 20—22. EAETXXIN. 457 

crv yeyova^ ; Teyom^ apa vvv. ^^H aWo ajjnialvei SLaipe- 
Oev aXrjOh yap elirelv ^ vvv ori crv yeyovag, ™ aW ov vvv 
yeyovag, *A|o' 009 Svvacrai Kal a Svvaarai, " ovrm Ka\ ravTa 
7roii](Tai9 av ; Ov KiOapl^pov S^ c^^i? Svva/uLiv rov KiOaplXeLV' 
KiOapiaraLg av apa ov KiOapi^cov, ^H ° ov tovtov ej^ei Tt]v 
SvvaiULiv Tov ov KLOapi^wv P KiOapi^eLv, aAX' OTe ov TfOLe?, 
^TOv iroLelv, 

AjuovdL Se ^ TLve^ tovtov Ka). aWcog. Ei yo-p eScoKev o)? 5 
SvvaTai iroLeiVy ov (pacri o-v/mPaLveLV /mr] KLOapi^ovra KLOapl- 
^eLV' ov yap irdvTcog C09 SvvaraL TroLelv, SeSocrOaL TroL^creLV' 
ov ^ TavTOv S^ etvai co? SvvaTai Kal 7rdvTC09 cog SvvaraL iroLelv. 
^AWa (pavepov otl ov KaXcog Xvovaiv' tcov yap irapa TavTov 
\6ycov rj avTt] \vcrL9, avTrj S^ ou^ dpfxocreL eirl TravTag ovSe 
iravTCog epcoTCo/xevovg, aXX' ecrTL ttjOo? tov epcoTcovTa, ov irpo? 
Tov Xoyov. 

TlajOa Se Ttjv irpoa-cpSLav Xoyoi ^ iJ.ev ovk elcrlv, ovTe tcov 2 1 
yeypa/ui/uLevcov ovTe tcov Xeyo/mevcov, irXrjv et TLve<s oX^yoL ye- 
voLVT dv, otov ^ OVT09 6 Xoyog. 'Apa y ecrrJ to ^ ov /cara- 
XveL9 OLKLa ; ^ Na/. Ovkovv to ov KaraXveLg tov KaTaXveis 
dirocpacTL^ ; Na/. ^'^(pr^cra^ S' elvaL to ov KaTaXveLg oiKLav r] 
oiKLa dpa aTTocpacri^. ^Qg Sr] XvTeov, SrjXoV ov ydp TavTo 
crrj/ULaivei o^vTepov t6 Se ^ /SapvTepov pr]Oev. 

ArjXov Se Kal ^^019 Trapd to cocravTcog XeyecrOaL Ta iJ.r] 2,Z 
Tavrd TTCo? diravTrjTeov, eirelirep eyo/j.ev ra yevr/ tcov KaTr/- 
yopLcov. "^O /ULev ydp eScoKev epcoTrjOelg /ULrj virapy^eiv tl tov- 
Tcov ocra tl ecrTL crr]/j.aLveL' 6 S^ eSei^ev virapyov Ti tcov irpo^ 
TL r/ '^ TTOcrcov, SoKOVVTCOV Se TL ccrTL crr]/xaLveLV S^a Trjv Xet^iv, 
olov ev T(SSe tm Xoyct). ^ Ajo' evSe-^^eTai to avTO d/xa iroieiv 2 
re Kal ireTroir^Kevai ; ^ Oy . ^AXXa /uLr/v opdv ye tl d/ULa Kai 
ecopaKevai to avTO ^ Kal Kard TavTO evSeyeTai. ' Ajo' ecrTL ti 

1 vvv om D. ™ aXX' — yeyovas om. D. " Kal ovtccs D. « ou 

pOSt fj Om. D. P KlOapi^ei D. q TOv'] TOVTO D. ^ TOVt6v TIV€S D. 

s TavTo B. t /Liei/ ovv ovk D. " ovtos 6] 6 avTos A. ^ oy KaTa^ 

'\vaeis A. "^^ vai om. D. ^ ^padvTcpov A.B. V Tols om. B. 

z noa-ov B. a ou om. A. ^ Ka\ om. D. 



458 nEFI SOcMSTIKilN Sophist. 

Tu>v iracryeiv Troielv tl ; ^ Ov, Oukovv t6 Ti/jLveTat KaleTai 
aia-OaveTai ojiiolco? XeycTai, Ka\ iravTu iraa-yeiv tl crrjiuLaiveL' 
TrdXLv ^e to \eyeiv TpeyeLV opav o/ulolw^ aWi^Xoig Ae^yerar 
aXXa iULf]v To •y' opav aicrdaveorOai tl €(ttiv, coarTe Kal Trd- 

3 o")(€LV TL afJLa ^ Kai iroLeiv. Et ^ ^e tl9 eKel Sov^ /ULrj evSe- 
^ecrOaL a/ULa ^ TavTO iroLeiv Ka\ TreTroLrjKevaL, t6 opav Ka] eojpa- 
KGvaL (palrj ey^Mpeiv, ovirw eXrfXeyKTaL, ei jULr] 8 XeyoL t6 opdv 
TTOieiv TL aXXd irda-yeiV ^' TrpocrSeL ydp tovtov tov epcoTrj- 
luLaT09' aXX' V7r6 tov aKovovTog v7roXajuL/3dveTai SeSwKevai, 
OTe To TejUiveLv TroLeiv tl Kal to T€T/ULr]K€vai ireTroLrjKevai eSooKe, 

4Kal oaa dXXa o/uLolcog XeyeTaL. To ydp Xoi7r6v avT^^ ^ irpoa-- 
TlOriCTLV 6 aKovcov C09 6/ULOIC09 Xeyo/uLevov' t6 Se XeyeTai jULev 
ovy^ o/ULOicog, (paiveTaL Se S^d Tr]v Xe^LV. To aJro Se crviu^ai- 
vei oirep ev Tah o/uLcovv/uLiaL?' o^leTaL yap ev Toh o/ulcovv/uloi^ 6 
dyvco9 Tcov Xdycov o ecprjorev dirocprja-aL irpdy/ixa, ^ ovk dvojuLa' 
^t6 Se €TL irpoa-Sel epcoW/iuaTog, ei ecpi' cv /SXeTrcov XeyeL t6 
o/ULcovv/JLOv' OVTC09 '/«/0 S6vT09 ccTTaL cXey^o^' 

5 ^'OjuLOLOL " Se Ka\ o^lSe ol XoyoL tovtol9, ei d tl^ ^X^f^v 
voTTepov /uLrj e^ef dire^aXeV 6 ydp eva /jlovov diro/SaXcov 
da-TpdyaXov ovy^ e^ei SeKa dcrTpaydXovg. ^^H o /uLev /uLr/ e^ei 
TTpOTepov e)(cov, dirofie^XrjKev, dcrov Se /mr] e-^ei rj daa, ovk 
dvayKr] Toa-avTa dTro/BaXeLV. ^^pcoTi^crag ovv 6 e^ei, crvvdyei 

(teirl Tov da-a' Ta yap SeKa iroa-d. Et ovv rjpeTO e^ dp-^^rjg €i 
dara tl<s /ULrj eyeL irpdTepov eywv, apd ye diro^e^XrjKe Toa-av- 
Ta, ovceig av edcoKev, aX\ rj TOcravTa rj tovtcov tl. iS.ai otl 
Solr] dv TL9 o /uLr/ €y(€i. Ov ydp eyei eva /ulovov da-TpdyaXov. 

7 rl ov oedcoKev o ovk eLyev, aXX co9 ovk CL^^e, tov eva. 1 o 
ydp /ULOvov ov ToSe a-r/jULaiveL " ovSe TOLOvSe ovSe Toa-dvSe, aW 
iio<s e^ef TTjOO? TL, oiov OTL ov jJLer dXXov. ^'Qa-irep ovv el ^peTO 
dp o /ULrj Ti9 e-^ei ooLr] av, /ULr/ (pavT09 oe epoiTO ei ooiij av 



c ov om. A.B.D. d i^aX'] de Kai A.B.D. e dr/ B.D. f ravTo om. D. 
E X^yft D. ^ Trpoo-SeiTai B.D. ^ npoTiOrja-LV A.B. ^ ovx} D. 

* Tw A.B. ^ de — Xo-yoi corr. A. " ouSe t6 Toiovbe, omissis ovbi 

Toa-ovdf D. o j'^f, ^ got7 D. 



Elench. 22. EAErXflN. 459 

T19 P Ti ra^eo)? jur] eyodv Tay^em, (prja-avTOS Se crvWoyi^oiTO 
OTL Soit] av Tf? o /x>; €-\(€i. Kaf (pavepov OTi ov crvWeXoyi- 
(TTai' t6 yap Ta-^ioo^s ov ToSe SiSovai aXX' wSe SiSovai earTLV' 
ft)? ^e iJi>] eyeL TLg, Soir] av, ^ olov rjSeo)? e^oav Solt] av \v- 
irrjpco^. 

^'OfJiOLOi Se Ka\ OL TOLOiSe nravTe^. ^ A|o' f] fir] e^et X^^P ^ 
TVTTTOL av \ r] w fxr] e^et ocpuaAiuLO) Looi av ; Uv yap e-^CL eva 
(jLOVov. A.vovcri ^ fiev ovv TLveg XeyovTeg Kal wg e-^ei eva /jlo- 
vov Kai 6(p6a\iui6v Ka) aW otlovv ^ 6 TrXelco e^wv. O/ Se 
Koi o)? o e^ef eXalBeV eSlSov yap nilav /ulovov * OVT09 ^rjcjyoV 
Ka\ * ovTog ^ y €^€L, (paa-L, /uLLav ^ /uLOvr^v irapa ^ tovtov ^ xj/^- 
(pov. 01 S' ev0v9 Trjv epwTrjaiv avaipovvTeg, otl evSe-^eTaL o 9 
lULr] eXa^ev ey^eiv, olov olvov Xa^ovTa rjSvv, SLa(p0apevTO9 ev 
Trj X^'v{/'ef, e-^eLV o^vv. ^AXX' OTrep eXe-^Or] Kal irpOTepov, 
ovTOL TTGivTeg ov irp^g Tov \6yov aWa irpog tov avOpcoTrov 
\vova-LV. Er •ycCjO ■^v avTr] Xucri?, S6vTa to avTLKeljULevov 01';)^ 
oI6v Te \veLV, KaOairep eir\ twv aWwV olov ei ea-TL /mev o 
eaTL S^ o ov, rj \vaL9, uv aTrXo)? Sw \eyea-Oai, a-vjULTrepaLveTai' 
eav Se /ULr] a-viULTrepaivrjTai, ovk av ^ e^lr] XJcrt?* iv Se T019 irpo- 
eLpr^fxevoLS iravTwv SLSo/uLevwv ovSe (pa/xev yivecrOaL a-vWo- 
yLa-fJL^v. 

j^Ti oe KaL 010 eLOTL TOVTcov Tcov Aoycov. AjO o yey pa- 10 
TTTaL, eypa(pe Tig ; ^ YeypaiTTaL Se vvv otl a-v KaOrjarai, 
yp-evSr^g \6y09' T]v S^ a\r]0^9, ot eypa(peTo' ^ afia apa eypa- 
(peTO y^evSr}9 Kal a\r]Or]<i. To yap y^revSrj t] aXr^Orj \6yov 
r] S6^av elvaL ov T^Se aWa TOL^vSe a-r^/jLalveL' 6 yap avT09 
\6yo9 Ka\ eirl r^? S6^r]g. Kai ap^ o /ULavOaveL 6 /JLavOavoov, 
TOVT ea-Tlv ^ o fJLavOavei ; M.avOaveL Se tl9 t6 ^ f3paSv Ta^J. 
Ov TOivvv o fJLavOavcL aXX' w<s fiavOaveL e'ipr]Kev. KaJ ap^ o" 
/BaSi^eL Tf? TraTer; Ba^/^ei ^e Tr]v ^fjLepav o\r]v. ^H ovy^ 
o /SaSil^ei aXX' oVe ^aSll^eL eipr^Kev ovS^ OTav Tr]v Kv\LKa 

P Ti om. A. q olov — av om. D. ^ fjifv ovv'] de D. ^ 6 om. D. 
* ovT(t)S D. ^ y om. D. ^ fiovov B. ^ TovT(o D. 2 -^rj^fiov 

eXa^fV yap irapa tovtov. Ot A.B. et qui tovt<o, D. » el';;] rj fj U. 

^ yeypatpe D. ^ ^p* ^^a D. ^ 6 p.av6dvei om. D. e ^paxv B. 



46o nEPI 2O0I2TIK12N Sophist. 

^'TTiveiv, o TTivei aW e^ ou. l\ai ap o ti<s oioev tj luadcov )j 
evpwv oiSev ; '^'Qv Se t6 niev eupe to S^ e/uLaOe, Ta a/ui(p(jo ovSe- 
Tepov. xl e o jULev airav^ to " o airavTa. 1\.aL oti ecTL tl9 

12 TpiT09 avOpooTTog irap^ auTov Ka\ tov<s KaO' eKaa-TOv. To yap 
avOpcjOTTog Ka\ airav to kolvov ov ToSe tl, aWa TOiovSe tl tj 
TTjOO? Tl tj TTft)? r) TWV TOLOVTCOV TL ortjjULaLvei. ""O/xo/ft)? Se Kal 
eir] Tov J:^opiorK09 Kal J^opla-KO^ /uiouariKo?, TroTepov TavTOv ?; 
cTepov ; To /mev yap ToSe tl to Se TOLOvSe crrifxaLveL, (joctt ovk 
ecTTiv avTO eKOeaOaL' ov to eKTlOecrOaL Se iroiel tov TpiTOV 

13 avOpcoirov, aWa to owep ToSe tl eivaL a-vy^copeiv. Ov yap 
ecTTai ToSe tl elvaL, oirep KaXX/a? kol oirep avOpooiro^ ccttiv. 
OvS^ €'[ TL9 TO eKTLOejuevov /mr] oirep ToSe tl eivaL Xeyoi aXX' 
OTTep TTOLOv, ovSev SLOLcreL' eoTTaL yap t6 irapa Tovg TroWovg 
ev Tif olov *6 avOpcoTTO^. ^avep6v ovv otl ov SoTeov ToSe tl 
etvai t6 KOLvrj KaTrjyopovjuLevov eTrl iraa-LV, aXX' ^ I^tol ttol^v 
rj 7rpo9 TL J; ttoo^ov rj twv tolovtcov tl arj/uLaiveLv. 

2,^ ^'OXft)? ^' ev TO19 irapa Trjv \e^Lv X6yoL9 ael /cara t6 (\v- 
TiKeiimevov eiTTaL rj \va-L9 rj Trap^ o eaTLv 6 \6y09. OIov ei 
irapa a-vvOecTLV 6 \6y09, rj ^va^L^ Sie\6vTL, el Se irapa SLalpe- 
(TLV, crvvOevTL. TIa\LV el irapa irpoa-cpSlav o^elav, tj ^apeia 
'Trpoa-LpSla ^va^L^, el Se irapa fiapeiav, rj o^ela. Et ^e Trap^ 
o/ULCovvjULLav, ea-Ti t6 avTLKeL/mevov ovo/ULa elirovTa \veLV, olov ei 
e/UL^v^ov (TV/jL^aLveL \eyeLV, airo(prja-avTa /ULr/ eivaL, S}]\ovv 
1 0)9 ^" ea-TLV e/JL^vyov' el S^ a\^v^ov e^prja-ev, 6 S^ e/JL^vyov 
2 a-vve\oyia-aTO, \eyeLV ^009 ea-Tiv ^ a^vyov. ^0/jlolco9 Se Ka\ 
eirl Trj9 a/uL(pL/3o\ia9. Ef <^e Trap o/uLOL^TrjTa \e^eco9, t6 av- 
TLKei/ULevov ecTTai \vcrL9- ^Ajo' o /ULrj ^ e-^eL, Solrj av ti9 ', rj ovy^ 
o fxrj e-)(eL, aXX' co9 ovk e^^ei, olov eva /ul6vov aarTpaya\ov. 
^ A.p' 6 eiria-TaTaL, /ULaOcov rj evpcov eiTLcrTaTaL ', aXX' ^^ ov-^ a 
€7rlarTaTai. Ka) ei 6 /BaSil^ei iraTei, aXX' ovy^ otc. ^0/ulolco9 
oe Kai €7ri tcov aWcov. 

2,^ \\p09 Se T0V9 irapa t6 a-v/UL/Se/SrjKO^ jULia /ulcv rj avTrj \vaL9 

f irivrj D. g oy D. »1 S'] b" ovx D. i 6] t6 A.D. ^ rJToi'] 

^ Ti D. 1 os A, oTt D. ^^ eaTcv e/x\//'u;^oi'] u^vxov D. " os A. 

o a\lrvxos A.D. P exoi A. ^ ovx «] ovx} D. 



Elench. 23, 24. EAErXilN. 461 

TTjOo? airavTa^. ^ETreJ *yap aSiopia-Tov ccttl to ttotc XcKTeou 
eTri Tov TrpdyiuLaTO?, OTav eirl tov o-viiiPe^riKOTog virap^^t], 
Kal e7r' evlcDV fxev ^ Sokci Kal (paoriVf eTr' eviwv ^' o'v (paariv 
avayKaiov eivai, prjTeov ovv ^ a-vjuPi/SacrOevTag ojuloiw? Trpo? 
airavTag otl ovk avayKaiov. ^'lEi-^eiv Se Sei Trpocpepeiv to 
otov. Efd ^e iravTeg 01 TOiolSe twv Xoyayv irapa to ctviul-^z 
^eprjKog. ^ Ap otSag o jULeWw cre epcoTav \ ^ Kp otSa? tov 
irpocriovTa rj tov eyKeKaXvjUjULevov ; ^Ap^ 6 dvSpLa9 <j6v earTiv 
epyov, rj (709 6 Kvoov iraTJjp ; ^Apa Ta 6\LydKi9 oXlya oXlya ; 
^avepov yap ev aTracrL tovtoi9 otl ovk dvayKrj to /cara tov 
a-vjUL^8e^r]K6T09 Ka] /cara tov TrpdyiuaTog ^ dXrjOevearOaL' iul6- 
V0L9 yap Toi<} /cara Ttjv ovcriav dSLa<p6pOL9 Kal ev ovcriv 
diravTa SoKel TavTa v7rap-)^eLv' tw S^ dyaOw ov rauToV ccttlv 
dyaOw T elvaL Ka\ juLeXXovTL epMTacrOaL, ovSe tw irpocrLdvTL 
r} eyKCKaXviUL/uLevM irpocri^vTL re etvaL Ka\ K.oplcrKw' oycT ovk 
ei oiSa Tov J^opicTKOv, dyvow Se tov 'TrpoaL^vTa, tov avTOv 
oiSa Ka\ dyvou)' ovS'' el tovt ecTT^v e/zoi/, ecrrt S^ epyov, ijUL^v 
ecTTLV epyov, aXX' rj KTrj/uLa rj TrpdyjULa r] dXXo tl. Toi/ av- 
Tov Se Tpdirov Ka\ eTTf tcov dXXo)v. 

AvovcTL Se ^ TLveg dvaLpovvTeg Trjv epooTrjo-Lv' (pacr\ ydp 3 
evSe-^ecrOaL TavTO Trpdyiua eiSevaL Ka\ dyvoeiv, dXXd /uj] KaTa 
TOVTO' Tov ovv irpocTL^vTa ^ ovK eiS^Teg, tov Se J^opia-Kov 
et^oVe?, TavTO juev eiSevaL Ka\ dyvoeiv cpacTLV, aW ov /cara 
rauTo'. Ka/TOf TrpwTOv /uev, KaOdirep VjSrj e^LTTOjuev, Se? twv 4 
irapa TavTO X6yo)v Trjv avTtjv eivoA SL^pOooa-Lv' avTrj S^ ovk 
ecTTaL, dv tl9 jurj eir\ tov eiSevaL aW eir\ tov etvai rj 7rw9 
e-^^eiv TO avTO d^LO)/ua Xo.iJ.pdvr], otov ei oSe ea-T^ iraTrjp^ ecTTL 
Se arog' ei yap eir evio)v tovt ea-T^v dXi]0e9 Ka\ evSe^eTai 
TavTo eiSevuL Ka\ dyvoeiv, aXX' evTavOa ovSev KOLvoovei to 
XeyOev. QvSev Se KoiXveL tov avTOV Xdyov TrXelov? fJ^o-^^Orj-^ 
pLa<s e-^eLV. ^AXX' oJ^ rj Trda-rj? ^djuapTLa^ efxcpdvicri? XvcrL9 
ia-TiV €y)(oop€L ydp otl juev y^evSo9 crvXXeXdyicrTai SeL^ai 
TLva, irap o Se jurj Sel^aL, otov tov Zj^voovo^ X6yov, otl ovk 



ov 



r doKTJ B. *' crvnl3i^a(r6(VTOs A. * aXijBevearOai om, D. v ^^p^g 

diaipovvTfS D. "^v jir) D. X dixapTias] fxoxOrjpias B.D. 



462 nEPI 20cJ>I2TIK12N Sophist. 

ecTTi KivrjOrjmi. ^'Qcrre Ka\ e'/ ti^ €7rL-)(€ipoir) crvvdyeiv w? 
y aSvpaTOV, djuapTavei, ^Kav ei juivpiaKig i? ^(rvWeXoyicrniei/o^' 
ov ydp ea-Tiv avTr] \vGr19. ^Hi/ yap rj \v(tl<} ejuL(pdi/iarig \f/'ei'- 
C0V9 crvWoyL(TiuiOv, irap* o "y^efo»;?* el ovv juir] crvWeXoyKTTaL 
r] Kal aXrjOeg ")] ■yjrevoog eTrL^eipel crvvayeLu, rj eKelvov S^\(jO(ti9 
6\v(Ti9 ecTTLV. ^ IcTft)? 06 K^L TOVT ctt' evL(t)v ovSev K(io\veL crv/UL- 
/SaLveLV' 7r\r]v eirl ye tovtcov ovSe tovto ^ So^eLev dv' Kal 

ydp TOV YLoplcTKOV OTL }^0pL(TK09 otSc, KOl TO irpO(TlOV OTl 

irpotTiov. ^ lEivSe-^e^TOai ^^ Se Sokcl to avTO eiSevaL Kai jul^, oiov 
OTL /ULev \evK6v eiSevaL, otl Se /ulovctlkov lULr] yvoopil^eiv' ^ovtco 
ydp t6 avT^ o7Se Kal ovk olSev, aXX' ov Ka^d Tairrov. To ^e 
irpocTL^v Ka\ J^oplcTKOv, Koi OTL irpocTLov Ka\ OTL J^opLcrK09,oISev. 

7 ""Oyuo/ft)? S^ d/uLapTdvovcTL Ka\ oi \vovTeg, otl dira^s dpLO/uL^^ 
o\Lyo<f, w(T7rep ov? e^LTrofJLev' ei ydp /ULr] ^ crv/uLTrepaLvoiuLevov, 
TOVTO 7rapa\L7r6vTe9, ^d\r]0€9 (Tv/uL7re7repavOai (pacri, 7ravTa 
yap eivai Ka\ 7ro\vv Ka\ 6\Lyov, d/uLapTavovariv. 

8 ^'^VLOL Se KOL Tw Slttw \vOV(TL TOV? (TvWoyLCT/ULOVg, oiov 
OTL (t69 ecTTi 7raTr]p rj V169 r] Sov\og. Ka/rof (pavep6v «9 ei 
Trapa to TroXXa^w? \eyeG-OaL (palveTaL 6 eXe^y^o?, Sei tov- 
vo/ua *] t6v \6yov "Kvplcty^ eivaL 7r\eL6vcov' t6 Se t6vS^ elvaL 
TOvSe TeKvov ovSeig \eyei Kvplcog, ei Sea-7r6Trjg €(tt\ tckvov 
dWd 7rapd t6 (Tv/uL^e^ijK^^ r/ crvvOecrlg ecTTiv. ^ Ap' €ctt\ tov- 
TO cr6v', ^ai. ^'Ecrrt ^e Wovto tckvoV or6v dpa tovto TeKvov 
OTi (rv/ULl3e^r]Kev elvai Ka\ crov Ka\ tckvov, aXX' ov cr6v tckvov. 

9 Kal TO eivaL twv KaKwv tl dyaOdv rj yap cpp6vr](Ti9 ccttlv 
€7ricrTi^/uLr] Ta)j/ KaKwv. 10 Se tovto tovtcov elvaL ov \eyeTai 
7ro\\a^w9, dWd KTij/uLa. E/ S^ dpa TroXXa^o)? (^ Ka\ ydp 
t6v dvOpw7rov Tcov ^(pwv cpa/uLcv elvai, d\X ^ou tl KTrj/uLa) Ka\ 
edv TL TTjOo? ra Aca/ca \eyr]TaL w? tlvcU, Slu tovto twv KaKwv 
ecTTLV, aXX' ov tovto twv KaKwv. VLapd t6 Trrj ovv Ka\ 

loctTrXa)? (palveTai. J^aLTOi evSe-^eTaL "lctw^ dyaOdv eivai ti 

y dbvvarov] els ddvvarov D, dbvvarov (rvvdycov eiy dSvvarov A.H. 
z Ka\ A. ^ crvXXeXoyicrfi^vov A. ^ fj'\ cos D. ^ 86^€i€v'\ ov do^eiev D. 
d bi oni. D. ^ ovTos D. ^ (TVfXTTepava/ievov B. S dXr/QCas A. ^» kv- 
piov D. ^ TOVTO t6 tckvov D. ^ Kal yap koI tcov ^ojcov (p. eivai t6v av- 

OpOiTTOV D. ^ OVTl"] OXJTe D. 



Eleisich. 25. EAErXX2N. 463 

Twv KaKwv SiTTm, aX\' ovk €7rl Tov \6yov tovtov, aXX' el 
Ti SovXov elr} '" ayaOov /ULO^^^Orjpov, niaWov. '"Icrco^ <5' 01'^' 
ovtW ov yap ei ayaOov Kal tovtov, uyaOov tovtov "a/>i«. 
OvSe To Tov avOpcoTTOv (pdvaL tcov Xu)wv eivai ov XeycTai 
TToXXa^co?* ov yap e'/ iroTe tl ^crrjiuiaLVOiuLev aCpeXovTe^, tovto 
XeyeTUL TroXXa^o)?* Kal yap to tj/uLKTV eiTrovTeg tov eirovg S69 
fJiOL ^lXiaSa (rr]/uiaLvojUiev, otov to 

Mrivtv aeide Bea. 

Toiy? ^€ Trapa t6 Kvplm T6Se fj Trrj t] irov t] ttm^ r} 7rp6g o t 
TL Xeyea-OaL Kal /uirj aTrXwg, \vt60v (jKOirovvTL to av^ire- 
pa(TiJ.a Trpo^ ^Trjv avTi(paa-iv, el evSe-^eTai tovtcov tl Treirov- 
OevaL. La yap evavTia Ka\ ra avTLKeL[j.eva Ka\ (paa-Lv Ka] 
a7r6(paa-LV aTrXco? juiev aSvvaTOv virap-^eLv Tcp avTO), Trrj /mevTOL 
eKaTepov tj 7rp6<s tl rj ttw?, tj to /mev irrj t6 S^ (X7r\wg, ovSev 
K(jo\v€i. ^' Qo^t'' el ToSe iJ.ev (X7r\(Jog T^Se Se 7rrj, ovTrco eXe^yyo?. 
TouTO S^ €v Tw arviJ.7repaa-fJ.aTL OecoprjTeov ^rpog Trjv avTL(j)aa-LV. 

EfVf ^e TravTeg ol tolovtol \6yoL tovt eyovTe<s. ^Ap\ 
evSe-^eTai to /uiij ov elvaL \ ^AWa /uirjv ea-Ti ye ^ tl jurj 6v. 
'^OjUioicog Se Kal to 6v ovk ea-TaL' ov yap ea-TaL tl tcov ovtcov. 
^Ajo' evSe-^eTaL tov avTov ajuia evopKciv Kal €7rL0pKeiv ; ^ Ap' 
eyycopel tov avTov afxa rw avTw ^reiOea-OaL Ka\ a^reLOeiv ', ^^H 
ovTe To eivai ^ tl kol elvai TavT^v', To Se lurj ov, ovk el earTi 
TL, KOL ea-TLV ciTrXft)?* ovT ei evopKel ^ T^Se rj TrjSe, avayKrj 
Ka\ evopKeiv, 6 S^ o/ui^crag eTrLopK^creiv evopKel e^riopKcov ^tovto 
lui6vov, evopKel Se ov' ovS^ 6 aTreLOccv ^relOeTaL, aXXa tl 7rei- 
OeTai. ^'OjUiOLO^ S^ 6 \6y09 Kal 7rep\ tov 'y^evSearOaL tov ^ 
uvTov ufxa K(u aXrjOeveiV aXXa Slu to juitj elvuL evOecoprjTOv, 
TTOTcpco^ av T19 UTroSolrj to aTrXft)? aXrjOeveLV rj ylrevSearOuL, 
^ SvarKo\ov (pULveTUL. KcoXi/ei S" uvtov ovSev ctTrXco? fxev 
eivuL yp-evStj, 7rrj S' aXrjOrj rj Tiv6g, Ka\ eivuL u\rjOrj tlvu, 
aXrjOtj Se fxrj. ""O/xo/co? <^e K(xl e7r\ tcov ttjOO? tl ku\ ^"^^rov ku\ 
TToVe* 7rai/TC9 y(ip 01 tolovtol \6yoL TTupu tovto av/m/Sui- 

™ ayaObv ov jioxO. D. " ajia 6' ovbe. D. " o-rjjiaivonevov A. P ttjv 
om. D. q TL om. D. "* ti kuI elvai om. A. ^ toSc] Twhe D. * tovto'] 
nXrjV tovto D. '^' tva-KoXcos A.D. ^ ttoC] Trcoy D. 



454 nEPI 204>I2TIKnN Sophist. 

vov(Tiv. ^A|o' V vyieia t] 6 ttXovto^ ayaOov ', ^AXXu tw 
acppovi Kal /ULr] opOm -^poojixevM ovk ayaOoV ayaOov apa Ka] 

40VK ayaOov. ^A.pa to vyialveiv t] Svvaa-Oai ev iroXei aya- 
Oov ; "* AXX' ^ ecTTiv oTe ov /SeXTiov' ^ TavTov apa tw avTw 
ayaOov Ka\ ovk ay aOov. ^^H ovSev KcoXvei aTrXwg ov ayaOov 
T(poe fjitj eivai ayaOov, rj Twoe /uiev ayaOov, aXX' ov vvv tj ovk 
evTavO^ ay aOov. ^Ap' o /x^ /SovXoit av 6 (ppoviimo^, KaKov; 
^ A.Tro^aXeiv S^ ov /BovXeTai TayaOov KaKov apa TayaOov. Ov 
yap TavTOV elirelv TciyaOov elvai KaKov Kal to aTro/BaXeiv 

5 TayaOov. ^Ojulolo)? Se Kal 6 tov KXeirTOv X6yo9. Ov yap 
€1 KaKov ecTTiv 6 KXeTTTi]?, Ka\ To XajSeiv earTl KaKoV ovkovv 
TO KaKov /3ovXeTai, aXXa TayaOov to yap Xa/3eiv ayaOov 
^ ayaOov. Kal i) v6(jo9 /ca/coj/ eiTTiv, aXX' ov to ^ airoPa- 

(^Xelv v6orov. ' A.pa to SiKaiov tov olSlkov Ka\ to SiKaiwg tov 
aSLKcog aipeTiOTepov ', ^AXX' aTToOaveiv aSlKoog alpeTWTepov. 
Apa OLKaiov ecrTLV ra avTOv eyeiv eKacTTOV , J\ a av tl<s 
Kpivri KaTOL So^av Ttjv avTOv, kclv rj y^revSrj, Kvpia ecTLV e/c tov 
vo/uLOV t6 qvTO apa SlKaiov Kal ov SlKaLOv. ^ KaJ ir^Tepa 
Sei KpiveLV Tov tol SUaLa XeyovTa rj ^ tov tcl aSLKa ; "* AXXa 
lurjv Ka\ Tov aSLKOvjuevov SiKai6v ecTLv " iKavco^ XeycLv a 

•jeTraOeV TavTa S^ ^v aSLKa. Ov yap el TraOeiv ^tl aSiKco9 
alper^v, to aSlKwg aipeTWTepov tov SLKaiw^' aXX' aTrXw? 
luev ^ t6 ^f/ca/cof, toS\ juievTOL ovSev KwXvei aSiKW9 t] SLKaiwg. 
Ka/ t6 eyeLV tcl avTOv SiKaLOv, t6 Se ^ raXXoVjOta ov SiKaiov 
KpicTLv /mevTOi TavTrjv SiKaiav elvaL ovSev KwXvei, olov av ij 
KaTo, S6^av Tov KpivavTog' ov yap el SUaiov toS\ tj wSi, /ca) 

8 aTrXo)? SUaLov. ^Ojulolws Se Ka\ aSLKa ovTa ovSev KwXvei Xe- 
yeLV ye avTO. SlKaiov etvaL' ov yap ei Xeyeiv SiKaiov, avayKtj 
SiKaia elvai, wcnrep ovS^ ei wcpeXi/uLOV Xeyeiv, co(j)eXiiULa. ''Ojulol- 
0)9 Se Ka\ e7r\ twv SiKaiwv. ^Qctt ovk el ra Xey^jULeva aSiKa, 
6 Xeywv aSiKa vlko.' Xeyei yap a Xeyeiv ecrrJ SiKaia^ 
CL7rXw9 Se Ka\ TraOeiv aSLKa. 

^ €<TTi,v apa ore D. Y ravTo B.D. z ayadov alterum Om. D. 

^ dno^dWeiv D. ^ Kal om. D. c ^^p ante Tci om. D. ^ iKavos A. 
^ Tiva D. ^ Tov D. g Ttt dWoTpia D. 



Elench. 26 — 29. EAETXflN. 465 

Toh Se irapa tov opKT/ULOv ^ yivo]ULevoi9 tov eXey^^ov, Ka- z6 
Oairep vireypac^rj irpoTepov, airavTrjTeov CTKOTrovcrL to ctvjul- 
Trepaa-iJ.a ^ irpo^ tijv avTicpacriv, oircog ecTTai to avTO Ka\ 
KaTa TO avTO Ka\ irpo^s to avTO Kal cocravTcog koi ev tw 
avTcjy yjpovM, ""Eaj/ ^' ev OLp')^ TrpocreptjTai, ou^ OjULoXoyrj- 
Teov ft)9 aSvvaTOV to avTO etvai SiTrXdcriov koi /uirj SiirXdcrioVj 
aXXa (paTeov, ixrj juLevTOi coSi, oos iroT ^v to eXey^^ea-QaL 
SiooiULoXoyrjjULevov. EfVi ^ Se irdvTeg o^lS^ 01 Xoyoi irapa to 2 

TOiovTO. * Ajo' 6 eiS(jo9 eKacTTOv otl eKacTTOv, olSe to irpa- 
yiuLa', Kat o ayvocov co(ravT(jo9', EiScog Se tl9 tov J^oplcrKov otl 

opLCTKog, "' ayvooLrj av otl iJLOvcrLKog, cocrTe TavTO eirLCTTaTai 
KaL dyvoei. ^A.pa t6 Terpdirri'^ tov TpLirrjyeo'; iiei^C^ov', Ve- 
VOLTO "0 av €K TpLirrjyovg TeTpdirrj-^ KaTa ^ to iJLrJKO^' to Se 
p.ei^ov eXaTT0V09 iJLei^ov' avTO dpa avTOv iiei^ov Kal eXaTTOv. 

Tov9 Se irapd to aiTeLarOaL Kal XaiijSdveLv to ev dp^^rj 2,y 
^7rvv6avoiJLev(p ixev, dv ^ SrjXov, ov Sotcov, ovS^ dv evSo^ov ^, 
XeyovTa TaXrjOeg. Aj/ Se XaOrj, Trjv dyvoLav S^a Trjv in-o^^Orj- 
piav Tcov TOLOVTCov Xoycov ek tov epcoTcovTa ^iJLeTacrTpeTrTeov 
<W9 ov SLeLXeyiJLevoV 6 ydp eXey^^o? dvev tov e^ dp-^rj<s. Ef^0' 
OTL eSoOrj ov-^ cog ^ tovtco -yjpricroiJLevov, aXX' co<s irpo9 tovto 
<rvXXoyLOviJLevov TOvvavTLOv, rj eirl tcov TrapeE^eXey^cov. 

Kat T0V9 Slu tov irapeiroiievov ^ crvix^Lfid^CpvTaii ctt' avTov 28 
Tov Xoyov SeLKTeov. ^'EcrTf ^e SLTTrj r} tcov eiroiiLevcov aKoXov- 
Or](ri9. ^H ydp ft)? Tft) ev iJLepeL ^to KaOoXov, olov dvOpco7r(p 
^(poV d^LOVTaL ydp, ei ToSe iieTd TOvSe, kol toS^ eivaL /xeTa 
TOvSe. ^^H KaTa Tag dvTLOecreig' ei ydp ToSe TwSe aKoXovOel, 
Tft) dvTLKeiiievLp to dvTiKeliievov. Tlap o Kai 6 tov MeX/cr- 
<rov Xdyog' el ydp to yeyovdg e-^ei dp-^rjv, to ^ dyevrjTOv 
ai^LOL iirj eycLV, coctt eL ^^ ayevrjTog o ovpavog, KaL aireLpog. 
To ovK ecTTLv' dvaTraXiv yap rj dKoXov0rj(TL9, 

^'OcTOL T€ irapd to irpocTTLOevaL tl crvXXoyll^ovTai, ctko- 2,g 

h yevojievois D. ^ TTpos] t6 irpos A.B. ^ Se] 6' 01 D. ^ toiovtov D. 
«1 ayvoii D. " 8' Om. D. o ^^ prius om. D. P TrvvOavofxevcov av D. 
<1 peTaTpeiTTeov D. ^ tovt<o] outo) D. ^ avp^id^oirras D. * t6 A.B. 
^ dyevvrjTOV D. ^ dyevvrjTOs D. 

VOL. I. H h 



466 nEPI 20<J>ISTTKaN Sophist. 

ir^tv ei acbaipoviuievov (rv/ui^aivei imrj^ev jjttov to aSvvaTOv. 
Kaxetra tovto eiuL(paviarT€OV, Kal XeKTeov o)? eSwKcv ov-^ w? 
SoKOvv aXX' W9 7rpo9 tov Xoyov, ^ 6 Se K€-)(j)r]Tai ovSev Trpo^ 
Tov \6yov, 

30 Jlpo9 Se T0V9 Ta TrXe/o) epcDT^jmaTa ev TTOiovvTag ev6v9 ev 
^PX^ ^f-^pi-^^^^o^' ^^pcoT>](Ti9 yap /ULia TTjOo? ^j^ /x/a airoKpi- 
crh €<TTiv, wcTT ovTe TrXeico Kaff evo^ ovTe ev KaTa iroWwv^ 
aXX' ev KaO^ evo9 (paTeov rj airocpaTeov. ^Qcnrep oe eiri twv 
6iuL(t)vvfjL(iov 6t€ jULcv a/ULCpoiv ^Tc S^ ovScTep^p virapyei, uxTTe iJ.rj 
OLTrXov OVT09 Tov epooT^jULaTO? (XTrXwg airoKpivoiULevoig ovSev 

2 (TVfjL^alveL 7rao-^€f j/, o/uloioo^ ^ Kal eTrl tovtcov. ^'OTav /ULev ovv 
Ta ^ TrXelco T(p evi rj to ev Toh ttoXXo?? virapyri, tw ctTrXo)? 
SovTi Ka\ ^ d/uLapTovTi TavTrjv Trjv (xfjiapTLav ovSev virevav- 
TLCOjULa (TV/UL/BalveL' OTav Se t(S ^ /ulcv tw Se fxi^, rj xXe/o) Acara 
TrXeLOvcov, Ka\ €<ttlv cog virap-^eL afiCpoTepa afi(pOTepoL9, €(TTI 
S^ C09 ^ 01^^ virdp-^eL TraXf j/, ajo-re tovt evXa/BrjTeov, Otov 

3 iv TOiarSe Toh X6yoL9- E/ t6 fxev ecTTiv dyaOov to Se Ka- 
k6v, otl TavTa dXrjOeg elirelv dyaOov Ka\ KaKOv Ka\ TraXiv 
fjLrjT dyaOov fxrjTe KaK^v' ovk ecTTL ydp cKaTepov eKaTepov, 
(xxTTe ^ TavTO dyaOov kol KaKov Ka\ ovt dyaOov ovTe KaKdv. 
Kai ei €Ka(TTOv avTO avTw ^TavT^v, Ka\ dXXov cTepoV eTrei 
S* ovK dXXoi9 TavTa aXX' avTOig, Ka\ cTepa avTwv, raura eav- 
T019 €Tepa Ka\ TavTa. ^'Ert el t6 fiev dyaOdv KaK^v yiveTaL, to 
Se KaKov dyaOdv ecTTLV, Svo ^yevoLT dv. Avoiv re Ka\ dvLccov 
cKaTcpov avTO avTW 'icrov, (jocTTe 'la-a Ka\ dvi(Ta avTd avT0i9. 

4 ^lElfJLirLTTTOVCTL fJLCV ^ OVV OVTOL Ka\ €19 otXXa? Xl/(Tet9* Kal 

ydp " t6 dfxcpco Ka\ ^ t6 ^ diravTa xXe/co CTrjfialveL' ovkovv 
TavTov, irXrjv bvofJLa, o-vfjL^alveL (prjcrai Ka\ dirocprj^TaL' tovto 
S^ ovK rjv eXe^y^o?. ""AXXa (pav€p6v 6tl firj fjLid^ epcoTiicreco^ 
Tcov TrXeLdvcov yLvofJLcvcov, ciXX' ev KaO^ evd^ (pdvT09 rj diro- 
(pavT09, ovK ecTTaL t6 dSvvaTOv. 

31 \lep\ Se Tcov diraydvTcov ek TavT^ TroXXaKL^ eiTreiv, (pave- 

^ a D. y Kal'] 5e koi A.D. z jrXeiova D. * aiiapTavovTt A. 

^ fiev'] fi€V ^ D. c ol^ om. D. d ravTo] ravTo t6 D. « TavTo B. 
f yivoivT B.D. K ovv om. D. ^ ^^ J^^ i ^^ A.B.D. ^ ndvTa D. 



Elench. 30 — 32. EAErXllN. 467 

pov W9 ov SoT€ov Twv iTpo^ Ti Xeyo/uLevcov crtjiuLalvetv tl X^P^' 
^o/uL€vag KaO^ avTa9 Ta9 KaTrjyopiag, ofov SiTrXdcriov avev tov 
oiifKacriov ^fJLicreo9f otl ejUL^palveTai. KaJ y(^p Ta SeKa ev 
T019 evos SeovcTL ScKa Ka\ to TroirjcraL ev tw juLri Troirjcrai, Kal 
oX(t)9 ev Ttj CLTTOipdcreL rj (pdcrL9' aXX ojulw9 ovk e'1 tl9 ^XeyoL 
ToSl /uLrj eivaL XevKov, XeycL avTO \evKOv elvaL. To ^e SLirXd-z 
CTLOV ovoe crr]/uiaiveL ovoev "Wcro)?, wcrTrep ovde ^^to ev tw r/jULL- 
crei' ei apa Kal crrjjULalveL, aXX' ov TavTO Kal crvvrjprjjuievov. 
vo rj eTTLCTTrj/ULrj ev T(p eioeL, olov et ecTTLV " r/ laTpLKr/ cttl- 

CTTri/Uirj, OTTep TO KOLVOV CKeLVO S^ rjv eiTLCTTrifXrj eTTLCTTrjTOV. 

"'Ei^ Se TOL^ Sl (jov ^SrjXovTaL KaTrjyopov/xevoL^ tovto XeKTeov, 
o)? ov TO avTO ^WjOf? Kal ev tw Xoyw to SrjXov/uLevov. T03 
•yajO kolXov KOLvrj /uLev to avTO SrjXo? CTTf tov ctl/jlov Ka\ tov 
^ poLKOv, TrpocTTLOe/uLevov Se ovSev KcoXveL, aXXa to /uLev Trj pivl 
To Se Tw CTKeXeL ^ crv/UL/SaLveL' ^ evOa /mev ydp to ctl/ulov, evOa 
Se TO paL/Sov crrj/uiaLveL' kol ovSev SLacpepei eiTreiv ph cri/uLrj rj 
ph KolXrj. ^'Eri ov SoTeov Trjv Xe^LV KaT evOv' 'YevSog ydp 
ecTTLv. Ov yap ccttl to ctl/ulov ph KolXrj dXXa pLvos toSl, 
OLOv TraOog, wctt ovSev aTOTTOv, ei rj p]g * ^ crL/uLrj plg ecrTLV 
e^ovcra KOLXoTrjTa pLvog. 

IlejOf ^e Twv croXoLKLcr/jLcov irap o tl /uLev '^ (palvovTaL 22, 
(rv/uL^aLveiv, eLirofxev irpOTepov, w9 Se Xvtcov, eir avTwv twv 
Xoywv ecTTaL (pavepov. ^ A.7ravTe<s ydp 01 TOLolSe tovto /3ov- 
XovTaL KaTacrKcvd^eLV. ^Ajo' o XeyeL^ dXrjOwg, Kal ecrTi tovto 
dX^Owg ', ^rjg^^S^ elval tl XlOov ecrTLV dpa tl XlOov. ^^H to 
XeyeLv XiOov ovk ccttl XeyeLV o dXX ov, ovSe tovto aXXa 
TOVTOV ei ovv epoLTO TL9, dp^ ov dXrjOwg "^XeyeLg, ecTTL tov- 
Tov, ovK av SoKolrj eXXrjvCCeLV, wcnrep ovS^ ei epoLTO, dp* rjv 
Xe^et? eivaL, ecrTLV ^ ovTog ; ISvXov S' y elirev OVT09, ^ ocra 
fjirjTe OrjXv ii.ijT dppev crrjjxalveL, ovSev SiacpepeL. Alo Ka\ ov 2 
yiveTaL croXoiKLcr/uLog, ei o XeyeLg elvaL, ecTTL tovto ; t/fXov 
Se Xey€L9 elvaL' ccttlv dpa ^vXov. ^O Se XiOog Ka\ to ovTog 

1 Xeyei A. ™ Xa-cos fxovov aanep D. " ro om. A. ^ 17